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2023

Article Subjects > Nutrition Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Cerrado Inglés UNSPECIFIED metadata Battino, Maurizio and Belwal, Tarun and Prieto, Miguel A. mail maurizio.battino@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED (2023) Valorization of food products using natural functional compounds for improving organoleptic and functional chemistry. Food Chemistry, 403. p. 134181. ISSN 03088146

2022

Article Subjects > Biomedicine Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés Background The exposure of breast cancer to extremely low frequency magnetic fields (ELF-MFs) results in various biological responses. Some studies have suggested a possible cancer-enhancing effect, while others showed a possible therapeutic role. This study investigated the effects of in vitro exposure to 50 Hz ELF-MF for up to 24 h on the viability and cellular response of MDA-MB-231 and MCF-7 breast cancer cell lines and MCF-10A breast cell line. Methods and results The breast cell lines were exposed to 50 Hz ELF-MF at flux densities of 0.1 mT and 1.0 mT and were examined 96 h after the beginning of ELF-MF exposure. The duration of 50 Hz ELF-MF exposure influenced the cell viability and proliferation of both the tumor and nontumorigenic breast cell lines. In particular, short-term exposure (4–8 h, 0.1 mT and 1.0 mT) led to an increase in viability in breast cancer cells, while long and high exposure (24 h, 1.0 mT) led to a decrease in viability and proliferation in all cell lines. Cancer and normal breast cells exhibited different responses to ELF-MF. Mitochondrial membrane potential and reactive oxygen species (ROS) production were altered after ELF-MF exposure, suggesting that the mitochondria are a probable target of ELF-MF in breast cells. Conclusions The viability of breast cells in vitro is influenced by ELF-MF exposure at magnetic flux densities compatible with the limits for the general population and for workplace exposures. The effects are apparent after 96 h and are related to the ELF-MF exposure time. metadata Elexpuru Zabaleta, Maria and Lazzarini, Raffaella and Tartaglione, Maria Fiorella and Piva, Francesco and Ciarapica, Veronica and Marinelli Busilacchi, Elena and Poloni, Antonella and Valentino, Matteo and Santarelli, Lory and Bracci, Massimo mail maria.elexpuru@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED (2022) A 50 Hz magnetic field influences the viability of breast cancer cells 96 h after exposure. Molecular Biology Reports. ISSN 0301-4851

Article Subjects > Biomedicine
Subjects > Nutrition
Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Abierto Inglés Background: The aim of this study was to relate adherence to the Mediterranean diet (MedDiet) to the prevalence of metabolic syndrome (MetS) in an elderly population from the north of Spain. Methods: We carried out an observational, descriptive, cross-sectional, and correlational study involving 556 non-institutionalised individuals aged 65 to 79 years. The MEDAS-14 questionnaire score was used to define the degree of adherence to the Mediterranean diet. The diagnosis of MetS was conducted using the International Diabetes Federation (IDF) criteria. Results: In 264 subjects with an average age of 71.9 (SD: ±4.2), 39% of whom were men, 36.4% had good adherence (score ≥ 9 in MEDAS-14), with no differences by gender or age. The prevalence of MetS was 40.2%, with 47.6% in men and 35.4% in women (p < 0.05). The prevalence of MetS was 2.4 times more frequent among individuals who consumed less than two servings (200 g) of vegetables daily compared with those who consumed two or more servings of vegetables daily (OR: 2.368, 95%CI: 1.141–4.916, p = 0.021). Low adherence to the MedDiet (MEDAS-14 score ≤ 8) was associated with an 82% higher prevalence of MetS (OR: 1.817, 95%CI: 1.072–3.081, p = 0.027). Conclusion: An inverse relationship was established between adherence to the MedDiet and the prevalence of MetS metadata Cubas-Basterrechea, Gloria and Elío Pascual, Iñaki and Alonso, Guzmán and Otero, Luis and Gutiérrez-Bardeci, Luis and Puente, Jesús and Muñoz-Cacho, Pedro mail UNSPECIFIED, inaki.elio@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED (2022) Adherence to the Mediterranean Diet Is Inversely Associated with the Prevalence of Metabolic Syndrome in Older People from the North of Spain. Nutrients, 14 (21). p. 4536. ISSN 2072-6643

Article Subjects > Nutrition Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Universidad Internacional do Cuanza > Research > Scientific Production
Abierto Inglés Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is a serious degenerative disease affecting the eyes, and is the main cause of severe vision loss among people >55 years of age in developed countries. Its onset and progression have been associated with several genetic and lifestyle factors, with diet appearing to play a pivotal role in the latter. In particular, dietary eating patterns rich in plant foods have been shown to lower the risk of developing the disease, and to decrease the odds of progressing to more advanced stages in individuals already burdened with early AMD. We systematically reviewed the literature to analyse the relationship between the adherence to a Mediterranean diet, a mainly plant-based dietary pattern, and the onset/progression of AMD. Eight human observational studies were analysed. Despite some differences, they consistently indicate that higher adherence to a Mediterranean eating pattern lowers the odds of developing AMD and decreases the risk of progression to more advanced stages of the disease, establishing the way for preventative measures emphasizing dietary patterns rich in plant-foods metadata Gastaldello, Annalisa and Giampieri, Francesca and Quiles, José L. and Navarro-Hortal, María D. and Aparicio Obregón, Silvia and García Villena, Eduardo and Tutusaus, Kilian and De Giuseppe, Rachele and Grosso, Giuseppe and Cianciosi, Danila and Forbes-Hernández, Tamara Y. and Nabavi, Seyed M. and Battino, Maurizio mail UNSPECIFIED, francesca.giampieri@uneatlantico.es, jose.quiles@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, silvia.aparicio@uneatlantico.es, eduardo.garcia@uneatlantico.es, kilian.tutusaus@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, maurizio.battino@uneatlantico.es (2022) Adherence to the Mediterranean-Style Eating Pattern and Macular Degeneration: A Systematic Review of Observational Studies. Nutrients, 14 (10). p. 2028. ISSN 2072-6643

Article Subjects > Biomedicine
Subjects > Engineering
Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Fundación Universitaria Internacional de Colombia > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Universidad Internacional do Cuanza > Research > Scientific Production
Abierto Inglés Artificial intelligence has been widely used in the field of dentistry in recent years. The present study highlights current advances and limitations in integrating artificial intelligence, machine learning, and deep learning in subfields of dentistry including periodontology, endodontics, orthodontics, restorative dentistry, and oral pathology. This article aims to provide a systematic review of current clinical applications of artificial intelligence within different fields of dentistry. The preferred reporting items for systematic reviews (PRISMA) statement was used as a formal guideline for data collection. Data was obtained from research studies for 2009–2022. The analysis included a total of 55 papers from Google Scholar, IEEE, PubMed, and Scopus databases. Results show that artificial intelligence has the potential to improve dental care, disease diagnosis and prognosis, treatment planning, and risk assessment. Finally, this study highlights the limitations of the analyzed studies and provides future directions to improve dental care metadata Fatima, Anum and Shafi, Imran and Afzal, Hammad and Díez, Isabel De La Torre and Lourdes, Del Rio-Solá M. and Breñosa, Jose and Martínez Espinosa, Julio César and Ashraf, Imran mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, josemanuel.brenosa@uneatlantico.es, ulio.martinez@unini.edu.mx, UNSPECIFIED (2022) Advancements in Dentistry with Artificial Intelligence: Current Clinical Applications and Future Perspectives. Healthcare, 10 (11). p. 2188. ISSN 2227-9032

Article Subjects > Biomedicine Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés Excess alcohol consumption is known to be detrimental to human health. However, the role of light-to-moderate alcohol intake is under investigation for potential certain health benefits—mostly related to the cardiovascular system. Nevertheless, there is no univocal agreement on this matter, and research is still ongoing to clarify whether there might be other potential outcomes affected by alcohol intake. In this regard, there is evidence that excess alcohol intake may negatively influence the risk of osteoporotic fractures. However, there is no comprehensive evidence of literature assessing the role of alcohol consumption in bone mineral density (BMD) and the risk of osteoporotic fractures. Thus, the aim of this study was to quantitatively assess the dose–response relationship between alcohol intake and BMD and risk of osteoporotic fractures. The Embase and MEDLINE electronic databases were searched from their inception to December 2021 for articles providing a quantifiable measurement of alcohol consumption for at least three categories and (1) a measurement of BMD (and dispersion as continuous variables) in some area of the body or (2) risk of osteoporotic fracture provided as relative risk (RR) or hazard ratio (HR), with a 95% confidence interval (CI) as the measure of the association of each category with alcohol intake. A total of 11 studies including 46,916 individuals with BMD assessment and 8 studies including 240,871 individuals with risk of fracture analysis were included. Compared to non-drinkers, consumption of up to two standard drinks of alcohol per day was correlated with higher lumbar and femur neck BMD values, while up to one standard drink of alcohol was correlated with higher hip BMD compared to no alcohol consumption. Higher risk of hip fractures was found starting from three standard drinks of alcohol per day (RR = 1.33, 95% CI: 1.04; 1.69 for three alcoholic drinks/d, and RR = 1.59, 95% CI: 1.23; 2.05 for four alcoholic drinks/d) compared to no alcohol consumption, with no evidence of heterogeneity. Concerning the risk of any osteoporotic fractures, the risk steadily increased with higher intake of alcohol, although never reaching statistical significance. In conclusion, there is consistent evidence that increased alcohol consumption is associated with higher risk of osteoporotic hip fracture; however, the role of alcohol at lower doses is uncertain, as BMD was even higher in light drinkers compared to abstainers. metadata Godos, Justyna and Giampieri, Francesca and Chisari, Emanuele and Micek, Agnieszka and Paladino, Nadia and Forbes-Hernández, Tamara Y. and Quiles, José L. and Battino, Maurizio and La Vignera, Sandro and Musumeci, Giuseppe and Grosso, Giuseppe mail UNSPECIFIED, francesca.giampieri@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, jose.quiles@uneatlantico.es, maurizio.battino@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED (2022) Alcohol Consumption, Bone Mineral Density, and Risk of Osteoporotic Fractures: A Dose–Response Meta-Analysis. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 19 (3). p. 1515. ISSN 1660-4601

Article Subjects > Biomedicine
Subjects > Nutrition
Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Abierto Inglés Alzheimer's is a chronic degenerative disease of the central nervous system considered the leading cause of dementia in the world. It is characterized by two etiopathological events related to oxidative stress: the aggregation of β-amyloid peptide and the formation of neurofibrillary tangles of hyperphosphorylated Tau protein in the brain. The incidence of this disease increases with age and has been associated with inadequate lifestyles. Some natural compounds have been shown to improve the hallmarks of the disease. However, despite its potential, there is no scientific evidence about Manuka honey (MH) in this regard. In the present work we evaluated the effect of MH on the toxicity induced by Aβ aggregation and Tau in a Caenorhabditis elegans model. Our results demonstrated that MH was able to improve indicators of oxidative stress and delayed Aβ-induced paralysis in the AD model CL4176 through HSP-16.2 and SKN-1/NRF2 pathways. Nevertheless, its sugar content impaired the indicators of locomotion (an indicator of tau neurotoxicity) in both the transgenic strain BR5706 and in the wild-type N2 worms. metadata Navarro-Hortal, María D. and Romero-Márquez, Jose M. and Muñoz-Ollero, Pedro and Jiménez-Trigo, Victoria and Esteban-Muñoz, Adelaida and Tutusaus, Kilian and Giampieri, Francesca and Battino, Maurizio and Sánchez-González, Cristina and Rivas-García, Lorenzo and Llopis, Juan and Forbes-Hernández, Tamara Y. and Quiles, José L. mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, kilian.tutusaus@uneatlantico.es, francesca.giampieri@uneatlantico.es, maurizio.battino@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, jose.quiles@uneatlantico.es (2022) Amyloid β-but not Tau-induced neurotoxicity is suppressed by Manuka honey via HSP-16.2 and SKN-1/Nrf2 pathways in an in vivo model of Alzheimer's disease. Food & Function. ISSN 2042-6496

Article Subjects > Engineering Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Abierto Inglés With the global spread of COVID-19, the governments advised the public for adopting safety precautions to limit its spread. The virus spreads from people, contaminated places, and nozzle droplets that necessitate strict precautionary measures. Consequently, different safety precautions have been implemented to fight COVID-19 such as wearing a facemask, restriction of social gatherings, keeping 6 feet distance, etc. Despite the warnings, highlighted need for such measures, and the increasing severity of the pandemic situation, the expected number of people adopting these precautions is low. This study aims at assessing and understanding the public perception of COVID-19 safety precautions, especially the use of facemask. A unified framework of sentiment lexicon with the proposed ensemble EB-DT is devised to analyze sentiments regarding safety precautions. Extensive experiments are performed with a large dataset collected from Twitter. In addition, the factors leading to a negative perception of safety precautions are analyzed by performing topic analysis using the Latent Dirichlet allocation algorithm. The experimental results reveal that 12% of the tweets correspond to negative sentiments towards facemask precaution mainly by its discomfort. Analysis of change in peoples’ sentiment over time indicates a gradual increase in the positive sentiments regarding COVID-19 restrictions. metadata Qamar, Usman and Ahmad, Ayaz and Rustam, Furqan and Saad, Eysha and Siddique, Muhammad Abubakar and Lee, Ernesto and Ortega-Mansilla, Arturo and Díez, Isabel de la Torre and Ashraf, Imran mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, arturo.ortega@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED (2022) Analyzing preventive precautions to limit spread of COVID-19. PLOS ONE, 17 (8). e0272350. ISSN 1932-6203

Article Subjects > Engineering Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Universidad Internacional do Cuanza > Research > Scientific Production
Abierto Inglés Population and industrial growth in Mexico’s Bajío region demand greater electricity consumption. The production of electricity from fuel oil has severe implications on climate change and people’s health due to SO2 emissions. This study describes the simulation of eight different scenarios for SO2 pollutant dispersion. It takes into account distance, geoenvironmental parameters, wind, terrain roughness, and Pasquill–Gifford–Turner atmospheric stability and categories of dispersion based on technical information about SO2 concentration from stacks and from one of the atmospheric monitoring stations in Salamanca city. Its transverse character, its usefulness for modeling, and epidemiological, meteorological, and fluid dynamics studies, as suggested by the models approved by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), show a maximum average concentration of 399 µg/m3, at an average distance of 1800 m. The best result comparison in the scenarios was scenery 8. Maximum nocturnal dispersion was shown at a wind speed of 8.4 m/s, and an SO2 concentration of 280 µg/m3 for stack 4, an atypical situation due to the geography of the city. From the validation process, a relative error of 14.7 % was obtained, which indicates the reliability of the applied Gaussian model. Regarding the mathematical solution of the model, this represents a reliable and low-cost tool that can help improve air quality management, the location or relocation of atmospheric monitoring stations, and migration from the use of fossil fuels to environmentally friendly fuels. metadata Violante Gavira, Amanda Enrriqueta and Sosa González, Wadi Elim and Pali-Casanova, Ramón and Yam Cervantes, Marcial Alfredo and Aguilar Vega, Manuel and Chacha Coto, Javier and Zavala Loría, José del Carmen and Dzul López, Luis Alonso and García Villena, Eduardo mail amanda@ugto.mx, UNSPECIFIED, ramon.pali@unini.edu.mx, marcial.yam@unini.edu.mx, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, jose.zavala@unini.edu.mx, luis.dzul@uneatlantico.es, eduardo.garcia@uneatlantico.es (2022) Application of the Gaussian Model for Monitoring Scenarios and Estimation of SO2 Atmospheric Emissions in the Salamanca Area, Bajío, Mexico. Atmosphere, 13 (6). p. 874. ISSN 2073-4433

Article Subjects > Nutrition Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés Beside honey, honeybees (Apis mellifera L.) are able to produce many byproducts, including bee pollen, propolis, bee bread, royal jelly, and beeswax. Even if the medicinal properties of these byproducts have been recognized for thousands of years by the ancient civilizations, in the modern era, they have a limited use, essentially as nutritional supplements or health products. However, these natural products are excellent sources of bioactive compounds, macro- and micronutrients, that, in a synergistic way, confer multiple biological activities to these byproducts, such as, for example, antimicrobial, antioxidant, and anti-inflammatory properties. This work aims to update the chemical and phytochemical composition of bee pollen, propolis, bee bread, royal jelly, and beeswax and to summarize the main effects exerted by these byproducts on human health, from the anticancer and immune-modulatory activities to the antidiabetic, hypolipidemic, hypotensive, and anti-allergic properties. metadata Giampieri, Francesca and Quiles, José L. and Cianciosi, Danila and Forbes-Hernández, Tamara Yuliett and Orantes-Bermejo, Francisco Josè and Alvarez-Suarez, José Miguel and Battino, Maurizio mail francesca.giampieri@uneatlantico.es, jose.quiles@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, maurizio.battino@uneatlantico.es (2022) Bee Products: An Emblematic Example of Underutilized Sources of Bioactive Compounds. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry. ISSN 0021-8561

Article Subjects > Engineering Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Abierto Inglés UNSPECIFIED metadata Kimothi, Sanjeev and Thapliyal, Asha and Akram, Shaik Vaseem and Singh, Rajesh and Gehlot, Anita and Mohamed, Heba G. and Anand, Divya and Ibrahim, Muhammad and Delgado Noya, Irene mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, divya.anand@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, irene.delgado@uneatlantico.es (2022) Big Data Analysis Framework for Water Quality Indicators with Assimilation of IoT and ML. Electronics, 11 (13). p. 1927. ISSN 2079-9292

Article Subjects > Engineering Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Universidad Internacional do Cuanza > Research > Scientific Production
Abierto Inglés The highly fragmented blockchain and cryptocurrency ecosystem necessitates interoperability mechanisms as a requirement for blockchain-technology acceptance. The immediate implication of interchain interoperability is automatic swapping between cryptocurrencies. We performed a systematic review of the existing literature on Blockchain interoperability and atomic cross-chain transactions. We investigated different blockchain interoperability approaches, including industrial solutions, categorized them and identified the key mechanisms used, and list several example projects for each category. We focused on the atomic transactions between blockchain, a process also known as atomic swap. Furthermore, we studied recent implementations along with architectural approaches for atomic swap and deduced research issues and challenges in cross-chain interoperability and atomic swap. Atomic swap can instantly transfer tokens and significantly reduce the associated costs without using any centralized authority, and thus facilitates the development of a sustainable payment system for wider financial inclusion. metadata Mohanty, Debasis and Anand, Divya and Aljahdali, Hani Moaiteq and Gracia Villar, Santos mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, santos.gracia@uneatlantico.es (2022) Blockchain Interoperability: Towards a Sustainable Payment System. Sustainability, 14 (2). p. 913. ISSN 2071-1050

Conference or Workshop Item Subjects > Engineering Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Cerrado Inglés Emergence of IoT applications and distributed computing has propelled the development of computing services which can handle dynamic requests at the network edge. Fog computing paradigm has evolved tremendously over the years for achieving above objective. Resource management in fog layer always remains the hot spot which is required to be addressed through some efficient load balancing techniques. Heuristic, Meta-heuristic, Probabilistic, Graph theory based and hybrid load balancing techniques are developed over the past few years to manage workload incurred at the fog servers. This paper provides the brief description of such methods and their comparative analysis in a tabular form. Major area of focus is the overall technique, simulation tool, parameters of evaluation, advantages and disadvantages of the proposed load balancing approaches. Potential researchers can carry forward and extend this research at the next level after analysing the research gaps from the literature survey. metadata Batra, Salil and Anand, Divya and Singh, Aman mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, aman.singh@uneatlantico.es (2022) A Brief Overview of Load Balancing Techniques in Fog Computing Environment. In: 2022 6th International Conference on Trends in Electronics and Informatics (ICOEI 2022), 28-30 April 2022, Tirunelveli, India..

Article Subjects > Engineering Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Magazines
Universidad Internacional do Cuanza > Research > Scientific Production
Abierto Inglés Building energy consumption prediction has become an important research problem within the context of sustainable homes and smart cities. Data-driven approaches have been regarded as the most suitable for integration into smart houses. With the wide deployment of IoT sensors, the data generated from these sensors can be used for modeling and forecasting energy consumption patterns. Existing studies lag in prediction accuracy and various attributes of buildings are not very well studied. This study follows a data-driven approach in this regard. The novelty of the paper lies in the fact that an ensemble model is proposed, which provides higher performance regarding cooling and heating load prediction. Moreover, the influence of different features on heating and cooling load is investigated. Experiments are performed by considering different features such as glazing area, orientation, height, relative compactness, roof area, surface area, and wall area. Results indicate that relative compactness, surface area, and wall area play a significant role in selecting the appropriate cooling and heating load for a building. The proposed model achieves 0.999 R2 for heating load prediction and 0.997 R2 for cooling load prediction, which is superior to existing state-of-the-art models. The precise prediction of heating and cooling load, can help engineers design energy-efficient buildings, especially in the context of future smart homes metadata Chaganti, Rajasekhar and Rustam, Furqan and Daghriri, Talal and Díez, Isabel de la Torre and Vidal Mazón, Juan Luis and Rodríguez Velasco, Carmen Lilí and Ashraf, Imran mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, juanluis.vidal@uneatlantico.es, carmen.rodriguez@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED (2022) Building Heating and Cooling Load Prediction Using Ensemble Machine Learning Model. Sensors, 22 (19). p. 7692. ISSN 1424-8220

Article Subjects > Engineering Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Universidad Internacional do Cuanza > Research > Scientific Production
Abierto Inglés Developments in medical care have inspired wide interest in the current decade, especially to their services to individuals living prolonged and healthier lives. Alzheimer’s disease (AD) is the most chronic neurodegeneration and dementia-causing disorder. Economic expense of treating AD patients is expected to grow. The requirement of developing a computer-aided technique for early AD categorization becomes even more essential. Deep learning (DL) models offer numerous benefits against machine learning tools. Several latest experiments that exploited brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scans and convolutional neural networks (CNN) for AD classification showed promising conclusions. CNN’s receptive field aids in the extraction of main recognizable features from these MRI scans. In order to increase classification accuracy, a new adaptive model based on CNN and support vector machines (SVM) is presented in the research, combining both the CNN’s capabilities in feature extraction and SVM in classification. The objective of this research is to build a hybrid CNN-SVM model for classifying AD using the MRI ADNI dataset. Experimental results reveal that the hybrid CNN-SVM model outperforms the CNN model alone, with relative improvements of 3.4%, 1.09%, 0.85%, and 2.82% on the testing dataset for AD vs. cognitive normal (CN), CN vs. mild cognitive impairment (MCI), AD vs. MCI, and CN vs. MCI vs. AD, respectively. Finally, the proposed approach has been further experimented on OASIS dataset leading to accuracy of 86.2%. metadata Sethi, Monika and Rani, Shalli and Singh, Aman and Vidal Mazón, Juan Luis and Bhatia, Surbhi mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, aman.singh@uneatlantico.es, juanluis.vidal@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED (2022) A CAD System for Alzheimer’s Disease Classification Using Neuroimaging MRI 2D Slices. Computational and Mathematical Methods in Medicine, 2022. pp. 1-11. ISSN 1748-670X

Article Subjects > Engineering Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Universidad Internacional do Cuanza > Research > Scientific Production
Cerrado Inglés Agriculture is an important sector that plays an essential role in the economic development of a country. Each year farmers face numerous challenges in producing good quality crops. One of the major reasons behind the failure of the harvest is the use of unscientific agricultural practices. Moreover, every year enormous crop loss is encountered either by pests, specific diseases, or natural disasters. It raises a strong concern to employ sustainable advanced technologies to address agriculture-related issues. In this paper, a sustainable real-time crop disease detection and prevention system, called CROPCARE is proposed. The system integrates mobile vision, Internet of Things (IoT), and Google Cloud services for sustainable growth of crops. The primary function of the proposed intelligent system is to detect crop diseases through the CROPCARE -mobile application. It uses Super-Resolution Convolution Network (SRCNN) and the pretrained model MobileNet-V2 to generate a decision model trained over various diseases. To maintain sustainability, the mobile app is integrated with IoT sensors and Google Cloud services. The proposed system also provides recommendations that help farmers know about current soil conditions, weather conditions, disease prevention methods, etc. It supports both Hindi and English dictionaries for the convenience of the farmers. The proposed approach is validated by using the PlantVillage dataset. The obtained results confirm the performance strength of the proposed system. metadata Garg, Garima and Gupta, Shivam and Mishra, Preeti and Vidyarthi, Ankit and Singh, Aman and Ali, Asmaa mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, aman.singh@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED (2022) CROPCARE: An Intelligent Real-Time Sustainable IoT System for Crop Disease Detection Using Mobile Vision. IEEE Internet of Things Journal. p. 1. ISSN 2372-2541

Article Subjects > Nutrition Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Abierto Inglés The aim of this study was to evaluate the influence of the lockdown due to the COVID-19 pandemic, on eating and physical activity behavior, in a university population. A healthy diet such as the Mediterranean Diet (MD) pattern, rich in fruit and vegetables, can prevent degenerative diseases such as obesity, diabetes, cardiovascular diseases, etc. We conducted a cross-sectional study and data were collected by an anonymous online questionnaire. Participants completed a survey consisting of 3 sections: sociodemographic data; dietary behavior and physical activity; the Mediterranean Diet questionnaire (MEDAS-14) and the Emotional Eater Questionnaire (EEQ). A total of 168 participants completed the questionnaire: 66.7% were women, 79.2% were from Spain, 76.8% were students, 76.2% lived in their family home and 66.1% were of normal weight. During lockdown our population shopped for groceries 1 time or less per week (76.8%); maintained the same consumption of fruits (45.2%), vegetables (50.6%), dairy products (61.9%), pulses (64.9%), fish/seafood (57.7%), white meat (77.4%), red and processed meat (71.4%), pastries and snacks (48.2%), rice/pasta/potatoes (70.2%) and nuts (62.5%), spirits (98.8%) and sugary drinks (91.7%). Cooking time increased (73.2%) and the consumption decreased of low alcohol drinks (60.1%), spirits (75%) and sugary drinks (57.1%), and physical activity also diminished (49.4%). University Employees (UE) gained more weight (1.01 ± 0.02) than students (0.99 ± 0.03) (p < 0.05) during the confinement period. A total of 79.8% of the participants obtained a Medium/High Adherence to the MD during lockdown. Emotional and very emotional eaters were higher in the female group (p < 0.01). In the event of further confinement, strategies should be implemented to promote a balanced and healthy diet together with the practice of physical activity, taking special care of the female and UE groups. metadata Sumalla Cano, Sandra and Forbes-Hernández, Tamara and Aparicio-Obregón, Silvia and Crespo-Álvarez, Jorge and Elexpuru Zabaleta, Maria and Gracia Villar, Mónica and Giampieri, Francesca and Elío Pascual, Iñaki mail sandra.sumalla@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, silvia.aparicio@uneatlantico.es, jorge.crespo@uneatlantico.es, maria.elexpuru@uneatlantico.es, monica.gracia@uneatlantico.es, francesca.giampieri@uneatlantico.es, inaki.elio@uneatlantico.es (2022) Changes in the Lifestyle of the Spanish University Population during Confinement for COVID-19. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 19 (4). p. 2210. ISSN 1660-4601

Article Subjects > Nutrition Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés This study reports a characterization of the nutritional quality of several vegetables belonging to Brassica genus and other species cultivated in the central Italy. The aim of this trial is to investigate the antioxidant capacity and phytochemical content of several vegetable products during two consecutive years. The sensorial quality is investigated with the measuring of soluble solid content (SSC), titratable acidity (TA) and pH; the nutritional quality is investigated by the measurement of the total antioxidant capacity (TAC), the total phenols content (TPH), the total anthocyanins content (ACY), and the vitamin C content. The results confirm the highest antioxidant capacity of Brassica genus, in particular, the red curly kale (13.68 and 11.97 mM Trolox/kg fw in the two locations tested); among other vegetables analyzed, the most interesting are chicory and borage (10.3 and 11.94 mM Trolox/kg fw in the first year of cultivation in Valdaso, respectively). A high intake of these vegetables may bring a lot of health benefits linked to their antioxidative capacity and the vitamin C metadata Biondi, Francesca and Balducci, Francesca and Capocasa, Franco and Mei, Elena and Vagnoni, Massimo and Visciglio, Marino and Mezzetti, Bruno and Mazzoni, Luca mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, bruno.mezzetti@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED (2022) Characterization and Comparison of Raw Brassica and Grass Field Sensorial and Nutritional Quality. Applied Sciences, 12 (17). p. 8783. ISSN 2076-3417

Article Subjects > Biomedicine Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés In this work, we performed a methodological comparative analysis to synthesize polyethyleneimine (PEI) nanoparticles using (i) conventional nanoprecipitation (NP), (ii) electrospraying (ES), and (iii) coaxial electrospraying (CA). The nanoparticles transported antisense oligonucleotides (ASOs), either encapsulated (CA nanocomplexes) or electrostatically bound externally (NP and ES nanocomplexes). After synthesis, the PEI/ASO nanoconjugates were functionalized with a muscle-specific RNA aptamer. Using this combinatorial formulation methodology, we obtained nanocomplexes that were further used as nanocarriers for the delivery of RNA therapeutics (ASO), specifically into muscle cells. In particular, we performed a detailed confocal microscopy-based comparative study to analyze the overall transfection efficiency, the cell-to-cell homogeneity, and the mean fluorescence intensity per cell of micron-sized domains enriched with the nanocomplexes. Furthermore, using high-magnification electron microscopy, we were able to describe, in detail, the ultrastructural basis of the cellular uptake and intracellular trafficking of nanocomplexes by the clathrin-independent endocytic pathway. Our results are a clear demonstration that coaxial electrospraying is a promising methodology for the synthesis of therapeutic nanoparticle-based carriers. Some of the principal features that the nanoparticles synthesized by coaxial electrospraying exhibit are efficient RNA-based drug encapsulation, increased nanoparticle surface availability for aptamer functionalization, a high transfection efficiency, and hyperactivation of the endocytosis and early/late endosome route as the main intracellular uptake mechanism metadata de la Hoz, Raquel and Diban, Nazely and Berciano, María T. and San Emeterio, Carlos and Urtiaga, Ane and Lafarga, Miguel and Rodríguez-Rey, José C. and Tapia Martínez, Olga mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, carlos.sanemeterio@alumnos.uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, olga.tapia@uneatlantico.es (2022) Coaxial Synthesis of PEI-Based Nanocarriers of Encapsulated RNA-Therapeutics to Specifically Target Muscle Cells. Biomolecules, 12 (8). p. 1012. ISSN 2218-273X

Article Subjects > Physical Education and Sport Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Español Antecedentes: Los socorristas son fundamentales en la reanimación del ahogado en parada cardiorrespiratoria. En las víctimas ahogadas es prioritario administrar oxigenación. Distintas técnicas de administración de ventilaciones se han investigado y hay controversia sobre la más efectiva. Objetivos: comparar el efecto de la ventilación boca a boca (VBB), ventilación con bolsa y mascarilla (VBM) y ventilación con pocket-mask (VPM) sobre la calidad de RCP entre socorristas recién certificados y socorristas profesionales en activo. Conclusiones: Los socorristas inexpertos recién certificados realizan mejor RCP, incluyendo la ventilación, que los que no han recibido una formación reciente. Es clave la actualización del SVB frecuente en socorristas. metadata Aranda García, Silvia and Carballo Fazanes, Aida and Otero Agra, Martín and Fernández Méndez, María and Barcala Furelos, Martín and Barcala Furelos, Roberto mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, martin.barcala@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED (2022) Comparación de la calidad en la ventilación de socorristas nóveles y veteranos. Un estudio piloto de simulación. Revista de Investigación en Actividades Acuáticas, 6 (11). pp. 37-43. ISSN 2530-805X

Article Subjects > Social Sciences Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés This study compares the information coverage of the vaccine against the information of the COVID-19 pandemic in eight newspapers (two per country) from the United Kingdom, France, Spain and the United States. The newspapers analyzed are The Times and The Guardian (United Kingdom), Le Monde and Le Figaro (France), El País and El Mundo (Spain), and The New York Times and The Washington Post (United States). On a methodological level, the work uses a descriptive approach of hemerographic analysis. As a result, it is observed—in the case of coverage of the pandemic—that the presence of affected persons and health personnel in the front-page information was negligible, with a predominance of news journalistic genres (brief and newsworthy, especially), evidencing a leading role of political figures and the high degree of politicization of the crisis. In addition, the visual frames in the analyzed newspapers tended to promote humanization through emotional representation. On the other hand, the results of the news coverage of the vaccine showed a predominance of news journalistic genres, wherein supranational entities and pharmaceutical companies starred in the front pages to a greater extent. The study denotes the importance of media literacy among citizens, especially in the face of this type of informational events of global significance metadata Tejedor, Santiago and Cervi, Laura and Tusa, Fernanda and Gracia Villar, Mónica mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, monica.gracia@uneatlantico.es (2022) Comparative Study of the Information about the COVID-19 Pandemic and COVID-19 Vaccines on the Covers of United Kingdom, France, Spain and United States’ Main Newspapers. Social Sciences, 11 (9). p. 412. ISSN 2076-0760

Article Subjects > Physical Education and Sport Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés The aim of the study was to compare the quality of CPR (Q-CPR), as well as the perceived fatigue and hand pain in a prolonged infant cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) performed by lifeguards using three different techniques. A randomized crossover simulation study was used to compare three infant CPR techniques: the two-finger technique (TF); the two-thumb encircling technique (TTE) and the two-thumb-fist technique (TTF). 58 professional lifeguards performed three tests in pairs during a 20-min period of CPR. The rescuers performed compressions and ventilations in 15:2 cycles and changed their roles every 2 min. The variables of analysis were CPR quality components, rate of perceived exertion (RPE) and hand pain with numeric rating scale (NRS). All three techniques showed high Q-CPR results (TF: 86 ± 9%/TTE: 88 ± 9%/TTF: 86 ± 16%), and the TTE showed higher values than the TF (p = 0.03). In the RPE analysis, fatigue was not excessive with any of the three techniques (values 20 min between 3.2 for TF, 2.4 in TTE and 2.5 in TTF on a 10-point scale). TF reached a higher value in RPE than TTF in all the intervals analyzed (p < 0.05). In relation to NRS, TF showed significantly higher values than TTE and TTF (NRS minute 20 = TF 4.7 vs. TTE 2.5 & TTF 2.2; p < 0.001). In conclusion, all techniques have been shown to be effective in high-quality infant CPR in a prolonged resuscitation carried out by lifeguards. However, the two-finger technique is less efficient in relation to fatigue and hand pain compared with two-thumb technique (TF vs. TTF, p = 0.01). metadata Barcala-Furelos, Roberto and Barcala Furelos, Martín and Cano-Noguera, Francisco and Otero-Agra, Martín and Alonso-Calvete, Alejandra and Martínez-Isasi, Santiago and Aranda-García, Silvia and López-García, Sergio and Rodríguez-Núñez, Antonio mail UNSPECIFIED, martin.barcala@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED (2022) A Comparison between Three Different Techniques Considering Quality Skills, Fatigue and Hand Pain during a Prolonged Infant Resuscitation: A Cross-Over Study with Lifeguards. Children, 9 (6). p. 910. ISSN 2227-9067

Article Subjects > Biomedicine
Subjects > Engineering
Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Universidad Internacional do Cuanza > Research > Scientific Production
Abierto Inglés Asthma is a deadly disease that affects the lungs and air supply of the human body. Coronavirus and its variants also affect the airways of the lungs. Asthma patients approach hospitals mostly in a critical condition and require emergency treatment, which creates a burden on health institutions during pandemics. The similar symptoms of asthma and coronavirus create confusion for health workers during patient handling and treatment of disease. The unavailability of patient history to physicians causes complications in proper diagnostics and treatments. Many asthma patient deaths have been reported especially during pandemics, which necessitates an efficient framework for asthma patients. In this article, we have proposed a blockchain consortium healthcare framework for asthma patients. The proposed framework helps in managing asthma healthcare units, coronavirus patient records and vaccination centers, insurance companies, and government agencies, which are connected through the secure blockchain network. The proposed framework increases data security and scalability as it stores encrypted patient data on the Interplanetary File System (IPFS) and keeps data hash values on the blockchain. The patient data are traceable and accessible to physicians and stakeholders, which helps in accurate diagnostics, timely treatment, and the management of patients. The smart contract ensures the execution of all business rules. The patient profile generation mechanism is also discussed. The experiment results revealed that the proposed framework has better transaction throughput, query delay, and security than existing solutions metadata Farooq, Muhammad Shoaib and Suhail, Maryam and Qureshi, Junaid Nasir and Rustam, Furqan and de la Torre Díez, Isabel and Vidal Mazón, Juan Luis and Rodríguez Velasco, Carmen Lilí and Ashraf, Imran mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, juanluis.vidal@uneatlantico.es, carmen.rodriguez@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED (2022) Consortium Framework Using Blockchain for Asthma Healthcare in Pandemics. Sensors, 22 (21). p. 8582. ISSN 1424-8220

Article Subjects > Engineering Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Abierto Inglés Large-scale distributed systems have the advantages of high processing speeds and large communication bandwidths over the network. The processing of huge real-world data within a time constraint becomes tricky, due to the complexity of data parallel task scheduling in a time constrained environment. This paper proposes data parallel task scheduling in cloud to address the minimization of cost and time constraints. By running concurrent executions of tasks on multi-core cloud resources, the number of parallel executions could be increased correspondingly, thereby, finishing the task within the deadline is possible. A mathematical model is developed here to minimize the operational cost of data parallel tasks by feasibly assigning a load to each virtual machine in the cloud data center. This work experiments with a machine learning model that is replicated on the multi-core cloud heterogeneous resources to execute different input data concurrently to accomplish distributive learning. The outcome of concurrent execution of data-intensive tasks on different parts of the input dataset gives better solutions in terms of processing the task by the deadline at optimized cost. metadata Rajalakshmi, N. R. and Dumka, Ankur and Kumar, Manoj and Singh, Rajesh and Gehlot, Anita and Akram, Shaik Vaseem and Anand, Divya and Elkamchouchi, Dalia H. and Delgado Noya, Irene mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, divya.anand@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, irene.delgado@uneatlantico.es (2022) A Cost-Optimized Data Parallel Task Scheduling with Deadline Constraints in Cloud. Electronics, 11 (13). p. 2022. ISSN 2079-9292

Article Subjects > Physical Education and Sport Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Español El objetivo de este trabajo fue cuantificar la especificidad de las sesiones de entrenamiento y competiciones sobre la línea metodológica del microciclo estructurado en un equipo de futbol profesional del torneo Apertura 2020 de la Liga de Expansión MX. Se recogieron los datos de entrenamiento y competición de un equipo del Torneo Apertura 2020 de la Liga de Expansión MX a lo largo de más de 3 meses del período competitivo. Dentro de dicho período, se registraron los valores de percepción subjetiva del esfuerzo, distancia con carga metabólica elevada, nivel de especificidad y duración de tareas y unidad de carga global, carga específica y unidad de carga específica. Una vez recogidos los datos, se realizó un análisis descriptivo de los datos así como se calculó la correlación de Pearson entre las principales variables analizadas. Los resultados mostraron correlaciones casi perfectas (r>0.9; p<0.001) entre las diferentes variables, a excepción de la relación entre carga específica y RPE, que fue categorizada como muy elevada (r=0.873, p<0.001). En conclusión, cuantificar la especificidad permitiría prescribirla y dosificarla, donde podría optimizar la planificación para el futbol formativo y profesional, ya que el entrenamiento específico produce altas adaptaciones al rendimiento. metadata Martínez-Ruiz, Enrique Agustín and Lago-Fuentes, Carlos and Barcala Furelos, Martín mail enrique.martinez@master.uneatlantico.es, carlos.lago@uneatlantico.es, martin.barcala@uneatlantico.es (2022) Cuantificación de especificidad en un microciclo estructurado en fútbol profesional. RICYDE. Revista internacional de ciencias del deporte, 18 (69). pp. 180-190. ISSN 18853137

Article Subjects > Social Sciences Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés Culture and culturally specific beliefs or practices may influence perceptions and decisions, potentially contributing to childhood obesity. The objective of this study is to identify the cultural factors (expressed through decisions, behaviors, individual experiences, perceptions, attitudes, or views) related to childhood and adolescent obesity in Mexico. Ten databases and one search engine were searched from 1995 onwards for qualitative studies. The Sunrise Enabler Model, described within the Cultural Care Theory, guided this review. Sample, the phenomenon of interest, study design, and evaluation data were extracted, and the Critical Appraisals Skills Programme tool was used to assess the quality of the included studies. Twenty-four studies were included. Of these, 12 studies included children or adolescents, 12 included parents, eight included schoolteachers, four included school staff (other than teachers), four included food vendors, and one included policymakers. Cultural values, beliefs, lifeways (especially food and food costumes), kinship, and social factors (particularly immediate and extended family) strongly influenced childhood and adolescent obesity-related lifestyles in Mexico. Most cultural factors related to childhood obesity in Mexico identified in this review may be modifiable and amenable to practical interventions. metadata Aceves‐Martins, Magaly and López-Cruz, Lizet and García‐Botello, Marcela and Godina‐Flores, Naara L. and Gutierrez‐Gómez, Yareni Yunuen and Moreno‐García, Carlos Francisco mail UNSPECIFIED (2022) Cultural factors related to childhood and adolescent obesity in Mexico: A systematic review of qualitative studies. Obesity Reviews. ISSN 1467-7881

Article Subjects > Engineering Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Universidad Internacional do Cuanza > Research > Scientific Production
Abierto Inglés To address the current pandemic, multiple studies have focused on the development of new mHealth apps to help in curbing the number of infections, these applications aim to accelerate the identification and self-isolation of people exposed to SARS-CoV-2, the coronavirus known to cause COVID-19, by being in close contact with infected individuals. The main objectives of this paper are: (1) Analyze the current status of COVID-19 apps available on the main virtual stores: Google Play Store and App Store for Spain, and (2) Propose a novel mobile application that allows interaction and doctor-patient follow-up without the need for real-time consultations (face-to-face or telephone). In this research, a search for eHealth and telemedicine apps related to Covid-19 was performed in the main online stores: Google Play Store and App Store, until May 2021. Keywords were entered into the search engines of the online stores and relevant apps were selected for study using a PRISMA methodology. For the design and implementation of the proposed app named COVINFO, the main weaknesses of the apps studied were taken into account in order to propose a novel and useful app for healthcare systems. The search yielded a total of 50 apps, of which 24 were relevant to this study, of which 23 are free and 54% are available for Android and iOS operating systems (OS). The proposed app has been developed for mobile devices with Android OS being compatible with Android 4.4 and higher. This app enables doctor-patient interaction and constant monitoring of the patient's progress without the need for calls, chats or face-to-face consultation in real time. This work addresses design and development of an application for the transmission of the user's symptoms to his regular doctor, based on the fact that only 16.6% of existing applications have this functionality. The COVINFO app offers a novel service: asynchronous doctor-patient communication, as well as constant monitoring of the patient’s condition and evolution. This app makes it possible to better manage the time of healthcare personnel and avoid overcrowding in hospitals, with the aim of preventing the collapse of healthcare systems and the spread of the coronavirus. metadata Herrera Montano, Isabel and Pérez Pacho, Javier and Gracia Villar, Santos and Aparicio Obregón, Silvia and Breñosa, Jose and de la Torre Díez, Isabel mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, santos.gracia@uneatlantico.es, silvia.aparicio@uneatlantico.es, josemanuel.brenosa@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED (2022) Descriptive Analysis of Mobile Apps for Management of COVID-19 in Spain and Development of an Innovate App in that field. Scientific Reports, 12 (1). ISSN 2045-2322

Article Subjects > Biomedicine
Subjects > Engineering
Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Fundación Universitaria Internacional de Colombia > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Universidad Internacional do Cuanza > Research > Scientific Production
Abierto Español Patient care and convenience remain the concern of medical professionals and caregivers alike. An unconscious patient confined to a bed may develop fluid accumulation and pressure sores due to inactivity and deficiency of oxygen flow. Moreover, weight monitoring is crucial for an effective treatment plan, which is difficult to measure for bedridden patients. This paper presents the design and development of a smart and cost-effective independent system for lateral rotation, movement, weight measurement, and transporting immobile patients. Optimal dimensions and practical design specifications are determined by a survey across various hospitals. Subsequently, the proposed hoist-based weighing and turning mechanism is CAD-modeled and simulated. Later, the structural analysis is carried out to select suitable metallurgy for various sub-assemblies to ensure design reliability. After fabrication, optimization, integration, and testing procedures, the base frame is designed to mount a hydraulic motor for the actuator, a DC power source for self-sustenance, and lockable wheels for portability. The installation of a weighing scale and a hydraulic actuator is ensured to lift the patient for weight measuring up to 600 pounds or lateral turning of 80 degrees both ways. The developed system offers simple operating characteristics, allows for keeping patient weight records, and assists nurses in changing patients’ lateral positions both ways, comfortably massage patients’ backs, and transport them from one bed to another. Additionally, being lightweight offers reduced contact with the patient to increase the healthcare staff’s safety in pandemics; it is also height adjustable and portable, allowing for use with multiple-sized beds and easy transportation across the medical facility. The feedback from paramedics is encouraging regarding reducing labor-intensive nursing tasks, alleviating the discomfort of long-term bed-ridden patients, and allowing medical practitioners to suggest better treatment plans metadata Shafi, Imran and Farooq, Muhammad Siddique and De La Torre Díez, Isabel and Breñosa, Jose and Martínez Espinosa, Julio César and Ashraf, Imran mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, josemanuel.brenosa@uneatlantico.es, ulio.martinez@unini.edu.mx, UNSPECIFIED (2022) Design and Development of Smart Weight Measurement, Lateral Turning and Transfer Bedding for Unconscious Patients in Pandemics. Healthcare, 10 (11). p. 2174. ISSN 2227-9032

Article Subjects > Physical Education and Sport Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Universidad Internacional do Cuanza > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Abierto Inglés Abstract: Sports injuries can affect the performance of athletes. For this reason, functional tests are used for injury assessment and prevention, analyzing physical or physiological imbalances and detecting asymmetries. The main aim of this study was to detect the asymmetries in the upper limbs (right and left arms) in athletes, using the OctoBalance Test (OB), depending on the stage of the season. Two hundred and fifty-two participants (age: 23.33 ± 8.96 years old; height: 178.63 ± 11.12 cm; body mass: 80.28 ± 17.61 kg; body mass index: 24.88 ± 4.58; sports experience: 12.52 ± 6.28 years), practicing different sports (rugby, athletics, football, swimming, handball, triathlon, basketball, hockey, badminton and volleyball), assessed with the OB in medial, superolateral, and inferolateral directions in both arms, in four moments of the season (May 2017, September 2017, February 2018 and May 2018). ANOVA test was used with repeated measures with a p ≤ 0.05, for the analysis of the different studied variances. Significant differences were found (p = 0.021) in the medial direction of the left arm, between the first (May 2017) and fourth stages (May 2018), with values of 71.02 ± 7.15 cm and 65.03 ± 7.66 cm. From the detection of asymmetries, using the OB to measure, in the medial, superolateral and inferolateral directions, mobility and balance can be assessed. In addition, it is possible to observe functional imbalances, as a risk factor for injury, in each of the stages into which the season is divided, which will help in the prevention of injuries and in the individualization of training. metadata Velarde-Sotres, Álvaro and Bores-Cerezal, Antonio and Mecías-Calvo, Marcos and Barcala Furelos, Martín and Aparicio Obregón, Silvia and Calleja-González, Julio mail alvaro.velarde@uneatlantico.es, antonio.bores@uneatlantico.es, marcos.mecias@uneatlantico.es, martin.barcala@uneatlantico.es, silvia.aparicio@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED (2022) Detection of Upper Limb Asymmetries in Athletes According to the Stage of the Season—A Longitudinal Study. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 19 (2). p. 849. ISSN 1660-4601

Article Subjects > Social Sciences Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Fundación Universitaria Internacional de Colombia > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Universidad Internacional do Cuanza > Research > Scientific Production
Abierto Inglés This article proposes a discussion on the form of coexistence of local Development Agencies in Uruguay, with local governments in the face of the new scenarios marked by the decentralization process, initiated in the country with the Constitutional Reform of 1996 and culminating in February 2009, with the Law of Political Decentralization and Citizen Participation. The discussion applies in particular to the local development agency of the city of Rivera (ADR), located in the northeast of the country. A descriptive, mixed, bibliographic, documentary investigation was carried out with primary data collection to internal and external references to ADR. The results show that the coexistence of both institutions has been difficult, without defining clear roles. Promoting dialogue to define the role of each seems to be the great challenge facing the sustainability of the agency metadata Garat de Marin, Mirtha Silvana and Soriano Flores, Emmanuel and Rodríguez Velasco, Carmen Lilí and Silva Alvarado, Eduardo and Calderón Iglesias, Rubén and Álvarez, Roberto Marcelo and Gracia Villar, Santos mail silvana.marin@uneatlantico.es, emmanuel.soriano@uneatlantico.es, carmen.rodriguez@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, ruben.calderon@uneatlantico.es, roberto.alvarez@uneatlantico.es, santos.gracia@uneatlantico.es (2022) Development Agencies and Local Governments—Coexistence within the Same Territory. Social Sciences, 11 (9). p. 398. ISSN 2076-0760

Article Subjects > Psychology Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Cerrado Inglés Displaced aggression is defined as the aggression conducted against someone or something that is not considered to be the trigger of the emotional state of the aggressor. Whereas it has been deeply studied in a general context, to date, very few studies have analysed it in the specific context of driving. Considering the inexistence of instruments to assess it, the aim of the current research was to develop and validate a self-report in order to assess displaced aggression in the driving context. A sample of 467 participants (66.8% female, Mage = 34.74) filled in a set of questionnaires including the 29 items that were designed to assess traffic displaced aggression, as well as other instruments measuring different ways of expressing both general and driving aggression. The results of both Parallel Analysis (PA, sub-sample 1) and Confirmatory Factor Analysis (CFA, sub-sample 2) showed a good fit of the two-factor model, retaining 20 out of the initial 29 items. The first factor was labelled as Displaced aggression due to the anger generated outside the vehicle (6 items, α = 0.83), whereas the second factor was labelled as Displaced aggression due to the anger generated inside the vehicle (14 items, α = 0.91). Both factors, as well as the total score, showed good results regarding convergent and divergent validity. Practical implications of the results, future research lines and limitations of the current study are discussed. metadata Herrero-Fernández, David and Bogdan-Ganea, Smaranda R. mail david.herrero@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED (2022) Development and validation of the traffic displaced aggression questionnaire. Transportation Research Part F: Traffic Psychology and Behaviour, 85. pp. 13-23. ISSN 13698478

Article Subjects > Nutrition Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés Background: To develop and validate a questionnaire for the screening of Vitamin D in Italian adults (Evaluation Vitamin D dEficieNCy Questionnaire, EVIDENCe-Q). Methods: 150 participants, attending the 11Clinical Nutrition and Dietetics Operative Unit, Internal Medicine and Endocrinology, Istituti Clinici Scientifici Maugeri IRCCS, of Pavia were enrolled. Demographic variables and serum levels of vitamin D were recorded. The EVIDENCe-Q included information regarding factors affecting the production, intake, absorption and metabolism of Vitamin D. The EVIDENCe-Q score ranged from 0 (the best status) to 36 (the worst status). Results: Participants showed an inadequate status of Vitamin D, according to the current Italian reference values. A significant difference (p < 0.0001) in the EVIDENCe-Q score was found among the three classes of vitamin D status (severe deficiency, deficiency and adequate), being the mean score higher in severe deficiency and lower in the adequate one. A threshold value for EVIDENCe-Q score of 23 for severe deficiency, a threshold value of 21 for deficiency and a threshold value of 20 for insufficiency were identified. According to these thresholds, the prevalence of severe deficiency, deficiency and insufficiency was 22%, 35.3% and 43.3% of the study population, respectively. Finally, participants with EVIDENCe-Q scores <20 had adequate levels of vitamin D. Conclusions: EVIDENCe-Q can be a useful and easy screening tool for clinicians in their daily practice at a reasonable cost, to identify subjects potentially at risk of vitamin D deficiency and to avoid unwarranted supplementation and/or costly blood testing. metadata De Giuseppe, Rachele and Tomasinelli, Chiara Elena and Cena, Hellas and Braschi, Valentina and Giampieri, Francesca and Preatoni, Giorgia and Centofanti, Domenico and Princis, Maria Pilar and Bartoletti, Emanuele and Biino, Ginevra mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, francesca.giampieri@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED (2022) Development of a Short Questionnaire for the Screening for Vitamin D Deficiency in Italian Adults: The EVIDENCe-Q Project. Nutrients, 14 (9). p. 1772. ISSN 2072-6643

Article Subjects > Biomedicine Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés Background: Aging society faces significant health challenges, among which cognitive-related disorders are emerging. Diet quality has been recognized among the major contributors to the rising prevalence of cognitive disorders, with increasing evidence of the putative role of plant-based foods and their bioactive components, including polyphenols. Dietary polyphenols, including phytoestrogens, have been hypothesized to exert beneficial effects toward brain health through various molecular mechanisms. However, the evidence on the association between dietary phytoestrogen intake and cognitive function is limited. The aim of this study was to investigate the association between phytoestrogen intake and cognitive status in a cohort of older adults living in Sicily, Southern Italy. Methods: Dietary information from 883 individuals aged 50 years or older was collected through a validated food frequency questionnaire. Cognitive status was assessed through the Short Portable Mental Status Questionnaire. Results: The highest total isoflavone (including daidzein and genistein) intake was inversely associated with cognitive impairment compared to the lowest (odds ratio (OR) = 0.43, 95% confidence interval (CI): 0.20–0.92). Higher intake of total lignans and, consistently, all individual compounds (with the exception of secoisolariciresinol) were inversely associated with cognitive impairment only in the unadjusted model. Conclusions: A higher intake of phytoestrogens, especially isoflavones, was associated with a better cognitive status in a cohort of older Italian individuals living in Sicily. Taking into account the very low intake of isoflavones in Italian diets, it is noteworthy to further investigate selected populations with habitual consumption of such compounds to test whether these results may be generalized to the Italian population. metadata Giampieri, Francesca and Godos, Justyna and Caruso, Giuseppe and Owczarek, Marcin and Jurek, Joanna and Castellano, Sabrina and Ferri, Raffaele and Caraci, Filippo and Grosso, Giuseppe mail francesca.giampieri@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED (2022) Dietary Phytoestrogen Intake and Cognitive Status in Southern Italian Older Adults. Biomolecules, 12 (6). p. 760. ISSN 2218-273X

Article Subjects > Nutrition Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés The present study was designed to examine if dietary fat sources that have shown differences in lifespan and if some aging-related aspects can modulate the range of histopathologic changes in central nervous and endocrine systems that occur during the lifespan of Wistar rats. Moreover, it was attempted to gain insight into the relationship between longevity and the development of the different pathological changes, as well as possible interaction with diet. In order to achieve this, male Wistar rats were randomly assigned to three experimental groups fed semisynthetic and isoenergetic diets from weaning until death with different dietary fat sources, namely virgin olive, sunflower, or fish oil. An individual follow-up until death of each animal was performed. Incidence, severity, and burden of specific or group (i.e., neoplastic or non-neoplastic proliferative and non-proliferative) of lesions was calculated along with individual's disease and individual organ lesion burden. Most of the histopathological lesions found have been described in previous studies. Neoplasms, and in particular pituitary adenomas followed by brain tumors, were the most prevalent lesions found in the rats and the main cause of death involving both systems. Incidence of brain lesions was associated with age-at-death. Assayed dietary fats did not present differential effects on pathological changes occurring in endocrine and central nervous systems throughout rat lifespan. metadata Varela-López, Alfonso and Ramírez-Tortosa, César L. and Ramos-Pleguezuelos, Francisco M. and Márquez-Lobo, Bélgica and Battino, Maurizio and Quiles, José L. mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, maurizio.battino@uneatlantico.es, jose.quiles@uneatlantico.es (2022) Differences reported in the lifespan and aging of male Wistar rats maintained on diets containing fat with different fatty acid profiles (virgin olive, sunflower or fish oils) are not reflected by histopathological lesions found at death in central nervous and endocrine systems. Food and Chemical Toxicology, 168. p. 113357. ISSN 02786915

Article Subjects > Teaching Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés This paper studies undergraduate student attitudes towards team-based projects, connecting those attitudes to challenges and overall perception of this work. This study was conducted with 220 students in the context of three subjects taught at a Spanish University, that included collaborative projects as mandatory assignments to be developed over the course of the subject. The instrument was a Likert scale-based questionnaire. As a methodology, the Rasch model was used, making it possible to apply indirect measuring of students’ development level of various skills. The findings point to the difficulty in solving specific communication needs and managing students’ involvement and commitment to the project. The results obtained through Differential Item Functioning analysis (DIF) show that gender, year of study, students’ age, academic degrees, and the context of curricular subjects influence significantly the acquisition of skills related to collaborative work, facilitating or hindering their development among university students. These results have practical implications for the design of collaborative projects within higher education academic programs. They also suggest that the way collaborative work is usually planned is not very effective and should be reconsidered. metadata Alexeeva-Alexeev, Inna and Vidal Mazón, Juan Luis and Brito Ballester, Julién and Ruiz Salces, Roberto and Gracia Villar, Mónica and Mazas Pérez-Oleaga, Cristina mail inna.alexeeva@uneatlantico.es, juanluis.vidal@uneatlantico.es, julien.brito@uneatlantico.es, roberto.ruiz@uneatlantico.es, monica.gracia@uneatlantico.es, cristina.mazas@uneatlantico.es (2022) Do Young People Really Know How to Collaborate for Common Success? Study on Undergraduate Students’ Perception of Collaborative Work in a Spanish University. Teaching and Learning Inquiry, 10. ISSN 2167-4779

Article Subjects > Nutrition Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés In a world where 1 billion people suffer from hunger, lands and seas are overexploited and production systems are unsustainable, and there is an urgent need to find alternative foods. In this context, insects represent a good source of macro- and micronutrients and even bioactive compounds that could contribute to reducing nutritional deficiency and preventing some human diseases. However, some aspects related to their consumption, including health risks, need to be clarified. This communication aims to summarize the nutritional/phytochemical profile of common edible insects and the main safety concerns, highlighting the possible strategies to promote entomophagy in a more conscious way. metadata Giampieri, Francesca and Alvarez‐Suarez, José M. and Machì, Michele and Cianciosi, Danila and Navarro‐Hortal, Maria D. and Battino, Maurizio mail francesca.giampieri@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, maurizio.battino@uneatlantico.es (2022) Edible insects: A novel nutritious, functional, and safe food alternative. Food Frontiers. ISSN 2643-8429

Article Subjects > Physical Education and Sport Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Abierto Español Introducción: Las caídas se consideran como uno de los síndromes geriátricos más importantes por su alta incidencia en los adultos mayores de 65 años. Las caídas pueden generar diversas e importantes consecuencias físicas y/o psicológicas, deterioro funcional, dependencia e incluso la muerte. Objetivo: Determinar la efectividad del entrenamiento propioceptivo para prevenir el riesgo de caídas en el adulto mayor de 65 años residente en un hogar de reposo en el km 1 vía a Dapa, Valle del Cauca. Metodología: Se realizó una investigación cuasiexperimental de corte transversal, con muestra no probabilística constituida por 12 mujeres y 3 hombres adultos mayores de 65 años residentes en un hogar de reposo, participando de manera voluntaria en un entrenamiento propioceptivo de 6 semanas, dos veces a la semana durante los meses de marzo y abril de 2021. La factibilidad de la propuesta de ejercicios propioceptivos se validó a partir de la técnica de investigación grupo nominal. Los resultados incluyeron las pruebas Short Physical Performance Battery (SPPB) y Timed up and go (TUG) evaluadas pre y post intervención. Resultados: Hubo diferencias significativas en el nivel de funcionalidad pre- post intervención, (p<0,05), las dos variables (nivel de riesgo de caída y nivel de funcionalidad) se correlacionan en sentido inverso (p<0,05). Conclusiones: El entrenamiento propioceptivo es efectivo para mejorar el equilibrio estático/dinámico, la velocidad de la marcha y fuerza de extremidades inferiores en los adultos mayores de 65 años que residen en un hogar de reposo. metadata Vélez Alape, Natalia and Hernández Cruz, Leonardo de Jesús and Velarde-Sotres, Álvaro mail UNSPECIFIED, eonardo.hernandez@unib.org, alvaro.velarde@uneatlantico.es (2022) Efecto de un entrenamiento propioceptivo para prevenir el riesgo de caída en adultos mayores. MLS Sport Research, 2 (2).

