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Article Subjects > Comunication Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Español Late Motiv, el programa de Movistar + presentado y dirigido por Andreu Buenafuente, donde la crítica, el humor o la irreverencia están presentes cada medianoche de lunes a jueves, tuvo que adaptarse a la aparición del Covid 19 y el estado de alarma decretado el catorce de marzo de 2020 (BOE, n. 61, 12 de marzo). Los invitados y colaboradores que repasan la actualidad, los monólogos del propio presentador o las actuaciones musicales que componen el programa de forma habitual, se vieron trastocados con el confinamiento y se han vuelto a adaptar a la “nueva normalidad” en su sexta temporada en Movistar +. metadata Santana Mahmut, Saida and Andueza-López, Belén mail UNSPECIFIED, belen.andueza@uneatlantico.es (2021) "Late Motiv": la transformación del "late night" antes, durante y después del confinamiento provocado por el Covid-19 en 2020. Historia y Comunicación Social, 26 (Especi). pp. 121-134. ISSN 1137-0734

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Article Subjects > Biomedicine Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés Background The exposure of breast cancer to extremely low frequency magnetic fields (ELF-MFs) results in various biological responses. Some studies have suggested a possible cancer-enhancing effect, while others showed a possible therapeutic role. This study investigated the effects of in vitro exposure to 50 Hz ELF-MF for up to 24 h on the viability and cellular response of MDA-MB-231 and MCF-7 breast cancer cell lines and MCF-10A breast cell line. Methods and results The breast cell lines were exposed to 50 Hz ELF-MF at flux densities of 0.1 mT and 1.0 mT and were examined 96 h after the beginning of ELF-MF exposure. The duration of 50 Hz ELF-MF exposure influenced the cell viability and proliferation of both the tumor and nontumorigenic breast cell lines. In particular, short-term exposure (4–8 h, 0.1 mT and 1.0 mT) led to an increase in viability in breast cancer cells, while long and high exposure (24 h, 1.0 mT) led to a decrease in viability and proliferation in all cell lines. Cancer and normal breast cells exhibited different responses to ELF-MF. Mitochondrial membrane potential and reactive oxygen species (ROS) production were altered after ELF-MF exposure, suggesting that the mitochondria are a probable target of ELF-MF in breast cells. Conclusions The viability of breast cells in vitro is influenced by ELF-MF exposure at magnetic flux densities compatible with the limits for the general population and for workplace exposures. The effects are apparent after 96 h and are related to the ELF-MF exposure time. metadata Elexpuru Zabaleta, Maria and Lazzarini, Raffaella and Tartaglione, Maria Fiorella and Piva, Francesco and Ciarapica, Veronica and Marinelli Busilacchi, Elena and Poloni, Antonella and Valentino, Matteo and Santarelli, Lory and Bracci, Massimo mail maria.elexpuru@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED (2023) A 50 Hz magnetic field influences the viability of breast cancer cells 96 h after exposure. Molecular Biology Reports. ISSN 0301-4851

Article Subjects > Biomedicine
Subjects > Psychology
Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés Background The arrival of new disease-modifying treatments for Alzheimer’s disease (AD) requires the identification of subjects at risk in a simple, inexpensive, and non-invasive way. With tools allowing an adequate screening, it would be possible to optimize the use of these treatments. Plasma markers of AD are very promising, but it is necessary to prove that alterations in their levels are related to alterations in gold standard markers such as cerebrospinal fluid or PET imaging. With this research, we want to evaluate the performance of plasma Aβ40, Aβ42, and p-tau181 to detect the pathological changes in CSF using the automated Lumipulse platform. Methods Both plasma and CSF Aβ40, Aβ42, and p-tau181 have been evaluated in a group of 208 cognitively unimpaired subjects with a 30.3% of ApoE4 carriers. We have correlated plasma and CSF values of each biomarker. Then, we have also assessed the differences in plasma marker values according to amyloid status (A − / +), AD status (considering AD + subjects to those A + plus Tau +), and ATN group defined by CSF. Finally, ROC curves have been performed, and the area under the curve has been measured using amyloid status and AD status as an outcome and different combinations of plasma markers as predictors. Results Aβ42, amyloid ratio, p-tau181, and p-tau181/Aβ42 ratio correlated significantly between plasma and CSF. For these markers, the levels were significantly different in the A + / − , AD + / − , and ATN groups. Amyloid ratio predicts amyloid and AD pathology in CSF with an AUC of 0.89. Conclusions Plasma biomarkers of AD using the automated Lumipulse platform show good diagnostic performance in detecting Alzheimer’s pathology in cognitively unimpaired subjects. metadata Martínez-Dubarbie, Francisco and Guerra-Ruiz, Armando and López-García, Sara and Lage, Carmen and Fernández-Matarrubia, Marta and Infante, Jon and Pozueta-Cantudo, Ana and García-Martínez, María and Corrales Pardo, Andrea and Bravo, María and López-Hoyos, Marcos and Irure-Ventura, Juan and Sánchez-Juan, Pascual and García-Unzueta, María Teresa and Rodríguez-Rodríguez, Eloy mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, andrea.corrales@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED (2023) Accuracy of plasma Aβ40, Aβ42, and p-tau181 to detect CSF Alzheimer’s pathological changes in cognitively unimpaired subjects using the Lumipulse automated platform. Alzheimer's Research & Therapy, 15 (1). ISSN 1758-9193

Article Subjects > Psychology Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Español Este estudio fue dirigido a hallar factores motivacionales y ambientales (clima organizacional) que exacerban conductas de acoso hacia el maestro en dos municipios del área sur de Puerto Rico. Se indagó desde la perspectiva del maestro cómo el Departamento de Educación de Puerto Rico maneja las situaciones de acoso laboral y en los casos donde existe mobbing cómo ha afectado el rendimiento laboral del maestro en estos municipios. Se utilizó una muestra representativa de 202 maestros del sistema de educación pública de Puerto Rico. Se realizó un muestreo no probabilístico de tipo intencional. Se usó un cuestionario creado y utilizado por Del Álamo (2006) llamado: (A) Cuestionario del Álamo sobre Maltrato Laboral. (B) El segundo instrumento utilizado fue el Cuestionario de Clima Organizacional obtenido del Departamento de Salud de Lima, Perú (Ugarte et al., 2009). Los objetivos que enmarcaron esta investigación y que sirvieron como marco de referencia para el desarrollo de la tesis fueron logrados. Los resultados y las conclusiones nos muestran que: i) los maestros afectados por el acoso tenderán a percibir que su rendimiento laboral disminuye; ii) el clima organizacional negativo o tenso hace que sea mayor la predisposición al acoso y que el rendimiento laboral también disminuya; iii) no existe un protocolo formal en el Departamento de Educación para manejar situaciones de acoso; iv) los maestros reflejaron una proporción equivalente entre someterse o enfrentarse al acosador; v) la mayor cantidad de participantes identificaron al acosador como su jefe inmediato; vi) las consecuencias del acoso psicológico en el trabajo se manifiestan a nivel físico (trastornos cardiovasculares) y psicológico (estrés y depresión). Las recomendaciones del estudio son las siguientes: asesoramiento legal para los maestros y orientación a directores escolares. Se espera que se continúen nuevas investigaciones sobre el tema y que se apruebe la Ley en Puerto Rico. metadata Morales Franceschi, Julissa and Martín Ayala, Juan Luis and Amutio Careaga, Alberto and Rosario Nieves, Ilia C. mail UNSPECIFIED, juan.martin@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED (2021) Acoso psicológico laboral (Mobbing) y su impacto en el clima y desempeño laboral en maestros del sistema público de enseñanza del área sur de Puerto Rico. MLS Psychology Research, 4 (1). pp. 79-98. ISSN 26055295

Article Subjects > Biomedicine Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Cerrado Inglés Excessive amounts of free radicals are deleterious for cells, resulting in cell damage, affecting the wound healing process and causing premature ageing or even neoplastic transformation. Here the capacity of Manuka honey (MH) to protect against oxidative damage and improve the process of skin wound healing was investigated. Up to 16 compounds were identified in MH, with leptosin derivatives and methyl syringate as the major ones. MH protected against apoptosis, intracellular ROS production, and lipid and protein oxidative damage. MH also protected mitochondrial functionality, promoted cell proliferation and activated the AMPK/Nrf2/ARE signalling pathway, as well as the expression of the antioxidant enzymes such as SOD and CAT. Here we describe for the first time that one of the possible mechanisms by which MH exhibits its ability to promote wound healing could be due to its capacity to improve the antioxidant response by activating AMPK phosphorylation and the ARE response. metadata Alvarez-Suarez, José Miguel and Giampieri, Francesca and Cordero, Mario and Gasparrini, Massimiliano and Forbes-Hernandez, Tamara Yuliet and Mazzoni, Luca and Afrin, Sadia and Beltrán-Ayala, Pablo and González-Paramás, Ana María and Santos-Buelga, Celestino and Varela-Lopez, Alfonso and Quiles, José Luis and Battino, Maurizio mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, tamara.forbes@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, maurizio.battino@uneatlantico.es (2016) Activation of AMPK/Nrf2 signalling by Manuka honey protects human dermal fibroblasts against oxidative damage by improving antioxidant response and mitochondrial function promoting wound healing. Journal of Functional Foods, 25. pp. 38-49. ISSN 1756-4646

Article Subjects > Physical Education and Sport Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Español La población mundial envejece de forma progresiva, necesitando conocer las necesidades de las personas mayores para mejorar sus niveles de calidad de vida, en especial, a través del ejercicio físico. Actualmente, se desconocen los niveles reales de ejercicio físico en esta población, así como los niveles de calidad de vida y dependencia en muchas regiones mundiales. Por ello, el objetivo principal fue analizar los niveles de práctica de actividad física del adulto mayor, así como la asociación del ejercicio en su calidad de vida. Para ello, 344 adultos mayores de la Ciudad Autónoma de Buenos Aires (Argentina) respondieron a un cuestionario ad-hoc elaborado por un Comité de expertos y basados en herramientas validadas sobre ejercicio físico, dependencia y calidad de vida. Los principales hallazgos fueron que un 34.6% de la población no realiza actividad física semanalmente, gran parte de la población mostró tener alto nivel de independencia y se encontró asociación positiva entre las personas más activas y los mayores niveles de calidad de vida. Según estos resultados, se deben diseñar y aplicar nuevas estrategias de ejercicio físico comunitario para aumentar los niveles de calidad de vida e independencia incrementando el volumen y frecuencia de ejercicio físico en personas mayores, especialmente realizado de forma colectiva. metadata Vázquez, Luciano Ángel and Patón, Rubén Navarro and Álvarez, Oliver Ramos and Mecías-Calvo, Marcos and Lago-Fuentes, Carlos mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, marcos.mecias@uneatlantico.es, carlos.lago@uneatlantico.es (2023) Actividad física y calidad de vida de adultos mayores en Argentina: un estudio transversal (Physical activity and quality of life in Argentinian older adults: a cross-sectional study). Retos, 48. pp. 86-93. ISSN 1579-1726

Article Subjects > Physical Education and Sport Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés Objective To analyse the acute muscular fatigue (AMF) in triceps brachii and rectus abdominis during compression-only and standard cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) performed by certified basic life support providers. Methods Twenty-six subjects were initially recruited and randomly allocated to two study groups according to the muscles analysed; eighteen finally met the inclusion criteria (nine in each group). Both groups carried out two CPR tests (compression-only and standard CPR) of 10 min divided into five 2-min intermittent periods. The ventilation method was freely chosen by each participant (mouth-to-mouth, pocket-mask or bag-valve-mask). CPR feedback was provided all the time. AMF was measured by tensiomyography at baseline and after each 2-min period of the CPR test, in triceps brachii or rectus abdominis according to the study group. Results Rectus abdominis’ contraction time increased significantly during the fifth CPR period (p = 0.020). Triceps brachii’s radial muscle belly displacement (p = 0.047) and contraction velocity (p = 0.018) were lower during compression-only CPR than during standard CPR. Participants who had trained previously with feedback devices achieved better CPR quality results in both protocols. Half of participants chose bag-valve-mask to perform ventilations but attained lower significant ventilation quality than the other subjects. Conclusions Compression-only CPR induces higher AMF than standard CPR. Significantly higher fatigue levels were found during the fifth CPR test period, regardless of the method. Adequate rescuer’s strength seems to be a requisite to take advantage of CPR quality feedback devices. Training should put more emphasis on the quality of ventilation during CPR. metadata Rey, Ezequiel and Abelairas-Gómez, Cristian and González-Salvado, Violeta and Mecías-Calvo, Marcos and Rodríguez-Ruiz, Emilio and Rodríguez-Núñez, Antonio mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, marcos.mecias@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED (2018) Acute muscle fatigue and CPR quality assisted by visual feedback devices: A randomized-crossover simulation trial. PLOS ONE, 13 (9). e0203576. ISSN 1932-6203

Article Subjects > Social Sciences Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Español Los cuentos se ambientan en un trasfondo cristiano con el fin de provocar cierta catarsis a través de los contextos que plantean: por un lado, una pequeña niña enferma que se halla postrada en la cama y, por otro, una madre que llora la pérdida prematura de su joven hija.A través de estos cuentos, Stifter retrata diferentes actitudes propias de la naturaleza humana ante las dificultades terrenales. En «La Misericordia» se puede identificar la reacción infantil de una niña, agobiada por haber pecado y recelosa de Dios y de su virtud del perdón; asimismo, en «Muerte de una joven», se manifiesta el desgarro de una madre por la pérdida de un ser querido y la falta de esperanza en la vida eterna, consecuencia de la obnubilación tras haberse dejado dominar por el dolor.Igualmente, la actitud de Dios se evidencia en ambos cuentos por medio de sus actos: en el primero, se demuestra cómo Dios escucha y cuida de todos, además del hecho de que, para Él, la persona vale por encima de todo, ya que perdona a la niña sus pecados y la sana de su enfermedad. Del mismo modo, en el segundo cuento, Dios explica a través del ángel la necesidad de tener esperanza en la vida eterna, pues se lleva a cada alma en el momento en el que la encuentra más madura y la bendice con la vida eterna, libre de los castigos y sufrimientos propios del mundo terrenal. Por tanto, en el cuento se concibe la muerte como un acto de misericordia de Dios, pues «después de morir, recibe en su alma inmortal su retribución eterna». (Catecismo de la Iglesia Católica, art. 12: 1021). Por último, cabe destacar que, mediante el retrato de dichas actitudes, Stifter describe el mundo ideal en el que muestra cuáles serían las actitudes esperadas ante estas situaciones y lo contrasta con su vida personal llena de frustración ya que, como se señaló anteriormente él, a diferencia de los cuentos, no tuvo un final feliz. metadata Quijano-Peña, Paula mail paula.quijano@uneatlantico.es (2023) Adalbert STIFTER, «La misericordia» y «Muerte de una joven». Hermēneus. Revista de traducción e interpretación (24). pp. 633-641. ISSN 2530-609X

Article Subjects > Psychology Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Español El objetivo de este estudio consistió en adaptar el cuestionario autoaplicado Empathy Quotient en población española. El cuestionario se aplicó a 471 estudiantes universitarios. Los análisis psicométricos mostraron un buen ajuste para una estructura factorial de 23 ítems en tres dimensiones, similar a la propuesta por otros autores. Además se encontraron valores adecuados de consistencia interna, así como correlaciones con otras medidas de empatía y de desempeño emocional. Se concluye que el EQ es una medida fiable y válida para evaluar empatía en muestras no clínicas, aunque se recomienda realizar una validación con una muestra más grande y heterogénea e incluir alguna medida de fiabilidad test-retest y de ejecución. metadata Redondo, Iratxe and Herrero-Fernández, David mail UNSPECIFIED, david.herrero@uneatlantico.es (2018) Adaptación del Empathy Quotient (EQ) en una muestra española. Terapia psicológica, 36 (2). pp. 81-89. ISSN 0718-4808

Article Subjects > Engineering Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Universidad Internacional do Cuanza > Research > Scientific Production
Abierto Inglés Adaptive equalization is crucial in mitigating distortions and compensating for frequency response variations in communication systems. It aims to enhance signal quality by adjusting the characteristics of the received signal. Particle swarm optimization (PSO) algorithms have shown promise in optimizing the tap weights of the equalizer. However, there is a need to enhance the optimization capabilities of PSO further to improve the equalization performance. This paper provides a comprehensive study of the issues and challenges of adaptive filtering by comparing different variants of PSO and analyzing the performance by combining PSO with other optimization algorithms to achieve better convergence, accuracy, and adaptability. Traditional PSO algorithms often suffer from high computational complexity and slow convergence rates, limiting their effectiveness in solving complex optimization problems. To address these limitations, this paper proposes a set of techniques aimed at reducing the complexity and accelerating the convergence of PSO. metadata Khan, Arooj and Shafi, Imran and Khawaja, Sajid Gul and de la Torre Díez, Isabel and López Flores, Miguel Ángel and Castanedo Galán, Juan and Ashraf, Imran mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, miguelangel.lopez@uneatlantico.es, juan.castanedo@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED (2023) Adaptive Filtering: Issues, Challenges, and Best-Fit Solutions Using Particle Swarm Optimization Variants. Sensors, 23 (18). p. 7710. ISSN 1424-8220

Article Subjects > Biomedicine
Subjects > Nutrition
Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Abierto Inglés Background: The aim of this study was to relate adherence to the Mediterranean diet (MedDiet) to the prevalence of metabolic syndrome (MetS) in an elderly population from the north of Spain. Methods: We carried out an observational, descriptive, cross-sectional, and correlational study involving 556 non-institutionalised individuals aged 65 to 79 years. The MEDAS-14 questionnaire score was used to define the degree of adherence to the Mediterranean diet. The diagnosis of MetS was conducted using the International Diabetes Federation (IDF) criteria. Results: In 264 subjects with an average age of 71.9 (SD: ±4.2), 39% of whom were men, 36.4% had good adherence (score ≥ 9 in MEDAS-14), with no differences by gender or age. The prevalence of MetS was 40.2%, with 47.6% in men and 35.4% in women (p < 0.05). The prevalence of MetS was 2.4 times more frequent among individuals who consumed less than two servings (200 g) of vegetables daily compared with those who consumed two or more servings of vegetables daily (OR: 2.368, 95%CI: 1.141–4.916, p = 0.021). Low adherence to the MedDiet (MEDAS-14 score ≤ 8) was associated with an 82% higher prevalence of MetS (OR: 1.817, 95%CI: 1.072–3.081, p = 0.027). Conclusion: An inverse relationship was established between adherence to the MedDiet and the prevalence of MetS metadata Cubas-Basterrechea, Gloria and Elío Pascual, Iñaki and Alonso, Guzmán and Otero, Luis and Gutiérrez-Bardeci, Luis and Puente, Jesús and Muñoz-Cacho, Pedro mail UNSPECIFIED, inaki.elio@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED (2022) Adherence to the Mediterranean Diet Is Inversely Associated with the Prevalence of Metabolic Syndrome in Older People from the North of Spain. Nutrients, 14 (21). p. 4536. ISSN 2072-6643

Article Subjects > Nutrition Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Universidad Internacional do Cuanza > Research > Scientific Production
Abierto Inglés Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is a serious degenerative disease affecting the eyes, and is the main cause of severe vision loss among people >55 years of age in developed countries. Its onset and progression have been associated with several genetic and lifestyle factors, with diet appearing to play a pivotal role in the latter. In particular, dietary eating patterns rich in plant foods have been shown to lower the risk of developing the disease, and to decrease the odds of progressing to more advanced stages in individuals already burdened with early AMD. We systematically reviewed the literature to analyse the relationship between the adherence to a Mediterranean diet, a mainly plant-based dietary pattern, and the onset/progression of AMD. Eight human observational studies were analysed. Despite some differences, they consistently indicate that higher adherence to a Mediterranean eating pattern lowers the odds of developing AMD and decreases the risk of progression to more advanced stages of the disease, establishing the way for preventative measures emphasizing dietary patterns rich in plant-foods metadata Gastaldello, Annalisa and Giampieri, Francesca and Quiles, José L. and Navarro-Hortal, María D. and Aparicio Obregón, Silvia and García Villena, Eduardo and Tutusaus, Kilian and De Giuseppe, Rachele and Grosso, Giuseppe and Cianciosi, Danila and Forbes-Hernández, Tamara Y. and Nabavi, Seyed M. and Battino, Maurizio mail UNSPECIFIED, francesca.giampieri@uneatlantico.es, jose.quiles@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, silvia.aparicio@uneatlantico.es, eduardo.garcia@uneatlantico.es, kilian.tutusaus@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, maurizio.battino@uneatlantico.es (2022) Adherence to the Mediterranean-Style Eating Pattern and Macular Degeneration: A Systematic Review of Observational Studies. Nutrients, 14 (10). p. 2028. ISSN 2072-6643

Article Subjects > Nutrition Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production UNSPECIFIED UNSPECIFIED Introducción: el envejecimiento de la población española se ha incrementado en las últimas décadas; en Santander, el 24,73 % de la población son personas mayores. La adherencia a las recomendaciones de una alimentación saludable en este colectivo se ha relacionado con un mejor estado de salud y calidad de vida. Objetivos: evaluar el grado de adherencia a las recomendaciones de la Guía de Alimentación Saludable para Atención Primaria y Colectivos Ciudadanos de la SENC (2018) en un grupo de población de entre 65 y 79 años de edad, no institucionalizada, del municipio de Santander (España). Métodos: este fue un estudio transversal, observacional y descriptivo. Participaron 317 individuos de 71,8 (±4,1) años, correspondientes a tres Centros de Atención Primaria (CAP) del Servicio Cántabro de Salud (SCS). Se cumplimentó un cuestionario de elaboración propia, extraído de las recomendaciones de la Guía de la SENC (2018). Se analizó la relación entre dos variables cualitativas independientes mediante la prueba del chi cuadrado, considerando significativo un valor p < 0,05. Resultados: la adherencia a las recomendaciones de alimentos de consumo diario fue: agua (23 %), cereales y patatas (12,9 %), frutas (50,2 %), verduras y hortalizas (16,7 %), aceite de oliva (61,8 %) y lácteos (39,1 %). En los alimentos de consumo semanal fue: pescado (12 %), carnes blancas (17 %), huevos (19,9 %), legumbres (75,1 %) y frutos secos (36,9 %). Conclusiones: los resultados obtenidos muestran una baja adherencia a las recomendaciones de la SENC, excepto en las legumbres. Por este motivo se precisa incidir en este grupo de población para mejorar sus hábitos dietéticos. metadata Cubas de Basterrechea, Gloria and González Antón, Carolina and de la Vega-Hazas Pérez, Carmen and Elío Pascual, Iñaki and Muñoz Cacho, Pedro mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, carmen.delavega@alumnos.uneatlantico.es, inaki.elio@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED (2020) Adherence to the healthy eating guide issued by the Sociedad Española de Nutrición Comunitaria (SENC) (2018) among non-institutionalized elderly in Santander, Spain. Nutrición Hospitalaria, 37 (5). pp. 933-943. ISSN 0212-1611

Article Subjects > Nutrition Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Cerrado Inglés BACKGROUND:In Spain, there are several studies published on the relationship between eating habits and lifestyle among university students; but only a few of them are focused on online postgraduate students. OBJECTIVE:Herein we aimed to evaluate the degree of adherence to the Mediterranean diet pyramid (2010 edition), non-communicable diseases (NCDs), and lifestyle in online postgraduate students aged 20–65 years belonging to the food area of the Fundación Universitaria Iberoamericana (FUNIBER). METHODS:We performed a descriptive cross-sectional study including 100 online post-graduate students aged 20–65 years who were recruited by an accidental non-probabilistic sampling method consisting of a questionnaire on their sociodemographic characteristics, NCDs, lifestyle, and a 3-day food intake record (3-d). RESULTS:The profile of the students was 74% women, with a mean age of 36.6 (±10.5) years and body mass index (BMI) of 22.6 kg / m2 (±3.3). 71% of the volunteers presented normal weight, while 20% were overweight. Indeed, only a low percentage of the volunteers presented hypertension (1%), cardiovascular disease (0%), diabetes mellitus 1 (2%), diabetes mellitus 2 (3%), hypercholesterolemia (9%), and hyperuricemia (2%). Concerning lifestyle, (77%) of students were non-smokers, (78%) consumed beverages with caffeine, (51%) did not consume alcoholic beverages, and nearly all of them (84%) frequently (3 times /week) practiced physical activity. 68% of the recruited students exhibited adherence to “Medium diet quality diet (4–7)” followed by (26%) with a “Poor diet quality (<3)” and “Optimal diet quality” (6%). CONCLUSIONS:Spanish postgraduate students of the nutritional area, have good health and a healthy lifestyle but are moving away from the MD model, should be established campaigns for the improvement of eating habits of the postgraduate university population. metadata Elío Pascual, Iñaki and Jarrin, Sandra and Elexpuru Zabaleta, Maria and Crespo-Álvarez, Jorge and Dominguez Azpíroz, Irma and Tutusaus, Kilian and Ruiz Salces, Roberto and Calderón Iglesias, Rubén and Sumalla Cano, Sandra mail inaki.elio@uneatlantico.es, sandra.jarrin@uneatlantico.es, maria.elexpuru@uneatlantico.es, jorge.crespo@uneatlantico.es, irma.dominguez@uneatlantico.es, kilian.tutusaus@uneatlantico.es, roberto.ruiz@uneatlantico.es, ruben.calderon@uneatlantico.es, sandra.sumalla@uneatlantico.es (2021) Adherence to the pyramid of the Mediterranean diet (2010), non-communicable diseases and lifestyle in online postgraduate Spanish students in the food area. Mediterranean Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism, 14 (2). pp. 191-205. ISSN 1973798X

Article Subjects > Biomedicine
Subjects > Engineering
Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Fundación Universitaria Internacional de Colombia > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Universidad Internacional do Cuanza > Research > Scientific Production
Abierto Inglés Artificial intelligence has been widely used in the field of dentistry in recent years. The present study highlights current advances and limitations in integrating artificial intelligence, machine learning, and deep learning in subfields of dentistry including periodontology, endodontics, orthodontics, restorative dentistry, and oral pathology. This article aims to provide a systematic review of current clinical applications of artificial intelligence within different fields of dentistry. The preferred reporting items for systematic reviews (PRISMA) statement was used as a formal guideline for data collection. Data was obtained from research studies for 2009–2022. The analysis included a total of 55 papers from Google Scholar, IEEE, PubMed, and Scopus databases. Results show that artificial intelligence has the potential to improve dental care, disease diagnosis and prognosis, treatment planning, and risk assessment. Finally, this study highlights the limitations of the analyzed studies and provides future directions to improve dental care metadata Fatima, Anum and Shafi, Imran and Afzal, Hammad and Díez, Isabel De La Torre and Lourdes, Del Rio-Solá M. and Breñosa, Jose and Martínez Espinosa, Julio César and Ashraf, Imran mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, josemanuel.brenosa@uneatlantico.es, ulio.martinez@unini.edu.mx, UNSPECIFIED (2022) Advancements in Dentistry with Artificial Intelligence: Current Clinical Applications and Future Perspectives. Healthcare, 10 (11). p. 2188. ISSN 2227-9032

Article Subjects > Psychology Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Cerrado Inglés Anger and aggression on the road have been pointed out as two of the main predictors of road accidents. However, while the emotional (anger) and behavioral (aggression) components of hostility have been deeply studied, the cognitive part has not received the same attention in this specific context. Thus, it is important to provide psychometric tools for assessing aggressive thoughts during driving, as the literature showed that cognitions play an important role in aggressive behavior. To this end, we asked Romanian drivers to answer three questionnaires: Driving Anger Thought Questionnaire (DATQ), the Driving Anger Scale (DAS) and the Driving Anger Expression Inventory (DAX), obtaining a total sample of 2133 answers. First, the psychometric properties of the DATQ were tested through a Confirmatory Factor Analysis, showing that the original 5-factor structure was maintained (Judgmental/Disbelieving Thinking, α = .93 both in men and women; Pejorative Labeling/Verbally Aggressive Thinking, α = .90 both in men and women; Physically Aggressive Thinking, α = .89 in men and α = .86 in women; Revenge/Retaliatory Thinking, α = .84 in men and α = .81 in women, and Adaptive/Constructive Expression, α = .84 in men and α = .82 in women). Then, we analyzed the mediation effect of angry thoughts between anger and aggression on the road, concluding that angry thoughts mediate this relationship. The main implications of the results are discussed. metadata Bogdan-Ganea, Smaranda Raluca and Herrero-Fernández, David mail UNSPECIFIED, david.herrero@uneatlantico.es (2018) Aggressive thinking on the road. The mediation effect of aggressive thinking in the relationship between driving anger and aggression in Romanian drivers. Transportation Research Part F: Traffic Psychology and Behaviour, 55. pp. 153-166. ISSN 13698478

