Items where Division is "Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production" and Year is [pin missing: value2]

Up a level
Export as [feed] Atom [feed] RSS 1.0 [feed] RSS 2.0
Group by: Date | Title | Creators | Item Type | No Grouping
Jump to: 2023 | 2022 | 2021 | 2020 | 2019 | 2018 | 2017 | 2016 | 2015 | 2014 | 2013
Number of items at this level: 511.

2023

Article Subjects > Physical Education and Sport Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Español La población mundial envejece de forma progresiva, necesitando conocer las necesidades de las personas mayores para mejorar sus niveles de calidad de vida, en especial, a través del ejercicio físico. Actualmente, se desconocen los niveles reales de ejercicio físico en esta población, así como los niveles de calidad de vida y dependencia en muchas regiones mundiales. Por ello, el objetivo principal fue analizar los niveles de práctica de actividad física del adulto mayor, así como la asociación del ejercicio en su calidad de vida. Para ello, 344 adultos mayores de la Ciudad Autónoma de Buenos Aires (Argentina) respondieron a un cuestionario ad-hoc elaborado por un Comité de expertos y basados en herramientas validadas sobre ejercicio físico, dependencia y calidad de vida. Los principales hallazgos fueron que un 34.6% de la población no realiza actividad física semanalmente, gran parte de la población mostró tener alto nivel de independencia y se encontró asociación positiva entre las personas más activas y los mayores niveles de calidad de vida. Según estos resultados, se deben diseñar y aplicar nuevas estrategias de ejercicio físico comunitario para aumentar los niveles de calidad de vida e independencia incrementando el volumen y frecuencia de ejercicio físico en personas mayores, especialmente realizado de forma colectiva. metadata Vázquez, Luciano Ángel and Patón, Rubén Navarro and Álvarez, Oliver Ramos and Mecías-Calvo, Marcos and Lago-Fuentes, Carlos mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, marcos.mecias@uneatlantico.es, carlos.lago@uneatlantico.es (2023) Actividad física y calidad de vida de adultos mayores en Argentina: un estudio transversal (Physical activity and quality of life in Argentinian older adults: a cross-sectional study). Retos, 48. pp. 86-93. ISSN 1579-1726

Article Subjects > Social Sciences Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Español Los cuentos se ambientan en un trasfondo cristiano con el fin de provocar cierta catarsis a través de los contextos que plantean: por un lado, una pequeña niña enferma que se halla postrada en la cama y, por otro, una madre que llora la pérdida prematura de su joven hija.A través de estos cuentos, Stifter retrata diferentes actitudes propias de la naturaleza humana ante las dificultades terrenales. En «La Misericordia» se puede identificar la reacción infantil de una niña, agobiada por haber pecado y recelosa de Dios y de su virtud del perdón; asimismo, en «Muerte de una joven», se manifiesta el desgarro de una madre por la pérdida de un ser querido y la falta de esperanza en la vida eterna, consecuencia de la obnubilación tras haberse dejado dominar por el dolor.Igualmente, la actitud de Dios se evidencia en ambos cuentos por medio de sus actos: en el primero, se demuestra cómo Dios escucha y cuida de todos, además del hecho de que, para Él, la persona vale por encima de todo, ya que perdona a la niña sus pecados y la sana de su enfermedad. Del mismo modo, en el segundo cuento, Dios explica a través del ángel la necesidad de tener esperanza en la vida eterna, pues se lleva a cada alma en el momento en el que la encuentra más madura y la bendice con la vida eterna, libre de los castigos y sufrimientos propios del mundo terrenal. Por tanto, en el cuento se concibe la muerte como un acto de misericordia de Dios, pues «después de morir, recibe en su alma inmortal su retribución eterna». (Catecismo de la Iglesia Católica, art. 12: 1021). Por último, cabe destacar que, mediante el retrato de dichas actitudes, Stifter describe el mundo ideal en el que muestra cuáles serían las actitudes esperadas ante estas situaciones y lo contrasta con su vida personal llena de frustración ya que, como se señaló anteriormente él, a diferencia de los cuentos, no tuvo un final feliz. metadata Quijano-Peña, Paula mail paula.quijano@uneatlantico.es (2023) Adalbert STIFTER, «La misericordia» y «Muerte de una joven». Hermēneus. Revista de traducción e interpretación (24). pp. 633-641. ISSN 2530-609X

Article Subjects > Nutrition Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Fundación Universitaria Internacional de Colombia > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Cerrado Inglés Diets enriched in plant-based foods are associated with the maintenance of a good well-being and with the prevention of many non-communicable diseases. The health effects of fruits and vegetables consumption are mainly due to the presence of micronutrients, including vitamins and minerals, and polyphenols, plant secondary metabolites. One of the most important classes of phenolic compounds are anthocyanins, that confer the typical purple-red color to many foods, such as berries, peaches, plums, red onions, purple corn, eggplants, as well as purple carrots, sweet potatoes and red cabbages, among others. This commentary aims to briefly highlight the progress made by science in the last years, focusing on some unexpected aspects related with anthocyanins, such as their bioavailability, their health effects and their relationship with gut microbiota metadata Giampieri, Francesca and Cianciosi, Danila and Alvarez-Suarez, José M. and Quiles, José L. and Forbes-Hernández, Tamara Y. and Navarro-Hortal, María D. and Machì, Michele and Pali-Casanova, Ramón and Martínez Espinosa, Julio César and Chen, Xiumin and Zhang, Di and Bai, Weibin and Lingmin, Tian and Mezzetti, Bruno and Battino, Maurizio and Diaz, Yasmany Armas mail francesca.giampieri@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, jose.quiles@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, ramon.pali@unini.edu.mx, ulio.martinez@unini.edu.mx, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, maurizio.battino@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED (2023) Anthocyanins: what do we know until now? Journal of Berry Research. pp. 1-6. ISSN 18785093

Article Subjects > Engineering Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Fundación Universitaria Internacional de Colombia > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Universidad Internacional do Cuanza > Research > Scientific Production
Abierto Inglés Breast cancer is prevalent in women and the second leading cause of death. Conventional breast cancer detection methods require several laboratory tests and medical experts. Automated breast cancer detection is thus very important for timely treatment. This study explores the influence of various feature selection technique to increase the performance of machine learning methods for breast cancer detection. Experimental results shows that use of appropriate features tend to show highly accurate prediction metadata Shafique, Rahman and Rustam, Furqan and Choi, Gyu Sang and Díez, Isabel de la Torre and Mahmood, Arif and Lipari, Vivian and Rodríguez Velasco, Carmen Lilí and Ashraf, Imran mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, vivian.lipari@uneatlantico.es, carmen.rodriguez@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED (2023) Breast Cancer Prediction Using Fine Needle Aspiration Features and Upsampling with Supervised Machine Learning. Cancers, 15 (3). p. 681. ISSN 2072-6694

Article Subjects > Engineering Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Fundación Universitaria Internacional de Colombia > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Universidad Internacional do Cuanza > Research > Scientific Production
Abierto Inglés In the field of natural language processing, machine translation is a colossally developing research area that helps humans communicate more effectively by bridging the linguistic gap. In machine translation, normalization and morphological analyses are the first and perhaps the most important modules for information retrieval (IR). To build a morphological analyzer, or to complete the normalization process, it is important to extract the correct root out of different words. Stemming and lemmatization are techniques commonly used to find the correct root words in a language. However, a few studies on IR systems for the Urdu language have shown that lemmatization is more effective than stemming due to infixes found in Urdu words. This paper presents a lemmatization algorithm based on recurrent neural network models for the Urdu language. However, lemmatization techniques for resource-scarce languages such as Urdu are not very common. The proposed model is trained and tested on two datasets, namely, the Urdu Monolingual Corpus (UMC) and the Universal Dependencies Corpus of Urdu (UDU). The datasets are lemmatized with the help of recurrent neural network models. The Word2Vec model and edit trees are used to generate semantic and syntactic embedding. Bidirectional long short-term memory (BiLSTM), bidirectional gated recurrent unit (BiGRU), bidirectional gated recurrent neural network (BiGRNN), and attention-free encoder–decoder (AFED) models are trained under defined hyperparameters. Experimental results show that the attention-free encoder-decoder model achieves an accuracy, precision, recall, and F-score of 0.96, 0.95, 0.95, and 0.95, respectively, and outperforms existing models metadata Hafeez, Rabab and Anwar, Muhammad Waqas and Jamal, Muhammad Hasan and Fatima, Tayyaba and Martínez Espinosa, Julio César and Dzul López, Luis Alonso and Bautista Thompson, Ernesto and Ashraf, Imran mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, ulio.martinez@unini.edu.mx, luis.dzul@uneatlantico.es, ernesto.bautista@unini.edu.mx, UNSPECIFIED (2023) Contextual Urdu Lemmatization Using Recurrent Neural Network Models. Mathematics, 11 (2). p. 435. ISSN 2227-7390

Article Subjects > Psychology Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés Several randomised controlled trials (RCT) have demonstrated the superiority of transdiagnostic group cognitive-behavioural therapy (TD-CBT) to treatment as usual (TAU) for emotional disorders in primary care. To date, however, no RCTs have been conducted to compare TD-CBT to another active intervention in this setting. Our aim is to conduct a single-blind RCT to compare group TD-CBT plus TAU to progressive muscle relaxation (PMR) plus TAU in adults (age 18 to 65 years) with a suspected emotional disorder. We expect that TD-CBT + TAU will be more cost-effective than TAU + PMR, and that these gains will be maintained at the 12-month follow-up. Seven therapy sessions (1.5 hours each) will be offered over a 24-week period. The study will be carried out at four primary care centres in Cantabria, Spain. The study will take a societal perspective. Psychological assessments will be made at three time points: baseline, post-treatment, and at 12-months. The following variables will be evaluated: clinical symptoms (anxiety, depression, and/or somatic); functioning; quality of life (QoL); cognitive-emotional factors (rumination, worry, attentional and interpretative biases, emotion regulation and meta-cognitive beliefs); and satisfaction with treatment. Data on health service use, medications, and sick days will be obtained from electronic medical records. Primary outcome measures will include: incremental cost-effectiveness ratios (ICER) and incremental cost-utility ratios (ICURs). Secondary outcome measures will include: clinical symptoms, QoL, functioning, and treatment satisfaction. Bootstrap sampling will be used to assess uncertainty of the results. Secondary moderation and mediation analyses will be conducted. Two questionnaires will be administered at sessions 1, 4, and 7 to assess therapeutic alliance and group satisfaction. If this trial is successful, widespread application of this cost-effective treatment could greatly improve access to psychological treatment for emotional disorders in the context of increasing demand for mental healthcare in primary care. metadata Moreno-Peral, Patricia and González-Blanch, César and Barrio-Martínez, Sara and Priede, Amador and Martínez-Gómez, Sandra and Pérez-García-Abad, Saioa and Miras-Aguilar, María and Ruiz-Gutiérrez, José and Muñoz-Navarro, Roger and Ruiz-Rodríguez, Paloma and Medrano, Leonardo A. and Prieto-Vila, Maider and Carpallo-González, María and Aguilera-Martín, Ángel and Gálvez-Lara, Mario and Cuadrado, Fátima and Moreno, Eliana and García-Torres, Francisco and Venceslá, José F. and Corpas, Jorge and Jurado-González, Francisco J. and Moriana, Juan A. and Cano-Vindel, Antonio mail UNSPECIFIED, cesar.gonzalezblanch@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED (2023) Cost-effectiveness of transdiagnostic group cognitive behavioural therapy versus group relaxation therapy for emotional disorders in primary care (PsicAP-Costs2): Protocol for a multicentre randomised controlled trial. PLOS ONE, 18 (3). e0283104. ISSN 1932-6203

Article Subjects > Biomedicine Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Cerrado Inglés Background: Celiac disease (CD) is a multifactorial, immune-mediated enteropathic disorder that may occur at any age with heterogeneous clinical presentation. In the last years, unusual manifestations have become very frequent, and currently, it is not so uncommon to diagnose CD in subjects with overweight or obesity, especially in adults; however, little is known in the pediatric population. This systematic review aims to evaluate the literature regarding the association between CD and overweight/obesity in school-age children. Methods: The Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses guidelines were followed. An electronic database search of articles published in the last 20 years in English was carried out in Web of Sciences, PubMed, and Medline. The quality of the included studies was assessed by using the STrengthening the Reporting of OBservational studies in Epidemiology statement. Results: Of the 1396 articles identified, 9 articles, investigating overweight/obesity in children/adolescents affected by CD or screening CD in children/adolescents with overweight/obesity, met the inclusion criteria. Overall, the results showed that the prevalence of overweight or obesity in school-age children (6–17 years) affected by CD ranged between 3.5% and 20%, highlighting that the coexistence of CD with overweight/obesity in children is not uncommon as previously thought. Conclusion: Although CD has been historically correlated with being underweight due to malabsorption, it should be evaluated also in children with overweight and obesity, especially those who have a familiar predisposition to other autoimmune diseases and/or manifest unusual symptoms of CD. metadata De Giuseppe, Rachele and Bergomas, Francesca and Loperfido, Federica and Giampieri, Francesca and Preatoni, Giorgia and Calcaterra, Valeria and Cena, Hellas mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, francesca.giampieri@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED (2023) Could Celiac Disease and Overweight/Obesity Coexist in School-Aged Children and Adolescents? A Systematic Review. Childhood Obesity. ISSN 2153-2168

Article Subjects > Biomedicine
Subjects > Nutrition
Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Abierto Inglés The genus Aeromonas has received constant attention in different areas, from aquaculture and veterinary medicine to food safety, where more and more frequent isolates are occurring with increased resistance to antibiotics. The present paper studied the interaction of Aeromonas strains isolated from fresh produce and water with different eukaryotic cell types with the aim of better understanding the cytotoxic capacity of these strains. To study host-cell pathogen interactions in Aeromonas, we used HT-29, Vero, J774A.1, and primary mouse embryonic fibroblasts. These interactions were analyzed by confocal microscopy to determine the cytotoxicity of the strains. We also used Galleria mellonella larvae to test their pathogenicity in this experimental model. Our results demonstrated that two strains showed high cytotoxicity in epithelial cells, fibroblasts, and macrophages. Furthermore, these strains showed high virulence using the G. mellonella model. All strains used in this paper generally showed low levels of resistance to the different families of the antibiotics being tested. These results indicated that some strains of Aeromonas present in vegetables and water pose a potential health hazard, displaying very high in vitro and in vivo virulence. This pathogenic potential, and some recent concerning findings on antimicrobial resistance in Aeromonas, encourage further efforts in examining the precise significance of Aeromonas strains isolated from foods for human consumption. metadata Pintor-Cora, Alberto and Tapia Martínez, Olga and Elexpuru Zabaleta, Maria and Ruiz de Alegría, Carlos and Rodríguez-Calleja, Jose M. and Santos, Jesús A. and Ramos Vivas, Jose mail UNSPECIFIED, olga.tapia@uneatlantico.es, maria.elexpuru@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, jose.ramos@uneatlantico.es (2023) Cytotoxicity and Antimicrobial Resistance of Aeromonas Strains Isolated from Fresh Produce and Irrigation Water. Antibiotics, 12 (3). p. 511. ISSN 2079-6382

Article Subjects > Engineering Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Fundación Universitaria Internacional de Colombia > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Universidad Internacional do Cuanza > Research > Scientific Production
Abierto Inglés Automated dental imaging interpretation is one of the most prolific areas of research using artificial intelligence. X-ray imaging systems have enabled dental clinicians to identify dental diseases. However, the manual process of dental disease assessment is tedious and error-prone when diagnosed by inexperienced dentists. Thus, researchers have employed different advanced computer vision techniques, as well as machine and deep learning models for dental disease diagnoses using X-ray imagery. In this regard, a lightweight Mask-RCNN model is proposed for periapical disease detection. The proposed model is constructed in two parts: a lightweight modified MobileNet-v2 backbone and region-based network (RPN) are proposed for periapical disease localization on a small dataset. To measure the effectiveness of the proposed model, the lightweight Mask-RCNN is evaluated on a custom annotated dataset comprising images of five different types of periapical lesions. The results reveal that the model can detect and localize periapical lesions with an overall accuracy of 94%, a mean average precision of 85%, and a mean insection over a union of 71.0%. The proposed model improves the detection, classification, and localization accuracy significantly using a smaller number of images compared to existing methods and outperforms state-of-the-art approaches metadata Fatima, Anum and Shafi, Imran and Afzal, Hammad and Mahmood, Khawar and Díez, Isabel de la Torre and Lipari, Vivian and Brito Ballester, Julién and Ashraf, Imran mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, vivian.lipari@uneatlantico.es, julien.brito@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED (2023) Deep Learning-Based Multiclass Instance Segmentation for Dental Lesion Detection. Healthcare, 11 (3). p. 347. ISSN 2227-9032

Article Subjects > Engineering Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Fundación Universitaria Internacional de Colombia > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Universidad Internacional do Cuanza > Research > Scientific Production
Abierto Inglés Monitoring tool conditions and sub-assemblies before final integration is essential to reducing processing failures and improving production quality for manufacturing setups. This research study proposes a real-time deep learning-based framework for identifying faulty components due to malfunctioning at different manufacturing stages in the aerospace industry. It uses a convolutional neural network (CNN) to recognize and classify intermediate abnormal states in a single manufacturing process. The manufacturing process for aircraft factory products comprises different phases; analyzing the components after the integration is labor-intensive and time-consuming, which often puts the company’s stake at high risk. To overcome these challenges, the proposed AI-based system can perform inspection and defect detection and alleviate the probability of components’ needing to be re-manufacturing after being assembled. In addition, it analyses the impact value, i.e., rework delays and costs, of manufacturing processes using a statistical process control tool on real-time data for various manufactured components. Defects are detected and classified using the CNN and teachable machine in the single manufacturing process during the initial stage prior to assembling the components. The results show the significance of the proposed approach in improving operational cost management and reducing rework-induced delays. Ground tests are conducted to calculate the impact value followed by the air tests of the final assembled aircraft. The statistical results indicate a 52.88% and 34.32% reduction in time delays and total cost, respectively. metadata Shafi, Imran and Mazhar, Muhammad Fawad and Fatima, Anum and Álvarez, Roberto Marcelo and Miró Vera, Yini Airet and Martínez Espinosa, Julio César and Ashraf, Imran mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, roberto.alvarez@uneatlantico.es, yini.miro@uneatlantico.es, ulio.martinez@unini.edu.mx, UNSPECIFIED (2023) Deep Learning-Based Real Time Defect Detection for Optimization of Aircraft Manufacturing and Control Performance. Drones, 7 (1). p. 31. ISSN 2504-446X

Article Subjects > Physical Education and Sport Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Español El objetivo del presente estudio es comparar el perfil de los estados de ánimo (EA) en jóvenes escolares que practican diferentes deportes extraescolares de manera federada respecto a escolares de Educación Primaria y Secundaria que no están federados. Seleccionándose un total de 329 sujetos (141 deportistas y 188 escolares no practicantes). Los EA se evaluaron mediante el cuestionario Profile of Moods States (POMS). La comparación se realizó en base al deporte practicado y en función de si eran deportistas federados o no federados. Los resultados muestran valores más elevados en la escala del vigor, así como diferencias significativas en las escalas depresión y fatiga entre los deportistas. Además, se observan diferencias entre no federados escolares para la depresión, hostilidad y tensión. Se concluye que los deportistas muestran valores que se asocian con el denominado perfil iceberg. metadata Fernández García, Javier and Cañada, Fernando Calahorro and Luque, Gema Torres mail javier.fernandez@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED (2023) Diferencia del perfil de los estados de ánimo en jóvenes escolares que practican deporte extraescolar federado vs no federados (Difference in the profile of moods in young schoolchildren who practice federated extracurricular sports vs. schoolchildren). Retos, 47. pp. 738-743. ISSN 1579-1726

Article Subjects > Engineering Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Abierto Español Las metodologías para el diseño y gestión de proyectos son cada vez más necesarias y aplicadas con mayor frecuencia en el sector público en Latinoamérica. Continuamente hay actualizaciones y nuevos enfoques en la gestión de proyectos de inversión, por lo que el estudio en las metodologías es relevante a nivel investigativo. El diseño de instrumentos de investigación confiables que sirvan para promover el uso de estas metodologías es importante para asegurar la calidad en el proceso. Por lo que el objetivo de este estudio es diseñar y validar un instrumento que permita recolectar y gestionar sistemáticamente información de proyectos para obtener las variables que permitan definir la metodología apropiada para cada organización, en este estudio se ha tomado como referencia en el sector público la Subsecretaría de Recursos Pesqueros (SRP) en Ecuador. El instrumento, toma como referencia la Norma International Organization for Standardization (ISO) 10006, la Guía de Fundamentos de Gestión de Proyectos, por su nombre en inglés Project Management Body of Knowledge (PMBOK), las Metodologías de Diseño de Proyectos de la Universidad Politécnica de Cataluña (MDP-UPC) y de la Secretaría Nacional de Planificación y Desarrollo (SENPLADES) del Ecuador. Como resultado, se desarrolló una encuesta, a cuyo instrumento se realizó la validación interna y externa en función de parámetros de confiabilidad, contenido y constructo. Se realizó análisis factorial para determinar variables utilizando sistema estadístico SPSS. Finalmente, se cuenta con la validación del instrumento diseñado asegurando que es confiable y cumple con los parámetros necesarios para obtener variables que definan la metodología para elaboración de proyectos en el sector público de Ecuador. metadata Bazurto Roldán, José Antonio and Álvarez, Roberto Marcelo and Miró Vera, Yini Airet and Brie, Santiago mail jose.bazurto@unini.org, roberto.alvarez@uneatlantico.es, yini.miro@uneatlantico.es, santiago.brie@uneatlantico.es (2023) Diseño y validación de un instrumento de investigación para proponer metodología de gestión de proyectos. Revista de Iniciación Científica, 9 (1). ISSN 2412-0464

Article Subjects > Biomedicine Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés Extremely low-frequency electromagnetic fields (ELF-MF) can modify the cell viability and regulatory processes of some cell types, including breast cancer cells. Breast cancer is a multifactorial disease where a role for ELF-MF cannot be excluded. ELF-MF may influence the biological properties of breast cells through molecular mechanisms and signaling pathways that are still unclear. This study analyzed the changes in the cell viability, cellular morphology, oxidative stress response and alteration of proteomic profile in breast cancer cells (MDA-MB-231) exposed to ELF-MF (50 Hz, 1 mT for 4 h). Non-tumorigenic human breast cells (MCF-10A) were used as control cells. Exposed MDA-MB-231 breast cancer cells increased their viability and live cell number and showed a higher density and length of filopodia compared with the unexposed cells. In addition, ELF-MF induced an increase of the mitochondrial ROS levels and an alteration of mitochondrial morphology. Proteomic data analysis showed that ELF-MF altered the expression of 328 proteins in MDA-MB-231 cells and of 242 proteins in MCF-10A cells. Gene Ontology term enrichment analysis demonstrated that in both cell lines ELF-MF exposure up-regulated the genes enriched in “focal adhesion” and “mitochondrion”. The ELF-MF exposure decreased the adhesive properties of MDA-MB-231 cells and increased the migration and invasion cell abilities. At the same time, proteomic analysis, confirmed by Real Time PCR, revealed that transcription factors associated with cellular reprogramming were upregulated in MDA-MB-231 cells and downregulated in MCF-10A cells after ELF-MF exposure. MDA-MB-231 breast cancer cells exposed to 1 mT 50 Hz ELF-MF showed modifications in proteomic profile together with changes in cell viability, cellular morphology, oxidative stress response, adhesion, migration and invasion cell abilities. The main signaling pathways involved were relative to focal adhesion, mitochondrion and cellular reprogramming. metadata Lazzarini, Raffaella and Elexpuru Zabaleta, Maria and Piva, Francesco and Giulietti, Matteo and Fulgenzi, Gianluca and Tartaglione, Maria Fiorella and Zingaretti, Laura and Tagliabracci, Adriano and Valentino, Matteo and Santarelli, Lory and Bracci, Massimo mail UNSPECIFIED, maria.elexpuru@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED (2023) Effects of extremely low-frequency magnetic fields on human MDA-MB-231 breast cancer cells: proteomic characterization. Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety, 253. p. 114650. ISSN 01476513

Article Subjects > Social Sciences Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Español El presente estudio muestra una investigación realizada en la Universidad Europea del Atlántico, Santander, en la que se perseguía realizar una propuesta de mejora para el trabajo de la comprensión lectora en la asignatura de Inglés Instrumental II. Esta propuesta tenía que recoger estrategias de lectura y el uso de organizadores visuales textuales. Para ello se analizaron 11 lecturas del libro de texto Macmillan Hub B1+/B2- y se complementaron las actividades con un entrenamiento en estrategias de lectura y el uso de un organizador textual específico según la necesidad del texto. Para la aplicación se valoró por un lado el desempeño previo y posterior en comprensión lectora y el desempeño de 5 actividades de evaluación continua en comprensión de textos. La muestra del estudio, n=57, fueron estudiantes de segundo curso del Grado en Ciencias de la Actividad Física y el Deporte y el Grado en Psicología, divididos en Grupo Experimental, GE, (n=31) y Grupo de Control, GC, (n=26). Los resultados mostraron diferencias significativas de hasta 2.8 puntos sobre 10 en el caso del GE respecto al de control. Por tanto, se considera que el uso de estrategias de lectura combinadas con el entrenamiento en el uso de organizadores visuales del texto contribuye a una mejora en la comprensión lectora. metadata Sánchez-Bejerano, Lucía and Pérez Fernández, Lucila María and Griffin, Kim Lori mail lucia.sanchez@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED (2023) El uso de organizadores textuales para comprensión lectora en lengua meta, una experiencia durante la pandemia por la Covid-19. Educatio Siglo XXI, 41 (1). pp. 55-84.

Article Subjects > Social Sciences Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés The capital structure has been extensively analysed in the empirical literature. Despite of the great contribution of the technological industry to the global economy, little research has been conducted regarding corporate finance of ICT firms. Moreover, the previous literature barely considers the effect of macroeconomic variables on financial decisions, focusing much more on internal determinants, such as cash flow, firm’s size or growth opportunities. The objective of this work is to reduce this gap by disentangling the reasons behind the financial decisions of technological firms. The sample included 1,510 public ICT firms from 23 countries over the period 2004 – 2019 (17,342 observations). The variables used in this study are obtained from S&P Capital IQ, World Development Indicators, Main Science and Technology Indicators from OECD, and FMI dataset. The two-step system generalized method of moments (GMM) was used as methodology. Consistent with the extant literature, more profitable and liquid ICT firms and those with an increased non-debt tax shields are less leveraged. However, the companies which present higher risk, measured as volatility of EBIT, increase their use of debt financing. Contrary to the findings of many other studies, the analysis of a firm’s size and tangible assets shows non-conclusive results. Regarding macroeconomic determinants, only economic growth and foreign direct investment inflows were found to generate a positive effect on financial decisions of ICT firms. The findings of this work can be used to design and develop policies, measures, and facilitate mechanisms for optimal management of the financing decisions of ICT firms. metadata Alexeeva-Alexeev, Inna mail inna.alexeeva@uneatlantico.es (2023) The Empirical Study of the Impact of Firm-and Country-level Factors on Debt Financing Decisions of ICT Firms. Scientific Annals of Economics and Business, 70. pp. 55-84.

Article Subjects > Nutrition Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés Ocimum is considered the largest genus in the Lamiacea family. The genus includes basil, a group of aromatic plants with a wide range of culinary uses that nowadays draws attention for its medicinal and pharmaceutical potential. This systematic review intends to explore the chemical composition of nonessential oils and their variation across different Ocimum species. Moreover, we aimed to identify the state of knowledge regarding the molecular space in this genus as well as the different methods of extraction/identification and geographical location. Seventy-nine eligible articles were selected for the final analysis, from which we extracted more than 300 molecules. We found that the countries with the highest number of studies into Ocimum species are India, Nigeria, Brazil, and Egypt. However, from all known species of Ocimum, only 12 were found to have an extensive chemical characterization, particularly Ocimum basilicum and Ocimum tenuiflorum. Our study focused especially on alcoholic, hydroalcoholic, and water extracts, in which the main techniques for compound identifications are GC-MS, LC-MS, and LC-UV. Across the compiled molecules, we found a wide variety of compounds, especially flavonoids, phenolic acids, and terpenoids, suggesting that this genus could be a very useful source of possible bioactive compounds. The information collected in this review also emphasizes the huge gap between the vast number of Ocimum species discovered and the number of studies in each of them that determined the chemical characterization. metadata Beltrán-Noboa, Andrea and Jordan-Álvarez, Alejandro and Guevara-Terán, Mabel and Gallo, Blanca and Berrueta, Luis A. and Giampieri, Francesca and Battino, Maurizio and Álvarez-Suarez, José M. and Tejera, Eduardo mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, francesca.giampieri@uneatlantico.es, maurizio.battino@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED (2023) Exploring the Chemistry of Ocimum Species under Specific Extractions and Chromatographic Methods: A Systematic Review. ACS Omega. ISSN 2470-1343

Article Subjects > Engineering
Subjects > Teaching
Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Universidad Internacional do Cuanza > Research > Scientific Production
Abierto Inglés The purpose of this research article was to contrast the benefits of the optimal probability threshold adjustment technique with other imbalanced data processing techniques, in its application to the prediction of post-graduate students’ late dropout from distance learning courses in two universities in the Ibero-American space. In this context, the optimization of the Logistic Regression, Random Forest, and Neural Network classifiers, together with different techniques, attributes, and algorithms (Hyperparameters, SMOTE, SMOTE_SVM, and ADASYN) resulted in a set of metrics for decision-making, prioritizing the reduction of false negatives. The best model was the Neural Network model in combination with SMOTE_SVM, obtaining a recall index of 0.75 and an f1-Score of 0.60. Likewise, the robustness of the Random Forest classifier for imbalanced data was demonstrated by achieving, with an optimal threshold of 0.427, very similar metrics to those obtained by the consensus of the three best models found. This demonstrates that, for Random Forest, the optimal prediction probability threshold is an excellent alternative to resampling techniques with different optimal thresholds. Finally, it is hoped that this research paper will contribute to boost the application of this simple but powerful technique, which is highly underrated with respect to data resampling techniques for imbalanced data. metadata Rodríguez Velasco, Carmen Lilí and García Villena, Eduardo and Brito Ballester, Julién and Durántez Prados, Frigdiano Álvaro and Silva Alvarado, Eduardo René and Crespo Álvarez, Jorge mail carmen.rodriguez@uneatlantico.es, eduardo.garcia@uneatlantico.es, julien.brito@uneatlantico.es, durantez@uneatlantico.es, eduardo.silva@funiber.org, jorge.crespo@uneatlantico.es (2023) Forecasting of Post-Graduate Students’ Late Dropout Based on the Optimal Probability Threshold Adjustment Technique for Imbalanced Data. International Journal of Emerging Technologies in Learning (iJET), 18 (04). pp. 120-155. ISSN 1863-0383

Article Subjects > Engineering Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Abierto Inglés Forecasting of sediment load (SL) is essential for reservoir operations, design of water resource structures, risk management, water resource planning and for preventing natural disasters in the river basin systems. Direct measurement of SL is difficult, labour intensive, and expensive. The development of an accurate and reliable model for forecasting the SL is required. Sediment transport is highly non-linear and is influenced by a variety of factors. Forecasting of the SL using various conventional methods is not highly accurate because of the association of various complex phenomena. In this study, major key factors such as rock type (RT), relief (R), rainfall (RF), water discharge (WD), temperature (T), catchment area (CA), and SL are recognized in developing the one-step-ahead SL forecasting model in the Mahanadi River (MR), which is among India’s largest rivers. Artificial neural networks (ANN) in conjunction with multi-objective genetic algorithm (ANN-MOGA)-based forecasting models were developed for forecasting the SL in the MR. The ANN-MOGA model was employed to optimize the two competing objective functions (bias and error variance) with simultaneous optimization of all associated ANN parameters. The performances of the proposed novel model were finally compared to other existing methods to verify the forecasting capability of the model. The ANN-MOGA model improved the performance by 12.81% and 10.19% compared to traditional AR and MAR regression models, respectively. The results suggested that hybrid ANN-MOGA models outperform traditional autoregressive and multivariate autoregressive forecasting models. Overall, hybrid ANN-MOGA intelligent techniques are recommended for the forecasting of SL in rivers metadata Yadav, Arvind and Ali Albahar, Marwan and Chithaluru, Premkumar and Singh, Aman and Alammari, Abdullah and Kumar, Gogulamudi Vijay and Miró Vera, Yini Airet mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, aman.singh@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, yini.miro@uneatlantico.es (2023) Hybridizing Artificial Intelligence Algorithms for Forecasting of Sediment Load with Multi-Objective Optimization. Water, 15 (3). p. 522. ISSN 2073-4441

Article Subjects > Engineering Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Fundación Universitaria Internacional de Colombia > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Universidad Internacional do Cuanza > Research > Scientific Production
Abierto Inglés With the advancement in information technology, digital data stealing and duplication have become easier. Over a trillion bytes of data are generated and shared on social media through the internet in a single day, and the authenticity of digital data is currently a major problem. Cryptography and image watermarking are domains that provide multiple security services, such as authenticity, integrity, and privacy. In this paper, a digital image watermarking technique is proposed that employs the least significant bit (LSB) and canny edge detection method. The proposed method provides better security services and it is computationally less expensive, which is the demand of today’s world. The major contribution of this method is to find suitable places for watermarking embedding and provides additional watermark security by scrambling the watermark image. A digital image is divided into non-overlapping blocks, and the gradient is calculated for each block. Then convolution masks are applied to find the gradient direction and magnitude, and non-maximum suppression is applied. Finally, LSB is used to embed the watermark in the hysteresis step. Furthermore, additional security is provided by scrambling the watermark signal using our chaotic substitution box. The proposed technique is more secure because of LSB’s high payload and watermark embedding feature after a canny edge detection filter. The canny edge gradient direction and magnitude find how many bits will be embedded. To test the performance of the proposed technique, several image processing, and geometrical attacks are performed. The proposed method shows high robustness to image processing and geometrical attacks metadata Faheem, Zaid Bin and Ishaq, Abid and Rustam, Furqan and de la Torre Díez, Isabel and Gavilanes, Daniel and Masías Vergara, Manuel and Ashraf, Imran mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, daniel.gavilanes@uneatlantico.es, manuel.masias@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED (2023) Image Watermarking Using Least Significant Bit and Canny Edge Detection. Sensors, 23 (3). p. 1210. ISSN 1424-8220

Article Subjects > Nutrition Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Universidad Internacional do Cuanza > Research > Scientific Production
Abierto Inglés There is growing evidence that Alzheimer’s disease (AD) can be prevented by reducing risk factors involved in its pathophysiology. Food-derived bioactive molecules can help in the prevention and reduction of the progression of AD. Honey, a good source of antioxidants and bioactive molecules, has been tied to many health benefits, including those from neurological origin. Monofloral avocado honey (AH) has recently been characterized but its biomedical properties are still unknown. The aim of this study is to further its characterization, focusing on the phenolic profile. Moreover, its antioxidant capacity was assayed both in vitro and in vivo. Finally, a deep analysis on the pathophysiological features of AD such as oxidative stress, amyloid-β aggregation, and protein-tau-induced neurotoxicity were evaluated by using the experimental model C. elegans. AH exerted a high antioxidant capacity in vitro and in vivo. No toxicity was found in C. elegans at the dosages used. AH prevented ROS accumulation under AAPH-induced oxidative stress. Additionally, AH exerted a great anti-amyloidogenic capacity, which is relevant from the point of view of AD prevention. AH exacerbated the locomotive impairment in a C. elegans model of tauopathy, although the real contribution of AH remains unclear. The mechanisms under the observed effects might be attributed to an upregulation of daf-16 as well as to a strong ROS scavenging activity. These results increase the interest to study the biomedical applications of AH; however, more research is needed to deepen the mechanisms under the observed effects metadata Romero-Márquez, Jose M. and Navarro-Hortal, María D. and Orantes, Francisco J. and Esteban-Muñoz, Adelaida and Mazas Pérez-Oleaga, Cristina and Battino, Maurizio and Sánchez-González, Cristina and Rivas-García, Lorenzo and Giampieri, Francesca and Quiles, José L. and Forbes-Hernandez, Tamara Y. mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, cristina.mazas@uneatlantico.es, maurizio.battino@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, francesca.giampieri@uneatlantico.es, jose.quiles@uneatlantico.es, tamara.forbes@unini.edu.mx (2023) In Vivo Anti-Alzheimer and Antioxidant Properties of Avocado (Persea americana Mill.) Honey from Southern Spain. Antioxidants, 12 (2). p. 404. ISSN 2076-3921

Article Subjects > Engineering Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés Rock art offers traces of our most remote past and was made with mineral and organic substances in shelters, walls, or the ceilings of caves. As it is notably fragile, it is fortunate that some instances remain intact—but a variety of natural and anthropogenic factors can lead to its disappearance. Therefore, as a valuable cultural heritage, rock art requires special conservation and protection measures. Geomatic remote-sensing technologies such as 3D terrestrial laser scanning (3DTLS), drone flight, and ground-penetrating radar (GPR) allow us to generate exhaustive documentation of caves and their environment in 2D, 2.5D, and 3D. However, only its combined use with 3D geographic information systems (GIS) lets us generate new cave maps with details such as overlying layer thickness, sinkholes, fractures, joints, and detachments that also more precisely reveal interior–exterior interconnections and gaseous exchange; i.e., the state of senescence of the karst that houses the cave. Information of this kind is of great value for the research, management, conservation, monitoring, and dissemination of cave art. metadata Bayarri Cayón, Vicente and Prada, Alfredo and García, Francisco and Díaz-González, Lucía M. and De Las Heras, Carmen and Castillo, Elena and Fatás, Pilar mail vicente.bayarri@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED (2023) Integration of Remote-Sensing Techniques for the Preventive Conservation of Paleolithic Cave Art in the Karst of the Altamira Cave. Remote Sensing, 15 (4). p. 1087. ISSN 2072-4292

Article Subjects > Teaching Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Fundación Universitaria Internacional de Colombia > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Universidad Internacional do Cuanza > Research > Scientific Production
Abierto Inglés Regulatory dispersion and a utilitarian use of sustainability deepen the gap within the teaching–learning process and limit the introduction of sustainable criteria in organizations through projects. The objective of this research consisted in developing a sustainable and holistic educational proposal for an online postgraduate program belonging to the Universidad Europea del Atlántico (UNEATLANTICO) within the field of projects. The proposal was based on the instrumentalization of a model comprised of national and international bibliographic references, resulting in a sustainability guide with significant improvements in relation to the reference standard par excellence: ISO 26000:2010. This guide formed the basis of a sustainability management plan, which was key in the project methodology and during the development of sustainable objectives and descriptors for each of the subjects. Lastly, the entities, attributes, and cardinal relationships were established for the development of a physical model used to facilitate the management of all this information within a SQL database. The rigor when determining the educational program, as well as the subsequent analysis of results as supported by the literature review, presupposes the application of this methodology toward other multidisciplinary programs contributing to the adoption of good sustainability practices within the educational field metadata Gracia Villar, Mónica and Álvarez, Roberto Marcelo and Brie, Santiago and Miró Vera, Yini Airet and García Villena, Eduardo mail monica.gracia@uneatlantico.es, roberto.alvarez@uneatlantico.es, santiago.brie@uneatlantico.es, yini.miro@uneatlantico.es, eduardo.garcia@uneatlantico.es (2023) Integration of Sustainable Criteria in the Development of a Proposal for an Online Postgraduate Program in the Projects Area. Education Sciences, 13 (1). p. 97. ISSN 2227-7102

Article Subjects > Communication Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés The development of digital technologies and the evolution of open innovation approaches have enabled the creation of diverse virtual organizations and enterprises coordinating their activities primarily online. The open innovation platform titled “International Natural Product Sciences Taskforce” (INPST) was established in 2018, to bring together in collaborative environment individuals and organizations interested in natural product scientific research, and to empower their interactions by using digital communication tools. Methods In this work, we present a general overview of INPST activities and showcase the specific use of Twitter as a powerful networking tool that was used to host a one-week “2021 INPST Twitter Networking Event” (spanning from 31st May 2021 to 6th June 2021) based on the application of the Twitter hashtag #INPST. Results and Conclusion The use of this hashtag during the networking event period was analyzed with Symplur Signals (https://www.symplur.com/), revealing a total of 6,036 tweets, shared by 686 users, which generated a total of 65,004,773 impressions (views of the respective tweets). This networking event's achieved high visibility and participation rate showcases a convincing example of how this social media platform can be used as a highly effective tool to host virtual Twitter-based international biomedical research events. metadata Singla, Rajeev K. and De, Ronita and Efferth, Thomas and Mezzetti, Bruno and Sahab Uddin, Md. and Sanusi, X. and Ntie-Kang, Fidele and Wang, Dongdong and Schultz, Fabien and Kharat, Kiran R. and Devkota, Hari Prasad and Battino, Maurizio and Sur, Daniel and Lordan, Ronan and Patnaik, Sourav S and Tsagkaris, Christos and Sai, Chandragiri Siva and Tripathi, Surya Kant and Găman, Mihnea-Alexandru and Ahmed, Mosa E.O. and González-Burgos, Elena and Babiaka, Smith B. and Paswan, Shravan Kumar and Odimegwu, Joy Ifunanya and Akram, Faizan and Simal-Gandara, Jesus and Urquiza, Mágali S. and Tikhonov, Aleksei and Mondal, Himel and Singla, Shailja and Lonardo, Sara Di and Mulholland, Eoghan J and Cenanovic, Merisa and Maigoro, Abdulkadir Yusif and Giampieri, Francesca and Lee, Soojin and Tzvetkov, Nikolay T. and Louka, Anna Maria and Verma, Pritt and Chopra, Hitesh and Olea, Scarlett Perez and Khan, Johra and Alvarez Suarez, José M. and Zheng, Xiaonan and Tomczyk, Michał and Sabnani, Manoj Kumar and Medina, Christhian Delfino Villanueva and Khalid, Garba M. and Boyina, Hemanth Kumar and Georgiev, Milen I. and Supuran, Claudiu T. and Sobarzo-Sánchez, Eduardo and Fan, Tai-Ping and Pittala, Valeria and Sureda, Antoni and Braidy, Nady and Russo, Gian Luigi and Vacca, Rosa Anna and Banach, Maciej and Lizard, Gérard and Zarrouk, Amira and Hammami, Sonia and Orhan, Ilkay Erdogan and Aggarwal, Bharat B. and Perry, George and Miller, Mark JS and Heinrich, Michael and Bishayee, Anupam and Kijjoa, Anake and Arkells, Nicolas and Bredt, David and Wink, Michael and Fiebich, Bernd l. and Kiran, Gangarapu and Yeung, Andy Wai Kan and Gupta, Girish Kumar and Santini, Antonello and Lucarini, Massimo and Durazzo, Alessandra and El-Demerdash, Amr and Dinkova-Kostova, Albena T. and Cifuentes, Alejandro and Souto, Eliana B. and Zubair, Muhammad Asim Masoom and Badhe, Pravin and Echeverría, Javier and Horbańczuk, Jarosław Olav and Horbanczuk, Olaf K. and Sheridan, Helen and Sheshe, Sadeeq Muhammad and Witkowska, Anna Maria and Abu-Reidah, Ibrahim M. and Riaz, Muhammad and Ullah, Hammad and Oladipupo, Akolade R. and Lopez, Víctor and Sethiya, Neeraj Kumar and Shrestha, Bhupal Govinda and Ravanan, Palaniyandi and Gupta, Subash Chandra and Alzahrani, Qushmua E. and Dama Sreedhar, Preethidan and Xiao, Jianbo and Moosavi, Mohammad Amin and Subramani, Parasuraman Aiya and Singh, Amit Kumar and Chettupalli, Ananda Kumar and Patra, Jayanta Kumar and Singh, Gopal and Karpiński, Tomasz M. and Al-Rimawi, Fuad and Abiri, Rambod and Ahmed, Atallah F. and Barreca, Davide and Vats, Sharad and Amrani, Said and Fimognari, Carmela and Mocan, Andrei and Hritcu, Lucian and Semwal, Prabhakar and Shiblur Rahaman, Md. and Emerald, Mila and Akinrinde, Akinleye Stephen and Singh, Abhilasha and Joshi, Ashima and Joshi, Tanuj and Khan, Shafaat Yar and Balla, Gareeballah Osman Adam and Lu, Aiping and Pai, Sandeep Ramchandra and Ghzaiel, Imen and Acar, Niyazi and Es-Safi, Nour Eddine and Zengin, Gokhan and Kureshi, Azazahemad A. and Sharma, Arvind Kumar and Baral, Bikash and Rani, Neeraj and Jeandet, Philippe and Gulati, Monica and Kapoor, Bhupinder and Mohanta, Yugal Kishore and Emam-Djomeh, Zahra and Onuku, Raphael and Depew, Jennifer R. and Atrooz, Omar M. and Goh, Bey Hing and Andrade, Jose Carlos and Konwar, Bikramjit and Shine, VJ and Ferreira, João Miguel Lousa Dias and Ahmad, Jamil and Chaturvedi, Vivek K. and Skalicka-Woźniak, Krystyna and Sharma, Rohit and Gautam, Rupesh K. and Granica, Sebastian and Parisi, Salvatore and Kumar, Rishabh and Atanasov, Atanas G. and Shen, Bairong mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, maurizio.battino@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, francesca.giampieri@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED (2023) The International Natural Product Sciences Taskforce (INPST) and the power of Twitter networking exemplified through #INPST hashtag analysis. Phytomedicine, 108. p. 154520. ISSN 09447113

Article Subjects > Psychology Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Cerrado Inglés Currently, high hospital readmission rates have become a problem for mental health services, because it is directly associated with the quality of patient care. The development of predictive models with machine learning algorithms allows the assessment of readmission risk in hospitals. The main objective of this paper is to predict the readmission risk of patients with schizophrenia in a region of Spain, using machine learning algorithms. In this study, we used a dataset with 6089 electronic admission records corresponding to 3065 patients with schizophrenia disorders. Data were collected in the period 2005–2015 from acute units of 11 public hospitals in a Spain region. The Random Forest classifier obtained the best results in predicting the readmission risk, in the metrics accuracy = 0.817, recall = 0.887, F1-score = 0.877, and AUC = 0.879. This paper shows the algorithm with highest accuracy value and determines the factors associated with readmission risk of patients with schizophrenia in this population. It also shows that the development of predictive models with a machine learning approach can help improve patient care quality and develop preventive treatments. metadata Góngora Alonso, Susel and Herrera Montano, Isabel and Martín Ayala, Juan Luis and Rodrigues, Joel J. P. C. and Franco-Martín, Manuel and de la Torre Díez, Isabel mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, juan.martin@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED (2023) Machine Learning Models to Predict Readmission Risk of Patients with Schizophrenia in a Spanish Region. International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction. ISSN 1557-1874

Article Subjects > Nutrition Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Universidad Internacional do Cuanza > Research > Scientific Production
Abierto Inglés Alzheimer’s Disease (AD) is the cause of around 60–70% of global cases of dementia and approximately 50 million people have been reported to suffer this disease worldwide. The leaves of olive trees (Olea europaea) are the most abundant by-products of the olive grove industry. These by-products have been highlighted due to the wide variety of bioactive compounds such as oleuropein (OLE) and hydroxytyrosol (HT) with demonstrated medicinal properties to fight AD. In particular, the olive leaf (OL), OLE, and HT reduced not only amyloid-β formation but also neurofibrillary tangles formation through amyloid protein precursor processing modulation. Although the isolated olive phytochemicals exerted lower cholinesterase inhibitory activity, OL demonstrated high inhibitory activity in the cholinergic tests evaluated. The mechanisms underlying these protective effects may be associated with decreased neuroinflammation and oxidative stress via NF-κB and Nrf2 modulation, respectively. Despite the limited research, evidence indicates that OL consumption promotes autophagy and restores loss of proteostasis, which was reflected in lower toxic protein aggregation in AD models. Therefore, olive phytochemicals may be a promising tool as an adjuvant in the treatment of AD. metadata Romero-Márquez, Jose M. and Forbes-Hernández, Tamara Y. and Navarro-Hortal, María D. and Quirantes-Piné, Rosa and Grosso, Giuseppe and Giampieri, Francesca and Lipari, Vivian and Sánchez-González, Cristina and Battino, Maurizio and Quiles, José L. mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, francesca.giampieri@uneatlantico.es, vivian.lipari@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, maurizio.battino@uneatlantico.es, jose.quiles@uneatlantico.es (2023) Molecular Mechanisms of the Protective Effects of Olive Leaf Polyphenols against Alzheimer’s Disease. International Journal of Molecular Sciences, 24 (5). p. 4353. ISSN 1422-0067

Article Subjects > Nutrition Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés Olive-derived bioactive compound oleuropein was evaluated against damage induced by hydrogen peroxide in human trophoblast cells in vitro, by examining the changes in several markers implicated in oxidative stress interactions in the placenta. Trophoblast HTR-8/SVneo cells were preincubated with OLE at 10 and 100 µM and exposed to H2O2, as a model of oxidative stress. Protein and lipid peroxidation, as well as antioxidant enzymes’ activity, were determined spectrophotometrically, and DNA damage was evaluated by comet assay. iNOS protein expression was assessed by Western blot, while the mRNA expression of pro- and anti-apoptotic genes BAX and BCL2 and transcription factor NFE2L2, as well as cytokines IL-6 and TNF α were determined by qPCR. Oleuropein demonstrated cytoprotective effects against H2O2 in trophoblast cells by significantly improving the antioxidant status and preventing protein and lipid damage, as well as reducing the iNOS levels. OLE reduced the mRNA expression of IL-6 and TNF α, however, it did not influence the expression of NFE2L2 or the BAX/BCL2 ratio after H2O2 exposure. Oleuropein per se did not lead to any adverse effects in HTR-8/SVneo cells under the described conditions, confirming its safety in vitro. In conclusion, it significantly attenuated oxidative damage and restored antioxidant functioning, confirming its protective role in trophoblast metadata Pirković, Andrea and Vilotić, Aleksandra and Borozan, Sunčica and Nacka-Aleksić, Mirjana and Bojić-Trbojević, Žanka and Krivokuća, Milica Jovanović and Battino, Maurizio and Giampieri, Francesca and Dekanski, Dragana mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, maurizio.battino@uneatlantico.es, francesca.giampieri@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED (2023) Oleuropein Attenuates Oxidative Stress in Human Trophoblast Cells. Antioxidants, 12 (1). p. 197. ISSN 2076-3921

Article Subjects > Nutrition Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Universidad Internacional do Cuanza > Research > Scientific Production
Cerrado Inglés Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) patients are at substantially higher risk of colorectal cancer (CRC) and IBD-associated CRC accounts for roughly 10-15% of the annual mortality in IBD patients. IBD-related CRC also affects younger patients if compared with sporadic CRC, with a 5-year survival rate of 50%. Regardless of medical therapies, the persistent inflammation state characterizing IBD raises the risk for precancerous changes and CRC, with additional input from several elements including genetic and environmental risk factors, IBD-associated comorbidities, intestinal barrier disfunction, and gut microbiota modifications. It is well known that nutritional habits and dietary bioactive compounds can influence IBD-associated inflammation, microbiome abundance and composition, oxidative stress balance, and gut permeability. In addition, in the last years, results from broad epidemiological and experimental studies have associated certain foods or nutritional patterns with the risk of colorectal neoplasia. Here we review the possible role of nutrition in the prevention of IBD-related CRC, focusing specifically on human studies. In conclusion it emerges that nutritional interventions based on healthy, nutrient-dense dietary patterns characterized by a high intake of fiber, vegetables, fruit, Omega-3 PUFAs, and low amount of animal proteins, processed foods and alcohol, combined with probiotic supplementation have the potential of reducing IBD-activity and preventing the risk of IBD-related CRC through different mechanisms, suggesting that targeted nutritional interventions may represent a novel promising approach for the prevention and management of IBD-associated CRC. metadata Cassotta, Manuela and Cianciosi, Danila and De Giuseppe, Rachele and Navarro-Hortal, Maria Dolores and Diaz, Yasmany Armas and Forbes-Hernández, Tamara Yuliett and Tutusaus, Kilian and Pascual Barrera, Alina Eugenia and Grosso, Giuseppe and Xiao, Jianbo and Battino, Maurizio and Giampieri, Francesca mail manucassotta@gmail.com, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, kilian.tutusaus@uneatlantico.es, alina.pascual@unini.edu.mx, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, maurizio.battino@uneatlantico.es, francesca.giampieri@uneatlantico.es (2023) Possible role of nutrition in the prevention of Inflammatory Bowel Disease-related colorectal cancer: a focus on human studies. Nutrition. p. 111980. ISSN 08999007

Article Subjects > Physical Education and Sport Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Español El objetivo de este estudio fue analizar la eficacia del programa preventivo a través del entrenamiento pliométrico y control motor sobre la estabilidad del tobillo en jugadoras de fútbol sala de Segunda división nacional. Se diseñó un estudio cuasiexperimental de intervención con una evaluación de pre-post test, durante la temporada 2021-2022, con una duración de 4 semanas, más dos de evaluación. Los test utilizados para ello fueron, el CMJ, THT y el YBT. 8 jugadoras (féminas) de fútbol sala de edad (25.78 ± 6.44 años) y altura (165.0 ± 7.07 cm) de nivel semiprofesional, que compite actualmente en Segunda División Nacional, llevaron a cabo el programa preventivo, compuesto por un circuito de 7 postas de trabajo específico. Los resultados obtenidos tras la intervención no obtuvieron mejoras significativas en las siguientes pruebas, CMJ y THT (p>0,060 y p>0.507) respectivamente, aun así, en el test CMJ la altura del salto vertical aumentó 2 cm con respecto al pre test y la media de la pierna izquierda en el THT obtuvo una mejora de (p<0.085). Por otro lado, el rendimiento del CS en el YBT sí mejoró significativamente, tras un periodo de intervención de 4 semanas, (p<0.045, TE = 1.12; y p<0.007, TE=1.9), aumentando un 14% en el CS. El programa preventivo llevado a cabo durante la intervención, demostró que no se obtuvieron mejoras significativas en líneas generales, a excepción del YBT, el cual mostró mejoras en la dorsiflexión del tobillo para ambos pies metadata Canduela Valle, Sandra and Osmani, Florent and Lago-Fuentes, Carlos mail paula.canduela@alumnos.uneatlantico.es, florent.osmani@uneatlantico.es, carlos.lago@uneatlantico.es (2023) Propuesta preventiva sobre el esguince de tobillo en jugadoras de 2ªRFEF Futsal. RICYDE. Revista internacional de ciencias del deporte, 19 (71). pp. 29-39. ISSN 18853137

Article Subjects > Biomedicine Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Fundación Universitaria Internacional de Colombia > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Universidad Internacional do Cuanza > Research > Scientific Production
Abierto Inglés Mutations allow viruses to continuously evolve by changing their genetic code to adapt to the hosts they infect. It is an adaptive and evolutionary mechanism that helps viruses acquire characteristics favoring their survival and propagation. The COVID-19 pandemic declared by the WHO in March 2020 is caused by the SARS-CoV-2 virus. The non-stop adaptive mutations of this virus and the emergence of several variants over time with characteristics favoring their spread constitute one of the biggest obstacles that researchers face in controlling this pandemic. Understanding the mutation mechanism allows for the adoption of anticipatory measures and the proposal of strategies to control its propagation. In this study, we focus on the mutations of this virus, and we propose the SARSMutOnto ontology to model SARS-CoV-2 mutations reported by Pango researchers. A detailed description is given for each mutation. The genes where the mutations occur and the genomic structure of this virus are also included. The sub-lineages and the recombinant sub-lineages resulting from these mutations are additionally represented while maintaining their hierarchy. We developed a Python-based tool to automatically generate this ontology from various published Pango source files. At the end of this paper, we provide some examples of SPARQL queries that can be used to exploit this ontology. SARSMutOnto might become a ‘wet bench’ machine learning tool for predicting likely future mutations based on previous mutations. metadata Bakkas, Jamal and Hanine, Mohamed and Chekry, Abderrahman and Gounane, Said and de la Torre Díez, Isabel and Lipari, Vivian and Martínez López, Nohora Milena and Ashraf, Imran mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, vivian.lipari@uneatlantico.es, nohora.martinez@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED (2023) SARSMutOnto: An Ontology for SARS-CoV-2 Lineages and Mutations. Viruses, 15 (2). p. 505. ISSN 1999-4915

Article Subjects > Engineering Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Abierto Inglés Stress is now a serious disease that exists due to changes in working life and food ecosystems around the world. In general, it is difficult for a person to know if they are under stress. According to previous research, temperature, heart rate variability (HRV), humidity, and blood pressure are used to assess stress levels with the use of instruments. With the development of sensor technology and wireless connectivity, people around the world are adopting and using smart devices. In this study, a bio signal detection device with Internet of Things (IoT) capability with a galvanic skin reaction (GSR) sensor is proposed and built for real-time stress monitoring. The proposed device is based on an Arduino controller and Bluetooth communication. To evaluate the performance of the system, physical stress is created on 10 different participants with three distinct tasks namely reading, visualizing the timer clock, and watching videos. MATLAB analysis is performed for identifying the three different levels of stress and obtaining the threshold values as if the person GSR voltage i.e., relaxed for <1.75 volts; Normal: between 1.75 and 1.44 volts and stressed: >1.44 volts. In addition, LabVIEW is used as a data acquisition system, and a Blueterm mobile application is also used to view the sensor reading received from the device through Bluetooth communication. metadata Singh, Rajesh and Gehlot, Anita and Saxena, Ritika and Alsubhi, Khalid and Anand, Divya and Delgado Noya, Irene and Vaseem Akram, Shaik and Choudhury, Sushabhan mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, divya.anand@uneatlantico.es, irene.delgado@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED (2023) Stress Detector Supported Galvanic Skin Response System with IoT and LabVIEW GUI. Computers, Materials & Continua, 74 (1). pp. 1217-1233. ISSN 1546-2226

Article Subjects > Biomedicine
Subjects > Engineering
Subjects > Nutrition
Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Universidad Internacional do Cuanza > Research > Scientific Production
Cerrado Inglés Obesity and overweight has increased in the last year and has become a pandemic disease, the result of sedentary lifestyles and unhealthy diets rich in sugars, refined starches, fats and calories. Machine learning (ML) has proven to be very useful in the scientific community, especially in the health sector. With the aim of providing useful tools to help nutritionists and dieticians, research focused on the development of ML and Deep Learning (DL) algorithms and models is searched in the literature. The Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) protocol has been used, a very common technique applied to carry out revisions. In our proposal, 17 articles have been filtered in which ML and DL are applied in the prediction of diseases, in the delineation of treatment strategies, in the improvement of personalized nutrition and more. Despite expecting better results with the use of DL, according to the selected investigations, the traditional methods are still the most used and the yields in both cases fluctuate around positive values, conditioned by the databases (transformed in each case) to a greater extent than by the artificial intelligence paradigm used. Conclusions: An important compilation is provided for the literature in this area. ML models are time-consuming to clean data, but (like DL) they allow automatic modeling of large volumes of data which makes them superior to traditional statistics. metadata Ferreras, Antonio and Sumalla Cano, Sandra and Martínez-Licort, Rosmeri and Elío Pascual, Iñaki and Tutusaus, Kilian and Prola, Thomas and Vidal Mazón, Juan Luis and Sahelices, Benjamín and de la Torre Díez, Isabel mail UNSPECIFIED, sandra.sumalla@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, inaki.elio@uneatlantico.es, kilian.tutusaus@uneatlantico.es, thomas.prola@uneatlantico.es, juanluis.vidal@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED (2023) Systematic Review of Machine Learning applied to the Prediction of Obesity and Overweight. Journal of Medical Systems, 47 (1). ISSN 1573-689X

Article Subjects > Nutrition Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Cerrado Inglés Functional foods have emerged as an attractive option for many consumers, given their wide-ranging and long-term benefits. The functional food market size was valued at USD 177,770 Million in 2019 and is estimated to reach USD 267,924.4 Million by 2027, registering a CAGR of 6.7% from 2021 to 2027. Various natural products/compounds exert significant functional activity, and could also added value to food products alone or in combination, provided functional activity. The use of natural compounds in preparation of functional foods is important due to its higher safety, superior organoleptic properties, and functional attributes, resulted in wider consumer acceptance. Also, the use of advanced technologies in formulation of functional foods provides a better means of utilizing natural compounds for organoleptic and functional attributes. metadata Battino, Maurizio and Belwal, Tarun and Prieto, Miguel A. mail maurizio.battino@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED (2023) Valorization of food products using natural functional compounds for improving organoleptic and functional chemistry. Food Chemistry, 403. p. 134181. ISSN 03088146

Article Subjects > Physical Education and Sport Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Abierto Inglés Elite performance and sporting success are often the result of optimal integration and synergy of all components of sports preparedness (i.e., health, technical and tactical skills, bioenergetic and neuromuscular abilities and capacities, anthropometric characteristics, cognition, emotions, creativity, or personality), which evolve because of systematic long-term sports preparation. However, the relative importance of these characteristics varies between individual and team sports. While some individual sports require a high standard of bioenergetic and neuromuscular abilities and capacities, team sports performance is closely related to technical and tactical skills, which may compensate for weakness within the fitness level (1). Nonetheless, successful team sport performances seem to be much more dependent on the interaction among a wide range of factors than on the maximum development of one or two factors in isolation. In team sports, elite performance emerges from the interaction among the individual parts (2) to overcome the opponent during competition. Sports may be categorized according to the degree of predictability of the environment that they are played in (3). Team sports occur in highly unpredictable environments due to the interactions with both teammates and opponents, with performance dealing with this unpredictability. Thus, it is important to have a clear understanding of the integrative systems and the principles that rule their interactions with the environment, keeping in mind the main aim of the process: developing the diversity/unpredictability potential of athletes/teams (4) to afford the emergence of rich patterns of behavior from players to adapt quickly and effectively in dynamically changing and unpredictable environments (5). Performance in team sports is affected by several factors that affect the organization of training and competitions. These include, for example, COVID-19 cases (6), PCR tests (7), air flights and their effects prior to competition (8), injuries (9), or match-congested schedules (10). The interaction among these factors may also influence player availability. The concept of player availability is a common one in elite team sports. Available players can be considered the ones who are injury-free and ready to compete whether the head coach chooses to put them on the lineup. Thus, an available state would be when a player is fit and recovered enough to compete. On the other hand, player unavailability would be considered a state which includes injury, sanction or suspension, or other reasons that would keep a player out of match. However, this topic needs to be explored more in elite team sport environments. Considering previous enriching work, it remains important to further progress and provide academic knowledge in order to support coaches/managers, strength and conditioning coaches, sport scientists, and medical team members (e.g., doctors, physicians, and physiotherapists) in their working environments. While widely-advocated scientific groundwork is considered throughout this manuscript, the main aim of this opinion article is to provide a review of factors related to player availability and its influence on performance in elite team sports (Figure 1). Finally, some practical suggestions and recommendations are provided to deal with constant alterations in player's availability and performance fluctuations. metadata Calleja-González, Julio and Mallo, Javier and Cos, Francesc and Sampaio, Jaime and Jones, Margaret T. and Marqués-Jiménez, Diego and Mielgo-Ayuso, Juan and Freitas, Tomás T. and Alcaraz, Pedro E. and Vilamitjana, Javier and Ibañez, Sergio J. and Cuzzolin, Francesco and Terrados, Nicolás and Bird, Stephen P. and Zubillaga, Asier and Huyghe, Thomas and Jukic, Igor and Lorenzo, Alberto and Loturco, Irineu and Delextrat, Anne and Schelling, Xavi and Gómez-Ruano, Miguel and López-laval, Isaac and Vazquez, Jairo and Conte, Daniele and Velarde-Sotres, Álvaro and Bores Cerezal, Antonio and Ferioli, Davide and García, Franc and Peirau, Xavier and Martin-Acero, Rafael and Lago-Peñas, Carlos mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, alvaro.velarde@uneatlantico.es, antonio.bores@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED (2023) A commentary of factors related to player availability and its influence on performance in elite team sports. Frontiers in Sports and Active Living, 4. ISSN 2624-9367

Article Subjects > Engineering Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Cerrado Inglés The Internet of Things (IoT) is a network of interconnected devices that includes low-end devices (sensors) and high-end devices (servers). The routing protocol used the Low-Power and Lossy Networks (RPL) protocol, which was designed to collect data in Low-Power and Lossy Networks (LLN) efficiently and reliably. The RPL rank property specifies how sensor nodes are placed in Destination Oriented Directed Acyclic Graphs (DODAG) based on an Objective Function (OF). The OF includes information such as the Expected Transmission Count (ETX) and packet delivery rate. The rank property aids in routing path optimization, reducing control overhead, and maintaining a loop-free topology by using rank-based data path validation. However, it causes many issues, such as optimal parent selection, next-hop node selection, and network instability. We proposed an Enhanced Opportunistic Rank-based Parent Node Selection for Sustainable and Smart IoT Networks to address these issues. The optimal parent node is determined by forecasting the expected energy of each node using Received Signal Strength (RSS) and an enhanced reinforcement learning algorithm. The proposed method addresses the issue of selecting the next-hop neighbor node and improves routing stability. Furthermore, when a large number of new nodes try to join the sustainable IoT-based smart cities, the proposed technique provides optimal load balance metadata Chithaluru, Premkumar and Singh, Aman and Mahmoud, Mahmoud Shuker and Kumar, Sunil and Vidal Mazón, Juan Luis and Alkhayyat, Ahmed and Anand, Divya mail UNSPECIFIED, aman.singh@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, juanluis.vidal@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, divya.anand@uneatlantico.es (2023) An enhanced opportunistic rank-based parent node selection for sustainable & smart IoT networks. Sustainable Energy Technologies and Assessments, 56. p. 103079. ISSN 22131388

2022

Article Subjects > Biomedicine Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés Background The exposure of breast cancer to extremely low frequency magnetic fields (ELF-MFs) results in various biological responses. Some studies have suggested a possible cancer-enhancing effect, while others showed a possible therapeutic role. This study investigated the effects of in vitro exposure to 50 Hz ELF-MF for up to 24 h on the viability and cellular response of MDA-MB-231 and MCF-7 breast cancer cell lines and MCF-10A breast cell line. Methods and results The breast cell lines were exposed to 50 Hz ELF-MF at flux densities of 0.1 mT and 1.0 mT and were examined 96 h after the beginning of ELF-MF exposure. The duration of 50 Hz ELF-MF exposure influenced the cell viability and proliferation of both the tumor and nontumorigenic breast cell lines. In particular, short-term exposure (4–8 h, 0.1 mT and 1.0 mT) led to an increase in viability in breast cancer cells, while long and high exposure (24 h, 1.0 mT) led to a decrease in viability and proliferation in all cell lines. Cancer and normal breast cells exhibited different responses to ELF-MF. Mitochondrial membrane potential and reactive oxygen species (ROS) production were altered after ELF-MF exposure, suggesting that the mitochondria are a probable target of ELF-MF in breast cells. Conclusions The viability of breast cells in vitro is influenced by ELF-MF exposure at magnetic flux densities compatible with the limits for the general population and for workplace exposures. The effects are apparent after 96 h and are related to the ELF-MF exposure time. metadata Elexpuru Zabaleta, Maria and Lazzarini, Raffaella and Tartaglione, Maria Fiorella and Piva, Francesco and Ciarapica, Veronica and Marinelli Busilacchi, Elena and Poloni, Antonella and Valentino, Matteo and Santarelli, Lory and Bracci, Massimo mail maria.elexpuru@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED (2022) A 50 Hz magnetic field influences the viability of breast cancer cells 96 h after exposure. Molecular Biology Reports. ISSN 0301-4851