Article Subjects > Nutrition Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés Tree nuts, including Brazil nuts, have been hypothesized to impact cardiovascular health through the modulation of oxidative stress and inflammation. Nonetheless, a quantitative analysis of these effects has not been performed. Therefore, the aim of this study was to systematically revise and quantify the effect of Brazil nut intervention on selenium status, blood lipids, and biomarkers of oxidative stress and inflammation using a meta-analytical approach. To meet the goals of this study, a systematic search of PubMed, EMBASE, and Web of Science databases of published randomised clinical trials reporting on dietary interventions with Brazil nuts and their effects on selenium status, blood lipids, and markers of oxidative stress and inflammation was performed. Eight articles were included for systematic review and meta-analysis. Based on the conducted analysis, a significant positive effect of Brazil nuts on selenium blood concentration (SMD = 6.93, 95% CI: 3.99; 9.87) was found. Additionally, a positive effect of Brazil nut intervention on glutathione peroxidase activity (SMD = 0.53, 95% CI: 0.07; 0.99) was observed. However, no significant results were found when considering blood lipid levels, including results for total cholesterol (SMD = −0.22, 95% CI: −0.57; 0.14), HDL cholesterol (SMD = −0.04, 95% CI: −0.28; 0.19) and LDL cholesterol (SMD = −0.15; 95% CI: −0.43; 0.13). In conclusion, the findings from this study suggest that Brazil nut consumption improves selenium status and exerts antioxidant effects, which could be considered a potential pathway for the prevention of metabolic disorders related to altered blood lipid profiles. However, further studies are needed to elucidate the effect of Brazil nuts toward blood lipid profile, also preferably controlling for other biomarkers. metadata Godos, Justyna and Giampieri, Francesca and Micek, Agnieszka and Battino, Maurizio and Forbes-Hernández, Tamara Y. and Quiles, José L. and Paladino, Nadia and Falzone, Luca and Grosso, Giuseppe mail UNSPECIFIED, francesca.giampieri@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, maurizio.battino@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, jose.quiles@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED (2022) Effect of Brazil Nuts on Selenium Status, Blood Lipids, and Biomarkers of Oxidative Stress and Inflammation: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Randomized Clinical Trials. Antioxidants, 11 (2). p. 403. ISSN 2076-3921

Article Subjects > Nutrition Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés The aim of this review was to explore existing evidence from studies conducted on humans and summarize the mechanisms of action of dietary polyphenols on vascular health, blood pressure and hypertension. There is evidence that some polyphenol-rich foods, including berry fruits rich in anthocyanins, cocoa and green tea rich in flavan-3-ols, almonds and pistachios rich in hydroxycinnamic acids, and soy products rich in isoflavones, are able to improve blood pressure levels. A variety of mechanisms can elucidate the observed effects. Some limitations of the evidence, including variability of polyphenol content in plant-derived foods and human absorption, difficulty disentangling the effects of polyphenols from other dietary compounds, and discrepancy of doses between animal and human studies should be taken into account. While no single food counteracts hypertension, adopting a plant-based dietary pattern including a variety of polyphenol-rich foods is an advisable practice to improve blood pressure metadata Grosso, Giuseppe and Godos, Justyna and Currenti, Walter and Micek, Agnieszka and Falzone, Luca and Libra, Massimo and Giampieri, Francesca and Forbes-Hernández, Tamara Y. and Quiles, José L. and Battino, Maurizio and La Vignera, Sandro and Galvano, Fabio mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, francesca.giampieri@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, jose.quiles@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED (2022) The Effect of Dietary Polyphenols on Vascular Health and Hypertension: Current Evidence and Mechanisms of Action. Nutrients, 14 (3). p. 545. ISSN 2072-6643

Article Subjects > Biomedicine
Subjects > Engineering
Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Fundación Universitaria Internacional de Colombia > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Universidad Internacional do Cuanza > Research > Scientific Production
Abierto Inglés The diagnosis of early-stage lung cancer is challenging due to its asymptomatic nature, especially given the repeated radiation exposure and high cost of computed tomography(CT). Examining the lung CT images to detect pulmonary nodules, especially the cell lung cancer lesions, is also tedious and prone to errors even by a specialist. This study proposes a cancer diagnostic model based on a deep learning-enabled support vector machine (SVM). The proposed computer-aided design (CAD) model identifies the physiological and pathological changes in the soft tissues of the cross-section in lung cancer lesions. The model is first trained to recognize lung cancer by measuring and comparing the selected profile values in CT images obtained from patients and control patients at their diagnosis. Then, the model is tested and validated using the CT scans of both patients and control patients that are not shown in the training phase. The study investigates 888 annotated CT scans from the publicly available LIDC/IDRI database. The proposed deep learning-assisted SVM-based model yields 94% accuracy for pulmonary nodule detection representing early-stage lung cancer. It is found superior to other existing methods including complex deep learning, simple machine learning, and the hybrid techniques used on lung CT images for nodule detection. Experimental results demonstrate that the proposed approach can greatly assist radiologists in detecting early lung cancer and facilitating the timely management of patients. metadata Shafi, Imran and Din, Sadia and Khan, Asim and Díez, Isabel De La Torre and Pali-Casanova, Ramón and Tutusaus, Kilian and Ashraf, Imran mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, ramon.pali@unini.edu.mx, kilian.tutusaus@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED (2022) An Effective Method for Lung Cancer Diagnosis from CT Scan Using Deep Learning-Based Support Vector Network. Cancers, 14 (21). p. 5457. ISSN 2072-6694

Article Subjects > Nutrition Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés In order to improve the recovery process in combat sports disciplines, ergo-nutritional strategies could be an effective option in training and competition. Some of these ergo-nutritional aids could improve performance but literature references are scarce, with controversial results regarding actual recovery effects. This systematic review aimed to examine which ergo-nutritional methods are most effective for assisting in the recovery process in combat sports, and to determine the appropriate training stimuli. This systematic review was carried out following the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Review (PRISMA) guidelines. A computerized search was performed in PubMed, Web of Science, the Cochrane Collaboration Database, Evidence Database, Evidence Based Medicine Search review, National Guidelines, EM-BASE, Scopus and Google Scholar system (from 1995 to April 30, 2021). The PICOS model was used to define inclusion and exclusion criteria. Out of 123 studies initially found, 18 met the eligibility criteria and were included in the review. Data from 367 athletes from different disciplines were examined. The evidence was grouped in 4 areas: oxidative stress, muscle and energy recovery, muscle repair, and metabolic acidosis. Evidence showed that vitamins, minerals, and some natural ergo-nutritional products are effective as antioxidants. Carbohydrates and protein determine the recovery effect. Sodium bicarbonate has a role as primary acidosis metabolic delayer. Accordingly, ergo-nutritional aids can help in the recovery process. Considering the effects outlined in the literature, more studies are needed to provide firm evidence. metadata López Laval, Isaac and Marqués Giménez, Diego and Velarde-Sotres, Álvaro and Sitko, Sebastian and Calleja Gonzalez, Julio mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, alvaro.velarde@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED (2022) Effects of ergo-nutritional strategies on recovery in combat sports disciplines. Nutrición Hospitalaria. ISSN 0212-1611

Article Subjects > Engineering Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés, Español El objetivo general fue determinar la eficacia de la implementación de un Sistema de Información para el Seguimiento de Indicadores de Gestión en el incremento de sentencias o autos finales de los juzgados civiles de la Corte Superior de Justicia de Tacna – 2019. El tipo de investigación según su función es cuantitativo, desde un diseño preexperimental con subcategoría cuasiexperimental y un corte de investigación longitudinal. Se tomaron la totalidad de expedientes judiciales en los juzgados civiles durante el período 2018 y 2019 para poder llevar a cabo la evaluación de la eficacia del Sistema de Información. Para la construcción de la propuesta de solución se utilizó una metodología simplificada del proceso de extracción, transformación y carga de datos y para la elaboración del Sistema de Información se aplicó la metodología del Proceso Unificado Ágil. La conclusión principal fue que la implementación de un Sistema de Información para el Seguimiento de Indicadores de Gestión como una medida de e-Gobierno, sirvió para resolver la necesidad de incremento en la emisión de Sentencias y Autos Finales, teniendo al final de la experimentación una reducción de 3% en el tiempo de calificación de los expedientes, y a pesar de que se incrementó el tiempo en trámite de los expedientes judiciales en un 4%, se demostró que la cantidad de sentencias y autos finales tuvieron un incremento de 165 en los Juzgados Civiles de la Corte Superior de Justicia de Tacna para el período 2019 en comparación con el período 2018. metadata Domingo Soriano, Saúl and Arambarri, Jon and Flor Rodríguez, Alberto Johnatan mail saul_domingo@funiber.org, jon.arambarri@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED (2022) Egobierno: sistema de información para el seguimiento de indicadores y su incidencia en la producción judicial - caso Perú. Project Design and Management, 4 (1). pp. 20-35. ISSN 2683-1597

Article Subjects > Psychology Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Cerrado Inglés The aim of this study was to examine the potential moderating effect of baseline emotion regulation skills—cognitive reappraisal and expressive suppression—on the relationship between treatment allocation and treatment outcomes in primary care patients with emotional symptoms. A total of 631 participants completed scales to evaluate emotion regulation, anxiety, depression, functioning, and quality of life (QoL). The moderation analysis was carried out using the SPSS PROCESS macro, version 3.5. Expressive suppression was a significant moderator in the relationship between treatment allocation and treatment outcomes in terms of symptoms of anxiety (b= -0.530, p=.026), depression (b= -0.812, p= .004) and QoL (b= 0.156, p= .048). Cognitive reappraisal only acted as a moderator in terms of QoL (b= 0.217, p= .028). The findings of this study show that participants with higher scores of expressive suppression benefitted more from the addition of TD-CBT to TAU in terms of anxiety and depressive symptoms and QoL. Individuals with higher levels of cognitive reappraisal obtained a greater benefit in terms of QoL from the addition of psychological treatment to TAU. These results underscore the relevant role that emotion regulation skills play in the outcomes of psychological therapy for emotional symptoms. metadata Barrio-Martínez, Sara and González-Blanch, César and Priede, Amador and Muñoz-Navarro, Roger and Adrián Medrano, Leonardo and Antonio Moriana, Juan and Carpallo-González, María and Ventura, Ludovica and Ruíz-Rodríguez, Paloma and Cano-Vindel, Antonio mail UNSPECIFIED, cesar.gonzalezblanch@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED (2022) Emotion Regulation as a Moderator of Outcomes of Transdiagnostic Group Cognitive-Behavioural Therapy for Emotional Disorders. Behavior Therapy. ISSN 00057894

Article Subjects > Engineering Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés Genotype, environment, and cultivation system strongly influence strawberry yield and quality. Specifically, the growth of strawberry plants is dependent on the water supply. Nevertheless, the abuse of water in agriculture is necessitating the choice of the lowest water-consumptive plants. The following study showed the performance of ‘Romina’, ‘Sibilla’, and ‘Cristina’ cultivars, grown in open-field conditions, and treated with three doses of water (W): 100% local standard regime, and 20% (W80) and 40% (W60) reductions. The average amount of water administered for W100, W80, and W60 was 1120 m3 ha−1, 891 m3 ha−1, and 666 m3 ha−1, respectively. The water treatment at W60 negatively affected the plant growth and yield, resulting in reduced plant height, leaf number, leaf length and width, and a minor yield. Instead, fruit quality showed higher values of total soluble solids and titratable acidity. Conversely, plants watered with W80 showed results similar to the control (W100) in terms of development and yield. In conclusion, it is possible to assume that a reduction of water is desirable, guaranteeing economic and environmental gains for farmers. metadata Marcellini, Micol and Mazzoni, Luca and Raffaelli, Davide and Pergolotti, Valeria and Balducci, Francesca and Capocasa, Franco and Mezzetti, Bruno mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, bruno.mezzetti@uneatlantico.es (2022) Evaluation of Single-Cropping under Reduced Water Supply in Strawberry Cultivation. Agronomy, 12 (6). p. 1396. ISSN 2073-4395

Article Subjects > Engineering Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Fundación Universitaria Internacional de Colombia > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Universidad Internacional do Cuanza > Research > Scientific Production
Abierto Inglés The purpose of this article is to help to bridge the gap between sustainability and its application to project management by developing a methodology based on artificial intelligence to diagnose, classify, and forecast the level of sustainability of a sample of 186 projects aimed at local communities in Latin American and Caribbean countries. First, the compliance evaluation with the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) within the framework of the 2030 Agenda served to diagnose and determine, through fuzzy sets, a global sustainability index for the sample, resulting in a value of 0.638, in accordance with the overall average for the region. Probabilistic predictions were then made on the sustainability of the projects using a series of supervised learning classifiers (SVM, Random Forest, AdaBoost, KNN, etc.), with the SMOTE resampling technique, which provided a significant improvement toward the results of the different metrics of the base models. In this context, the Support Vector Machine (SVM) + SMOTE was the best classification algorithm, with accuracy of 0.92. Lastly, the extrapolation of this methodology is to be expected toward other realities and local circumstances, contributing to the fulfillment of the SDGs and the development of individual and collective capacities through the management and direction of projects. metadata García Villena, Eduardo and Pascual Barrera, Alina Eugenia and Álvarez, Roberto Marcelo and Dzul López, Luis Alonso and Tutusaus, Kilian and Vidal Mazón, Juan Luis and Miró Vera, Yini Airet and Brie, Santiago and López Flores, Miguel A. mail eduardo.garcia@uneatlantico.es, alina.pascual@unini.edu.mx, roberto.alvarez@uneatlantico.es, luis.dzul@uneatlantico.es, kilian.tutusaus@uneatlantico.es, juanluis.vidal@uneatlantico.es, yini.miro@uneatlantico.es, santiago.brie@uneatlantico.es, miguelangel.lopez@uneatlantico.es (2022) Evaluation of the Sustainable Development Goals in the Diagnosis and Prediction of the Sustainability of Projects Aimed at Local Communities in Latin America and the Caribbean. Applied Sciences, 12 (21). p. 11188. ISSN 2076-3417

Article Subjects > Engineering Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Cerrado Inglés Recently, the Internet of Medical Things (IoMT) could offload healthcare services to 5 G edge computing for low latency. However, some existing works assumed altruistic patients will sacrifice Quality of Service (QoS) for the global optimum. For priority-aware and deadline-sensitive healthcare, this sufficient and simplified assumption will undermine the engagement enthusiasm, i.e., unfairness. To address this issue, we propose a long-term proportional fairness-driven 5 G edge healthcare, i.e., FairHealth. First, we establish a long-term Nash bargaining game to model the service offloading, considering the stochastic demand and dynamic environment. We then design a Lyapunov-based proportional-fairness resource scheduling algorithm, which decouples the long-term fairness problem into single-slot sub-problems, realizing a trade-off between service stability and fairness. Moreover, we propose a block-coordinate descent method to iteratively solve non-convex fair sub-problems. Simulation results show that our scheme can improve 74.44% of the fairness index (i.e., Nash product), compared with the classic global time-optimal scheme. metadata Lin, Xi and Wu, Jun and Bashir, Ali Kashif and Yang, Wu and Singh, Aman and AlZubi, Ahmad Ali mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, aman.singh@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED (2022) FairHealth: Long-Term Proportional Fairness-Driven 5G Edge Healthcare in Internet of Medical Things. IEEE Transactions on Industrial Informatics. pp. 1-10. ISSN 1551-3203

Article Subjects > Biomedicine Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés The connective tissue or fascia plays key roles in maintaining bodily function and health. The fascia is made up of solid and fluid portions, which interpenetrate and interact with each other, forming a polymorphic three-dimensional network. In the vast panorama of literature there is no univocal thought on the nomenclature and terminology that best represents the concept of fascia. The Foundation of Osteopathic Research and Clinical Endorsement (FORCE) organization brings together various scientific figures in a multidisciplinary perspective. FORCE tries to find a common nomenclature that can be shared, starting from the scientific notions currently available. Knowledge of the fascial continuum should always be at the service of the clinician and never become an exclusive for the presence of copyright, or commodified for the gain of a few. FORCE is a non-profit organization serving all professionals who deal with patient health. The article reviews the concepts of fascia, including some science subjects rarely considered, to gain an understanding of the broader fascial topic, and proposing new concepts, such as the holographic fascia. metadata Bordoni, Bruno and Escher, Allan R and Tobbi, Filippo and Pianese, Luigi and Ciardo, Antonio and Yamahata, Jay and Hernandez, Saul and Sanchez, Oscar mail UNSPECIFIED (2022) Fascial Nomenclature: Update 2022. Cureus, 14 (6). ISSN 2168-8184

Article Subjects > Engineering Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Abierto Inglés The rapid expansion of Internet of Things (IoT) devices deploys various sensors in different applications like homes, cities and offices. IoT applications depend upon the accuracy of sensor data. So, it is necessary to predict faults in the sensor and isolate their cause. A novel primitive technique named fall curve is presented in this paper which characterizes sensor faults. This technique identifies the faulty sensor and determines the correct working of the sensor. Different sources of sensor faults are explained in detail whereas various faults that occurred in sensor nodes available in IoT devices are also presented in tabular form. Fault prediction in digital and analog sensors along with methods of sensor fault prediction are described. There are several advantages and disadvantages of sensor fault prediction methods and the fall curve technique. So, some solutions are provided to overcome the limitations of the fall curve technique. In this paper, a bibliometric analysis is carried out to visually analyze 63 papers fetched from the Scopus database for the past five years. Its novelty is to predict a fault before its occurrence by looking at the fall curve. The sensing of current flow in devices is important to prevent a major loss. So, the fall curves of ACS712 current sensors configured on different devices are drawn for predicting faulty or non-faulty devices. The analysis result proved that if any of the current sensors gets faulty, then the fall curve will differ and the value will immediately drop to zero. Various evaluation metrics for fault prediction are also described in this paper. At last, this paper also addresses some possible open research issues which are important to deal with false IoT sensor data. metadata Uppal, Mudita and Gupta, Deepali and Anand, Divya and S. Alharithi, Fahd and Almotiri, Jasem and Ortega-Mansilla, Arturo and Singh, Dinesh and Goyal, Nitin mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, arturo.ortega@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED (2022) Fault Pattern Diagnosis and Classification in Sensor Nodes Using Fall Curve. Computers, Materials & Continua, 72 (1). pp. 1799-1814. ISSN 1546-2226

Article Subjects > Biomedicine Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés When you are part of a community, especially a scientific one, you are required to contribute significantly to its welfare, because the community as a whole represents each individual within it and, in turn, determines the wellbeing of the participants themselves. metadata Battino, Maurizio mail maurizio.battino@uneatlantico.es (2022) Feature Paper Special Issue for Editorial Board Members (EBMs) of Diseases. Diseases, 10 (2). p. 18. ISSN 2079-9721

Article Subjects > Biomedicine Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Abierto Inglés Antimicrobial-resistant pathogenic bacteria are an increasing problem in public health, especially in the healthcare environment, where nosocomial infection microorganisms find their niche. Among these bacteria, the genus Acinetobacter which belongs to the ESKAPE pathogenic group harbors different multi-drug resistant (MDR) species that cause human nosocomial infections. Although A. baumannii has always attracted more interest, the close-related species A. pittii is the object of more study due to the increase in its isolation and MDR strains. In this work, we present the genomic analysis of five clinically isolated A. pittii strains from a Spanish hospital, with special attention to their genetic resistance determinants and plasmid structures. All the strains harbored different genes related to β-lactam resistance, as well as different MDR efflux pumps. We also found and described, for the first time in this species, point mutations that seem linked with colistin resistance, which highlights the relevance of this comparative analysis among the pathogenic species isolates. metadata Chapartegui-González, Itziar and Lázaro-Díez, María and Ramos Vivas, Jose mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, jose.ramos@uneatlantico.es (2022) Genetic Resistance Determinants in Clinical Acinetobacter pittii Genomes. Antibiotics, 11 (5). p. 676. ISSN 2079-6382

Article Subjects > Engineering Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Universidad Internacional do Cuanza > Research > Scientific Production
Cerrado Inglés The Information Centric Networking (ICN) is a future internet architecture to support efficient content distribution in a vehicular environment. In-network caching in ICN provides a realistic solution for vehicular communication due to storage of content replicas inside network vehicles. However, the challenge still exists while caching content replicas in resource constraint vehicles ( such as limited power and cache capacity) to minimize the communication latency. To address the above mentioned challenge, this paper proposes EPC - an ICN based Energy efficient Placement of Content chunk that fits well in a vehicular environment. The proposed resource management strategy mainly aims to reduce the content fetching delay by caching content replicas towards the network edge router. The EPC strategy decides on placement of content chunks on each vehicle by jointly considering residual power of current vehicle, local popularity of content, and caching gain. The EPC supports efficient utilization of network available resources by allowing only vehicles with their residual power greater than threshold to perform chunk caching and hence, further offers reduced content duplication in the whole network. The effectiveness of the proposed scheme is evaluated in Icarus- an ICN simulator for analyzing the performance of ICN caching and routing strategies. The EPC outperforms various state of the art caching strategies approximately by 30% when gets evaluated in terms of offered cache hit ratio, content retrieval delay, and the average number of hops utilized for fetching the requested content. metadata Gupta, Divya and Rani, Shalli and Singh, Aman and Rodrigues, Joel J. P. C. mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, aman.singh@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED (2022) ICN Based Efficient Content Caching Scheme for Vehicular Networks. IEEE Transactions on Intelligent Transportation Systems. pp. 1-9. ISSN 1524-9050

Article Subjects > Engineering Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Universidad Internacional do Cuanza > Research > Scientific Production
Abierto Inglés Food and agriculture are significant aspects that can meet the food demand estimated by the Food Agriculture Organization (FAO) by 2050. In addition to this, the United Nations sustainable development goals recommended implementing sustainable practices to meet food demand to achieve sustainability. Currently, aquaponics is one of the sustainable practices that require less land and water and has a low environmental impact. Aquaponics is a closed-loop and soil-less method of farming, where it requires intensive monitoring, control, and management. The advancement of wireless sensors and communication protocols empowered to implementation of an Internet of Things- (IoT-) based system for real-time monitoring, control, and management in aquaponics. This study presents a review of the wireless technology implementation and progress in aquaponics. Based on the review, the study discusses the significant water and environmental parameters of aquaponics. Followed by this, the study presents the implementation of remote, IoT, and ML-based monitoring of aquaponics. Finally, the review presents the recommendations such as edge and fog-based vision nodes, machine learning models for prediction, LoRa-based sensor nodes, and gateway-based architecture that are beneficial for the enhancement of wireless aquaponics and also for real-time prediction in the future. metadata Gayam, Kiran Kumari and Jain, Anuj and Gehlot, Anita and Singh, Rajesh and Akram, Shaik Vaseem and Singh, Aman and Anand, Divya and Delgado Noya, Irene and Ahmad, Shafiq mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, aman.singh@unic.co.ao, divya.anand@uneatlantico.es, irene.delgado@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED (2022) Imperative Role of Automation and Wireless Technologies in Aquaponics Farming. Wireless Communications and Mobile Computing, 2022. pp. 1-13. ISSN 1530-8669

Article Subjects > Engineering Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés A wireless body area network (WBAN) is a technology that is widely employed in the medical sector. It is a low-cost network that allows for mobility and variation. It can be used for long-distance, semiautonomous remote monitoring without interfering with people’s regular schedules. Detection devices are embedded in the human body in a simple WBAN configuration to continuously screen physiological boundaries or critical pointers. Confidence among shareholders (for example, medical care suppliers, clients, and medical teachers) is recognized as an essential achievement factor for data stream reliability in such an organization. Given the inherent characteristics of remote locations, it is critical to exercise confidence and security when conducting remote comprehension testing. In the present scenario, WBAN has majorly contributed towards healthcare and its application in medical services. Solid correspondence systems are frequently used to address trust and security concerns on WBANs. In terms of purpose, we present in this study a communication approach built on trust to protect the WBAN’s integrity and confidentiality. For ensuring authenticity, an enhanced bilingual distribution-based trust-management system (PDATMS) approach is used, while a cryptographic system is used to maintain anonymity. A MATLAB simulator is used to evaluate the performance of the recommended program. The recommended approach, according to the release information, improves accuracy by 96%, service delivery rate by 99%, throughput by 99%, as well as confidence, while reducing average latency metadata Singh, Sunny and Chawla, Muskaan and Prasad, Devendra and Anand, Divya and Alharbi, Abdullah and Alosaimi, Wael mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, divya.anand@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED (2022) An Improved Binomial Distribution-Based Trust Management Algorithm for Remote Patient Monitoring in WBANs. Sustainability, 14 (4). p. 2141. ISSN 2071-1050

Article Subjects > Engineering Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Abierto Inglés In Smart Cities’ applications, Multi-node cooperative spectrum sensing (CSS) can boost spectrum sensing efficiency in cognitive wireless networks (CWN), although there is a non-linear interaction among number of nodes and sensing efficiency. Cooperative sensing by nodes with low computational cost is not favorable to improving sensing reliability and diminishes spectrum sensing energy efficiency, which poses obstacles to the regular operation of CWN. To enhance the evaluation and interpretation of nodes and resolves the difficulty of sensor selection in cognitive sensor networks for energy-efficient spectrum sensing. We examined reducing energy usage in smart cities while substantially boosting spectrum detecting accuracy. In optimizing energy effectiveness in spectrum sensing while minimizing complexity, we use the energy detection for spectrum sensing and describe the challenge of sensor selection. This article proposed the algorithm for choosing the sensing nodes while reducing the energy utilization and improving the sensing efficiency. All the information regarding nodes is saved in the fusion center (FC) through which blockchain encrypts the information of nodes ensuring that a node’s trust value conforms to its own without any ambiguity, CWN-FC pick high-performance nodes to engage in CSS. The performance evaluation and computation results shows the comparison between various algorithms with the proposed approach which achieves 10% sensing efficiency in finding the solution for identification and triggering possibilities with the value of α=1.5 and γ=2.5 with the varying number of nodes. metadata Rani, Shalli and Babbar, Himanshi and Shah, Syed Hassan Ahmed and Singh, Aman mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, aman.singh@uneatlantico.es (2022) Improvement of energy conservation using blockchain-enabled cognitive wireless networks for smart cities. Scientific Reports, 12 (1). ISSN 2045-2322

Article Subjects > Physical Education and Sport Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés, Español El fútbol es el deporte universalmente más popular y el más extendido, lo que implica, además, ser uno de los deportes de equipo con mayor IL. Las lesiones afectan de manera negativa al rendimiento del deportista y del equipo. El objetivo de este estudio fue conocer las lesiones producidas a lo largo de la temporada 2016/2017 de la primera y segunda división española en función del tipo de lesión, posición del jugador, minuto en que se produce la lesión y la edad del jugador. Se trata de un estudio descriptivo, en el cual la muestra fue conformada por los jugadores de los 42 equipos de la Liga Santander y la Liga 123 del fútbol español. Las lesiones más comunes han sido las lesiones musculares (>50%), aumentando en la Liga 123 hasta el 75% de la incidencia. Los deportistas que más lesiones sufrieron fueron los defensas (>40%) mientras que los porteros registraron el menor IL (<4%). Este hecho se puede deber a la menor distancia recorrida tanto a una intensidad normal como a la distancia recorrida a alta intensidad. Los deportistas comprendidos entre los 21 y los 29 años padecieron un mayor número de lesiones (>35%) y, además, ocurrieron en gran parte durante la segunda mitad del partido metadata Mecías-Calvo, Marcos and Magni Cruz, Alejandro and Gómez Cárdaba, Álvaro mail marcos.mecias@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED (2022) Incidencia lesional en el fútbol. MLS Sport Research, 2 (1). ISSN 2792-7156

Article Subjects > Social Sciences Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Fundación Universitaria Internacional de Colombia > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Universidad Internacional do Cuanza > Research > Scientific Production
Abierto Inglés Angola, as with many countries on the African continent, has great inequalities or asymmetries between its provinces. At the economic, financial, and technological level, there is a great disparity between them, where it is observed that the province of Luanda is the largest financial business center to the detriment of others, such as Moxico, Zaire, and Cabinda. In the latter, despite the advantages of high oil production, from a regional point of view, they remain almost stagnant in time, in a social dysfunction where the population lives on extractivism and artisanal fishing. This article analyzes the most important events in contemporary regional history, the Portuguese occupation that was the Portuguese colonial rule over Angola (1890–1930) and the civil war that was a struggle between Angolans for control of the country (1975–2002), in the consolidation of the asymmetries between provinces. For this work, a theoretical-reflective study was conducted based on the reading of books, articles, and previous investigations on the phenomenon studied. Considering the interpretation and analysis of the theoretical content obtained through the bibliographic research conducted, this theoretical construction approaches the qualitative approach. We conclude that the deep inequalities between regions and within them, between the provinces studied, originated historically in the form of exploitation of the regions and from the consequences of the war. The asymmetries, observed through the variables studied show that the provinces historically explored and considered object regions present a lower growth compared to those that were considered subject regions in which the applied geopolitical strategy, as they are centers of primary production flows, was different. We also observe that, due to the conflicts of the civil war in the less developed regions, the inequalities have deepened, contributing seriously to a higher level of poverty and a lower development of the provinces where these conflicts took place. metadata Catoto Capitango, João Adolfo and Garat de Marin, Mirtha Silvana and Soriano Flores, Emmanuel and Rojo Gutiérrez, Marco Antonio and Gracia Villar, Mónica and Durántez Prados, Frigdiano Álvaro mail UNSPECIFIED, silvana.marin@uneatlantico.es, emmanuel.soriano@uneatlantico.es, marco.rojo@unini.edu.mx, monica.gracia@uneatlantico.es, durantez@uneatlantico.es (2022) Inequalities and Asymmetries in the Development of Angola’s Provinces: The Impact of Colonialism and Civil War. Social Sciences, 11 (8). p. 334. ISSN 2076-0760

Article Subjects > Biomedicine
Subjects > Nutrition
Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés The chemical composition and biological capacities of berries depend on environmental parameters, maturity, and location. The Andean blueberry (Vaccinium floribundum Kunth), also known as mortiño, presents a unique combination of several phytochemicals, which play a synergistic role in its characterization as a functional food. We aimed to expose the possible variations that exist in the profile of the phenolic compounds as well as the antioxidant and antimicrobial capacity of the wild Andean blueberry with respect to three ripeness stages and two different altitudes. We found that polyphenols are the predominant compounds in the berry during the early ripeness stage and are the main bioactive compounds that give rise to the antioxidant capacity and inhibition effect on the growth of gram-positive and gram-negative bacteria. Moreover, the accumulation of ascorbic acid, free amino acids, and anthocyanins increases as the ripening process progresses, and they were the main bioactive compounds in the ripe berry. The latter compounds influence the production of the typical bluish or reddish coloration of ripe blueberries. In addition, it was determined that environmental conditions at high altitudes could have a positive influence in all cases. Overall, our data provide evidence regarding the high functional value of the wild Andean blueberry. metadata Guevara-Terán, Mabel and Padilla-Arias, Katherine and Beltrán-Novoa, Andrea and González-Paramás, Ana M. and Giampieri, Francesca and Battino, Maurizio and Vásquez-Castillo, Wilson and Fernandez-Soto, Paulina and Tejera, Eduardo and Alvarez-Suarez, José M. mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, francesca.giampieri@uneatlantico.es, maurizio.battino@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED (2022) Influence of Altitudes and Development Stages on the Chemical Composition, Antioxidant, and Antimicrobial Capacity of the Wild Andean Blueberry (Vaccinium floribundum Kunth). Molecules, 27 (21). p. 7525. ISSN 1420-3049

Article Subjects > Engineering Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés Several climatic trends are generally associated with altitude, that may influence the nutritional and phytochemical composition of plants. Strawberry is considered a functional food due to biological activities and health benefits. This systematic review and meta-analysis intend to expose possible variations on physicochemical composition and antioxidant capacity of strawberries in regard to altitude. Thirty eligible studies were included for the final meta-analysis. Two altitude ranges were established: 0 – 1000 and 1000—2000 m above sea level. A random-effects model was used to obtain the results. It was discovered that total soluble solids significantly decreased with altitude. Total titratable acidity increased with altitude. Vitamin C and total anthocyanins showed a significant difference between the groups before we discarded some studies. The analysis of altitude for phenolics and antioxidant capacity evaluated for the DPPH radical scavenging method did not identify any significant differences between the studies. The findings suggest that altitude does not affect the physicochemical composition and antioxidant capacity of strawberries; nonetheless, a more exhaustive study is recommended. metadata Guevara-Terán, Mabel and Gonzalez-Paramás, Ana M. and Beltrán-Noboa, Andrea and Giampieri, Francesca and Battino, Maurizio and Tejera, Eduardo and Alvarez-Suarez, José M. mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, francesca.giampieri@uneatlantico.es, maurizio.battino@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED (2022) Influence of altitude on the physicochemical composition and antioxidant capacity of strawberry: a preliminary systematic review and meta-analysis. Phytochemistry Reviews. ISSN 1568-7767

Article Subjects > Nutrition Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés Agro-foodindustries generate colossal amounts of non-edible waste and by-products, easily accessible as raw materials for up-cycling active phytochemicals. Phenolic compounds are particularly relevant in this field given their abundance in plant residues and the market interest of their functionalities (e.g. natural antioxidant activity) as part of nutraceutical, cosmetological and biomedical formulations. In “bench-to-bedside” achievements, sample extraction is essential because valorization benefits from matrix desorption and solubilization of targeted phytocompounds. Specifically, the composition and polarity of the extractant, the optimal sample particle size and sample:solvent ratio, as well as pH, pressure and temperature are strategic for the release and stability of mobilized species. On the other hand, current green chemistry environmental rules require extraction approaches that eliminate polluting consumables and reduce energy needs. Thus, the following pages provide an update on advanced technologies for the sustainable and efficient recovery of phenolics from plant matrices. metadata Gil-Martín, Emilio and Forbes-Hernández, Tamara and Romero, Alejandro and Cianciosi, Danila and Giampieri, Francesca and Battino, Maurizio mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, maurizio.battino@uneatlantico.es (2022) Influence of the extraction method on the recovery of bioactive phenolic compounds from food industry by-products. Food Chemistry, 378. p. 131918. ISSN 03088146

Article Subjects > Biomedicine Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés Composites of polymer and graphene-based nanomaterials (GBNs) combine easy processing onto porous 3D membrane geometries due to the polymer and cellular differentiation stimuli due to GBNs fillers. Aiming to step forward to the clinical application of polymer/GBNs composites, this study performs a systematic and detailed comparative analysis of the influence of the properties of four different GBNs: (i) graphene oxide obtained from graphite chemically processes (GO); (ii) reduced graphene oxide (rGO); (iii) multilayered graphene produced by mechanical exfoliation method (Gmec); and (iv) low-oxidized graphene via anodic exfoliation (Ganodic); dispersed in polycaprolactone (PCL) porous membranes to induce astrocytic differentiation. PCL/GBN flat membranes were fabricated by phase inversion technique and broadly characterized in morphology and topography, chemical structure, hydrophilicity, protein adsorption, and electrical properties. Cellular assays with rat C6 glioma cells, as model for cell-specific astrocytes, were performed. Remarkably, low GBN loading (0.67 wt%) caused an important difference in the response of the C6 differentiation among PCL/GBN membranes. PCL/rGO and PCL/GO membranes presented the highest biomolecule markers for astrocyte differentiation. Our results pointed to the chemical structural defects in rGO and GO nanomaterials and the protein adsorption mechanisms as the most plausible cause conferring distinctive properties to PCL/GBN membranes for the promotion of astrocytic differentiation. Overall, our systematic comparative study provides generalizable conclusions and new evidences to discern the role of GBNs features for future research on 3D PCL/graphene composite hollow fiber membranes for in vitro neural models. metadata Mantecón-Oria, Marián and Tapia Martínez, Olga and Lafarga, Miguel and Berciano, María T. and Munuera, Jose M. and Villar-Rodil, Silvia and Paredes, Juan I. and Rivero, María J. and Diban, Nazely and Urtiaga, Ane mail UNSPECIFIED, olga.tapia@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED (2022) Influence of the properties of different graphene-based nanomaterials dispersed in polycaprolactone membranes on astrocytic differentiation. Scientific Reports, 12 (1). ISSN 2045-2322

Article Subjects > Engineering Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Cerrado Inglés In today’s modern world, information and communication technologies are playing an active role in increasing the standards and quality of life for the betterment of human beings. Due to these technologies, people are now learning and experiencing new things very effectively and efficiently. With the implementation of information technology (IT)-based smart technologies in music education, learners can learn and create quality music. There is a need for the employment of information technology in music classrooms. Governments and institutions need to provide adequate resources to achieve its implementation. The traditional methods of learning are not capable of providing enough quality education to students. The present study focuses on the crucial role of information technology in the enhancement of music education. The advancements in modern technologies are expanding music education very rapidly and productively. To help learners with the use of an accurate technological method for learning purposes, various features have been identified from the existing literature. Based on these identified features, different IT-based procedures are ranked by the employment of analytic hierarchy process (AHP) and TOPSIS. The outcomes of the study demonstrated the efficacy of the approachesCorr. metadata Fu, Yi and Zhang, Mengjia and Nawaz, Muhammad and Ali, Muhammad and Singh, Aman mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, aman.singh@uneatlantico.es (2022) Information technology-based revolution in music education using AHP and TOPSIS. Soft Computing. ISSN 1432-7643

Article Subjects > Engineering Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Universidad Internacional do Cuanza > Research > Scientific Production
Abierto Inglés In December 2019, a group of people in Wuhan city of Hubei province of China were found to be affected by an infection called dark etiology pneumonia. The outbreak of this pneumonia infection was declared a deadly disease by the China Center for Disease Control and Prevention on January 9, 2020, named Novel Coronavirus 2019 (nCoV-2019). This nCoV-2019 is now known as COVID-19. There is a big list of infections of this coronavirus which is present in the form of a big family. This virus can cause several diseases that usually develop with a serious problem. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), 2019-nCoV has been placed as the modern generation of Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS) and Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS) coronaviruses, so COVID-19 can repeatedly change its internal genome structure to extend its existence. Understanding and accurately predicting the mutational properties of the genome structure of COVID-19 can form a good leadership role in preventing and fighting against coronavirus. In this research paper, an analytical approach has been presented which is based on the k-means cluster technique of machine learning to find the clusters over the mutational properties of the COVID-19 viruses’ complete genome. This method would be able to act as a promising tool to monitor and track pathogenic infections in their stable and local genetics/hereditary varieties. This paper identifies five main clusters of mutations with as best in most cases in the coronavirus that could help scientists and researchers develop disease control vaccines for the transformation of coronaviruses. metadata Dumka, Ankur and Verma, Parag and Singh, Rajesh and Bhardwaj, Anuj and Alsubhi, Khalid and Anand, Divya and Delgado Noya, Irene and Aparicio Obregón, Silvia mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, divya.anand@uneatlantico.es, irene.delgado@uneatlantico.es, silvia.aparicio@uneatlantico.es (2022) Intelligent Approach for Clustering Mutations’ Nature of COVID-19 Genome. Computers, Materials & Continua, 72 (3). pp. 4453-4466. ISSN 1546-2226

Article Subjects > Engineering Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Abierto Inglés The present technological era significantly makes use of Internet-of-Things (IoT) devices for offering and implementing healthcare services. Post COVID-19, the future of the healthcare system is highly reliant upon the inculcation of Artificial-Intelligence (AI) mechanisms in its day-to-day procedures, and this is realized in its implementation using sensor-enabled smart and intelligent IoT devices for providing extensive care to patients relative to the symmetric concept. The offerings of such AI-enabled services include handling the huge amount of data processed and sensed by smart medical sensors without compromising the performance parameters, such as the response time, latency, availability, cost and processing time. This has resulted in a need to balance the load of the smart operational devices to avoid any failure of responsiveness. Thus, in this paper, a fog-based framework is proposed that can balance the load among fog nodes for handling the challenging communication and processing requirements of intelligent real-time applications. metadata Malik, Swati and Gupta, Kamali and Gupta, Deepali and Singh, Aman and Ibrahim, Muhammad and Ortega-Mansilla, Arturo and Goyal, Nitin and Hamam, Habib mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, aman.singh@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, arturo.ortega@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED (2022) Intelligent Load-Balancing Framework for Fog-Enabled Communication in Healthcare. Electronics, 11 (4). p. 566. ISSN 2079-9292

Article Subjects > Engineering Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Universidad Internacional do Cuanza > Research > Scientific Production
Abierto Inglés Education 4.0 imitates Industry 4.0 in many aspects such as technology, customs, challenges, and benefits. The remarkable advancement in embryonic technologies, including IoT (Internet of Things), Fog Computing, Cloud Computing, and Augmented and Virtual Reality (AR/VR), polishes every dimension of Industry 4.0. The constructive impacts of Industry 4.0 are also replicated in Education 4.0. Real-time assessment, irregularity detection, and alert generation are some of the leading necessities of Education 4.0. Conspicuously, this study proposes a reliable assessment, irregularity detection, and alert generation framework for Education 4.0. The proposed framework correspondingly addresses the comparable issues of Industry 4.0. The proposed study (1) recommends the use of IoT, Fog, and Cloud Computing, i.e., IFC technological integration for the implementation of Education 4.0. Subsequently, (2) the Symbolic Aggregation Approximation (SAX), Kalman Filter, and Learning Bayesian Network (LBN) are deployed for data pre-processing and classification. Further, (3) the assessment, irregularity detection, and alert generation are accomplished over SoTL (the set of threshold limits) and the Multi-Layered Bi-Directional Long Short-Term Memory (M-Bi-LSTM)-based predictive model. To substantiate the proposed framework, experimental simulations are implemented. The experimental outcomes substantiate the better performance of the proposed framework, in contrast to the other contemporary technologies deployed for the enactment of Education 4.0 metadata Verma, Anil and Anand, Divya and Singh, Aman and Vij, Rishika and Alharbi, Abdullah and Alshammari, Majid and Ortega-Mansilla, Arturo mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, aman.singh@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, arturo.ortega@uneatlantico.es (2022) IoT-Inspired Reliable Irregularity-Detection Framework for Education 4.0 and Industry 4.0. Electronics, 11 (9). p. 1436. ISSN 2079-9292

Article Subjects > Biomedicine Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Cerrado Inglés Yersiniosis, caused by the fish pathogen Yersinia ruckeri, is a serious bacterial septicaemia affecting mainly salmonids worldwide. The acute infection may result in high mortality without apparent external disease signs, while the chronic one causes moderate to considerable mortality. Survivors of yersiniosis outbreaks become carriers. Y. ruckeri is able to adhere to, and to invade, phagocytic and non-phagocytic fish cells by using unknown molecular mechanisms. The aim of this study was to describe the kinetics of cell invasion by Y. ruckeri serotype O1 biotype 1 in a fish cell line (RTG-2) originating from rainbow trout gonads. The efficiency of invasion by Y. ruckeri was found to be temperature dependent, having a maximum at 20 °C. The bacterium was able to survive up to 96 h postinfection. The incubation of the cells at 4 °C and the pre-incubation of the bacteria with sugars or heat-inactivated antiserum significantly decreased the efficiency of invasion or even completely prevented the invasion of RTG-2 cells. These findings indicate that Y. ruckeri is capable of adhering to, entering and surviving within non-phagocytic cells, and that the intracellular environment may constitute a suitable niche for this pathogen that can favour the spread of infection and/or the maintenance of a carrier state of fish. metadata Padilla, Daniel and Acosta Hernández, Begoña and Ramos Vivas, Jose and Déniz, Soraya and Rosario, Inmaculada and Martín Barrasa, José Luís and Henao, Andrés sánchez and Silva Sergent, Freddy and Ramos Sosa, María josé and García Álvarez, Natalia and Real, Fernando mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, jose.ramos@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED (2022) Kinetics of the invasion of a non-phagocytic fish cell line, RTG-2 by Yersinia ruckeri serotype O1 biotype 1. Acta Veterinaria Hungarica. ISSN 0236-6290

Book Section Subjects > Social Sciences Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Español OBJETIVOS: ‒ Estudiar los principios y fundamentos que rigen la ética deontológica de Kant y la ética teleológica de Aristóteles. ‒ Analizar las convergencias y divergencias entre ambas vertientes éticas desde la participación hermenéutica platónica. ‒ Proponer de un híbrido en el que ambas vertientes éticas tengan cabida a través del concepto platónico de «participación» entre ambas. metadata Quijano-Peña, Paula mail paula.quijano2uneatlantico.es (2022) La dicotomía ética entre la deontología frente a la teleología. In: Pensar el poder: derechos humanos y herramientas comunicativas. Dykinson, Madrid, pp. 439-446. ISBN 978-84-1122-080-4

Article Subjects > Social Sciences Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Español No cabe duda de que la literatura es un instrumento de gran utilidad para compilar y preservar todo el conocimiento que existe a lo largo de la historia en cualquiera de sus géneros y subgéneros literarios, desde la poesía, dentro del género lírico, hasta los cuentos, dentro del narrativo. Como ya señalaron otros autores germanos, tales como los Hermanos Grimm, los cuentos son testimonios esenciales a la hora de entender la configuración de las sociedades en épocas pasadas, desde su acervo cultural hasta su tradición, lo que incluye la forma de percibir la religión y su presencia explícita o implícita en ellas. Por ende, el objetivo de este trabajo es arrojar luz sobre la presencia de la religión cristiana en la sociedad austriaca del siglo XIX a través de la traducción de dos cuentos de Stifter (“Die Barmherzigkeit” (La misericordia) y “Der Tod einer Jungfrau” (Muerte de una joven)) y analizar su repercusión: hasta qué punto la religión interfiere e influye en el comportamiento de los personajes y cómo Dios puede ser representado directa o indirectamente en la literatura. metadata Quijano-Peña, Paula mail paula.quijano2uneatlantico.es (2022) La percepción de la religión cristiana en la sociedad austríaca del s. XIX a través de dos cuentos de Stifter. Revista Internacional de Religión y Espiritualidad en la Sociedad, 4 (2). pp. 15-28. ISSN 2689-3053

Article Subjects > Psychology Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés, Español Desde 1991, cuando los NIH reconocieron la cirugía bariátrica como el tratamiento más efectivo para la obesidad mórbida, el número de estos procedimientos no ha dejado de crecer. El psicólogo es una parte fundamental de este equipo multidisciplinar, y la terapia cognitivo conductual ha sido la rama más utilizada por estos profesionales. Sin embargo, se observa una gran variedad de tácticas y recursos de TCC aplicados a los pacientes de cirugía bariátrica, y el objetivo de este trabajo es clarificar la efectividad de los diferentes recursos e identificar patrones centrados en estos pacientes. El método empleado consiste en una revisión sistemática de estudios científicos de TCC para pacientes de cirugía bariátrica. Los resultados fueron el análisis comparativo de estrategias de atención individual, grupal y a distancia, factores de éxito y no éxito en las diferentes modalidades y análisis de los efectos de las comorbilidades psicológicas asociadas a la obesidad en el pronóstico de la cirugía. Las estrategias de TCC presentaron diferentes beneficios entre sí; para una correcta elección de estos recursos, se deben tener en cuenta de modo continuado e individual algunas variables, como la comorbilidad psicológica del paciente, su entorno social, autoestima y capacidad de adaptarse al postoperatorio. Igual de importante que la elección de la estrategia es respetar el tiempo y el período de terapia a lo largo del contexto quirúrgico. metadata Borrello, Priscila Deorato mail UNSPECIFIED (2022) Las estrategias de la terapia cognitivo conductual (TCC) para pacientes de cirugía bariátrica: revisión sistemática. MLS Psychology Research, 5 (1). pp. 61-79. ISSN 2605-5295

Article Subjects > Biomedicine Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés Nuclear envelope integrity is essential for compartmentalisation of nucleus and cytoplasm. Importantly, mutations in nuclear envelope-encoding genes are the second-highest cause of familial dilated cardiomyopathy. One such nuclear envelope protein that causes cardiomyopathy in humans and affects mouse heart development is Lem2. However, its role in mechanically active tissue such as heart remains poorly understood. We generated mice in which Lem2 was specifically ablated in cardiomyocytes and carried out detailed physiological, tissue and cellular analyses. Importantly, our data showed that Lem2 was essential for cardiac development, and hearts from Lem2 cKO mice were morphologically and transcriptionally underdeveloped. Lem2 cKO hearts displayed high levels of DNA damage, nuclear rupture, and apoptosis. Crucially, we found that these defects were driven by muscle contraction as they were ameliorated by inhibiting myosin contraction and conversely were exacerbated upon myosin activation. Our data suggest that Lem2 is critical for integrity at the nascent nuclear envelope in fetal hearts, and protects the nucleus from the mechanical forces of muscle contraction. Taken together, these data provide novel insight into mechanisms underlying striated muscle diseases caused by altered nuclear envelope integrity. metadata Ross, Jacob A. and Arcos-Villacis, Nathaly and Battey, Edmund and Boogerd, Cornelis and Marhuenda, Emilie and Hodzic, Didier and Prin, Fabrice and Mohun, Tim and Catibog, Norman and Tapia Martínez, Olga and Gerace, Larry and Iskratsch, Thomas and Shah, Ajay M. and Stroud, Matthew J. mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, olga.tapia@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED (2022) Lem2 is essential for cardiac development by maintaining nuclear integrity. bioRxiv. (Unpublished)

Article Subjects > Engineering Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Abierto Inglés Remarkable progress in the Internet of Things (IoT) and the requirements in the Industrial era have raised new constraints of industrial data where huge data are gathered by heterogeneous devices. Recently, Industry 4.0 has attracted attention in various fields of industries such as medicines, automobiles, logistics, etc. However, every field is suffering from some threats and vulnerabilities. In this paper, a new model is proposed for detecting different types of attacks and it is analyzed with a deep learning technique, i.e., classifier-Convolution Neural Network and Long Short-Term Memory. The UNSW NB 15 dataset is used for the classification of various attacks in the field of Industry 4.0 for providing security and protection to the different types of sensors used for heterogeneous data. The proposed model achieves the results using Cortex processors, a 1.2 GHz processor, and four gigabytes of RAM. The attack detection model is written in Python 3.8.8 and Keras. Keras constructs the model using layers of Convolutional, Max Pooling, and Dense Layers. The model is trained using 250 batch size, 60 epochs, 10 classes. For this model, the activation functions are Relu and softmax pooling. metadata Anand, Ankita and Rani, Shalli and Singh, Aman and Elkamchouchi, Dalia H. and Delgado Noya, Irene mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, aman.singh@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, irene.delgado@uneatlantico.es (2022) Lightweight Hybrid Deep Learning Architecture and Model for Security in IIOT. Applied Sciences, 12 (13). p. 6442. ISSN 2076-3417

Article Subjects > Nutrition Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Cerrado Inglés The aim of the present work was to evaluate the in vitro effect of Manuka honey and its combination with 5-Fu, the most common drug used in the treatment of colon cancer, on the morphological and physical parameters of colonspheres enriched with cancer stem-like cells deriving from HCT-116 colon adenocarcinoma cell line and on the apoptosis rate. Manuka honey, alone and more in combination with 5-Fu, reduced the weight, the diameter and mass density of the spheroids and induced apoptosis through the downregulation of many apoptosis inhibitors, including IAPs (Livin, Survivin, XIAP), IGFs (IGF-I, IGF-II and IGF-IR) and HSPs (HSP-27, HSP-60 and HSP-70). These results led to a reduction in the survival ability of cancer stem-like cells, as well as to a chemosensitizing effect of honey towards 5-Fu, considering that apoptosis resistance is one of the main causes of cancer stem-like cells chemoresistance. metadata Cianciosi, Danila and Forbes-Hernández, Tamara Y. and Regolo, Lucia and Alvarez-Suarez, José M. and Quinzi, Denise and Sargenti, Azzurra and Bai, Weibin and Tian, Lingmin and Giampieri, Francesca and Battino, Maurizio mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, francesca.giampieri@uneatlantico.es, maurizio.battino@uneatlantico.es (2022) Manuka honey in combination with 5-Fluorouracil decreases physical parameters of colonspheres enriched with cancer stem-like cells and reduces their resistance to apoptosis. Food Chemistry, 374. p. 131753. ISSN 03088146

Book Section Subjects > Nutrition Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Cerrado Inglés Obesity and metabolic syndrome, two of the major public health challenges worldwide, are characterized by a state of chronic inflammation, with the abnormal production of inflammatory cytokines and the prolonged activation of inflammatory pathways, responsible for the development and the complications of these pathologies. A fruitful strategy to decrease the chronic state of inflammation could be the adoption of a healthy diet, of which berries, enriched with well-known antioxidant and anti-inflammatory bioactive compounds, should be an important part. The aim of this chapter is to present the main results obtained from in vitro and animal studies, describing the effects of the main common consumed berries (blueberry, raspberry, strawberry, blackcurrant, and blackberry) on chronic inflammation related to obesity and metabolic syndrome, trying to elucidate the main molecular pathways involved in the beneficial effects of these berries. The human evidence is instead discussed in more detail in Chapter 11. metadata Giampieri, Francesca and Cianciosi, Danila and Ansary, J. and Forbes-Hernandez, T. Y. and Alvarez-Suarez, J. M. and Battino, M. mail francesca.giampieri@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED (2022) Mechanisms of Action of Berry Bioactives on Obesity-induced Inflammation (Chapter 12). In: Berries and Berry Bioactive Compounds in Promoting Health. Royal Society of Chemistry, pp. 335-365. ISBN 978-1-83916-216-9

Article Subjects > Biomedicine
Subjects > Nutrition
Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Cerrado Inglés Ocimum basilicum and Ocimum tenuiflorum are two basil species widely used medicinally as an anti-inflammatory, antimicrobial and cardioprotective agent. This study focuses on the chemical characterization of the majoritarian compounds of both species and their anti-inflammatory potential. Up to 22 compounds such as various types of salvianolic acids, derivatives of rosmaniric acid and flavones were identified in both plants. The identified compounds were very similar between both plants and are consistent with previous finding in other studies in Portugal and Italy. Based on the identified molecules a consensus target prediction was carried out. Among the main predicted target proteins, we found a high representation of the carbonic anhydrase family (CA2, CA7 and CA12) and several key proteins from the arachidonic pathway (LOX5, PLA2, COX1 and COX2). Both pathways are well related to inflammation. The interaction between the compounds and these targets were explored through molecular docking and molecular dynamics simulation. Our results suggest that some molecules present in both plants can induce an anti-inflammatory response through a non-steroidal mechanism of action connected to the carbon dioxide metabolism. metadata Beltrán-Noboa, Andrea and Proaño-Ojeda, John and Guevara, Mabel and Gallo, Blanca and Berrueta, Luis A. and Giampieri, Francesca and Perez-Castillo, Yunierkis and Battino, Maurizio and Álvarez-Suarez, José M. and Tejera, Eduardo mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, francesca.giampieri@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, maurizio.battino@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED (2022) Metabolomic profile and computational analysis for the identification of the potential anti-inflammatory mechanisms of action of the traditional medicinal plants Ocimum basilicum and Ocimum tenuiflorum. Food and Chemical Toxicology, 164. p. 113039. ISSN 02786915

Article Subjects > Engineering Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Abierto Inglés 5G has been launched in a few countries of the world, so now all focus shifted towards the development of future 6G networks. 5G has connected all aspects of society. Ubiquitous connectivity has opened the doors for more data sharing. Although 5G is providing low latency, higher data rates, and high-speed yet there are some security-related vulnerabilities. Those security issues need to be mitigated for securing 6G networks from existing challenges. Classical cryptography will not remain enough for securing the 6G network. As all classical cryptography can be disabled with the help of quantum mechanics. Therefore, in the place of traditional security solutions, in this article, we have reviewed all the existing quantum solutions of 5G existing security issues to mitigate them and secure 6G in a Future Quantum World. metadata Mangla, Cherry and Rani, Shalli and Faseeh Qureshi, Nawab Muhammad and Singh, Aman mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, aman.singh@uneatlantico.es (2022) Mitigating 5G security challenges for next-gen industry using quantum computing. Journal of King Saud University - Computer and Information Sciences. ISSN 13191578

Article Subjects > Engineering Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Abierto Inglés Electroporation is a next generation bioelectronics device. The emerging application of electroporation requires high voltage pulses having a pulse-width in the nanosecond range. The essential use of a capacitor results in an increase in the size of the electroporator circuit. This paper discusses the modification of a conventional Marx generator circuit to achieve the high voltage electroporation pulses with a minimal chip size of the circuit. The reduced capacitors are attributed to a reduction in the number of stages used to achieve the required voltage boost. The paper proposes the improved isolation between two capacitors with the usage of optocouplers. Parametric analysis is presented to define the tuneable range of the electroporator circuit. The output voltage of 49.4 V is achieved using the proposed 5-stage MOSFET circuit with an input voltage of 12 V. metadata Ganesan, Selvakumar and Ghosh, Debarshi and Taneja, Ashu and Saluja, Nitin and Rani, Shalli and Singh, Aman and Elkamchouchi, Dalia H. and Delgado Noya, Irene mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, aman.singh@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, irene.delgado@uneatlantico.es (2022) A Modified Marx Generator Circuit with Enhanced Tradeoff between Voltage and Pulse Width for Electroporation Applications. Electronics, 11 (13). p. 2013. ISSN 2079-9292

Article Subjects > Biomedicine Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Abierto Inglés Hafnia alvei is receiving increasing attention from both a medical and veterinary point of view, but the diversity of molecules it produces has made the interest in this bacterium extend to the field of probiotics, the microbiota, and above all, to its presence and action on consumer foods. The production of Acyl Homoserine Lactones (AHLs), a type of quorum-sensing (QS) signaling molecule, is the most often-studied chemical signaling molecule in Gram-negative bacteria. H. alvei can use this communication mechanism to promote the expression of certain enzymatic activities in fermented foods, where this bacterium is frequently present. H. alvei also produces a series of molecules involved in the modification of the organoleptic properties of different products, especially cheeses, where it shares space with other microorganisms. Although some strains of this species are implicated in infections in humans, many produce antibacterial compounds, such as bacteriocins, that inhibit the growth of true pathogens, so the characterization of these molecules could be very interesting from the point of view of clinical medicine and the food industry. Lastly, in some cases, H. alvei is responsible for the production of biogenic amines or other compounds of special interest in food health. In this article, we will review the most interesting molecules that produce the H. alvei strains and will discuss some of their properties, both from the point of view of their biological activity on other microorganisms and the properties of different food matrices in which this bacterium usually thrives. metadata Ramos Vivas, Jose and Tapia Martínez, Olga and Elexpuru Zabaleta, Maria and Tutusaus, Kilian and Armas Diaz, Yasmany and Battino, Maurizio and Giampieri, Francesca mail jose.ramos@uneatlantico.es, olga.tapia@uneatlantico.es, maria.elexpuru@uneatlantico.es, kilian.tutusaus@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, maurizio.battino@uneatlantico.es, francesca.giampieri@uneatlantico.es (2022) The Molecular Weaponry Produced by the Bacterium Hafnia alvei in Foods. Molecules, 27 (17). p. 5585. ISSN 1420-3049

Article Subjects > Nutrition Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Cerrado Inglés As the number of older people has grown in recent decades, the search for new approaches to manage or delay aging is also growing. Among the modifiable factors, diet plays a crucial role in healthy aging and in the prevention of age-related diseases. Thus, the interest in the use of foods, which are rich in bioactive compounds such as functional foods with anti-aging effects is a growing market. This review summarizes the current knowledge about the molecular mechanisms of action of foods considered as functional foods in aging, namely berries, curcumin, and virgin olive oil. Moreover, honey is also analyzed as a food with well-known healthy benefits, but which has not been deeply evaluated from the point of view of aging. The effects of these foods on aging are analyzed from the point of view of molecular mechanisms including oxidative stress, mitochondrial dysfunction, inflammation, genomic stability, telomere attrition, cellular senescence, and deregulated nutrient-sensing. A comprehensive study of the scientific literature shows that the aforementioned foods have demonstrated positive effects on certain aspects of aging, which might justify their use as functional foods in elderly. However, more research is needed, especially in humans, designed to understand in depth the mechanisms of action through which they act. metadata Navarro-Hortal, María D. and Romero-Márquez, Jose M. and Jiménez-Trigo, Victoria and Xiao, Jianbo and Giampieri, Francesca and Forbes-Hernández, Tamara Y. and Grosso, Giuseppe and Battino, Maurizio and Sánchez-González, Cristina and Quiles, José L. mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, francesca.giampieri@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, maurizio.battino@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, jose.quiles@uneatlantico.es (2022) Molecular bases for the use of functional foods in the management of healthy aging: Berries, curcumin, virgin olive oil and honey; three realities and a promise. Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition. pp. 1-20. ISSN 1040-8398

Article Subjects > Psychology Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés Bipolar disorder (BD) is associated with systemic toxicity, represented by changes in biomarkers associated with mood episodes, leading to neurological damage, which may reflect cognitive functions and functionality and the progression of the disease. We aimed to analyze the effect of four biomarkers, superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase (CAT), glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px), and thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBA-RS), related to oxidative stress in BD and to correlate them with cognitive functions and functionality. We studied 50 bipolar types I/II patients in the euthymic phase, which was divided into two subgroups with 25 patients each (≤ 3 years and ≥ 10 years of diagnosis, from the first episode of mania) and 25 control patients. To analyze frontal cognitive functions and functionality, we used the Frontal Assessment Battery (FAB) and Functioning Assessment Short Test (FAST) tests, respectively. The scores of the FAST and FAB tests showed an increase and decrease respectively, in both bipolar groups, when compared to the control group, demonstrating impairment in cognitive functions and functionality since the disease onset. In addition, changes occurred in all six domains of the FAST test, and in four domains of the FAB test in bipolar patients when compared to the control group. Regarding oxidative stress biomarkers, we did not find changes in SOD and GSH-Px activities; however, a significant increase in CAT activity and lipid peroxidation was observed in both groups, although the patients were euthymic and medicated. These results allow us to raise the hypothesis that since the beginning of the disease, the euthymic bipolar patient has presented a level of oxidative stress, which gets worse with the evolution of the disease, promoting impairments in the frontal cognitive functions and functionality gradually. metadata Lima, Daniela Delwing-de and Cyrino, Luiz Arthur Rangel and Ferreira, Gabriela Kozuchovski and Magro, Débora Delwing Dal and Calegari, Claudia Regina and Cabral, Heloisi and Cavichioli, Natalia and Ramos, Silvia Aparecida and Ullmann, Oliver Matheus and Mayer, Yasmin and Pscheidt, Luana Carla and Schramm, Maria Augusta and Tomasi, Maria Cecília and Stammerjohann, Felipe Luis Schmoller and Delmonego, Larissa and Packer, Maria Helena and Fiamoncini, Heloiza mail UNSPECIFIED (2022) Neuroinflammation and neuroprogression produced by oxidative stress in euthymic bipolar patients with different onset disease times. Scientific Reports, 12 (1). ISSN 2045-2322

Article Subjects > Biomedicine Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés Background Recent advances from studies of graphene and graphene-based derivatives have highlighted the great potential of these nanomaterials as migrastatic agents with the ability to modulate tumor microenvironments. Nevertheless, the administration of graphene nanomaterials in suspensions in vivo is controversial. As an alternative approach, herein, we report the immobilization of high concentrations of graphene nanoplatelets in polyacrylonitrile film substrates (named PAN/G10) and evaluate their potential use as migrastatic agents on cancer cells. Results Breast cancer MCF7 cells cultured on PAN/G10 substrates presented features resembling mesenchymal-to-epithelial transition, e.g., (i) inhibition of migratory activity; (ii) activation of the expression of E-cadherin, cytokeratin 18, ZO-1 and EpCAM, four key molecular markers of epithelial differentiation; (iii) formation of adherens junctions with clustering and adhesion of cancer cells in aggregates or islets, and (iv) reorganization of the actin cytoskeleton resulting in a polygonal cell shape. Remarkably, assessment with Raman spectroscopy revealed that the above-mentioned events were produced when MCF7 cells were preferentially located on top of graphene-rich regions of the PAN/G10 substrates. Conclusions The present data demonstrate the capacity of these composite substrates to induce an epithelial-like differentiation in MCF7 breast cancer cells, resulting in a migrastatic effect without any chemical agent-mediated signaling. Future works will aim to thoroughly evaluate the mechanisms of how PAN/G10 substrates trigger these responses in cancer cells and their potential use as antimetastatics for the treatment of solid cancers. metadata Diban, Nazely and Mantecón-Oria, Marián and Berciano, María T. and Puente-Bedia, Alba and Rivero, María J. and Urtiaga, Ane and Lafarga, Miguel and Tapia Martínez, Olga mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, olga.tapia@uneatlantico.es (2022) Non-homogeneous dispersion of graphene in polyacrylonitrile substrates induces a migrastatic response and epithelial-like differentiation in MCF7 breast cancer cells. Cancer Nanotechnology, 13 (1). ISSN 1868-6958

Article Subjects > Engineering Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Universidad Internacional do Cuanza > Research > Scientific Production
Abierto Inglés Coronavirus (COVID-19) has impacted nearly every person across the globe either in terms of losses of life or as of lockdown. The current coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic is a rare/special situation where people can express their feelings on Internet-based social networks. Social media is emerging as the biggest platform in recent years where people spend most of their time expressing themselves and their emotions. This research is based on gathering data from Twitter and analyzing the behavior of the people during the COVID-19 lockdown. The research is based on the logic expressed by people in this perspective and emotions for the suffering of COVID-19 and lockdown. In this research, we have used a Long Short-Term Memory (LSTM) network model with Convolutional Neural Network using Keras python deep-learning library to determine whether social media platform users are depressed in terms of positive, negative, or neutral emotional out bust based on their Twitter posts. The results showed that the model has 88.14% accuracy (representation of the correct prediction over the test dataset) after 10 epochs which most tweets showed had neutral polarity. The evaluation shows interesting results in positive (1), negative (–1), and neutral (0) emotions through different visualization. metadata Dumka, Ankur and Verma, Parag and Singh, Rajesh and Kumar Bisht, Anil and Anand, Divya and Moaiteq Aljahdali, Hani and Delgado Noya, Irene and Aparicio Obregón, Silvia mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, divya.anand@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, irene.delgado@uneatlantico.es, silvia.aparicio@uneatlantico.es (2022) A Novel Deep Learning Based Healthcare Model for COVID-19 Pandemic Stress Analysis. Computers, Materials & Continua, 72 (3). pp. 6029-6044. ISSN 1546-2226

Article Subjects > Engineering Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés Fog-assisted and IoT-enabled smart healthcare system with rapid response rates is the major area of concern now a days. Dynamic and heterogeneous fog networks are difficult to manage and a considerable amount of overhead could be realized while managing ever increasing load on foglets. Fog computing plays a vital role in managing ever increasing processing demands from diverse IoT-based applications. Smart healthcare systems work with the assistance of sensor-based devices and automatic data collection and processing can speed up overall system functionality. In the proposed work, a novel framework for smart health care is presented where a series of activities are performed with prime objective of reducing latency and execution time. Principal component analysis is used for feature reduction and support vector machines with radial basis function kernel is used for classification purpose. Workload optimization on the fog nodes is implemented using genetic algorithm. Data collection process also involves preprocessing as a leading step for generating cleaner data. Amalgamation of intelligent and optimization techniques in the presented framework certainly improves the efficiency of the overall system. Experimental results reveal that proposed work outperforms the existing fog-assisted smart healthcare systems in terms of latency, execution time, overall system accuracy, and system stability. metadata Abdellatif, Ahmed A. H. and Singh, Aman and Aldribi, Abdulaziz and Ortega-Mansilla, Arturo and Ibrahim, Muhammad and Rehman, Ateeq Ur mail UNSPECIFIED, aman.singh@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, arturo.ortega@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED (2022) A Novel Framework for Fog-Assisted Smart Healthcare System with Workload Optimization. Computational Intelligence and Neuroscience, 2022. pp. 1-12. ISSN 1687-5265

Article Subjects > Engineering Universidad Internacional do Cuanza > Research > Scientific Production
Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Abierto Inglés Infectious Disease Prediction aims to anticipate the aspects of both seasonal epidemics and future pandemics. However, a single model will most likely not capture all the dataset’s patterns and qualities. Ensemble learning combines multiple models to obtain a single prediction that uses the qualities of each model. This study aims to develop a stacked ensemble model to accurately predict the future occurrences of infectious diseases viewed at some point in time as epidemics, namely, dengue, influenza, and tuberculosis. The main objective is to enhance the prediction performance of the proposed model by reducing prediction errors. Autoregressive integrated moving average, exponential smoothing, and neural network autoregression are applied to the disease dataset individually. The gradient boosting model combines the regress values of the above three statistical models to obtain an ensemble model. The results conclude that the forecasting precision of the proposed stacked ensemble model is better than that of the standard gradient boosting model. The ensemble model reduces the prediction errors, root-mean-square error, for the dengue, influenza, and tuberculosis dataset by approximately 30%, 24%, and 25%, respectively metadata Mahajan, Asmita and Sharma, Nonita and Aparicio Obregón, Silvia and Alyami, Hashem and Alharbi, Abdullah and Anand, Divya and Sharma, Manish and Goyal, Nitin mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, silvia.aparicio@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, divya.anand@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED (2022) A Novel Stacking-Based Deterministic Ensemble Model for Infectious Disease Prediction. Mathematics, 10 (10). p. 1714. ISSN 2227-7390

Article Subjects > Social Sciences Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Portugués O presente artigo pretende demonstrar a essência do paradigma hermenêutico de interpretação da constituição, no período entre a Independência dos Estado Unidos (1789), motivada pelas leis abusivas de intervenção estatal na economia, e os anos que antecederam o início da Segunda Guerra Mundial (1939). Isso porque, o paradigma (modelo) de interpretação e aplicação dos preceitos constitucionais passou por uma mudança no final do século XIX, em que se deixou de lado, por parte da comunidade jurídica, a defesa da liberdade individual, passando a relativizar essas normas constitucionais em favor da intervenção do Estado na economia. Esses preceitos de ordem liberal, haviam sido consagrados nas declarações de direitos do final do século XVIII, oriundas da Revolução Francesa e da Revolução Americana, mas perderam força com o advento do socialismo e as teses do constitucionalismo social do século XX. metadata Vieira Bezamat, Gustavo Henrique mail gustavobezamat@gmail.com (2022) O constitucionalismo liberal norte-americano no controle de constitucionalidade das leis: uma análise dos debates judiciais a respeito da liberdade contratual e propriedade privada na Era Lochner (1897-1937). MISES: Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy, Law and Economics, 10. ISSN 2318-0811

Article Subjects > Nutrition Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés Context Obesity and mental health issues increasingly affect children and adolescents, but whether obesity is a risk factor for mental health issues is unclear. Objective To systematically review the association between obesity and mental health issues (ie, anxiety and/or depression) among Mexican children and adolescents. Data sourcing, extraction, and synthesis A literature search of 13 databases and 1 search engine was conducted. Population, exposure, comparison, outcomes, and study design data were extracted, analyzed, and narratively synthesized. The JBI critical appraisal tool was used to evaluate evidence quality. Results A total of 16 studies with 12 103 participants between 8 and 18 years old were included. Four studies focused on anxiety outcomes, 10 on depression, and 2 on both (ie, anxiety and depression). Evidence is unclear about the association of obesity with anxiety. However, most evidence shows that Mexican children and adolescents with overweight or obesity are more likely to have depression or report a higher number of depressive symptoms than normal-weight participants. Such likelihood is greater for females. Conclusion Health promotion interventions to treat or prevent obesity could also consider mental health outcomes. metadata Godina-Flores, Naara L and Gutierrez-Gómez, Yareni Yunuen and García-Botello, Marcela and López-Cruz, Lizet and Moreno-García, Carlos Francisco and Aceves-Martins, Magaly mail UNSPECIFIED (2022) Obesity and its association with mental health among Mexican children and adolescents: systematic review. Nutrition Reviews. ISSN 0029-6643

Article Subjects > Nutrition Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés Olive milling produces olive oil and different by-products, all of them very rich in different bioactive compounds like the phenolic alcohol hydroxytyrosol. The aim of the present study was to investigate the effects of an olive fruit extract 20% rich in hydroxytyrosol on the molecular mechanisms associated with Alzheimer disease features like Aβ- and tau- induced toxicity, as well as on oxidative stress in Caenorhabditis elegans. Moreover, characterization of the extracts, regarding the profile and content of phenolics, as well as total antioxidant ability, was investigated. The study of lethality, growth, pharyngeal pumping, and longevity in vivo demonstrated the lack of toxicity of the extract. One hundred μg/mL of extract treatment revealed prevention of oxidative stress and a delay in Aβ-induced paralysis related with a lower presence of Aβ aggregates. Indeed, the extract showed the ability to avoid a certain degree of proteotoxicity associated with aggregation of the tau protein. According to RNAi tests, SKN-1/NRF2 transcription factor and the overexpression of HSP-16.2 were mechanistically associated in the observed effects metadata Romero-Márquez, Jose M. and Navarro-Hortal, María D. and Jiménez-Trigo, Victoria and Muñoz-Ollero, Pedro and Forbes-Hernández, Tamara Y. and Esteban-Muñoz, Adelaida and Giampieri, Francesca and Delgado Noya, Irene and Bullón, Pedro and Vera-Ramírez, Laura and Battino, Maurizio and Sánchez-González, Cristina and Quiles, José L. mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, francesca.giampieri@uneatlantico.es, irene.delgado@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, jose.quiles@uneatlantico.es (2022) An Olive-Derived Extract 20% Rich in Hydroxytyrosol Prevents β-Amyloid Aggregation and Oxidative Stress, Two Features of Alzheimer Disease, via SKN-1/NRF2 and HSP-16.2 in Caenorhabditis elegans. Antioxidants, 11 (4). p. 629. ISSN 2076-3921

Article Subjects > Nutrition Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Cerrado Inglés Organic farming is characterized by the prohibition of the use of chemical synthetic fertilizers, pesticides, feed additives and genetically modified organisms and by the application of sustainable agricultural technologies based on ecological principles and natural rules. Organic products are believed to be more nutritious and safer foods compared to the conventional alternatives by consumers, with the consequent increase of demand and price of these foodstuffs. However, in academic circles there is much debate on these issues, since there is not a clear scientific evidence of the difference on the environmental impact and on the nutritional quality, safety and health effects between conventional and organic foods. Therefore, this work aims to describe and update the most relevant data on organic foods, by describing the impact of this practice on environment, producers, consumers and society, as well as by comparing the physicochemical, nutritional and phytochemical quality of conventional and organic plant foods. metadata Giampieri, Francesca and Mazzoni, Luca and Cianciosi, Danila and Alvarez-Suarez, José M. and Regolo, Lucia and Sánchez-González, Cristina and Capocasa, Franco and Xiao, Jianbo and Mezzetti, Bruno and Battino, Maurizio mail francesca.giampieri@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED (2022) Organic vs conventional plant-based foods: A review. Food Chemistry, 383. p. 132352. ISSN 03088146

Article Subjects > Physical Education and Sport Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Cerrado Inglés The aim of this study was to compare pacing and packing behaviours between sex and performance level at elite Berlin marathon races. Official electronic split and finishing times from 279 (149 male and 130 female) marathon performances, including 5 male world records, were obtained from 11 Berlin marathon races held from 2008 to 2018, and from two previous world records and the second world all-time fastest performance also achieved at that same Berlin course. Male performances displaying an even pacing behaviour were significantly faster than those adopting a positive behaviour (p < 0.001; d = 0.75). Male world records were characterized by even profiles with fast endspurts, being especially remarkable at world all-time two fastest performances which were assisted by the use of a new shoe technology. Female marathon runners decreased their speed less than men during the second half marathon and especially from the 35th km onwards (p < 0.001; 0.51 ≤ d ≤ 0.55). The latest race stages were usually run individually in both sexes. Significant pace differences between performance groups at every race segment were found in women (p < 0.01; 1.0 ≤ d ≤ 2.0), who also covered an important part of the race alone. Prior to participation in meet marathon races such as Berlin marathon, elite runners should select the group that they will join during the race according to their current performance level as a preassigned pace set by a pacemaker will be adopted. Therefore, they could follow an even rather than positive pacing behaviour which will allow them to achieve a more optimal performance. metadata Muñoz-Pérez, Iker and Lago-Fuentes, Carlos and Mecías-Calvo, Marcos and Casado, Arturo mail UNSPECIFIED, carlos.lago@uneatlantico.es, marcos.mecias@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED (2022) Pacing and packing behaviour in elite and world record performances at Berlin marathon. European Journal of Sport Science. pp. 1-8. ISSN 1746-1391

Article Subjects > Biomedicine Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Cerrado Inglés Phages are viruses that infect bacteria, relying on their genetic machinery to replicate. To survive the constant attack of phages, bacteria have developed diverse defense strategies to act against them. Nevertheless, phages rapidly co-evolve to overcome these barriers, resulting in a constant, and often surprising, molecular arms race. Thus, some phages have evolved protein inhibitors known as anti-CRISPRs (∼50–150 amino acids), which antagonize the bacterial CRISPR-Cas immune response. To date, around 45 anti-CRISPRs proteins with different mechanisms and structures have been discovered against the CRISPR-Cas type I and type II present in important animal and human pathogens such as Escherichia, Morganella, Klebsiella, Enterococcus, Pseudomonas, Staphylococcus, and Salmonella. Considering the alarming growth of antibiotic resistance, phage therapy, either alone or in combination with antibiotics, appears to be a promising alternative for the treatment of many bacterial infections. In this review, we illustrated the biological and clinical aspects of using phage therapy; furthermore, the CRISPR-Cas mechanism, and the interesting activity of anti-CRISPR proteins as a possible weapon to combat bacteria. metadata Ceballos-Garzon, Andres and Muñoz, Angela B and Plata, Juan D and Sanchez-Quitian, Zilpa A and Ramos Vivas, Jose mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, jose.ramos@uneatlantico.es (2022) Phages, anti-CRISPR proteins, and drug-resistant bacteria: what do we know about this triad? Pathogens and Disease. ISSN 2049-632X

Article Subjects > Engineering Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Universidad Internacional do Cuanza > Research > Scientific Production
Abierto Inglés Pneumonia is one of the leading causes of death in both infants and elderly people, with approximately 4 million deaths each year. It may be a virus, bacterial, or fungal, depending on the contagious pathogen that damages the lung’s tiny air sacs (alveoli). Patients with underlying disorders such as asthma, a weakened immune system, hospitalized babies, and older persons on ventilators are all at risk, particularly if pneumonia is not detected early. Despite the existing approaches for its diagnosis, low accuracy and efficiency require further research for more accurate systems. This study is a similar endeavor for the detection of pneumonia by the use of X-ray images. The dataset is preprocessed to make it suitable for transfer learning tasks. Different pre-trained convolutional neural network (CNN) variants are utilized, including VGG16, Inception-v3, and ResNet50. Ensembles are made by incorporating CNN with Inception-V3, VGG-16, and ResNet50. Besides the common evaluation metrics, the performance of the pre-trained and ensemble deep learning models is measured with Cohen’s kappa as well as the area under the curve (AUC). Experimental results show that Inception-V3 with CNN attained the highest accuracy and recall score of 99.29% and 99.73%, respectively metadata Mujahid, Muhammad and Rustam, Furqan and Álvarez, Roberto Marcelo and Vidal Mazón, Juan Luis and Díez, Isabel de la Torre and Ashraf, Imran mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, roberto.alvarez@uneatlantico.es, juanluis.vidal@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED (2022) Pneumonia Classification from X-ray Images with Inception-V3 and Convolutional Neural Network. Diagnostics, 12 (5). p. 1280. ISSN 2075-4418

Article Subjects > Social Sciences Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Español El presente artículo muestra un estudio llevado a cabo en la Universidad Europea del Atlántico, Santander, en el que se pretende descubrir la preferencia por los textos literarios y de información en función del grado de estudios que se cursa. Para ello se analizó una muestra de 193 estudiantes de primer curso en varios grados. Para el análisis, se diseñó un cuestionario ad hoc en el que se recogieron las opiniones del alumnado acerca de sus preferencias en cuanto a distintos tipos de textos literarios e informativos, entre ellos el texto científico. Se aplicó el cuestionario por medio de la herramienta Google Forms. Tras un análisis de contraste con la prueba H de Kruskal-Wallis y una prueba post hoc U de Mann-Whitney, se obtuvo que la preferencia por la novela de ficción, romance, viajes/turismo, ciencia, deporte/salud, música, literatura clásica y el género poético presentan diferencias significativas entre los grados de estudios. Los estudiantes de la Facultad de Ciencias Sociales y Humanidades fueron los que menor interés parecían tener por la lectura científica y, sorprendentemente, los estudiantes del grado de Psicología mostraron tener poco interés por la temática de salud. Cumpliendo así con el objetivo del estudio, se plantean futuras líneas de investigación para acercar al profesorado universitario a una selección de la literatura, en función de los intereses más cercanos al perfil de estudiante del grado que cursa, así como el planteamiento de actividades que acompañen a la literatura científica-académica en ciertos grados para que esta sea mejor recibida. metadata Sánchez-Bejerano, Lucía and Pérez Fernández, Lucila María and Griffin, Kim L. mail lucia.sanchez@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, kim.griffin@uneatlantico.es (2022) Preferencias de textos literarios y científicos según el grado universitario. Didáctica. Lengua y Literatura, 34. pp. 147-159. ISSN 1130-0531

Article Subjects > Social Sciences Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Cerrado Inglés Professionalism refers to the set of skills and values that, in the case of medicine, characterize the essence of humanism in professional work. Professionalism, ethics, and bioethics are closely linked. Within the framework of global bioethics, professionalism provides a comprehensive picture of the medical profession and its relationship with the major social challenges worldwide in the areas of health and education. metadata Vivanco, Luis and Delgado-Bolton, Roberto mail luis.vivanco@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED (2022) Professionalism. Encyclopedia of Global Bioethics. pp. 2312-2319.