Article Subjects > Biomedicine Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés Excess alcohol consumption is known to be detrimental to human health. However, the role of light-to-moderate alcohol intake is under investigation for potential certain health benefits—mostly related to the cardiovascular system. Nevertheless, there is no univocal agreement on this matter, and research is still ongoing to clarify whether there might be other potential outcomes affected by alcohol intake. In this regard, there is evidence that excess alcohol intake may negatively influence the risk of osteoporotic fractures. However, there is no comprehensive evidence of literature assessing the role of alcohol consumption in bone mineral density (BMD) and the risk of osteoporotic fractures. Thus, the aim of this study was to quantitatively assess the dose–response relationship between alcohol intake and BMD and risk of osteoporotic fractures. The Embase and MEDLINE electronic databases were searched from their inception to December 2021 for articles providing a quantifiable measurement of alcohol consumption for at least three categories and (1) a measurement of BMD (and dispersion as continuous variables) in some area of the body or (2) risk of osteoporotic fracture provided as relative risk (RR) or hazard ratio (HR), with a 95% confidence interval (CI) as the measure of the association of each category with alcohol intake. A total of 11 studies including 46,916 individuals with BMD assessment and 8 studies including 240,871 individuals with risk of fracture analysis were included. Compared to non-drinkers, consumption of up to two standard drinks of alcohol per day was correlated with higher lumbar and femur neck BMD values, while up to one standard drink of alcohol was correlated with higher hip BMD compared to no alcohol consumption. Higher risk of hip fractures was found starting from three standard drinks of alcohol per day (RR = 1.33, 95% CI: 1.04; 1.69 for three alcoholic drinks/d, and RR = 1.59, 95% CI: 1.23; 2.05 for four alcoholic drinks/d) compared to no alcohol consumption, with no evidence of heterogeneity. Concerning the risk of any osteoporotic fractures, the risk steadily increased with higher intake of alcohol, although never reaching statistical significance. In conclusion, there is consistent evidence that increased alcohol consumption is associated with higher risk of osteoporotic hip fracture; however, the role of alcohol at lower doses is uncertain, as BMD was even higher in light drinkers compared to abstainers. metadata Godos, Justyna and Giampieri, Francesca and Chisari, Emanuele and Micek, Agnieszka and Paladino, Nadia and Forbes-Hernández, Tamara Y. and Quiles, José L. and Battino, Maurizio and La Vignera, Sandro and Musumeci, Giuseppe and Grosso, Giuseppe mail UNSPECIFIED, francesca.giampieri@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, jose.quiles@uneatlantico.es, maurizio.battino@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED (2022) Alcohol Consumption, Bone Mineral Density, and Risk of Osteoporotic Fractures: A Dose–Response Meta-Analysis. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 19 (3). p. 1515. ISSN 1660-4601

Article Subjects > Biomedicine
Subjects > Nutrition
Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Abierto Inglés Alzheimer's is a chronic degenerative disease of the central nervous system considered the leading cause of dementia in the world. It is characterized by two etiopathological events related to oxidative stress: the aggregation of β-amyloid peptide and the formation of neurofibrillary tangles of hyperphosphorylated Tau protein in the brain. The incidence of this disease increases with age and has been associated with inadequate lifestyles. Some natural compounds have been shown to improve the hallmarks of the disease. However, despite its potential, there is no scientific evidence about Manuka honey (MH) in this regard. In the present work we evaluated the effect of MH on the toxicity induced by Aβ aggregation and Tau in a Caenorhabditis elegans model. Our results demonstrated that MH was able to improve indicators of oxidative stress and delayed Aβ-induced paralysis in the AD model CL4176 through HSP-16.2 and SKN-1/NRF2 pathways. Nevertheless, its sugar content impaired the indicators of locomotion (an indicator of tau neurotoxicity) in both the transgenic strain BR5706 and in the wild-type N2 worms. metadata Navarro-Hortal, María D. and Romero-Márquez, Jose M. and Muñoz-Ollero, Pedro and Jiménez-Trigo, Victoria and Esteban-Muñoz, Adelaida and Tutusaus, Kilian and Giampieri, Francesca and Battino, Maurizio and Sánchez-González, Cristina and Rivas-García, Lorenzo and Llopis, Juan and Forbes-Hernández, Tamara Y. and Quiles, José L. mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, kilian.tutusaus@uneatlantico.es, francesca.giampieri@uneatlantico.es, maurizio.battino@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, jose.quiles@uneatlantico.es (2022) Amyloid β-but not Tau-induced neurotoxicity is suppressed by Manuka honey via HSP-16.2 and SKN-1/Nrf2 pathways in an in vivo model of Alzheimer's disease. Food & Function. ISSN 2042-6496

Article Subjects > Engineering Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Fundación Universitaria Internacional de Colombia > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Universidad Internacional do Cuanza > Research > Scientific Production
Abierto Inglés The fast expansion of ICT (information and communications technology) has provided rich sources of data for the analysis, modeling, and interpretation of human mobility patterns. Many researchers have already introduced behavior-aware protocols for a better understanding of architecture and realistic modeling of behavioral characteristics, similarities, and aggregation of mobile users. We are introducing the similarity analytical framework for the mobile encountering analysis to allow for more direct integration between the physical world and cyber-based systems. In this research, we propose a method for finding the similarity behavior of users’ mobility patterns based on location and time. This research was conducted to develop a technique for producing co-occurrence matrices of users based on their similar behaviors to determine their encounters. Our approach, named SAA (similarity analysis approach), makes use of the device info i.e., IP (internet protocol) and MAC (media access control) address, providing an in-depth analysis of similarity behaviors on a daily basis. We analyzed the similarity distributions of users on different days of the week for different locations based on their real movements. The results show similar characteristics of users with common mobility behaviors based on location and time to showcase the efficacy. The results show that the proposed SAA approach is 33% more accurate in terms of recognizing the user’s similarity as compared to the existing similarity approach. metadata Memon, Ambreen and Kilby, Jeff and Breñosa, Jose and Martínez Espinosa, Julio César and Ashraf, Imran mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, josemanuel.brenosa@uneatlantico.es, ulio.martinez@unini.edu.mx, UNSPECIFIED (2022) Analysis and Implementation of Human Mobility Behavior Using Similarity Analysis Based on Co-Occurrence Matrix. Sensors, 22 (24). p. 9898. ISSN 1424-8220

Article Subjects > Physical Education and Sport Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés This study aimed to investigate the variation in players’ physical demands profile during a major national men fieldhockey tournament which consisted of 3 matches on consecutive days. Ten Spanish National League hockey players participated in the study (age: 24.2 ± 2.6 years; body mass: 74.2 ± 5.7 kg; height 176.8 ± 5.1 cm). Participants´ physical demands were monitored using global positioning system devices (SPI Elite, GPSports). Activity was categorized into total distance (m), relative total distance (m·min-1), low speed running (LSR; <15.0 km·h-1 m·min-1); moderate speed running (MSR; 15.1-18.9 km·h-1 m·min-1), high speed running (HSR; >19 km·h-1 m·min-1), sprinting relative to minute played (SR; >23.0 km·h-1 m·min-1) and number of sprints (SN; >23.0 km·h-1/ n/min). The number of acceleration and deceleration efforts were analyzed using intensity thresholds (low: 1-1.9 m·s-2 n·min-1; moderate: 2-2.9 m·s-2 n·min-1; high: >3 m·s-2 n·min-1). The data were analyzed using one-way repeated measures ANOVA coupled with magnitude-based inferences. Players reduced distance covered at moderate- and high-speed running, sprints relative minute played and the number of moderate accelerations, and moderate and high decelerations per minute played in the third match compared to the first match. The results of this investigation show that intensity activity were the most affected variables with congestion schedule. metadata Romero-Moraleda, Blanca and Morencos-Martínez, Esther and Torres-Ronda, Lorena and Casamichana Gomez, David mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, david.casamichana@uneatlantico.es (2020) Analysis of congested schedule on competition external load in field hockey. [Análisis de la carga externa de competición en un periodo de congestión en hockey hierba]. RICYDE. Revista internacional de ciencias del deporte, 60 (16). pp. 143-152. ISSN 1885-3137

Article Subjects > Engineering Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Universidad Internacional do Cuanza > Research > Scientific Production
Abierto Inglés Background: To address the current pandemic, multiple studies have focused on the development of new mHealth applications to help curb the number of infections, these applications aim to accelerate the identification and self-isolation of people exposed to SARS-CoV- 2, the coronavirus known to cause COVID-19, by being in close contact with infected individuals. Objective: The main objectives of this paper are: 1)To analyze the current status of COVID-19 apps available the main virtual stores: Google Play Store and App Store, and 2)To propose a novel mobile application based on the limitations of the analyzed apps. Methods: The search for apps in this research was carried out in the main virtual stores: Google Play Store and App Store, until May 2021. After the analysis of the selected apps, a novel app is proposed whose main function will be the multiple transmission of information about the patient's symptoms from the application, without the need for phone calls or chat in real time. For its development, the flowchart shown in this session is followed. Results: The search yielded a total of 50 apps, of which 24 were relevant to this study. It is important to note that 23 of the apps analyzed are free. Of the total number of apps, 54% are available for Android and iOS operating systems. 50% of the apps have more than 5 thousand downloads. This means that Covid-19 related apps are in high demand among mobile device users today. The developed app is called COVINFO and its name comes from the union of the words COVID-19 and information, inserted in such a way that the user can get an idea of the app's functionality just by listening or reading the resulting name. The application has been created for mobile devices with Android operating system, being compatible with Android 4.4 and higher. Conclusions: Of the apps found, 37.5% only offer information about the virus and the necessary measures to avoid infection. During the analysis it was detected that 12.5% of the apps are focused on locating outbreaks and that none of them have been successful for the following reasons: not being interconnected to share data; and the request for access to the user's geolocation, generating distrust on the part of the user who, consequently, rejects them. This work addresses the development of an application for the transmission of the user's symptoms to his regular doctor, based on the fact that only 16.6% of the existing applications have this functionality. The COVINFO app offers a service that no other application on the market has: doctor-patient interaction without the need for calls or chat in real time for constant monitoring by the doctor of the patient's condition and evolution. metadata Herrera Montano, Isabel and Pérez Pacho, Javier and Gracia Villar, Santos and Aparicio Obregón, Silvia and Breñosa, Jose and de la Torre Díez, Isabel mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, santos.gracia@uneatlantico.es, silvia.aparicio@uneatlantico.es, josemanuel.brenosa@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED (2021) Analysis of mobile apps for information, prevention and monitoring of covid-19 and proposal of an innovative app in this field. JMIR Preprints. (Submitted)

Article Subjects > Psychology Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Cerrado Inglés The current study aims to explore the relationship between attachment styles, mentalization and emotion dysregulation. Moreover, the mediation effect of mentalization in the relationship between attachment and emotion dysregulation is analyzed. A sample composed of 607 participants taken from the Spanish general population completed the measures in a cross-sectional designed study. The results show that secure attachment is negatively related to emotion dysregulation dimensions, whereas insecure attachment styles show a positive correlation. Furthermore, the mentalization variables are in general significantly related to emotion dysregulation. The mediation model shows a large mediational effect size (f2 = 2.64). The results suggest that mentalization significantly mediates the relationship between emotion dysregulation and preoccupation, self-sufficiency, and childhood trauma. These results have important implications, as they indicate that clinical interventions on mentalization should reduce emotion dysregulation even in those people with a predominant insecure attachment style. metadata Parada, Pamela and Herrero-Fernández, David and Oliva-Macías, Mireia and Rohwer, Heidi mail pamela.parada@uneatlantico.es, david.herrero@uneatlantico.es, mireia.oliva@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED (2021) Analysis of the mediating effect of mentalization on the relationship between attachment styles and emotion dysregulation. Scandinavian Journal of Psychology, 62 (3). pp. 312-320. ISSN 0036-5564

Article Subjects > Biomedicine Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés Papillon–Lefèvre syndrome (PLS) (OMIM: 245000) is a rare disease characterized by severe periodontitis and palmoplantar keratoderma. It is caused by mutations in both alleles of the cathepsin C (CatC) gene CTSC that completely abrogate the proteolytic activity of this cysteine proteinase. Most often, a genetic analysis to enable early and rapid diagnosis of PLS is unaffordable or unavailable. In this study, we tested the hypothesis that active CatC is constitutively excreted and can be easily traced in the urine of normal subjects. If this is true, determining its absence in the urine of patients would be an early, simple, reliable, low-cost and easy diagnostic technique. All 75 urine samples from healthy control subjects (aged 3 months to 80 years) contained proteolytically active CatC and its proform, as revealed by kinetic analysis and immunochemical detection. Of the urine samples of 31 patients with a PLS phenotype, 29 contained neither proteolytically active CatC nor the CatC antigen, so that the PLS diagnosis was confirmed. CatC was detected in the urine of the other two patients, and genetic analysis revealed no loss-of-function mutation in CTSC, indicating that they suffer from a PLS-like condition but not from PLS. Screening for the absence of urinary CatC activity soon after birth and early treatment before the onset of PLS manifestations will help to prevent aggressive periodontitis and loss of many teeth, and should considerably improve the quality of life of PLS patients. metadata Hamon, Yveline and Legowska, Monika and Fergelot, Patricia and Dallet-Choisy, Sandrine and Newell, Louise and Vanderlynden, Lise and Kord Valeshabad, Ali and Acrich, Karina and Kord, Hadi and Tsamakis, Charalampos and Morice-Picard, Fanny and Surplice, Ian and Zoidakis, Jerome and David, Karen and Vlahou, Antonia and Ragunatha, Shivanna and Nagy, Nikoletta and Farkas, Katalin and Széll, Márta and Goizet, Cyril and Schacher, Beate and Battino, Maurizio and Al Farraj Aldosari, Abdullah and Wang, Xinwen and Liu, Yang and Marchand-Adam, Sylvain and Lesner, Adam and Kara, Elodie and Korkmaz-Icöz, Sevil and Moss, Celia and Eickholz, Peter and Taieb, Alain and Kavukcu, Salih and Jenne, Dieter E. and Gauthier, Francis and Korkmaz, Brice mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, maurizio.battino@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED (2016) Analysis of urinary cathepsin C for diagnosing Papillon-Lefèvre syndrome. FEBS Journal, 283 (3). pp. 498-509. ISSN 1742464X

Article Subjects > Social Sciences
Subjects > Engineering
Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Fundación Universitaria Internacional de Colombia > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Universidad Internacional do Cuanza > Research > Scientific Production
Abierto Inglés Innovation plays a pivotal role in the progress and goodwill of an organization, and its ability to thrive. Consequently, the impact analysis of innovation on the performance of an organization holds great importance. This paper presents a two-stage analytical framework to examine the impact of business innovation on a firm’s performance, especially firms from the manufacturing sector. The prime objective is to identify the factors that have an impact on firm-level innovation, and to examine the impact of firm-level innovation on business performance. The framework and its analysis are based on the latest World Bank enterprise survey, with a sample size of 696 manufacturing firms. The first stage of the proposed framework establishes the analytical results through Bivariate Probit, which indicates that research and development (R&D) has a significantly positive impact on the product, process, marketing, and organizational innovations. It thus highlights the important role of the allocation of lump-sum amounts for R&D activities. The statistical analysis shows that innovation does not depend on the size of the firms. Moreover, the older firms are found to be wiser at conducting R&D than newer firms that are reluctant to take risks. The second stage of the proposed framework separately analyzes the impacts of the product and organizational innovation, and the process and marketing innovation on the firm performance, and finds them to be statistically significant and insignificant, respectively. metadata Aslam, Mahrukh and Shafi, Imran and Ahmad, Jamil and Álvarez, Roberto Marcelo and Miró Vera, Yini Airet and Soriano Flores, Emmanuel and Ashraf, Imran mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, roberto.alvarez@uneatlantico.es, yini.miro@uneatlantico.es, emmanuel.soriano@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED (2022) An Analytical Framework for Innovation Determinants and Their Impact on Business Performance. Sustainability, 15 (1). p. 458. ISSN 2071-1050

Article Subjects > Engineering
Subjects > Comunication
Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Universidad Internacional do Cuanza > Research > Scientific Production
Abierto Inglés Chatbots are AI-powered programs designed to replicate human conversation. They are capable of performing a wide range of tasks, including answering questions, offering directions, controlling smart home thermostats, and playing music, among other functions. ChatGPT is a popular AI-based chatbot that generates meaningful responses to queries, aiding people in learning. While some individuals support ChatGPT, others view it as a disruptive tool in the field of education. Discussions about this tool can be found across different social media platforms. Analyzing the sentiment of such social media data, which comprises people’s opinions, is crucial for assessing public sentiment regarding the success and shortcomings of such tools. This study performs a sentiment analysis and topic modeling on ChatGPT-based tweets. ChatGPT-based tweets are the author’s extracted tweets from Twitter using ChatGPT hashtags, where users share their reviews and opinions about ChatGPT, providing a reference to the thoughts expressed by users in their tweets. The Latent Dirichlet Allocation (LDA) approach is employed to identify the most frequently discussed topics in relation to ChatGPT tweets. For the sentiment analysis, a deep transformer-based Bidirectional Encoder Representations from Transformers (BERT) model with three dense layers of neural networks is proposed. Additionally, machine and deep learning models with fine-tuned parameters are utilized for a comparative analysis. Experimental results demonstrate the superior performance of the proposed BERT model, achieving an accuracy of 96.49%. metadata R, Sudheesh and Mujahid, Muhammad and Rustam, Furqan and Shafique, Rahman and Chunduri, Venkata and Gracia Villar, Mónica and Brito Ballester, Julién and Diez, Isabel de la Torre and Ashraf, Imran mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, monica.gracia@uneatlantico.es, julien.brito@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED (2023) Analyzing Sentiments Regarding ChatGPT Using Novel BERT: A Machine Learning Approach. Information, 14 (9). p. 474. ISSN 2078-2489

Article Subjects > Engineering Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Universidad Internacional do Cuanza > Research > Scientific Production
Abierto Inglés Public concern regarding health systems has experienced a rapid surge during the last two years due to the COVID-19 outbreak. Accordingly, medical professionals and health-related institutions reach out to patients and seek feedback to analyze, monitor, and uplift medical services. Such views and perceptions are often shared on social media platforms like Facebook, Instagram, Twitter, etc. Twitter is the most popular and commonly used by the researcher as an online platform for instant access to real-time news, opinions, and discussion. Its trending hashtags (#) and viral content make it an ideal hub for monitoring public opinion on a variety of topics. The tweets are extracted using three hashtags #healthcare, #healthcare services, and #medical facilities. Also, location and tweet sentiment analysis are considered in this study. Several recent studies deployed Twitter datasets using ML and DL models, but the results show lower accuracy. In addition, the studies did not perform extensive comparative analysis and lack validation. This study addresses two research questions: first, what are the sentiments of people toward medical services worldwide? and second, how effective are the machine learning and deep learning approaches for the classification of sentiment on healthcare tweets? Experiments are performed using several well-known machine learning models including support vector machine, logistic regression, Gaussian naive Bayes, extra tree classifier, k nearest neighbor, random forest, decision tree, and AdaBoost. In addition, this study proposes a transfer learning-based LSTM-ETC model that effectively predicts the customer’s satisfaction level from the healthcare dataset. Results indicate that despite the best performance by the ETC model with an 0.88 accuracy score, the proposed model outperforms with a 0.95 accuracy score. Predominantly, the people are happy about the provided medical services as the ratio of the positive sentiments is substantially higher than the negative sentiments. The sentiments, either positive or negative, play a crucial role in making important decisions through customer feedback and enhancing quality. metadata Usman, Muhammad and Mujahid, Muhammad and Rustam, Furqan and Soriano Flores, Emmanuel and Vidal Mazón, Juan Luis and Díez, Isabel de la Torre and Ashraf, Imran mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, emmanuel.soriano@uneatlantico.es, juanluis.vidal@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED (2024) Analyzing patients satisfaction level for medical services using twitter data. PeerJ Computer Science, 10. e1697. ISSN 2376-5992

Article Subjects > Engineering Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Abierto Inglés With the global spread of COVID-19, the governments advised the public for adopting safety precautions to limit its spread. The virus spreads from people, contaminated places, and nozzle droplets that necessitate strict precautionary measures. Consequently, different safety precautions have been implemented to fight COVID-19 such as wearing a facemask, restriction of social gatherings, keeping 6 feet distance, etc. Despite the warnings, highlighted need for such measures, and the increasing severity of the pandemic situation, the expected number of people adopting these precautions is low. This study aims at assessing and understanding the public perception of COVID-19 safety precautions, especially the use of facemask. A unified framework of sentiment lexicon with the proposed ensemble EB-DT is devised to analyze sentiments regarding safety precautions. Extensive experiments are performed with a large dataset collected from Twitter. In addition, the factors leading to a negative perception of safety precautions are analyzed by performing topic analysis using the Latent Dirichlet allocation algorithm. The experimental results reveal that 12% of the tweets correspond to negative sentiments towards facemask precaution mainly by its discomfort. Analysis of change in peoples’ sentiment over time indicates a gradual increase in the positive sentiments regarding COVID-19 restrictions. metadata Qamar, Usman and Ahmad, Ayaz and Rustam, Furqan and Saad, Eysha and Siddique, Muhammad Abubakar and Lee, Ernesto and Ortega-Mansilla, Arturo and Díez, Isabel de la Torre and Ashraf, Imran mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, arturo.ortega@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED (2022) Analyzing preventive precautions to limit spread of COVID-19. PLOS ONE, 17 (8). e0272350. ISSN 1932-6203

Article Subjects > Engineering Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Abierto Inglés Industries need solutions that can automatically monitor oil leakage from deployed underwater pipelines and to rapidly report any damage. The location prediction of mineral reservoirs like oil, gas, or metals in deep water is a challenge during the extraction of these resources. Moreover, the problem of ores and mineral deposits on the seafloor comes into play. The abovementioned challenges necessitate for the deployment of underwater wireless sensor networks (UWSNs). Anchor-based localization techniques are segregated into range-free and range-based processes. Range-based schemes depend on various techniques like angle of arrival (AoA), time of arrival (ToA), time difference of arrival (TDoA), and received signal strength indicator (RSSI). In this article, the localization of these leakages is performed by using range-based metrics for calculating the distance among anchor nodes (ANs) and target nodes (TNs). This estimated distance is further optimized to minimize the estimation error. A multilateralism procedure is used to estimate the optimal position of each TN. The results exhibit that the proposed algorithm shows a high performance when compared to previous works, in terms of minimum energy consumption, lower packet loss, rapid location estimation, and lowest localization error. The benefit of using the proposed methodology greatly impacts on identifying the leakage area in mobility-assisted UWSN, where rapid reporting helps to lower the loss of resources. metadata Goyal, Nitin and Nain, Mamta and Singh, Aman and Abualsaud, Khalid and Alsubhi, Khalid and Ortega-Mansilla, Arturo and Zorba, Nizar mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, aman.singh@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, arturo.ortega@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED (2022) An Anchor-Based Localization in Underwater Wireless Sensor Networks for Industrial Oil Pipeline Monitoring. IEEE Canadian Journal of Electrical and Computer Engineering, 45 (4). pp. 466-474. ISSN 2694-1783

Article Subjects > Nutrition Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Fundación Universitaria Internacional de Colombia > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Cerrado Inglés Diets enriched in plant-based foods are associated with the maintenance of a good well-being and with the prevention of many non-communicable diseases. The health effects of fruits and vegetables consumption are mainly due to the presence of micronutrients, including vitamins and minerals, and polyphenols, plant secondary metabolites. One of the most important classes of phenolic compounds are anthocyanins, that confer the typical purple-red color to many foods, such as berries, peaches, plums, red onions, purple corn, eggplants, as well as purple carrots, sweet potatoes and red cabbages, among others. This commentary aims to briefly highlight the progress made by science in the last years, focusing on some unexpected aspects related with anthocyanins, such as their bioavailability, their health effects and their relationship with gut microbiota metadata Giampieri, Francesca and Cianciosi, Danila and Alvarez-Suarez, José M. and Quiles, José L. and Forbes-Hernández, Tamara Y. and Navarro-Hortal, María D. and Machì, Michele and Pali-Casanova, Ramón and Martínez Espinosa, Julio César and Chen, Xiumin and Zhang, Di and Bai, Weibin and Lingmin, Tian and Mezzetti, Bruno and Battino, Maurizio and Diaz, Yasmany Armas mail francesca.giampieri@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, jose.quiles@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, ramon.pali@unini.edu.mx, ulio.martinez@unini.edu.mx, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, maurizio.battino@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED (2023) Anthocyanins: what do we know until now? Journal of Berry Research. pp. 1-6. ISSN 18785093

Article Subjects > Physical Education and Sport Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés Anthropometrical profile is one of the indicators associated to optimal performance of futsal players. However, no studies have analyzed these factors in both sexes neither created an anthropometrical profile of each sex. For these reasons, the goals of this study were: to describe and compare the anthropometric and conditional profiles of sub-elite futsal players, and to analyze possible correlations between anthropometric and conditional parameters. 11 female and 8 male sub-elite futsal players participated in the study. Several tests were performed: an anthropometric and body composition analysis, leg power with squat jump (SJ) and countermovement jump (CMJ) tests, and psoas and major gluteus flexibility test. Male futsal players reported a better performance in SJ and CMJ (p<0.001, big ES), as well as a lower fat percentage (10.2%) and a greater muscular percentage (50.8%) than female futsal players (20.1% and 44.9%, respectively). No significant differences were found regarding flexibility between sexes (p>0.05). Fat percentage presents a reversal correlation (r=-0.84; ES very large), as well as muscular performance, a direct correlation (r=0.73; ES very large) with explosive performance. There are significant differences between sexes regarding anthropometric and leg power parameters, not in flexibility values. Finally, the training methods and conditional goals along the season should be adapted to anthropometric and conditional profile of each competitive level, with special focus in neuromuscular performance. metadata Lago-Fuentes, Carlos and Pérez-Celada, Sergio and Prieto-Troncoso, Javier and Rey, Ezequiel and Mecías-Calvo, Marcos mail carlos.lago@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, marcos.mecias@uneatlantico.es (2020) Anthropometric and conditional profile in semiprofessional futsal players: differences between sexes. A case study. [Perfil antropométrico y condicional en jugadores semiprofesionales de futbol sala: diferencias entre sexos. Un estudio de caso]. RICYDE. Revista internacional de ciencias del deporte, 16 (61). pp. 330-341. ISSN 1885-3137

Article Subjects > Nutrition Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés The aim of this study was to evaluate for the first time the anti-inflammatory effects of chestnut (Castanea sativa) and Eucalyptus (Eucalyptus occidentalis) honeys collected in Italy on murine RAW 264.7 macrophages stressed with the bacterial endotoxin lipopolysaccharide (LPS). Pre-treatment with the two honeys markedly decreased apoptosis and stimulated wound healing in macrophages stressed with LPS, where they also reduced the intracellular levels of ROS and nitrite. Additionally, treatment with LPS decreased the levels of glutathione and suppressed the antioxidant enzyme activities, which were significantly (p < 0.05) increased in the presence of the two honeys, through the modulation of Nrf2 expression; in LPS-stressed macrophages, Chestnut or Eucalyptus honeys protected against inflammation by regulating the main inflammatory biomarkers, including TNF-α, IL-10 and iNOS, through the decrease of NF-кB expression. Finally, they improved mitochondrial respiration and the main related parameters. metadata Cianciosi, Danila and Forbes-Hernandez, Tamara Y. and Alvarez-Suarez, José M. and Ansary, Johura and Quinzi, Denise and Amici, Adolfo and Navarro-Hortal, María D. and Esteban-Muñoz, Adelaida and Quiles, José Luis and Battino, Maurizio and Giampieri, Francesca mail UNSPECIFIED (2021) Anti-inflammatory activities of Italian Chestnut and Eucalyptus honeys on murine RAW 264.7 macrophages. Journal of Functional Foods, 87. p. 104752. ISSN 17564646

Article Subjects > Nutrition Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production UNSPECIFIED UNSPECIFIED Capuli cherry (Prunus serotina Ehr. subsp. capuli (Cav.) McVaugh) fruits from the inter-Andean region of Ecuador were analysed to determine their bioactive compounds content, total antioxidant capacity, radical scavenging activity and their anti-inflammatory and protective effects against the cytotoxic damage mediated by lipopolysaccharide (LPS) in RAW 264.7 macrophages. Capuli fruits proved to be a natural source of bioactive compounds such as anthocyanins, vitamin C and β-carotene as well as to present an important total antioxidant capacity and radical scavenging activities. RAW 264.7 macrophages were incubated with different concentration of Capuli crude extract and subsequently activated by LPS to determine the markers related to oxidative damage and the proinflammatory cytokine production. The markers of oxidative damage, nitrite levels, the interleukin 1β messenger RNA levels and the tumor necrosis factor α mRNA levels and secretion were significantly decreased after the pre-incubated with Capuli extract and subsequently stimulated with LPS. In summary, Capuli extract attenuated the LPS-induced damage in RAW 264.7 macrophages due to its antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties, showing that Capuli fruits may represent a relevant source of bioactive compounds with promising benefits for human health. metadata Alvarez-Suarez, José M. and Carrillo-Perdomo, Estefanía and Aller, Angel and Giampieri, Francesca and Gasparrini, Massimiliano and González-Pérez, Lien and Beltrán-Ayala, Pablo and Battino, Maurizio mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, maurizio.battino@uneatlantico.es (2017) Anti-inflammatory effect of Capuli cherry against LPS-induced cytotoxic damage in RAW 264.7 macrophages. Food and Chemical Toxicology, 102. pp. 46-52. ISSN 0278-6915