Article Subjects > Biomedicine
Subjects > Nutrition
Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Abierto Inglés Background: The aim of this study was to relate adherence to the Mediterranean diet (MedDiet) to the prevalence of metabolic syndrome (MetS) in an elderly population from the north of Spain. Methods: We carried out an observational, descriptive, cross-sectional, and correlational study involving 556 non-institutionalised individuals aged 65 to 79 years. The MEDAS-14 questionnaire score was used to define the degree of adherence to the Mediterranean diet. The diagnosis of MetS was conducted using the International Diabetes Federation (IDF) criteria. Results: In 264 subjects with an average age of 71.9 (SD: ±4.2), 39% of whom were men, 36.4% had good adherence (score ≥ 9 in MEDAS-14), with no differences by gender or age. The prevalence of MetS was 40.2%, with 47.6% in men and 35.4% in women (p < 0.05). The prevalence of MetS was 2.4 times more frequent among individuals who consumed less than two servings (200 g) of vegetables daily compared with those who consumed two or more servings of vegetables daily (OR: 2.368, 95%CI: 1.141–4.916, p = 0.021). Low adherence to the MedDiet (MEDAS-14 score ≤ 8) was associated with an 82% higher prevalence of MetS (OR: 1.817, 95%CI: 1.072–3.081, p = 0.027). Conclusion: An inverse relationship was established between adherence to the MedDiet and the prevalence of MetS metadata Cubas-Basterrechea, Gloria and Elío Pascual, Iñaki and Alonso, Guzmán and Otero, Luis and Gutiérrez-Bardeci, Luis and Puente, Jesús and Muñoz-Cacho, Pedro mail UNSPECIFIED, inaki.elio@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED (2022) Adherence to the Mediterranean Diet Is Inversely Associated with the Prevalence of Metabolic Syndrome in Older People from the North of Spain. Nutrients, 14 (21). p. 4536. ISSN 2072-6643

Article Subjects > Nutrition Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Universidad Internacional do Cuanza > Research > Scientific Production
Abierto Inglés Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is a serious degenerative disease affecting the eyes, and is the main cause of severe vision loss among people >55 years of age in developed countries. Its onset and progression have been associated with several genetic and lifestyle factors, with diet appearing to play a pivotal role in the latter. In particular, dietary eating patterns rich in plant foods have been shown to lower the risk of developing the disease, and to decrease the odds of progressing to more advanced stages in individuals already burdened with early AMD. We systematically reviewed the literature to analyse the relationship between the adherence to a Mediterranean diet, a mainly plant-based dietary pattern, and the onset/progression of AMD. Eight human observational studies were analysed. Despite some differences, they consistently indicate that higher adherence to a Mediterranean eating pattern lowers the odds of developing AMD and decreases the risk of progression to more advanced stages of the disease, establishing the way for preventative measures emphasizing dietary patterns rich in plant-foods metadata Gastaldello, Annalisa and Giampieri, Francesca and Quiles, José L. and Navarro-Hortal, María D. and Aparicio Obregón, Silvia and García Villena, Eduardo and Tutusaus, Kilian and De Giuseppe, Rachele and Grosso, Giuseppe and Cianciosi, Danila and Forbes-Hernández, Tamara Y. and Nabavi, Seyed M. and Battino, Maurizio mail UNSPECIFIED, francesca.giampieri@uneatlantico.es, jose.quiles@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, silvia.aparicio@uneatlantico.es, eduardo.garcia@uneatlantico.es, kilian.tutusaus@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, maurizio.battino@uneatlantico.es (2022) Adherence to the Mediterranean-Style Eating Pattern and Macular Degeneration: A Systematic Review of Observational Studies. Nutrients, 14 (10). p. 2028. ISSN 2072-6643

Article Subjects > Biomedicine
Subjects > Engineering
Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Fundación Universitaria Internacional de Colombia > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Universidad Internacional do Cuanza > Research > Scientific Production
Abierto Inglés Artificial intelligence has been widely used in the field of dentistry in recent years. The present study highlights current advances and limitations in integrating artificial intelligence, machine learning, and deep learning in subfields of dentistry including periodontology, endodontics, orthodontics, restorative dentistry, and oral pathology. This article aims to provide a systematic review of current clinical applications of artificial intelligence within different fields of dentistry. The preferred reporting items for systematic reviews (PRISMA) statement was used as a formal guideline for data collection. Data was obtained from research studies for 2009–2022. The analysis included a total of 55 papers from Google Scholar, IEEE, PubMed, and Scopus databases. Results show that artificial intelligence has the potential to improve dental care, disease diagnosis and prognosis, treatment planning, and risk assessment. Finally, this study highlights the limitations of the analyzed studies and provides future directions to improve dental care metadata Fatima, Anum and Shafi, Imran and Afzal, Hammad and Díez, Isabel De La Torre and Lourdes, Del Rio-Solá M. and Breñosa, Jose and Martínez Espinosa, Julio César and Ashraf, Imran mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, josemanuel.brenosa@uneatlantico.es, ulio.martinez@unini.edu.mx, UNSPECIFIED (2022) Advancements in Dentistry with Artificial Intelligence: Current Clinical Applications and Future Perspectives. Healthcare, 10 (11). p. 2188. ISSN 2227-9032

Article Subjects > Biomedicine Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés Excess alcohol consumption is known to be detrimental to human health. However, the role of light-to-moderate alcohol intake is under investigation for potential certain health benefits—mostly related to the cardiovascular system. Nevertheless, there is no univocal agreement on this matter, and research is still ongoing to clarify whether there might be other potential outcomes affected by alcohol intake. In this regard, there is evidence that excess alcohol intake may negatively influence the risk of osteoporotic fractures. However, there is no comprehensive evidence of literature assessing the role of alcohol consumption in bone mineral density (BMD) and the risk of osteoporotic fractures. Thus, the aim of this study was to quantitatively assess the dose–response relationship between alcohol intake and BMD and risk of osteoporotic fractures. The Embase and MEDLINE electronic databases were searched from their inception to December 2021 for articles providing a quantifiable measurement of alcohol consumption for at least three categories and (1) a measurement of BMD (and dispersion as continuous variables) in some area of the body or (2) risk of osteoporotic fracture provided as relative risk (RR) or hazard ratio (HR), with a 95% confidence interval (CI) as the measure of the association of each category with alcohol intake. A total of 11 studies including 46,916 individuals with BMD assessment and 8 studies including 240,871 individuals with risk of fracture analysis were included. Compared to non-drinkers, consumption of up to two standard drinks of alcohol per day was correlated with higher lumbar and femur neck BMD values, while up to one standard drink of alcohol was correlated with higher hip BMD compared to no alcohol consumption. Higher risk of hip fractures was found starting from three standard drinks of alcohol per day (RR = 1.33, 95% CI: 1.04; 1.69 for three alcoholic drinks/d, and RR = 1.59, 95% CI: 1.23; 2.05 for four alcoholic drinks/d) compared to no alcohol consumption, with no evidence of heterogeneity. Concerning the risk of any osteoporotic fractures, the risk steadily increased with higher intake of alcohol, although never reaching statistical significance. In conclusion, there is consistent evidence that increased alcohol consumption is associated with higher risk of osteoporotic hip fracture; however, the role of alcohol at lower doses is uncertain, as BMD was even higher in light drinkers compared to abstainers. metadata Godos, Justyna and Giampieri, Francesca and Chisari, Emanuele and Micek, Agnieszka and Paladino, Nadia and Forbes-Hernández, Tamara Y. and Quiles, José L. and Battino, Maurizio and La Vignera, Sandro and Musumeci, Giuseppe and Grosso, Giuseppe mail UNSPECIFIED, francesca.giampieri@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, jose.quiles@uneatlantico.es, maurizio.battino@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED (2022) Alcohol Consumption, Bone Mineral Density, and Risk of Osteoporotic Fractures: A Dose–Response Meta-Analysis. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 19 (3). p. 1515. ISSN 1660-4601

Article Subjects > Biomedicine
Subjects > Nutrition
Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Abierto Inglés Alzheimer's is a chronic degenerative disease of the central nervous system considered the leading cause of dementia in the world. It is characterized by two etiopathological events related to oxidative stress: the aggregation of β-amyloid peptide and the formation of neurofibrillary tangles of hyperphosphorylated Tau protein in the brain. The incidence of this disease increases with age and has been associated with inadequate lifestyles. Some natural compounds have been shown to improve the hallmarks of the disease. However, despite its potential, there is no scientific evidence about Manuka honey (MH) in this regard. In the present work we evaluated the effect of MH on the toxicity induced by Aβ aggregation and Tau in a Caenorhabditis elegans model. Our results demonstrated that MH was able to improve indicators of oxidative stress and delayed Aβ-induced paralysis in the AD model CL4176 through HSP-16.2 and SKN-1/NRF2 pathways. Nevertheless, its sugar content impaired the indicators of locomotion (an indicator of tau neurotoxicity) in both the transgenic strain BR5706 and in the wild-type N2 worms. metadata Navarro-Hortal, María D. and Romero-Márquez, Jose M. and Muñoz-Ollero, Pedro and Jiménez-Trigo, Victoria and Esteban-Muñoz, Adelaida and Tutusaus, Kilian and Giampieri, Francesca and Battino, Maurizio and Sánchez-González, Cristina and Rivas-García, Lorenzo and Llopis, Juan and Forbes-Hernández, Tamara Y. and Quiles, José L. mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, kilian.tutusaus@uneatlantico.es, francesca.giampieri@uneatlantico.es, maurizio.battino@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, jose.quiles@uneatlantico.es (2022) Amyloid β-but not Tau-induced neurotoxicity is suppressed by Manuka honey via HSP-16.2 and SKN-1/Nrf2 pathways in an in vivo model of Alzheimer's disease. Food & Function. ISSN 2042-6496

Article Subjects > Engineering Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Fundación Universitaria Internacional de Colombia > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Universidad Internacional do Cuanza > Research > Scientific Production
Abierto Inglés The fast expansion of ICT (information and communications technology) has provided rich sources of data for the analysis, modeling, and interpretation of human mobility patterns. Many researchers have already introduced behavior-aware protocols for a better understanding of architecture and realistic modeling of behavioral characteristics, similarities, and aggregation of mobile users. We are introducing the similarity analytical framework for the mobile encountering analysis to allow for more direct integration between the physical world and cyber-based systems. In this research, we propose a method for finding the similarity behavior of users’ mobility patterns based on location and time. This research was conducted to develop a technique for producing co-occurrence matrices of users based on their similar behaviors to determine their encounters. Our approach, named SAA (similarity analysis approach), makes use of the device info i.e., IP (internet protocol) and MAC (media access control) address, providing an in-depth analysis of similarity behaviors on a daily basis. We analyzed the similarity distributions of users on different days of the week for different locations based on their real movements. The results show similar characteristics of users with common mobility behaviors based on location and time to showcase the efficacy. The results show that the proposed SAA approach is 33% more accurate in terms of recognizing the user’s similarity as compared to the existing similarity approach. metadata Memon, Ambreen and Kilby, Jeff and Breñosa, Jose and Martínez Espinosa, Julio César and Ashraf, Imran mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, josemanuel.brenosa@uneatlantico.es, ulio.martinez@unini.edu.mx, UNSPECIFIED (2022) Analysis and Implementation of Human Mobility Behavior Using Similarity Analysis Based on Co-Occurrence Matrix. Sensors, 22 (24). p. 9898. ISSN 1424-8220

Article Subjects > Social Sciences
Subjects > Engineering
Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Fundación Universitaria Internacional de Colombia > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Universidad Internacional do Cuanza > Research > Scientific Production
Abierto Inglés Innovation plays a pivotal role in the progress and goodwill of an organization, and its ability to thrive. Consequently, the impact analysis of innovation on the performance of an organization holds great importance. This paper presents a two-stage analytical framework to examine the impact of business innovation on a firm’s performance, especially firms from the manufacturing sector. The prime objective is to identify the factors that have an impact on firm-level innovation, and to examine the impact of firm-level innovation on business performance. The framework and its analysis are based on the latest World Bank enterprise survey, with a sample size of 696 manufacturing firms. The first stage of the proposed framework establishes the analytical results through Bivariate Probit, which indicates that research and development (R&D) has a significantly positive impact on the product, process, marketing, and organizational innovations. It thus highlights the important role of the allocation of lump-sum amounts for R&D activities. The statistical analysis shows that innovation does not depend on the size of the firms. Moreover, the older firms are found to be wiser at conducting R&D than newer firms that are reluctant to take risks. The second stage of the proposed framework separately analyzes the impacts of the product and organizational innovation, and the process and marketing innovation on the firm performance, and finds them to be statistically significant and insignificant, respectively. metadata Aslam, Mahrukh and Shafi, Imran and Ahmad, Jamil and Álvarez, Roberto Marcelo and Miró Vera, Yini Airet and Soriano Flores, Emmanuel and Ashraf, Imran mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, roberto.alvarez@uneatlantico.es, yini.miro@uneatlantico.es, emmanuel.soriano@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED (2022) An Analytical Framework for Innovation Determinants and Their Impact on Business Performance. Sustainability, 15 (1). p. 458. ISSN 2071-1050

Article Subjects > Engineering Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Abierto Inglés With the global spread of COVID-19, the governments advised the public for adopting safety precautions to limit its spread. The virus spreads from people, contaminated places, and nozzle droplets that necessitate strict precautionary measures. Consequently, different safety precautions have been implemented to fight COVID-19 such as wearing a facemask, restriction of social gatherings, keeping 6 feet distance, etc. Despite the warnings, highlighted need for such measures, and the increasing severity of the pandemic situation, the expected number of people adopting these precautions is low. This study aims at assessing and understanding the public perception of COVID-19 safety precautions, especially the use of facemask. A unified framework of sentiment lexicon with the proposed ensemble EB-DT is devised to analyze sentiments regarding safety precautions. Extensive experiments are performed with a large dataset collected from Twitter. In addition, the factors leading to a negative perception of safety precautions are analyzed by performing topic analysis using the Latent Dirichlet allocation algorithm. The experimental results reveal that 12% of the tweets correspond to negative sentiments towards facemask precaution mainly by its discomfort. Analysis of change in peoples’ sentiment over time indicates a gradual increase in the positive sentiments regarding COVID-19 restrictions. metadata Qamar, Usman and Ahmad, Ayaz and Rustam, Furqan and Saad, Eysha and Siddique, Muhammad Abubakar and Lee, Ernesto and Ortega-Mansilla, Arturo and Díez, Isabel de la Torre and Ashraf, Imran mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, arturo.ortega@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED (2022) Analyzing preventive precautions to limit spread of COVID-19. PLOS ONE, 17 (8). e0272350. ISSN 1932-6203

Article Subjects > Engineering Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Abierto Inglés Industries need solutions that can automatically monitor oil leakage from deployed underwater pipelines and to rapidly report any damage. The location prediction of mineral reservoirs like oil, gas, or metals in deep water is a challenge during the extraction of these resources. Moreover, the problem of ores and mineral deposits on the seafloor comes into play. The abovementioned challenges necessitate for the deployment of underwater wireless sensor networks (UWSNs). Anchor-based localization techniques are segregated into range-free and range-based processes. Range-based schemes depend on various techniques like angle of arrival (AoA), time of arrival (ToA), time difference of arrival (TDoA), and received signal strength indicator (RSSI). In this article, the localization of these leakages is performed by using range-based metrics for calculating the distance among anchor nodes (ANs) and target nodes (TNs). This estimated distance is further optimized to minimize the estimation error. A multilateralism procedure is used to estimate the optimal position of each TN. The results exhibit that the proposed algorithm shows a high performance when compared to previous works, in terms of minimum energy consumption, lower packet loss, rapid location estimation, and lowest localization error. The benefit of using the proposed methodology greatly impacts on identifying the leakage area in mobility-assisted UWSN, where rapid reporting helps to lower the loss of resources. metadata Goyal, Nitin and Nain, Mamta and Singh, Aman and Abualsaud, Khalid and Alsubhi, Khalid and Ortega-Mansilla, Arturo and Zorba, Nizar mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, aman.singh@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, arturo.ortega@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED (2022) An Anchor-Based Localization in Underwater Wireless Sensor Networks for Industrial Oil Pipeline Monitoring. IEEE Canadian Journal of Electrical and Computer Engineering, 45 (4). pp. 466-474. ISSN 2694-1783

Article Subjects > Engineering Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Fundación Universitaria Internacional de Colombia > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Universidad Internacional do Cuanza > Research > Scientific Production
Abierto Inglés The demand for cloud computing has drastically increased recently, but this paradigm has several issues due to its inherent complications, such as non-reliability, latency, lesser mobility support, and location-aware services. Fog computing can resolve these issues to some extent, yet it is still in its infancy. Despite several existing works, these works lack fault-tolerant fog computing, which necessitates further research. Fault tolerance enables the performing and provisioning of services despite failures and maintains anti-fragility and resiliency. Fog computing is highly diverse in terms of failures as compared to cloud computing and requires wide research and investigation. From this perspective, this study primarily focuses on the provision of uninterrupted services through fog computing. A framework has been designed to provide uninterrupted services while maintaining resiliency. The geographical information system (GIS) services have been deployed as a test bed which requires high computation, requires intensive resources in terms of CPU and memory, and requires low latency. Keeping different types of failures at different levels and their impacts on service failure and greater response time in mind, the framework was made anti-fragile and resilient at different levels. Experimental results indicate that during service interruption, the user state remains unaffected. metadata Mir, Tahira Sarwar and Liaqat, Hannan Bin and Kiren, Tayybah and Sana, Muhammad Usman and Álvarez, Roberto Marcelo and Miró Vera, Yini Airet and Pascual Barrera, Alina Eugenia and Ashraf, Imran mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, roberto.alvarez@uneatlantico.es, yini.miro@uneatlantico.es, alina.pascual@unini.edu.mx, UNSPECIFIED (2022) Antifragile and Resilient Geographical Information System Service Delivery in Fog Computing. Sensors, 22 (22). p. 8778. ISSN 1424-8220

Article Subjects > Engineering Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Abierto Inglés, Español Actualmente la gestión de proyectos cuenta con muchas herramientas y metodologías que buscan desarrollar proyectos exitosos, no siempre es posible cumplir con los objetivos fijados desde su concepción. Una gran parte de los proyectos de construcción son ejecutados sin ser evaluados y documentados adecuadamente a lo largo de su ciclo de vida, aumentando las probabilidades de ser un proyecto fallido y de no cumplir con la rentabilidad o uso esperado. El caso de estudio es sobre un proyecto hidroeléctrico que fue iniciado con personal propio de una empresa privada hondureña (EPH)[1], que al poco tiempo empezó a presentar una serie de inconvenientes que generaron desfases en costos y en tiempo. Cuando se había utilizado el 85% del presupuesto original estimado y se observa un avance de obra menor al 50%, la EPH decidió contratar a una empresa supervisora externa (ESE) para darle seguimiento al proyecto, revisar el diseño del mismo y que se asegurara que el proyecto fuera culminado. El proyecto fue culminado con un año y ocho meses adicionales de construcción y el costo del total final superó en 7.5 millones de dólares americanos del presupuesto original. El objetivo principal de esta investigación es la de analizar la eficiencia y sostenibilidad del proyecto para obtener lecciones que posibiliten la identificación de las fallas y aciertos en los desvíos alcanzados a lo largo del mismo y, a partir de ellos, generar recomendaciones que le permitan a la organización corregir y mejorar su actual metodología para sus futuros proyectos. metadata Ramírez López, Ana Mellissa and Mazzetto, Matías Ariel mail UNSPECIFIED (2022) Análisis y mejores prácticas proyectuales de una obra civil hidroeléctrica de Honduras. Project Design and Management, 4 (2). ISSN 2683-1597

Article Subjects > Engineering Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Universidad Internacional do Cuanza > Research > Scientific Production
Abierto Inglés Population and industrial growth in Mexico’s Bajío region demand greater electricity consumption. The production of electricity from fuel oil has severe implications on climate change and people’s health due to SO2 emissions. This study describes the simulation of eight different scenarios for SO2 pollutant dispersion. It takes into account distance, geoenvironmental parameters, wind, terrain roughness, and Pasquill–Gifford–Turner atmospheric stability and categories of dispersion based on technical information about SO2 concentration from stacks and from one of the atmospheric monitoring stations in Salamanca city. Its transverse character, its usefulness for modeling, and epidemiological, meteorological, and fluid dynamics studies, as suggested by the models approved by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), show a maximum average concentration of 399 µg/m3, at an average distance of 1800 m. The best result comparison in the scenarios was scenery 8. Maximum nocturnal dispersion was shown at a wind speed of 8.4 m/s, and an SO2 concentration of 280 µg/m3 for stack 4, an atypical situation due to the geography of the city. From the validation process, a relative error of 14.7 % was obtained, which indicates the reliability of the applied Gaussian model. Regarding the mathematical solution of the model, this represents a reliable and low-cost tool that can help improve air quality management, the location or relocation of atmospheric monitoring stations, and migration from the use of fossil fuels to environmentally friendly fuels. metadata Violante Gavira, Amanda Enrriqueta and Sosa González, Wadi Elim and Pali-Casanova, Ramón and Yam Cervantes, Marcial Alfredo and Aguilar Vega, Manuel and Chacha Coto, Javier and Zavala Loría, José del Carmen and Dzul López, Luis Alonso and García Villena, Eduardo mail amanda@ugto.mx, UNSPECIFIED, ramon.pali@unini.edu.mx, marcial.yam@unini.edu.mx, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, jose.zavala@unini.edu.mx, luis.dzul@uneatlantico.es, eduardo.garcia@uneatlantico.es (2022) Application of the Gaussian Model for Monitoring Scenarios and Estimation of SO2 Atmospheric Emissions in the Salamanca Area, Bajío, Mexico. Atmosphere, 13 (6). p. 874. ISSN 2073-4433

Article Subjects > Engineering Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Universidad Internacional do Cuanza > Research > Scientific Production
Abierto Inglés With rapid urbanization, high rates of industrialization, and inappropriate waste disposal, water quality has been substantially degraded during the past decade. So, water quality prediction, an essential element for a healthy society, has become a task of great significance to protecting the water environment. Existing approaches focus predominantly on either water quality or water consumption prediction, utilizing complex algorithms that reduce the accuracy of imbalanced datasets and increase computational complexity. This study proposes a simple architecture of neural networks which is more efficient and accurate and can work for predicting both water quality and water consumption. An artificial neural network (ANN) consisting of one hidden layer and a couple of dropout and activation layers is utilized in this regard. The approach is tested using two datasets for predicting water quality and water consumption. Results show a 0.96 accuracy for water quality prediction which is better than existing studies. A 0.99 R2 score is obtained for water consumption prediction which is superior to existing state-of-the-art approaches. metadata Rustam, Furqan and Ishaq, Abid and Kokab, Sayyida Tabinda and de la Torre Diez, Isabel and Vidal Mazón, Juan Luis and Rodríguez Velasco, Carmen Lilí and Ashraf, Imran mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, juanluis.vidal@uneatlantico.es, carmen.rodriguez@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED (2022) An Artificial Neural Network Model for Water Quality and Water Consumption Prediction. Water, 14 (21). p. 3359. ISSN 2073-4441

Article Subjects > Nutrition Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés Beside honey, honeybees (Apis mellifera L.) are able to produce many byproducts, including bee pollen, propolis, bee bread, royal jelly, and beeswax. Even if the medicinal properties of these byproducts have been recognized for thousands of years by the ancient civilizations, in the modern era, they have a limited use, essentially as nutritional supplements or health products. However, these natural products are excellent sources of bioactive compounds, macro- and micronutrients, that, in a synergistic way, confer multiple biological activities to these byproducts, such as, for example, antimicrobial, antioxidant, and anti-inflammatory properties. This work aims to update the chemical and phytochemical composition of bee pollen, propolis, bee bread, royal jelly, and beeswax and to summarize the main effects exerted by these byproducts on human health, from the anticancer and immune-modulatory activities to the antidiabetic, hypolipidemic, hypotensive, and anti-allergic properties. metadata Giampieri, Francesca and Quiles, José L. and Cianciosi, Danila and Forbes-Hernández, Tamara Yuliett and Orantes-Bermejo, Francisco Josè and Alvarez-Suarez, José Miguel and Battino, Maurizio mail francesca.giampieri@uneatlantico.es, jose.quiles@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, maurizio.battino@uneatlantico.es (2022) Bee Products: An Emblematic Example of Underutilized Sources of Bioactive Compounds. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry. ISSN 0021-8561

Article Subjects > Psychology Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés, Español La resolución de conflictos y el bienestar emocional son cruciales ante situaciones de estrés agudo como puede ser el trabajo policial. Es por ello que los objetivos de este trabajo son: (1) identificar el estilo de resolución de conflictos predominante en las Fuerzas y Cuerpos de Seguridad del Estado español, (2) describir la relación entre resolución de conflictos e inteligencia emocional y, (3) describir la relación entre resolución de conflictos y bienestar psicológico. Se ha utilizado una muestra de 434 participantes pertenecientes de los Cuerpos y Fuerzas de Seguridad del Estado y se ha medido con distintos cuestionarios el bienestar emocional, la inteligencia emocional y los estilos de resolución de conflictos. El estilo predominante era el evitativo en más de la mitad de la muestra. Las variables asertividad y bienestar psicológico pueden explicar el 78.1% de la varianza del estilo integrador. Se han encontrado correlaciones estadísticamente significativas entre la inteligencia emocional y estilos de resolución de conflicto. En base a los resultados, podría ser beneficioso instruir a los trabajadores en técnicas de mediación y resolución de conflictos tal y como se ha realizado en algunas ocasiones (ej. Medipol). A diferencia de otros estudios anteriores, se han encontrado correlatos significativos entre algunas variables de inteligencia emocional y los estilos de resolución de conflictos. metadata Antuña Camblor, Celia mail UNSPECIFIED (2022) Bienestar psicológico, inteligencia emocional y resolución de conflictos en miembros de los Cuerpos y Fuerzas de Seguridad del Estado español: un estudio correlacional. MLS Psychology Research, 5 (2).

Article Subjects > Engineering Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Abierto Inglés UNSPECIFIED metadata Kimothi, Sanjeev and Thapliyal, Asha and Akram, Shaik Vaseem and Singh, Rajesh and Gehlot, Anita and Mohamed, Heba G. and Anand, Divya and Ibrahim, Muhammad and Delgado Noya, Irene mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, divya.anand@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, irene.delgado@uneatlantico.es (2022) Big Data Analysis Framework for Water Quality Indicators with Assimilation of IoT and ML. Electronics, 11 (13). p. 1927. ISSN 2079-9292

Article Subjects > Engineering Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Universidad Internacional do Cuanza > Research > Scientific Production
Abierto Inglés The highly fragmented blockchain and cryptocurrency ecosystem necessitates interoperability mechanisms as a requirement for blockchain-technology acceptance. The immediate implication of interchain interoperability is automatic swapping between cryptocurrencies. We performed a systematic review of the existing literature on Blockchain interoperability and atomic cross-chain transactions. We investigated different blockchain interoperability approaches, including industrial solutions, categorized them and identified the key mechanisms used, and list several example projects for each category. We focused on the atomic transactions between blockchain, a process also known as atomic swap. Furthermore, we studied recent implementations along with architectural approaches for atomic swap and deduced research issues and challenges in cross-chain interoperability and atomic swap. Atomic swap can instantly transfer tokens and significantly reduce the associated costs without using any centralized authority, and thus facilitates the development of a sustainable payment system for wider financial inclusion. metadata Mohanty, Debasis and Anand, Divya and Aljahdali, Hani Moaiteq and Gracia Villar, Santos mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, santos.gracia@uneatlantico.es (2022) Blockchain Interoperability: Towards a Sustainable Payment System. Sustainability, 14 (2). p. 913. ISSN 2071-1050

Conference or Workshop Item Subjects > Engineering Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Cerrado Inglés Emergence of IoT applications and distributed computing has propelled the development of computing services which can handle dynamic requests at the network edge. Fog computing paradigm has evolved tremendously over the years for achieving above objective. Resource management in fog layer always remains the hot spot which is required to be addressed through some efficient load balancing techniques. Heuristic, Meta-heuristic, Probabilistic, Graph theory based and hybrid load balancing techniques are developed over the past few years to manage workload incurred at the fog servers. This paper provides the brief description of such methods and their comparative analysis in a tabular form. Major area of focus is the overall technique, simulation tool, parameters of evaluation, advantages and disadvantages of the proposed load balancing approaches. Potential researchers can carry forward and extend this research at the next level after analysing the research gaps from the literature survey. metadata Batra, Salil and Anand, Divya and Singh, Aman mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, aman.singh@uneatlantico.es (2022) A Brief Overview of Load Balancing Techniques in Fog Computing Environment. In: 2022 6th International Conference on Trends in Electronics and Informatics (ICOEI 2022), 28-30 April 2022, Tirunelveli, India..

Article Subjects > Engineering Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Universidad Internacional do Cuanza > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Abierto Inglés Building energy consumption prediction has become an important research problem within the context of sustainable homes and smart cities. Data-driven approaches have been regarded as the most suitable for integration into smart houses. With the wide deployment of IoT sensors, the data generated from these sensors can be used for modeling and forecasting energy consumption patterns. Existing studies lag in prediction accuracy and various attributes of buildings are not very well studied. This study follows a data-driven approach in this regard. The novelty of the paper lies in the fact that an ensemble model is proposed, which provides higher performance regarding cooling and heating load prediction. Moreover, the influence of different features on heating and cooling load is investigated. Experiments are performed by considering different features such as glazing area, orientation, height, relative compactness, roof area, surface area, and wall area. Results indicate that relative compactness, surface area, and wall area play a significant role in selecting the appropriate cooling and heating load for a building. The proposed model achieves 0.999 R2 for heating load prediction and 0.997 R2 for cooling load prediction, which is superior to existing state-of-the-art models. The precise prediction of heating and cooling load, can help engineers design energy-efficient buildings, especially in the context of future smart homes metadata Chaganti, Rajasekhar and Rustam, Furqan and Daghriri, Talal and Díez, Isabel de la Torre and Vidal Mazón, Juan Luis and Rodríguez Velasco, Carmen Lilí and Ashraf, Imran mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, juanluis.vidal@uneatlantico.es, carmen.rodriguez@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED (2022) Building Heating and Cooling Load Prediction Using Ensemble Machine Learning Model. Sensors, 22 (19). p. 7692. ISSN 1424-8220

Conference or Workshop Item Subjects > Engineering Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Cerrado Inglés Education 4.0 is a gradually growing environment, which will affect every walks of our life over a couple of decades. The intent of this paper presents a brief study of the Education 4.0 environment. This study further elaborates and recommends the use of IFC (Internet of Things, Fog, and Cloud) technological-integration for the implementation of Education 4.0. The assessment and accreditation process that ensures the quality in the education industry will also be unveiled in this study. Real-time and intervallic scenarios of the assessment and accreditation process are also illustrated in this study. The intent of this study recommends the use of real-time assessment, prediction, irregularity detection, and alert generation under the ambient environment of Education 4.0. The study further recommends the use of an intervallic accreditation scenario for Education 4.0, which makes this modal suitable for both ideal and dynamic environments under Education 4.0. metadata Verma, Anil and Anand, Divya and Singh, Aman and Vij, Rishika mail UNSPECIFIED, divya.anand@uneatlantico.es, aman.singh@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED (2022) C-IoT Inspired Real-Time and Intervallic Accreditation Under Education 4.0. In: 2022 8th International Conference on Advanced Computing and Communication Systems (ICACCS).

Article Subjects > Engineering Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Universidad Internacional do Cuanza > Research > Scientific Production
Abierto Inglés Developments in medical care have inspired wide interest in the current decade, especially to their services to individuals living prolonged and healthier lives. Alzheimer’s disease (AD) is the most chronic neurodegeneration and dementia-causing disorder. Economic expense of treating AD patients is expected to grow. The requirement of developing a computer-aided technique for early AD categorization becomes even more essential. Deep learning (DL) models offer numerous benefits against machine learning tools. Several latest experiments that exploited brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scans and convolutional neural networks (CNN) for AD classification showed promising conclusions. CNN’s receptive field aids in the extraction of main recognizable features from these MRI scans. In order to increase classification accuracy, a new adaptive model based on CNN and support vector machines (SVM) is presented in the research, combining both the CNN’s capabilities in feature extraction and SVM in classification. The objective of this research is to build a hybrid CNN-SVM model for classifying AD using the MRI ADNI dataset. Experimental results reveal that the hybrid CNN-SVM model outperforms the CNN model alone, with relative improvements of 3.4%, 1.09%, 0.85%, and 2.82% on the testing dataset for AD vs. cognitive normal (CN), CN vs. mild cognitive impairment (MCI), AD vs. MCI, and CN vs. MCI vs. AD, respectively. Finally, the proposed approach has been further experimented on OASIS dataset leading to accuracy of 86.2%. metadata Sethi, Monika and Rani, Shalli and Singh, Aman and Vidal Mazón, Juan Luis and Bhatia, Surbhi mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, aman.singh@uneatlantico.es, juanluis.vidal@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED (2022) A CAD System for Alzheimer’s Disease Classification Using Neuroimaging MRI 2D Slices. Computational and Mathematical Methods in Medicine, 2022. pp. 1-11. ISSN 1748-670X

Article Subjects > Engineering Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Universidad Internacional do Cuanza > Research > Scientific Production
Cerrado Inglés Agriculture is an important sector that plays an essential role in the economic development of a country. Each year farmers face numerous challenges in producing good quality crops. One of the major reasons behind the failure of the harvest is the use of unscientific agricultural practices. Moreover, every year enormous crop loss is encountered either by pests, specific diseases, or natural disasters. It raises a strong concern to employ sustainable advanced technologies to address agriculture-related issues. In this paper, a sustainable real-time crop disease detection and prevention system, called CROPCARE is proposed. The system integrates mobile vision, Internet of Things (IoT), and Google Cloud services for sustainable growth of crops. The primary function of the proposed intelligent system is to detect crop diseases through the CROPCARE -mobile application. It uses Super-Resolution Convolution Network (SRCNN) and the pretrained model MobileNet-V2 to generate a decision model trained over various diseases. To maintain sustainability, the mobile app is integrated with IoT sensors and Google Cloud services. The proposed system also provides recommendations that help farmers know about current soil conditions, weather conditions, disease prevention methods, etc. It supports both Hindi and English dictionaries for the convenience of the farmers. The proposed approach is validated by using the PlantVillage dataset. The obtained results confirm the performance strength of the proposed system. metadata Garg, Garima and Gupta, Shivam and Mishra, Preeti and Vidyarthi, Ankit and Singh, Aman and Ali, Asmaa mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, aman.singh@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED (2022) CROPCARE: An Intelligent Real-Time Sustainable IoT System for Crop Disease Detection Using Mobile Vision. IEEE Internet of Things Journal. p. 1. ISSN 2372-2541

Article Subjects > Physical Education and Sport Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés Background: Understanding fatigue mechanisms is crucial for exercise performance. However, scientific evidence on non-invasive methods for assessing fatigue in trail running competitions is scarce, especially when vertical kilometer trail running races (VK) are considered. The main purpose of this study was to assess the autonomic nervous system (ANS) activity (i.e., central fatigue) and the state of muscle activation (i.e., peripheral fatigue) before and after a VK competition. Methods: A cross-sectional pilot study was performed. After applying inclusion/exclusion criteria, 8 recreational male trail runners (31.63 ± 7.21 yrs, 1.75 m ± 0.05 m, 70.38 ± 5.41 kg, BMI: 22.88 ± 0.48, running experience: 8.0 ± 3.63 yrs, weekly training volume: 58.75 ± 10.35 km) volunteered to participate and were assessed for both central (i.e., via heart rate variability, HRV) and peripheral (via tensiomyography, TMG) fatigue before and after a VK race. Results: After the VK, resting heart rate, RMSSD (p = 0.01 for both) and SDNN significantly decreased (p = 0.02), while the stress score and the sympathetic-parasympathetic ratio increased (p = 0.01 and p = 0.02, respectively). The TMG analyses suggest that runners already suffered peripheral fatigue before the VK and that 20–30 min are enough for muscular recovery after the race. In summary, our data suggest that participants experienced a pre-competition fatigue status. Further longitudinal studies are necessary to investigate the mechanisms underlying fatigue during trail running races, while training periodization and tapering strategies could play a key role for minimizing pre-competition fatigue status. metadata Muñoz-Pérez, Iker and Varela-Sanz, Adrián and Lago-Fuentes, Carlos and Navarro-Patón, Rubén and Mecías-Calvo, Marcos mail iker.munoz@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, carlos.lago@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, marcos.mecias@uneatlantico.es (2022) Central and Peripheral Fatigue in Recreational Trail Runners: A Pilot Study. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 20 (1). p. 402. ISSN 1660-4601

Article Subjects > Nutrition Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Abierto Inglés The aim of this study was to evaluate the influence of the lockdown due to the COVID-19 pandemic, on eating and physical activity behavior, in a university population. A healthy diet such as the Mediterranean Diet (MD) pattern, rich in fruit and vegetables, can prevent degenerative diseases such as obesity, diabetes, cardiovascular diseases, etc. We conducted a cross-sectional study and data were collected by an anonymous online questionnaire. Participants completed a survey consisting of 3 sections: sociodemographic data; dietary behavior and physical activity; the Mediterranean Diet questionnaire (MEDAS-14) and the Emotional Eater Questionnaire (EEQ). A total of 168 participants completed the questionnaire: 66.7% were women, 79.2% were from Spain, 76.8% were students, 76.2% lived in their family home and 66.1% were of normal weight. During lockdown our population shopped for groceries 1 time or less per week (76.8%); maintained the same consumption of fruits (45.2%), vegetables (50.6%), dairy products (61.9%), pulses (64.9%), fish/seafood (57.7%), white meat (77.4%), red and processed meat (71.4%), pastries and snacks (48.2%), rice/pasta/potatoes (70.2%) and nuts (62.5%), spirits (98.8%) and sugary drinks (91.7%). Cooking time increased (73.2%) and the consumption decreased of low alcohol drinks (60.1%), spirits (75%) and sugary drinks (57.1%), and physical activity also diminished (49.4%). University Employees (UE) gained more weight (1.01 ± 0.02) than students (0.99 ± 0.03) (p < 0.05) during the confinement period. A total of 79.8% of the participants obtained a Medium/High Adherence to the MD during lockdown. Emotional and very emotional eaters were higher in the female group (p < 0.01). In the event of further confinement, strategies should be implemented to promote a balanced and healthy diet together with the practice of physical activity, taking special care of the female and UE groups. metadata Sumalla Cano, Sandra and Forbes-Hernández, Tamara and Aparicio-Obregón, Silvia and Crespo-Álvarez, Jorge and Elexpuru Zabaleta, Maria and Gracia Villar, Mónica and Giampieri, Francesca and Elío Pascual, Iñaki mail sandra.sumalla@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, silvia.aparicio@uneatlantico.es, jorge.crespo@uneatlantico.es, maria.elexpuru@uneatlantico.es, monica.gracia@uneatlantico.es, francesca.giampieri@uneatlantico.es, inaki.elio@uneatlantico.es (2022) Changes in the Lifestyle of the Spanish University Population during Confinement for COVID-19. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 19 (4). p. 2210. ISSN 1660-4601

Article Subjects > Nutrition Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés This study reports a characterization of the nutritional quality of several vegetables belonging to Brassica genus and other species cultivated in the central Italy. The aim of this trial is to investigate the antioxidant capacity and phytochemical content of several vegetable products during two consecutive years. The sensorial quality is investigated with the measuring of soluble solid content (SSC), titratable acidity (TA) and pH; the nutritional quality is investigated by the measurement of the total antioxidant capacity (TAC), the total phenols content (TPH), the total anthocyanins content (ACY), and the vitamin C content. The results confirm the highest antioxidant capacity of Brassica genus, in particular, the red curly kale (13.68 and 11.97 mM Trolox/kg fw in the two locations tested); among other vegetables analyzed, the most interesting are chicory and borage (10.3 and 11.94 mM Trolox/kg fw in the first year of cultivation in Valdaso, respectively). A high intake of these vegetables may bring a lot of health benefits linked to their antioxidative capacity and the vitamin C metadata Biondi, Francesca and Balducci, Francesca and Capocasa, Franco and Mei, Elena and Vagnoni, Massimo and Visciglio, Marino and Mezzetti, Bruno and Mazzoni, Luca mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, bruno.mezzetti@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED (2022) Characterization and Comparison of Raw Brassica and Grass Field Sensorial and Nutritional Quality. Applied Sciences, 12 (17). p. 8783. ISSN 2076-3417

Book Section Subjects > Teaching
Subjects > Psychology
Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Cerrado Español UNSPECIFIED metadata Yélamos Torres, Vanessa and Martín Ayala, Juan Luis mail UNSPECIFIED, juan.martin@uneatlantico.es (2022) Ciberyet: proyecto de intervención desde la parentalidad positiva para influir en los comportamientos de ciberbullying de los hijos adolescentes. In: Acercamiento multidisciplinar para la investigación e intervención en contextos educativos. Dykinson, pp. 15-26. ISBN 978-84-1122-872-5

Article Subjects > Biomedicine Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés In this work, we performed a methodological comparative analysis to synthesize polyethyleneimine (PEI) nanoparticles using (i) conventional nanoprecipitation (NP), (ii) electrospraying (ES), and (iii) coaxial electrospraying (CA). The nanoparticles transported antisense oligonucleotides (ASOs), either encapsulated (CA nanocomplexes) or electrostatically bound externally (NP and ES nanocomplexes). After synthesis, the PEI/ASO nanoconjugates were functionalized with a muscle-specific RNA aptamer. Using this combinatorial formulation methodology, we obtained nanocomplexes that were further used as nanocarriers for the delivery of RNA therapeutics (ASO), specifically into muscle cells. In particular, we performed a detailed confocal microscopy-based comparative study to analyze the overall transfection efficiency, the cell-to-cell homogeneity, and the mean fluorescence intensity per cell of micron-sized domains enriched with the nanocomplexes. Furthermore, using high-magnification electron microscopy, we were able to describe, in detail, the ultrastructural basis of the cellular uptake and intracellular trafficking of nanocomplexes by the clathrin-independent endocytic pathway. Our results are a clear demonstration that coaxial electrospraying is a promising methodology for the synthesis of therapeutic nanoparticle-based carriers. Some of the principal features that the nanoparticles synthesized by coaxial electrospraying exhibit are efficient RNA-based drug encapsulation, increased nanoparticle surface availability for aptamer functionalization, a high transfection efficiency, and hyperactivation of the endocytosis and early/late endosome route as the main intracellular uptake mechanism metadata de la Hoz, Raquel and Diban, Nazely and Berciano, María T. and San Emeterio, Carlos and Urtiaga, Ane and Lafarga, Miguel and Rodríguez-Rey, José C. and Tapia Martínez, Olga mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, carlos.sanemeterio@alumnos.uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, olga.tapia@uneatlantico.es (2022) Coaxial Synthesis of PEI-Based Nanocarriers of Encapsulated RNA-Therapeutics to Specifically Target Muscle Cells. Biomolecules, 12 (8). p. 1012. ISSN 2218-273X

Article Subjects > Physical Education and Sport Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Español Antecedentes: Los socorristas son fundamentales en la reanimación del ahogado en parada cardiorrespiratoria. En las víctimas ahogadas es prioritario administrar oxigenación. Distintas técnicas de administración de ventilaciones se han investigado y hay controversia sobre la más efectiva. Objetivos: comparar el efecto de la ventilación boca a boca (VBB), ventilación con bolsa y mascarilla (VBM) y ventilación con pocket-mask (VPM) sobre la calidad de RCP entre socorristas recién certificados y socorristas profesionales en activo. Conclusiones: Los socorristas inexpertos recién certificados realizan mejor RCP, incluyendo la ventilación, que los que no han recibido una formación reciente. Es clave la actualización del SVB frecuente en socorristas. metadata Aranda García, Silvia and Carballo Fazanes, Aida and Otero Agra, Martín and Fernández Méndez, María and Barcala Furelos, Martín and Barcala Furelos, Roberto mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, martin.barcala@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED (2022) Comparación de la calidad en la ventilación de socorristas nóveles y veteranos. Un estudio piloto de simulación. Revista de Investigación en Actividades Acuáticas, 6 (11). pp. 37-43. ISSN 2530-805X

Article Subjects > Social Sciences Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés This study compares the information coverage of the vaccine against the information of the COVID-19 pandemic in eight newspapers (two per country) from the United Kingdom, France, Spain and the United States. The newspapers analyzed are The Times and The Guardian (United Kingdom), Le Monde and Le Figaro (France), El País and El Mundo (Spain), and The New York Times and The Washington Post (United States). On a methodological level, the work uses a descriptive approach of hemerographic analysis. As a result, it is observed—in the case of coverage of the pandemic—that the presence of affected persons and health personnel in the front-page information was negligible, with a predominance of news journalistic genres (brief and newsworthy, especially), evidencing a leading role of political figures and the high degree of politicization of the crisis. In addition, the visual frames in the analyzed newspapers tended to promote humanization through emotional representation. On the other hand, the results of the news coverage of the vaccine showed a predominance of news journalistic genres, wherein supranational entities and pharmaceutical companies starred in the front pages to a greater extent. The study denotes the importance of media literacy among citizens, especially in the face of this type of informational events of global significance metadata Tejedor, Santiago and Cervi, Laura and Tusa, Fernanda and Gracia Villar, Mónica mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, monica.gracia@uneatlantico.es (2022) Comparative Study of the Information about the COVID-19 Pandemic and COVID-19 Vaccines on the Covers of United Kingdom, France, Spain and United States’ Main Newspapers. Social Sciences, 11 (9). p. 412. ISSN 2076-0760

Article Subjects > Physical Education and Sport Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés The aim of the study was to compare the quality of CPR (Q-CPR), as well as the perceived fatigue and hand pain in a prolonged infant cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) performed by lifeguards using three different techniques. A randomized crossover simulation study was used to compare three infant CPR techniques: the two-finger technique (TF); the two-thumb encircling technique (TTE) and the two-thumb-fist technique (TTF). 58 professional lifeguards performed three tests in pairs during a 20-min period of CPR. The rescuers performed compressions and ventilations in 15:2 cycles and changed their roles every 2 min. The variables of analysis were CPR quality components, rate of perceived exertion (RPE) and hand pain with numeric rating scale (NRS). All three techniques showed high Q-CPR results (TF: 86 ± 9%/TTE: 88 ± 9%/TTF: 86 ± 16%), and the TTE showed higher values than the TF (p = 0.03). In the RPE analysis, fatigue was not excessive with any of the three techniques (values 20 min between 3.2 for TF, 2.4 in TTE and 2.5 in TTF on a 10-point scale). TF reached a higher value in RPE than TTF in all the intervals analyzed (p < 0.05). In relation to NRS, TF showed significantly higher values than TTE and TTF (NRS minute 20 = TF 4.7 vs. TTE 2.5 & TTF 2.2; p < 0.001). In conclusion, all techniques have been shown to be effective in high-quality infant CPR in a prolonged resuscitation carried out by lifeguards. However, the two-finger technique is less efficient in relation to fatigue and hand pain compared with two-thumb technique (TF vs. TTF, p = 0.01). metadata Barcala-Furelos, Roberto and Barcala Furelos, Martín and Cano-Noguera, Francisco and Otero-Agra, Martín and Alonso-Calvete, Alejandra and Martínez-Isasi, Santiago and Aranda-García, Silvia and López-García, Sergio and Rodríguez-Núñez, Antonio mail UNSPECIFIED, martin.barcala@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED (2022) A Comparison between Three Different Techniques Considering Quality Skills, Fatigue and Hand Pain during a Prolonged Infant Resuscitation: A Cross-Over Study with Lifeguards. Children, 9 (6). p. 910. ISSN 2227-9067

Article Subjects > Biomedicine
Subjects > Engineering
Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Universidad Internacional do Cuanza > Research > Scientific Production
Abierto Inglés Asthma is a deadly disease that affects the lungs and air supply of the human body. Coronavirus and its variants also affect the airways of the lungs. Asthma patients approach hospitals mostly in a critical condition and require emergency treatment, which creates a burden on health institutions during pandemics. The similar symptoms of asthma and coronavirus create confusion for health workers during patient handling and treatment of disease. The unavailability of patient history to physicians causes complications in proper diagnostics and treatments. Many asthma patient deaths have been reported especially during pandemics, which necessitates an efficient framework for asthma patients. In this article, we have proposed a blockchain consortium healthcare framework for asthma patients. The proposed framework helps in managing asthma healthcare units, coronavirus patient records and vaccination centers, insurance companies, and government agencies, which are connected through the secure blockchain network. The proposed framework increases data security and scalability as it stores encrypted patient data on the Interplanetary File System (IPFS) and keeps data hash values on the blockchain. The patient data are traceable and accessible to physicians and stakeholders, which helps in accurate diagnostics, timely treatment, and the management of patients. The smart contract ensures the execution of all business rules. The patient profile generation mechanism is also discussed. The experiment results revealed that the proposed framework has better transaction throughput, query delay, and security than existing solutions metadata Farooq, Muhammad Shoaib and Suhail, Maryam and Qureshi, Junaid Nasir and Rustam, Furqan and de la Torre Díez, Isabel and Vidal Mazón, Juan Luis and Rodríguez Velasco, Carmen Lilí and Ashraf, Imran mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, juanluis.vidal@uneatlantico.es, carmen.rodriguez@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED (2022) Consortium Framework Using Blockchain for Asthma Healthcare in Pandemics. Sensors, 22 (21). p. 8582. ISSN 1424-8220

Article Subjects > Biomedicine Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Abierto Inglés The authors have requested to update the original publication of this article. Duplicate text in the second and third paragraphs of page 5 should be deleted. Acknowledgments section should be removed. The original article has been corrected. metadata Montano, Isabel Herrera and Lafuente, Elena Presencio and Breñosa, Jose and Ortega-Mansilla, Arturo and Díez, Isabel de la Torre and Río-Solá, María Lourdes Del mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, josemanuel.brenosa@uneatlantico.es, arturo.ortega@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED (2022) Correction to: Systematic Review of Telemedicine and eHealth Systems Applied to Vascular Surgery. Journal of Medical Systems, 47 (1). ISSN 1573-689X

Article Subjects > Engineering Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Abierto Inglés Large-scale distributed systems have the advantages of high processing speeds and large communication bandwidths over the network. The processing of huge real-world data within a time constraint becomes tricky, due to the complexity of data parallel task scheduling in a time constrained environment. This paper proposes data parallel task scheduling in cloud to address the minimization of cost and time constraints. By running concurrent executions of tasks on multi-core cloud resources, the number of parallel executions could be increased correspondingly, thereby, finishing the task within the deadline is possible. A mathematical model is developed here to minimize the operational cost of data parallel tasks by feasibly assigning a load to each virtual machine in the cloud data center. This work experiments with a machine learning model that is replicated on the multi-core cloud heterogeneous resources to execute different input data concurrently to accomplish distributive learning. The outcome of concurrent execution of data-intensive tasks on different parts of the input dataset gives better solutions in terms of processing the task by the deadline at optimized cost. metadata Rajalakshmi, N. R. and Dumka, Ankur and Kumar, Manoj and Singh, Rajesh and Gehlot, Anita and Akram, Shaik Vaseem and Anand, Divya and Elkamchouchi, Dalia H. and Delgado Noya, Irene mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, divya.anand@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, irene.delgado@uneatlantico.es (2022) A Cost-Optimized Data Parallel Task Scheduling with Deadline Constraints in Cloud. Electronics, 11 (13). p. 2022. ISSN 2079-9292

Article Subjects > Biomedicine
Subjects > Nutrition
Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Español Ever since coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), caused by SARS-CoV-2, was declared a pandemic on March 11, 2020, by the WHO, a concerted effort has been made to find compounds capable of acting on the virus and preventing its replication. In this context, researchers have refocused part of their attention on certain natural compounds that have shown promising effects on the virus. Considering the importance of this topic in the current context, this study aimed to present a critical review and analysis of the main reports of plant-derived compounds as possible inhibitors of the two SARS-CoV-2 proteases: main protease (Mpro) and Papain-like protease (PLpro). From the search in the PubMed database, a total of 165 published articles were found that met the search patterns. A total of 590 unique molecules were identified from a total of 122 articles as potential protease inhibitors. At the same time, 114 molecules reported as natural products and with annotation of theoretical support and antiviral effects were extracted from the COVID-19 Help database. After combining the molecules extracted from articles and those obtained from the database, we identified 648 unique molecules predicted as potential inhibitors of Mpro and/or PLpro. According to our results, several of the predicted compounds with higher theoretical confidence are present in many plants used in traditional medicine and even food, such as flavonoids, carboxylic acids, phenolic acids, triterpenes, terpenes phytosterols, and triterpenoids. These are potential inhibitors of Mpro and PLpro. Although the predictions of several molecules against SARS-CoV-2 are promising, little experimental information was found regarding certain families of compounds. Only 45 out of the 648 unique molecules have experimental data validating them as inhibitors of Mpro or PLpro, with the most frequent scaffold present in these 45 compounds being the flavone. The novelty of this work lies in the analysis of the structural diversity of the chemical space among the molecules predicted as inhibitors of SARS-CoV-2 Mpro and PLpro proteases and the comparison to those molecules experimentally validated. This work emphasizes the need for experimental validation of certain families of compounds, preferentially combining classical enzymatic assays with interaction-based methods. Furthermore, we recommend checking the presence of Pan-Assay Interference Compounds (PAINS) and the presence of molecules previously reported as inhibitors of Mpro or PLpro to optimize resources and time in the discovery of new SARS-CoV-2 antivirals from plant-derived molecules. metadata Guerra, Yasel and Celi, Diana and Cueva, Paul and Perez-Castillo, Yunierkis and Giampieri, Francesca and Alvarez-Suarez, José Miguel and Tejera, Eduardo mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, francesca.giampieri@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED (2022) Critical Review of Plant-Derived Compounds as Possible Inhibitors of SARS-CoV-2 Proteases: A Comparison with Experimentally Validated Molecules. ACS Omega. ISSN 2470-1343

Article Subjects > Nutrition Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés, Español Las alteraciones metabólicas suponen hoy en día una de las afecciones más padecidas en todo el mundo. Es por ello, que la indagación en el estudio sobre la influencia de la hora de la ingesta en el metabolismo de un nutriente, es de gran importancia para el desarrollo y aplicación de nuevos tratamientos en lo que a estas enfermedades respecta. Mediante esta revisión bibliográfica, a través de la búsqueda bibliográfica profunda en diferentes bases de datos, se han obtenido diversos archivos, documentos, artículos y estudios que han servido para el análisis, desarrollo y ejecución del vigente artículo. La molécula de la glucosa presenta niveles más acentuados en la tarde versus la mañana, debido a la disminución de la actividad de la insulina con el avance del día. La mayoría de los lípidos presentan sus niveles más altos en la mañana, a excepción de los triglicéridos mostrándolos en la tarde. En cuanto a las proteínas se necesita más estudio para su conocimiento en este aspecto. Se requiere de más investigación para poder obtener una conclusión más exacta. Aun así, se puede concluir en que la hora de la ingesta es un factor que afecta en la ritmicidad de los procesos metabólicos, interfiriendo y alterando la actividad y respuesta de los nutrientes. metadata Conde González, Sandra mail UNSPECIFIED (2022) Crononutrición: efecto de la hora de la ingesta en el metabolismo de los nutrientes. MLS Health & Nutrition Research, 1 (2).

Article Subjects > Physical Education and Sport Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Español El objetivo de este trabajo fue cuantificar la especificidad de las sesiones de entrenamiento y competiciones sobre la línea metodológica del microciclo estructurado en un equipo de futbol profesional del torneo Apertura 2020 de la Liga de Expansión MX. Se recogieron los datos de entrenamiento y competición de un equipo del Torneo Apertura 2020 de la Liga de Expansión MX a lo largo de más de 3 meses del período competitivo. Dentro de dicho período, se registraron los valores de percepción subjetiva del esfuerzo, distancia con carga metabólica elevada, nivel de especificidad y duración de tareas y unidad de carga global, carga específica y unidad de carga específica. Una vez recogidos los datos, se realizó un análisis descriptivo de los datos así como se calculó la correlación de Pearson entre las principales variables analizadas. Los resultados mostraron correlaciones casi perfectas (r>0.9; p<0.001) entre las diferentes variables, a excepción de la relación entre carga específica y RPE, que fue categorizada como muy elevada (r=0.873, p<0.001). En conclusión, cuantificar la especificidad permitiría prescribirla y dosificarla, donde podría optimizar la planificación para el futbol formativo y profesional, ya que el entrenamiento específico produce altas adaptaciones al rendimiento. metadata Martínez-Ruiz, Enrique Agustín and Lago-Fuentes, Carlos and Barcala Furelos, Martín mail enrique.martinez@master.uneatlantico.es, carlos.lago@uneatlantico.es, martin.barcala@uneatlantico.es (2022) Cuantificación de especificidad en un microciclo estructurado en fútbol profesional. RICYDE. Revista internacional de ciencias del deporte, 18 (69). pp. 180-190. ISSN 18853137

Article Subjects > Social Sciences Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés Culture and culturally specific beliefs or practices may influence perceptions and decisions, potentially contributing to childhood obesity. The objective of this study is to identify the cultural factors (expressed through decisions, behaviors, individual experiences, perceptions, attitudes, or views) related to childhood and adolescent obesity in Mexico. Ten databases and one search engine were searched from 1995 onwards for qualitative studies. The Sunrise Enabler Model, described within the Cultural Care Theory, guided this review. Sample, the phenomenon of interest, study design, and evaluation data were extracted, and the Critical Appraisals Skills Programme tool was used to assess the quality of the included studies. Twenty-four studies were included. Of these, 12 studies included children or adolescents, 12 included parents, eight included schoolteachers, four included school staff (other than teachers), four included food vendors, and one included policymakers. Cultural values, beliefs, lifeways (especially food and food costumes), kinship, and social factors (particularly immediate and extended family) strongly influenced childhood and adolescent obesity-related lifestyles in Mexico. Most cultural factors related to childhood obesity in Mexico identified in this review may be modifiable and amenable to practical interventions. metadata Aceves‐Martins, Magaly and López-Cruz, Lizet and García‐Botello, Marcela and Godina‐Flores, Naara L. and Gutierrez‐Gómez, Yareni Yunuen and Moreno‐García, Carlos Francisco mail UNSPECIFIED (2022) Cultural factors related to childhood and adolescent obesity in Mexico: A systematic review of qualitative studies. Obesity Reviews. ISSN 1467-7881

Article Subjects > Teaching Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Abierto Portugués Este trabalho apresenta o desafio e perspectivas da educação durante a Pandemia. O uso de tecnologias no ambiente escolar é essencial na contemporaneidade, devido ao cenário atual com a Pandemia de Coronavírus. Tratam-se de métodos praticamente indispensáveis para o dia a dia do ser humano nos dias atuais. As tecnologias adentraram o âmbito escolar, objetivando uma melhor qualidade no ensino, além de mais praticidade para o docente e para os alunos. Diante do exposto, esta pesquisa visa apresentar a defasagem na alfabetização. Para tal, foram realizadas pesquisas bibliográficas de cunho qualitativo e caráter descritivo, realizadas em artigos científicos, livros e acervos online. metadata Alves Guimarães, Ueudison and Aparecida dos Santos, Leidiane and Rodrigues Dantas de Brito, Junea Graciele mail UNSPECIFIED (2022) Desafios e perspectivas de educação: una visão dos professores durante a pandemia. RECIMA21 - Revista Científica Multidisciplinar - ISSN 2675-6218, 3 (8). e381745. ISSN 2675-6218

Article Subjects > Nutrition Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés, Español En España se generan 1.726.000 toneladas anuales de lactosuero. En particular, en Cantabria se habla de una generación de lactosuero de 15.600 toneladas al año. El lactosuero se considera un residuo altamente contaminante si se vierte directamente al medioambiente dado su contenido elevado en materia orgánica. Con este proyecto se buscaba desarrollar nuevos métodos para el tratamiento y aprovechamiento de este residuo. La separación de la fracción sólida del lactosuero fermentado se puede conseguir de forma sostenible y efectiva con bentonita. Por su parte, en la composición de la fracción líquida acidificada, clarificada y esterilizada (LCE), no se observaron presencia de compuestos de interés económico para la industria láctea. En cambio, sí se detectaron oportunidades para convertirlo en subproductos de valor añadido para el sector agrícola y conservero. En el caso de la agricultura, se trabajó en la obtención de un nuevo bioestimulante capaz de aportar minerales, proteínas, regulación del pH, etc. Por otro lado, también se considera que el mercado de la industria alimentaria de conservas vegetales puede suponer un mercado objetivo que integre este subproducto como líquido de cobertura (conservador) pudiendo sustituir al vinagre metadata Rosas Staff, Jesús Emilio and Acebo Garfias, María José mail UNSPECIFIED (2022) Desarrollo de tecnologías para la reutilización sostenible del lactosuero. Environmental Sciences and Practices, 1 (1).

Article Subjects > Engineering
Subjects > Nutrition
Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés, Español El proyecto persigue el aprovechamiento de los residuos del sector alimentario cántabro (residuos cereales de la industria de bebidas espirituosas y el suero de leche), con el objeto de fabricar un sustrato plástico comestible, biodegradable y compostable, como alternativa a la producción de plásticos actual, aportando una solución a favor de la valorización de residuos industriales. Para el desarrollo del sustrato plástico comestible, se partió de los compuestos arabinoxilanos y kefirán, provenientes de residuos cereales y del suero lácteo respectivamente. Se desarrollaron varias formulaciones para crear un prototipo pre-industrial del biocompuesto para el sustrato plástico comestible, asimismo, se realizó una búsqueda sobre el uso del lactosuero para la obtención de biofilm. Se elaboró un plan de explotación que evidenció la necesidad de vender 1900 kg de pellets de bioplástico al mes para asegurar la viabilidad económica del proceso. Esta producción tendría un coste unitario de 15 €/kg, inferior al precio de venta estimado de 20€/kg. Aunque se estima que el margen de beneficio empresarial no sería muy alto, los impactos ambientales positivos son suficientemente buenos como para considerar la implantación de la solución desarrollada. metadata Balsa Núñez, María and Martínez de la Fuente, Jorge mail UNSPECIFIED (2022) Desarrollo de un bioplástico comestible y compostable a partir de residuos de la industria alimentaria. Environmental Sciences and Practices, 1 (1).