Article Subjects > Engineering Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Abierto Inglés Wearable monitoring devices are in demand in recent times for monitoring daily activities including exercise. Moreover, it is widely utilizing for preventing injuries of athletes during a practice session and in few cases, it leads to muscle fatigue. At present, emerging technology like the internet of things (IoT) and sensors is empowering to monitor and visualize the physical data from any remote location through internet connectivity. In this study, an IoT-enabled wearable device is proposing for monitoring and identifying the muscle fatigue condition using a surface electromyogram (sEMG) sensor. Normally, the EMG signal is utilized to display muscle activity. Arduino controller, Wi-Fi module, and EMG sensor are utilized in developing the wearable device. The Time-frequency domain spectrum technique is employed for classifying the three muscle fatigue conditions including mean RMS, mean frequency, etc. A real-time experiment is realized on six different individuals with developed wearable devices and the average RMS value assists to determine the average threshold of recorded data. The threshold level is analyzed by calculating the mean RMS value and concluded three fatigue conditions as >2 V: Extensive); 1–2 V: Moderate, and <1 V: relaxed. The warning alarm system was designed in LabVIEW with three color LEDs to indicate the different states of muscle fatigue. Moreover, the device is interfaced with the cloud through the internet provided with a Wi-Fi module embedded in wearable devices. The data available in the cloud server can be utilized for forecasting the frequency of an individual to muscle fatigue. metadata Gehlot, Anita and Singh, Rajesh and Siwach, Sweety and Vaseem Akram, Shaik and Alsubhi, Khalid and Singh, Aman and Delgado Noya, Irene and Choudhury, Sushabhan mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, aman.singh@uneatlantico.es, irene.delgado@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED (2022) Real Time Monitoring of Muscle Fatigue with IoT and Wearable Devices. Computers, Materials & Continua, 72 (1). pp. 999-1015. ISSN 1546-2226

Article Subjects > Nutrition Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés Food waste is a potential source to replace fresh materials for obtaining functional ingredients. Blueberry pomace contains considerable amounts of anthocyanins. In this study, we investigated ultrasonic-assisted extraction (UAE) of anthocyanins from blueberry pomace. We used a Box-Behnken design (BBD) to screen and optimize the important factors influencing yield. The optimum extraction conditions were a temperature of 40 °C, an ultrasonic power of 400 W and an extraction time of 40 min. The optimum yield was 108.23 mg/100 g DW. In addition, we used a cation column to separate anthocyanins, and optimized the chromatographic conditions of HPLC to analyze and identify the main anthocyanins. Thirteen anthocyanins were found in blueberry pomace, of which Malvidin-3-Galactoside (22.65 %) was the highest. These findings provide a theoretical basis and optimized process parameters for the recovery of high value-added anthocyanins from blueberry pomace with ultrasound-assisted extraction, thus facilitating the comprehensive utilization of blueberry pomace. metadata Zhang, Xuan and Wang, Songen and Wu, Qixia and Battino, Maurizio and Giampieri, Francesca and Bai, Weibin and Tian, Lingmin mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, maurizio.battino@uneatlantico.es, francesca.giampieri@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED (2022) Recovering high value-added anthocyanins from blueberry pomace with ultrasound-assisted extraction. Food Chemistry: X, 16. p. 100476. ISSN 25901575

Article Subjects > Nutrition Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés Anthocyanins are often targets in polyphenol analysis. However, it's hard to effectively separate anthocyanin from copigments such as phenolic acid and flavanols due to their similar structure. Thus, a cation exchange chromatography with 001 × 7 has been developed, which is available for anthocyanins isolation both on a small and large scale. The optimal process condition of anthocyanins isolation was determined. Compared to the macroporous adsorbent resins and Strong Cation Exchange resin (SCX), 001X7 shows greater economic advantages in large-scale purification of anthocyanins. More than 95% purity of the anthocyanin fraction can be achieved through this approach. This method shows a path to provide large quantities of copigments-free anthocyanins from mulberry polyphenols for the further study of its biological effects and may be extended to other analytical methods of polyphenol isolation from other plant materials. metadata Liao, Zhiwei and Zhang, Xuan and Chen, Xi and Battino, Maurizio and Giampieri, Francesca and Bai, Weibin and Tian, Lingmin mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, maurizio.battino@uneatlantico.es, francesca.giampieri@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED (2022) Recovery of value-added anthocyanins from mulberry by a cation exchange chromatography. Current Research in Food Science, 5. pp. 1445-1451. ISSN 26659271

Article Subjects > Nutrition Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Abierto Inglés Background: The aim of this study was to relate the adherence to nut consumption (30 g) three or more days per week to the prevalence of abdominal obesity and metabolic syndrome (MetS) in an elderly population from the north of Spain. Methods: The study consists of an observational, descriptive, cross-sectional, and correlational study conducted in 556 non-institutionalised individuals between 65 and 79 years of age. To define the consumption recommendation of nuts the indication of the questionnaire MEDAS-14 was followed. The diagnosis of MetS was conducted using the International Diabetes Federation (IDF) criteria. Results: In 264 subjects aged 71.9 (SD: ±4.2) years old, 39% of whom were men, the adherence to nut consumption recommendations was 40.2%. Of these individuals, 79.5% had abdominal obesity. The prevalence of MetS was 40.2%, being 47.6% in men and 35.4% in women (p < 0.05). A nut consumption lower than recommended was associated with a 19% higher prevalence of abdominal obesity (Prevalence Ratio: 1.19; 95% CI: 1.03−1.37; p < 0.05) and a 61% higher prevalence of MetS (Prevalence Ratio: 1.61; 95% CI: 1.16−2.25; p = 0.005) compared to a consumption of ≥3 servings per week. Conclusion: An inverse relationship was established between nut consumption and the prevalence of abdominal obesity and metabolic syndrome. metadata Cubas-Basterrechea, Gloria and Elío Pascual, Iñaki and Sumalla Cano, Sandra and Aparicio Obregón, Silvia and González-Antón, Carolina Teresa and Muñoz-Cacho, Pedro mail UNSPECIFIED, inaki.elio@uneatlantico.es, sandra.sumalla@uneatlantico.es, silvia.aparicio@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED (2022) The Regular Consumption of Nuts Is Associated with a Lower Prevalence of Abdominal Obesity and Metabolic Syndrome in Older People from the North of Spain. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 19 (3). p. 1256. ISSN 1660-4601

Article Subjects > Physical Education and Sport Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Español Este estudio tenía el objetivo de relacionar la dismetría de los miembros inferiores y el pedaleo. Participaron 23 sujetos no profesionales del ciclismo. Se ha realizado un test de asimetría mediante el método directo, medido desde la espina ilíaca anterosuperior hasta el maléolo tibial y se comparaba los resultados con la otra pierna, antes de realizar esta prueba se procedía a la maniobra Weber Barstow, se comenzaba en posición decúbito supino en la camilla con las piernas en paralelo y flexionadas, se realizaba una extensión de cadera, el sujeto volvía a la posición inicial y el examinador le estiraba las piernas, por último se realizaba un test de efectividad de pedaleo sobre la Wattbike de 10 minutos, a una intensidad de 5 sobre 10 del rango de esfuerzo percibido. Para conseguir una posición correcta de los participantes se usó un goniómetro para medir el ángulo de rodilla y se siguieron las pautas de protocolos preestablecidos. El análisis estadístico fue realizado con JASP, en la que se realizó un estudio descriptivo y posteriormente un test de correlación acorde a su normalidad. El índice de asimetría fue del 4,086 %, con una ligera mayor dominancia de la pierna derecha sobre la izquierda 50.56 % - 49.44 %. Hubo una tendencia positiva en la relación entre mayor magnitud de dismetría y la efectividad de pedaleo, pero sin tener datos significativos metadata Osmani, Florent mail UNSPECIFIED (2022) Relación entre la dismetría de los miembros inferiores y la distribución de fuerzas en el pedaleo en ciclistas no profesionales. MLS Sport Research, 2 (1). ISSN 2792-7156

Article Subjects > Engineering Universidad Internacional do Cuanza > Research > Scientific Production
Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Abierto Inglés Deep learning is used to address a wide range of challenging issues including large data analysis, image processing, object detection, and autonomous control. In the same way, deep learning techniques are also used to develop software and techniques that pose a danger to privacy, democracy, and national security. Fake content in the form of images and videos using digital manipulation with artificial intelligence (AI) approaches has become widespread during the past few years. Deepfakes, in the form of audio, images, and videos, have become a major concern during the past few years. Complemented by artificial intelligence, deepfakes swap the face of one person with the other and generate hyper-realistic videos. Accompanying the speed of social media, deepfakes can immediately reach millions of people and can be very dangerous to make fake news, hoaxes, and fraud. Besides the well-known movie stars, politicians have been victims of deepfakes in the past, especially US presidents Barak Obama and Donald Trump, however, the public at large can be the target of deepfakes. To overcome the challenge of deepfake identification and mitigate its impact, large efforts have been carried out to devise novel methods to detect face manipulation. This study also discusses how to counter the threats from deepfake technology and alleviate its impact. The outcomes recommend that despite a serious threat to society, business, and political institutions, they can be combated through appropriate policies, regulation, individual actions, training, and education. In addition, the evolution of technology is desired for deepfake identification, content authentication, and deepfake prevention. Different studies have performed deepfake detection using machine learning and deep learning techniques such as support vector machine, random forest, multilayer perceptron, k-nearest neighbors, convolutional neural networks with and without long short-term memory, and other similar models. This study aims to highlight the recent research in deepfake images and video detection, such as deepfake creation, various detection algorithms on self-made datasets, and existing benchmark datasets. metadata Shahzad, Hina Fatima and Rustam, Furqan and Soriano Flores, Emmanuel and Vidal Mazón, Juan Luis and de la Torre Diez, Isabel and Ashraf, Imran mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, emmanuel.soriano@uneatlantico.es, juanluis.vidal@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED (2022) A Review of Image Processing Techniques for Deepfakes. Sensors, 22 (12). p. 4556. ISSN 1424-8220

Article Subjects > Biomedicine Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés Empathy and lifelong learning are two professional competencies that depend on the four principles of professionalism: humanism, altruism, excellence, and accountability. In occupational health, there is evidence that empathy prevents work distress. However, in the case of lifelong learning, the evidence is still scarce. In addition, recent studies suggest that the development of lifelong learning varies in physicians and nurses and that it is sensitive to the influence of cultural stereotypes associated with professional roles. This study was performed with the purpose of determining the specific role that empathy and lifelong learning play in the reduction in occupational stress. This study included a sample composed by 40 physicians and 40 nurses with high dedication to clinical work in ambulatory consultations from a public healthcare institution in Paraguay. Somatization, exhaustion, and work alienation, described as indicators of occupational stress, were used as dependent variables, whereas empathy, lifelong learning, gender, discipline, professional experience, civil status, and family burden were used as potential predictors. Three multiple regression models explained 32% of the variability of somatization based on a linear relationship with empathy, lifelong learning, and civil status; 73% of the variability of exhaustion based on a linear relationship with empathy, somatization, work alienation, and discipline; and 62% of the variability of work alienation based on a linear relationship with lifelong learning, exhaustion, and discipline. These findings indicate that empathy and lifelong learning play important roles in the prevention of work distress in physicians and nurses. However, this role varies by discipline. metadata Delgado Bolton, Roberto C. and San-Martín, Montserrat and Vivanco, Luis mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, luis.vivanco@uneatlantico.es (2022) Role of Empathy and Lifelong Learning Abilities in Physicians and Nurses Who Work in Direct Contact with Patients in Adverse Working Conditions. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 19 (5). p. 3012. ISSN 1660-4601

Article Subjects > Engineering Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Universidad Internacional do Cuanza > Research > Scientific Production
Cerrado Inglés Network slicing is expected to be critical in the deployment of 5G mobile networks and systems. On top of a single physical infrastructure, the technology enables operators to operate several virtual networks. As the 5G commercialization was recently deployed, network function virtualization (NFV) and software-defined networking (SDN) will drive network slicing. In this article, we present an overview of SDN in 5G, and the motivation, role, and market growth of network slicing. We then discuss usage scenarios of SDN in network slicing for 5G. The proposed architecture comprises the three usage scenarios: enhanced mobile broadband (eMBB) provides the support to varying types of services used; ultra-reliable low-latency communications (URLLC) provides a certain class of applications such as higher bandwidth, high definition video streaming, mobile TV, and so on; massive machine type communications (mMTC) throws light on the types of services used to connect huge numbers of devices. Finally, challenges and solutions based on network slicing in 5G are presented. metadata Babbar, Himanshi and Rani, Shalli and AlZubi, Ahmad Ali and Singh, Aman and Nasser, Nidal and Ali, Asmaa mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, aman.singh@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED (2022) Role of Network Slicing in Software Defined Networking for 5G: Use Cases and Future Directions. IEEE Wireless Communications, 29 (1). pp. 112-118. ISSN 1536-1284

Article Subjects > Engineering Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Abierto Inglés One of the toughest biometrics and document forensics problems is confirming a signature’s authenticity and legal identity. A forgery may vary from a genuine signature by specific distortions. Therefore, it is necessary to continuously monitor crucial distinctions between real and forged signatures for secure work and economic growth, but this is particularly difficult in writer-independent tasks. We thus propose an innovative and sustainable writer-independent approach based on a Siamese neural network for offline signature verification. The Siamese network is a twin-like structure with shared weights and parameters. Similar and dissimilar images are exposed to this network, and the Euclidean distances between them are calculated. The distance is reduced for identical signatures, and the distance is increased for different signatures. Three datasets, namely GPDS, BHsig260 Hindi, and BHsig260 Bengali datasets, were tested in this work. The proposed model was analyzed by comparing the results of different parameters such as optimizers, batch size, and the number of epochs on all three datasets. The proposed Siamese neural network outperforms the GPDS synthetic dataset in the English language, with an accuracy of 92%. It also performs well for the Hindi and Bengali datasets while considering skilled forgeries metadata Sharma, Neha and Gupta, Sheifali and Mohamed, Heba G. and Anand, Divya and Vidal Mazón, Juan Luis and Gupta, Deepali and Goyal, Nitin mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, divya.anand@uneatlantico.es, juanluis.vidal@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED (2022) Siamese Convolutional Neural Network-Based Twin Structure Model for Independent Offline Signature Verification. Sustainability, 14 (18). p. 11484. ISSN 2071-1050

Article Subjects > Engineering Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Cerrado Inglés Smart vehicle parking is a collaborative effort of technology and human innovation where the efforts are to be minimized to save time and efforts. In smart cities it is one of the common challenges to introduce smart parking to increase parking efficiency and combat numerous issues like identification of free parking slot and real-time dynamic updation on traffic to save fuel and energy. In this work, a new cloud-based smart parking architecture is proposed that can help in predicting the available free parking slots in smart cities. Initially, the methodology collects the car count at any near by parking using Internet of Things (IoT) and Cloud-based approach. Later, the approach uses the Kernel Least Mean Square algorithm to make heuristic predictions about future vacancy using auto-regression. The proposed approach thus utilizes the online learning or model training. To validate the efficacy of the proposed work, the testing is done on the real-time dataset. The extensive numerical investigation is performed on parking lots of four international airports of a smart city in actual deployment scenarios. The experimentation has revealed superior performance of the method in terms of vacancy prediction. metadata Anand, Divya and Singh, Aman and Alsubhi, Khalid and Goyal, Nitin and Abdrabou, Atef and Vidyarthi, Ankit and Rodrigues, Joel J. P. C. mail divya.anand@uneatlantico.es, aman.singh@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED (2022) A Smart Cloud and IoVT-Based Kernel Adaptive Filtering Framework for Parking Prediction. IEEE Transactions on Intelligent Transportation Systems. pp. 1-9. ISSN 1524-9050

Article Subjects > Engineering Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Fundación Universitaria Internacional de Colombia > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Universidad Internacional do Cuanza > Research > Scientific Production
Abierto Inglés Conventional outage management practices in distribution systems are tedious and complex due to the long time taken to locate the fault. Emerging smart technologies and various cloud services offered could be utilized and integrated into the power industry to enhance the overall process, especially in the fault monitoring and normalizing fields in distribution systems. This paper introduces smart fault monitoring and normalizing technologies in distribution systems by using one of the most popular cloud service platforms, the Microsoft Azure Internet of Things (IoT) Hub, together with some of the related services. A hardware prototype was constructed based on part of a real underground distribution system network, and the fault monitoring and normalizing techniques were integrated to form a system. Such a system with IoT integration effectively reduces the power outage experienced by customers in the healthy section of the faulted feeder from approximately 1 h to less than 5 min and is able to improve the System Average Interruption Duration Index (SAIDI) and System Average Interruption Frequency Index (SAIFI) in electric utility companies significantly metadata Peter, Geno and Stonier, Albert Alexander and Gupta, Punit and Gavilanes, Daniel and Masías Vergara, Manuel and Lung sin, Jong mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, daniel.gavilanes@uneatlantico.es, manuel.masias@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED (2022) Smart Fault Monitoring and Normalizing of a Power Distribution System Using IoT. Energies, 15 (21). p. 8206. ISSN 1996-1073

Article Subjects > Biomedicine
Subjects > Nutrition
Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés Bioactive compounds from strawberries have been associated with multiple healthy benefits. The present study aimed to assess chemical characterization of a methanolic extract of the Romina strawberry variety in terms of antioxidant capacity, polyphenols profile and chemical elements content. Additionally, potential toxicity, the effect on amyloid-β production and oxidative stress of the extract was in vivo evaluated in the experimental model Caenorhabditis elegans. Results revealed an important content in phenolic compounds (mainly ellagic acid and pelargonidin-3-glucoside) and minerals (K, Mg, P and Ca). The treatment with 100, 500 or 1000 μg/mL of strawberry extract did not show toxicity. On the contrary, the extract was able to delay amyloid β-protein induced paralysis, reduced amyloid-β aggregation and prevented oxidative stress. The potential molecular mechanisms present behind the observed results explored by RNAi technology revealed that DAF-16/FOXO and SKN-1/NRF2 signaling pathways were, at least partially, involved. metadata Navarro-Hortal, María D. and Romero-Márquez, Jose M. and Esteban-Muñoz, Adelaida and Sánchez-González, Cristina and Rivas-García, Lorenzo and Llopis, Juan and Cianciosi, Danila and Giampieri, Francesca and Sumalla Cano, Sandra and Battino, Maurizio and Quiles, José L. mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, sandra.sumalla@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, jose.quiles@uneatlantico.es (2022) Strawberry (Fragaria × ananassa cv. Romina) methanolic extract attenuates Alzheimer’s beta amyloid production and oxidative stress by SKN-1/NRF and DAF-16/FOXO mediated mechanisms in C. elegans. Food Chemistry, 372. p. 131272. ISSN 03088146

Article Subjects > Biomedicine
Subjects > Engineering
Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Universidad Internacional do Cuanza > Research > Scientific Production
Abierto Inglés Herbal medicine and nutritional supplements are suggested to treat premenstrual somatic and psycho-behavioural symptoms in clinical guidelines; nonetheless, this is at present based on poor-quality trial evidence. Hence, we aimed to design a systematic review and meta-analysis for their effectiveness in alleviating premenstrual symptoms. The published randomized controlled trials (RCTs) were extracted from Google scholar, PubMed, Scopus and PROSPERO databases. The risk of bias in randomized trials was assessed by Cochrane risk-of-bias tool. The main outcome parameters were analysed separately based on the Premenstrual Symptom Screening Tool and PMTS and DRSP scores. Secondary parameters of somatic, psychological, and behavioural subscale symptoms of PSST were also analysed. Data synthesis was performed assuming a random-effects model, and standardized mean difference (SMDs) was analysed using SPSS version 28.0.0 (IBM, Armonk, NY, USA). A total of 754 articles were screened, and 15 RCTs were included (n = 1211 patients). Primary results for participants randomized to an intervention reported reduced PSST (n = 9), PMTS (n = 2), and DSR (n = 4) scores with (SMD = −1.44; 95% CI: −1.72 to −1.17), (SMD = −1.69; 95% CI: −3.80 to 0.42) and (SMD = 2.86; 95% CI: 1.02 to 4.69) verses comparator with substantial heterogeneity. Physical (SMD = −1.61; 95% CI = −2.56 to −0.66), behavioural (SMD = −0.60; 95% CI = −1.55 to0.35) and mood (SMD = 0.57; 95% CI = −0.96 to 2.11) subscale symptom groupings of PSST displayed similar findings. Fifty-three studies (n = 8) were considered at low risk of bias with high quality. Mild adverse events were reported by four RCTs. Based on the existing evidence, herbal medicine and nutritional supplements may be effective and safe for PMS metadata Sultana, Arshiya and Heyat, Md Belal Bin and Rahman, Khaleequr and Kunnavil, Radhika and Fazmiya, Mohamed Joonus Aynul and Akhtar, Faijan and Sumbul, X. and Vidal Mazón, Juan Luis and Rodríguez Velasco, Carmen Lilí and De La Torre Díez, Isabel mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, juanluis.vidal@uneatlantico.es, carmen.rodriguez@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED (2022) A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Premenstrual Syndrome with Special Emphasis on Herbal Medicine and Nutritional Supplements. Pharmaceuticals, 15 (11). p. 1371. ISSN 1424-8247

Article Subjects > Engineering Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Universidad Internacional do Cuanza > Research > Scientific Production
Abierto Inglés The accelerated evolution in computing and transmission automation of the Internet of Vehicles (IoV) has led to enormous research standards that attract many researchers and industries. This century of the Internet of Things (IoT) is propulsive to the routine vehicular ad hoc networks (VANETs) in the IoV. It has emerged as one of the major driving forces for innovations in the intelligent vehicular industry. The World Health Organization (WHO) report confirms that approximately 1.35 million people die because of accidents on the road every year. This requires considerable attention to incorporate more and more safety measures into the automobile industry. Intelligent transportation systems can help bridge the gap between the traditional and the intelligent automotive industry by connecting vehicle to vehicle (V2V) and vehicle to infrastructure (V2I), hence adding much safety in vehicular communication. This paper provides a comprehensive review of the Internet of Vehicles (IoV) which discusses the architectures of IoV including layer types, functions of layers, application area, and communication type supported. Further, it also provides an in-depth insight into state-of-the-art Medium Access Control (MAC) protocols and routing protocols used in IoV communication. The routing protocol comparative summarization considers important parameters which include communication types broadcast, unicast, cluster, multicast, forwarding strategy, recovery strategy, availability of map, and the type of environment urban or highway. The summarization of various protocols highlights strengths, research gaps, and application areas. Finally, the paper addresses various research challenges along with potential future enhancements for the IoV communication. metadata Seth, Ishita and Guleria, Kalpna and Panda, Surya Narayan and Anand, Divya and Alsubhi, Khalid and Aljahdali, Hani Moaiteq and Singh, Aman and A Saeed, Rashid mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, divya.anand@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, aman.singh@unic.co.ao, UNSPECIFIED (2022) A Taxonomy and Analysis on Internet of Vehicles: Architectures, Protocols, and Challenges. Wireless Communications and Mobile Computing, 2022. pp. 1-26. ISSN 1530-8669

Article Subjects > Engineering
Subjects > Teaching
Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés This paper presents the first exploratory results of a research integrated in a more global project on digital and entrepreneurial skills of students at the University ***. The study reveals gaps in professional skills such as problem solving, strategic thinking and creativity. For this reason, a pedagogical project is created integrating the use of social media in training (entrepreneurship), research (knowledge management) and university transfer. The aim is to develop skills in digital talent, (techno)creativity and to implement work methodologies, such as design thinking and growth hacking. In addition, it will encourage selflearning of the students, improve their e-competences, creative capacity and practical skills for a better adaptation to the needs of social demand, where knowledge transfer generates development and growth scenarios (startup) and fosters innovation (competitive capacity). This innovative initiative will enable Higher Education students to acquire the most demanded skills in a multidisciplinary labour market that also requires specific ones in creativity, strategic capacity, project management, product innovation, solution generation and entrepreneurship. This is what forms the basis of an integral project of triangular synergy between University, Business and Society. metadata Comesaña-Comesaña, Patricia and Amorós-Pons, Anna and Alexeeva-Alexeev, Inna mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, inna.alexeeva@uneatlantico.es (2022) Technocreativity, Social Networks and Entrepreneurship: Diagnostics of Skills in University Students. International Journal of Emerging Technologies in Learning (iJET), 17 (05). pp. 180-195. ISSN 1863-0383

Article Subjects > Engineering Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Fundación Universitaria Internacional de Colombia > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Universidad Internacional do Cuanza > Research > Scientific Production
Abierto Inglés Technology’s expansion has contributed to the rise in popularity of social media platforms. Twitter is one of the leading social media platforms that people use to share their opinions. Such opinions, sometimes, may contain threatening text, deliberately or non-deliberately, which can be disturbing for other users. Consequently, the detection of threatening content on social media is an important task. Contrary to high-resource languages like English, Dutch, and others that have several such approaches, the low-resource Urdu language does not have such a luxury. Therefore, this study presents an intelligent threatening language detection for the Urdu language. A stacking model is proposed that uses an extra tree (ET) classifier and Bayes theorem-based Bernoulli Naive Bayes (BNB) as the based learners while logistic regression (LR) is employed as the meta learner. A performance analysis is carried out by deploying a support vector classifier, ET, LR, BNB, fully connected network, convolutional neural network, long short-term memory, and gated recurrent unit. Experimental results indicate that the stacked model performs better than both machine learning and deep learning models. With 74.01% accuracy, 70.84% precision, 75.65% recall, and 73.99% F1 score, the model outperforms the existing benchmark study. metadata Mehmood, Aneela and Farooq, Muhammad Shoaib and Naseem, Ansar and Rustam, Furqan and Gracia Villar, Mónica and Rodríguez Velasco, Carmen Lilí and Ashraf, Imran mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, monica.gracia@uneatlantico.es, carmen.rodriguez@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED (2022) Threatening URDU Language Detection from Tweets Using Machine Learning. Applied Sciences, 12 (20). p. 10342. ISSN 2076-3417

Article Subjects > Engineering Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Universidad Internacional do Cuanza > Research > Scientific Production
Abierto Inglés Thyroid disease prediction has emerged as an important task recently. Despite existing approaches for its diagnosis, often the target is binary classification, the used datasets are small-sized and results are not validated either. Predominantly, existing approaches focus on model optimization and the feature engineering part is less investigated. To overcome these limitations, this study presents an approach that investigates feature engineering for machine learning and deep learning models. Forward feature selection, backward feature elimination, bidirectional feature elimination, and machine learning-based feature selection using extra tree classifiers are adopted. The proposed approach can predict Hashimoto’s thyroiditis (primary hypothyroid), binding protein (increased binding protein), autoimmune thyroiditis (compensated hypothyroid), and non-thyroidal syndrome (NTIS) (concurrent non-thyroidal illness). Extensive experiments show that the extra tree classifier-based selected feature yields the best results with 0.99 accuracy and an F1 score when used with the random forest classifier. Results suggest that the machine learning models are a better choice for thyroid disease detection regarding the provided accuracy and the computational complexity. K-fold cross-validation and performance comparison with existing studies corroborate the superior performance of the proposed approach. metadata Chaganti, Rajasekhar and Rustam, Furqan and De La Torre Díez, Isabel and Vidal Mazón, Juan Luis and Rodríguez Velasco, Carmen Lilí and Ashraf, Imran mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, juanluis.vidal@uneatlantico.es, carmen.rodriguez@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED (2022) Thyroid Disease Prediction Using Selective Features and Machine Learning Techniques. Cancers, 14 (16). p. 3914. ISSN 2072-6694

Article Subjects > Engineering Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Abierto Inglés Using artificial intelligence (AI) based software defect prediction (SDP) techniques in the software development process helps isolate defective software modules, count the number of software defects, and identify risky code changes. However, software development teams are unaware of SDP and do not have easy access to relevant models and techniques. The major reason for this problem seems to be the fragmentation of SDP research and SDP practice. To unify SDP research and practice this article introduces a cloud-based, global, unified AI framework for SDP called DePaaS—Defects Prediction as a Service. The article describes the usage context, use cases and detailed architecture of DePaaS and presents the first response of the industry practitioners to DePaaS. In a first of its kind survey, the article captures practitioner’s belief into SDP and ability of DePaaS to solve some of the known challenges of the field of software defect prediction. This article also provides a novel process for SDP, detailed description of the structure and behaviour of DePaaS architecture components, six best SDP models offered by DePaaS, a description of algorithms that recommend SDP models, feature sets and tunable parameters, and a rich set of challenges to build, use and sustain DePaaS. With the contributions of this article, SDP research and practice could be unified enabling building and using more pragmatic defect prediction models leading to increase in the efficiency of software testing metadata Pandit, Mahesha and Gupta, Deepali and Anand, Divya and Goyal, Nitin and Aljahdali, Hani Moaiteq and Ortega-Mansilla, Arturo and Kadry, Seifedine and Kumar, Arun mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, divya.anand@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, arturo.ortega@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED (2022) Towards Design and Feasibility Analysis of DePaaS: AI Based Global Unified Software Defect Prediction Framework. Applied Sciences, 12 (1). p. 493. ISSN 2076-3417

Article Subjects > Engineering Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Universidad Internacional do Cuanza > Research > Scientific Production
Abierto Inglés Device-to-device (D2D) communication has attracted many researchers, cellular operators, and equipment makers as mobile traffic and bandwidth demands have increased. It supports direct communication within devices with no need for any intermediate node and, therefore, offers advantage in 5G network while providing wide cell coverage range and frequency reuse. However, establishing acceptable and secure mechanism for D2D communication which ensures confidentiality, integrity, and availability is an issue encountered in this situation. Furthermore, in a resource-constrained IoT environment, these security challenges are more critical and difficult to mitigate, especially during emergence of IoT with 5G network application scenarios. To address these issues, this paper proposed a security mechanism in 5G network for D2D wireless communication dependent on lightweight modified elliptic curve cryptography (LMECC). The proposed scheme follows a proactive routing protocol to discover services, managing link setup, and for data transfer with the aim to reduce communication overhead during user authentication. The proposed approach has been compared against Diffie–Hellman (DH) and ElGamal (ELG) schemes to evaluate the protocol overhead and security enhancement at network edge. Results proved the outstanding performance of the proposed LMECC for strengthening data secrecy with approximate 13% and 22.5% lower overhead than DH and ELG schemes. metadata Gupta, Divya and Rani, Shalli and Singh, Aman and Vidal Mazón, Juan Luis and Wang, Han mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, aman.singh@unic.co.ao, juanluis.vidal@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED (2022) Towards Security Mechanism in D2D Wireless Communication: A 5G Network Approach. Wireless Communications and Mobile Computing, 2022. pp. 1-9. ISSN 1530-8669

Article Subjects > Nutrition Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés Ultra-processed food (UPF) consumption has been the focus of major attention due to their potential effects on human health. The aim of this study was to investigate the intake of UPFs in a sample of southern Italian individuals and assess its relationship with nutrient profile and dietary quality parameters. A cross-sectional study was conducted on 1936 individuals older than 18 years randomly selected from the general population. A total of 110 food times have been categorized based on the level of processing using the NOVA classification. The average daily energy intake of the sample was 2091.1 kcal, 38.7% of which were from the NOVA group of unprocessed/minimally processed foods, 5.7% from processed culinary ingredients, 38.3% from processed foods, and 17.9% from the UPFs group. UPFs were more consumed among young, unmarried individuals, with high cultural level, smokers, and often eating out of home. The mean energy share of UPFs varied from 6.3% of total daily energy intake for individuals in the lowest quintile of UPF consumption to 34.2% for those in the upper quintile. Within the UPF group, the highest energy contribution was provided by fast foods and sweets. Compared to the lowest quintile of UPF consumption, individuals in the highest quintile consumed, on average, additional 300 kcals per day and less fiber. Some plant-derived vitamins, such as vitamin A and vitamin C showed an inverse trend toward increasing shares of UPF consumption, while sodium intake increased. A significant higher intake of UPFs in individuals meeting the European and Italian dietary recommendations for carbohydrates, vitamin B12, vitamin D, and vitamin E was found, while UPFs were less consumed among those meeting the recommendations for total fats, fiber, sodium, potassium, and vitamin C. Finally, individuals displaying a “healthier” dietary profile, such as higher adherence to either the Mediterranean diet, the Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension, the Alternate Diet Quality Index, and the Diet Quality Index-International, consumed less UPFs and more unprocessed/minimally processed foods, with minor variation in the other NOVA food categories. In conclusion, consumption of UPF in southern Italy is in line with those reported in some other Mediterranean countries, although it negatively impacted the nutrient profile. It is important to monitor the consumption of UPFs before their availability and popularity put the grounds on younger generations’ dietary habits metadata Godos, Justyna and Giampieri, Francesca and Al-Qahtani, Wahidah H. and Scazzina, Francesca and Bonaccio, Marialaura and Grosso, Giuseppe mail UNSPECIFIED, francesca.giampieri@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED (2022) Ultra-Processed Food Consumption and Relation with Diet Quality and Mediterranean Diet in Southern Italy. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 19 (18). p. 11360. ISSN 1660-4601

Article Subjects > Nutrition Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Cerrado Inglés Traditionally, edible flowers have been used as foods and for therapeutic purposes, today they have gained importance due to their bioactive compounds such as flavonols, anthocyanins or other phenolic compounds, which give them potential for biomedical applications. This work evaluated a methanolic extract of Tulbaghia violacea. Eleven individual phenolic compounds were found and quantified by mass spectrometry in the extract. Antioxidant activity tests (TEAC, FRAP and DPPH) and other characterization parameters were assayed (total phenolic content and total flavonoid content). In vitro studies showed antitumoral activity against ovarian tumoral cells mediated by the induction of non-dependent caspase cell death and by the activation of reactive oxygen species. The effect of the extract against features of Alzheimer disease was in vivo assayed in Caenorhabditis elegans. Tulbaghia extract led to a reduction in the 1–42 beta amyloid peptide formation and prevented oxidative stress. These results suggested that Tulbaghia violacea could be a new source of phenolic compounds for nutraceuticals and functional food development. metadata Rivas-García, Lorenzo and Romero-Márquez, Jose M. and Navarro-Hortal, M.D. and Esteban-Muñoz, Adelaida and Giampieri, Francesca and Sumalla Cano, Sandra and Battino, Maurizio and Quiles, José L. and Llopis, Juan and Sánchez-González, Cristina mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, sandra.sumalla@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, jose.quiles@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED (2022) Unravelling potential biomedical applications of the edible flower Tulbaghia violacea. Food Chemistry, 381. p. 132096. ISSN 03088146

Article Subjects > Nutrition Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés The present manuscript describes the validation of a food knowledge questionnaire (FKQ) for Tanzanian childbearing age women. The FKQ was derived from the Ugandan version and was adapted according to Tanzanian culture and food habits, including 114 closed-ended questions, divided into five different sections. The FKQ was administered to 671 Tanzanian childbearing-age women who were eligible if they: (i) were aged between 14 and 49 years old, (ii) had not been diagnosed with any disease and (iii) lived in the urban or peri-urban area of the Arusha and Morogoro region. The validation process of the FKQ was conducted in Tanzania and the recruitment occurred between August and October 2020. The final version of the validated questionnaire was characterized by a total of 88 questions, divided into ten different sections; each section aimed to investigate a different aspect of food knowledge, except for section A, which collected information related to the social and demographic characteristics of the respondent. The food knowledge questionnaire showed good construct validity and content validity to assess knowledge and food practices in Tanzanian women of childbearing age and could be used in future studies to identify women at higher risk of unhealthy eating habits and food choices. metadata Conti, Maria Vittoria and Gnesi, Marco and De Giuseppe, Rachele and Giampieri, Francesca and Monti, Maria Cristina and Mshanga, Naelijwa and Kinabo, Joyce and Msuya, John and Cena, Hellas mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, francesca.giampieri@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED (2022) Validation of a Food Knowledge Questionnaire on Tanzanian Women of Childbearing Age. Nutrients, 14 (3). p. 691. ISSN 2072-6643

Book Section Subjects > Social Sciences Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Español En este estudio se plantean los siguientes objetivos: ‒ Estudiar la importancia de la tradición en la perpetuación de la religión. ‒ Analizar las diferentes posturas que existen en cuanto a la existencia de Dios ‒ Seleccionar a los principales representantes de dichas posturas para profundizar en su teoría hermenéutica ‒ Profundizar en la filosofía de Hume y su consecuente agnosticismo para analizar las causas y consecuencias del no-posicionamiento ‒ Repensar el poder de la religión a través de la postura del no-posicionamiento metadata Quijano-Peña, Paula mail paula.quijano2uneatlantico.es (2022) Ver para creer: repensando el poder de la religión a través del no-posicionamiento de Hume. In: La transversalidad de la investigación en comunicación. Dykinson, Madrid, pp. 885-893. ISBN 978-84-1122-367-6

Article Subjects > Communication Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Español La pandemia provocada por el SARS-CoV-2 evidenció un incremento de los casos de violencia de género durante el confinamiento domiciliario y aislamiento social. El artículo aborda el estudio de las campañas publicitarias impulsadas en los países del G-20 en el período de pandemia. Las redes sociales se convirtieron en un espacio de interacción para impulsar acciones de ciberfeminismo (hashtivismo) y visibilizar esta problemática social considerada ‘la otra pandemia’. El análisis se centra en las estrategias de codificación del mensaje publicitario y su vinculación al ecosistema social. El estudio pone de manifiesto que la pandemia se convirtió en el eje creativo en la creación de campañas de naturaleza informativa con nuevos códigos simbólicos de ayuda a las víctimas de violencia de género. metadata Amorós-Pons, Anna and Comesaña-Comesaña, Patricia and Alexeeva-Alexeev, Inna mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, inna.alexeeva@uneatlantico.es (2022) Violencia de género en período de pandemia de coronavirus en los países del G-20: Campañas publicitarias en redes sociales. Historia y Comunicación Social, 27 (2). pp. 389-400. ISSN 1137-0734

Article Subjects > Engineering Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Abierto Inglés For analytical approach-based word recognition techniques, the task of segmenting the word into individual characters is a big challenge, specifically for cursive handwriting. For this, a holistic approach can be a better option, wherein the entire word is passed to an appropriate recognizer. Gurumukhi script is a complex script for which a holistic approach can be proposed for offline handwritten word recognition. In this paper, the authors propose a Convolutional Neural Network-based architecture for recognition of the Gurumukhi month names. The architecture is designed with five convolutional layers and three pooling layers. The authors also prepared a dataset of 24,000 images, each with a size of 50 × 50. The dataset was collected from 500 distinct writers of different age groups and professions. The proposed method achieved training and validation accuracies of about 97.03% and 99.50%, respectively for the proposed dataset. metadata Singh, Tajinder Pal and Gupta, Sheifali and Garg, Meenu and Gupta, Deepali and Alharbi, Abdullah and Alyami, Hashem and Anand, Divya and Ortega-Mansilla, Arturo and Goyal, Nitin mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, divya.anand@uneatlantico.es, arturo.ortega@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED (2022) Visualization of Customized Convolutional Neural Network for Natural Language Recognition. Sensors, 22 (8). p. 2881. ISSN 1424-8220

Article Subjects > Psychology Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Cerrado Inglés The current global pandemic situation due to the Covid-19 has implied several consequences at all psychological levels. One of the main differences with respect to the pre-pandemic life in most of countries around the world is the obligation to wear a mask for citizens. This new habit could have several issues for human relationships. The current research aimed to explore the effect of wearing a mask on both emotion recognition and perception of attractiveness. Two hundred and two participants completed a task consisting of 24 face images presented twice, with and without mask. Of them, there were six images for emotion: anger, sadness, fear, and happiness. The results showed that emotion recognition was worse when wearing a face mask except for surprise: happiness, η2 = 0.84; anger, η2 = 0.74; anger, η2 = 52. Moreover, wearing a mask enhanced the perception of attractiveness both in male and female in all emotions except for happiness: sadness, η2 = 0.22; surprise, η2 = 0.05, and anger, η2 = 0.03. Finally, social implications and limitations of the study are discussed. metadata Parada-Fernández, Pamela and Herrero-Fernández, David and Jorge, Richard and Comesaña-Comesaña, Patricia mail pamela.parada@uneatlantico.es, david.herrero@uneatlantico.es, richard.jorge@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED (2022) Wearing mask hinders emotion recognition, but enhances perception of attractiveness. Personality and Individual Differences, 184. p. 111195. ISSN 01918869

Article Subjects > Biomedicine
Subjects > Engineering
Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Magazines
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Universidad Internacional do Cuanza > Research > Scientific Production
Abierto Inglés White blood cell (WBC) type classification is a task of significant importance for diagnosis using microscopic images of WBC, which develop immunity to fight against infections and foreign substances. WBCs consist of different types, and abnormalities in a type of WBC may potentially represent a disease such as leukemia. Existing studies are limited by low accuracy and overrated performance, often caused by model overfit due to an imbalanced dataset. Additionally, many studies consider a lower number of WBC types, and the accuracy is exaggerated. This study presents a hybrid feature set of selective features and synthetic minority oversampling technique-based resampling to mitigate the influence of the above-mentioned problems. Furthermore, machine learning models are adopted for being less computationally complex, requiring less data for training, and providing robust results. Experiments are performed using both machine- and deep learning models for performance comparison using the original dataset, augmented dataset, and oversampled dataset to analyze the performances of the models. The results suggest that a hybrid feature set of both texture and RGB features from microscopic images, selected using Chi2, produces a high accuracy of 0.97 with random forest. Performance appraisal using k-fold cross-validation and comparison with existing state-of-the-art studies shows that the proposed approach outperforms existing studies regarding the obtained accuracy and computational complexity. metadata Rustam, Furqan and Aslam, Naila and De La Torre Díez, Isabel and Khan, Yaser Daanial and Vidal Mazón, Juan Luis and Rodríguez Velasco, Carmen Lilí and Ashraf, Imran mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, juanluis.vidal@uneatlantico.es, carmen.rodriguez@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED (2022) White Blood Cell Classification Using Texture and RGB Features of Oversampled Microscopic Images. Healthcare, 10 (11). p. 2230. ISSN 2227-9032

Article Subjects > Physical Education and Sport Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés The aim of this study was to analyze the effects of percussive massage therapy (PMT) on lifeguards’ recovery after a water rescue, in comparison with passive recovery. Methods: A quasi-experimental crossover design was conducted to compare passive recovery (PR) and a PMT protocol. A total of 14 volunteer lifeguards performed a simulated 100 m water rescue and perceived fatigue and blood lactate were measured as recovery variables after the rescue and after the 8-min recovery process. Results: There were no differences between PMT and PR in lactate clearance (p > 0.05), finding in both modalities a small but not significant decrease in blood lactate. In perceived fatigue, both methods decreased this variable significantly (p < 0.001), with no significant differences between them (p > 0.05). Conclusions: PMT does not enhance recovery after a water rescue, in comparison with staying passive. Despite PMT appearing to be adequate for recovery in other efforts, it is not recommended for lifeguards’ recovery after a water rescue. metadata Alonso-Calvete, Alejandra and Lorenzo-Martínez, Miguel and Pérez-Ferreirós, Alexandra and Couso-Bruno, Antonio and Carracedo-Rodríguez, Eloy and Barcala Furelos, Martín and Barcala-Furelos, Roberto and Padrón-Cabo, Alexis mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, martin.barcala@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED (2022) Why Percussive Massage Therapy Does Not Improve Recovery after a Water Rescue? A Preliminary Study with Lifeguards. Healthcare, 10 (4). p. 693. ISSN 2227-9032

Article Subjects > Biomedicine Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés A new palladium coordination compound based on gliclazide with the chemical formula [Pd(glz)2] (where glz = gliclazide) has been synthesized and characterised. The structural characterization reveals that this material consists of mononuclear units formed by a Pd2+ ion coordinated to two molecules of the glz ligand, in which palladium ions exhibit a distorted plane-square coordination sphere. This novel material behaves like a good and selective inhibitor of butyrylcholinesterase, one of the most relevant therapeutic targets against Alzheimer's disease. Analysis of the enzyme kinetics showed a mixed mode of inhibition, the title compound being capable of interacting with both the free enzyme and the enzyme-substrate complex. Finally, the palladium compound shows promising protective activity against Aβ-induced toxicity in the Caenorhabditis elegans model, which has never been reported. metadata García-García, Amalia and Rojas, Sara and Rivas-García, Lorenzo and Navarro-Hortal, María D. and Romero-Márquez, Jose M. and Fernández-Bolaños, José G. and Choquesillo-Lazarte, Duane and Salinas-Castillo, Alfonso and López, Óscar and Quiles, José L. and Rodríguez-Diéguez, Antonio mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, jose.quiles@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED (2022) A gliclazide complex based on palladium towards Alzheimer's disease: promising protective activity against Aβ-induced toxicity in C. elegans. Chemical Communications, 58 (10). pp. 1514-1517. ISSN 1359-7345

Article Subjects > Psychology Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Cerrado Inglés Studies regarding aggression on the road are getting more frequent, due to the close relationship of these variables with risky behaviour and crash-related events. Whereas most of research has focused on both contextual and personality (proximal) variables, the current research aimed to explore the relationship between attachment styles (distal variables) and aggressive behaviour on the road, hypothesizing the mediation effect of mentalization. Then, a sample of 469 drivers (Mage = 35.60, SDage = 12.38; 66.1% female) taken from the general Spanish population completed a set of measures about their attachment styles (secure, anxious, avoidant, and disorganized), mentalization (alexithymia, mindful attention, empathy, and emotion recognition), and aggressive behaviour on the road (verbal, physical, vehicle-use related, displaced, and adaptive aggression). The results showed that driving aggression variables were significantly associated with self-sufficiency attachment style, as well as with empathy, alexithymia, and mindful attention. A further SEM analysis suggested that mentalization did not mediate in the relationship between self-sufficiency and driving aggression, but significant indirect effects were obtained in the case of the association between preoccupation attachment style and each one of the ways of aggression. Clinical implications of the results are discussed, in terms of the possible effectiveness of mentalization-based therapies to reduce aggression on the road, especially those which refer to alexithymia and mindful attention. metadata Herrero-Fernández, David and Parada-Fernández, Pamela and Rodríguez-Arcos, Irene and Amaya-Carrillo, Laura and González-Sáez, María Esther and Rubio-González, Miriam mail david.herrero@uneatlantico.es, pamela.parada@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED (2022) The mediation effect of mentalization in the relationship between attachment and aggression on the road. Transportation Research Part F: Traffic Psychology and Behaviour, 86. pp. 345-355. ISSN 13698478

Article Subjects > Nutrition Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés Olive tree-derived products have been associated with numerous benefits for health. The aim of the present study was to characterize an olive leaf extract enriched in oleuropein (OLE) concerning phenolic content and profile as well as antioxidant capacity. Short-term and long-term toxicity, including oxidative stress, was in vivo evaluated in the experimental model Caenorhabditis elegans. Moreover, the potential therapeutic effect of the extract against Aβ induced- and tau protein induced-toxicity was also evaluated in C. elegans. OLE treatment did not exert toxicity. On the contrary, the extract was able to ameliorate oxidative stress and proteotoxicity related to Aβ and tau aggregation. The potential molecular mechanisms present behind the observed results explored by RNAi technology revealed that DAF-16/FOXO and SKN-1/NRF2, elements of the insulin insulin-like signalling pathway, as well as HSP-16.2 overexpression were involved. metadata Romero-Márquez, Jose M. and Navarro-Hortal, María D. and Jiménez-Trigo, Victoria and Vera-Ramírez, Laura and Forbes-Hernández, Tamara J. and Esteban-Muñoz, Adelaida and Giampieri, Francesca and Bullón, Pedro and Battino, Maurizio and Sánchez-González, Cristina and Quiles, José L. mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, francesca.giampieri@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, jose.quiles@uneatlantico.es (2022) An oleuropein rich-olive (Olea europaea L.) leaf extract reduces β-amyloid and tau proteotoxicity through regulation of oxidative- and heat shock-stress responses in Caenorhabditis elegans. Food and Chemical Toxicology, 162. p. 112914. ISSN 02786915

Article Subjects > Nutrition Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Cerrado Inglés Polyphenols are plant secondary metabolites, whose biological activity has been widely demonstrated. However, the research in this field is a bit reductive, as very frequently the effect of individual compound is investigated in different experimental models, neglecting more complex, but common, relationships that are established in the diet. This review summarizes the data that highlighted the interaction between polyphenols and other food components, especially macro- (lipids, proteins, carbohydrates and fibers) and micronutrients (minerals, vitamins and organic pigments), paying particular attention on their bioavailability, antioxidant capacity and chemical, physical, organoleptic and nutritional characteristics. The topic of food interaction has yet to be extensively studied because a greater knowledge of the food chemistry behind these interactions and the variables that modify their effects, could offer innovations and improvements in various fields ranging from organoleptic, nutritional to health and economic field. metadata Cianciosi, Danila and Forbes-Hernández, Tamara Y. and Regolo, Lucia and Alvarez-Suarez, José M. and Navarro-Hortal, Maria Dolores and Xiao, Jianbo and Quiles, José L. and Battino, Maurizio and Giampieri, Francesca mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, jose.quiles@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, francesca.giampieri@uneatlantico.es (2022) The reciprocal interaction between polyphenols and other dietary compounds: Impact on bioavailability, antioxidant capacity and other physico-chemical and nutritional parameters. Food Chemistry, 375. p. 131904. ISSN 03088146

Article Subjects > Nutrition Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Cerrado Inglés Background The drive to reduce the negative impact of the global food system on the environment and human health, and to feed a growing global population, has led to the rapid development of meat alternatives, including plant-based and mycoprotein-based products such as burgers, cured meat and nuggets. These are generally food items manufactured with highly refined ingredients, so health professionals interested in promoting plant-based diets, or a reduction in meat consumption, need a deeper understanding about the potential health effects of these products in order to present them to the public in an objective and helpful manner. Scope and approaches In this narrative review, a search of the current available scientific literature was performed with the aim of exploring all these foods by delving into the way they are manufactured, their nutritional characteristics, their impact on health, as well as trying to understand their place in modern, diets. Key findings and conclusion Processed meat alternatives, despite being highly refined products, can be a good source of healthy food groups and nutrients often underrepresented in omnivores diets such as grains, legumes, plant protein and fibre, although attention must be paid to their salt and saturated fat content. For people wanting to move away from a meat-heavy diet, the consumption of these items can represent a stepping stone towards the adoption of more healthful dietary patterns centred on whole plant-foods. In addition, they might help to increase compliance with the new lifestyle as they tend to replicate some of the organoleptic properties of meat. metadata Gastaldello, Annalisa and Giampieri, Francesca and de Giuseppe, Rachele and Grosso, Giuseppe and Baroni, Luciana and Battino, Maurizio mail UNSPECIFIED, francesca.giampieri@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED (2022) The rise of processed meat alternatives: A narrative review of the manufacturing, composition, nutritional profile and health effects of newer sources of protein, and their place in healthier diets. Trends in Food Science & Technology. ISSN 09242244

2021

Article Subjects > Psychology Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Español Este estudio fue dirigido a hallar factores motivacionales y ambientales (clima organizacional) que exacerban conductas de acoso hacia el maestro en dos municipios del área sur de Puerto Rico. Se indagó desde la perspectiva del maestro cómo el Departamento de Educación de Puerto Rico maneja las situaciones de acoso laboral y en los casos donde existe mobbing cómo ha afectado el rendimiento laboral del maestro en estos municipios. Se utilizó una muestra representativa de 202 maestros del sistema de educación pública de Puerto Rico. Se realizó un muestreo no probabilístico de tipo intencional. Se usó un cuestionario creado y utilizado por Del Álamo (2006) llamado: (A) Cuestionario del Álamo sobre Maltrato Laboral. (B) El segundo instrumento utilizado fue el Cuestionario de Clima Organizacional obtenido del Departamento de Salud de Lima, Perú (Ugarte et al., 2009). Los objetivos que enmarcaron esta investigación y que sirvieron como marco de referencia para el desarrollo de la tesis fueron logrados. Los resultados y las conclusiones nos muestran que: i) los maestros afectados por el acoso tenderán a percibir que su rendimiento laboral disminuye; ii) el clima organizacional negativo o tenso hace que sea mayor la predisposición al acoso y que el rendimiento laboral también disminuya; iii) no existe un protocolo formal en el Departamento de Educación para manejar situaciones de acoso; iv) los maestros reflejaron una proporción equivalente entre someterse o enfrentarse al acosador; v) la mayor cantidad de participantes identificaron al acosador como su jefe inmediato; vi) las consecuencias del acoso psicológico en el trabajo se manifiestan a nivel físico (trastornos cardiovasculares) y psicológico (estrés y depresión). Las recomendaciones del estudio son las siguientes: asesoramiento legal para los maestros y orientación a directores escolares. Se espera que se continúen nuevas investigaciones sobre el tema y que se apruebe la Ley en Puerto Rico. metadata Morales Franceschi, Julissa and Martín Ayala, Juan Luis and Amutio Careaga, Alberto and Rosario Nieves, Ilia C. mail UNSPECIFIED, juan.martin@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED (2021) Acoso psicológico laboral (Mobbing) y su impacto en el clima y desempeño laboral en maestros del sistema público de enseñanza del área sur de Puerto Rico. MLS Psychology Research, 4 (1). pp. 79-98. ISSN 26055295

Article Subjects > Nutrition Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Cerrado Inglés BACKGROUND:In Spain, there are several studies published on the relationship between eating habits and lifestyle among university students; but only a few of them are focused on online postgraduate students. OBJECTIVE:Herein we aimed to evaluate the degree of adherence to the Mediterranean diet pyramid (2010 edition), non-communicable diseases (NCDs), and lifestyle in online postgraduate students aged 20–65 years belonging to the food area of the Fundación Universitaria Iberoamericana (FUNIBER). METHODS:We performed a descriptive cross-sectional study including 100 online post-graduate students aged 20–65 years who were recruited by an accidental non-probabilistic sampling method consisting of a questionnaire on their sociodemographic characteristics, NCDs, lifestyle, and a 3-day food intake record (3-d). RESULTS:The profile of the students was 74% women, with a mean age of 36.6 (±10.5) years and body mass index (BMI) of 22.6 kg / m2 (±3.3). 71% of the volunteers presented normal weight, while 20% were overweight. Indeed, only a low percentage of the volunteers presented hypertension (1%), cardiovascular disease (0%), diabetes mellitus 1 (2%), diabetes mellitus 2 (3%), hypercholesterolemia (9%), and hyperuricemia (2%). Concerning lifestyle, (77%) of students were non-smokers, (78%) consumed beverages with caffeine, (51%) did not consume alcoholic beverages, and nearly all of them (84%) frequently (3 times /week) practiced physical activity. 68% of the recruited students exhibited adherence to “Medium diet quality diet (4–7)” followed by (26%) with a “Poor diet quality (<3)” and “Optimal diet quality” (6%). CONCLUSIONS:Spanish postgraduate students of the nutritional area, have good health and a healthy lifestyle but are moving away from the MD model, should be established campaigns for the improvement of eating habits of the postgraduate university population. metadata Elío Pascual, Iñaki and Jarrin, Sandra and Elexpuru Zabaleta, Maria and Crespo-Álvarez, Jorge and Dominguez Azpíroz, Irma and Tutusaus, Kilian and Ruiz Salces, Roberto and Calderón Iglesias, Rubén and Sumalla Cano, Sandra mail inaki.elio@uneatlantico.es, sandra.jarrin@uneatlantico.es, maria.elexpuru@uneatlantico.es, jorge.crespo@uneatlantico.es, irma.dominguez@uneatlantico.es, kilian.tutusaus@uneatlantico.es, roberto.ruiz@uneatlantico.es, ruben.calderon@uneatlantico.es, sandra.sumalla@uneatlantico.es (2021) Adherence to the pyramid of the Mediterranean diet (2010), non-communicable diseases and lifestyle in online postgraduate Spanish students in the food area. Mediterranean Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism, 14 (2). pp. 191-205. ISSN 1973798X

Article Subjects > Engineering Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Universidad Internacional do Cuanza > Research > Scientific Production
Abierto Inglés Background: To address the current pandemic, multiple studies have focused on the development of new mHealth applications to help curb the number of infections, these applications aim to accelerate the identification and self-isolation of people exposed to SARS-CoV- 2, the coronavirus known to cause COVID-19, by being in close contact with infected individuals. Objective: The main objectives of this paper are: 1)To analyze the current status of COVID-19 apps available the main virtual stores: Google Play Store and App Store, and 2)To propose a novel mobile application based on the limitations of the analyzed apps. Methods: The search for apps in this research was carried out in the main virtual stores: Google Play Store and App Store, until May 2021. After the analysis of the selected apps, a novel app is proposed whose main function will be the multiple transmission of information about the patient's symptoms from the application, without the need for phone calls or chat in real time. For its development, the flowchart shown in this session is followed. Results: The search yielded a total of 50 apps, of which 24 were relevant to this study. It is important to note that 23 of the apps analyzed are free. Of the total number of apps, 54% are available for Android and iOS operating systems. 50% of the apps have more than 5 thousand downloads. This means that Covid-19 related apps are in high demand among mobile device users today. The developed app is called COVINFO and its name comes from the union of the words COVID-19 and information, inserted in such a way that the user can get an idea of the app's functionality just by listening or reading the resulting name. The application has been created for mobile devices with Android operating system, being compatible with Android 4.4 and higher. Conclusions: Of the apps found, 37.5% only offer information about the virus and the necessary measures to avoid infection. During the analysis it was detected that 12.5% of the apps are focused on locating outbreaks and that none of them have been successful for the following reasons: not being interconnected to share data; and the request for access to the user's geolocation, generating distrust on the part of the user who, consequently, rejects them. This work addresses the development of an application for the transmission of the user's symptoms to his regular doctor, based on the fact that only 16.6% of the existing applications have this functionality. The COVINFO app offers a service that no other application on the market has: doctor-patient interaction without the need for calls or chat in real time for constant monitoring by the doctor of the patient's condition and evolution. metadata Herrera Montano, Isabel and Pérez Pacho, Javier and Gracia Villar, Santos and Aparicio Obregón, Silvia and Breñosa, Jose and de la Torre Díez, Isabel mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, santos.gracia@uneatlantico.es, silvia.aparicio@uneatlantico.es, josemanuel.brenosa@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED (2021) Analysis of mobile apps for information, prevention and monitoring of covid-19 and proposal of an innovative app in this field. JMIR Preprints. (Submitted)

Article Subjects > Psychology Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Cerrado Inglés The current study aims to explore the relationship between attachment styles, mentalization and emotion dysregulation. Moreover, the mediation effect of mentalization in the relationship between attachment and emotion dysregulation is analyzed. A sample composed of 607 participants taken from the Spanish general population completed the measures in a cross-sectional designed study. The results show that secure attachment is negatively related to emotion dysregulation dimensions, whereas insecure attachment styles show a positive correlation. Furthermore, the mentalization variables are in general significantly related to emotion dysregulation. The mediation model shows a large mediational effect size (f2 = 2.64). The results suggest that mentalization significantly mediates the relationship between emotion dysregulation and preoccupation, self-sufficiency, and childhood trauma. These results have important implications, as they indicate that clinical interventions on mentalization should reduce emotion dysregulation even in those people with a predominant insecure attachment style. metadata Parada, Pamela and Herrero-Fernández, David and Oliva-Macías, Mireia and Rohwer, Heidi mail pamela.parada@uneatlantico.es, david.herrero@uneatlantico.es, mireia.oliva@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED (2021) Analysis of the mediating effect of mentalization on the relationship between attachment styles and emotion dysregulation. Scandinavian Journal of Psychology, 62 (3). pp. 312-320. ISSN 0036-5564

Article Subjects > Nutrition Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés The aim of this study was to evaluate for the first time the anti-inflammatory effects of chestnut (Castanea sativa) and Eucalyptus (Eucalyptus occidentalis) honeys collected in Italy on murine RAW 264.7 macrophages stressed with the bacterial endotoxin lipopolysaccharide (LPS). Pre-treatment with the two honeys markedly decreased apoptosis and stimulated wound healing in macrophages stressed with LPS, where they also reduced the intracellular levels of ROS and nitrite. Additionally, treatment with LPS decreased the levels of glutathione and suppressed the antioxidant enzyme activities, which were significantly (p < 0.05) increased in the presence of the two honeys, through the modulation of Nrf2 expression; in LPS-stressed macrophages, Chestnut or Eucalyptus honeys protected against inflammation by regulating the main inflammatory biomarkers, including TNF-α, IL-10 and iNOS, through the decrease of NF-кB expression. Finally, they improved mitochondrial respiration and the main related parameters. metadata Cianciosi, Danila and Forbes-Hernandez, Tamara Y. and Alvarez-Suarez, José M. and Ansary, Johura and Quinzi, Denise and Amici, Adolfo and Navarro-Hortal, María D. and Esteban-Muñoz, Adelaida and Quiles, José Luis and Battino, Maurizio and Giampieri, Francesca mail UNSPECIFIED (2021) Anti-inflammatory activities of Italian Chestnut and Eucalyptus honeys on murine RAW 264.7 macrophages. Journal of Functional Foods, 87. p. 104752. ISSN 17564646

Article Subjects > Biomedicine Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Abierto Inglés Acinetobacter baumannii is a Gram-negative coccoid rod species, clinically relevant as a human pathogen, included in the ESKAPE group. Carbapenem-resistant A. baumannii (CRAB) are considered by the World Health Organization (WHO) as a critical priority pathogen for the research and development of new antibiotics. Some of the most relevant features of this pathogen are its intrinsic multidrug resistance and its ability to acquire rapid and effective new resistant determinants against last-resort clinical antibiotics, mostly from other ESKAPE species. The presence of plasmids and mobile genetic elements in their genomes contributes to the acquisition of new antimicrobial resistance determinants. However, although A. baumannii has arisen as an important human pathogen, information about these elements is still not well understood. Current genomic analysis availability has increased our ability to understand the microevolution of bacterial pathogens, including point mutations, genetic dissemination, genomic stability, and pan- and core-genome compositions. In this work, we deeply studied the genomes of four clinical strains from our hospital, and the reference strain ATCC®19606TM, which have shown a remarkable ability to survive and maintain their effective capacity when subjected to long-term stress conditions. With that, our aim was presenting a detailed analysis of their genomes, including antibiotic resistance determinants and plasmid composition. metadata Chapartegui-González, Itziar and Lázaro-Díez, María and Redondo-Salvo, Santiago and Navas, Jesús and Ramos-Vivas, José mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, jose.ramos@uneatlantico.es (2021) Antimicrobial Resistance Determinants in Genomes and Plasmids from Acinetobacter baumannii Clinical Isolates. Antibiotics, 10 (7). p. 753. ISSN 2079-6382

Article Subjects > Engineering Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Universidad Internacional do Cuanza > Research > Scientific Production
Abierto Inglés The purpose of this research was to plan an approach to a project framework that integrated a model for sustainability and CSR, with the process groups of the Project Management Body of Knowledge (PMBOK®) standard, in its application to the training of a group of students in Project Design, Management, and Evaluation. The integration was justified by the scarce explicit references to sustainability and CSR found in traditional project management guidelines, norms, and standards. The new framework was used to structure a Sustainability Management Plan, which made it possible to incorporate sustainability criteria throughout the life cycle of the training project. The training proposal in Project Design, Management, and Evaluation was chosen, among several alternatives, by a multi-criteria selection process (fuzzy AHP) in the context of project scope management. The results reveal a great heterogeneity among the models and the lack of a base of key indicators in sustainability and CSR measurement tools as well as of explicit references to sustainability in project management standards. It is therefore necessary to develop a Sustainability Management Plan that can be introduced in the Project Management Plan and thus influence the strategic and operational guidelines of the Institution. metadata García Villena, Eduardo and Gracia Villar, Santos and Dzul López, Luis Alonso and Álvarez, Roberto Marcelo and Delgado Noya, Irene and Vidal Mazón, Juan Luis mail eduardo.garcia@uneatlantico.es, santos.gracia@uneatlantico.es, luis.dzul@uneatlantico.es, roberto.alvarez@uneatlantico.es, irene.delgado@uneatlantico.es, juanluis.vidal@uneatlantico.es (2021) Approach to a Project Framework in the Environment of Sustainability and Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR): Case Study of a Training Proposal to a Group of Students in a Higher Education Institution. Sustainability, 13 (19). p. 10880. ISSN 2071-1050

Article Subjects > Physical Education and Sport Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés, Español Las investigaciones basadas en la motivación y la autocompasión han demostrado que son características personales que influyen en el desarrollo de cada individuo. El objetivo de este estudio fue analizar la evolución de la motivación y de la autocompasión a lo largo de una temporada deportiva completa, con el fin de valorar si existen diferencias entre los distintos periodos de la misma teniendo en cuenta cada deporte. En la investigación participaron 48 deportistas (42 hombres y 6 mujeres) de edades comprendidas entre los 15 y 53 años (media= 23,5) que practicaban fútbol (29,2%), atletismo (31,3%) o rugby (39,6%) en un equipo de la Comunidad Autónoma de Cantabria. Respondieron a dos pruebas: un cuestionario de motivación (BRSQ) y una escala de autocompasión. Los resultados obtenidos mostraron que ambas variables se mantienen estables a lo largo de la temporada deportiva si se realiza el análisis de manera globalizada. En cambio, si se comparan los deportes entre sí, se encontraron diferencias estadísticamente significativas en la mayoría de las variables de la motivación lo que implica que esta está influenciada por el deporte que se practique. En el caso de la autocompasión, únicamente la variable Mindfulness contaba con significancia, por lo que está sujeta también a la influencia de las diferentes características de cada deporte. metadata Siri Schuchner, Ariadna and Mecías-Calvo, Marcos and Corrales Pardo, Andrea and Martí González, Mariacarla and Muñoz-Pérez, Iker mail ariadna.siri@alumnos.uneatlantico.es, marcos.mecias@uneatlantico.es, andrea.corrales@uneatlantico.es, mariacarla.marti@uneatlantico.es, iker.munoz@uneatlantico.es (2021) Atletismo, rugby y fútbol: valoración de la motivación y autocompasión a lo largo de la temporada. MLS Sport Research, 1 (1). pp. 19-34.