Article Subjects > Biomedicine Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Cerrado Inglés A common denominator in the pathogenesis of most chronic inflammatory diseases is the involvement of oxidative stress, related to ROS production by all aerobic organisms. Dietary antioxidants from plant foods represent an efficient strategy to counteract this condition. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the protective effects of strawberry extracts on inflammatory status induced by E. Coli LPS on RAW 264.7 macrophages by measuring the main oxidative and inflammatory biomarkers and investigating the molecular pathways involved. Strawberry pre-treatment efficiently counteracted LPS-induced oxidative stress reducing the amount of ROS and nitrite production, stimulating endogenous antioxidant enzyme activities and enhancing protection against lipid, protein and DNA damage (P < 0.05). Strawberry pre-treatment exerted these protective effects primarily through the activation of the Nrf2 pathway, which is markedly AMPK-dependent and also by the modulation of the NF-kB signalling pathway. Finally, an improvement in mitochondria functionality was also detected. The results obtained in this work highlight the health benefit of strawberries against inflammatory and oxidative stress in LPS-stimulated RAW 264.7 macrophages, investigating for the first time the possible involved molecular mechanisms. metadata Gasparrini, Massimiliano and Forbes-Hernandez, Tamara Y. and Giampieri, Francesca and Afrin, Sadia and Alvarez-Suarez, Josè M. and Mazzoni, Luca and Mezzetti, Bruno and Quiles, Josè L. and Battino, Maurizio mail UNSPECIFIED, tamara.forbes@unini.edu.mx, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, maurizio.battino@uneatlantico.es (2017) Anti-inflammatory effect of strawberry extract against LPS-induced stress in RAW 264.7 macrophages. Food and Chemical Toxicology, 102. pp. 1-10. ISSN 0278-6915

Article Subjects > Engineering Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Fundación Universitaria Internacional de Colombia > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Universidad Internacional do Cuanza > Research > Scientific Production
Abierto Inglés The demand for cloud computing has drastically increased recently, but this paradigm has several issues due to its inherent complications, such as non-reliability, latency, lesser mobility support, and location-aware services. Fog computing can resolve these issues to some extent, yet it is still in its infancy. Despite several existing works, these works lack fault-tolerant fog computing, which necessitates further research. Fault tolerance enables the performing and provisioning of services despite failures and maintains anti-fragility and resiliency. Fog computing is highly diverse in terms of failures as compared to cloud computing and requires wide research and investigation. From this perspective, this study primarily focuses on the provision of uninterrupted services through fog computing. A framework has been designed to provide uninterrupted services while maintaining resiliency. The geographical information system (GIS) services have been deployed as a test bed which requires high computation, requires intensive resources in terms of CPU and memory, and requires low latency. Keeping different types of failures at different levels and their impacts on service failure and greater response time in mind, the framework was made anti-fragile and resilient at different levels. Experimental results indicate that during service interruption, the user state remains unaffected. metadata Mir, Tahira Sarwar and Liaqat, Hannan Bin and Kiren, Tayybah and Sana, Muhammad Usman and Álvarez, Roberto Marcelo and Miró Vera, Yini Airet and Pascual Barrera, Alina Eugenia and Ashraf, Imran mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, roberto.alvarez@uneatlantico.es, yini.miro@uneatlantico.es, alina.pascual@unini.edu.mx, UNSPECIFIED (2022) Antifragile and Resilient Geographical Information System Service Delivery in Fog Computing. Sensors, 22 (22). p. 8778. ISSN 1424-8220

Article Subjects > Biomedicine Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Abierto Inglés Acinetobacter baumannii is a Gram-negative coccoid rod species, clinically relevant as a human pathogen, included in the ESKAPE group. Carbapenem-resistant A. baumannii (CRAB) are considered by the World Health Organization (WHO) as a critical priority pathogen for the research and development of new antibiotics. Some of the most relevant features of this pathogen are its intrinsic multidrug resistance and its ability to acquire rapid and effective new resistant determinants against last-resort clinical antibiotics, mostly from other ESKAPE species. The presence of plasmids and mobile genetic elements in their genomes contributes to the acquisition of new antimicrobial resistance determinants. However, although A. baumannii has arisen as an important human pathogen, information about these elements is still not well understood. Current genomic analysis availability has increased our ability to understand the microevolution of bacterial pathogens, including point mutations, genetic dissemination, genomic stability, and pan- and core-genome compositions. In this work, we deeply studied the genomes of four clinical strains from our hospital, and the reference strain ATCC®19606TM, which have shown a remarkable ability to survive and maintain their effective capacity when subjected to long-term stress conditions. With that, our aim was presenting a detailed analysis of their genomes, including antibiotic resistance determinants and plasmid composition. metadata Chapartegui-González, Itziar and Lázaro-Díez, María and Redondo-Salvo, Santiago and Navas, Jesús and Ramos-Vivas, José mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, jose.ramos@uneatlantico.es (2021) Antimicrobial Resistance Determinants in Genomes and Plasmids from Acinetobacter baumannii Clinical Isolates. Antibiotics, 10 (7). p. 753. ISSN 2079-6382

Article Subjects > Nutrition Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés Antimicrobial resistance is a global concern with significant public health implications. We investigated the role of fresh vegetables and their cultivation environments as reservoirs for antimicrobial-resistant Enterobacter cloacae complex (ECC) strains. The study focused on AmpC-producing ECC isolates and their resistance to colistin, a last resort antibiotic. AmpC-producing ECC isolates were detected and confirmed in 10.2% of the 235 samples examined, with no significant difference (p > 0.05) in prevalence between farm and street market samples. Further analysis of 24 AmpC-ECC isolates revealed that 16.7% exhibited resistance to colistin. A colistin-resistant E. kobei strain (AG07E) was detected in irrigation water from a vegetable farm for the first time in Spain. This strain carried the mcr-9.1 gene, demonstrating transferability. It was included in ST56 which is predominantly reported in clinical E. kobei harbouring the mcr-9 gene. Additionally, we identified a multidrug-resistant E. kobei strain (ZA03E) from carrot samples, exhibiting colistin resistance and potential human pathogenicity. This strain belonged to ST125 which has clonal relationships with strains in ST56. Our findings emphasise the importance of monitoring and addressing antimicrobial-resistant ECC strains in fresh vegetables and their production environments, particularly the water, to mitigate potential risks to public health from a One Health perspective. metadata Pintor-Cora, Alberto and Alegría, Ángel and Ramos Vivas, Jose and García-López, María-Luisa and Santos, Jesús A. and Rodríguez-Calleja, Jose M. mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, jose.ramos@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED (2023) Antimicrobial-resistant Enterobacter cloacae complex strains isolated from fresh vegetables intended for raw consumption and their farm environments in the Northwest of Spain. LWT, 188. p. 115382. ISSN 00236438

Article Subjects > Teaching Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Español La Educación Física presenta cierta diversidad de enfoques metodológicos por parte del profesorado que la imparte, dado su carácter eminentemente práctico. El objetivo de este estudio fue determinar la posible influencia del género y años de experiencia docente en las preferencias metodológicas del profesorado de Educación Infantil y Primaria que imparte la materia de Educación Física en centros educativos de Galicia. La muestra estuvo constituida por 205 docentes de los cuales 57 eran mujeres (27.8%). Se realizó una recogida de datos a través del cuestionario validado Estilos de Enseñanza en Educación Física (EEEF). Los resultados obtenidos mostraron diferencias estadísticamente significativas en el factor género en los estilos individualizadores (p < .001), cognitivos (p < .001) y creativos (p < .001). En cuanto a los años de experiencia docente, se han encontrado diferencias estadísticamente significativas en los estilos tradicionales (p < .001), en los individualizadores (p = .006), en los que fomentan la participación y socialización del alumnado (p < .001), en los cognitivos (p < .001) y en los creativos (p = .045). Se concluye que el profesorado con menos años de experiencia muestra una mayor preferencia por los métodos de individualización de la enseñanza, de socialización, participación del alumnado y enfoque metodológico que fomente la creatividad. Los métodos tradicionales son acogidos mayoritariamente en todas las etapas de experiencia profesional siendo más altos en la franja de profesorado con 6 a 11 años de experiencia. Por su parte, los profesores optan más por los estilos individualizadores, cognitivos y creativos que las profesoras, aunque en ambos casos emplean los estilos tradicionales. Estos resultados ayudan a mejorar los planes de formación de profesorado estableciendo estrategias que aborden diferentes perspectivas y enfoques metodológicos aprovechando así los beneficios de cada uno de ellos. metadata Navarro-Patón, Rubén and Arufe Giráldez, Víctor and Mecías-Calvo, Marcos and Lago-Ballesteros, Joaquín mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, marcos.mecias@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED (2020) Análisis de las preferencias metodológicas del profesorado gallego de Educación Física en función del género y los años de experiencia docente. PUBLICACIONES, 50 (3). pp. 163-193. ISSN 1577-4147

Article Subjects > Engineering Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Abierto Inglés, Español Actualmente la gestión de proyectos cuenta con muchas herramientas y metodologías que buscan desarrollar proyectos exitosos, no siempre es posible cumplir con los objetivos fijados desde su concepción. Una gran parte de los proyectos de construcción son ejecutados sin ser evaluados y documentados adecuadamente a lo largo de su ciclo de vida, aumentando las probabilidades de ser un proyecto fallido y de no cumplir con la rentabilidad o uso esperado. El caso de estudio es sobre un proyecto hidroeléctrico que fue iniciado con personal propio de una empresa privada hondureña (EPH)[1], que al poco tiempo empezó a presentar una serie de inconvenientes que generaron desfases en costos y en tiempo. Cuando se había utilizado el 85% del presupuesto original estimado y se observa un avance de obra menor al 50%, la EPH decidió contratar a una empresa supervisora externa (ESE) para darle seguimiento al proyecto, revisar el diseño del mismo y que se asegurara que el proyecto fuera culminado. El proyecto fue culminado con un año y ocho meses adicionales de construcción y el costo del total final superó en 7.5 millones de dólares americanos del presupuesto original. El objetivo principal de esta investigación es la de analizar la eficiencia y sostenibilidad del proyecto para obtener lecciones que posibiliten la identificación de las fallas y aciertos en los desvíos alcanzados a lo largo del mismo y, a partir de ellos, generar recomendaciones que le permitan a la organización corregir y mejorar su actual metodología para sus futuros proyectos. metadata Ramírez López, Ana Mellissa and Mazzetto, Matías Ariel mail UNSPECIFIED (2022) Análisis y mejores prácticas proyectuales de una obra civil hidroeléctrica de Honduras. Project Design and Management, 4 (2). ISSN 2683-1597

Article Subjects > Nutrition Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production UNSPECIFIED UNSPECIFIED Several polifloral honeys from the Apis mellifera and Melipona beecheii bee were analyzed to evaluate their pollen profile, physicochemical parameters, chemical composition and their antioxidant and antimicrobial activity. Flavonoids and other phenolic derivatives, 16 compounds in Apis mellifera honeys and 19 compounds in Melipona beecheii honeys, were identified using the HPLC-DAD-ESI-MS/MS analysis. The physicochemical parameters were within the ranges reported for these honeys, showing some of the distinctive characteristics of M. beecheii honeys compared to A. mellifera honeys, such as their high moisture and acidity. M. beecheii honey showed the highest values of total antioxidant capacity and total phenolic, flavonoid, carotenoids, ascorbic acid, free amino acid and protein contents compared to A. mellifera honey. M. beecheii honey also exhibited a higher antimicrobial activity. Our result shows that M. beecheii honeys is an important source of bioactive compounds with relevant biological properties compared to A. mellifera honey. metadata Alvarez-Suarez, José M. and Giampieri, Francesca and Brenciani, Andrea and Mazzoni, Luca and Gasparrini, Massimiliano and González-Paramás, Ana M. and Santos-Buelga, Celestino and Morroni, Gianluca and Simoni, Serena and Forbes-Hernández, Tamara Y. and Afrin, Sadia and Giovanetti, Eleonora and Battino, Maurizio mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, tamara.forbes@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, maurizio.battino@uneatlantico.es (2018) Apis mellifera vs Melipona beecheii Cuban polifloral honeys: A comparison based on their physicochemical parameters, chemical composition and biological properties. LWT, 87. pp. 272-279. ISSN 0023-6438

Article Subjects > Social Sciences Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Abierto Español El objetivo de este estudio fue presentar cómo aplicar un modelo de ciclo de contra-inteligencia empresarial (CCIE) en la dirección estratégica, de forma que se puedan tomar medidas sobre la protección contra el espionaje cibernético en las tecnologías de la información y las comunicaciones (TICs) en las organizaciones. Los datos se obtuvieron de las recomendaciones de tres estudios relacionados con el espionaje cibernético en las TICS. El método de investigación se fundamentó en el análisis cualitativo de las recomendaciones de estos tres documentos y se clasificaron de acuerdo a las etapas del modelo CCIE recomendado por Lauria (2008). Los resultados demostraron que el 73% de las recomendaciones de los documentos analizados se relacionó con la definición de requisitos de protección, evaluación de vulnerabilidades, procesar, analizar y difundir los resultados. El 22% se relacionó con evaluar las amenazas de la competencia, desarrollar y utilizar protección. Estos resultados sugieren deficiencias en el desarrollo de contramedidas, lo cual afecta el ciclo completo. Se analizaron los documentos en el año 2013. metadata Valdés Ortíz, Francisco and Hidalgo González, Cristina and Gracia Villar, Santos and Domingo Soriano, Saúl mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, santos.gracia@uneatlantico.es, saul_domingo@funiber.org (2013) Aplicación de contra-inteligencia empresarial: análisis sobre la protección contra el espionaje cibernético en las organizaciones. Scientific International Journal, 10 (3). pp. 19-31. ISSN 1554-6349

Article Subjects > Psychology Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés, Español La estimulación transcraneal de corriente directa constituye una técnica prometedora para el tratamiento de trastornos psiquiátricos como puede ser la anorexia nerviosa. La forma de actuación es a través de la regulación de la actividad cerebral aplicada principalmente en la zona de la corteza prefrontal dorsolateral. En el presente trabajo se revisan los principios de la estimulación transcraneal de corriente directa a través de los electrodos y cómo influye la intensidad, la duración y el tipo de procedimientos de aplicación en los resultados; la patogenia de la anorexia nerviosa, las diferentes áreas que se encuentran alteradas en cuanto a su funcionamiento, así como lo estudios llevados a cabo en la corteza prefrontal dorsolateral y los diferentes estudios experimentales de tratamiento en esta tipología de pacientes mediante esta técnica en los últimos años. Se expone también una posible propuesta de intervención basándonos en las evidencias encontradas en los diferentes trabajos revisados introduciendo algunas mejoras, con lo que se pretende dar a conocer con mayor profundidad la efectividad del tratamiento mediante tDCSen futuras investigaciones. metadata Pellón Mendoza, Ana Rosario and Castaño Castaño, Sergio mail UNSPECIFIED, sergio.castano@uneatlantico.es (2020) Aplicación de corriente transcraneal directa como terapia no invasiva en trastornos de la conducta alimentaria: una propuesta de intervención. MLS Psychology Research, 3 (1). pp. 79-98. ISSN 26055295

Article Subjects > Engineering Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Universidad Internacional do Cuanza > Research > Scientific Production
Abierto Inglés Population and industrial growth in Mexico’s Bajío region demand greater electricity consumption. The production of electricity from fuel oil has severe implications on climate change and people’s health due to SO2 emissions. This study describes the simulation of eight different scenarios for SO2 pollutant dispersion. It takes into account distance, geoenvironmental parameters, wind, terrain roughness, and Pasquill–Gifford–Turner atmospheric stability and categories of dispersion based on technical information about SO2 concentration from stacks and from one of the atmospheric monitoring stations in Salamanca city. Its transverse character, its usefulness for modeling, and epidemiological, meteorological, and fluid dynamics studies, as suggested by the models approved by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), show a maximum average concentration of 399 µg/m3, at an average distance of 1800 m. The best result comparison in the scenarios was scenery 8. Maximum nocturnal dispersion was shown at a wind speed of 8.4 m/s, and an SO2 concentration of 280 µg/m3 for stack 4, an atypical situation due to the geography of the city. From the validation process, a relative error of 14.7 % was obtained, which indicates the reliability of the applied Gaussian model. Regarding the mathematical solution of the model, this represents a reliable and low-cost tool that can help improve air quality management, the location or relocation of atmospheric monitoring stations, and migration from the use of fossil fuels to environmentally friendly fuels. metadata Violante Gavira, Amanda Enrriqueta and Sosa González, Wadi Elim and Pali-Casanova, Ramón and Yam Cervantes, Marcial Alfredo and Aguilar Vega, Manuel and Chacha Coto, Javier and Zavala Loría, José del Carmen and Dzul López, Luis Alonso and García Villena, Eduardo mail amanda@ugto.mx, UNSPECIFIED, ramon.pali@unini.edu.mx, marcial.yam@unini.edu.mx, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, jose.zavala@unini.edu.mx, luis.dzul@uneatlantico.es, eduardo.garcia@uneatlantico.es (2022) Application of the Gaussian Model for Monitoring Scenarios and Estimation of SO2 Atmospheric Emissions in the Salamanca Area, Bajío, Mexico. Atmosphere, 13 (6). p. 874. ISSN 2073-4433

Article Subjects > Engineering Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Fundación Universitaria Internacional de Colombia > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Universidad Internacional do Cuanza > Research > Scientific Production
Abierto Inglés Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a severe and chronic ailment that is currently ranked as the third most common cause of mortality across the globe. COPD patients often experience debilitating symptoms such as chronic coughing, shortness of breath, and fatigue. Sadly, the disease frequently goes undiagnosed until it is too late, leaving patients without the care they desperately need. So, COPD detection at an early stage is crucial to prevent further damage to the lungs and improve quality of life. Traditional COPD detection methods often rely on physical examinations and tests such as spirometry, chest radiography, blood gas tests, and genetic tests. However, these methods may not always be accurate or accessible. One of the key vital signs for detecting COPD is the patient’s respiration rate. However, it is crucial to consider a patient’s medical and demographic characteristics simultaneously for better detection results. To address this issue, this study aims to detect COPD patients using artificial intelligence techniques. To achieve this goal, a novel framework is proposed that utilizes ultra-wideband (UWB) radar-based temporal and spectral features to build machine learning and deep learning models. This new set of temporal and spectral features is extracted from respiration data collected non-invasively from 1.5 m distance using UWB radar. Different machine learning and deep learning models are trained and tested on the collected dataset. The findings are promising, with a high accuracy score of 100% for COPD detection. This means that the proposed framework could potentially save lives by identifying COPD patients at an early stage. The k-fold cross-validation technique and performance comparison with the state-of-the-art studies are applied to validate its performance, ensuring that the results are robust and reliable. The high accuracy score achieved in the study implies that the proposed framework has the potential for the efficient detection of COPD at an early stage. metadata Siddiqui, Hafeez-Ur-Rehman and Raza, Ali and Saleem, Adil Ali and Rustam, Furqan and Díez, Isabel de la Torre and Gavilanes Aray, Daniel and Lipari, Vivian and Ashraf, Imran and Dudley, Sandra mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, daniel.gavilanes@uneatlantico.es, vivian.lipari@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED (2023) An Approach to Detect Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease Using UWB Radar-Based Temporal and Spectral Features. Diagnostics, 13 (6). p. 1096. ISSN 2075-4418

Article Subjects > Engineering Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Universidad Internacional do Cuanza > Research > Scientific Production
Abierto Inglés The purpose of this research was to plan an approach to a project framework that integrated a model for sustainability and CSR, with the process groups of the Project Management Body of Knowledge (PMBOK®) standard, in its application to the training of a group of students in Project Design, Management, and Evaluation. The integration was justified by the scarce explicit references to sustainability and CSR found in traditional project management guidelines, norms, and standards. The new framework was used to structure a Sustainability Management Plan, which made it possible to incorporate sustainability criteria throughout the life cycle of the training project. The training proposal in Project Design, Management, and Evaluation was chosen, among several alternatives, by a multi-criteria selection process (fuzzy AHP) in the context of project scope management. The results reveal a great heterogeneity among the models and the lack of a base of key indicators in sustainability and CSR measurement tools as well as of explicit references to sustainability in project management standards. It is therefore necessary to develop a Sustainability Management Plan that can be introduced in the Project Management Plan and thus influence the strategic and operational guidelines of the Institution. metadata García Villena, Eduardo and Gracia Villar, Santos and Dzul López, Luis Alonso and Álvarez, Roberto Marcelo and Delgado Noya, Irene and Vidal Mazón, Juan Luis mail eduardo.garcia@uneatlantico.es, santos.gracia@uneatlantico.es, luis.dzul@uneatlantico.es, roberto.alvarez@uneatlantico.es, irene.delgado@uneatlantico.es, juanluis.vidal@uneatlantico.es (2021) Approach to a Project Framework in the Environment of Sustainability and Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR): Case Study of a Training Proposal to a Group of Students in a Higher Education Institution. Sustainability, 13 (19). p. 10880. ISSN 2071-1050

Article Subjects > Biomedicine Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Cerrado Inglés During the process of beeswax recycling, many industrial derivatives are obtained. These matrices may have an interesting healthy and commercial potential but to date they have not been properly studied. The aim of the present work was to evaluate the proximal and phytochemical composition, the antioxidant capacity and cytotoxic effects of two by-products from beeswax recycling process named MUD 1 and MUD 2 on liver hepatocellular carcinoma. Our results showed that MUD 1 presented the highest (P < .05) fiber, protein, carbohydrate, polyphenol and flavonoid concentration, as well as the highest (P < .05) total antioxidant capacity than the MUD 2 samples. MUD1 exerted also anticancer activity on HepG2 cells, by reducing cellular viability, increasing intracellular ROS levels and affecting mitochondrial functionality in a dose-dependent manner. We showed for the first time that by-products from beeswax recycling process can represent a rich source of phytochemicals with high total antioxidant capacity and anticancer activity; however, further researches are necessary to evaluate their potentiality for human health by in vivo studies. metadata Giampieri, Francesca and Quiles, José L. and Orantes-Bermejo, Francisco J. and Gasparrini, Massimiliano and Forbes-Hernandez, Tamara Y. and Sánchez-González, Cristina and Llopis, Juan and Rivas-García, Lorenzo and Afrin, Sadia and Varela-López, Alfonso and Cianciosi, Danila and Reboredo-Rodriguez, Patricia and Fernández-Piñar, Cristina Torres and Caderón Iglesia, Rubén and Ruiz Salces, Roberto and Aparicio Obregón, Silvia and Crespo-Álvarez, Jorge and Dzul Lopez, Luis and Xiao, Jianbo and Battino, Maurizio mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, ruben.calderon@uneatlantico.es, roberto.ruiz@uneatlantico.es, silvia.aparicio@uneatlantico.es, jorge.crespo@uneatlantico.es, luis.dzul@unini.edu.mx, UNSPECIFIED, maurizio.battino@uneatlantico.es (2018) Are by-products from beeswax recycling process a new promising source of bioactive compounds with biomedical properties? Food and Chemical Toxicology, 112. pp. 126-133. ISSN 0278-6915

Article Subjects > Nutrition Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Cerrado Inglés Wine is a highly complex mixture of components with different chemical natures. These components largely define wine’s appearance, aroma, taste, and mouthfeel properties. Among them, aroma is among the most important indicators of wine’s sensory characteristics. The essence of winemaking ecosystem is the process of metabolic activities of diverse microbes including yeasts, lactic acid bacteria, and molds, which result in wines with complicated and diversified aromas. A better understanding of how these microbes affect wine’s aroma is a crucial step to producing premium quality wine. This study illustrates existing knowledge on the diversity and classification of wine aroma compounds and their microbial origin. Their contributions to wine characteristics are discussed, as well. Furthermore, we review the relationship between these microbes and wine aroma characteristics. This review broadens the discussion of wine aroma compounds to include more modern microbiological concepts, and it provides relevant background and suggests new directions for future research. metadata Liu, Shuxun and Lou, Ying and Li, Yixian and Zhao, Yan and Laaksonen, Oskar and Li, Ping and Zhang, Jiaojiao and Battino, Maurizio and Yang, Baoru and Gu, Qing mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, maurizio.battino@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED (2023) Aroma characteristics of volatile compounds brought by variations in microbes in winemaking. Food Chemistry, 420. p. 136075. ISSN 03088146

Article Subjects > Engineering Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
University of La Romana > Research > Scientific Production
Abierto Inglés Behavioral economics and artificial intelligence (AI) have been two rapidly growing fields of research over the past few years. While behavioral economics aims to combine concepts from psychology, sociology, and neuroscience with classical economic thoughts to understand human decision-making processes in the complex economic environment, AI on the other hand, focuses on creating intelligent machines that can mimic human cognitive abilities such as learning, problem-solving, decision-making, and language understanding. The intersection of these two fields has led to thrilling research theories and practical applications. This study provides a bibliometric analysis of the literature on AI and behavioral economics to gain insight into research trends in this field. We conducted this bibliometric analysis using the Web of Science database on articles published between 2012 and 2022 that were related to AI and behavioral economics. VOSviewer and Bibliometrix R package were utilized to identify influential authors, journals, institutions, and countries in the field. Network analysis was also performed to identify the main research themes and their interrelationships. The analysis revealed that the number of publications on AI and behavioral economics has been increasing steadily over the past decade. We found that most studies focused on customer and consumer behavior, including topics such as decision-making under uncertainty, neuroeconomics, and behavioral game theory, combined mainly with machine learning and deep learning techniques. We also identified several emerging themes, including the use of AI in nudging and prospect theory in behavioral finance, as well as undeveloped themes such as AI-driven behavioral macroeconomics. The findings suggests that there is a need for more interdisciplinary collaboration between researchers in behavioral economics and AI. We also suggest that future research on AI and behavioral economics further consider the ethical implications of using AI and behavioral insights in decision-making. This study can serve as a valuable resource for researchers interested in AI and behavioral economics. metadata Aoujil, Zakaria and Hanine, Mohamed and Soriano Flores, Emmanuel and Samad, Md Abdu and Ashraf, Imran mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, emmanuel.soriano@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED (2023) Artificial Intelligence and Behavioral Economics: A Bibliographic Analysis of Research Field. IEEE Access. p. 1. ISSN 2169-3536 (In Press)

Article Subjects > Engineering Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Universidad Internacional do Cuanza > Research > Scientific Production
Abierto Inglés With rapid urbanization, high rates of industrialization, and inappropriate waste disposal, water quality has been substantially degraded during the past decade. So, water quality prediction, an essential element for a healthy society, has become a task of great significance to protecting the water environment. Existing approaches focus predominantly on either water quality or water consumption prediction, utilizing complex algorithms that reduce the accuracy of imbalanced datasets and increase computational complexity. This study proposes a simple architecture of neural networks which is more efficient and accurate and can work for predicting both water quality and water consumption. An artificial neural network (ANN) consisting of one hidden layer and a couple of dropout and activation layers is utilized in this regard. The approach is tested using two datasets for predicting water quality and water consumption. Results show a 0.96 accuracy for water quality prediction which is better than existing studies. A 0.99 R2 score is obtained for water consumption prediction which is superior to existing state-of-the-art approaches. metadata Rustam, Furqan and Ishaq, Abid and Kokab, Sayyida Tabinda and de la Torre Diez, Isabel and Vidal Mazón, Juan Luis and Rodríguez Velasco, Carmen Lilí and Ashraf, Imran mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, juanluis.vidal@uneatlantico.es, carmen.rodriguez@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED (2022) An Artificial Neural Network Model for Water Quality and Water Consumption Prediction. Water, 14 (21). p. 3359. ISSN 2073-4441

Article Subjects > Engineering Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Fundación Universitaria Internacional de Colombia > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Universidad Internacional do Cuanza > Research > Scientific Production
Abierto Inglés The precise prediction of power estimates of wind–solar renewable energy sources becomes challenging due to their intermittent nature and difference in intensity between day and night. Machine-learning algorithms are non-linear mapping functions to approximate any given function from known input–output pairs and can be used for this purpose. This paper presents an artificial neural network (ANN)-based method to predict hybrid wind–solar resources and estimate power generation by correlating wind speed and solar radiation for real-time data. The proposed ANN allows optimization of the hybrid system’s operation by efficient wind and solar energy production estimation for a given set of weather conditions. The proposed model uses temperature, humidity, air pressure, solar radiation, optimum angle, and target values of known wind speeds, solar radiation, and optimum angle. A normalization function to narrow the error distribution and an iterative method with the Levenberg–Marquardt training function is used to reduce error. The experimental results show the effectiveness of the proposed approach against the existing wind, solar, or wind–solar estimation methods. It is envisaged that such an intelligent yet simplified method for predicting wind speed, solar radiation, and optimum angle, and designing wind–solar hybrid systems can improve the accuracy and efficiency of renewable energy generation. metadata Shafi, Imran and Khan, Harris and Farooq, Muhammad Siddique and Diez, Isabel de la Torre and Miró Vera, Yini Airet and Castanedo Galán, Juan and Ashraf, Imran mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, yini.miro@uneatlantico.es, juan.castanedo@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED (2023) An Artificial Neural Network-Based Approach for Real-Time Hybrid Wind–Solar Resource Assessment and Power Estimation. Energies, 16 (10). p. 4171. ISSN 1996-1073

Article Subjects > Nutrition Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Cerrado Inglés Asparagus species is recognized as a perennial herb with several valuable functional ingredients, and has been widely used as medicine and food since ancient times. Among its main chemical constituents, saponins play a vital role in the health benefits and biological activities including anti-cancer, antioxidant, immunomodulatory, anti-microbial, anti-inflammatory, and hypoglycemic. This review summarizes the preparation methods, structure and classification, biological functions, as well as the food and non-food applications of asparagus saponins, with a special emphasis on its anti-cancer effects in vitro and in vivo. Further, the main challenges and limitations of the current research trends in asparagus saponins are highlighted after a detailed analysis of the recent research information. This review bridges the gap between bioactive components and human health and aids current research on functional and health-promoting foods and medicinal application of Asparagus saponins. metadata Zhang, Fan and Chen, Shengxiong and Zhang, Jianguo and Thakur, Kiran and Battino, Maurizio and Cao, Hui and Farag, Mohamed A. and Xiao, Jianbo and Wei, Zhaojun mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, maurizio.battino@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED (2023) Asparagus saponins: effective natural beneficial ingredient in functional foods, from preparation to applications. Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition. pp. 1-19. ISSN 1040-8398