Article Subjects > Engineering Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Universidad Internacional do Cuanza > Research > Scientific Production
Abierto Inglés To address the current pandemic, multiple studies have focused on the development of new mHealth apps to help in curbing the number of infections, these applications aim to accelerate the identification and self-isolation of people exposed to SARS-CoV-2, the coronavirus known to cause COVID-19, by being in close contact with infected individuals. The main objectives of this paper are: (1) Analyze the current status of COVID-19 apps available on the main virtual stores: Google Play Store and App Store for Spain, and (2) Propose a novel mobile application that allows interaction and doctor-patient follow-up without the need for real-time consultations (face-to-face or telephone). In this research, a search for eHealth and telemedicine apps related to Covid-19 was performed in the main online stores: Google Play Store and App Store, until May 2021. Keywords were entered into the search engines of the online stores and relevant apps were selected for study using a PRISMA methodology. For the design and implementation of the proposed app named COVINFO, the main weaknesses of the apps studied were taken into account in order to propose a novel and useful app for healthcare systems. The search yielded a total of 50 apps, of which 24 were relevant to this study, of which 23 are free and 54% are available for Android and iOS operating systems (OS). The proposed app has been developed for mobile devices with Android OS being compatible with Android 4.4 and higher. This app enables doctor-patient interaction and constant monitoring of the patient's progress without the need for calls, chats or face-to-face consultation in real time. This work addresses design and development of an application for the transmission of the user's symptoms to his regular doctor, based on the fact that only 16.6% of existing applications have this functionality. The COVINFO app offers a novel service: asynchronous doctor-patient communication, as well as constant monitoring of the patient’s condition and evolution. This app makes it possible to better manage the time of healthcare personnel and avoid overcrowding in hospitals, with the aim of preventing the collapse of healthcare systems and the spread of the coronavirus. metadata Herrera Montano, Isabel and Pérez Pacho, Javier and Gracia Villar, Santos and Aparicio Obregón, Silvia and Breñosa, Jose and de la Torre Díez, Isabel mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, santos.gracia@uneatlantico.es, silvia.aparicio@uneatlantico.es, josemanuel.brenosa@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED (2022) Descriptive Analysis of Mobile Apps for Management of COVID-19 in Spain and Development of an Innovate App in that field. Scientific Reports, 12 (1). ISSN 2045-2322

Article Subjects > Biomedicine
Subjects > Engineering
Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Fundación Universitaria Internacional de Colombia > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Universidad Internacional do Cuanza > Research > Scientific Production
Abierto Español Patient care and convenience remain the concern of medical professionals and caregivers alike. An unconscious patient confined to a bed may develop fluid accumulation and pressure sores due to inactivity and deficiency of oxygen flow. Moreover, weight monitoring is crucial for an effective treatment plan, which is difficult to measure for bedridden patients. This paper presents the design and development of a smart and cost-effective independent system for lateral rotation, movement, weight measurement, and transporting immobile patients. Optimal dimensions and practical design specifications are determined by a survey across various hospitals. Subsequently, the proposed hoist-based weighing and turning mechanism is CAD-modeled and simulated. Later, the structural analysis is carried out to select suitable metallurgy for various sub-assemblies to ensure design reliability. After fabrication, optimization, integration, and testing procedures, the base frame is designed to mount a hydraulic motor for the actuator, a DC power source for self-sustenance, and lockable wheels for portability. The installation of a weighing scale and a hydraulic actuator is ensured to lift the patient for weight measuring up to 600 pounds or lateral turning of 80 degrees both ways. The developed system offers simple operating characteristics, allows for keeping patient weight records, and assists nurses in changing patients’ lateral positions both ways, comfortably massage patients’ backs, and transport them from one bed to another. Additionally, being lightweight offers reduced contact with the patient to increase the healthcare staff’s safety in pandemics; it is also height adjustable and portable, allowing for use with multiple-sized beds and easy transportation across the medical facility. The feedback from paramedics is encouraging regarding reducing labor-intensive nursing tasks, alleviating the discomfort of long-term bed-ridden patients, and allowing medical practitioners to suggest better treatment plans metadata Shafi, Imran and Farooq, Muhammad Siddique and De La Torre Díez, Isabel and Breñosa, Jose and Martínez Espinosa, Julio César and Ashraf, Imran mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, josemanuel.brenosa@uneatlantico.es, ulio.martinez@unini.edu.mx, UNSPECIFIED (2022) Design and Development of Smart Weight Measurement, Lateral Turning and Transfer Bedding for Unconscious Patients in Pandemics. Healthcare, 10 (11). p. 2174. ISSN 2227-9032

Article Subjects > Physical Education and Sport Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Universidad Internacional do Cuanza > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Abierto Inglés Abstract: Sports injuries can affect the performance of athletes. For this reason, functional tests are used for injury assessment and prevention, analyzing physical or physiological imbalances and detecting asymmetries. The main aim of this study was to detect the asymmetries in the upper limbs (right and left arms) in athletes, using the OctoBalance Test (OB), depending on the stage of the season. Two hundred and fifty-two participants (age: 23.33 ± 8.96 years old; height: 178.63 ± 11.12 cm; body mass: 80.28 ± 17.61 kg; body mass index: 24.88 ± 4.58; sports experience: 12.52 ± 6.28 years), practicing different sports (rugby, athletics, football, swimming, handball, triathlon, basketball, hockey, badminton and volleyball), assessed with the OB in medial, superolateral, and inferolateral directions in both arms, in four moments of the season (May 2017, September 2017, February 2018 and May 2018). ANOVA test was used with repeated measures with a p ≤ 0.05, for the analysis of the different studied variances. Significant differences were found (p = 0.021) in the medial direction of the left arm, between the first (May 2017) and fourth stages (May 2018), with values of 71.02 ± 7.15 cm and 65.03 ± 7.66 cm. From the detection of asymmetries, using the OB to measure, in the medial, superolateral and inferolateral directions, mobility and balance can be assessed. In addition, it is possible to observe functional imbalances, as a risk factor for injury, in each of the stages into which the season is divided, which will help in the prevention of injuries and in the individualization of training. metadata Velarde-Sotres, Álvaro and Bores-Cerezal, Antonio and Mecías-Calvo, Marcos and Barcala Furelos, Martín and Aparicio Obregón, Silvia and Calleja-González, Julio mail alvaro.velarde@uneatlantico.es, antonio.bores@uneatlantico.es, marcos.mecias@uneatlantico.es, martin.barcala@uneatlantico.es, silvia.aparicio@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED (2022) Detection of Upper Limb Asymmetries in Athletes According to the Stage of the Season—A Longitudinal Study. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 19 (2). p. 849. ISSN 1660-4601

Article Subjects > Social Sciences Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Fundación Universitaria Internacional de Colombia > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Universidad Internacional do Cuanza > Research > Scientific Production
Abierto Inglés This article proposes a discussion on the form of coexistence of local Development Agencies in Uruguay, with local governments in the face of the new scenarios marked by the decentralization process, initiated in the country with the Constitutional Reform of 1996 and culminating in February 2009, with the Law of Political Decentralization and Citizen Participation. The discussion applies in particular to the local development agency of the city of Rivera (ADR), located in the northeast of the country. A descriptive, mixed, bibliographic, documentary investigation was carried out with primary data collection to internal and external references to ADR. The results show that the coexistence of both institutions has been difficult, without defining clear roles. Promoting dialogue to define the role of each seems to be the great challenge facing the sustainability of the agency metadata Garat de Marin, Mirtha Silvana and Soriano Flores, Emmanuel and Rodríguez Velasco, Carmen Lilí and Silva Alvarado, Eduardo and Calderón Iglesias, Rubén and Álvarez, Roberto Marcelo and Gracia Villar, Santos mail silvana.marin@uneatlantico.es, emmanuel.soriano@uneatlantico.es, carmen.rodriguez@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, ruben.calderon@uneatlantico.es, roberto.alvarez@uneatlantico.es, santos.gracia@uneatlantico.es (2022) Development Agencies and Local Governments—Coexistence within the Same Territory. Social Sciences, 11 (9). p. 398. ISSN 2076-0760

Article Subjects > Psychology Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Cerrado Inglés Displaced aggression is defined as the aggression conducted against someone or something that is not considered to be the trigger of the emotional state of the aggressor. Whereas it has been deeply studied in a general context, to date, very few studies have analysed it in the specific context of driving. Considering the inexistence of instruments to assess it, the aim of the current research was to develop and validate a self-report in order to assess displaced aggression in the driving context. A sample of 467 participants (66.8% female, Mage = 34.74) filled in a set of questionnaires including the 29 items that were designed to assess traffic displaced aggression, as well as other instruments measuring different ways of expressing both general and driving aggression. The results of both Parallel Analysis (PA, sub-sample 1) and Confirmatory Factor Analysis (CFA, sub-sample 2) showed a good fit of the two-factor model, retaining 20 out of the initial 29 items. The first factor was labelled as Displaced aggression due to the anger generated outside the vehicle (6 items, α = 0.83), whereas the second factor was labelled as Displaced aggression due to the anger generated inside the vehicle (14 items, α = 0.91). Both factors, as well as the total score, showed good results regarding convergent and divergent validity. Practical implications of the results, future research lines and limitations of the current study are discussed. metadata Herrero-Fernández, David and Bogdan-Ganea, Smaranda R. mail david.herrero@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED (2022) Development and validation of the traffic displaced aggression questionnaire. Transportation Research Part F: Traffic Psychology and Behaviour, 85. pp. 13-23. ISSN 13698478

Article Subjects > Nutrition Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés Background: To develop and validate a questionnaire for the screening of Vitamin D in Italian adults (Evaluation Vitamin D dEficieNCy Questionnaire, EVIDENCe-Q). Methods: 150 participants, attending the 11Clinical Nutrition and Dietetics Operative Unit, Internal Medicine and Endocrinology, Istituti Clinici Scientifici Maugeri IRCCS, of Pavia were enrolled. Demographic variables and serum levels of vitamin D were recorded. The EVIDENCe-Q included information regarding factors affecting the production, intake, absorption and metabolism of Vitamin D. The EVIDENCe-Q score ranged from 0 (the best status) to 36 (the worst status). Results: Participants showed an inadequate status of Vitamin D, according to the current Italian reference values. A significant difference (p < 0.0001) in the EVIDENCe-Q score was found among the three classes of vitamin D status (severe deficiency, deficiency and adequate), being the mean score higher in severe deficiency and lower in the adequate one. A threshold value for EVIDENCe-Q score of 23 for severe deficiency, a threshold value of 21 for deficiency and a threshold value of 20 for insufficiency were identified. According to these thresholds, the prevalence of severe deficiency, deficiency and insufficiency was 22%, 35.3% and 43.3% of the study population, respectively. Finally, participants with EVIDENCe-Q scores <20 had adequate levels of vitamin D. Conclusions: EVIDENCe-Q can be a useful and easy screening tool for clinicians in their daily practice at a reasonable cost, to identify subjects potentially at risk of vitamin D deficiency and to avoid unwarranted supplementation and/or costly blood testing. metadata De Giuseppe, Rachele and Tomasinelli, Chiara Elena and Cena, Hellas and Braschi, Valentina and Giampieri, Francesca and Preatoni, Giorgia and Centofanti, Domenico and Princis, Maria Pilar and Bartoletti, Emanuele and Biino, Ginevra mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, francesca.giampieri@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED (2022) Development of a Short Questionnaire for the Screening for Vitamin D Deficiency in Italian Adults: The EVIDENCe-Q Project. Nutrients, 14 (9). p. 1772. ISSN 2072-6643

Article Subjects > Biomedicine Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés Background: Aging society faces significant health challenges, among which cognitive-related disorders are emerging. Diet quality has been recognized among the major contributors to the rising prevalence of cognitive disorders, with increasing evidence of the putative role of plant-based foods and their bioactive components, including polyphenols. Dietary polyphenols, including phytoestrogens, have been hypothesized to exert beneficial effects toward brain health through various molecular mechanisms. However, the evidence on the association between dietary phytoestrogen intake and cognitive function is limited. The aim of this study was to investigate the association between phytoestrogen intake and cognitive status in a cohort of older adults living in Sicily, Southern Italy. Methods: Dietary information from 883 individuals aged 50 years or older was collected through a validated food frequency questionnaire. Cognitive status was assessed through the Short Portable Mental Status Questionnaire. Results: The highest total isoflavone (including daidzein and genistein) intake was inversely associated with cognitive impairment compared to the lowest (odds ratio (OR) = 0.43, 95% confidence interval (CI): 0.20–0.92). Higher intake of total lignans and, consistently, all individual compounds (with the exception of secoisolariciresinol) were inversely associated with cognitive impairment only in the unadjusted model. Conclusions: A higher intake of phytoestrogens, especially isoflavones, was associated with a better cognitive status in a cohort of older Italian individuals living in Sicily. Taking into account the very low intake of isoflavones in Italian diets, it is noteworthy to further investigate selected populations with habitual consumption of such compounds to test whether these results may be generalized to the Italian population. metadata Giampieri, Francesca and Godos, Justyna and Caruso, Giuseppe and Owczarek, Marcin and Jurek, Joanna and Castellano, Sabrina and Ferri, Raffaele and Caraci, Filippo and Grosso, Giuseppe mail francesca.giampieri@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED (2022) Dietary Phytoestrogen Intake and Cognitive Status in Southern Italian Older Adults. Biomolecules, 12 (6). p. 760. ISSN 2218-273X

Article Subjects > Nutrition Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés The present study was designed to examine if dietary fat sources that have shown differences in lifespan and if some aging-related aspects can modulate the range of histopathologic changes in central nervous and endocrine systems that occur during the lifespan of Wistar rats. Moreover, it was attempted to gain insight into the relationship between longevity and the development of the different pathological changes, as well as possible interaction with diet. In order to achieve this, male Wistar rats were randomly assigned to three experimental groups fed semisynthetic and isoenergetic diets from weaning until death with different dietary fat sources, namely virgin olive, sunflower, or fish oil. An individual follow-up until death of each animal was performed. Incidence, severity, and burden of specific or group (i.e., neoplastic or non-neoplastic proliferative and non-proliferative) of lesions was calculated along with individual's disease and individual organ lesion burden. Most of the histopathological lesions found have been described in previous studies. Neoplasms, and in particular pituitary adenomas followed by brain tumors, were the most prevalent lesions found in the rats and the main cause of death involving both systems. Incidence of brain lesions was associated with age-at-death. Assayed dietary fats did not present differential effects on pathological changes occurring in endocrine and central nervous systems throughout rat lifespan. metadata Varela-López, Alfonso and Ramírez-Tortosa, César L. and Ramos-Pleguezuelos, Francisco M. and Márquez-Lobo, Bélgica and Battino, Maurizio and Quiles, José L. mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, maurizio.battino@uneatlantico.es, jose.quiles@uneatlantico.es (2022) Differences reported in the lifespan and aging of male Wistar rats maintained on diets containing fat with different fatty acid profiles (virgin olive, sunflower or fish oils) are not reflected by histopathological lesions found at death in central nervous and endocrine systems. Food and Chemical Toxicology, 168. p. 113357. ISSN 02786915

Article Subjects > Teaching Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Universidad Internacional do Cuanza > Research > Scientific Production
Abierto Inglés The United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) highlights the relevance of using information and communications technology (ICT) in education for improving the quality of education. To achieve this goal, it is necessary to extend research on digital competences in education. To advance the development of digital competencies it is necessary to take account of how teachers perceive these. In addition, systematic reviews of the literature on ICT and education show an imbalance regarding the amount of research from Africa compared to other regions of the world. In this sense, the objective of this study carried out between March 2019 and April 2020 was to analyse the perceptions of primary school teachers from 8 African countries about their digital competences. The teachers were master’s students in teacher training on virtual platforms. A mixed methodological perspective (quantitative-qualitative) was adopted and a questionnaire with closed and open-ended questions was applied. The quantitative and qualitative analyses show that the teachers recognised their digital competence at all 3 levels. The needs highlighted by teachers were in developing their knowledge of how to create content with the support of technology. However, the available resources, which differed in the participants’ work contexts and did not enable the equal use of ICT in all African countries, was an important issue highlighted by the participants. It is recommended that teacher training in digital competence is prepared using instructional design that promotes innovation and contact with real teaching-learning situations. metadata Sartor-Harada, Andresa and Azevedo-Gomes, Juliana and Ulloa-Guerra, Oscar and Ruiz Salces, Roberto and Calderón Iglesias, Rubén mail andresa.sartor@uneatlantico.es, juliana.azevedo@uneatlantico.es, oscar.ulloa@uneatlantico.es, roberto.ruiz@uneatlantico.es, ruben.calderon@uneatlantico.es (2022) Digital competencies: perceptions of primary school teachers pursuing master’s degrees from eight African countries. SA Journal of Education, 42 (3). ISSN 2076-3433

Book Section Subjects > Social Sciences Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Cerrado Inglés UNSPECIFIED metadata Alexeeva-Alexeev, Inna and Mazas Pérez-Oleaga, Cristina mail inna.alexeeva@uneatlantico.es, cristina.mazas@uneatlantico.es (2022) Digitalization through ICT Innovation: Analysis of the Impact of Factors on R&D Investment Decisions of Technological Companies. In: Digitalization in Business: On the Road to a Sustainable World. Nova Science Publisher, pp. 55-94. ISBN 979-8-88697-275-7

Article Subjects > Teaching Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés This paper studies undergraduate student attitudes towards team-based projects, connecting those attitudes to challenges and overall perception of this work. This study was conducted with 220 students in the context of three subjects taught at a Spanish University, that included collaborative projects as mandatory assignments to be developed over the course of the subject. The instrument was a Likert scale-based questionnaire. As a methodology, the Rasch model was used, making it possible to apply indirect measuring of students’ development level of various skills. The findings point to the difficulty in solving specific communication needs and managing students’ involvement and commitment to the project. The results obtained through Differential Item Functioning analysis (DIF) show that gender, year of study, students’ age, academic degrees, and the context of curricular subjects influence significantly the acquisition of skills related to collaborative work, facilitating or hindering their development among university students. These results have practical implications for the design of collaborative projects within higher education academic programs. They also suggest that the way collaborative work is usually planned is not very effective and should be reconsidered. metadata Alexeeva-Alexeev, Inna and Vidal Mazón, Juan Luis and Brito Ballester, Julién and Ruiz Salces, Roberto and Gracia Villar, Mónica and Mazas Pérez-Oleaga, Cristina mail inna.alexeeva@uneatlantico.es, juanluis.vidal@uneatlantico.es, julien.brito@uneatlantico.es, roberto.ruiz@uneatlantico.es, monica.gracia@uneatlantico.es, cristina.mazas@uneatlantico.es (2022) Do Young People Really Know How to Collaborate for Common Success? Study on Undergraduate Students’ Perception of Collaborative Work in a Spanish University. Teaching and Learning Inquiry, 10. ISSN 2167-4779

Article Subjects > Engineering Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Cerrado Inglés The Internet of Things (IoT) is a revolutionary technique of sharing data for smart devices that generates huge amounts of data from smart healthcare systems. Therefore, healthcare systems utilize the convergence power and traffic analysis of sensors that cannot be satisfactorily handled by the IoT. In this article, a novel mutation operator is devised and incorporated with the differential evolution (DE) algorithm. Two tests have been conducted in the validation process. Firstly, the newly dual adaption-based operators incorporated with the differential evolution algorithm are being proposed. The proposed approach provides sufficient diversity and enhances the search speed of nature’s local and global search environments in the problem. The proposed method incorporates the application of IoT-based smart healthcare. Second, an application-based test has been conducted, in which the proposed approach is applied to the application in the smart healthcare system. Therefore, IoT sensor deployment is an optimization problem to minimize service time, delay, and energy loss by considering the communication constraint between sensors(objects). The proposed algorithm is applied in this article to solve this optimization problem. Further, in the experimentation and comparative study, the proposed method is superior to the standard evolutionary algorithms in IoT applications concerning the minimum number of function evaluations and minimization of traffic services. The proposed approach also achieves efficiency in the minimum loss of energy in each service and reduces load and delay metadata Singh, Shailendra Pratap and Viriyasitavat, Wattana and Juneja, Sapna and Alshahrani, Hani and Shaikh, Asadullah and Dhiman, Gaurav and Singh, Aman and Kaur, Amandeep mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, aman.singh@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED (2022) Dual adaption based evolutionary algorithm for optimized the smart healthcare communication service of the Internet of Things in smart city. Physical Communication, 55. p. 101893. ISSN 18744907

Article Subjects > Engineering Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Abierto Inglés Online learning systems have expanded significantly over the last couple of years. Massive Open Online Courses (MOOCs) have become a major trend on the internet. During the COVID-19 pandemic, the count of learner enrolment has increased in various MOOC platforms like Coursera, Udemy, Swayam, Udacity, FutureLearn, NPTEL, Khan Academy, EdX, SWAYAM, etc. These platforms offer multiple courses, and it is difficult for online learners to choose a suitable course as per their requirements. In order to improve this e-learning education environment and to reduce the drop-out ratio, online learners will need a system in which all the platform’s offered courses are compared and recommended, according to the needs of the learner. So, there is a need to create a learner’s profile to analyze so many platforms in order to fulfill the educational needs of the learners. To develop a profile of a learner or user, three input parameters are considered: personal details, educational details, and knowledge level. Along with these parameters, learners can also create their user profiles by uploading their CVs or LinkedIn. In this paper, the major innovation is to implement a user interface-based intelligent profiling system for enhancing user adaptation in which feedback will be received from a user and courses will be recommended according to user/learners’ preferences. metadata Kaur, Ramneet and Gupta, Deepali and Madhukar, Mani and Singh, Aman and Abdelhaq, Maha and Alsaqour, Raed and Breñosa, Jose and Goyal, Nitin mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, aman.singh@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, josemanuel.brenosa@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED (2022) E-Learning Environment Based Intelligent Profiling System for Enhancing User Adaptation. Electronics, 11 (20). p. 3354. ISSN 2079-9292

Article Subjects > Nutrition Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés In a world where 1 billion people suffer from hunger, lands and seas are overexploited and production systems are unsustainable, and there is an urgent need to find alternative foods. In this context, insects represent a good source of macro- and micronutrients and even bioactive compounds that could contribute to reducing nutritional deficiency and preventing some human diseases. However, some aspects related to their consumption, including health risks, need to be clarified. This communication aims to summarize the nutritional/phytochemical profile of common edible insects and the main safety concerns, highlighting the possible strategies to promote entomophagy in a more conscious way. metadata Giampieri, Francesca and Alvarez‐Suarez, José M. and Machì, Michele and Cianciosi, Danila and Navarro‐Hortal, Maria D. and Battino, Maurizio mail francesca.giampieri@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, maurizio.battino@uneatlantico.es (2022) Edible insects: A novel nutritious, functional, and safe food alternative. Food Frontiers. ISSN 2643-8429

Article Subjects > Teaching Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Abierto Portugués O objetivo foi discutir sobre a educação em contexto: experiências e práticas docentes. O conhecimento empírico vem da história de vida pessoal de cada professor e é um conhecimento gerado pelos professores em sua prática diária. A partir dessa questão, buscamos possíveis fontes de conhecimento empírico e sua possível relação com a formação docente, a prática docente e sua atuação nas escolas, buscando encontrar caminhos para qualificar a prática docente. O método de revisão de literatura permite a inclusão de pesquisas experimentais e não experimentais, a combinação da obtenção de dados empíricos e teóricos, pode levar à definição de conceitos, identificação de lacunas no campo da pesquisa, revisão teórica e análise de métodos de pesquisa sobre um determinado tema. O desenvolvimento desse método requer recursos, conhecimentos e habilidades metadata Rodrigues Dantas de Brito, Junea Graciele and Alves Guimarães, Ueudison mail UNSPECIFIED (2022) Educação em contexto: experiências e práticas. RECIMA21 - Revista Científica Multidisciplinar - ISSN 2675-6218, 3 (4). e341396. ISSN 2675-6218

Article Subjects > Physical Education and Sport Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Abierto Español Introducción: Las caídas se consideran como uno de los síndromes geriátricos más importantes por su alta incidencia en los adultos mayores de 65 años. Las caídas pueden generar diversas e importantes consecuencias físicas y/o psicológicas, deterioro funcional, dependencia e incluso la muerte. Objetivo: Determinar la efectividad del entrenamiento propioceptivo para prevenir el riesgo de caídas en el adulto mayor de 65 años residente en un hogar de reposo en el km 1 vía a Dapa, Valle del Cauca. Metodología: Se realizó una investigación cuasiexperimental de corte transversal, con muestra no probabilística constituida por 12 mujeres y 3 hombres adultos mayores de 65 años residentes en un hogar de reposo, participando de manera voluntaria en un entrenamiento propioceptivo de 6 semanas, dos veces a la semana durante los meses de marzo y abril de 2021. La factibilidad de la propuesta de ejercicios propioceptivos se validó a partir de la técnica de investigación grupo nominal. Los resultados incluyeron las pruebas Short Physical Performance Battery (SPPB) y Timed up and go (TUG) evaluadas pre y post intervención. Resultados: Hubo diferencias significativas en el nivel de funcionalidad pre- post intervención, (p<0,05), las dos variables (nivel de riesgo de caída y nivel de funcionalidad) se correlacionan en sentido inverso (p<0,05). Conclusiones: El entrenamiento propioceptivo es efectivo para mejorar el equilibrio estático/dinámico, la velocidad de la marcha y fuerza de extremidades inferiores en los adultos mayores de 65 años que residen en un hogar de reposo. metadata Vélez Alape, Natalia and Hernández Cruz, Leonardo de Jesús and Velarde-Sotres, Álvaro mail UNSPECIFIED, leonardo.hernandez@unib.org, alvaro.velarde@uneatlantico.es (2022) Efecto de un entrenamiento propioceptivo para prevenir el riesgo de caída en adultos mayores. MLS Sport Research, 2 (2).

Article Subjects > Nutrition Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés Tree nuts, including Brazil nuts, have been hypothesized to impact cardiovascular health through the modulation of oxidative stress and inflammation. Nonetheless, a quantitative analysis of these effects has not been performed. Therefore, the aim of this study was to systematically revise and quantify the effect of Brazil nut intervention on selenium status, blood lipids, and biomarkers of oxidative stress and inflammation using a meta-analytical approach. To meet the goals of this study, a systematic search of PubMed, EMBASE, and Web of Science databases of published randomised clinical trials reporting on dietary interventions with Brazil nuts and their effects on selenium status, blood lipids, and markers of oxidative stress and inflammation was performed. Eight articles were included for systematic review and meta-analysis. Based on the conducted analysis, a significant positive effect of Brazil nuts on selenium blood concentration (SMD = 6.93, 95% CI: 3.99; 9.87) was found. Additionally, a positive effect of Brazil nut intervention on glutathione peroxidase activity (SMD = 0.53, 95% CI: 0.07; 0.99) was observed. However, no significant results were found when considering blood lipid levels, including results for total cholesterol (SMD = −0.22, 95% CI: −0.57; 0.14), HDL cholesterol (SMD = −0.04, 95% CI: −0.28; 0.19) and LDL cholesterol (SMD = −0.15; 95% CI: −0.43; 0.13). In conclusion, the findings from this study suggest that Brazil nut consumption improves selenium status and exerts antioxidant effects, which could be considered a potential pathway for the prevention of metabolic disorders related to altered blood lipid profiles. However, further studies are needed to elucidate the effect of Brazil nuts toward blood lipid profile, also preferably controlling for other biomarkers. metadata Godos, Justyna and Giampieri, Francesca and Micek, Agnieszka and Battino, Maurizio and Forbes-Hernández, Tamara Y. and Quiles, José L. and Paladino, Nadia and Falzone, Luca and Grosso, Giuseppe mail UNSPECIFIED, francesca.giampieri@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, maurizio.battino@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, jose.quiles@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED (2022) Effect of Brazil Nuts on Selenium Status, Blood Lipids, and Biomarkers of Oxidative Stress and Inflammation: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Randomized Clinical Trials. Antioxidants, 11 (2). p. 403. ISSN 2076-3921

Article Subjects > Nutrition Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés The aim of this review was to explore existing evidence from studies conducted on humans and summarize the mechanisms of action of dietary polyphenols on vascular health, blood pressure and hypertension. There is evidence that some polyphenol-rich foods, including berry fruits rich in anthocyanins, cocoa and green tea rich in flavan-3-ols, almonds and pistachios rich in hydroxycinnamic acids, and soy products rich in isoflavones, are able to improve blood pressure levels. A variety of mechanisms can elucidate the observed effects. Some limitations of the evidence, including variability of polyphenol content in plant-derived foods and human absorption, difficulty disentangling the effects of polyphenols from other dietary compounds, and discrepancy of doses between animal and human studies should be taken into account. While no single food counteracts hypertension, adopting a plant-based dietary pattern including a variety of polyphenol-rich foods is an advisable practice to improve blood pressure metadata Grosso, Giuseppe and Godos, Justyna and Currenti, Walter and Micek, Agnieszka and Falzone, Luca and Libra, Massimo and Giampieri, Francesca and Forbes-Hernández, Tamara Y. and Quiles, José L. and Battino, Maurizio and La Vignera, Sandro and Galvano, Fabio mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, francesca.giampieri@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, jose.quiles@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED (2022) The Effect of Dietary Polyphenols on Vascular Health and Hypertension: Current Evidence and Mechanisms of Action. Nutrients, 14 (3). p. 545. ISSN 2072-6643

Article Subjects > Biomedicine
Subjects > Engineering
Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Fundación Universitaria Internacional de Colombia > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Universidad Internacional do Cuanza > Research > Scientific Production
Abierto Inglés The diagnosis of early-stage lung cancer is challenging due to its asymptomatic nature, especially given the repeated radiation exposure and high cost of computed tomography(CT). Examining the lung CT images to detect pulmonary nodules, especially the cell lung cancer lesions, is also tedious and prone to errors even by a specialist. This study proposes a cancer diagnostic model based on a deep learning-enabled support vector machine (SVM). The proposed computer-aided design (CAD) model identifies the physiological and pathological changes in the soft tissues of the cross-section in lung cancer lesions. The model is first trained to recognize lung cancer by measuring and comparing the selected profile values in CT images obtained from patients and control patients at their diagnosis. Then, the model is tested and validated using the CT scans of both patients and control patients that are not shown in the training phase. The study investigates 888 annotated CT scans from the publicly available LIDC/IDRI database. The proposed deep learning-assisted SVM-based model yields 94% accuracy for pulmonary nodule detection representing early-stage lung cancer. It is found superior to other existing methods including complex deep learning, simple machine learning, and the hybrid techniques used on lung CT images for nodule detection. Experimental results demonstrate that the proposed approach can greatly assist radiologists in detecting early lung cancer and facilitating the timely management of patients. metadata Shafi, Imran and Din, Sadia and Khan, Asim and Díez, Isabel De La Torre and Pali-Casanova, Ramón and Tutusaus, Kilian and Ashraf, Imran mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, ramon.pali@unini.edu.mx, kilian.tutusaus@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED (2022) An Effective Method for Lung Cancer Diagnosis from CT Scan Using Deep Learning-Based Support Vector Network. Cancers, 14 (21). p. 5457. ISSN 2072-6694

Article Subjects > Nutrition Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés In order to improve the recovery process in combat sports disciplines, ergo-nutritional strategies could be an effective option in training and competition. Some of these ergo-nutritional aids could improve performance but literature references are scarce, with controversial results regarding actual recovery effects. This systematic review aimed to examine which ergo-nutritional methods are most effective for assisting in the recovery process in combat sports, and to determine the appropriate training stimuli. This systematic review was carried out following the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Review (PRISMA) guidelines. A computerized search was performed in PubMed, Web of Science, the Cochrane Collaboration Database, Evidence Database, Evidence Based Medicine Search review, National Guidelines, EM-BASE, Scopus and Google Scholar system (from 1995 to April 30, 2021). The PICOS model was used to define inclusion and exclusion criteria. Out of 123 studies initially found, 18 met the eligibility criteria and were included in the review. Data from 367 athletes from different disciplines were examined. The evidence was grouped in 4 areas: oxidative stress, muscle and energy recovery, muscle repair, and metabolic acidosis. Evidence showed that vitamins, minerals, and some natural ergo-nutritional products are effective as antioxidants. Carbohydrates and protein determine the recovery effect. Sodium bicarbonate has a role as primary acidosis metabolic delayer. Accordingly, ergo-nutritional aids can help in the recovery process. Considering the effects outlined in the literature, more studies are needed to provide firm evidence. metadata López Laval, Isaac and Marqués Giménez, Diego and Velarde-Sotres, Álvaro and Sitko, Sebastian and Calleja Gonzalez, Julio mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, alvaro.velarde@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED (2022) Effects of ergo-nutritional strategies on recovery in combat sports disciplines. Nutrición Hospitalaria. ISSN 0212-1611

Article Subjects > Engineering Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés, Español El objetivo general fue determinar la eficacia de la implementación de un Sistema de Información para el Seguimiento de Indicadores de Gestión en el incremento de sentencias o autos finales de los juzgados civiles de la Corte Superior de Justicia de Tacna – 2019. El tipo de investigación según su función es cuantitativo, desde un diseño preexperimental con subcategoría cuasiexperimental y un corte de investigación longitudinal. Se tomaron la totalidad de expedientes judiciales en los juzgados civiles durante el período 2018 y 2019 para poder llevar a cabo la evaluación de la eficacia del Sistema de Información. Para la construcción de la propuesta de solución se utilizó una metodología simplificada del proceso de extracción, transformación y carga de datos y para la elaboración del Sistema de Información se aplicó la metodología del Proceso Unificado Ágil. La conclusión principal fue que la implementación de un Sistema de Información para el Seguimiento de Indicadores de Gestión como una medida de e-Gobierno, sirvió para resolver la necesidad de incremento en la emisión de Sentencias y Autos Finales, teniendo al final de la experimentación una reducción de 3% en el tiempo de calificación de los expedientes, y a pesar de que se incrementó el tiempo en trámite de los expedientes judiciales en un 4%, se demostró que la cantidad de sentencias y autos finales tuvieron un incremento de 165 en los Juzgados Civiles de la Corte Superior de Justicia de Tacna para el período 2019 en comparación con el período 2018. metadata Domingo Soriano, Saúl and Arambarri, Jon and Flor Rodríguez, Alberto Johnatan mail saul_domingo@funiber.org, jon.arambarri@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED (2022) Egobierno: sistema de información para el seguimiento de indicadores y su incidencia en la producción judicial - caso Perú. Project Design and Management, 4 (1). pp. 20-35. ISSN 2683-1597

Article Subjects > Social Sciences
Subjects > Engineering
Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Abierto Portugués A física relaciona-se com as necessidades humanas básicas, saúde, moradia, alimentação, transporte e muito mais. No entanto, a física tem demonstrado ter uma das maiores taxas de reprovação nas escolas há algum tempo. Muitos alunos veem isso como: muito difícil, abstrato e irrelevante para a vida cotidiana. No entanto, alguns pesquisadores atribuem essa percepção aos métodos tradicionais de ensino utilizados nas escolas, que dão mais ênfase à memorização de fórmulas, fatos, teorias, símbolos e modelos ao invés de proporcionar aos alunos a contextualização do conteúdo ao invés de se preocupar em explorar o contexto em que leis e teorias são apresentados, resultando na dogmatização do conhecimento científico. Portanto, o objetivo deste estudo foi compreender o processo de desenvolvimento desde o início da eletricidade até sua aplicação prática em escala comercial. Para tanto, foram realizadas revisões bibliográficas de literaturas científicas. O processo da geração à distribuição de energia elétrica, enfatizando o contexto histórico e social, promove o debate, a investigação e vincula o conhecimento físico à vida cotidiana, promovendo a compreensão do que se estuda metadata Alves Guimarães, Ueudison and Rodrigues Dantas de Brito, Junea Graciele and Olímpio dos Santos, José mail UNSPECIFIED (2022) Eletricidade estática: o processo da geração à distribuição de energia elétrica, enfatizando o contexto histórico e social. RECIMA21 - Revista Científica Multidisciplinar - ISSN 2675-6218, 3 (9). e391942. ISSN 2675-6218

Article Subjects > Engineering Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Fundación Universitaria Internacional de Colombia > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Universidad Internacional do Cuanza > Research > Scientific Production
Abierto Inglés Facial emotion recognition (FER) is an important and developing topic of research in the field of pattern recognition. The effective application of facial emotion analysis is gaining popularity in surveillance footage, expression analysis, activity recognition, home automation, computer games, stress treatment, patient observation, depression, psychoanalysis, and robotics. Robot interfaces, emotion-aware smart agent systems, and efficient human–computer interaction all benefit greatly from facial expression recognition. This has garnered attention as a key prospect in recent years. However, due to shortcomings in the presence of occlusions, fluctuations in lighting, and changes in physical appearance, research on emotion recognition has to be improved. This paper proposes a new architecture design of a convolutional neural network (CNN) for the FER system and contains five convolution layers, one fully connected layer with rectified linear unit activation function, and a SoftMax layer. Additionally, the feature map enhancement is applied to accomplish a higher detection rate and higher precision. Lastly, an application is developed that mitigates the effects of the aforementioned problems and can identify the basic expressions of human emotions, such as joy, grief, surprise, fear, contempt, anger, etc. Results indicate that the proposed CNN achieves 92.66% accuracy with mixed datasets, while the accuracy for the cross dataset is 94.94%. metadata Qazi, Awais Salman and Farooq, Muhammad Shoaib and Rustam, Furqan and Gracia Villar, Mónica and Rodríguez Velasco, Carmen Lilí and Ashraf, Imran mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, monica.gracia@uneatlantico.es, carmen.rodriguez@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED (2022) Emotion Detection Using Facial Expression Involving Occlusions and Tilt. Applied Sciences, 12 (22). p. 11797. ISSN 2076-3417

Article Subjects > Psychology Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Cerrado Inglés The aim of this study was to examine the potential moderating effect of baseline emotion regulation skills—cognitive reappraisal and expressive suppression—on the relationship between treatment allocation and treatment outcomes in primary care patients with emotional symptoms. A total of 631 participants completed scales to evaluate emotion regulation, anxiety, depression, functioning, and quality of life (QoL). The moderation analysis was carried out using the SPSS PROCESS macro, version 3.5. Expressive suppression was a significant moderator in the relationship between treatment allocation and treatment outcomes in terms of symptoms of anxiety (b= -0.530, p=.026), depression (b= -0.812, p= .004) and QoL (b= 0.156, p= .048). Cognitive reappraisal only acted as a moderator in terms of QoL (b= 0.217, p= .028). The findings of this study show that participants with higher scores of expressive suppression benefitted more from the addition of TD-CBT to TAU in terms of anxiety and depressive symptoms and QoL. Individuals with higher levels of cognitive reappraisal obtained a greater benefit in terms of QoL from the addition of psychological treatment to TAU. These results underscore the relevant role that emotion regulation skills play in the outcomes of psychological therapy for emotional symptoms. metadata Barrio-Martínez, Sara and González-Blanch, César and Priede, Amador and Muñoz-Navarro, Roger and Adrián Medrano, Leonardo and Antonio Moriana, Juan and Carpallo-González, María and Ventura, Ludovica and Ruíz-Rodríguez, Paloma and Cano-Vindel, Antonio mail UNSPECIFIED, cesar.gonzalezblanch@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED (2022) Emotion Regulation as a Moderator of Outcomes of Transdiagnostic Group Cognitive-Behavioural Therapy for Emotional Disorders. Behavior Therapy. ISSN 00057894

Article Subjects > Engineering Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Abierto Inglés The demand for digitization has inspired organizations to move towards cloud computing, which has increased the challenge for cloud service providers to provide quality service. One of the challenges is energy consumption, which can shoot up the cost of using computing resources and has raised the carbon footprint in the atmosphere; therefore, it is an issue that it is imperative to address. Virtualization, bin-packing, and live VM migration techniques are the key resolvers that have been found to be efficacious in presenting sound solutions. Thus, in this paper, a new live VM migration algorithm, live migration with efficient ballooning (LMEB), is proposed; LMEB focuses on decreasing the size of the data that need to be shifted from the source to the destination server so that the total energy consumption of migration can be reduced. A simulation was performed with a specific configuration of virtual machines and servers, and the results proved that the proposed algorithm could trim down energy usage by 18%, migration time by 20%, and downtime by 20% in comparison with the existing approach of live migration with ballooning (LMB) metadata Gupta, Neha and Gupta, Kamali and Qahtani, Abdulrahman M. and Gupta, Deepali and Alharithi, Fahd S. and Singh, Aman and Goyal, Nitin mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, aman.singh@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED (2022) Energy-Aware Live VM Migration Using Ballooning in Cloud Data Center. Electronics, 11 (23). p. 3932. ISSN 2079-9292

Article Subjects > Engineering Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Universidad Internacional do Cuanza > Research > Scientific Production
Abierto Inglés Rivers are dynamic geological agents on the earth which transport the weathered materials of the continent to the sea. Estimation of suspended sediment yield (SSY) is essential for management, planning, and designing in any river basin system. Estimation of SSY is critical due to its complex nonlinear processes, which are not captured by conventional regression methods. Rainfall, temperature, water discharge, SSY, rock type, relief, and catchment area data of 11 gauging stations were utilized to develop robust artificial intelligence (AI), similar to an artificial-neural-network (ANN)-based model for SSY prediction. The developed highly generalized global single ANN model using a large amount of data was applied at individual gauging stations for SSY prediction in the Mahanadi River basin, which is one of India’s largest peninsular rivers. It appeared that the proposed ANN model had the lowest root-mean-squared error (0.0089) and mean absolute error (0.0029) along with the highest coefficient of correlation (0.867) values among all comparative models (sediment rating curve and multiple linear regression). The ANN provided the best accuracy at Tikarapara among all stations. The ANN model was the most suitable substitute over other comparative models for SSY prediction. It was also noticed that the developed ANN model using the combined data of eleven stations performed better at Tikarapara than the other ANN which was developed using data from Tikarapara only. These approaches are suggested for SSY prediction in river basin systems due to their ease of implementation and better performance. metadata Yadav, Arvind and Chithaluru, Premkumar and Singh, Aman and Joshi, Devendra and Elkamchouchi, Dalia H. and Mazas Pérez-Oleaga, Cristina and Anand, Divya mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, aman.singh@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, cristina.mazas@uneatlantico.es, divya.anand@uneatlantico.es (2022) An Enhanced Feed-Forward Back Propagation Levenberg–Marquardt Algorithm for Suspended Sediment Yield Modeling. Water, 14 (22). p. 3714. ISSN 2073-4441

Article Subjects > Physical Education and Sport Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Español La tendinopatía aquílea (TA) es una de las lesiones más comunes entre los atletas, produciendo dolor y deterioro de las capacidades del tendón, así como inflamación del cuerpo tendinoso. Esta presenta una incidencia acumulada muy alta, sobre todo en atletas de élite, y tiene como principal mecanismo lesional el exceso de carga sobre el tendón acompañado de un escaso periodo de recuperación entre cargas. Los factores de riesgo que más influencia tienen en esta patología son los externos, teniendo también relevancia los factores internos. Así, el principal objetivo de esta revisión fue establecer las estrategias óptimas para la recuperación de una tendinopatía aquílea desde el ámbito de la actividad física y el deporte. En este trabajo, se revisaron artículos extraídos de la base de datos PubMed, seleccionando todos aquellos artículos redactados en inglés, llevados a cabo sobre sujetos lesionados con TA y que se encontrasen en periodo de readaptación. Se excluyeron todos los artículos previos a 2010. Todas las intervenciones realizadas en los diferentes estudios señalaron el ejercicio físico como una herramienta muy positiva en el tratamiento de la TA, siendo las mejoras más significativas la reducción del dolor del tendón, la mejora en las capacidades funcionales y un aumento del nivel de satisfacción post intervención. A la vista de los resultados, todas las estrategias analizadas han probado ser beneficiosas para la recuperación de una TA, reduciendo la sintomatología, el dolor y la disfunción en una persona lesionada. Sin embargo, la resistencia lenta pesada (HSR) pareció ser aquella que mejores resultados proporcionó sobre la población de estudio, por encima del entrenamiento excéntrico e isométrico metadata Quintana Ruiz, David and Bores Arce, Ainhoa and Crespo-Posadas, Manuel mail UNSPECIFIED, ainhoa.bores@uneatlantico.es, manuel.crespo@uneatlantico.es (2022) Estrategias para la mejora de la sintomatología en tendinopatía aquílea en atletas. MLS Sport Research, 2 (2).

Article Subjects > Engineering Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés Genotype, environment, and cultivation system strongly influence strawberry yield and quality. Specifically, the growth of strawberry plants is dependent on the water supply. Nevertheless, the abuse of water in agriculture is necessitating the choice of the lowest water-consumptive plants. The following study showed the performance of ‘Romina’, ‘Sibilla’, and ‘Cristina’ cultivars, grown in open-field conditions, and treated with three doses of water (W): 100% local standard regime, and 20% (W80) and 40% (W60) reductions. The average amount of water administered for W100, W80, and W60 was 1120 m3 ha−1, 891 m3 ha−1, and 666 m3 ha−1, respectively. The water treatment at W60 negatively affected the plant growth and yield, resulting in reduced plant height, leaf number, leaf length and width, and a minor yield. Instead, fruit quality showed higher values of total soluble solids and titratable acidity. Conversely, plants watered with W80 showed results similar to the control (W100) in terms of development and yield. In conclusion, it is possible to assume that a reduction of water is desirable, guaranteeing economic and environmental gains for farmers. metadata Marcellini, Micol and Mazzoni, Luca and Raffaelli, Davide and Pergolotti, Valeria and Balducci, Francesca and Capocasa, Franco and Mezzetti, Bruno mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, bruno.mezzetti@uneatlantico.es (2022) Evaluation of Single-Cropping under Reduced Water Supply in Strawberry Cultivation. Agronomy, 12 (6). p. 1396. ISSN 2073-4395

Article Subjects > Engineering Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Fundación Universitaria Internacional de Colombia > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Universidad Internacional do Cuanza > Research > Scientific Production
Abierto Inglés The purpose of this article is to help to bridge the gap between sustainability and its application to project management by developing a methodology based on artificial intelligence to diagnose, classify, and forecast the level of sustainability of a sample of 186 projects aimed at local communities in Latin American and Caribbean countries. First, the compliance evaluation with the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) within the framework of the 2030 Agenda served to diagnose and determine, through fuzzy sets, a global sustainability index for the sample, resulting in a value of 0.638, in accordance with the overall average for the region. Probabilistic predictions were then made on the sustainability of the projects using a series of supervised learning classifiers (SVM, Random Forest, AdaBoost, KNN, etc.), with the SMOTE resampling technique, which provided a significant improvement toward the results of the different metrics of the base models. In this context, the Support Vector Machine (SVM) + SMOTE was the best classification algorithm, with accuracy of 0.92. Lastly, the extrapolation of this methodology is to be expected toward other realities and local circumstances, contributing to the fulfillment of the SDGs and the development of individual and collective capacities through the management and direction of projects. metadata García Villena, Eduardo and Pascual Barrera, Alina Eugenia and Álvarez, Roberto Marcelo and Dzul López, Luis Alonso and Tutusaus, Kilian and Vidal Mazón, Juan Luis and Miró Vera, Yini Airet and Brie, Santiago and López Flores, Miguel A. mail eduardo.garcia@uneatlantico.es, alina.pascual@unini.edu.mx, roberto.alvarez@uneatlantico.es, luis.dzul@uneatlantico.es, kilian.tutusaus@uneatlantico.es, juanluis.vidal@uneatlantico.es, yini.miro@uneatlantico.es, santiago.brie@uneatlantico.es, miguelangel.lopez@uneatlantico.es (2022) Evaluation of the Sustainable Development Goals in the Diagnosis and Prediction of the Sustainability of Projects Aimed at Local Communities in Latin America and the Caribbean. Applied Sciences, 12 (21). p. 11188. ISSN 2076-3417

Article Subjects > Engineering Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Cerrado Inglés Recently, the Internet of Medical Things (IoMT) could offload healthcare services to 5 G edge computing for low latency. However, some existing works assumed altruistic patients will sacrifice Quality of Service (QoS) for the global optimum. For priority-aware and deadline-sensitive healthcare, this sufficient and simplified assumption will undermine the engagement enthusiasm, i.e., unfairness. To address this issue, we propose a long-term proportional fairness-driven 5 G edge healthcare, i.e., FairHealth. First, we establish a long-term Nash bargaining game to model the service offloading, considering the stochastic demand and dynamic environment. We then design a Lyapunov-based proportional-fairness resource scheduling algorithm, which decouples the long-term fairness problem into single-slot sub-problems, realizing a trade-off between service stability and fairness. Moreover, we propose a block-coordinate descent method to iteratively solve non-convex fair sub-problems. Simulation results show that our scheme can improve 74.44% of the fairness index (i.e., Nash product), compared with the classic global time-optimal scheme. metadata Lin, Xi and Wu, Jun and Bashir, Ali Kashif and Yang, Wu and Singh, Aman and AlZubi, Ahmad Ali mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, aman.singh@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED (2022) FairHealth: Long-Term Proportional Fairness-Driven 5G Edge Healthcare in Internet of Medical Things. IEEE Transactions on Industrial Informatics. pp. 1-10. ISSN 1551-3203

Article Subjects > Biomedicine Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés The connective tissue or fascia plays key roles in maintaining bodily function and health. The fascia is made up of solid and fluid portions, which interpenetrate and interact with each other, forming a polymorphic three-dimensional network. In the vast panorama of literature there is no univocal thought on the nomenclature and terminology that best represents the concept of fascia. The Foundation of Osteopathic Research and Clinical Endorsement (FORCE) organization brings together various scientific figures in a multidisciplinary perspective. FORCE tries to find a common nomenclature that can be shared, starting from the scientific notions currently available. Knowledge of the fascial continuum should always be at the service of the clinician and never become an exclusive for the presence of copyright, or commodified for the gain of a few. FORCE is a non-profit organization serving all professionals who deal with patient health. The article reviews the concepts of fascia, including some science subjects rarely considered, to gain an understanding of the broader fascial topic, and proposing new concepts, such as the holographic fascia. metadata Bordoni, Bruno and Escher, Allan R and Tobbi, Filippo and Pianese, Luigi and Ciardo, Antonio and Yamahata, Jay and Hernandez, Saul and Sanchez, Oscar mail UNSPECIFIED (2022) Fascial Nomenclature: Update 2022. Cureus, 14 (6). ISSN 2168-8184

Article Subjects > Engineering Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Abierto Inglés The rapid expansion of Internet of Things (IoT) devices deploys various sensors in different applications like homes, cities and offices. IoT applications depend upon the accuracy of sensor data. So, it is necessary to predict faults in the sensor and isolate their cause. A novel primitive technique named fall curve is presented in this paper which characterizes sensor faults. This technique identifies the faulty sensor and determines the correct working of the sensor. Different sources of sensor faults are explained in detail whereas various faults that occurred in sensor nodes available in IoT devices are also presented in tabular form. Fault prediction in digital and analog sensors along with methods of sensor fault prediction are described. There are several advantages and disadvantages of sensor fault prediction methods and the fall curve technique. So, some solutions are provided to overcome the limitations of the fall curve technique. In this paper, a bibliometric analysis is carried out to visually analyze 63 papers fetched from the Scopus database for the past five years. Its novelty is to predict a fault before its occurrence by looking at the fall curve. The sensing of current flow in devices is important to prevent a major loss. So, the fall curves of ACS712 current sensors configured on different devices are drawn for predicting faulty or non-faulty devices. The analysis result proved that if any of the current sensors gets faulty, then the fall curve will differ and the value will immediately drop to zero. Various evaluation metrics for fault prediction are also described in this paper. At last, this paper also addresses some possible open research issues which are important to deal with false IoT sensor data. metadata Uppal, Mudita and Gupta, Deepali and Anand, Divya and S. Alharithi, Fahd and Almotiri, Jasem and Ortega-Mansilla, Arturo and Singh, Dinesh and Goyal, Nitin mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, arturo.ortega@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED (2022) Fault Pattern Diagnosis and Classification in Sensor Nodes Using Fall Curve. Computers, Materials & Continua, 72 (1). pp. 1799-1814. ISSN 1546-2226

Article Subjects > Biomedicine Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés When you are part of a community, especially a scientific one, you are required to contribute significantly to its welfare, because the community as a whole represents each individual within it and, in turn, determines the wellbeing of the participants themselves. metadata Battino, Maurizio mail maurizio.battino@uneatlantico.es (2022) Feature Paper Special Issue for Editorial Board Members (EBMs) of Diseases. Diseases, 10 (2). p. 18. ISSN 2079-9721

Article Subjects > Engineering
Subjects > Psychology
Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés Background and Hypothesis The existing developmental bond between fingerprint generation and growth of the central nervous system points to a potential use of fingerprints as risk markers in schizophrenia. However, the high complexity of fingerprints geometrical patterns may require flexible algorithms capable of characterizing such complexity. Study Design Based on an initial sample of scanned fingerprints from 612 patients with a diagnosis of non-affective psychosis and 844 healthy subjects, we have built deep learning classification algorithms based on convolutional neural networks. Previously, the general architecture of the network was chosen from exploratory fittings carried out with an independent fingerprint dataset from the National Institute of Standards and Technology. The network architecture was then applied for building classification algorithms (patients vs controls) based on single fingers and multi-input models. Unbiased estimates of classification accuracy were obtained by applying a 5-fold cross-validation scheme. Study Results The highest level of accuracy from networks based on single fingers was achieved by the right thumb network (weighted validation accuracy = 68%), while the highest accuracy from the multi-input models was attained by the model that simultaneously used images from the left thumb, index and middle fingers (weighted validation accuracy = 70%). Conclusion Although fitted models were based on data from patients with a well established diagnosis, since fingerprints remain lifelong stable after birth, our results imply that fingerprints may be applied as early predictors of psychosis. Specially, if they are used in high prevalence subpopulations such as those of individuals at high risk for psychosis. metadata Salvador, Raymond and García-León, María Ángeles and Feria-Raposo, Isabel and Botillo-Martín, Carlota and Martín-Lorenzo, Carlos and Corte-Souto, Carmen and Aguilar-Valero, Tania and Gil Sanz, David and Porta-Pelayo, David and Martín-Carrasco, Manuel and del Olmo-Romero, Francisco and Maria Santiago-Bautista, Jose and Herrero-Muñecas, Pilar and Castillo-Oramas, Eglee and Larrubia-Romero, Jesús and Rios-Alvarado, Zoila and Antonio Larraz-Romeo, José and Guardiola-Ripoll, Maria and Almodóvar-Payá, Carmen and Fatjó-Vilas Mestre, Mar and Sarró, Salvador and McKenna, Peter J and González-Pablos, Emilio and Negro-González, Emilio and María Castells Bescos, Eva and Felipe Martínez, Elena and Muñoz Hermoso, Paula and Camaño Serna, Cora and Rebolleda Gil, Carlos and Feliz Muñoz, Carmen and Sevillano De La Fuente, Paula and Sánchez Perez, Manuel and Arrece Iriondo, Izascun and Vicente Jauregui Berecibar, José and Domínguez Panchón, Ana and Felices de la Fuente, Alfredo and Bosque Gabarre, Clara and Pomarol-Clotet, Edith mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, david.gil@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED (2022) Fingerprints as Predictors of Schizophrenia: A Deep Learning Study. Schizophrenia Bulletin. ISSN 0586-7614

Article Subjects > Engineering Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Universidad Internacional do Cuanza > Research > Scientific Production
Abierto Inglés E-Vehicles are used for transportation and, with a vehicle-to-grid optimization approach, they may be used for supplying a backup source of energy for renewable energy sources. Renewable energy sources are integrated to maintain the demand of consumers, mitigate the active and reactive power losses, and maintain the voltage profile. Renewable energy sources are not supplied all day and, to meet the peak demand, extra electricity may be supplied through e-Vehicles. E-Vehicles with random integration may cause system unbalancing problems and need a solution. The objective of this paper is to integrate e-Vehicles with the grid as a backup source of energy through the grid-to-vehicle optimization approach by reducing active and reactive power losses and maintaining voltage profile. In this paper, three case studies are discussed: (i) integration of renewable energy sources alone; (ii) integration of e-Vehicles alone; (iii) integration of renewable energy sources and e-Vehicles in hybrid mode. The simulation results show the effectiveness of the integration and the active and reactive power losses are minimum when we used the third case. metadata Agrawal, Himanshi and Talwariya, Akash and Gill, Amandeep and Singh, Aman and Alyami, Hashem and Alosaimi, Wael and Ortega-Mansilla, Arturo mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, aman.singh@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, arturo.ortega@uneatlantico.es (2022) A Fuzzy-Genetic-Based Integration of Renewable Energy Sources and E-Vehicles. Energies, 15 (9). p. 3300. ISSN 1996-1073

Article Subjects > Biomedicine Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Abierto Inglés Antimicrobial-resistant pathogenic bacteria are an increasing problem in public health, especially in the healthcare environment, where nosocomial infection microorganisms find their niche. Among these bacteria, the genus Acinetobacter which belongs to the ESKAPE pathogenic group harbors different multi-drug resistant (MDR) species that cause human nosocomial infections. Although A. baumannii has always attracted more interest, the close-related species A. pittii is the object of more study due to the increase in its isolation and MDR strains. In this work, we present the genomic analysis of five clinically isolated A. pittii strains from a Spanish hospital, with special attention to their genetic resistance determinants and plasmid structures. All the strains harbored different genes related to β-lactam resistance, as well as different MDR efflux pumps. We also found and described, for the first time in this species, point mutations that seem linked with colistin resistance, which highlights the relevance of this comparative analysis among the pathogenic species isolates. metadata Chapartegui-González, Itziar and Lázaro-Díez, María and Ramos Vivas, Jose mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, jose.ramos@uneatlantico.es (2022) Genetic Resistance Determinants in Clinical Acinetobacter pittii Genomes. Antibiotics, 11 (5). p. 676. ISSN 2079-6382

Article Subjects > Teaching Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Abierto Portugués Este artigo apresenta as relações estabelecidas entre os profissionais de educação e o gestor no século XXI, além de promover reflexões com finalidade de reavaliar sua prática numa perspectiva democrática para uma melhor educação. A pesquisa trata-se de revisão bibliográfica com caráter exploratório e metodologia qualitativa. Ao investigar as competências e funções desenvolvidas pelo gestor, foram destacados os preceitos pedagógicos que a instituição deve seguir, que são: analisar, avaliar e acompanhar os planos do ensino; sugerir recursos e livros; acompanhar as metodologias dos professores, analisando aspectos que possam vir a atrapalhar as atividades da escola; além de organizar reuniões de professores para concedê-los assistência metodológica e pedagógica; e estimular e sugerir atividades que possam tornar a experiência da educação eficiente para todos. Este trabalho visa demonstrar que a escola é o ambiente onde acontecem a aprendizagem e o desenvolvimento humano. Por isso, uma das funções do Gestor escolar é gerar novas formas de participação e incentivar o trabalho em grupo com membros da comunidade escolar, permeando assim, um ambiente que preze por um modelo de excelência e instigue uma convivência mútua entre todos os inseridos no processo. metadata Alves Guimarães, Ueudison and Moraes da Cruz Gomez, Eliane and Rodrigues Moniz, Sibele Selvina de Oliveira mail UNSPECIFIED (2022) Gestão da diversidade no campo educacional: o papel da gestão escolar nesse processo. RECIMA21 - Revista Científica Multidisciplinar - ISSN 2675-6218, 3 (8). e381808. ISSN 2675-6218

Article Subjects > Teaching Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Abierto Portugués O presente Artigo tem por objectivo compreender como a gestão escolar Democrática desenvolve e exerce as suas funções, visando identificar conceitos e reconhecer habilidades, perspectivando o futuro e os grandes desafios das escolas no que tange a gestão democrática, como elementos necessários para gerir. O problema de pesquisa é: como a gestão escolar democrática e participativa desenvolve e exerce as suas funções no ambiente escolar no Município da Caála? O tema da pesquisa A Gestão escolar Democrática e Participativa: Um olhar para as habilidades, perspectivas e desafios dos directores escolares do Município da Caála, surgiu a partir de reflexões realizadas nas aulas da Disciplina de Organização e Gestão Escolar no Curso de Licenciatura em Psicologia do Instituto Superior Politécnico Caála – Polo Universitário do Bailundo. Para a elaboração do presente artigo, utilizou-se a pesquisa quanti-qualitativa e exploratória, e as informações foram colectadas por meio de entrevistas e questionáris Adoc com quatro directores das escolas Públicas do Município da Caála – Província do Huambo, um Coordenador do Polo Universitário do ISPC, quinze estudantes do 4º Ano de Licenciatura em Ensino Primário e Psicologia, ambos profesores e directores de algumas escolas públicas. A importância da gestão democrática é por o Director ser o indivíduo quem deve incentivar e auxiliar a sua equipe, desempenhando o papel de um bom líder. Para que isso aconteça é importante que ele compreenda que o líder sabe dividir as suas responsabilidades e isso faz com que todos sintam-se parte da escola e trabalhem em prol de um processo de ensino e aprendizagem de qualidade. Palavras-Chave: Gestão escolar Democrática. Participativa. Liderança. Humildade metadata Graça da Costa, Mario and Enoque, Francisco Zacarias and da Costa Graça, Henriques mail mario.graca@doctorado.unini.edu.mx, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED (2022) Gestão escolar democrática e participativa: um olhar para as habilidades, competências, perspectivas e desafios dos directores escolares do município da Caála. Revista Ibero-Americana de Humanidades, Ciências e Educação, 8 (1). pp. 66-95. ISSN 2675-3375

Article Subjects > Physical Education and Sport
Subjects > Teaching
Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Abierto Portugués Hoje a sociedade passa por uma década que favorece a juventude ao sedentarismo e consequentemente ao desenvolvimento de diversas doenças como pressão alta, colesterol, diabetes, entre outras relacionadas não apenas a má alimentação como o mau hábito de vida e a não prática atividades físicas. A realização de atividades físicas na escola é tida como crucial para a qualidade de vida e inclusão das crianças. Pensando nisso, o presente trabalho tem como proposta a reflexão de alguns problemas enfrentados pelos professores com relação a prática de atividades físicas na disciplina de Educação Física e a promoção do desenvolvimento da saúde física e mental que ela proporcionaria. Portanto, este estudo se trata de uma pesquisa bibliográfica de cunho qualitativo e caráter descritivo com objetivo de apresentar a importância da Educação Física escolar na formação do indivíduo. Conclui-se pela necessidade e importância de a Educação Física estreitar as relações entre teoria e prática e inovar pedagogicamente, a fim de seguir contribuindo para a formação integral do alunado e para a apropriação crítica da cultura corporal de movimento. metadata Alves Guimarães, Ueudison and Olímpio dos Santos, José and Rodrigues Moniz, Sibele Selvina de Oliveira mail UNSPECIFIED (2022) História da Educação Física no ensino infantil. RECIMA21 - Revista Científica Multidisciplinar - ISSN 2675-6218, 3 (10). e3101943. ISSN 2675-6218

Article Subjects > Engineering Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Universidad Internacional do Cuanza > Research > Scientific Production
Cerrado Inglés The Information Centric Networking (ICN) is a future internet architecture to support efficient content distribution in a vehicular environment. In-network caching in ICN provides a realistic solution for vehicular communication due to storage of content replicas inside network vehicles. However, the challenge still exists while caching content replicas in resource constraint vehicles ( such as limited power and cache capacity) to minimize the communication latency. To address the above mentioned challenge, this paper proposes EPC - an ICN based Energy efficient Placement of Content chunk that fits well in a vehicular environment. The proposed resource management strategy mainly aims to reduce the content fetching delay by caching content replicas towards the network edge router. The EPC strategy decides on placement of content chunks on each vehicle by jointly considering residual power of current vehicle, local popularity of content, and caching gain. The EPC supports efficient utilization of network available resources by allowing only vehicles with their residual power greater than threshold to perform chunk caching and hence, further offers reduced content duplication in the whole network. The effectiveness of the proposed scheme is evaluated in Icarus- an ICN simulator for analyzing the performance of ICN caching and routing strategies. The EPC outperforms various state of the art caching strategies approximately by 30% when gets evaluated in terms of offered cache hit ratio, content retrieval delay, and the average number of hops utilized for fetching the requested content. metadata Gupta, Divya and Rani, Shalli and Singh, Aman and Rodrigues, Joel J. P. C. mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, aman.singh@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED (2022) ICN Based Efficient Content Caching Scheme for Vehicular Networks. IEEE Transactions on Intelligent Transportation Systems. pp. 1-9. ISSN 1524-9050

Article Subjects > Engineering Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Universidad Internacional do Cuanza > Research > Scientific Production
Abierto Inglés This paper focuses on retrieving plant leaf images based on different features that can be useful in the plant industry. Various images and their features can be used to identify the type of leaf and its disease. For this purpose, a well-organized computer-assisted plant image retrieval approach is required that can use a hybrid combination of the color and shape attributes of leaf images for plant disease identification and botanical gardening in the agriculture sector. In this research work, an innovative framework is proposed for the retrieval of leaf images that uses a hybrid combination of color and shape features to improve retrieval accuracy. For the color features, the Color Difference Histograms (CDH) descriptor is used while shape features are determined using the Saliency Structure Histogram (SSH) descriptor. To extract the various properties of leaves, Hue and Saturation Value (HSV) color space features and First Order Statistical Features (FOSF) features are computed in CDH and SSH descriptors, respectively. After that, the HSV and FOSF features of leaf images are concatenated. The concatenated features of database images are compared with the query image in terms of the Euclidean distance and a threshold value of Euclidean distance is taken for retrieval of images. The best results are obtained at the threshold value of 80% of the maximum Euclidean distance. The system’s effectiveness is also evaluated with different performance metrics like precision, recall, and F-measure, and their values come out to be respectively 1.00, 0.96, and 0.97, which is better than individual feature descriptors. metadata Chugh, Himani and Gupta, Sheifali and Garg, Meenu and Gupta, Deepali and Mohamed, Heba G. and Delgado Noya, Irene and Singh, Aman and Goyal, Nitin mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, irene.delgado@uneatlantico.es, aman.singh@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED (2022) An Image Retrieval Framework Design Analysis Using Saliency Structure and Color Difference Histogram. Sustainability, 14 (16). p. 10357. ISSN 2071-1050

Article Subjects > Nutrition Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés, Español Niveles circulantes elevados de aminoácidos de cadena ramificada (BCAA) han sido descritos como un fuerte factor predictor de la diabetes mellitus tipo 2 (DM2) por su implicación en la resistencia a la insulina (RI). El principal objetivo es evaluar si una dieta rica en estos aminoácidos supone un riesgo para el desarrollo de DM2. Material y métodos: Esta revisión bibliográfica se ha sustentado en artículos científicos seleccionados de diferentes bases de datos, entre las que destaca PubMed. Un total de 23 artículos fueron estudiados en profundidad. Resultados y discusión: Una mayor ingesta de BCAA ha presentado una asociación positiva en el desarrollo de la DM2, principalmente si esta proviene de alimentos de origen animal. Asimismo, su restricción selectiva produce cierta mejora en la fisiopatología de la DM2 sin verse comprometida la ingesta de otros nutrientes esenciales. Por el contrario, no se ha observado que los protocolos de suplementación con BCAA presenten repercusiones negativas para la salud. La ingesta de BCAA si parece estar asociada a un mayor riesgo de padecer DM2; pero esta asociación no puede estudiarse de forma aislada, sino que debe considerarse parte de una interacción compleja de componentes dietéticos, en la cual, la calidad nutricional de los alimentos adquiere un importante papel. metadata Tejido Ruiz-Ogarrio, Carlota mail UNSPECIFIED (2022) Impacto del consumo de aminoácidos de cadena ramificada (BCAA) en la Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2. MLS Health & Nutrition Research, 1 (2).