Article Subjects > Engineering Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Abierto Inglés The COVID-19 pandemic has profoundly affected almost all facets of peoples’ lives, various economic areas and regions of the world. In such a situation implementation of a vaccination can be viewed as essential but its success will be dependent on availability and transparency in the distribution process that will be shared among the stakeholders. Various distributed ledgers (DLTs) such as blockchain provide an open, public, immutable system that has numerous applications due the mentioned abilities. In this paper the authors have proposed a solution based on blockchain to increase the security and transparency in the tracing of COVID-19 vaccination vials. Smart contracts have been developed to monitor the supply, distribution of vaccination vials. The proposed solution will help to generate a tamper-proof and secure environment for the distribution of COVID-19 vaccination vials. Proof of delivery is used as a consensus mechanism for the proposed solution. A feedback feature is also implemented in order to track the vials lot in case of any side effect cause to the patient. The authors have implemented and tested the proposed solution using Ethereum test network, RinkeyBy, MetaMask, one clicks DApp. The proposed solution shows promising results in terms of throughput and scalability. metadata Chauhan, Harsha and Gupta, Deepali and Gupta, Sheifali and Singh, Aman and Aljahdali, Hani Moaiteq and Goyal, Nitin and Delgado Noya, Irene and Kadry, Seifedine mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, irene.delgado@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED (2021) Blockchain Enabled Transparent and Anti-Counterfeiting Supply of COVID-19 Vaccine Vials. Vaccines, 9 (11). p. 1239. ISSN 2076-393X

Article Subjects > Teaching Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production UNSPECIFIED UNSPECIFIED Low motor competence (MC) can cause low participation in physical activities in preschool children, and together with a high caloric intake, it can lead to obesity. Interventions on motor skills are effective in the short term to improve MC, therefore the objectives of this study were (1) to investigate the effect of a short six-week program on levels of motor competence in preschool children, and (2) to examine the effects of gender-based intervention. A total of 156 preschool children (5.20 ± 0.54 years old) from Lugo (Spain) participated. A quasi-experimental pre–post-test design was used with a control group of 76 students. The Movement Assessment Battery for Children—2nd Edition (MABC-2) was used to collect the data. Significant differences between the control and experimental groups were found after the intervention program in aiming and catching (p < 0.001), balance (p < 0.001), the total score of eight tests (p < 0.001), and total percentile score (p < 0.001). The results regarding gender in the experimental group showed a reduction in differences with respect to the initial results except in aiming and catching, where scores were higher in boys. The data suggest that the application of specific intervention programs in MC could positively influence the improvement of MC in preschool children, thus reducing differences between genders. metadata Navarro-Patón, Rubén and Brito-Ballester, Julien and Pueyo Villa, Silvia and Anaya, Vanessa and Mecías-Calvo, Marcos mail UNSPECIFIED, julien.brito@uneatlantico.es, silvia.pueyo@uneatlantico.es, vanessa.anaya@uneatlantico.es, marcos.mecias@uneatlantico.es (2021) Changes in Motor Competence after a Brief Physical Education Intervention Program in 4 and 5-Year-Old Preschool Children. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 18 (9). p. 4988. ISSN 1660-4601

Article Subjects > Physical Education and Sport Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés, Español La utilización del rodillo de espuma o Foam Roller (FR) es una técnica de liberación miofascial relativamente nueva que está experimentando un aumento considerable en el entorno del deporte y de la salud. El objetivo de este estudio fue comparar los diversos tipos de FR evaluando su efecto agudo en el músculo Recto Femoral (RF) mediante Tensiomiografía (TMG), teniendo en cuenta las variables Deformación máxima (Dm) y Tiempo de Contracción (Tc). Diez participantes de Ciencias de la Actividad Física y el Deporte (CAFYD) realizaron el estudio con un tipo de FR cada sesión, repartidos en tres jornadas. Cada sujeto llevó a cabo 3 series de 90 segundos con 30 segundos de descanso, sólo en la pierna dominante. Las mediciones en TMG fueron dos, antes y después del uso del FR. Al analizar los efectos producidos por todos los FR en el total de los participantes no se encontraron diferencias significativas en ninguna de las variables. Aunque hemos advertido que, al separar la muestra por nivel de actividad deportiva, el FR Duro (FRD) y el FR Relieve (FRR) causaron una disminución significativa del Tc, provocando una activación en los Sujetos No Entrenados (SNE). Por el contrario, en los Sujetos Entrenados (SE), el efecto del FRD produjo un aumento del Tc, ocasionando una relajación del RF. Las variaciones se vuelven notables dependiendo de la práctica deportiva y probablemente del tono muscular. Por ello, hay que tener muy en cuenta la forma física del usuario y su experiencia con el Foam Roller, ya que esto va a influir directamente en el efecto que le producirá su uso. metadata Secades Rodríguez, Miguel and Torre Saro, Benjamín and Velarde-Sotres, Álvaro and Mecías-Calvo, Marcos mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, alvaro.velarde@uneatlantico.es, marcos.mecias@uneatlantico.es (2021) Comparación de los tipos de Foam Roller evaluando su efecto agudo en el músculo recto femoral mediante tensiomiografía. MLS Sport Research, 1 (1). pp. 7-18.

Article Subjects > Psychology Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Abierto Inglés, Español Este artículo se deriva de la investigación de Tesis Doctoral sobre resiliencia, discapacidad y educación superior. El diseño del estudio es mixto, de tipo explicativo secuencial con una estrategia de investigación que integra el enfoque investigativo cuantitativo y cualitativo. El propósito de la investigación es caracterizar la resiliencia del estudiantado con discapacidad que le permite enfrentar las barreras en la educación superior con el fin de establecer los factores de enclave para el diseño de una ruta de acompañamiento resiliente. Se emplearon distintas técnicas de indagación tales como la escala de resiliencia SV-RES60, un cuestionario y una entrevista. Se contó con la participación de 110 estudiantes (55 regulares y 55 egresados) que cursan o han cursado una carrera en la UNA del año 2000 al 2020. Se realiza un análisis descriptivo y comparativo mediante herramientas básicas de estadística y con apoyo del programa SPSS permitió cuantificar y caracterizar la información recabada; asimismo establecer patrones de relación por grupos de estudio complementando con argumentación, testimonios y teoría indagada. Se concluye que el estudiantado con discapacidad presenta un estado resiliente durante su formación universitaria ante la presencia de las barreras estructurales que obstaculiza su desarrollo personal, académico y social. A partir de los resultados se justifica la actualización del personal docente y los servicios de apoyo sobre los modelos de promoción de la resiliencia y la implementación de una ruta de acompañamiento resiliente que se deriva de este estudio. metadata Fontana Hernández, Angélica del Socorro and Martín Ayala, Juan Luis mail angelica.fontana@doctorado.unini.educ.mx, juan.martin@uneatlantico.es (2021) Creciendo en la adversidad: la resiliencia del estudiantado con discapacidad en la Universidad Nacional, Costa Rica. MLS Psychology Research, 4 (1). pp. 39-58. ISSN 26055295

Article Subjects > Biomedicine Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés Biological tissue discrimination is relevant in guided surgery. Nerve identification is critical to avoid potentially severe collateral damage. Fluorescence imaging by oxazine 4-perchlorate (O4P) has been recently proposed. In this work, the cytotoxicity of O4P on U87 human-derived glioma cells has been investigated as a function of concentration and operating room irradiation modes. A custom-built optical irradiation device was employed for controlled optical dosimetry. DNA damage and O4P intracellular localization was also investigated by immunofluorescence and confocal microscopy. The results show that concentration below 100 µM can be considered safe. These results contribute to the assessment of the feasibility of O4P as a nerve biomarker. metadata Pampín-Suárez, Sandra and Arce-Diego, José Luis and Tapia Martínez, Olga and Pérez-Campo, Flor María and Rodríguez-Rey, José Carlos and Fanjul-Vélez, Félix mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, olga.tapia@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED (2021) Cytotoxicity analysis of oxazine 4-perchlorate fluorescence nerve potential clinical biomarker for guided surgery. Biomedical Optics Express, 13 (1). p. 197. ISSN 2156-7085

Article Subjects > Biomedicine Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés Diabetes and periodontitis are two of the most prevalent diseases worldwide that negatively impact the quality of life of the individual suffering from them. They are part of the chronic inflammatory disease group or, as recently mentioned, non-communicable diseases, with inflammation being the meeting point among them. Inflammation hitherto includes vascular and tissue changes, but new technologies provide data at the intracellular level that could explain how the cells respond to the aggression more clearly. This review aims to emphasize the molecular pathophysiological mechanisms in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus and periodontitis, which are marked by different impaired central regulators including mitochondrial dysfunction, impaired immune system and autophagy pathways, oxidative stress, and the crosstalk between adenosine monophosphate-activated protein kinase (AMPK) and the renin-angiotensin system (RAS). All of them are the shared background behind both diseases that could explain its relationship. These should be taken in consideration if we would like to improve the treatment outcomes. Currently, the main treatment strategies in diabetes try to reduce glycemia index as the most important aspect, and in periodontitis try to reduce the presence of oral bacteria. We propose to add to the therapeutic guidelines the handling of all the intracellular disorders to try to obtain better treatment success. metadata Portes, Juliana and Bullón, Beatriz and Quiles, José L. and Battino, Maurizio and Bullón, Pedro mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, jose.quiles@uneatlantico.es, maurizio.battino@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED (2021) Diabetes Mellitus and Periodontitis Share Intracellular Disorders as the Main Meeting Point. Cells, 10 (9). p. 2411. ISSN 2073-4409

Article Subjects > Physical Education and Sport Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés The aim of this study was to evaluate the differences on motor competence between boys and girls aged 4 years old and investigate the existence of Relative Age Effect on their motor competence. In total, 132 preschool children were evaluated, of whom 60 (45.50%) were girls and 72 (54.5%) were boys. The distribution of the participants was from quarter 1 [n = 28 (21.2%)], quarter 2 [n = 52 (39.4%)], quarter 3 [n = 24 (18.2%)], and quarter 4 [(n = 28 (21.2%)], respectively. The Movement Assessment Battery for Children-2 (MABC-2) was used to collect the data. The data show the main effects on quarter of birth factor in manual dexterity (MD; p < 0.001), in aiming and catching (A&C; p < 0.001), in balance (Bal; p < 0.001) and in total test score (TTS; p < 0.001). There are also statistical differences on gender factor in MD (p < 0.001) and in TTS (p = 0.031). A significant effect was also found in the interaction between two factors (gender and quarter of birth) in MD (p < 0.001), A&C (p < 0.001), and Bal (p < 0.001). There are differences in all the variables studied according to the quarter of birth and only in manual dexterity and in the total score if compared according to gender (the scores are higher in girls). metadata Navarro-Patón, Rubén and Arufe-Giráldez, Víctor and Sanmiguel-Rodríguez, Alberto and Mecías-Calvo, Marcos mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, marcos.mecias@uneatlantico.es (2021) Differences on Motor Competence in 4-Year-Old Boys and Girls Regarding the Quarter of Birth: Is There a Relative Age Effect? Children, 8 (2). p. 141. ISSN 2227-9067

Article Subjects > Psychology Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Cerrado Inglés The question of whether “people drive as they live” or whether “they are transformed behind the wheel” has been addressed in previous research but it mainly focused on anger and aggressive behaviors. Current research tries to go further and compares driving styles with their analogous living styles to analyze both convergence and divergence in both safe and unsafe driving styles. Then, dissociative driving style was linked with general dissociation experiences, risky driving style with general sensation seeking, angry driving style with a general anger trait, anxious driving style with an anxiety trait, distress-reduction driving style with control of aggression, and careful driving style with conscientiousness. A sample of 228 participants taken from the general population of Spanish drivers completed a set of questionnaires regarding both driving styles and living styles. The hierarchical linear regression models showed both convergence and divergence in the case of unsafe driving styles, whereas safe driving styles were not so strongly related to their respective general behaviors (especially in the case of the distress-reduction driving style). A final structural equation model (SEM) simultaneously analyzed the relationship between driving styles and living styles. Both clinical and road-safety implications of the current study are discussed, as well as its limitations. metadata Herrero-Fernández, David mail david.herrero@uneatlantico.es (2021) Do people drive as they live, or are they transformed when they drive? A comparison of driving styles and living styles. Accident Analysis & Prevention, 161. p. 106342. ISSN 00014575

Article Subjects > Physical Education and Sport Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés This study aimed to determine the influence of arch stiffness on running spatiotemporal parameters at a common speed for a wide range of endurance runners (i.e., 12 km·h−1). In total, 97 runners, 52 men and 45 women, completed a treadmill running protocol at 12 km·h−1. Spatiotemporal parameters were measured using the OptoGait system, and foot structure was assessed by determining arch stiffness. Since between-sex differences were found in anthropometric and foot structure variables, data analysis was conducted separately for men and women, and body mass and height were considered as covariates. For both sexes, a k-means cluster analysis grouped participants according to arch stiffness, by obtaining a group of low-arch stiffness (LAS group) and a group of high-arch stiffness (HAS group), with significant differences in arch stiffness (p < 0.001, for both men and women). No significant differences between LAS and HAS groups were found in running spatiotemporal parameters, regardless of sex (p ≥ 0.05). For both sexes, the partial correlation analysis reported no significant correlations (p ≥ 0.05) between foot structure variables and running spatiotemporal parameters. The results obtained show no differences in spatiotemporal gait characteristics during running at submaximal velocity between runners with low-arch stiffness and those with high-arch stiffness, regardless of sex. These findings may have important implications for clinicians and coaches by adding more evidence to the debate about the use of static foot classification measures when characterizing the foot and its biomechanics during running. metadata García-Pinillos, Felipe and Jaén-Carrillo, Diego and Latorre-Román, Pedro Ángel and Escalona-Marfil, Carles and Soto-Hermoso, Víctor M. and Lago-Fuentes, Carlos and Pueyo Villa, Silvia and Dominguez Azpíroz, Irma and Roche Seruendo, Luis Enrique mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, carlos.lago@uneatlantico.es, silvia.pueyo@uneatlantico.es, irma.dominguez@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED (2021) Does Arch Stiffness Influence Running Spatiotemporal Parameters? An Analysis of the Relationship between Influencing Factors on Running Performance. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 18 (5). p. 2437. ISSN 1660-4601

Article Subjects > Nutrition Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés Downy mildew caused by Plasmopara viticola is one of the most devastating diseases of grapevine, attacking all green parts of the plant. The damage is severe when the infection at flowering stage is left uncontrolled. P. viticola management consumes a significant amount of classical pesticides applied in vineyards, requiring efficient and environmentally safe disease management options. Spray-induced gene silencing (SIGS), through the application of exogenous double-stranded RNA (dsRNA), has shown promising results for the management of diseases in crops. Here, we developed and tested the potential of dsRNA targeting P. viticola Dicer-like (DCL) genes for SIGS-based crop protection strategy. The exogenous application of PvDCL1/2 dsRNA, a chimera of PvDCL1 and PvDCL2, highly affected the virulence of P. viticola. The reduced expression level of PvDCL1 and PvDCL2 transcripts in infected leaves, treated with PvDCL1/2 dsRNA, was an indication of an active RNA interference mechanism inside the pathogen to compromise its virulence. Besides the protective property, the PvDCL1/2 dsRNA also exhibited a curative role by reducing the disease progress rate of already established infection. Our data provide a promising future for PvDCL1/2 dsRNA as a new generation of RNA-based resistant plants or RNA-based agrochemical for the management of downy mildew disease in grapevine. metadata Haile, Zeraye Mehari and Gebremichael, Daniel Endale and Capriotti, Luca and Molesini, Barbara and Negrini, Francesca and Collina, Marina and Sabbadini, Silvia and Mezzetti, Bruno and Baraldi, Elena mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, bruno.mezzetti@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED (2021) Double-Stranded RNA Targeting Dicer-Like Genes Compromises the Pathogenicity of Plasmopara viticola on Grapevine. Frontiers in Plant Science, 12. ISSN 1664-462X

Article Subjects > Psychology Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés, Español Introducción. La regulación emocional se ha relacionado con gran cantidad de trastornos mentales. Su definición ha tenido cierta controversia y distinciones según el autor. Se aportan dos modelos explicativos de la regulación emocional: el Modelo procesual de regulación emocional y el Modelo de regulación emocional basado en el procesamiento emocional. Asimismo, se explica la relación de esta habilidad con la población consumidora, y el estado actual de consumo en España. Objetivo. Estudiar la información científica más reciente, evaluar la utilidad de la regulación emocional tanto para la prevención como para la intervención en personas drogodependientes, y de manera más específica, identificar y analizar la relación existente, las técnicas evaluativas, y la muestra empleada. Método. La selección de artículos se ha realizado desde el año 2016 hasta 2020, estando estos relacionados con la regulación emocional y la población drogodependiente. Fueron ejecutadas búsquedas en Scopus y Psycinfo, utilizando los siguientes términos: “emotional regulation” AND “drug addiction”. Resultados. Del total de artículos potenciales, se seleccionaron 20 que se ajustaban a los criterios de inclusión y exclusión establecidos. Se destacan numerosas relaciones beneficiosas entre la regulación emocional y las personas drogodependientes, centrándose las investigaciones encontradas en poblaciones adultas. Asimismo, se distinguen y describen una serie de instrumentos empleados para la evaluación de la R.E. Conclusión. En esta revisión se concluye que la regulación emocional tiene una gran influencia en la población drogodependiente, obteniéndose de su desarrollo numerosos beneficios, los cuales se dan a un nivel tanto de prevención como de intervención. metadata Sánchez Alonso, Javier mail UNSPECIFIED (2021) Drogodependencia y desregulación emocional: una revisión sistemática. MLS Psychology Research, 4 (1). pp. 59-78. ISSN 26055295

Article Subjects > Engineering Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés Tomato is one of the most essential and consumable crops in the world. Tomatoes differ in quantity depending on how they are fertilized. Leaf disease is the primary factor impacting the amount and quality of crop yield. As a result, it is critical to diagnose and classify these disorders appropriately. Different kinds of diseases influence the production of tomatoes. Earlier identification of these diseases would reduce the disease’s effect on tomato plants and enhance good crop yield. Different innovative ways of identifying and classifying certain diseases have been used extensively. The motive of work is to support farmers in identifying early-stage diseases accurately and informing them about these diseases. The Convolutional Neural Network (CNN) is used to effectively define and classify tomato diseases. Google Colab is used to conduct the complete experiment with a dataset containing 3000 images of tomato leaves affected by nine different diseases and a healthy leaf. The complete process is described: Firstly, the input images are preprocessed, and the targeted area of images are segmented from the original images. Secondly, the images are further processed with varying hyper-parameters of the CNN model. Finally, CNN extracts other characteristics from pictures like colors, texture, and edges, etc. The findings demonstrate that the proposed model predictions are 98.49% accurate. metadata Trivedi, Naresh K. and Gautam, Vinay and Anand, Abhineet and Aljahdali, Hani Moaiteq and Gracia Villar, Santos and Anand, Divya and Goyal, Nitin and Kadry, Seifedine mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, santos.gracia@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED (2021) Early Detection and Classification of Tomato Leaf Disease Using High-Performance Deep Neural Network. Sensors, 21 (23). p. 7987. ISSN 1424-8220

Article Subjects > Nutrition Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés Changes in eating behavior and eating disorders are especially common in young people, especially teenage and college women. The first year of college is a critical period, as students acquire freedoms that can lead to poor eating habits. During this first year, students usually gain weight. The aims of this project are to analyze the risk of developing eating disorders, the composition and dietary intake and the changes in the body composition of two groups of college students (independent from the family nucleus or still living within the family) in the first year of college. (2) Material and Methods: Multicentric prospective observational study protocol in which first-year students at the Universidad Europea del Atlántico and Universitat de Vic-Universitat Central de Catalunya voluntarily took part in the study. The students will be divided into two groups, independent and those residing in the family home, and the evolution of both groups will be compared at the beginning and at the end of the school year by performing anthropometric measurements, tests on lifestyle and eating habits (Test of Adherence to the Mediterranean Diet, MEDAS-14; Emotional Eater Questionnaire, EEQ), validated questionnaires on eating disorders (Eating Attitude Test, EAT26; Teen Figure Drawing Scales; SCOFF, Eating Behavior Test; Bulimia Investigatory Test Edinburgh, BITE) and their intake will be evaluated through 72 h dietary records. (3) Discussion: Determining the risk of suffering eating disorders of alimentary behavior, knowing eating consumption, perception of the corporal image and body composition through the first year of college will be decisive in establishing alimentary education strategies to prevent possible eating disorders in young students. metadata Vila-Martí, Anna and Elío Pascual, Iñaki and Sumalla Cano, Sandra mail UNSPECIFIED, inaki.elio@uneatlantico.es, sandra.sumalla@uneatlantico.es (2021) Eating Behavior during First-Year College Students, including Eating Disorders—RUVIC-RUNEAT-TCA Project. Protocol of an Observational Multicentric Study. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 18 (18). p. 9457. ISSN 1660-4601

Article Subjects > Physical Education and Sport Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés, Español El objetivo de esta revisión fue conocer los efectos de distintos programas de baile en la mejora de los síntomas y calidad de vida de pacientes con enfermedad de párkinson (EP). Se llevó a cabo una revisión sistemática de diferentes programas de baile en tres bases de datos (Google académico, Pubmed y Dialnet). Se incluyeron 14 ensayos con un total de 469 participantes y se evaluaron distintas modalidades de baile, los cuales mostraron resultados favorables en la función motora, cognitiva y calidad de vida de las personas con EP. La modalidad del tango, seguida de la samba parece ser la más idónea para este tipo de enfermedad, produciendo mayores mejoras en el equilibrio, velocidad de movimiento y patrón de marcha, debido a su variedad de movimientos y característico ritmo marcado. Sin embargo, los dos bailes más desafiantes fueron el vals y el cha-cha-cha, debido al cruce de los pies, cambios de dirección y menor sujeción. A pesar de existir la necesidad de una continua investigación y programas de mayor duración, el análisis de resultados sugiere que el baile puede ser un tratamiento efectivo en pacientes con EP, ya que se aprecia una disminución de los síntomas y por lo tanto una mejora de la calidad de vida. metadata López Campo, Noelia and Picabea Arburu, Jon Mikel mail UNSPECIFIED, jon.picabea@uneatlantico.es (2021) Efectos del baile en pacientes con Párkinson: revisión sistemática. MLS Sport Research, 1 (1). pp. 35-50.

Article Subjects > Physical Education and Sport Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés, Español Los principales objetivos de esta investigación fueron analizar los efectos de las diferentes fases del ciclo menstrual (CM) sobre dos elementos de la condición física, la fuerza- potencia y el equilibrio dinámico, y sobre el estado psicológico de una mujer moderadamente activa. En este estudio participó una mujer de 28 años, la cual consumía anticonceptivos orales. En total se registraron 6 sesiones que correspondieron a 2 ciclos menstruales completos y a cada una de sus fases (menstrual, folicular y lútea). En cada sesión se realizaron tres pruebas para evaluar las variables de la condición física (Leg extensión en Kineo, Press Banca en Multipower e Y Balance Test) y un test para las variables psicológicas (Test de POMS). Los resultados obtenidos mostraron que durante la fase lútea (FL) la participante consiguió los valores más bajos en las 3 pruebas físicas de potencia y equilibrio dinámico, siendo la fase folicular (FF) donde mejor desempeño obtuvo. En la prueba psicológica, se destaca la fase menstrual (FM) por tener los valores más altos en la dimensión de fatiga-inercia, en contraposición con la FF donde se observaron valores más altos para la dimensión de vigor-activación. El cuestionario personal sobre el CM reveló la presencia de síntomas menstruales y premenstruales en los dos ciclos estudiados. Se sugiere que los cambios producidos en las variables físicas y psicológicas de la sujeto, se deban a la presencia de síntomas premenstruales, sin poder confirmar la influencia hormonal al no haberse realizado análisis de sangre u orina. metadata Castanedo Escalante, Jessica and Corrales Pardo, Andrea mail UNSPECIFIED, andrea.corrales@uneatlantico.es (2021) Efectos del ciclo menstrual en el estado físico y psicológico de una mujer activa. MLS Sport Research, 1 (1). pp. 69-82.

Article Subjects > Physical Education and Sport Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés Irisin seems to play an important role in several chronic diseases, however, the interactions between chronic training and irisin are still unclear. The purpose of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to examine the effect of chronic resistance training on circulating irisin in adults. Literature search was conducted in PubMed, Web of Science and EBSCOhost (Academic Search Complete) until December 2020. Randomized controlled trials researching irisin levels after a resistance training program for at least 8 weeks among an adult population were eligible. Other inclusion criteria comprised recruiting a control group and reporting circulating irisin through ELISA kits. Cohen’s d effect size and subgroup analyses (95% confidence level) were calculated using a random effects analysis model. Data of the seven included studies comprising 282 individuals showed an increasing and non-significant tendency after a resistance training program (d = 0.58, 95% CI: −0.25 to 1.40, p = 0.17). Subgroup analyses showed significant increases for the older adults group (p < 0.001) and when training is demanding and progressive in terms of intensity (p = 0.03). Data suggest that resistance training programs seem to increase circulating irisin, especially in older adults and in demanding and progressive training programs. However, more studies should be conducted using robust measurement methods, such as mass spectrometry, to better understand the interaction between chronic resistance exercise and irisin. metadata Cosio, Pedro L. and Crespo-Posadas, Manuel and Velarde-Sotres, Álvaro and Pelaez, Mireia mail pedro.cosio@alumnos.uneatlantico.es, manuel.crespo@uneatlantico.es, alvaro.velarde@uneatlantico.es, mireia.pelaez@uneatlantico.es (2021) Effect of Chronic Resistance Training on Circulating Irisin: Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Randomized Controlled Trials. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 18 (5). p. 2476. ISSN 1660-4601

Article Subjects > Teaching Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production UNSPECIFIED UNSPECIFIED The objective of this research was to analyze the impact of an intervention program performed by a specialist in physical education (PE) to contribute to the development of motor competence (MC) in pre-school children with motor development problems. The sample consisted of 28 children (12 from the intervention group and 16 from the control group) aged between 4.1 and 5.9 years (mean = 4.71 ± 0.54) who were in the fifth and sixth grades of pre-school education in two schools from Lugo, Spain. The Movement Assessment Battery for Children-2 (MABC-2) was used for data collection. The data revealed that, in the pre- and post-test intervention groups, there are statistically significant differences in manual dexterity (p < 0.001; d = 2.63), aiming and catching (p < 0.002; d = 1.13), balance (p < 0.001; d = 1.68), total test score (p < 0.001; d = 3.30) and total percentile score (p < 0.001; d = 1.88). Between the control and intervention post-test groups, significant differences were found in manual dexterity (p = 0.015; η2 = 0.22), aiming and catching (p = 0.003; η2 = 0.32), balance (p = 0.050; η2 = 0.15), total test score (p < 0.001; η2 = 0.47) and total percentile score (p < 0.001; η2 = 0.48). Based on the results obtained, a specific MC program implemented by a PE specialist contributed to the improvement of manual dexterity, aiming and catching and balance, as well as a better percentile in the general MC of pre-school children diagnosed with motor skill problems. metadata Navarro-Patón, Rubén and Martín-Ayala, Juan Luis and Martí González, Mariacarla and Hernández, Alba and Mecías-Calvo, Marcos mail UNSPECIFIED, juanluis@uneatlantico.es, mariaarla@uneatlantico.es, alba.hernandez@uneatlantico.es, marcos.mecias@uneatlantico.es (2021) Effect of a 6-Week Physical Education Intervention on Motor Competence in Pre-School Children with Developmental Coordination Disorder. Journal of Clinical Medicine, 10 (9). p. 1936. ISSN 2077-0383

Article Subjects > Nutrition Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production UNSPECIFIED UNSPECIFIED Antimony is a toxic element whose concentration in soil and water has been rising due to anthropogenic activities. This study focuses on its accumulation in leaves of Dittrichia viscosa growing in soils of an abandoned Sb mine, and the effect on oxidant/antioxidant systems and photosynthetic efficiency. The results showed leaves to have a high Sb accumulation capacity. The amount of total chlorophyll decreased depending on Sb concentration and of carotenoids increased slightly, with a consequent increase in carotenoid/chlorophyll ratio. Photosynthetic efficiency was unaffected. The amount of O .−2 rose, although there was no increase in cell membrane damage, with lipid peroxidation levels being similar to normal. This response may be due to considerable increases that were observed in total phenolics, PPO activity, and enzymatic antioxidant system. SOD, POX, and DHAR activities increased in response to increased Sb amounts in leaves. The ascorbate/glutathione cycle was also affected, with strong increases observed in all of its components, and consequent increases in total contents of the ascorbate and glutathione pools. However, the ratio between reduced and oxidized forms declined, reflecting an imbalance between the two, especially that between GSH and GSSG. Efficient detoxification of Sb may take place either through increases in phenolics, carotenoids, and components of the glutathione–ascorbate cycle or through the enzymatic antioxidant system. Since Dittrichia viscosa accumulates large amounts of Sb without suffering oxidative damage, it could be used for phytoremediation. metadata Garrido, Ignacio and Ortega, A. and Hernández Suárez, Marcos and Fernández-Pozo, L. and Cabezas, J. and Espinosa, F. mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, marcos.hernandez@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED (2021) Effect of antimony in soils of an Sb mine on the photosynthetic pigments and antioxidant system of Dittrichia viscosa leaves. Environmental Geochemistry and Health, 43 (4). pp. 1367-1383. ISSN 0269-4042

Article Subjects > Psychology Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Universidad Internacional do Cuanza > Research > Scientific Production
Cerrado Inglés Many earlier studies conducted on sports betting and addiction have examined sports betting in the context of gambling and have not taken into account the specific motivations of sports betting. Therefore, the effects of motivational elements of sports betting on sports betting addiction risk are unknown. The aim of the present study was to examine the effects of motivation factors specific to sports betting on sports betting addiction. Accordingly, three linked studies were conducted. Firstly, to determine sports betting motivations “Sports Betting Motivation Scale (SBMS)” developed and validated. Secondly, to determine the risks of sports betting addiction “Problem Sports Betting Severity Index (PSBSI)” was adapted from Problem Gambling Severity Index (PGSI). Finally, the third study examined effects of the sports betting motivations on sports betting addiction risk. Study one (n=281), study two comprised (n=230), and the final study comprised (n=643) sports fans who bet on sports regularly for 12 months with different motivations. The findings demonstrate that the SBMS appears to be a reliable and valid instrument for assessing sports betting motivations. Also, the findings provided PSBSI validity for the use of the Turkish and sports betting adapted version of PGSI. As a result of the main research, “make money,” “socialization,” and “being in the game” motivations were found to be positive predictors of sports betting addiction risk, while “fun” motivation was a negative predictor. The motivations “recreation/escape,” “knowledge of the game,” and “interest in sport” were found not to be significant predictors of the risk of sports betting addiction. metadata Gökce Yüce, Sevda and Yüce, Arif and Katırcı, Hakan and Nogueira-López, Abel and González-Hernández, Juan mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, abel.nogueira@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED (2021) Effects of Sports Betting Motivations on Sports Betting Addiction in a Turkish Sample. International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction. ISSN 1557-1874

Article Subjects > Physical Education and Sport Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés The aim of this study was to examine the effects of the menstrual cycle on vertical jumping, sprint performance and force-velocity profiling in resistance-trained women. A group of resistance-trained eumenorrheic women (n = 9) were tested in three phases over the menstrual cycle: bleeding phase, follicular phase, and luteal phase (i.e., days 1–3, 7–10, and 19–21 of the cycle, respectively). Each testing phase consisted of a battery of jumping tests (i.e., squat jump [SJ], countermovement jump [CMJ], drop jump from a 30 cm box [DJ30], and the reactive strength index) and 30 m sprint running test. Two different applications for smartphone (My Jump 2 and My Sprint) were used to record the jumping and sprinting trials, respectively, at high speed (240 fps). The repeated measures ANOVA reported no significant differences (p ≥ 0.05, ES < 0.25) in CMJ, DJ30, reactive strength index and sprint times between the different phases of the menstrual cycle. A greater SJ height performance was observed during the follicular phase compared to the bleeding phase (p = 0.033, ES = −0.22). No differences (p ≥ 0.05, ES < 0.45) were found in the CMJ and sprint force-velocity profile over the different phases of the menstrual cycle. Vertical jump, sprint performance and the force-velocity profiling remain constant in trained women, regardless of the phase of the menstrual cycle. metadata García-Pinillos, Felipe and Bujalance-Moreno, Pascual and Lago-Fuentes, Carlos and Ruiz-Alias, Santiago A. and Domínguez-Azpíroz, Irma and Mecías-Calvo, Marcos and Ramirez-Campillo, Rodrigo mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, carlos.lago@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, marcos.mecias@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED (2021) Effects of the Menstrual Cycle on Jumping, Sprinting and Force-Velocity Profiling in Resistance-Trained Women: A Preliminary Study. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 18 (9). p. 4830. ISSN 1660-4601

Article Subjects > Psychology Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés, Español El Trastorno Límite de la Personalidad (TLP) se considera un grave problema de salud mental, siendo una de las intervenciones para su tratamiento más eficaces la Terapia Dialéctico Conductual (DBT). El objetivo de este estudio es comprobar la eficacia de un programa de gestión emocional basado en la DBT para pacientes que tienen un diagnóstico de TLP, compuesto por cuatro bloques: mindfulness, eficacia interpersonal, regulación emocional y tolerancia al estrés. Se reclutó a 4 residentes del Centro Hospitalario Padre Menni de Santander, y se aplicó una evaluación pretratamiento y postratamiento, en formato individual, para medir las variables: ansiedad, depresión, funcionamiento global, regulación emocional, ideación suicida e impulsividad. Una vez realizada la valoración, se procedió con la intervención, compuesta por 14 sesiones con una frecuencia de 2 veces por semana, y duración de 45 minutos. Tras la aplicación se llevó a cabo el análisis de los resultados a través del estadístico ANOVA de medidas repetidas, aportando cambios estadísticamente significativos en la variable “regulación emocional” en la subescala supresión expresiva. Sin embargo, en base a los resultados obtenidos en la evaluación pre y postratamiento, si se ha producido un cambio clínicamente significativo, cumpliendo así de manera parcial los objetivos específicos. No obstante, se discutieron los resultados de la investigación planteando líneas a futuro en base a las limitaciones e implicaciones prácticas, contando con una muestra más significativa y adaptando el formato de la intervención. metadata Camus Bueno, Adrián and García Saiz, Andrea Del Carmen mail UNSPECIFIED (2021) Eficacia de un programa de intervención basado en la terapia dialéctico-conductual en pacientes con trastorno límite de la personalidad. MLS Psychology Research, 4 (2). pp. 71-92. ISSN 2605-5295

Article Subjects > Social Sciences Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Cerrado Español El proyecto de Xbaatun es resultado de una colaboración entre arqueólogos españoles y mexicanos planeada para desarrollarse a lo largo de cinco años, con la participación de trabajadores mayas de Tekal de Venegas (Yucatán) que está claramente orientada a conocer mejor este sitio arqueológico, que se encontraba dentro de la órbita Izamal, y promover de forma respetuosa la difusión de un entorno natural fascinante como es el Parque de Oxwatz. metadata García Targa, Juan and Varela Torrecilla, Carmen and Muñoz Cosme, Alfonso and Martín Medina, Geiser Gerardo and Hernández González, Cristian mail UNSPECIFIED, carmen.varela@uneatlantico, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED (2021) El proyecto de Xbaatun: un modelo de colaboración. Arqueología mexicana, XXVIII (170). pp. 68-71. ISSN 0188-8218

Article Subjects > Psychology Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés, Español En 2019 se inició una pandemia debido al Coronavirus o Covid-19. Las consecuencias de las limitaciones sociales impuestas en los ancianos con la ausencia total o parcial del contacto físico han provocado una disminución de la salud mental debido al aumento del estrés percibido llegando a desembocar en un aumento de la sintomatología depresiva o ansiosa. Esta investigación consta de 22 personas entre 70 y 90 años con deterioro cognitivo leve o moderado distribuidos al azar en G.E. y G. C. Se llevan a cabo 15 sesiones de relajación con la herramienta de un robot social en G.E. y solamente relajación en el G.C. La evaluación se realiza con una medición a través del Cuestionario de Estrés Percibido antes y después del proceso, además de una medición de la frecuencia cardiaca antes y después de la última sesión. Los resultados muestran una disminución significativa en el estrés percibido en el G.E. mientras que no es significativa en el G.C. En ambos grupos disminuye significativamente la frecuencia cardiaca. Por lo tanto, el robot social como herramienta terapéutica puede tener un papel relevante en el tratamiento de la salud mental de las personas mayores. metadata Corral Barrio, Verónica mail UNSPECIFIED (2021) Estrés percibido en adultos mayores mediante el uso de robots sociales durante Covid 19. MLS Psychology Research, 4 (1). pp. 7-22. ISSN 26055295

Article Subjects > Psychology Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés, Español El objetivo principal del estudio fue analizar la relación de las variables evitación experiencial, estilo de respuesta rumiativo e insomnio en función del sexo, edad y nivel académico. Se trata de un estudio observacional correlacional transversal, con una muestra no clínica en población adolescente, seleccionados mediante muestreo no probabilístico. Los instrumentos utilizados han sido el AAQ-II, el RRS y el ISI, que miden evitación experiencial, estilo de respuesta rumiativo e insomnio, respectivamente. Los resultados muestran una correlación lineal positiva entre los cuestionarios administrados (AAQ-II, RRS e ISI), siendo la más alta entre AAQ-II y RRS (0,648). Además, se han encontrado diferencias significativas en función del sexo para la evitación experiencial (sig. 0,001, asumiendo varianzas diferentes) y para la rumiación (sig. 0.090, se asumen varianzas iguales). Podría existir una asociación entre estas tres variables, además de una alimentación recíproca en adolescentes. metadata Ortega Alcaraz, Virginia mail UNSPECIFIED (2021) Estudio Correlacional: Evitación experiencial, insomnio y rumiación en adolescentes. MLS Psychology Research, 4 (1). pp. 99-115. ISSN 26055295

Article Subjects > Psychology Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés, Español El objetivo principal de este estudio es correlacionar la evitación experiencial y ansiedad precompetitiva (ansiedad somática, ansiedad cognitiva y autoconfianza) para conocer sí es pertinente proponer futuras intervenciones con la Terapia de Aceptación y Compromiso (ACT) en el ámbito deportivo. Se utilizó un diseño observacional correlacional transversal en una muestra no clínica de 93 deportistas de alto rendimiento de ambos sexos de edades comprendidas entre 15 y 46 años, mediante el AAQ-II y el CSAI-2R. Se realizaron análisis descriptivos y correlacionales en las variables de interés. Los resultados informaron de una relación lineal positiva significativa entre la evitación experiencial con la ansiedad somática y ansiedad cognitiva, es decir; a más de una variable más de otra y una relación lineal negativa o inversa con la autoconfianza, con lo cual; a más de una variable, menos de la otra. Los resultados presentados se alinean con investigaciones anteriores y con lo que se pretende demostrar, como la evitación experiencial la ansiedad precompetitiva influye en el rendimiento deportivo. metadata Calle Abarca, Cristina María mail UNSPECIFIED (2021) Evitación experiencial y ansiedad en deportistas de alto rendimiento. MLS Psychology Research, 4 (2). ISSN 2605-5295

Article Subjects > Psychology Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Universidad Internacional do Cuanza > Research > Scientific Production
Cerrado Inglés In recent decades, perfectionism has generated growing interest from the scientific community in understanding exercise addiction, due to the explicative contributions offered its characteristics that can make individuals more susceptible to unhealthy and compulsive exercise. There have been limited studies of such constructions in sports contexts. With the purpose of identifying the most relevant evidence on the constructs in sports contexts, the main links between perfectionism and exercise addiction in athletes were described. Taking into account the principles established by the PRISMA and AMSTAR statements for the qualitative and quantitative description of findings in systematic reviews, a compendium of original articles in English, French and Spanish published on the Web of Science electronic platforms and databases is presented, Scopus, ProQuest, MEDLINE and EBSCO-HOST, and included major resources such as PSY Articles, PsycINFO, LWW, ERIC, SportDISCUS, PubMed, ERIC, Dialnet, PubMed, ISOC, the Cochrane Library and Google Scholar. Of the 754 articles identified, only 22 met the established inclusion criteria. Finally, the relationship between exercise addiction and perfectionism, and the risk function of certain personality traits, such as narcissism, in this association is confirmed. metadata González-Hernández, J. and Nogueira-López, Abel and Zangeneh, M. and López-Mora, C. mail UNSPECIFIED, abel.nogueira@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED (2021) Exercise Addiction and Perfectionism, Joint in the Same Path? A Systematic Review. International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction. ISSN 1557-1874

Article Subjects > Physical Education and Sport
Subjects > Psychology
Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Español El bienestar psicológico que experimenta un individuo puede verse afectado por diversas variables, como, por ejemplo, la ansiedad. En el caso concreto de los deportistas, la ansiedad derivada de la práctica deportiva es algo frecuente, pudiendo derivar en niveles bajos de bienestar. Sin embargo, podrían existir factores protectores que amortiguasen esta relación. En este sentido, el objetivo del presente estudio es analizar el posible efecto protector tanto de las estrategias de afrontamiento (evaluadas mediante el Cuestionario de Estrategias de Afrontamiento en Competición Deportiva), como de la cohesión de grupo (evaluada mediante el Cuestionario de Entorno de Grupo) sobre el bienestar psicológico (evaluado mediante la Escala de Bienestar Psicológico de Ryff), a pesar de experimentar ansiedad en la competición deportiva (evaluada mediante el Cuestionario de Causas, Manifestaciones y Estrategias de Afrontamiento de la Ansiedad en la Competición Deportiva). Para ello se contó con una muestra de 99 futbolistas amateurs. Los resultados mostraron relaciones bivariadas negativas entre ansiedad y bienestar (r = -.03 / -.37). Sin embargo, al analizar el efecto moderador tanto de la cohesión grupal (β = .82, p < .001) como de las estrategias de afrontamiento (β = .87, p < .001), se observó que ambas variables amortiguaban el efecto negativo de la ansiedad sobre el bienestar. Estos resultados pueden tener importantes implicaciones prácticas en el desarrollo de intervenciones con deportistas para mejorar el nivel de bienestar psicológico a través de la mejora tanto de la cohesión grupal como de las estrategias de afrontamiento. metadata Aguinaga, Íñigo and Herrero-Fernández, David and Santamaría, Txemi mail UNSPECIFIED, david.herrero@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED (2021) Factor protector de las estrategias de afrontamiento y la cohesión de grupo sobre el bienestar psicológico ante situaciones de ansiedad competitiva en futbolistas. Cuadernos de Psicología del Deporte, 21 (1). pp. 86-101. ISSN 1989-5879

Article Subjects > Psychology Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Cerrado Inglés The aim of this study was to examine the sociodemographic and clinical differences between people with a probable diagnosis of panic disorder (PD) and those with PD and a probable comorbid diagnosis major depressive disorder (PD + MDD). We also sought to explore the potential contribution of cognitive variables to help differentiate between PD and PD + MDD. This was a subgroup analysis of 331 patients with PD symptoms who were included in the PsicAP clinical trial. All participants completed scales to evaluate panic, depression, somatization, cognitive and performance variables. A univariate analysis showed significant differences (p < .01) between the groups (PD vs PD + MDD) in clinical variables. Somatization was the best predictor of comorbid PD + MDD (β = .346; p < .01). Cognitive variables do not appear to play an essential role in predicting the presence of depressive symptoms in people with a screen positive for PD. These findings appear to support a transdiagnostic treatment approach for PD, which may be useful regardless of whether comorbid depression is present or not. metadata Barrio‐Martínez, Sara and Cano‐Vindel, Antonio and Muñoz‐Navarro, Roger and Moriana, Juan Antonio and Ruíz‐Rodríguez, Paloma and Medrano, Leonardo Adrián and Ventura, Ludovica and González‐Blanch, César mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, cesar.gonzalezblanch@uneatlantico.es (2021) Factors differentiating panic disorder with and without comorbid symptoms of depression. Psychology and Psychotherapy: Theory, Research and Practice, 94 (3). pp. 523-540. ISSN 1476-0835

Article Subjects > Psychology Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés Objectives The COVID-19 pandemic constitutes a global mental health challenge that has disrupted the lives of millions of people, with a considerable effect on university students. The aim of this study was to assess the feasibility of a brief online Mindfulness and Compassion-based Intervention to promote mental health among first year university students during COVID-19 home confinement. Methods Participants (n=66) were first-year psychology students from a university in Spain with no prior meditation experience. Intervention lasted for 16 days and was designed ad-hoc. Using a pre–post within-subjects design, feasibility was assessed in five domains (acceptability, satisfaction, implementation, practicality, and limited efficacy testing). Participants completed both baseline and post-intervention assessments of perceived stress, anxiety, and self-compassion. Results The intervention showed to be feasible in all domains evaluated. It was implemented as planned with constrained resources, and limited efficacy testing showed promising results. After the intervention, stress and anxiety levels decreased significantly (p<0.001, Hedges’s g=0.5146; p<0.001, Hedges’s g=0.6068, respectively) whereas self-compassion levels were augmented significantly (p<0.001, Hedges’s g=0.6968). Conclusions Our findings suggest that a brief online mindfulness and compassion intervention may be a feasible way of promoting mental health among university students during COVID-19 lockdown. Further studies are required to address the limitations of the present study. We conclude that online interventions may constitute a promising pathway to buffer the mental health burden derived from the COVID-19 pandemic. metadata González-García, Marian and Crespo-Álvarez, Jorge and Zubeldia Pérez, Elena and Fernandez-Carriba, Samuel and González López, Javier mail marian.gonzalez@uneatlantico.es, jorge.crespo@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED (2021) Feasibility of a Brief Online Mindfulness and Compassion-Based Intervention to Promote Mental Health Among University Students During the COVID-19 Pandemic. Mindfulness, 12 (7). pp. 1685-1695. ISSN 1868-8527

Article Subjects > Physical Education and Sport Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Cerrado Inglés Objective: To describe the injury incidence according to each phase of menstrual cycle (MC) in professional futsal players along two consecutive season and, secondly, to compare the injury incidence and frequency between different phases of the MC. Conclusions: This study suggests the relevance to track the MC, but reduces its possible relationship or influence on the injury distribution during each phase of the MC. The knowledge of injury incidence, burden and etiology is a key factor to design injury prevention programs with the focus on the most common injuries, where MC could be included as a complementary factor. metadata Lago-Fuentes, Carlos and Padrón-Cabo, Alexis and Fernández-Villarino, Marián and Mecías-Calvo, Marcos and Muñoz-Pérez, Iker and García-Pinillos, Felipe and Rey, Ezequiel mail carlos.lago@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, marcos.mecias@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED (2021) Follicular phase of menstrual cycle is related to higher tendency to suffer from severe injuries among elite female futsal players. Physical Therapy in Sport, 52. pp. 90-96. ISSN 1466853X

Article Subjects > Physical Education and Sport Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés The aim of this study was to evaluate the differences on motor competence between 5-year-old boys and girls and to investigate the existence of Relative Age Effect (RAE) on their motor competence. A total of 232 preschool children were evaluated of whom 134 (57.8%) were boys and 98 (42.2%) were girls. The Movement Assessment Battery for Children-2 (MABC-2) was used to collect data. The data show a main effect on gender factor; there was a main effect in total score of manual dexterity (MD; p = 0.010), in total score of balance (Bal; p < 0.001), in total test score (TTS; p < 0.001), and in total percentile score (TPS, p < 0.001). In the semester of birth factor, there were differences in aiming and catching (A&C, p < 0.001), in Bal (p = 0.029) and in total percentile score (TPS, p = 0.010). Girls perform better in MD, Bal, TTS, and TPS than boys. Preschool children born in the first semester obtain, in general, a higher percentage and a higher percentile than their peers born in the second one. RAE is present in A&C, Bal, and TPS, with higher scores obtained by preschool children born in the first semester compared to those born in the second one metadata Navarro-Patón, Rubén and Lago-Ballesteros, Joaquín and Arufe-Giráldez, Víctor and Sanmiguel-Rodríguez, Alberto and Lago-Fuentes, Carlos and Mecías-Calvo, Marcos mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, carlos.lago@uneatlantico.es, marcos.mecias@uneatlantico.es (2021) Gender Differences on Motor Competence in 5-Year-Old Preschool Children Regarding Relative Age. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 18 (6). p. 3143. ISSN 1660-4601

Article Subjects > Physical Education and Sport Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés, Español Se ha observado como la autocompasión mejora el afrontamiento adaptativo, bienestar y reduce la ansiedad en situaciones de estrés. El presente estudio trató de ver si existían diferencias significativas en el nivel de autocompasión en deportistas de alto rendimiento con o sin lesión en momentos diferentes de la temporada. Con una muestra compuesta de 79 deportistas de diferentes disciplinas, se llevo a cabo a través de la Escala de Autocompasión SCS en español resumida de 12 items (Garcia-Campayo, Navarro, Andrés, Mortero, López, & Piva, 2014),. Los resultados recogidos en esta investigación no fueron concluyentes ni significativos, por lo que se recomendaría efectuar estudios futuros similares con una mayor muestra, en contextos de lesión deportiva y con una intervención psicológica de por medio. metadata Rubio-González, Miriam mail UNSPECIFIED (2021) Grado de autocompasión en deportistas de alto rendimiento lesionados. MLS Sport Research, 1 (2). pp. 7-18.

Article Subjects > Teaching Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés There is growing interest in analyzing the evolution of inclusive education in universities, highlighting the training of teachers as the main barrier to this evolution. The purpose of this study was to analyze, through a mediation model, to what extent the accessibility and inclusion of university campuses affect, both directly and indirectly, the continuous training of teachers in attention to diversity and training demands by teachers in this same area. Participants were 580 teachers from the Faculty of Education of eight Andalusian universities (Spain). The results revealed that the continuous training of teachers in attention to diversity mediates the negative effect that accessibility and inclusion of university campuses have on the training demanded by teachers; this means that the more accessible and inclusive the universities are, the more continuous training teachers have and therefore the more interest they have in continuing training. There is no empirical evidence in the literature that this mediation model is used in the field of educational inclusion as a methodological technique, so it is a very innovative contribution. metadata González Castellano, Nuria and Cordón Pozo, Eulogio and Pueyo Villa, Silvia and Colmenero-Ruiz, María-Jesús mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, silvia.pueyo@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED (2021) Higher Education Teachers’ Training in Attention to SEN Students: Testing a Mediation Model. Sustainability, 13 (9). p. 4908. ISSN 2071-1050

Article Subjects > Biomedicine Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Abierto Inglés COVID-19 declared as a pandemic that has a faster rate of infection and has impacted the lives and the country’s economy due to forced lockdowns. Its detection using RT-PCR is required long time and due to which its infection has grown exponentially. This creates havoc for the shortage of testing kits in many countries. This work has proposed a new image processing-based technique for the health care systems named “C19D-Net”, to detect “COVID-19” infection from “Chest X-Ray” (XR) images, which can help radiologists to improve their accuracy of detection COVID-19. The proposed system extracts deep learning (DL) features by applying the InceptionV4 architecture and Multiclass SVM classifier to classify and detect COVID-19 infection into four different classes. The dataset of 1900 Chest XR images has been collected from two publicly accessible databases. Images are pre-processed with proper scaling and regular feeding to the proposed model for accuracy attainments. Extensive tests are conducted with the proposed model (“C19D-Net”) and it has succeeded to achieve the highest COVID-19 detection accuracy as 96.24% for 4-classes, 95.51% for three-classes, and 98.1% for two-classes. The proposed method has outperformed well in expressions of “precision”, “accuracy”, “F1-score” and “recall” in comparison with most of the recent previously published methods. As a result, for the present situation of COVID-19, the proposed “C19D-Net” can be employed in places where test kits are in short supply, to help the radiologists to improve their accuracy of detection of COVID-19 patients through XR-Images. metadata Kaur, Prabhjot and Harnal, Shilpi and Tiwari, Rajeev and Alharithi, Fahd S. and Almulihi, Ahmed H. and Delgado Noya, Irene and Goyal, Nitin mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, irene.delgado@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED (2021) A Hybrid Convolutional Neural Network Model for Diagnosis of COVID-19 Using Chest X-ray Images. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 18 (22). p. 12191. ISSN 1660-4601

Article Subjects > Biomedicine
Subjects > Nutrition
Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Cerrado Inglés Inflammation is a key mechanism of the immune system that can be elicited by several factors, among them several chemical, physical and biological agents. Once stimulated, the inflammatory response activates a series of signaling pathways and a number of immune cells which promote, in a very coordinated manner, the neutralization of the infectious agent. However, if uncontrolled, the inflammatory status may become chronic leading, potentially, to tissue damage and disease onset. Several risk factors are associated with the development of chronic inflammation and, among these factors, diet plays an essential role. In this chapter the effects of some dietary bioactive compounds, including micronutrients, omega-3 fatty acids, nucleotides and polyphenols, on the immunoinflammatory responses in different cellular, animal and human studies have been summarized. metadata Giampieri, Francesca and Cianciosi, Danila and Ansary, Johura and Elexpuru Zabaleta, Maria and Forbes-Hernandez, Tamara Y. and Battino, Maurizio mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, maria.elexpuru@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED (2021) Immunoinflammatory effects of dietary bioactive compounds. Advances in Food and Nutrition Research, 95. pp. 295-336. ISSN 10434526

Article Subjects > Teaching
Subjects > Psychology
Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés The COVID-19 pandemic, and the containment measures adopted by the different governments, led to a boom in online education as a necessary response to the crisis posed against the education system worldwide. This study compares the academic performance of students between face-to-face and online modalities in relation to the exceptional situation between the months of March and June 2020. The academic performance in both modalities of a series of subjects taught in the Psychology Degree at the European University of the Atlantic (Santander, Spain) was taken into account. The results show that student performance during the final exam in the online modality is significantly lower than in the face-to-face modality. However, grades from the continuous evaluation activities are significantly higher online, which somehow compensates the overall grade of the course, with no significant difference in the online mode with respect to the face-to-face mode, even though overall performance is higher in the latter. The conditioning factors and explanatory arguments for these results are also discussed. metadata Martín Ayala, Juan Luis and Castaño Castaño, Sergio and Hernández Santana, Alba and Martí González, Mariacarla and Brito Ballester, Julién mail juan.martin@uneatlantico.es, sergio.castano@uneatlantico.es, alba.hernandez@uneatlantico.es, mariacarla.marti@uneatlantico.es, julien.brito@uneatlantico.es (2021) Impact of Learning in the COVID-19 Era on Academic Outcomes of Undergraduate Psychology Students. Sustainability, 13 (16). p. 8735. ISSN 2071-1050

Article Subjects > Psychology Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Español El autoconcepto se considera un elemento favorecedor del sentido de la propia identidad, constituyendo un marco de referencia desde el que interpretar la realidad externa y las experiencias que influyen en las expectativas de la persona, su rendimiento, así como salud y equilibrio psicológico. La autoestima es la suma de juicios que la persona genera de sí misma, incluyendo las dimensiones afectiva y evaluativa de la autoimagen que se basan en datos objetivos, y que constituyen aquello que una persona piensa sobre sí misma. Diferentes investigaciones recientes han revisado cuán importante es la autoestima y/o el autoconcepto en el bienestar psicológico. Hasta donde se sabe, esta es la primera contribución que se ha llevado a cabo para una revisión sistemática, donde se incluyen bases de datos clínicas y datos sobre el nivel de autoestima y/o autoconcepto comparándolo con el bienestar psicológico de los adolescentes. Se seleccionó 33 artículos de una amplia bibliografía potencialmente relevante dentro de los criterios a seguir y seleccionados para su análisis. Los estudios examinados sugieren que un bajo rendimiento escolar, la inactividad tanto física como psíquica y los estilos parentales negligentes correlacionan positivamente con una baja autoestima. Además, se aprecian diferencias en cuanto al género. Es por ello que, como estudios futuros, sería necesario incluir en los centros de estudios aspectos curriculares para contribuir a un buen desarrollo personal y así desembocar en un bienestar psicológico. metadata Martín Ayala, Juan Luis and Gutiérrez Salmo, Paula mail juan.martin@uneatlantico.es, paugutie93@gmail.com (2021) Implicaciones de la autoestima y el autoconcepto en el bienestar psicológico de los adolescentes españoles. MLS Psychology Research, 4 (2). ISSN 2605-5295

Article Subjects > Physical Education and Sport Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Español El objetivo de esta revisión fue conocer la influencia que tiene el entrenamiento de fuerza en la población infantojuvenil, además de buscar los posibles riesgos o beneficios que pueda ocasionar el entrenamiento de esta aptitud física. Se ha llevado a cabo una revisión sistemática de estudios de intervención sobre el impacto que produce el entrenamiento de la fuerza en sujetos con una edad comprendida entre 6 y 18 años. Los estudios utilizados en esta revisión se identificaron a través de la base de datos PubMed, seleccionando aquellos escritos en inglés o castellano, desde el 2010 hasta la actualidad. La revisión se efectuó entre los meses de Noviembre de 2020 hasta Mayo de 2021. Se identificaron un total de 328 artículos en la búsqueda inicial, de los cuales 20 artículos fueron elegidos para esta revisión sistemática. Dentro de las principales evidencias encontradas, los beneficios derivados del entrenamiento de fuerza se imponen notablemente a los riesgos, siempre y cuando el programa de entrenamiento sea supervisado y pautado por personal cualificado, individualizando la carga a las necesidades de cada sujeto. Asimismo, el entrenamiento de fuerza en esta población contribuye a mejorar el rendimiento de distintas habilidades motoras y actividades deportivas, resultando además una estrategia eficaz ante patologías como la obesidad. metadata Picabea Arburu, Jon Mikel and Maza Somarriba, Marcos and Mantilla Fernández, Diego mail jon.picabea@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED (2021) Incidencia del entrenamiento de fuerza en la población infantojuvenil: revisión sistemática. MLS Sport Research, 1 (2). ISSN 2792-7156

Article Subjects > Biomedicine Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés Inflammation is a hallmark of aging and accelerated aging syndromes such as Hutchinson–Gilford progeria syndrome (HGPS). In this study, we present evidence of increased expression of the components of the NLRP3 inflammasome pathway in HGPS skin fibroblasts, an outcome that was associated with morphological changes of the nuclei of the cells. Lymphoblasts from HGPS patients also showed increased basal levels of NLRP3 and caspase 1. Consistent with these results, the expression of caspase 1 and Nlrp3, but not of the other inflammasome receptors was higher in the heart and liver of Zmpste24−/− mice, which phenocopy the human disease. These data were further corroborated in LmnaG609G/G609G mice, another HGPS animal model. We also showed that pharmacological inhibition of the NLRP3 inflammasome by its selective inhibitor, MCC950, improved cellular phenotype, significantly extended the lifespan of progeroid animals, and reduced inflammasome-dependent inflammation. These findings suggest that inhibition of the NLRP3 inflammasome is a potential therapeutic approach for the treatment of HGPS. metadata González‐Dominguez, Alvaro and Montañez, Raúl and Castejón‐Vega, Beatriz and Nuñez‐Vasco, Jéssica and Lendines‐Cordero, Débora and Wang, Chun and Mbalaviele, Gabriel and Navarro-Pando, José Manuel and Alcocer‐Gómez, Elísabet and Cordero, Mario D mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, jose.navarro@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED (2021) Inhibition of the NLRP3 inflammasome improves lifespan in animal murine model of Hutchinson–Gilford Progeria. EMBO Molecular Medicine, 13 (10). ISSN 1757-4676

Article Subjects > Biomedicine Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production UNSPECIFIED UNSPECIFIED Inflammation is a hallmark of aging and is negatively affecting female fertility. In this study, we evaluate the role of the NLRP3 inflammasome in ovarian aging and female fertility. Age-dependent increased expression of NLRP3 in the ovary was observed in WT mice during reproductive aging. High expression of NLRP3, caspase-1, and IL-1β was also observed in granulosa cells from patients with ovarian insufficiency. Ablation of NLRP3 improved the survival and pregnancy rates and increased anti-Müllerian hormone levels and autophagy rates in ovaries. Deficiency of NLRP3 also reduced serum FSH and estradiol levels. Consistent with these results, pharmacological inhibition of NLRP3 using a direct NLRP3 inhibitor, MCC950, improved fertility in female mice to levels comparable to those of Nlrp3−/− mice. These results suggest that the NLRP3 inflammasome is implicated in the age-dependent loss of female fertility and position this inflammasome as a potential new therapeutic target for the treatment of infertility. metadata Navarro-Pando, José Manuel and Alcocer-Gómez, Elísabet and Castejón-Vega, Beatriz and Navarro-Villarán, Elena and Condés-Hervás, Mónica and Mundi-Roldan, María and Muntané, Jordi and Pérez-Pulido, Antonio J. and Bullon, Pedro and Wang, Chun and Hoffman, Hal M. and Sanz, Alberto and Mbalaviele, Gabriel and Ryffel, Bernhard and Cordero, Mario D. mail jose.navarro@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, monica.condes@uneatlantico.es, maria.mundi@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, mario.cordero@uneatlantico.es (2021) Inhibition of the NLRP3 inflammasome prevents ovarian aging. Science Advances, 7 (1). eabc7409. ISSN 2375-2548

Article Subjects > Teaching Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Universidad Internacional do Cuanza > Research > Scientific Production
Abierto Inglés The purpose of this article was to evaluate the level of satisfaction of a sample of graduates in relation to different online postgraduate programs in the environmental area, as part of the process of continuous improvement in which the educational institution was immersed for the renewal of its accreditation before the corresponding official bodies. Based on the bibliographic review of a series of models and tools, a Likert scale measurement instrument was developed. This instrument, once applied and validated, showed a good level of reliability, with more than three quarters of the participants having a positive evaluation of satisfaction. Likewise, to facilitate the relational study, and after confirming the suitability of performing a factor analysis, four variable grouping factors were determined, which explained a good part of the variability of the instrument’s items. As a result of the analysis, it was found that there were significant values of low satisfaction in graduates from the Eurasian area, mainly in terms of organizational issues and academic expectations. On the other hand, it was observed that the methodological aspects of the “Auditing” and “Biodiversity” programs showed higher levels of dissatisfaction than the rest, with no statistically significant relationships between gender, entry profile or age groups. The methodology followed and the rigor in determining the validity and reliability of the instrument, as well as the subsequent analysis of the results, endorsed by the review of the documented information, suggest that the instrument can be applied to other multidisciplinary programs for decision making with guarantees in the educational field metadata García Villena, Eduardo and Pueyo Villa, Silvia and Delgado Noya, Irene and Tutusaus, Kilian and Ruiz Salces, Roberto and Pascual Barrera, Alina Eugenia mail eduardo.garcia@uneatlantico.es, silvia.pueyo@uneatlantico.es, irene.delgado@uneatlantico.es, kilian.tutusaus@uneatlantico.es, roberto.ruiz@uneatlantico.es, alina.pascual@unini.edu.mx (2021) Instrumentalization of a Model for the Evaluation of the Level of Satisfaction of Graduates under an E-Learning Methodology: A Case Analysis Oriented to Postgraduate Studies in the Environmental Field. Sustainability, 13 (9). p. 5112. ISSN 2071-1050

Article Subjects > Physical Education and Sport
Subjects > Psychology
Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés The scientific evidence supports that physical inactivity in childhood is a reality throughout the world which generates important consequences in the global development of children. Young people with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD), due to the characteristics of the disorder they suffer, constitute a group at risk. Therefore, assessing the levels of physical activity (PA) in this group is fundamental for subsequent decision making and implementation of PA promotion programmes. Consequently, the aim of this systematic review was to identify, summarise and analyse the main instruments used to assess the levels of PA (in terms of time and/or intensity) in primary school children diagnosed with ASD. Scientific articles in English and Spanish published in five databases were reviewed: PsycINFO, WOS, SPORTDiscus, Scopus and PubMed, following the guidelines of the PRISMA statement. Out of the 605 articles identified, 12 met the previously established inclusion criteria. The instruments used by the studies analysed were divided into two main groups: accelerometers and questionnaires. Both showed different strengths and limitations but agreed on the low levels registered of PA in children with ASD. For this reason, it is considered necessary that further research be carried out in this field, as well as the development and implementation of sports programmes adjusted and adapted to the needs and characteristics of the ASD group. metadata López-Valverde, Paula and Rico-Díaz, Javier and Barcala Furelos, Martín and Martí González, Mariacarla and Martín Ayala, Juan Luis and López-García, Sergio mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, martin.barcala@uneatlantico.es, mariacarla.marti@uneatlantico.es, juan.martin@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED (2021) Instruments to Assess Physical Activity in Primary Education Students with Autism Spectrum Disorder: A Systematic Review. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 18 (9). p. 4913. ISSN 1660-4601

Article Subjects > Biomedicine Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés nter-professional collaboration, empathy and lifelong learning, components of medical professionalism, have been associated with occupational well-being in physicians. However, it is not clear whether this role persists in adverse working conditions. This study was performed to assess whether this is the case. These three abilities, and the self-perception of somatization, exhaustion and work alienation, were measured in a sample of 60 physicians working in a hospital declared to be in an institutional emergency. A multiple regression model explained 40% of the variability of exhaustion, with a large effect size (Cohen’s-f2 = 0.64), based on a linear relationship with teamwork (p = 0.01), and more dedication to academic (p < 0.001) and management activities (p < 0.003). Neither somatization nor alienation were predicted by empathy or lifelong learning abilities. Somatization, exhaustion, or alienation scores either explained empathy, inter-professional collaboration or lifelong learning scores. These findings indicate that, in adverse working environments, physicians with a greater sense of inter-professional collaboration or performing multi-task activities are more exposed to suffering exhaustion. metadata Viruez-Soto, José and Delgado Bolton, Roberto C. and San-Martín, Montserrat and Vivanco, Luis mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, luis.vivanco@uneatlantico.es (2021) Inter-Professional Collaboration and Occupational Well-Being of Physicians Who Work in Adverse Working Conditions. Healthcare, 9 (9). p. 1210. ISSN 2227-9032

Article Subjects > Psychology Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés Objetivo Para reducir el malestar psicológico asociado a tratar pacientes con COVID-19, se han desarrollado numerosos programas de intervención en España. Este estudio pretende describir las principales características y componentes de los programas para trabajadores sanitarios que atienden COVID-19 en hospitales españoles. Material y métodos Se elaboró y distribuyó una encuesta online para evaluar las principales características de los programas de intervención psicológica para trabajadores sanitarios durante la primera ola de la pandemia de COVID-19. Resultados Se recibieron respuestas válidas de 36 hospitales. La mayoría de los programas ofrecían intervención presencial y online/telefónica. El principal objetivo de estos programas fue mejorar la regulación emocional. Las intervenciones individuales emplearon principalmente psicoeducación y técnicas cognitivo-conductuales, mientras que las grupales emplearon psicoeducación y mindfulness. Solo la mitad de los equipos que ofrecían intervenciones presenciales habían recibido la formación adecuada para usar equipos de protección individual. Conclusiones Numerosos hospitales en España han desarrollado intervenciones de salud mental para trabajadores sanitarios durante la pandemia por COVID-19, empleando una gran variedad de modalidades terapéuticas. La rápida implementación de estos programas durante la pandemia sugiere que la necesidad de seguridad ha podido subestimarse. La planificación y desarrollo de intervenciones psicológicas durante las pandemias merece mayor atención por parte de las autoridades competentes. metadata Priede, Amador and López-Álvarez, Inés and Carracedo-Sanchidrián, Diego and González-Blanch, César mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, cesar.gonzalezblanch@uneatlantico.es (2021) Intervenciones de salud mental para trabajadores sanitarios durante la primera ola de la pandemia de COVID-19 en España. Revista de Psiquiatría y Salud Mental, 14 (2). pp. 83-89. ISSN 18889891

Article Subjects > Nutrition Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés The prevalence of overweight and obesity has been rising among Mexican children and adolescents in the last decades. To systematically review obesity prevention interventions delivered to Mexican children and adolescents. Thirteen databases and one search engine were searched for evidence from 1995 to 2021. Searches were done in English and Spanish to capture relevant information. Studies with experimental designs, delivered in any setting (e.g., schools or clinics) or digital domains (e.g., social media campaigns) targeting Mexican children or adolescents (≤ 18 years) and reporting weight outcomes, were included in this review. In addition, the risk of bias was appraised with the Effective Public Health Practice Project Quality Assessment Tool. Twenty-nine studies with 19,136 participants (3-17 years old) were included. The prevalence of overweight and obesity at baseline ranged from 21 to 69%. Most of the studies (89.6%) were delivered in school settings. The duration ranged from 2 days to 3 school years, and the number of sessions also varied from 2 to 200 sessions at different intensities. Overall, anthropometric changes varied across studies. Thus, the efficacy of the included studies is heterogeneous and inconclusive among studies. Current evidence is heterogeneous and inconclusive about the efficacy of interventions to prevent obesity in Mexican children and adolescents. Interventions should not be limited to educational activities and should include different components, such as multi-settings delivery, family inclusion, and longer-term implementations. Mixed-method evaluations (including robust quantitative and qualitative approaches) could provide a deeper understanding of the effectiveness and best practices. metadata Aceves-Martins, Magaly and López-Cruz, Lizet and García-Botello, Marcela and Gutierrez-Gómez, Yareni Yunuen and Moreno-García, Carlos Francisco mail UNSPECIFIED (2021) Interventions to Prevent Obesity in Mexican Children and Adolescents: Systematic Review. Prevention Science. ISSN 1389-4986