Article Subjects > Physical Education and Sport Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Cerrado Inglés Purpose The whole drowning process usually occurs within seconds to a few minutes. An early rescue may stop and/or prevent most medical complications. Fins, rescue tube, and rescue board (RB) are the equipment most frequently used by lifeguards. Our objective was to compare, in a water rescue quasiexperimental trial, these different pieces of rescue equipment to define the safest and with the lower rescue time as well as to assess their effects on the lifeguards' physiological state and cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) performance. Method A controlled trial was conducted to study the time effect of 4 different rescue techniques and assess CPR quality, along with the physiological effects of each rescue technique (blood lactate and subjective Borg's scale effort perception) on 35 lifeguards. Results Among the final sample subjects (n = 23), a total of 92 rescues were completed. Total water rescue time was longer without equipment (NE). The total rescue time was significantly lower using RB (P < .001). Similar good quality of CPR before and after water rescue was observed in all trials (P > .05), although correct ventilations represented less than 50% of total in all trials. Blood lactate increased after all rescues. The subjective effort Borg's scale showed significantly less effort using RB vs without equipment, fins, and fins and rescue tube. Conclusion The use of propelling and/or floating equipment saves precious time with repercussions in the reduction of drowning mortality and morbidity. The RB offers a significant advantage. Lifeguards need more CPR training, especially considering the importance of efficient ventilations for drowning victims. metadata Barcala-Furelos, Roberto and Szpilman, David and Palacios-Aguilar, Jose and Costas-Veiga, Javier and Abelairas-Gomez, Cristian and Bores-Cerezal, Antonio and López-García, Sergio and Rodríguez-Nuñez, Antonio mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, javier.costas@uneatlantico.es, cristian.abelairas@uneatlantico.es, antonio.bores@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED (2016) Assessing the efficacy of rescue equipment in lifeguard resuscitation efforts for drowning. The American Journal of Emergency Medicine, 34 (3). pp. 480-485. ISSN 0735-6757

Article Subjects > Physical Education and Sport Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés Aim: The aim of this study was to assess the external load of amateur male players during 4 consecutive training microcycles (M) at the beginning of the in-season according to the training session in absolute external load demands and in relation to the competition demands. Methods: Regional-level players (n = 10; age, 20.8 ± 1.7 years; height, 175.5 ± 3.8 cm; body mass, 69.7 ± 2.9 kg; soccer experience, 13.2 ± 2.5 years) were monitored using GPS devices during training sessions and matches. The external load variables measured were: duration (min); total distance covered (TD); distance covered at high-speed (HID, 14.4-19.8 km/h); distance covered at sprinting (SPD; >19.8 km/h); and distance covered in high intensity acceleration (ACD; >2.5 m/s2) and deceleration (DECD; <-2.5 m/s2). Results: The results indicated that the external load variables (time, HID, SPD, ACD, and DECD) were similar between the four microcycles. Greater (p<0.01) time, TD, HID and SPD were observed in match day (MD)-2 compared to MD+1, MD-3, and MD-1. Aside from training duration, all external loads variables (TD, HID, SPD, ACD, and DECD) were lower during training sessions compared to official matches (p<0.05). Conclusion: Amateur soccer players present relative stable external training loads across competitive microcycles, with the peak load observed two days before the official match. Besides this, the match constitutes the highest load during a typical competitive microcycle in this cohort of players. metadata Sanchez-Sanchez, Javier and Hernández, Daniel and Martin, Victor and Sanchez, Mario and Casamichana Gomez, David and Rodriguez-Fernandez, Alejandro and Ramirez-Campillo, Rodrigo and Nakamura, Fabio Yuzo mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, david.casamichana@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED (2019) Assessment of the external load of amateur soccer players during four consecutive training microcycles in relation to the external load during the official match. Motriz: Revista de Educação Física, 25 (1). ISSN 1980-6574

Article Subjects > Biomedicine
Subjects > Nutrition
Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés Metabolic syndrome, obesity and diabetes mellitus are the most common metabolic disorders (MDs) in the world, characterized by abnormalities in body's metabolic processes. The typical diagnosis of MDs is usually executed by monitoring the levels of specific biochemical markers, but diagnostic imaging may provide valuable complementary information in MDs, offering advantages in diagnosis, target organ monitoring, follow-up, and development of new therapeutic approaches. The aim of this review is to summarize and discuss the studies published in the literature about the connection between images deriving from the diagnostic techniques and the key biochemical markers in the main MDs, in order to gain a comprehensive view of the different disorders. metadata Cianciosi, Danila and Diaz, Yasmany Armas and Grosso, Giuseppe and Quiles, José L. and Giampieri, Francesca and Battino, Maurizio mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, jose.quiles@uneatlantico.es, francesca.giampieri@uneatlantico.es, maurizio.battino@uneatlantico.es (2023) Association between diagnostic imaging and biochemical markers: a possible tool for monitoring metabolic disorders. Current Opinion in Food Science. p. 101109. ISSN 22147993

Article Subjects > Nutrition Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
UNSPECIFIED UNSPECIFIED Accumulation of proteinaceous amyloid β plaques and tau oligomers may occur several years before the onset of Alzheimer disease (AD). Under normal circumstances, misfolded proteins get cleared by proteasome degradation, autophagy, and the recently discovered brain glymphatic system, an astroglial-mediated interstitial fluid bulk flow. It has been shown that the activity of the glymphatic system is higher during sleep and disengaged or low during wakefulness. As a consequence, poor sleep quality, which is associated with dementia, might negatively affect glymphatic system activity, thus contributing to amyloid accumulation. The diet is another important factor to consider in the regulation of this complex network. Diets characterized by high intakes of refined sugars, salt, animal-derived proteins and fats and by low intakes of fruit and vegetables are associated with a higher risk of AD and can perturb the circadian modulation of cortisol secretion, which is associated with poor sleep quality. For this reason, diets and nutritional interventions aimed at restoring cortisol concentrations may ease sleep disorders and may facilitate brain clearance, consequentially reducing the risk of cognitive impairment and dementia. Here, we describe the associations that exist between sleep, cortisol regulation, and diet and their possible implications for the risk of cognitive impairment and AD. metadata Pistollato, Francesca and Sumalla Cano, Sandra and Elío Pascual, Iñaki and Masias Vergara, Manuel and Giampieri, Francesca and Battino, Maurizio mail francesca.pistollato@uneatlantico.es, sandra.sumalla@uneatlantico.es, inaki.elio@uneatlantico.es, manuel.masias@uneatlantico.es, francesca.giampieri@uneatlantico.es, maurizio.battino@uneatlantico.es (2016) Associations between Sleep, Cortisol Regulation, and Diet: Possible Implications for the Risk of Alzheimer Disease. Advances in Nutrition: An International Review Journal, 7 (4). pp. 679-689. ISSN 2156-5376

Article Subjects > Physical Education and Sport Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés, Español Las investigaciones basadas en la motivación y la autocompasión han demostrado que son características personales que influyen en el desarrollo de cada individuo. El objetivo de este estudio fue analizar la evolución de la motivación y de la autocompasión a lo largo de una temporada deportiva completa, con el fin de valorar si existen diferencias entre los distintos periodos de la misma teniendo en cuenta cada deporte. En la investigación participaron 48 deportistas (42 hombres y 6 mujeres) de edades comprendidas entre los 15 y 53 años (media= 23,5) que practicaban fútbol (29,2%), atletismo (31,3%) o rugby (39,6%) en un equipo de la Comunidad Autónoma de Cantabria. Respondieron a dos pruebas: un cuestionario de motivación (BRSQ) y una escala de autocompasión. Los resultados obtenidos mostraron que ambas variables se mantienen estables a lo largo de la temporada deportiva si se realiza el análisis de manera globalizada. En cambio, si se comparan los deportes entre sí, se encontraron diferencias estadísticamente significativas en la mayoría de las variables de la motivación lo que implica que esta está influenciada por el deporte que se practique. En el caso de la autocompasión, únicamente la variable Mindfulness contaba con significancia, por lo que está sujeta también a la influencia de las diferentes características de cada deporte. metadata Siri Schuchner, Ariadna and Mecías-Calvo, Marcos and Corrales Pardo, Andrea and Martí González, Mariacarla and Muñoz-Pérez, Iker mail ariadna.siri@alumnos.uneatlantico.es, marcos.mecias@uneatlantico.es, andrea.corrales@uneatlantico.es, mariacarla.marti@uneatlantico.es, iker.munoz@uneatlantico.es (2021) Atletismo, rugby y fútbol: valoración de la motivación y autocompasión a lo largo de la temporada. MLS Sport Research, 1 (1). pp. 19-34.

Article Subjects > Nutrition Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
UNSPECIFIED UNSPECIFIED Significance: In eukaryotes, autophagy represents a highly evolutionary conserved process, through which macromolecules and cytoplasmic material are degraded into lysosomes and recycled for biosynthetic or energetic purposes. Dysfunction of the autophagic process has been associated with the onset and development of many human chronic pathologies, such as cardiovascular, metabolic, and neurodegenerative diseases as well as cancer. Recent Advances: Currently, comprehensive research is being carried out to discover new therapeutic agents that are able to modulate the autophagic process in vivo. Recent evidence has shown that a large number of natural bioactive compounds are involved in the regulation of autophagy by modulating several transcriptional factors and signaling pathways. Critical Issues: Critical issues that deserve particular attention are the inadequate understanding of the complex role of autophagy in disease pathogenesis, the limited availability of therapeutic drugs, and the lack of clinical trials. In this context, the effects that natural bioactive compounds exert on autophagic modulation should be clearly highlighted, since they depend on the type and stage of the pathological conditions of diseases. Future Directions: Research efforts should now focus on understanding the survival-supporting and death-promoting roles of autophagy, how natural compounds interact exactly with the autophagic targets so as to induce or inhibit autophagy and on the evaluation of their pharmacological effects in a more in-depth and mechanistic way. In addition, clinical studies on autophagy-inducing natural products are strongly encouraged, also to highlight some fundamental aspects, such as the dose, the duration, and the possible synergistic action of these compounds with conventional therapy. metadata Giampieri, Francesca and Afrin, Sadia and Forbes-Hernandez, Tamara Y. and Gasparrini, Massimiliano and Cianciosi, Danila and Reboredo-Rodriguez, Patricia and Varela-Lopez, Alfonso and Quiles, Jose L. and Battino, Maurizio mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, tamara.forbes@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, maurizio.battino@uneatlantico.es (2019) Autophagy in Human Health and Disease: Novel Therapeutic Opportunities. Antioxidants & Redox Signaling, 30 (4). pp. 577-634. ISSN 1523-0864

Conference or Workshop Item Subjects > Engineering Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Cerrado Inglés Emergence of IoT applications and distributed computing has propelled the development of computing services which can handle dynamic requests at the network edge. Fog computing paradigm has evolved tremendously over the years for achieving above objective. Resource management in fog layer always remains the hot spot which is required to be addressed through some efficient load balancing techniques. Heuristic, Meta-heuristic, Probabilistic, Graph theory based and hybrid load balancing techniques are developed over the past few years to manage workload incurred at the fog servers. This paper provides the brief description of such methods and their comparative analysis in a tabular form. Major area of focus is the overall technique, simulation tool, parameters of evaluation, advantages and disadvantages of the proposed load balancing approaches. Potential researchers can carry forward and extend this research at the next level after analysing the research gaps from the literature survey. metadata Batra, Salil and Anand, Divya and Singh, Aman mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, aman.singh@uneatlantico.es (2022) A Brief Overview of Load Balancing Techniques in Fog Computing Environment. In: 2022 6th International Conference on Trends in Electronics and Informatics (ICOEI 2022), 28-30 April 2022, Tirunelveli, India..

Article Subjects > Engineering Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Universidad Internacional do Cuanza > Research > Scientific Production
Abierto Inglés Developments in medical care have inspired wide interest in the current decade, especially to their services to individuals living prolonged and healthier lives. Alzheimer’s disease (AD) is the most chronic neurodegeneration and dementia-causing disorder. Economic expense of treating AD patients is expected to grow. The requirement of developing a computer-aided technique for early AD categorization becomes even more essential. Deep learning (DL) models offer numerous benefits against machine learning tools. Several latest experiments that exploited brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scans and convolutional neural networks (CNN) for AD classification showed promising conclusions. CNN’s receptive field aids in the extraction of main recognizable features from these MRI scans. In order to increase classification accuracy, a new adaptive model based on CNN and support vector machines (SVM) is presented in the research, combining both the CNN’s capabilities in feature extraction and SVM in classification. The objective of this research is to build a hybrid CNN-SVM model for classifying AD using the MRI ADNI dataset. Experimental results reveal that the hybrid CNN-SVM model outperforms the CNN model alone, with relative improvements of 3.4%, 1.09%, 0.85%, and 2.82% on the testing dataset for AD vs. cognitive normal (CN), CN vs. mild cognitive impairment (MCI), AD vs. MCI, and CN vs. MCI vs. AD, respectively. Finally, the proposed approach has been further experimented on OASIS dataset leading to accuracy of 86.2%. metadata Sethi, Monika and Rani, Shalli and Singh, Aman and Vidal Mazón, Juan Luis and Bhatia, Surbhi mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, aman.singh@uneatlantico.es, juanluis.vidal@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED (2022) A CAD System for Alzheimer’s Disease Classification Using Neuroimaging MRI 2D Slices. Computational and Mathematical Methods in Medicine, 2022. pp. 1-11. ISSN 1748-670X

Article Subjects > Physical Education and Sport Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés The aim of the study was to compare the quality of CPR (Q-CPR), as well as the perceived fatigue and hand pain in a prolonged infant cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) performed by lifeguards using three different techniques. A randomized crossover simulation study was used to compare three infant CPR techniques: the two-finger technique (TF); the two-thumb encircling technique (TTE) and the two-thumb-fist technique (TTF). 58 professional lifeguards performed three tests in pairs during a 20-min period of CPR. The rescuers performed compressions and ventilations in 15:2 cycles and changed their roles every 2 min. The variables of analysis were CPR quality components, rate of perceived exertion (RPE) and hand pain with numeric rating scale (NRS). All three techniques showed high Q-CPR results (TF: 86 ± 9%/TTE: 88 ± 9%/TTF: 86 ± 16%), and the TTE showed higher values than the TF (p = 0.03). In the RPE analysis, fatigue was not excessive with any of the three techniques (values 20 min between 3.2 for TF, 2.4 in TTE and 2.5 in TTF on a 10-point scale). TF reached a higher value in RPE than TTF in all the intervals analyzed (p < 0.05). In relation to NRS, TF showed significantly higher values than TTE and TTF (NRS minute 20 = TF 4.7 vs. TTE 2.5 & TTF 2.2; p < 0.001). In conclusion, all techniques have been shown to be effective in high-quality infant CPR in a prolonged resuscitation carried out by lifeguards. However, the two-finger technique is less efficient in relation to fatigue and hand pain compared with two-thumb technique (TF vs. TTF, p = 0.01). metadata Barcala-Furelos, Roberto and Barcala Furelos, Martín and Cano-Noguera, Francisco and Otero-Agra, Martín and Alonso-Calvete, Alejandra and Martínez-Isasi, Santiago and Aranda-García, Silvia and López-García, Sergio and Rodríguez-Núñez, Antonio mail UNSPECIFIED, martin.barcala@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED (2022) A Comparison between Three Different Techniques Considering Quality Skills, Fatigue and Hand Pain during a Prolonged Infant Resuscitation: A Cross-Over Study with Lifeguards. Children, 9 (6). p. 910. ISSN 2227-9067

Article Subjects > Biomedicine
Subjects > Engineering
Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Fundación Universitaria Internacional de Colombia > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Universidad Internacional do Cuanza > Research > Scientific Production
Abierto Inglés Artificial intelligence has made substantial progress in medicine. Automated dental imaging interpretation is one of the most prolific areas of research using AI. X-ray and infrared imaging systems have enabled dental clinicians to identify dental diseases since the 1950s. However, the manual process of dental disease assessment is tedious and error-prone when diagnosed by inexperienced dentists. Thus, researchers have employed different advanced computer vision techniques, and machine- and deep-learning models for dental disease diagnoses using X-ray and near-infrared imagery. Despite the notable development of AI in dentistry, certain factors affect the performance of the proposed approaches, including limited data availability, imbalanced classes, and lack of transparency and interpretability. Hence, it is of utmost importance for the research community to formulate suitable approaches, considering the existing challenges and leveraging findings from the existing studies. Based on an extensive literature review, this survey provides a brief overview of X-ray and near-infrared imaging systems. Additionally, a comprehensive insight into challenges faced by researchers in the dental domain has been brought forth in this survey. The article further offers an amalgamative assessment of both performances and methods evaluated on public benchmarks and concludes with ethical considerations and future research avenues. metadata Shafi, Imran and Fatima, Anum and Afzal, Hammad and Díez, Isabel de la Torre and Lipari, Vivian and Breñosa, Jose and Ashraf, Imran mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, vivian.lipari@uneatlantico.es, josemanuel.brenosa@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED (2023) A Comprehensive Review of Recent Advances in Artificial Intelligence for Dentistry E-Health. Diagnostics, 13 (13). p. 2196. ISSN 2075-4418

Article Subjects > Engineering Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Abierto Inglés Large-scale distributed systems have the advantages of high processing speeds and large communication bandwidths over the network. The processing of huge real-world data within a time constraint becomes tricky, due to the complexity of data parallel task scheduling in a time constrained environment. This paper proposes data parallel task scheduling in cloud to address the minimization of cost and time constraints. By running concurrent executions of tasks on multi-core cloud resources, the number of parallel executions could be increased correspondingly, thereby, finishing the task within the deadline is possible. A mathematical model is developed here to minimize the operational cost of data parallel tasks by feasibly assigning a load to each virtual machine in the cloud data center. This work experiments with a machine learning model that is replicated on the multi-core cloud heterogeneous resources to execute different input data concurrently to accomplish distributive learning. The outcome of concurrent execution of data-intensive tasks on different parts of the input dataset gives better solutions in terms of processing the task by the deadline at optimized cost. metadata Rajalakshmi, N. R. and Dumka, Ankur and Kumar, Manoj and Singh, Rajesh and Gehlot, Anita and Akram, Shaik Vaseem and Anand, Divya and Elkamchouchi, Dalia H. and Delgado Noya, Irene mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, divya.anand@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, irene.delgado@uneatlantico.es (2022) A Cost-Optimized Data Parallel Task Scheduling with Deadline Constraints in Cloud. Electronics, 11 (13). p. 2022. ISSN 2079-9292

Article Subjects > Biomedicine Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production UNSPECIFIED UNSPECIFIED ncreasing evidence connects periodontitis with a variety of systemic diseases, including metabolic syndrome, atherosclerosis, and non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). The proposal of this study was to evaluate the role of diets rich in saturated fat and cholesterol in some aspects of periodontal diseases in a lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced model of periodontal disease in rabbits and to assess the influence of a periodontal intervention on hyperlipidemia, atherosclerosis, and NAFLD progression to non-alcoholic steatohepatitis. Male rabbits were maintained on a commercial standard diet or a diet rich in saturated fat (3% lard w/w) and cholesterol (1.3% w/w) (HFD) for 40 days. Half of the rabbits on each diet were treated 2 days per week with intragingival injections of LPS from Porphyromonas gingivalis. Morphometric analyses revealed that LPS induced higher alveolar bone loss (ABL) around the first premolar in animals receiving standard diets, which was exacerbated by the HFD diet. A higher score of acinar inflammation in the liver and higher blood levels of triglycerides and phospholipids were found in HFD-fed rabbits receiving LPS. These results suggest that certain dietary habits can exacerbate some aspects of periodontitis and that bad periodontal health can contribute to dyslipidemia and promote NAFLD progression, but only under certain conditions. metadata Varela-López, Alfonso and Bullón, Pedro and Ramírez-Tortosa, César L. and Navarro-Hortal, María D. and Robles-Almazán, María and Bullón, Beatriz and Cordero, Mario D. and Battino, Maurizio and Quiles, José L. mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, mario.cordero@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED (2020) A Diet Rich in Saturated Fat and Cholesterol Aggravates the Effect of Bacterial Lipopolysaccharide on Alveolar Bone Loss in a Rabbit Model of Periodontal Disease. Nutrients, 12 (5). p. 1405. ISSN 2072-6643

Article Subjects > Biomedicine
Subjects > Engineering
Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Fundación Universitaria Internacional de Colombia > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Universidad Internacional do Cuanza > Research > Scientific Production
Abierto Inglés The diagnosis of early-stage lung cancer is challenging due to its asymptomatic nature, especially given the repeated radiation exposure and high cost of computed tomography(CT). Examining the lung CT images to detect pulmonary nodules, especially the cell lung cancer lesions, is also tedious and prone to errors even by a specialist. This study proposes a cancer diagnostic model based on a deep learning-enabled support vector machine (SVM). The proposed computer-aided design (CAD) model identifies the physiological and pathological changes in the soft tissues of the cross-section in lung cancer lesions. The model is first trained to recognize lung cancer by measuring and comparing the selected profile values in CT images obtained from patients and control patients at their diagnosis. Then, the model is tested and validated using the CT scans of both patients and control patients that are not shown in the training phase. The study investigates 888 annotated CT scans from the publicly available LIDC/IDRI database. The proposed deep learning-assisted SVM-based model yields 94% accuracy for pulmonary nodule detection representing early-stage lung cancer. It is found superior to other existing methods including complex deep learning, simple machine learning, and the hybrid techniques used on lung CT images for nodule detection. Experimental results demonstrate that the proposed approach can greatly assist radiologists in detecting early lung cancer and facilitating the timely management of patients. metadata Shafi, Imran and Din, Sadia and Khan, Asim and Díez, Isabel De La Torre and Pali-Casanova, Ramón and Tutusaus, Kilian and Ashraf, Imran mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, ramon.pali@unini.edu.mx, kilian.tutusaus@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED (2022) An Effective Method for Lung Cancer Diagnosis from CT Scan Using Deep Learning-Based Support Vector Network. Cancers, 14 (21). p. 5457. ISSN 2072-6694

Article Subjects > Engineering Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Universidad Internacional do Cuanza > Research > Scientific Production
Abierto Inglés Rivers are dynamic geological agents on the earth which transport the weathered materials of the continent to the sea. Estimation of suspended sediment yield (SSY) is essential for management, planning, and designing in any river basin system. Estimation of SSY is critical due to its complex nonlinear processes, which are not captured by conventional regression methods. Rainfall, temperature, water discharge, SSY, rock type, relief, and catchment area data of 11 gauging stations were utilized to develop robust artificial intelligence (AI), similar to an artificial-neural-network (ANN)-based model for SSY prediction. The developed highly generalized global single ANN model using a large amount of data was applied at individual gauging stations for SSY prediction in the Mahanadi River basin, which is one of India’s largest peninsular rivers. It appeared that the proposed ANN model had the lowest root-mean-squared error (0.0089) and mean absolute error (0.0029) along with the highest coefficient of correlation (0.867) values among all comparative models (sediment rating curve and multiple linear regression). The ANN provided the best accuracy at Tikarapara among all stations. The ANN model was the most suitable substitute over other comparative models for SSY prediction. It was also noticed that the developed ANN model using the combined data of eleven stations performed better at Tikarapara than the other ANN which was developed using data from Tikarapara only. These approaches are suggested for SSY prediction in river basin systems due to their ease of implementation and better performance. metadata Yadav, Arvind and Chithaluru, Premkumar and Singh, Aman and Joshi, Devendra and Elkamchouchi, Dalia H. and Mazas Pérez-Oleaga, Cristina and Anand, Divya mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, aman.singh@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, cristina.mazas@uneatlantico.es, divya.anand@uneatlantico.es (2022) An Enhanced Feed-Forward Back Propagation Levenberg–Marquardt Algorithm for Suspended Sediment Yield Modeling. Water, 14 (22). p. 3714. ISSN 2073-4441

Article Subjects > Engineering Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés In this research, a neural network (NN) model for metal price forecasting based on an evolutionary approach is proposed. Both the neural network model’s network parameters and network architecture are selected automatically. The time series metal price data set is used to construct a novel fitness function that takes into account both error minimizations and the reproduction of the auto-correlation function. Calculating the average entropy values allowed the selection of the input parameter count for the neural network model. Gold price forecasting was performed using the proposed methodology. The optimal hidden node number, learning rate, and momentum are 9, 0.026, and 0.76, respectively, according to the evolutionary-based NN model. The proposed strategy is shown to reduce estimation error while also reproducing the auto-correlation function of the time series data set by the validation results with gold price data. The performance of the proposed method is better than other current methods, according to a comparison study. metadata Joshi, Devendra and Chithaluru, Premkumar and Anand, Divya and Hajjej, Fahima and Aggarwal, Kapil and Yélamos Torres, Vanessa and Bautista Thompson, Ernesto mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, divya.anand@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, vanessa.yelamos@funiber.org, ernesto.bautista@unini.edu.mx (2023) An Evolutionary Technique for Building Neural Network Models for Predicting Metal Prices. Mathematics, 11 (7). p. 1675. ISSN 2227-7390

Article Subjects > Engineering Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Cerrado Inglés Employing software engineering to build an integrated, standardized, and scalable solution is closely associated with the healthcare domain. Furthermore, new diagnostic techniques have been developed to obtain better results in less time, saving costs, and bringing services closer to the most unprotected areas. This paper presents the integration of a top-notch component, such as hardware, software, telecommunications, and medical equipment, to produce a complete system of Electronic Health Record (EHR). The EHR implementation aims to contribute to the expansion of the health services offer concerning people who live in locations where typically have difficult access to medical care. The methodology throughout the work is a Strategic Planning to set priorities, focus energy and resources, strengthen operations, ensure that directors, managers, employees, and other stakeholders are working toward common goals, establish agreement around intended outcomes/results. A medical and technical team is incorporated to complete the tasks of process and requirements analysis, software coding and design, technical support, training, and coaching for EHR system users throughout the implementation process. The adoption of those tools reflect notably some expected results and benefits on patient care. The EHR implementation ensures that information collection does not duplicate already existing information or duplicate effort and maximize the practical use of the data collected. Moreover, the EHR reduces mistakes in hospital readmissions, improves paperwork, promotes the progress of the state's health care system providing emergency, specialty, and primary health care in a rural area of Campeche. The EHR implementation is critical to support decision making and to promote public health. The total number of consults increased markedly from 2012 (14021) to 2019 (34751). The most commonly treated diseases in this region of Mexico are hypertension (17632) and diabetes (13156). The best results are obtained in the Nutrition (20,61%) and clinical psychology services (16,67%), and the worst levels are registered in pediatric and surgical oncology services where only 1,59% and 1,97% of the patients are admitted in less than 30 min, respectively. metadata Uc, Belmar Mex and Castillo-Sánchez, Gema and Marques, Gonçalo and Arambarri, Jon and de la Torre-Díez, Isabel mail UNSPECIFIED (2020) An Experience of Electronic Health Records Implementation in a Mexican Region. Journal of Medical Systems, 44 (6). ISSN 0148-5598

Article Subjects > Engineering Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Universidad Internacional do Cuanza > Research > Scientific Production
Abierto Inglés E-Vehicles are used for transportation and, with a vehicle-to-grid optimization approach, they may be used for supplying a backup source of energy for renewable energy sources. Renewable energy sources are integrated to maintain the demand of consumers, mitigate the active and reactive power losses, and maintain the voltage profile. Renewable energy sources are not supplied all day and, to meet the peak demand, extra electricity may be supplied through e-Vehicles. E-Vehicles with random integration may cause system unbalancing problems and need a solution. The objective of this paper is to integrate e-Vehicles with the grid as a backup source of energy through the grid-to-vehicle optimization approach by reducing active and reactive power losses and maintaining voltage profile. In this paper, three case studies are discussed: (i) integration of renewable energy sources alone; (ii) integration of e-Vehicles alone; (iii) integration of renewable energy sources and e-Vehicles in hybrid mode. The simulation results show the effectiveness of the integration and the active and reactive power losses are minimum when we used the third case. metadata Agrawal, Himanshi and Talwariya, Akash and Gill, Amandeep and Singh, Aman and Alyami, Hashem and Alosaimi, Wael and Ortega-Mansilla, Arturo mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, aman.singh@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, arturo.ortega@uneatlantico.es (2022) A Fuzzy-Genetic-Based Integration of Renewable Energy Sources and E-Vehicles. Energies, 15 (9). p. 3300. ISSN 1996-1073