Article Subjects > Engineering Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Universidad Internacional do Cuanza > Research > Scientific Production
Abierto Inglés Food and agriculture are significant aspects that can meet the food demand estimated by the Food Agriculture Organization (FAO) by 2050. In addition to this, the United Nations sustainable development goals recommended implementing sustainable practices to meet food demand to achieve sustainability. Currently, aquaponics is one of the sustainable practices that require less land and water and has a low environmental impact. Aquaponics is a closed-loop and soil-less method of farming, where it requires intensive monitoring, control, and management. The advancement of wireless sensors and communication protocols empowered to implementation of an Internet of Things- (IoT-) based system for real-time monitoring, control, and management in aquaponics. This study presents a review of the wireless technology implementation and progress in aquaponics. Based on the review, the study discusses the significant water and environmental parameters of aquaponics. Followed by this, the study presents the implementation of remote, IoT, and ML-based monitoring of aquaponics. Finally, the review presents the recommendations such as edge and fog-based vision nodes, machine learning models for prediction, LoRa-based sensor nodes, and gateway-based architecture that are beneficial for the enhancement of wireless aquaponics and also for real-time prediction in the future. metadata Gayam, Kiran Kumari and Jain, Anuj and Gehlot, Anita and Singh, Rajesh and Akram, Shaik Vaseem and Singh, Aman and Anand, Divya and Delgado Noya, Irene and Ahmad, Shafiq mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, aman.singh@unic.co.ao, divya.anand@uneatlantico.es, irene.delgado@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED (2022) Imperative Role of Automation and Wireless Technologies in Aquaponics Farming. Wireless Communications and Mobile Computing, 2022. pp. 1-13. ISSN 1530-8669

Article Subjects > Social Sciences
Subjects > Engineering
Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Universidad Internacional do Cuanza > Research > Scientific Production
Abierto Inglés Financial management is a critical aspect of firms, and entails the strategic planning, direction, and control of financial endeavors. Risk assessment, fraud detection, wealth management, online transactions, customized bond scheme, customer retention, virtual assistant and so on, are a few of the critical areas where Industry 4.0 technologies intervention are highly required for managing firms' finance. It has been identified from the previous studies that they are limited studies that have addressed the significance and application of integrating of Industry 4.0 technologies such as Internet of Things (IoT), cloud computing, big data, robotic process automation (RPA), artificial intelligence (AI), Blockchain, Digital twin, and Metaverse. With the motivation from the above aspects, this study aims to discuss the role of these technologies in the area of financial management of a firm. Based up on the analysis, it has been concluded that these technologies assist to credit risk management based on real-time data; financial data analytics of risk assessment, digital finance, digital auditing, fraud detection, and AI- and IoT- based virtual assistants. This study recommended that digital technologies be deeply integrated into the financial sector to improve service quality and accessibility, as well as the creation of innovative rules that allow for healthy competition among market participants. metadata Bisht, Deepa and Singh, Rajesh and Gehlot, Anita and Akram, Shaik Vaseem and Singh, Aman and Caro Montero, Elisabeth and Priyadarshi, Neeraj and Twala, Bhekisipho mail UNSPECIFIED (2022) Imperative Role of Integrating Digitalization in the Firms Finance: A Technological Perspective. Electronics, 11 (19). p. 3252. ISSN 2079-9292

Article Subjects > Engineering Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés A wireless body area network (WBAN) is a technology that is widely employed in the medical sector. It is a low-cost network that allows for mobility and variation. It can be used for long-distance, semiautonomous remote monitoring without interfering with people’s regular schedules. Detection devices are embedded in the human body in a simple WBAN configuration to continuously screen physiological boundaries or critical pointers. Confidence among shareholders (for example, medical care suppliers, clients, and medical teachers) is recognized as an essential achievement factor for data stream reliability in such an organization. Given the inherent characteristics of remote locations, it is critical to exercise confidence and security when conducting remote comprehension testing. In the present scenario, WBAN has majorly contributed towards healthcare and its application in medical services. Solid correspondence systems are frequently used to address trust and security concerns on WBANs. In terms of purpose, we present in this study a communication approach built on trust to protect the WBAN’s integrity and confidentiality. For ensuring authenticity, an enhanced bilingual distribution-based trust-management system (PDATMS) approach is used, while a cryptographic system is used to maintain anonymity. A MATLAB simulator is used to evaluate the performance of the recommended program. The recommended approach, according to the release information, improves accuracy by 96%, service delivery rate by 99%, throughput by 99%, as well as confidence, while reducing average latency metadata Singh, Sunny and Chawla, Muskaan and Prasad, Devendra and Anand, Divya and Alharbi, Abdullah and Alosaimi, Wael mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, divya.anand@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED (2022) An Improved Binomial Distribution-Based Trust Management Algorithm for Remote Patient Monitoring in WBANs. Sustainability, 14 (4). p. 2141. ISSN 2071-1050

Article Subjects > Engineering Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Abierto Inglés In Smart Cities’ applications, Multi-node cooperative spectrum sensing (CSS) can boost spectrum sensing efficiency in cognitive wireless networks (CWN), although there is a non-linear interaction among number of nodes and sensing efficiency. Cooperative sensing by nodes with low computational cost is not favorable to improving sensing reliability and diminishes spectrum sensing energy efficiency, which poses obstacles to the regular operation of CWN. To enhance the evaluation and interpretation of nodes and resolves the difficulty of sensor selection in cognitive sensor networks for energy-efficient spectrum sensing. We examined reducing energy usage in smart cities while substantially boosting spectrum detecting accuracy. In optimizing energy effectiveness in spectrum sensing while minimizing complexity, we use the energy detection for spectrum sensing and describe the challenge of sensor selection. This article proposed the algorithm for choosing the sensing nodes while reducing the energy utilization and improving the sensing efficiency. All the information regarding nodes is saved in the fusion center (FC) through which blockchain encrypts the information of nodes ensuring that a node’s trust value conforms to its own without any ambiguity, CWN-FC pick high-performance nodes to engage in CSS. The performance evaluation and computation results shows the comparison between various algorithms with the proposed approach which achieves 10% sensing efficiency in finding the solution for identification and triggering possibilities with the value of α=1.5 and γ=2.5 with the varying number of nodes. metadata Rani, Shalli and Babbar, Himanshi and Shah, Syed Hassan Ahmed and Singh, Aman mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, aman.singh@uneatlantico.es (2022) Improvement of energy conservation using blockchain-enabled cognitive wireless networks for smart cities. Scientific Reports, 12 (1). ISSN 2045-2322

Article Subjects > Physical Education and Sport Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés, Español El fútbol es el deporte universalmente más popular y el más extendido, lo que implica, además, ser uno de los deportes de equipo con mayor IL. Las lesiones afectan de manera negativa al rendimiento del deportista y del equipo. El objetivo de este estudio fue conocer las lesiones producidas a lo largo de la temporada 2016/2017 de la primera y segunda división española en función del tipo de lesión, posición del jugador, minuto en que se produce la lesión y la edad del jugador. Se trata de un estudio descriptivo, en el cual la muestra fue conformada por los jugadores de los 42 equipos de la Liga Santander y la Liga 123 del fútbol español. Las lesiones más comunes han sido las lesiones musculares (>50%), aumentando en la Liga 123 hasta el 75% de la incidencia. Los deportistas que más lesiones sufrieron fueron los defensas (>40%) mientras que los porteros registraron el menor IL (<4%). Este hecho se puede deber a la menor distancia recorrida tanto a una intensidad normal como a la distancia recorrida a alta intensidad. Los deportistas comprendidos entre los 21 y los 29 años padecieron un mayor número de lesiones (>35%) y, además, ocurrieron en gran parte durante la segunda mitad del partido metadata Mecías-Calvo, Marcos and Magni Cruz, Alejandro and Gómez Cárdaba, Álvaro mail marcos.mecias@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED (2022) Incidencia lesional en el fútbol. MLS Sport Research, 2 (1). ISSN 2792-7156

Article Subjects > Social Sciences Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Fundación Universitaria Internacional de Colombia > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Universidad Internacional do Cuanza > Research > Scientific Production
Abierto Inglés Angola, as with many countries on the African continent, has great inequalities or asymmetries between its provinces. At the economic, financial, and technological level, there is a great disparity between them, where it is observed that the province of Luanda is the largest financial business center to the detriment of others, such as Moxico, Zaire, and Cabinda. In the latter, despite the advantages of high oil production, from a regional point of view, they remain almost stagnant in time, in a social dysfunction where the population lives on extractivism and artisanal fishing. This article analyzes the most important events in contemporary regional history, the Portuguese occupation that was the Portuguese colonial rule over Angola (1890–1930) and the civil war that was a struggle between Angolans for control of the country (1975–2002), in the consolidation of the asymmetries between provinces. For this work, a theoretical-reflective study was conducted based on the reading of books, articles, and previous investigations on the phenomenon studied. Considering the interpretation and analysis of the theoretical content obtained through the bibliographic research conducted, this theoretical construction approaches the qualitative approach. We conclude that the deep inequalities between regions and within them, between the provinces studied, originated historically in the form of exploitation of the regions and from the consequences of the war. The asymmetries, observed through the variables studied show that the provinces historically explored and considered object regions present a lower growth compared to those that were considered subject regions in which the applied geopolitical strategy, as they are centers of primary production flows, was different. We also observe that, due to the conflicts of the civil war in the less developed regions, the inequalities have deepened, contributing seriously to a higher level of poverty and a lower development of the provinces where these conflicts took place. metadata Catoto Capitango, João Adolfo and Garat de Marin, Mirtha Silvana and Soriano Flores, Emmanuel and Rojo Gutiérrez, Marco Antonio and Gracia Villar, Mónica and Durántez Prados, Frigdiano Álvaro mail UNSPECIFIED, silvana.marin@uneatlantico.es, emmanuel.soriano@uneatlantico.es, marco.rojo@unini.edu.mx, monica.gracia@uneatlantico.es, durantez@uneatlantico.es (2022) Inequalities and Asymmetries in the Development of Angola’s Provinces: The Impact of Colonialism and Civil War. Social Sciences, 11 (8). p. 334. ISSN 2076-0760

Article Subjects > Biomedicine
Subjects > Nutrition
Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés The chemical composition and biological capacities of berries depend on environmental parameters, maturity, and location. The Andean blueberry (Vaccinium floribundum Kunth), also known as mortiño, presents a unique combination of several phytochemicals, which play a synergistic role in its characterization as a functional food. We aimed to expose the possible variations that exist in the profile of the phenolic compounds as well as the antioxidant and antimicrobial capacity of the wild Andean blueberry with respect to three ripeness stages and two different altitudes. We found that polyphenols are the predominant compounds in the berry during the early ripeness stage and are the main bioactive compounds that give rise to the antioxidant capacity and inhibition effect on the growth of gram-positive and gram-negative bacteria. Moreover, the accumulation of ascorbic acid, free amino acids, and anthocyanins increases as the ripening process progresses, and they were the main bioactive compounds in the ripe berry. The latter compounds influence the production of the typical bluish or reddish coloration of ripe blueberries. In addition, it was determined that environmental conditions at high altitudes could have a positive influence in all cases. Overall, our data provide evidence regarding the high functional value of the wild Andean blueberry. metadata Guevara-Terán, Mabel and Padilla-Arias, Katherine and Beltrán-Novoa, Andrea and González-Paramás, Ana M. and Giampieri, Francesca and Battino, Maurizio and Vásquez-Castillo, Wilson and Fernandez-Soto, Paulina and Tejera, Eduardo and Alvarez-Suarez, José M. mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, francesca.giampieri@uneatlantico.es, maurizio.battino@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED (2022) Influence of Altitudes and Development Stages on the Chemical Composition, Antioxidant, and Antimicrobial Capacity of the Wild Andean Blueberry (Vaccinium floribundum Kunth). Molecules, 27 (21). p. 7525. ISSN 1420-3049

Article Subjects > Engineering Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés Several climatic trends are generally associated with altitude, that may influence the nutritional and phytochemical composition of plants. Strawberry is considered a functional food due to biological activities and health benefits. This systematic review and meta-analysis intend to expose possible variations on physicochemical composition and antioxidant capacity of strawberries in regard to altitude. Thirty eligible studies were included for the final meta-analysis. Two altitude ranges were established: 0 – 1000 and 1000—2000 m above sea level. A random-effects model was used to obtain the results. It was discovered that total soluble solids significantly decreased with altitude. Total titratable acidity increased with altitude. Vitamin C and total anthocyanins showed a significant difference between the groups before we discarded some studies. The analysis of altitude for phenolics and antioxidant capacity evaluated for the DPPH radical scavenging method did not identify any significant differences between the studies. The findings suggest that altitude does not affect the physicochemical composition and antioxidant capacity of strawberries; nonetheless, a more exhaustive study is recommended. metadata Guevara-Terán, Mabel and Gonzalez-Paramás, Ana M. and Beltrán-Noboa, Andrea and Giampieri, Francesca and Battino, Maurizio and Tejera, Eduardo and Alvarez-Suarez, José M. mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, francesca.giampieri@uneatlantico.es, maurizio.battino@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED (2022) Influence of altitude on the physicochemical composition and antioxidant capacity of strawberry: a preliminary systematic review and meta-analysis. Phytochemistry Reviews. ISSN 1568-7767

Article Subjects > Nutrition Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés Agro-foodindustries generate colossal amounts of non-edible waste and by-products, easily accessible as raw materials for up-cycling active phytochemicals. Phenolic compounds are particularly relevant in this field given their abundance in plant residues and the market interest of their functionalities (e.g. natural antioxidant activity) as part of nutraceutical, cosmetological and biomedical formulations. In “bench-to-bedside” achievements, sample extraction is essential because valorization benefits from matrix desorption and solubilization of targeted phytocompounds. Specifically, the composition and polarity of the extractant, the optimal sample particle size and sample:solvent ratio, as well as pH, pressure and temperature are strategic for the release and stability of mobilized species. On the other hand, current green chemistry environmental rules require extraction approaches that eliminate polluting consumables and reduce energy needs. Thus, the following pages provide an update on advanced technologies for the sustainable and efficient recovery of phenolics from plant matrices. metadata Gil-Martín, Emilio and Forbes-Hernández, Tamara and Romero, Alejandro and Cianciosi, Danila and Giampieri, Francesca and Battino, Maurizio mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, maurizio.battino@uneatlantico.es (2022) Influence of the extraction method on the recovery of bioactive phenolic compounds from food industry by-products. Food Chemistry, 378. p. 131918. ISSN 03088146

Article Subjects > Biomedicine Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés Composites of polymer and graphene-based nanomaterials (GBNs) combine easy processing onto porous 3D membrane geometries due to the polymer and cellular differentiation stimuli due to GBNs fillers. Aiming to step forward to the clinical application of polymer/GBNs composites, this study performs a systematic and detailed comparative analysis of the influence of the properties of four different GBNs: (i) graphene oxide obtained from graphite chemically processes (GO); (ii) reduced graphene oxide (rGO); (iii) multilayered graphene produced by mechanical exfoliation method (Gmec); and (iv) low-oxidized graphene via anodic exfoliation (Ganodic); dispersed in polycaprolactone (PCL) porous membranes to induce astrocytic differentiation. PCL/GBN flat membranes were fabricated by phase inversion technique and broadly characterized in morphology and topography, chemical structure, hydrophilicity, protein adsorption, and electrical properties. Cellular assays with rat C6 glioma cells, as model for cell-specific astrocytes, were performed. Remarkably, low GBN loading (0.67 wt%) caused an important difference in the response of the C6 differentiation among PCL/GBN membranes. PCL/rGO and PCL/GO membranes presented the highest biomolecule markers for astrocyte differentiation. Our results pointed to the chemical structural defects in rGO and GO nanomaterials and the protein adsorption mechanisms as the most plausible cause conferring distinctive properties to PCL/GBN membranes for the promotion of astrocytic differentiation. Overall, our systematic comparative study provides generalizable conclusions and new evidences to discern the role of GBNs features for future research on 3D PCL/graphene composite hollow fiber membranes for in vitro neural models. metadata Mantecón-Oria, Marián and Tapia Martínez, Olga and Lafarga, Miguel and Berciano, María T. and Munuera, Jose M. and Villar-Rodil, Silvia and Paredes, Juan I. and Rivero, María J. and Diban, Nazely and Urtiaga, Ane mail UNSPECIFIED, olga.tapia@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED (2022) Influence of the properties of different graphene-based nanomaterials dispersed in polycaprolactone membranes on astrocytic differentiation. Scientific Reports, 12 (1). ISSN 2045-2322

Article Subjects > Engineering Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Cerrado Inglés In today’s modern world, information and communication technologies are playing an active role in increasing the standards and quality of life for the betterment of human beings. Due to these technologies, people are now learning and experiencing new things very effectively and efficiently. With the implementation of information technology (IT)-based smart technologies in music education, learners can learn and create quality music. There is a need for the employment of information technology in music classrooms. Governments and institutions need to provide adequate resources to achieve its implementation. The traditional methods of learning are not capable of providing enough quality education to students. The present study focuses on the crucial role of information technology in the enhancement of music education. The advancements in modern technologies are expanding music education very rapidly and productively. To help learners with the use of an accurate technological method for learning purposes, various features have been identified from the existing literature. Based on these identified features, different IT-based procedures are ranked by the employment of analytic hierarchy process (AHP) and TOPSIS. The outcomes of the study demonstrated the efficacy of the approachesCorr. metadata Fu, Yi and Zhang, Mengjia and Nawaz, Muhammad and Ali, Muhammad and Singh, Aman mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, aman.singh@uneatlantico.es (2022) Information technology-based revolution in music education using AHP and TOPSIS. Soft Computing. ISSN 1432-7643

Article Subjects > Engineering Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Universidad Internacional do Cuanza > Research > Scientific Production
Abierto Inglés In December 2019, a group of people in Wuhan city of Hubei province of China were found to be affected by an infection called dark etiology pneumonia. The outbreak of this pneumonia infection was declared a deadly disease by the China Center for Disease Control and Prevention on January 9, 2020, named Novel Coronavirus 2019 (nCoV-2019). This nCoV-2019 is now known as COVID-19. There is a big list of infections of this coronavirus which is present in the form of a big family. This virus can cause several diseases that usually develop with a serious problem. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), 2019-nCoV has been placed as the modern generation of Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS) and Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS) coronaviruses, so COVID-19 can repeatedly change its internal genome structure to extend its existence. Understanding and accurately predicting the mutational properties of the genome structure of COVID-19 can form a good leadership role in preventing and fighting against coronavirus. In this research paper, an analytical approach has been presented which is based on the k-means cluster technique of machine learning to find the clusters over the mutational properties of the COVID-19 viruses’ complete genome. This method would be able to act as a promising tool to monitor and track pathogenic infections in their stable and local genetics/hereditary varieties. This paper identifies five main clusters of mutations with as best in most cases in the coronavirus that could help scientists and researchers develop disease control vaccines for the transformation of coronaviruses. metadata Dumka, Ankur and Verma, Parag and Singh, Rajesh and Bhardwaj, Anuj and Alsubhi, Khalid and Anand, Divya and Delgado Noya, Irene and Aparicio Obregón, Silvia mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, divya.anand@uneatlantico.es, irene.delgado@uneatlantico.es, silvia.aparicio@uneatlantico.es (2022) Intelligent Approach for Clustering Mutations’ Nature of COVID-19 Genome. Computers, Materials & Continua, 72 (3). pp. 4453-4466. ISSN 1546-2226

Article Subjects > Engineering Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Abierto Inglés The present technological era significantly makes use of Internet-of-Things (IoT) devices for offering and implementing healthcare services. Post COVID-19, the future of the healthcare system is highly reliant upon the inculcation of Artificial-Intelligence (AI) mechanisms in its day-to-day procedures, and this is realized in its implementation using sensor-enabled smart and intelligent IoT devices for providing extensive care to patients relative to the symmetric concept. The offerings of such AI-enabled services include handling the huge amount of data processed and sensed by smart medical sensors without compromising the performance parameters, such as the response time, latency, availability, cost and processing time. This has resulted in a need to balance the load of the smart operational devices to avoid any failure of responsiveness. Thus, in this paper, a fog-based framework is proposed that can balance the load among fog nodes for handling the challenging communication and processing requirements of intelligent real-time applications. metadata Malik, Swati and Gupta, Kamali and Gupta, Deepali and Singh, Aman and Ibrahim, Muhammad and Ortega-Mansilla, Arturo and Goyal, Nitin and Hamam, Habib mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, aman.singh@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, arturo.ortega@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED (2022) Intelligent Load-Balancing Framework for Fog-Enabled Communication in Healthcare. Electronics, 11 (4). p. 566. ISSN 2079-9292

Article Subjects > Engineering Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Fundación Universitaria Internacional de Colombia > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Universidad Internacional do Cuanza > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Abierto Inglés This paper presents the design, development, and testing of an IoT-enabled smart stick for visually impaired people to navigate the outside environment with the ability to detect and warn about obstacles. The proposed design employs ultrasonic sensors for obstacle detection, a water sensor for sensing the puddles and wet surfaces in the user’s path, and a high-definition video camera integrated with object recognition. Furthermore, the user is signaled about various hindrances and objects using voice feedback through earphones after accurately detecting and identifying objects. The proposed smart stick has two modes; one uses ultrasonic sensors for detection and feedback through vibration motors to inform about the direction of the obstacle, and the second mode is the detection and recognition of obstacles and providing voice feedback. The proposed system allows for switching between the two modes depending on the environment and personal preference. Moreover, the latitude/longitude values of the user are captured and uploaded to the IoT platform for effective tracking via global positioning system (GPS)/global system for mobile communication (GSM) modules, which enable the live location of the user/stick to be monitored on the IoT dashboard. A panic button is also provided for emergency assistance by generating a request signal in the form of an SMS containing a Google maps link generated with latitude and longitude coordinates and sent through an IoT-enabled environment. The smart stick has been designed to be lightweight, waterproof, size adjustable, and has long battery life. The overall design ensures energy efficiency, portability, stability, ease of access, and robust features. metadata Farooq, Muhammad Siddique and Shafi, Imran and Khan, Harris and Díez, Isabel De La Torre and Breñosa, Jose and Martínez Espinosa, Julio César and Ashraf, Imran mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, josemanuel.brenosa@uneatlantico.es, ulio.martinez@unini.edu.mx, UNSPECIFIED (2022) IoT Enabled Intelligent Stick for Visually Impaired People for Obstacle Recognition. Sensors, 22 (22). p. 8914. ISSN 1424-8220

Article Subjects > Engineering Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Abierto Inglés In today’s technological and stressful world, when everyone is busy in their daily routines and places blind faith in pharmaceutical advancements to protect their health, the sudden, horrifying effects of the COVID-19 pandemic have resulted in serious emotional and psychological impacts in the general population. In spite of advanced vaccination campaigns, fear and hesitation have become a part of human life since there are a number of people who do not want to take these immunity boosting vaccinations. Such people may become carriers of infectious viruses, leading to a more rapid rate of spread; therefore, this class of spreaders needs to be screened at the earliest opportunity. In this context, there is a need for advanced health monitoring systems which can assist the pharmaceutical industry to monitor and record the health status of people. To address this need and reduce the uncertainty of the situation, this study has designed and tested an Internet of Things (IoT) and Fog computing-based multi-node architecture was for real-time initial screening and recording of such subjects. The proposed system was able to record current body temperature and location coordinates along with the facial images. Further, the proposed system was able to transmit data to a cloud database using internet-connected services. An implementation and reviews-based working environment analysis was conducted to determine the efficacy of the proposed system. It was observed from the statistical analysis that the proposed IoT Fog-enabled ecosystem could be utilized efficiently. metadata Khullar, Vikas and Singh, Harjit Pal and Miró Vera, Yini Airet and Anand, Divya and Mohamed, Heba G. and Gupta, Deepali and Kumar, Navdeep and Goyal, Nitin mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, yini.miro@uneatlantico.es, divya.anand@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED (2022) IoT Fog-Enabled Multi-Node Centralized Ecosystem for Real Time Screening and Monitoring of Health Information. Applied Sciences, 12 (19). p. 9845. ISSN 2076-3417

Article Subjects > Engineering Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Universidad Internacional do Cuanza > Research > Scientific Production
Abierto Inglés Education 4.0 imitates Industry 4.0 in many aspects such as technology, customs, challenges, and benefits. The remarkable advancement in embryonic technologies, including IoT (Internet of Things), Fog Computing, Cloud Computing, and Augmented and Virtual Reality (AR/VR), polishes every dimension of Industry 4.0. The constructive impacts of Industry 4.0 are also replicated in Education 4.0. Real-time assessment, irregularity detection, and alert generation are some of the leading necessities of Education 4.0. Conspicuously, this study proposes a reliable assessment, irregularity detection, and alert generation framework for Education 4.0. The proposed framework correspondingly addresses the comparable issues of Industry 4.0. The proposed study (1) recommends the use of IoT, Fog, and Cloud Computing, i.e., IFC technological integration for the implementation of Education 4.0. Subsequently, (2) the Symbolic Aggregation Approximation (SAX), Kalman Filter, and Learning Bayesian Network (LBN) are deployed for data pre-processing and classification. Further, (3) the assessment, irregularity detection, and alert generation are accomplished over SoTL (the set of threshold limits) and the Multi-Layered Bi-Directional Long Short-Term Memory (M-Bi-LSTM)-based predictive model. To substantiate the proposed framework, experimental simulations are implemented. The experimental outcomes substantiate the better performance of the proposed framework, in contrast to the other contemporary technologies deployed for the enactment of Education 4.0 metadata Verma, Anil and Anand, Divya and Singh, Aman and Vij, Rishika and Alharbi, Abdullah and Alshammari, Majid and Ortega-Mansilla, Arturo mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, aman.singh@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, arturo.ortega@uneatlantico.es (2022) IoT-Inspired Reliable Irregularity-Detection Framework for Education 4.0 and Industry 4.0. Electronics, 11 (9). p. 1436. ISSN 2079-9292

Article Subjects > Biomedicine Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Cerrado Inglés Yersiniosis, caused by the fish pathogen Yersinia ruckeri, is a serious bacterial septicaemia affecting mainly salmonids worldwide. The acute infection may result in high mortality without apparent external disease signs, while the chronic one causes moderate to considerable mortality. Survivors of yersiniosis outbreaks become carriers. Y. ruckeri is able to adhere to, and to invade, phagocytic and non-phagocytic fish cells by using unknown molecular mechanisms. The aim of this study was to describe the kinetics of cell invasion by Y. ruckeri serotype O1 biotype 1 in a fish cell line (RTG-2) originating from rainbow trout gonads. The efficiency of invasion by Y. ruckeri was found to be temperature dependent, having a maximum at 20 °C. The bacterium was able to survive up to 96 h postinfection. The incubation of the cells at 4 °C and the pre-incubation of the bacteria with sugars or heat-inactivated antiserum significantly decreased the efficiency of invasion or even completely prevented the invasion of RTG-2 cells. These findings indicate that Y. ruckeri is capable of adhering to, entering and surviving within non-phagocytic cells, and that the intracellular environment may constitute a suitable niche for this pathogen that can favour the spread of infection and/or the maintenance of a carrier state of fish. metadata Padilla, Daniel and Acosta Hernández, Begoña and Ramos Vivas, Jose and Déniz, Soraya and Rosario, Inmaculada and Martín Barrasa, José Luís and Henao, Andrés sánchez and Silva Sergent, Freddy and Ramos Sosa, María josé and García Álvarez, Natalia and Real, Fernando mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, jose.ramos@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED (2022) Kinetics of the invasion of a non-phagocytic fish cell line, RTG-2 by Yersinia ruckeri serotype O1 biotype 1. Acta Veterinaria Hungarica. ISSN 0236-6290

Book Section Subjects > Social Sciences Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Español OBJETIVOS: ‒ Estudiar los principios y fundamentos que rigen la ética deontológica de Kant y la ética teleológica de Aristóteles. ‒ Analizar las convergencias y divergencias entre ambas vertientes éticas desde la participación hermenéutica platónica. ‒ Proponer de un híbrido en el que ambas vertientes éticas tengan cabida a través del concepto platónico de «participación» entre ambas. metadata Quijano-Peña, Paula mail paula.quijano@uneatlantico.es (2022) La dicotomía ética entre la deontología frente a la teleología. In: Pensar el poder: derechos humanos y herramientas comunicativas. Dykinson, Madrid, pp. 439-446. ISBN 978-84-1122-080-4

Article Subjects > Social Sciences Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Español Actualmente, la figura del gestor de proyectos de traducción continúa siendo una gran desconocida para gran parte de los recién egresados del Grado de Traducción e Interpretación en España. No obstante y, debido al auge del sector y del gran volumen de traducciones del mercado, esta figura resulta cada vez más necesaria. Por ello, se ha convertido recientemente en una de las principales salidas dentro del mercado laboral de este sector, aunque sus funciones y competencias siguen siendo, en ocasiones, desconocidas para las nuevas generaciones de traductores. Esto podría deberse, principalmente, al hecho de que debido a la limitación en tiempo y en créditos ETCS a la que están sujetos los vigentes planes de estudio en el Grado de Traducción e Interpretación en España, en donde la formación con respecto a la gestión de proyectos queda relevada, en ocasiones, a un segundo plano. En el presente artículo se muestran los resultados obtenidos de una encuesta distribuida entre 41 egresados de dicho grado que ejercen o han ejercido como gestores para comprobar hasta qué punto disponen de las competencias y conocimientos necesarios para ejercer como tal. Finalmente, se analiza la oferta vigente en esta materia, tanto dentro de los planes de estudio del Grado de Traducción e Interpretación, como de posgrado en las universidades españolas para determinar si, en caso de existir carencias a este respecto, podrían estas ser suplidas a posteriori. metadata Quijano-Peña, Paula mail paula.quijano@uneatlantico.es (2022) La gestión de proyectos de traducción: una tarea pendiente en los planes de estudio del Grado en Traducción e Interpretación en España. Hikma, 21 (2). pp. 287-319. ISSN 1579-9794

Article Subjects > Social Sciences Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Español No cabe duda de que la literatura es un instrumento de gran utilidad para compilar y preservar todo el conocimiento que existe a lo largo de la historia en cualquiera de sus géneros y subgéneros literarios, desde la poesía, dentro del género lírico, hasta los cuentos, dentro del narrativo. Como ya señalaron otros autores germanos, tales como los Hermanos Grimm, los cuentos son testimonios esenciales a la hora de entender la configuración de las sociedades en épocas pasadas, desde su acervo cultural hasta su tradición, lo que incluye la forma de percibir la religión y su presencia explícita o implícita en ellas. Por ende, el objetivo de este trabajo es arrojar luz sobre la presencia de la religión cristiana en la sociedad austriaca del siglo XIX a través de la traducción de dos cuentos de Stifter (“Die Barmherzigkeit” (La misericordia) y “Der Tod einer Jungfrau” (Muerte de una joven)) y analizar su repercusión: hasta qué punto la religión interfiere e influye en el comportamiento de los personajes y cómo Dios puede ser representado directa o indirectamente en la literatura. metadata Quijano-Peña, Paula mail paula.quijano@uneatlantico.es (2022) La percepción de la religión cristiana en la sociedad austríaca del s. XIX a través de dos cuentos de Stifter. Revista Internacional de Religión y Espiritualidad en la Sociedad, 4 (2). pp. 15-28. ISSN 2689-3053

Article Subjects > Communication Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Español El aumento de la desigualdad derivada de las políticas económicas desarrolladas para combatir la crisis financiera de 2008 ha sido un tema recurrente en la agenda mediática mundial. Por lo tanto, cuando en marzo de 2020 el mundo se paralizó debido a la pandemia por el coronavirus, muchas voces se alzaron reclamando políticas más solidarias que frenasen el aumento de las brechas presentes en la sociedad. El objetivo de este estudio es explicar la relevancia otorgada por los medios españoles a la relación que se establece entre desigualdad y el coronavirus, dentro del actual sistema híbrido de medios, en el que los temas pueden desarrollarse desde la perspectiva de nuevos actores, en nuevos espacios mediáticos y, por ende, desde nuevas lógicas de producción periodística. Para ello, se analizan los relatos periodísticos publicados por seis cibermedios españoles a lo largo del primer año de la pandemia. Así, se ha podido medir la evolución de la relevancia del tema en las agendas mediáticas ay el peso del condicionante ideológico en su desarrollo. Los resultados muestran cómo, tras un primer momento de apogeo del tema, su relevancia decrece con el paso del tiempo, aunque la desigualdad seguirá presente en los productos periodísticos. Asimismo, se constata cómo la ideología del medio influencia en la cobertura que se hace del tema y el aprovechamiento de las nuevas oportunidades del entorno digital. metadata Odriozola-Chéné, Javier and Pérez Arozamena, Rosa mail javier.odriozola@uneatlantico.es, rosa.perez@uneatlantico.es (2022) La relevancia de la desigualdad en los cibermedios españoles en un año de pandemia. Cuadernos.info (52). pp. 136-159.

Article Subjects > Psychology Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés, Español Desde 1991, cuando los NIH reconocieron la cirugía bariátrica como el tratamiento más efectivo para la obesidad mórbida, el número de estos procedimientos no ha dejado de crecer. El psicólogo es una parte fundamental de este equipo multidisciplinar, y la terapia cognitivo conductual ha sido la rama más utilizada por estos profesionales. Sin embargo, se observa una gran variedad de tácticas y recursos de TCC aplicados a los pacientes de cirugía bariátrica, y el objetivo de este trabajo es clarificar la efectividad de los diferentes recursos e identificar patrones centrados en estos pacientes. El método empleado consiste en una revisión sistemática de estudios científicos de TCC para pacientes de cirugía bariátrica. Los resultados fueron el análisis comparativo de estrategias de atención individual, grupal y a distancia, factores de éxito y no éxito en las diferentes modalidades y análisis de los efectos de las comorbilidades psicológicas asociadas a la obesidad en el pronóstico de la cirugía. Las estrategias de TCC presentaron diferentes beneficios entre sí; para una correcta elección de estos recursos, se deben tener en cuenta de modo continuado e individual algunas variables, como la comorbilidad psicológica del paciente, su entorno social, autoestima y capacidad de adaptarse al postoperatorio. Igual de importante que la elección de la estrategia es respetar el tiempo y el período de terapia a lo largo del contexto quirúrgico. metadata Borrello, Priscila Deorato mail UNSPECIFIED (2022) Las estrategias de la terapia cognitivo conductual (TCC) para pacientes de cirugía bariátrica: revisión sistemática. MLS Psychology Research, 5 (1). pp. 61-79. ISSN 2605-5295

Article Subjects > Biomedicine Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés Nuclear envelope integrity is essential for compartmentalisation of nucleus and cytoplasm. Importantly, mutations in nuclear envelope-encoding genes are the second-highest cause of familial dilated cardiomyopathy. One such nuclear envelope protein that causes cardiomyopathy in humans and affects mouse heart development is Lem2. However, its role in mechanically active tissue such as heart remains poorly understood. We generated mice in which Lem2 was specifically ablated in cardiomyocytes and carried out detailed physiological, tissue and cellular analyses. Importantly, our data showed that Lem2 was essential for cardiac development, and hearts from Lem2 cKO mice were morphologically and transcriptionally underdeveloped. Lem2 cKO hearts displayed high levels of DNA damage, nuclear rupture, and apoptosis. Crucially, we found that these defects were driven by muscle contraction as they were ameliorated by inhibiting myosin contraction and conversely were exacerbated upon myosin activation. Our data suggest that Lem2 is critical for integrity at the nascent nuclear envelope in fetal hearts, and protects the nucleus from the mechanical forces of muscle contraction. Taken together, these data provide novel insight into mechanisms underlying striated muscle diseases caused by altered nuclear envelope integrity. metadata Ross, Jacob A. and Arcos-Villacis, Nathaly and Battey, Edmund and Boogerd, Cornelis and Marhuenda, Emilie and Hodzic, Didier and Prin, Fabrice and Mohun, Tim and Catibog, Norman and Tapia Martínez, Olga and Gerace, Larry and Iskratsch, Thomas and Shah, Ajay M. and Stroud, Matthew J. mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, olga.tapia@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED (2022) Lem2 is essential for cardiac development by maintaining nuclear integrity. bioRxiv. (Unpublished)

Article Subjects > Engineering Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Abierto Inglés Remarkable progress in the Internet of Things (IoT) and the requirements in the Industrial era have raised new constraints of industrial data where huge data are gathered by heterogeneous devices. Recently, Industry 4.0 has attracted attention in various fields of industries such as medicines, automobiles, logistics, etc. However, every field is suffering from some threats and vulnerabilities. In this paper, a new model is proposed for detecting different types of attacks and it is analyzed with a deep learning technique, i.e., classifier-Convolution Neural Network and Long Short-Term Memory. The UNSW NB 15 dataset is used for the classification of various attacks in the field of Industry 4.0 for providing security and protection to the different types of sensors used for heterogeneous data. The proposed model achieves the results using Cortex processors, a 1.2 GHz processor, and four gigabytes of RAM. The attack detection model is written in Python 3.8.8 and Keras. Keras constructs the model using layers of Convolutional, Max Pooling, and Dense Layers. The model is trained using 250 batch size, 60 epochs, 10 classes. For this model, the activation functions are Relu and softmax pooling. metadata Anand, Ankita and Rani, Shalli and Singh, Aman and Elkamchouchi, Dalia H. and Delgado Noya, Irene mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, aman.singh@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, irene.delgado@uneatlantico.es (2022) Lightweight Hybrid Deep Learning Architecture and Model for Security in IIOT. Applied Sciences, 12 (13). p. 6442. ISSN 2076-3417

Article Subjects > Engineering Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Universidad Internacional do Cuanza > Research > Scientific Production
Abierto Inglés Internet of Things (IoT) systems incorporate a multitude of resource-limited devices typically interconnected over Low Power and Lossy Networks (LLNs). Robust IP-based network routing among such constrained IoT devices can be effectively realized using the IPv6 Routing Protocol for LLN (RPL) which is an IETF-standardized protocol. The RPL design features a topology maintenance mechanism based on a version numbering system. However, such a design property makes it easy to initiate Version Number (VN) attacks targeting the stability, lifetime, and performance of RPL networks. Thus the wide deployment of RPL-based IoT networks would be hindered significantly unless internal routing attacks such as the VN attacks are efficiently addressed. In this research work, a lightweight and effective detection and mitigation solution against RPL VN attacks is introduced. With simple modifications to the RPL functionality, a collaborative and distributed security scheme is incorporated into the protocol design (referred to as CDRPL). As the experimental results indicated, it provides a secure and scalable solution enhancing the resilience of the protocol against simple and composite VN attacks in different experimental setups. CDRPL guaranteed fast and accurate attack detection as well as quick topology convergence upon any attack attempt. It also efficiently maintained network stability, control traffic overhead, QoS performance, and energy consumption during different scenarios of the VN attack. Compared to other similar approaches, CDRPL yields better performance results with lightweight node-local processing, no additional entities, and less communication overhead. metadata Alsukayti, Ibrahim S. and Singh, Aman mail UNSPECIFIED, aman.singh@uneatlantico.es (2022) A Lightweight Scheme for Mitigating RPL Version Number Attacks in IoT Networks. IEEE Access, 10. pp. 111115-111133. ISSN 2169-3536

Article Subjects > Engineering Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés When we talk about the Internet of Things, we are referring to the connecting of things to a1 physical network that is embedded with software, sensors, and other devices that allow information2 to be exchanged between devices. It is possible that the interconnection of devices will present3 issues in terms of security, trustworthiness, reliability, and confidentiality, among other things.4 The proposed approach is effective at detecting intrusions into the Internet of Things network.5 Initially, the privacy-preserving technology was deployed utilising a Blockchain-based methodology6 to ensure that personal information was protected. Patients’ health records (PHR) security is the7 most crucial component of encryption over the Internet because of the value and importance of these8 records, particularly in the context of the Internet of Medical Things (IoMT). The search terms access9 mechanism is one of the most common approaches used to access personal health records from a10 database, but it is vulnerable to a number of security flaws. However, while blockchain-enabled11 healthcare systems provide increased security, they may also introduce weaknesses into the current12 state of the art. Blockchain-enabled frameworks have been proposed in the literature as a means13 of resolving those challenges. These solutions, on the other hand, are primarily concerned with14 data storage, with Blockchain serving as a database. To enable secure search and keyword-based15 access to a distributed database, this study proposes the use of blockchain technology as a distributed16 database, together with a homomorphic encryption mechanism. Aside from that, the suggested17 system includes a secure key revocation mechanism that can be used to automatically update various18 policies.As a result, our proposed approach provides greater security, efficiency, and transparency19 while also being more cost-effective. We have compared the findings of our proposed models with20 those of the benchmark models, if appropriate. Our comparison research demonstrates that our21 suggested framework provides a more secure and searchable mechanism for the healthcare system22 than the current state of the art. metadata Ali, Aitizaz and Delgado Noya, Irene and Ur Rehman, Ateeq and Ahmed, Mehmood and Singh, Aman and Anand, Divya mail UNSPECIFIED, irene.delgado@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, aman.singh@uneatlantico.es, divya.anand@uneatlantico.es (2022) A Lightweight Trust-less Authentication Framework for Massive IoT Systems [preprint]. Preprints. (Unpublished)

Article Subjects > Nutrition Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Cerrado Inglés The aim of the present work was to evaluate the in vitro effect of Manuka honey and its combination with 5-Fu, the most common drug used in the treatment of colon cancer, on the morphological and physical parameters of colonspheres enriched with cancer stem-like cells deriving from HCT-116 colon adenocarcinoma cell line and on the apoptosis rate. Manuka honey, alone and more in combination with 5-Fu, reduced the weight, the diameter and mass density of the spheroids and induced apoptosis through the downregulation of many apoptosis inhibitors, including IAPs (Livin, Survivin, XIAP), IGFs (IGF-I, IGF-II and IGF-IR) and HSPs (HSP-27, HSP-60 and HSP-70). These results led to a reduction in the survival ability of cancer stem-like cells, as well as to a chemosensitizing effect of honey towards 5-Fu, considering that apoptosis resistance is one of the main causes of cancer stem-like cells chemoresistance. metadata Cianciosi, Danila and Forbes-Hernández, Tamara Y. and Regolo, Lucia and Alvarez-Suarez, José M. and Quinzi, Denise and Sargenti, Azzurra and Bai, Weibin and Tian, Lingmin and Giampieri, Francesca and Battino, Maurizio mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, francesca.giampieri@uneatlantico.es, maurizio.battino@uneatlantico.es (2022) Manuka honey in combination with 5-Fluorouracil decreases physical parameters of colonspheres enriched with cancer stem-like cells and reduces their resistance to apoptosis. Food Chemistry, 374. p. 131753. ISSN 03088146

Book Section Subjects > Nutrition Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Cerrado Inglés Obesity and metabolic syndrome, two of the major public health challenges worldwide, are characterized by a state of chronic inflammation, with the abnormal production of inflammatory cytokines and the prolonged activation of inflammatory pathways, responsible for the development and the complications of these pathologies. A fruitful strategy to decrease the chronic state of inflammation could be the adoption of a healthy diet, of which berries, enriched with well-known antioxidant and anti-inflammatory bioactive compounds, should be an important part. The aim of this chapter is to present the main results obtained from in vitro and animal studies, describing the effects of the main common consumed berries (blueberry, raspberry, strawberry, blackcurrant, and blackberry) on chronic inflammation related to obesity and metabolic syndrome, trying to elucidate the main molecular pathways involved in the beneficial effects of these berries. The human evidence is instead discussed in more detail in Chapter 11. metadata Giampieri, Francesca and Cianciosi, Danila and Ansary, J. and Forbes-Hernandez, T. Y. and Alvarez-Suarez, J. M. and Battino, M. mail francesca.giampieri@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED (2022) Mechanisms of Action of Berry Bioactives on Obesity-induced Inflammation (Chapter 12). In: Berries and Berry Bioactive Compounds in Promoting Health. Royal Society of Chemistry, pp. 335-365. ISBN 978-1-83916-216-9

Article Subjects > Biomedicine
Subjects > Nutrition
Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Cerrado Inglés Ocimum basilicum and Ocimum tenuiflorum are two basil species widely used medicinally as an anti-inflammatory, antimicrobial and cardioprotective agent. This study focuses on the chemical characterization of the majoritarian compounds of both species and their anti-inflammatory potential. Up to 22 compounds such as various types of salvianolic acids, derivatives of rosmaniric acid and flavones were identified in both plants. The identified compounds were very similar between both plants and are consistent with previous finding in other studies in Portugal and Italy. Based on the identified molecules a consensus target prediction was carried out. Among the main predicted target proteins, we found a high representation of the carbonic anhydrase family (CA2, CA7 and CA12) and several key proteins from the arachidonic pathway (LOX5, PLA2, COX1 and COX2). Both pathways are well related to inflammation. The interaction between the compounds and these targets were explored through molecular docking and molecular dynamics simulation. Our results suggest that some molecules present in both plants can induce an anti-inflammatory response through a non-steroidal mechanism of action connected to the carbon dioxide metabolism. metadata Beltrán-Noboa, Andrea and Proaño-Ojeda, John and Guevara, Mabel and Gallo, Blanca and Berrueta, Luis A. and Giampieri, Francesca and Perez-Castillo, Yunierkis and Battino, Maurizio and Álvarez-Suarez, José M. and Tejera, Eduardo mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, francesca.giampieri@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, maurizio.battino@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED (2022) Metabolomic profile and computational analysis for the identification of the potential anti-inflammatory mechanisms of action of the traditional medicinal plants Ocimum basilicum and Ocimum tenuiflorum. Food and Chemical Toxicology, 164. p. 113039. ISSN 02786915

Article Subjects > Engineering Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Abierto Inglés 5G has been launched in a few countries of the world, so now all focus shifted towards the development of future 6G networks. 5G has connected all aspects of society. Ubiquitous connectivity has opened the doors for more data sharing. Although 5G is providing low latency, higher data rates, and high-speed yet there are some security-related vulnerabilities. Those security issues need to be mitigated for securing 6G networks from existing challenges. Classical cryptography will not remain enough for securing the 6G network. As all classical cryptography can be disabled with the help of quantum mechanics. Therefore, in the place of traditional security solutions, in this article, we have reviewed all the existing quantum solutions of 5G existing security issues to mitigate them and secure 6G in a Future Quantum World. metadata Mangla, Cherry and Rani, Shalli and Faseeh Qureshi, Nawab Muhammad and Singh, Aman mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, aman.singh@uneatlantico.es (2022) Mitigating 5G security challenges for next-gen industry using quantum computing. Journal of King Saud University - Computer and Information Sciences. ISSN 13191578

Article Subjects > Engineering Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Abierto Inglés Electroporation is a next generation bioelectronics device. The emerging application of electroporation requires high voltage pulses having a pulse-width in the nanosecond range. The essential use of a capacitor results in an increase in the size of the electroporator circuit. This paper discusses the modification of a conventional Marx generator circuit to achieve the high voltage electroporation pulses with a minimal chip size of the circuit. The reduced capacitors are attributed to a reduction in the number of stages used to achieve the required voltage boost. The paper proposes the improved isolation between two capacitors with the usage of optocouplers. Parametric analysis is presented to define the tuneable range of the electroporator circuit. The output voltage of 49.4 V is achieved using the proposed 5-stage MOSFET circuit with an input voltage of 12 V. metadata Ganesan, Selvakumar and Ghosh, Debarshi and Taneja, Ashu and Saluja, Nitin and Rani, Shalli and Singh, Aman and Elkamchouchi, Dalia H. and Delgado Noya, Irene mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, aman.singh@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, irene.delgado@uneatlantico.es (2022) A Modified Marx Generator Circuit with Enhanced Tradeoff between Voltage and Pulse Width for Electroporation Applications. Electronics, 11 (13). p. 2013. ISSN 2079-9292

Article Subjects > Biomedicine Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Abierto Inglés Hafnia alvei is receiving increasing attention from both a medical and veterinary point of view, but the diversity of molecules it produces has made the interest in this bacterium extend to the field of probiotics, the microbiota, and above all, to its presence and action on consumer foods. The production of Acyl Homoserine Lactones (AHLs), a type of quorum-sensing (QS) signaling molecule, is the most often-studied chemical signaling molecule in Gram-negative bacteria. H. alvei can use this communication mechanism to promote the expression of certain enzymatic activities in fermented foods, where this bacterium is frequently present. H. alvei also produces a series of molecules involved in the modification of the organoleptic properties of different products, especially cheeses, where it shares space with other microorganisms. Although some strains of this species are implicated in infections in humans, many produce antibacterial compounds, such as bacteriocins, that inhibit the growth of true pathogens, so the characterization of these molecules could be very interesting from the point of view of clinical medicine and the food industry. Lastly, in some cases, H. alvei is responsible for the production of biogenic amines or other compounds of special interest in food health. In this article, we will review the most interesting molecules that produce the H. alvei strains and will discuss some of their properties, both from the point of view of their biological activity on other microorganisms and the properties of different food matrices in which this bacterium usually thrives. metadata Ramos Vivas, Jose and Tapia Martínez, Olga and Elexpuru Zabaleta, Maria and Tutusaus, Kilian and Armas Diaz, Yasmany and Battino, Maurizio and Giampieri, Francesca mail jose.ramos@uneatlantico.es, olga.tapia@uneatlantico.es, maria.elexpuru@uneatlantico.es, kilian.tutusaus@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, maurizio.battino@uneatlantico.es, francesca.giampieri@uneatlantico.es (2022) The Molecular Weaponry Produced by the Bacterium Hafnia alvei in Foods. Molecules, 27 (17). p. 5585. ISSN 1420-3049

Article Subjects > Nutrition Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Cerrado Inglés As the number of older people has grown in recent decades, the search for new approaches to manage or delay aging is also growing. Among the modifiable factors, diet plays a crucial role in healthy aging and in the prevention of age-related diseases. Thus, the interest in the use of foods, which are rich in bioactive compounds such as functional foods with anti-aging effects is a growing market. This review summarizes the current knowledge about the molecular mechanisms of action of foods considered as functional foods in aging, namely berries, curcumin, and virgin olive oil. Moreover, honey is also analyzed as a food with well-known healthy benefits, but which has not been deeply evaluated from the point of view of aging. The effects of these foods on aging are analyzed from the point of view of molecular mechanisms including oxidative stress, mitochondrial dysfunction, inflammation, genomic stability, telomere attrition, cellular senescence, and deregulated nutrient-sensing. A comprehensive study of the scientific literature shows that the aforementioned foods have demonstrated positive effects on certain aspects of aging, which might justify their use as functional foods in elderly. However, more research is needed, especially in humans, designed to understand in depth the mechanisms of action through which they act. metadata Navarro-Hortal, María D. and Romero-Márquez, Jose M. and Jiménez-Trigo, Victoria and Xiao, Jianbo and Giampieri, Francesca and Forbes-Hernández, Tamara Y. and Grosso, Giuseppe and Battino, Maurizio and Sánchez-González, Cristina and Quiles, José L. mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, francesca.giampieri@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, maurizio.battino@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, jose.quiles@uneatlantico.es (2022) Molecular bases for the use of functional foods in the management of healthy aging: Berries, curcumin, virgin olive oil and honey; three realities and a promise. Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition. pp. 1-20. ISSN 1040-8398

Article Subjects > Engineering Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Universidad Internacional do Cuanza > Research > Scientific Production
Abierto Inglés The world population is on the rise, which demands higher food production. The reduction in the amount of land under cultivation due to urbanization makes this more challenging. The solution to this problem lies in the artificial cultivation of crops. IoT and sensors play an important role in optimizing the artificial cultivation of crops. The selection of sensors is important in order to ensure a better quality and yield in an automated artificial environment. There are many challenges involved in selecting sensors due to the highly competitive market. This paper provides a novel approach to sensor selection for saffron cultivation in an IoT-based environment. The crop used in this study is saffron due to the reason that much less research has been conducted on its hydroponic cultivation using sensors and its huge economic impact. A detailed hardware-based framework, the growth cycle of the crop, along with all the sensors, and the block layout used for saffron cultivation in a hydroponic medium are provided. The important parameters for a hydroponic medium, such as the concentration of nutrients and flow rate required, are discussed in detail. This paper is the first of its kind to explain the sensor configurations, performance metrics, and sensor-based saffron cultivation model. The paper discusses different metrics related to the selection, use and role of sensors in different IoT-based saffron cultivation practices. A smart hydroponic setup for saffron cultivation is proposed. The results of the model are evaluated using the AquaCrop simulator. The simulator is used to evaluate the value of performance metrics such as the yield, harvest index, water productivity, and biomass. The values obtained provide better results as compared to natural cultivation. metadata Kour, Kanwalpreet and Gupta, Deepali and Gupta, Kamali and Anand, Divya and Elkamchouchi, Dalia H. and Mazas Pérez-Oleaga, Cristina and Ibrahim, Muhammad and Goyal, Nitin mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, divya.anand@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, cristina.mazas@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED (2022) Monitoring Ambient Parameters in the IoT Precision Agriculture Scenario: An Approach to Sensor Selection and Hydroponic Saffron Cultivation. Sensors, 22 (22). p. 8905. ISSN 1424-8220

Article Subjects > Biomedicine
Subjects > Engineering
Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Fundación Universitaria Internacional de Colombia > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Universidad Internacional do Cuanza > Research > Scientific Production
Abierto Inglés Mobility and low energy consumption are considered the main requirements for wireless body area sensor networks (WBASN) used in healthcare monitoring systems (HMS). In HMS, battery-powered sensor nodes with limited energy are used to obtain vital statistics about the body. Hence, energy-efficient schemes are desired to maintain long-term and steady connectivity of the sensor nodes. A sheer amount of energy is consumed in activities such as idle listening, excessive transmission and reception of control messages, packet collisions and retransmission of packets, and poor path selection, that may lead to more energy consumption. A combination of adaptive scheduling with an energy-efficient protocol can help select an appropriate path at a suitable time to minimize the control overhead, energy consumption, packet collision, and excessive idle listening. This paper proposes a region-based energy-efficient multipath routing (REMR) approach that divides the entire sensor network into clusters with preferably multiple candidates to represent each cluster. The cluster representatives (CRs) route packets through various clusters. For routing, the energy requirement of each route is considered, and the path with minimum energy requirements is selected. Similarly, end-to-end delay, higher throughput, and packet-delivery ratio are considered for packet routing. metadata Akbar, Shuja and Mehdi, Muhammad Mohsin and Jamal, M. Hasan and Raza, Imran and Hussain, Syed Asad and Breñosa, Jose and Martínez Espinosa, Julio César and Pascual Barrera, Alina Eugenia and Ashraf, Imran mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, josemanuel.brenosa@uneatlantico.es, ulio.martinez@unini.edu.mx, alina.pascual@unini.edu.mx, UNSPECIFIED (2022) Multipath Routing in Wireless Body Area Sensor Network for Healthcare Monitoring. Healthcare, 10 (11). p. 2297. ISSN 2227-9032

Article Subjects > Engineering Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Abierto Inglés This is an effort to analyze the reaction of stock prices of Indian public and private banks listed in NSE and BSE to the announcement of seven best case news events. Several recent studies have analyzed the correlation between stock prices and news announcements; however, there is no evidence on how private and public sector Indian bank stocks react to important news events independently. We examine these features by concentrating on a sample of banking and government news events. We classify these news events to create a group of negative and a group of positive tone of announcements (sentiments). The statistical results show that the negative banking news announcements had a one-month impact on private banks, with statistically significant negative mean CARs. However, with highly statistically substantial negative mean CARs, the influence of the negative banking news announcements on public banks was observed for two months after the news was published. Furthermore, the influence of the positive banking news on private banks persisted a month after the news was published. Positive banking news events had an influence on public banks for five days after they were published. The study concludes that public bank stocks react more to negative news announcements than positive news announcements in the same manner as the sentimental polarity of the news announcements as compared to private bank stocks. First, we retrieved the news articles published in prominent online financial news portals between 2017 and 2020, and the seven major news events were extracted and classified using multi-class text classification. The Random Forest classifier produced a significant accuracy of 94% with pre-trained embeddings of DistilBERT, a neural network model, which outperformed the traditional feature representation technique, TF-IDF. The training data for the classifier were balanced using the SMOTE sampling technique metadata Dogra, Varun and Alharithi, Fahd S. and Álvarez, Roberto Marcelo and Singh, Aman and Qahtani, Abdulrahman M. mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, roberto.alvarez@uneatlantico.es, aman.singh@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED (2022) NLP-Based Application for Analyzing Private and Public Banks Stocks Reaction to News Events in the Indian Stock Exchange. Systems, 10 (6). p. 233. ISSN 2079-8954

Article Subjects > Psychology Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés Bipolar disorder (BD) is associated with systemic toxicity, represented by changes in biomarkers associated with mood episodes, leading to neurological damage, which may reflect cognitive functions and functionality and the progression of the disease. We aimed to analyze the effect of four biomarkers, superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase (CAT), glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px), and thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBA-RS), related to oxidative stress in BD and to correlate them with cognitive functions and functionality. We studied 50 bipolar types I/II patients in the euthymic phase, which was divided into two subgroups with 25 patients each (≤ 3 years and ≥ 10 years of diagnosis, from the first episode of mania) and 25 control patients. To analyze frontal cognitive functions and functionality, we used the Frontal Assessment Battery (FAB) and Functioning Assessment Short Test (FAST) tests, respectively. The scores of the FAST and FAB tests showed an increase and decrease respectively, in both bipolar groups, when compared to the control group, demonstrating impairment in cognitive functions and functionality since the disease onset. In addition, changes occurred in all six domains of the FAST test, and in four domains of the FAB test in bipolar patients when compared to the control group. Regarding oxidative stress biomarkers, we did not find changes in SOD and GSH-Px activities; however, a significant increase in CAT activity and lipid peroxidation was observed in both groups, although the patients were euthymic and medicated. These results allow us to raise the hypothesis that since the beginning of the disease, the euthymic bipolar patient has presented a level of oxidative stress, which gets worse with the evolution of the disease, promoting impairments in the frontal cognitive functions and functionality gradually. metadata Lima, Daniela Delwing-de and Cyrino, Luiz Arthur Rangel and Ferreira, Gabriela Kozuchovski and Magro, Débora Delwing Dal and Calegari, Claudia Regina and Cabral, Heloisi and Cavichioli, Natalia and Ramos, Silvia Aparecida and Ullmann, Oliver Matheus and Mayer, Yasmin and Pscheidt, Luana Carla and Schramm, Maria Augusta and Tomasi, Maria Cecília and Stammerjohann, Felipe Luis Schmoller and Delmonego, Larissa and Packer, Maria Helena and Fiamoncini, Heloiza mail UNSPECIFIED (2022) Neuroinflammation and neuroprogression produced by oxidative stress in euthymic bipolar patients with different onset disease times. Scientific Reports, 12 (1). ISSN 2045-2322

Article Subjects > Biomedicine Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés Background Recent advances from studies of graphene and graphene-based derivatives have highlighted the great potential of these nanomaterials as migrastatic agents with the ability to modulate tumor microenvironments. Nevertheless, the administration of graphene nanomaterials in suspensions in vivo is controversial. As an alternative approach, herein, we report the immobilization of high concentrations of graphene nanoplatelets in polyacrylonitrile film substrates (named PAN/G10) and evaluate their potential use as migrastatic agents on cancer cells. Results Breast cancer MCF7 cells cultured on PAN/G10 substrates presented features resembling mesenchymal-to-epithelial transition, e.g., (i) inhibition of migratory activity; (ii) activation of the expression of E-cadherin, cytokeratin 18, ZO-1 and EpCAM, four key molecular markers of epithelial differentiation; (iii) formation of adherens junctions with clustering and adhesion of cancer cells in aggregates or islets, and (iv) reorganization of the actin cytoskeleton resulting in a polygonal cell shape. Remarkably, assessment with Raman spectroscopy revealed that the above-mentioned events were produced when MCF7 cells were preferentially located on top of graphene-rich regions of the PAN/G10 substrates. Conclusions The present data demonstrate the capacity of these composite substrates to induce an epithelial-like differentiation in MCF7 breast cancer cells, resulting in a migrastatic effect without any chemical agent-mediated signaling. Future works will aim to thoroughly evaluate the mechanisms of how PAN/G10 substrates trigger these responses in cancer cells and their potential use as antimetastatics for the treatment of solid cancers. metadata Diban, Nazely and Mantecón-Oria, Marián and Berciano, María T. and Puente-Bedia, Alba and Rivero, María J. and Urtiaga, Ane and Lafarga, Miguel and Tapia Martínez, Olga mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, olga.tapia@uneatlantico.es (2022) Non-homogeneous dispersion of graphene in polyacrylonitrile substrates induces a migrastatic response and epithelial-like differentiation in MCF7 breast cancer cells. Cancer Nanotechnology, 13 (1). ISSN 1868-6958

Article Subjects > Engineering Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Abierto Inglés The standard optimization of open-pit mine design and production scheduling, which is impacted by a variety of factors, is an essential part of mining activities. The metal uncertainty, which is connected to supply uncertainty, is a crucial component in optimization. To address uncertainties regarding the economic value of mining blocks and the general problem of mine design optimization, a minimum-cut network flow algorithm is employed to give the optimal ultimate pit limits and pushback designs under uncertainty. A structure that is computationally effective and can manage the joint presentation and treatment of the economic values of mining blocks under various circumstances is created by the push re-label minimum-cut technique. In this study, the algorithm is put to the test using a copper deposit and shows similarities to other stochastic optimizers for mine planning that have already been created. Higher possibilities of reaching predicted production targets are created by the algorithm’s earlier selection of more certain blocks with blocks of high value. Results show that, in comparison to a conventional approach using the same algorithm, the cumulative metal output is larger when the uncertainty in the metal content is taken into consideration. There is also an additional 10% gain in net present value. metadata Joshi, Devendra and Ali Albahar, Marwan and Chithaluru, Premkumar and Singh, Aman and Yadav, Arvind and Miró Vera, Yini Airet mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, aman.singh@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, yini.miro@uneatlantico.es (2022) A Novel Approach to Integrating Uncertainty into a Push Re-Label Network Flow Algorithm for Pit Optimization. Mathematics, 10 (24). p. 4803. ISSN 2227-7390

Article Subjects > Engineering Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Universidad Internacional do Cuanza > Research > Scientific Production
Abierto Inglés Coronavirus (COVID-19) has impacted nearly every person across the globe either in terms of losses of life or as of lockdown. The current coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic is a rare/special situation where people can express their feelings on Internet-based social networks. Social media is emerging as the biggest platform in recent years where people spend most of their time expressing themselves and their emotions. This research is based on gathering data from Twitter and analyzing the behavior of the people during the COVID-19 lockdown. The research is based on the logic expressed by people in this perspective and emotions for the suffering of COVID-19 and lockdown. In this research, we have used a Long Short-Term Memory (LSTM) network model with Convolutional Neural Network using Keras python deep-learning library to determine whether social media platform users are depressed in terms of positive, negative, or neutral emotional out bust based on their Twitter posts. The results showed that the model has 88.14% accuracy (representation of the correct prediction over the test dataset) after 10 epochs which most tweets showed had neutral polarity. The evaluation shows interesting results in positive (1), negative (–1), and neutral (0) emotions through different visualization. metadata Dumka, Ankur and Verma, Parag and Singh, Rajesh and Kumar Bisht, Anil and Anand, Divya and Moaiteq Aljahdali, Hani and Delgado Noya, Irene and Aparicio Obregón, Silvia mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, divya.anand@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, irene.delgado@uneatlantico.es, silvia.aparicio@uneatlantico.es (2022) A Novel Deep Learning Based Healthcare Model for COVID-19 Pandemic Stress Analysis. Computers, Materials & Continua, 72 (3). pp. 6029-6044. ISSN 1546-2226

Article Subjects > Engineering Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Abierto Inglés Fog-assisted and IoT-enabled smart healthcare system with rapid response rates is the major area of concern now a days. Dynamic and heterogeneous fog networks are difficult to manage and a considerable amount of overhead could be realized while managing ever increasing load on foglets. Fog computing plays a vital role in managing ever increasing processing demands from diverse IoT-based applications. Smart healthcare systems work with the assistance of sensor-based devices and automatic data collection and processing can speed up overall system functionality. In the proposed work, a novel framework for smart health care is presented where a series of activities are performed with prime objective of reducing latency and execution time. Principal component analysis is used for feature reduction and support vector machines with radial basis function kernel is used for classification purpose. Workload optimization on the fog nodes is implemented using genetic algorithm. Data collection process also involves preprocessing as a leading step for generating cleaner data. Amalgamation of intelligent and optimization techniques in the presented framework certainly improves the efficiency of the overall system. Experimental results reveal that proposed work outperforms the existing fog-assisted smart healthcare systems in terms of latency, execution time, overall system accuracy, and system stability. metadata Abdellatif, Ahmed A. H. and Singh, Aman and Aldribi, Abdulaziz and Ortega-Mansilla, Arturo and Ibrahim, Muhammad and Rehman, Ateeq Ur mail UNSPECIFIED, aman.singh@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, arturo.ortega@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED (2022) A Novel Framework for Fog-Assisted Smart Healthcare System with Workload Optimization. Computational Intelligence and Neuroscience, 2022. pp. 1-12. ISSN 1687-5265

Article Subjects > Engineering Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Universidad Internacional do Cuanza > Research > Scientific Production
Abierto Inglés Traditional optimization of open pit mine design is a crucial component of mining endeavors and is influenced by many variables. The critical factor in optimization is the geological uncertainty, which relates to the ore grade. To deal with uncertainties related to the block economic values of mining blocks and the general problem of mine design optimization, under unknown conditions, the best ultimate pit limits and pushback designs are produced by a minimum cut algorithm. The push–relabel minimal cut algorithm provides a framework for computationally efficient representation and processing of the economic values of mining blocks under multiple scenarios. A sequential Gaussian simulation-based smoothing spline technique was created. To produce pushbacks, an efficient parameterized minimum cut algorithm is suggested. An analysis of Indian iron ore mining was performed. The developed mine scheduling algorithm was compared with the conventional algorithm, and the results show that when uncertainty is considered, the cumulative metal production is higher and there is an additional increase of about 5% in net present value. The results of this work help the mining industry to plan mines in such a way that can generate maximum profit from the deposits. metadata Joshi, Devendra and Chithaluru, Premkumar and Singh, Aman and Yadav, Arvind and Elkamchouchi, Dalia H. and Mazas Pérez-Oleaga, Cristina and Anand, Divya mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, aman.singh@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, cristina.mazas@uneatlantico.es, divya.anand@uneatlantico.es (2022) A Novel Large-Scale Stochastic Pushback Design Merged with a Minimum Cut Algorithm for Open Pit Mine Production Scheduling. Systems, 10 (5). p. 159. ISSN 2079-8954

Article Subjects > Biomedicine
Subjects > Engineering
Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Universidad Internacional do Cuanza > Research > Scientific Production
Abierto Inglés The prevalence of anxiety among university students is increasing, resulting in the negative impact on their academic and social (behavioral and emotional) development. In order for students to have competitive academic performance, the cognitive function should be strengthened by detecting and handling anxiety. Over a period of 6 weeks, this study examined how to detect anxiety and how Mano Shakti Yoga (MSY) helps reduce anxiety. Relying on cardiac signals, this study follows an integrated detection-estimation-reduction framework for anxiety using the Intelligent Internet of Medical Things (IIoMT) and MSY. IIoMT is the integration of Internet of Medical Things (wearable smart belt) and machine learning algorithms (Decision Tree (DT), Random Forest (RF), and AdaBoost (AB)). Sixty-six eligible students were selected as experiencing anxiety detected based on the results of self-rating anxiety scale (SAS) questionnaire and a smart belt. Then, the students were divided randomly into two groups: experimental and control. The experimental group followed an MSY intervention for one hour twice a week, while the control group followed their own daily routine. Machine learning algorithms are used to analyze the data obtained from the smart belt. MSY is an alternative improvement for the immune system that helps reduce anxiety. All the results illustrate that the experimental group reduced anxiety with a significant (p < 0.05) difference in group × time interaction compared to the control group. The intelligent techniques achieved maximum accuracy of 80% on using RF algorithm. Thus, students can practice MSY and concentrate on their objectives by improving their intelligence, attention, and memory. metadata Pal, Rishi and Adhikari, Deepak and Heyat, Md Belal Bin and Guragai, Bishal and Lipari, Vivian and Brito Ballester, Julién and De la Torre Díez, Isabel and Abbas, Zia and Lai, Dakun mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, vivian.lipari@uneatlantico.es, julien.brito@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED (2022) A Novel Smart Belt for Anxiety Detection, Classification, and Reduction Using IIoMT on Students’ Cardiac Signal and MSY. Bioengineering, 9 (12). p. 793. ISSN 2306-5354

Article Subjects > Engineering Universidad Internacional do Cuanza > Research > Scientific Production
Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Abierto Inglés Infectious Disease Prediction aims to anticipate the aspects of both seasonal epidemics and future pandemics. However, a single model will most likely not capture all the dataset’s patterns and qualities. Ensemble learning combines multiple models to obtain a single prediction that uses the qualities of each model. This study aims to develop a stacked ensemble model to accurately predict the future occurrences of infectious diseases viewed at some point in time as epidemics, namely, dengue, influenza, and tuberculosis. The main objective is to enhance the prediction performance of the proposed model by reducing prediction errors. Autoregressive integrated moving average, exponential smoothing, and neural network autoregression are applied to the disease dataset individually. The gradient boosting model combines the regress values of the above three statistical models to obtain an ensemble model. The results conclude that the forecasting precision of the proposed stacked ensemble model is better than that of the standard gradient boosting model. The ensemble model reduces the prediction errors, root-mean-square error, for the dengue, influenza, and tuberculosis dataset by approximately 30%, 24%, and 25%, respectively metadata Mahajan, Asmita and Sharma, Nonita and Aparicio Obregón, Silvia and Alyami, Hashem and Alharbi, Abdullah and Anand, Divya and Sharma, Manish and Goyal, Nitin mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, silvia.aparicio@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, divya.anand@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED (2022) A Novel Stacking-Based Deterministic Ensemble Model for Infectious Disease Prediction. Mathematics, 10 (10). p. 1714. ISSN 2227-7390