Article Subjects > Nutrition Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés Context Prevalence of overweight and obesity has been rising in the past 3 decades among Mexican children and adolescents. Objective To systematically review experimental studies evaluating interventions to treat obesity in Mexican children and adolescents (≤18 years old). Data Sources For this study, 13 databases and 1 search engine were searched. Data Analysis A total of 29 studies met the inclusion criteria. Overall, 2302 participants (age range, 8–16 years) from 11 states in Mexico were included. Most of the studies (n = 17 of 29) were provided in a clinical setting. A random-effect meta-analysis of 4 randomized controlled trials was conducted and a significant effect was found on body mass index reduction that favored the intervention group (−1.52; 95%CI, −2.15 to −0.89) for short-term (≤6 mo) interventions. Conclusions A multicomponent, multidisciplinary, and individualized intervention that includes dietary modifications, physical activity practice, behavioral strategies, and active parental involvement might help treat childhood obesity in Mexico. However, long-term results need to be produced to identify effectiveness pointers that might help establish an integrated, long-lasting care model to treat obesity. metadata Aceves-Martins, Magaly and López-Cruz, Lizet and García-Botello, Marcela and Gutierrez-Gómez, Yareni Yunuen and Moreno-García, Carlos Francisco mail UNSPECIFIED (2021) Interventions to Treat Obesity in Mexican Children and Adolescents: Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. Nutrition Reviews, 80 (3). pp. 544-560. ISSN 0029-6643

Article Subjects > Physical Education and Sport Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés The purpose of the study was to find out whether a short 6-week intervention on motor competence can reduce the Relative Age Effect (RAE) of preschool children born in the first quarter, compared to those born in the fourth quarter of the same year. Seventy-six preschool children (5.20 ± 0.54 years) from Lugo (Spain) participated. A quasi-experimental pre-post-test design was used with an intervention group (n = 32) and a control group (n = 44). The Movement Assessment Battery for Children-2 (MABC-2) was used to collect data before and after the intervention. The data show that, before the intervention, there are significant differences between the control and the intervention group in favor of the former (born in the first quarter of the year) in manual dexterity (p = 0.011), balance (p = 0.002), total test score (p = 0.008), and total percentile score (p = 0.010). After the application of the specific intervention, statistically significant differences were found in aiming and catching (p < 0.001), balance (p = 0.022), total test score (p = 0.001), and total percentile score (p < 0.001) in favor of the intervention group (born in the last quarter of the year). The results obtained suggest that the application of a specific intervention on MC could positively influence the improvement of MC in preschool children (boys and girls) and reduce the differences produced by the RAE. metadata Mecías-Calvo, Marcos and Arufe-Giráldez, Víctor and Cons-Ferreiro, Miguel and Navarro-Patón, Rubén mail marcos.mecias@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED (2021) Is It Possible to Reduce the Relative Age Effect through an Intervention on Motor Competence in Preschool Children? Children, 8 (5). p. 386. ISSN 2227-9067

Article Subjects > Biomedicine Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés The purpose of this study was to determine the probability that preschool children have severe motor difficulties or are at risk of motor difficulties, according to quarter of birth and gender. Five hundred and eighty-eight preschool-age children were evaluated, of which 318 (54.08%) were boys and 270 (45.92%) were girls, with a mean age of 4.66 years (SD = 0.53). The Movement Assessment Battery for Children-2 (MABC-2) was used to collect the data. The results obtained were the following: Regarding students with severe motor difficulties: 6.7% born in quarter 1 (Q1); 13.3% born in the second quarter (Q2); 20.0% born in the third quarter (Q3); and 60.0% born in the fourth quarter (Q4). The probabilities found (OR) were: Q1 vs. Q2 (OR = 3.15; p < 0.05); Q1 vs. Q3 (OR = 4.68; p < 0.005); Q1 vs. Q4 (OR = 12.40; p < 0.001); Q2 vs. Q4 (OR = 4.04; p < 0.001); and Q3 vs. Q4 (OR = 2.65; p < 0.005). The adjusted ORs, with respect to the probabilities of having severe motor difficulties, were the following: Being born in Q4 is 13.03 times more likely than being born in Q1 (p < 0.001); those born in Q3 are 4.85 times more likely than those born in Q1 (p < 0.05); and those born in Q2 4.14 times more than those born in Q1 (p < 0.05). The conclusion is that children born in Q4 are more likely to be classified as children with severe difficulties compared to children born in the other quarters of the same year. metadata Navarro-Patón, Rubén and Pueyo Villa, Silvia and Martín Ayala, Juan Luis and Martí González, Mariacarla and Mecías-Calvo, Marcos mail UNSPECIFIED, silvia.pueyo@uneatlantico.es, juan.martin@uneatlantico.es, mariacarla.marti@uneatlantico.es, marcos.mecias@uneatlantico.es (2021) Is Quarter of Birth a Risk Factor for Developmental Coordinator Disorder in Preschool Children? International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 18 (11). p. 5514. ISSN 1660-4601

Article Subjects > Teaching Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Abierto Español La formación pedagógica del docente debe partir de las competencias que el profesor debe desarrollar para aplicar a las TIC de manera educativa a lo largo de su vida docente. Este estudio, que es parte del Proyecto Europeo Lovedistance – Learning Optmization and Academic Inclusion Via Equitative Distance Teaching and Learning 609949-EPP-1-2019-1-PTEPPKA2-CBHE-JP, tiene como objetivo medir los niveles y dimensiones de las competencias determinadas por la UNESCO (2016) en cuanto a la acción docente frente a la utilización de las TIC en escenarios educativos. Se destacan las posibilidades de llevar a cabo una planificación basada en las TIC; el diseño o la capacidad de organización y construcción de escenarios de aprendizaje con las TIC; y la evaluación o la posibilidad de medida de la efectividad de las TIC para la educación a lo largo de la vida, en los espacios educativos que se desarrollan como docentes (Coll, 2008). El presente estudio se basa en el diseño de encuesta y utiliza como instrumento el cuestionario, aplicando una complementariedad metodológica con unos resultados que indican a través de un análisis descriptivo que la formación del profesorado, la coordinación y cooperación docente, y la profundización en el manejo de las tecnologías, son factores de gran importancia y favorecedores del uso de las TIC en la comunidad educativa. metadata Sartor-Harada, Andresa mail andresa.sartor@uneatlantico.es (2021) La comunidad docente y las competencias digitales: la formación a lo largo de la vida. Revista Conhecimento Online, 1. p. 177. ISSN 2176-8501

Article Subjects > Social Sciences Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Español Desde los inicios del cine, el contenido musical ha desempeñado un papel fundamental. La música y las canciones son una parte esencial de los productos cinematográficos, especialmente en determinados géneros. El presente artículo realiza un análisis contrastivo de un corpus de doce películas del género de animación infantil y no infantil, musical, comedia romántica y suspense en torno a la modalidad y las estrategias de traducción empleadas según los elementos que priman en cada canción, tales como la rima, la fidelidad o el significado. Los resultados muestran una tendencia al doblaje de canciones en películas destinadas a público infantil, subtitulado de canciones en películas destinadas a público no infantil y no traducción de canciones de la banda sonora no originales. metadata Martínez Acebo, Elisa and Rodríguez Martínez, Manuel Cristóbal mail elisa.martinez@alumnos.uneatlantico.es, manuel.rodriguez@uneatlantico.es (2021) La traducción de canciones en películas: análisis contrastivo de géneros cinematográficos. Estudios de Traducción, 11. pp. 137-145. ISSN 2174-047X

Article Subjects > Communication Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Español Late Motiv, el programa de Movistar + presentado y dirigido por Andreu Buenafuente, donde la crítica, el humor o la irreverencia están presentes cada medianoche de lunes a jueves, tuvo que adaptarse a la aparición del Covid 19 y el estado de alarma decretado el catorce de marzo de 2020 (BOE, n. 61, 12 de marzo). Los invitados y colaboradores que repasan la actualidad, los monólogos del propio presentador o las actuaciones musicales que componen el programa de forma habitual, se vieron trastocados con el confinamiento y se han vuelto a adaptar a la “nueva normalidad” en su sexta temporada en Movistar +. metadata Santana Mahmut, Saida and Andueza-López, Belén mail UNSPECIFIED, belen.andueza@uneatlantico.es (2021) "Late Motiv": la transformación del "late night" antes, durante y después del confinamiento provocado por el Covid-19 en 2020. Historia y Comunicación Social, 26 (Especi). pp. 121-134. ISSN 1137-0734

Article Subjects > Social Sciences Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Español El lenguaje inclusivo constituye una forma simbólica de definir pertenencia a una comunidad o un intento de reflejar identidades y orientaciones que van más allá de la visibilidad de la mujer. Aunque se abren camino diferentes estrategias para lograr una mayor representación de ciertos colectivos, no todas resultan igual de aceptables en lo que se refiere a la esfera administrativo-legal. Justificando la posibilidad teórica de desestabilizar el género y la responsabilidad ética de reconocer todo el espectro que abarcan las siglas LGTBIQ+, se estudia una muestra compuesta por documentos de adopción en español y en inglés, que permitirá observar hasta qué punto se logra contemplar la presencia de una comunidad que es susceptible de tener que recurrir a estos instrumentos legales. Además de comprobar la efectividad de las estrategias utilizadas en ambas lenguas con propuestas fundamentadas desde el plano de la Lingüística, como la de Grijelmo, se reflexionará acerca de qué fórmulas resultan aceptables en este contexto específico de uso, en el que, si bien es cierto que se han producido algunos avances, aún queda camino por recorrer. No obstante, ambas lenguas disponen de mecanismos propios del lenguaje administrativo-legal que no obligan a incorporar neologismos ni dobletes y están perfectamente asentadas socialmente, por lo que se defiende la necesidad de estudiarlas e incluirlas para lograr un reconocimiento que el colectivo aún lucha por conseguir. metadata Rodríguez-Arcos, Irene and González Díaz, Andrea mail UNSPECIFIED (2021) Lenguaje inclusivo y representación del colectivo queer en solicitudes de adopción: análisis contrastivo inglés-español. Hikma, 20 (1). pp. 157-184. ISSN 1579-9794

Article Subjects > Physical Education and Sport Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés, Español Introducción: La rotura de Ligamento Cruzado Anterior (LCA) es una de las lesiones más problemáticas dentro del mundo del fútbol, no solo por el periodo que mantendrá inactivo al sujeto, sino también por las secuelas que puede producir en el deportista. Objetivos: Conocer algunos de los factores de riesgo y mecanismos de lesión de LCA en futbolistas cántabros de las temporadas 2016 a 2019. Material y métodos: Se recogieron datos sobre diferentes factores de riesgo de todos los jugadores/as del fútbol cántabro lesionados de LCA en las últimas 3 temporadas (2016 al 2019). Estos datos se registraron mediante una entrevista realizada por la Federación Cántabra de Fútbol. La muestra inicial fue de 93 personas, siendo 84 hombres (H) y 9 mujeres (M). Resultados: La competición resultó ser más lesiva que el entrenamiento (H: 88,5%; M: 77,8%), siendo la primera parte del partido donde más lesiones hubo (H: 47,8%; M: 66,7%). Los defensas en los hombres (50,7%) y los mediocentros en mujeres (55,6%) fueron las posiciones más afectadas. Con un 87% en hombres y 100% en mujeres, las lesiones se produjeron sobre hierba artificial con el uso de tacos Artificial Grass (AG) (H: 46,4%; M: 77,8%) y durante el mes de abril (H: 4,5%; M: 33,3%) . Además, las lesiones se produjeron sin contacto (H: 73,9%; M:77,8%) y el 66,7% en ambos grupos no realizaba trabajo preventivo. Conclusiones: La lesión de LCA se produce principalmente sin contacto, con el uso de tacos AG sobre césped artificial, durante la primera parte del partido y en abril. Los defensas en hombres y los mediocentros en mujeres fueron las posiciones más afectadas. metadata Peredo López, Felipe and Marín Bárcena, Raúl and Mecías-Calvo, Marcos mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, marcos.mecias@uneatlantico.es (2021) Lesión de ligamento cruzado anterior (LCA) en futbolistas cántabros. Análisis descriptivo de los factores de riesgo. MLS Sport Research, 1 (1). pp. 86-95.

Article Subjects > Psychology Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés Objective In order to reduce distress associated with working with COVID-19 patients, several psychological intervention programmes for healthcare workers have been developed in Spain. We aimed to describe the main characteristics and components of these programmes for healthcare workers treating COVID-19 patients in Spanish hospitals. Material and methods An online survey was designed to evaluate the main characteristics of psychological intervention programmes for healthcare workers during the first wave of COVID-19 pandemic. Results Valid responses were received from 36 hospitals. Most of these programmes offered both in-person and online therapy. The most common aim of these interventions was emotional regulation, which was treated by psychoeducational and cognitive-behavioural techniques in individual interventions. Group interventions mainly used psychoeducation and mindfulness. Only half of the teams that offered in-person interventions received training in the proper use of personal protective equipment. Conclusions Several hospitals in Spain have developed mental health interventions for healthcare workers during the COVID-19 pandemic, deploying a wide range of therapeutic modalities and techniques. The rapid implementation of these programmes during the pandemic suggests that safety may not have received sufficient attention. The planning and development of interventions for healthcare workers during pandemics merits greater attention by national and regional authorities and institutions. metadata Priede, Amador and López-Álvarez, Inés and Carracedo-Sanchidrián, Diego and González-Blanch, César mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, cesar.gonzalezblanch@uneatlantico.es (2021) Mental health interventions for healthcare workers during the first wave of COVID-19 pandemic in Spain. Revista de Psiquiatría y Salud Mental (English Edition), 14 (2). pp. 83-89. ISSN 21735050

Article Subjects > Biomedicine Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
UNSPECIFIED UNSPECIFIED Cancer stem cells (CSCs) are a rare tumor subpopulation with high differentiation, proliferative and tumorigenic potential compared to the remaining tumor population. CSCs were first discovered by Bonnet and Dick in 1997 in acute myeloid leukemia. The identification and isolation of these cells in this pioneering study were carried out through the flow cytometry, exploiting the presence of specific cell surface molecular markers (CD34+/CD38−). In the following years, different strategies and projects have been developed for the study of CSCs, which are basically divided into surface markers assays and functional assays; some of these techniques also allow working with a cellular model that better mimics the tumor architecture. The purpose of this mini review is to summarize and briefly describe all the current methods used for the identification, isolation and enrichment of CSCs, describing, where possible, the molecular basis, the advantages and disadvantages of each technique with a particular focus on those that offer a three-dimensional culture. metadata Cianciosi, Danila and Ansary, Johura and Forbes-Hernandez, Tamara Y. and Regolo, Lucia and Quinzi, Denise and Gracia Villar, Santos and Garcia Villena, Eduardo and Tutusaus Pifarre, Kilian and Alvarez-Suarez, José M. and Battino, Maurizio and Giampieri, Francesca mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, santos.gracia@uneatlantico.es, eduardo.garcia@uneatlantico.es, kilian.tutusaus@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED (2021) The Molecular Basis of Different Approaches for the Study of Cancer Stem Cells and the Advantages and Disadvantages of a Three-Dimensional Culture. Molecules, 26 (9). p. 2615. ISSN 1420-3049

Article Subjects > Biomedicine Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Abierto Inglés Age-related bone disorders such as osteoporosis or osteoarthritis are a major public health problem due to the functional disability for millions of people worldwide. Furthermore, fractures are associated with a higher degree of morbidity and mortality in the long term, which generates greater financial and health costs. As the world population becomes older, the incidence of this type of disease increases and this effect seems notably greater in those countries that present a more westernized lifestyle. Thus, increased efforts are directed toward reducing risks that need to focus not only on the prevention of bone diseases, but also on the treatment of persons already afflicted. Evidence is accumulating that dietary lipids play an important role in bone health which results relevant to develop effective interventions for prevent bone diseases or alterations, especially in the elderly segment of the population. This review focuses on evidence about the effects of dietary lipids on bone health and describes possible mechanisms to explain how lipids act on bone metabolism during aging. Little work, however, has been accomplished in humans, so this is a challenge for future research. metadata Romero-Márquez, Jose M. and Varela-López, Alfonso and Navarro-Hortal, María D. and Badillo-Carrasco, Alberto and Forbes-Hernández, Tamara Y. and Giampieri, Francesca and Dominguez Azpíroz, Irma and Madrigal-Hoyos, Lorena and Battino, Maurizio and Quiles, José L. mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, irma.dominguez@uneatlantico.es, lorena.madrigal@uneatlantico.es, maurizio.battino@uneatlantico.es, jose.quiles@uneatlantico.es (2021) Molecular Interactions between Dietary Lipids and Bone Tissue during Aging. International Journal of Molecular Sciences, 22 (12). p. 6473. ISSN 1422-0067

Article Subjects > Physical Education and Sport Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés The objective of this research was to analyze the motives for using or not using protections by recreational ski and snowboard athletes, specifically regarding gender and age in the winter resorts of Sierra Nevada and Alto Campoo (Spain). A total of 520 users participated in Sierra Nevada (n = 306 (58,8%)) and Alto Campoo (n = 214 (42.2%)); 257 of them were men (49.4%) and 263 (50.6%) were women; from 6 to 50 years old; classified by 4 stages of development (Childhood (n = 106 (20.4%); Teenagers (n = 110 (21.2%); Young adults (n = 101 (19.4%); Adults (n = 203 (39.0%)). For the data collection an ad hoc questionnaire was used (socio-demographic data, use/no use of protection, motives for the use). The data revealed that 76.5% used protections equipment, with the women being more likely to use protective equipment than men. Regarding age, young adults and adults were the ones using less protection. In relation to the motives of using protective equipment, security was the main motive for using it, while the reason to avoid using it was, most of the time, discomfort. Additionally, the childhood and teenager groups were the ones who reported, as motivation, family obligation, showing the importance of the influence of the parents. metadata Mecías-Calvo, Marcos and Lago-Fuentes, Carlos and Muñoz-Pérez, Iker and Picabea-Arburu, Jon Mikel and Velarde-Sotres, Álvaro and Aparicio-Obregón, Silvia and Navarro-Patón, Rubén mail marcos.mecias@uneatlantico.es, carlos.lago@uneatlantico.es, iker.munoz@uneatlantico.es, jon.picabea@uneatlantico.es, alvaro.velarde@uneatlantico.es, silvia.aparicio@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED (2021) Motives for the Use or Not of Protective Equipment for the Recreational Practice of Skiing and Snowboarding in Spanish Winter Stations. Healthcare, 9 (12). p. 1767. ISSN 2227-9032

Article Subjects > Biomedicine Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés Down syndrome (DS) or trisomy of chromosome 21 (Hsa21) is characterized by impaired hippocampal-dependent learning and memory. These alterations are due to defective neurogenesis and to neuromorphological and functional anomalies of numerous neuronal populations, including hippocampal granular cells (GCs). It has been proposed that the additional gene dose in trisomic cells induces modifications in nuclear compartments and on the chromatin landscape, which could contribute to some DS phenotypes. The Ts65Dn (TS) mouse model of DS carries a triplication of 92 genes orthologous to those found in Hsa21, and shares many phenotypes with DS individuals, including cognitive and neuromorphological alterations. Considering its essential role in hippocampal memory formation, we investigated whether the triplication of this set of Hsa21 orthologous genes in TS mice modifies the nuclear architecture of their GCs. Our results show that the TS mouse presents alterations in the nuclear architecture of its GCs, affecting nuclear compartments involved in transcription and pre-rRNA and pre-mRNA processing. In particular, the GCs of the TS mouse show alterations in the nucleolar fusion pattern and the molecular assembly of Cajal bodies (CBs). Furthermore, hippocampal GCs of TS mice present an epigenetic dysregulation of chromatin that results in an increased heterochromatinization and reduced global transcriptional activity. These nuclear alterations could play an important role in the neuromorphological and/or functional alterations of the hippocampal GCs implicated in the cognitive dysfunction characteristic of TS mice. metadata Puente-Bedia, Alba and Berciano, María T. and Tapia Martínez, Olga and Martínez-Cué, Carmen and Lafarga, Miguel and Rueda, Noemí mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, olga.tapia@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED (2021) Nuclear Reorganization in Hippocampal Granule Cell Neurons from a Mouse Model of Down Syndrome: Changes in Chromatin Configuration, Nucleoli and Cajal Bodies. International Journal of Molecular Sciences, 22 (3). p. 1259. ISSN 1422-0067

Article Subjects > Biomedicine
Subjects > Nutrition
Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés Modern high-throughput ‘omics’ science tools (including genomics, transcriptomics, proteomics, metabolomics and microbiomics) are currently being applied to nutritional sciences to unravel the fundamental processes of health effects ascribed to particular nutrients in humans and to contribute to more precise nutritional advice. Diet and food components are key environmental factors that interact with the genome, transcriptome, proteome, metabolome and the microbiota, and this life-long interplay defines health and diseases state of the individual. Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a chronic autoimmune disease featured by a systemic immune-inflammatory response, in genetically susceptible individuals exposed to environmental triggers, including diet. In recent years increasing evidences suggested that nutritional factors and gut microbiome have a central role in RA risk and progression. The aim of this review is to summarize the main and most recent applications of ‘omics’ technologies in human nutrition and in RA research, examining the possible influences of some nutrients and nutritional patterns on RA pathogenesis, following a nutrigenomics approach. The opportunities and challenges of novel ‘omics technologies’ in the exploration of new avenues in RA and nutritional research to prevent and manage RA will be also discussed. metadata Cassotta, Manuela and Forbes-Hernandez, Tamara Y. and Cianciosi, Danila and Elexpuru Zabaleta, Maria and Sumalla Cano, Sandra and Dominguez Azpíroz, Irma and Bullon, Beatriz and Regolo, Lucia and Alvarez-Suarez, Josè Miguel and Giampieri, Francesca and Battino, Maurizio mail manucassotta@gmail.com, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, maria.elexpuru@uneatlantico.es, sandra.sumalla@uneatlantico.es, irma.dominguez@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, francesca.giampieri@uneatlantico.es, maurizio.battino@uneatlantico.es (2021) Nutrition and Rheumatoid Arthritis in the ‘Omics’ Era. Nutrients, 13 (3). p. 763. ISSN 2072-6643

Article Subjects > Nutrition Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
UNSPECIFIED UNSPECIFIED In recent times, scientific attention has been paid to different foods and their bioactive components for the ability to inhibit the onset and progress of different types of cancer. Nigella sativa extract, powder and seed oil and its main components, thymoquinone and α-hederin, have showed potent anticancer and chemosensitizing effects against various types of cancer, such as liver, colon, breast, renal, cervical, lung, ovarian, pancreatic, prostate and skin tumors, through the modulation of various molecular signaling pathways. Herein, the purpose of this review was to highlight the anticancer activity of Nigella sativa and it constitutes, focusing on different in vitro, in vivo and clinical studies and projects, in order to underline their antiproliferative, proapoptotic, cytotoxic and antimetastatic effects. Particular attention has been also given to the synergistic effect of Nigella sativa and it constitutes with chemotherapeutic drugs, and to the synthesized analogs of thymoquinone that seem to enhance the chemo-sensitizing potential. This review could be a useful step towards new research on N. sativa and cancer, to include this plant in the dietary treatments in support to conventional therapies, for the best achievement of therapeutic goals. metadata Ansary, Johura and Giampieri, Francesca and Forbes-Hernandez, Tamara Y. and Regolo, Lucia and Quinzi, Denise and Gracia Villar, Santos and Garcia Villena, Eduardo and Tutusaus, Kilian and Alvarez-Suarez, José M. and Battino, Maurizio and Cianciosi, Danila mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, santos.gracia@uneatlantico.es, eduardo.garcia@uneatlantico.es, kilian.tutusaus@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED (2021) Nutritional Value and Preventive Role of Nigella sativa L. and Its Main Component Thymoquinone in Cancer: An Evidenced-Based Review of Preclinical and Clinical Studies. Molecules, 26 (8). p. 2108. ISSN 1420-3049

Article Subjects > Biomedicine Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés Context A relationship between obesity and poor oral health has been reported. Objective To investigate the association between overweight/obesity and oral health in Mexican children and adolescents. Data Sources A literature search was conducted of 13 databases and 1 search engine for articles published from 1995 onward. Data Analysis A total of 18 publications were included. Evidence was inconclusive and varied according to sociodemographic factors or outcome measuring tools. The Decayed, Missing, and Filled Teeth and Filled Teeth Surfaces indices and the decayed extracted filled teeth index outcomes were included in a random effects model meta-analysis. Pooled estimates showed no statistically significant oral health differences (measured via the decayed extracted filled teeth or the Decayed, Missing, and Filled Teeth Surfaces indexes) among body mass index (BMI) categories. However, pooled estimates of 6 studies showed that children with higher BMI had worse oral health in permanent teeth (measured via the Decayed Missing Filled Teeth Index) than children with lower BMI (overall mean difference, –0.42; 95%CI, –0.74, –0.11). Conclusion Whether there is an association between poor oral health and high BMI is inconclusive; however, both co-exist among Mexican children. Therefore, health promotion and prevention efforts should address common risk factors and broader risk social determinants shared between noncommunicable diseases. metadata Aceves-Martins, Magaly and Godina-Flores, Naara L and Gutierrez-Gómez, Yareni Yunuen and Richards, Derek and López-Cruz, Lizet and García-Botello, Marcela and Moreno-García, Carlos Francisco mail UNSPECIFIED (2021) Obesity and oral health in Mexican children and adolescents: systematic review and meta-analysis. Nutrition Reviews. ISSN 0029-6643

Article Subjects > Physical Education and Sport Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Cerrado Inglés Pregnancy exercise can prevent excessive gestational weight gain (EGWG), gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) and hypertension (GH), but inter-individual variability has not been explored. We aimed to analyze the prevalence--and potential sociodemographic and medical predictors of--non-responsiveness to gestational exercise, and the association of non-responsiveness with adverse pregnancy outcomes. Among 688 women who completed a supervised light-to-moderate intensity exercise program (three ~1-h sessions/week including aerobic, resistance, and pelvic floor muscle training) until near-term, those who showed EGWG, GDM or GH were considered 'non-responders'. A low prevalence of non-responders was observed for GDM (3.6%) and GH (3.4%), but not for EGWG (24.2%). Pre-pregnancy obesity was the strongest predictor of non-responsiveness for GH (odds ratio 8.40 [95% confidence interval 3.10-22.78] and EGWG (5.37 [2.78-10.39]), whereas having a highest education level attenuated the risk of being non-responder for GDM (0.10 [0.02-0.49]). Non-responsiveness for EGWG was associated with a higher risk of prolonged labor length, instrumental/cesarean delivery, and macrosomia, and of lower Apgar scores. No association with negative delivery outcomes was found for GDM/GH. In summary, women with pre-pregnancy obesity might require from additional interventions beyond light-to-moderate intensity gestational exercise (e.g., diet and/or higher exercise loads) to ensure cardiometabolic benefits. metadata Perales, María and Valenzuela, Pedro L. and Barakat, Rubén and Alejo, Lidia B. and Cordero, Yaiza and Pelaez, Mireia and Lucia, Alejandro mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, mireia.pelaez@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED (2021) Obesity can offset the cardiometabolic benefits of gestational exercise. International Journal of Obesity, 45 (2). pp. 342-347. ISSN 0307-0565

Article Subjects > Psychology Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Universidad Internacional do Cuanza > Research > Scientific Production
Abierto Inglés Background: In an unprecedented situation of interruption of the sporting dynamics, the world of sport is going through a series of adaptations necessary to continue functioning despite coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). More than ever, athletes are facing a different challenge, a source of discomfort and uncertainty, and one that absolutely alters not only sports calendars, but also trajectories, progressions, and approaches to sports life. Therefore, it is necessary to identify the levels of psychological vulnerability that may have been generated in the athletes, because of the coexistence with dysfunctional responses during the COVID-19 experience, and which directly influence the decrease of their mental health. Methods: With a descriptive and transversal design, the study aims to identify the state of the dysfunctional psychological response of a sample of Spanish athletes (N = 284). The DASS-21 (Depression, Anxiety, and Stress Scale), Toronto-20 (alexithymia), and Distress Tolerance Scale questionnaires were administered to a sample of high-level Spanish athletes in Olympic programs. Results: The results suggest that the analyzed athletes indicate high levels of dysfunctional response (e.g., anxiety, stress, depression, and alexithymia) when their tolerance is low. In addition, the variables show less relational strength, when the capacity of tolerance to distress is worse and age is lower. At the same time, the greater the anxiety and uncertainty are, leading to more catastrophic and negative thoughts, the younger the athletes are. Conclusions: It is clear that both age and tolerance to distress are considered adequate protective factors for psychological vulnerability in general and for associated dysfunctional responses in particular. Moreover, the psychological resources offered by more experienced athletes are also a guarantee of protection against negativity and catastrophism. metadata González-Hernández, Juan and López-Mora, Clara and Yüce, Arif and Nogueira-López, Abel and Tovar-Gálvez, Maria Isabel mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, abel.nogueira@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED (2021) “Oh, My God! My Season Is Over!” COVID-19 and Regulation of the Psychological Response in Spanish High-Performance Athletes. Frontiers in Psychology, 12. ISSN 1664-1078

Article Subjects > Engineering Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés In this work a complete proof of the Collatz Conjecture is presented. The solution assumes as hypothesis that Collatz's Conjecture is a consequence. We found that every natural number n_i∈N can be calculated starting from 1, using the function n_i=((2^(i-Ω)-C))⁄3^Ω , where: i≥0 represents the number of steps (operations of multiplications by two subtractions of one and divisions by three) needed to get from 1 to n_i, Ω≥0 represents the number of multiplications by three required and 0≤C≤2^(i-⌊i/3⌋ )-2^((i mod 3)) 3^⌊i/3⌋ is an accumulative constant that takes into account the order in which the operations of multiplication and division have been performed. Reversing the inversion, we have obtained the function: ((3^Ω n_i+C))⁄2^(i-Ω)=1 that proves that Collatz Conjecture it’s a consequence of the above and also proofs that Collatz Conjecture it’s true since ((3^Ω n_i+C))⁄2^(i-Ω) is the recursive form of the Collatz’s function. metadata Crespo Álvarez, Jorge mail jorge.crespo@uneatlantico.es (2021) Orbits Theory. A Complete Proof of the Collatz Conjecture. Cambridge Open Engage. (Unpublished)

Article Subjects > Biomedicine
Subjects > Psychology
Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés Body image (BI) is a trending topic of study since health problems derived from a negative perception of the body are increasing and affecting people of all ages, with an increasing incidence among children from the age of eight. The objective of this study was to evaluate the current perception of the body against the desired body and the degree of body satisfaction of Galician primary education students. A total of 355 students (167 boys (47%)) between 9 and 12 years old participated (mean = 10.53; SD = 0.84). Sociodemographic data (sex, age, height, and weight) were collected, and the Figure Rating Scale was used. There are statistically significant differences between boys and girls in the current perceived figure (p = 0.003) and in the desired figure (p < 0.001). Depending on age, the differences were in current (p = 0.010) and desired (p = 0.021) body perception. In conclusion, boys perceive themselves as having a larger figure than girls do, but this perception is far from reality according to the body mass index. For the desired figure, both boys and girls want to be slimmer, but girls want a slimmer figure. Regarding age, the current perceived figure size increases with age as it increases in those students dissatisfied with their body. metadata Navarro-Patón, Rubén and Mecías-Calvo, Marcos and Pueyo Villa, Silvia and Anaya, Vanessa and Martí-González, Mariacarla and Lago-Ballesteros, Joaquín mail UNSPECIFIED, marcos.mecias@uneatlantico.es, silvia.pueyo@uneatlantico.es, vanessa.anaya@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED (2021) Perceptions of the Body and Body Dissatisfaction in Primary Education Children According to Gender and Age. A Cross-Sectional Study. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 18 (23). p. 12460. ISSN 1660-4601

Article Subjects > Biomedicine Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Abierto Inglés Therapeutic bacteriophages, commonly called as phages, are a promising potential alternative to antibiotics in the management of bacterial infections of a wide range of organisms including cultured fish. Their natural immunogenicity often induces the modulation of a variated collection of immune responses within several types of immunocytes while promoting specific mechanisms of bacterial clearance. However, to achieve standardized treatments at the practical level and avoid possible side effects in cultivated fish, several improvements in the understanding of their biology and the associated genomes are required. Interestingly, a particular feature with therapeutic potential among all phages is the production of lytic enzymes. The use of such enzymes against human and livestock pathogens has already provided in vitro and in vivo promissory results. So far, the best-understood phages utilized to fight against either Gram-negative or Gram-positive bacterial species in fish culture are mainly restricted to the Myoviridae and Podoviridae, and the Siphoviridae, respectively. However, the current functional use of phages against bacterial pathogens of cultured fish is still in its infancy. Based on the available data, in this review, we summarize the current knowledge about phage, identify gaps, and provide insights into the possible bacterial control strategies they might represent for managing aquaculture-related bacterial diseases. metadata Ramos-Vivas, José and Superio, Joshua and Galindo-Villegas, Jorge and Acosta, Félix mail jose.ramos@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED (2021) Phage Therapy as a Focused Management Strategy in Aquaculture. International Journal of Molecular Sciences, 22 (19). p. 10436. ISSN 1422-0067

Article Subjects > Nutrition Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Abierto Inglés Presently, biopreservation through protective bacterial cultures and their antimicrobial products or using antibacterial compounds derived from plants are proposed as feasible strategies to maintain the long shelf-life of products. Another emerging category of food biopreservatives are bacteriophages or their antibacterial enzymes called “phage lysins” or “enzybiotics”, which can be used directly as antibacterial agents due to their ability to act on the membranes of bacteria and destroy them. Bacteriophages are an alternative to antimicrobials in the fight against bacteria, mainly because they have a practically unique host range that gives them great specificity. In addition to their potential ability to specifically control strains of pathogenic bacteria, their use does not generate a negative environmental impact as in the case of antibiotics. Both phages and their enzymes can favor a reduction in antibiotic use, which is desirable given the alarming increase in resistance to antibiotics used not only in human medicine but also in veterinary medicine, agriculture, and in general all processes of manufacturing, preservation, and distribution of food. We present here an overview of the scientific background of phages and enzybiotics in the food industry, as well as food applications of these biopreservatives. metadata Ramos Vivas, Jose and Elexpuru Zabaleta, Maria and Sámano Celorio, María Luisa and Pascual Barrera, Alina Eugenia and Forbes-Hernandez, Tamara Y. and Giampieri, Francesca and Battino, Maurizio mail jose.ramos@uneatlantico.es, maria.elexpuru@uneatlantico.es, marialuisa.samano@uneatlantico.es, alina.pascual@unini.edu.mx, tamara.forbes@unini.edu.mx, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED (2021) Phages and Enzybiotics in Food Biopreservation. Molecules, 26 (17). p. 5138. ISSN 1420-3049

Article Subjects > Biomedicine Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production UNSPECIFIED UNSPECIFIED The Papillon–Lefèvre syndrome (PLS) is a rare autosomal recessive disorder caused by mutations in the Cathepsin C (CTSC) gene, characterized by periodontitis and palmoplantar hyperkeratosis. The main inflammatory deficiencies include oxidative stress and autophagic dysfunction. Mitochondria are the main source of reactive oxygen species; their impaired function is related to skin diseases and periodontitis. The mitochondrial function has been evaluated in PLS and mitochondria have been targeted as a possible treatment for PLS. We show for the first time an important mitochondrial dysfunction associated with increased oxidative damage of mtDNA, reduced CoQ10 and mitochondrial mass and aberrant morphologies of the mitochondria in PLS patients. Mitochondrial dysfunction, determined by oxygen consumption rate (OCR) in PLS fibroblasts, was treated with CoQ10 supplementation, which determined an improvement in OCR and a remission of skin damage in a patient receiving a topical administration of a cream enriched with CoQ10 0.1%. We provide the first evidence of the role of mitochondrial dysfunction and CoQ10 deficiency in the pathophysiology of PLS and a future therapeutic option for PLS. metadata Castejón-Vega, Beatriz and Battino, Maurizio and Quiles, José L. and Bullon, Beatriz and Cordero, Mario D. and Bullón, Pedro mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, jose.quiles@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, jose.quiles@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED (2021) Potential Role of the Mitochondria for the Dermatological Treatment of Papillon-Lefèvre. Antioxidants, 10 (1). p. 95. ISSN 2076-3921

Article Subjects > Physical Education and Sport Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés The objective of this research was to evaluate the protections taken by ski and snowboard recreational athletes of the winter stations Sierra Nevada and Alto Campoo (Spain), regarding gender, age, and practiced sport. A total of 520 users participated, Sierra Nevada (n = 306 (58.8%)); Alto Campoo (n = 214 (42.2%)), 257 of them were men (49.4%) and 263 (50.6%) were women, from 6 to 64 years old, classified by 4 stages of development (Childhood (n = 106 (20.4%)); Teenagers (n = 110 (21.2%)); Youth (n = 101 (19.4%)); Adults (n = 203 (39.0%))). For the data collection, an Ad Hoc questionnaire was used (Socio-demographic data, use/no use of protection). The data revealed that 23.5% of the participants did not use any protection. Regarding the development stage, 1% of the children did not use any protection, neither did 3.1% of the teenagers, 6.7% of the youth, or 12.7% of the adults (p < 0.001). Regarding gender, a total of 17.1% of men did not use protection, and regarding women, 6.3% of them did not use it (p < 0.001). In relation to the practiced sport, 15.8% of the skiers did not use it against 7.7% of the snowboarders (p = 0.006). The use of protection for the practice in winter sports is not enough to reduce the injury risk in these sports and, in the worst cases, fatal accidents. metadata Mecías-Calvo, Marcos and Lago-Fuentes, Carlos and Muñoz-Pérez, Iker and Picabea-Arburu, Jon Mikel and Navarro-Patón, Rubén mail marcos.mecias@uneatlantico.es, carlos.lago@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED (2021) Protections in the Recreational Practice of Ski and Snowboard—An Age and Gender Discussion? A Case Study in Spain. Journal of Functional Morphology and Kinesiology, 6 (4). p. 84. ISSN 2411-5142

Article Subjects > Psychology Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés Little is known about the effect adoption status has on psychological adjustment (for instance, depression, anxiety, problem behaviour, or drug misuse) in adulthood. The aim of this study was to conduct a meta-analysis to study the impact of adoption status on adult adoptees’ psychological adjustment. Method: The review included 18 quasi-experimental studies conducted between 1993 and 2019. Results: Adoptees had signifi cantly worse psychological adjustment than nonadoptees across all outcomes, except for the obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) and antisocial personality disorder (APD). The moderating analyses showed a significant effect for ethnicity and marital status. Conclusions: Our results shed light on the specific groups of adoptees at a higher risk of maladjustment. The outcomes most strongly influenced by adoptive status were angry emotions (hostility and anger), psychiatric care, drug abuse, and psychotic symptoms. These findings have clinical implications with regard to the support that practitioners can provide to adoptees and their families. metadata Corral, Susana and Herrero, Marta and Martín, Nerea and Gordejuela, Ane and Herrero-Fernández, David mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, david.herrero@uneatlantico.es (2021) Psychological Adjustment in Adult Adoptees: A Meta-Analysis. Psicothema, 33 (4). pp. 527-535. ISSN 1886-144X

Article Subjects > Psychology Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Cerrado Inglés Research has shown the relevance of three axes in the study of violent behaviour: the emotional axis (anger), the behavioural axis (aggression), and the cognitive axis (hostility or aggressive thinking). In the field of driving, the first two axes have received a lot of attention, whereas the third one has been less studied. The current research aimed to analyse the psychometric properties of the Driver’s Angry Thoughts Questionnaire (DATQ) in a Mexican sample. Besides, the structural invariance of this instruments was analysed with respect to both the Spanish and the Romanian versions. A sample of 294 participants taken from the general Mexican drivers population completed a set of measures including the DATQ and the Driving Survey, as a measure of risky driving, aggressive driving, and crash-related events. The results showed that the Mexican version of the DATQ replied the original five-factor structure, maintaining the 65 items likewise in both the Spanish and Romanian versions. Analyses of the invariance suggested the equivalence among the three versions, especially in the case of Mexican-Spanish. Moreover, the five factors were positive and mostly significantly related to each other, and with both risky driving and aggressive driving. Some significant relationships were attained also with crash-related events, especially in the case of those which happened in the last three months (short-termed). Finally, males showed higher scores than females in the five ways of aggressive thinking. Limitations of the study, practical implications and future research are discussed. metadata Herrero-Fernández, David and Bogdan-Ganea, Smaranda R. mail david.herrero@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED (2021) Psychometric properties of the Mexican version of the Driver’s Angry Thoughts Questionnaire and analysis of invariance with the Romanian and Spanish versions. Accident Analysis & Prevention, 161. p. 106329. ISSN 00014575

Article Subjects > Biomedicine Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production UNSPECIFIED UNSPECIFIED Plant pathogenic fungi are the largest group of disease-causing agents on crop plants and represent a persistent and significant threat to agriculture worldwide. Conventional approaches based on the use of pesticides raise social concern for the impact on the environment and human health and alternative control methods are urgently needed. The rapid improvement and extensive implementation of RNA interference (RNAi) technology for various model and non-model organisms has provided the initial framework to adapt this post-transcriptional gene silencing technology for the management of fungal pathogens. Recent studies showed that the exogenous application of double-stranded RNA (dsRNA) molecules on plants targeting fungal growth and virulence-related genes provided disease attenuation of pathogens like Botrytis cinerea, Sclerotinia sclerotiorum and Fusarium graminearum in different hosts. Such results highlight that the exogenous RNAi holds great potential for RNAi-mediated plant pathogenic fungal disease control. Production of dsRNA can be possible by using either in-vitro or in-vivo synthesis. In this review, we describe exogenous RNAi involved in plant pathogenic fungi and discuss dsRNA production, formulation, and RNAi delivery methods. Potential challenges that are faced while developing a RNAi strategy for fungal pathogens, such as off-target and epigenetic effects, with their possible solutions are also discussed. metadata Gebremichael, Daniel Endale and Haile, Zeraye Mehari and Negrini, Francesca and Sabbadini, Silvia and Capriotti, Luca and Mezzetti, Bruno and Baraldi, Elena mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, bruno.mezzetti@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED (2021) RNA Interference Strategies for Future Management of Plant Pathogenic Fungi: Prospects and Challenges. Plants, 10 (4). p. 650. ISSN 2223-7747

Article Subjects > Physical Education and Sport Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés The purpose of this study was to evaluate whether a Relative Age Effect (RAE) exists in motor competence of preschool children. The hypothesis was that motor competence, assessed by the Movement Assessment Battery for Children-2 (MABC-2), would be higher in preschool children born in the first quarter of the year compared to those who were born in the last quarter of the same year. A total of 360 preschool children were evaluated of whom 208 (57.8%) were boys and 152 (42.8%) were girls, with a mean age of 4.52 years old (± 0.50). The distribution of the participants was 172 children aged 4 years old and 188 aged 5 years old. The data showed a main effect on the age factor in the total score of aiming and catching (p < 0.001) and in the total test score (p < 0.001), in the quarter of birth factor in all the dimensions studied (i.e., total score of manual dexterity (p < 0.001); total score of aiming and catching (p = 0.001); total score of balance (p < 0.001); total test score (p < 0.001)) and in the interaction between both factors (i.e., total score of manual dexterity (p = 0.005); total score of aiming and catching (p = 0.002); total score of balance (p < 0.001); total test score (p < 0.001)). Age and quarter of birth produce a RAE in 4 and 5-year-old preschool children’s motor competence. metadata Navarro-Patón, Rubén and Mecías-Calvo, Marcos and Rodríguez Fernández, José Eugenio and Arufe-Giráldez, Víctor mail UNSPECIFIED, marcos.mecias@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED (2021) Relative Age Effect on Motor Competence in Children Aged 4–5 Years. Children, 8. p. 115. ISSN 2227-9067

Article Subjects > Psychology Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés, Español Introducción: Este trabajo se llevó a cabo con la finalidad de averiguar si existía un agravamiento de las consecuencias del VIH tras la percepción de estigma. Metodología: Se realizó una revisión sistemática cuyos criterios de inclusión fueron (1) que los trabajos versaran sobre VIH/SIDA; (2) que se tratara de artículos científicos; (3) que el idioma de publicación fuera español o inglés. Los criterios de exclusión aplicados fueron (1) que los artículos incluyeran población infantojuvenil; (2) que se trataran de artículos de caso único. Resultados: La muestra total estuvo compuesta por 18267 participantes, la mayoría de ellos mujeres (65%), con una media de edad de 39’3 años, procedentes de África y Asia, casados o con pareja estable y con un nivel educativo y socioeconómico bajo. El estigma se analizó a través de administración de pruebas en el 55% de los artículos y la calidad de vida, en el 44%. Se encontraron repercusiones psicológicas y sociales (53%) entre las que destacó el trastorno depresivo y la reducción de la red de apoyo; laborales y económicas (21%); físicas (18%) y sexuales (15%). Discusión: La mayoría de los resultados mostraron que el estigma sí que generaba repercusiones, las cuales afectaban, sobre todo, a la salud mental y a la red social de esta población, lo que reflejó la necesidad de fomentar el apoyo y el tratamiento psicológico. De igual manera, se encontró una posible relación entre el sexo, la región y el nivel de educación y el riesgo de contraer VIH. metadata Lombó Fragueiro, Carolina mail UNSPECIFIED (2021) Repercusiones del estigma en la calidad de vida de los adultos con VIH/SIDA: Una revisión sistemática. MLS Psychology Research, 4 (1). pp. 23-38. ISSN 26055295

Article Subjects > Engineering Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Abierto Inglés The Internet of Things (IoT) has changed the worldwide network of people, smart devices, intelligent things, data, and information as an emergent technology. IoT development is still in its early stages, and numerous interrelated challenges must be addressed. IoT is the unifying idea of embedding everything. The Internet of Things offers a huge opportunity to improve the world’s accessibility, integrity, availability, scalability, confidentiality, and interoperability. However, securing the Internet of Things is a difficult issue. The IoT aims to connect almost everything within the framework of a common infrastructure. This helps in controlling devices and, will allow device status to be updated everywhere and at any time. To develop technology via IoT, several critical scientific studies and inquiries have been carried out. However, many obstacles and problems remain to be tackled in order to reach IoT’s maximum potential. These problems and concerns must be taken into consideration in different areas of the IoT, such as implementation in remote areas, threats to the system, development support, social and environmental impacts, etc. This paper reviews the current state of the art in different IoT architectures, with a focus on current technologies, applications, challenges, IoT protocols, and opportunities. As a result, a detailed taxonomy of IoT is presented here which includes interoperability, scalability, security and energy efficiency, among other things. Moreover, the significance of blockchains and big data as well as their analysis in relation to IoT, is discussed. This article aims to help readers and researchers understand the IoT and its applicability to the real world. metadata Kumar, Arun and Sharma, Sharad and Singh, Aman and Alwadain, Ayed and Choi, Bong-Jun and Breñosa, Jose and Ortega-Mansilla, Arturo and Goyal, Nitin mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, josemanuel.brenosa@uneatlantico.es, arturo.ortega@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED (2021) Revolutionary Strategies Analysis and Proposed System for Future Infrastructure in Internet of Things. Sustainability, 14 (1). p. 71. ISSN 2071-1050

Article Subjects > Biomedicine Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Cerrado Inglés Edible flowers are being used as a new ingredient in modern gastronomy. Recently, these products have also gained interest as an important source of phenolic compounds with potential for biomedical applications. The present work studied a methanolic extract of Rosa x hybrida in which 35 individual phenolic compounds were identified. The extract has been evaluated for its antiproliferative properties in ovarian carcinoma cells. Results showed that the antiproliferative effect was associated with the induction of autophagy and apoptosis with the concomitant ROS increase probably related to mitochondria dysfunction. These antiproliferative effects might be associated with some components of the extract such as quercetin. The extract did not induce damage in healthy cells and that it was able to improve the wound healing activity. The present study also evaluated the properties of the mentioned extract in vivo in C. elegans. Tests demonstrated a lack of toxicity in the worm model. Promising results have been obtained in transgenic strains of C. elegans that produce human beta amyloid peptide, suggesting the possible utility of the extract from the point of view of Alzheimer disease. Altogether, results suggest that Rosa x hybrida extracts could be a new tool for the development of functional foods. metadata Rivas-García, Lorenzo and Quiles, José L. and Roma-Rodrigues, Catarina and Raposo, Luis R. and Navarro-Hortal, María D. and Romero-Márquez, Jose M. and Esteban-Muñoz, Adelaida and Varela-López, Alfonso and García, Laura Carrera and Cianciosi, Danila and Forbes Hernandez, Tamara Y. and Battino, Maurizio and Llopis, Juan and Fernandes, Alexandra R. and Baptista, Pedro V. and Sánchez-González, Cristina mail UNSPECIFIED, jose.quiles@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED (2021) Rosa x hybrida extracts with dual actions: Antiproliferative effects against tumour cells and inhibitor of Alzheimer disease. Food and Chemical Toxicology, 149. p. 112018. ISSN 0278-6915

Article Subjects > Engineering Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Cerrado Inglés People still drown on beaches in unacceptable numbers due to the lack of knowledge about the risks taking place in them. The proposed methodology forecasts electronic bathing flags in beaches by integrating the benefits of metocean operational systems, machine learning and web-based decision support technologies into a 24/7 risk assessment service that could be easily implemented at any beach worldwide with low costs of maintenance. Firstly, a crosscutting analysis between metocean conditions, beach characteristics and flag records was performed. Secondly, an expert system, based on Deep Learning, was developed to obtain electronic bathing flags as an indicator of the dynamic risk of drowning on beaches. The input variables of the Deep Neural Network were significant wave height, mean wave period, wind velocity, marine current velocity, incidence angle, and beach modal state. Finally, the application of the method to the Santa Catarina’s beaches (Brazil) conveniently reproduced the status flag of beaches. metadata García-Alba, Javier and Bárcena, Javier F. and Pedraz, Luis and Fernández, Felipe and García, Andrés and Mecías-Calvo, Marcos and Costas-Veiga, Javier and Sámano Celorio, María Luisa and Szpilman, David mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, marcos.mecias@uneatlantico.es, javier.costas@uneatlantico.es, marialuisa.samano@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED (2021) SOSeas Web App: An assessment web-based decision support tool to predict dynamic risk of drowning on beaches using deep neural networks. Journal of Operational Oceanography. pp. 1-20. ISSN 1755-876X

Article Subjects > Teaching Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés The current international landscape shows that the most common alternative for the continuity of formative learning processes during the coronavirus pandemic has been the use the of e-learning to support children’s learning in environments outside of school. This forced change in teaching methods has consolidated the recognition that the digital skills of teachers are a relevant factor for the sustainability of education, both during the pandemic and in a future post-pandemic period or in other emergencies. In this sense, the objective of this study carried out between May and September 2020 was to determine the perceptions of 427 teachers from 15 countries about their digital competences in working with m-learning in primary education using a Montessori approach. The results of the questionnaire showed that teachers perceive their digital competences as inert and not very effective for innovation compared with the subsistence of traditional pedagogical practices, to deal with unpredictable situations or to generate differentiated adaptations for an inclusive education. The results of this study also serve as empirical support for establishing four training dimensions that can be considered priorities for the construction and implementation of a teacher training model that contributes to the sustainable development of education. metadata Betancourt-Odio, Manuel Alejandro and Sartor-Harada, Andresa and Ulloa-Guerra, Oscar and Azevedo-gomes, Juliana mail UNSPECIFIED (2021) Self-Perceptions on Digital Competences for M-Learning and Education Sustainability: A Study with Teachers from Different Countries. Sustainability, 13 (1). p. 343. ISSN 2071-1050

Article Subjects > Psychology Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés Hopelessness is considered a risk factor for several mental and behavioral disorders. Research has shown that a stressful life event can be a significant predictor of hopelessness. The aim of the current research study was to explore the relationship between stressful life events and hopelessness, as well as to analyses the mediation effect of both mentalization and emotional dysregulation on this relationship. metadata Parada, Pamela and Herrero-Fernández, David and Oliva-Macías, Mireia and Rohwer, Heidi mail pamela.parada@uneatlantico.es, david.herrero@uneatlantico.es, mireia.oliva@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED (2021) Stressful life events and hopelessness in adults: the mediating role of mentalization and emotional dysregulation. Brazilian Journal of Psychiatry, 43 (4). pp. 385-392. ISSN 1516-4446

Article Subjects > Physical Education and Sport Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés The objectives of this study were (1) to investigate the presence of preschool children with severe motor difficulties (SMDs) and (2) to evaluate the existence of differences in the motor competence (MC) of preschool children from public and private schools based on gender. A total of 581 preschool children (4.66 ± 0.52 years) from Galicia (Spain) were assessed. The Movement Assessment Battery for Children-2 (MABC-2) was used to collect the data. Preschool children from public schools presented a greater number of SMDs (OR = 20.65; CI = 9.99–85.53; p < 0.001). Preschool children from private schools have higher scores on the variables studied (for example, manual dexterity (p < 0.001), aiming and catching (p < 0.001), balance (p < 0.001), total test score (p < 0.001), and total percentage score (p < 0.001)). Regarding the gender factor, differences were found in manual dexterity (p < 0.001), aiming and catching (p = 0.014), balance (p < 0.001), total test score (p < 0.001), total percentage score (p < 0.001), and in the interaction of both factors in balance (p < 0.001), total global score (p = 0.004), and total percentage score (p < 0.001). Preschool children from private schools are less likely to have severe movement problems and score higher on all dimensions of the MABC-2 than preschool children from public schools analyzed in this study. Likewise, girls score higher than boys in all dimensions, except in aiming and catching. metadata Mecías-Calvo, Marcos and Lago-Fuentes, Carlos and Arufe-Giráldez, Víctor and Navarro-Patón, Rubén mail marcos.mecias@uneatlantico.es, carlos.lago@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED (2021) Study of Motor Competence in 4–5-Year-Old Preschool Children: Are There Differences among Public and Private Schools? Children, 8 (5). p. 340. ISSN 2227-9067

Article Subjects > Engineering Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés COVID-19 had led to severe clinical manifestations. In the current scenario, 98 794 942 people are infected, and it has responsible for 2 124 193 deaths around the world as reported by World Health Organization on 25 January 2021. Telemedicine has become a critical technology for providing medical care to patients by trying to reduce transmission of the virus among patients, families, and doctors. The economic consequences of coronavirus have affected the entire world and disrupted daily life in many countries. The development of telemedicine applications and eHealth services can significantly help to manage pandemic worldwide better. Consequently, the main objective of this paper is to present a systematic review of the implementation of telemedicine and e-health systems in the combat to COVID-19. The main contribution is to present a comprehensive description of the state of the art considering the domain areas, organizations, funding agencies, researcher units and authors involved. The results show that the United States and China have the most significant number of studies representing 42.11% and 31.58%, respectively. Furthermore, 35 different research units and 9 funding agencies are involved in the application of telemedicine systems to combat COVID-19. metadata Alonso, Susel Góngora and Marques, Goncalo and Barrachina, Isidro and Garcia-Zapirain, Begonya and Arambarri, Jon and Salvador, Javier Cabo and de la Torre Díez, Isabel mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, jon.arambarri@citican.org, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED (2021) Telemedicine and e-Health research solutions in literature for combatting COVID-19: a systematic review. Health and Technology, 11 (2). pp. 257-266. ISSN 2190-7188

Article Subjects > Biomedicine Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Cerrado Inglés Aim of the study: To assess the prognostic ability of the National Early Warning Score 2 (NEWS2) at three time points of care -at the emergency scene (NEWS2-1), just before starting the transfer by ambulance to the hospital (NEWS2- 2), and at the hospital triage box (NEWS2-3)- to estimate in-hospital mortality after two days since the index event. Methods: Prospective, multicenter, ambulance-based, cohort ongoing study in adults (>18 years) consecutively attended by advanced life support (ALS) and evacuated with high-priority to the emergency departments (ED) between October 2018 and May 2021. Vital sign measures were used to calculate the NEWS2 score at each time point, then this score was entered in a logistic regression model as the single predictor. Two outcomes were considered: first, all-cause mortality of the patients within 2 days of presentation to EMS, and second, unplanned ICU admission. The calibration and scores comparison was performed by representing the predicted vs the observed risk curves according to NEWS score value. Results: 4943 patients were enrolled. Median age was 69 years (interquartile range 53- 81). The NEWS2-3 presented the better performance for all-cause two-day in-hospital mortality with an AUC of 0.941 (95% CI: 0.917-0.964), showing statistical differences with both the NEWS2-1 (0.872 (95% CI: 0.833-0.911); p < 0.003) and with the NEWS2- 2 (0.895 (95% CI: 0.866-0.925; p < 0.05). The calibration and scores comparison results showed that the NEWS2-3 was the best predictive score followed by the NEWS2-2 and the NEWS2-1, respectively. Conclusions: The NEWS2 has an excellent predictive performance. The score showed a very consistent response over time with the difference between “at the emergency scene” and “pre-evacuation” presenting the sharpest change with decreased threshold values, thus displaying a drop in the risk of acute clinical impairment. metadata Martín-Rodríguez, Francisco and Sanz-García, Ancor and Ortega, Guillermo J. and Delgado Benito, Juan F. and Aparicio Obregón, Silvia and Martínez Fernández, Francisco T. and González Crespo, Pilar and Otero de la Torre, Santiago and Castro Villamor, Miguel A. and López-Izquierdo, Raúl mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, silvia.aparicio@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED (2021) Tracking the National Early Warning Score 2 from prehospital care to the emergency department: A prospective, ambulance-based, observational study. Prehospital Emergency Care. pp. 1-13. ISSN 1090-3127 (Unpublished)

Article Subjects > Physical Education and Sport Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés The purpose of this study was to examine the training habits of eumenorrheic active women during their menstrual cycle (MC), and its perceived influence on physical performance regarding their athletic level. A group of 1250 sportswomen filled in a questionnaire referring to demographic information, athletic performance and MC-related training habits. Of the participants, 81% reported having a stable duration of MC, with most of them (57%) lasting 26–30 days. Concerning MC-related training habits, 79% indicated that their MC affects athletic performance, although 71% did not consider their MC in their training program, with no differences or modifications in training volume or in training intensity for low-level athletes (LLA) and high-level athletes (HLA) with hormonal contraceptive (HC) use. However, LLA with a normal MC adapted their training habits more, compared with HLA, also stopping their training (47.1% vs. 16.1%, respectively). Thus, different training strategies should be designed for HLA and LLA with a normal MC, but this is not so necessary for HLA and LLA who use HC. To sum up, training adaptations should be individually designed according to the training level and use or non-use of HC, always taking into account the pain suffered during the menstrual phase in most of the athletes. metadata García-Pinillos, Felipe and Bujalance-Moreno, Pascual and Jérez-Mayorga, Daniel and Velarde Sotres, Álvaro and Anaya, Vanessa and Pueyo Villa, Silvia and Lago-Fuentes, Carlos mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, alvaro.velarde@uneatlantico.es, vanessa.anaya@uneatlantico.es, silvia.pueyo@uneatlantico.es, carlos.lago@uneatlantico.es (2021) Training Habits of Eumenorrheic Active Women during the Different Phases of Their Menstrual Cycle: A Descriptive Study. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 18 (7). p. 3662. ISSN 1660-4601

Article Subjects > Biomedicine Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production UNSPECIFIED UNSPECIFIED The application of metallic nanoparticles (materials with size at least in one dimension ranging from 1 to 100 nm) as a new therapeutic tool will improve the diagnosis and treatment of diseases. The mitochondria could be a therapeutic target to treat pathologies whose origin lies in mitochondrial dysfunctions or whose progression is dependent on mitochondrial function. We aimed to study the subcellular distribution of 2-4 nm iron nanoparticles and its effect on mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA), mitochondrial function, and autophagy in colorectal cell lines (HT-29). Results showed that when cells were exposed to ultra-small iron nanoparticles, their subcellular fate was mainly mitochondria, affecting its respiratory and glycolytic parameters, inducing the migration of the cellular state towards quiescence, and promoting and triggering the autophagic process. These effects support the potential use of nanoparticles as therapeutic agents using mitochondria as a target for cancer and other treatments for mitochondria-dependent pathologies. metadata Rivas-García, Lorenzo and Quiles, José L. and Varela-López, Alfonso and Giampieri, Francesca and Battino, Maurizio and Bettmer, Jörg and Montes-Bayón, María and Llopis, Juan and Sánchez-González, Cristina mail UNSPECIFIED, jose.quiles@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED (2021) Ultra-Small Iron Nanoparticles Target Mitochondria Inducing Autophagy, Acting on Mitochondrial DNA and Reducing Respiration. Pharmaceutics, 13 (1). p. 90. ISSN 1999-4923

Article Subjects > Physical Education and Sport Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Cerrado Inglés The purpose of this study was to analyze the validity and the reliability of the intensity ranges, number of actions and changes of direction measured by a commercial inertial measurement unit. Eleven elite youth futsal players performed a circuit with different type of displacements as sprinting, running at low-medium intensity, standing up and changes of direction. Data recorded by the Overtraq system were compared with video-analyzer during the six trials of each player. Standard error mean, Intraclass Correlation Coeficient and Coefficient of variation, were calculated to analyze the reliability of the device, as well as the Root Mean Square Error and Confidence Interval with correlation of Pearson for its validity. The results reported good validity for three intensity ranges (R2>0.7) with high reliability (Intraclass Correlation Coeficient: 0.8–0.9), especially for high intensity actions (Intraclass Correlation Coeficient: 0.95, Coefficient of Variation: 3.06%). Furthermore, the validity for the number of different actions was almost perfect (96.3–100%), with only small differences regarding changes of activity (mean error: 2.0%). The Overtraq system can be considered as a valid and reliable technology for measuring and monitoring actions at different intensities and changes of direction in futsal, likewise common actions for other indoor sports. metadata Lago-Fuentes, Carlos and Aiello, Paolo and Testa, Mauro and Muñoz, Iker and Macías Calvo, Marcos mail carlos.lago@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, iker.munoz@uneatlantico.es, marcos.macías@uneatlantico.es (2021) Validity and Reliability of a New Device to Measure Type of Actions in Indoor Sports. International Journal of Sports Medicine, 42 (03). pp. 253-258. ISSN 0172-4622

Article Subjects > Physical Education and Sport Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés The articular evaluation of range of motion (ROM) is currently used to observe imbalance or limitations as possible risk factors or predispositions to suffer future injures. The main aim of this study is to verify the concurrent validity, reliability and reproducibility of the OctoBalance Test (OB) as a valid and reliable tool to measure articular ROM of the upper limb compared to the modified-Upper Quarter Y-Balance Test (mUQYBT). The twenty-five participants were male athletes. All of them were assessed with OB and mUQYBT in medial, superolateral, and inferolateral directions in both right and left arms with a three-minute break during these attempts. The process was repeated a second time with a week gap between measurements. Pearson correlation and linear logarithmic regression were used to examine the relationship between scores obtained with OB and mUQYBT. In order to verify the reliability, the intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC) was used (3.1). Concordance and reproducibility were assessed using Bland-Altman's graph. A perfect correlation and an almost linear logarithmic regression (R 2 = 0.97) were observed between both measurement systems, with values of 73.531 ± 21.226 cm in mUQYBT and 69.541 ± 16.330 cm in OB. The differences were minimal between week one and week two. The assessment with Bland's graph showed the concordance and reproducibility of scores, showing the dispersion and the upper and lower limits. OB is shown as valid in comparison to the other test as a reliable and reproducible tool for the assessment of the articular ROM in the upper limb, and it could be used for the evaluation of injuries. metadata Velarde-Sotres, Álvaro and Bores-Cerezal, Antonio and Mecías-Calvo, Marcos and Carvajal-Altamiranda, Stefanía and Calleja-González, Julio mail alvaro.velarde@uneatlantico.es, antonio.bores@uneatlantico.es, marcos.mecias@uneatlantico.es, stefania.carvajal@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED (2021) Validity, Reliability and Reproducibility of OctoBalance Test as Tool to Measure the Upper Limb Compared to Modified-Upper Quarter Y-Balance Test. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 18 (10). p. 5057. ISSN 1660-4601

Article Subjects > Biomedicine Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Cerrado Inglés Corynebacterium striatum is a nosocomial pathogen which is increasingly associated with serious infections in both immunocompetent and immunocompromised patients. However, little is known about virulence factors and mechanisms that may enhance the establishment and long-term survival of Corynebacterium striatum. in the hospital environment. In this study, we investigated the ability of 22 multidrug-resistant C. striatum clinical isolates to adhere to human epithelial cells and to produce biofilm on polystyrene plates, glass and various tracheostomy tubes. We also tested the virulence of these strains on the nematode Caenorhabditis elegans. They showed good adhesion to epithelial human cells after 180 min of infection. The 22 C. striatum were able to produce biofilms on positively and negatively charged abiotic surfaces at 37 °C. They were also able to infect and to kill Caenorhabditis elegans after 5 days of infection. The virulence condition was associated with the presence of SpaDEF operon encoding pili in all strains. This study provides new insights on virulence mechanisms that may contribute to the persistence of C. striatum in the hospital environment, increasing the probability of causing nosocomial infections. metadata Alibi, Sana and Ramos-Vivas, José and Ben Selma, Walid and Ben Mansour, Hedi and Boukadida, Jalel and Navas, Jesús mail UNSPECIFIED, jose.ramos@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED (2021) Virulence of clinically relevant multidrug resistant Corynebacterium striatum strains and their ability to adhere to human epithelial cells and inert surfaces. Microbial Pathogenesis, 155. p. 104887. ISSN 08824010

Article Subjects > Engineering Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Universidad Internacional do Cuanza > Research > Scientific Production
Abierto Inglés Currently, two-wheelers are the most popular mode of transportation, driven by the majority the people. Research by the World Health Organization (WHO) identifies that most two-wheeler deaths are caused due to not wearing a helmet. However, the advancement in sensors and wireless communication technology empowers one to monitor physical things such as helmets through wireless technology. Motivated by these aspects, this article proposes a wireless personal network and an Internet of Things assisted system for automating the ignition of two-wheelers with authorization and authentication through the helmet. The authentication and authorization are realized with the assistance of a helmet node and a two-wheeler node based on 2.4 GHz RF communication. The helmet node is embedded with three flex sensors utilized to experiment with different age groups and under different temperature conditions. The statistical data collected during the experiment are utilized to identify the appropriate threshold value through a t-test hypothesis for igniting the two-wheelers. The threshold value obtained after the t-test is logged in the helmet node for initiating the communication with the two-wheeler node. The pairing of the helmet node along with the RFID key is achieved through 2.4 GHZ RF communication. During real-time implementation, the helmet node updates the status to the server and LABVIEW data logger, after wearing the helmet. Along with the customization of hardware, a LABVIEW data logger is designed to visualize the data on the server side. metadata Gehlot, Anita and Singh, Rajesh and Kuchhal, Piyush and Kumar, Adesh and Singh, Aman and Alsubhi, Khalid and Ibrahim, Muhammad and Gracia Villar, Santos and Breñosa, Jose mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, santos.gracia@uneatlantico.es, josemanuel.brenosa@uneatlantico.es (2021) WPAN and IoT Enabled Automation to Authenticate Ignition of Vehicle in Perspective of Smart Cities. Sensors, 21 (21). p. 7031. ISSN 1424-8220

Article Subjects > Social Sciences
Subjects > Communication
Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés News media play a crucial role in the production and reproduction of stereotypes, influencing public opinions regarding different groups and minorities. Thus, acquiring a deeper understanding of media coverage of Muslims and Islam is decisive for understanding the sources of public attitudes towards Muslims. This study aims at displaying how Muslims and Islam are represented in Italian and Spanish media. Focusing on the online version of the two most influential newspapers in each country (El Mundo and El País for Spain and Il Corriere della Sera and La Repubblica for Italy) from 2015 to 2020, the results show how Muslims in both countries are mostly framed either related to terrorism or within the general discourse on immigration. In both cases, they are portrayed as “others”. The article also presents a novelty, defining and observing two different types of Islamophobia, Banal and Ontological Islamophobia. metadata Cervi, Laura and Tejedor, Santiago and Gracia Villar, Mónica mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, monica.gracia@uneatlantico.es (2021) What Kind of Islamophobia? Representation of Muslims and Islam in Italian and Spanish Media. Religions, 12 (6). p. 427. ISSN 2077-1444

Article Subjects > Engineering Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés This research article reports a compact fractal 4 × 4 UWB extended bandwidth MIMO antenna with physical dimensions of 44 × 44 mm2 for high-speed wireless applications. The reported antenna comprises four fractal radiating elements that are symmetrical and placed orthogonal to each other with a respective rectangular ground printed on the opposite plane. A higher isolation is achieved between the radiating elements by the placement of a fractal patch orthogonally and no separate decoupling structure is required. The antenna offers a −10 dB transmission capacity of 2.84–15.88 GHz. The fractal radiating element, which is embedded by an inverted T-type stub placed within a rectangular slot and an etched rotated C-type slot, provides band-stop filters for WiMAX (Worldwide inter-operability for Microwave Access) and WLAN (wireless local area network)-interfering bands. The key parameters of diversity performance are compared by simulation and measurement (fabricated prototype) of ECC (envelope correlation coefficient), DG (directive gain), TARC (total active reflection coefficient) and CCL (channel capacity loss). The antenna offers an omnidirectional radiation pattern with an average gain of 3.52 dBi metadata Sharma, Manish and Vashist, Prem Chand and Alsukayti, Ibrahim and Goyal, Nitin and Anand, Divya and Mosavi, Amir H. mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, divya.anand@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED (2021) A Wider Impedance Bandwidth Dual Filter Symmetrical MIMO Antenna for High-Speed Wideband Wireless Applications. Symmetry, 14 (1). p. 29. ISSN 2073-8994