Article Subjects > Biomedicine Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Abierto Inglés COVID-19 declared as a pandemic that has a faster rate of infection and has impacted the lives and the country’s economy due to forced lockdowns. Its detection using RT-PCR is required long time and due to which its infection has grown exponentially. This creates havoc for the shortage of testing kits in many countries. This work has proposed a new image processing-based technique for the health care systems named “C19D-Net”, to detect “COVID-19” infection from “Chest X-Ray” (XR) images, which can help radiologists to improve their accuracy of detection COVID-19. The proposed system extracts deep learning (DL) features by applying the InceptionV4 architecture and Multiclass SVM classifier to classify and detect COVID-19 infection into four different classes. The dataset of 1900 Chest XR images has been collected from two publicly accessible databases. Images are pre-processed with proper scaling and regular feeding to the proposed model for accuracy attainments. Extensive tests are conducted with the proposed model (“C19D-Net”) and it has succeeded to achieve the highest COVID-19 detection accuracy as 96.24% for 4-classes, 95.51% for three-classes, and 98.1% for two-classes. The proposed method has outperformed well in expressions of “precision”, “accuracy”, “F1-score” and “recall” in comparison with most of the recent previously published methods. As a result, for the present situation of COVID-19, the proposed “C19D-Net” can be employed in places where test kits are in short supply, to help the radiologists to improve their accuracy of detection of COVID-19 patients through XR-Images. metadata Kaur, Prabhjot and Harnal, Shilpi and Tiwari, Rajeev and Alharithi, Fahd S. and Almulihi, Ahmed H. and Delgado Noya, Irene and Goyal, Nitin mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, irene.delgado@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED (2021) A Hybrid Convolutional Neural Network Model for Diagnosis of COVID-19 Using Chest X-ray Images. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 18 (22). p. 12191. ISSN 1660-4601

Article Subjects > Engineering Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Universidad Internacional do Cuanza > Research > Scientific Production
Abierto Inglés This paper focuses on retrieving plant leaf images based on different features that can be useful in the plant industry. Various images and their features can be used to identify the type of leaf and its disease. For this purpose, a well-organized computer-assisted plant image retrieval approach is required that can use a hybrid combination of the color and shape attributes of leaf images for plant disease identification and botanical gardening in the agriculture sector. In this research work, an innovative framework is proposed for the retrieval of leaf images that uses a hybrid combination of color and shape features to improve retrieval accuracy. For the color features, the Color Difference Histograms (CDH) descriptor is used while shape features are determined using the Saliency Structure Histogram (SSH) descriptor. To extract the various properties of leaves, Hue and Saturation Value (HSV) color space features and First Order Statistical Features (FOSF) features are computed in CDH and SSH descriptors, respectively. After that, the HSV and FOSF features of leaf images are concatenated. The concatenated features of database images are compared with the query image in terms of the Euclidean distance and a threshold value of Euclidean distance is taken for retrieval of images. The best results are obtained at the threshold value of 80% of the maximum Euclidean distance. The system’s effectiveness is also evaluated with different performance metrics like precision, recall, and F-measure, and their values come out to be respectively 1.00, 0.96, and 0.97, which is better than individual feature descriptors. metadata Chugh, Himani and Gupta, Sheifali and Garg, Meenu and Gupta, Deepali and Mohamed, Heba G. and Delgado Noya, Irene and Singh, Aman and Goyal, Nitin mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, irene.delgado@uneatlantico.es, aman.singh@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED (2022) An Image Retrieval Framework Design Analysis Using Saliency Structure and Color Difference Histogram. Sustainability, 14 (16). p. 10357. ISSN 2071-1050

Article Subjects > Engineering Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés A wireless body area network (WBAN) is a technology that is widely employed in the medical sector. It is a low-cost network that allows for mobility and variation. It can be used for long-distance, semiautonomous remote monitoring without interfering with people’s regular schedules. Detection devices are embedded in the human body in a simple WBAN configuration to continuously screen physiological boundaries or critical pointers. Confidence among shareholders (for example, medical care suppliers, clients, and medical teachers) is recognized as an essential achievement factor for data stream reliability in such an organization. Given the inherent characteristics of remote locations, it is critical to exercise confidence and security when conducting remote comprehension testing. In the present scenario, WBAN has majorly contributed towards healthcare and its application in medical services. Solid correspondence systems are frequently used to address trust and security concerns on WBANs. In terms of purpose, we present in this study a communication approach built on trust to protect the WBAN’s integrity and confidentiality. For ensuring authenticity, an enhanced bilingual distribution-based trust-management system (PDATMS) approach is used, while a cryptographic system is used to maintain anonymity. A MATLAB simulator is used to evaluate the performance of the recommended program. The recommended approach, according to the release information, improves accuracy by 96%, service delivery rate by 99%, throughput by 99%, as well as confidence, while reducing average latency metadata Singh, Sunny and Chawla, Muskaan and Prasad, Devendra and Anand, Divya and Alharbi, Abdullah and Alosaimi, Wael mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, divya.anand@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED (2022) An Improved Binomial Distribution-Based Trust Management Algorithm for Remote Patient Monitoring in WBANs. Sustainability, 14 (4). p. 2141. ISSN 2071-1050

Article Subjects > Engineering Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Universidad Internacional do Cuanza > Research > Scientific Production
Abierto Inglés Agriculture is a critical domain, where technology can have a significant impact on increasing yields, improving crop quality, and reducing environmental impact. The use of renewable energy sources such as solar power in agriculture has gained momentum in recent years due to the potential to reduce the carbon footprint of farming operations. In addition to providing a source of clean energy, solar tracking systems can also be used for remote weather monitoring in the agricultural field. The ability to collect real-time data on weather parameters such as temperature, humidity, and rainfall can help farmers make informed decisions on irrigation, pest control, and other crop management practices. The main idea of this study is to present a system that can improve the efficiency of solar panels to provide constant power to the sensor in the agricultural field and transfer real-time data to the app. This research presents a mechanism to improve the arrangement of a photovoltaic (PV) array with solar power and to produce maximum energy. The proposed system changes its direction in two axes (azimuth and elevation) by detecting the difference between the position of the sun and the panel to track the sun using a light-dependent resistor. A testbed with a hardware experimental setup is designed to test the system’s capability to track according to the position of the sun effectively. In the end, real-time data are displayed using the Android app, and the weather data are transferred to the app using a GSM/WiFi module. This research improves the existing system, and results showed that the relative increase in power generation was up to 52%. Using intelligent artificial intelligence techniques with the QoS algorithm, the quality of service produced by the existing system is improved. metadata Kanwal, Tabassum and Rehman, Saif Ur and Ali, Tariq and Mahmood, Khalid and Gracia Villar, Santos and Dzul Lopez, Luis and Ashraf, Imran mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, santos.gracia@uneatlantico.es, luis.dzul@unini.edu.mx, UNSPECIFIED (2023) An Intelligent Dual-Axis Solar Tracking System for Remote Weather Monitoring in the Agricultural Field. Agriculture, 13 (8). p. 1600. ISSN 2077-0472

Article Subjects > Engineering Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Universidad Internacional do Cuanza > Research > Scientific Production
Abierto Inglés Internet of Things (IoT) systems incorporate a multitude of resource-limited devices typically interconnected over Low Power and Lossy Networks (LLNs). Robust IP-based network routing among such constrained IoT devices can be effectively realized using the IPv6 Routing Protocol for LLN (RPL) which is an IETF-standardized protocol. The RPL design features a topology maintenance mechanism based on a version numbering system. However, such a design property makes it easy to initiate Version Number (VN) attacks targeting the stability, lifetime, and performance of RPL networks. Thus the wide deployment of RPL-based IoT networks would be hindered significantly unless internal routing attacks such as the VN attacks are efficiently addressed. In this research work, a lightweight and effective detection and mitigation solution against RPL VN attacks is introduced. With simple modifications to the RPL functionality, a collaborative and distributed security scheme is incorporated into the protocol design (referred to as CDRPL). As the experimental results indicated, it provides a secure and scalable solution enhancing the resilience of the protocol against simple and composite VN attacks in different experimental setups. CDRPL guaranteed fast and accurate attack detection as well as quick topology convergence upon any attack attempt. It also efficiently maintained network stability, control traffic overhead, QoS performance, and energy consumption during different scenarios of the VN attack. Compared to other similar approaches, CDRPL yields better performance results with lightweight node-local processing, no additional entities, and less communication overhead. metadata Alsukayti, Ibrahim S. and Singh, Aman mail UNSPECIFIED, aman.singh@uneatlantico.es (2022) A Lightweight Scheme for Mitigating RPL Version Number Attacks in IoT Networks. IEEE Access, 10. pp. 111115-111133. ISSN 2169-3536

Article Subjects > Engineering Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés When we talk about the Internet of Things, we are referring to the connecting of things to a1 physical network that is embedded with software, sensors, and other devices that allow information2 to be exchanged between devices. It is possible that the interconnection of devices will present3 issues in terms of security, trustworthiness, reliability, and confidentiality, among other things.4 The proposed approach is effective at detecting intrusions into the Internet of Things network.5 Initially, the privacy-preserving technology was deployed utilising a Blockchain-based methodology6 to ensure that personal information was protected. Patients’ health records (PHR) security is the7 most crucial component of encryption over the Internet because of the value and importance of these8 records, particularly in the context of the Internet of Medical Things (IoMT). The search terms access9 mechanism is one of the most common approaches used to access personal health records from a10 database, but it is vulnerable to a number of security flaws. However, while blockchain-enabled11 healthcare systems provide increased security, they may also introduce weaknesses into the current12 state of the art. Blockchain-enabled frameworks have been proposed in the literature as a means13 of resolving those challenges. These solutions, on the other hand, are primarily concerned with14 data storage, with Blockchain serving as a database. To enable secure search and keyword-based15 access to a distributed database, this study proposes the use of blockchain technology as a distributed16 database, together with a homomorphic encryption mechanism. Aside from that, the suggested17 system includes a secure key revocation mechanism that can be used to automatically update various18 policies.As a result, our proposed approach provides greater security, efficiency, and transparency19 while also being more cost-effective. We have compared the findings of our proposed models with20 those of the benchmark models, if appropriate. Our comparison research demonstrates that our21 suggested framework provides a more secure and searchable mechanism for the healthcare system22 than the current state of the art. metadata Ali, Aitizaz and Delgado Noya, Irene and Ur Rehman, Ateeq and Ahmed, Mehmood and Singh, Aman and Anand, Divya mail UNSPECIFIED, irene.delgado@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, aman.singh@uneatlantico.es, divya.anand@uneatlantico.es (2022) A Lightweight Trust-less Authentication Framework for Massive IoT Systems [preprint]. Preprints. (Unpublished)

Article Subjects > Engineering Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Abierto Inglés Electroporation is a next generation bioelectronics device. The emerging application of electroporation requires high voltage pulses having a pulse-width in the nanosecond range. The essential use of a capacitor results in an increase in the size of the electroporator circuit. This paper discusses the modification of a conventional Marx generator circuit to achieve the high voltage electroporation pulses with a minimal chip size of the circuit. The reduced capacitors are attributed to a reduction in the number of stages used to achieve the required voltage boost. The paper proposes the improved isolation between two capacitors with the usage of optocouplers. Parametric analysis is presented to define the tuneable range of the electroporator circuit. The output voltage of 49.4 V is achieved using the proposed 5-stage MOSFET circuit with an input voltage of 12 V. metadata Ganesan, Selvakumar and Ghosh, Debarshi and Taneja, Ashu and Saluja, Nitin and Rani, Shalli and Singh, Aman and Elkamchouchi, Dalia H. and Delgado Noya, Irene mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, aman.singh@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, irene.delgado@uneatlantico.es (2022) A Modified Marx Generator Circuit with Enhanced Tradeoff between Voltage and Pulse Width for Electroporation Applications. Electronics, 11 (13). p. 2013. ISSN 2079-9292

Article Subjects > Engineering Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés Integrating geomatics remote sensing technologies, including 3D terrestrial laser scanning, unmanned aerial vehicles, and ground penetrating radar enables the generation of comprehensive 2D, 2.5D, and 3D documentation for caves and their surroundings. This study focuses on the Altamira Cave’s karst system in Spain, resulting in a thorough 3D mapping encompassing both cave interior and exterior topography along with significant discontinuities and karst features in the vicinity. Crucially, GPR mapping confirms that primary vertical discontinuities extend from the near-surface (Upper Layer) to the base of the Polychrome layer housing prehistoric paintings. This discovery signifies direct interconnections helping with fluid exchange between the cave’s interior and exterior, a groundbreaking revelation. Such fluid movement has profound implications for site conservation. The utilization of various GPR antennas corroborates the initial hypothesis regarding fluid exchanges and provides concrete proof of their occurrence. This study underscores the indispensability of integrated 3D mapping and GPR techniques for monitoring fluid dynamics within the cave. These tools are vital for safeguarding Altamira, a site of exceptional significance due to its invaluable prehistoric cave paintings. metadata Bayarri Cayón, Vicente and Prada, Alfredo and García, Francisco mail vicente.bayarri@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED (2023) A Multimodal Research Approach to Assessing the Karst Structural Conditions of the Ceiling of a Cave with Palaeolithic Cave Art Paintings: Polychrome Hall at Altamira Cave (Spain). Sensors, 23 (22). p. 9153. ISSN 1424-8220

Article Subjects > Biomedicine Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés Cardiomyocytes are subjected to the intense mechanical stress and metabolic demands of the beating heart. It is unclear whether these cells, which are long-lived and rarely renew, manage to preserve homeostasis on their own. While analyzing macrophages lodged within the healthy myocardium, we discovered that they actively took up material, including mitochondria, derived from cardiomyocytes. Cardiomyocytes ejected dysfunctional mitochondria and other cargo in dedicated membranous particles reminiscent of neural exophers, through a process driven by the cardiomyocyte’s autophagy machinery that was enhanced during cardiac stress. Depletion of cardiac macrophages or deficiency in the phagocytic receptor Mertk resulted in defective elimination of mitochondria from the myocardial tissue, activation of the inflammasome, impaired autophagy, accumulation of anomalous mitochondria in cardiomyocytes, metabolic alterations, and ventricular dysfunction. Thus, we identify an immune-parenchymal pair in the murine heart that enables transfer of unfit material to preserve metabolic stability and organ function. metadata Nicolás-Ávila, José A. and Lechuga-Vieco, Ana V. and Esteban-Martínez, Lorena and Sánchez-Díaz, María and Díaz-García, Elena and Santiago, Demetrio J. and Rubio-Ponce, Andrea and Li, Jackson LiangYao and Balachander, Akhila and Quintana, Juan A. and Martínez-de-Mena, Raquel and Castejón-Vega, Beatriz and Pun-García, Andrés and Través, Paqui G. and Bonzón-Kulichenko, Elena and García-Marqués, Fernando and Cussó, Lorena and A-González, Noelia and González-Guerra, Andrés and Roche-Molina, Marta and Martin-Salamanca, Sandra and Crainiciuc, Georgiana and Guzmán, Gabriela and Larrazabal, Jagoba and Herrero-Galán, Elías and Alegre-Cebollada, Jorge and Lemke, Greg and Rothlin, Carla V. and Jimenez-Borreguero, Luis Jesús and Reyes, Guillermo and Castrillo, Antonio and Desco, Manuel and Muñoz-Cánoves, Pura and Ibáñez, Borja and Torres, Miguel and Ng, Lai Guan and Priori, Silvia G. and Bueno, Héctor and Vázquez, Jesús and Cordero, Mario D. and Bernal, Juan A. and Enríquez, José A. and Hidalgo, Andrés mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, mario.cordero@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED (2020) A Network of Macrophages Supports Mitochondrial Homeostasis in the Heart. Cell, 183 (1). 94-109.e23. ISSN 0092-8674

Article Subjects > Engineering Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Abierto Inglés The standard optimization of open-pit mine design and production scheduling, which is impacted by a variety of factors, is an essential part of mining activities. The metal uncertainty, which is connected to supply uncertainty, is a crucial component in optimization. To address uncertainties regarding the economic value of mining blocks and the general problem of mine design optimization, a minimum-cut network flow algorithm is employed to give the optimal ultimate pit limits and pushback designs under uncertainty. A structure that is computationally effective and can manage the joint presentation and treatment of the economic values of mining blocks under various circumstances is created by the push re-label minimum-cut technique. In this study, the algorithm is put to the test using a copper deposit and shows similarities to other stochastic optimizers for mine planning that have already been created. Higher possibilities of reaching predicted production targets are created by the algorithm’s earlier selection of more certain blocks with blocks of high value. Results show that, in comparison to a conventional approach using the same algorithm, the cumulative metal output is larger when the uncertainty in the metal content is taken into consideration. There is also an additional 10% gain in net present value. metadata Joshi, Devendra and Ali Albahar, Marwan and Chithaluru, Premkumar and Singh, Aman and Yadav, Arvind and Miró Vera, Yini Airet mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, aman.singh@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, yini.miro@uneatlantico.es (2022) A Novel Approach to Integrating Uncertainty into a Push Re-Label Network Flow Algorithm for Pit Optimization. Mathematics, 10 (24). p. 4803. ISSN 2227-7390

Article Subjects > Engineering Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Universidad Internacional do Cuanza > Research > Scientific Production
Abierto Inglés Coronavirus (COVID-19) has impacted nearly every person across the globe either in terms of losses of life or as of lockdown. The current coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic is a rare/special situation where people can express their feelings on Internet-based social networks. Social media is emerging as the biggest platform in recent years where people spend most of their time expressing themselves and their emotions. This research is based on gathering data from Twitter and analyzing the behavior of the people during the COVID-19 lockdown. The research is based on the logic expressed by people in this perspective and emotions for the suffering of COVID-19 and lockdown. In this research, we have used a Long Short-Term Memory (LSTM) network model with Convolutional Neural Network using Keras python deep-learning library to determine whether social media platform users are depressed in terms of positive, negative, or neutral emotional out bust based on their Twitter posts. The results showed that the model has 88.14% accuracy (representation of the correct prediction over the test dataset) after 10 epochs which most tweets showed had neutral polarity. The evaluation shows interesting results in positive (1), negative (–1), and neutral (0) emotions through different visualization. metadata Dumka, Ankur and Verma, Parag and Singh, Rajesh and Kumar Bisht, Anil and Anand, Divya and Moaiteq Aljahdali, Hani and Delgado Noya, Irene and Aparicio Obregón, Silvia mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, divya.anand@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, irene.delgado@uneatlantico.es, silvia.aparicio@uneatlantico.es (2022) A Novel Deep Learning Based Healthcare Model for COVID-19 Pandemic Stress Analysis. Computers, Materials & Continua, 72 (3). pp. 6029-6044. ISSN 1546-2226

Article Subjects > Engineering Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Abierto Inglés COVID-19 is an infectious disease caused by the deadly virus SARS-CoV-2 that affects the lung of the patient. Different symptoms, including fever, muscle pain and respiratory syndrome, can be identified in COVID-19-affected patients. The disease needs to be diagnosed in a timely manner, otherwise the lung infection can turn into a severe form and the patient’s life may be in danger. In this work, an ensemble deep learning-based technique is proposed for COVID-19 detection that can classify the disease with high accuracy, efficiency, and reliability. A weighted average ensemble (WAE) prediction was performed by combining three CNN models, namely Xception, VGG19 and ResNet50V2, where 97.25% and 94.10% accuracy was achieved for binary and multiclass classification, respectively. To accurately detect the disease, different test methods have been proposed and developed, some of which are even being used in real-time situations. RT-PCR is one of the most successful COVID-19 detection methods, and is being used worldwide with high accuracy and sensitivity. However, complexity and time-consuming manual processes are limitations of this method. To make the detection process automated, researchers across the world have started to use deep learning to detect COVID-19 applied on medical imaging. Although most of the existing systems offer high accuracy, different limitations, including high variance, overfitting and generalization errors, can be found that can degrade the system performance. Some of the reasons behind those limitations are a lack of reliable data resources, missing preprocessing techniques, a lack of proper model selection, etc., which eventually create reliability issues. Reliability is an important factor for any healthcare system. Here, transfer learning with better preprocessing techniques applied on two benchmark datasets makes the work more reliable. The weighted average ensemble technique with hyperparameter tuning ensures better accuracy than using a randomly selected single CNN model. metadata Chakraborty, Gouri Shankar and Batra, Salil and Singh, Aman and Muhammad, Ghulam and Yélamos Torres, Vanessa and Mahajan, Makul mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, aman.singh@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, vanessa.yelamos@funiber.org, UNSPECIFIED (2023) A Novel Deep Learning-Based Classification Framework for COVID-19 Assisted with Weighted Average Ensemble Modeling. Diagnostics, 13 (10). p. 1806. ISSN 2075-4418

Article Subjects > Engineering Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Abierto Inglés Fog-assisted and IoT-enabled smart healthcare system with rapid response rates is the major area of concern now a days. Dynamic and heterogeneous fog networks are difficult to manage and a considerable amount of overhead could be realized while managing ever increasing load on foglets. Fog computing plays a vital role in managing ever increasing processing demands from diverse IoT-based applications. Smart healthcare systems work with the assistance of sensor-based devices and automatic data collection and processing can speed up overall system functionality. In the proposed work, a novel framework for smart health care is presented where a series of activities are performed with prime objective of reducing latency and execution time. Principal component analysis is used for feature reduction and support vector machines with radial basis function kernel is used for classification purpose. Workload optimization on the fog nodes is implemented using genetic algorithm. Data collection process also involves preprocessing as a leading step for generating cleaner data. Amalgamation of intelligent and optimization techniques in the presented framework certainly improves the efficiency of the overall system. Experimental results reveal that proposed work outperforms the existing fog-assisted smart healthcare systems in terms of latency, execution time, overall system accuracy, and system stability. metadata Abdellatif, Ahmed A. H. and Singh, Aman and Aldribi, Abdulaziz and Ortega-Mansilla, Arturo and Ibrahim, Muhammad and Rehman, Ateeq Ur mail UNSPECIFIED, aman.singh@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, arturo.ortega@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED (2022) A Novel Framework for Fog-Assisted Smart Healthcare System with Workload Optimization. Computational Intelligence and Neuroscience, 2022. pp. 1-12. ISSN 1687-5265

Article Subjects > Engineering Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Universidad Internacional do Cuanza > Research > Scientific Production
Abierto Inglés Traditional optimization of open pit mine design is a crucial component of mining endeavors and is influenced by many variables. The critical factor in optimization is the geological uncertainty, which relates to the ore grade. To deal with uncertainties related to the block economic values of mining blocks and the general problem of mine design optimization, under unknown conditions, the best ultimate pit limits and pushback designs are produced by a minimum cut algorithm. The push–relabel minimal cut algorithm provides a framework for computationally efficient representation and processing of the economic values of mining blocks under multiple scenarios. A sequential Gaussian simulation-based smoothing spline technique was created. To produce pushbacks, an efficient parameterized minimum cut algorithm is suggested. An analysis of Indian iron ore mining was performed. The developed mine scheduling algorithm was compared with the conventional algorithm, and the results show that when uncertainty is considered, the cumulative metal production is higher and there is an additional increase of about 5% in net present value. The results of this work help the mining industry to plan mines in such a way that can generate maximum profit from the deposits. metadata Joshi, Devendra and Chithaluru, Premkumar and Singh, Aman and Yadav, Arvind and Elkamchouchi, Dalia H. and Mazas Pérez-Oleaga, Cristina and Anand, Divya mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, aman.singh@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, cristina.mazas@uneatlantico.es, divya.anand@uneatlantico.es (2022) A Novel Large-Scale Stochastic Pushback Design Merged with a Minimum Cut Algorithm for Open Pit Mine Production Scheduling. Systems, 10 (5). p. 159. ISSN 2079-8954

Article Subjects > Biomedicine
Subjects > Engineering
Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Universidad Internacional do Cuanza > Research > Scientific Production
Abierto Inglés The prevalence of anxiety among university students is increasing, resulting in the negative impact on their academic and social (behavioral and emotional) development. In order for students to have competitive academic performance, the cognitive function should be strengthened by detecting and handling anxiety. Over a period of 6 weeks, this study examined how to detect anxiety and how Mano Shakti Yoga (MSY) helps reduce anxiety. Relying on cardiac signals, this study follows an integrated detection-estimation-reduction framework for anxiety using the Intelligent Internet of Medical Things (IIoMT) and MSY. IIoMT is the integration of Internet of Medical Things (wearable smart belt) and machine learning algorithms (Decision Tree (DT), Random Forest (RF), and AdaBoost (AB)). Sixty-six eligible students were selected as experiencing anxiety detected based on the results of self-rating anxiety scale (SAS) questionnaire and a smart belt. Then, the students were divided randomly into two groups: experimental and control. The experimental group followed an MSY intervention for one hour twice a week, while the control group followed their own daily routine. Machine learning algorithms are used to analyze the data obtained from the smart belt. MSY is an alternative improvement for the immune system that helps reduce anxiety. All the results illustrate that the experimental group reduced anxiety with a significant (p < 0.05) difference in group × time interaction compared to the control group. The intelligent techniques achieved maximum accuracy of 80% on using RF algorithm. Thus, students can practice MSY and concentrate on their objectives by improving their intelligence, attention, and memory. metadata Pal, Rishi and Adhikari, Deepak and Heyat, Md Belal Bin and Guragai, Bishal and Lipari, Vivian and Brito Ballester, Julién and De la Torre Díez, Isabel and Abbas, Zia and Lai, Dakun mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, vivian.lipari@uneatlantico.es, julien.brito@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED (2022) A Novel Smart Belt for Anxiety Detection, Classification, and Reduction Using IIoMT on Students’ Cardiac Signal and MSY. Bioengineering, 9 (12). p. 793. ISSN 2306-5354

Article Subjects > Engineering Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Universidad Internacional do Cuanza > Research > Scientific Production
Abierto Inglés Infectious Disease Prediction aims to anticipate the aspects of both seasonal epidemics and future pandemics. However, a single model will most likely not capture all the dataset’s patterns and qualities. Ensemble learning combines multiple models to obtain a single prediction that uses the qualities of each model. This study aims to develop a stacked ensemble model to accurately predict the future occurrences of infectious diseases viewed at some point in time as epidemics, namely, dengue, influenza, and tuberculosis. The main objective is to enhance the prediction performance of the proposed model by reducing prediction errors. Autoregressive integrated moving average, exponential smoothing, and neural network autoregression are applied to the disease dataset individually. The gradient boosting model combines the regress values of the above three statistical models to obtain an ensemble model. The results conclude that the forecasting precision of the proposed stacked ensemble model is better than that of the standard gradient boosting model. The ensemble model reduces the prediction errors, root-mean-square error, for the dengue, influenza, and tuberculosis dataset by approximately 30%, 24%, and 25%, respectively metadata Mahajan, Asmita and Sharma, Nonita and Aparicio Obregón, Silvia and Alyami, Hashem and Alharbi, Abdullah and Anand, Divya and Sharma, Manish and Goyal, Nitin mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, silvia.aparicio@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, divya.anand@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED (2022) A Novel Stacking-Based Deterministic Ensemble Model for Infectious Disease Prediction. Mathematics, 10 (10). p. 1714. ISSN 2227-7390

Article Subjects > Nutrition Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés Olive milling produces olive oil and different by-products, all of them very rich in different bioactive compounds like the phenolic alcohol hydroxytyrosol. The aim of the present study was to investigate the effects of an olive fruit extract 20% rich in hydroxytyrosol on the molecular mechanisms associated with Alzheimer disease features like Aβ- and tau- induced toxicity, as well as on oxidative stress in Caenorhabditis elegans. Moreover, characterization of the extracts, regarding the profile and content of phenolics, as well as total antioxidant ability, was investigated. The study of lethality, growth, pharyngeal pumping, and longevity in vivo demonstrated the lack of toxicity of the extract. One hundred μg/mL of extract treatment revealed prevention of oxidative stress and a delay in Aβ-induced paralysis related with a lower presence of Aβ aggregates. Indeed, the extract showed the ability to avoid a certain degree of proteotoxicity associated with aggregation of the tau protein. According to RNAi tests, SKN-1/NRF2 transcription factor and the overexpression of HSP-16.2 were mechanistically associated in the observed effects metadata Romero-Márquez, Jose M. and Navarro-Hortal, María D. and Jiménez-Trigo, Victoria and Muñoz-Ollero, Pedro and Forbes-Hernández, Tamara Y. and Esteban-Muñoz, Adelaida and Giampieri, Francesca and Delgado Noya, Irene and Bullón, Pedro and Vera-Ramírez, Laura and Battino, Maurizio and Sánchez-González, Cristina and Quiles, José L. mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, francesca.giampieri@uneatlantico.es, irene.delgado@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, jose.quiles@uneatlantico.es (2022) An Olive-Derived Extract 20% Rich in Hydroxytyrosol Prevents β-Amyloid Aggregation and Oxidative Stress, Two Features of Alzheimer Disease, via SKN-1/NRF2 and HSP-16.2 in Caenorhabditis elegans. Antioxidants, 11 (4). p. 629. ISSN 2076-3921

Article Subjects > Engineering Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Abierto Inglés This study involves a working limestone mine that supplies limestone to the cement factory. The two main goals of this paper are to (a) determine how long an operating mine can continue to provide the cement plant with the quality and quantity of materials it needs, and (b) explore the viability of combining some limestone from a nearby mine with the study mine limestone to meet the cement plant’s quality and quantity goals. These objectives are accomplished by figuring out the maximum net profit for the ultimate pit limit and production sequencing of the mining blocks. The issues were resolved using a branch-and-cut based sequential integer and mixed integer programming problem. The study mine can exclusively feed the cement plant for up to 15 years, according to the data. However, it was also noted that the addition of the limestone from the neighboring mine substantially increased the mine’s life (85 years). The findings also showed that, when compared with the production planning formulation that the company is now using, the proposed approach creates 10% more profit. The suggested method also aids in determining the desired desirable quality of the limestone that will be transported from the nearby mine throughout each production stage. metadata Joshi, Devendra and Chithaluru, Premkumar and Singh, Aman and Yadav, Arvind and Elkamchouchi, Dalia H. and Breñosa, Jose and Anand, Divya mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, aman.singh@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, josemanuel.brenosa@uneatlantico.es, divya.anand@uneatlantico.es (2022) An Optimized Open Pit Mine Application for Limestone Quarry Production Scheduling to Maximize Net Present Value. Mathematics, 10 (21). p. 4140. ISSN 2227-7390