Article Subjects > Social Sciences Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Portugués O presente artigo pretende demonstrar a essência do paradigma hermenêutico de interpretação da constituição, no período entre a Independência dos Estado Unidos (1789), motivada pelas leis abusivas de intervenção estatal na economia, e os anos que antecederam o início da Segunda Guerra Mundial (1939). Isso porque, o paradigma (modelo) de interpretação e aplicação dos preceitos constitucionais passou por uma mudança no final do século XIX, em que se deixou de lado, por parte da comunidade jurídica, a defesa da liberdade individual, passando a relativizar essas normas constitucionais em favor da intervenção do Estado na economia. Esses preceitos de ordem liberal, haviam sido consagrados nas declarações de direitos do final do século XVIII, oriundas da Revolução Francesa e da Revolução Americana, mas perderam força com o advento do socialismo e as teses do constitucionalismo social do século XX. metadata Vieira Bezamat, Gustavo Henrique mail gustavobezamat@gmail.com (2022) O constitucionalismo liberal norte-americano no controle de constitucionalidade das leis: uma análise dos debates judiciais a respeito da liberdade contratual e propriedade privada na Era Lochner (1897-1937). MISES: Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy, Law and Economics, 10. ISSN 2318-0811

Article Subjects > Nutrition Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés Context Obesity and mental health issues increasingly affect children and adolescents, but whether obesity is a risk factor for mental health issues is unclear. Objective To systematically review the association between obesity and mental health issues (ie, anxiety and/or depression) among Mexican children and adolescents. Data sourcing, extraction, and synthesis A literature search of 13 databases and 1 search engine was conducted. Population, exposure, comparison, outcomes, and study design data were extracted, analyzed, and narratively synthesized. The JBI critical appraisal tool was used to evaluate evidence quality. Results A total of 16 studies with 12 103 participants between 8 and 18 years old were included. Four studies focused on anxiety outcomes, 10 on depression, and 2 on both (ie, anxiety and depression). Evidence is unclear about the association of obesity with anxiety. However, most evidence shows that Mexican children and adolescents with overweight or obesity are more likely to have depression or report a higher number of depressive symptoms than normal-weight participants. Such likelihood is greater for females. Conclusion Health promotion interventions to treat or prevent obesity could also consider mental health outcomes. metadata Godina-Flores, Naara L and Gutierrez-Gómez, Yareni Yunuen and García-Botello, Marcela and López-Cruz, Lizet and Moreno-García, Carlos Francisco and Aceves-Martins, Magaly mail UNSPECIFIED (2022) Obesity and its association with mental health among Mexican children and adolescents: systematic review. Nutrition Reviews. ISSN 0029-6643

Article Subjects > Nutrition Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés Olive milling produces olive oil and different by-products, all of them very rich in different bioactive compounds like the phenolic alcohol hydroxytyrosol. The aim of the present study was to investigate the effects of an olive fruit extract 20% rich in hydroxytyrosol on the molecular mechanisms associated with Alzheimer disease features like Aβ- and tau- induced toxicity, as well as on oxidative stress in Caenorhabditis elegans. Moreover, characterization of the extracts, regarding the profile and content of phenolics, as well as total antioxidant ability, was investigated. The study of lethality, growth, pharyngeal pumping, and longevity in vivo demonstrated the lack of toxicity of the extract. One hundred μg/mL of extract treatment revealed prevention of oxidative stress and a delay in Aβ-induced paralysis related with a lower presence of Aβ aggregates. Indeed, the extract showed the ability to avoid a certain degree of proteotoxicity associated with aggregation of the tau protein. According to RNAi tests, SKN-1/NRF2 transcription factor and the overexpression of HSP-16.2 were mechanistically associated in the observed effects metadata Romero-Márquez, Jose M. and Navarro-Hortal, María D. and Jiménez-Trigo, Victoria and Muñoz-Ollero, Pedro and Forbes-Hernández, Tamara Y. and Esteban-Muñoz, Adelaida and Giampieri, Francesca and Delgado Noya, Irene and Bullón, Pedro and Vera-Ramírez, Laura and Battino, Maurizio and Sánchez-González, Cristina and Quiles, José L. mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, francesca.giampieri@uneatlantico.es, irene.delgado@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, jose.quiles@uneatlantico.es (2022) An Olive-Derived Extract 20% Rich in Hydroxytyrosol Prevents β-Amyloid Aggregation and Oxidative Stress, Two Features of Alzheimer Disease, via SKN-1/NRF2 and HSP-16.2 in Caenorhabditis elegans. Antioxidants, 11 (4). p. 629. ISSN 2076-3921

Article Subjects > Engineering Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Abierto Inglés This study involves a working limestone mine that supplies limestone to the cement factory. The two main goals of this paper are to (a) determine how long an operating mine can continue to provide the cement plant with the quality and quantity of materials it needs, and (b) explore the viability of combining some limestone from a nearby mine with the study mine limestone to meet the cement plant’s quality and quantity goals. These objectives are accomplished by figuring out the maximum net profit for the ultimate pit limit and production sequencing of the mining blocks. The issues were resolved using a branch-and-cut based sequential integer and mixed integer programming problem. The study mine can exclusively feed the cement plant for up to 15 years, according to the data. However, it was also noted that the addition of the limestone from the neighboring mine substantially increased the mine’s life (85 years). The findings also showed that, when compared with the production planning formulation that the company is now using, the proposed approach creates 10% more profit. The suggested method also aids in determining the desired desirable quality of the limestone that will be transported from the nearby mine throughout each production stage. metadata Joshi, Devendra and Chithaluru, Premkumar and Singh, Aman and Yadav, Arvind and Elkamchouchi, Dalia H. and Breñosa, Jose and Anand, Divya mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, aman.singh@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, josemanuel.brenosa@uneatlantico.es, divya.anand@uneatlantico.es (2022) An Optimized Open Pit Mine Application for Limestone Quarry Production Scheduling to Maximize Net Present Value. Mathematics, 10 (21). p. 4140. ISSN 2227-7390

Article Subjects > Nutrition Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Cerrado Inglés Organic farming is characterized by the prohibition of the use of chemical synthetic fertilizers, pesticides, feed additives and genetically modified organisms and by the application of sustainable agricultural technologies based on ecological principles and natural rules. Organic products are believed to be more nutritious and safer foods compared to the conventional alternatives by consumers, with the consequent increase of demand and price of these foodstuffs. However, in academic circles there is much debate on these issues, since there is not a clear scientific evidence of the difference on the environmental impact and on the nutritional quality, safety and health effects between conventional and organic foods. Therefore, this work aims to describe and update the most relevant data on organic foods, by describing the impact of this practice on environment, producers, consumers and society, as well as by comparing the physicochemical, nutritional and phytochemical quality of conventional and organic plant foods. metadata Giampieri, Francesca and Mazzoni, Luca and Cianciosi, Danila and Alvarez-Suarez, José M. and Regolo, Lucia and Sánchez-González, Cristina and Capocasa, Franco and Xiao, Jianbo and Mezzetti, Bruno and Battino, Maurizio mail francesca.giampieri@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED (2022) Organic vs conventional plant-based foods: A review. Food Chemistry, 383. p. 132352. ISSN 03088146

Article Subjects > Physical Education and Sport Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Cerrado Inglés The aim of this study was to compare pacing and packing behaviours between sex and performance level at elite Berlin marathon races. Official electronic split and finishing times from 279 (149 male and 130 female) marathon performances, including 5 male world records, were obtained from 11 Berlin marathon races held from 2008 to 2018, and from two previous world records and the second world all-time fastest performance also achieved at that same Berlin course. Male performances displaying an even pacing behaviour were significantly faster than those adopting a positive behaviour (p < 0.001; d = 0.75). Male world records were characterized by even profiles with fast endspurts, being especially remarkable at world all-time two fastest performances which were assisted by the use of a new shoe technology. Female marathon runners decreased their speed less than men during the second half marathon and especially from the 35th km onwards (p < 0.001; 0.51 ≤ d ≤ 0.55). The latest race stages were usually run individually in both sexes. Significant pace differences between performance groups at every race segment were found in women (p < 0.01; 1.0 ≤ d ≤ 2.0), who also covered an important part of the race alone. Prior to participation in meet marathon races such as Berlin marathon, elite runners should select the group that they will join during the race according to their current performance level as a preassigned pace set by a pacemaker will be adopted. Therefore, they could follow an even rather than positive pacing behaviour which will allow them to achieve a more optimal performance. metadata Muñoz-Pérez, Iker and Lago-Fuentes, Carlos and Mecías-Calvo, Marcos and Casado, Arturo mail UNSPECIFIED, carlos.lago@uneatlantico.es, marcos.mecias@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED (2022) Pacing and packing behaviour in elite and world record performances at Berlin marathon. European Journal of Sport Science. pp. 1-8. ISSN 1746-1391

Article Subjects > Biomedicine Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Cerrado Inglés Phages are viruses that infect bacteria, relying on their genetic machinery to replicate. To survive the constant attack of phages, bacteria have developed diverse defense strategies to act against them. Nevertheless, phages rapidly co-evolve to overcome these barriers, resulting in a constant, and often surprising, molecular arms race. Thus, some phages have evolved protein inhibitors known as anti-CRISPRs (∼50–150 amino acids), which antagonize the bacterial CRISPR-Cas immune response. To date, around 45 anti-CRISPRs proteins with different mechanisms and structures have been discovered against the CRISPR-Cas type I and type II present in important animal and human pathogens such as Escherichia, Morganella, Klebsiella, Enterococcus, Pseudomonas, Staphylococcus, and Salmonella. Considering the alarming growth of antibiotic resistance, phage therapy, either alone or in combination with antibiotics, appears to be a promising alternative for the treatment of many bacterial infections. In this review, we illustrated the biological and clinical aspects of using phage therapy; furthermore, the CRISPR-Cas mechanism, and the interesting activity of anti-CRISPR proteins as a possible weapon to combat bacteria. metadata Ceballos-Garzon, Andres and Muñoz, Angela B and Plata, Juan D and Sanchez-Quitian, Zilpa A and Ramos Vivas, Jose mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, jose.ramos@uneatlantico.es (2022) Phages, anti-CRISPR proteins, and drug-resistant bacteria: what do we know about this triad? Pathogens and Disease. ISSN 2049-632X

Article Subjects > Engineering Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Universidad Internacional do Cuanza > Research > Scientific Production
Abierto Inglés Pneumonia is one of the leading causes of death in both infants and elderly people, with approximately 4 million deaths each year. It may be a virus, bacterial, or fungal, depending on the contagious pathogen that damages the lung’s tiny air sacs (alveoli). Patients with underlying disorders such as asthma, a weakened immune system, hospitalized babies, and older persons on ventilators are all at risk, particularly if pneumonia is not detected early. Despite the existing approaches for its diagnosis, low accuracy and efficiency require further research for more accurate systems. This study is a similar endeavor for the detection of pneumonia by the use of X-ray images. The dataset is preprocessed to make it suitable for transfer learning tasks. Different pre-trained convolutional neural network (CNN) variants are utilized, including VGG16, Inception-v3, and ResNet50. Ensembles are made by incorporating CNN with Inception-V3, VGG-16, and ResNet50. Besides the common evaluation metrics, the performance of the pre-trained and ensemble deep learning models is measured with Cohen’s kappa as well as the area under the curve (AUC). Experimental results show that Inception-V3 with CNN attained the highest accuracy and recall score of 99.29% and 99.73%, respectively metadata Mujahid, Muhammad and Rustam, Furqan and Álvarez, Roberto Marcelo and Vidal Mazón, Juan Luis and Díez, Isabel de la Torre and Ashraf, Imran mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, roberto.alvarez@uneatlantico.es, juanluis.vidal@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED (2022) Pneumonia Classification from X-ray Images with Inception-V3 and Convolutional Neural Network. Diagnostics, 12 (5). p. 1280. ISSN 2075-4418

Article Subjects > Biomedicine Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés The Achromobacter genus includes opportunistic pathogens that can cause chronic infections in immunocompromised patients, especially in people with cystic fibrosis (CF). Treatment of Achromobacter infections is complicated by antimicrobial resistance. In this study, a collection of Achromobacter clinical isolates, from CF and non-CF sources, was investigated for polymyxin B (PmB) resistance. Additionally, the effect of PmB challenge in a subset of isolates was examined and the presence of PmB-resistant subpopulations within the isolates was described. Further, chemical and mass spectrometry analyses of the lipid A of Achromobacter clinical isolates enabled the determination of the most common structures and showed that PmB challenge was associated with lipid A modifications that included the addition of glucosamine and palmitoylation and the concomitant loss of the free phosphate at the C-1 position. This study demonstrates that lipid A modifications associated with PmB resistance are prevalent in Achromobacter and that subresistant populations displaying the addition of positively charged residues and additional acyl chains to lipid A can be selected for and isolated from PmB-sensitive Achromobacter clinical isolates. metadata MacDonald, Lewis and Keenan, Sean and Di Lorenzo, Flaviana and Adade, Nana E. and Kenna, Dervla T. D. and Millar, Beverley C. and Moore, John E. and Ramos Vivas, Jose and Molinaro, Antonio and Valvano, Miguel A. and Avci, Fikri Y. mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, jose.ramos@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED (2022) Polymyxin Resistance and Heteroresistance Are Common in Clinical Isolates of Achromobacter Species and Correlate with Modifications of the Lipid A Moiety of Lipopolysaccharide. Microbiology Spectrum. ISSN 2165-0497

Article Subjects > Physical Education and Sport Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Cerrado Inglés Community-based supervised group exercise may be an effective option to increase activity levels throughout pregnancy. Previous studies that have explored predictors of low adherence to exercise during pregnancy have not examined group-based settings. We analysed an international cohort of 347 pregnant women who participated in group-based prenatal exercise interventions (from <20 weeks to 34–36 weeks pregnant). Probable adherence predictors informed by previous literature that were assessed included: pre-pregnancy physical activity level and body mass index (BMI) classification, age, number of previous pregnancies, and education level. Adherence was measured by attendance. Adjusted odds ratios (aOR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) were calculated to explore the relationship between the selected predictors and high adherence (≥70%). Post-secondary education level versus only secondary (aOR 5.28; CI 1.67; 16.72) or primary level (aOR 13.82; CI 4.30; 44.45) presented greater likelihood to have high adherence to the exercise intervention than low adherence. Future research and public health initiatives should consider implementing strategies to overcome education-related barriers to improve accessibility to prenatal exercise. metadata Nagpal, Taniya S. and Sánchez-Polán, Miguel and da Silva, Danilo F. and Souza, Sara C.S. and Peláez, Mireia and Perales, María and Cordero, Yaiza and Vargas-Terrones, Marina and Adamo, Kristi B. and Barakat, Ruben mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, mireia.pelaez@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED (2022) Population characteristics associated with adherence to prenatal group-based exercise programs. Journal of Sports Sciences. pp. 1-7. ISSN 0264-0414

Article Subjects > Teaching Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Abierto Español O presente estudo tem como tema, os impactos interculturais no desenvolvimento e no acesso às escolas dos menores de rua e adolescentes que vivem nas ruas e dos estudantes estrangeiros que chegam nas escolas brasileiras. Os objetivos são analisar os impactos na educação e mostrar a triste realidade em que vivem os menores em situação de rua, e verificar quais são as principais limitações interculturais que os estudantes estrangeiros enfrentam ao chegar na escola brasileira. Esse estudo é resultado de pesquisa bibliográfica, qualitativa e quantitativa com aplicação de pesquisa de campo, via Google Forms. A base teórica está fundamentada em Brandão (2013), Claro et al (2014), Candau (2012), Funiber (2021), Godinho (2015), Luna (2011), Mota (2012), Nunes (2013), Silva e Avelar (2014) e outros. metadata Dantas Tanaka, Gislaine Araujo and Reinehr Stoffel, Helena Teresinha and Rodrigues Dantas de Brito, Junea Graciele and Teixeira Zimmermann, Jussara Aparecida and Demiquei Gonzatti, Luciane mail UNSPECIFIED (2022) População infantil e adolescente nas ruas e estudantes estrangeiros: impactos interculturais no desenvolvimento e no acesso às escolas. RECIMA21 - Revista Científica Multidisciplinar - ISSN 2675-6218, 3 (9). e391860. ISSN 2675-6218

Article Subjects > Engineering Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Fundación Universitaria Internacional de Colombia > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Universidad Internacional do Cuanza > Research > Scientific Production
Abierto Inglés β-Thalassemia is one of the dangerous causes of the high mortality rate in the Mediterranean countries. Substantial resources are required to save a β-Thalassemia carriers’ life and early detection of thalassemia patients can help appropriate treatment to increase the carrier’s life expectancy. Being a genetic disease, it can not be prevented however the analysis of several indicators in parents’ blood can be used to detect disorders causing Thalassemia. Laboratory tests for Thalassemia are time-consuming and expensive like high-performance liquid chromatography, Complete Blood Count (CBC) with peripheral smear, genetic test, etc. Red blood indices from CBC can be used with machine learning models for the same task. Despite the available approaches for Thalassemia carriers from CBC data, gaps exist between the desired and achieved accuracy. Moreover, the data imbalance problem is studied well which makes the models less generalizable. This study proposes a highly accurate approach for β-Thalassemia detection using red blood indices from CBC augmented by supervised machine learning. In view of the fact that all the features do not carry predictive information regarding the target variable, this study employs a unified framework of two features selection techniques including Principal Component Analysis (PCA) and Singular Vector Decomposition (SVD). The data imbalance between β-Thalassemia carrier and non-carriers is handled by Synthetic Minority Oversampling Technique (SMOTE) and Adaptive Synthetic (ADASYN). Extensive experiments are performed using many state-of-the-art machine learning models and deep learning models. Experimental results indicate the superiority of the proposed approach over existing approaches with an accuracy score of 0.96. metadata Rustam, Furqan and Ashraf, Imran and Jabbar, Shehbaz and Tutusaus, Kilian and Mazas Pérez-Oleaga, Cristina and Pascual Barrera, Alina Eugenia and de la Torre Diez, Isabel mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, kilian.tutusaus@uneatlantico.es, cristina.mazas@uneatlantico.es, alina.pascual@unini.edu.mx, UNSPECIFIED (2022) Prediction β-Thalassemia carriers using complete blood count features. Scientific Reports, 12 (1). ISSN 2045-2322

Article Subjects > Social Sciences Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Español El presente artículo muestra un estudio llevado a cabo en la Universidad Europea del Atlántico, Santander, en el que se pretende descubrir la preferencia por los textos literarios y de información en función del grado de estudios que se cursa. Para ello se analizó una muestra de 193 estudiantes de primer curso en varios grados. Para el análisis, se diseñó un cuestionario ad hoc en el que se recogieron las opiniones del alumnado acerca de sus preferencias en cuanto a distintos tipos de textos literarios e informativos, entre ellos el texto científico. Se aplicó el cuestionario por medio de la herramienta Google Forms. Tras un análisis de contraste con la prueba H de Kruskal-Wallis y una prueba post hoc U de Mann-Whitney, se obtuvo que la preferencia por la novela de ficción, romance, viajes/turismo, ciencia, deporte/salud, música, literatura clásica y el género poético presentan diferencias significativas entre los grados de estudios. Los estudiantes de la Facultad de Ciencias Sociales y Humanidades fueron los que menor interés parecían tener por la lectura científica y, sorprendentemente, los estudiantes del grado de Psicología mostraron tener poco interés por la temática de salud. Cumpliendo así con el objetivo del estudio, se plantean futuras líneas de investigación para acercar al profesorado universitario a una selección de la literatura, en función de los intereses más cercanos al perfil de estudiante del grado que cursa, así como el planteamiento de actividades que acompañen a la literatura científica-académica en ciertos grados para que esta sea mejor recibida. metadata Sánchez-Bejerano, Lucía and Pérez Fernández, Lucila María and Griffin, Kim L. mail lucia.sanchez@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, kim.griffin@uneatlantico.es (2022) Preferencias de textos literarios y científicos según el grado universitario. Didáctica. Lengua y Literatura, 34. pp. 147-159. ISSN 1130-0531

Article Subjects > Biomedicine
Subjects > Nutrition
Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Fundación Universitaria Internacional de Colombia > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Universidad Internacional do Cuanza > Research > Scientific Production
Cerrado Inglés Cactus has been used in traditional folk medicine because of its role in treating a number of diseases and conditions. Prickly pear fruit is an excellent source of secondary metabolites (i.e., betalains, flavonoids, and ascorbic acid) with health-promoting properties against many common human diseases, including diabetes, hypertension, hypercholesterolemia, rheumatic pain, gastric mucosa diseases and asthma. In addition, prickly pears are potential candidates for the development of low-cost functional foods because they grow with low water requirements in arid regions of the world. This review describes the main bioactive compounds found in this fruit and shows the in vitro and some clinical studies about the fruit of most important cactus (Opuntia ficus-indica) and its relationship with some chronic diseases. Even though a lot of effort have been done to study the relationship between this fruit and the human health, more studies on Opuntia ficus-indica could help better understand its pharmacological mechanism of action to provide clear scientific evidence to explain its traditional uses, and to identify its therapeutic potential in other diseases. metadata Armas Diaz, Yasmany and Machì, Michele and Salinari, Alessia and Mazas Pérez-Oleaga, Cristina and Martínez López, Nohora Milena and Briones Urbano, Mercedes and Cianciosi, Danila mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, cristina.mazas@uneatlantico.es, nohora.martinez@uneatlantico.es, mercedes.briones@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED (2022) Prickly pear fruits from "Opuntia ficus-indica" varieties as a source of potential bioactive compounds in the Mediterranean diet. Mediterranean Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism, 15 (4). pp. 581-592. ISSN 1973798X

Article Subjects > Social Sciences Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Cerrado Inglés Professionalism refers to the set of skills and values that, in the case of medicine, characterize the essence of humanism in professional work. Professionalism, ethics, and bioethics are closely linked. Within the framework of global bioethics, professionalism provides a comprehensive picture of the medical profession and its relationship with the major social challenges worldwide in the areas of health and education. metadata Vivanco, Luis and Delgado-Bolton, Roberto mail luis.vivanco@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED (2022) Professionalism. Encyclopedia of Global Bioethics. pp. 2312-2319.

Article Subjects > Teaching Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Abierto Portugués Este trabalho apresenta como tema a Psicomotricidade e o Ensino da Aprendizagem na Educação Infantil, abordando a necessidade da inserção da Psicomotricidade Relacional, porém é através da interação que a criança consegue resolver seus problemas e aprende a lidar com as frustrações. Na Educação Infantil, a Psicomotricidade Relacional pode orientar as capacidades de apropriação e o conhecimento cognitivo, afetivo, emocional e ético para a formação de indivíduos independentes e seguros, proporcionando seu progresso escolar, o professor deve propiciar situações prazerosas, porém muitas vezes, a criança é privada de brincar, tanto em casa quanto no ambiente escolar. Envolvendo brincadeiras e aprendizagem se reforça a Psicomotricidade Relacional como uma maneira preventiva no desenvolvimento integral da criança, onde o corpo está articulado com a motricidade, possibilitando as experiências psicomotoras, elevando a autoestima e motivando a buscar novos conhecimentos. metadata Alves Guimarães, Ueudison and Rodrigues Dantas de Brito, Junea Graciele and Alves de Barros, Vania mail UNSPECIFIED (2022) Psicomotricidade relacional e o ensino aprendizagem na educação infantil. RECIMA21 - Revista Científica Multidisciplinar - ISSN 2675-6218, 3 (9). e391944. ISSN 2675-6218

Article Subjects > Engineering Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Abierto Inglés Wearable monitoring devices are in demand in recent times for monitoring daily activities including exercise. Moreover, it is widely utilizing for preventing injuries of athletes during a practice session and in few cases, it leads to muscle fatigue. At present, emerging technology like the internet of things (IoT) and sensors is empowering to monitor and visualize the physical data from any remote location through internet connectivity. In this study, an IoT-enabled wearable device is proposing for monitoring and identifying the muscle fatigue condition using a surface electromyogram (sEMG) sensor. Normally, the EMG signal is utilized to display muscle activity. Arduino controller, Wi-Fi module, and EMG sensor are utilized in developing the wearable device. The Time-frequency domain spectrum technique is employed for classifying the three muscle fatigue conditions including mean RMS, mean frequency, etc. A real-time experiment is realized on six different individuals with developed wearable devices and the average RMS value assists to determine the average threshold of recorded data. The threshold level is analyzed by calculating the mean RMS value and concluded three fatigue conditions as >2 V: Extensive); 1–2 V: Moderate, and <1 V: relaxed. The warning alarm system was designed in LabVIEW with three color LEDs to indicate the different states of muscle fatigue. Moreover, the device is interfaced with the cloud through the internet provided with a Wi-Fi module embedded in wearable devices. The data available in the cloud server can be utilized for forecasting the frequency of an individual to muscle fatigue. metadata Gehlot, Anita and Singh, Rajesh and Siwach, Sweety and Vaseem Akram, Shaik and Alsubhi, Khalid and Singh, Aman and Delgado Noya, Irene and Choudhury, Sushabhan mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, aman.singh@uneatlantico.es, irene.delgado@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED (2022) Real Time Monitoring of Muscle Fatigue with IoT and Wearable Devices. Computers, Materials & Continua, 72 (1). pp. 999-1015. ISSN 1546-2226

Article Subjects > Nutrition Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés Food waste is a potential source to replace fresh materials for obtaining functional ingredients. Blueberry pomace contains considerable amounts of anthocyanins. In this study, we investigated ultrasonic-assisted extraction (UAE) of anthocyanins from blueberry pomace. We used a Box-Behnken design (BBD) to screen and optimize the important factors influencing yield. The optimum extraction conditions were a temperature of 40 °C, an ultrasonic power of 400 W and an extraction time of 40 min. The optimum yield was 108.23 mg/100 g DW. In addition, we used a cation column to separate anthocyanins, and optimized the chromatographic conditions of HPLC to analyze and identify the main anthocyanins. Thirteen anthocyanins were found in blueberry pomace, of which Malvidin-3-Galactoside (22.65 %) was the highest. These findings provide a theoretical basis and optimized process parameters for the recovery of high value-added anthocyanins from blueberry pomace with ultrasound-assisted extraction, thus facilitating the comprehensive utilization of blueberry pomace. metadata Zhang, Xuan and Wang, Songen and Wu, Qixia and Battino, Maurizio and Giampieri, Francesca and Bai, Weibin and Tian, Lingmin mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, maurizio.battino@uneatlantico.es, francesca.giampieri@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED (2022) Recovering high value-added anthocyanins from blueberry pomace with ultrasound-assisted extraction. Food Chemistry: X, 16. p. 100476. ISSN 25901575

Article Subjects > Nutrition Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés Anthocyanins are often targets in polyphenol analysis. However, it's hard to effectively separate anthocyanin from copigments such as phenolic acid and flavanols due to their similar structure. Thus, a cation exchange chromatography with 001 × 7 has been developed, which is available for anthocyanins isolation both on a small and large scale. The optimal process condition of anthocyanins isolation was determined. Compared to the macroporous adsorbent resins and Strong Cation Exchange resin (SCX), 001X7 shows greater economic advantages in large-scale purification of anthocyanins. More than 95% purity of the anthocyanin fraction can be achieved through this approach. This method shows a path to provide large quantities of copigments-free anthocyanins from mulberry polyphenols for the further study of its biological effects and may be extended to other analytical methods of polyphenol isolation from other plant materials. metadata Liao, Zhiwei and Zhang, Xuan and Chen, Xi and Battino, Maurizio and Giampieri, Francesca and Bai, Weibin and Tian, Lingmin mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, maurizio.battino@uneatlantico.es, francesca.giampieri@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED (2022) Recovery of value-added anthocyanins from mulberry by a cation exchange chromatography. Current Research in Food Science, 5. pp. 1445-1451. ISSN 26659271

Article Subjects > Nutrition Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Abierto Inglés Background: The aim of this study was to relate the adherence to nut consumption (30 g) three or more days per week to the prevalence of abdominal obesity and metabolic syndrome (MetS) in an elderly population from the north of Spain. Methods: The study consists of an observational, descriptive, cross-sectional, and correlational study conducted in 556 non-institutionalised individuals between 65 and 79 years of age. To define the consumption recommendation of nuts the indication of the questionnaire MEDAS-14 was followed. The diagnosis of MetS was conducted using the International Diabetes Federation (IDF) criteria. Results: In 264 subjects aged 71.9 (SD: ±4.2) years old, 39% of whom were men, the adherence to nut consumption recommendations was 40.2%. Of these individuals, 79.5% had abdominal obesity. The prevalence of MetS was 40.2%, being 47.6% in men and 35.4% in women (p < 0.05). A nut consumption lower than recommended was associated with a 19% higher prevalence of abdominal obesity (Prevalence Ratio: 1.19; 95% CI: 1.03−1.37; p < 0.05) and a 61% higher prevalence of MetS (Prevalence Ratio: 1.61; 95% CI: 1.16−2.25; p = 0.005) compared to a consumption of ≥3 servings per week. Conclusion: An inverse relationship was established between nut consumption and the prevalence of abdominal obesity and metabolic syndrome. metadata Cubas-Basterrechea, Gloria and Elío Pascual, Iñaki and Sumalla Cano, Sandra and Aparicio Obregón, Silvia and González-Antón, Carolina Teresa and Muñoz-Cacho, Pedro mail UNSPECIFIED, inaki.elio@uneatlantico.es, sandra.sumalla@uneatlantico.es, silvia.aparicio@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED (2022) The Regular Consumption of Nuts Is Associated with a Lower Prevalence of Abdominal Obesity and Metabolic Syndrome in Older People from the North of Spain. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 19 (3). p. 1256. ISSN 1660-4601

Article Subjects > Physical Education and Sport Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Español Este estudio tenía el objetivo de relacionar la dismetría de los miembros inferiores y el pedaleo. Participaron 23 sujetos no profesionales del ciclismo. Se ha realizado un test de asimetría mediante el método directo, medido desde la espina ilíaca anterosuperior hasta el maléolo tibial y se comparaba los resultados con la otra pierna, antes de realizar esta prueba se procedía a la maniobra Weber Barstow, se comenzaba en posición decúbito supino en la camilla con las piernas en paralelo y flexionadas, se realizaba una extensión de cadera, el sujeto volvía a la posición inicial y el examinador le estiraba las piernas, por último se realizaba un test de efectividad de pedaleo sobre la Wattbike de 10 minutos, a una intensidad de 5 sobre 10 del rango de esfuerzo percibido. Para conseguir una posición correcta de los participantes se usó un goniómetro para medir el ángulo de rodilla y se siguieron las pautas de protocolos preestablecidos. El análisis estadístico fue realizado con JASP, en la que se realizó un estudio descriptivo y posteriormente un test de correlación acorde a su normalidad. El índice de asimetría fue del 4,086 %, con una ligera mayor dominancia de la pierna derecha sobre la izquierda 50.56 % - 49.44 %. Hubo una tendencia positiva en la relación entre mayor magnitud de dismetría y la efectividad de pedaleo, pero sin tener datos significativos metadata Osmani, Florent mail UNSPECIFIED (2022) Relación entre la dismetría de los miembros inferiores y la distribución de fuerzas en el pedaleo en ciclistas no profesionales. MLS Sport Research, 2 (1). ISSN 2792-7156

Article Subjects > Engineering Universidad Internacional do Cuanza > Research > Scientific Production
Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Abierto Inglés Deep learning is used to address a wide range of challenging issues including large data analysis, image processing, object detection, and autonomous control. In the same way, deep learning techniques are also used to develop software and techniques that pose a danger to privacy, democracy, and national security. Fake content in the form of images and videos using digital manipulation with artificial intelligence (AI) approaches has become widespread during the past few years. Deepfakes, in the form of audio, images, and videos, have become a major concern during the past few years. Complemented by artificial intelligence, deepfakes swap the face of one person with the other and generate hyper-realistic videos. Accompanying the speed of social media, deepfakes can immediately reach millions of people and can be very dangerous to make fake news, hoaxes, and fraud. Besides the well-known movie stars, politicians have been victims of deepfakes in the past, especially US presidents Barak Obama and Donald Trump, however, the public at large can be the target of deepfakes. To overcome the challenge of deepfake identification and mitigate its impact, large efforts have been carried out to devise novel methods to detect face manipulation. This study also discusses how to counter the threats from deepfake technology and alleviate its impact. The outcomes recommend that despite a serious threat to society, business, and political institutions, they can be combated through appropriate policies, regulation, individual actions, training, and education. In addition, the evolution of technology is desired for deepfake identification, content authentication, and deepfake prevention. Different studies have performed deepfake detection using machine learning and deep learning techniques such as support vector machine, random forest, multilayer perceptron, k-nearest neighbors, convolutional neural networks with and without long short-term memory, and other similar models. This study aims to highlight the recent research in deepfake images and video detection, such as deepfake creation, various detection algorithms on self-made datasets, and existing benchmark datasets. metadata Shahzad, Hina Fatima and Rustam, Furqan and Soriano Flores, Emmanuel and Vidal Mazón, Juan Luis and de la Torre Diez, Isabel and Ashraf, Imran mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, emmanuel.soriano@uneatlantico.es, juanluis.vidal@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED (2022) A Review of Image Processing Techniques for Deepfakes. Sensors, 22 (12). p. 4556. ISSN 1424-8220

Article Subjects > Physical Education and Sport Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Español El objetivo fue comparar y analizar la efectividad de diferentes metodologías de entrenamiento para la mejora de la velocidad en futbolistas sub-19. Se llevó a cabo un estudio bibliográfico de revisión sistemática. Mediante la declaración PRISMA, se realizó una búsqueda bibliográfica a través de la base de datos PubMed. Se incluyeron artículos que fueran estudios de intervención escritos en castellano o en inglés, llevados a cabo en jugadores de 10 a 19 años, que tuvieran al menos un método de entrenamiento pliométrico, de fuerza o de sprint para la mejora de la velocidad y que tuvieran una evaluación del sprint. Los resultados de las intervenciones mostraron beneficios en la mejora de la velocidad a través del método pliométrico (TE=0,66) en test de 20 m, fuerza explosiva (TE=0,64) en test de 5 m y sprint (TE=0,33) en test de 20 m. Se puede llegar a la conclusión de que el método de fuerza explosiva obtiene mayores beneficios en las distancias cortas (5-10 m) cuando se emplean intensidades bajas y en jugadores de 17 años, el volumen de entrenamiento ideal es de 2 sesiones por semana. El método de sprint en distancias más largas (20-30 m) en edades de 14-15 años, con un volumen de entrenamiento de una o dos sesiones por semana. El pliométrico logra los mismos beneficios en distancias cortas y largas (5-30 m) para edades de 15-16 años y sin diferencias notables en el volumen de entrenamiento metadata del Castillo Revuelta, Marco and Osmani, Florent and Lago-Fuentes, Carlos mail marcoderevuelta@gmail.com, florent.osmani@uneatlantico.es, carlos.lago@uneatlantico.es (2022) Revisión sistemática sobre la mejora de la velocidad en jugadores de fútbol sub-19. MLS Sport Research, 2 (2).

Article Subjects > Physical Education and Sport Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Español La tendinopatía aquílea (TA) es una de las lesiones más comunes entre los atletas, produciendo dolor y deterioro de las capacidades del tendón, así como inflamación del cuerpo tendinoso. Esta presenta una incidencia acumulada muy alta, sobre todo en atletas de élite, y tiene como principal mecanismo lesional el exceso de carga sobre el tendón acompañado de un escaso periodo de recuperación entre cargas. Los factores de riesgo que más influencia tienen en esta patología son los externos, teniendo también relevancia los factores internos. Así, el principal objetivo de esta revisión fue establecer las estrategias óptimas para la recuperación de una tendinopatía aquílea desde el ámbito de la actividad física y el deporte. En este trabajo, se revisaron artículos extraídos de la base de datos PubMed, seleccionando todos aquellos artículos redactados en inglés, llevados a cabo sobre sujetos lesionados con TA y que se encontrasen en periodo de readaptación. Se excluyeron todos los artículos previos a 2010. Todas las intervenciones realizadas en los diferentes estudios señalaron el ejercicio físico como una herramienta muy positiva en el tratamiento de la TA, siendo las mejoras más significativas la reducción del dolor del tendón, la mejora en las capacidades funcionales y un aumento del nivel de satisfacción post intervención. A la vista de los resultados, todas las estrategias analizadas han probado ser beneficiosas para la recuperación de una TA, reduciendo la sintomatología, el dolor y la disfunción en una persona lesionada. Sin embargo, la resistencia lenta pesada (HSR) pareció ser aquella que mejores resultados proporcionó sobre la población de estudio, por encima del entrenamiento excéntrico e isométrico. metadata Quintana Ruiz, David and Bores Arce, Ainhoa and Crespo-Posadas, Manuel mail UNSPECIFIED, ainhoa.bores@uneatlantico.es, manuel.crespo@uneatlantico.es (2022) Revisión sistemática: Estrategias para la mejora de la sintomatología en tendinopatía aquílea en atletas. MLS Sport Research, 2 (2).

Article Subjects > Nutrition Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés Polyphenols are a group of phytochemicals with extensive biological functions and health-promoting potential. These compounds are present in most foods of plant origin and their increased widespread availability through the intake of nutritional supplements, fortified foods, and beverages, has also led to increased exposure throughout gestation. In this narrative review, we focus on the role of polyphenols in both healthy and pathological pregnancy. General information related to their classification and function is followed by an overview of their known effects in early-pregnancy events, including the current insights into molecular mechanisms involved. Further, we provide an overview of their involvement in some of the most common pregnancy-associated pathological conditions, such as preeclampsia and gestational diabetes mellitus. Additionally, we also discuss the estimated possible risk of polyphenol consumption on pregnancy outcomes. The consumption of dietary polyphenols during pregnancy needs particular attention considering the possible effects of polyphenols on the mechanisms involved in maternal adaptation and fetal development. Further studies are strongly needed to unravel the in vivo effects of polyphenol metabolites during pregnancy, as well as their role on advanced maternal age, prenatal nutrition, and metabolic risk of the offspring. metadata Nacka-Aleksić, Mirjana and Pirković, Andrea and Vilotić, Aleksandra and Bojić-Trbojević, Žanka and Jovanović Krivokuća, Milica and Giampieri, Francesca and Battino, Maurizio and Dekanski, Dragana mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, francesca.giampieri@uneatlantico.es, maurizio.battino@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED (2022) The Role of Dietary Polyphenols in Pregnancy and Pregnancy-Related Disorders. Nutrients, 14 (24). p. 5246. ISSN 2072-6643

Article Subjects > Biomedicine Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés Empathy and lifelong learning are two professional competencies that depend on the four principles of professionalism: humanism, altruism, excellence, and accountability. In occupational health, there is evidence that empathy prevents work distress. However, in the case of lifelong learning, the evidence is still scarce. In addition, recent studies suggest that the development of lifelong learning varies in physicians and nurses and that it is sensitive to the influence of cultural stereotypes associated with professional roles. This study was performed with the purpose of determining the specific role that empathy and lifelong learning play in the reduction in occupational stress. This study included a sample composed by 40 physicians and 40 nurses with high dedication to clinical work in ambulatory consultations from a public healthcare institution in Paraguay. Somatization, exhaustion, and work alienation, described as indicators of occupational stress, were used as dependent variables, whereas empathy, lifelong learning, gender, discipline, professional experience, civil status, and family burden were used as potential predictors. Three multiple regression models explained 32% of the variability of somatization based on a linear relationship with empathy, lifelong learning, and civil status; 73% of the variability of exhaustion based on a linear relationship with empathy, somatization, work alienation, and discipline; and 62% of the variability of work alienation based on a linear relationship with lifelong learning, exhaustion, and discipline. These findings indicate that empathy and lifelong learning play important roles in the prevention of work distress in physicians and nurses. However, this role varies by discipline. metadata Delgado Bolton, Roberto C. and San-Martín, Montserrat and Vivanco, Luis mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, luis.vivanco@uneatlantico.es (2022) Role of Empathy and Lifelong Learning Abilities in Physicians and Nurses Who Work in Direct Contact with Patients in Adverse Working Conditions. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 19 (5). p. 3012. ISSN 1660-4601

Article Subjects > Engineering Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Universidad Internacional do Cuanza > Research > Scientific Production
Cerrado Inglés Network slicing is expected to be critical in the deployment of 5G mobile networks and systems. On top of a single physical infrastructure, the technology enables operators to operate several virtual networks. As the 5G commercialization was recently deployed, network function virtualization (NFV) and software-defined networking (SDN) will drive network slicing. In this article, we present an overview of SDN in 5G, and the motivation, role, and market growth of network slicing. We then discuss usage scenarios of SDN in network slicing for 5G. The proposed architecture comprises the three usage scenarios: enhanced mobile broadband (eMBB) provides the support to varying types of services used; ultra-reliable low-latency communications (URLLC) provides a certain class of applications such as higher bandwidth, high definition video streaming, mobile TV, and so on; massive machine type communications (mMTC) throws light on the types of services used to connect huge numbers of devices. Finally, challenges and solutions based on network slicing in 5G are presented. metadata Babbar, Himanshi and Rani, Shalli and AlZubi, Ahmad Ali and Singh, Aman and Nasser, Nidal and Ali, Asmaa mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, aman.singh@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED (2022) Role of Network Slicing in Software Defined Networking for 5G: Use Cases and Future Directions. IEEE Wireless Communications, 29 (1). pp. 112-118. ISSN 1536-1284

Article Subjects > Engineering Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Abierto Inglés MANET is a mobile ad hoc network with many mobile nodes communicating without a centralized module. Infrastructure-less networks make it desirable for many researchers to publish and bind multimedia services. Each node in this infrastructure-less network acts as self-organizing and re-configurable. It allows services to deploy and attain from another node over the ad hoc network. The service composition aims to provide a user’s requirement by combining different atomic services based on non-functional QoS parameters such as reliability, availability, scalability, etc. To provide service composition in MANET is challenging because of the node mobility, link failure, and topology changes, so a traditional protocol will be sufficient to obtain real-time services from mobile nodes. In this paper, the ad hoc on-demand distance vector protocol (AODV) is used and analyzed based on MANET’s QoS (Quality of Service) metrics. The QoS metrics for MANET depends on delay, bandwidth, memory capacity, network load, and packet drop. The requester node and provider node broker acts as a composer for this MANET network. The authors propose a QoS-based Dynamic Secured Broker Selection architecture (QoSDSBS) for service composition in MANET, which uses a dynamic broker and provides a secure path selection based on QoS metrics. The proposed algorithm is simulated using Network Simulator (NS2) with 53 intermediate nodes and 35 mobile nodes of area 1000 m × 1000 m. The comparative results show that the proposed architecture outperforms, with standards, the AODV protocol and affords higher scalability and a reduced network load metadata Ramalingam, Rajakumar and Muniyan, Rajeswari and Dumka, Ankur and Singh, Devesh Pratap and Mohamed, Heba G. and Singh, Rajesh and Anand, Divya and Delgado Noya, Irene mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, divya.anand@uneatlantico.es, irene.delgado@uneatlantico.es (2022) Routing Protocol for MANET Based on QoS-Aware Service Composition with Dynamic Secured Broker Selection. Electronics, 11 (17). p. 2637. ISSN 2079-9292

Article Subjects > Engineering Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Abierto Inglés To provide faster access to the treatment of patients, healthcare system can be integrated with Internet of Things to provide prior and timely health services to the patient. There is a huge limitation in the sensing layer as the IoT devices here have low computational power, limited storage and less battery life. So, this huge amount of data needs to be stored on the cloud. The information and the data sensed by these devices is made accessible on the internet from where medical staff, doctors, relatives and family members can access this information. This helps in improving the treatment as well as getting faster medical assistance, tracking of routine activities and health focus of elderly people on frequent basis. However, the data transmission from IoT devices to the cloud faces many security challenges and is vulnerable to different security and privacy threats during the transmission path. The purpose of this research is to design a Certificateless Secured Signature Scheme that will provide a magnificent amount of security during the transmission of data. Certificateless signature, that removes the intricate certificate management and key escrow problem, is one of the practical methods to provide data integrity and identity authentication for the IoT. Experimental result shows that the proposed scheme performs better than the existing certificateless signature schemes in terms of computational cost, encryption and decryption time. This scheme is the best combination of high security and cost efficiency and is further suitable for the resource constrained IoT environment. metadata Kakkar, Latika and Gupta, Deepali and Tanwar, Sarvesh and Saxena, Sapna and Alsubhi, Khalid and Anand, Divya and Delgado Noya, Irene and Goyal, Nitin mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, divya.anand@uneatlantico.es, irene.delgado@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED (2022) A Secure and Efficient Signature Scheme for IoT in Healthcare. Computers, Materials & Continua, 73 (3). pp. 6151-6168. ISSN 1546-2226

Article Subjects > Engineering Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Abierto Inglés One of the toughest biometrics and document forensics problems is confirming a signature’s authenticity and legal identity. A forgery may vary from a genuine signature by specific distortions. Therefore, it is necessary to continuously monitor crucial distinctions between real and forged signatures for secure work and economic growth, but this is particularly difficult in writer-independent tasks. We thus propose an innovative and sustainable writer-independent approach based on a Siamese neural network for offline signature verification. The Siamese network is a twin-like structure with shared weights and parameters. Similar and dissimilar images are exposed to this network, and the Euclidean distances between them are calculated. The distance is reduced for identical signatures, and the distance is increased for different signatures. Three datasets, namely GPDS, BHsig260 Hindi, and BHsig260 Bengali datasets, were tested in this work. The proposed model was analyzed by comparing the results of different parameters such as optimizers, batch size, and the number of epochs on all three datasets. The proposed Siamese neural network outperforms the GPDS synthetic dataset in the English language, with an accuracy of 92%. It also performs well for the Hindi and Bengali datasets while considering skilled forgeries metadata Sharma, Neha and Gupta, Sheifali and Mohamed, Heba G. and Anand, Divya and Vidal Mazón, Juan Luis and Gupta, Deepali and Goyal, Nitin mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, divya.anand@uneatlantico.es, juanluis.vidal@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED (2022) Siamese Convolutional Neural Network-Based Twin Structure Model for Independent Offline Signature Verification. Sustainability, 14 (18). p. 11484. ISSN 2071-1050

Article Subjects > Engineering Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Cerrado Inglés Smart vehicle parking is a collaborative effort of technology and human innovation where the efforts are to be minimized to save time and efforts. In smart cities it is one of the common challenges to introduce smart parking to increase parking efficiency and combat numerous issues like identification of free parking slot and real-time dynamic updation on traffic to save fuel and energy. In this work, a new cloud-based smart parking architecture is proposed that can help in predicting the available free parking slots in smart cities. Initially, the methodology collects the car count at any near by parking using Internet of Things (IoT) and Cloud-based approach. Later, the approach uses the Kernel Least Mean Square algorithm to make heuristic predictions about future vacancy using auto-regression. The proposed approach thus utilizes the online learning or model training. To validate the efficacy of the proposed work, the testing is done on the real-time dataset. The extensive numerical investigation is performed on parking lots of four international airports of a smart city in actual deployment scenarios. The experimentation has revealed superior performance of the method in terms of vacancy prediction. metadata Anand, Divya and Singh, Aman and Alsubhi, Khalid and Goyal, Nitin and Abdrabou, Atef and Vidyarthi, Ankit and Rodrigues, Joel J. P. C. mail divya.anand@uneatlantico.es, aman.singh@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED (2022) A Smart Cloud and IoVT-Based Kernel Adaptive Filtering Framework for Parking Prediction. IEEE Transactions on Intelligent Transportation Systems. pp. 1-9. ISSN 1524-9050

Article Subjects > Engineering Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Fundación Universitaria Internacional de Colombia > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Universidad Internacional do Cuanza > Research > Scientific Production
Abierto Inglés Conventional outage management practices in distribution systems are tedious and complex due to the long time taken to locate the fault. Emerging smart technologies and various cloud services offered could be utilized and integrated into the power industry to enhance the overall process, especially in the fault monitoring and normalizing fields in distribution systems. This paper introduces smart fault monitoring and normalizing technologies in distribution systems by using one of the most popular cloud service platforms, the Microsoft Azure Internet of Things (IoT) Hub, together with some of the related services. A hardware prototype was constructed based on part of a real underground distribution system network, and the fault monitoring and normalizing techniques were integrated to form a system. Such a system with IoT integration effectively reduces the power outage experienced by customers in the healthy section of the faulted feeder from approximately 1 h to less than 5 min and is able to improve the System Average Interruption Duration Index (SAIDI) and System Average Interruption Frequency Index (SAIFI) in electric utility companies significantly metadata Peter, Geno and Stonier, Albert Alexander and Gupta, Punit and Gavilanes, Daniel and Masías Vergara, Manuel and Lung sin, Jong mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, daniel.gavilanes@uneatlantico.es, manuel.masias@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED (2022) Smart Fault Monitoring and Normalizing of a Power Distribution System Using IoT. Energies, 15 (21). p. 8206. ISSN 1996-1073

Article Subjects > Biomedicine
Subjects > Nutrition
Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés Bioactive compounds from strawberries have been associated with multiple healthy benefits. The present study aimed to assess chemical characterization of a methanolic extract of the Romina strawberry variety in terms of antioxidant capacity, polyphenols profile and chemical elements content. Additionally, potential toxicity, the effect on amyloid-β production and oxidative stress of the extract was in vivo evaluated in the experimental model Caenorhabditis elegans. Results revealed an important content in phenolic compounds (mainly ellagic acid and pelargonidin-3-glucoside) and minerals (K, Mg, P and Ca). The treatment with 100, 500 or 1000 μg/mL of strawberry extract did not show toxicity. On the contrary, the extract was able to delay amyloid β-protein induced paralysis, reduced amyloid-β aggregation and prevented oxidative stress. The potential molecular mechanisms present behind the observed results explored by RNAi technology revealed that DAF-16/FOXO and SKN-1/NRF2 signaling pathways were, at least partially, involved. metadata Navarro-Hortal, María D. and Romero-Márquez, Jose M. and Esteban-Muñoz, Adelaida and Sánchez-González, Cristina and Rivas-García, Lorenzo and Llopis, Juan and Cianciosi, Danila and Giampieri, Francesca and Sumalla Cano, Sandra and Battino, Maurizio and Quiles, José L. mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, sandra.sumalla@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, jose.quiles@uneatlantico.es (2022) Strawberry (Fragaria × ananassa cv. Romina) methanolic extract attenuates Alzheimer’s beta amyloid production and oxidative stress by SKN-1/NRF and DAF-16/FOXO mediated mechanisms in C. elegans. Food Chemistry, 372. p. 131272. ISSN 03088146

Article Subjects > Nutrition Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés, Español La enfermedad del hígado graso no alcohólico (EHGNA) cada vez es más prevalente y es la principal enfermedad hepática a nivel mundial. Se quiere comparar nuevas estrategias dietético-nutricionales, como la dieta mediterránea y los ácidos grasos poliinsaturados omega-3, para determinar cuál es más efectiva como tratamiento para esta enfermedad. Evaluar que manejo nutricional es más efectivo como tratamiento del hígado graso no alcohólico, si la suplementación con omega 3 o una dieta mediterránea. Se realizó una revisión bibliográfica, para la cual se consultaron y seleccionaron varios artículos científicos de diversas bases de datos, documentos y el servicio de información en línea provisto por la Biblioteca Nacional de Medicina de los Estados Unidos (MedlinePlus), obteniendo asi un total de 17 estudios pertenecientes a la base de datos Pubmed, los cuales fueron analizados en profundidad. Tanto la dieta mediterránea como la suplementación con ácidos grasos poliinsaturados omega-3 promueven beneficios sobre las características clínicas de los pacientes con hígado graso. La realización de una dieta mediterránea parece tener mayores beneficios en el tratamiento de la EHGNA al mejorar las características clínicas de la enfermedad como la esteatosis hepática, la inflamación, la fibrosis y la esteatohepatitis no alcohólica, además, del síndrome metabólico. metadata Celis Eguren, Andrea mail UNSPECIFIED (2022) Suplementación con ácidos grasos poliinsaturados omega 3 frente a una dieta mediterránea como tratamiento para la enfermedad del hígado graso no alcohólico. MLS Health & Nutrition Research, 1 (2).

Article Subjects > Engineering Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Abierto Inglés Rivers play a major role within ecosystems and society, including for domestic, industrial, and agricultural uses, and in power generation. Forecasting of suspended sediment yield (SSY) is critical for design, management, planning, and disaster prevention in river basin systems. It is difficult to forecast the SSY using conventional methods because these approaches cannot handle complicated non-stationarity and non-linearity. Artificial intelligence techniques have gained popularity in water resources due to handling complex problems of SSY. In this study, a fully automated generalized single hybrid intelligent artificial neural network (ANN)-based genetic algorithm (GA) forecasting model was developed using water discharge, temperature, rainfall, SSY, rock type, relief, and catchment area data of eleven gauging stations for forecasting the SSY. It is applied at individual gauging stations for SSY forecasting in the Mahanadi River which is one of India’s largest peninsular rivers. All parameters of the ANN are optimized automatically and simultaneously using the GA. The multi-objective algorithm was applied to optimize the two conflicting objective functions (error variance and bias). The mean square error objective function was considered for the single-objective optimization model. Single and multi-objective GA-based ANN, autoregressive and multivariate autoregressive models were compared to each other. It was found that the single-objective GA-based ANN model provided the best accuracy among all comparative models, and it is the most suitable substitute for forecasting SSY. If the measurement of SSY is unavailable, then single-objective GA-based ANN modeling approaches can be recommended for forecasting SSY due to comparatively superior performance and simplicity of implementation metadata Yadav, Arvind and Chithaluru, Premkumar and Singh, Aman and Albahar, Marwan Ali and Jurcut, Anca and Álvarez, Roberto Marcelo and Mojjada, Ramesh Kumar and Joshi, Devendra mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, aman.singh@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, roberto.alvarez@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED (2022) Suspended Sediment Yield Forecasting with Single and Multi-Objective Optimization Using Hybrid Artificial Intelligence Models. Mathematics, 10 (22). p. 4263. ISSN 2227-7390

Article Subjects > Social Sciences Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Abierto Portugués A segurança do trabalho é uma área de estudo de muita importância, visto que toda a economia mundial depende das atividades laborais e, com isso, torna-se importante proteger as pessoas envolvidas nesse processo. É um consenso comum de que se deve preservar a vida dos trabalhadores, entretanto há uma objeção no que diz respeito aos custos que essa proteção pode gerar. Em um mercado competitivo, onde as empresas precisam reduzir custos, não se pode considerar de forma utópica de que devemos proteger os trabalhadores a qualquer custo, pois assim a empresa não consegue controlar suas finanças e, consequentemente, não consegue se posicionar de forma competitiva no mercado. Na construção civil não é diferente. Por se tratar de uma das áreas da economia que mais emprega pessoas e uma das que apresenta maiores riscos à vida dos trabalhadores, acaba sendo também uma das áreas que tem maior índice de acidentes. Nesse cenário, a segurança do trabalho se encarrega de atuar para minimizar todos esses riscos e danos, sendo necessário que se realize estudos como este que se encarregue de maximizar a segurança oferecida aos trabalhadores com o menor custo possível, apresentando-se como uma boa alternativa para ambos os lados. Este trabalho se trata de um estudo de casos cujo objetivo é analisar situações de riscos em construção de edificações e classificar as proteções mais comum de forma a obter o melhor custo/benefício. O intuito é verificar se há sistemas mais eficientes que outros, considerando investimentos similares, sendo possível priorizar essas alternativas, permitindo ao gestor da empresa adotar as melhores medidas, de forma sustentável e economicamente viável. Os resultados apontam que os sistemas de retenção contra queda em altura, como linha de vida e ancoragem, são os que apresentam melhor relação custo-benefício. metadata Ferreira, Rafael Vaz and Pereira, Vilmar Alves and Florencio da Silva, Rodrigo mail UNSPECIFIED, vilmar.alves@unini.edu.mx, UNSPECIFIED (2022) Sustentabilidade em sistemas de segurança do trabalho na construção civil. Brazilian Journal of Development. pp. 56951-56969. ISSN 2525-8761

Article Subjects > Biomedicine
Subjects > Physical Education and Sport
Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Cerrado Inglés Background Irisin has been suggested as a helpful hormone for adverse metabolic conditions. However, the interaction between acute endurance exercises and irisin is still unclear. The purpose of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to determine the acute effect of endurance training, either continuous or interval training, on circulating irisin in healthy adults. Methods Literature search was conducted in Web of Science, PubMed, Scopus and CINAHL until September 2022. Clinical trials measuring irisin levels following a single session of interval or continuous endurance training in healthy adults were eligible. Cohen’s d effect size (95% confidence level), subgroup analyses and univariate meta-regression were calculated using a random-effects model. The procedures described by PRISMA were followed and the protocol was prospectively registered with PROSPERO (CRD 42021240971). Results Data of the 16 included studies comprising 412 individuals showed a significant increase following one session of continuous endurance training (d = 0.33, 95% CI: 0.20 to 0.46, p < 0.001), while interval training did not change circulating irisin (d = 0.16, 95% CI: −0.12 to 0.44, p = 0.202). Both subgroup and univariate meta-regression analyses showed non-significant differences in the change of circulating irisin comparing blood measurement, exercise mode or previous level of physical activity of the participants and circulating irisin at baseline, duration, or intensity of the exercise, respectively. Conclusion Continuous method for endurance training increases circulating irisin in healthy adults, while studies measuring circulating irisin following interval training in healthy adults are still limited to be conclusive. metadata Cosio, Pedro L. and Peláez, Mireia and Cadefau, Joan A. and Farran-Codina, Andreu mail UNSPECIFIED, mireia.pelaez@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED (2022) Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Circulating Irisin Levels Following Endurance Training: Results of Continuous and Interval Training. Biological Research For Nursing. p. 109980042211425. ISSN 1099-8004

Article Subjects > Biomedicine
Subjects > Engineering
Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Universidad Internacional do Cuanza > Research > Scientific Production
Abierto Inglés Herbal medicine and nutritional supplements are suggested to treat premenstrual somatic and psycho-behavioural symptoms in clinical guidelines; nonetheless, this is at present based on poor-quality trial evidence. Hence, we aimed to design a systematic review and meta-analysis for their effectiveness in alleviating premenstrual symptoms. The published randomized controlled trials (RCTs) were extracted from Google scholar, PubMed, Scopus and PROSPERO databases. The risk of bias in randomized trials was assessed by Cochrane risk-of-bias tool. The main outcome parameters were analysed separately based on the Premenstrual Symptom Screening Tool and PMTS and DRSP scores. Secondary parameters of somatic, psychological, and behavioural subscale symptoms of PSST were also analysed. Data synthesis was performed assuming a random-effects model, and standardized mean difference (SMDs) was analysed using SPSS version 28.0.0 (IBM, Armonk, NY, USA). A total of 754 articles were screened, and 15 RCTs were included (n = 1211 patients). Primary results for participants randomized to an intervention reported reduced PSST (n = 9), PMTS (n = 2), and DSR (n = 4) scores with (SMD = −1.44; 95% CI: −1.72 to −1.17), (SMD = −1.69; 95% CI: −3.80 to 0.42) and (SMD = 2.86; 95% CI: 1.02 to 4.69) verses comparator with substantial heterogeneity. Physical (SMD = −1.61; 95% CI = −2.56 to −0.66), behavioural (SMD = −0.60; 95% CI = −1.55 to0.35) and mood (SMD = 0.57; 95% CI = −0.96 to 2.11) subscale symptom groupings of PSST displayed similar findings. Fifty-three studies (n = 8) were considered at low risk of bias with high quality. Mild adverse events were reported by four RCTs. Based on the existing evidence, herbal medicine and nutritional supplements may be effective and safe for PMS metadata Sultana, Arshiya and Heyat, Md Belal Bin and Rahman, Khaleequr and Kunnavil, Radhika and Fazmiya, Mohamed Joonus Aynul and Akhtar, Faijan and Sumbul, X. and Vidal Mazón, Juan Luis and Rodríguez Velasco, Carmen Lilí and De La Torre Díez, Isabel mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, juanluis.vidal@uneatlantico.es, carmen.rodriguez@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED (2022) A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Premenstrual Syndrome with Special Emphasis on Herbal Medicine and Nutritional Supplements. Pharmaceuticals, 15 (11). p. 1371. ISSN 1424-8247

Article Subjects > Biomedicine Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Abierto Inglés Objective: The objective of this paper is to review and analyze the current state of telemedicine and ehealth in the field of vascular surgery. Methods: This paper collects the relevant information obtained after reviewing the articles related to telemedicine in vascular surgery, published from 2012 to 2022 contained in scientific databases. In addition, the results obtained are statistically studied based on various factors, such as the year of publication or the search engine. In this way, we obtain a complete vision of the current state of telemedicine in the field of vascular surgery. Results: After performing this search and applying selection criteria, 29 articles were obtained for subsequent study and discussion, of which 20 were published in the second half of the decade, representing 70% of the results. In the analysis carried out according to the search criteria used, it can be seen that using the word telemedicine we obtained 69% of the articles while with the criteria mHealth and eHealth we only obtained 22% and 9% of the results, respectively. It can be seen that the filter with the most potential content articles was “vascular surgery AND telemedicine”. In the analysis performed according to the search engine, it was observed that the Google Scholar database contains 93% of the articles found in the massive search and the relevant articles contained therein represent 52% of the total. Conclusion: An upward trend has been observed in recent years, with a clear increase in the number of publications and much lower figures in the first years. One aspect to highlight is that 47.8% of the articles analyzed focus only on postoperative treatment, which may be due to the help provided by telemedicine in detecting surgical site infections by sending images and videos, this being one of the most common postoperative complications. The analyzed works show the importance of telemedicine in vascular surgery and identify possible future lines of research. In the analysis carried out on the origin of the selected relevant papers, an important interest of the US in this topic is demonstrated since more than 50% of the research contains authors from this country, it is also observed that there is no research from Spain, so this research would be an initial step to determine the weaknesses of telemedicine in this field of medicine and a good opportunity to open a research gap in this branch. metadata Herrera Montano, Isabel and Presencio Lafuente, Elena and Breñosa, Jose and Ortega-Mansilla, Arturo and Torre Díez, Isabel de la and Río-Solá, María Lourdes Del mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, josemanuel.brenosa@uneatlantico.es, arturo.ortega@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED (2022) Systematic Review of Telemedicine and eHealth Systems Applied to Vascular Surgery. Journal of Medical Systems, 46 (12). ISSN 1573-689X

Article Subjects > Engineering Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Universidad Internacional do Cuanza > Research > Scientific Production
Abierto Inglés The accelerated evolution in computing and transmission automation of the Internet of Vehicles (IoV) has led to enormous research standards that attract many researchers and industries. This century of the Internet of Things (IoT) is propulsive to the routine vehicular ad hoc networks (VANETs) in the IoV. It has emerged as one of the major driving forces for innovations in the intelligent vehicular industry. The World Health Organization (WHO) report confirms that approximately 1.35 million people die because of accidents on the road every year. This requires considerable attention to incorporate more and more safety measures into the automobile industry. Intelligent transportation systems can help bridge the gap between the traditional and the intelligent automotive industry by connecting vehicle to vehicle (V2V) and vehicle to infrastructure (V2I), hence adding much safety in vehicular communication. This paper provides a comprehensive review of the Internet of Vehicles (IoV) which discusses the architectures of IoV including layer types, functions of layers, application area, and communication type supported. Further, it also provides an in-depth insight into state-of-the-art Medium Access Control (MAC) protocols and routing protocols used in IoV communication. The routing protocol comparative summarization considers important parameters which include communication types broadcast, unicast, cluster, multicast, forwarding strategy, recovery strategy, availability of map, and the type of environment urban or highway. The summarization of various protocols highlights strengths, research gaps, and application areas. Finally, the paper addresses various research challenges along with potential future enhancements for the IoV communication. metadata Seth, Ishita and Guleria, Kalpna and Panda, Surya Narayan and Anand, Divya and Alsubhi, Khalid and Aljahdali, Hani Moaiteq and Singh, Aman and A Saeed, Rashid mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, divya.anand@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, aman.singh@unic.co.ao, UNSPECIFIED (2022) A Taxonomy and Analysis on Internet of Vehicles: Architectures, Protocols, and Challenges. Wireless Communications and Mobile Computing, 2022. pp. 1-26. ISSN 1530-8669

Article Subjects > Engineering
Subjects > Teaching
Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés This paper presents the first exploratory results of a research integrated in a more global project on digital and entrepreneurial skills of students at the University ***. The study reveals gaps in professional skills such as problem solving, strategic thinking and creativity. For this reason, a pedagogical project is created integrating the use of social media in training (entrepreneurship), research (knowledge management) and university transfer. The aim is to develop skills in digital talent, (techno)creativity and to implement work methodologies, such as design thinking and growth hacking. In addition, it will encourage selflearning of the students, improve their e-competences, creative capacity and practical skills for a better adaptation to the needs of social demand, where knowledge transfer generates development and growth scenarios (startup) and fosters innovation (competitive capacity). This innovative initiative will enable Higher Education students to acquire the most demanded skills in a multidisciplinary labour market that also requires specific ones in creativity, strategic capacity, project management, product innovation, solution generation and entrepreneurship. This is what forms the basis of an integral project of triangular synergy between University, Business and Society. metadata Comesaña-Comesaña, Patricia and Amorós-Pons, Anna and Alexeeva-Alexeev, Inna mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, inna.alexeeva@uneatlantico.es (2022) Technocreativity, Social Networks and Entrepreneurship: Diagnostics of Skills in University Students. International Journal of Emerging Technologies in Learning (iJET), 17 (05). pp. 180-195. ISSN 1863-0383

Article Subjects > Engineering Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Abierto Inglés The probability of medical staff to get affected from COVID19 is much higher due to their working environment which is more exposed to infectious diseases. So, as a preventive measure the body temperature monitoring of medical staff at regular intervals is highly recommended. Infrared temperature sensing guns have proved its effectiveness and therefore such devices are used to monitor the body temperature. These devices are either used on hands or forehead. As a result, there are many issues in monitoring the temperature of frontline healthcare professionals. Firstly, these healthcare professionals keep wearing PPE (Personal Protective Equipment) kits during working hours and as a result it would be very difficult to monitor their body temperature. Secondly, these healthcare professionals also wear face shields and in such cases monitoring temperature by exposing forehead needs removal of face shield. Doing so after regular intervals is surely uncomfortable for healthcare professionals. To avoid such issues, this paper is disclosing a technologically advanced face shield equipped with sensors capable of monitoring body temperature instantly without the hassle of removing the face shield. This face shield is integrated with a built-in infrared temperature sensor. A total of 10 such face shields were printed and assembled within the university lab and then handed over to a group of ten members including faculty and students of nursing and health science department. This sequence was repeated four times and as a result 40 healthcare workers participated in the study. Thereafter, feedback analysis was conducted on questionnaire data and found a significant overall mean score of 4.59 out of 5 which indicates that the product is effective and worthy in every facet. Stress analysis is also performed in the simulated environment and found that the device can easily withstand the typically applied forces. The limitations of this product are difficulty in cleaning the product and comparatively high cost due to the deployment of electronic equipment metadata Kumar Kaushal, Rajesh and Kumar, Naveen and Kukreja, Vinay and S. Alharithi, Fahd and H. Almulihi, Ahmed and Ortega-Mansilla, Arturo and Rani, Shikha mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, arturo.ortega@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED (2022) Technologically Advanced Reusable 3D Face Shield for Health Workers Confronting COVID19. Computers, Materials & Continua, 72 (2). pp. 2565-2579. ISSN 1546-2226

Article Subjects > Engineering Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Universidad Internacional do Cuanza > Research > Scientific Production
Abierto Inglés Currently, sustainability is a vital aspect for every nation and organization to accomplish Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) by 2030. Environmental, social, and governance (ESG) metrics are used to evaluate the sustainability level of an organization. According to the statistics, 53% of respondents in the BlackRock survey are concerned about the availability of low ESG data, which is critical for determining the organization’s sustainability level. This obstacle can be overcome by implementing Industry 4.0 technologies, which enable real-time data, data authentication, prediction, transparency, authentication, and structured data. Based on the review of previous studies, it was determined that only a few studies discussed the implementation of Industry 4.0 technologies for ESG data and evaluation. The objective of the study is to discuss the significance of ESG data and report, which is used for the evaluation of the sustainability of an organization. In this regard, the assimilation of Industry 4.0 technologies (Internet of Things (IoT), artificial intelligence (AI), blockchain, and big data for obtaining ESG data by an organization is detailed presented to study the progress of advancement of these technologies for ESG. On the basis of analysis, this study concludes that consumers are concerned about the ESG data, as most organizations develop inaccurate ESG data and suggest that these digital technologies have a crucial role in framing an accurate ESG report. After analysis a few vital conclusions are drawn such as ESG investment has benefited from AI capabilities, which previously relied on self-disclosed, annualized company information that was susceptible to inherent data issues and biases. Finally, the article discusses the vital recommendations that can be implemented for future work metadata Saxena, Archana and Singh, Rajesh and Gehlot, Anita and Akram, Shaik Vaseem and Twala, Bhekisipho and Singh, Aman and Caro Montero, Elisabeth and Priyadarshi, Neeraj mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, aman.singh@uneatlantico.es, elizabeth.caro@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED (2022) Technologies Empowered Environmental, Social, and Governance (ESG): An Industry 4.0 Landscape. Sustainability, 15 (1). p. 309. ISSN 2071-1050

Article Subjects > Nutrition Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés, Español El interés ambiental de la presente propuesta parte de la problemática para reducir los residuos no aprovechados de las plantaciones de eucalipto. así como también introducir en el sector de la alimentación un conservante “eco-friendly” natural y más eficiente energéticamente. En definitiva, el proyecto pretende convertir el residuo de las hojas de eucalipto en una materia prima de valor añadido que pueda ser empleado como conservante alimentario. Por un lado, se planteó la validación de un producto conservante basado en esencia de eucalipto para su uso en la industria alimentaria de frutos rojos. En particular, para el control del hongo Colletotrichum acutatum a nivel de postcosecha, en el que lamentablemente el extracto de eucalipto no mostró un efecto significativo dando valores de velocidad de crecimiento del hongo superiores al uso de ácidos orgánicos (láctico y cítrico). Por otro lado, se planteó una innovación tecnológica en el análisis del rendimiento de la extracción de esencia de Eucalyptus globulus de los bosques de Cantabria por diferentes métodos. El rendimiento promedio de extracción de aceite esencial demostró ser mayor por el método de destilación por arrastre de vapor. metadata Madrigal-Hoyos, Lorena and Sumalla Cano, Sandra and Elío Pascual, Iñaki mail lorena.madrigal@uneatlantico.es, sandra.sumalla@uneatlantico.es, inaki.elio@uneatlantico.es (2022) Tecnologías de conservación de frutos rojos basadas en residuos de Eucalyptus Globulus. Environmental Sciences and Practices, 1 (1).