Article Subjects > Biomedicine Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Cerrado Inglés Evidence demonstrates the importance of lipid metabolism and signaling in cancer cell biology. De novo lipogenesis is an important source of lipids for cancer cells, but exogenous lipid uptake remains essential for many cancer cells. Dietary lipids can modify lipids present in tumor microenvironment affecting cancer cell metabolism. Clinical trials have shown that diets rich in polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) can negatively affect tumor growth. However, certain n-6 PUFAs can also contribute to cancer progression. Identifying the molecular mechanisms through which lipids affect cancer progression will provide an opportunity for focused dietary interventions that could translate into the development of personalized diets for cancer control. However, the effective mechanisms of action of PUFAs have not been fully clarified yet. Mitochondria controls ATP generation, redox homeostasis, metabolic signaling, apoptotic pathways and many aspects of autophagy, and it has been recognized to play a key role in cancer. The purpose of this review is to summarize the current evidence linking dietary lipids effects on mitochondrial aspects with consequences for cancer progression and the molecular mechanisms that underlie this association. metadata Varela-López, Alfonso and Vera-Ramírez, Laura and Giampieri, Francesca and Navarro-Hortal, María D. and Forbes-Hernandez, Tamara Y. and Battino, Maurizio and Quiles, José L. mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, jose.quiles@uneatlantico.es (2021) The central role of mitochondria in the relationship between dietary lipids and cancer progression. Seminars in Cancer Biology. ISSN 1044579X

Article Subjects > Psychology Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Cerrado Inglés Aggressive behaviour on the road is one of the most studied topics in human factors, given it has been related to both risky behaviour and traffic crashes. While previous research has proposed trait driving anger as one of the better predictors, mediation variables which could explain this relationship have not deserved attention. The current research aimed to explore the mediation effect of emotion regulation in this relationship. The sample consisted of 472 Spanish drivers, who completed a set of self-reports regarding trait driving anger, frequency of aggressive behaviours at the wheel, and difficulties in emotion regulation. The results showed significant relationship among the variables in almost all the cases. Furthermore, a SEM analysis showed that difficulties in emotion regulation significantly mediated the relationship between trait driving anger and each way of the aggressive behaviours (verbal, physical, using own vehicle, and displaced). These results have important implications in the design of strategies focused on the improvement of emotion regulation to reduce aggressive behaviours in drivers. Finally, the limitations of the study are commented. metadata Herrero-Fernández, David and Parada-Fernández, Pamela and Jorge, Richard mail UNSPECIFIED (2021) The mediation effect of emotion dysregulation in the relationship between anger and aggression on the road in a sample of Spanish drivers. Transportation Research Part F: Traffic Psychology and Behaviour, 79. pp. 63-71. ISSN 13698478

Article Subjects > Psychology Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés Older siblings are powerful socialization agents, playing a significant role in the sociocognitive, social, and emotional development of their younger siblings. However, there are few clues about the variables that explain younger sibling’s adaptation. The objective of this pilot study was to identify the determinants of younger siblings' adaptation and to analyze the role played by personal, sibling, family and older siblings’ variables using 50 dyads of siblings aged between 7 and 18 years. The variables considered were the sibling relationships and the maladaptation of older siblings, and individual (sex, number of siblings, extroversion, and agreeableness) and contextual variables (interparental conflict, daily stress) were controlled. Hierarchical multiple regressions provided evidence in favor of the model that analyzed the younger siblings' maladaptation to school, showing positive associations both with the older siblings' level of school maladaptation and with sibling conflict. In addition, the study highlighted the relevance of the trait of agreeableness and of family stress in the adaptation of younger siblings. metadata Merino, Laura and Martínez-Pampliega, Ana and Herrero-Fernández, David mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, david.herrero@uneatlantico.es (2021) A pilot study of younger sibling adaptation: Contributions of individual variables, daily stress, interparental conflict and older sibling’s variables. Europe’s Journal of Psychology, 17 (2). pp. 1-12. ISSN 1841-0413

Article Subjects > Psychology Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Cerrado Inglés The present study, based on a cross-sectional design, was conducted in the primary care setting with patients presenting somatic symptoms suggestive of somatoform disorders (SFD). The main aim of the study was to determine whether cognitive variables could differentiate between patients with SFD alone and those who also present depressive symptoms suggestive of depression (SFD + depression). All participants (N = 796) completed validated self-report measures to assess somatic, depressive, and/or anxiety symptoms, as well as functional impairment, quality of life (QoL), and cognitive variables (worry, rumination, metacognition, cognitive distortions, and emotion regulation). Univariate and multivariate analyses (controlled for potential sociodemographic and clinical confounders) were performed. On the univariate analysis, significant differences between the SFD and SFD + depression groups were found in sociodemographic and clinical variables, functional impairment, QoL, and cognitive variables. On the multivariate analysis, the only significative variables associated with comorbid SFD + depression were anxiety (β = 0.27; p < 0.001), physical and psychological QoL (β = −0.10; p = 0.01; and β = −0.21; p < 0.001, respectively), and marital status (β = −65; p < 0.05). Cognitive variables were not significantly related to depressive symptoms in patients with SFD. These findings suggest that patients with SFD — with or without comorbid depression — share common cognitive processes and thus both groups could benefit from transdiagnostic cognitive therapy. metadata Ventura, Ludovica and Cano-Vindel, Antonio and Muñoz-Navarro, Roger and Barrio-Martínez, Sara and Medrano, Leonardo Adrián and Moriana, Juan Antonio and Ruíz-Rodríguez, Paloma and Carpallo-González, María and González-Blanch, César mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, cesar.gonzalezblanch@uneatlantico.es (2021) The role of cognitive factors in differentiating individuals with somatoform disorders with and without depression. Journal of Psychosomatic Research, 148. p. 110573. ISSN 00223999

2020

Article Subjects > Biomedicine Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production UNSPECIFIED UNSPECIFIED Aging is associated with metabolic changes and low-grade inflammation in several organs, which may be due to NLRP3 inflammasome activation. Methods: Here, we asked whether age-related liver changes such as lipid metabolism and fibrosis are reduced in aged mice lacking the NLRP3 inflammasome. We report reduced protein levels of lipid markers (MTP, FASN, DGAT1), SOD activity, oxidative stress marker PTPRG, and the fibrotic markers TPM2β, COL1-α1 associated with increased GATA4, in NLRP3 deficient mice. Fibrotic, lipid, and oxidative reduction in liver tissues of mice was more pronounced in those old KO NLRP3 mice than in the younger ones, despite their greater liver damage. These results suggest that absence of the NLRP3 inflammasome attenuates age-related liver fibrotic pathology in mice, suggesting that pharmacological targeting may be beneficial. metadata Gallego, Paloma and Castejón-Vega, Beatriz and del Campo, José A. and Cordero, Mario D. mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, mario.cordero@uneatlantico.es (2020) The Absence of NLRP3-inflammasome Modulates Hepatic Fibrosis Progression, Lipid Metabolism, and Inflammation in KO NLRP3 Mice during Aging. Cells, 9 (10). p. 2148. ISSN 2073-4409

Article Subjects > Nutrition Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production UNSPECIFIED UNSPECIFIED Introducción: el envejecimiento de la población española se ha incrementado en las últimas décadas; en Santander, el 24,73 % de la población son personas mayores. La adherencia a las recomendaciones de una alimentación saludable en este colectivo se ha relacionado con un mejor estado de salud y calidad de vida. Objetivos: evaluar el grado de adherencia a las recomendaciones de la Guía de Alimentación Saludable para Atención Primaria y Colectivos Ciudadanos de la SENC (2018) en un grupo de población de entre 65 y 79 años de edad, no institucionalizada, del municipio de Santander (España). Métodos: este fue un estudio transversal, observacional y descriptivo. Participaron 317 individuos de 71,8 (±4,1) años, correspondientes a tres Centros de Atención Primaria (CAP) del Servicio Cántabro de Salud (SCS). Se cumplimentó un cuestionario de elaboración propia, extraído de las recomendaciones de la Guía de la SENC (2018). Se analizó la relación entre dos variables cualitativas independientes mediante la prueba del chi cuadrado, considerando significativo un valor p < 0,05. Resultados: la adherencia a las recomendaciones de alimentos de consumo diario fue: agua (23 %), cereales y patatas (12,9 %), frutas (50,2 %), verduras y hortalizas (16,7 %), aceite de oliva (61,8 %) y lácteos (39,1 %). En los alimentos de consumo semanal fue: pescado (12 %), carnes blancas (17 %), huevos (19,9 %), legumbres (75,1 %) y frutos secos (36,9 %). Conclusiones: los resultados obtenidos muestran una baja adherencia a las recomendaciones de la SENC, excepto en las legumbres. Por este motivo se precisa incidir en este grupo de población para mejorar sus hábitos dietéticos. metadata Cubas de Basterrechea, Gloria and González Antón, Carolina and de la Vega-Hazas Pérez, Carmen and Elío Pascual, Iñaki and Muñoz Cacho, Pedro mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, carmen.delavega@alumnos.uneatlantico.es, inaki.elio@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED (2020) Adherence to the healthy eating guide issued by the Sociedad Española de Nutrición Comunitaria (SENC) (2018) among non-institutionalized elderly in Santander, Spain. Nutrición Hospitalaria, 37 (5). pp. 933-943. ISSN 0212-1611

Article Subjects > Physical Education and Sport Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés This study aimed to investigate the variation in players’ physical demands profile during a major national men fieldhockey tournament which consisted of 3 matches on consecutive days. Ten Spanish National League hockey players participated in the study (age: 24.2 ± 2.6 years; body mass: 74.2 ± 5.7 kg; height 176.8 ± 5.1 cm). Participants´ physical demands were monitored using global positioning system devices (SPI Elite, GPSports). Activity was categorized into total distance (m), relative total distance (m·min-1), low speed running (LSR; <15.0 km·h-1 m·min-1); moderate speed running (MSR; 15.1-18.9 km·h-1 m·min-1), high speed running (HSR; >19 km·h-1 m·min-1), sprinting relative to minute played (SR; >23.0 km·h-1 m·min-1) and number of sprints (SN; >23.0 km·h-1/ n/min). The number of acceleration and deceleration efforts were analyzed using intensity thresholds (low: 1-1.9 m·s-2 n·min-1; moderate: 2-2.9 m·s-2 n·min-1; high: >3 m·s-2 n·min-1). The data were analyzed using one-way repeated measures ANOVA coupled with magnitude-based inferences. Players reduced distance covered at moderate- and high-speed running, sprints relative minute played and the number of moderate accelerations, and moderate and high decelerations per minute played in the third match compared to the first match. The results of this investigation show that intensity activity were the most affected variables with congestion schedule. metadata Romero-Moraleda, Blanca and Morencos-Martínez, Esther and Torres-Ronda, Lorena and Casamichana Gomez, David mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, david.casamichana@uneatlantico.es (2020) Analysis of congested schedule on competition external load in field hockey. [Análisis de la carga externa de competición en un periodo de congestión en hockey hierba]. RICYDE. Revista internacional de ciencias del deporte, 60 (16). pp. 143-152. ISSN 1885-3137

Article Subjects > Physical Education and Sport Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés Anthropometrical profile is one of the indicators associated to optimal performance of futsal players. However, no studies have analyzed these factors in both sexes neither created an anthropometrical profile of each sex. For these reasons, the goals of this study were: to describe and compare the anthropometric and conditional profiles of sub-elite futsal players, and to analyze possible correlations between anthropometric and conditional parameters. 11 female and 8 male sub-elite futsal players participated in the study. Several tests were performed: an anthropometric and body composition analysis, leg power with squat jump (SJ) and countermovement jump (CMJ) tests, and psoas and major gluteus flexibility test. Male futsal players reported a better performance in SJ and CMJ (p<0.001, big ES), as well as a lower fat percentage (10.2%) and a greater muscular percentage (50.8%) than female futsal players (20.1% and 44.9%, respectively). No significant differences were found regarding flexibility between sexes (p>0.05). Fat percentage presents a reversal correlation (r=-0.84; ES very large), as well as muscular performance, a direct correlation (r=0.73; ES very large) with explosive performance. There are significant differences between sexes regarding anthropometric and leg power parameters, not in flexibility values. Finally, the training methods and conditional goals along the season should be adapted to anthropometric and conditional profile of each competitive level, with special focus in neuromuscular performance. metadata Lago-Fuentes, Carlos and Pérez-Celada, Sergio and Prieto-Troncoso, Javier and Rey, Ezequiel and Mecías-Calvo, Marcos mail carlos.lago@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, marcos.mecias@uneatlantico.es (2020) Anthropometric and conditional profile in semiprofessional futsal players: differences between sexes. A case study. [Perfil antropométrico y condicional en jugadores semiprofesionales de futbol sala: diferencias entre sexos. Un estudio de caso]. RICYDE. Revista internacional de ciencias del deporte, 16 (61). pp. 330-341. ISSN 1885-3137

Article Subjects > Teaching Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Español La Educación Física presenta cierta diversidad de enfoques metodológicos por parte del profesorado que la imparte, dado su carácter eminentemente práctico. El objetivo de este estudio fue determinar la posible influencia del género y años de experiencia docente en las preferencias metodológicas del profesorado de Educación Infantil y Primaria que imparte la materia de Educación Física en centros educativos de Galicia. La muestra estuvo constituida por 205 docentes de los cuales 57 eran mujeres (27.8%). Se realizó una recogida de datos a través del cuestionario validado Estilos de Enseñanza en Educación Física (EEEF). Los resultados obtenidos mostraron diferencias estadísticamente significativas en el factor género en los estilos individualizadores (p < .001), cognitivos (p < .001) y creativos (p < .001). En cuanto a los años de experiencia docente, se han encontrado diferencias estadísticamente significativas en los estilos tradicionales (p < .001), en los individualizadores (p = .006), en los que fomentan la participación y socialización del alumnado (p < .001), en los cognitivos (p < .001) y en los creativos (p = .045). Se concluye que el profesorado con menos años de experiencia muestra una mayor preferencia por los métodos de individualización de la enseñanza, de socialización, participación del alumnado y enfoque metodológico que fomente la creatividad. Los métodos tradicionales son acogidos mayoritariamente en todas las etapas de experiencia profesional siendo más altos en la franja de profesorado con 6 a 11 años de experiencia. Por su parte, los profesores optan más por los estilos individualizadores, cognitivos y creativos que las profesoras, aunque en ambos casos emplean los estilos tradicionales. Estos resultados ayudan a mejorar los planes de formación de profesorado estableciendo estrategias que aborden diferentes perspectivas y enfoques metodológicos aprovechando así los beneficios de cada uno de ellos. metadata Navarro-Patón, Rubén and Arufe Giráldez, Víctor and Mecías-Calvo, Marcos and Lago-Ballesteros, Joaquín mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, marcos.mecias@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED (2020) Análisis de las preferencias metodológicas del profesorado gallego de Educación Física en función del género y los años de experiencia docente. PUBLICACIONES, 50 (3). pp. 163-193. ISSN 1577-4147

Article Subjects > Psychology Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés, Español La estimulación transcraneal de corriente directa constituye una técnica prometedora para el tratamiento de trastornos psiquiátricos como puede ser la anorexia nerviosa. La forma de actuación es a través de la regulación de la actividad cerebral aplicada principalmente en la zona de la corteza prefrontal dorsolateral. En el presente trabajo se revisan los principios de la estimulación transcraneal de corriente directa a través de los electrodos y cómo influye la intensidad, la duración y el tipo de procedimientos de aplicación en los resultados; la patogenia de la anorexia nerviosa, las diferentes áreas que se encuentran alteradas en cuanto a su funcionamiento, así como lo estudios llevados a cabo en la corteza prefrontal dorsolateral y los diferentes estudios experimentales de tratamiento en esta tipología de pacientes mediante esta técnica en los últimos años. Se expone también una posible propuesta de intervención basándonos en las evidencias encontradas en los diferentes trabajos revisados introduciendo algunas mejoras, con lo que se pretende dar a conocer con mayor profundidad la efectividad del tratamiento mediante tDCSen futuras investigaciones. metadata Pellón Mendoza, Ana Rosario and Castaño Castaño, Sergio mail UNSPECIFIED, sergio.castano@uneatlantico.es (2020) Aplicación de corriente transcraneal directa como terapia no invasiva en trastornos de la conducta alimentaria: una propuesta de intervención. MLS Psychology Research, 3 (1). pp. 79-98. ISSN 26055295

Article Subjects > Biomedicine Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Cerrado Inglés Aging is the major risk factor for many metabolic chronic diseases. Several metabolic pathways suffer a progressive impairment during aging including body composition and insulin resistance which are associated to autophagy dysfunction and increased inflammation. Many of these alterations are aggravated by non-healthy lifestyle such as obesity and hypercaloric diet which have been shown to accelerate aging. Here, we show that the deleterious effect of hypercaloric diets is reverted by the NLRP3 inflammasome inhibition. NLRP3 deficiency extends mean lifespan of adult mice fed a high-fat diet. This lifespan extension is accompanied by metabolic health benefits including reduced liver steatosis and cardiac damage, improved glucose and lipid metabolism, and improved protein expression profiles of SIRT-1, mTOR, autophagic flux, and apoptosis. These findings suggest that the suppression of NLRP3 prevented many age-associated changes in metabolism impaired by the effect of hypercaloric diets. metadata Cañadas-Lozano, Diego and Marín-Aguilar, Fabiola and Castejón-Vega, Beatriz and Ryffel, Bernhard and Navarro-Pando, José M. and Ruiz-Cabello, Jesús and Alcocer-Gómez, Elísabet and Bullón, Pedro and Cordero, Mario D. mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, jose.navarro@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, mario.cordero@uneatlantico.es (2020) Blockade of the NLRP3 inflammasome improves metabolic health and lifespan in obese mice. GeroScience, 42 (2). pp. 715-725. ISSN 2509-2715

Article Subjects > Physical Education and Sport Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Cerrado Inglés Vazquez-Guerrero, J, Reche, X, Cos, F, Casamichana, D, and Sampaio, J. Changes in external load when modifying rules of 5-on- 5 scrimmage situations in elite basketball. J Strength Cond Res 34(11): 3217–3224, 2020—Constraining tasks are very frequent during the team sports training process; however, most of the effects of these coaching decisions are unknown, which leads to less controlled performing environments, with less chances to promote improvements. The aim of this study was to determine the effects of modifying rules of 5-a-side scrimmage on the physical performance of professional basketball players. Data were collected from 12 elite male players (age, 29.6 ± 4.5 years; height, 1.99 ± 9.6 cm; body mass, 92.1 ± 11.9 kg) from the Spanish first Division of Basketball during thirty-three 5-on-5 scrimmage situations over a 18-week period. Physical demands were assessed using WIMU PRO Local Positioning System (Realtrack Systems, Almeria, Spain) and included total and speed-ranged distance covered, player load, peak speed, number of high-intensity actions, number of total and high-intensity accelerations and decelerations, and peak acceleration. A repeated-measures analysis of variance was used to test the differences in all variables, considering playing in half-court (HALF), half-court and transition (HTRAN), and full-court (FULL) conditions for the 5-on-5 scrimmage drill. Results showed that during the HALF condition, there was less distance covered (effect size [ES] = 3.55), lower peak speeds (ES = 3.00), less player load (ES = 2.79), lesser number of high-intensity actions (ES = 1.45), and lesser number of high-intensity accelerations (ES = 1.44) and decelerations (ES = 1.31) than in FULL. In HTRAN, players covered more distance (ES = 2.42), presented higher player load (ES = 1.88), higher intensity actions (ES = 1.02), and peak speed (ES = 4.22) than in HALF. In conclusion, physical demands can be modulated changing the rules and court size using 5-on-5 scrimmage situations, and this factor should be taken into account when designing training drills and when fine-tuning periodization. metadata Vazquez-Guerrero, Jairo and Reche Royo, Xavi and Cos, Francesc and Casamichana Gomez, David and Sampaio, Jaime mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, david.casamichana@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED (2020) Changes in External Load When Modifying Rules of 5-on-5 Scrimmage Situations in Elite Basketball. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 34 (11). pp. 3217-3224. ISSN 1064-8011

Article Subjects > Nutrition Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Español Para combatir la mala nutrición en todas sus formas es necesario integrar acciones desde la sociedad en su conjunto. El interés superior de los actores involucrados en generar estas acciones debe ser la salud. No obstante, existen actores con conflictos de interés que interfieren en el diseño, planeación, implementación y monitoreo de las políticas derivadas de dichas acciones. A fin de mitigar el efecto adverso que generan estos conflictos desde la etapa de generación de evidencia hasta el diseño e implementación de las políticas, se propone este código. Se invita a la comunidad de nutrición y salud a adoptarlo, promoverlo y sumarse al mismo, para favorecer el avance de las acciones y políticas necesarias sin interferencia de la industria y resolver el problema de la mala nutrición. metadata Barquera, Simón and Balderas, Nydia and Rodríguez, Estefanía and Kaufer-Horwitz, Martha and Perichart, Otilia and Rivera-Dommarco, Juan A mail UNSPECIFIED (2020) Código Nutricia: nutrición y conflicto de interés en la academia. Salud Pública de México, 62 (3, may). p. 313. ISSN 0036-3634

Article Subjects > Biomedicine Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production UNSPECIFIED UNSPECIFIED ncreasing evidence connects periodontitis with a variety of systemic diseases, including metabolic syndrome, atherosclerosis, and non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). The proposal of this study was to evaluate the role of diets rich in saturated fat and cholesterol in some aspects of periodontal diseases in a lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced model of periodontal disease in rabbits and to assess the influence of a periodontal intervention on hyperlipidemia, atherosclerosis, and NAFLD progression to non-alcoholic steatohepatitis. Male rabbits were maintained on a commercial standard diet or a diet rich in saturated fat (3% lard w/w) and cholesterol (1.3% w/w) (HFD) for 40 days. Half of the rabbits on each diet were treated 2 days per week with intragingival injections of LPS from Porphyromonas gingivalis. Morphometric analyses revealed that LPS induced higher alveolar bone loss (ABL) around the first premolar in animals receiving standard diets, which was exacerbated by the HFD diet. A higher score of acinar inflammation in the liver and higher blood levels of triglycerides and phospholipids were found in HFD-fed rabbits receiving LPS. These results suggest that certain dietary habits can exacerbate some aspects of periodontitis and that bad periodontal health can contribute to dyslipidemia and promote NAFLD progression, but only under certain conditions. metadata Varela-López, Alfonso and Bullón, Pedro and Ramírez-Tortosa, César L. and Navarro-Hortal, María D. and Robles-Almazán, María and Bullón, Beatriz and Cordero, Mario D. and Battino, Maurizio and Quiles, José L. mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, mario.cordero@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED (2020) A Diet Rich in Saturated Fat and Cholesterol Aggravates the Effect of Bacterial Lipopolysaccharide on Alveolar Bone Loss in a Rabbit Model of Periodontal Disease. Nutrients, 12 (5). p. 1405. ISSN 2072-6643

Article Subjects > Physical Education and Sport Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés The purposes of this study were 1) to analyse the different pacing behaviours based on athlete's performance and 2) to determine whether significant differences in each race split and the runner's performance implied different race profiles. A total of 2295 runners, which took part in Berlin’s marathon (2017), met the inclusion criteria. 4 different groups were created based on sex and performance. Men: Elite (<02:19:00 h), Top 1 (<02:30:00 h), Top 2 (<02:45:00 h) and Top 3 (<03:00:00 h); women: Elite (02:45:00 h), Top 1 (<03:00:00 h), Top 2 (<03:15:00 h), Top 3 (<03:30:00 h). With the aim of comparing the pacing between sex and performance the average speed was normalized. In men, no statistically significant changes were found between performance group and splits. A large number of significant differences between splits and groups were found amongst women: 5–10 km Top 2 vs Top 3 (P = 0.0178), 10–15 km Top1 vs Top 2 (P = 0.0211), 15–20 km Top1 vs Top 2 (P = 0.0382), 20–21.1 km Elite vs Top 2 (P = 0.0129); Elite vs Top 3 (P = 0.0020); Top1 vs Top 2 (P = 0.0233); Top 1 vs Top 3 (P = 0.0007), 25–30 km Elite vs Top 2 (P = 0.0273); Elite vs Top 3 (P = 0.0156), 30–35 km Elite vs Top 2 (P = 0.0096); Top 1 vs Top 2 (P = 0.0198); Top2 vs Top3 (P = 0.0069). In men there were little significant differences based on athletes’ performance which implied a similar pacing behaviour. Women presented numerous differences based on their performance which suggested different pacing behaviours. metadata Boullosa, Daniel and Muñoz, Iker and Mecías-Calvo, Marcos and Crespo-Álvarez, Jorge and Sámano-Celorio, María Luisa and Agudo-Toyos, Pablo and Lago-Fuentes, Carlos mail UNSPECIFIED, iker.munoz@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, jorge.crespo@uneatlantico.es, marialuisa.samano@uneatlantico.es, pablo.agudo@uenatlantico.es, carlos.lago@uneatlantico.es (2020) Different race pacing strategies among runners covering the 2017 Berlin Marathon under 3 hours and 30 minutes. PLOS ONE, 15 (7). e0236658. ISSN 1932-6203

Article Subjects > Psychology Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Cerrado Inglés Trait driving anger has been widely studied in recent years. However, whereas its proximal (personality) correlates have been well established, possible distal variables have not yet been explored. The aim of the current research study was to analyse the association of attachment styles with trait driving anger, by testing the hypothesis that both trait general anger and self-esteem would mediate this relationship. The results revealed positive and significant relationships between preoccupation, self-sufficiency, value of parental authority and parental interference, and trait driving anger. Furthermore, a SEM-based multiple mediation analysis showed that both trait general anger and self-esteem significantly mediated the relationship between preoccupation and trait driving anger, and self-sufficiency and trait driving anger, with a medium effect size (f2 = 0.16). Finally, some aspects of the research in this new area are addressed, and both the clinical implications of these results and the limitations of the study are discussed. metadata Herrero-Fernández, David and Redondo, Iratxe and Parada-Fernández, Pamela and Oliva-Macías, Mireia and Rohwer, Heidi mail david.herrero@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, pamela.parada@uneatlantico.es, mireia.oliva@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED (2020) Distal predictors of trait driving anger. The influence of attachment styles through the mediation effect of general anger and self-esteem. Transportation Research Part F: Traffic Psychology and Behaviour, 73. pp. 382-390. ISSN 13698478

Article Subjects > Nutrition Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés University students frequently develop unhealthy eating habits. However, it is unknown if students enrolled in academic programs related to nutrition and culinary arts have healthier eating habits. We evaluated the relationship of eating habits and nutritional status of students in academic programs with knowledge on nutrition, as well as cooking methods and techniques. A descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted in spring of 2019, while we completed a survey measuring eating habits and knowledge on nutrition, as well as cooking methods and techniques. Anthropometric measurements were collected for nutritional status estimation. The non-probabilistic convenience sample comprised 93 students pursuing degrees at Universidad Ana G. Mendez, Puerto Rico. Inadequate body mass index (BMI) was observed in 59% of the students. Eating habits, knowledge on nutrition, and knowledge on cooking methods and techniques were inadequate in 86%, 68%, and 41% of the population, respectively. Eating habits were associated with knowledge on nutrition and academic program, but not with knowledge on cooking methods and techniques. Most students reported having inadequate eating habits and BMI. Nutrition and dietetics students had the best knowledge on nutrition compared to culinary management students, a majority of whom had inadequate knowledge. We can conclude that there are other factors inherent to students’ life that may have a stronger influence on eating habits metadata Rivera Medina, Christian and Briones Urbano, Mercedes and de Jesús Espinosa, Aixa and Toledo López, Ángel mail UNSPECIFIED, mercedes.briones@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED (2020) Eating Habits Associated with Nutrition-Related Knowledge among University Students Enrolled in Academic Programs Related to Nutrition and Culinary Arts in Puerto Rico. Nutrients, 12 (5). p. 1408. ISSN 2072-6643

Article Subjects > Biomedicine Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Cerrado Inglés The consumption of edible flowers has increased in recent years because of their wide use in gastronomy as a decorative element or as an ingredient in dishes. In addition to influencing texture, taste or appearance, flowers are rich in bioactive compounds. Scope and approach This review focuses on the composition and nutritional features of edible flowers and their extracts, and their health benefits related to cardiovascular diseases, cancer, neurological diseases, diabetes, obesity, in addition to their hepatoprotective and microbicidal effects. The mechanisms though which some of them exert their effects and the specific compounds associated with these effects have also been addressed. Key findings and conclusions Edible flowers have a high content in phenolic compounds and a high antioxidant capacity, property that confers positive effects on oxidative stress-related diseases. Some extracts based on edible flowers exert hepato-, neuro- or cardioprotective actions. Anticancer properties, improvements in metabolic disorders and microbiocidal effects even in multidrug-resistant bacteria have also been attributed to some edible flowers or their extracts. Most of the studies have been performed in vitro, so further assays in in vivo models are needed. Additionally, it would be important to elucidate the mechanisms by which these observed effects are performed. In conclusion, edible flowers could be used as a new approach for the development of nutraceutical products or functional foods. metadata Rivas-García, Lorenzo and Navarro-Hortal, María D. and Romero-Márquez, José M. and Forbes-Hernández, Tamara Y. and Varela-López, Alfonso and Llopis, Juan and Sánchez-González, Cristina and Quiles, José L. mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, jose.quiles@uneatlantico.es (2020) Edible flowers as a health promoter: An evidence-based review. Trends in Food Science & Technology. ISSN 0924-2244

Article Subjects > Physical Education and Sport Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Cerrado Inglés This study aimed to examine the effect of the ovulatory menstrual cycle (MC) when estimating the 1 repetition maximum (1RM) from the individual load-velocity relationship during the bench press (BP) exercise. Nine resistance-trained eumenorrheic women (age: 28.7 ± 3.6 years) were tested in 3 different phases across the MC: menstrual or early follicular phase (i.e., testing between days 1–3), follicular or late follicular phase (i.e., testing between days 7–10), and luteal or mid-luteal phase (i.e., testing between days 19–21). Each testing trial consisted of an incremental loading protocol against 4 loading conditions (≈50-70-80-90% 1RM) in the concentric-only BP exercise. A smartphone application (MyLift) was used to collect the mean velocity (MV) of all repetitions. The 1RM was estimated from the individual load-velocity relationship by applying a linear regression model as the load associated with an MV of 0.17 m·s−1. In addition, the MV obtained at each %1RM (i.e., from 20% 1RM to 80% 1RM in 20% increments), the load-velocity slope (i.e., the decrease in MV per each 1% of increment in the %1RM), and the y-intercept (i.e., the estimate of MV at 0% 1RM) were computed from the individual load-velocity relationships. No significant differences were observed between the 3 phases of the MC for any of the measured load-velocity relationship parameters (corrected p-value ≥0.495; effect size ≤0.24). The results suggest that the estimation of the BP 1RM from the load-velocity relationship seems not to vary over the 3 different phases of the MC (i.e., menstrual, follicular, and luteal phases). metadata García-Pinillos, Felipe and Lago-Fuentes, Carlos and Bujalance-Moreno, Pascual and Pérez-Castilla, Alejandro mail UNSPECIFIED, carlos.lago@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED (2020) Effect of the Menstrual Cycle When Estimating 1 Repetition Maximum From the Load-Velocity Relationship During the Bench Press Exercise. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, Publis. ISSN 1064-8011

Article Subjects > Biomedicine Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Universidad Internacional do Cuanza > Research > Scientific Production
Cerrado Inglés Fasting, caloric restriction and foods or compounds mimicking the biological effects of caloric restriction, known as caloric restriction mimetics, have been associated with a lower risk of age-related diseases, including cardiovascular diseases, cancer and cognitive decline, and a longer lifespan. Reduced calorie intake has been shown to stimulate cancer immunosurveillance, reducing the migration of immunosuppressive regulatory T cells towards the tumor bulk. Autophagy stimulation via reduction of lysine acetylation, increased sensitivity to chemo- and immunotherapy, along with a reduction of insulin-like growth factor 1 and reactive oxygen species have been described as some of the major effects triggered by caloric restriction. Fasting and caloric restriction have also been shown to beneficially influence gut microbiota composition, modify host metabolism, reduce total cholesterol and triglyceride levels, lower diastolic blood pressure and elevate morning cortisol level, with beneficial modulatory effects on cardiopulmonary fitness, body fat and weight, fatigue and weakness, and general quality of life. Moreover, caloric restriction may reduce the carcinogenic and metastatic potential of cancer stem cells, which are generally considered responsible of tumor formation and relapse. Here, we reviewed in vitro and in vivo studies describing the effects of fasting, caloric restriction and some caloric restriction mimetics on immunosurveillance, gut microbiota, metabolism, and cancer stem cell growth, highlighting the molecular and cellular mechanisms underlying these effects. Additionally, studies on caloric restriction interventions in cancer patients or cancer risk subjects are discussed. Considering the promising effects associated with caloric restriction and caloric restriction mimetics, we think that controlled-randomized large clinical trials are warranted to evaluate the inclusion of these non-pharmacological approaches in clinical practice. metadata Pistollato, Francesca and Forbes-Hernández, Tamara Y. and Calderón Iglesias, Rubén and Ruiz Salces, Roberto and Elexpuru Zabaleta, Maria and Dominguez Azpíroz, Irma and Cianciosi, Danila and Quiles, José L. and Giampieri, Francesca and Battino, Maurizio mail francesca.pistollato@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, ruben.calderon@uneatlantico.es, roberto.ruiz@uneatlantico.es, maria.elexpuru@uneatlantico.es, irma.dominguez@unini.edu.mx, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED (2020) Effects of caloric restriction on immunosurveillance, microbiota and cancer cell phenotype: Possible implications for cancer treatment. Seminars in Cancer Biology. ISSN 1044-579X

Article Subjects > Communication Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production UNSPECIFIED UNSPECIFIED La configuración de la opinión pública es un proceso en el que los medios de comunicación han tenido un papel fundamental. Sin embargo, desde la llegada de Internet, el rol de los medios de comunicación no nativos digitales (legacy media) se ha visto cuestionado debido a la aparición de nuevos actores que han generado el establecimiento de un sistema híbrido de medios, compartiendo este nuevo espacio mediático con los medios tradicionales. En este contexto, el objetivo de este artículo es construir una herramienta metodológica basada en el análisis de contenido que profundice en los cambios que se están desarrollando en los cibermedios para contribuir a explicar cómo el proceso de producción periodística se está transformando. En una segunda fase los resultados obtenidos se complementarán con entrevistas en profundidad para obtener una visión completa de los procesos, paliando las plausibles deficiencias de la técnica seleccionada, centrada en el producto final. La propuesta se centra en el estudio de la desigualdad económica, con el fin de profundizar en la construcción, evolución e importancia del concepto en la agenda cibermediática a través de una herramienta de carácter longitudinal (2009-2018) y aplicable en un contexto internacional. metadata Pérez Arozamena, Rosa and Odriozola Chéné, Javier mail rosa.perez@uneatlantico.es, javier.odriozola@uneatlantico.es (2020) El tratamiento de la desigualdad económica en cibermedios internacionales: análisis de contenido desde la perspectiva del nuevo sistema híbrido. Hipertext.net (20). pp. 13-30. ISSN 1695-5498

Article Subjects > Physical Education and Sport Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Cerrado Inglés njuries are one of the worst case scenarios for an athlete and a team. The aim of this study was to analyze the injury incidence, characteristics and burden among a cohort of elite female futsal players. A prospective cohort study was designed over a season. Eighty-nine players from seven elite female futsal teams were monitored during the whole season. Eight different variables were recorded when an injury happened, as well as exposure time. A total of 90 injuries were recorded so that 54 out of 89 players (60.6%) sustained an injury. The overall injury incidence was 5 injuries per 1000 h of futsal play exposure. Moderate injuries were the most frequent (1.7 injuries per 1000 h of futsal play exposure). The quadriceps and ankle were the regions where most injuries occurred. Contact injuries were more common during matches than training, and usually happened at the end of the season. Elite female futsal players are exposed to a substantial injury risk, especially on ankle and quadriceps with moderate severity, occurring at the end of the sessions, especially during matches. These results highlight the need of new preventive strategies to reduce the high injury incidence in female futsal players. metadata Lago-Fuentes, Carlos and Jiménez-Loaisa, Alejandro and Padrón-Cabo, Alexis and Mecías-Calvo, Marcos and García-Pinillos, Felipe and Rey, Ezequiel mail carlos.lago@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, marcos.mecias@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED (2020) Epidemiology of Injuries in Elite Female Futsal Players: A Prospective Cohort Study. International Journal of Sports Medicine, 41 (12). pp. 885-890. ISSN 0172-4622

Article Subjects > Psychology Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés, Español La lateralidad es uno de los procesos neuropsicológicos más complejos a los que está sometido el ser humano a lo largo de su ciclo evolutivo. Este proceso se llega a desarrollar correctamente en la mayoría de los casos, pero no en todos. El 30% de la población mundial muestra problemas relacionados con la lateralidad no definida o lateralidad cruzada, presentando problemas en el aprendizaje de la lectura y escritura, dificultades con el esquema corporal y espacio-tiempo, así como en dificultades para el cálculo mental. Por tanto, el objetivo de este estudio de caso único es analizar cuáles son los componentes que forman parte de la lateralidad infantil, identificar cuáles son las variables que la modulan y conocer en profundidad las consecuencias personales, familiares, sociales y educativas que repercuten en la vida del sujeto desde un punto de vista clínico. metadata Medina Amate, Isabel María mail UNSPECIFIED (2020) Evaluación e intervención ante un caso de lateralidad cruzada. Caso único. MLS Psychology Research, 3 (1). pp. 99-138. ISSN 26055295

Article Subjects > Engineering Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Cerrado Inglés Employing software engineering to build an integrated, standardized, and scalable solution is closely associated with the healthcare domain. Furthermore, new diagnostic techniques have been developed to obtain better results in less time, saving costs, and bringing services closer to the most unprotected areas. This paper presents the integration of a top-notch component, such as hardware, software, telecommunications, and medical equipment, to produce a complete system of Electronic Health Record (EHR). The EHR implementation aims to contribute to the expansion of the health services offer concerning people who live in locations where typically have difficult access to medical care. The methodology throughout the work is a Strategic Planning to set priorities, focus energy and resources, strengthen operations, ensure that directors, managers, employees, and other stakeholders are working toward common goals, establish agreement around intended outcomes/results. A medical and technical team is incorporated to complete the tasks of process and requirements analysis, software coding and design, technical support, training, and coaching for EHR system users throughout the implementation process. The adoption of those tools reflect notably some expected results and benefits on patient care. The EHR implementation ensures that information collection does not duplicate already existing information or duplicate effort and maximize the practical use of the data collected. Moreover, the EHR reduces mistakes in hospital readmissions, improves paperwork, promotes the progress of the state's health care system providing emergency, specialty, and primary health care in a rural area of Campeche. The EHR implementation is critical to support decision making and to promote public health. The total number of consults increased markedly from 2012 (14021) to 2019 (34751). The most commonly treated diseases in this region of Mexico are hypertension (17632) and diabetes (13156). The best results are obtained in the Nutrition (20,61%) and clinical psychology services (16,67%), and the worst levels are registered in pediatric and surgical oncology services where only 1,59% and 1,97% of the patients are admitted in less than 30 min, respectively. metadata Uc, Belmar Mex and Castillo-Sánchez, Gema and Marques, Gonçalo and Arambarri, Jon and de la Torre-Díez, Isabel mail UNSPECIFIED (2020) An Experience of Electronic Health Records Implementation in a Mexican Region. Journal of Medical Systems, 44 (6). ISSN 0148-5598

Article Subjects > Physical Education and Sport Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés We studied the influence of pregnancy exercise on maternal/offspring cardiometabolic health until delivery and at follow-up. We pooled data from two randomized controlled trials from our group that were performed following the same methodology (one unpublished). We also collected follow-up data de novo from the participants of both trials and their offspring. In total, 1348 women with uncomplicated, singleton gestations were assigned to an intervention (n = 688, performing a supervised, moderate-intensity exercise program (three sessions/week)) or control group (n = 660). Maternal outcomes were excessive gestational weight gain (EGWG), gestational hypertension/diabetes and, at follow-up, return to pre-pregnancy weight within six months, hypertension, overweight/obesity, and other cardiometabolic conditions. Offspring outcomes were macrosomia and low-birthweight and, at follow-up, overweight/obesity, low-weight, and cardiometabolic conditions. Adherence to the intervention, which proved safe, was > 95%. Pregnancy exercise reduced the risk of EGWG, gestational hypertension, and diabetes (adjusted odds ratio (OR) and 95% confidence interval: 0.60 (0.46–0.79), 0.39 (0.23–0.67), and 0.48 (0.28–0.84)), and it was associated with a greater likelihood of returning to pre-pregnancy weight (2.37 (1.26–4.54)) and a lower risk of maternal cardiometabolic conditions (0.27 (0.08–0.95)) at the end of follow-up (median 6.1 years (interquartile range 1.8)). Pregnancy exercise also reduced the risk of macrosomia (0.36 (0.20–0.63)) and of childhood overweight/obesity during the first year (0.20 (0.06–0.63)). Our findings suggest that pregnancy exercise might protect maternal/offspring health. metadata Perales, María and Valenzuela, Pedro L. and Barakat, Ruben and Cordero, Yaiza and Peláez, Mireia and López, Carmen and Ruilope, Luis M. and Santos-Lozano, Alejandro and Lucia, Alejandro mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, mireia.pelaez@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED (2020) Gestational Exercise and Maternal and Child Health: Effects until Delivery and at Post-Natal Follow-up. Journal of Clinical Medicine, 9 (2). p. 379. ISSN 2077-0383

Article Subjects > Biomedicine Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés There is a huge interest in developing novel hollow fiber (HF) membranes able to modulate neural differentiation to produce in vitro blood–brain barrier (BBB) models for biomedical and pharmaceutical research, due to the low cell-inductive properties of the polymer HFs used in current BBB models. In this work, poly(ε-caprolactone) (PCL) and composite PCL/graphene (PCL/G) HF membranes were prepared by phase inversion and were characterized in terms of mechanical, electrical, morphological, chemical, and mass transport properties. The presence of graphene in PCL/G membranes enlarged the pore size and the water flux and presented significantly higher electrical conductivity than PCL HFs. A biocompatibility assay showed that PCL/G HFs significantly increased C6 cells adhesion and differentiation towards astrocytes, which may be attributed to their higher electrical conductivity in comparison to PCL HFs. On the other hand, PCL/G membranes produced a cytotoxic effect on the endothelial cell line HUVEC presumably related with a higher production of intracellular reactive oxygen species induced by the nanomaterial in this particular cell line. These results prove the potential of PCL HF membranes to grow endothelial cells and PCL/G HF membranes to differentiate astrocytes, the two characteristic cell types that could develop in vitro BBB models in future 3D co-culture systems. metadata Mantecón-Oria, Marián and Diban, Nazely and Berciano, Maria T. and Rivero, Maria J. and David, Oana and Lafarga, Miguel and Tapia Martínez, Olga and Urtiaga, Ane mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, olga.tapia@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED (2020) Hollow Fiber Membranes of PCL and PCL/Graphene as Scaffolds with Potential to Develop In Vitro Blood—Brain Barrier Models. Membranes, 10 (8). p. 161. ISSN 2077-0375

Article Subjects > Engineering Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Abierto Inglés, Español, Portugués La importancia de la seguridad de la información en las empresas corporativas de tecnología de la información tiene el objetivo principal de proponer medidas de seguridad para proteger la información en las empresas corporativas de tecnología de la información. En este sentido, la investigación es una investigación cualitativa, exploratoria y descriptiva, ya que se basa en la búsqueda de material bibliográfico que permita sugerir medidas de seguridad para la protección de la información. Los datos secundarios se recopilaron sistemáticamente, buscando la palabra clave: medidas de seguridad y sus sinónimos. La búsqueda se realizó en bases de datos computarizadas, como Google Acadêmico® y el Portal de Periódicos Capes. Se ha identificado un conjunto de sugerencias para medidas de seguridad que permiten a las empresas corporativas en el campo de la tecnología de la información aprovechar. Se destaca como conclusión que las medidas preventivas, de detección y correctivas propuestas deben estar involucradas en un plan de seguridad y contingencia difundido en toda la organización.. metadata Cassinda Quissanga, Fernando and Fernandes, Roberto Fabiano mail UNSPECIFIED, roberto.fabiano@funiber.org (2020) Importancia de la seguridad de la información en las empresas de tecnología de información corporativa. Project, Design and Management, 2 (1). pp. 87-102. ISSN 26831597

Article Subjects > Communication Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production UNSPECIFIED UNSPECIFIED n December 2019, Chinese authorities informed the World Health Organization about a new coronavirus disease that would come to be called Covid-19. The world media began reporting on this new virus and its consequences. However, reports about Covid-19 would not appear in the European and American media until their societies became aware of both the health and economic consequences of Covid-19 in March 2020. This article analyzes the online media coverage of economic inequality. The goal is to understand the formation of the public agenda, based on the impact of the disease on social classes as the main factor generating greater inequality levels, in particular inequality of opportunities as the most remarkable topic during the first stage of the pandemic. According to the first results of this content analysis, the social class divide will be deepened by the pandemic. For this study, a tool was designed to analyze both the manifest and latent content of the items. Using content analysis, an analysis of news published by 33 digital media in both Europe and Latin America from March 14 to April 14, 2020 was conducted. The results of this study show that income inequality appears as the core variable of the problem, although social classes remain important. The imbalanced access to health and education public services also receives continuous coverage in the media. However, poverty as a consequence of this situation remains an uncomfortable issue and tends to be presented in an undramatized way. metadata Odriozola-Chéné, Javier and Díaz-Noci, Javier and Serrano-Tellería, Ana and Pérez-Arozamena, Rosa and Pérez-Altable, Laura and Linares-Lanzman, Juan and García-Carretero, Lucía and Calvo-Rubio, Luis Mauricio and Torres-Mendoza, Manuel and Antón-Bravo, Adolfo mail javier.odriozola@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, rosa.perez@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED (2020) Inequality in times of pandemics: How online media are starting to treat the economic consequences of the coronavirus crisis. El Profesional de la Información, 29 (4). e290403. ISSN 1699-2407

Article Subjects > Biomedicine Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production UNSPECIFIED UNSPECIFIED UNSPECIFIED metadata Cordero, Mario D. and Ruiz-Cabello, Jesús mail mario.cordero@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED (2020) Inflamm-ageing or inflammasom-ageing as independent events. Aging, 12 (18). pp. 17759-17760. ISSN 1945-4589

Article Subjects > Physical Education and Sport Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés The objective of this research was to describe kinematic characteristics during international men’s field hockey matches. Sixteen players (age: 25.12±3.66 years; height: 177.12±4.96 cm; weight: 72.45±5.01 kg; caps: 79.12 ±78.96) belonging to the Spanish national team were monitored by means of Global Positioning Systems (GPS) and accelerometry in the course of five matches in the 2017 European Championships. The analyses were performed by game quarter (Q1, Q2, Q3 and Q4), positions (defenders, midfielders and forwards) and minutes played (per match). The data analysed included distances, accelerations and decelerations in different ranges of intensity. Defenders presented less high-intensity kinematic activity (speeds, number of sprints, metres/ min) as opposed to midfielders and forwards. The by-quarter analysis showed that Q1 featured the highest kinematic activity for all positions. With regard to minutes played, the cluster analysis placed the players in three groups (<37, 37-48 and >48 minutes). The players who played <37 minutes travelled the largest amount of metres sprinting (>21 kph) and m/min as compared to other groups, whereas those who played between 37-48 minutes travelled the greatest distance at high-intensity (>16 kph) and performed the greatest number of sprints. The study results show that the physical demands on elite field hockey players depend on their position on the field and playing time, with greater activity in Q1 and with less relative high-intensity kinematic activity in players who play most minutes during the match. metadata Haro, Xavier and Torres, Lorena and Casamichana Gomez, David and Romero, Blanca and Morencos, Esther and Rodas, Gil mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, david.casamichana@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED (2020) International Competition Kinematic Demands in Male Field Hockey. Apunts Educación Física y Deportes (143). pp. 90-99. ISSN 1577-4015

Article Subjects > Psychology Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés The current study focuses on how different scales with varying demands can affect our subjective assessments. We carried out 2 experiments in which we asked participants to rate how happy or sad morphed images of faces looked. The two extremes were the original happy and original sad faces with 4 morphs in between. We manipulated language of the task—namely, half of the participants carried it out in their native language, Spanish, and the other half in their foreign language, English—and type of scale. Within type of scale, we compared verbal and brightness scales. We found that, while language did not have an effect on the assessment, type of scale did. The brightness scale led to overall higher ratings, i.e., assessing all faces as somewhat happier. This provides a limitation on the foreign language effect, as well as evidence for the influence of the cognitive demands of a scale on emotionality assessments. metadata Frances, Candice and Pueyo Villa, Silvia and Anaya, Vanessa and Duñabeitia, Jon Andoni mail UNSPECIFIED, silvia.pueyo@uneatlantico.es, vanessa.anaya@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED (2020) Interpreting Foreign Smiles: Language Context and Type of Scale in the Assessment of Perceived Happiness and Sadness. Psicológica Journal, 41 (1). pp. 21-38. ISSN 1576-8597

Article Subjects > Biomedicine Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Cerrado Inglés Primary ovarian insufficiency (POI) is a critical fertility defect characterized by anticipated impairment of the follicular reserve, which pathophysiological mechanisms have not yet been identified. We have investigated the possible relationship between AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) and the pathophysiology of POI. We studied 35 POI patients with altered levels of follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) and estradiol and increased percentage of overweight compared with 20 healthy women. Blood mononuclear cells from POI patients showed reduced levels of phosphorylated AMPK, adenosine triphosphate, and high serum levels of leptin and tumor necrosis factor-alpha. All these alterations were also observed in granulosa cells, a more closer environment of the ovary. Significant negative correlations between AMPK and body mass index, FSH and leptin levels, and a positive correlation between AMPK and estradiol levels were observed. Oral metformin supplementation restored biochemical parameters. Interestingly, AMPK levels from patients were negatively correlated with age, suggesting an accelerated aging in POI mediated by the impairment of AMPK. These results lead to the hypothesis that an impairment of AMPK could be implicated in the metabolic pathophysiology of POI indicating at AMPK induction as a possible new therapeutic target. metadata Navarro-Pando, José M. and Bullón, Pedro and Cordero, Mario D. and Alcocer-Gómez, Elísabet mail jose.navarro@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, mario.cordero@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED (2020) Is AMP-Activated Protein Kinase Associated to the Metabolic Changes in Primary Ovarian Insufficiency? Antioxidants & Redox Signaling, 33 (15). pp. 1115-1121. ISSN 1523-0864

Article Subjects > Physical Education and Sport Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Cerrado Inglés Context: Plyometric training promotes a highly effective neuromuscular stimulus to improve running performance. Jumping rope (JR) involves mainly foot muscles and joints, due to the quick rebounds, and it might be considered a type of plyometric training for improving power and stiffness, some of the key factors for endurance-running performance. Purpose: To determine the effectiveness of JR during the warm-up routine of amateur endurance runners on jumping performance, reactivity, arch stiffness, and 3-km time-trial performance. Methods: Athletes were randomly assigned to an experimental (n = 51) or control (n = 45) group. Those from the control group were asked to maintain their training routines, while athletes from the experimental group had to modify their warm-up routines, including JR (2–4 sessions/wk, with a total time of 10–20 min/wk) for 10 weeks. Physical tests were performed before (pretest) and after (posttest) the intervention period and included jumping performance (countermovement-jump, squat-jump, and drop-jump tests), foot-arch stiffness, and 3-km time-trial performance. Reactive strength index (RSI) was calculated from a 30-cm drop jump. Results: The 2 × 2 analysis of variance showed significant pre–post differences in all dependent variables (P < .001) for the experimental group. No significant changes were reported in the control group (all P ≥ .05). Pearson correlation analysis revealed a significant relationship between Δ3-km time trial and ΔRSI (r = −.481; P < .001) and ΔStiffness (r = −.336; P < .01). The linear-regression analysis showed that Δ3-km time trial was associated with ΔRSI and ΔStiffness (R2 = .394; P < .001). Conclusions: Compared with a control warm-up routine prior to endurance-running training, 10 weeks (2–4 times/wk) of JR training, in place of 5 minutes of regular warm-up activities, was effective in improving 3-km time-trial performance, jumping ability, RSI, and arch stiffness in amateur endurance runners. Improvements in RSI and arch stiffness were associated with improvements in 3-km time-trial performance. metadata García-Pinillos, Felipe and Lago-Fuentes, Carlos and Latorre-Román, Pedro A. and Pantoja-Vallejo, Antonio and Ramirez-Campillo, Rodrigo mail UNSPECIFIED, carlos.lago@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED (2020) Jump-Rope Training: Improved 3-km Time-Trial Performance in Endurance Runners via Enhanced Lower-Limb Reactivity and Foot-Arch Stiffness. International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance, 15 (7). pp. 927-933. ISSN 1555-0265

Article Subjects > Psychology Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés, Español, Portugués Este trabajo parte del presupuesto que los gestores tienen las dificultades específicas al proceso cognitivo que están relacionadas al aspecto emocional y emocional, y que son fundamentales para la promoción de acciones de apoyo y de elevación de la autoestima del colaborador a través de la motivación. Los factores negativos detectados que implican las dificultades de aprendizaje para los colaboradores y son traídos de otras organizaciones. Las empresas existen diferentes clases de clases socioeconómicas, historias y eventos que se respetan en su individualidad. Las teorías psicológicas como las de Piaget y Vygotsky las cartas al desarrollo de competencias apuntan a la realización de procesos cognitivos, emocionales y de salud para garantizar la capacidad de un ser humano como un todo, con posibilidades de éxito sin su rendimiento colaborativo. Este estudio es insider para el modelo del proceso es cognoscitivo-inducido en el estado actual, el reconocimiento en las interacciones dinámicas en el sistema y los medios de comunicación de los medios de comunicación de los niños y de los sistemas de aprendizaje. Presentando reflexiones acerca del proceso de enseñanza y aprendizaje, destacamos también discusiones sobre la dificultad de aprendizaje que lleva al fracaso social y profesional. Se pretende con este estudio presentar estrategias para la superación de las dificultades en el proceso de aprendizaje dentro de una mirada psicopedagógica, dentro de una relación dialéctica entre institución, individuo y la familia, pero para la construcción y apropiación de un conocimiento, llevándolo a comprender y transformar su realidad en la búsqueda de su autonomía. metadata Henrique Constantino, Magno mail UNSPECIFIED (2020) Knowledge and learning management: cognitive and emotional processes in learning. Proposed solutions for difficulty in learning. MLS Psychology Research, 3 (1). pp. 7-20. ISSN 26055295

Article Subjects > Social Sciences Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Español Los cuestionarios de salud y calidad de vida para pacientes son una valiosa herramienta para evaluar la salud, tanto a nivel individual como poblacional. Tal es la importancia que esta herramienta está adquiriendo, que su traducción y buena adaptación también se hacen relevantes. El objetivo de este artículo es determinar la validez lingüística y cultural de diversos cuestionarios. Por ello, se ha llevado a cabo una comparación de las versiones originales y las traducciones validadas en español de cinco cuestionarios que evalúan trastornos de dependencia al alcohol, de adicción al juego, los síntomas de la ansiedad, las conductas alimentarias y los síntomas de la depresión. Dicho análisis se ha efectuado de acuerdo con diversos parámetros lingüísticos, socioculturales y visuales. Los resultados obtenidos nos han permitido desarrollar una serie de indicaciones que se deben tener en cuenta a la hora de traducir cuestionarios de salud. metadata Miaja Menéndez, Patricia and Pérez Fernández, Lucila María mail UNSPECIFIED (2020) La traducción de los cuestionarios de salud para pacientes. Káñina, 43 (3). pp. 103-132. ISSN 0378-0473

Article Subjects > Biomedicine Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Cerrado Inglés Sir, In their recently published study, Yaron et al. (2020) expose an interesting strategy based in cfDNA testing (cfDNA-T) which could serve as an alternative to cytogenetic analysis in products of conceptions in recurrent pregnancy loss and could guide further management of this medical topic; however, in our opinion, some important aspects should be considered. Firstly, Illanes et al. (2007) found that cfDNA concentration in the maternal blood can be detected from Week 4 of gestation but it is only reliable from Week 7. However, others authors’ experience could be different. Clark-Ganheart et al. (2015) recommend cfDNA analysis only after 8 weeks of gestation. Zeevi et al. (2018) reported that aneuploidy screening by cfDNA is not generally accurate before Week 8, leading to a period in pregnancy (namely, Weeks 4 through 8) during which assessment of the genetic status of the embryo is not generally feasible. Galeva et al.... metadata Marcos Rodríguez, Ana Teresa and Navarro-Pando, José Manuel mail anateresa.marcos@uneatlantico.es, jose.navarro@uneatlantico.es (2020) Letter: cfDNA testing in recurrent pregnancy loss: a new step in the right way but still raw for the clinical area. Human Reproduction, 36 (3). pp. 827-829. ISSN 0268-1161

Article Subjects > Nutrition Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production UNSPECIFIED UNSPECIFIED The interaction between nutrition and human infectious diseases has always been recognized. With the emergence of molecular tools and post-genomics, high-resolution sequencing technologies, the gut microbiota has been emerging as a key moderator in the complex interplay between nutrients, human body, and infections. Much of the host–microbial and nutrition research is currently based on animals or simplistic in vitro models. Although traditional in vivo and in vitro models have helped to develop mechanistic hypotheses and assess the causality of the host–microbiota interactions, they often fail to faithfully recapitulate the complexity of the human nutrient–microbiome axis in gastrointestinal homeostasis and infections. Over the last decade, remarkable progress in tissue engineering, stem cell biology, microfluidics, sequencing technologies, and computing power has taken place, which has produced a new generation of human-focused, relevant, and predictive tools. These tools, which include patient-derived organoids, organs-on-a-chip, computational analyses, and models, together with multi-omics readouts, represent novel and exciting equipment to advance the research into microbiota, infectious diseases, and nutrition from a human-biology-based perspective. After considering some limitations of the conventional in vivo and in vitro approaches, in this review, we present the main novel available and emerging tools that are suitable for designing human-oriented research. metadata Cassotta, Manuela and Forbes-Hernández, Tamara Y. and Calderón Iglesias, Ruben and Ruiz, Roberto and Elexpuru Zabaleta, Maria and Giampieri, Francesca and Battino, Maurizio mail manucassotta@gmail.com, UNSPECIFIED, ruben.calderon@uneatlantico.es, roberto.ruiz@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED (2020) Links between Nutrition, Infectious Diseases, and Microbiota: Emerging Technologies and Opportunities for Human-Focused Research. Nutrients, 12 (6). p. 1827. ISSN 2072-6643

Article Subjects > Biomedicine Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Cerrado Inglés pinal muscular atrophy (SMA) is caused by a deletion or mutation of the survival motor neuron 1 (SMN1) gene. Reduced SMN levels lead to motor neuron degeneration and muscular atrophy. SMN protein localizes to the cytoplasm and Cajal bodies. Moreover, in myofibrils from Drosophila and mice, SMN is a sarcomeric protein localized to the Z-disc. Although SMN participates in multiple functions, including the biogenesis of spliceosomal small nuclear ribonucleoproteins, its role in the sarcomere is unclear. Here, we analyzed the sarcomeric organization of SMN in human control and type I SMA skeletal myofibers. In control sarcomeres, we demonstrate that human SMN is localized to the titin-positive M-band and actin-positive I-band, and to SMN-positive granules that flanked the Z-discs. Co-immunoprecipitation assays revealed that SMN interacts with the sarcomeric protein actin, α-actinin, titin, and profilin2. In the type I SMA muscle, SMN levels were reduced, and atrophic (denervated) and hypertrophic (nondenervated) myofibers coexisted. The hypertrophied myofibers, which are potential primary targets of SMN deficiency, exhibited sites of focal or segmental alterations of the actin cytoskeleton, where the SMN immunostaining pattern was altered. Moreover, SMN was relocalized to the Z-disc in overcontracted minisarcomeres from hypertrophic myofibers. We propose that SMN could have an integrating role in the molecular components of the sarcomere. Consequently, low SMN levels might impact the normal sarcomeric architecture, resulting in the disruption of myofibrils found in SMA muscle. This primary effect might be independent of the neurogenic myopathy produced by denervation and contribute to pathophysiology of the SMA myopathy. metadata Berciano, María T. and Castillo-Iglesias, María S. and Val-Bernal, J. Fernando and Lafarga, Vanesa and Rodriguez-Rey, José C. and Lafarga, Miguel and Tapia Martínez, Olga mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, olga.tapia@uneatlantico.es (2020) Mislocalization of SMN from the I-band and M-band in human skeletal myofibers in spinal muscular atrophy associates with primary structural alterations of the sarcomere. Cell and Tissue Research, 381 (3). pp. 461-478. ISSN 0302-766X

Article Subjects > Biomedicine Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Cerrado Inglés The heart pumps blood throughout the whole life of an organism, without rest periods during which to replenish energy or detoxify. Hence, cardiomyocytes, the working units of the heart, have mechanisms to ensure constitutive production of energy and detoxification to preserve fitness and function for decades. Even more challenging, the heart must adapt to the varying conditions of the organism from fetal life to adulthood, old age, and pathological stress. Mitochondria are at the nexus of these processes by producing not only energy but also metabolites and oxidative byproducts that can activate alarm signals and be toxic to the cell. We review basic concepts about cardiac mitochondria with a focus on their remarkable adaptations, including elimination, throughout the mammalian lifetime. metadata Sánchez-Díaz, María and Nicolás-Ávila, José Ángel and Cordero, Mario D. and Hidalgo, Andrés mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, mario.cordero@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED (2020) Mitochondrial Adaptations in the Growing Heart. Trends in Endocrinology & Metabolism, 31 (4). pp. 308-319. ISSN 1043-2760

Article Subjects > Physical Education and Sport Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés The aims of this study were to describe the external and internal workloads in a professional female futsal team during a whole season and to compare workloads during different periods of the season. Ten professional female futsal players (age 22.8 ± 4.3 years; 5.1 ± 2.4 years of experience; weight 61.9 ± 7.1 kg; height 1.66 ± 0.06 m) participated voluntarily in this study during the whole season. The internal workload was measured by the session-Rate of perceived exertion (session-RPE) method, while the external workload was indirectly measured by considering the training and match volume and the type of contents of each session over 43 weeks. Mean sRPE throughout the season was 319.9 ± 127.1 arbitrary units (AU). Higher internal loads (total weekly training load and strain) were reported during the pre-season compared with the in-season mesocycles (p < 0.05); meanwhile, the fifth to eighth mesocycles of the in-season showed an oscillatory pattern. Finally, Monday was the most-demanding session during the in-season period over the Thursday (p < 0.05; effect size: 1.33) followed by match day, meanwhile no statistical differences were reported during different sessions of the pre-season microcycle (p > 0.05). This study suggests that microcycles of pre-season present a stable load pattern, meanwhile workloads during the in-season period report a tapering strategy in a professional female futsal team. metadata Lago-Fuentes, Carlos and Jiménez-Loaisa, Alejandro and Padrón-Cabo, Alexis and Fernández-Villarino, Marián and Mecías-Calvo, Marcos and Travassos, Bruno and Rey, Ezequiel mail carlos.lago@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, marcos.mecias@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED (2020) Monitoring Workloads of a Professional Female Futsal Team over a Season: A Case Study. Sports, 8 (5). p. 69. ISSN 2075-4663

Article Subjects > Physical Education and Sport Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés The objective of this study was to determine whether there is a decrease in the physical performance of the players in the most demanding passages (MDP) during periods of competition congestion. The study involved 15 under-19 players, belonging to a club in Spain's first division (age: 18.1 ± 0.8 years, weight: 70.2 ± 4.9 kg and height: 1.78 ± 0.06 m), who were monitored during 23 national and international official matches in the 2018/19 season. The Youth League matches were played between two matches in the national championship in six different weeks. The league matches corresponded to the first 17 matches of the league championship, the period in which the 6 matches in the Youth League were played. The two physical variables analysed were total distance (TD) and distance at > 21 km·h-1 (TD21). Using the rolling average, four time windows were taken (1, 3, 5 and 10 min), and the values were relativized to the minute (m·min-1). The main results were that: there were more MDP in the first halves than in the second halves of all the time windows; 2) the central match in the week (Youth League) was the most demanding one; and 3) the players maintained the TD and TD21 in the MDP in the third match compared to the first. The results of this study could provide trainers with information on the need to design training tasks that simulate the demands of competition in relation to the TD and the TD21 according to different time windows. metadata Castellano, Julen and Martin-Garcia, Andres and Casamichana Gomez, David mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, david.casamichana@uneatlantico.es (2020) Most running demand passages of match play in youth soccer congestion period. Biology of Sport, 37 (4). pp. 367-373. ISSN 0860-021X

Article Subjects > Biomedicine Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production UNSPECIFIED UNSPECIFIED Inflammation is a hallmark of aging and accelerated aging syndromes. In this context, inflammation has been associated to the pathophysiology of Hutchinson–Gilford progeria syndrome (HGPS). In this study, we report that progeroid skin fibroblasts and animal models present an hyperactivation of the NLRP3-inflammasome complex. High expression of NLRP3 and caspase 1 was also observed in skin fibroblasts from HGPS associated to the nuclei morphology. Lymphoblast from HGPS also showed increased basal levels of NLRP3 and caspase 1 independent to the induction from metabolic factors. Consistent with these results, Zmpste24−/− showed high expression of Nlrp3 and caspase 1 in heart, liver and kidney and reduced levels of Nlrc3, however these changes were not observed in other inflammasomes. We also show that pharmacological inhibition of NLRP3 using a direct NLRP3 inhibitor, MCC950, improved cellular phenotype, significantly extends the lifespan of these progeroid animals and reduced inflammasome-dependent inflammation. These findings suggest the NLRP3-inflammasome comples as a therapeutic approach for patients with HGPS. metadata Alcocer-Gómez, Elísabet and Castejón-Vega, Beatriz and Nuñez-Vasco, Jéssica and Lendines-Cordero, Débora and Navarro-Pando, José M. and Cordero, Mario D. mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, jose.navarro@uneatlantico.es, mario.cordero@uneatlantico.es (2020) NLRP3 inflammasome inhibition rescues Hutchinson-Gilford Progeria cellular phenotype and extend longevity of an animal model.