Article Subjects > Engineering Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Cerrado Inglés The Internet of Things (IoT) has recently surpassed wired communication. WiMAX is a wireless transmission technology that allows for faster internet access. Wireless network innovations, like some other communication networks, are not safe and secure. Security and authorization models are intended to prevent unauthorized use of network services. Numerous authorization and encrypted communication mechanisms have been introduced for WiMAX privacy, but the communication systems are still insecure and vulnerable to attacks such as zero-day attacks, rouge base station attacks, Man in the Middle (MITM) attacks, and Denial of Service (DoS) attacks. Wireless technologies have come a long way in the last few decades. Because most wireless transmission systems rely on radio signals, the system channel is essentially vulnerable to interception. As a result, data security is always critical in the presentation of a system. Because WiMAX is a wireless communication technology, it is particularly vulnerable to interception, so security is a top priority. Individuals must be protected from security breaches that occur across network interfaces, networking devices, and everything in between. Robust security management is required to protect WiMAX from attacks and vulnerabilities, despite the fact that emerging Artificial Intelligence (AI) technologies necessitate different security governance than existing technologies. We proposed an Optimized Privacy Information Exchange Schema for Explainable AI Empowered WiMAX-based IoT that addresses vulnerabilities and threats during the identification and authorization phases to improve the functionality and performance characteristics of the traditional system. The Scyther tool was used to validate the proposed privacy scheme, which is safer and more secure than existing systems. metadata Chithaluru, Premkumar and Singh, Aman and Dhatterwal, Jagjit Singh and Sodhro, Ali Hassan and Albahar, Marwan Ali and Jurcut, Anca and Alkhayyat, Ahmed mail UNSPECIFIED, aman.singh@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED (2023) An Optimized Privacy Information Exchange Schema for Explainable AI Empowered WiMAX-based IoT networks. Future Generation Computer Systems, 148. pp. 225-239. ISSN 0167739X

Article Subjects > Psychology Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés Schizophrenia spectrum disorders (SSD) often show cognitive deficits (CD) impacting daily life. Family support has been shown to be protective against CD, yet the relationship between these in psychotic patients remains complex and not fully understood. This study investigated the association between a subdomain of family support, namely, family involvement (estimated through a proxy measure), cognitive functioning, and sex in first-episode psychosis (FEP) patients. The sample included 308 patients enrolled in the Program for Early Phases of Psychosis (PAFIP), divided into 4 groups based on their estimated family involvement (eFI) level and sex, and compared on various variables. Women presented lower rates of eFI than men (37.1% and 48.8%). Higher eFI was associated with better cognitive functioning, particularly in verbal memory. This association was stronger in women. The findings suggest that eFI may be an important factor in FEP patients’ cognitive functioning. This highlights the importance of including families in treatment plans for psychotic patients to prevent CD. Further research is needed to better understand the complex interplay between family support, sex, and cognitive functioning in psychotic patients and develop effective interventions that target these factors. metadata Soler-Andrés, Marina and Díaz-Pons, Alexandre and Ortiz-García de la Foz, Víctor and Murillo-García, Nancy and Barrio-Martínez, Sara and Miguel-Corredera, Margarita and Yorca-Ruiz, Angel and Magdaleno Herrero, Rebeca and Moya-Higueras, Jorge and Setién-Suero, Esther and Ayesa-Arriola, Rosa mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, esther.setien@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED (2023) A Proxy Approach to Family Involvement and Neurocognitive Function in First Episode of Non-Affective Psychosis: Sex-Related Differences. Healthcare, 11 (13). p. 1902. ISSN 2227-9032

Article Subjects > Engineering Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Universidad Internacional do Cuanza > Research > Scientific Production
Abierto Inglés Deep learning is used to address a wide range of challenging issues including large data analysis, image processing, object detection, and autonomous control. In the same way, deep learning techniques are also used to develop software and techniques that pose a danger to privacy, democracy, and national security. Fake content in the form of images and videos using digital manipulation with artificial intelligence (AI) approaches has become widespread during the past few years. Deepfakes, in the form of audio, images, and videos, have become a major concern during the past few years. Complemented by artificial intelligence, deepfakes swap the face of one person with the other and generate hyper-realistic videos. Accompanying the speed of social media, deepfakes can immediately reach millions of people and can be very dangerous to make fake news, hoaxes, and fraud. Besides the well-known movie stars, politicians have been victims of deepfakes in the past, especially US presidents Barak Obama and Donald Trump, however, the public at large can be the target of deepfakes. To overcome the challenge of deepfake identification and mitigate its impact, large efforts have been carried out to devise novel methods to detect face manipulation. This study also discusses how to counter the threats from deepfake technology and alleviate its impact. The outcomes recommend that despite a serious threat to society, business, and political institutions, they can be combated through appropriate policies, regulation, individual actions, training, and education. In addition, the evolution of technology is desired for deepfake identification, content authentication, and deepfake prevention. Different studies have performed deepfake detection using machine learning and deep learning techniques such as support vector machine, random forest, multilayer perceptron, k-nearest neighbors, convolutional neural networks with and without long short-term memory, and other similar models. This study aims to highlight the recent research in deepfake images and video detection, such as deepfake creation, various detection algorithms on self-made datasets, and existing benchmark datasets. metadata Shahzad, Hina Fatima and Rustam, Furqan and Soriano Flores, Emmanuel and Vidal Mazón, Juan Luis and de la Torre Diez, Isabel and Ashraf, Imran mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, emmanuel.soriano@uneatlantico.es, juanluis.vidal@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED (2022) A Review of Image Processing Techniques for Deepfakes. Sensors, 22 (12). p. 4556. ISSN 1424-8220

Article Subjects > Engineering Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Abierto Inglés To provide faster access to the treatment of patients, healthcare system can be integrated with Internet of Things to provide prior and timely health services to the patient. There is a huge limitation in the sensing layer as the IoT devices here have low computational power, limited storage and less battery life. So, this huge amount of data needs to be stored on the cloud. The information and the data sensed by these devices is made accessible on the internet from where medical staff, doctors, relatives and family members can access this information. This helps in improving the treatment as well as getting faster medical assistance, tracking of routine activities and health focus of elderly people on frequent basis. However, the data transmission from IoT devices to the cloud faces many security challenges and is vulnerable to different security and privacy threats during the transmission path. The purpose of this research is to design a Certificateless Secured Signature Scheme that will provide a magnificent amount of security during the transmission of data. Certificateless signature, that removes the intricate certificate management and key escrow problem, is one of the practical methods to provide data integrity and identity authentication for the IoT. Experimental result shows that the proposed scheme performs better than the existing certificateless signature schemes in terms of computational cost, encryption and decryption time. This scheme is the best combination of high security and cost efficiency and is further suitable for the resource constrained IoT environment. metadata Kakkar, Latika and Gupta, Deepali and Tanwar, Sarvesh and Saxena, Sapna and Alsubhi, Khalid and Anand, Divya and Delgado Noya, Irene and Goyal, Nitin mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, divya.anand@uneatlantico.es, irene.delgado@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED (2022) A Secure and Efficient Signature Scheme for IoT in Healthcare. Computers, Materials & Continua, 73 (3). pp. 6151-6168. ISSN 1546-2226

Article Subjects > Engineering Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Cerrado Inglés Smart vehicle parking is a collaborative effort of technology and human innovation where the efforts are to be minimized to save time and efforts. In smart cities it is one of the common challenges to introduce smart parking to increase parking efficiency and combat numerous issues like identification of free parking slot and real-time dynamic updation on traffic to save fuel and energy. In this work, a new cloud-based smart parking architecture is proposed that can help in predicting the available free parking slots in smart cities. Initially, the methodology collects the car count at any near by parking using Internet of Things (IoT) and Cloud-based approach. Later, the approach uses the Kernel Least Mean Square algorithm to make heuristic predictions about future vacancy using auto-regression. The proposed approach thus utilizes the online learning or model training. To validate the efficacy of the proposed work, the testing is done on the real-time dataset. The extensive numerical investigation is performed on parking lots of four international airports of a smart city in actual deployment scenarios. The experimentation has revealed superior performance of the method in terms of vacancy prediction. metadata Anand, Divya and Singh, Aman and Alsubhi, Khalid and Goyal, Nitin and Abdrabou, Atef and Vidyarthi, Ankit and Rodrigues, Joel J. P. C. mail divya.anand@uneatlantico.es, aman.singh@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED (2022) A Smart Cloud and IoVT-Based Kernel Adaptive Filtering Framework for Parking Prediction. IEEE Transactions on Intelligent Transportation Systems. pp. 1-9. ISSN 1524-9050

Article Subjects > Engineering Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Universidad Internacional do Cuanza > Research > Scientific Production
University of La Romana > Research > Scientific Production
Abierto Inglés Data mining is an analytical approach that contributes to achieving a solution to many problems by extracting previously unknown, fascinating, nontrivial, and potentially valuable information from massive datasets. Clustering in data mining is used for splitting or segmenting data items/points into meaningful groups and clusters by grouping the items that are near to each other based on certain statistics. This paper covers various elements of clustering, such as algorithmic methodologies, applications, clustering assessment measurement, and researcher-proposed enhancements with their impact on data mining thorough grasp of clustering algorithms, its applications, and the advances achieved in the existing literature. This study includes a literature search for papers published between 1995 and 2023, including conference and journal publications. The study begins by outlining fundamental clustering techniques along with algorithm improvements and emphasizing their advantages and limitations in comparison to other clustering algorithms. It investigates the evolution measures for clustering algorithms with an emphasis on metrics used to gauge clustering quality, such as the F-measure and the Rand Index. This study includes a variety of clustering-related topics, such as algorithmic approaches, practical applications, metrics for clustering evaluation, and researcher-proposed improvements. It addresses numerous methodologies offered to increase the convergence speed, resilience, and accuracy of clustering, such as initialization procedures, distance measures, and optimization strategies. The work concludes by emphasizing clustering as an active research area driven by the need to identify significant patterns and structures in data, enhance knowledge acquisition, and improve decision making across different domains. This study aims to contribute to the broader knowledge base of data mining practitioners and researchers, facilitating informed decision making and fostering advancements in the field through a thorough analysis of algorithmic enhancements, clustering assessment metrics, and optimization strategies. metadata Chaudhry, Mahnoor and Shafi, Imran and Mahnoor, Mahnoor and Ramírez-Vargas, Debora L. and Bautista Thompson, Ernesto and Ashraf, Imran mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, debora.ramirez@unini.edu.mx, ernesto.bautista@unini.edu.mx, UNSPECIFIED (2023) A Systematic Literature Review on Identifying Patterns Using Unsupervised Clustering Algorithms: A Data Mining Perspective. Symmetry, 15 (9). p. 1679. ISSN 2073-8994

Article Subjects > Biomedicine
Subjects > Engineering
Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Universidad Internacional do Cuanza > Research > Scientific Production
Abierto Inglés Herbal medicine and nutritional supplements are suggested to treat premenstrual somatic and psycho-behavioural symptoms in clinical guidelines; nonetheless, this is at present based on poor-quality trial evidence. Hence, we aimed to design a systematic review and meta-analysis for their effectiveness in alleviating premenstrual symptoms. The published randomized controlled trials (RCTs) were extracted from Google scholar, PubMed, Scopus and PROSPERO databases. The risk of bias in randomized trials was assessed by Cochrane risk-of-bias tool. The main outcome parameters were analysed separately based on the Premenstrual Symptom Screening Tool and PMTS and DRSP scores. Secondary parameters of somatic, psychological, and behavioural subscale symptoms of PSST were also analysed. Data synthesis was performed assuming a random-effects model, and standardized mean difference (SMDs) was analysed using SPSS version 28.0.0 (IBM, Armonk, NY, USA). A total of 754 articles were screened, and 15 RCTs were included (n = 1211 patients). Primary results for participants randomized to an intervention reported reduced PSST (n = 9), PMTS (n = 2), and DSR (n = 4) scores with (SMD = −1.44; 95% CI: −1.72 to −1.17), (SMD = −1.69; 95% CI: −3.80 to 0.42) and (SMD = 2.86; 95% CI: 1.02 to 4.69) verses comparator with substantial heterogeneity. Physical (SMD = −1.61; 95% CI = −2.56 to −0.66), behavioural (SMD = −0.60; 95% CI = −1.55 to0.35) and mood (SMD = 0.57; 95% CI = −0.96 to 2.11) subscale symptom groupings of PSST displayed similar findings. Fifty-three studies (n = 8) were considered at low risk of bias with high quality. Mild adverse events were reported by four RCTs. Based on the existing evidence, herbal medicine and nutritional supplements may be effective and safe for PMS metadata Sultana, Arshiya and Heyat, Md Belal Bin and Rahman, Khaleequr and Kunnavil, Radhika and Fazmiya, Mohamed Joonus Aynul and Akhtar, Faijan and Sumbul, X. and Vidal Mazón, Juan Luis and Rodríguez Velasco, Carmen Lilí and De La Torre Díez, Isabel mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, juanluis.vidal@uneatlantico.es, carmen.rodriguez@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED (2022) A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Premenstrual Syndrome with Special Emphasis on Herbal Medicine and Nutritional Supplements. Pharmaceuticals, 15 (11). p. 1371. ISSN 1424-8247

Article Subjects > Engineering Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Universidad Internacional do Cuanza > Research > Scientific Production
Abierto Inglés Disaster management is a critical area that requires efficient methods and techniques to address various challenges. This comprehensive assessment offers an in-depth overview of disaster management systems, methods, obstacles, and potential future paths. Specifically, it focuses on flood control, a significant and recurrent category of natural disasters. The analysis begins by exploring various types of natural catastrophes, including earthquakes, wildfires, and floods. It then delves into the different domains that collectively contribute to effective flood management. These domains encompass cutting-edge technologies such as big data analysis and cloud computing, providing scalable and reliable infrastructure for data storage, processing, and analysis. The study investigates the potential of the Internet of Things and sensor networks to gather real-time data from flood-prone areas, enhancing situational awareness and enabling prompt actions. Model-driven engineering is examined for its utility in developing and modeling flood scenarios, aiding in preparation and response planning. This study includes the Google Earth engine (GEE) and examines previous studies involving GEE. Moreover, we discuss remote sensing; remote sensing is undoubtedly a valuable tool for disaster management, and offers geographical data in various situations. We explore the application of Geographical Information System (GIS) and Spatial Data Management for visualizing and analyzing spatial data and facilitating informed decision-making and resource allocation during floods. In the final section, the focus shifts to the utilization of machine learning and data analytics in flood management. These methodologies offer predictive models and data-driven insights, enhancing early warning systems, risk assessment, and mitigation strategies. Through this in-depth analysis, the significance of incorporating these spheres into flood control procedures is highlighted, with the aim of improving disaster management techniques and enhancing resilience in flood-prone regions. The paper addresses existing challenges and provides future research directions, ultimately striving for a clearer and more coherent representation of disaster management techniques. metadata Khan, Saad Mazhar and Shafi, Imran and Butt, Wasi Haider and Diez, Isabel de la Torre and López Flores, Miguel Ángel and Castanedo Galán, Juan and Ashraf, Imran mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, miguelangel.lopez@uneatlantico.es, juan.castanedo@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED (2023) A Systematic Review of Disaster Management Systems: Approaches, Challenges, and Future Directions. Land, 12 (8). p. 1514. ISSN 2073-445X

Article Subjects > Engineering Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Fundación Universitaria Internacional de Colombia > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Universidad Internacional do Cuanza > Research > Scientific Production
University of La Romana > Research > Scientific Production
Abierto Inglés Artificial intelligence (AI)-based models have emerged as powerful tools in financial markets, capable of reducing investment risks and aiding in selecting highly profitable stocks by achieving precise predictions. This holds immense value for investors, as it empowers them to make data-driven decisions. Identifying current and future trends in multi-class forecasting techniques employed within financial markets, particularly profitability analysis as an evaluation metric is important. The review focuses on examining stud-ies conducted between 2018 and 2023, sourced from three prominent academic databases. A meticulous three-stage approach was employed, encompassing the systematic planning, conduct, and analysis of the se-lected studies. Specifically, the analysis emphasizes technical assessment, profitability analysis, hybrid mod-eling, and the type of results generated by models. Articles were shortlisted based on inclusion and exclusion criteria, while a rigorous quality assessment through ten quality criteria questions, utilizing a Likert-type scale was employed to ensure methodological robustness. We observed that ensemble and hybrid models with long short-term memory (LSTM) and support vector machines (SVM) are being more adopted for financial trends and price prediction. Moreover, hybrid models employing AI algorithms for feature engineering have great potential at par with ensemble techniques. Most studies only employ performance metrics and lack utilization of profitability metrics or investment or trading strategy (simulated or real-time). Similarly, research on multi-class or output is severely lacking in financial forecasting and can be a good avenue for future research. metadata Khattak, Bilal Hassan Ahmed and Shafi, Imran and Khan, Abdul Saboor and Soriano Flores, Emmanuel and García Lara, Roberto and Samad, Md. Abdus and Ashraf, Imran mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, emmanuel.soriano@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED (2023) A Systematic Survey of AI Models in Financial Market Forecasting for Profitability Analysis. IEEE Access, 11. pp. 125359-125380. ISSN 2169-3536

Article Subjects > Engineering Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Universidad Internacional do Cuanza > Research > Scientific Production
Abierto Inglés The accelerated evolution in computing and transmission automation of the Internet of Vehicles (IoV) has led to enormous research standards that attract many researchers and industries. This century of the Internet of Things (IoT) is propulsive to the routine vehicular ad hoc networks (VANETs) in the IoV. It has emerged as one of the major driving forces for innovations in the intelligent vehicular industry. The World Health Organization (WHO) report confirms that approximately 1.35 million people die because of accidents on the road every year. This requires considerable attention to incorporate more and more safety measures into the automobile industry. Intelligent transportation systems can help bridge the gap between the traditional and the intelligent automotive industry by connecting vehicle to vehicle (V2V) and vehicle to infrastructure (V2I), hence adding much safety in vehicular communication. This paper provides a comprehensive review of the Internet of Vehicles (IoV) which discusses the architectures of IoV including layer types, functions of layers, application area, and communication type supported. Further, it also provides an in-depth insight into state-of-the-art Medium Access Control (MAC) protocols and routing protocols used in IoV communication. The routing protocol comparative summarization considers important parameters which include communication types broadcast, unicast, cluster, multicast, forwarding strategy, recovery strategy, availability of map, and the type of environment urban or highway. The summarization of various protocols highlights strengths, research gaps, and application areas. Finally, the paper addresses various research challenges along with potential future enhancements for the IoV communication. metadata Seth, Ishita and Guleria, Kalpna and Panda, Surya Narayan and Anand, Divya and Alsubhi, Khalid and Aljahdali, Hani Moaiteq and Singh, Aman and A Saeed, Rashid mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, divya.anand@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, aman.singh@unic.co.ao, UNSPECIFIED (2022) A Taxonomy and Analysis on Internet of Vehicles: Architectures, Protocols, and Challenges. Wireless Communications and Mobile Computing, 2022. pp. 1-26. ISSN 1530-8669

Article Subjects > Engineering Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Universidad Internacional do Cuanza > Research > Scientific Production
Abierto Inglés The paddy crop is the most essential and consumable agricultural produce. Leaf disease impacts the quality and productivity of paddy crops. Therefore, tackling this issue as early as possible is mandatory to reduce its impact. Consequently, in recent years, deep learning methods have been essential in identifying and classifying leaf disease. Deep learning is used to observe patterns in disease in crop leaves. For instance, organizing a crop’s leaf according to its shape, size, and color is significant. To facilitate farmers, this study proposed a Convolutional Neural Networks-based Deep Learning (CNN-based DL) architecture, including transfer learning (TL) for agricultural research. In this study, different TL architectures, viz. InceptionV3, VGG16, ResNet, SqueezeNet, and VGG19, were considered to carry out disease detection in paddy plants. The approach started with preprocessing the leaf image; afterward, semantic segmentation was used to extract a region of interest. Consequently, TL architectures were tuned with segmented images. Finally, the extra, fully connected layers of the Deep Neural Network (DNN) are used to classify and identify leaf disease. The proposed model was concerned with the biotic diseases of paddy leaves due to fungi and bacteria. The proposed model showed an accuracy rate of 96.4%, better than state-of-the-art models with different variants of TL architectures. After analysis of the outcomes, the study concluded that the anticipated model outperforms other existing models metadata Gautam, Vinay and Trivedi, Naresh K. and Singh, Aman and Mohamed, Heba G. and Delgado Noya, Irene and Kaur, Preet and Goyal, Nitin mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, aman.singh@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, irene.delgado@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED (2022) A Transfer Learning-Based Artificial Intelligence Model for Leaf Disease Assessment. Sustainability, 14 (20). p. 13610. ISSN 2071-1050

Article Subjects > Engineering Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés This research article reports a compact fractal 4 × 4 UWB extended bandwidth MIMO antenna with physical dimensions of 44 × 44 mm2 for high-speed wireless applications. The reported antenna comprises four fractal radiating elements that are symmetrical and placed orthogonal to each other with a respective rectangular ground printed on the opposite plane. A higher isolation is achieved between the radiating elements by the placement of a fractal patch orthogonally and no separate decoupling structure is required. The antenna offers a −10 dB transmission capacity of 2.84–15.88 GHz. The fractal radiating element, which is embedded by an inverted T-type stub placed within a rectangular slot and an etched rotated C-type slot, provides band-stop filters for WiMAX (Worldwide inter-operability for Microwave Access) and WLAN (wireless local area network)-interfering bands. The key parameters of diversity performance are compared by simulation and measurement (fabricated prototype) of ECC (envelope correlation coefficient), DG (directive gain), TARC (total active reflection coefficient) and CCL (channel capacity loss). The antenna offers an omnidirectional radiation pattern with an average gain of 3.52 dBi metadata Sharma, Manish and Vashist, Prem Chand and Alsukayti, Ibrahim and Goyal, Nitin and Anand, Divya and Mosavi, Amir H. mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, divya.anand@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED (2021) A Wider Impedance Bandwidth Dual Filter Symmetrical MIMO Antenna for High-Speed Wideband Wireless Applications. Symmetry, 14 (1). p. 29. ISSN 2073-8994

Article Subjects > Teaching Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Abierto Portugués O objetivo deste trabalho é mostrar a importância da análise PDCA como ferramenta para preparar os alunos de ensino público para o futuro, devido a facilidade que a ferramenta tem para a aplicação do método com metodologias que podem potencializar a aprendizagem dos alunos. Auxiliando na execução de um planejamento estratégico de acordo com os objetivos e metas estabelecidas, ou seja, um direcionamento adequado para o futuro da instituição de ensino. A metodologia utilizada foi de pesquisa bibliográfica em artigos e sites acadêmicos com autores encontrados no Google Acadêmico e SciELLO. Ao realizar a pesquisa, foi estudado material que aborda sobre a utilização do PDCA nas organizações e como o uso da aprendizagem baseada em projetos se mostra eficiente e pode trazer benefícios para a escola. Com isso, é possível considerar que essa ferramenta deve ser aplicada nas escolas, aumentando a autonomia dos alunos tendo em vista trazer benefícios. metadata Alves Guimarães, Ueudison and Rodrigues Moniz, Sibele Selvina de Oliveira and Olímpio dos Santos, José mail UNSPECIFIED (2022) A análise PDCA como ferramenta de suporte a instituição escolar. RECIMA21 - Revista Científica Multidisciplinar - ISSN 2675-6218, 3 (11). e3112265. ISSN 2675-6218

Article Subjects > Physical Education and Sport Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Abierto Inglés Elite performance and sporting success are often the result of optimal integration and synergy of all components of sports preparedness (i.e., health, technical and tactical skills, bioenergetic and neuromuscular abilities and capacities, anthropometric characteristics, cognition, emotions, creativity, or personality), which evolve because of systematic long-term sports preparation. However, the relative importance of these characteristics varies between individual and team sports. While some individual sports require a high standard of bioenergetic and neuromuscular abilities and capacities, team sports performance is closely related to technical and tactical skills, which may compensate for weakness within the fitness level (1). Nonetheless, successful team sport performances seem to be much more dependent on the interaction among a wide range of factors than on the maximum development of one or two factors in isolation. In team sports, elite performance emerges from the interaction among the individual parts (2) to overcome the opponent during competition. Sports may be categorized according to the degree of predictability of the environment that they are played in (3). Team sports occur in highly unpredictable environments due to the interactions with both teammates and opponents, with performance dealing with this unpredictability. Thus, it is important to have a clear understanding of the integrative systems and the principles that rule their interactions with the environment, keeping in mind the main aim of the process: developing the diversity/unpredictability potential of athletes/teams (4) to afford the emergence of rich patterns of behavior from players to adapt quickly and effectively in dynamically changing and unpredictable environments (5). Performance in team sports is affected by several factors that affect the organization of training and competitions. These include, for example, COVID-19 cases (6), PCR tests (7), air flights and their effects prior to competition (8), injuries (9), or match-congested schedules (10). The interaction among these factors may also influence player availability. The concept of player availability is a common one in elite team sports. Available players can be considered the ones who are injury-free and ready to compete whether the head coach chooses to put them on the lineup. Thus, an available state would be when a player is fit and recovered enough to compete. On the other hand, player unavailability would be considered a state which includes injury, sanction or suspension, or other reasons that would keep a player out of match. However, this topic needs to be explored more in elite team sport environments. Considering previous enriching work, it remains important to further progress and provide academic knowledge in order to support coaches/managers, strength and conditioning coaches, sport scientists, and medical team members (e.g., doctors, physicians, and physiotherapists) in their working environments. While widely-advocated scientific groundwork is considered throughout this manuscript, the main aim of this opinion article is to provide a review of factors related to player availability and its influence on performance in elite team sports (Figure 1). Finally, some practical suggestions and recommendations are provided to deal with constant alterations in player's availability and performance fluctuations. metadata Calleja-González, Julio and Mallo, Javier and Cos, Francesc and Sampaio, Jaime and Jones, Margaret T. and Marqués-Jiménez, Diego and Mielgo-Ayuso, Juan and Freitas, Tomás T. and Alcaraz, Pedro E. and Vilamitjana, Javier and Ibañez, Sergio J. and Cuzzolin, Francesco and Terrados, Nicolás and Bird, Stephen P. and Zubillaga, Asier and Huyghe, Thomas and Jukic, Igor and Lorenzo, Alberto and Loturco, Irineu and Delextrat, Anne and Schelling, Xavi and Gómez-Ruano, Miguel and López-laval, Isaac and Vazquez, Jairo and Conte, Daniele and Velarde-Sotres, Álvaro and Bores Cerezal, Antonio and Ferioli, Davide and García, Franc and Peirau, Xavier and Martin-Acero, Rafael and Lago-Peñas, Carlos mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, alvaro.velarde@uneatlantico.es, antonio.bores@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED (2023) A commentary of factors related to player availability and its influence on performance in elite team sports. Frontiers in Sports and Active Living, 4. ISSN 2624-9367

Article Subjects > Engineering Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Cerrado Inglés The Internet of Things (IoT) is a network of interconnected devices that includes low-end devices (sensors) and high-end devices (servers). The routing protocol used the Low-Power and Lossy Networks (RPL) protocol, which was designed to collect data in Low-Power and Lossy Networks (LLN) efficiently and reliably. The RPL rank property specifies how sensor nodes are placed in Destination Oriented Directed Acyclic Graphs (DODAG) based on an Objective Function (OF). The OF includes information such as the Expected Transmission Count (ETX) and packet delivery rate. The rank property aids in routing path optimization, reducing control overhead, and maintaining a loop-free topology by using rank-based data path validation. However, it causes many issues, such as optimal parent selection, next-hop node selection, and network instability. We proposed an Enhanced Opportunistic Rank-based Parent Node Selection for Sustainable and Smart IoT Networks to address these issues. The optimal parent node is determined by forecasting the expected energy of each node using Received Signal Strength (RSS) and an enhanced reinforcement learning algorithm. The proposed method addresses the issue of selecting the next-hop neighbor node and improves routing stability. Furthermore, when a large number of new nodes try to join the sustainable IoT-based smart cities, the proposed technique provides optimal load balance metadata Chithaluru, Premkumar and Singh, Aman and Mahmoud, Mahmoud Shuker and Kumar, Sunil and Vidal Mazón, Juan Luis and Alkhayyat, Ahmed and Anand, Divya mail UNSPECIFIED, aman.singh@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, juanluis.vidal@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, divya.anand@uneatlantico.es (2023) An enhanced opportunistic rank-based parent node selection for sustainable & smart IoT networks. Sustainable Energy Technologies and Assessments, 56. p. 103079. ISSN 22131388

Article Subjects > Teaching Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Abierto Portugués O estudo aqui edificado apresenta como seu principal desígnio avaliar o modo como uma importante ferramenta de gestão pode contribuir, mostrando a eficiência em resultados na aprendizagem por meio de uma gestão escolar que busca ser democrática e como isso influencia no dia a dia de uma unidade escolar. Para tanto, falar-se-á aqui acerca da contribuição da ferramenta Swot na Gestão Escolar, revelando-se como ela funciona e como poderá beneficiar nesta área tão importante. Referindo-se à metodologia aproveitada para a edificação deste breve estudo, cita-se a escolha pela pesquisa bibliográfica, por meio da qual tornou-se possível colher material que contribuirá com a futura abordagem teórica que será feita, tendo em vista pensamentos e conjecturas de estudiosos famosos como Lima (2013), Nóvoa (2002) e outros. Por meio de tal análise acerca do material colhido e estudado durante a efetivação da pesquisa, concluiu-se ser clara a incoerência vivenciada entre a realidade escolar, o que a escola quer, o que a escola faz, e o dia a dia da gestão escolar, a qual precisa tomar decisões que, certamente, acabarão impactando, positiva ou negativamente, tanto no desenvolvimento quanto na formação de seus educandos. Conclui-se, pois, a importância de se trabalhar com uma ferramenta como Swot, especialmente quando se fala do trabalho encarado pela gestão escolar. metadata Alves Guimarães, Ueudison and Rodrigues Dantas de Brito, Junea Graciele and Rodrigues Moniz, Sibele Selvina de Oliveira and Picinini Lengler, Loreni mail UNSPECIFIED (2022) A ferramenta SWOT na gestão escolar. RECIMA21 - Revista Científica Multidisciplinar - ISSN 2675-6218, 3 (11). e3112271. ISSN 2675-6218