Book Section Subjects > Social Sciences Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Español El objetivo principal consiste en analizar si el teletrabajo, como uno de los elementos del salario emocional, es percibido por las mujeres como una mejora importante a implementar en las organizaciones. metadata Alexeeva-Alexeev, Inna and Mazas Pérez-Oleaga, Cristina mail inna.alexeeva@uneatlantico.es, cristina.mazas@uneatlantico.es (2022) Teletrabajo en la era híper digital y tras la pandemia para la mujer, ¿suerte o desgracia? In: Algoritmos, teletrabajo y otros grandes temas del feminismo digital. Dykinson, pp. 413-438. ISBN 978-84-1122-494-9

Article Subjects > Engineering Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Fundación Universitaria Internacional de Colombia > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Universidad Internacional do Cuanza > Research > Scientific Production
Abierto Inglés Technology’s expansion has contributed to the rise in popularity of social media platforms. Twitter is one of the leading social media platforms that people use to share their opinions. Such opinions, sometimes, may contain threatening text, deliberately or non-deliberately, which can be disturbing for other users. Consequently, the detection of threatening content on social media is an important task. Contrary to high-resource languages like English, Dutch, and others that have several such approaches, the low-resource Urdu language does not have such a luxury. Therefore, this study presents an intelligent threatening language detection for the Urdu language. A stacking model is proposed that uses an extra tree (ET) classifier and Bayes theorem-based Bernoulli Naive Bayes (BNB) as the based learners while logistic regression (LR) is employed as the meta learner. A performance analysis is carried out by deploying a support vector classifier, ET, LR, BNB, fully connected network, convolutional neural network, long short-term memory, and gated recurrent unit. Experimental results indicate that the stacked model performs better than both machine learning and deep learning models. With 74.01% accuracy, 70.84% precision, 75.65% recall, and 73.99% F1 score, the model outperforms the existing benchmark study. metadata Mehmood, Aneela and Farooq, Muhammad Shoaib and Naseem, Ansar and Rustam, Furqan and Gracia Villar, Mónica and Rodríguez Velasco, Carmen Lilí and Ashraf, Imran mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, monica.gracia@uneatlantico.es, carmen.rodriguez@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED (2022) Threatening URDU Language Detection from Tweets Using Machine Learning. Applied Sciences, 12 (20). p. 10342. ISSN 2076-3417

Article Subjects > Engineering Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Universidad Internacional do Cuanza > Research > Scientific Production
Abierto Inglés Thyroid disease prediction has emerged as an important task recently. Despite existing approaches for its diagnosis, often the target is binary classification, the used datasets are small-sized and results are not validated either. Predominantly, existing approaches focus on model optimization and the feature engineering part is less investigated. To overcome these limitations, this study presents an approach that investigates feature engineering for machine learning and deep learning models. Forward feature selection, backward feature elimination, bidirectional feature elimination, and machine learning-based feature selection using extra tree classifiers are adopted. The proposed approach can predict Hashimoto’s thyroiditis (primary hypothyroid), binding protein (increased binding protein), autoimmune thyroiditis (compensated hypothyroid), and non-thyroidal syndrome (NTIS) (concurrent non-thyroidal illness). Extensive experiments show that the extra tree classifier-based selected feature yields the best results with 0.99 accuracy and an F1 score when used with the random forest classifier. Results suggest that the machine learning models are a better choice for thyroid disease detection regarding the provided accuracy and the computational complexity. K-fold cross-validation and performance comparison with existing studies corroborate the superior performance of the proposed approach. metadata Chaganti, Rajasekhar and Rustam, Furqan and De La Torre Díez, Isabel and Vidal Mazón, Juan Luis and Rodríguez Velasco, Carmen Lilí and Ashraf, Imran mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, juanluis.vidal@uneatlantico.es, carmen.rodriguez@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED (2022) Thyroid Disease Prediction Using Selective Features and Machine Learning Techniques. Cancers, 14 (16). p. 3914. ISSN 2072-6694

Article Subjects > Engineering Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Abierto Inglés Using artificial intelligence (AI) based software defect prediction (SDP) techniques in the software development process helps isolate defective software modules, count the number of software defects, and identify risky code changes. However, software development teams are unaware of SDP and do not have easy access to relevant models and techniques. The major reason for this problem seems to be the fragmentation of SDP research and SDP practice. To unify SDP research and practice this article introduces a cloud-based, global, unified AI framework for SDP called DePaaS—Defects Prediction as a Service. The article describes the usage context, use cases and detailed architecture of DePaaS and presents the first response of the industry practitioners to DePaaS. In a first of its kind survey, the article captures practitioner’s belief into SDP and ability of DePaaS to solve some of the known challenges of the field of software defect prediction. This article also provides a novel process for SDP, detailed description of the structure and behaviour of DePaaS architecture components, six best SDP models offered by DePaaS, a description of algorithms that recommend SDP models, feature sets and tunable parameters, and a rich set of challenges to build, use and sustain DePaaS. With the contributions of this article, SDP research and practice could be unified enabling building and using more pragmatic defect prediction models leading to increase in the efficiency of software testing metadata Pandit, Mahesha and Gupta, Deepali and Anand, Divya and Goyal, Nitin and Aljahdali, Hani Moaiteq and Ortega-Mansilla, Arturo and Kadry, Seifedine and Kumar, Arun mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, divya.anand@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, arturo.ortega@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED (2022) Towards Design and Feasibility Analysis of DePaaS: AI Based Global Unified Software Defect Prediction Framework. Applied Sciences, 12 (1). p. 493. ISSN 2076-3417

Article Subjects > Engineering Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Universidad Internacional do Cuanza > Research > Scientific Production
Abierto Inglés Device-to-device (D2D) communication has attracted many researchers, cellular operators, and equipment makers as mobile traffic and bandwidth demands have increased. It supports direct communication within devices with no need for any intermediate node and, therefore, offers advantage in 5G network while providing wide cell coverage range and frequency reuse. However, establishing acceptable and secure mechanism for D2D communication which ensures confidentiality, integrity, and availability is an issue encountered in this situation. Furthermore, in a resource-constrained IoT environment, these security challenges are more critical and difficult to mitigate, especially during emergence of IoT with 5G network application scenarios. To address these issues, this paper proposed a security mechanism in 5G network for D2D wireless communication dependent on lightweight modified elliptic curve cryptography (LMECC). The proposed scheme follows a proactive routing protocol to discover services, managing link setup, and for data transfer with the aim to reduce communication overhead during user authentication. The proposed approach has been compared against Diffie–Hellman (DH) and ElGamal (ELG) schemes to evaluate the protocol overhead and security enhancement at network edge. Results proved the outstanding performance of the proposed LMECC for strengthening data secrecy with approximate 13% and 22.5% lower overhead than DH and ELG schemes. metadata Gupta, Divya and Rani, Shalli and Singh, Aman and Vidal Mazón, Juan Luis and Wang, Han mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, aman.singh@unic.co.ao, juanluis.vidal@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED (2022) Towards Security Mechanism in D2D Wireless Communication: A 5G Network Approach. Wireless Communications and Mobile Computing, 2022. pp. 1-9. ISSN 1530-8669

Article Subjects > Engineering Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Universidad Internacional do Cuanza > Research > Scientific Production
Abierto Inglés The paddy crop is the most essential and consumable agricultural produce. Leaf disease impacts the quality and productivity of paddy crops. Therefore, tackling this issue as early as possible is mandatory to reduce its impact. Consequently, in recent years, deep learning methods have been essential in identifying and classifying leaf disease. Deep learning is used to observe patterns in disease in crop leaves. For instance, organizing a crop’s leaf according to its shape, size, and color is significant. To facilitate farmers, this study proposed a Convolutional Neural Networks-based Deep Learning (CNN-based DL) architecture, including transfer learning (TL) for agricultural research. In this study, different TL architectures, viz. InceptionV3, VGG16, ResNet, SqueezeNet, and VGG19, were considered to carry out disease detection in paddy plants. The approach started with preprocessing the leaf image; afterward, semantic segmentation was used to extract a region of interest. Consequently, TL architectures were tuned with segmented images. Finally, the extra, fully connected layers of the Deep Neural Network (DNN) are used to classify and identify leaf disease. The proposed model was concerned with the biotic diseases of paddy leaves due to fungi and bacteria. The proposed model showed an accuracy rate of 96.4%, better than state-of-the-art models with different variants of TL architectures. After analysis of the outcomes, the study concluded that the anticipated model outperforms other existing models metadata Gautam, Vinay and Trivedi, Naresh K. and Singh, Aman and Mohamed, Heba G. and Delgado Noya, Irene and Kaur, Preet and Goyal, Nitin mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, aman.singh@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, irene.delgado@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED (2022) A Transfer Learning-Based Artificial Intelligence Model for Leaf Disease Assessment. Sustainability, 14 (20). p. 13610. ISSN 2071-1050

Article Subjects > Nutrition Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés Ultra-processed food (UPF) consumption has been the focus of major attention due to their potential effects on human health. The aim of this study was to investigate the intake of UPFs in a sample of southern Italian individuals and assess its relationship with nutrient profile and dietary quality parameters. A cross-sectional study was conducted on 1936 individuals older than 18 years randomly selected from the general population. A total of 110 food times have been categorized based on the level of processing using the NOVA classification. The average daily energy intake of the sample was 2091.1 kcal, 38.7% of which were from the NOVA group of unprocessed/minimally processed foods, 5.7% from processed culinary ingredients, 38.3% from processed foods, and 17.9% from the UPFs group. UPFs were more consumed among young, unmarried individuals, with high cultural level, smokers, and often eating out of home. The mean energy share of UPFs varied from 6.3% of total daily energy intake for individuals in the lowest quintile of UPF consumption to 34.2% for those in the upper quintile. Within the UPF group, the highest energy contribution was provided by fast foods and sweets. Compared to the lowest quintile of UPF consumption, individuals in the highest quintile consumed, on average, additional 300 kcals per day and less fiber. Some plant-derived vitamins, such as vitamin A and vitamin C showed an inverse trend toward increasing shares of UPF consumption, while sodium intake increased. A significant higher intake of UPFs in individuals meeting the European and Italian dietary recommendations for carbohydrates, vitamin B12, vitamin D, and vitamin E was found, while UPFs were less consumed among those meeting the recommendations for total fats, fiber, sodium, potassium, and vitamin C. Finally, individuals displaying a “healthier” dietary profile, such as higher adherence to either the Mediterranean diet, the Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension, the Alternate Diet Quality Index, and the Diet Quality Index-International, consumed less UPFs and more unprocessed/minimally processed foods, with minor variation in the other NOVA food categories. In conclusion, consumption of UPF in southern Italy is in line with those reported in some other Mediterranean countries, although it negatively impacted the nutrient profile. It is important to monitor the consumption of UPFs before their availability and popularity put the grounds on younger generations’ dietary habits metadata Godos, Justyna and Giampieri, Francesca and Al-Qahtani, Wahidah H. and Scazzina, Francesca and Bonaccio, Marialaura and Grosso, Giuseppe mail UNSPECIFIED, francesca.giampieri@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED (2022) Ultra-Processed Food Consumption and Relation with Diet Quality and Mediterranean Diet in Southern Italy. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 19 (18). p. 11360. ISSN 1660-4601

Article Subjects > Engineering Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Cerrado Inglés The development of underwater wireless sensor networks (UWSNs) has attracted great interest from many researchers and scientists to detect and monitor unfamiliar underwater domains. To achieve this goal, collecting data with an underwater network of sensors is primordial. Moreover, real-time information transmission needs to be achieved through efficient and enabling technologies for node deployment and data collection in UWSN. The Internet of Things (IoT) helps in real time data transmission, and it has great potential in UWSN, i.e., the Internet of Underwater Things (IoUT). The Internet of Underwater Things (IoUT) is a modern communication ecosystem for undersea things in marine and underwater environments. Intelligent boats and ships, automatic maritime transportation, location and navigation, undersea discovery, catastrophe forecasting and avoidance, as well as intelligent monitoring and security are all intertwined with IoUT technology. In this paper, the enabling technologies of UWSN along with several fundamental key aspects are scrupulously explained. The study aims to inquire about node deployment and data collection strategies, and then encourages researchers to lay the groundwork for new node deployment and advanced data collection techniques that enable effective underwater communication techniques. Besides different types of communication media, applications of UWSNs are also part of this paper. Various existing data collection protocols based on the deployment models are simulated using Network Simulator (NS 2.30) to analyse and compare the performance of state-of-the-art techniques. metadata Chaudhary, Monika and Goyal, Nitin and Benslimane, Abderrahim and Awasthi, Lalit Kumar and Alwadain, Ayed and Singh, Aman mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, aman.singh@uneatlantico.es (2022) Underwater Wireless Sensor Networks: Enabling Technologies for Node Deployment and Data Collection Challenges. IEEE Internet of Things Journal. p. 1. ISSN 2372-2541

Article Subjects > Nutrition Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Cerrado Inglés Traditionally, edible flowers have been used as foods and for therapeutic purposes, today they have gained importance due to their bioactive compounds such as flavonols, anthocyanins or other phenolic compounds, which give them potential for biomedical applications. This work evaluated a methanolic extract of Tulbaghia violacea. Eleven individual phenolic compounds were found and quantified by mass spectrometry in the extract. Antioxidant activity tests (TEAC, FRAP and DPPH) and other characterization parameters were assayed (total phenolic content and total flavonoid content). In vitro studies showed antitumoral activity against ovarian tumoral cells mediated by the induction of non-dependent caspase cell death and by the activation of reactive oxygen species. The effect of the extract against features of Alzheimer disease was in vivo assayed in Caenorhabditis elegans. Tulbaghia extract led to a reduction in the 1–42 beta amyloid peptide formation and prevented oxidative stress. These results suggested that Tulbaghia violacea could be a new source of phenolic compounds for nutraceuticals and functional food development. metadata Rivas-García, Lorenzo and Romero-Márquez, Jose M. and Navarro-Hortal, M.D. and Esteban-Muñoz, Adelaida and Giampieri, Francesca and Sumalla Cano, Sandra and Battino, Maurizio and Quiles, José L. and Llopis, Juan and Sánchez-González, Cristina mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, sandra.sumalla@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, jose.quiles@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED (2022) Unravelling potential biomedical applications of the edible flower Tulbaghia violacea. Food Chemistry, 381. p. 132096. ISSN 03088146

Article Subjects > Nutrition Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés The present manuscript describes the validation of a food knowledge questionnaire (FKQ) for Tanzanian childbearing age women. The FKQ was derived from the Ugandan version and was adapted according to Tanzanian culture and food habits, including 114 closed-ended questions, divided into five different sections. The FKQ was administered to 671 Tanzanian childbearing-age women who were eligible if they: (i) were aged between 14 and 49 years old, (ii) had not been diagnosed with any disease and (iii) lived in the urban or peri-urban area of the Arusha and Morogoro region. The validation process of the FKQ was conducted in Tanzania and the recruitment occurred between August and October 2020. The final version of the validated questionnaire was characterized by a total of 88 questions, divided into ten different sections; each section aimed to investigate a different aspect of food knowledge, except for section A, which collected information related to the social and demographic characteristics of the respondent. The food knowledge questionnaire showed good construct validity and content validity to assess knowledge and food practices in Tanzanian women of childbearing age and could be used in future studies to identify women at higher risk of unhealthy eating habits and food choices. metadata Conti, Maria Vittoria and Gnesi, Marco and De Giuseppe, Rachele and Giampieri, Francesca and Monti, Maria Cristina and Mshanga, Naelijwa and Kinabo, Joyce and Msuya, John and Cena, Hellas mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, francesca.giampieri@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED (2022) Validation of a Food Knowledge Questionnaire on Tanzanian Women of Childbearing Age. Nutrients, 14 (3). p. 691. ISSN 2072-6643

Book Section Subjects > Social Sciences Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Español En este estudio se plantean los siguientes objetivos: ‒ Estudiar la importancia de la tradición en la perpetuación de la religión. ‒ Analizar las diferentes posturas que existen en cuanto a la existencia de Dios ‒ Seleccionar a los principales representantes de dichas posturas para profundizar en su teoría hermenéutica ‒ Profundizar en la filosofía de Hume y su consecuente agnosticismo para analizar las causas y consecuencias del no-posicionamiento ‒ Repensar el poder de la religión a través de la postura del no-posicionamiento metadata Quijano-Peña, Paula mail paula.quijano@uneatlantico.es (2022) Ver para creer: repensando el poder de la religión a través del no-posicionamiento de Hume. In: La transversalidad de la investigación en comunicación. Dykinson, Madrid, pp. 885-893. ISBN 978-84-1122-367-6

Book Section Subjects > Communication Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Español Este estudio pone de relieve que tras el aumento de casos de violencia de género e intrafamiliar en los países de América Latina, las instituciones internacionales reaccionaron diseñando campañas y recursos de comunicación social para alertar de la situación y ayudar a las víctimas de este tipo de violencia metadata Comesaña-Comesaña, Patricia and Amorós Pons, Anna and Alexeeva-Alexeev, Inna mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, inna.alexeeva@uneatlantico.es (2022) Violencia de género en Iberoamérica durante la crisis de la Covid-19: campañas en RR. SS. impulsadas por organismos gubernamentales internacionales. In: Algoritmos, teletrabajo y otros grandes temas del feminismo digital. Dykinson S. L, pp. 891-913. ISBN 978-84-1122-494-9

Article Subjects > Communication Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Español La pandemia provocada por el SARS-CoV-2 evidenció un incremento de los casos de violencia de género durante el confinamiento domiciliario y aislamiento social. El artículo aborda el estudio de las campañas publicitarias impulsadas en los países del G-20 en el período de pandemia. Las redes sociales se convirtieron en un espacio de interacción para impulsar acciones de ciberfeminismo (hashtivismo) y visibilizar esta problemática social considerada ‘la otra pandemia’. El análisis se centra en las estrategias de codificación del mensaje publicitario y su vinculación al ecosistema social. El estudio pone de manifiesto que la pandemia se convirtió en el eje creativo en la creación de campañas de naturaleza informativa con nuevos códigos simbólicos de ayuda a las víctimas de violencia de género. metadata Amorós-Pons, Anna and Comesaña-Comesaña, Patricia and Alexeeva-Alexeev, Inna mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, inna.alexeeva@uneatlantico.es (2022) Violencia de género en período de pandemia de coronavirus en los países del G-20: Campañas publicitarias en redes sociales. Historia y Comunicación Social, 27 (2). pp. 389-400. ISSN 1137-0734

Article Subjects > Engineering Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Abierto Inglés For analytical approach-based word recognition techniques, the task of segmenting the word into individual characters is a big challenge, specifically for cursive handwriting. For this, a holistic approach can be a better option, wherein the entire word is passed to an appropriate recognizer. Gurumukhi script is a complex script for which a holistic approach can be proposed for offline handwritten word recognition. In this paper, the authors propose a Convolutional Neural Network-based architecture for recognition of the Gurumukhi month names. The architecture is designed with five convolutional layers and three pooling layers. The authors also prepared a dataset of 24,000 images, each with a size of 50 × 50. The dataset was collected from 500 distinct writers of different age groups and professions. The proposed method achieved training and validation accuracies of about 97.03% and 99.50%, respectively for the proposed dataset. metadata Singh, Tajinder Pal and Gupta, Sheifali and Garg, Meenu and Gupta, Deepali and Alharbi, Abdullah and Alyami, Hashem and Anand, Divya and Ortega-Mansilla, Arturo and Goyal, Nitin mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, divya.anand@uneatlantico.es, arturo.ortega@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED (2022) Visualization of Customized Convolutional Neural Network for Natural Language Recognition. Sensors, 22 (8). p. 2881. ISSN 1424-8220

Article Subjects > Psychology Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Cerrado Inglés The current global pandemic situation due to the Covid-19 has implied several consequences at all psychological levels. One of the main differences with respect to the pre-pandemic life in most of countries around the world is the obligation to wear a mask for citizens. This new habit could have several issues for human relationships. The current research aimed to explore the effect of wearing a mask on both emotion recognition and perception of attractiveness. Two hundred and two participants completed a task consisting of 24 face images presented twice, with and without mask. Of them, there were six images for emotion: anger, sadness, fear, and happiness. The results showed that emotion recognition was worse when wearing a face mask except for surprise: happiness, η2 = 0.84; anger, η2 = 0.74; anger, η2 = 52. Moreover, wearing a mask enhanced the perception of attractiveness both in male and female in all emotions except for happiness: sadness, η2 = 0.22; surprise, η2 = 0.05, and anger, η2 = 0.03. Finally, social implications and limitations of the study are discussed. metadata Parada-Fernández, Pamela and Herrero-Fernández, David and Jorge, Richard and Comesaña-Comesaña, Patricia mail pamela.parada@uneatlantico.es, david.herrero@uneatlantico.es, richard.jorge@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED (2022) Wearing mask hinders emotion recognition, but enhances perception of attractiveness. Personality and Individual Differences, 184. p. 111195. ISSN 01918869

Article Subjects > Biomedicine
Subjects > Engineering
Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Magazines
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Universidad Internacional do Cuanza > Research > Scientific Production
Abierto Inglés White blood cell (WBC) type classification is a task of significant importance for diagnosis using microscopic images of WBC, which develop immunity to fight against infections and foreign substances. WBCs consist of different types, and abnormalities in a type of WBC may potentially represent a disease such as leukemia. Existing studies are limited by low accuracy and overrated performance, often caused by model overfit due to an imbalanced dataset. Additionally, many studies consider a lower number of WBC types, and the accuracy is exaggerated. This study presents a hybrid feature set of selective features and synthetic minority oversampling technique-based resampling to mitigate the influence of the above-mentioned problems. Furthermore, machine learning models are adopted for being less computationally complex, requiring less data for training, and providing robust results. Experiments are performed using both machine- and deep learning models for performance comparison using the original dataset, augmented dataset, and oversampled dataset to analyze the performances of the models. The results suggest that a hybrid feature set of both texture and RGB features from microscopic images, selected using Chi2, produces a high accuracy of 0.97 with random forest. Performance appraisal using k-fold cross-validation and comparison with existing state-of-the-art studies shows that the proposed approach outperforms existing studies regarding the obtained accuracy and computational complexity. metadata Rustam, Furqan and Aslam, Naila and De La Torre Díez, Isabel and Khan, Yaser Daanial and Vidal Mazón, Juan Luis and Rodríguez Velasco, Carmen Lilí and Ashraf, Imran mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, juanluis.vidal@uneatlantico.es, carmen.rodriguez@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED (2022) White Blood Cell Classification Using Texture and RGB Features of Oversampled Microscopic Images. Healthcare, 10 (11). p. 2230. ISSN 2227-9032

Article Subjects > Physical Education and Sport Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés The aim of this study was to analyze the effects of percussive massage therapy (PMT) on lifeguards’ recovery after a water rescue, in comparison with passive recovery. Methods: A quasi-experimental crossover design was conducted to compare passive recovery (PR) and a PMT protocol. A total of 14 volunteer lifeguards performed a simulated 100 m water rescue and perceived fatigue and blood lactate were measured as recovery variables after the rescue and after the 8-min recovery process. Results: There were no differences between PMT and PR in lactate clearance (p > 0.05), finding in both modalities a small but not significant decrease in blood lactate. In perceived fatigue, both methods decreased this variable significantly (p < 0.001), with no significant differences between them (p > 0.05). Conclusions: PMT does not enhance recovery after a water rescue, in comparison with staying passive. Despite PMT appearing to be adequate for recovery in other efforts, it is not recommended for lifeguards’ recovery after a water rescue. metadata Alonso-Calvete, Alejandra and Lorenzo-Martínez, Miguel and Pérez-Ferreirós, Alexandra and Couso-Bruno, Antonio and Carracedo-Rodríguez, Eloy and Barcala Furelos, Martín and Barcala-Furelos, Roberto and Padrón-Cabo, Alexis mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, martin.barcala@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED (2022) Why Percussive Massage Therapy Does Not Improve Recovery after a Water Rescue? A Preliminary Study with Lifeguards. Healthcare, 10 (4). p. 693. ISSN 2227-9032

Article Subjects > Biomedicine
Subjects > Psychology
Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés Synapse unsilencing is an essential mechanism for experience-dependent plasticity. Here, we showed that the application of the ligand Wnt-5a converts glutamatergic silent synapses into functional ones by increasing both α-amino-3-hydroxy-5-methyl-4-isoxazole propionic acid (AMPA) and N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) currents (IAMPA and INMDA, respectively). These effects were mimicked by the hexapeptide Foxy-5 and inhibited by secreted frizzled-related protein sFRP-2. INMDA potentiation was produced by increased synaptic potency, followed by an increase in the probability of release (Pr), even in the presence of 7-nitro-2,3-dioxo-1,4-dihydroquinoxaline-6-carbonitrile (CNQX). At a longer time of Wnt-5a exposure, the Pr increments were higher in INMDA than in IAMPA. In the presence of NMDAR inhibitors, Wnt-5a-induced conversion was fully inhibited in 69.0% of silent synapses, whereas in the remaining synapses were converted into functional one. Our study findings showed that the Wnt-5a-activated pathway triggers AMPAR insertion into mammalian glutamatergic synapses, unsilencing non-functional synapses and promoting the formation of nascent synapses during the early postnatal development of the brain circuits. metadata Álvarez-Ferradas, Carla and Wellmann, Mario and Morales, Koyam and Fuenzalida, Marco and Cerpa, Waldo and Inestrosa, Nibaldo C. and Bonansco, Christian mail carla.alvarez@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED (2022) Wnt-5a induces the conversion of silent to functional synapses in the hippocampus. Frontiers in Molecular Neuroscience, 15. ISSN 1662-5099

Article Subjects > Teaching Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Abierto Portugués O objetivo deste trabalho é mostrar a importância da análise PDCA como ferramenta para preparar os alunos de ensino público para o futuro, devido a facilidade que a ferramenta tem para a aplicação do método com metodologias que podem potencializar a aprendizagem dos alunos. Auxiliando na execução de um planejamento estratégico de acordo com os objetivos e metas estabelecidas, ou seja, um direcionamento adequado para o futuro da instituição de ensino. A metodologia utilizada foi de pesquisa bibliográfica em artigos e sites acadêmicos com autores encontrados no Google Acadêmico e SciELLO. Ao realizar a pesquisa, foi estudado material que aborda sobre a utilização do PDCA nas organizações e como o uso da aprendizagem baseada em projetos se mostra eficiente e pode trazer benefícios para a escola. Com isso, é possível considerar que essa ferramenta deve ser aplicada nas escolas, aumentando a autonomia dos alunos tendo em vista trazer benefícios. metadata Alves Guimarães, Ueudison and Rodrigues Moniz, Sibele Selvina de Oliveira and Olímpio dos Santos, José mail UNSPECIFIED (2022) A análise PDCA como ferramenta de suporte a instituição escolar. RECIMA21 - Revista Científica Multidisciplinar - ISSN 2675-6218, 3 (11). e3112265. ISSN 2675-6218

Article Subjects > Teaching Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Abierto Portugués O estudo aqui edificado apresenta como seu principal desígnio avaliar o modo como uma importante ferramenta de gestão pode contribuir, mostrando a eficiência em resultados na aprendizagem por meio de uma gestão escolar que busca ser democrática e como isso influencia no dia a dia de uma unidade escolar. Para tanto, falar-se-á aqui acerca da contribuição da ferramenta Swot na Gestão Escolar, revelando-se como ela funciona e como poderá beneficiar nesta área tão importante. Referindo-se à metodologia aproveitada para a edificação deste breve estudo, cita-se a escolha pela pesquisa bibliográfica, por meio da qual tornou-se possível colher material que contribuirá com a futura abordagem teórica que será feita, tendo em vista pensamentos e conjecturas de estudiosos famosos como Lima (2013), Nóvoa (2002) e outros. Por meio de tal análise acerca do material colhido e estudado durante a efetivação da pesquisa, concluiu-se ser clara a incoerência vivenciada entre a realidade escolar, o que a escola quer, o que a escola faz, e o dia a dia da gestão escolar, a qual precisa tomar decisões que, certamente, acabarão impactando, positiva ou negativamente, tanto no desenvolvimento quanto na formação de seus educandos. Conclui-se, pois, a importância de se trabalhar com uma ferramenta como Swot, especialmente quando se fala do trabalho encarado pela gestão escolar. metadata Alves Guimarães, Ueudison and Rodrigues Dantas de Brito, Junea Graciele and Rodrigues Moniz, Sibele Selvina de Oliveira and Picinini Lengler, Loreni mail UNSPECIFIED (2022) A ferramenta SWOT na gestão escolar. RECIMA21 - Revista Científica Multidisciplinar - ISSN 2675-6218, 3 (11). e3112271. ISSN 2675-6218

Article Subjects > Biomedicine Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés A new palladium coordination compound based on gliclazide with the chemical formula [Pd(glz)2] (where glz = gliclazide) has been synthesized and characterised. The structural characterization reveals that this material consists of mononuclear units formed by a Pd2+ ion coordinated to two molecules of the glz ligand, in which palladium ions exhibit a distorted plane-square coordination sphere. This novel material behaves like a good and selective inhibitor of butyrylcholinesterase, one of the most relevant therapeutic targets against Alzheimer's disease. Analysis of the enzyme kinetics showed a mixed mode of inhibition, the title compound being capable of interacting with both the free enzyme and the enzyme-substrate complex. Finally, the palladium compound shows promising protective activity against Aβ-induced toxicity in the Caenorhabditis elegans model, which has never been reported. metadata García-García, Amalia and Rojas, Sara and Rivas-García, Lorenzo and Navarro-Hortal, María D. and Romero-Márquez, Jose M. and Fernández-Bolaños, José G. and Choquesillo-Lazarte, Duane and Salinas-Castillo, Alfonso and López, Óscar and Quiles, José L. and Rodríguez-Diéguez, Antonio mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, jose.quiles@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED (2022) A gliclazide complex based on palladium towards Alzheimer's disease: promising protective activity against Aβ-induced toxicity in C. elegans. Chemical Communications, 58 (10). pp. 1514-1517. ISSN 1359-7345

Article Subjects > Psychology Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Cerrado Inglés Studies regarding aggression on the road are getting more frequent, due to the close relationship of these variables with risky behaviour and crash-related events. Whereas most of research has focused on both contextual and personality (proximal) variables, the current research aimed to explore the relationship between attachment styles (distal variables) and aggressive behaviour on the road, hypothesizing the mediation effect of mentalization. Then, a sample of 469 drivers (Mage = 35.60, SDage = 12.38; 66.1% female) taken from the general Spanish population completed a set of measures about their attachment styles (secure, anxious, avoidant, and disorganized), mentalization (alexithymia, mindful attention, empathy, and emotion recognition), and aggressive behaviour on the road (verbal, physical, vehicle-use related, displaced, and adaptive aggression). The results showed that driving aggression variables were significantly associated with self-sufficiency attachment style, as well as with empathy, alexithymia, and mindful attention. A further SEM analysis suggested that mentalization did not mediate in the relationship between self-sufficiency and driving aggression, but significant indirect effects were obtained in the case of the association between preoccupation attachment style and each one of the ways of aggression. Clinical implications of the results are discussed, in terms of the possible effectiveness of mentalization-based therapies to reduce aggression on the road, especially those which refer to alexithymia and mindful attention. metadata Herrero-Fernández, David and Parada-Fernández, Pamela and Rodríguez-Arcos, Irene and Amaya-Carrillo, Laura and González-Sáez, María Esther and Rubio-González, Miriam mail david.herrero@uneatlantico.es, pamela.parada@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED (2022) The mediation effect of mentalization in the relationship between attachment and aggression on the road. Transportation Research Part F: Traffic Psychology and Behaviour, 86. pp. 345-355. ISSN 13698478

Article Subjects > Nutrition Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés Olive tree-derived products have been associated with numerous benefits for health. The aim of the present study was to characterize an olive leaf extract enriched in oleuropein (OLE) concerning phenolic content and profile as well as antioxidant capacity. Short-term and long-term toxicity, including oxidative stress, was in vivo evaluated in the experimental model Caenorhabditis elegans. Moreover, the potential therapeutic effect of the extract against Aβ induced- and tau protein induced-toxicity was also evaluated in C. elegans. OLE treatment did not exert toxicity. On the contrary, the extract was able to ameliorate oxidative stress and proteotoxicity related to Aβ and tau aggregation. The potential molecular mechanisms present behind the observed results explored by RNAi technology revealed that DAF-16/FOXO and SKN-1/NRF2, elements of the insulin insulin-like signalling pathway, as well as HSP-16.2 overexpression were involved. metadata Romero-Márquez, Jose M. and Navarro-Hortal, María D. and Jiménez-Trigo, Victoria and Vera-Ramírez, Laura and Forbes-Hernández, Tamara J. and Esteban-Muñoz, Adelaida and Giampieri, Francesca and Bullón, Pedro and Battino, Maurizio and Sánchez-González, Cristina and Quiles, José L. mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, francesca.giampieri@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, jose.quiles@uneatlantico.es (2022) An oleuropein rich-olive (Olea europaea L.) leaf extract reduces β-amyloid and tau proteotoxicity through regulation of oxidative- and heat shock-stress responses in Caenorhabditis elegans. Food and Chemical Toxicology, 162. p. 112914. ISSN 02786915

Article Subjects > Nutrition Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Cerrado Inglés Polyphenols are plant secondary metabolites, whose biological activity has been widely demonstrated. However, the research in this field is a bit reductive, as very frequently the effect of individual compound is investigated in different experimental models, neglecting more complex, but common, relationships that are established in the diet. This review summarizes the data that highlighted the interaction between polyphenols and other food components, especially macro- (lipids, proteins, carbohydrates and fibers) and micronutrients (minerals, vitamins and organic pigments), paying particular attention on their bioavailability, antioxidant capacity and chemical, physical, organoleptic and nutritional characteristics. The topic of food interaction has yet to be extensively studied because a greater knowledge of the food chemistry behind these interactions and the variables that modify their effects, could offer innovations and improvements in various fields ranging from organoleptic, nutritional to health and economic field. metadata Cianciosi, Danila and Forbes-Hernández, Tamara Y. and Regolo, Lucia and Alvarez-Suarez, José M. and Navarro-Hortal, Maria Dolores and Xiao, Jianbo and Quiles, José L. and Battino, Maurizio and Giampieri, Francesca mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, jose.quiles@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, francesca.giampieri@uneatlantico.es (2022) The reciprocal interaction between polyphenols and other dietary compounds: Impact on bioavailability, antioxidant capacity and other physico-chemical and nutritional parameters. Food Chemistry, 375. p. 131904. ISSN 03088146

Article Subjects > Nutrition Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Cerrado Inglés Background The drive to reduce the negative impact of the global food system on the environment and human health, and to feed a growing global population, has led to the rapid development of meat alternatives, including plant-based and mycoprotein-based products such as burgers, cured meat and nuggets. These are generally food items manufactured with highly refined ingredients, so health professionals interested in promoting plant-based diets, or a reduction in meat consumption, need a deeper understanding about the potential health effects of these products in order to present them to the public in an objective and helpful manner. Scope and approaches In this narrative review, a search of the current available scientific literature was performed with the aim of exploring all these foods by delving into the way they are manufactured, their nutritional characteristics, their impact on health, as well as trying to understand their place in modern, diets. Key findings and conclusion Processed meat alternatives, despite being highly refined products, can be a good source of healthy food groups and nutrients often underrepresented in omnivores diets such as grains, legumes, plant protein and fibre, although attention must be paid to their salt and saturated fat content. For people wanting to move away from a meat-heavy diet, the consumption of these items can represent a stepping stone towards the adoption of more healthful dietary patterns centred on whole plant-foods. In addition, they might help to increase compliance with the new lifestyle as they tend to replicate some of the organoleptic properties of meat. metadata Gastaldello, Annalisa and Giampieri, Francesca and de Giuseppe, Rachele and Grosso, Giuseppe and Baroni, Luciana and Battino, Maurizio mail UNSPECIFIED, francesca.giampieri@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED (2022) The rise of processed meat alternatives: A narrative review of the manufacturing, composition, nutritional profile and health effects of newer sources of protein, and their place in healthier diets. Trends in Food Science & Technology. ISSN 09242244

2021

Article Subjects > Psychology Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Español Este estudio fue dirigido a hallar factores motivacionales y ambientales (clima organizacional) que exacerban conductas de acoso hacia el maestro en dos municipios del área sur de Puerto Rico. Se indagó desde la perspectiva del maestro cómo el Departamento de Educación de Puerto Rico maneja las situaciones de acoso laboral y en los casos donde existe mobbing cómo ha afectado el rendimiento laboral del maestro en estos municipios. Se utilizó una muestra representativa de 202 maestros del sistema de educación pública de Puerto Rico. Se realizó un muestreo no probabilístico de tipo intencional. Se usó un cuestionario creado y utilizado por Del Álamo (2006) llamado: (A) Cuestionario del Álamo sobre Maltrato Laboral. (B) El segundo instrumento utilizado fue el Cuestionario de Clima Organizacional obtenido del Departamento de Salud de Lima, Perú (Ugarte et al., 2009). Los objetivos que enmarcaron esta investigación y que sirvieron como marco de referencia para el desarrollo de la tesis fueron logrados. Los resultados y las conclusiones nos muestran que: i) los maestros afectados por el acoso tenderán a percibir que su rendimiento laboral disminuye; ii) el clima organizacional negativo o tenso hace que sea mayor la predisposición al acoso y que el rendimiento laboral también disminuya; iii) no existe un protocolo formal en el Departamento de Educación para manejar situaciones de acoso; iv) los maestros reflejaron una proporción equivalente entre someterse o enfrentarse al acosador; v) la mayor cantidad de participantes identificaron al acosador como su jefe inmediato; vi) las consecuencias del acoso psicológico en el trabajo se manifiestan a nivel físico (trastornos cardiovasculares) y psicológico (estrés y depresión). Las recomendaciones del estudio son las siguientes: asesoramiento legal para los maestros y orientación a directores escolares. Se espera que se continúen nuevas investigaciones sobre el tema y que se apruebe la Ley en Puerto Rico. metadata Morales Franceschi, Julissa and Martín Ayala, Juan Luis and Amutio Careaga, Alberto and Rosario Nieves, Ilia C. mail UNSPECIFIED, juan.martin@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED (2021) Acoso psicológico laboral (Mobbing) y su impacto en el clima y desempeño laboral en maestros del sistema público de enseñanza del área sur de Puerto Rico. MLS Psychology Research, 4 (1). pp. 79-98. ISSN 26055295

Article Subjects > Nutrition Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Cerrado Inglés BACKGROUND:In Spain, there are several studies published on the relationship between eating habits and lifestyle among university students; but only a few of them are focused on online postgraduate students. OBJECTIVE:Herein we aimed to evaluate the degree of adherence to the Mediterranean diet pyramid (2010 edition), non-communicable diseases (NCDs), and lifestyle in online postgraduate students aged 20–65 years belonging to the food area of the Fundación Universitaria Iberoamericana (FUNIBER). METHODS:We performed a descriptive cross-sectional study including 100 online post-graduate students aged 20–65 years who were recruited by an accidental non-probabilistic sampling method consisting of a questionnaire on their sociodemographic characteristics, NCDs, lifestyle, and a 3-day food intake record (3-d). RESULTS:The profile of the students was 74% women, with a mean age of 36.6 (±10.5) years and body mass index (BMI) of 22.6 kg / m2 (±3.3). 71% of the volunteers presented normal weight, while 20% were overweight. Indeed, only a low percentage of the volunteers presented hypertension (1%), cardiovascular disease (0%), diabetes mellitus 1 (2%), diabetes mellitus 2 (3%), hypercholesterolemia (9%), and hyperuricemia (2%). Concerning lifestyle, (77%) of students were non-smokers, (78%) consumed beverages with caffeine, (51%) did not consume alcoholic beverages, and nearly all of them (84%) frequently (3 times /week) practiced physical activity. 68% of the recruited students exhibited adherence to “Medium diet quality diet (4–7)” followed by (26%) with a “Poor diet quality (<3)” and “Optimal diet quality” (6%). CONCLUSIONS:Spanish postgraduate students of the nutritional area, have good health and a healthy lifestyle but are moving away from the MD model, should be established campaigns for the improvement of eating habits of the postgraduate university population. metadata Elío Pascual, Iñaki and Jarrin, Sandra and Elexpuru Zabaleta, Maria and Crespo-Álvarez, Jorge and Dominguez Azpíroz, Irma and Tutusaus, Kilian and Ruiz Salces, Roberto and Calderón Iglesias, Rubén and Sumalla Cano, Sandra mail inaki.elio@uneatlantico.es, sandra.jarrin@uneatlantico.es, maria.elexpuru@uneatlantico.es, jorge.crespo@uneatlantico.es, irma.dominguez@uneatlantico.es, kilian.tutusaus@uneatlantico.es, roberto.ruiz@uneatlantico.es, ruben.calderon@uneatlantico.es, sandra.sumalla@uneatlantico.es (2021) Adherence to the pyramid of the Mediterranean diet (2010), non-communicable diseases and lifestyle in online postgraduate Spanish students in the food area. Mediterranean Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism, 14 (2). pp. 191-205. ISSN 1973798X

Article Subjects > Engineering Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Universidad Internacional do Cuanza > Research > Scientific Production
Abierto Inglés Background: To address the current pandemic, multiple studies have focused on the development of new mHealth applications to help curb the number of infections, these applications aim to accelerate the identification and self-isolation of people exposed to SARS-CoV- 2, the coronavirus known to cause COVID-19, by being in close contact with infected individuals. Objective: The main objectives of this paper are: 1)To analyze the current status of COVID-19 apps available the main virtual stores: Google Play Store and App Store, and 2)To propose a novel mobile application based on the limitations of the analyzed apps. Methods: The search for apps in this research was carried out in the main virtual stores: Google Play Store and App Store, until May 2021. After the analysis of the selected apps, a novel app is proposed whose main function will be the multiple transmission of information about the patient's symptoms from the application, without the need for phone calls or chat in real time. For its development, the flowchart shown in this session is followed. Results: The search yielded a total of 50 apps, of which 24 were relevant to this study. It is important to note that 23 of the apps analyzed are free. Of the total number of apps, 54% are available for Android and iOS operating systems. 50% of the apps have more than 5 thousand downloads. This means that Covid-19 related apps are in high demand among mobile device users today. The developed app is called COVINFO and its name comes from the union of the words COVID-19 and information, inserted in such a way that the user can get an idea of the app's functionality just by listening or reading the resulting name. The application has been created for mobile devices with Android operating system, being compatible with Android 4.4 and higher. Conclusions: Of the apps found, 37.5% only offer information about the virus and the necessary measures to avoid infection. During the analysis it was detected that 12.5% of the apps are focused on locating outbreaks and that none of them have been successful for the following reasons: not being interconnected to share data; and the request for access to the user's geolocation, generating distrust on the part of the user who, consequently, rejects them. This work addresses the development of an application for the transmission of the user's symptoms to his regular doctor, based on the fact that only 16.6% of the existing applications have this functionality. The COVINFO app offers a service that no other application on the market has: doctor-patient interaction without the need for calls or chat in real time for constant monitoring by the doctor of the patient's condition and evolution. metadata Herrera Montano, Isabel and Pérez Pacho, Javier and Gracia Villar, Santos and Aparicio Obregón, Silvia and Breñosa, Jose and de la Torre Díez, Isabel mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, santos.gracia@uneatlantico.es, silvia.aparicio@uneatlantico.es, josemanuel.brenosa@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED (2021) Analysis of mobile apps for information, prevention and monitoring of covid-19 and proposal of an innovative app in this field. JMIR Preprints. (Submitted)

Article Subjects > Psychology Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Cerrado Inglés The current study aims to explore the relationship between attachment styles, mentalization and emotion dysregulation. Moreover, the mediation effect of mentalization in the relationship between attachment and emotion dysregulation is analyzed. A sample composed of 607 participants taken from the Spanish general population completed the measures in a cross-sectional designed study. The results show that secure attachment is negatively related to emotion dysregulation dimensions, whereas insecure attachment styles show a positive correlation. Furthermore, the mentalization variables are in general significantly related to emotion dysregulation. The mediation model shows a large mediational effect size (f2 = 2.64). The results suggest that mentalization significantly mediates the relationship between emotion dysregulation and preoccupation, self-sufficiency, and childhood trauma. These results have important implications, as they indicate that clinical interventions on mentalization should reduce emotion dysregulation even in those people with a predominant insecure attachment style. metadata Parada, Pamela and Herrero-Fernández, David and Oliva-Macías, Mireia and Rohwer, Heidi mail pamela.parada@uneatlantico.es, david.herrero@uneatlantico.es, mireia.oliva@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED (2021) Analysis of the mediating effect of mentalization on the relationship between attachment styles and emotion dysregulation. Scandinavian Journal of Psychology, 62 (3). pp. 312-320. ISSN 0036-5564

Article Subjects > Nutrition Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés The aim of this study was to evaluate for the first time the anti-inflammatory effects of chestnut (Castanea sativa) and Eucalyptus (Eucalyptus occidentalis) honeys collected in Italy on murine RAW 264.7 macrophages stressed with the bacterial endotoxin lipopolysaccharide (LPS). Pre-treatment with the two honeys markedly decreased apoptosis and stimulated wound healing in macrophages stressed with LPS, where they also reduced the intracellular levels of ROS and nitrite. Additionally, treatment with LPS decreased the levels of glutathione and suppressed the antioxidant enzyme activities, which were significantly (p < 0.05) increased in the presence of the two honeys, through the modulation of Nrf2 expression; in LPS-stressed macrophages, Chestnut or Eucalyptus honeys protected against inflammation by regulating the main inflammatory biomarkers, including TNF-α, IL-10 and iNOS, through the decrease of NF-кB expression. Finally, they improved mitochondrial respiration and the main related parameters. metadata Cianciosi, Danila and Forbes-Hernandez, Tamara Y. and Alvarez-Suarez, José M. and Ansary, Johura and Quinzi, Denise and Amici, Adolfo and Navarro-Hortal, María D. and Esteban-Muñoz, Adelaida and Quiles, José Luis and Battino, Maurizio and Giampieri, Francesca mail UNSPECIFIED (2021) Anti-inflammatory activities of Italian Chestnut and Eucalyptus honeys on murine RAW 264.7 macrophages. Journal of Functional Foods, 87. p. 104752. ISSN 17564646

Article Subjects > Biomedicine Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Abierto Inglés Acinetobacter baumannii is a Gram-negative coccoid rod species, clinically relevant as a human pathogen, included in the ESKAPE group. Carbapenem-resistant A. baumannii (CRAB) are considered by the World Health Organization (WHO) as a critical priority pathogen for the research and development of new antibiotics. Some of the most relevant features of this pathogen are its intrinsic multidrug resistance and its ability to acquire rapid and effective new resistant determinants against last-resort clinical antibiotics, mostly from other ESKAPE species. The presence of plasmids and mobile genetic elements in their genomes contributes to the acquisition of new antimicrobial resistance determinants. However, although A. baumannii has arisen as an important human pathogen, information about these elements is still not well understood. Current genomic analysis availability has increased our ability to understand the microevolution of bacterial pathogens, including point mutations, genetic dissemination, genomic stability, and pan- and core-genome compositions. In this work, we deeply studied the genomes of four clinical strains from our hospital, and the reference strain ATCC®19606TM, which have shown a remarkable ability to survive and maintain their effective capacity when subjected to long-term stress conditions. With that, our aim was presenting a detailed analysis of their genomes, including antibiotic resistance determinants and plasmid composition. metadata Chapartegui-González, Itziar and Lázaro-Díez, María and Redondo-Salvo, Santiago and Navas, Jesús and Ramos-Vivas, José mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, jose.ramos@uneatlantico.es (2021) Antimicrobial Resistance Determinants in Genomes and Plasmids from Acinetobacter baumannii Clinical Isolates. Antibiotics, 10 (7). p. 753. ISSN 2079-6382

Article Subjects > Engineering Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Universidad Internacional do Cuanza > Research > Scientific Production
Abierto Inglés The purpose of this research was to plan an approach to a project framework that integrated a model for sustainability and CSR, with the process groups of the Project Management Body of Knowledge (PMBOK®) standard, in its application to the training of a group of students in Project Design, Management, and Evaluation. The integration was justified by the scarce explicit references to sustainability and CSR found in traditional project management guidelines, norms, and standards. The new framework was used to structure a Sustainability Management Plan, which made it possible to incorporate sustainability criteria throughout the life cycle of the training project. The training proposal in Project Design, Management, and Evaluation was chosen, among several alternatives, by a multi-criteria selection process (fuzzy AHP) in the context of project scope management. The results reveal a great heterogeneity among the models and the lack of a base of key indicators in sustainability and CSR measurement tools as well as of explicit references to sustainability in project management standards. It is therefore necessary to develop a Sustainability Management Plan that can be introduced in the Project Management Plan and thus influence the strategic and operational guidelines of the Institution. metadata García Villena, Eduardo and Gracia Villar, Santos and Dzul López, Luis Alonso and Álvarez, Roberto Marcelo and Delgado Noya, Irene and Vidal Mazón, Juan Luis mail eduardo.garcia@uneatlantico.es, santos.gracia@uneatlantico.es, luis.dzul@uneatlantico.es, roberto.alvarez@uneatlantico.es, irene.delgado@uneatlantico.es, juanluis.vidal@uneatlantico.es (2021) Approach to a Project Framework in the Environment of Sustainability and Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR): Case Study of a Training Proposal to a Group of Students in a Higher Education Institution. Sustainability, 13 (19). p. 10880. ISSN 2071-1050

Article Subjects > Physical Education and Sport Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés, Español Las investigaciones basadas en la motivación y la autocompasión han demostrado que son características personales que influyen en el desarrollo de cada individuo. El objetivo de este estudio fue analizar la evolución de la motivación y de la autocompasión a lo largo de una temporada deportiva completa, con el fin de valorar si existen diferencias entre los distintos periodos de la misma teniendo en cuenta cada deporte. En la investigación participaron 48 deportistas (42 hombres y 6 mujeres) de edades comprendidas entre los 15 y 53 años (media= 23,5) que practicaban fútbol (29,2%), atletismo (31,3%) o rugby (39,6%) en un equipo de la Comunidad Autónoma de Cantabria. Respondieron a dos pruebas: un cuestionario de motivación (BRSQ) y una escala de autocompasión. Los resultados obtenidos mostraron que ambas variables se mantienen estables a lo largo de la temporada deportiva si se realiza el análisis de manera globalizada. En cambio, si se comparan los deportes entre sí, se encontraron diferencias estadísticamente significativas en la mayoría de las variables de la motivación lo que implica que esta está influenciada por el deporte que se practique. En el caso de la autocompasión, únicamente la variable Mindfulness contaba con significancia, por lo que está sujeta también a la influencia de las diferentes características de cada deporte. metadata Siri Schuchner, Ariadna and Mecías-Calvo, Marcos and Corrales Pardo, Andrea and Martí González, Mariacarla and Muñoz-Pérez, Iker mail ariadna.siri@alumnos.uneatlantico.es, marcos.mecias@uneatlantico.es, andrea.corrales@uneatlantico.es, mariacarla.marti@uneatlantico.es, iker.munoz@uneatlantico.es (2021) Atletismo, rugby y fútbol: valoración de la motivación y autocompasión a lo largo de la temporada. MLS Sport Research, 1 (1). pp. 19-34.

Article Subjects > Engineering Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Abierto Inglés The COVID-19 pandemic has profoundly affected almost all facets of peoples’ lives, various economic areas and regions of the world. In such a situation implementation of a vaccination can be viewed as essential but its success will be dependent on availability and transparency in the distribution process that will be shared among the stakeholders. Various distributed ledgers (DLTs) such as blockchain provide an open, public, immutable system that has numerous applications due the mentioned abilities. In this paper the authors have proposed a solution based on blockchain to increase the security and transparency in the tracing of COVID-19 vaccination vials. Smart contracts have been developed to monitor the supply, distribution of vaccination vials. The proposed solution will help to generate a tamper-proof and secure environment for the distribution of COVID-19 vaccination vials. Proof of delivery is used as a consensus mechanism for the proposed solution. A feedback feature is also implemented in order to track the vials lot in case of any side effect cause to the patient. The authors have implemented and tested the proposed solution using Ethereum test network, RinkeyBy, MetaMask, one clicks DApp. The proposed solution shows promising results in terms of throughput and scalability. metadata Chauhan, Harsha and Gupta, Deepali and Gupta, Sheifali and Singh, Aman and Aljahdali, Hani Moaiteq and Goyal, Nitin and Delgado Noya, Irene and Kadry, Seifedine mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, irene.delgado@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED (2021) Blockchain Enabled Transparent and Anti-Counterfeiting Supply of COVID-19 Vaccine Vials. Vaccines, 9 (11). p. 1239. ISSN 2076-393X

Article Subjects > Teaching Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production UNSPECIFIED UNSPECIFIED Low motor competence (MC) can cause low participation in physical activities in preschool children, and together with a high caloric intake, it can lead to obesity. Interventions on motor skills are effective in the short term to improve MC, therefore the objectives of this study were (1) to investigate the effect of a short six-week program on levels of motor competence in preschool children, and (2) to examine the effects of gender-based intervention. A total of 156 preschool children (5.20 ± 0.54 years old) from Lugo (Spain) participated. A quasi-experimental pre–post-test design was used with a control group of 76 students. The Movement Assessment Battery for Children—2nd Edition (MABC-2) was used to collect the data. Significant differences between the control and experimental groups were found after the intervention program in aiming and catching (p < 0.001), balance (p < 0.001), the total score of eight tests (p < 0.001), and total percentile score (p < 0.001). The results regarding gender in the experimental group showed a reduction in differences with respect to the initial results except in aiming and catching, where scores were higher in boys. The data suggest that the application of specific intervention programs in MC could positively influence the improvement of MC in preschool children, thus reducing differences between genders. metadata Navarro-Patón, Rubén and Brito-Ballester, Julien and Pueyo Villa, Silvia and Anaya, Vanessa and Mecías-Calvo, Marcos mail UNSPECIFIED, julien.brito@uneatlantico.es, silvia.pueyo@uneatlantico.es, vanessa.anaya@uneatlantico.es, marcos.mecias@uneatlantico.es (2021) Changes in Motor Competence after a Brief Physical Education Intervention Program in 4 and 5-Year-Old Preschool Children. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 18 (9). p. 4988. ISSN 1660-4601

Article Subjects > Physical Education and Sport Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés, Español La utilización del rodillo de espuma o Foam Roller (FR) es una técnica de liberación miofascial relativamente nueva que está experimentando un aumento considerable en el entorno del deporte y de la salud. El objetivo de este estudio fue comparar los diversos tipos de FR evaluando su efecto agudo en el músculo Recto Femoral (RF) mediante Tensiomiografía (TMG), teniendo en cuenta las variables Deformación máxima (Dm) y Tiempo de Contracción (Tc). Diez participantes de Ciencias de la Actividad Física y el Deporte (CAFYD) realizaron el estudio con un tipo de FR cada sesión, repartidos en tres jornadas. Cada sujeto llevó a cabo 3 series de 90 segundos con 30 segundos de descanso, sólo en la pierna dominante. Las mediciones en TMG fueron dos, antes y después del uso del FR. Al analizar los efectos producidos por todos los FR en el total de los participantes no se encontraron diferencias significativas en ninguna de las variables. Aunque hemos advertido que, al separar la muestra por nivel de actividad deportiva, el FR Duro (FRD) y el FR Relieve (FRR) causaron una disminución significativa del Tc, provocando una activación en los Sujetos No Entrenados (SNE). Por el contrario, en los Sujetos Entrenados (SE), el efecto del FRD produjo un aumento del Tc, ocasionando una relajación del RF. Las variaciones se vuelven notables dependiendo de la práctica deportiva y probablemente del tono muscular. Por ello, hay que tener muy en cuenta la forma física del usuario y su experiencia con el Foam Roller, ya que esto va a influir directamente en el efecto que le producirá su uso. metadata Secades Rodríguez, Miguel and Torre Saro, Benjamín and Velarde-Sotres, Álvaro and Mecías-Calvo, Marcos mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, alvaro.velarde@uneatlantico.es, marcos.mecias@uneatlantico.es (2021) Comparación de los tipos de Foam Roller evaluando su efecto agudo en el músculo recto femoral mediante tensiomiografía. MLS Sport Research, 1 (1). pp. 7-18.