Article Subjects > Biomedicine Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés Cardiomyocytes are subjected to the intense mechanical stress and metabolic demands of the beating heart. It is unclear whether these cells, which are long-lived and rarely renew, manage to preserve homeostasis on their own. While analyzing macrophages lodged within the healthy myocardium, we discovered that they actively took up material, including mitochondria, derived from cardiomyocytes. Cardiomyocytes ejected dysfunctional mitochondria and other cargo in dedicated membranous particles reminiscent of neural exophers, through a process driven by the cardiomyocyte’s autophagy machinery that was enhanced during cardiac stress. Depletion of cardiac macrophages or deficiency in the phagocytic receptor Mertk resulted in defective elimination of mitochondria from the myocardial tissue, activation of the inflammasome, impaired autophagy, accumulation of anomalous mitochondria in cardiomyocytes, metabolic alterations, and ventricular dysfunction. Thus, we identify an immune-parenchymal pair in the murine heart that enables transfer of unfit material to preserve metabolic stability and organ function. metadata Nicolás-Ávila, José A. and Lechuga-Vieco, Ana V. and Esteban-Martínez, Lorena and Sánchez-Díaz, María and Díaz-García, Elena and Santiago, Demetrio J. and Rubio-Ponce, Andrea and Li, Jackson LiangYao and Balachander, Akhila and Quintana, Juan A. and Martínez-de-Mena, Raquel and Castejón-Vega, Beatriz and Pun-García, Andrés and Través, Paqui G. and Bonzón-Kulichenko, Elena and García-Marqués, Fernando and Cussó, Lorena and A-González, Noelia and González-Guerra, Andrés and Roche-Molina, Marta and Martin-Salamanca, Sandra and Crainiciuc, Georgiana and Guzmán, Gabriela and Larrazabal, Jagoba and Herrero-Galán, Elías and Alegre-Cebollada, Jorge and Lemke, Greg and Rothlin, Carla V. and Jimenez-Borreguero, Luis Jesús and Reyes, Guillermo and Castrillo, Antonio and Desco, Manuel and Muñoz-Cánoves, Pura and Ibáñez, Borja and Torres, Miguel and Ng, Lai Guan and Priori, Silvia G. and Bueno, Héctor and Vázquez, Jesús and Cordero, Mario D. and Bernal, Juan A. and Enríquez, José A. and Hidalgo, Andrés mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, mario.cordero@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED (2020) A Network of Macrophages Supports Mitochondrial Homeostasis in the Heart. Cell, 183 (1). 94-109.e23. ISSN 0092-8674

Article Subjects > Psychology Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Cerrado Inglés Introduction: There are mixed findings regarding the relationships between neurocognition and social cognition in schizophrenia. This study aims to provide new empirical evidence to help determine the relationships between these constructs in schizophrenia. Methods: 299 stabilised patients with schizophrenia aged 18–65 years old were recruited. After having into account exclusion criteria, final sample was contained 284 patients. The Emotion Recognition Assessment Test (ERAT) was used to assess six basic emotions. To assess the theory of mind (ToM), the Hinting Task and the Faux-Pas Test were used, and the Screen for Cognitive Impairment in Psychiatry (SCIP) was administered to assess cognitive functioning. Bivariate and multivariate analyses (partial correlations, canonical correlation, regression analysis, and confirmatory and exploratory factor analysis) were conducted. Results: Statistically significant relationships were found between the subtests of the SCIP and social cognitive measures. The redundancy coefficient in the canonical analysis was 0.13. The CFA analysis showed that the best model has a two-factor structure, in which neurocognition and social cognition are correlated factors. Less than 10% of patients with impaired cognitive functioning have a performance within normal range on social cognition tests. Conclusions: The findings show that neurocognition and social cognition are independent but related constructs. metadata Fernández-Modamio, Mar and Gil-Sanz, David and Arrieta-Rodríguez, Marta and Santacoloma-Cabero, Iciar and Bengochea-Seco, Rosario and González-Fraile, Eduardo and Muñiz, José mail UNSPECIFIED, david.gil@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED (2020) Neurocognition functioning as a prerequisite to intact social cognition in schizophrenia. Cognitive Neuropsychiatry, 25 (1). pp. 14-27. ISSN 1354-6805

Article Subjects > Biomedicine Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Cerrado Inglés Alzheimer’s disease (AD) is a progressive neurodegenerative pathology affecting milions of people worldwide associated with deposition of senile plaques. While the genetic and environmental risk factors associated with the onset and consolidation of late onset AD are heterogeneous and sporadic, growing evidence also suggests a potential link between some infectious diseases caused by oral microbiota and AD. Oral microbiota dysbiosis is purported to contribute either directly to amyloid protein production, or indirectly to neuroinflammation, occurring as a consequence of bacterial invasion. Over the last decade, the development of Human Oral Microbiome database (HOMD) has deepened our understanding of oral microbes and their different roles during the human lifetime. Oral pathogens mostly cause caries, periodontal disease, and edentulism in aged population, and, in particular, alterations of the oral microbiota causing chronic periodontal disease have been associated with the risk of AD. Here we describe how different alterations of the oral microbiota may be linked to AD, highlighting the importance of a good oral hygiene for the prevention of oral microbiota dysbiosis. metadata Sureda, Antoni and Daglia, Maria and Argüelles Castilla, Sandro and Sanadgol, Nima and Fazel Nabavi, Seyed and Khan, Haroon and Belwal, Tarun and Jeandet, Philippe and Marchese, Anna and Pistollato, Francesca and Forbes-Hernandez, Tamara and Battino, Maurizio and Berindan-Neagoe, Ioana and D’Onofrio, Grazia and Nabavi, Seyed Mohammad mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, francesca.pistollato@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, maurizio.battino@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED (2020) Oral microbiota and Alzheimer’s disease: Do all roads lead to Rome? Pharmacological Research, 151. p. 104582. ISSN 10436618

Article Subjects > Physical Education and Sport Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés Futsal is a sport with increasing popularity and level of performance, both in male and female categories. Also, there are several injuries along a season, so it is needed to know how to reduce this burden. The purpose of this study was to describe the perceptions of technical staff on injury risk factors, risk testing and preventive measures, and the strategies used by them within professional male and female futsal teams. A cross-sectional study was designed during the 2017–2018 season. A total of 32 futsal teams involved in male and female Spanish national futsal leagues completed, through an online survey platform, a questionnaire about injury risk factors, risk testing and preventive measures. Findings showed that: (a) most teams reported enough human resources, but insufficient material and time resources, (b) the main risk factors detected were previous injuries, strength deficits and dehydration, (c) functional movement patterns, flexibility tests and self-report questionnaires were the most applied tests for detecting injury risks in their players and (d) most of the main preventive measures used by technical staff matched with the best valued by them. Technical staff defined properly the main risk factors in futsal performance, as well as they applied preventive strategies with scientific support. The information provided in this research could be of interest for sport scientists and technical staff when designing more accurate and efficient injury prevention programs in futsal. metadata Lago-Fuentes, Carlos and Jiménez-Loaisa, Alejandro and Padrón-Cabo, Alexis and Mecías-Calvo, Marcos and Rey, Ezequiel mail carlos.lago@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, marcos.mecias@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED (2020) Perceptions of the technical staff of professional teams regarding injury prevention in Spanish national futsal leagues: a cross-sectional study. PeerJ, 8. e8817. ISSN 2167-8359

Article Subjects > Biomedicine Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Cerrado Inglés In the last decade, the prevalence of autism spectrum disorders (ASD) has dramatically escalated worldwide. Currently available drugs mainly target some co-occurring symptoms of ASD, but are not effective on the core symptoms, namely impairments in communication and social interaction, and the presence of restricted and repetitive behaviors. On the other hand, transplantation of hematopoietic and mesenchymal stem cells in ASD children has been shown promising to stimulate the recruitment, proliferation, and differentiation of tissue-residing native stem cells, reducing inflammation, and improving some ASD symptoms. Moreover, several comorbidities have also been associated with ASD, such as immune dysregulation, gastrointestinal issues and gut microbiota dysbiosis. Non-pharmacological approaches, such as dietary supplementations with certain vitamins, omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids, probiotics, some phytochemicals (e.g., luteolin and sulforaphane), or overall diet interventions (e.g., gluten free and casein free diets) have been considered for the reduction of such comorbidities and the management of ASD. Here, interventional studies describing pharmacological and non-pharmacological treatments in ASD children and adolescents, along with stem cell-based therapies, are reviewed. metadata Pistollato, Francesca and Forbes-Hernandez, Tamara Y. and Calderón Iglesias, Rubén and Ruiz Salces, Roberto and Elexpuru Zabaleta, Maria and Cianciosi, Danila and Giampieri, Francesca and Battino, Maurizio mail francesca.pistollato@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, ruben.calderon@uneatlantico.es, roberto.ruiz@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED (2020) Pharmacological, non-pharmacological and stem cell therapies for the management of autism spectrum disorders: A focus on human studies. Pharmacological Research, 152. p. 104579. ISSN 1043-6618

Article Subjects > Psychology Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés, Español El objetivo de esta investigación fue medir la relación entre los diferentes estilos de apego y la desregulación emocional en una muestra de 607 sujetos de entre 18 a 89 años de edad, de habla hispana, que participaron voluntariamente en la investigación. Los instrumentos de medida utilizados fueron el cuestionario sobre estilo de apego (CaMir) y el cuestionario de Dificultades en la Regulación Emocional (DERS). Mediante estadísticos descriptivos y un modelo de regresión lineal múltiple se encontró una correlación significativa entre dificultad en la regulación emocional y dos estilos de apego inseguro: evitativo y ansioso. Con una t de student se analizó si existían diferencias entre los distintos géneros (hombre y mujer) en cuanto a las dificultades en la regulación emocional, pero los datos no fueron significativos, por lo se dedujo que no existen diferencias en cuanto a la regulación emocional entre hombres y mujeres según el cuestionario DERS en el análisis. metadata Hanoos López, Marina mail UNSPECIFIED (2020) Relación entre estilos de apego y regulación emocional. MLS Psychology Research, 3 (2). pp. 89-109. ISSN 26055295

Article Subjects > Physical Education and Sport Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés The objective of this study was to verify the occurrence and effect size of relative age effect in professional futsal players, by observing how its presence and impact change according to the season, team level and player position. The sample was composed of 1873 professional futsal players who played in the First Division of the Spanish National Futsal League between seasons 2006-2007 and 2014-2015. The players’ birthdates were divided into quarters (Q1, Q2, Q3 and Q4). A relative age effect reversal was observed in the professional futsal players for the nine analyzed seasons. A relative age reversal effect was observed in high and medium level teams. Finally, a relative age effect reversal was also found for the goalkeeper and pivot positions. The results could suggest that players that initially experienced maturity disadvantages in major sports, can have a second chance to emerge in professional minor sports (i.e. futsal vs. soccer). However, the underlying mechanisms why a reversal occurs are still unclear, and more studies focusing on the mediators of the effect are needed. metadata Lago-Fuentes, Carlos and Rey, Ezequiel and Padrón-Cabo, Alexis and Prieto-Troncoso, Javier and Garcia-Núñez, Javier mail carlos.lago@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED (2020) The Relative Age Effect in Professional Futsal Players. Journal of Human Kinetics, 72 (1). pp. 173-183. ISSN 1899-7562

Article Subjects > Biomedicine Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) might not only be circumscribed to the motor system but also involves other neuronal systems including sensory abnormalities. In line with this notion, we aimed to assess the pathophysiology of sensory disturbances in the SOD1G93A mouse model of ALS, focusing on the satellite glial cells (SGCs) at the dorsal root ganglion (DRG) as a new potential target of the disease. metadata Ruiz-Soto, María and Riancho, Javier and Tapia Martínez, Olga and Lafarga, Miguel and Berciano, María T. mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, olga.tapia@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED (2020) Satellite Glial Cells of the Dorsal Root Ganglion: A New “Guest/Physiopathological Target” in ALS. Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience, 12. ISSN 1663-4365

Article Subjects > Biomedicine Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production UNSPECIFIED UNSPECIFIED Introduction: Inflammasomes are recognized as key components of the innate immune response in sepsis. We aimed to describe the transcriptional expression of nucleotide-binding domain, leucine-rich repeat–containing receptor, pyrin domain–containing-3 (NLRP3), and serum interleukin-1β (IL-1 β) in critically ill patients, their changes over the first week and their prognostic value in septic patients. Methods: Prospective study including patients with sepsis based on Sepsis-3 definitions and a control group of critically ill patients without sepsis. We measured the circulating levels of IL-1β as well as the transcriptional expression of NLRP3 at admission and on days 3 and 7. Caspase-1 and caspase-3 activation was analyzed in a matched cohort of patients with septic shock (four dead and four survivors). Results: Fifty-five septic patients and 11 non-septic patients were studied. Levels on day 0 and 3 of IL-1 β and NLRP3 inflammasome expression were significantly higher in patients with sepsis than in controls. NLRP3 was significantly higher in septic patients who survived at day 7 without significant difference between survivors and non-survivors at baseline and on day 3. In survivors, an increased caspase-1 protein expression with reduced expression caspase-3 was observed with the opposite pattern in those who died. Conclusions: NLRP3 is activated in critically ill patients but this up-regulation is more intense in patients with sepsis. In sepsis, a sustained NLRP3 activation during the first week is protective and sepsis. An increased caspase-1 protein expression with reduced expression caspase-3 is the pattern observed in septic shock patients who survive. metadata Garnacho-Montero, José and Palacios-García, Inmaculada and Díaz-Martín, Ana and Gutiérrez-Pizarraya, Antonio and López-Sánchez, José M. and Gómez, Elísabet Alcocer and Cordero, Mario D. mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, mario.cordero@uneatlantico.es (2020) Sequential Changes of NLRP3 Inflammasome Activation in Sepsis and its Relationship With Death. Shock, 54 (3). pp. 294-300. ISSN 1073-2322

Article Subjects > Biomedicine
Subjects > Psychology
Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés Background: In recent years, ultrasonic vocalizations (USV) in pups has become established as a good tool for evaluating behaviors related to communication deficits and emotional states observed in autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Prenatal valproic acid (VPA) exposure leads to impairments and social behavior deficits associated with autism, with the effects of VPA being considered as a reliable animal model of ASD. Some studies also suggest that prenatal exposure to chlorpyrifos (CPF) could enhance autistic-like behaviors. Methods: In order to explore these similarities, in the present study we tested whether prenatal exposure to CPF at GD12.5–14.5 produces effects that are comparable to those produced by prenatal VPA exposure at GD12.5 in infant Wistar rats. Using Deep Squeek software, we evaluated total number of USVs, latency to the first call, mean call duration, principal frequency peak, high frequency peak, and type of calls. Results: Consistent with our hypothesis, we found that exposure to both CPF and VPA leads to a significantly smaller number of calls along with a longer latency to produce the first call. No significant effects were found for the remaining dependent variables. Conclusions: These results suggest that prenatal exposure to CPF could produce certain behaviors that are reminiscent of those observed in ASD patients metadata Morales-Navas, Miguel and Castaño-Castaño, Sergio and Pérez-Fernández, Cristian and Sánchez-Gil, Ainhoa and Teresa Colomina, María and Leinekugel, Xavier and Sánchez-Santed, Fernando mail UNSPECIFIED, sergio.castano@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED (2020) Similarities between the Effects of Prenatal Chlorpyrifos and Valproic Acid on Ultrasonic Vocalization in Infant Wistar Rats. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 17 (17). p. 6376. ISSN 1660-4601

Article Subjects > Psychology Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés The consumption of substances has been related to difficulties in terms of social cognition and personality. Our objective was to estimate the relationship between social cognition, personality variables and clinical symptoms as variable predictors of addictive behavior. The study included a total of 54 participants from different drug associations in Spain. Statistically significant differences in reaction time in emotional recognition were observed in happiness, disgust, sadness and anger. Significant differences were obtained, with the clinical group scoring lower for the empathy variable. In addition, differences were obtained in clinical variables, such as depression, anxiety, phobic anxiety, intensity of symptoms and psychic discomfort. A logistic regression model with previously significant variables accounted for 67% of variance. The predictive variables of the addictive behavior correspond to the reaction time to static emotion stimuli and the ability to put oneself in the place of another. metadata Parada, Pamela and Oliva-Macías, Mireia and Herrero-Fernández, David and Pérez-Fernández, Lucila M. mail pamela.parada@uneatlantico.es, mireia.oliva@uneatlantico.es, david.herrero@uneatlantico.es, lucila.perez@uneatlantico.es (2020) Social cognition, personality dimensions and clinical symptoms as variable predictors in people with polydrug abuse in treatment. Revista de Psicopatología y Psicología Clínica, 25 (1). pp. 23-30. ISSN 1136-5420

Article Subjects > Physical Education and Sport Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés This study determined the strength training (ST) habits of amateur endurance runners in Spain regarding athletic level. A sixteen-item online questionnaire comprised of (i) demographic information, (ii) performance, and (iii) training contents was completed by 1179 athletes. Five group levels were determined according to the personal best times of the athletes in a 10-km trial (LG1: level group 1, 50–55 min; LG2: level group 2, 45–50 min; LG3: level group 3, 40–45 min; LG4: level group 4, 35–40 min; LG5: level group 5, 30–35 min). Most athletes (n = 735, 62.3%) perceived ST as being a key component in their training program. Resistance training (RT) was reported as a ST type used by 63.4% of the athletes, 66.9% reported using bodyweight exercises, 46.8% reported using plyometric training, 65.6% reported using uphill runs, and 17.8% reported using resisted runs. The prevalence of runners who excluded ST from their training programs decreased as the athletic performance level increased (18.2% in lower-level athletes vs. 3.0% in higher-level), while the inclusion of RT, bodyweight exercises, plyometric training, and uphill and resisted runs was more frequent within higher-level groups. Most athletes included ST using low-to-moderate loads and high a number of repetitions/sets comprised of RT, plyometric training, resisted runs, and core, respiratory, and foot muscles training. metadata García-Pinillos, Felipe and Lago-Fuentes, Carlos and Jaén-Carrillo, Diego and Bujalance-Moreno, Pascual and Latorre-Román, Pedro Á. and Roche-Seruendo, Luis Enrique and Ramirez-Campillo, Rodrigo mail UNSPECIFIED, carlos.lago@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED (2020) Strength Training Habits in Amateur Endurance Runners in Spain: Influence of Athletic Level. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 17 (21). p. 8184. ISSN 1660-4601

Article Subjects > Psychology Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Cerrado Inglés Objectives: Transnational ties refer to the affective, communicative, and economic relationships that migrant families build between the societies of origin and destination. Investigations of such ties are very scarce. In the present study, focused on Latin American migrant women, transnational ties are considered a protective factor of family functioning, conditioned by premigratory variables. The working hypothesis is that increased frequency of reunited mothers’ communication with and remittances to their children during the period of separation prior to the reunion will be linked to better communication, cohesion, flexibility, satisfaction, and family resources, according to the reunited mothers’ perception. Method: The sample consisted of 81 mothers of Latin American reunited families. Most of them (61.7%) have 2 or 3 children and 75.3% have already reunited all of their children in Bizkaia. The frequency of communication between family members in the societies of origin and destination and the frequency of remittances were the transnational variables. To observe family functioning, we used the Circumplex Model. A mediation model was tested through structural equation modeling. Results: The results of the study confirmed the mediator role of the transnational variables, especially the frequency of transnational communications, partially or fully moderating the impact of the premigratory variables, and positively associated with family functioning, in terms of greater cohesion, flexibility, communication, satisfaction, and perception of resources. Conclusions: This study has highlighted the role of these ties, which lead to more functional family dynamics. It is necessary to promote new forms of transnational communication that favor subsequent family reunification metadata Peñas, Silvia and Herrero-Fernández, David and Merino, Laura and Corral, Susana and Martínez-Pampliega, Ana mail UNSPECIFIED, david.herrero@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED (2020) Transnational links and family functioning in reunited Latin American families: Premigration variables’ impact. Cultural Diversity and Ethnic Minority Psychology, 26 (3). pp. 306-317. ISSN 1099-9809

Article Subjects > Social Sciences Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Español El artículo expone los hallazgos de una investigación destinada a estudiar la situación de la actividad turística cultural, desde la perspectiva de los modelos de negocio de la red empresarial como integrante del policy network de la comuna de Camarones, en tantos insumos para una propuesta de elaboración de políticas públicas de gobiernos locales. Para tales efectos se exponen las distinciones del turismo cultural, de los modelos de negocios, así como también su relación con el Plan de Desarrollo Comunal (Pladeco). La metodología de investigación empleada fue de tipo exploratorio cuantitativo y las categorías de análisis se construyeron basándose en las variables del modelo de negocios Canvas Business Model, herramienta de gestión estratégica que permite evaluar el diseño de un negocio en cuanto a su oferta, los clientes, su infraestructura, y la situación financiera del negocio, con el fin de observar deficiencias y analizar el valor entregado. Como resultado se pudo establecer una caracterización de la redde empresas que operan en la comuna de Camarones, así como una evaluación general del proceso de diseño de los modelos de negocios en cuanto al turismo cultural. Finalmente se concluye que los factores prioritarios a desarrollar por parte de las empresas turísticas de la comuna son básicamente tres: a) producto turístico cultural, b) asociatividad de la red c) diseño del modelo de negocio asociativo, aspectos que pueden ser abordados en la elaboración de futuros planes de desarrollo comunal. metadata Acevedo-Mora, Carlos mail carlosacevedo@gliaison.cl (2020) Turismo Cultural y Policy Network: caracterización del modelo de negocio en la comuna de Camarones, Región de Arica y Parinacota, Chile. Revista Gestão & Políticas Públicas, 10 (2). pp. 181-194. ISSN 2237-1095

Article Subjects > Psychology Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés, Español El presente estudio describe una metodología innovadora de planificación y desarrollo territorial ante los desafíos ecológicos, culturales y económicos derivados de la presión urbana, industrial y turística en las franjas costeras. El objetivo principal subraya el potencial de integración dinámica que poseen los territorios costeros, cuencas fluviales y espacios litorales para el logro de estrategias efectivas de desarrollo sostenible. El diseño de investigación y desarrollo metodológico está basado en estudios participativos para el desarrollo territorial desde enfoques psicosociales, y en el análisis de expertos en 6 países, con el principal caso de estudio en el litoral de Cantabria (España). La metodología propuesta se centra en los valores ecoculturales y los conocimientos locales como vectores sinérgicos de desarrollo cultural y social, proyectándose como corredores estratégicos debido a su diversidad y capacidad natural para modelar paisaje y territorio. Se propone una ordenación territorial basada en una gobernanza participativa donde el conocimiento local es transformado en un mapeo participativo y colectivo de los valores culturales, históricos, sociales, económicos y ecológicos de la población y sus instituciones. El resultado final es la implementación de una cartografía ecocultural que incorpora cadenas de valor territoriales y redes de integración socio-ecológica. El carácter dinámico de esta metodología permite su aplicación como base principal de un proceso de ordenación territorial o, de forma complementaria, para enriquecer los métodos clásicos de planificación y ordenación territorial. metadata Gandarillas Solinis, Miguel Ángel and McCal, Michael K. and Mairal, Pilar and Barreda, María Rosa mail miguelangel.gandarillas@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED (2020) Un enfoque psicosocial aplicado a la planificación y desarrollo territorial el caso de la costa de Cantabria (España). MLS Psychology Research, 3 (2). pp. 73-88. ISSN 26055295

Article Subjects > Biomedicine Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production UNSPECIFIED UNSPECIFIED Background Distal motor neuropathies with a genetic origin have a heterogeneous clinical presentation with overlapping features affecting distal nerves and including spinal muscular atrophies and amyotrophic lateral sclerosis. This indicates that their genetic background is heterogeneous. Patient and methods In this work, we have identified and characterized the genetic and molecular base of a patient with a distal sensorimotor neuropathy of unknown origin. For this study, we performed whole-exome sequencing, molecular modelling, cloning and expression of mutant gene, and biochemical and cell biology analysis of the mutant protein. Results A novel homozygous recessive mutation in the human VRK1 gene, coding for a chromatin kinase, causing a substitution (c.637T > C; p.Tyr213His) in exon 8, was detected in a patient presenting since childhood a progressive distal sensorimotor neuropathy and spinal muscular atrophy syndrome, with normal intellectual development. Molecular modelling predicted this mutant VRK1 has altered the kinase activation loop by disrupting its interaction with the C-terminal regulatory region. The p.Y213H mutant protein has a reduced kinase activity with different substrates, including histones H3 and H2AX, proteins involved in DNA damage responses, such as p53 and 53BP1, and coilin, the scaffold for Cajal bodies. The mutant VRK1(Y213H) protein is unable to rescue the formation of Cajal bodies assembled on coilin, in the absence of wild-type VRK1. Conclusion The VRK1(Y213H) mutant protein alters the activation loop, impairs the kinase activity of VRK1 causing a functional insufficiency that impairs the formation of Cajal bodies assembled on coilin, a protein that regulates SMN1 and Cajal body formation. metadata Marcos, Ana T. and Martín‐Doncel, Elena and Morejón‐García, Patricia and Marcos‐Alcalde, Iñigo and Gómez‐Puertas, Paulino and Segura‐Puimedon, María and Armengol, Lluis and Navarro‐Pando, José M. and Lazo, Pedro A. mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, jose.navarro@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED (2020) VRK1 (Y213H) homozygous mutant impairs Cajal bodies in a hereditary case of distal motor neuropathy. Annals of Clinical and Translational Neurology, 7 (5). pp. 808-818. ISSN 2328-9503

Article Subjects > Social Sciences Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production UNSPECIFIED UNSPECIFIED The study aims at disclosing the narrative of immigration and the construction of the otherness in Italian Interior Minister, Matteo Salvini’s discourse, geared towards the legitimization of anti-immigration policies. For this purpose, the author analyzes a sample of the Italian Interior Minister’s discourses related to three cases of migrant landings, drawing on Proximization Theory, revealing how the concepts of closeness and remoteness are manipulated for the construction of threat and the legitimization of negative political response. The study concludes that Salvini’s discourse presents all the classic characteristics of populism. It depicts virtuous and hardworking people threatened by the “others”, them “illegals” who are not “legitimate refugees”, along with inventing a new antagonist “other”, the rescue NGOs that are framed as criminals, justifying their criminalization. metadata Cervi, Laura and Tejedor, Santiago and Alencar Dornelles, Mariana mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, mariana.dornelles@funiber.org (2020) When Populists Govern the Country: Strategies of Legitimization of Anti-Immigration Policies in Salvini’s Italy. Sustainability, 12 (23). p. 10225. ISSN 2071-1050

Article Subjects > Psychology Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Cerrado Inglés Traffic accidents involving pedestrians represent one of the most relevant causes of death and injury around the world. Several studies have underlined the role of risk perception as a clear predictor of risky behaviour in pedestrians. However, risk perception is an ability susceptible to be altered as a consequence of some circumstances and psychological issues, such as emotional states. The present research aimed to study the influence of two emotions (happiness and sadness) on risk perception in pedestrians. To carry said research out, 53 participants took part in the experiment. They had previously been randomly assigned to one of the three experimental conditions (happiness group, sadness group and control group), by watching a video clip to generate the implied emotion. After this, all of them watched a sequence of 8 video clips involving pedestrian situations, four of which involved a risky situation while the other four involved a non-risky situation. Risk perception was measured by both self-report and psychophysiological arousal. The results showed that the control group got significantly more physiological activation in high risky situations than the other two groups, both in Skin Conductance Level and Skin Conductance Response. Besides, the control group was the only one who got a significant higher activation in high risk situations than in no risky situations, both in SCL and in SCR. These results suggest that pedestrians walking under a relevant emotional state could have their risk perception ability negatively affected, with potential consequences on suffering road accidents. metadata Herrero-Fernández, David and Parada, Pamela and Oliva-Macías, Mireia and Jorge, Richard mail david.herrero@uneatlantico.es, pamela.parada@uneatlantico.es, mireia.oliva@uneatlantico.es, richard.jorge@uneatlantico.es (2020) The influence of emotional state on risk perception in pedestrians: A psychophysiological approach. Safety Science, 130. p. 104857. ISSN 0925-7535

Article Subjects > Biomedicine Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production UNSPECIFIED UNSPECIFIED Background αB-crystallin is a promiscuous protein involved in numerous cell functions. Mutations in CRYAB have been found in patients with different pathological phenotypes that are not properly understood. Patients can present different diseases like cataracts, muscle weakness, myopathy, cardiomyopathy, respiratory insufficiency or dysphagia, but also a variable combination of these pathologies has been found. These mutations can show either autosomal dominant or recessive mode of inheritance and variable penetrance and expressivity. This is the first report of congenital cataracts and myopathy described in childhood due to a CRYAB mutation with autosomal dominant mode of inheritance. Methods The whole exome sequence was subjected to phenotype-driven analysis and a novel variant in CRYAB was detected: c.514delG, p.(Ala172ProfsTer14). The mutation was located in the C-terminal domain of the protein, which is essential for chaperone activity. The deduced protein was analyzed searching for alterations of the relevant physico-chemical properties described for this domain. A muscle biopsy was also tested for CRYAB with immunohistochemical and histoenzymatic techniques. Results CRYAB displayed a mild immunoreactivity in the subsarcolemmal compartment with no pathological sarcoplasmic accumulation. It agrees with an alteration of the physico-chemical properties predicted for the C-terminal domain: hydrophobicity, stiffness, and isomerization. Conclusions The described mutation leads to elongation of the protein at the carboxi-terminal domain (CTD) with altered properties, which are essential for solubility and activity. It suggests that can be the cause of the severe conditions observed in this patient. metadata Marcos Rodríguez, Ana Teresa and Amorós, Diego and Muñoz-Cabello, Beatriz and Galán, Francisco and Rivas Infante, Eloy and Alcaraz‐Mas, Luis and Navarro‐Pando, José M. mail anateresa.marcos@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, jose.navarro@uneatlantico.es (2020) A novel dominant mutation inCRYABgene leading to a severe phenotype with childhood onset. Molecular Genetics & Genomic Medicine, 8 (8). e1290. ISSN 2324-9269

Article Subjects > Physical Education and Sport Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés Objective To determine the psychometric properties of the Person-Centered Therapeutic Relationship in Physiotherapy Scale (PCTR-PT) in order to find the most appropriate fit for the tool. Methods Patients who had received treatment at the physiotherapy service of nine hospitals in Spain were invited to complete the 31 items of the PCTR-PT scale. To select the most appropriate items of the PCTR-PT, an exploratory factorial analysis (EFA) was performed using the maximum likelihood and oblique rotation (promin) methods. Factor validity, goodness-of-fit and psychometric properties were analyzed by confirmatory factor analysis (CFA). Convergent (CFA) and discriminant validity were calculated. Internal consistency was verified using the Cronbach's alpha coefficient. The intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC) was used to examine temporal stability. Results 366 patients over 18 years old who had received, at least, 15 physiotherapy treatment sessions completed the questionnaire. The results of the exploratory factor analysis revealed a tool with 15 items in four factors [Relational Bond (N items = 4); Individualized Partnership (N items = 4); Professional Empowerment (N items = 3) and Therapeutic Communication (N items = 4)], explaining 78.4% of the variance of the total variables of this tool. The confirmatory factor analysis further confirmed the four-structure model. Reliability of the tool was approved by Cronbach's alpha in all four dimensions, as all were above .70, ranging from .84 (Individualized Partnership) to .91 (Professional Empowerment). = 0.94. Test-retest was performed with two-week intervals, indicating an appropriate stability for the scale (ICC = 0.900). Conclusion The Person-Centered Therapeutic Relationship in Physiotherapy Scale (PCTR-PT) is a useful, valid and applicable instrument to evaluate the person-centered therapeutic relationship during physiotherapy interventions. It would be interesting to investigate the predictive capacity (sensitivity and specificity) of the PCTR-PT scale. metadata Leal-Costa, César and Rodríguez-Nogueira, Óscar and Morera Balaguer, Jaume and Nogueira López, Abel and Roldán Merino, Juan and Botella-Rico, José-Martín and Del Río-Medina, Sonia and Moreno Poyato, Antonio R. mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, abel.nogueira@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED (2020) The psychometric properties of the person-centered therapeutic relationship in physiotherapy scale. PLOS ONE, 15 (11). e0241010. ISSN 1932-6203

2019

Article Subjects > Physical Education and Sport Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés Aim: The aim of this study was to assess the external load of amateur male players during 4 consecutive training microcycles (M) at the beginning of the in-season according to the training session in absolute external load demands and in relation to the competition demands. Methods: Regional-level players (n = 10; age, 20.8 ± 1.7 years; height, 175.5 ± 3.8 cm; body mass, 69.7 ± 2.9 kg; soccer experience, 13.2 ± 2.5 years) were monitored using GPS devices during training sessions and matches. The external load variables measured were: duration (min); total distance covered (TD); distance covered at high-speed (HID, 14.4-19.8 km/h); distance covered at sprinting (SPD; >19.8 km/h); and distance covered in high intensity acceleration (ACD; >2.5 m/s2) and deceleration (DECD; <-2.5 m/s2). Results: The results indicated that the external load variables (time, HID, SPD, ACD, and DECD) were similar between the four microcycles. Greater (p<0.01) time, TD, HID and SPD were observed in match day (MD)-2 compared to MD+1, MD-3, and MD-1. Aside from training duration, all external loads variables (TD, HID, SPD, ACD, and DECD) were lower during training sessions compared to official matches (p<0.05). Conclusion: Amateur soccer players present relative stable external training loads across competitive microcycles, with the peak load observed two days before the official match. Besides this, the match constitutes the highest load during a typical competitive microcycle in this cohort of players. metadata Sanchez-Sanchez, Javier and Hernández, Daniel and Martin, Victor and Sanchez, Mario and Casamichana Gomez, David and Rodriguez-Fernandez, Alejandro and Ramirez-Campillo, Rodrigo and Nakamura, Fabio Yuzo mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, david.casamichana@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED (2019) Assessment of the external load of amateur soccer players during four consecutive training microcycles in relation to the external load during the official match. Motriz: Revista de Educação Física, 25 (1). ISSN 1980-6574

Article Subjects > Nutrition Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
UNSPECIFIED UNSPECIFIED Significance: In eukaryotes, autophagy represents a highly evolutionary conserved process, through which macromolecules and cytoplasmic material are degraded into lysosomes and recycled for biosynthetic or energetic purposes. Dysfunction of the autophagic process has been associated with the onset and development of many human chronic pathologies, such as cardiovascular, metabolic, and neurodegenerative diseases as well as cancer. Recent Advances: Currently, comprehensive research is being carried out to discover new therapeutic agents that are able to modulate the autophagic process in vivo. Recent evidence has shown that a large number of natural bioactive compounds are involved in the regulation of autophagy by modulating several transcriptional factors and signaling pathways. Critical Issues: Critical issues that deserve particular attention are the inadequate understanding of the complex role of autophagy in disease pathogenesis, the limited availability of therapeutic drugs, and the lack of clinical trials. In this context, the effects that natural bioactive compounds exert on autophagic modulation should be clearly highlighted, since they depend on the type and stage of the pathological conditions of diseases. Future Directions: Research efforts should now focus on understanding the survival-supporting and death-promoting roles of autophagy, how natural compounds interact exactly with the autophagic targets so as to induce or inhibit autophagy and on the evaluation of their pharmacological effects in a more in-depth and mechanistic way. In addition, clinical studies on autophagy-inducing natural products are strongly encouraged, also to highlight some fundamental aspects, such as the dose, the duration, and the possible synergistic action of these compounds with conventional therapy. metadata Giampieri, Francesca and Afrin, Sadia and Forbes-Hernandez, Tamara Y. and Gasparrini, Massimiliano and Cianciosi, Danila and Reboredo-Rodriguez, Patricia and Varela-Lopez, Alfonso and Quiles, Jose L. and Battino, Maurizio mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, tamara.forbes@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, maurizio.battino@uneatlantico.es (2019) Autophagy in Human Health and Disease: Novel Therapeutic Opportunities. Antioxidants & Redox Signaling, 30 (4). pp. 577-634. ISSN 1523-0864

Article Subjects > Engineering Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Español El presente tema se refiere a la caracterización de los sistemas operativos móviles móviles: Android, Symbian, iPhone, Windows Phone. En el caso de los sistemas operativos móviles, es más seguro y más susceptible a los virus informáticos, la metodología de forma cualitativa basada en el referencial bibliográfico, los datos recogidos en libros, manuales técnicos, informaciones de fabricante y en sitios de Internet; al análisis de los datos documentales, hecha en tablas. Sin embargo, se concluye que no todo tipo de virus informáticos infectan los teléfonos celulares, depende del núcleo (núcleo) del sistema operativo. Es posible saber que Symbian es el sistema operativo más propenso a la contaminación de los virus informáticos, este sistema operativo está hecho de un lenguaje de programación C ++ proveniente del lenguaje C una de las más populares y posee muchos desarrolladores. Android es un sistema operativo para dispositivos móviles, no tan seguro, basado en el núcleo (Linux) de Linux, siendo un software libre permite mayor número de desarrolladores de la tecnología. Windows Phone es el menos susceptible a las plagas virtuales. Y Microsoft ha invertido bastante en su sistema de seguridad, ha restringido el acceso al app store para impedir que el usuario descargue programas fuera del mercado, ya que cada día se plantean numerosas aplicaciones. La tecnología bluetooth representa una mayor forma de transmisión de virus. metadata Cassinda Quissanga, Fernando mail UNSPECIFIED (2019) Caracterización de sistemas operacionales móviles celular: Android, Symbian, iphone y Windows phone. Project Design and Management, 1 (2). pp. 75-88. ISSN 2683-1597

Article Subjects > Physical Education and Sport Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés Objetivo. Comparar las demandas cinemáticas de jugadoras internacionales de hockey sobre hierba durante partidos de competición oficial. Material y métodos. Dieciséis jugadoras (edad: 24.7±2.8 años; peso: 57.9±5.9 kg; altura: 165.2±4.9 cm) pertenecientes a la selección absoluta española fueron monitorizadas mediante sistemas de posicionamiento global (GPS) durante 5 partidos del Campeonato de Europa. Los análisis fueron llevados a cabo en función de la demarcación de las jugadoras (defensas, medias y delanteras), de los cuartos de juego (C1, C2, C3, C4), y en base a los minutos jugados. Los datos analizados incluyeron distancias, aceleraciones y desaceleraciones en diferentes rangos de intensidad. Resultados. Las defensas presentaron menor actividad a alta intensidad (velocidades, aceleraciones y desaceleraciones) que medias y delanteras (9.4±2.4%; TE: 0.78 con las medias y 33.1±7.2%; TE: 2.1, con las defensas). El análisis por cuartos mostró que en el C4 la actividad fue mayor para todas las demarcaciones. En cuanto a minutos jugados, el análisis clúster agrupó a las jugadoras en 3 grupos en función de los minutos jugados (<32, 32-45 y >45 minutos). Las deportistas que jugaron <32 cubrieron mayor distancia a esprint (>21 km/h) y distancia a alta intensidad (>15 km/h) por minuto de juego en comparación con el grupo de >45 min jugados. Conclusiones. Los resultados de este estudio muestran que las demandas físicas en jugadoras de élite de hockey dependen de la demarcación en el campo, con mayor actividad en el último cuarto y con menor actividad cinemática de alta intensidad relativa en las jugadoras que acumulan más minutos durante el partido. metadata Morencos, Esther and Casamichana Gomez, David and Torres, Lorena and Haro, Xavier and Rodas, Gil and Romerlo Moraleda, Blanca mail UNSPECIFIED, david.casamichana@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED (2019) Demandas cinemáticas de competición internacional en el hockey sobre hierba femenino. Apunts Educación Física y Deportes (137). pp. 56-70. ISSN 15774015

Article Subjects > Psychology Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Cerrado Inglés Anger has been closely related to risky behavior, and this last has been related to road accidents. The current research aimed to develop and validate a self-report questionnaire to measure anger in pedestrians (n = 550, 40.73% male) of a wide age rage (14-65 years, M = 27.91, SD = 13.21). The Parallel Analysis showed that the 15 items of the Pedestrian Anger Scale fitted satisfactorily in a four-factor solution: Anger because of obstructions or slowdowns caused by other pedestrians (α = .79), Anger because of hostility from drivers (α = .64), Anger because of bad conditions of the infrastructure (α = .62), and Anger because of dangerous situations caused by vehicles (α = .71). The global scale had also a good internal consistency (α = .83). Further analyses suggested convergent, divergent and incremental validity by correlating the global score of the questionnaire with both risk and anger measures. Middle-aged people (19-30 years) scored higher in anger as pedestrians than eldest (> 45 years), η2 = .02, but no significant effect were obtained by gender. Practical implications from both clinical and road safety viewpoints are discussed, and both future research proposals and limitations of the current study are also commented. metadata Herrero-Fernández, David and Oliva-Macías, Mireia and Parada, Pamela mail david.herrero@uneatlantico.es, mireia.oliva@uneatlantico.es, pamela.parada@uneatlantico.es (2019) Development of the Pedestrian Anger Scale. A Pilot Study. The Spanish Journal of Psychology, 22. ISSN 1988-2904

Article Subjects > Engineering Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Abierto Inglés Seven aromatic polyamides and copolyamides were synthesized from two different aromatic diamines: 4,4′-(Hexafluoroisopropylidene)bis(p-phenyleneoxy)dianiline (HFDA) and 2,4-Aminobenzenesulfonic acid (DABS). The synthesis was carried out by polycondensation using isophthaloyl dichloride (1SO). The effect of an increasing molar concentration of the sulfonated groups, from DABS, in the copolymer properties was evaluated. Inherent viscosity tests were carried out to estimate molecular weights. Mechanical tests were carried out under tension, maximum strength ( σ max), Young’s modulus (E), and elongation at break (εmax) to determine their mechanical properties. Tests for water sorption and ion exchange capacity (IEC) were carried out. Proton conductivity was measured using electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS). The results indicate that as the degree of sulfonation increase, the greater the proton conductivity. The results obtained showed conductivity values lower than the commercial membrane Nafion 115 of 0.0065 S cm−1. The membrane from copolyamide HFDA/DABS/1S0-70/30 with 30 mol DABS obtained the best IEC, with a value of 0.747 mmol g−1 that resulted in a conductivity of 2.7018 × 10−4 S cm−1, lower than the data reported for the commercial membrane Nafion 115. According to the results obtained, we can suggest that further developments increasing IEC will render membranes based on aromatic polyamides that are suitable for their use in PEM fuel cells. metadata Pali-Casanova, Ramón and Yam Cervantes, Marcial Alfredo and Zavala-Loría, José and Loría-Bastarrachea, María and Aguilar-Vega, Manuel and Dzul Lopez, Luis Alonso and Sámano Celorio, María Luisa and Crespo-Álvarez, Jorge and García Villena, Eduardo and Agudo-Toyos, Pablo and Méndez-Martínez, Francisco mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, luis.dzul@unini.edu.mx, marialuisa.samano@uneatlantico.es, jorge.crespo@uneatlantico.es, eduardo.garcia@uneatlantico.es, pablo.agudo@uenatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED (2019) Effect of Sulfonic Groups Concentration on IEC Properties in New Fluorinated Copolyamides. Polymers, 11 (7). p. 1169. ISSN 2073-4360

Article Subjects > Physical Education and Sport Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Cerrado Inglés BACKGROUND: The high injury rate in football has highlighted the need to research strategies that allow the modification of the dynamic risk factors. Most of the preventive proposals have focused on standardized protocols. However, the aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of a multifactorial injuries prevention program (MC-7) in Spanish football players. METHODS: A total of 219 Spanish football male players aged 16-23 were enrolled. The study was conducted over two consecutive seasons (2012-2013, 2013-2014). The first season was the control season (SC) and the second one was the experimental season (ES). Injuries were recorded prospectively during the two seasons in accordance with the criteria established by the consensus statement. During CS the injuries were just observed, while during ES, the players participated in the MC-7: training methodology, specific warm-up protocol (FIFA 11+), basic injury recovery strategies, continuous training of coaches, conferences for parents/family and education sessions for players. RESULTS: The frequency of injuries was significantly reduced by 63.8% in the ES. Muscle-tendon and joint injuries were reduced by 65% and 56.7% respectively, with a significant decrease in the lower-limbs injuries. The incidence of injuries was reduced by 71.4%, with significant differences in the typology, location and severity of injuries. CONCLUSIONS: The rate of injury in football is reduced when multifactorial strategies are applied. Reducing the frequency and severity of injuries allowed players to greatly increase their available for sports practice metadata Chena, Marcos and Rodríguez, María Luisa and Bores Cerezal, Antonio and Ramos-Campo, Domingo J. mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, antonio.bores@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED (2019) Effects of a multifactorial injuries prevention program in young Spanish football players. The Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness, 59 (8). ISSN 00224707

Article Subjects > Biomedicine Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Cerrado Inglés About 1 of 10 women, particularly those older than 60 years of age, shows some degree of thyroid hormone deficiency. Thyroid diseases are generally characterized by perturbations of thyroid signaling homeostasis. The most common examples of thyroid diseases include hypothyroidism, hyperthyroidism, and several types of thyroid cancers. Phytochemicals have been shown to have either beneficial or detrimental effects on thyroid function. Some flavonoids have been reported to affect the expression and the activity of several thyroid-related enzymes and proteins, and for this reason some concerns have been raised about the possible thyroid-disruptive properties of foods enriched in these substances. On the other hand, the beneficial effects of some plant-derived compounds, such as myricetin, quercetin, apigenin, rutin, genistein, and curcumin, and their possible role as adjuvants for the treatment of thyroid cancers have been described. Here, the role of phytochemicals in thyroid signaling modulation and their possible beneficial or detrimental effects on thyroid disease risk are discussed. metadata Pistollato, Francesca and Masías Vergara, Manuel and Agudo-Toyos, Pablo and Giampieri, Francesca and Battino, Maurizio mail francesca.pistollato@uneatlantico.es, manuel.masias@uneatlantico.es, pablo.agudo@uenatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED (2019) Effects of phytochemicals on thyroid function and their possible role in thyroid disease. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, 1443 (1). pp. 3-19. ISSN 0077-8923

Article Subjects > Engineering Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés, Español La migración a la Televisión Digital Terrestre o Televisión Digital Abierta, con el estándar ISDB-Tb, es una transición que supone cambios severos y grandes inversiones en la transmisión y elaboración de contenidos por parte de las empresas televisivas y también significa un cambio para la audiencia, ya que también deben adecuar sus televisores para tener acceso a la nueva señal con más calidad de audio y video. Por ello, se hace necesaria una guía metodológica para estudiar la normativa, apuntar los requisitos esenciales para las distintas fases de implementación, en trabajar mancomunadamente con empresas y profesionales especializados, con buenas prácticas en dirección de proyectos reconocidas a nivel internacional. En Bolivia, la ley de Telecomunicaciones 164 se modificó el 31 de agosto de 2017 para disponer un conglomerado de resoluciones y decretos que promueven la migración digital de los distintos canales de televisión analógicos y posteriormente se estableció una serie de disposiciones para la habilitación de licencias de funcionamiento por 15 años más de forma gratuita para los actuales operadores. Los canales tienen un nuevo plazo de apagón digital para las 3 ciudades principales hasta noviembre de 2021 y otros de menor cobertura hasta noviembre de 2025. La guía resultante de este trabajo, se ha aplicado ya y se espera sea aporte para todos los demás 600 canales que aún no han migrado. metadata Mejia Noe, Alex Fernando Mejia and Arambarri, Jon mail UNSPECIFIED, jon.arambarri@uneatlantico.es (2019) Guía metodológica para la implementación de televisión digital en Bolivia. Project Design and Management, 1 (2). pp. 89-110. ISSN 2683-1597

Article Subjects > Engineering Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Abierto Inglés The objectives this study were to examine the integrated use of oil–coagulant for the direct extraction of coagulant from Moringa oleifera (MO) with 5% and 10% (NH4)2SO4 extractor solution to harvest Scenedesmus obliquus cultivated in urban wastewater and to analyze the oil extracted from MO and S. obliquus. An average content of 0.47 g of coagulant and 0.5 g of oil per gram of MO was obtained. Highly efficient algal harvest, 80.33% and 72.13%, was achieved at a dose of 0.38 g L−1 and pH 8–9 for 5% and 10% extractor solutions, respectively. For values above pH 9, the harvest efficiency decreases, producing a whitish water with 10% (NH4)2SO4 solution. The oil profile (MO and S. obliquus) showed contents of SFA of 36.24–36.54%, monounsaturated fatty acids of 32.78–36.13%, and polyunsaturated fatty acids of 27.63–30.67%. The biodiesel obtained by S. obliquus and MO has poor cold flow properties, indicating possible applications limited to warm climates. For both biodiesels, good fuel ignition was observed according to the high cetane number and positive correlation with SFA and negative correlation with the degree of saturation. This supports the use of MO as a potentially harmless bioflocculant for microalgal harvest in wastewater, contributing to its treatment, and a possible source of low-cost biodiesel. metadata Ruiz-Marin, Alejandro and Canedo-Lopez, Yunuen and Narvaez-Garcia, Asteria and Zavala Loría, José del Carmen and Dzul Lopez, Luis Alonso and Sámano Celorio, María Luisa and Crespo-Álvarez, Jorge and García Villena, Eduardo and Agudo-Toyos, Pablo mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, jose.zavala@unini.edu.mx, luis.dzul@unini.edu.mx, marialuisa.samano@uneatlantico.es, jorge.crespo@uneatlantico.es, eduardo.garcia@uneatlantico.es, pablo.agudo@uenatlantico.es (2019) Harvesting Scenedesmus obliquus via Flocculation of Moringa oleifera Seed Extract from Urban Wastewater: Proposal for the Integrated Use of Oil and Flocculant. Energies, 12 (20). p. 3996. ISSN 1996-1073

Article Subjects > Nutrition Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés The phenolic composition and content of olive fruit are some of the attributes that determine oil quality. This composition depends on the olive variety, the cultivation system, and the fruit's ripeness. This study considered two olive varieties (Manzanilla and Morisca), under two water regimes (irrigated and rainfed), harvested at three stages of maturation (S1, S2, and S3), over three consecutive campaigns (2011, 2012, and 2013). The accumulation of phenols in the fruit was found to depend only on the stage of ripeness, while the flavonoid and phenylpropanoid contents depended also on the variety and the water regime. Superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity was linked to O2- production, which in turn depended on water regime, variety, and stage of maturation (this last being a process involving ROS). The peroxidase (POX) activity seemed only to depend on ripeness, while polyphenol oxidase (PPO) activity varied from year to year as well as presenting a strong ripeness dependence that was in clear coherence with the levels of phenolic compounds that the olives accumulate. All these relationships between the variables and the factors conform a dataset with the structure of a multidimensional array that is difficult to interpret using conventional techniques of statistical analysis. This work takes a novel approach (MultiDimensional Scaling associated with a Partial Triadic Analysis, MDS-PTA) to the analysis of this type of data structure which allows its correct interpretation. The analysis showed that the state of maturation of the olives is the most clearly discriminating factor, far more so than the cultivar, water regime, or year. Thus, the phenols and the total antioxidant activity (FRAP) showed strong clustering, being closely related in all three years studied. The oxidant and antioxidant activities showed a certain tendency to cluster, although in these cases the year also had an influence as a factor, indicating that these parameters depend more on external factors and less on ripeness metadata Šiler, Branislav T. and Sáinz, Juan Antonio and Garrido, Inmaculada and Hernández Suárez, Marcos and Montaño, Alfonso and Llerena, José Luis and Espinosa, Francisco mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, marcos.hernandez@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED (2019) Influence of cultivar, irrigation, ripening stage, and annual variability on the oxidant/antioxidant systems of olives as determined by MDS-PTA. PLOS ONE, 14 (4). e0215540. ISSN 1932-6203

Article Subjects > Physical Education and Sport Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés This study aims to determine if regular maternal physical exercise leads to measurable adaptations of the fetal autonomic nervous system (fANS) tested by fetal heart rate recovery time. A randomized controlled trial enrolled 131 pregnant women into two study groups, Exercise Group (EG) and Control Group (CG). All participants signed an informed consent, study was approved by the local Clinical Research Ethics Committee. Data was analyzed on 81 participants. EG participants (n = 43) received a supervised physical exercise program (PEP) three times a week from 10–12 to 36–40 weeks gestation. CG participants (n = 38) did not receive any supervised PEP. All women were tested between 34–36 weeks gestation using two walking tests of three minutes each at 40% and 60% maternal heart rate reserve. Resting fetal heart rate (FHR), FHR post-maternal exercise, and fetal recovery time (FRT) in minutes/seconds (m/s) were recorded. Resting FHR was similar between groups 140.88 ± 9 EG vs 141.95 ± 7.35 CG (p > .05). Difference in resting to post-maternal exercise FHR was statistically significant in fetuses from the CG (p < .05), however was not statistically significant in fetuses from the EG (p > .05). FRT was different between groups after both tests: 40% test: 2m15s ± 3m19s EG vs 7m6s ± 5m28s CG (p < .001); 60% test: 3m ± 4m3s EG vs 9m25s ± 7m33s CG (p < .001). There were no significant differences in maternal variables (p > .05), except for maternal recovery time after 40% test (p < .05). Influence of maternal exercise in FHR response still remains unclear. Further research is needed to elicit a former conclusion on the effects of maternal exercise on fANS. Overall, exercise during pregnancy is safe and not harmful for the cardiovascular system of the fetus. metadata Roldan-Reoyo, Olga and Pelaez, Mireia and May, Linda and Barakat, Rubén mail UNSPECIFIED, mireia.pelaez@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED (2019) Influence of maternal physical exercise on fetal and maternal heart rate responses. German Journal of Exercise and Sport Research, 49 (4). pp. 446-453. ISSN 2509-3142

Article Subjects > Communication Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production UNSPECIFIED UNSPECIFIED Este artículo busca determinar cómo los condicionantes de los procesos de producción informativa afectan a la calidad periodística. Para ello, la investigación parte de 120 entrevistas semiestructuradas a periodistas chilenos, ecuatorianos y mexicanos. Los resultados muestran que las rutinas son el elemento determinante en la creación de un periodismo de calidad en el actual ecosistema mediático. Asimismo, se observa el vínculo existente entre los diferentes condicionantes propios de la producción periodística y la praxis profesional. Todo lo anterior desde una perspectiva latinoamericana, a la que se suma la particular de los contextos de los países de procedencia de los periodistas entrevistados. metadata Odriozola-Chéné, Javier and Gutiérrez-Atala, Fernando and Domínguez-Panamá, Juan José and Pérez-Arozamena, Rosa mail javier.odriozola@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, rosa.perez@uneatlantico.es (2019) Las relaciones de las influencias en los procesos de producción informativa y sus efectos en la calidad periodística. Una visión desde Latinoamérica. Cuadernos.info (44). pp. 119-134.

Article Subjects > Physical Education and Sport Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Cerrado Inglés The main aim of this study was to identify which combination of external intensity training load (iTL) metrics capture similar or unique information for different training game (TG) formats and official matches (OMs) in football using principal component (PC) analysis. Ten metrics of iTL were collected from 24 professional male football players using global positioning technology. A total of 348, 383, 120, 127, 148, and 207 individual files for small-sided possession games, medium-sided possession games, small-sided games, medium-sided games, large-sided games, and OMs, respectively, were studied. Principal component analysis was conducted on each game format. Extraction criteria were set at an eigenvalue of greater than one. Varimax rotation mode was used to extract more than one PC. Intensity training load metrics with PC “loadings” above 0.7 were deemed to possess well-defined relationships with the extracted PC. In each TG and OM, 3 PCs were identified. For the first PC, eigenvalues for each game format ranged from 3.89 to 4.45, which explained 39–44% of the information (i.e., variance) provided by the 10 iTL metrics. For the second PC, eigenvalues ranged from 2.17 to 2.47, explaining 22–26% of iTL information. For the third PC, eigenvalues ranged from 1.41 to 1.98, explaining 14–20% of iTL information. This would suggest that TG and OM have multidimensional demands; so, the use of only a single iTL could potentially lead to an underestimation of the physical demands. Consequently, a combination of 3 iTL metrics is required during professional football game formats. metadata Casamichana Gomez, David and Castellano, Julen and Gómez Díaz, Antonio and Martín-García, Andrés mail david.casamichana@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED (2019) Looking for Complementary Intensity Variables in Different Training Games in Football. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, Publis. ISSN 1064-8011

Article Subjects > Biomedicine Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés The NLRP3 inflammasome has emerged as an important regulator of metabolic disorders and age-related diseases in NLRP3-deficient mice. In this article, we determine whether, in old mice C57BL6J, the NLRP3 inflammasome inhibitor MCC950 is able to attenuate age-related metabolic syndrome to providing health benefits. We report that MCC950 attenuates metabolic and hepatic dysfunction in aged mice. In addition, MCC950 inhibited the Pi3K/AKT/mTOR pathway, enhanced autophagy, and activated peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-α in vivo and in vitro. The data suggest that MCC950 mediates the protective effects by the mammalian target of rapamycin inhibition, thus activating autophagy and peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-α. In conclusion, pharmacological inhibition of NLRP3 in aged mice has a significant impact on health. Thus, NLRP3 may be a therapeutic target of human age-related metabolic syndrome. metadata Anderson, Rozalyn and Cordero, Mario D. and Bullón, Pedro and Ruiz-Cabello, Jesús and Robertson, Avril A B and Ryffel, Bernhard and Pérez-Pulido, Antonio J and Muntané, Jordi and Pérez-Alegre, Mónica and Andújar-Pulido, Eloísa and de la Cruz, Patricia and Cooper, Matthew A and Lendines-Cordero, Debora and Alcocer-Gómez, Elísabet and Castejón-Vega, Beatriz and Marín-Aguilar, Fabiola mail UNSPECIFIED, mario.cordero@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED (2019) NLRP3 Inflammasome Inhibition by MCC950 in Aged Mice Improves Health via Enhanced Autophagy and PPARα Activity. The Journals of Gerontology: Series A, 75 (8). pp. 1457-1464. ISSN 1079-5006

Article Subjects > Physical Education and Sport Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés The aim of this study was to compare the activity profile (external loads) during soccer-7 competition versus 6 vs 6 small-sided games ( SSGs) in U12 players. Peak velocity (Vmax), total distance completed (DT), total distance relative to match duration, the percentage of DT in acceleration (%DAC) and in deceleration (%DEA), and the percentage of DT at different speeds were recorded. Six types of SSGs were randomly implemented: without pitch orientation-delimitation and with a limit of three ball-contacts per player (3TOU), with no limit of ball-contacts (MAN), with a greater number of players as internal-offensive wildcard players (2WI) or external-offensive wildcard players (4WE); and with pitch orientation-delimitation and crossing the rival goal-line while dribbling the ball without goalkeepers (INV) or using official goalkeepers (GKP). The physical demands of SSGs were compared with the average of two soccer-7 match plays. During soccer-7 match plays a lower %DAC and %DEA (p < 0.05) were observed compared to 2WI, 4WE, INV and GKP, and to INV and GKP, respectively. The Vmax and %HI were greater (p < 0.05) in soccer-7 match plays compared to all SSGs. In conclusion, the demands imposed on U12 players during different formats of SSGs differ from the soccer-7 match play demands, presenting a low stimulation of the actions performed at high-speed and an adequate simulation of acceleration-deceleration actions metadata Sanchez-Sanchez, Javier and Sanchez, Mario and Hernández, Daniel and Gonzalo-Skok, Oliver and Casamichana Gomez, David and Ramirez-Campillo, Rodrigo and Nakamura, Fabio Y. mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, david.casamichana@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED (2019) Physical Performance During Soccer-7 Competition and Small-Sided Games in U12 Players. Journal of Human Kinetics, 67 (1). pp. 281-290. ISSN 1899-7562

Article Subjects > Physical Education and Sport Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés The main aim was to determine the differences between four training games and competitive matches (CM) according to position and compared to the most demanding passages (MDP) of competitive match play. Global Positioning System data were obtained from 21 football players belonging to the reserve squad of a Spanish La Liga club during the 2015/16 season. The training games were small-sided games (SSGs) with 5 and 6 and large-sided games with 9 and 10 outfield players per team. The players were categorized based on positional groups: full back (FB), central defender (CD), midfielder (MF), offensive midfielder (OMF), and forward (FW). The variables recorded were the distance covered (DIS), DIS at high speed (HSR; >19.8 km•h-1), DIS at sprint (SPR; >25.2 km•h-1), high metabolic load distance (HMLD; >25.5 W•kg-1) all in m•min-1, average metabolic power (AMP; W•kg-1) and number of high-intensity accelerations (ACC; >3 m•s-2) and decelerations (DEC; <-3 m•s-2), both in n•min-1. The MDP was analysed using a rolling average method for AMP as a criterion variable, where maximal values were calculated for time windows of 5 and 10 minutes of CM and after that compared with the training game formats. As the SSG format increases, all the rest of the variables increase and the number of cases with significant interposition differences also increases (effect size [ES]: DIS: 0.7-2.2; HSR: 0.7-2.1; SPR: 0.8-1.4; HMLD: 0.9-2.0; AMP: 0.8-1.9; ACC: 0.8-1.7; DEC: 0.5-1.7). The large-sided game 10v10 + 2 goalkeepers over-stimulates sprint values relative to MDP (all: 121.0% of MDP, ES=0.5-1.8). This study provides useful information for coaching staff on the heightened impact of different training game formats on physical load, considering positional differences in relation to the MDP of competitive match play metadata Martin-Garcia, Andres and Castellano, Julen and Gomez Diaz, Antonio and Cos, Francesc and Casamichana Gomez, David mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, david.casamichana@uneatlantico.es (2019) Positional demands for various-sided games with goalkeepers according to the most demanding passages of match play in football. Biology of Sport, 36 (2). pp. 171-180. ISSN 0860-021X

Article Subjects > Psychology Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production UNSPECIFIED UNSPECIFIED Los accidentes de tráfico constituyen una de las principales causas de muerte en España. Los comportamientos arriesgados y agresivos al volante se han perfilado como dos de las variables más relevantes. La presente investigación tuvo tres objetivos. Primero, la adaptación psicométrica del Driving Survey (DS) en una muestra española; segundo, el análisis de las diferencias por edad y género en comportamientos arriesgados y agresivos al volante, así como en la accidentabilidad; y tercero, el análisis de la predicción de la accidentabilidad en base a las anteriores variables. Los resultados mostraron una distribución factorial similar a la versión original, con unas propiedades psicométricas adecuadas en términos de consistencia interna y de validez. Los hombres puntuaron más alto en aspectos relacionados con conducción arriesgada, mientras que los más jóvenes puntuaron más alto en casi todos los indicadores evaluados. Finalmente, se encontró que tanto los comportamientos arriesgados como los agresivos predecían significativamente la accidentabilidad. metadata Herrero-Fernández, David and Oliva-Macías, Mireia and Parada, Pamela mail david.herrero@uneatlantico.es, mireia.oliva@uneatlantico.es, pamela.parada@uneatlantico.es (2019) Predicción de la accidentabilidad en función de los comportamientos arriesgados y agresivos al volan- te: Diferencias según la edad y el género. Revista de Psicopatología y Psicología Clínica, 24 (2). pp. 93-104. ISSN 1136-5420

Article Subjects > Psychology Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Español Driving anger and its derived aggressive behaviors may affect driving negatively. In order to assess this kind of behaviors it is necessary to have reliable and valid psycho­metric instruments. One of the most one is the Driving An­ger Expression Inventory, which in its long form is composed of 50 items. It makes it an excessive long questionnaire. The aim of the present research was to de­velop a brief version of the Driving An­ger Expression Inventory to assess in few minutes the frequency of different types of anger expression be­hind the wheel. Therefore a sample composed of 441 driv­ers who completed the long version of the Driving An­ger Expression Inventory. After­wards, those items with highest factor loadings in the Con­firmatory Factor Analysis were chosen to compose the new short form. Finally, a 22-item version was proposed. It fitted satisfactorily in five factors, similarly to the long form: Verbal anger expression (α = .84); Physical anger expression (α = .76); Expression through the vehicle (α = .74); Displaced expression (α = .78), and Adaptative ex­pression (α = .77). Implications of the results are dis­cussed. metadata Herrero-Fernández, David and Oliva-Macías, Mireia and Parada, Pamela mail david.herrero@uneatlantico.es, mireria.oliva@uneatlantico.es, pamela.parada@uneatlantico.es (2019) Propiedades psicométricas de una versión breve del Driving Anger Expression Inventory en conductores españoles [Psychometric Properties of a Short Version of the Driving Anger Expression Inventory (DAX) in Spanish Drivers]. Acción Psicológica, 16 (1). pp. 63-74. ISSN 2255-1271

Article Subjects > Physical Education and Sport Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Cerrado Inglés Objective: To investigate the effect of supervised moderate to vigorous exercise on gestational weight gain, its related risks (gestational diabetes [GD]), macrosomia, and type of delivery), and the preventive effects on women who exceed the weight gain recommendations. Patients and methods: We conducted a single-center, 2-armed, randomized controlled trial between October 1, 2009, and June 30, 2011, in which 678 women were assessed and 345 were randomized by a central computer system to an intervention group (N=115) or a standard care group (N=230). The intervention exercise program consisted of 70 to 78 sessions (24 weeks, 3 times per week, 60-65 minutes per session, moderate to vigorous intensity). The standard care group received usual care. Excessive gestational weight (EGW) gain was calculated on the basis of the 2009 Institute of Medicine (IOM) recommendations. Results: Of the 345 women randomized for treatment, 44 were lost to follow-up, leaving 301 women for analysis (intervention, 100; standard care, 201). Fewer women in the intervention group exceeded IOM recommendations (22 [22.0%] vs 69 [34.3%]; P=.03), including overweight and obese women (15 of 35 [42.9%] vs 40 of 50 [80.0%]; P=.001). Analysis of women exceeding weight recommendations revealed that the 3 main related risks were directly related to EGW gain in the standard care group (GD, P=.003; macrosomia, P<.001; type of delivery, P<.001) but not in the intervention group (GD, P>.99; macrosomia, 0%; type of delivery, P=.46). Conclusion: Supervised moderate to vigorous exercise performed throughout gestation was effective in the prevention of EGW gain even for women with a pregestational body mass index greater than 25 kg/m2. It also prevented its related risks (GD, macrosomia, and type of delivery) including for women exceeding the IOM recommendations, so we suggest that being active outweighs the effect of possible weight gain. metadata Pelaez, Mireia and Gonzalez-Cerron, Silvia and Montejo, Rocío and Barakat, Rubén mail mireia.pelaez@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED (2019) Protective Effect of Exercise in Pregnant Women Including Those Who Exceed Weight Gain Recommendations: A Randomized Controlled Trial. Mayo Clinic Proceedings, 94 (10). pp. 1951-1959. ISSN 0025-6196

Article Subjects > Psychology Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Cerrado Inglés Background Although infertile couples are mentally healthy, dealing with infertility and assisted reproductive technology (ART) treatment is usually associated with psychological distress. It would therefore be useful to have short, multidimensional instruments to be able to identify people who present more intense emotional reactions and follow up their emotional distress throughout the ART. Objectives The goals of the study were to analyze the psychometric adequacy of the original 90-item version of the Symptom Checklist (SCL-90) in a sample of Spanish women and their partners undergoing ART, as well as to develop and analyze two brief versions of the SCL-90, given the absence of adequate short versions for this population. Methods A cross-sectional design for patients and their partners in the process of ART through in vitro fertilization was used. The two brief scales were obtained, which took into account the levels of variance explained by the items and confirmatory factor analysis. Results Two brief instruments were developed. The first, with 45 items (SCL-45-I Infertility), includes nine subdimensions: Somatization, Interpersonal Sensitivity, Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder, Depression, Anxiety, Hostility, Paranoid Ideation, Phobic Anxiety, and Psychoticism. The second instrument contains nine items (SCL-9-I or Global Severity Index [GSI]), one item for each dimension. Both instruments were psychometrically adequate (SCL-45-I: χ2/df = 7.24, RMSEA = .057, 95% CI [.056, .059], CFI = .97, NNFI = .97, SRMR = .049; SCL-9-I: χ2/df = 9.66, RMSEA = .068, 95% CI [.061, .076], CFI = .97, NNFI = .96, SRMR = .035). Measurement invariance analysis by gender was conducted, and the instruments were shown to be suitable for both men and women. Discussion The suitability of the SCL-90-R for use in ART was verified, and two valid instruments—useful and easy to use for nurses, psychologists, and other care providers—were developed. metadata Martínez-Pampliega, Ana and Herrero-Fernández, David and Martín, Sagrario and Cormenzana, Susana mail UNSPECIFIED, david.herrero@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED (2019) Psychometrics of the SCL-90-R and Development and Testing of Brief Versions SCL-45 and SCL-9 in Infertile Couples. Nursing Research, 68 (4). E1-E10. ISSN 0029-6562

Article Subjects > Psychology Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés Foreign language contexts impose a relative psychological and emotional distance in bilinguals. In our previous studies, we demonstrated that the use of a foreign language changes the strength of the seemingly automatic emotional responses in the self-paradigm, showing a robust asymmetry in the self-bias effect in a native and a foreign language context. Namely, larger effects were found in the native language, suggesting an emotional blunting in the foreign language context. In the present study, we investigated the source of these effects by directly comparing whether they stem from a language’s foreignness versus its non-nativeness. We employed the same self-paradigm (a simple perceptual matching task of associating simple geometric shapes with the labels “you,” “friend,” and “other”), testing unbalanced Spanish–Basque–English trilinguals. We applied the paradigm to three language contexts: native, non-native but contextually present (i.e., non-native local), and non-native foreign. Results showed a smaller self-bias only in the foreign language pointing to the foreign-language-induced psychological/emotional distance as the necessary prerequisite for foreign language effects. Furthermore, we explored whether perceived emotional distance towards foreign languages in Spanish–English bilinguals modulates foreign language effects. Results suggest that none of the different indices of emotional distance towards the foreign language obtained via questionnaires modulated the self-biases in the foreign language contexts. Our results further elucidate the deeply rooted and automatic nature of foreign-language-driven differential emotional processing metadata Ivaz, Lela and Griffin, Kim L. and Duñabeitia, Jon Andoni mail UNSPECIFIED, kim.griffin@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED (2019) Self-bias and the emotionality of foreign languages. Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, 72 (1). pp. 76-89. ISSN 1747-0218

Article Subjects > Psychology Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Cerrado Inglés The CaMir-R is a short version of the original questionnaire which assesses attachment cognitions. Specifically, it is focused on subjects´ evaluations of their past and present attachment experiences, and their personal interpretations of parents´ attitudes during childhood. The aim of this study was to validate the CaMir-R in Spanish adult population. A total of 433 university students (121 men and 350 women) and 38 anorexic women completed the CaMir-R and other measures of eating disorder symptoms and borderline traits. Internal consistency and construct, concurrent and discriminant validity were evaluated. The results suggested a six-factor structure for 29 items with overall adequate internal consistency indexes, confirming its validity and reliability. The instrument permits a relatively short and inexpensive means of administration in large samples of adults. metadata López-González, Luis and Herrero-Fernández, David and Amutio, Alberto and Santamaría, Txemi and Van Gordon, William mail UNSPECIFIED, david.herrero@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED (2019) Validation of a Scale for Assessing Social Validity in Mindfulness-Based Educational Programs. Mindfulness, 28 (5). pp. 935-936. ISSN 1868-8527

Article Subjects > Psychology Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés Social validity (SV) is a concept used in intervention research and is concerned with the overall acceptability, relevance, and utility of an intervention to all intervention stakeholders. SV not only takes into account efficacy in respect of the pre-defined study outcomes, but also participants’ perceptions of the intervention as well as the wider social context in which it will be applied. There are a growing number of mindfulness-based educational programs (MBEPs) being empirically evaluated and implemented in educational settings. However, due to a lack of scientifically validated instruments that can assess SV in MBEPs, a systematic evaluation of SV in such programs has not been undertaken to date. The aim of this study was to investigate the psychometric properties of the Social Validity Scale of Mindfulness-Based Programs for Adolescents (Escala de Validez Social de Programas de Mindfulness para Adolescentes—EVSPM-A), composed of 20 items. metadata Redondo Rodríguez, Iratxe and Herrero-Fernández, David mail UNSPECIFIED, david.herrero@uneatlantico.es (2019) Validation of the CaMir-R attachment questionnaire in an adult spanish sample. Revista Argentina de Clínica Psicológica, 28 (5). pp. 925-936. ISSN 1851-7951