Article Subjects > Biomedicine Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés A new palladium coordination compound based on gliclazide with the chemical formula [Pd(glz)2] (where glz = gliclazide) has been synthesized and characterised. The structural characterization reveals that this material consists of mononuclear units formed by a Pd2+ ion coordinated to two molecules of the glz ligand, in which palladium ions exhibit a distorted plane-square coordination sphere. This novel material behaves like a good and selective inhibitor of butyrylcholinesterase, one of the most relevant therapeutic targets against Alzheimer's disease. Analysis of the enzyme kinetics showed a mixed mode of inhibition, the title compound being capable of interacting with both the free enzyme and the enzyme-substrate complex. Finally, the palladium compound shows promising protective activity against Aβ-induced toxicity in the Caenorhabditis elegans model, which has never been reported. metadata García-García, Amalia and Rojas, Sara and Rivas-García, Lorenzo and Navarro-Hortal, María D. and Romero-Márquez, Jose M. and Fernández-Bolaños, José G. and Choquesillo-Lazarte, Duane and Salinas-Castillo, Alfonso and López, Óscar and Quiles, José L. and Rodríguez-Diéguez, Antonio mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, jose.quiles@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED (2022) A gliclazide complex based on palladium towards Alzheimer's disease: promising protective activity against Aβ-induced toxicity in C. elegans. Chemical Communications, 58 (10). pp. 1514-1517. ISSN 1359-7345

Article Subjects > Biomedicine
Subjects > Engineering
Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Fundación Universitaria Internacional de Colombia > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Universidad Internacional do Cuanza > Research > Scientific Production
Abierto Inglés Objective This study aims to develop a lightweight convolutional neural network-based edge federated learning architecture for COVID-19 detection using X-ray images, aiming to minimize computational cost, latency, and bandwidth requirements while preserving patient privacy. Method The proposed method uses an edge federated learning architecture to optimize task allocation and execution. Unlike in traditional edge networks where requests from fixed nodes are handled by nearby edge devices or remote clouds, the proposed model uses an intelligent broker within the federation to assess member edge cloudlets' parameters, such as resources and hop count, to make optimal decisions for task offloading. This approach enhances performance and privacy by placing tasks in closer proximity to the user. DenseNet is used for model training, with a depth of 60 and 357,482 parameters. This resource-aware distributed approach optimizes computing resource utilization within the edge-federated learning architecture. Results The experimental results demonstrate significant improvements in various performance metrics. The proposed method reduces training time by 53.1%, optimizes CPU and memory utilization by 17.5% and 33.6%, and maintains accurate COVID-19 detection capabilities without compromising the F1 score, demonstrating the efficiency and effectiveness of the lightweight convolutional neural network-based edge federated learning architecture. Conclusion Existing studies predominantly concentrate on either privacy and accuracy or load balancing and energy optimization, with limited emphasis on training time. The proposed approach offers a comprehensive performance-centric solution that simultaneously addresses privacy, load balancing, and energy optimization while reducing training time, providing a more holistic and balanced solution for optimal system performance. metadata Alvi, Sohaib Bin Khalid and Nayyer, Muhammad Ziad and Jamal, Muhammad Hasan and Raza, Imran and de la Torre Diez, Isabel and Rodríguez Velasco, Carmen Lilí and Breñosa, Jose and Ashraf, Imran mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, carmen.rodriguez@uneatlantico.es, josemanuel.brenosa@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED (2023) A lightweight deep learning approach for COVID-19 detection using X-ray images with edge federation. DIGITAL HEALTH, 9. ISSN 2055-2076

Article Subjects > Biomedicine Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés Background αB-crystallin is a promiscuous protein involved in numerous cell functions. Mutations in CRYAB have been found in patients with different pathological phenotypes that are not properly understood. Patients can present different diseases like cataracts, muscle weakness, myopathy, cardiomyopathy, respiratory insufficiency or dysphagia, but also a variable combination of these pathologies has been found. These mutations can show either autosomal dominant or recessive mode of inheritance and variable penetrance and expressivity. This is the first report of congenital cataracts and myopathy described in childhood due to a CRYAB mutation with autosomal dominant mode of inheritance. Methods The whole exome sequence was subjected to phenotype-driven analysis and a novel variant in CRYAB was detected: c.514delG, p.(Ala172ProfsTer14). The mutation was located in the C-terminal domain of the protein, which is essential for chaperone activity. The deduced protein was analyzed searching for alterations of the relevant physico-chemical properties described for this domain. A muscle biopsy was also tested for CRYAB with immunohistochemical and histoenzymatic techniques. Results CRYAB displayed a mild immunoreactivity in the subsarcolemmal compartment with no pathological sarcoplasmic accumulation. It agrees with an alteration of the physico-chemical properties predicted for the C-terminal domain: hydrophobicity, stiffness, and isomerization. Conclusions The described mutation leads to elongation of the protein at the carboxi-terminal domain (CTD) with altered properties, which are essential for solubility and activity. It suggests that can be the cause of the severe conditions observed in this patient. metadata Marcos Rodríguez, Ana Teresa and Amorós, Diego and Muñoz-Cabello, Beatriz and Galán, Francisco and Rivas Infante, Eloy and Alcaraz‐Mas, Luis and Navarro‐Pando, José M. mail anateresa.marcos@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, jose.navarro@uneatlantico.es (2020) A novel dominant mutation inCRYABgene leading to a severe phenotype with childhood onset. Molecular Genetics & Genomic Medicine, 8 (8). e1290. ISSN 2324-9269

Article Subjects > Nutrition Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés Olive tree-derived products have been associated with numerous benefits for health. The aim of the present study was to characterize an olive leaf extract enriched in oleuropein (OLE) concerning phenolic content and profile as well as antioxidant capacity. Short-term and long-term toxicity, including oxidative stress, was in vivo evaluated in the experimental model Caenorhabditis elegans. Moreover, the potential therapeutic effect of the extract against Aβ induced- and tau protein induced-toxicity was also evaluated in C. elegans. OLE treatment did not exert toxicity. On the contrary, the extract was able to ameliorate oxidative stress and proteotoxicity related to Aβ and tau aggregation. The potential molecular mechanisms present behind the observed results explored by RNAi technology revealed that DAF-16/FOXO and SKN-1/NRF2, elements of the insulin insulin-like signalling pathway, as well as HSP-16.2 overexpression were involved. metadata Romero-Márquez, Jose M. and Navarro-Hortal, María D. and Jiménez-Trigo, Victoria and Vera-Ramírez, Laura and Forbes-Hernández, Tamara J. and Esteban-Muñoz, Adelaida and Giampieri, Francesca and Bullón, Pedro and Battino, Maurizio and Sánchez-González, Cristina and Quiles, José L. mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, francesca.giampieri@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, jose.quiles@uneatlantico.es (2022) An oleuropein rich-olive (Olea europaea L.) leaf extract reduces β-amyloid and tau proteotoxicity through regulation of oxidative- and heat shock-stress responses in Caenorhabditis elegans. Food and Chemical Toxicology, 162. p. 112914. ISSN 02786915

Article Subjects > Psychology Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés Older siblings are powerful socialization agents, playing a significant role in the sociocognitive, social, and emotional development of their younger siblings. However, there are few clues about the variables that explain younger sibling’s adaptation. The objective of this pilot study was to identify the determinants of younger siblings' adaptation and to analyze the role played by personal, sibling, family and older siblings’ variables using 50 dyads of siblings aged between 7 and 18 years. The variables considered were the sibling relationships and the maladaptation of older siblings, and individual (sex, number of siblings, extroversion, and agreeableness) and contextual variables (interparental conflict, daily stress) were controlled. Hierarchical multiple regressions provided evidence in favor of the model that analyzed the younger siblings' maladaptation to school, showing positive associations both with the older siblings' level of school maladaptation and with sibling conflict. In addition, the study highlighted the relevance of the trait of agreeableness and of family stress in the adaptation of younger siblings. metadata Merino, Laura and Martínez-Pampliega, Ana and Herrero-Fernández, David mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, david.herrero@uneatlantico.es (2021) A pilot study of younger sibling adaptation: Contributions of individual variables, daily stress, interparental conflict and older sibling’s variables. Europe’s Journal of Psychology, 17 (2). pp. 1-12. ISSN 1841-0413

B

Article Subjects > Psychology Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Cerrado Español La teoría polivagal aporta una explicación neurofisiológica de cómo el cuerpo y el cerebro se interrelacionan con el contexto social en el que ambos tienen lugar. Su aplicación al ámbito de mindfulness y compasión puede contribuir a optimizar la eficacia de estas intervenciones, integrar los resultados obtenidos en los estudios de eficacia y guiar la investigación futura. Nuestro propósito con el presente artículo es ofrecer un marco integrador que pueda explicar las bases neurofisiológicas subyacentes a la práctica de mindfulness y compasión. Tras presentar los fundamentos de la teoría polivagal, se exploran sus posibles aportaciones al ámbito de mindfulness y compasión. Mediante la revisión de constructos como el apego, el embodiment o la presencia terapéutica, se ofrecen recomendaciones prácticas para el instructor. Para finalizar se plantea la importancia de tener en cuenta el estado fisiológico para la práctica de compasión y se proponen sugerencias de investigación futura. metadata González-García, Marian and González López, Javier mail marian.gonzalez@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED (2017) Bases neurofisiológicas de mindfulness y compasión: una propuesta desde la teoría polivagal. Mindfulness & Compassion, 2 (2). pp. 101-111. ISSN 24454079

Article Subjects > Nutrition Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés Beside honey, honeybees (Apis mellifera L.) are able to produce many byproducts, including bee pollen, propolis, bee bread, royal jelly, and beeswax. Even if the medicinal properties of these byproducts have been recognized for thousands of years by the ancient civilizations, in the modern era, they have a limited use, essentially as nutritional supplements or health products. However, these natural products are excellent sources of bioactive compounds, macro- and micronutrients, that, in a synergistic way, confer multiple biological activities to these byproducts, such as, for example, antimicrobial, antioxidant, and anti-inflammatory properties. This work aims to update the chemical and phytochemical composition of bee pollen, propolis, bee bread, royal jelly, and beeswax and to summarize the main effects exerted by these byproducts on human health, from the anticancer and immune-modulatory activities to the antidiabetic, hypolipidemic, hypotensive, and anti-allergic properties. metadata Giampieri, Francesca and Quiles, José L. and Cianciosi, Danila and Forbes-Hernández, Tamara Yuliett and Orantes-Bermejo, Francisco Josè and Alvarez-Suarez, José Miguel and Battino, Maurizio mail francesca.giampieri@uneatlantico.es, jose.quiles@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, maurizio.battino@uneatlantico.es (2022) Bee Products: An Emblematic Example of Underutilized Sources of Bioactive Compounds. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry. ISSN 0021-8561

Article Subjects > Engineering Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Fundación Universitaria Internacional de Colombia > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Universidad Internacional do Cuanza > Research > Scientific Production
Abierto Inglés Project-based organizations need to procure different commodities, and the failure/success of a project depends heavily on procurement management. Companies must refine and develop methods to simplify and optimize the procurement process in a highly competitive environment. This paper presents a methodology to help managers of project-based organizations analyze procurement processes to determine the optimal framework for simultaneously addressing multiple objectives. These goals include minimizing the time between the generation and required approval for a purchase, identifying unnamed activities, and allocating the budget efficiently. In this paper, we apply process mining algorithms to a dataset consisting of event logs on Oracle Financials-based enterprise resource planning (ERP) procurement processes in ERP systems and demonstrate interesting results leading to project procurement intelligence (PPI). The provided log data is the real-life data consisting of 180,462 events referring to seven activities within 43,101 cases. The logged procurement processes are filtered and analyzed using the open-source process mining frameworks PrOM and Disco. As a result of the process mining activities, a simulation of the discovered process model derived from the event log of the entire procurement process is presented, and the most frequent potential behaviors are identified. This analysis and extraction of frequent processes from corporate event logs help organizations understand, adapt, and redesign procurement operations and, most importantly, make them more efficient and of higher quality. This study shows that after the successful formulation of guiding principles, data refinement, and process structure optimization, the case study results are considered significant by the organization’s management. metadata Butt, Naveed Anwer and Mahmood, Zafar and Sana, Muhammad Usman and Díez, Isabel de la Torre and Castanedo Galán, Juan and Brie, Santiago and Ashraf, Imran mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, juan.castanedo@uneatlantico.es, santiago.brie@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED (2023) Behavioral and Performance Analysis of a Real-Time Case Study Event Log: A Process Mining Approach. Applied Sciences, 13 (7). p. 4145. ISSN 2076-3417

Article Subjects > Physical Education and Sport Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés, Español El objetivo del estudio fue analizar los beneficios que el ejercicio físico produce en mujeres diagnosticadas de cáncer de seno invasivo y se encuentran entre las fases I a IIIA, recibiendo tratamiento de quimioterapia, radioterapia o ambos simultáneamente. Las bases de datos de PubMed y Google Académico fueron consultadas hasta abril de 2022 arrojando un total de 29.410 resultados. Tras aplicar los criterios de exclusión fijados, el número de artículos seleccionados que aportaban datos relevantes para el desarrollo del estudio se redujeron a siete. Los autores demostraron que practicar ejercicio aeróbico durante un periodo de entre doce y dieciséis semanas a razón de dos días semanales, en sesiones inferiores a la hora de duración y en las que se realicen ejercicios a intensidades entre el 60%-80% de la FCmáx generaba adaptaciones beneficiosas. De igual manera, practicar entrenamiento de fuerza a intensidades entre el 60%-80% de la 1RM, generó mejoras en el estado de salud, los parámetros psicológicos y disminuyó los síntomas de dolor y la fatiga, entre otros. El estudio concluyó que la práctica de ejercicio físico en estas pacientes, incluyendo las modalidades de entrenamiento aeróbico o de fuerza de manera supervisada y personalizada, resultaba beneficioso, totalmente seguro y generaba beneficios tales como: la disminución de la sensación de fatiga, el refuerzo de la musculatura o la contribución a la adherencia de actividad física diaria, lo que resultó en una mejora en su calidad de vida. metadata Lago-Fuentes, Carlos and Pulgar, Susana and Sánchez Calderón, Raúl mail carlos.lago@uneatlantico.es, susana.pulgar@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED (2023) Beneficios del ejercicio físico en mujeres diagnosticadas de cáncer de seno invasivo. Una revisión sistemática. MLS Sport Research, 3 (2). ISSN 2792-7156

Article Subjects > Nutrition Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Fundación Universitaria Internacional de Colombia > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Cerrado Inglés Betalains are water-soluble, nitrogen-containing vacuolar pigment and can be divided into two subclasses: the yellow – orange betaxanthins and the red – violet betacyanin. These pigments can be found mainly in Latin America, but also in some parts of Asia, Africa, Australia and in the Mediterranean area. In this work an overview related with the status of research about betalains extracted from Opuntia spp and the enforces made to evaluate their positive incidence in the human body is provided. Several studies enhance their anticancer, anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties. They also exhibit antimicrobial and antidiabetic effect. Taking into account these properties, betalains seem to be a promising natural alternative as a colorant to replace the synthetic ones in the food additive industry. In addition, the use of Opuntia spp fruits as possible colorant sources in the Food Industry, may contribute positively to the sustainable development in semi-arid regions. metadata Armas Diaz, Yasmany and Qi, Zexiu and Yang, Bei and Martínez López, Nohora Milena and Briones Urbano, Mercedes and Cianciosi, Danila mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, nohora.martinez@uneatlantico.es, mercedes.briones@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED (2023) Betalains: The main bioactive compounds of Opuntia spp and their possible health benefits in the Mediterranean diet. Mediterranean Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism, 16 (3). pp. 181-190. ISSN 1973798X

Article Subjects > Psychology Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés, Español La resolución de conflictos y el bienestar emocional son cruciales ante situaciones de estrés agudo como puede ser el trabajo policial. Es por ello que los objetivos de este trabajo son: (1) identificar el estilo de resolución de conflictos predominante en las Fuerzas y Cuerpos de Seguridad del Estado español, (2) describir la relación entre resolución de conflictos e inteligencia emocional y, (3) describir la relación entre resolución de conflictos y bienestar psicológico. Se ha utilizado una muestra de 434 participantes pertenecientes de los Cuerpos y Fuerzas de Seguridad del Estado y se ha medido con distintos cuestionarios el bienestar emocional, la inteligencia emocional y los estilos de resolución de conflictos. El estilo predominante era el evitativo en más de la mitad de la muestra. Las variables asertividad y bienestar psicológico pueden explicar el 78.1% de la varianza del estilo integrador. Se han encontrado correlaciones estadísticamente significativas entre la inteligencia emocional y estilos de resolución de conflicto. En base a los resultados, podría ser beneficioso instruir a los trabajadores en técnicas de mediación y resolución de conflictos tal y como se ha realizado en algunas ocasiones (ej. Medipol). A diferencia de otros estudios anteriores, se han encontrado correlatos significativos entre algunas variables de inteligencia emocional y los estilos de resolución de conflictos. metadata Antuña Camblor, Celia mail UNSPECIFIED (2022) Bienestar psicológico, inteligencia emocional y resolución de conflictos en miembros de los Cuerpos y Fuerzas de Seguridad del Estado español: un estudio correlacional. MLS Psychology Research, 5 (2).

Article Subjects > Engineering Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Abierto Inglés UNSPECIFIED metadata Kimothi, Sanjeev and Thapliyal, Asha and Akram, Shaik Vaseem and Singh, Rajesh and Gehlot, Anita and Mohamed, Heba G. and Anand, Divya and Ibrahim, Muhammad and Delgado Noya, Irene mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, divya.anand@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, irene.delgado@uneatlantico.es (2022) Big Data Analysis Framework for Water Quality Indicators with Assimilation of IoT and ML. Electronics, 11 (13). p. 1927. ISSN 2079-9292

Article Subjects > Biomedicine Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Cerrado Inglés Aging is the major risk factor for many metabolic chronic diseases. Several metabolic pathways suffer a progressive impairment during aging including body composition and insulin resistance which are associated to autophagy dysfunction and increased inflammation. Many of these alterations are aggravated by non-healthy lifestyle such as obesity and hypercaloric diet which have been shown to accelerate aging. Here, we show that the deleterious effect of hypercaloric diets is reverted by the NLRP3 inflammasome inhibition. NLRP3 deficiency extends mean lifespan of adult mice fed a high-fat diet. This lifespan extension is accompanied by metabolic health benefits including reduced liver steatosis and cardiac damage, improved glucose and lipid metabolism, and improved protein expression profiles of SIRT-1, mTOR, autophagic flux, and apoptosis. These findings suggest that the suppression of NLRP3 prevented many age-associated changes in metabolism impaired by the effect of hypercaloric diets. metadata Cañadas-Lozano, Diego and Marín-Aguilar, Fabiola and Castejón-Vega, Beatriz and Ryffel, Bernhard and Navarro-Pando, José M. and Ruiz-Cabello, Jesús and Alcocer-Gómez, Elísabet and Bullón, Pedro and Cordero, Mario D. mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, jose.navarro@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, mario.cordero@uneatlantico.es (2020) Blockade of the NLRP3 inflammasome improves metabolic health and lifespan in obese mice. GeroScience, 42 (2). pp. 715-725. ISSN 2509-2715

Article Subjects > Engineering Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Abierto Inglés The COVID-19 pandemic has profoundly affected almost all facets of peoples’ lives, various economic areas and regions of the world. In such a situation implementation of a vaccination can be viewed as essential but its success will be dependent on availability and transparency in the distribution process that will be shared among the stakeholders. Various distributed ledgers (DLTs) such as blockchain provide an open, public, immutable system that has numerous applications due the mentioned abilities. In this paper the authors have proposed a solution based on blockchain to increase the security and transparency in the tracing of COVID-19 vaccination vials. Smart contracts have been developed to monitor the supply, distribution of vaccination vials. The proposed solution will help to generate a tamper-proof and secure environment for the distribution of COVID-19 vaccination vials. Proof of delivery is used as a consensus mechanism for the proposed solution. A feedback feature is also implemented in order to track the vials lot in case of any side effect cause to the patient. The authors have implemented and tested the proposed solution using Ethereum test network, RinkeyBy, MetaMask, one clicks DApp. The proposed solution shows promising results in terms of throughput and scalability. metadata Chauhan, Harsha and Gupta, Deepali and Gupta, Sheifali and Singh, Aman and Aljahdali, Hani Moaiteq and Goyal, Nitin and Delgado Noya, Irene and Kadry, Seifedine mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, irene.delgado@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED (2021) Blockchain Enabled Transparent and Anti-Counterfeiting Supply of COVID-19 Vaccine Vials. Vaccines, 9 (11). p. 1239. ISSN 2076-393X

Article Subjects > Engineering Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Universidad Internacional do Cuanza > Research > Scientific Production
Abierto Inglés The highly fragmented blockchain and cryptocurrency ecosystem necessitates interoperability mechanisms as a requirement for blockchain-technology acceptance. The immediate implication of interchain interoperability is automatic swapping between cryptocurrencies. We performed a systematic review of the existing literature on Blockchain interoperability and atomic cross-chain transactions. We investigated different blockchain interoperability approaches, including industrial solutions, categorized them and identified the key mechanisms used, and list several example projects for each category. We focused on the atomic transactions between blockchain, a process also known as atomic swap. Furthermore, we studied recent implementations along with architectural approaches for atomic swap and deduced research issues and challenges in cross-chain interoperability and atomic swap. Atomic swap can instantly transfer tokens and significantly reduce the associated costs without using any centralized authority, and thus facilitates the development of a sustainable payment system for wider financial inclusion. metadata Mohanty, Debasis and Anand, Divya and Aljahdali, Hani Moaiteq and Gracia Villar, Santos mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, santos.gracia@uneatlantico.es (2022) Blockchain Interoperability: Towards a Sustainable Payment System. Sustainability, 14 (2). p. 913. ISSN 2071-1050

Article Subjects > Engineering Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Universidad Internacional do Cuanza > Research > Scientific Production
Abierto Inglés Internet of Things (IoT) has made significant strides in energy management systems recently. Due to the continually increasing cost of energy, supply–demand disparities, and rising carbon footprints, the need for smart homes for monitoring, managing, and conserving energy has increased. In IoT-based systems, device data are delivered to the network edge before being stored in the fog or cloud for further transactions. This raises worries about the data’s security, privacy, and veracity. It is vital to monitor who accesses and updates this information to protect IoT end-users linked to IoT devices. Smart meters are installed in smart homes and are susceptible to numerous cyber attacks. Access to IoT devices and related data must be secured to prevent misuse and protect IoT users’ privacy. The purpose of this research was to design a blockchain-based edge computing method for securing the smart home system, in conjunction with machine learning techniques, in order to construct a secure smart home system with energy usage prediction and user profiling. The research proposes a blockchain-based smart home system that can continuously monitor IoT-enabled smart home appliances such as smart microwaves, dishwashers, furnaces, and refrigerators, among others. An approach based on machine learning was utilized to train the auto-regressive integrated moving average (ARIMA) model for energy usage prediction, which is provided in the user’s wallet, to estimate energy consumption and maintain user profiles. The model was tested using the moving average statistical model, the ARIMA model, and the deep-learning-based long short-term memory (LSTM) model on a dataset of smart-home-based energy usage under changing weather conditions. The findings of the analysis reveal that the LSTM model accurately forecasts the energy usage of smart homes. metadata Iqbal, Faiza and Altaf, Ayesha and Waris, Zeest and Gavilanes Aray, Daniel and López Flores, Miguel Ángel and Díez, Isabel de la Torre and Ashraf, Imran mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, daniel.gavilanes@uneatlantico.es, miguelangel.lopez@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED (2023) Blockchain-Modeled Edge-Computing-Based Smart Home Monitoring System with Energy Usage Prediction. Sensors, 23 (11). p. 5263. ISSN 1424-8220

Article Subjects > Engineering Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Fundación Universitaria Internacional de Colombia > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Universidad Internacional do Cuanza > Research > Scientific Production
Abierto Inglés Breast cancer is prevalent in women and the second leading cause of death. Conventional breast cancer detection methods require several laboratory tests and medical experts. Automated breast cancer detection is thus very important for timely treatment. This study explores the influence of various feature selection technique to increase the performance of machine learning methods for breast cancer detection. Experimental results shows that use of appropriate features tend to show highly accurate prediction metadata Shafique, Rahman and Rustam, Furqan and Choi, Gyu Sang and Díez, Isabel de la Torre and Mahmood, Arif and Lipari, Vivian and Rodríguez Velasco, Carmen Lilí and Ashraf, Imran mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, vivian.lipari@uneatlantico.es, carmen.rodriguez@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED (2023) Breast Cancer Prediction Using Fine Needle Aspiration Features and Upsampling with Supervised Machine Learning. Cancers, 15 (3). p. 681. ISSN 2072-6694

Article Subjects > Engineering Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Universidad Internacional do Cuanza > Research > Scientific Production
Abierto Inglés Building energy consumption prediction has become an important research problem within the context of sustainable homes and smart cities. Data-driven approaches have been regarded as the most suitable for integration into smart houses. With the wide deployment of IoT sensors, the data generated from these sensors can be used for modeling and forecasting energy consumption patterns. Existing studies lag in prediction accuracy and various attributes of buildings are not very well studied. This study follows a data-driven approach in this regard. The novelty of the paper lies in the fact that an ensemble model is proposed, which provides higher performance regarding cooling and heating load prediction. Moreover, the influence of different features on heating and cooling load is investigated. Experiments are performed by considering different features such as glazing area, orientation, height, relative compactness, roof area, surface area, and wall area. Results indicate that relative compactness, surface area, and wall area play a significant role in selecting the appropriate cooling and heating load for a building. The proposed model achieves 0.999 R2 for heating load prediction and 0.997 R2 for cooling load prediction, which is superior to existing state-of-the-art models. The precise prediction of heating and cooling load, can help engineers design energy-efficient buildings, especially in the context of future smart homes metadata Chaganti, Rajasekhar and Rustam, Furqan and Daghriri, Talal and Díez, Isabel de la Torre and Vidal Mazón, Juan Luis and Rodríguez Velasco, Carmen Lilí and Ashraf, Imran mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, juanluis.vidal@uneatlantico.es, carmen.rodriguez@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED (2022) Building Heating and Cooling Load Prediction Using Ensemble Machine Learning Model. Sensors, 22 (19). p. 7692. ISSN 1424-8220

C

Conference or Workshop Item Subjects > Engineering Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Cerrado Inglés Education 4.0 is a gradually growing environment, which will affect every walks of our life over a couple of decades. The intent of this paper presents a brief study of the Education 4.0 environment. This study further elaborates and recommends the use of IFC (Internet of Things, Fog, and Cloud) technological-integration for the implementation of Education 4.0. The assessment and accreditation process that ensures the quality in the education industry will also be unveiled in this study. Real-time and intervallic scenarios of the assessment and accreditation process are also illustrated in this study. The intent of this study recommends the use of real-time assessment, prediction, irregularity detection, and alert generation under the ambient environment of Education 4.0. The study further recommends the use of an intervallic accreditation scenario for Education 4.0, which makes this modal suitable for both ideal and dynamic environments under Education 4.0. metadata Verma, Anil and Anand, Divya and Singh, Aman and Vij, Rishika mail UNSPECIFIED, divya.anand@uneatlantico.es, aman.singh@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED (2022) C-IoT Inspired Real-Time and Intervallic Accreditation Under Education 4.0. In: 2022 8th International Conference on Advanced Computing and Communication Systems (ICACCS).