Article Subjects > Psychology Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Abierto Inglés, Español Este artículo se deriva de la investigación de Tesis Doctoral sobre resiliencia, discapacidad y educación superior. El diseño del estudio es mixto, de tipo explicativo secuencial con una estrategia de investigación que integra el enfoque investigativo cuantitativo y cualitativo. El propósito de la investigación es caracterizar la resiliencia del estudiantado con discapacidad que le permite enfrentar las barreras en la educación superior con el fin de establecer los factores de enclave para el diseño de una ruta de acompañamiento resiliente. Se emplearon distintas técnicas de indagación tales como la escala de resiliencia SV-RES60, un cuestionario y una entrevista. Se contó con la participación de 110 estudiantes (55 regulares y 55 egresados) que cursan o han cursado una carrera en la UNA del año 2000 al 2020. Se realiza un análisis descriptivo y comparativo mediante herramientas básicas de estadística y con apoyo del programa SPSS permitió cuantificar y caracterizar la información recabada; asimismo establecer patrones de relación por grupos de estudio complementando con argumentación, testimonios y teoría indagada. Se concluye que el estudiantado con discapacidad presenta un estado resiliente durante su formación universitaria ante la presencia de las barreras estructurales que obstaculiza su desarrollo personal, académico y social. A partir de los resultados se justifica la actualización del personal docente y los servicios de apoyo sobre los modelos de promoción de la resiliencia y la implementación de una ruta de acompañamiento resiliente que se deriva de este estudio. metadata Fontana Hernández, Angélica del Socorro and Martín Ayala, Juan Luis mail angelica.fontana@doctorado.unini.educ.mx, juan.martin@uneatlantico.es (2021) Creciendo en la adversidad: la resiliencia del estudiantado con discapacidad en la Universidad Nacional, Costa Rica. MLS Psychology Research, 4 (1). pp. 39-58. ISSN 26055295

Article Subjects > Biomedicine Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés Biological tissue discrimination is relevant in guided surgery. Nerve identification is critical to avoid potentially severe collateral damage. Fluorescence imaging by oxazine 4-perchlorate (O4P) has been recently proposed. In this work, the cytotoxicity of O4P on U87 human-derived glioma cells has been investigated as a function of concentration and operating room irradiation modes. A custom-built optical irradiation device was employed for controlled optical dosimetry. DNA damage and O4P intracellular localization was also investigated by immunofluorescence and confocal microscopy. The results show that concentration below 100 µM can be considered safe. These results contribute to the assessment of the feasibility of O4P as a nerve biomarker. metadata Pampín-Suárez, Sandra and Arce-Diego, José Luis and Tapia Martínez, Olga and Pérez-Campo, Flor María and Rodríguez-Rey, José Carlos and Fanjul-Vélez, Félix mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, olga.tapia@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED (2021) Cytotoxicity analysis of oxazine 4-perchlorate fluorescence nerve potential clinical biomarker for guided surgery. Biomedical Optics Express, 13 (1). p. 197. ISSN 2156-7085

Article Subjects > Biomedicine Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés Diabetes and periodontitis are two of the most prevalent diseases worldwide that negatively impact the quality of life of the individual suffering from them. They are part of the chronic inflammatory disease group or, as recently mentioned, non-communicable diseases, with inflammation being the meeting point among them. Inflammation hitherto includes vascular and tissue changes, but new technologies provide data at the intracellular level that could explain how the cells respond to the aggression more clearly. This review aims to emphasize the molecular pathophysiological mechanisms in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus and periodontitis, which are marked by different impaired central regulators including mitochondrial dysfunction, impaired immune system and autophagy pathways, oxidative stress, and the crosstalk between adenosine monophosphate-activated protein kinase (AMPK) and the renin-angiotensin system (RAS). All of them are the shared background behind both diseases that could explain its relationship. These should be taken in consideration if we would like to improve the treatment outcomes. Currently, the main treatment strategies in diabetes try to reduce glycemia index as the most important aspect, and in periodontitis try to reduce the presence of oral bacteria. We propose to add to the therapeutic guidelines the handling of all the intracellular disorders to try to obtain better treatment success. metadata Portes, Juliana and Bullón, Beatriz and Quiles, José L. and Battino, Maurizio and Bullón, Pedro mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, jose.quiles@uneatlantico.es, maurizio.battino@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED (2021) Diabetes Mellitus and Periodontitis Share Intracellular Disorders as the Main Meeting Point. Cells, 10 (9). p. 2411. ISSN 2073-4409

Article Subjects > Physical Education and Sport Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés The aim of this study was to evaluate the differences on motor competence between boys and girls aged 4 years old and investigate the existence of Relative Age Effect on their motor competence. In total, 132 preschool children were evaluated, of whom 60 (45.50%) were girls and 72 (54.5%) were boys. The distribution of the participants was from quarter 1 [n = 28 (21.2%)], quarter 2 [n = 52 (39.4%)], quarter 3 [n = 24 (18.2%)], and quarter 4 [(n = 28 (21.2%)], respectively. The Movement Assessment Battery for Children-2 (MABC-2) was used to collect the data. The data show the main effects on quarter of birth factor in manual dexterity (MD; p < 0.001), in aiming and catching (A&C; p < 0.001), in balance (Bal; p < 0.001) and in total test score (TTS; p < 0.001). There are also statistical differences on gender factor in MD (p < 0.001) and in TTS (p = 0.031). A significant effect was also found in the interaction between two factors (gender and quarter of birth) in MD (p < 0.001), A&C (p < 0.001), and Bal (p < 0.001). There are differences in all the variables studied according to the quarter of birth and only in manual dexterity and in the total score if compared according to gender (the scores are higher in girls). metadata Navarro-Patón, Rubén and Arufe-Giráldez, Víctor and Sanmiguel-Rodríguez, Alberto and Mecías-Calvo, Marcos mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, marcos.mecias@uneatlantico.es (2021) Differences on Motor Competence in 4-Year-Old Boys and Girls Regarding the Quarter of Birth: Is There a Relative Age Effect? Children, 8 (2). p. 141. ISSN 2227-9067

Article Subjects > Psychology Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Cerrado Inglés The question of whether “people drive as they live” or whether “they are transformed behind the wheel” has been addressed in previous research but it mainly focused on anger and aggressive behaviors. Current research tries to go further and compares driving styles with their analogous living styles to analyze both convergence and divergence in both safe and unsafe driving styles. Then, dissociative driving style was linked with general dissociation experiences, risky driving style with general sensation seeking, angry driving style with a general anger trait, anxious driving style with an anxiety trait, distress-reduction driving style with control of aggression, and careful driving style with conscientiousness. A sample of 228 participants taken from the general population of Spanish drivers completed a set of questionnaires regarding both driving styles and living styles. The hierarchical linear regression models showed both convergence and divergence in the case of unsafe driving styles, whereas safe driving styles were not so strongly related to their respective general behaviors (especially in the case of the distress-reduction driving style). A final structural equation model (SEM) simultaneously analyzed the relationship between driving styles and living styles. Both clinical and road-safety implications of the current study are discussed, as well as its limitations. metadata Herrero-Fernández, David mail david.herrero@uneatlantico.es (2021) Do people drive as they live, or are they transformed when they drive? A comparison of driving styles and living styles. Accident Analysis & Prevention, 161. p. 106342. ISSN 00014575

Article Subjects > Physical Education and Sport Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés This study aimed to determine the influence of arch stiffness on running spatiotemporal parameters at a common speed for a wide range of endurance runners (i.e., 12 km·h−1). In total, 97 runners, 52 men and 45 women, completed a treadmill running protocol at 12 km·h−1. Spatiotemporal parameters were measured using the OptoGait system, and foot structure was assessed by determining arch stiffness. Since between-sex differences were found in anthropometric and foot structure variables, data analysis was conducted separately for men and women, and body mass and height were considered as covariates. For both sexes, a k-means cluster analysis grouped participants according to arch stiffness, by obtaining a group of low-arch stiffness (LAS group) and a group of high-arch stiffness (HAS group), with significant differences in arch stiffness (p < 0.001, for both men and women). No significant differences between LAS and HAS groups were found in running spatiotemporal parameters, regardless of sex (p ≥ 0.05). For both sexes, the partial correlation analysis reported no significant correlations (p ≥ 0.05) between foot structure variables and running spatiotemporal parameters. The results obtained show no differences in spatiotemporal gait characteristics during running at submaximal velocity between runners with low-arch stiffness and those with high-arch stiffness, regardless of sex. These findings may have important implications for clinicians and coaches by adding more evidence to the debate about the use of static foot classification measures when characterizing the foot and its biomechanics during running. metadata García-Pinillos, Felipe and Jaén-Carrillo, Diego and Latorre-Román, Pedro Ángel and Escalona-Marfil, Carles and Soto-Hermoso, Víctor M. and Lago-Fuentes, Carlos and Pueyo Villa, Silvia and Dominguez Azpíroz, Irma and Roche Seruendo, Luis Enrique mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, carlos.lago@uneatlantico.es, silvia.pueyo@uneatlantico.es, irma.dominguez@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED (2021) Does Arch Stiffness Influence Running Spatiotemporal Parameters? An Analysis of the Relationship between Influencing Factors on Running Performance. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 18 (5). p. 2437. ISSN 1660-4601

Article Subjects > Nutrition Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés Downy mildew caused by Plasmopara viticola is one of the most devastating diseases of grapevine, attacking all green parts of the plant. The damage is severe when the infection at flowering stage is left uncontrolled. P. viticola management consumes a significant amount of classical pesticides applied in vineyards, requiring efficient and environmentally safe disease management options. Spray-induced gene silencing (SIGS), through the application of exogenous double-stranded RNA (dsRNA), has shown promising results for the management of diseases in crops. Here, we developed and tested the potential of dsRNA targeting P. viticola Dicer-like (DCL) genes for SIGS-based crop protection strategy. The exogenous application of PvDCL1/2 dsRNA, a chimera of PvDCL1 and PvDCL2, highly affected the virulence of P. viticola. The reduced expression level of PvDCL1 and PvDCL2 transcripts in infected leaves, treated with PvDCL1/2 dsRNA, was an indication of an active RNA interference mechanism inside the pathogen to compromise its virulence. Besides the protective property, the PvDCL1/2 dsRNA also exhibited a curative role by reducing the disease progress rate of already established infection. Our data provide a promising future for PvDCL1/2 dsRNA as a new generation of RNA-based resistant plants or RNA-based agrochemical for the management of downy mildew disease in grapevine. metadata Haile, Zeraye Mehari and Gebremichael, Daniel Endale and Capriotti, Luca and Molesini, Barbara and Negrini, Francesca and Collina, Marina and Sabbadini, Silvia and Mezzetti, Bruno and Baraldi, Elena mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, bruno.mezzetti@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED (2021) Double-Stranded RNA Targeting Dicer-Like Genes Compromises the Pathogenicity of Plasmopara viticola on Grapevine. Frontiers in Plant Science, 12. ISSN 1664-462X

Article Subjects > Psychology Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés, Español Introducción. La regulación emocional se ha relacionado con gran cantidad de trastornos mentales. Su definición ha tenido cierta controversia y distinciones según el autor. Se aportan dos modelos explicativos de la regulación emocional: el Modelo procesual de regulación emocional y el Modelo de regulación emocional basado en el procesamiento emocional. Asimismo, se explica la relación de esta habilidad con la población consumidora, y el estado actual de consumo en España. Objetivo. Estudiar la información científica más reciente, evaluar la utilidad de la regulación emocional tanto para la prevención como para la intervención en personas drogodependientes, y de manera más específica, identificar y analizar la relación existente, las técnicas evaluativas, y la muestra empleada. Método. La selección de artículos se ha realizado desde el año 2016 hasta 2020, estando estos relacionados con la regulación emocional y la población drogodependiente. Fueron ejecutadas búsquedas en Scopus y Psycinfo, utilizando los siguientes términos: “emotional regulation” AND “drug addiction”. Resultados. Del total de artículos potenciales, se seleccionaron 20 que se ajustaban a los criterios de inclusión y exclusión establecidos. Se destacan numerosas relaciones beneficiosas entre la regulación emocional y las personas drogodependientes, centrándose las investigaciones encontradas en poblaciones adultas. Asimismo, se distinguen y describen una serie de instrumentos empleados para la evaluación de la R.E. Conclusión. En esta revisión se concluye que la regulación emocional tiene una gran influencia en la población drogodependiente, obteniéndose de su desarrollo numerosos beneficios, los cuales se dan a un nivel tanto de prevención como de intervención. metadata Sánchez Alonso, Javier mail UNSPECIFIED (2021) Drogodependencia y desregulación emocional: una revisión sistemática. MLS Psychology Research, 4 (1). pp. 59-78. ISSN 26055295

Article Subjects > Engineering Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés Tomato is one of the most essential and consumable crops in the world. Tomatoes differ in quantity depending on how they are fertilized. Leaf disease is the primary factor impacting the amount and quality of crop yield. As a result, it is critical to diagnose and classify these disorders appropriately. Different kinds of diseases influence the production of tomatoes. Earlier identification of these diseases would reduce the disease’s effect on tomato plants and enhance good crop yield. Different innovative ways of identifying and classifying certain diseases have been used extensively. The motive of work is to support farmers in identifying early-stage diseases accurately and informing them about these diseases. The Convolutional Neural Network (CNN) is used to effectively define and classify tomato diseases. Google Colab is used to conduct the complete experiment with a dataset containing 3000 images of tomato leaves affected by nine different diseases and a healthy leaf. The complete process is described: Firstly, the input images are preprocessed, and the targeted area of images are segmented from the original images. Secondly, the images are further processed with varying hyper-parameters of the CNN model. Finally, CNN extracts other characteristics from pictures like colors, texture, and edges, etc. The findings demonstrate that the proposed model predictions are 98.49% accurate. metadata Trivedi, Naresh K. and Gautam, Vinay and Anand, Abhineet and Aljahdali, Hani Moaiteq and Gracia Villar, Santos and Anand, Divya and Goyal, Nitin and Kadry, Seifedine mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, santos.gracia@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED (2021) Early Detection and Classification of Tomato Leaf Disease Using High-Performance Deep Neural Network. Sensors, 21 (23). p. 7987. ISSN 1424-8220

Article Subjects > Nutrition Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés Changes in eating behavior and eating disorders are especially common in young people, especially teenage and college women. The first year of college is a critical period, as students acquire freedoms that can lead to poor eating habits. During this first year, students usually gain weight. The aims of this project are to analyze the risk of developing eating disorders, the composition and dietary intake and the changes in the body composition of two groups of college students (independent from the family nucleus or still living within the family) in the first year of college. (2) Material and Methods: Multicentric prospective observational study protocol in which first-year students at the Universidad Europea del Atlántico and Universitat de Vic-Universitat Central de Catalunya voluntarily took part in the study. The students will be divided into two groups, independent and those residing in the family home, and the evolution of both groups will be compared at the beginning and at the end of the school year by performing anthropometric measurements, tests on lifestyle and eating habits (Test of Adherence to the Mediterranean Diet, MEDAS-14; Emotional Eater Questionnaire, EEQ), validated questionnaires on eating disorders (Eating Attitude Test, EAT26; Teen Figure Drawing Scales; SCOFF, Eating Behavior Test; Bulimia Investigatory Test Edinburgh, BITE) and their intake will be evaluated through 72 h dietary records. (3) Discussion: Determining the risk of suffering eating disorders of alimentary behavior, knowing eating consumption, perception of the corporal image and body composition through the first year of college will be decisive in establishing alimentary education strategies to prevent possible eating disorders in young students. metadata Vila-Martí, Anna and Elío Pascual, Iñaki and Sumalla Cano, Sandra mail UNSPECIFIED, inaki.elio@uneatlantico.es, sandra.sumalla@uneatlantico.es (2021) Eating Behavior during First-Year College Students, including Eating Disorders—RUVIC-RUNEAT-TCA Project. Protocol of an Observational Multicentric Study. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 18 (18). p. 9457. ISSN 1660-4601

Article Subjects > Physical Education and Sport Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés, Español El objetivo de esta revisión fue conocer los efectos de distintos programas de baile en la mejora de los síntomas y calidad de vida de pacientes con enfermedad de párkinson (EP). Se llevó a cabo una revisión sistemática de diferentes programas de baile en tres bases de datos (Google académico, Pubmed y Dialnet). Se incluyeron 14 ensayos con un total de 469 participantes y se evaluaron distintas modalidades de baile, los cuales mostraron resultados favorables en la función motora, cognitiva y calidad de vida de las personas con EP. La modalidad del tango, seguida de la samba parece ser la más idónea para este tipo de enfermedad, produciendo mayores mejoras en el equilibrio, velocidad de movimiento y patrón de marcha, debido a su variedad de movimientos y característico ritmo marcado. Sin embargo, los dos bailes más desafiantes fueron el vals y el cha-cha-cha, debido al cruce de los pies, cambios de dirección y menor sujeción. A pesar de existir la necesidad de una continua investigación y programas de mayor duración, el análisis de resultados sugiere que el baile puede ser un tratamiento efectivo en pacientes con EP, ya que se aprecia una disminución de los síntomas y por lo tanto una mejora de la calidad de vida. metadata López Campo, Noelia and Picabea Arburu, Jon Mikel mail UNSPECIFIED, jon.picabea@uneatlantico.es (2021) Efectos del baile en pacientes con Párkinson: revisión sistemática. MLS Sport Research, 1 (1). pp. 35-50.

Article Subjects > Physical Education and Sport Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés, Español Los principales objetivos de esta investigación fueron analizar los efectos de las diferentes fases del ciclo menstrual (CM) sobre dos elementos de la condición física, la fuerza- potencia y el equilibrio dinámico, y sobre el estado psicológico de una mujer moderadamente activa. En este estudio participó una mujer de 28 años, la cual consumía anticonceptivos orales. En total se registraron 6 sesiones que correspondieron a 2 ciclos menstruales completos y a cada una de sus fases (menstrual, folicular y lútea). En cada sesión se realizaron tres pruebas para evaluar las variables de la condición física (Leg extensión en Kineo, Press Banca en Multipower e Y Balance Test) y un test para las variables psicológicas (Test de POMS). Los resultados obtenidos mostraron que durante la fase lútea (FL) la participante consiguió los valores más bajos en las 3 pruebas físicas de potencia y equilibrio dinámico, siendo la fase folicular (FF) donde mejor desempeño obtuvo. En la prueba psicológica, se destaca la fase menstrual (FM) por tener los valores más altos en la dimensión de fatiga-inercia, en contraposición con la FF donde se observaron valores más altos para la dimensión de vigor-activación. El cuestionario personal sobre el CM reveló la presencia de síntomas menstruales y premenstruales en los dos ciclos estudiados. Se sugiere que los cambios producidos en las variables físicas y psicológicas de la sujeto, se deban a la presencia de síntomas premenstruales, sin poder confirmar la influencia hormonal al no haberse realizado análisis de sangre u orina. metadata Castanedo Escalante, Jessica and Corrales Pardo, Andrea mail UNSPECIFIED, andrea.corrales@uneatlantico.es (2021) Efectos del ciclo menstrual en el estado físico y psicológico de una mujer activa. MLS Sport Research, 1 (1). pp. 69-82.

Article Subjects > Physical Education and Sport Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés Irisin seems to play an important role in several chronic diseases, however, the interactions between chronic training and irisin are still unclear. The purpose of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to examine the effect of chronic resistance training on circulating irisin in adults. Literature search was conducted in PubMed, Web of Science and EBSCOhost (Academic Search Complete) until December 2020. Randomized controlled trials researching irisin levels after a resistance training program for at least 8 weeks among an adult population were eligible. Other inclusion criteria comprised recruiting a control group and reporting circulating irisin through ELISA kits. Cohen’s d effect size and subgroup analyses (95% confidence level) were calculated using a random effects analysis model. Data of the seven included studies comprising 282 individuals showed an increasing and non-significant tendency after a resistance training program (d = 0.58, 95% CI: −0.25 to 1.40, p = 0.17). Subgroup analyses showed significant increases for the older adults group (p < 0.001) and when training is demanding and progressive in terms of intensity (p = 0.03). Data suggest that resistance training programs seem to increase circulating irisin, especially in older adults and in demanding and progressive training programs. However, more studies should be conducted using robust measurement methods, such as mass spectrometry, to better understand the interaction between chronic resistance exercise and irisin. metadata Cosio, Pedro L. and Crespo-Posadas, Manuel and Velarde-Sotres, Álvaro and Pelaez, Mireia mail pedro.cosio@alumnos.uneatlantico.es, manuel.crespo@uneatlantico.es, alvaro.velarde@uneatlantico.es, mireia.pelaez@uneatlantico.es (2021) Effect of Chronic Resistance Training on Circulating Irisin: Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Randomized Controlled Trials. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 18 (5). p. 2476. ISSN 1660-4601

Article Subjects > Teaching Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés The objective of this research was to analyze the impact of an intervention program performed by a specialist in physical education (PE) to contribute to the development of motor competence (MC) in pre-school children with motor development problems. The sample consisted of 28 children (12 from the intervention group and 16 from the control group) aged between 4.1 and 5.9 years (mean = 4.71 ± 0.54) who were in the fifth and sixth grades of pre-school education in two schools from Lugo, Spain. The Movement Assessment Battery for Children-2 (MABC-2) was used for data collection. The data revealed that, in the pre- and post-test intervention groups, there are statistically significant differences in manual dexterity (p < 0.001; d = 2.63), aiming and catching (p < 0.002; d = 1.13), balance (p < 0.001; d = 1.68), total test score (p < 0.001; d = 3.30) and total percentile score (p < 0.001; d = 1.88). Between the control and intervention post-test groups, significant differences were found in manual dexterity (p = 0.015; η2 = 0.22), aiming and catching (p = 0.003; η2 = 0.32), balance (p = 0.050; η2 = 0.15), total test score (p < 0.001; η2 = 0.47) and total percentile score (p < 0.001; η2 = 0.48). Based on the results obtained, a specific MC program implemented by a PE specialist contributed to the improvement of manual dexterity, aiming and catching and balance, as well as a better percentile in the general MC of pre-school children diagnosed with motor skill problems. metadata Navarro-Patón, Rubén and Martín-Ayala, Juan Luis and Martí González, Mariacarla and Hernández, Alba and Mecías-Calvo, Marcos mail UNSPECIFIED, juan.martin@uneatlantico.es, mariacarla.marti@uneatlantico.es, alba.hernandez@uneatlantico.es, marcos.mecias@uneatlantico.es (2021) Effect of a 6-Week Physical Education Intervention on Motor Competence in Pre-School Children with Developmental Coordination Disorder. Journal of Clinical Medicine, 10 (9). p. 1936. ISSN 2077-0383

Article Subjects > Nutrition Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production UNSPECIFIED UNSPECIFIED Antimony is a toxic element whose concentration in soil and water has been rising due to anthropogenic activities. This study focuses on its accumulation in leaves of Dittrichia viscosa growing in soils of an abandoned Sb mine, and the effect on oxidant/antioxidant systems and photosynthetic efficiency. The results showed leaves to have a high Sb accumulation capacity. The amount of total chlorophyll decreased depending on Sb concentration and of carotenoids increased slightly, with a consequent increase in carotenoid/chlorophyll ratio. Photosynthetic efficiency was unaffected. The amount of O .−2 rose, although there was no increase in cell membrane damage, with lipid peroxidation levels being similar to normal. This response may be due to considerable increases that were observed in total phenolics, PPO activity, and enzymatic antioxidant system. SOD, POX, and DHAR activities increased in response to increased Sb amounts in leaves. The ascorbate/glutathione cycle was also affected, with strong increases observed in all of its components, and consequent increases in total contents of the ascorbate and glutathione pools. However, the ratio between reduced and oxidized forms declined, reflecting an imbalance between the two, especially that between GSH and GSSG. Efficient detoxification of Sb may take place either through increases in phenolics, carotenoids, and components of the glutathione–ascorbate cycle or through the enzymatic antioxidant system. Since Dittrichia viscosa accumulates large amounts of Sb without suffering oxidative damage, it could be used for phytoremediation. metadata Garrido, Ignacio and Ortega, A. and Hernández Suárez, Marcos and Fernández-Pozo, L. and Cabezas, J. and Espinosa, F. mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, marcos.hernandez@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED (2021) Effect of antimony in soils of an Sb mine on the photosynthetic pigments and antioxidant system of Dittrichia viscosa leaves. Environmental Geochemistry and Health, 43 (4). pp. 1367-1383. ISSN 0269-4042

Article Subjects > Psychology Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Universidad Internacional do Cuanza > Research > Scientific Production
Cerrado Inglés Many earlier studies conducted on sports betting and addiction have examined sports betting in the context of gambling and have not taken into account the specific motivations of sports betting. Therefore, the effects of motivational elements of sports betting on sports betting addiction risk are unknown. The aim of the present study was to examine the effects of motivation factors specific to sports betting on sports betting addiction. Accordingly, three linked studies were conducted. Firstly, to determine sports betting motivations “Sports Betting Motivation Scale (SBMS)” developed and validated. Secondly, to determine the risks of sports betting addiction “Problem Sports Betting Severity Index (PSBSI)” was adapted from Problem Gambling Severity Index (PGSI). Finally, the third study examined effects of the sports betting motivations on sports betting addiction risk. Study one (n=281), study two comprised (n=230), and the final study comprised (n=643) sports fans who bet on sports regularly for 12 months with different motivations. The findings demonstrate that the SBMS appears to be a reliable and valid instrument for assessing sports betting motivations. Also, the findings provided PSBSI validity for the use of the Turkish and sports betting adapted version of PGSI. As a result of the main research, “make money,” “socialization,” and “being in the game” motivations were found to be positive predictors of sports betting addiction risk, while “fun” motivation was a negative predictor. The motivations “recreation/escape,” “knowledge of the game,” and “interest in sport” were found not to be significant predictors of the risk of sports betting addiction. metadata Gökce Yüce, Sevda and Yüce, Arif and Katırcı, Hakan and Nogueira-López, Abel and González-Hernández, Juan mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, abel.nogueira@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED (2021) Effects of Sports Betting Motivations on Sports Betting Addiction in a Turkish Sample. International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction. ISSN 1557-1874

Article Subjects > Physical Education and Sport Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés The aim of this study was to examine the effects of the menstrual cycle on vertical jumping, sprint performance and force-velocity profiling in resistance-trained women. A group of resistance-trained eumenorrheic women (n = 9) were tested in three phases over the menstrual cycle: bleeding phase, follicular phase, and luteal phase (i.e., days 1–3, 7–10, and 19–21 of the cycle, respectively). Each testing phase consisted of a battery of jumping tests (i.e., squat jump [SJ], countermovement jump [CMJ], drop jump from a 30 cm box [DJ30], and the reactive strength index) and 30 m sprint running test. Two different applications for smartphone (My Jump 2 and My Sprint) were used to record the jumping and sprinting trials, respectively, at high speed (240 fps). The repeated measures ANOVA reported no significant differences (p ≥ 0.05, ES < 0.25) in CMJ, DJ30, reactive strength index and sprint times between the different phases of the menstrual cycle. A greater SJ height performance was observed during the follicular phase compared to the bleeding phase (p = 0.033, ES = −0.22). No differences (p ≥ 0.05, ES < 0.45) were found in the CMJ and sprint force-velocity profile over the different phases of the menstrual cycle. Vertical jump, sprint performance and the force-velocity profiling remain constant in trained women, regardless of the phase of the menstrual cycle. metadata García-Pinillos, Felipe and Bujalance-Moreno, Pascual and Lago-Fuentes, Carlos and Ruiz-Alias, Santiago A. and Domínguez-Azpíroz, Irma and Mecías-Calvo, Marcos and Ramirez-Campillo, Rodrigo mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, carlos.lago@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, marcos.mecias@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED (2021) Effects of the Menstrual Cycle on Jumping, Sprinting and Force-Velocity Profiling in Resistance-Trained Women: A Preliminary Study. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 18 (9). p. 4830. ISSN 1660-4601

Article Subjects > Psychology Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés, Español El Trastorno Límite de la Personalidad (TLP) se considera un grave problema de salud mental, siendo una de las intervenciones para su tratamiento más eficaces la Terapia Dialéctico Conductual (DBT). El objetivo de este estudio es comprobar la eficacia de un programa de gestión emocional basado en la DBT para pacientes que tienen un diagnóstico de TLP, compuesto por cuatro bloques: mindfulness, eficacia interpersonal, regulación emocional y tolerancia al estrés. Se reclutó a 4 residentes del Centro Hospitalario Padre Menni de Santander, y se aplicó una evaluación pretratamiento y postratamiento, en formato individual, para medir las variables: ansiedad, depresión, funcionamiento global, regulación emocional, ideación suicida e impulsividad. Una vez realizada la valoración, se procedió con la intervención, compuesta por 14 sesiones con una frecuencia de 2 veces por semana, y duración de 45 minutos. Tras la aplicación se llevó a cabo el análisis de los resultados a través del estadístico ANOVA de medidas repetidas, aportando cambios estadísticamente significativos en la variable “regulación emocional” en la subescala supresión expresiva. Sin embargo, en base a los resultados obtenidos en la evaluación pre y postratamiento, si se ha producido un cambio clínicamente significativo, cumpliendo así de manera parcial los objetivos específicos. No obstante, se discutieron los resultados de la investigación planteando líneas a futuro en base a las limitaciones e implicaciones prácticas, contando con una muestra más significativa y adaptando el formato de la intervención. metadata Camus Bueno, Adrián and García Saiz, Andrea Del Carmen mail UNSPECIFIED (2021) Eficacia de un programa de intervención basado en la terapia dialéctico-conductual en pacientes con trastorno límite de la personalidad. MLS Psychology Research, 4 (2). pp. 71-92. ISSN 2605-5295

Article Subjects > Social Sciences Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Cerrado Español El proyecto de Xbaatun es resultado de una colaboración entre arqueólogos españoles y mexicanos planeada para desarrollarse a lo largo de cinco años, con la participación de trabajadores mayas de Tekal de Venegas (Yucatán) que está claramente orientada a conocer mejor este sitio arqueológico, que se encontraba dentro de la órbita Izamal, y promover de forma respetuosa la difusión de un entorno natural fascinante como es el Parque de Oxwatz. metadata García Targa, Juan and Varela Torrecilla, Carmen and Muñoz Cosme, Alfonso and Martín Medina, Geiser Gerardo and Hernández González, Cristian mail UNSPECIFIED, carmen.varela@uneatlantico, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED (2021) El proyecto de Xbaatun: un modelo de colaboración. Arqueología mexicana, XXVIII (170). pp. 68-71. ISSN 0188-8218

Article Subjects > Psychology Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés, Español En 2019 se inició una pandemia debido al Coronavirus o Covid-19. Las consecuencias de las limitaciones sociales impuestas en los ancianos con la ausencia total o parcial del contacto físico han provocado una disminución de la salud mental debido al aumento del estrés percibido llegando a desembocar en un aumento de la sintomatología depresiva o ansiosa. Esta investigación consta de 22 personas entre 70 y 90 años con deterioro cognitivo leve o moderado distribuidos al azar en G.E. y G. C. Se llevan a cabo 15 sesiones de relajación con la herramienta de un robot social en G.E. y solamente relajación en el G.C. La evaluación se realiza con una medición a través del Cuestionario de Estrés Percibido antes y después del proceso, además de una medición de la frecuencia cardiaca antes y después de la última sesión. Los resultados muestran una disminución significativa en el estrés percibido en el G.E. mientras que no es significativa en el G.C. En ambos grupos disminuye significativamente la frecuencia cardiaca. Por lo tanto, el robot social como herramienta terapéutica puede tener un papel relevante en el tratamiento de la salud mental de las personas mayores. metadata Corral Barrio, Verónica mail UNSPECIFIED (2021) Estrés percibido en adultos mayores mediante el uso de robots sociales durante Covid 19. MLS Psychology Research, 4 (1). pp. 7-22. ISSN 26055295

Article Subjects > Psychology Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés, Español El objetivo principal del estudio fue analizar la relación de las variables evitación experiencial, estilo de respuesta rumiativo e insomnio en función del sexo, edad y nivel académico. Se trata de un estudio observacional correlacional transversal, con una muestra no clínica en población adolescente, seleccionados mediante muestreo no probabilístico. Los instrumentos utilizados han sido el AAQ-II, el RRS y el ISI, que miden evitación experiencial, estilo de respuesta rumiativo e insomnio, respectivamente. Los resultados muestran una correlación lineal positiva entre los cuestionarios administrados (AAQ-II, RRS e ISI), siendo la más alta entre AAQ-II y RRS (0,648). Además, se han encontrado diferencias significativas en función del sexo para la evitación experiencial (sig. 0,001, asumiendo varianzas diferentes) y para la rumiación (sig. 0.090, se asumen varianzas iguales). Podría existir una asociación entre estas tres variables, además de una alimentación recíproca en adolescentes. metadata Ortega Alcaraz, Virginia mail UNSPECIFIED (2021) Estudio Correlacional: Evitación experiencial, insomnio y rumiación en adolescentes. MLS Psychology Research, 4 (1). pp. 99-115. ISSN 26055295

Article Subjects > Psychology Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés, Español El objetivo principal de este estudio es correlacionar la evitación experiencial y ansiedad precompetitiva (ansiedad somática, ansiedad cognitiva y autoconfianza) para conocer sí es pertinente proponer futuras intervenciones con la Terapia de Aceptación y Compromiso (ACT) en el ámbito deportivo. Se utilizó un diseño observacional correlacional transversal en una muestra no clínica de 93 deportistas de alto rendimiento de ambos sexos de edades comprendidas entre 15 y 46 años, mediante el AAQ-II y el CSAI-2R. Se realizaron análisis descriptivos y correlacionales en las variables de interés. Los resultados informaron de una relación lineal positiva significativa entre la evitación experiencial con la ansiedad somática y ansiedad cognitiva, es decir; a más de una variable más de otra y una relación lineal negativa o inversa con la autoconfianza, con lo cual; a más de una variable, menos de la otra. Los resultados presentados se alinean con investigaciones anteriores y con lo que se pretende demostrar, como la evitación experiencial la ansiedad precompetitiva influye en el rendimiento deportivo. metadata Calle Abarca, Cristina María mail UNSPECIFIED (2021) Evitación experiencial y ansiedad en deportistas de alto rendimiento. MLS Psychology Research, 4 (2). ISSN 2605-5295

Article Subjects > Psychology Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Universidad Internacional do Cuanza > Research > Scientific Production
Cerrado Inglés In recent decades, perfectionism has generated growing interest from the scientific community in understanding exercise addiction, due to the explicative contributions offered its characteristics that can make individuals more susceptible to unhealthy and compulsive exercise. There have been limited studies of such constructions in sports contexts. With the purpose of identifying the most relevant evidence on the constructs in sports contexts, the main links between perfectionism and exercise addiction in athletes were described. Taking into account the principles established by the PRISMA and AMSTAR statements for the qualitative and quantitative description of findings in systematic reviews, a compendium of original articles in English, French and Spanish published on the Web of Science electronic platforms and databases is presented, Scopus, ProQuest, MEDLINE and EBSCO-HOST, and included major resources such as PSY Articles, PsycINFO, LWW, ERIC, SportDISCUS, PubMed, ERIC, Dialnet, PubMed, ISOC, the Cochrane Library and Google Scholar. Of the 754 articles identified, only 22 met the established inclusion criteria. Finally, the relationship between exercise addiction and perfectionism, and the risk function of certain personality traits, such as narcissism, in this association is confirmed. metadata González-Hernández, J. and Nogueira-López, Abel and Zangeneh, M. and López-Mora, C. mail UNSPECIFIED, abel.nogueira@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED (2021) Exercise Addiction and Perfectionism, Joint in the Same Path? A Systematic Review. International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction. ISSN 1557-1874

Article Subjects > Physical Education and Sport
Subjects > Psychology
Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Español El bienestar psicológico que experimenta un individuo puede verse afectado por diversas variables, como, por ejemplo, la ansiedad. En el caso concreto de los deportistas, la ansiedad derivada de la práctica deportiva es algo frecuente, pudiendo derivar en niveles bajos de bienestar. Sin embargo, podrían existir factores protectores que amortiguasen esta relación. En este sentido, el objetivo del presente estudio es analizar el posible efecto protector tanto de las estrategias de afrontamiento (evaluadas mediante el Cuestionario de Estrategias de Afrontamiento en Competición Deportiva), como de la cohesión de grupo (evaluada mediante el Cuestionario de Entorno de Grupo) sobre el bienestar psicológico (evaluado mediante la Escala de Bienestar Psicológico de Ryff), a pesar de experimentar ansiedad en la competición deportiva (evaluada mediante el Cuestionario de Causas, Manifestaciones y Estrategias de Afrontamiento de la Ansiedad en la Competición Deportiva). Para ello se contó con una muestra de 99 futbolistas amateurs. Los resultados mostraron relaciones bivariadas negativas entre ansiedad y bienestar (r = -.03 / -.37). Sin embargo, al analizar el efecto moderador tanto de la cohesión grupal (β = .82, p < .001) como de las estrategias de afrontamiento (β = .87, p < .001), se observó que ambas variables amortiguaban el efecto negativo de la ansiedad sobre el bienestar. Estos resultados pueden tener importantes implicaciones prácticas en el desarrollo de intervenciones con deportistas para mejorar el nivel de bienestar psicológico a través de la mejora tanto de la cohesión grupal como de las estrategias de afrontamiento. metadata Aguinaga, Íñigo and Herrero-Fernández, David and Santamaría, Txemi mail UNSPECIFIED, david.herrero@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED (2021) Factor protector de las estrategias de afrontamiento y la cohesión de grupo sobre el bienestar psicológico ante situaciones de ansiedad competitiva en futbolistas. Cuadernos de Psicología del Deporte, 21 (1). pp. 86-101. ISSN 1989-5879

Article Subjects > Psychology Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Cerrado Inglés The aim of this study was to examine the sociodemographic and clinical differences between people with a probable diagnosis of panic disorder (PD) and those with PD and a probable comorbid diagnosis major depressive disorder (PD + MDD). We also sought to explore the potential contribution of cognitive variables to help differentiate between PD and PD + MDD. This was a subgroup analysis of 331 patients with PD symptoms who were included in the PsicAP clinical trial. All participants completed scales to evaluate panic, depression, somatization, cognitive and performance variables. A univariate analysis showed significant differences (p < .01) between the groups (PD vs PD + MDD) in clinical variables. Somatization was the best predictor of comorbid PD + MDD (β = .346; p < .01). Cognitive variables do not appear to play an essential role in predicting the presence of depressive symptoms in people with a screen positive for PD. These findings appear to support a transdiagnostic treatment approach for PD, which may be useful regardless of whether comorbid depression is present or not. metadata Barrio‐Martínez, Sara and Cano‐Vindel, Antonio and Muñoz‐Navarro, Roger and Moriana, Juan Antonio and Ruíz‐Rodríguez, Paloma and Medrano, Leonardo Adrián and Ventura, Ludovica and González‐Blanch, César mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, cesar.gonzalezblanch@uneatlantico.es (2021) Factors differentiating panic disorder with and without comorbid symptoms of depression. Psychology and Psychotherapy: Theory, Research and Practice, 94 (3). pp. 523-540. ISSN 1476-0835

Article Subjects > Psychology Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés Objectives The COVID-19 pandemic constitutes a global mental health challenge that has disrupted the lives of millions of people, with a considerable effect on university students. The aim of this study was to assess the feasibility of a brief online Mindfulness and Compassion-based Intervention to promote mental health among first year university students during COVID-19 home confinement. Methods Participants (n=66) were first-year psychology students from a university in Spain with no prior meditation experience. Intervention lasted for 16 days and was designed ad-hoc. Using a pre–post within-subjects design, feasibility was assessed in five domains (acceptability, satisfaction, implementation, practicality, and limited efficacy testing). Participants completed both baseline and post-intervention assessments of perceived stress, anxiety, and self-compassion. Results The intervention showed to be feasible in all domains evaluated. It was implemented as planned with constrained resources, and limited efficacy testing showed promising results. After the intervention, stress and anxiety levels decreased significantly (p<0.001, Hedges’s g=0.5146; p<0.001, Hedges’s g=0.6068, respectively) whereas self-compassion levels were augmented significantly (p<0.001, Hedges’s g=0.6968). Conclusions Our findings suggest that a brief online mindfulness and compassion intervention may be a feasible way of promoting mental health among university students during COVID-19 lockdown. Further studies are required to address the limitations of the present study. We conclude that online interventions may constitute a promising pathway to buffer the mental health burden derived from the COVID-19 pandemic. metadata González-García, Marian and Crespo-Álvarez, Jorge and Zubeldia Pérez, Elena and Fernandez-Carriba, Samuel and González López, Javier mail marian.gonzalez@uneatlantico.es, jorge.crespo@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED (2021) Feasibility of a Brief Online Mindfulness and Compassion-Based Intervention to Promote Mental Health Among University Students During the COVID-19 Pandemic. Mindfulness, 12 (7). pp. 1685-1695. ISSN 1868-8527

Article Subjects > Physical Education and Sport Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Cerrado Inglés Objective: To describe the injury incidence according to each phase of menstrual cycle (MC) in professional futsal players along two consecutive season and, secondly, to compare the injury incidence and frequency between different phases of the MC. Conclusions: This study suggests the relevance to track the MC, but reduces its possible relationship or influence on the injury distribution during each phase of the MC. The knowledge of injury incidence, burden and etiology is a key factor to design injury prevention programs with the focus on the most common injuries, where MC could be included as a complementary factor. metadata Lago-Fuentes, Carlos and Padrón-Cabo, Alexis and Fernández-Villarino, Marián and Mecías-Calvo, Marcos and Muñoz-Pérez, Iker and García-Pinillos, Felipe and Rey, Ezequiel mail carlos.lago@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, marcos.mecias@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED (2021) Follicular phase of menstrual cycle is related to higher tendency to suffer from severe injuries among elite female futsal players. Physical Therapy in Sport, 52. pp. 90-96. ISSN 1466853X

Article Subjects > Physical Education and Sport Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés The aim of this study was to evaluate the differences on motor competence between 5-year-old boys and girls and to investigate the existence of Relative Age Effect (RAE) on their motor competence. A total of 232 preschool children were evaluated of whom 134 (57.8%) were boys and 98 (42.2%) were girls. The Movement Assessment Battery for Children-2 (MABC-2) was used to collect data. The data show a main effect on gender factor; there was a main effect in total score of manual dexterity (MD; p = 0.010), in total score of balance (Bal; p < 0.001), in total test score (TTS; p < 0.001), and in total percentile score (TPS, p < 0.001). In the semester of birth factor, there were differences in aiming and catching (A&C, p < 0.001), in Bal (p = 0.029) and in total percentile score (TPS, p = 0.010). Girls perform better in MD, Bal, TTS, and TPS than boys. Preschool children born in the first semester obtain, in general, a higher percentage and a higher percentile than their peers born in the second one. RAE is present in A&C, Bal, and TPS, with higher scores obtained by preschool children born in the first semester compared to those born in the second one metadata Navarro-Patón, Rubén and Lago-Ballesteros, Joaquín and Arufe-Giráldez, Víctor and Sanmiguel-Rodríguez, Alberto and Lago-Fuentes, Carlos and Mecías-Calvo, Marcos mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, carlos.lago@uneatlantico.es, marcos.mecias@uneatlantico.es (2021) Gender Differences on Motor Competence in 5-Year-Old Preschool Children Regarding Relative Age. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 18 (6). p. 3143. ISSN 1660-4601

Article Subjects > Physical Education and Sport Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés, Español Se ha observado como la autocompasión mejora el afrontamiento adaptativo, bienestar y reduce la ansiedad en situaciones de estrés. El presente estudio trató de ver si existían diferencias significativas en el nivel de autocompasión en deportistas de alto rendimiento con o sin lesión en momentos diferentes de la temporada. Con una muestra compuesta de 79 deportistas de diferentes disciplinas, se llevo a cabo a través de la Escala de Autocompasión SCS en español resumida de 12 items (Garcia-Campayo, Navarro, Andrés, Mortero, López, & Piva, 2014),. Los resultados recogidos en esta investigación no fueron concluyentes ni significativos, por lo que se recomendaría efectuar estudios futuros similares con una mayor muestra, en contextos de lesión deportiva y con una intervención psicológica de por medio. metadata Rubio-González, Miriam mail UNSPECIFIED (2021) Grado de autocompasión en deportistas de alto rendimiento lesionados. MLS Sport Research, 1 (2). pp. 7-18.

Article Subjects > Teaching Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés There is growing interest in analyzing the evolution of inclusive education in universities, highlighting the training of teachers as the main barrier to this evolution. The purpose of this study was to analyze, through a mediation model, to what extent the accessibility and inclusion of university campuses affect, both directly and indirectly, the continuous training of teachers in attention to diversity and training demands by teachers in this same area. Participants were 580 teachers from the Faculty of Education of eight Andalusian universities (Spain). The results revealed that the continuous training of teachers in attention to diversity mediates the negative effect that accessibility and inclusion of university campuses have on the training demanded by teachers; this means that the more accessible and inclusive the universities are, the more continuous training teachers have and therefore the more interest they have in continuing training. There is no empirical evidence in the literature that this mediation model is used in the field of educational inclusion as a methodological technique, so it is a very innovative contribution. metadata González Castellano, Nuria and Cordón Pozo, Eulogio and Pueyo Villa, Silvia and Colmenero-Ruiz, María-Jesús mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, silvia.pueyo@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED (2021) Higher Education Teachers’ Training in Attention to SEN Students: Testing a Mediation Model. Sustainability, 13 (9). p. 4908. ISSN 2071-1050

Article Subjects > Biomedicine Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Abierto Inglés COVID-19 declared as a pandemic that has a faster rate of infection and has impacted the lives and the country’s economy due to forced lockdowns. Its detection using RT-PCR is required long time and due to which its infection has grown exponentially. This creates havoc for the shortage of testing kits in many countries. This work has proposed a new image processing-based technique for the health care systems named “C19D-Net”, to detect “COVID-19” infection from “Chest X-Ray” (XR) images, which can help radiologists to improve their accuracy of detection COVID-19. The proposed system extracts deep learning (DL) features by applying the InceptionV4 architecture and Multiclass SVM classifier to classify and detect COVID-19 infection into four different classes. The dataset of 1900 Chest XR images has been collected from two publicly accessible databases. Images are pre-processed with proper scaling and regular feeding to the proposed model for accuracy attainments. Extensive tests are conducted with the proposed model (“C19D-Net”) and it has succeeded to achieve the highest COVID-19 detection accuracy as 96.24% for 4-classes, 95.51% for three-classes, and 98.1% for two-classes. The proposed method has outperformed well in expressions of “precision”, “accuracy”, “F1-score” and “recall” in comparison with most of the recent previously published methods. As a result, for the present situation of COVID-19, the proposed “C19D-Net” can be employed in places where test kits are in short supply, to help the radiologists to improve their accuracy of detection of COVID-19 patients through XR-Images. metadata Kaur, Prabhjot and Harnal, Shilpi and Tiwari, Rajeev and Alharithi, Fahd S. and Almulihi, Ahmed H. and Delgado Noya, Irene and Goyal, Nitin mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, irene.delgado@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED (2021) A Hybrid Convolutional Neural Network Model for Diagnosis of COVID-19 Using Chest X-ray Images. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 18 (22). p. 12191. ISSN 1660-4601

Article Subjects > Biomedicine
Subjects > Nutrition
Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Cerrado Inglés Inflammation is a key mechanism of the immune system that can be elicited by several factors, among them several chemical, physical and biological agents. Once stimulated, the inflammatory response activates a series of signaling pathways and a number of immune cells which promote, in a very coordinated manner, the neutralization of the infectious agent. However, if uncontrolled, the inflammatory status may become chronic leading, potentially, to tissue damage and disease onset. Several risk factors are associated with the development of chronic inflammation and, among these factors, diet plays an essential role. In this chapter the effects of some dietary bioactive compounds, including micronutrients, omega-3 fatty acids, nucleotides and polyphenols, on the immunoinflammatory responses in different cellular, animal and human studies have been summarized. metadata Giampieri, Francesca and Cianciosi, Danila and Ansary, Johura and Elexpuru Zabaleta, Maria and Forbes-Hernandez, Tamara Y. and Battino, Maurizio mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, maria.elexpuru@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED (2021) Immunoinflammatory effects of dietary bioactive compounds. Advances in Food and Nutrition Research, 95. pp. 295-336. ISSN 10434526

Article Subjects > Teaching
Subjects > Psychology
Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés The COVID-19 pandemic, and the containment measures adopted by the different governments, led to a boom in online education as a necessary response to the crisis posed against the education system worldwide. This study compares the academic performance of students between face-to-face and online modalities in relation to the exceptional situation between the months of March and June 2020. The academic performance in both modalities of a series of subjects taught in the Psychology Degree at the European University of the Atlantic (Santander, Spain) was taken into account. The results show that student performance during the final exam in the online modality is significantly lower than in the face-to-face modality. However, grades from the continuous evaluation activities are significantly higher online, which somehow compensates the overall grade of the course, with no significant difference in the online mode with respect to the face-to-face mode, even though overall performance is higher in the latter. The conditioning factors and explanatory arguments for these results are also discussed. metadata Martín Ayala, Juan Luis and Castaño Castaño, Sergio and Hernández Santana, Alba and Martí González, Mariacarla and Brito Ballester, Julién mail juan.martin@uneatlantico.es, sergio.castano@uneatlantico.es, alba.hernandez@uneatlantico.es, mariacarla.marti@uneatlantico.es, julien.brito@uneatlantico.es (2021) Impact of Learning in the COVID-19 Era on Academic Outcomes of Undergraduate Psychology Students. Sustainability, 13 (16). p. 8735. ISSN 2071-1050

Article Subjects > Psychology Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Español El autoconcepto se considera un elemento favorecedor del sentido de la propia identidad, constituyendo un marco de referencia desde el que interpretar la realidad externa y las experiencias que influyen en las expectativas de la persona, su rendimiento, así como salud y equilibrio psicológico. La autoestima es la suma de juicios que la persona genera de sí misma, incluyendo las dimensiones afectiva y evaluativa de la autoimagen que se basan en datos objetivos, y que constituyen aquello que una persona piensa sobre sí misma. Diferentes investigaciones recientes han revisado cuán importante es la autoestima y/o el autoconcepto en el bienestar psicológico. Hasta donde se sabe, esta es la primera contribución que se ha llevado a cabo para una revisión sistemática, donde se incluyen bases de datos clínicas y datos sobre el nivel de autoestima y/o autoconcepto comparándolo con el bienestar psicológico de los adolescentes. Se seleccionó 33 artículos de una amplia bibliografía potencialmente relevante dentro de los criterios a seguir y seleccionados para su análisis. Los estudios examinados sugieren que un bajo rendimiento escolar, la inactividad tanto física como psíquica y los estilos parentales negligentes correlacionan positivamente con una baja autoestima. Además, se aprecian diferencias en cuanto al género. Es por ello que, como estudios futuros, sería necesario incluir en los centros de estudios aspectos curriculares para contribuir a un buen desarrollo personal y así desembocar en un bienestar psicológico. metadata Martín Ayala, Juan Luis and Gutiérrez Salmo, Paula mail juan.martin@uneatlantico.es, paugutie93@gmail.com (2021) Implicaciones de la autoestima y el autoconcepto en el bienestar psicológico de los adolescentes españoles. MLS Psychology Research, 4 (2). ISSN 2605-5295

Article Subjects > Physical Education and Sport Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Español El objetivo de esta revisión fue conocer la influencia que tiene el entrenamiento de fuerza en la población infantojuvenil, además de buscar los posibles riesgos o beneficios que pueda ocasionar el entrenamiento de esta aptitud física. Se ha llevado a cabo una revisión sistemática de estudios de intervención sobre el impacto que produce el entrenamiento de la fuerza en sujetos con una edad comprendida entre 6 y 18 años. Los estudios utilizados en esta revisión se identificaron a través de la base de datos PubMed, seleccionando aquellos escritos en inglés o castellano, desde el 2010 hasta la actualidad. La revisión se efectuó entre los meses de Noviembre de 2020 hasta Mayo de 2021. Se identificaron un total de 328 artículos en la búsqueda inicial, de los cuales 20 artículos fueron elegidos para esta revisión sistemática. Dentro de las principales evidencias encontradas, los beneficios derivados del entrenamiento de fuerza se imponen notablemente a los riesgos, siempre y cuando el programa de entrenamiento sea supervisado y pautado por personal cualificado, individualizando la carga a las necesidades de cada sujeto. Asimismo, el entrenamiento de fuerza en esta población contribuye a mejorar el rendimiento de distintas habilidades motoras y actividades deportivas, resultando además una estrategia eficaz ante patologías como la obesidad. metadata Picabea Arburu, Jon Mikel and Maza Somarriba, Marcos and Mantilla Fernández, Diego mail jon.picabea@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED (2021) Incidencia del entrenamiento de fuerza en la población infantojuvenil: revisión sistemática. MLS Sport Research, 1 (2). ISSN 2792-7156

Article Subjects > Biomedicine Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés Inflammation is a hallmark of aging and accelerated aging syndromes such as Hutchinson–Gilford progeria syndrome (HGPS). In this study, we present evidence of increased expression of the components of the NLRP3 inflammasome pathway in HGPS skin fibroblasts, an outcome that was associated with morphological changes of the nuclei of the cells. Lymphoblasts from HGPS patients also showed increased basal levels of NLRP3 and caspase 1. Consistent with these results, the expression of caspase 1 and Nlrp3, but not of the other inflammasome receptors was higher in the heart and liver of Zmpste24−/− mice, which phenocopy the human disease. These data were further corroborated in LmnaG609G/G609G mice, another HGPS animal model. We also showed that pharmacological inhibition of the NLRP3 inflammasome by its selective inhibitor, MCC950, improved cellular phenotype, significantly extended the lifespan of progeroid animals, and reduced inflammasome-dependent inflammation. These findings suggest that inhibition of the NLRP3 inflammasome is a potential therapeutic approach for the treatment of HGPS. metadata González‐Dominguez, Alvaro and Montañez, Raúl and Castejón‐Vega, Beatriz and Nuñez‐Vasco, Jéssica and Lendines‐Cordero, Débora and Wang, Chun and Mbalaviele, Gabriel and Navarro-Pando, José Manuel and Alcocer‐Gómez, Elísabet and Cordero, Mario D mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, jose.navarro@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED (2021) Inhibition of the NLRP3 inflammasome improves lifespan in animal murine model of Hutchinson–Gilford Progeria. EMBO Molecular Medicine, 13 (10). ISSN 1757-4676

Article Subjects > Biomedicine Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production UNSPECIFIED UNSPECIFIED Inflammation is a hallmark of aging and is negatively affecting female fertility. In this study, we evaluate the role of the NLRP3 inflammasome in ovarian aging and female fertility. Age-dependent increased expression of NLRP3 in the ovary was observed in WT mice during reproductive aging. High expression of NLRP3, caspase-1, and IL-1β was also observed in granulosa cells from patients with ovarian insufficiency. Ablation of NLRP3 improved the survival and pregnancy rates and increased anti-Müllerian hormone levels and autophagy rates in ovaries. Deficiency of NLRP3 also reduced serum FSH and estradiol levels. Consistent with these results, pharmacological inhibition of NLRP3 using a direct NLRP3 inhibitor, MCC950, improved fertility in female mice to levels comparable to those of Nlrp3−/− mice. These results suggest that the NLRP3 inflammasome is implicated in the age-dependent loss of female fertility and position this inflammasome as a potential new therapeutic target for the treatment of infertility. metadata Navarro-Pando, José Manuel and Alcocer-Gómez, Elísabet and Castejón-Vega, Beatriz and Navarro-Villarán, Elena and Condés-Hervás, Mónica and Mundi-Roldan, María and Muntané, Jordi and Pérez-Pulido, Antonio J. and Bullon, Pedro and Wang, Chun and Hoffman, Hal M. and Sanz, Alberto and Mbalaviele, Gabriel and Ryffel, Bernhard and Cordero, Mario D. mail jose.navarro@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, monica.condes@uneatlantico.es, maria.mundi@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, mario.cordero@uneatlantico.es (2021) Inhibition of the NLRP3 inflammasome prevents ovarian aging. Science Advances, 7 (1). eabc7409. ISSN 2375-2548

Article Subjects > Teaching Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Universidad Internacional do Cuanza > Research > Scientific Production
Abierto Inglés The purpose of this article was to evaluate the level of satisfaction of a sample of graduates in relation to different online postgraduate programs in the environmental area, as part of the process of continuous improvement in which the educational institution was immersed for the renewal of its accreditation before the corresponding official bodies. Based on the bibliographic review of a series of models and tools, a Likert scale measurement instrument was developed. This instrument, once applied and validated, showed a good level of reliability, with more than three quarters of the participants having a positive evaluation of satisfaction. Likewise, to facilitate the relational study, and after confirming the suitability of performing a factor analysis, four variable grouping factors were determined, which explained a good part of the variability of the instrument’s items. As a result of the analysis, it was found that there were significant values of low satisfaction in graduates from the Eurasian area, mainly in terms of organizational issues and academic expectations. On the other hand, it was observed that the methodological aspects of the “Auditing” and “Biodiversity” programs showed higher levels of dissatisfaction than the rest, with no statistically significant relationships between gender, entry profile or age groups. The methodology followed and the rigor in determining the validity and reliability of the instrument, as well as the subsequent analysis of the results, endorsed by the review of the documented information, suggest that the instrument can be applied to other multidisciplinary programs for decision making with guarantees in the educational field metadata García Villena, Eduardo and Pueyo Villa, Silvia and Delgado Noya, Irene and Tutusaus, Kilian and Ruiz Salces, Roberto and Pascual Barrera, Alina Eugenia mail eduardo.garcia@uneatlantico.es, silvia.pueyo@uneatlantico.es, irene.delgado@uneatlantico.es, kilian.tutusaus@uneatlantico.es, roberto.ruiz@uneatlantico.es, alina.pascual@unini.edu.mx (2021) Instrumentalization of a Model for the Evaluation of the Level of Satisfaction of Graduates under an E-Learning Methodology: A Case Analysis Oriented to Postgraduate Studies in the Environmental Field. Sustainability, 13 (9). p. 5112. ISSN 2071-1050

Article Subjects > Physical Education and Sport
Subjects > Psychology
Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés The scientific evidence supports that physical inactivity in childhood is a reality throughout the world which generates important consequences in the global development of children. Young people with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD), due to the characteristics of the disorder they suffer, constitute a group at risk. Therefore, assessing the levels of physical activity (PA) in this group is fundamental for subsequent decision making and implementation of PA promotion programmes. Consequently, the aim of this systematic review was to identify, summarise and analyse the main instruments used to assess the levels of PA (in terms of time and/or intensity) in primary school children diagnosed with ASD. Scientific articles in English and Spanish published in five databases were reviewed: PsycINFO, WOS, SPORTDiscus, Scopus and PubMed, following the guidelines of the PRISMA statement. Out of the 605 articles identified, 12 met the previously established inclusion criteria. The instruments used by the studies analysed were divided into two main groups: accelerometers and questionnaires. Both showed different strengths and limitations but agreed on the low levels registered of PA in children with ASD. For this reason, it is considered necessary that further research be carried out in this field, as well as the development and implementation of sports programmes adjusted and adapted to the needs and characteristics of the ASD group. metadata López-Valverde, Paula and Rico-Díaz, Javier and Barcala Furelos, Martín and Martí González, Mariacarla and Martín Ayala, Juan Luis and López-García, Sergio mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, martin.barcala@uneatlantico.es, mariacarla.marti@uneatlantico.es, juan.martin@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED (2021) Instruments to Assess Physical Activity in Primary Education Students with Autism Spectrum Disorder: A Systematic Review. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 18 (9). p. 4913. ISSN 1660-4601

Article Subjects > Biomedicine Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés nter-professional collaboration, empathy and lifelong learning, components of medical professionalism, have been associated with occupational well-being in physicians. However, it is not clear whether this role persists in adverse working conditions. This study was performed to assess whether this is the case. These three abilities, and the self-perception of somatization, exhaustion and work alienation, were measured in a sample of 60 physicians working in a hospital declared to be in an institutional emergency. A multiple regression model explained 40% of the variability of exhaustion, with a large effect size (Cohen’s-f2 = 0.64), based on a linear relationship with teamwork (p = 0.01), and more dedication to academic (p < 0.001) and management activities (p < 0.003). Neither somatization nor alienation were predicted by empathy or lifelong learning abilities. Somatization, exhaustion, or alienation scores either explained empathy, inter-professional collaboration or lifelong learning scores. These findings indicate that, in adverse working environments, physicians with a greater sense of inter-professional collaboration or performing multi-task activities are more exposed to suffering exhaustion. metadata Viruez-Soto, José and Delgado Bolton, Roberto C. and San-Martín, Montserrat and Vivanco, Luis mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, luis.vivanco@uneatlantico.es (2021) Inter-Professional Collaboration and Occupational Well-Being of Physicians Who Work in Adverse Working Conditions. Healthcare, 9 (9). p. 1210. ISSN 2227-9032

Article Subjects > Psychology Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés Objetivo Para reducir el malestar psicológico asociado a tratar pacientes con COVID-19, se han desarrollado numerosos programas de intervención en España. Este estudio pretende describir las principales características y componentes de los programas para trabajadores sanitarios que atienden COVID-19 en hospitales españoles. Material y métodos Se elaboró y distribuyó una encuesta online para evaluar las principales características de los programas de intervención psicológica para trabajadores sanitarios durante la primera ola de la pandemia de COVID-19. Resultados Se recibieron respuestas válidas de 36 hospitales. La mayoría de los programas ofrecían intervención presencial y online/telefónica. El principal objetivo de estos programas fue mejorar la regulación emocional. Las intervenciones individuales emplearon principalmente psicoeducación y técnicas cognitivo-conductuales, mientras que las grupales emplearon psicoeducación y mindfulness. Solo la mitad de los equipos que ofrecían intervenciones presenciales habían recibido la formación adecuada para usar equipos de protección individual. Conclusiones Numerosos hospitales en España han desarrollado intervenciones de salud mental para trabajadores sanitarios durante la pandemia por COVID-19, empleando una gran variedad de modalidades terapéuticas. La rápida implementación de estos programas durante la pandemia sugiere que la necesidad de seguridad ha podido subestimarse. La planificación y desarrollo de intervenciones psicológicas durante las pandemias merece mayor atención por parte de las autoridades competentes. metadata Priede, Amador and López-Álvarez, Inés and Carracedo-Sanchidrián, Diego and González-Blanch, César mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, cesar.gonzalezblanch@uneatlantico.es (2021) Intervenciones de salud mental para trabajadores sanitarios durante la primera ola de la pandemia de COVID-19 en España. Revista de Psiquiatría y Salud Mental, 14 (2). pp. 83-89. ISSN 18889891

Article Subjects > Nutrition Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés The prevalence of overweight and obesity has been rising among Mexican children and adolescents in the last decades. To systematically review obesity prevention interventions delivered to Mexican children and adolescents. Thirteen databases and one search engine were searched for evidence from 1995 to 2021. Searches were done in English and Spanish to capture relevant information. Studies with experimental designs, delivered in any setting (e.g., schools or clinics) or digital domains (e.g., social media campaigns) targeting Mexican children or adolescents (≤ 18 years) and reporting weight outcomes, were included in this review. In addition, the risk of bias was appraised with the Effective Public Health Practice Project Quality Assessment Tool. Twenty-nine studies with 19,136 participants (3-17 years old) were included. The prevalence of overweight and obesity at baseline ranged from 21 to 69%. Most of the studies (89.6%) were delivered in school settings. The duration ranged from 2 days to 3 school years, and the number of sessions also varied from 2 to 200 sessions at different intensities. Overall, anthropometric changes varied across studies. Thus, the efficacy of the included studies is heterogeneous and inconclusive among studies. Current evidence is heterogeneous and inconclusive about the efficacy of interventions to prevent obesity in Mexican children and adolescents. Interventions should not be limited to educational activities and should include different components, such as multi-settings delivery, family inclusion, and longer-term implementations. Mixed-method evaluations (including robust quantitative and qualitative approaches) could provide a deeper understanding of the effectiveness and best practices. metadata Aceves-Martins, Magaly and López-Cruz, Lizet and García-Botello, Marcela and Gutierrez-Gómez, Yareni Yunuen and Moreno-García, Carlos Francisco mail UNSPECIFIED (2021) Interventions to Prevent Obesity in Mexican Children and Adolescents: Systematic Review. Prevention Science. ISSN 1389-4986

Article Subjects > Nutrition Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés Context Prevalence of overweight and obesity has been rising in the past 3 decades among Mexican children and adolescents. Objective To systematically review experimental studies evaluating interventions to treat obesity in Mexican children and adolescents (≤18 years old). Data Sources For this study, 13 databases and 1 search engine were searched. Data Analysis A total of 29 studies met the inclusion criteria. Overall, 2302 participants (age range, 8–16 years) from 11 states in Mexico were included. Most of the studies (n = 17 of 29) were provided in a clinical setting. A random-effect meta-analysis of 4 randomized controlled trials was conducted and a significant effect was found on body mass index reduction that favored the intervention group (−1.52; 95%CI, −2.15 to −0.89) for short-term (≤6 mo) interventions. Conclusions A multicomponent, multidisciplinary, and individualized intervention that includes dietary modifications, physical activity practice, behavioral strategies, and active parental involvement might help treat childhood obesity in Mexico. However, long-term results need to be produced to identify effectiveness pointers that might help establish an integrated, long-lasting care model to treat obesity. metadata Aceves-Martins, Magaly and López-Cruz, Lizet and García-Botello, Marcela and Gutierrez-Gómez, Yareni Yunuen and Moreno-García, Carlos Francisco mail UNSPECIFIED (2021) Interventions to Treat Obesity in Mexican Children and Adolescents: Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. Nutrition Reviews, 80 (3). pp. 544-560. ISSN 0029-6643

Article Subjects > Physical Education and Sport Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés The purpose of the study was to find out whether a short 6-week intervention on motor competence can reduce the Relative Age Effect (RAE) of preschool children born in the first quarter, compared to those born in the fourth quarter of the same year. Seventy-six preschool children (5.20 ± 0.54 years) from Lugo (Spain) participated. A quasi-experimental pre-post-test design was used with an intervention group (n = 32) and a control group (n = 44). The Movement Assessment Battery for Children-2 (MABC-2) was used to collect data before and after the intervention. The data show that, before the intervention, there are significant differences between the control and the intervention group in favor of the former (born in the first quarter of the year) in manual dexterity (p = 0.011), balance (p = 0.002), total test score (p = 0.008), and total percentile score (p = 0.010). After the application of the specific intervention, statistically significant differences were found in aiming and catching (p < 0.001), balance (p = 0.022), total test score (p = 0.001), and total percentile score (p < 0.001) in favor of the intervention group (born in the last quarter of the year). The results obtained suggest that the application of a specific intervention on MC could positively influence the improvement of MC in preschool children (boys and girls) and reduce the differences produced by the RAE. metadata Mecías-Calvo, Marcos and Arufe-Giráldez, Víctor and Cons-Ferreiro, Miguel and Navarro-Patón, Rubén mail marcos.mecias@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED (2021) Is It Possible to Reduce the Relative Age Effect through an Intervention on Motor Competence in Preschool Children? Children, 8 (5). p. 386. ISSN 2227-9067

Article Subjects > Biomedicine Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés The purpose of this study was to determine the probability that preschool children have severe motor difficulties or are at risk of motor difficulties, according to quarter of birth and gender. Five hundred and eighty-eight preschool-age children were evaluated, of which 318 (54.08%) were boys and 270 (45.92%) were girls, with a mean age of 4.66 years (SD = 0.53). The Movement Assessment Battery for Children-2 (MABC-2) was used to collect the data. The results obtained were the following: Regarding students with severe motor difficulties: 6.7% born in quarter 1 (Q1); 13.3% born in the second quarter (Q2); 20.0% born in the third quarter (Q3); and 60.0% born in the fourth quarter (Q4). The probabilities found (OR) were: Q1 vs. Q2 (OR = 3.15; p < 0.05); Q1 vs. Q3 (OR = 4.68; p < 0.005); Q1 vs. Q4 (OR = 12.40; p < 0.001); Q2 vs. Q4 (OR = 4.04; p < 0.001); and Q3 vs. Q4 (OR = 2.65; p < 0.005). The adjusted ORs, with respect to the probabilities of having severe motor difficulties, were the following: Being born in Q4 is 13.03 times more likely than being born in Q1 (p < 0.001); those born in Q3 are 4.85 times more likely than those born in Q1 (p < 0.05); and those born in Q2 4.14 times more than those born in Q1 (p < 0.05). The conclusion is that children born in Q4 are more likely to be classified as children with severe difficulties compared to children born in the other quarters of the same year. metadata Navarro-Patón, Rubén and Pueyo Villa, Silvia and Martín Ayala, Juan Luis and Martí González, Mariacarla and Mecías-Calvo, Marcos mail UNSPECIFIED, silvia.pueyo@uneatlantico.es, juan.martin@uneatlantico.es, mariacarla.marti@uneatlantico.es, marcos.mecias@uneatlantico.es (2021) Is Quarter of Birth a Risk Factor for Developmental Coordinator Disorder in Preschool Children? International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 18 (11). p. 5514. ISSN 1660-4601

Article Subjects > Teaching Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Abierto Español La formación pedagógica del docente debe partir de las competencias que el profesor debe desarrollar para aplicar a las TIC de manera educativa a lo largo de su vida docente. Este estudio, que es parte del Proyecto Europeo Lovedistance – Learning Optmization and Academic Inclusion Via Equitative Distance Teaching and Learning 609949-EPP-1-2019-1-PTEPPKA2-CBHE-JP, tiene como objetivo medir los niveles y dimensiones de las competencias determinadas por la UNESCO (2016) en cuanto a la acción docente frente a la utilización de las TIC en escenarios educativos. Se destacan las posibilidades de llevar a cabo una planificación basada en las TIC; el diseño o la capacidad de organización y construcción de escenarios de aprendizaje con las TIC; y la evaluación o la posibilidad de medida de la efectividad de las TIC para la educación a lo largo de la vida, en los espacios educativos que se desarrollan como docentes (Coll, 2008). El presente estudio se basa en el diseño de encuesta y utiliza como instrumento el cuestionario, aplicando una complementariedad metodológica con unos resultados que indican a través de un análisis descriptivo que la formación del profesorado, la coordinación y cooperación docente, y la profundización en el manejo de las tecnologías, son factores de gran importancia y favorecedores del uso de las TIC en la comunidad educativa. metadata Sartor-Harada, Andresa mail andresa.sartor@uneatlantico.es (2021) La comunidad docente y las competencias digitales: la formación a lo largo de la vida. Revista Conhecimento Online, 1. p. 177. ISSN 2176-8501

Article Subjects > Social Sciences Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Español Desde los inicios del cine, el contenido musical ha desempeñado un papel fundamental. La música y las canciones son una parte esencial de los productos cinematográficos, especialmente en determinados géneros. El presente artículo realiza un análisis contrastivo de un corpus de doce películas del género de animación infantil y no infantil, musical, comedia romántica y suspense en torno a la modalidad y las estrategias de traducción empleadas según los elementos que priman en cada canción, tales como la rima, la fidelidad o el significado. Los resultados muestran una tendencia al doblaje de canciones en películas destinadas a público infantil, subtitulado de canciones en películas destinadas a público no infantil y no traducción de canciones de la banda sonora no originales. metadata Martínez Acebo, Elisa and Rodríguez Martínez, Manuel Cristóbal mail elisa.martinez@alumnos.uneatlantico.es, manuel.rodriguez@uneatlantico.es (2021) La traducción de canciones en películas: análisis contrastivo de géneros cinematográficos. Estudios de Traducción, 11. pp. 137-145. ISSN 2174-047X

Article Subjects > Communication Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Español Late Motiv, el programa de Movistar + presentado y dirigido por Andreu Buenafuente, donde la crítica, el humor o la irreverencia están presentes cada medianoche de lunes a jueves, tuvo que adaptarse a la aparición del Covid 19 y el estado de alarma decretado el catorce de marzo de 2020 (BOE, n. 61, 12 de marzo). Los invitados y colaboradores que repasan la actualidad, los monólogos del propio presentador o las actuaciones musicales que componen el programa de forma habitual, se vieron trastocados con el confinamiento y se han vuelto a adaptar a la “nueva normalidad” en su sexta temporada en Movistar +. metadata Santana Mahmut, Saida and Andueza-López, Belén mail UNSPECIFIED, belen.andueza@uneatlantico.es (2021) "Late Motiv": la transformación del "late night" antes, durante y después del confinamiento provocado por el Covid-19 en 2020. Historia y Comunicación Social, 26 (Especi). pp. 121-134. ISSN 1137-0734

Article Subjects > Social Sciences Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Español El lenguaje inclusivo constituye una forma simbólica de definir pertenencia a una comunidad o un intento de reflejar identidades y orientaciones que van más allá de la visibilidad de la mujer. Aunque se abren camino diferentes estrategias para lograr una mayor representación de ciertos colectivos, no todas resultan igual de aceptables en lo que se refiere a la esfera administrativo-legal. Justificando la posibilidad teórica de desestabilizar el género y la responsabilidad ética de reconocer todo el espectro que abarcan las siglas LGTBIQ+, se estudia una muestra compuesta por documentos de adopción en español y en inglés, que permitirá observar hasta qué punto se logra contemplar la presencia de una comunidad que es susceptible de tener que recurrir a estos instrumentos legales. Además de comprobar la efectividad de las estrategias utilizadas en ambas lenguas con propuestas fundamentadas desde el plano de la Lingüística, como la de Grijelmo, se reflexionará acerca de qué fórmulas resultan aceptables en este contexto específico de uso, en el que, si bien es cierto que se han producido algunos avances, aún queda camino por recorrer. No obstante, ambas lenguas disponen de mecanismos propios del lenguaje administrativo-legal que no obligan a incorporar neologismos ni dobletes y están perfectamente asentadas socialmente, por lo que se defiende la necesidad de estudiarlas e incluirlas para lograr un reconocimiento que el colectivo aún lucha por conseguir. metadata Rodríguez-Arcos, Irene and González Díaz, Andrea mail UNSPECIFIED (2021) Lenguaje inclusivo y representación del colectivo queer en solicitudes de adopción: análisis contrastivo inglés-español. Hikma, 20 (1). pp. 157-184. ISSN 1579-9794

Article Subjects > Physical Education and Sport Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés, Español Introducción: La rotura de Ligamento Cruzado Anterior (LCA) es una de las lesiones más problemáticas dentro del mundo del fútbol, no solo por el periodo que mantendrá inactivo al sujeto, sino también por las secuelas que puede producir en el deportista. Objetivos: Conocer algunos de los factores de riesgo y mecanismos de lesión de LCA en futbolistas cántabros de las temporadas 2016 a 2019. Material y métodos: Se recogieron datos sobre diferentes factores de riesgo de todos los jugadores/as del fútbol cántabro lesionados de LCA en las últimas 3 temporadas (2016 al 2019). Estos datos se registraron mediante una entrevista realizada por la Federación Cántabra de Fútbol. La muestra inicial fue de 93 personas, siendo 84 hombres (H) y 9 mujeres (M). Resultados: La competición resultó ser más lesiva que el entrenamiento (H: 88,5%; M: 77,8%), siendo la primera parte del partido donde más lesiones hubo (H: 47,8%; M: 66,7%). Los defensas en los hombres (50,7%) y los mediocentros en mujeres (55,6%) fueron las posiciones más afectadas. Con un 87% en hombres y 100% en mujeres, las lesiones se produjeron sobre hierba artificial con el uso de tacos Artificial Grass (AG) (H: 46,4%; M: 77,8%) y durante el mes de abril (H: 4,5%; M: 33,3%) . Además, las lesiones se produjeron sin contacto (H: 73,9%; M:77,8%) y el 66,7% en ambos grupos no realizaba trabajo preventivo. Conclusiones: La lesión de LCA se produce principalmente sin contacto, con el uso de tacos AG sobre césped artificial, durante la primera parte del partido y en abril. Los defensas en hombres y los mediocentros en mujeres fueron las posiciones más afectadas. metadata Peredo López, Felipe and Marín Bárcena, Raúl and Mecías-Calvo, Marcos mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, marcos.mecias@uneatlantico.es (2021) Lesión de ligamento cruzado anterior (LCA) en futbolistas cántabros. Análisis descriptivo de los factores de riesgo. MLS Sport Research, 1 (1). pp. 86-95.