Article Subjects > Physical Education and Sport Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés The purpose of this investigation was to determine the differences between halves in the most demanding passages of play in football players according to playing position and duration-specific activity.Global positioning system data were collected from twenty-three football players from a reserve squad of the Spanish La Liga. A total of 265 individual match half data were analysed across the competitive season. Players were categorised based on positional groups: full-back (FB), central defender (CD), midfielder (MF), offensive midfielder (OMF) and forwards (FW). The most demanding passage of match play was analysed using a rolling average method, where maximal values were calculated for five different time durations (1, 3, 5, 10 min and half completed) using distance (m·min-1), high metabolic load distance (HMLD; m·min-1) and average metabolic power (AMP; W·kg-1) as variables of interest. The differences between the first and second half increased as the rolling duration increased, reaching the greatest difference between halves in the complete half (45 min) in all the variables studied (ES = 0.54 ± 0.15, 0.75 ± 0.15 and 0.76 ± 0.15 in distance, HMLD and AMP). The CDs were the players that presented the greatest differences, and it was in the AMP variable where the greatest differences between the first and second half were found. Large decreases in AMP were found for CD (ES = -1.30 ± 0.36) and moderate decreases were found in AMP for FB (ES = -0.84 ± 0.30) and OMF (ES = -0.78 ± 0.37). These results provide insight into the most demanding passages of play to inform training practices for specific football playing positions. metadata Casamichana Gomez, David and Castellano, Julen and Gomez Diaz, Antonio and Gabbett, Tim J. and Martin-Garcia, Andres mail david.casamichana@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED (2019) The most demanding passages of play in football competition: a comparison between halves. Biology of Sport, 36 (3). pp. 233-240. ISSN 0860-021X

Article Subjects > Biomedicine Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Cerrado Inglés Amblyopia or lazy eye is a neurodevelopmental disorder that arises during the infancy and is caused by the interruption of binocular sensory activity before maturation of the nervous system. This impairment causes long-term deterioration of visual skills, particularly visual acuity and depth perception. Although visual function recovery has been supposed to be decreased with age as consequence of reduced neuronal plasticity, recent studies have shown that it is possible to promote plasticity and neurorestoration in the adult brain. Thus, transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) has been shown effective to treat amblyopia in the adulthood. In the present work we used postnatal monocular deprivation in Long Evans rats as an experimental model of amblyopia and the cliff test task to assess depth perception. Functional brain imaging PET was used to assess the effect of tDCS on cortical and subcortical activity. Visually deprived animals ability to perceive depth in the cliff test was significantly reduced in comparison to their controls. However, after 8 sessions of tDCS applied through 8 consecutive days, depth perception of amblyopic treated animals improved reaching control level. PET data showed 18F-FDG uptake asymmetries in the visual cortex of amblyopic animals, which disappeared after tDCS treatment. The possibility of cortical reorganization and stereoscopy recovery following brain stimulation points at tDCS as a useful strategy for treating amblyopia in adulthood. Furthermore, monocular deprivation in Long Evans rats is a valuable research model to study visual cortex mechanisms involved in depth perception and neural restoration after brain stimulation. metadata Castaño-Castaño, Sergio and Feijoo-Cuaresma, M. and Paredes-Pacheco, J. and Morales-Navas, M. and Ruiz-Guijarro, J.A. and Sanchez-Santed, F. and Nieto-Escámez, F. mail sergio.castano@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED (2019) tDCS recovers depth perception in adult amblyopic rats and reorganizes visual cortex activity. Behavioural Brain Research, 370. p. 111941. ISSN 01664328

2018

Article Subjects > Physical Education and Sport Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés Objective To analyse the acute muscular fatigue (AMF) in triceps brachii and rectus abdominis during compression-only and standard cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) performed by certified basic life support providers. Methods Twenty-six subjects were initially recruited and randomly allocated to two study groups according to the muscles analysed; eighteen finally met the inclusion criteria (nine in each group). Both groups carried out two CPR tests (compression-only and standard CPR) of 10 min divided into five 2-min intermittent periods. The ventilation method was freely chosen by each participant (mouth-to-mouth, pocket-mask or bag-valve-mask). CPR feedback was provided all the time. AMF was measured by tensiomyography at baseline and after each 2-min period of the CPR test, in triceps brachii or rectus abdominis according to the study group. Results Rectus abdominis’ contraction time increased significantly during the fifth CPR period (p = 0.020). Triceps brachii’s radial muscle belly displacement (p = 0.047) and contraction velocity (p = 0.018) were lower during compression-only CPR than during standard CPR. Participants who had trained previously with feedback devices achieved better CPR quality results in both protocols. Half of participants chose bag-valve-mask to perform ventilations but attained lower significant ventilation quality than the other subjects. Conclusions Compression-only CPR induces higher AMF than standard CPR. Significantly higher fatigue levels were found during the fifth CPR test period, regardless of the method. Adequate rescuer’s strength seems to be a requisite to take advantage of CPR quality feedback devices. Training should put more emphasis on the quality of ventilation during CPR. metadata Rey, Ezequiel and Abelairas-Gómez, Cristian and González-Salvado, Violeta and Mecías-Calvo, Marcos and Rodríguez-Ruiz, Emilio and Rodríguez-Núñez, Antonio mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, marcos,mecias@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED (2018) Acute muscle fatigue and CPR quality assisted by visual feedback devices: A randomized-crossover simulation trial. PLOS ONE, 13 (9). e0203576. ISSN 1932-6203

Article Subjects > Psychology Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Español El objetivo de este estudio consistió en adaptar el cuestionario autoaplicado Empathy Quotient en población española. El cuestionario se aplicó a 471 estudiantes universitarios. Los análisis psicométricos mostraron un buen ajuste para una estructura factorial de 23 ítems en tres dimensiones, similar a la propuesta por otros autores. Además se encontraron valores adecuados de consistencia interna, así como correlaciones con otras medidas de empatía y de desempeño emocional. Se concluye que el EQ es una medida fiable y válida para evaluar empatía en muestras no clínicas, aunque se recomienda realizar una validación con una muestra más grande y heterogénea e incluir alguna medida de fiabilidad test-retest y de ejecución. metadata Redondo, Iratxe and Herrero-Fernández, David mail UNSPECIFIED, david.herrero@uneatlantico.es (2018) Adaptación del Empathy Quotient (EQ) en una muestra española. Terapia psicológica, 36 (2). pp. 81-89. ISSN 0718-4808

Article Subjects > Psychology Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Cerrado Inglés Anger and aggression on the road have been pointed out as two of the main predictors of road accidents. However, while the emotional (anger) and behavioral (aggression) components of hostility have been deeply studied, the cognitive part has not received the same attention in this specific context. Thus, it is important to provide psychometric tools for assessing aggressive thoughts during driving, as the literature showed that cognitions play an important role in aggressive behavior. To this end, we asked Romanian drivers to answer three questionnaires: Driving Anger Thought Questionnaire (DATQ), the Driving Anger Scale (DAS) and the Driving Anger Expression Inventory (DAX), obtaining a total sample of 2133 answers. First, the psychometric properties of the DATQ were tested through a Confirmatory Factor Analysis, showing that the original 5-factor structure was maintained (Judgmental/Disbelieving Thinking, α = .93 both in men and women; Pejorative Labeling/Verbally Aggressive Thinking, α = .90 both in men and women; Physically Aggressive Thinking, α = .89 in men and α = .86 in women; Revenge/Retaliatory Thinking, α = .84 in men and α = .81 in women, and Adaptive/Constructive Expression, α = .84 in men and α = .82 in women). Then, we analyzed the mediation effect of angry thoughts between anger and aggression on the road, concluding that angry thoughts mediate this relationship. The main implications of the results are discussed. metadata Bogdan-Ganea, Smaranda Raluca and Herrero-Fernández, David mail UNSPECIFIED, david.herrero@uneatlantico.es (2018) Aggressive thinking on the road. The mediation effect of aggressive thinking in the relationship between driving anger and aggression in Romanian drivers. Transportation Research Part F: Traffic Psychology and Behaviour, 55. pp. 153-166. ISSN 13698478

Article Subjects > Nutrition Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production UNSPECIFIED UNSPECIFIED Several polifloral honeys from the Apis mellifera and Melipona beecheii bee were analyzed to evaluate their pollen profile, physicochemical parameters, chemical composition and their antioxidant and antimicrobial activity. Flavonoids and other phenolic derivatives, 16 compounds in Apis mellifera honeys and 19 compounds in Melipona beecheii honeys, were identified using the HPLC-DAD-ESI-MS/MS analysis. The physicochemical parameters were within the ranges reported for these honeys, showing some of the distinctive characteristics of M. beecheii honeys compared to A. mellifera honeys, such as their high moisture and acidity. M. beecheii honey showed the highest values of total antioxidant capacity and total phenolic, flavonoid, carotenoids, ascorbic acid, free amino acid and protein contents compared to A. mellifera honey. M. beecheii honey also exhibited a higher antimicrobial activity. Our result shows that M. beecheii honeys is an important source of bioactive compounds with relevant biological properties compared to A. mellifera honey. metadata Alvarez-Suarez, José M. and Giampieri, Francesca and Brenciani, Andrea and Mazzoni, Luca and Gasparrini, Massimiliano and González-Paramás, Ana M. and Santos-Buelga, Celestino and Morroni, Gianluca and Simoni, Serena and Forbes-Hernández, Tamara Y. and Afrin, Sadia and Giovanetti, Eleonora and Battino, Maurizio mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, tamara.forbes@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, maurizio.battino@uneatlantico.es (2018) Apis mellifera vs Melipona beecheii Cuban polifloral honeys: A comparison based on their physicochemical parameters, chemical composition and biological properties. LWT, 87. pp. 272-279. ISSN 0023-6438

Article Subjects > Biomedicine Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Cerrado Inglés During the process of beeswax recycling, many industrial derivatives are obtained. These matrices may have an interesting healthy and commercial potential but to date they have not been properly studied. The aim of the present work was to evaluate the proximal and phytochemical composition, the antioxidant capacity and cytotoxic effects of two by-products from beeswax recycling process named MUD 1 and MUD 2 on liver hepatocellular carcinoma. Our results showed that MUD 1 presented the highest (P < .05) fiber, protein, carbohydrate, polyphenol and flavonoid concentration, as well as the highest (P < .05) total antioxidant capacity than the MUD 2 samples. MUD1 exerted also anticancer activity on HepG2 cells, by reducing cellular viability, increasing intracellular ROS levels and affecting mitochondrial functionality in a dose-dependent manner. We showed for the first time that by-products from beeswax recycling process can represent a rich source of phytochemicals with high total antioxidant capacity and anticancer activity; however, further researches are necessary to evaluate their potentiality for human health by in vivo studies. metadata Giampieri, Francesca and Quiles, José L. and Orantes-Bermejo, Francisco J. and Gasparrini, Massimiliano and Forbes-Hernandez, Tamara Y. and Sánchez-González, Cristina and Llopis, Juan and Rivas-García, Lorenzo and Afrin, Sadia and Varela-López, Alfonso and Cianciosi, Danila and Reboredo-Rodriguez, Patricia and Fernández-Piñar, Cristina Torres and Caderón Iglesia, Rubén and Ruiz Salces, Roberto and Aparicio Obregón, Silvia and Crespo-Álvarez, Jorge and Dzul Lopez, Luis and Xiao, Jianbo and Battino, Maurizio mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, ruben.calderon@uneatlantico.es, roberto.ruiz@uneatlantico.es, silvia.aparicio@uneatlantico.es, jorge.crespo@uneatlantico.es, luis.dzul@unini.edu.mx, UNSPECIFIED, maurizio.battino@uneatlantico.es (2018) Are by-products from beeswax recycling process a new promising source of bioactive compounds with biomedical properties? Food and Chemical Toxicology, 112. pp. 126-133. ISSN 0278-6915

Article Subjects > Psychology Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés, Español El objetivo de esta investigación era ver si existe una relación directa entre los niveles de depresión en hombres y la presencia de una ideología masculina tradicional. Las exigencias del rol masculino tradicional en la sociedad actual siguen suprimiendo lo relacionado con la expresión emocional y recalcando la importancia de ser fuerte y no necesitar ayuda. Es por eso por lo que enfermedades mentales como la depresión se vean afectadas por una masculinidad tradicional y una alta rigidez cognitiva expresada en creencias sobre los roles de género. También se ha analizado la presencia de alexitimia y su relación con la ideología masculina tradicional y la depresión. Para ello, se administraron la Escala de Normas de Rol Masculino (ENRM), el Inventario de Depresión de Beck (BDI-II) y la Escala de Alexitimia de Toronto (TAS-20) a 50 hombres mayores de 25 dentro de la población general. Se trata de un estudio correlacional en el que la hipótesis de partida era que los niveles de depresión y la puntuación en el TAS-20 correlacionarían de forma directa con las puntuaciones obtenidas en la ENRM. Los resultados muestran que existe una relación entre un factor de la ideología masculina tradicional y la depresión, mediada por la alexitimia. metadata López Cruz, María Belén and Presmanes-Roqueñí, Laura mail UNSPECIFIED (2018) Depresión en hombres y su relación con la ideología masculina tradicional y la alexitimia. MLS Psychology Research, 1 (1). pp. 95-110. ISSN 26055295

Article Subjects > Psychology Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Cerrado Inglés This study explores the associations between different disability domains and the most prevalent symptoms of mental disorders in primary care patients (i.e. depression, anxiety, and somatization). A total of 1241 participants from 28 primary care centres completed self-report measures of depression, anxiety, and somatization. This same sample also completed the Sheehan Disability Scale (SDS) to assess functional impairment in work, social life, and family life domains. Associations between the symptoms and each disability domain were examined using hierarchical regression analyses. Depression emerged as the strongest predictor of all three disability domains. Somatization was associated only with the work domain, and anxiety was associated only with the family life domain. Clinical symptoms explained a greater proportion of the variance than sociodemographic variables. In primary care patients, depression, anxiety and somatizations were associated with distinct domains of disability. Early provision of effective treatments in the primary care setting may be crucial to reduce the societal burden of common mental disorders. metadata González-Blanch, César and Hernández-de-Hita, Fernando and Muñoz-Navarro, Roger and Ruíz-Rodríguez, Paloma and Medrano, Leonardo Adrián and Moriana, Juan Antonio and Cano-Vindel, Antonio mail cesar.gonzalezblanch@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED (2018) Domain-specific associations between disability and depression, anxiety, and somatization in primary care patients. Psychiatry Research, 269. pp. 596-601. ISSN 01651781

Article Subjects > Physical Education and Sport Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés The aim of this study was to assess the effect of core strength training performed on a stable surface (CTS) compared with core strength training performed on an unstable surface (CTU) on physical fitness (jump performance, sprint, and repeated sprint ability (RSA)) and quality of movement (Fundamental Movement Screen) in professional female futsal players. Fourteen professional female futsal players (mean age: 23.7 ± 5.1 years, age range: 18-28 years) were randomly assigned to a CTS (n = 7) or a CTU (n = 7) group. The intervention program was carried out 3 times a week over 6 weeks. Players of both groups performed the same four core-strengthening exercises. The only difference between the two interventions was that the CTU group performed all exercises (i.e., shoulder bridge, side bridge, prone plank, and crunch) on an unstable surface (Togu® Dyn-Air). Within-group analysis showed significant improvements (p < 0.001) in 10 m sprint performance from the pre- to post-test in the CTS (+4.37%) and CTU (+5.00%) groups. Players in both the CTS (+10.39%) and CTU (+11.10%) group also showed significant enhancement in the Functional Movement Screen total score, from the pre-test to post-test. In addition, a significant time effect was also observed for the CTU group in the relative score of the RSA test decreasing from the pre- to post-test (-30.85%). In the between-groups analysis, there were no significant differences between the core strength training groups (CTS vs CTU) in any variable. To conclude, sprint and Functional Movement Screen performance improved following CTS and CTU when conducted in combination with regular futsal training. In addition, CTU had limited benefit in RSA compared to CTS. metadata Lago-Fuentes, Carlos and Rey, Ezequiel and Padrón-Cabo, Alexis and Sal de Rellán-Guerra, Alejandro and Fragueiro-Rodríguez, Ana and García-Núñez, Javier mail carlos.lago@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED (2018) Effects of Core Strength Training Using Stable and Unstable Surfaces on Physical Fitness and Functional Performance in Professional Female Futsal Players. Journal of Human Kinetics, 65 (1). pp. 213-224. ISSN 1899-7562

Article Subjects > Teaching Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Español Este artículo de investigación analiza las percepciones respecto al desarrollo del aprendizaje reflexivo a través del empleo de la herramienta de portafolio por parte de los alumnos de un programa de maestría en educación a distancia. Los análisis estadísticos y descriptivos permitieron concluir que tanto la modalidad online como el manejo del portafolio cooperan para el desarrollo de pensamiento reflexivo. Además, se ha destacado el factor interculturalidad promovida por el entorno virtual como motivador de la competencia reflexiva en los contextos de formación online. metadata Sartor-Harada, Andresa mail andresa.sartor@uneatlantico.es (2018) El portafolio como herramienta de desarrollo del aprendizaje reflexivo en los entornos virtuales. Santiago. pp. 253-268. ISSN 2227-6513

Article Subjects > Psychology Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés, Español La presente investigación examinó las posibles relaciones existentes entre los rasgos de personalidad y el perfil motivacional laboral; teniendo en cuenta la incidencia de los riesgos psicosociales en la relación entre ambas variables. Se trata de un diseño ex post facto, transversal de tipo descriptivo y correlacional, observacional de tipo analítico y no experimental. Este estudio se compuso de una muestra de 50 personas trabajadoras, pertenecientes a la generación millennial, en edades comprendidas entre los 22 y los 37 años; y estuvo conformada por 29 mujeres y 21 hombres. Se observó que existe una correlación significativa y positiva entre los rasgos de personalidad; Apertura y Responsabilidad con los rasgos de motivación; Logro, Exploración y Contribución. Así mismo, se encontró una relación significativa y negativa entre los rasgos de personalidad; Apertura y Responsabilidad y los rasgos de motivación; Hedonismo, Seguridad y Conservación. Por otro lado, se comprobó que en esta relación mediaban ciertos factores de riesgos psicosociales como son la Inseguridad, el Liderazgo, el Desarrollo y la Estima, los cuales mediaban la relación entre los rasgos de personalidad Apertura y Responsabilidad y los rasgos de motivación, Hedonismo, Exploración, Seguridad y Contribución. metadata Sainz Álvarez, Enya mail UNSPECIFIED (2018) Factores que influyen en el perfil motivacional laboral de los millennials. MLS Psychology Research, 1 (1). pp. 41-60. ISSN 26055295

Article Subjects > Nutrition Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production UNSPECIFIED UNSPECIFIED We analyzed guava fruits (Psidium guajava L. cv. Red Suprema) from Cuba to determine their chemical composition, total antioxidant capacity, as well as their protective effect against oxidative damage using an in vitro model of human dermal fibroblasts. The guava fruit is a natural source of bioactive compounds, such as polyphenols, vitamin C, folates and beta carotenes with proven health benefits. Human dermal fibroblasts were pre-incubated with different concentrations of guava crude extract and then subjected to oxidative stress using the AAPH stressor. The number of apoptotic and dead cells, as well as the markers of oxidative damage such as lipid and protein oxidation significantly decreased when cells were pre-incubated with guava crude extract and then exposed to the stressor. The activity of antioxidant enzymes also improved when cells were pre-incubated with guava crude extract in comparison to cells subjected to stress without prior pre-incubation with the guava extract. The results obtained in this study highlight the health benefits of guava regarding oxidative stress, proving it to be an important source of bioactive compounds associated with important biological properties. metadata Alvarez-Suarez, José M. and Giampieri, Francesca and Gasparrini, Massimiliano and Mazzoni, Luca and Forbes-Hernández, Tamara Y. and Afrin, Sadia and Battino, Maurizio mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, tamara.forbes@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, maurizio.battino@uneatlantico.es (2018) Guava (Psidium guajava L. cv. Red Suprema) Crude Extract Protect Human Dermal Fibroblasts against Cytotoxic Damage Mediated by Oxidative Stress. Plant Foods for Human Nutrition, 73 (1). pp. 18-24. ISSN 0921-9668

Article Subjects > Nutrition Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production UNSPECIFIED UNSPECIFIED Dietary flavonoids, which occur in many plant foods, are considered as the most active constituents among the plant-derived ones in vitro and in vivo. To date, many studies have addressed the anti-inflammatory activity of flavonoids. However, their considerable structural diversity and in vivo bioavailability make them able to modulate different signaling pathways. The present review attempted to summarize and highlight a broad range of inflammation-associated signaling pathways modulated by flavonoids. Finally, based on the current scientist's literature, structure-activity relationships were concluded. Dietary flavonoids have the ability to attenuate inflammation by targeting different intracellular signaling pathways triggered by NF-κB, AP-1, PPAR, Nrf2, and MAPKs. Identification of the main structural features required for the modulation of these inflammation-related pathways (hydroxylation pattern, C2=C3 double bond) have an important role to play in the development of new anti-inflammatory drugs. metadata Chen, Lei and Teng, Hui and Jia, Zhen and Battino, Maurizio and Miron, Anca and Yu, Zhiling and Cao, Hui and Xiao, Jianbo mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, maurizio.battino@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED (2018) Intracellular signaling pathways of inflammation modulated by dietary flavonoids: The most recent evidence. Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition, 58 (17). pp. 2908-2924. ISSN 1040-8398

Article Subjects > Physical Education and Sport Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés El objetivo de este trabajo fue estudiar las demandas cinemáticas impuestas a los jugadores comodines y regulares, además de comparar la demanda impuesta a los comodines en diferentes juegos de posición (JP; 4v4+3, 5v5+3, 7v7+3 y 8v8+3). La demanda cinemática fue monitorizada a través de dispositivos GPS de 10 Hz. En el estudio participaron 25 jugadores de fútbol (20.5 ± 1.8 años, 178.4 ± 6.6 cm, 69.7 ± 6.1 kg) pertenecientes al equipo filial de un club de 1ª división española durante la temporada 2015-2016. Las variables analizadas fueron: distancia recorrida por minuto (m · min–1), distancia recorrida a alta velocidad (>19.8 km · h–1, m · min–1), distancia recorrida en esprint (>25.2 km · h–1, m · min–1), el número de aceleraciones de alta intensidad (>3 m · s2, n · min–1), el número de deceleraciones de alta intensidad (<–3 m · s2, n · min–1), la potencia metabólica media (PM, W · kg–1) y la distancia recorrida a alta potencia metabólica (DAPM, >25.5 W · kg–1; m · min–1). Los jugadores comodines durante los JP estudiados experimentaron unas demandas con diferencias desde posibles hasta casi ciertas respecto a los jugadores regulares en todos los JP estudiados (d: –0.18 ± 0.27 a –2.49 ± 0.37). Los resultados de este estudio indican que la selección de jugadores para el rol de comodín debe realizarse de forma rigurosa, ya que se reducen las demandas respecto al jugador regular, y se modifican en función del JP realizado. metadata Casamichana Gómez, David and Gómez Díaz, Antonio José and Cos Morera, Francesc and Martín García, Andrés mail david.casamichana@uneatlatico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED (2018) Jugadores comodines durante diferentes juegos de posición. Apunts Educación Física y Deportes (133). pp. 85-97. ISSN 1577-4015

Article Subjects > Teaching Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Cerrado Español Se examina la eficacia instruccional de dos enfoques virtuales de un programa formativo en línea. Uno con énfasis en el producto, centrado en la calidad y en el desempeño adecuado de una serie de indicadores tales como productividad, coherencia y estructura, y otro en los procesos, focalizado en la orquestación dinámica, en el despliegue de los procesos y en su recursividad. Para ello, se diseña e implementa un programa instruccional virtual en competencias como curso en línea de extensión universitaria de 75 horas, a través de un sistema de gestión de aprendizaje (SGA), en concreto el Moodle Externo de la Universidad de León, en el que participan 286 personas. Los resultados demuestran que los dos enfoques virtuales diseñados a través del SGA tienen efectos positivos en el aprendizaje de contenidos, habilidades y estrategias diversas, observándose incrementos en la autoeficacia, en la generalización, en el componente emocional, en la realización práctica y en las actitudes positivas hacia la competencia comunicativa escrita. metadata García-Martín, Judit and García-Sánchez, Jesús-Nicasio mail judit.garcia@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED (2018) La eficacia instruccional de dos enfoques virtuales: procesos y producto. Revista de Psicodidáctica, 23 (2). pp. 117-127. ISSN 1136-1034

Article Subjects > Nutrition Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Español El sobao pasiego es uno de los productos de panificación y bollería más representativos de Cantabria y está constituido, principalmente, por mantequilla, harina de trigo, azúcar y huevo. Aunque la legislación relativa a la Indicación Geográfica Protegida (IGP) contempla un pequeño margen para el uso de ingredientes minoritarios tales como miel, dextrosa, glucosa, sal o algunos aditivos y conservantes. El reconocimiento como IGP identifica al producto como originario de un lugar determinado y como poseedor de unas características y una calidad determinada. En este caso particular, debido a las amplias restricciones que plantea el reconocimiento de un sobao como IGP, las oportunidades de lograr una mejora a nivel organoléptico se centraron en cuatro aspectos fundamentales: apariencia externa del producto, color de la corteza, color interno y textura. Tras el análisis estadístico realizado es de suponer que los aspectos de identificación visual priman en la elección, por encima del sabor o del olor. No obstante, las mejoras abordadas con respecto a la textura permitieron incidir de forma notable en su calidad organoléptica, sobre todo, con el paso del tiempo de vida útil del producto. De acuerdo con el estudio de aceptabilidad temporal realizado, se estima que transcurrido un tiempo desde la fecha de producción, 7 de cada 10 consumidores preferirán el sobao reformulado. metadata Crespo Alvarez, Jorge and Montserrat Echeto, Mercedes and Aparicio Obregón, Silvia and Agudo Toyos, Pablo and Guillen Asín, S. and Dzul Lopez, Luis and Sámano Celorio, María Luisa mail jorge.crespo@uneatlantico.es, mercedes.montserrat@uneatlantico.es, silvia.aparicio@uneatlantico.es, pablo.agudo@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, luis.dzul@unini.edu.mx, marialuisa.samano@uneatlantico.es (2018) Mejora de las propiedades organolépticas de un producto sometido a las exigencias de un marco regulatorio de Indicación Geográfica Protegida: El sobao pasiego. Afinidad, 75 (583). ISSN 2339-9686

Article Subjects > Psychology Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés, Español Mindfulness y Coaching son dos disciplinas relativamente recientes que se han desarrollado de forma paralela durante las últimas décadas. Cada vez son más los coaches que se interesan por la práctica de Mindfulness, tanto como técnica para su propio desarrollo personal, como herramienta para ofrecer a sus coachees. Nuestro propósito con el presente artículo es ofrecer una revisión de la literatura sobre las posibles utilidades que puede tener la implementación de Mindfulness en el ámbito del Coaching. Para ello se ha organizado la información presentando de forma inicial los elementos esenciales de ambas disciplinas, así como las semejanzas y diferencias que mantienen entre sí. Posteriormente se plantean las posibles utilidades de dicha implementación haciendo especial hincapié en su efecto sobre procesos y competencias clave para la eficacia del Coaching, tales como la presencia, la conciencia y la relación de Coaching. Para finalizar, se presentan las conclusiones de este trabajo. En definitiva, Mindfulness puede contribuir a desarrollar de forma práctica las competencias de presencia y conciencia que caracterizan al auténtico Coaching. De esta forma Mindfulness contribuye a fortalecer la relación de Coaching, esa relación entre el coach y el coachee en la que este puede sentirse sentido, conectarse con sus propios recursos y generar los cambios que le permitan desarrollar su potencial. De esta manera Mindfulness puede constituir una poderosa herramienta para contribuir al bienestar de los coaches, así como el de los coachees y, por ende, al de la sociedad en su conjunto. metadata González-García, Marian and de Diego, Ana and González López, Javier mail marian.gonzalez@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED (2018) Mindfulness y Coaching: promoviendo el desarrollo de la presencia y la conciencia plena. MLS Psychology Research, 1 (1). pp. 79-94. ISSN 26055295

Article Subjects > Nutrition Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production UNSPECIFIED UNSPECIFIED Organisms are constantly exposed to a broad range of pathological and stress-inducing agents, allergens and environmental chemicals that can induce infections, toxicity or other undesirable reactions. Our immune system has evolved over time in order to efficiently respond to these exogenous insults and maintain homeostasis. In particular, the innate immune system acts as primary barrier to prevent the entrance of invasive agents or allergens. This system is comprised of a diversity of cell types that are rapidly activated by recognition of common structures present in many potential pathogens known as pathogen-associated molecular patterns (PAMPs). The nuclear factor erythroid 2 related factor 2 (Nrf2) is a relevant basic leucine zipper (bZIP) transcription factor that is essential in the regulation of cell cycle homeostasis, cytoprotection, and innate immunity when cells are under stressful conditions. Although the role of Nrf2 in activating the expression of protective genes – such as antioxidant or anti-inflammatory – is known, its role in innate immunity and immune-related gene expression remains not yet clear. The present review summarizes current knowledge on Nrf2 signaling pathway structure and activity under both physiological state and upon oxidative stress. In addition, the relation between Nrf2 signaling pathway and the innate immune system is discussed, highlighting the potential therapeutic effects of diverse natural and synthetic compounds as Nrf2 regulators. metadata Battino, Maurizio and Giampieri, Francesca and Pistollato, Francesca and Sureda, Antoni and de Oliveira, Marcos Roberto and Pittalà, Valeria and Fallarino, Francesca and Nabavi, Seyed Fazel and Atanasov, Atanas Georgiev and Nabavi, Seyed Mohammad mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, francesca.pistollato@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED (2018) Nrf2 as regulator of innate immunity: A molecular Swiss army knife! Biotechnology Advances, 36 (2). pp. 358-370. ISSN 0734-9750

Article Subjects > Biomedicine
Subjects > Nutrition
Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Cerrado Inglés Ample epidemiological evidence suggests a strong correlation among diet, lifestyle factors and the onset and consolidation of dementia and Alzheimer’s disease (AD). It has been demonstrated that AD, diabetes, obesity, insulin resistance, and cardiovascular disease are strongly interconnected pathologies. Preventive strategies and nutritional interventions seem to be promising approaches to delay neurocognitive decline and reduce the risk of AD and other non-psychiatric co-morbidities. In this regard, healthy dietary patterns, characterized by high intake of plant-based foods, probiotics, antioxidants, soy beans, nuts, and omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids, and a low intake of saturated fats, animal-derived proteins, and refined sugars, have been shown to decrease the risk of neurocognitive impairments and eventually the onset of AD. Here we review the role of some nutrients and, in particular, of healthy dietary patterns, such as the Mediterranean diet and other emerging healthy diets, DASH (Dietary Approach to Stop Hypertension) and MIND (Mediterranean-DASH dietIntervention for Neurodegenerative Delay), for the maintenance of cognitive performance, focusing specifically on human studies. The beneficial effects associated with overall diet composition, rather than single nutrient supplementations, for the prevention or the delay of AD and dementia are discussed. metadata Pistollato, Francesca and Calderón Iglesias, Rubén and Ruiz Salces, Roberto and Aparicio-Obregón, Silvia and Crespo-Álvarez, Jorge and Dzul Lopez, Luis Alonso and Manna, Piera Pia and Giampieri, Francesca and Battino, Maurizio mail francesca.pistollato@uneatlantico.es, ruben.calderon@uneatlantico.es, roberto.ruiz@uneatlantico.es, silvia.aparicio@uneatlantico.es, jorge.crespo@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED (2018) Nutritional patterns associated with the maintenance of neurocognitive functions and the risk of dementia and Alzheimer’s disease: A focus on human studies. Pharmacological Research, 131. pp. 32-43. ISSN 10436618

Article Subjects > Nutrition Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production UNSPECIFIED UNSPECIFIED Food fortification through the increase and/or modulation of bioactive compounds has become a major goal for preventing several diseases, including cancer. Here, strawberry lines of cv. Calypso transformed with a construct containing an anthocyanidin synthase (ANS) gene were produced to study the effects on anthocyanin biosynthesis, metabolism, and transcriptome. Three strawberry ANS transgenic lines (ANS L5, ANS L15, and ANS L18) were analyzed for phytochemical composition and total antioxidant capacity (TAC), and their fruit extracts were assessed for cytotoxic effects on hepatocellular carcinoma. ANS L18 fruits had the highest levels of total phenolics and flavonoids, while those of ANS L15 had the highest anthocyanin concentration; TAC positively correlated with total polyphenol content. Fruit transcriptome was also specifically affected in the polyphenol biosynthesis and in other related metabolic pathways. Fruit extracts of all lines exerted cytotoxic effects in a dose/time-dependent manner, increasing cellular apoptosis and free radical levels and impairing mitochondrial functionality. metadata Giampieri, Francesca and Gasparrini, Massimiliano and Forbes-Hernandez, Tamara Y. and Mazzoni, Luca and Capocasa, Franco and Sabbadini, Silvia and Alvarez-Suarez, José M. and Afrin, Sadia and Rosati, Carlo and Pandolfini, Tiziana and Molesini, Barbara and Sánchez-Sevilla, José Federico and Amaya, Iraida and Mezzetti, Bruno and Battino, Maurizio mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, maurizio.battino@uneatlantico.es (2018) Overexpression of the Anthocyanidin Synthase Gene in Strawberry Enhances Antioxidant Capacity and Cytotoxic Effects on Human Hepatic Cancer Cells. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, 66 (3). pp. 581-592. ISSN 0021-8561

Article Subjects > Nutrition Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production UNSPECIFIED UNSPECIFIED Honey is a natural substance appreciated for its therapeutic abilities since ancient times. Its content in flavonoids and phenolic acids plays a key role on human health, thanks to the high antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties that they exert. Honey possesses antimicrobial capacity and anticancer activity against different types of tumors, acting on different molecular pathways that are involved on cellular proliferation. In addition, an antidiabetic activity has also been highlighted, with the reduction of glucose, fructosamine, and glycosylated hemoglobin serum concentration. Honey exerts also a protective effect in the cardiovascular system, where it mainly prevents the oxidation of low-density lipoproteins, in the nervous system, in the respiratory system against asthma and bacterial infections, and in the gastrointestinal system. A beneficial effect of honey can also be demonstrated in athletes. The purpose of this review is to summarize and update the current information regarding the role of honey in health and diseases. metadata Cianciosi, Danila and Forbes-Hernández, Tamara Y. and Afrin, Sadia and Gasparrini, Massimiliano and Reboredo-Rodriguez, Patricia and Manna, Piera and Zhang, Jiaojiao and Bravo Lamas, Leire and Martínez Flórez, Susana and Agudo Toyos, Pablo and Quiles, José and Giampieri, Francesca and Battino, Maurizio mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, leire.bravo@uneatlantico.es, susana.martínez@uneatlantico.es, pablo.agudo@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED (2018) Phenolic Compounds in Honey and Their Associated Health Benefits: A Review. Molecules, 23 (9). p. 2322. ISSN 1420-3049

Article Subjects > Biomedicine Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production UNSPECIFIED UNSPECIFIED Berry fruits are rich in nutrients and polyphenols, providing potential health benefits. Understanding the factors that affect their bioavailability is becoming of utmost importance for evaluating their biological significance and efficacy as functional food. In this study, the phytochemical composition and the total antioxidant capacity of different varieties of five berries (blackberry, blackcurrant, blueberry, raspberry, and strawberry) were evaluated after an in vitro gastrointestinal digestion process. The cultivar of each berry that showed the higher content of total phenols and flavonoids was selected to study its cytotoxic effect on human hepatoma cells. Digestion resulted in a high reduction (p ˂ 0.05) of total phenolic, flavonoid and anthocyanin contents and total antioxidant capacity, in the “IN” samples compared to the “OUT” extracts, which represent the “serum-available” and the “colon-available” fractions, respectively. Incubation of the digested fraction for 24 h didn’t exert any effect on cellular viability, while a dose- and time-dependent cytotoxicity was observed after 48 h and 72 h of incubation for all the berries analyzed. Our results suggest that the approach proposed in this work may represent a rapid tool for evaluating and identifying new berries with increased phytochemical bioavailability, highlighting their antiproliferative agents after an in vitro digestion. metadata Giampieri, Francesca and Afrin, Sadia and Stewart, Derek and McDougall, Gordon and Brennan, Rex and Blyth, Lesley and Gasparrini, Massimiliano and Mazzoni, Luca and Capocasa, Franco and Alvarez-Suarez, José M. and Bompadre, Stefano and Nogueira Brás de Oliveira, Pedro and N. Santos, Claudia and Masias Vergara, Manuel and Agudo Toyos, Pablo and Crespo-Álvarez, Jorge and Mezzetti, Bruno and Forbes-Hernandez, Tamara Y. and Battino, Maurizio mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, manuel.masias@uneatlantico.es, pablo.agudo@uneatlantico.es, jorge.crespo@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED (2018) Phytochemical Composition and Cytotoxic Effects on Liver Hepatocellular Carcinoma Cells of Different Berries Following a Simulated In Vitro Gastrointestinal Digestion. Molecules, 23 (8). p. 1918. ISSN 1420-3049

Article Subjects > Physical Education and Sport Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Cerrado Inglés Purpose: To examine the influence of the match period on the movement patterns of hockey players according to their playing positions under the introduction of quarters (QTRs). Methods: Sixteen subelite-level Spanish National League male hockey players participated in the study (age: 25.5 [2.9] y; body mass: 74.6 [5.5] kg). Global positioning system devices were used to monitor players’ running performance during 17 competitive matches (113 match-play profiles). Only players who played for at least 85% of the game were analyzed. Players were placed into 3 position categories: backs, midfielders, and forwards. Results: Moderate to large differences in relative total distance were found between midfielders and both backs and forwards in all QTRs (effect size [ES]: 0.4–1.2). ES for total distance was moderate for midfielders when compared with backs during the first QTR (moderate ES: 0.7). Midfielders and forwards covered more distance (m and m·min−1) in high-velocity zones than backs (ES: 0.6). Acceleration activities (n·min−1) at moderate and high intensities decreased in all groups across QTRs with moderate to very large ES (ES: 0.4–1.4). Relative sprinting distance decreased in backs (ES: 0.8). Backs had fewer repeated-sprint bouts (n and n·min−1) as the game progressed (ES: 1.0). Conclusions: During competitive match play, a degree of positional variation can be observed across QTRs. The relative distance and the number of accelerations and decelerations at moderate and high intensity decreased across QTRs. No between-QTRs differences in high-speed activity were reported. metadata Morencos, Esther and Romero-Moraleda, Blanca and Castagna, Carlo and Casamichana Gomez, David mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, david.casamichana@uneatlantico.es (2018) Positional Comparisons in the Impact of Fatigue on Movement Patterns in Hockey. International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance, 13 (9). pp. 1149-1157. ISSN 1555-0265

Article Subjects > Physical Education and Sport Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Cerrado Inglés As a result of training and competition load in soccer, the majority of the body's physiological systems are stressed. To accelerate the recovery process and enhance performance in soccer, different postexercise recovery modes have been suggested and are broadly classified into 2 categories: active recovery or passive recovery. despite the popularity, there is a lack of scientific evidence for the validity of these recovery interventions: This review summarizes the evidence base for using active recovery, cold water immersion, whole-body vibration, neuromuscular electrical stimulation, and compression garments, as exercise recovery aids in soccer, and where possible, provides practical recommendations regarding usage. metadata Rey, Ezequiel and Padrón-Cabo, Alexis and Barcala-Furelos, Roberto and Casamichana Gomez, David and Romo-Pérez, Vicente mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, david.casamichana@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED (2018) Practical Active and Passive Recovery Strategies for Soccer Players. Strength & Conditioning Journal, 40 (3). pp. 45-57. ISSN 1524-1602

Article Subjects > Physical Education and Sport Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés The aims of this study were to (a) determine the external load of a football team across playing position and relative to competition for a structured microcycle and (b) examine the loading and variation the day after competition for players with or without game time. Training and match data were obtained from 24 professional football players who belonging to the reserve squad of a Spanish La Liga club during the 2015/16 season using global positioning technology (n = 37 matches and n = 42 training weeks). Training load data were analyzed with respect to the number of days before or after a match (match day [MD] minus or plus). Training load metrics declined as competition approached (MD-4 > MD-3 > MD-2 > MD-1; p < 0.05; effect sizes [ES]: 0.4–3.1). On the day after competition, players without game time demonstrated greater load in a compensatory session (MD + 1C) that replicated competition compared with a recovery session (MD + 1R) completed by players with game time (MD + 1C > MD + 1R; p < 0.05; ES: 1.4–1.6). Acceleration and deceleration metrics during training exceeded 50% of that performed in competition for MD + 1C (80–86%), MD-4 (71–72%), MD-3 (62–69%), and MD-2 (56–61%). Full backs performed more high-speed running and sprint distance than other positions at MD-3 and MD-4 (p < 0.05; ES: 0.8–1.7). The coefficient of variation for weekly training sessions ranged from ∼40% for MD-3 and MD-4 to ∼80% for MD + 1R. The data demonstrate that the external load of a structured microcycle varied substantially based on the players training day and position. This information could be useful for applied sports scientists when trying to systematically manage load, particularly compensatory conditioning for players without game time metadata Martín-García, Andrés and Gómez Díaz, Antonio and Bradley, Paul S. and Morera, Francesc and Casamichana Gomez, David mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, david.casamichana@uneatlantico.es (2018) Quantification of a Professional Football Team's External Load Using a Microcycle Structure. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 32 (12). pp. 3511-3518. ISSN 1064-8011

Article Subjects > Psychology Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Español Los síntomas principales del trastorno de déficit de atención/hiperactividad (TDAH) son la inatención, la hiperacti-vidad y la impulsividad. Además de los déficits cognitivos y conductuales presentes en el TDAH, se ha observado en diferentes estudios la presencia de dificultades en las habilidades sociales. El objetivo de este estudio fue analizar el rendimiento en el re-conocimiento de expresión facial emocional en este colectivo. Para ello, se comparó un grupo clínico con TDAH con un grupo control. Se emplearon herramientas de reconocimiento de expresión facial emocional. No se encontraron diferencias estadísticamente significativas en las emociones estáticas no contextualizadas entre los dos grupos. Sin embargo, sí se encontraron diferencias en las emociones dinámicas no contextualizadas, en escenarios contextualizados y habilidades sociales secundarias. Además, un análisis más exhaustivo identificó un subgrupo de niños con TDAH con un rendimiento similar al presentado por el grupo control y superior al resto de niños del grupo TDAH. metadata Oliva-Macías, Mireia and Parada-Fernández, Pamela and Amayra, Imanol and Lázaro, Esther and López-Paz, Juan F. mail mireia.oliva@uneatlantico.es, pamela.parada@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED (2018) Reconocimiento de expresión facial emocional en el trastorno de déficit de atención e hiperactividad en la infancia. Revista de Psicopatología y Psicología Clínica, 23 (2). p. 79. ISSN 1136-5420

Article Subjects > Biomedicine Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Cerrado Inglés A protracted pro-inflammatory state is the common denominator in the development, progression and complication of the common chronic diseases. Dietary antioxidants represent an efficient tool to counteract this inflammatory state. The aim of the present work was to evaluate the effects of strawberry extracts on inflammation evoked by E. Coli lipopolysaccharide in Human Dermal Fibroblast, by measuring reactive oxygen species production, apoptosis rate, antioxidant enzymes activity, mitochondria functionality and also investigating the molecular pathway involved in inflammatory and antioxidant response. The results demonstrated that strawberry pre-treatment reduced intracellular reactive oxygen species levels, apoptotic rate, improved antioxidant defences and mitochondria functionality in lipopolysaccharide -treated cells. Strawberry exerted these protective activities through the inhibition of the NF-kB signalling pathway and the stimulation of the Nrf2 pathway, with a mechanism AMPK-dependent. These results confirm the health benefits of strawberry in the prevention of inflammation and oxidative stress condition in lipopolysaccharide-treated cells. metadata Gasparrini, Massimiliano and Giampieri, Francesca and Forbes-Hernandez, Tamara Y. and Afrin, Sadia and Cianciosi, Danila and Reboredo-Rodriguez, Patricia and Varela-Lopez, Alfonso and Zhang, JiaoJiao and Quiles, Josè L. and Mezzetti, Bruno and Bompadre, Stefano and Battino, Maurizio mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, tamara.forbes@unini.edu.mx, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, maurizio.battino@uneatlantico.es (2018) Strawberry extracts efficiently counteract inflammatory stress induced by the endotoxin lipopolysaccharide in Human Dermal Fibroblast. Food and Chemical Toxicology, 114. pp. 128-140. ISSN 0278-6915

Article Subjects > Biomedicine Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Cerrado Español Introducción La disnea es un síntoma con un componente multidimensional, aunque las herramientas que se utilizan habitualmente para evaluarla no tienen en cuenta esta faceta. El cuestionario Disnea-12 valora la multidimensionalidad de la disnea, específicamente las dimensiones afectiva y sensorial. El objetivo de este estudio es validar el cuestionario Disnea-12 al español. Métodos Se realizó una traducción del original en inglés al español y del español al inglés para verificar la equivalencia del texto. Posteriormente se verificó la comprensión del texto tras pasárselo a 10 pacientes. La fiabilidad y la validez del cuestionario se estudiaron en un grupo independiente de EPOC diagnosticados y clasificados por las guías GOLD de las consultas externas de neumología del Hospital Universitario Marqués de Valdecilla. Resultados El grupo (n = 51) tenía una media de edad de 65 años y un FEV1 medio del 50%. Todos los pacientes entendieron las preguntas del cuestionario. El instrumento presentó consistencia interna de α = 0,937 y un coeficiente de correlación intraclase: 0,969; p < 0,001. Se encontraron correlaciones estadísticamente significativas con las puntuaciones del HAD (HADansiedad r = 0,608 y HADdepresión r = 0,615), disnea de la mMRC (r = 0,592), T6MM (r = –0,445), FEV1 (r = –0,312), las 4 dimensiones de CRQ-SAS (disnea r = –0,626; fatiga r = –0,718; función emocional r = –0,663; control de enfermedad r = –0,740), el CAT (r = 0,669) y el índice de disnea basal (r = –0,615). Los grupos GOLD más sintomáticos (B y D) presentaron una puntuación 10,32 puntos mayor en en el Disnea-12 (p < 0,001). Conclusión El cuestionario Disnea-12 es un instrumento válido y fiable para evaluar la disnea de forma multidimensional. metadata Amado Diago, Carlos Antonio and Puente Maestu, Luis and Abascal Bolado, Beatriz and Agüero Calvo, Juan and Hernando Hernando, Mercedes and Puente Bats, Irene and Agüero Balbín, Ramón mail UNSPECIFIED (2018) Traducción y validación del cuestionario multidimensional Disnea-12. Archivos de Bronconeumología, 54 (2). pp. 74-78. ISSN 03002896

Article Subjects > Physical Education and Sport Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés The polarized training intensity distribution model (PTM) has demonstrated to achieve larger improvements than lactate threshold model (LTM) in elite and well-trained endurance athletes. However, there is a lack of knowledge about the effectivity of PTM with novice recreational runners. This research aimed to compare the impact of LTM vs PTM on a novice recreational runner’s performance. The athlete (age 32 y, body mass 73 kg, height 179 cm, basal HR 43 bpm, Σ6 skinfolds 51.6 mm) trained two consecutive seasons following a LTM and a PTM (~63%/32%/5% vs ~83%/14%/3% for zones 1, 2 and 3, respectively). In the 6th week of each season, a maximal test was performed to determine the physiologic thresholds and the maximum aerobic speed (MAS). During the intervention, training intensity was daily controlled based on HR. A half marathon race was performed at the end of each season to evaluate running performance. Training load was quantified based on TRIMPs model and the rate of perceived exertion (RPE) was recorded after each training session. Half marathon performance improved after the PTM season. Weekly TRIMPs were significantly higher during the 1st season. Training time and % of training time in zones 1 and 2 were significantly different between seasons. No differences were found between seasons for the weekly training time, nor for the RPE. PTM leads to a greater performance in a novice recreational runner. Nevertheless, a minimum training background and training time availability could be necessary to successfully apply this model in novice endurance athletes metadata MUÑOZ, IKER and VARELA-SANZ, ADRIÁN mail iker.munoz@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED (2018) Training intensity distribution and performance of a recreational male endurance runner. A case report. Journal of Physical Education and Sport, 18 (04). pp. 2257-2263. ISSN 2247-8051

Article Subjects > Biomedicine Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Cerrado Inglés Introduction Dyspnea is a multidimensional symptom, but this multidimensionality is not considered in most dyspnea questionnaires. The Dyspnea-12 takes a multidimensional approach to the assessment of dyspnea, specifically the sensory and the affective response. The objective of this study was to translate into Spanish and validate the Dyspnea-12 questionnaire. Methods The original English version of the Dyspnea-12 questionnaire was translated into Spanish and backtranslated to analyze its equivalence. Comprehension of the text was verified by analyzing the responses of 10 patients. Reliability and validation of the questionnaire were studied in an independent group of COPD patients attending the pulmonology clinics of Hospital Universitario Marqués de Valdecilla, diagnosed and categorized according to GOLD guidelines. Results The mean age of the group (n=51) was 65 years and mean FEV1 was 50%. All patients understood all questions of the translated version of Dyspnea-12. Internal consistency of the questionnaire was α=0.937 and intraclass correlation coefficient was =0.969; P<.001. Statistically significant correlations were found with HADS (anxiety r=0.608 and depression r=0.615), mMRC dyspnea (r=0.592), 6MWT (r=–0.445), FEV1 (r=–0.312), all dimensions of CRQ-SAS (dyspnea r=–0.626; fatigue r=–0.718; emotional function r=–0.663; mastery r=–0.740), CAT (r=0.669), and baseline dyspnea index (r=–0.615). Dyspnea-12 scores were 10.32 points higher in symptomatic GOLD groups (B and D) (P<.001). Conclusion The Spanish version of Dyspnea-12 is a valid and reliable instrument to study the multidimensional nature of dyspnea. metadata Amado Diago, Carlos Antonio and Puente Maestu, Luis and Abascal Bolado, Beatriz and Agüero Calvo, Juan and Hernando Hernando, Mercedes and Puente Bats, Irene and Agüero Balbín, Ramón mail UNSPECIFIED (2018) Translation and Validation of the Multidimensional Dyspnea-12 Questionnaire. Archivos de Bronconeumología (English Edition), 54 (2). pp. 74-78. ISSN 15792129

Article Subjects > Psychology Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Cerrado Inglés Introduction: The aim of this study was to build a Spanish version of the Reading the Mind in the Eyes Test (RMET) including limited time of response and an integrated glossary, and to test its validity. Methods: A total of 433 university students (121 men and 350 women) and 38 anorexic women completed the RMET and other related measures of empathy and alexithymia. The results of the Parallel Analysis suggested a unidimensional structure for 19 items, which was verified through a Confirmatory Factor Analysis. Results: Similarly to other research, this factor had a low reliability (α = .56, ρ = .59); however, regarding validity, the total score of the instrument showed positive correlations with empathy and negatives with alexithymia. Furthermore, healthy females were superior to males in RMET, and to anorexic women; but no significant differences appeared between healthy men and the anorexic group. Conclusion: This study confirms the validity of the test and permits a relatively short and inexpensive means of administration in large samples of adults. Besides, it suggests the necessity of assessing and treating the theory of mind in anorexic women. metadata Redondo, Iratxe and Herrero-Fernández, David mail UNSPECIFIED, david.herrero@uneatlantico.es (2018) Validation of the Reading the Mind in the Eyes Test in a healthy Spanish sample and women with anorexia nervosa. Cognitive Neuropsychiatry, 23 (4). pp. 201-217. ISSN 1354-6805

Article Subjects > Psychology Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Cerrado Inglés Despite the importance of quality of life (QoL) in primary care patients with emotional disorders, the specific influence of the symptoms of these disorders and the sociodemographic characteristics of patients on the various QoL domains has received scant attention. The aim of the present study of primary care patients with emotional disorders was to analyse the associations between four different QoL domains and the most prevalent clinical symptoms (i.e., depression, anxiety and somatization), while controlling for sociodemographic variables. A total of 1241 participants from 28 primary care centres in Spain were assessed with the following instruments: the Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ)-9 to evaluate depression; the Generalized Anxiety Disorder Scale (GAD)-7 for anxiety; PHQ-15 for somatization; and the World Health Organization Quality of Life Instrument-Short Form (WHOQOL-Bref) to assess four broad QoL domains: physical health, psychological health, social relationships, and environment. The associations between the symptoms and QoL domains were examined using hierarchical regression analyses. Adjusted QoL mean values as a function of the number of overlapping diagnoses were calculated. The contribution of sociodemographic variables to most QoL domains was modest, explaining anywhere from 2% to 11% of the variance. However, adding the clinical variables increased the variance explained by 12% to 40% depending on the specific QoL domain. Depression was the strongest predictor for all domains. The number of overlapping diagnoses adversely affected all QoL domains, with each additional diagnosis reducing the main QoL subscales by 5 to 10 points. In primary care patients with a diagnostic impression of an emotional disorders as identified by their treating GP, clinical symptoms explained more of the variance in QoL than sociodemographic factors such as age, sex, level of education, marital status, work status, and income. Given the strong relationship between depressive symptoms and QoL, treatment of depression may constitute a key therapeutic target to improve QoL in people with emotional disorders in primary care. metadata González-Blanch, César and Hernández-de-Hita, Fernando and Muñoz-Navarro, Roger and Ruíz-Rodríguez, Paloma and Medrano, Leonardo Adrián and Cano-Vindel, Antonio mail cesar.gonzalezblanch@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED (2018) The association between different domains of quality of life and symptoms in primary care patients with emotional disorders. Scientific Reports, 8 (11180). pp. 1-10. ISSN 2045-2322

2017

Article Subjects > Nutrition Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production UNSPECIFIED UNSPECIFIED Capuli cherry (Prunus serotina Ehr. subsp. capuli (Cav.) McVaugh) fruits from the inter-Andean region of Ecuador were analysed to determine their bioactive compounds content, total antioxidant capacity, radical scavenging activity and their anti-inflammatory and protective effects against the cytotoxic damage mediated by lipopolysaccharide (LPS) in RAW 264.7 macrophages. Capuli fruits proved to be a natural source of bioactive compounds such as anthocyanins, vitamin C and β-carotene as well as to present an important total antioxidant capacity and radical scavenging activities. RAW 264.7 macrophages were incubated with different concentration of Capuli crude extract and subsequently activated by LPS to determine the markers related to oxidative damage and the proinflammatory cytokine production. The markers of oxidative damage, nitrite levels, the interleukin 1β messenger RNA levels and the tumor necrosis factor α mRNA levels and secretion were significantly decreased after the pre-incubated with Capuli extract and subsequently stimulated with LPS. In summary, Capuli extract attenuated the LPS-induced damage in RAW 264.7 macrophages due to its antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties, showing that Capuli fruits may represent a relevant source of bioactive compounds with promising benefits for human health. metadata Alvarez-Suarez, José M. and Carrillo-Perdomo, Estefanía and Aller, Angel and Giampieri, Francesca and Gasparrini, Massimiliano and González-Pérez, Lien and Beltrán-Ayala, Pablo and Battino, Maurizio mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, maurizio.battino@uneatlantico.es (2017) Anti-inflammatory effect of Capuli cherry against LPS-induced cytotoxic damage in RAW 264.7 macrophages. Food and Chemical Toxicology, 102. pp. 46-52. ISSN 0278-6915

Article Subjects > Biomedicine Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Cerrado Inglés A common denominator in the pathogenesis of most chronic inflammatory diseases is the involvement of oxidative stress, related to ROS production by all aerobic organisms. Dietary antioxidants from plant foods represent an efficient strategy to counteract this condition. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the protective effects of strawberry extracts on inflammatory status induced by E. Coli LPS on RAW 264.7 macrophages by measuring the main oxidative and inflammatory biomarkers and investigating the molecular pathways involved. Strawberry pre-treatment efficiently counteracted LPS-induced oxidative stress reducing the amount of ROS and nitrite production, stimulating endogenous antioxidant enzyme activities and enhancing protection against lipid, protein and DNA damage (P < 0.05). Strawberry pre-treatment exerted these protective effects primarily through the activation of the Nrf2 pathway, which is markedly AMPK-dependent and also by the modulation of the NF-kB signalling pathway. Finally, an improvement in mitochondria functionality was also detected. The results obtained in this work highlight the health benefit of strawberries against inflammatory and oxidative stress in LPS-stimulated RAW 264.7 macrophages, investigating for the first time the possible involved molecular mechanisms. metadata Gasparrini, Massimiliano and Forbes-Hernandez, Tamara Y. and Giampieri, Francesca and Afrin, Sadia and Alvarez-Suarez, Josè M. and Mazzoni, Luca and Mezzetti, Bruno and Quiles, Josè L. and Battino, Maurizio mail UNSPECIFIED, tamara.forbes@unini.edu.mx, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, maurizio.battino@uneatlantico.es (2017) Anti-inflammatory effect of strawberry extract against LPS-induced stress in RAW 264.7 macrophages. Food and Chemical Toxicology, 102. pp. 1-10. ISSN 0278-6915

Article Subjects > Psychology Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Cerrado Español La teoría polivagal aporta una explicación neurofisiológica de cómo el cuerpo y el cerebro se interrelacionan con el contexto social en el que ambos tienen lugar. Su aplicación al ámbito de mindfulness y compasión puede contribuir a optimizar la eficacia de estas intervenciones, integrar los resultados obtenidos en los estudios de eficacia y guiar la investigación futura. Nuestro propósito con el presente artículo es ofrecer un marco integrador que pueda explicar las bases neurofisiológicas subyacentes a la práctica de mindfulness y compasión. Tras presentar los fundamentos de la teoría polivagal, se exploran sus posibles aportaciones al ámbito de mindfulness y compasión. Mediante la revisión de constructos como el apego, el embodiment o la presencia terapéutica, se ofrecen recomendaciones prácticas para el instructor. Para finalizar se plantea la importancia de tener en cuenta el estado fisiológico para la práctica de compasión y se proponen sugerencias de investigación futura. metadata González-García, Marian and González López, Javier mail marian.gonzalez@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED (2017) Bases neurofisiológicas de mindfulness y compasión: una propuesta desde la teoría polivagal. Mindfulness & Compassion, 2 (2). pp. 101-111. ISSN 24454079

Article Subjects > Physical Education and Sport Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Cerrado Inglés To determine the effect of circadian rhythm on neuromuscular responses and kinematics related to physical tennis performance, after a standardised warm-up, 13 highly competitive male tennis players were tested twice for serve velocity/accuracy (SVA), countermovement vertical jump (CMJ), isometric handgrip strength (IS), agility T-test (AGIL) and a 10-m sprint (10-m RUN). In a randomised, counter-balance order, tennis players underwent the test battery twice, either in the morning (i.e., AM; 9:00 h) and in the afternoon (i.e., PM; 16:30 h). Paired t-tests were used to analyse differences due to time-of-day in performance variables. Comparison of morning versus afternoon testing revealed that SVA (168.5 ± 6.5 vs. 175.2 ± 6.1 km · h−1; P = 0.003; effect size [ES] = 1.07), CMJ (32.2 ± 0.9 vs. 33.7 ± 1.1 cm; P = 0.018; ES = 1.46), AGIL (10.14 ± 0.1 vs. 9.91 ± 0.2 s; P = 0.007; ES = 1.23) and 10-m RUN time (1.74 ± 0.1 vs. 1.69 ± 0.1 s; P = 0.021; ES = 0.67) were significantly blunted during the morning testing. However, IS was not affected by time-of-day (P = 0.891). Thus, tennis performance may be reduced when competing in the morning in comparison to early evening. Therefore, coaches and tennis players should focus on schedule the SVA, power, speed and agility training sessions in the afternoon. metadata López-Samane, Álvaro and Moreno-Pérez, Diego and Maté-Muñoz, José L. and Domínguez, Raúl and Pallarés, Jesús G. and Mora-Rodriguez, Ricardo and Ortega, Juan F. mail UNSPECIFIED (2017) Circadian rhythm effect on physical tennis performance in trained male players. Journal of Sports Sciences, 35 (21). pp. 2121-2128. ISSN 0264-0414

Article Subjects > Psychology Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
UNSPECIFIED UNSPECIFIED Este artículo parte de la reflexión acerca de la vulneración de derechos de las personas con discapacidad, al desconocer que la sexualidad y afectividad también son fundamentales en sus vidas y configuran el ejercicio de los derechos sexuales y reproductivos; sin embargo, se han logrado importantes avances para su reconocimiento como sujetos titulares de derechos y generado múltiples normas que reivindican su titularidad y garantía; no obstante, estudios adelantados en Colombia y en el mundo, evidencian la persistencia de barreras fundamentadas en el desconocimiento, discriminación y falsas creencias sobre dichos aspectos de las personas con discapacidad. El interés del estudio fue indagar mediante una encuesta, los conocimientos, actitudes y prácticas de padres, madres y cuidadores de adolescentes con discapacidad cognitiva de una institución educativa especializada de Bogotá, para que los resultados contribuyan a fortalecer capacidades de las familias y de instituciones con acciones pedagógicas que fomenten la garantía de derechos y el mejoramiento de la calidad de vida de esta población. metadata Polanco Valenzuela, Mauricio and Martín Ayala, Juan Luis mail UNSPECIFIED (2017) Conocimientos, actitudes y prácticas de familias de adolescentes con discapacidad cognitiva en sexualidad y afectividad. Diversitas, 13 (2). pp. 187-199. ISSN 1794-9998

Article Subjects > Biomedicine Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Cerrado Inglés Conventional cardiovascular risk factors (CVRFs) are accepted to identify asymptomatic individuals with high risk of acute myocardial infarction (AMI). However, AMI affects many patients previously classified at low risk. New biomarkers are needed to improve risk prediction. We propose to evaluate the NLRP3-inflammasome complex as a potential conventional cardiovascular risk (CVR) indicator in healthy males and post-AMI patients and compare both groups by known CVRFs. We included 109 men with no history of cardiovascular disease (controls) and 150 AMI patients attending a cardiac rehabilitation program. AMI patients had higher mean of body mass index (BMI) and waist circumference than the controls. However, high percentages of the controls had a high BMI and a waist circumference >95 cm. The controls also had higher systolic blood pressure (p > 0.001), total and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, dietary nutrient, and calorific intake. Fuster BEWAT score (FBS) correlated more closely than Framingham risk score (FRS) with most CVRF, groups. However, only the FBS showed a correlation with inflammasome cytokine interleukin 1β (IL-1β). Several CVRFs were significantly better in AMI patients; however, this group also had higher mRNA expression of the inflammasome gene NLRP3 and lower expression of the autophagy gene MAP-LC3. The controls had high levels of CVRF, probably reflecting unhealthy lifestyle. FBS reflects the efficiency of strategies to induce lifestyle changes such as cardiac rehabilitation programs, and could provide a sensitive evaluation CVR. These results lead to the hypothesis that NLRP3-inflammasome and associated IL-1β release have potential as CVR biomarkers, particularly in post-AMI patients with otherwise low risk scores. Antioxid. Redox Signal. 27, 269-275. metadata Bullón, Pedro and Cano-García, Francisco J. and Alcocer-Gómez, Elísabet and Varela-López, Alfonso and Roman-Malo, Lourdes and Ruiz-Salmerón, Rafael J. and Quiles, José L. and Navarro-Pando, José M. and Battino, Maurizio and Ruiz-Cabello, Jesús and Jiménez-Borreguero, Luis J. and Cordero, Mario D. mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, maurizio.battino@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED (2017) Could NLRP3–Inflammasome Be a Cardiovascular Risk Biomarker in Acute Myocardial Infarction Patients? Antioxidants & Redox Signaling, 27 (5). pp. 269-275. ISSN 1523-0864

Article Subjects > Nutrition Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production UNSPECIFIED UNSPECIFIED Here, we present new original data on the effects of strawberry consumption on body weight and liver status of aged rats. Wistar rats aged 19–21 months were fed a strawberry enriched diet prepared by substituting 15% of the total calories with freeze-dried strawberry powder for two months. Body weight, plasma biomarkers of liver injury (alanine transferase, aspartate aminotransferase and alkaline phosphatase) and liver histological analysis were assessed. These data indicate that strawberry supplementation did not interfere with normal animal maintenance and with liver structure and functionality. For further details and experimental findings please refer to the article “Strawberry consumption improves aging-associated impairments, mitochondrial biogenesis and functionality through the AMP-Activated Protein Kinase signaling cascade” in FOOD CHEMISTRY metadata Giampieri, Francesca and Alvarez-Suarez, Josè M. and Gasparrini, Massimiliano and Forbes-Hernandez, Tamara Y. and Afrin, Sadia and Rubini, Corrado and Zizzi, Antonio and Quiles, Josè L. and Mezzetti, Bruno and Battino, Maurizio mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, maurizio.battino@uneatlantico.es (2017) Data on body weight and liver functionality in aged rats fed an enriched strawberry diet. Data in Brief, 13. pp. 432-436. ISSN 2352-3409

Article Subjects > Physical Education and Sport Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Español El objetivo del estudio ha sido analizar los efectos de un programa de entrenamiento específico de 8 semanas, que incluye ejercicios de fuerza excéntrica con dispositivos isoinerciales y con autocargas, sobre la condición física de jugadores de fútbol-sala semi-profesionales. Los 10 jugadores de fútbol-sala (23.73±5.5 años de edad;69.91±8.47 kg de peso; 172.27±6.62 cm de altura) fueron divididos al azar en dos grupos: Grupo Autocarga (GAUT; n=5) y Grupo Máquinas (GMAQ; n=5). Ambos grupos realizaron una sesión de entrenamiento con carga excéntrica a la semana, durante 8 microciclos de competición. El futbolista fue evaluado antes (pre-test), nada más finaliar (post-test) y 2 semanas después (re-test) de acabar el programa de intervención. Los test empleados fueron: test de flexibilidad sit-and-reach; test salto “squatjump” (SJ) y “countermovementjump” (CMJ); test de velocidad lineal 30-m; test de velocidad con cambio de dirección. El análisis a través de la prueba estadística Wilcoxon, reflejó mejoras significativas en el CMJ en el GAUT (p≤0.05), la velocidad lineal y en la prueba con cambio de dirección en el GAUT (p≤0.05) y GMAQ (p≤0.01), pero no se han encontrado diferencias intergrupo en ninguna de las variables estudiadas. Los resultados indican que los ejercicios de carga excéntrica pueden ser un complemento eficaz en los programas de entrenamiento específicos de jugadores de fútbol-sala, debido a su incidencia positiva sobre variables de rendimiento importantes como la velocidad no lineal. metadata Sánchez-Sánchez, Javier and Guillen Rodríguez, Javier and Martín García, David and Romo Martín, Daniel and Barrueco García, Javier and Bores Cerezal, Antonio mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, antonio.bores@uneatlantico.es (2017) Efectos de un entrenamiento con cargas excéntricas sobre el rendimiento en jugadores de fútbol sala. SPORT TK-Revista EuroAmericana de Ciencias del Deporte, 6 (1). pp. 57-66. ISSN 2340-8812

Article Subjects > Physical Education and Sport Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés The aim of this study was to compare heart rate (HR), rating of perceived exertion (RPE), and technical-tactical actions during small-sided games (SSGs) played without (CTR), with internal (IW), and with IW and external (IEW) wildcard players. A total of 22 young male soccer players (age 17.2 ± 0.9 years) randomly completed six 4vs4 SSG situations. The control conditions occurred with goals scored without goalkeeper (4vs4-NO) and with goalkeeper (4vs4-GK). During the experimental conditions, the situations incorporated 2 IW (4vs4+2IW-NO, 4vs4+2IW-GK) and 2 IEW (4vs4+2IW+2IEW-NO, 4vs4+2IW+2IEW-GK). Processed results did not include data from goalkeepers, IW, and IEW players. The HR was divided in intensity-zones (Z1, Z2, and Z3, for <80%, 80–90%, and >90% of maximal HR, respectively) and the analyzed technical-tactical actions were the pass, dribbling, collective success, and pause. The effects of IW and IEW were analyzed through repeated measures analysis of variance. During 4vs4+2IW+2IEW-NO, greater time was recorded in Z1 (p ≤ 0.05) compared with 4vs4-NO and 4s4+2IW-NO. During 4vs4+2IW+2IEW-GK, greater time was recorded in Z1 and less in Z3 (p ≤ 0.05) compared with 4vs4-GK. Greater RPE was reported in 4vs4-NO (p < 0.01) and 4vs4+2IW-NO (p < 0.01) compared with 4vs4+2IW+2IEW-NO, and during 4vs4-GK (p < 0.01) than 4vs4+2IW+2IEW-GK. Greater number of dribbling situations were recorded during 4vs4-NO (p ≤ 0.05) compared with 4vs4+2IW+2IEW-NO. In conclusion, compared with the control condition of 4vs4, the incorporation of IEW reduced HR, RPE, and dribbling actions. metadata Sanchez-Sanchez, Javier and Hernández, Daniel and Casamichana Gomez, David and Martínez-Salazar, Cristian and Ramirez-Campillo, Rodrigo and Sampaio, Jaime mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, david.casamichana@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED (2017) Heart Rate, Technical Performance, and Session-RPE in Elite Youth Soccer Small-Sided Games Played With Wildcard Players. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 31 (10). pp. 2678-2685. ISSN 1064-8011

Article Subjects > Nutrition Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production UNSPECIFIED UNSPECIFIED Raspberry seed is a massive byproduct of raspberry juice and wine but usually discarded. The present study employed a microwave-assisted method for extraction of raspberry seed oil (RSO). The results revealed that omega-6 fatty acids (linoleic acid and γ-linolenic acid) were the major constituents in RSO. Cellular antioxidant enzyme activity such as superoxide dismutase (SOD), glutathione peroxidase (GPx), and catalase (CAT) were investigate