Article Subjects > Psychology Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés Objective In order to reduce distress associated with working with COVID-19 patients, several psychological intervention programmes for healthcare workers have been developed in Spain. We aimed to describe the main characteristics and components of these programmes for healthcare workers treating COVID-19 patients in Spanish hospitals. Material and methods An online survey was designed to evaluate the main characteristics of psychological intervention programmes for healthcare workers during the first wave of COVID-19 pandemic. Results Valid responses were received from 36 hospitals. Most of these programmes offered both in-person and online therapy. The most common aim of these interventions was emotional regulation, which was treated by psychoeducational and cognitive-behavioural techniques in individual interventions. Group interventions mainly used psychoeducation and mindfulness. Only half of the teams that offered in-person interventions received training in the proper use of personal protective equipment. Conclusions Several hospitals in Spain have developed mental health interventions for healthcare workers during the COVID-19 pandemic, deploying a wide range of therapeutic modalities and techniques. The rapid implementation of these programmes during the pandemic suggests that safety may not have received sufficient attention. The planning and development of interventions for healthcare workers during pandemics merits greater attention by national and regional authorities and institutions. metadata Priede, Amador and López-Álvarez, Inés and Carracedo-Sanchidrián, Diego and González-Blanch, César mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, cesar.gonzalezblanch@uneatlantico.es (2021) Mental health interventions for healthcare workers during the first wave of COVID-19 pandemic in Spain. Revista de Psiquiatría y Salud Mental (English Edition), 14 (2). pp. 83-89. ISSN 21735050

Article Subjects > Biomedicine Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
UNSPECIFIED UNSPECIFIED Cancer stem cells (CSCs) are a rare tumor subpopulation with high differentiation, proliferative and tumorigenic potential compared to the remaining tumor population. CSCs were first discovered by Bonnet and Dick in 1997 in acute myeloid leukemia. The identification and isolation of these cells in this pioneering study were carried out through the flow cytometry, exploiting the presence of specific cell surface molecular markers (CD34+/CD38−). In the following years, different strategies and projects have been developed for the study of CSCs, which are basically divided into surface markers assays and functional assays; some of these techniques also allow working with a cellular model that better mimics the tumor architecture. The purpose of this mini review is to summarize and briefly describe all the current methods used for the identification, isolation and enrichment of CSCs, describing, where possible, the molecular basis, the advantages and disadvantages of each technique with a particular focus on those that offer a three-dimensional culture. metadata Cianciosi, Danila and Ansary, Johura and Forbes-Hernandez, Tamara Y. and Regolo, Lucia and Quinzi, Denise and Gracia Villar, Santos and Garcia Villena, Eduardo and Tutusaus Pifarre, Kilian and Alvarez-Suarez, José M. and Battino, Maurizio and Giampieri, Francesca mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, santos.gracia@uneatlantico.es, eduardo.garcia@uneatlantico.es, kilian.tutusaus@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED (2021) The Molecular Basis of Different Approaches for the Study of Cancer Stem Cells and the Advantages and Disadvantages of a Three-Dimensional Culture. Molecules, 26 (9). p. 2615. ISSN 1420-3049

Article Subjects > Biomedicine Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Abierto Inglés Age-related bone disorders such as osteoporosis or osteoarthritis are a major public health problem due to the functional disability for millions of people worldwide. Furthermore, fractures are associated with a higher degree of morbidity and mortality in the long term, which generates greater financial and health costs. As the world population becomes older, the incidence of this type of disease increases and this effect seems notably greater in those countries that present a more westernized lifestyle. Thus, increased efforts are directed toward reducing risks that need to focus not only on the prevention of bone diseases, but also on the treatment of persons already afflicted. Evidence is accumulating that dietary lipids play an important role in bone health which results relevant to develop effective interventions for prevent bone diseases or alterations, especially in the elderly segment of the population. This review focuses on evidence about the effects of dietary lipids on bone health and describes possible mechanisms to explain how lipids act on bone metabolism during aging. Little work, however, has been accomplished in humans, so this is a challenge for future research. metadata Romero-Márquez, Jose M. and Varela-López, Alfonso and Navarro-Hortal, María D. and Badillo-Carrasco, Alberto and Forbes-Hernández, Tamara Y. and Giampieri, Francesca and Dominguez Azpíroz, Irma and Madrigal-Hoyos, Lorena and Battino, Maurizio and Quiles, José L. mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, irma.dominguez@uneatlantico.es, lorena.madrigal@uneatlantico.es, maurizio.battino@uneatlantico.es, jose.quiles@uneatlantico.es (2021) Molecular Interactions between Dietary Lipids and Bone Tissue during Aging. International Journal of Molecular Sciences, 22 (12). p. 6473. ISSN 1422-0067

Article Subjects > Physical Education and Sport Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés The objective of this research was to analyze the motives for using or not using protections by recreational ski and snowboard athletes, specifically regarding gender and age in the winter resorts of Sierra Nevada and Alto Campoo (Spain). A total of 520 users participated in Sierra Nevada (n = 306 (58,8%)) and Alto Campoo (n = 214 (42.2%)); 257 of them were men (49.4%) and 263 (50.6%) were women; from 6 to 50 years old; classified by 4 stages of development (Childhood (n = 106 (20.4%); Teenagers (n = 110 (21.2%); Young adults (n = 101 (19.4%); Adults (n = 203 (39.0%)). For the data collection an ad hoc questionnaire was used (socio-demographic data, use/no use of protection, motives for the use). The data revealed that 76.5% used protections equipment, with the women being more likely to use protective equipment than men. Regarding age, young adults and adults were the ones using less protection. In relation to the motives of using protective equipment, security was the main motive for using it, while the reason to avoid using it was, most of the time, discomfort. Additionally, the childhood and teenager groups were the ones who reported, as motivation, family obligation, showing the importance of the influence of the parents. metadata Mecías-Calvo, Marcos and Lago-Fuentes, Carlos and Muñoz-Pérez, Iker and Picabea-Arburu, Jon Mikel and Velarde-Sotres, Álvaro and Aparicio-Obregón, Silvia and Navarro-Patón, Rubén mail marcos.mecias@uneatlantico.es, carlos.lago@uneatlantico.es, iker.munoz@uneatlantico.es, jon.picabea@uneatlantico.es, alvaro.velarde@uneatlantico.es, silvia.aparicio@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED (2021) Motives for the Use or Not of Protective Equipment for the Recreational Practice of Skiing and Snowboarding in Spanish Winter Stations. Healthcare, 9 (12). p. 1767. ISSN 2227-9032

Article Subjects > Biomedicine Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés Down syndrome (DS) or trisomy of chromosome 21 (Hsa21) is characterized by impaired hippocampal-dependent learning and memory. These alterations are due to defective neurogenesis and to neuromorphological and functional anomalies of numerous neuronal populations, including hippocampal granular cells (GCs). It has been proposed that the additional gene dose in trisomic cells induces modifications in nuclear compartments and on the chromatin landscape, which could contribute to some DS phenotypes. The Ts65Dn (TS) mouse model of DS carries a triplication of 92 genes orthologous to those found in Hsa21, and shares many phenotypes with DS individuals, including cognitive and neuromorphological alterations. Considering its essential role in hippocampal memory formation, we investigated whether the triplication of this set of Hsa21 orthologous genes in TS mice modifies the nuclear architecture of their GCs. Our results show that the TS mouse presents alterations in the nuclear architecture of its GCs, affecting nuclear compartments involved in transcription and pre-rRNA and pre-mRNA processing. In particular, the GCs of the TS mouse show alterations in the nucleolar fusion pattern and the molecular assembly of Cajal bodies (CBs). Furthermore, hippocampal GCs of TS mice present an epigenetic dysregulation of chromatin that results in an increased heterochromatinization and reduced global transcriptional activity. These nuclear alterations could play an important role in the neuromorphological and/or functional alterations of the hippocampal GCs implicated in the cognitive dysfunction characteristic of TS mice. metadata Puente-Bedia, Alba and Berciano, María T. and Tapia Martínez, Olga and Martínez-Cué, Carmen and Lafarga, Miguel and Rueda, Noemí mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, olga.tapia@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED (2021) Nuclear Reorganization in Hippocampal Granule Cell Neurons from a Mouse Model of Down Syndrome: Changes in Chromatin Configuration, Nucleoli and Cajal Bodies. International Journal of Molecular Sciences, 22 (3). p. 1259. ISSN 1422-0067

Article Subjects > Biomedicine
Subjects > Nutrition
Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés Modern high-throughput ‘omics’ science tools (including genomics, transcriptomics, proteomics, metabolomics and microbiomics) are currently being applied to nutritional sciences to unravel the fundamental processes of health effects ascribed to particular nutrients in humans and to contribute to more precise nutritional advice. Diet and food components are key environmental factors that interact with the genome, transcriptome, proteome, metabolome and the microbiota, and this life-long interplay defines health and diseases state of the individual. Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a chronic autoimmune disease featured by a systemic immune-inflammatory response, in genetically susceptible individuals exposed to environmental triggers, including diet. In recent years increasing evidences suggested that nutritional factors and gut microbiome have a central role in RA risk and progression. The aim of this review is to summarize the main and most recent applications of ‘omics’ technologies in human nutrition and in RA research, examining the possible influences of some nutrients and nutritional patterns on RA pathogenesis, following a nutrigenomics approach. The opportunities and challenges of novel ‘omics technologies’ in the exploration of new avenues in RA and nutritional research to prevent and manage RA will be also discussed. metadata Cassotta, Manuela and Forbes-Hernandez, Tamara Y. and Cianciosi, Danila and Elexpuru Zabaleta, Maria and Sumalla Cano, Sandra and Dominguez Azpíroz, Irma and Bullon, Beatriz and Regolo, Lucia and Alvarez-Suarez, Josè Miguel and Giampieri, Francesca and Battino, Maurizio mail manucassotta@gmail.com, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, maria.elexpuru@uneatlantico.es, sandra.sumalla@uneatlantico.es, irma.dominguez@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, francesca.giampieri@uneatlantico.es, maurizio.battino@uneatlantico.es (2021) Nutrition and Rheumatoid Arthritis in the ‘Omics’ Era. Nutrients, 13 (3). p. 763. ISSN 2072-6643

Article Subjects > Nutrition Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
UNSPECIFIED UNSPECIFIED In recent times, scientific attention has been paid to different foods and their bioactive components for the ability to inhibit the onset and progress of different types of cancer. Nigella sativa extract, powder and seed oil and its main components, thymoquinone and α-hederin, have showed potent anticancer and chemosensitizing effects against various types of cancer, such as liver, colon, breast, renal, cervical, lung, ovarian, pancreatic, prostate and skin tumors, through the modulation of various molecular signaling pathways. Herein, the purpose of this review was to highlight the anticancer activity of Nigella sativa and it constitutes, focusing on different in vitro, in vivo and clinical studies and projects, in order to underline their antiproliferative, proapoptotic, cytotoxic and antimetastatic effects. Particular attention has been also given to the synergistic effect of Nigella sativa and it constitutes with chemotherapeutic drugs, and to the synthesized analogs of thymoquinone that seem to enhance the chemo-sensitizing potential. This review could be a useful step towards new research on N. sativa and cancer, to include this plant in the dietary treatments in support to conventional therapies, for the best achievement of therapeutic goals. metadata Ansary, Johura and Giampieri, Francesca and Forbes-Hernandez, Tamara Y. and Regolo, Lucia and Quinzi, Denise and Gracia Villar, Santos and Garcia Villena, Eduardo and Tutusaus, Kilian and Alvarez-Suarez, José M. and Battino, Maurizio and Cianciosi, Danila mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, santos.gracia@uneatlantico.es, eduardo.garcia@uneatlantico.es, kilian.tutusaus@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED (2021) Nutritional Value and Preventive Role of Nigella sativa L. and Its Main Component Thymoquinone in Cancer: An Evidenced-Based Review of Preclinical and Clinical Studies. Molecules, 26 (8). p. 2108. ISSN 1420-3049

Article Subjects > Biomedicine Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés Context A relationship between obesity and poor oral health has been reported. Objective To investigate the association between overweight/obesity and oral health in Mexican children and adolescents. Data Sources A literature search was conducted of 13 databases and 1 search engine for articles published from 1995 onward. Data Analysis A total of 18 publications were included. Evidence was inconclusive and varied according to sociodemographic factors or outcome measuring tools. The Decayed, Missing, and Filled Teeth and Filled Teeth Surfaces indices and the decayed extracted filled teeth index outcomes were included in a random effects model meta-analysis. Pooled estimates showed no statistically significant oral health differences (measured via the decayed extracted filled teeth or the Decayed, Missing, and Filled Teeth Surfaces indexes) among body mass index (BMI) categories. However, pooled estimates of 6 studies showed that children with higher BMI had worse oral health in permanent teeth (measured via the Decayed Missing Filled Teeth Index) than children with lower BMI (overall mean difference, –0.42; 95%CI, –0.74, –0.11). Conclusion Whether there is an association between poor oral health and high BMI is inconclusive; however, both co-exist among Mexican children. Therefore, health promotion and prevention efforts should address common risk factors and broader risk social determinants shared between noncommunicable diseases. metadata Aceves-Martins, Magaly and Godina-Flores, Naara L and Gutierrez-Gómez, Yareni Yunuen and Richards, Derek and López-Cruz, Lizet and García-Botello, Marcela and Moreno-García, Carlos Francisco mail UNSPECIFIED (2021) Obesity and oral health in Mexican children and adolescents: systematic review and meta-analysis. Nutrition Reviews. ISSN 0029-6643

Article Subjects > Physical Education and Sport Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Cerrado Inglés Pregnancy exercise can prevent excessive gestational weight gain (EGWG), gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) and hypertension (GH), but inter-individual variability has not been explored. We aimed to analyze the prevalence--and potential sociodemographic and medical predictors of--non-responsiveness to gestational exercise, and the association of non-responsiveness with adverse pregnancy outcomes. Among 688 women who completed a supervised light-to-moderate intensity exercise program (three ~1-h sessions/week including aerobic, resistance, and pelvic floor muscle training) until near-term, those who showed EGWG, GDM or GH were considered 'non-responders'. A low prevalence of non-responders was observed for GDM (3.6%) and GH (3.4%), but not for EGWG (24.2%). Pre-pregnancy obesity was the strongest predictor of non-responsiveness for GH (odds ratio 8.40 [95% confidence interval 3.10-22.78] and EGWG (5.37 [2.78-10.39]), whereas having a highest education level attenuated the risk of being non-responder for GDM (0.10 [0.02-0.49]). Non-responsiveness for EGWG was associated with a higher risk of prolonged labor length, instrumental/cesarean delivery, and macrosomia, and of lower Apgar scores. No association with negative delivery outcomes was found for GDM/GH. In summary, women with pre-pregnancy obesity might require from additional interventions beyond light-to-moderate intensity gestational exercise (e.g., diet and/or higher exercise loads) to ensure cardiometabolic benefits. metadata Perales, María and Valenzuela, Pedro L. and Barakat, Rubén and Alejo, Lidia B. and Cordero, Yaiza and Pelaez, Mireia and Lucia, Alejandro mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, mireia.pelaez@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED (2021) Obesity can offset the cardiometabolic benefits of gestational exercise. International Journal of Obesity, 45 (2). pp. 342-347. ISSN 0307-0565

Article Subjects > Psychology Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Universidad Internacional do Cuanza > Research > Scientific Production
Abierto Inglés Background: In an unprecedented situation of interruption of the sporting dynamics, the world of sport is going through a series of adaptations necessary to continue functioning despite coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). More than ever, athletes are facing a different challenge, a source of discomfort and uncertainty, and one that absolutely alters not only sports calendars, but also trajectories, progressions, and approaches to sports life. Therefore, it is necessary to identify the levels of psychological vulnerability that may have been generated in the athletes, because of the coexistence with dysfunctional responses during the COVID-19 experience, and which directly influence the decrease of their mental health. Methods: With a descriptive and transversal design, the study aims to identify the state of the dysfunctional psychological response of a sample of Spanish athletes (N = 284). The DASS-21 (Depression, Anxiety, and Stress Scale), Toronto-20 (alexithymia), and Distress Tolerance Scale questionnaires were administered to a sample of high-level Spanish athletes in Olympic programs. Results: The results suggest that the analyzed athletes indicate high levels of dysfunctional response (e.g., anxiety, stress, depression, and alexithymia) when their tolerance is low. In addition, the variables show less relational strength, when the capacity of tolerance to distress is worse and age is lower. At the same time, the greater the anxiety and uncertainty are, leading to more catastrophic and negative thoughts, the younger the athletes are. Conclusions: It is clear that both age and tolerance to distress are considered adequate protective factors for psychological vulnerability in general and for associated dysfunctional responses in particular. Moreover, the psychological resources offered by more experienced athletes are also a guarantee of protection against negativity and catastrophism. metadata González-Hernández, Juan and López-Mora, Clara and Yüce, Arif and Nogueira-López, Abel and Tovar-Gálvez, Maria Isabel mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, abel.nogueira@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED (2021) “Oh, My God! My Season Is Over!” COVID-19 and Regulation of the Psychological Response in Spanish High-Performance Athletes. Frontiers in Psychology, 12. ISSN 1664-1078

Article Subjects > Engineering Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés In this work a complete proof of the Collatz Conjecture is presented. The solution assumes as hypothesis that Collatz's Conjecture is a consequence. We found that every natural number n_i∈N can be calculated starting from 1, using the function n_i=((2^(i-Ω)-C))⁄3^Ω , where: i≥0 represents the number of steps (operations of multiplications by two subtractions of one and divisions by three) needed to get from 1 to n_i, Ω≥0 represents the number of multiplications by three required and 0≤C≤2^(i-⌊i/3⌋ )-2^((i mod 3)) 3^⌊i/3⌋ is an accumulative constant that takes into account the order in which the operations of multiplication and division have been performed. Reversing the inversion, we have obtained the function: ((3^Ω n_i+C))⁄2^(i-Ω)=1 that proves that Collatz Conjecture it’s a consequence of the above and also proofs that Collatz Conjecture it’s true since ((3^Ω n_i+C))⁄2^(i-Ω) is the recursive form of the Collatz’s function. metadata Crespo Álvarez, Jorge mail jorge.crespo@uneatlantico.es (2021) Orbits Theory. A Complete Proof of the Collatz Conjecture. Cambridge Open Engage. (Unpublished)

Article Subjects > Biomedicine
Subjects > Psychology
Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés Body image (BI) is a trending topic of study since health problems derived from a negative perception of the body are increasing and affecting people of all ages, with an increasing incidence among children from the age of eight. The objective of this study was to evaluate the current perception of the body against the desired body and the degree of body satisfaction of Galician primary education students. A total of 355 students (167 boys (47%)) between 9 and 12 years old participated (mean = 10.53; SD = 0.84). Sociodemographic data (sex, age, height, and weight) were collected, and the Figure Rating Scale was used. There are statistically significant differences between boys and girls in the current perceived figure (p = 0.003) and in the desired figure (p < 0.001). Depending on age, the differences were in current (p = 0.010) and desired (p = 0.021) body perception. In conclusion, boys perceive themselves as having a larger figure than girls do, but this perception is far from reality according to the body mass index. For the desired figure, both boys and girls want to be slimmer, but girls want a slimmer figure. Regarding age, the current perceived figure size increases with age as it increases in those students dissatisfied with their body. metadata Navarro-Patón, Rubén and Mecías-Calvo, Marcos and Pueyo Villa, Silvia and Anaya, Vanessa and Martí-González, Mariacarla and Lago-Ballesteros, Joaquín mail UNSPECIFIED, marcos.mecias@uneatlantico.es, silvia.pueyo@uneatlantico.es, vanessa.anaya@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED (2021) Perceptions of the Body and Body Dissatisfaction in Primary Education Children According to Gender and Age. A Cross-Sectional Study. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 18 (23). p. 12460. ISSN 1660-4601

Article Subjects > Social Sciences Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Abierto Portugués Nas últimas décadas temos vivenciado a dificuldade em efetivar o uso da linguagem inclusiva ao tempo em que se evidencia a facilidade de implantação de uma neolíngua que provém do generismo queer. São tempos sombrios para a luta feminista, que sofre não só a difamação e deturpação da sua agenda e cânon, senão também a usurpação de conceitos e espaços. No ano 2021, que marca o centenário do pedagogo brasileiro Paulo Freire, estende-se sobre nós uma outra onda ameaçadora de irracionalismo, como aquela advertida por ele no século passado. O neoliberalismo mata, assim como mata o machismo; e as mulheres, a vida das mulheres, não vão além de uma objetificação para ambos. Nosso objetivo, com esse artigo, é dialogar desde e com a proposta pedagógica freiriana tomando como contraponto os conceitos ‘linguagem inclusiva’ e ‘neolíngua’ no intuito de denunciar e, principalmente, de enfatizar a necessidade permanente de uma educação emancipadora e libertadora para transformar os sistemas de opressão e morte. Uma teologia da vida não pode ficar em silêncio perante a ignomínia contemporânea metadata Ulrich, Claudete Beise and Ströher, Marga Janete and Núñez de la Paz, Nivia Ivette mail UNSPECIFIED (2021) Perseguindo o inédito viável: a pedagogia freiriana, a necesssidade da linguagem inclusiva e a denúncia à neolíngua do generismo queer. Revista Caminhos - Revista de Ciências da Religião, 19 (4). p. 228. ISSN 1678-3034

Article Subjects > Biomedicine Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Abierto Inglés Therapeutic bacteriophages, commonly called as phages, are a promising potential alternative to antibiotics in the management of bacterial infections of a wide range of organisms including cultured fish. Their natural immunogenicity often induces the modulation of a variated collection of immune responses within several types of immunocytes while promoting specific mechanisms of bacterial clearance. However, to achieve standardized treatments at the practical level and avoid possible side effects in cultivated fish, several improvements in the understanding of their biology and the associated genomes are required. Interestingly, a particular feature with therapeutic potential among all phages is the production of lytic enzymes. The use of such enzymes against human and livestock pathogens has already provided in vitro and in vivo promissory results. So far, the best-understood phages utilized to fight against either Gram-negative or Gram-positive bacterial species in fish culture are mainly restricted to the Myoviridae and Podoviridae, and the Siphoviridae, respectively. However, the current functional use of phages against bacterial pathogens of cultured fish is still in its infancy. Based on the available data, in this review, we summarize the current knowledge about phage, identify gaps, and provide insights into the possible bacterial control strategies they might represent for managing aquaculture-related bacterial diseases. metadata Ramos-Vivas, José and Superio, Joshua and Galindo-Villegas, Jorge and Acosta, Félix mail jose.ramos@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED (2021) Phage Therapy as a Focused Management Strategy in Aquaculture. International Journal of Molecular Sciences, 22 (19). p. 10436. ISSN 1422-0067

Article Subjects > Nutrition Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Abierto Inglés Presently, biopreservation through protective bacterial cultures and their antimicrobial products or using antibacterial compounds derived from plants are proposed as feasible strategies to maintain the long shelf-life of products. Another emerging category of food biopreservatives are bacteriophages or their antibacterial enzymes called “phage lysins” or “enzybiotics”, which can be used directly as antibacterial agents due to their ability to act on the membranes of bacteria and destroy them. Bacteriophages are an alternative to antimicrobials in the fight against bacteria, mainly because they have a practically unique host range that gives them great specificity. In addition to their potential ability to specifically control strains of pathogenic bacteria, their use does not generate a negative environmental impact as in the case of antibiotics. Both phages and their enzymes can favor a reduction in antibiotic use, which is desirable given the alarming increase in resistance to antibiotics used not only in human medicine but also in veterinary medicine, agriculture, and in general all processes of manufacturing, preservation, and distribution of food. We present here an overview of the scientific background of phages and enzybiotics in the food industry, as well as food applications of these biopreservatives. metadata Ramos Vivas, Jose and Elexpuru Zabaleta, Maria and Sámano Celorio, María Luisa and Pascual Barrera, Alina Eugenia and Forbes-Hernandez, Tamara Y. and Giampieri, Francesca and Battino, Maurizio mail jose.ramos@uneatlantico.es, maria.elexpuru@uneatlantico.es, marialuisa.samano@uneatlantico.es, alina.pascual@unini.edu.mx, tamara.forbes@unini.edu.mx, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED (2021) Phages and Enzybiotics in Food Biopreservation. Molecules, 26 (17). p. 5138. ISSN 1420-3049

Article Subjects > Biomedicine Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production UNSPECIFIED UNSPECIFIED The Papillon–Lefèvre syndrome (PLS) is a rare autosomal recessive disorder caused by mutations in the Cathepsin C (CTSC) gene, characterized by periodontitis and palmoplantar hyperkeratosis. The main inflammatory deficiencies include oxidative stress and autophagic dysfunction. Mitochondria are the main source of reactive oxygen species; their impaired function is related to skin diseases and periodontitis. The mitochondrial function has been evaluated in PLS and mitochondria have been targeted as a possible treatment for PLS. We show for the first time an important mitochondrial dysfunction associated with increased oxidative damage of mtDNA, reduced CoQ10 and mitochondrial mass and aberrant morphologies of the mitochondria in PLS patients. Mitochondrial dysfunction, determined by oxygen consumption rate (OCR) in PLS fibroblasts, was treated with CoQ10 supplementation, which determined an improvement in OCR and a remission of skin damage in a patient receiving a topical administration of a cream enriched with CoQ10 0.1%. We provide the first evidence of the role of mitochondrial dysfunction and CoQ10 deficiency in the pathophysiology of PLS and a future therapeutic option for PLS. metadata Castejón-Vega, Beatriz and Battino, Maurizio and Quiles, José L. and Bullon, Beatriz and Cordero, Mario D. and Bullón, Pedro mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, jose.quiles@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, jose.quiles@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED (2021) Potential Role of the Mitochondria for the Dermatological Treatment of Papillon-Lefèvre. Antioxidants, 10 (1). p. 95. ISSN 2076-3921

Article Subjects > Physical Education and Sport Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés The objective of this research was to evaluate the protections taken by ski and snowboard recreational athletes of the winter stations Sierra Nevada and Alto Campoo (Spain), regarding gender, age, and practiced sport. A total of 520 users participated, Sierra Nevada (n = 306 (58.8%)); Alto Campoo (n = 214 (42.2%)), 257 of them were men (49.4%) and 263 (50.6%) were women, from 6 to 64 years old, classified by 4 stages of development (Childhood (n = 106 (20.4%)); Teenagers (n = 110 (21.2%)); Youth (n = 101 (19.4%)); Adults (n = 203 (39.0%))). For the data collection, an Ad Hoc questionnaire was used (Socio-demographic data, use/no use of protection). The data revealed that 23.5% of the participants did not use any protection. Regarding the development stage, 1% of the children did not use any protection, neither did 3.1% of the teenagers, 6.7% of the youth, or 12.7% of the adults (p < 0.001). Regarding gender, a total of 17.1% of men did not use protection, and regarding women, 6.3% of them did not use it (p < 0.001). In relation to the practiced sport, 15.8% of the skiers did not use it against 7.7% of the snowboarders (p = 0.006). The use of protection for the practice in winter sports is not enough to reduce the injury risk in these sports and, in the worst cases, fatal accidents. metadata Mecías-Calvo, Marcos and Lago-Fuentes, Carlos and Muñoz-Pérez, Iker and Picabea-Arburu, Jon Mikel and Navarro-Patón, Rubén mail marcos.mecias@uneatlantico.es, carlos.lago@uneatlantico.es, iker.munoz@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED (2021) Protections in the Recreational Practice of Ski and Snowboard—An Age and Gender Discussion? A Case Study in Spain. Journal of Functional Morphology and Kinesiology, 6 (4). p. 84. ISSN 2411-5142

Article Subjects > Psychology Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés Little is known about the effect adoption status has on psychological adjustment (for instance, depression, anxiety, problem behaviour, or drug misuse) in adulthood. The aim of this study was to conduct a meta-analysis to study the impact of adoption status on adult adoptees’ psychological adjustment. Method: The review included 18 quasi-experimental studies conducted between 1993 and 2019. Results: Adoptees had signifi cantly worse psychological adjustment than nonadoptees across all outcomes, except for the obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) and antisocial personality disorder (APD). The moderating analyses showed a significant effect for ethnicity and marital status. Conclusions: Our results shed light on the specific groups of adoptees at a higher risk of maladjustment. The outcomes most strongly influenced by adoptive status were angry emotions (hostility and anger), psychiatric care, drug abuse, and psychotic symptoms. These findings have clinical implications with regard to the support that practitioners can provide to adoptees and their families. metadata Corral, Susana and Herrero, Marta and Martín, Nerea and Gordejuela, Ane and Herrero-Fernández, David mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, david.herrero@uneatlantico.es (2021) Psychological Adjustment in Adult Adoptees: A Meta-Analysis. Psicothema, 33 (4). pp. 527-535. ISSN 1886-144X

Article Subjects > Psychology Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Cerrado Inglés Research has shown the relevance of three axes in the study of violent behaviour: the emotional axis (anger), the behavioural axis (aggression), and the cognitive axis (hostility or aggressive thinking). In the field of driving, the first two axes have received a lot of attention, whereas the third one has been less studied. The current research aimed to analyse the psychometric properties of the Driver’s Angry Thoughts Questionnaire (DATQ) in a Mexican sample. Besides, the structural invariance of this instruments was analysed with respect to both the Spanish and the Romanian versions. A sample of 294 participants taken from the general Mexican drivers population completed a set of measures including the DATQ and the Driving Survey, as a measure of risky driving, aggressive driving, and crash-related events. The results showed that the Mexican version of the DATQ replied the original five-factor structure, maintaining the 65 items likewise in both the Spanish and Romanian versions. Analyses of the invariance suggested the equivalence among the three versions, especially in the case of Mexican-Spanish. Moreover, the five factors were positive and mostly significantly related to each other, and with both risky driving and aggressive driving. Some significant relationships were attained also with crash-related events, especially in the case of those which happened in the last three months (short-termed). Finally, males showed higher scores than females in the five ways of aggressive thinking. Limitations of the study, practical implications and future research are discussed. metadata Herrero-Fernández, David and Bogdan-Ganea, Smaranda R. mail david.herrero@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED (2021) Psychometric properties of the Mexican version of the Driver’s Angry Thoughts Questionnaire and analysis of invariance with the Romanian and Spanish versions. Accident Analysis & Prevention, 161. p. 106329. ISSN 00014575

Article Subjects > Biomedicine Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production UNSPECIFIED UNSPECIFIED Plant pathogenic fungi are the largest group of disease-causing agents on crop plants and represent a persistent and significant threat to agriculture worldwide. Conventional approaches based on the use of pesticides raise social concern for the impact on the environment and human health and alternative control methods are urgently needed. The rapid improvement and extensive implementation of RNA interference (RNAi) technology for various model and non-model organisms has provided the initial framework to adapt this post-transcriptional gene silencing technology for the management of fungal pathogens. Recent studies showed that the exogenous application of double-stranded RNA (dsRNA) molecules on plants targeting fungal growth and virulence-related genes provided disease attenuation of pathogens like Botrytis cinerea, Sclerotinia sclerotiorum and Fusarium graminearum in different hosts. Such results highlight that the exogenous RNAi holds great potential for RNAi-mediated plant pathogenic fungal disease control. Production of dsRNA can be possible by using either in-vitro or in-vivo synthesis. In this review, we describe exogenous RNAi involved in plant pathogenic fungi and discuss dsRNA production, formulation, and RNAi delivery methods. Potential challenges that are faced while developing a RNAi strategy for fungal pathogens, such as off-target and epigenetic effects, with their possible solutions are also discussed. metadata Gebremichael, Daniel Endale and Haile, Zeraye Mehari and Negrini, Francesca and Sabbadini, Silvia and Capriotti, Luca and Mezzetti, Bruno and Baraldi, Elena mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, bruno.mezzetti@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED (2021) RNA Interference Strategies for Future Management of Plant Pathogenic Fungi: Prospects and Challenges. Plants, 10 (4). p. 650. ISSN 2223-7747

Article Subjects > Physical Education and Sport Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés The purpose of this study was to evaluate whether a Relative Age Effect (RAE) exists in motor competence of preschool children. The hypothesis was that motor competence, assessed by the Movement Assessment Battery for Children-2 (MABC-2), would be higher in preschool children born in the first quarter of the year compared to those who were born in the last quarter of the same year. A total of 360 preschool children were evaluated of whom 208 (57.8%) were boys and 152 (42.8%) were girls, with a mean age of 4.52 years old (± 0.50). The distribution of the participants was 172 children aged 4 years old and 188 aged 5 years old. The data showed a main effect on the age factor in the total score of aiming and catching (p < 0.001) and in the total test score (p < 0.001), in the quarter of birth factor in all the dimensions studied (i.e., total score of manual dexterity (p < 0.001); total score of aiming and catching (p = 0.001); total score of balance (p < 0.001); total test score (p < 0.001)) and in the interaction between both factors (i.e., total score of manual dexterity (p = 0.005); total score of aiming and catching (p = 0.002); total score of balance (p < 0.001); total test score (p < 0.001)). Age and quarter of birth produce a RAE in 4 and 5-year-old preschool children’s motor competence. metadata Navarro-Patón, Rubén and Mecías-Calvo, Marcos and Rodríguez Fernández, José Eugenio and Arufe-Giráldez, Víctor mail UNSPECIFIED, marcos.mecias@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED (2021) Relative Age Effect on Motor Competence in Children Aged 4–5 Years. Children, 8. p. 115. ISSN 2227-9067

Article Subjects > Psychology Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés, Español Introducción: Este trabajo se llevó a cabo con la finalidad de averiguar si existía un agravamiento de las consecuencias del VIH tras la percepción de estigma. Metodología: Se realizó una revisión sistemática cuyos criterios de inclusión fueron (1) que los trabajos versaran sobre VIH/SIDA; (2) que se tratara de artículos científicos; (3) que el idioma de publicación fuera español o inglés. Los criterios de exclusión aplicados fueron (1) que los artículos incluyeran población infantojuvenil; (2) que se trataran de artículos de caso único. Resultados: La muestra total estuvo compuesta por 18267 participantes, la mayoría de ellos mujeres (65%), con una media de edad de 39’3 años, procedentes de África y Asia, casados o con pareja estable y con un nivel educativo y socioeconómico bajo. El estigma se analizó a través de administración de pruebas en el 55% de los artículos y la calidad de vida, en el 44%. Se encontraron repercusiones psicológicas y sociales (53%) entre las que destacó el trastorno depresivo y la reducción de la red de apoyo; laborales y económicas (21%); físicas (18%) y sexuales (15%). Discusión: La mayoría de los resultados mostraron que el estigma sí que generaba repercusiones, las cuales afectaban, sobre todo, a la salud mental y a la red social de esta población, lo que reflejó la necesidad de fomentar el apoyo y el tratamiento psicológico. De igual manera, se encontró una posible relación entre el sexo, la región y el nivel de educación y el riesgo de contraer VIH. metadata Lombó Fragueiro, Carolina mail UNSPECIFIED (2021) Repercusiones del estigma en la calidad de vida de los adultos con VIH/SIDA: Una revisión sistemática. MLS Psychology Research, 4 (1). pp. 23-38. ISSN 26055295

Article Subjects > Engineering Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Abierto Inglés The Internet of Things (IoT) has changed the worldwide network of people, smart devices, intelligent things, data, and information as an emergent technology. IoT development is still in its early stages, and numerous interrelated challenges must be addressed. IoT is the unifying idea of embedding everything. The Internet of Things offers a huge opportunity to improve the world’s accessibility, integrity, availability, scalability, confidentiality, and interoperability. However, securing the Internet of Things is a difficult issue. The IoT aims to connect almost everything within the framework of a common infrastructure. This helps in controlling devices and, will allow device status to be updated everywhere and at any time. To develop technology via IoT, several critical scientific studies and inquiries have been carried out. However, many obstacles and problems remain to be tackled in order to reach IoT’s maximum potential. These problems and concerns must be taken into consideration in different areas of the IoT, such as implementation in remote areas, threats to the system, development support, social and environmental impacts, etc. This paper reviews the current state of the art in different IoT architectures, with a focus on current technologies, applications, challenges, IoT protocols, and opportunities. As a result, a detailed taxonomy of IoT is presented here which includes interoperability, scalability, security and energy efficiency, among other things. Moreover, the significance of blockchains and big data as well as their analysis in relation to IoT, is discussed. This article aims to help readers and researchers understand the IoT and its applicability to the real world. metadata Kumar, Arun and Sharma, Sharad and Singh, Aman and Alwadain, Ayed and Choi, Bong-Jun and Breñosa, Jose and Ortega-Mansilla, Arturo and Goyal, Nitin mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, josemanuel.brenosa@uneatlantico.es, arturo.ortega@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED (2021) Revolutionary Strategies Analysis and Proposed System for Future Infrastructure in Internet of Things. Sustainability, 14 (1). p. 71. ISSN 2071-1050

Article Subjects > Biomedicine Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Cerrado Inglés Edible flowers are being used as a new ingredient in modern gastronomy. Recently, these products have also gained interest as an important source of phenolic compounds with potential for biomedical applications. The present work studied a methanolic extract of Rosa x hybrida in which 35 individual phenolic compounds were identified. The extract has been evaluated for its antiproliferative properties in ovarian carcinoma cells. Results showed that the antiproliferative effect was associated with the induction of autophagy and apoptosis with the concomitant ROS increase probably related to mitochondria dysfunction. These antiproliferative effects might be associated with some components of the extract such as quercetin. The extract did not induce damage in healthy cells and that it was able to improve the wound healing activity. The present study also evaluated the properties of the mentioned extract in vivo in C. elegans. Tests demonstrated a lack of toxicity in the worm model. Promising results have been obtained in transgenic strains of C. elegans that produce human beta amyloid peptide, suggesting the possible utility of the extract from the point of view of Alzheimer disease. Altogether, results suggest that Rosa x hybrida extracts could be a new tool for the development of functional foods. metadata Rivas-García, Lorenzo and Quiles, José L. and Roma-Rodrigues, Catarina and Raposo, Luis R. and Navarro-Hortal, María D. and Romero-Márquez, Jose M. and Esteban-Muñoz, Adelaida and Varela-López, Alfonso and García, Laura Carrera and Cianciosi, Danila and Forbes Hernandez, Tamara Y. and Battino, Maurizio and Llopis, Juan and Fernandes, Alexandra R. and Baptista, Pedro V. and Sánchez-González, Cristina mail UNSPECIFIED, jose.quiles@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED (2021) Rosa x hybrida extracts with dual actions: Antiproliferative effects against tumour cells and inhibitor of Alzheimer disease. Food and Chemical Toxicology, 149. p. 112018. ISSN 0278-6915

Article Subjects > Engineering Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Cerrado Inglés People still drown on beaches in unacceptable numbers due to the lack of knowledge about the risks taking place in them. The proposed methodology forecasts electronic bathing flags in beaches by integrating the benefits of metocean operational systems, machine learning and web-based decision support technologies into a 24/7 risk assessment service that could be easily implemented at any beach worldwide with low costs of maintenance. Firstly, a crosscutting analysis between metocean conditions, beach characteristics and flag records was performed. Secondly, an expert system, based on Deep Learning, was developed to obtain electronic bathing flags as an indicator of the dynamic risk of drowning on beaches. The input variables of the Deep Neural Network were significant wave height, mean wave period, wind velocity, marine current velocity, incidence angle, and beach modal state. Finally, the application of the method to the Santa Catarina’s beaches (Brazil) conveniently reproduced the status flag of beaches. metadata García-Alba, Javier and Bárcena, Javier F. and Pedraz, Luis and Fernández, Felipe and García, Andrés and Mecías-Calvo, Marcos and Costas-Veiga, Javier and Sámano Celorio, María Luisa and Szpilman, David mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, marcos.mecias@uneatlantico.es, javier.costas@uneatlantico.es, marialuisa.samano@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED (2021) SOSeas Web App: An assessment web-based decision support tool to predict dynamic risk of drowning on beaches using deep neural networks. Journal of Operational Oceanography. pp. 1-20. ISSN 1755-876X

Article Subjects > Teaching Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés The current international landscape shows that the most common alternative for the continuity of formative learning processes during the coronavirus pandemic has been the use the of e-learning to support children’s learning in environments outside of school. This forced change in teaching methods has consolidated the recognition that the digital skills of teachers are a relevant factor for the sustainability of education, both during the pandemic and in a future post-pandemic period or in other emergencies. In this sense, the objective of this study carried out between May and September 2020 was to determine the perceptions of 427 teachers from 15 countries about their digital competences in working with m-learning in primary education using a Montessori approach. The results of the questionnaire showed that teachers perceive their digital competences as inert and not very effective for innovation compared with the subsistence of traditional pedagogical practices, to deal with unpredictable situations or to generate differentiated adaptations for an inclusive education. The results of this study also serve as empirical support for establishing four training dimensions that can be considered priorities for the construction and implementation of a teacher training model that contributes to the sustainable development of education. metadata Betancourt-Odio, Manuel Alejandro and Sartor-Harada, Andresa and Ulloa-Guerra, Oscar and Azevedo-gomes, Juliana mail UNSPECIFIED (2021) Self-Perceptions on Digital Competences for M-Learning and Education Sustainability: A Study with Teachers from Different Countries. Sustainability, 13 (1). p. 343. ISSN 2071-1050

Article Subjects > Psychology Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés Hopelessness is considered a risk factor for several mental and behavioral disorders. Research has shown that a stressful life event can be a significant predictor of hopelessness. The aim of the current research study was to explore the relationship between stressful life events and hopelessness, as well as to analyses the mediation effect of both mentalization and emotional dysregulation on this relationship. metadata Parada, Pamela and Herrero-Fernández, David and Oliva-Macías, Mireia and Rohwer, Heidi mail pamela.parada@uneatlantico.es, david.herrero@uneatlantico.es, mireia.oliva@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED (2021) Stressful life events and hopelessness in adults: the mediating role of mentalization and emotional dysregulation. Brazilian Journal of Psychiatry, 43 (4). pp. 385-392. ISSN 1516-4446

Article Subjects > Physical Education and Sport Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés The objectives of this study were (1) to investigate the presence of preschool children with severe motor difficulties (SMDs) and (2) to evaluate the existence of differences in the motor competence (MC) of preschool children from public and private schools based on gender. A total of 581 preschool children (4.66 ± 0.52 years) from Galicia (Spain) were assessed. The Movement Assessment Battery for Children-2 (MABC-2) was used to collect the data. Preschool children from public schools presented a greater number of SMDs (OR = 20.65; CI = 9.99–85.53; p < 0.001). Preschool children from private schools have higher scores on the variables studied (for example, manual dexterity (p < 0.001), aiming and catching (p < 0.001), balance (p < 0.001), total test score (p < 0.001), and total percentage score (p < 0.001)). Regarding the gender factor, differences were found in manual dexterity (p < 0.001), aiming and catching (p = 0.014), balance (p < 0.001), total test score (p < 0.001), total percentage score (p < 0.001), and in the interaction of both factors in balance (p < 0.001), total global score (p = 0.004), and total percentage score (p < 0.001). Preschool children from private schools are less likely to have severe movement problems and score higher on all dimensions of the MABC-2 than preschool children from public schools analyzed in this study. Likewise, girls score higher than boys in all dimensions, except in aiming and catching. metadata Mecías-Calvo, Marcos and Lago-Fuentes, Carlos and Arufe-Giráldez, Víctor and Navarro-Patón, Rubén mail marcos.mecias@uneatlantico.es, carlos.lago@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED (2021) Study of Motor Competence in 4–5-Year-Old Preschool Children: Are There Differences among Public and Private Schools? Children, 8 (5). p. 340. ISSN 2227-9067

Article Subjects > Engineering
Subjects > Communication
Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Cerrado Inglés The TELEDU tele-education ecosystem, integrated by software and hardware components, allows the use of Web resources through Interactive Digital TV (iDTV) without the need to be continuously connected. It works with any existing digital TV standard and is especially useful for users who do not have broadband, being a very effective solution in places where there is a digital divide. The user must have, at least, a cell phone with 3G connection and any of these three options: Digital Terrestrial TV (DTT), Satellite TV or Cable TV. The conception of TELEDU is based on the premise that the software will offer a friendly interaction. Based on this, an interoperable, open and scalable environment has been developed, which works with PCs, tablets, smartphones and digital TV, offering a visual interface oriented to children, the elderly and people with functional diversity and people with technophobia. The concept of Transmedia Online Object Content (TOOC) is introduced, so that digital contents are in different formats and people with functional diversity and people with technophobia. The concept of TOOC is introduced, so that digital contents are in different formats (paper book, e-book, post, audio, interactive video, virtual reality, serious game, webinar, etc.), on different devices and platforms, locally or in the cloud, with usable multimodal access designed for everyone, and adapting to each user, regardless of the accessibility problems they have. metadata de Castro Lozano, Carlos and Ramírez Uceda, José Miguel and Sainz de Abajo, Beatriz and Salcines, Enrique García and Arambarri, Jon and Aguilar Cordón, Joaquín and Cabo Salvador, Javier and Alcantud Marín, Francisco mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, jon.arambarri@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED (2021) Teledu: Transmedia Learning Ecosystem for People at Risk of Exclusion. Communications in Computer and Information Science, 1433. pp. 105-115. ISSN 1865-0929

Article Subjects > Engineering Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés COVID-19 had led to severe clinical manifestations. In the current scenario, 98 794 942 people are infected, and it has responsible for 2 124 193 deaths around the world as reported by World Health Organization on 25 January 2021. Telemedicine has become a critical technology for providing medical care to patients by trying to reduce transmission of the virus among patients, families, and doctors. The economic consequences of coronavirus have affected the entire world and disrupted daily life in many countries. The development of telemedicine applications and eHealth services can significantly help to manage pandemic worldwide better. Consequently, the main objective of this paper is to present a systematic review of the implementation of telemedicine and e-health systems in the combat to COVID-19. The main contribution is to present a comprehensive description of the state of the art considering the domain areas, organizations, funding agencies, researcher units and authors involved. The results show that the United States and China have the most significant number of studies representing 42.11% and 31.58%, respectively. Furthermore, 35 different research units and 9 funding agencies are involved in the application of telemedicine systems to combat COVID-19. metadata Alonso, Susel Góngora and Marques, Goncalo and Barrachina, Isidro and Garcia-Zapirain, Begonya and Arambarri, Jon and Salvador, Javier Cabo and de la Torre Díez, Isabel mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, jon.arambarri@citican.org, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED (2021) Telemedicine and e-Health research solutions in literature for combatting COVID-19: a systematic review. Health and Technology, 11 (2). pp. 257-266. ISSN 2190-7188

Article Subjects > Biomedicine Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Cerrado Inglés Aim of the study: To assess the prognostic ability of the National Early Warning Score 2 (NEWS2) at three time points of care -at the emergency scene (NEWS2-1), just before starting the transfer by ambulance to the hospital (NEWS2- 2), and at the hospital triage box (NEWS2-3)- to estimate in-hospital mortality after two days since the index event. Methods: Prospective, multicenter, ambulance-based, cohort ongoing study in adults (>18 years) consecutively attended by advanced life support (ALS) and evacuated with high-priority to the emergency departments (ED) between October 2018 and May 2021. Vital sign measures were used to calculate the NEWS2 score at each time point, then this score was entered in a logistic regression model as the single predictor. Two outcomes were considered: first, all-cause mortality of the patients within 2 days of presentation to EMS, and second, unplanned ICU admission. The calibration and scores comparison was performed by representing the predicted vs the observed risk curves according to NEWS score value. Results: 4943 patients were enrolled. Median age was 69 years (interquartile range 53- 81). The NEWS2-3 presented the better performance for all-cause two-day in-hospital mortality with an AUC of 0.941 (95% CI: 0.917-0.964), showing statistical differences with both the NEWS2-1 (0.872 (95% CI: 0.833-0.911); p < 0.003) and with the NEWS2- 2 (0.895 (95% CI: 0.866-0.925; p < 0.05). The calibration and scores comparison results showed that the NEWS2-3 was the best predictive score followed by the NEWS2-2 and the NEWS2-1, respectively. Conclusions: The NEWS2 has an excellent predictive performance. The score showed a very consistent response over time with the difference between “at the emergency scene” and “pre-evacuation” presenting the sharpest change with decreased threshold values, thus displaying a drop in the risk of acute clinical impairment. metadata Martín-Rodríguez, Francisco and Sanz-García, Ancor and Ortega, Guillermo J. and Delgado Benito, Juan F. and Aparicio Obregón, Silvia and Martínez Fernández, Francisco T. and González Crespo, Pilar and Otero de la Torre, Santiago and Castro Villamor, Miguel A. and López-Izquierdo, Raúl mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, silvia.aparicio@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED (2021) Tracking the National Early Warning Score 2 from prehospital care to the emergency department: A prospective, ambulance-based, observational study. Prehospital Emergency Care. pp. 1-13. ISSN 1090-3127 (Unpublished)

Article Subjects > Physical Education and Sport Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés The purpose of this study was to examine the training habits of eumenorrheic active women during their menstrual cycle (MC), and its perceived influence on physical performance regarding their athletic level. A group of 1250 sportswomen filled in a questionnaire referring to demographic information, athletic performance and MC-related training habits. Of the participants, 81% reported having a stable duration of MC, with most of them (57%) lasting 26–30 days. Concerning MC-related training habits, 79% indicated that their MC affects athletic performance, although 71% did not consider their MC in their training program, with no differences or modifications in training volume or in training intensity for low-level athletes (LLA) and high-level athletes (HLA) with hormonal contraceptive (HC) use. However, LLA with a normal MC adapted their training habits more, compared with HLA, also stopping their training (47.1% vs. 16.1%, respectively). Thus, different training strategies should be designed for HLA and LLA with a normal MC, but this is not so necessary for HLA and LLA who use HC. To sum up, training adaptations should be individually designed according to the training level and use or non-use of HC, always taking into account the pain suffered during the menstrual phase in most of the athletes. metadata García-Pinillos, Felipe and Bujalance-Moreno, Pascual and Jérez-Mayorga, Daniel and Velarde Sotres, Álvaro and Anaya, Vanessa and Pueyo Villa, Silvia and Lago-Fuentes, Carlos mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, alvaro.velarde@uneatlantico.es, vanessa.anaya@uneatlantico.es, silvia.pueyo@uneatlantico.es, carlos.lago@uneatlantico.es (2021) Training Habits of Eumenorrheic Active Women during the Different Phases of Their Menstrual Cycle: A Descriptive Study. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 18 (7). p. 3662. ISSN 1660-4601

Article Subjects > Biomedicine Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production UNSPECIFIED UNSPECIFIED The application of metallic nanoparticles (materials with size at least in one dimension ranging from 1 to 100 nm) as a new therapeutic tool will improve the diagnosis and treatment of diseases. The mitochondria could be a therapeutic target to treat pathologies whose origin lies in mitochondrial dysfunctions or whose progression is dependent on mitochondrial function. We aimed to study the subcellular distribution of 2-4 nm iron nanoparticles and its effect on mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA), mitochondrial function, and autophagy in colorectal cell lines (HT-29). Results showed that when cells were exposed to ultra-small iron nanoparticles, their subcellular fate was mainly mitochondria, affecting its respiratory and glycolytic parameters, inducing the migration of the cellular state towards quiescence, and promoting and triggering the autophagic process. These effects support the potential use of nanoparticles as therapeutic agents using mitochondria as a target for cancer and other treatments for mitochondria-dependent pathologies. metadata Rivas-García, Lorenzo and Quiles, José L. and Varela-López, Alfonso and Giampieri, Francesca and Battino, Maurizio and Bettmer, Jörg and Montes-Bayón, María and Llopis, Juan and Sánchez-González, Cristina mail UNSPECIFIED, jose.quiles@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED (2021) Ultra-Small Iron Nanoparticles Target Mitochondria Inducing Autophagy, Acting on Mitochondrial DNA and Reducing Respiration. Pharmaceutics, 13 (1). p. 90. ISSN 1999-4923

Article Subjects > Physical Education and Sport Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Cerrado Inglés The purpose of this study was to analyze the validity and the reliability of the intensity ranges, number of actions and changes of direction measured by a commercial inertial measurement unit. Eleven elite youth futsal players performed a circuit with different type of displacements as sprinting, running at low-medium intensity, standing up and changes of direction. Data recorded by the Overtraq system were compared with video-analyzer during the six trials of each player. Standard error mean, Intraclass Correlation Coeficient and Coefficient of variation, were calculated to analyze the reliability of the device, as well as the Root Mean Square Error and Confidence Interval with correlation of Pearson for its validity. The results reported good validity for three intensity ranges (R2>0.7) with high reliability (Intraclass Correlation Coeficient: 0.8–0.9), especially for high intensity actions (Intraclass Correlation Coeficient: 0.95, Coefficient of Variation: 3.06%). Furthermore, the validity for the number of different actions was almost perfect (96.3–100%), with only small differences regarding changes of activity (mean error: 2.0%). The Overtraq system can be considered as a valid and reliable technology for measuring and monitoring actions at different intensities and changes of direction in futsal, likewise common actions for other indoor sports. metadata Lago-Fuentes, Carlos and Aiello, Paolo and Testa, Mauro and Muñoz, Iker and Macías Calvo, Marcos mail carlos.lago@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, iker.munoz@uneatlantico.es, marcos.macías@uneatlantico.es (2021) Validity and Reliability of a New Device to Measure Type of Actions in Indoor Sports. International Journal of Sports Medicine, 42 (03). pp. 253-258. ISSN 0172-4622

Article Subjects > Physical Education and Sport Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés The articular evaluation of range of motion (ROM) is currently used to observe imbalance or limitations as possible risk factors or predispositions to suffer future injures. The main aim of this study is to verify the concurrent validity, reliability and reproducibility of the OctoBalance Test (OB) as a valid and reliable tool to measure articular ROM of the upper limb compared to the modified-Upper Quarter Y-Balance Test (mUQYBT). The twenty-five participants were male athletes. All of them were assessed with OB and mUQYBT in medial, superolateral, and inferolateral directions in both right and left arms with a three-minute break during these attempts. The process was repeated a second time with a week gap between measurements. Pearson correlation and linear logarithmic regression were used to examine the relationship between scores obtained with OB and mUQYBT. In order to verify the reliability, the intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC) was used (3.1). Concordance and reproducibility were assessed using Bland-Altman's graph. A perfect correlation and an almost linear logarithmic regression (R 2 = 0.97) were observed between both measurement systems, with values of 73.531 ± 21.226 cm in mUQYBT and 69.541 ± 16.330 cm in OB. The differences were minimal between week one and week two. The assessment with Bland's graph showed the concordance and reproducibility of scores, showing the dispersion and the upper and lower limits. OB is shown as valid in comparison to the other test as a reliable and reproducible tool for the assessment of the articular ROM in the upper limb, and it could be used for the evaluation of injuries. metadata Velarde-Sotres, Álvaro and Bores-Cerezal, Antonio and Mecías-Calvo, Marcos and Carvajal-Altamiranda, Stefanía and Calleja-González, Julio mail alvaro.velarde@uneatlantico.es, antonio.bores@uneatlantico.es, marcos.mecias@uneatlantico.es, stefania.carvajal@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED (2021) Validity, Reliability and Reproducibility of OctoBalance Test as Tool to Measure the Upper Limb Compared to Modified-Upper Quarter Y-Balance Test. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 18 (10). p. 5057. ISSN 1660-4601

Article Subjects > Biomedicine Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Cerrado Inglés Corynebacterium striatum is a nosocomial pathogen which is increasingly associated with serious infections in both immunocompetent and immunocompromised patients. However, little is known about virulence factors and mechanisms that may enhance the establishment and long-term survival of Corynebacterium striatum. in the hospital environment. In this study, we investigated the ability of 22 multidrug-resistant C. striatum clinical isolates to adhere to human epithelial cells and to produce biofilm on polystyrene plates, glass and various tracheostomy tubes. We also tested the virulence of these strains on the nematode Caenorhabditis elegans. They showed good adhesion to epithelial human cells after 180 min of infection. The 22 C. striatum were able to produce biofilms on positively and negatively charged abiotic surfaces at 37 °C. They were also able to infect and to kill Caenorhabditis elegans after 5 days of infection. The virulence condition was associated with the presence of SpaDEF operon encoding pili in all strains. This study provides new insights on virulence mechanisms that may contribute to the persistence of C. striatum in the hospital environment, increasing the probability of causing nosocomial infections. metadata Alibi, Sana and Ramos-Vivas, José and Ben Selma, Walid and Ben Mansour, Hedi and Boukadida, Jalel and Navas, Jesús mail UNSPECIFIED, jose.ramos@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED (2021) Virulence of clinically relevant multidrug resistant Corynebacterium striatum strains and their ability to adhere to human epithelial cells and inert surfaces. Microbial Pathogenesis, 155. p. 104887. ISSN 08824010

Article Subjects > Engineering Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Universidad Internacional do Cuanza > Research > Scientific Production
Abierto Inglés Currently, two-wheelers are the most popular mode of transportation, driven by the majority the people. Research by the World Health Organization (WHO) identifies that most two-wheeler deaths are caused due to not wearing a helmet. However, the advancement in sensors and wireless communication technology empowers one to monitor physical things such as helmets through wireless technology. Motivated by these aspects, this article proposes a wireless personal network and an Internet of Things assisted system for automating the ignition of two-wheelers with authorization and authentication through the helmet. The authentication and authorization are realized with the assistance of a helmet node and a two-wheeler node based on 2.4 GHz RF communication. The helmet node is embedded with three flex sensors utilized to experiment with different age groups and under different temperature conditions. The statistical data collected during the experiment are utilized to identify the appropriate threshold value through a t-test hypothesis for igniting the two-wheelers. The threshold value obtained after the t-test is logged in the helmet node for initiating the communication with the two-wheeler node. The pairing of the helmet node along with the RFID key is achieved through 2.4 GHZ RF communication. During real-time implementation, the helmet node updates the status to the server and LABVIEW data logger, after wearing the helmet. Along with the customization of hardware, a LABVIEW data logger is designed to visualize the data on the server side. metadata Gehlot, Anita and Singh, Rajesh and Kuchhal, Piyush and Kumar, Adesh and Singh, Aman and Alsubhi, Khalid and Ibrahim, Muhammad and Gracia Villar, Santos and Breñosa, Jose mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, santos.gracia@uneatlantico.es, josemanuel.brenosa@uneatlantico.es (2021) WPAN and IoT Enabled Automation to Authenticate Ignition of Vehicle in Perspective of Smart Cities. Sensors, 21 (21). p. 7031. ISSN 1424-8220

Article Subjects > Social Sciences
Subjects > Communication
Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés News media play a crucial role in the production and reproduction of stereotypes, influencing public opinions regarding different groups and minorities. Thus, acquiring a deeper understanding of media coverage of Muslims and Islam is decisive for understanding the sources of public attitudes towards Muslims. This study aims at displaying how Muslims and Islam are represented in Italian and Spanish media. Focusing on the online version of the two most influential newspapers in each country (El Mundo and El País for Spain and Il Corriere della Sera and La Repubblica for Italy) from 2015 to 2020, the results show how Muslims in both countries are mostly framed either related to terrorism or within the general discourse on immigration. In both cases, they are portrayed as “others”. The article also presents a novelty, defining and observing two different types of Islamophobia, Banal and Ontological Islamophobia. metadata Cervi, Laura and Tejedor, Santiago and Gracia Villar, Mónica mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, monica.gracia@uneatlantico.es (2021) What Kind of Islamophobia? Representation of Muslims and Islam in Italian and Spanish Media. Religions, 12 (6). p. 427. ISSN 2077-1444

Article Subjects > Engineering Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés This research article reports a compact fractal 4 × 4 UWB extended bandwidth MIMO antenna with physical dimensions of 44 × 44 mm2 for high-speed wireless applications. The reported antenna comprises four fractal radiating elements that are symmetrical and placed orthogonal to each other with a respective rectangular ground printed on the opposite plane. A higher isolation is achieved between the radiating elements by the placement of a fractal patch orthogonally and no separate decoupling structure is required. The antenna offers a −10 dB transmission capacity of 2.84–15.88 GHz. The fractal radiating element, which is embedded by an inverted T-type stub placed within a rectangular slot and an etched rotated C-type slot, provides band-stop filters for WiMAX (Worldwide inter-operability for Microwave Access) and WLAN (wireless local area network)-interfering bands. The key parameters of diversity performance are compared by simulation and measurement (fabricated prototype) of ECC (envelope correlation coefficient), DG (directive gain), TARC (total active reflection coefficient) and CCL (channel capacity loss). The antenna offers an omnidirectional radiation pattern with an average gain of 3.52 dBi metadata Sharma, Manish and Vashist, Prem Chand and Alsukayti, Ibrahim and Goyal, Nitin and Anand, Divya and Mosavi, Amir H. mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, divya.anand@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED (2021) A Wider Impedance Bandwidth Dual Filter Symmetrical MIMO Antenna for High-Speed Wideband Wireless Applications. Symmetry, 14 (1). p. 29. ISSN 2073-8994

Article Subjects > Biomedicine Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Cerrado Inglés Evidence demonstrates the importance of lipid metabolism and signaling in cancer cell biology. De novo lipogenesis is an important source of lipids for cancer cells, but exogenous lipid uptake remains essential for many cancer cells. Dietary lipids can modify lipids present in tumor microenvironment affecting cancer cell metabolism. Clinical trials have shown that diets rich in polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) can negatively affect tumor growth. However, certain n-6 PUFAs can also contribute to cancer progression. Identifying the molecular mechanisms through which lipids affect cancer progression will provide an opportunity for focused dietary interventions that could translate into the development of personalized diets for cancer control. However, the effective mechanisms of action of PUFAs have not been fully clarified yet. Mitochondria controls ATP generation, redox homeostasis, metabolic signaling, apoptotic pathways and many aspects of autophagy, and it has been recognized to play a key role in cancer. The purpose of this review is to summarize the current evidence linking dietary lipids effects on mitochondrial aspects with consequences for cancer progression and the molecular mechanisms that underlie this association. metadata Varela-López, Alfonso and Vera-Ramírez, Laura and Giampieri, Francesca and Navarro-Hortal, María D. and Forbes-Hernandez, Tamara Y. and Battino, Maurizio and Quiles, José L. mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, jose.quiles@uneatlantico.es (2021) The central role of mitochondria in the relationship between dietary lipids and cancer progression. Seminars in Cancer Biology. ISSN 1044579X

Article Subjects > Psychology Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Cerrado Inglés Aggressive behaviour on the road is one of the most studied topics in human factors, given it has been related to both risky behaviour and traffic crashes. While previous research has proposed trait driving anger as one of the better predictors, mediation variables which could explain this relationship have not deserved attention. The current research aimed to explore the mediation effect of emotion regulation in this relationship. The sample consisted of 472 Spanish drivers, who completed a set of self-reports regarding trait driving anger, frequency of aggressive behaviours at the wheel, and difficulties in emotion regulation. The results showed significant relationship among the variables in almost all the cases. Furthermore, a SEM analysis showed that difficulties in emotion regulation significantly mediated the relationship between trait driving anger and each way of the aggressive behaviours (verbal, physical, using own vehicle, and displaced). These results have important implications in the design of strategies focused on the improvement of emotion regulation to reduce aggressive behaviours in drivers. Finally, the limitations of the study are commented. metadata Herrero-Fernández, David and Parada-Fernández, Pamela and Jorge, Richard mail UNSPECIFIED (2021) The mediation effect of emotion dysregulation in the relationship between anger and aggression on the road in a sample of Spanish drivers. Transportation Research Part F: Traffic Psychology and Behaviour, 79. pp. 63-71. ISSN 13698478

Article Subjects > Psychology Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés Older siblings are powerful socialization agents, playing a significant role in the sociocognitive, social, and emotional development of their younger siblings. However, there are few clues about the variables that explain younger sibling’s adaptation. The objective of this pilot study was to identify the determinants of younger siblings' adaptation and to analyze the role played by personal, sibling, family and older siblings’ variables using 50 dyads of siblings aged between 7 and 18 years. The variables considered were the sibling relationships and the maladaptation of older siblings, and individual (sex, number of siblings, extroversion,