Article Subjects > Engineering Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Universidad Internacional do Cuanza > Research > Scientific Production
Cerrado Inglés Agriculture is an important sector that plays an essential role in the economic development of a country. Each year farmers face numerous challenges in producing good quality crops. One of the major reasons behind the failure of the harvest is the use of unscientific agricultural practices. Moreover, every year enormous crop loss is encountered either by pests, specific diseases, or natural disasters. It raises a strong concern to employ sustainable advanced technologies to address agriculture-related issues. In this paper, a sustainable real-time crop disease detection and prevention system, called CROPCARE is proposed. The system integrates mobile vision, Internet of Things (IoT), and Google Cloud services for sustainable growth of crops. The primary function of the proposed intelligent system is to detect crop diseases through the CROPCARE -mobile application. It uses Super-Resolution Convolution Network (SRCNN) and the pretrained model MobileNet-V2 to generate a decision model trained over various diseases. To maintain sustainability, the mobile app is integrated with IoT sensors and Google Cloud services. The proposed system also provides recommendations that help farmers know about current soil conditions, weather conditions, disease prevention methods, etc. It supports both Hindi and English dictionaries for the convenience of the farmers. The proposed approach is validated by using the PlantVillage dataset. The obtained results confirm the performance strength of the proposed system. metadata Garg, Garima and Gupta, Shivam and Mishra, Preeti and Vidyarthi, Ankit and Singh, Aman and Ali, Asmaa mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, aman.singh@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED (2023) CROPCARE: An Intelligent Real-Time Sustainable IoT System for Crop Disease Detection Using Mobile Vision. IEEE Internet of Things Journal. p. 1. ISSN 2372-2541

Article Subjects > Nutrition Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Fundación Universitaria Internacional de Colombia > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Abierto Inglés Alpha-linolenic acid (ALA) is a long-chain polyunsaturated essential fatty acid of the Ω3 series found mainly in vegetables, especially in the fatty part of oilseeds, dried fruit, berries, and legumes. It is very popular for its preventive use in several diseases: It seems to reduce the risk of the onset or decrease some phenomena related to inflammation, oxidative stress, and conditions of dysregulation of the immune response. Recent studies have confirmed these unhealthy situations also in patients with severe coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). Different findings (in vitro, in vivo, and clinical ones), summarized and analyzed in this review, have showed an important role of ALA in other various non-COVID physiological and pathological situations against “cytokines storm,” chemokines secretion, oxidative stress, and dysregulation of immune cells that are also involved in the infection of the 2019 novel coronavirus. According to the effects of ALA against all the aforementioned situations (also present in patients with a severe clinical picture of severe acute respiratory syndrome-(CoV-2) infection), there may be the biologic plausibility of a prophylactic effect of this compound against COVID-19 symptoms and fatality. metadata Cianciosi, Danila and Diaz, Yasmany Armas and Gaddi, Antonio Vittorino and Capello, Fabio and Savo, Maria Teresa and Pali-Casanova, Ramón and Martínez Espinosa, Julio César and Pascual Barrera, Alina Eugenia and Navarro‐Hortal, Maria‐Dolores and Tian, Lingmin and Bai, Weibin and Giampieri, Francesca and Battino, Maurizio mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, ramon.pali@unini.edu.mx, ulio.martinez@unini.edu.mx, alina.pascual@unini.edu.mx, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, francesca.giampieri@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED (2023) Can alpha‐linolenic acid be a modulator of “cytokine storm,” oxidative stress and immune response in SARS‐CoV‐2 infection? Food Frontiers. ISSN 2643-8429

Article Subjects > Nutrition Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Fundación Universitaria Internacional de Colombia > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Cerrado Inglés Manuka honey, which is rich in pinocembrin, quercetin, naringenin, salicylic, p-coumaric, ferulic, syringic and 3,4-dihydroxybenzoic acids, has been shown to have pleiotropic effects against colon cancer cells. In this study, potential chemosensitizing effects of Manuka honey against 5-Fluorouracil were investigated in colonspheres enriched with cancer stem cells (CSCs), which are responsible for chemoresistance. Results showed that 5-Fluorouracil increased when it was combined with Manuka honey by downregulating the gene expression of both ATP-binding cassette sub-family G member 2, an efflux pump and thymidylate synthase, the main target of 5-Fluorouracil which regulates the ex novo DNA synthesis. Manuka honey was associated with decreased self-renewal ability by CSCs, regulating expression of several genes in Wnt/β-catenin, Hedgehog and Notch pathways. This preliminary study opens new areas of research into the effects of natural compounds in combination with pharmaceuticals and, potentially, increase efficacy or reduce adverse effects. metadata Cianciosi, Danila and Armas Diaz, Yasmany and Alvarez-Suarez, José M. and Chen, Xiumin and Zhang, Di and Martínez López, Nohora Milena and Briones Urbano, Mercedes and Quiles, José L. and Amici, Adolfo and Battino, Maurizio and Giampieri, Francesca mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, nohora.martinez@uneatlantico.es, mercedes.briones@uneatlantico.es, jose.quiles@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, maurizio.battino@uneatlantico.es, francesca.giampieri@uneatlantico.es (2023) Can the phenolic compounds of Manuka honey chemosensitize colon cancer stem cells? A deep insight into the effect on chemoresistance and self-renewal. Food Chemistry, 427. p. 136684. ISSN 03088146

Article Subjects > Engineering Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Español El presente tema se refiere a la caracterización de los sistemas operativos móviles móviles: Android, Symbian, iPhone, Windows Phone. En el caso de los sistemas operativos móviles, es más seguro y más susceptible a los virus informáticos, la metodología de forma cualitativa basada en el referencial bibliográfico, los datos recogidos en libros, manuales técnicos, informaciones de fabricante y en sitios de Internet; al análisis de los datos documentales, hecha en tablas. Sin embargo, se concluye que no todo tipo de virus informáticos infectan los teléfonos celulares, depende del núcleo (núcleo) del sistema operativo. Es posible saber que Symbian es el sistema operativo más propenso a la contaminación de los virus informáticos, este sistema operativo está hecho de un lenguaje de programación C ++ proveniente del lenguaje C una de las más populares y posee muchos desarrolladores. Android es un sistema operativo para dispositivos móviles, no tan seguro, basado en el núcleo (Linux) de Linux, siendo un software libre permite mayor número de desarrolladores de la tecnología. Windows Phone es el menos susceptible a las plagas virtuales. Y Microsoft ha invertido bastante en su sistema de seguridad, ha restringido el acceso al app store para impedir que el usuario descargue programas fuera del mercado, ya que cada día se plantean numerosas aplicaciones. La tecnología bluetooth representa una mayor forma de transmisión de virus. metadata Cassinda Quissanga, Fernando mail UNSPECIFIED (2019) Caracterización de sistemas operacionales móviles celular: Android, Symbian, iphone y Windows phone. Project Design and Management, 1 (2). pp. 75-88. ISSN 2683-1597

Article Subjects > Physical Education and Sport Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production UNSPECIFIED UNSPECIFIED Background: The cardiac parasympathetic reactivation is currently used in soccer with a daily or weekly monitoring. However, previous studies have not investigated how this cardiac parasympathetic reactivation is in elite soccer players along different types of traditional high-intensity training exercise and specific tests. In this context, the present study aim to analyse it and to determine the interests and limits of this type of physiological information. Objectives: The present study aims to examine how different traditional training exercise modes affect the cardiac parasympathetic reactivation function in elite soccer players. Materials and Methods: Twenty-two international soccer players participating in UEFA Champion’s League took part in this study (age: 24.3 ± 4.2 years; height: 178.1 ± 6.2 cm; body mass: 80.3 ± 5.7 kg). Players performed different training methods including: short-duration intermittent exercises (INT) in-line and with changes of direction (COD) (10 - 10 seconds, 15 - 15 seconds, 30 - 30 seconds, e.g. an alternance of 10 - 10 seconds is 10 seconds of running according to the maximal aerobic speed (MAS) and 10-sec of recovery), INT including agility and technical skills (8 - 24-seconds), small-sided-games (SSGs) with and without goalkeepers (2 vs. 2, 3 vs. 3, 4 vs. 4), and repeated sprint ability (RSA) efforts (10 × 20 m, 10 × 30 m, 15 × 20 m). Heart rate (HR) decline was recorded 3 minutes after each exercise. Results: HR declines were greater after the RSA compared to SSGs (P < 0.001) and INT (P < 0.01), especially at 1 min post-exercise. In addition, when the analysis focused on each type of exercise, greater HR declines were observed in on-field players at 1 minute when there was: inclusion of goalkeepers in SSGs (for 2 vs. 2 and 3 vs. 3, P < 0.01); increase of sprint distances or number of sprint repetitions in RSA (P < 0.01); increase of intensity (% of maximal aerobic speed), and the use of COD or inclusion of technical skills during INT, especially for the 30 - 30-seconds. Conclusions: This study revealed that cardiac parasympathetic reactivation function varied after INT, RSA and SSG, but also according to the rules manipulation. Therefore, this study provides interesting information for the training monitoring and players’ recovery profile, with the aim of facilitating a more efficient planning and manipulation of training recovery strategies according to their fitness markers. metadata Dellal, Alexandre and Casamichana Gomez, David and Castellano, Julen and Haddad, Monoem and Moalla, Wassim and Chamari, Karim mail UNSPECIFIED, david.casamichana@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED (2015) Cardiac Parasympathetic Reactivation in Elite Soccer Players During Different Types of Traditional High-Intensity Training Exercise Modes and Specific Tests: Interests and Limits. Asian Journal of Sports Medicine, 6 (4). ISSN 2008-000X

Article Subjects > Physical Education and Sport Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés Background: Understanding fatigue mechanisms is crucial for exercise performance. However, scientific evidence on non-invasive methods for assessing fatigue in trail running competitions is scarce, especially when vertical kilometer trail running races (VK) are considered. The main purpose of this study was to assess the autonomic nervous system (ANS) activity (i.e., central fatigue) and the state of muscle activation (i.e., peripheral fatigue) before and after a VK competition. Methods: A cross-sectional pilot study was performed. After applying inclusion/exclusion criteria, 8 recreational male trail runners (31.63 ± 7.21 yrs, 1.75 m ± 0.05 m, 70.38 ± 5.41 kg, BMI: 22.88 ± 0.48, running experience: 8.0 ± 3.63 yrs, weekly training volume: 58.75 ± 10.35 km) volunteered to participate and were assessed for both central (i.e., via heart rate variability, HRV) and peripheral (via tensiomyography, TMG) fatigue before and after a VK race. Results: After the VK, resting heart rate, RMSSD (p = 0.01 for both) and SDNN significantly decreased (p = 0.02), while the stress score and the sympathetic-parasympathetic ratio increased (p = 0.01 and p = 0.02, respectively). The TMG analyses suggest that runners already suffered peripheral fatigue before the VK and that 20–30 min are enough for muscular recovery after the race. In summary, our data suggest that participants experienced a pre-competition fatigue status. Further longitudinal studies are necessary to investigate the mechanisms underlying fatigue during trail running races, while training periodization and tapering strategies could play a key role for minimizing pre-competition fatigue status. metadata Muñoz-Pérez, Iker and Varela-Sanz, Adrián and Lago-Fuentes, Carlos and Navarro-Patón, Rubén and Mecías-Calvo, Marcos mail iker.munoz@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, carlos.lago@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, marcos.mecias@uneatlantico.es (2022) Central and Peripheral Fatigue in Recreational Trail Runners: A Pilot Study. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 20 (1). p. 402. ISSN 1660-4601

Article Subjects > Physical Education and Sport Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Cerrado Inglés Vazquez-Guerrero, J, Reche, X, Cos, F, Casamichana, D, and Sampaio, J. Changes in external load when modifying rules of 5-on- 5 scrimmage situations in elite basketball. J Strength Cond Res 34(11): 3217–3224, 2020—Constraining tasks are very frequent during the team sports training process; however, most of the effects of these coaching decisions are unknown, which leads to less controlled performing environments, with less chances to promote improvements. The aim of this study was to determine the effects of modifying rules of 5-a-side scrimmage on the physical performance of professional basketball players. Data were collected from 12 elite male players (age, 29.6 ± 4.5 years; height, 1.99 ± 9.6 cm; body mass, 92.1 ± 11.9 kg) from the Spanish first Division of Basketball during thirty-three 5-on-5 scrimmage situations over a 18-week period. Physical demands were assessed using WIMU PRO Local Positioning System (Realtrack Systems, Almeria, Spain) and included total and speed-ranged distance covered, player load, peak speed, number of high-intensity actions, number of total and high-intensity accelerations and decelerations, and peak acceleration. A repeated-measures analysis of variance was used to test the differences in all variables, considering playing in half-court (HALF), half-court and transition (HTRAN), and full-court (FULL) conditions for the 5-on-5 scrimmage drill. Results showed that during the HALF condition, there was less distance covered (effect size [ES] = 3.55), lower peak speeds (ES = 3.00), less player load (ES = 2.79), lesser number of high-intensity actions (ES = 1.45), and lesser number of high-intensity accelerations (ES = 1.44) and decelerations (ES = 1.31) than in FULL. In HTRAN, players covered more distance (ES = 2.42), presented higher player load (ES = 1.88), higher intensity actions (ES = 1.02), and peak speed (ES = 4.22) than in HALF. In conclusion, physical demands can be modulated changing the rules and court size using 5-on-5 scrimmage situations, and this factor should be taken into account when designing training drills and when fine-tuning periodization. metadata Vazquez-Guerrero, Jairo and Reche Royo, Xavi and Cos, Francesc and Casamichana Gomez, David and Sampaio, Jaime mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, david.casamichana@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED (2020) Changes in External Load When Modifying Rules of 5-on-5 Scrimmage Situations in Elite Basketball. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 34 (11). pp. 3217-3224. ISSN 1064-8011

Article Subjects > Teaching Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés Low motor competence (MC) can cause low participation in physical activities in preschool children, and together with a high caloric intake, it can lead to obesity. Interventions on motor skills are effective in the short term to improve MC, therefore the objectives of this study were (1) to investigate the effect of a short six-week program on levels of motor competence in preschool children, and (2) to examine the effects of gender-based intervention. A total of 156 preschool children (5.20 ± 0.54 years old) from Lugo (Spain) participated. A quasi-experimental pre–post-test design was used with a control group of 76 students. The Movement Assessment Battery for Children—2nd Edition (MABC-2) was used to collect the data. Significant differences between the control and experimental groups were found after the intervention program in aiming and catching (p < 0.001), balance (p < 0.001), the total score of eight tests (p < 0.001), and total percentile score (p < 0.001). The results regarding gender in the experimental group showed a reduction in differences with respect to the initial results except in aiming and catching, where scores were higher in boys. The data suggest that the application of specific intervention programs in MC could positively influence the improvement of MC in preschool children, thus reducing differences between genders. metadata Navarro-Patón, Rubén and Brito-Ballester, Julien and Pueyo Villa, Silvia and Anaya, Vanessa and Mecías-Calvo, Marcos mail UNSPECIFIED, julien.brito@uneatlantico.es, silvia.pueyo@uneatlantico.es, vanessa.anaya@uneatlantico.es, marcos.mecias@uneatlantico.es (2021) Changes in Motor Competence after a Brief Physical Education Intervention Program in 4 and 5-Year-Old Preschool Children. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 18 (9). p. 4988. ISSN 1660-4601

Article Subjects > Nutrition Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Abierto Inglés The aim of this study was to evaluate the influence of the lockdown due to the COVID-19 pandemic, on eating and physical activity behavior, in a university population. A healthy diet such as the Mediterranean Diet (MD) pattern, rich in fruit and vegetables, can prevent degenerative diseases such as obesity, diabetes, cardiovascular diseases, etc. We conducted a cross-sectional study and data were collected by an anonymous online questionnaire. Participants completed a survey consisting of 3 sections: sociodemographic data; dietary behavior and physical activity; the Mediterranean Diet questionnaire (MEDAS-14) and the Emotional Eater Questionnaire (EEQ). A total of 168 participants completed the questionnaire: 66.7% were women, 79.2% were from Spain, 76.8% were students, 76.2% lived in their family home and 66.1% were of normal weight. During lockdown our population shopped for groceries 1 time or less per week (76.8%); maintained the same consumption of fruits (45.2%), vegetables (50.6%), dairy products (61.9%), pulses (64.9%), fish/seafood (57.7%), white meat (77.4%), red and processed meat (71.4%), pastries and snacks (48.2%), rice/pasta/potatoes (70.2%) and nuts (62.5%), spirits (98.8%) and sugary drinks (91.7%). Cooking time increased (73.2%) and the consumption decreased of low alcohol drinks (60.1%), spirits (75%) and sugary drinks (57.1%), and physical activity also diminished (49.4%). University Employees (UE) gained more weight (1.01 ± 0.02) than students (0.99 ± 0.03) (p < 0.05) during the confinement period. A total of 79.8% of the participants obtained a Medium/High Adherence to the MD during lockdown. Emotional and very emotional eaters were higher in the female group (p < 0.01). In the event of further confinement, strategies should be implemented to promote a balanced and healthy diet together with the practice of physical activity, taking special care of the female and UE groups. metadata Sumalla Cano, Sandra and Forbes-Hernández, Tamara and Aparicio-Obregón, Silvia and Crespo-Álvarez, Jorge and Elexpuru Zabaleta, Maria and Gracia Villar, Mónica and Giampieri, Francesca and Elío Pascual, Iñaki mail sandra.sumalla@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, silvia.aparicio@uneatlantico.es, jorge.crespo@uneatlantico.es, maria.elexpuru@uneatlantico.es, monica.gracia@uneatlantico.es, francesca.giampieri@uneatlantico.es, inaki.elio@uneatlantico.es (2022) Changes in the Lifestyle of the Spanish University Population during Confinement for COVID-19. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 19 (4). p. 2210. ISSN 1660-4601

Article Subjects > Nutrition Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés This study reports a characterization of the nutritional quality of several vegetables belonging to Brassica genus and other species cultivated in the central Italy. The aim of this trial is to investigate the antioxidant capacity and phytochemical content of several vegetable products during two consecutive years. The sensorial quality is investigated with the measuring of soluble solid content (SSC), titratable acidity (TA) and pH; the nutritional quality is investigated by the measurement of the total antioxidant capacity (TAC), the total phenols content (TPH), the total anthocyanins content (ACY), and the vitamin C content. The results confirm the highest antioxidant capacity of Brassica genus, in particular, the red curly kale (13.68 and 11.97 mM Trolox/kg fw in the two locations tested); among other vegetables analyzed, the most interesting are chicory and borage (10.3 and 11.94 mM Trolox/kg fw in the first year of cultivation in Valdaso, respectively). A high intake of these vegetables may bring a lot of health benefits linked to their antioxidative capacity and the vitamin C metadata Biondi, Francesca and Balducci, Francesca and Capocasa, Franco and Mei, Elena and Vagnoni, Massimo and Visciglio, Marino and Mezzetti, Bruno and Mazzoni, Luca mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, bruno.mezzetti@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED (2022) Characterization and Comparison of Raw Brassica and Grass Field Sensorial and Nutritional Quality. Applied Sciences, 12 (17). p. 8783. ISSN 2076-3417

Article Subjects > Biomedicine Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production UNSPECIFIED UNSPECIFIED Colon cancer is one of the most prevalent diseases across the world. Numerous epidemiological studies indicate that diets rich in fruit, such as berries, provide significant health benefits against several types of cancer, including colon cancer. The anticancer activities of berries are attributed to their high content of phytochemicals and to their relevant antioxidant properties. In vitro and in vivo studies have demonstrated that berries and their bioactive components exert therapeutic and preventive effects against colon cancer by the suppression of inflammation, oxidative stress, proliferation and angiogenesis, through the modulation of multiple signaling pathways such as NF-κB, Wnt/β-catenin, PI3K/AKT/PKB/mTOR, and ERK/MAPK. Based on the exciting outcomes of preclinical studies, a few berries have advanced to the clinical phase. A limited number of human studies have shown that consumption of berries can prevent colorectal cancer, especially in patients at high risk (familial adenopolyposis or aberrant crypt foci, and inflammatory bowel diseases). In this review, we aim to highlight the findings of berries and their bioactive compounds in colon cancer from in vitro and in vivo studies, both on animals and humans. Thus, this review could be a useful step towards the next phase of berry research in colon cancer. metadata Afrin, Sadia and Giampieri, Francesca and Gasparrini, Massimiliano and Forbes-Hernandez, Tamara and Varela-López, Alfonso and Quiles, José and Mezzetti, Bruno and Battino, Maurizio mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, maurizio.battino@uneatlantico.es (2016) Chemopreventive and Therapeutic Effects of Edible Berries: A Focus on Colon Cancer Prevention and Treatment. Molecules, 21 (2). p. 169. ISSN 1420-3049

Book Section Subjects > Teaching
Subjects > Psychology
Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Cerrado Español UNSPECIFIED metadata Yélamos Torres, Vanessa and Martín Ayala, Juan Luis mail UNSPECIFIED, juan.martin@uneatlantico.es (2022) Ciberyet: proyecto de intervención desde la parentalidad positiva para influir en los comportamientos de ciberbullying de los hijos adolescentes. In: Acercamiento multidisciplinar para la investigación e intervención en contextos educativos. Dykinson, Madrid, pp. 15-26. ISBN 978-84-1122-872-5

Article Subjects > Physical Education and Sport Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Cerrado Inglés To determine the effect of circadian rhythm on neuromuscular responses and kinematics related to physical tennis performance, after a standardised warm-up, 13 highly competitive male tennis players were tested twice for serve velocity/accuracy (SVA), countermovement vertical jump (CMJ), isometric handgrip strength (IS), agility T-test (AGIL) and a 10-m sprint (10-m RUN). In a randomised, counter-balance order, tennis players underwent the test battery twice, either in the morning (i.e., AM; 9:00 h) and in the afternoon (i.e., PM; 16:30 h). Paired t-tests were used to analyse differences due to time-of-day in performance variables. Comparison of morning versus afternoon testing revealed that SVA (168.5 ± 6.5 vs. 175.2 ± 6.1 km · h−1; P = 0.003; effect size [ES] = 1.07), CMJ (32.2 ± 0.9 vs. 33.7 ± 1.1 cm; P = 0.018; ES = 1.46), AGIL (10.14 ± 0.1 vs. 9.91 ± 0.2 s; P = 0.007; ES = 1.23) and 10-m RUN time (1.74 ± 0.1 vs. 1.69 ± 0.1 s; P = 0.021; ES = 0.67) were significantly blunted during the morning testing. However, IS was not affected by time-of-day (P = 0.891). Thus, tennis performance may be reduced when competing in the morning in comparison to early evening. Therefore, coaches and tennis players should focus on schedule the SVA, power, speed and agility training sessions in the afternoon. metadata López-Samane, Álvaro and Moreno-Pérez, Diego and Maté-Muñoz, José L. and Domínguez, Raúl and Pallarés, Jesús G. and Mora-Rodriguez, Ricardo and Ortega, Juan F. mail UNSPECIFIED (2017) Circadian rhythm effect on physical tennis performance in trained male players. Journal of Sports Sciences, 35 (21). pp. 2121-2128. ISSN 0264-0414

Article Subjects > Teaching Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Español El propósito de este artículo de investigación fue realizar una clasificación basada en redes neuronales, para pronosticar el nivel de satisfacción de una muestra de egresados, correspondiente a diferentes programas de posgrado del área de salud de una institución educativa latinoamericana bajo una metodología e-learning. Con este fin, se instrumentalizó un modelo en un cuestionario de escala de Likert que, tras ser validado, resultó con una confiabilidad de 0.791. Asimismo, el índice global medio de satisfacción de los egresados fue de 2.66/4, observando una mejor puntuación en el apartado de logística de materiales y en el manejo y soporte técnico del campus virtual, mientras que las puntuaciones más bajas se refirieron a aspectos relacionados con la comunicación extra-centro y las facilidades ofrecidas por la institución para la mejora del contexto económico y social del participante. Finalmente, el algoritmo de clasificación y predicción probabilística de la red neuronal obtuvo una precisión del 96.8%, lo que indicó un excelente grado de ajuste del modelo. La metodología seguida y el rigor en la determinación de la validez y confiabilidad del instrumento, así como el posterior análisis de resultados, refrendado con la revisión de la información documentada, hace presuponer la aplicación del instrumento a otros programas multidisciplinares para la toma de decisiones con garantías en el ámbito educativo. metadata Soriano Flores, Emmanuel and Rodríguez Velasco, Carmen Lilí and Brito Ballester, Julién and Gracia Villar, Mónica and Dominguez Azpíroz, Irma mail emmanuel.soriano@uneatlantico.es, carmen.rodriguez@uneatlantico.es, julien.brito@uneatlantico.es, monica.gracia@uneatlantico.es, irma.dominguez@unini.edu.mx (2023) Clasificación y pronóstico del nivel de satisfacción de egresados de programas de salud en el contexto de una metodología de aprendizaje automático: un análisis de caso orientado a posgrados online de una institución educativa iberoamericana. MLS Educational Research, 7 (2). ISSN 2603-5820

Article Subjects > Biomedicine Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés In this work, we performed a methodological comparative analysis to synthesize polyethyleneimine (PEI) nanoparticles using (i) conventional nanoprecipitation (NP), (ii) electrospraying (ES), and (iii) coaxial electrospraying (CA). The nanoparticles transported antisense oligonucleotides (ASOs), either encapsulated (CA nanocomplexes) or electrostatically bound externally (NP and ES nanocomplexes). After synthesis, the PEI/ASO nanoconjugates were functionalized with a muscle-specific RNA aptamer. Using this combinatorial formulation methodology, we obtained nanocomplexes that were further used as nanocarriers for the delivery of RNA therapeutics (ASO), specifically into muscle cells. In particular, we performed a detailed confocal microscopy-based comparative study to analyze the overall transfection efficiency, the cell-to-cell homogeneity, and the mean fluorescence intensity per cell of micron-sized domains enriched with the nanocomplexes. Furthermore, using high-magnification electron microscopy, we were able to describe, in detail, the ultrastructural basis of the cellular uptake and intracellular trafficking of nanocomplexes by the clathrin-independent endocytic pathway. Our results are a clear demonstration that coaxial electrospraying is a promising methodology for the synthesis of therapeutic nanoparticle-based carriers. Some of the principal features that the nanoparticles synthesized by coaxial electrospraying exhibit are efficient RNA-based drug encapsulation, increased nanoparticle surface availability for aptamer functionalization, a high transfection efficiency, and hyperactivation of the endocytosis and early/late endosome route as the main intracellular uptake mechanism metadata de la Hoz, Raquel and Diban, Nazely and Berciano, María T. and San Emeterio, Carlos and Urtiaga, Ane and Lafarga, Miguel and Rodríguez-Rey, José C. and Tapia Martínez, Olga mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, carlos.sanemeterio@alumnos.uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, olga.tapia@uneatlantico.es (2022) Coaxial Synthesis of PEI-Based Nanocarriers of Encapsulated RNA-Therapeutics to Specifically Target Muscle Cells. Biomolecules, 12 (8). p. 1012. ISSN 2218-273X

Article Subjects > Biomedicine Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production UNSPECIFIED UNSPECIFIED Coenzyme Q (CoQ) is a naturally occurring molecule located in the hydrophobic domain of the phospholipid bilayer of all biological membranes. Shortly after being discovered, it was recognized as an essential electron transport chain component in mitochondria where it is particularly abundant. Since then, more additional roles in cell physiology have been reported, including antioxidant, signaling, death prevention, and others. It is known that all cells are able to synthesize functionally sufficient amounts of CoQ under normal physiological conditions. However, CoQ is a molecule found in different dietary sources, which can be taken up and incorporated into biological membranes. It is known that mitochondria have a close relationship with the aging process. Additionally, delaying the aging process through diet has aroused the interest of scientists for many years. These observations have stimulated investigation of the anti-aging potential of CoQ and its possible use in dietary therapies to alleviate the effects of aging. In this context, the present review focus on the current knowledge and evidence the roles of CoQ cells, its relationship with aging, and possible implications of dietary CoQ in relation to aging, lifespan or age-related diseases. metadata Varela-López, Alfonso and Giampieri, Francesca and Battino, Maurizio and Quiles, Jose L. mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, maurizio.battino@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED (2016) Coenzyme Q and Its Role in the Dietary Therapy against Aging. Molecules, 21 (3). p. 373. ISSN 1420-3049

Article Subjects > Physical Education and Sport Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Español Antecedentes: Los socorristas son fundamentales en la reanimación del ahogado en parada cardiorrespiratoria. En las víctimas ahogadas es prioritario administrar oxigenación. Distintas técnicas de administración de ventilaciones se han investigado y hay controversia sobre la más efectiva. Objetivos: comparar el efecto de la ventilación boca a boca (VBB), ventilación con bolsa y mascarilla (VBM) y ventilación con pocket-mask (VPM) sobre la calidad de RCP entre socorristas recién certificados y socorristas profesionales en activo. Conclusiones: Los socorristas inexpertos recién certificados realizan mejor RCP, incluyendo la ventilación, que los que no han recibido una formación reciente. Es clave la actualización del SVB frecuente en socorristas. metadata Aranda García, Silvia and Carballo Fazanes, Aida and Otero Agra, Martín and Fernández Méndez, María and Barcala Furelos, Martín and Barcala Furelos, Roberto mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, martin.barcala@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED (2022) Comparación de la calidad en la ventilación de socorristas nóveles y veteranos. Un estudio piloto de simulación. Revista de Investigación en Actividades Acuáticas, 6 (11). pp. 37-43. ISSN 2530-805X

Article Subjects > Physical Education and Sport Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés, Español La utilización del rodillo de espuma o Foam Roller (FR) es una técnica de liberación miofascial relativamente nueva que está experimentando un aumento considerable en el entorno del deporte y de la salud. El objetivo de este estudio fue comparar los diversos tipos de FR evaluando su efecto agudo en el músculo Recto Femoral (RF) mediante Tensiomiografía (TMG), teniendo en cuenta las variables Deformación máxima (Dm) y Tiempo de Contracción (Tc). Diez participantes de Ciencias de la Actividad Física y el Deporte (CAFYD) realizaron el estudio con un tipo de FR cada sesión, repartidos en tres jornadas. Cada sujeto llevó a cabo 3 series de 90 segundos con 30 segundos de descanso, sólo en la pierna dominante. Las mediciones en TMG fueron dos, antes y después del uso del FR. Al analizar los efectos producidos por todos los FR en el total de los participantes no se encontraron diferencias significativas en ninguna de las variables. Aunque hemos advertido que, al separar la muestra por nivel de actividad deportiva, el FR Duro (FRD) y el FR Relieve (FRR) causaron una disminución significativa del Tc, provocando una activación en los Sujetos No Entrenados (SNE). Por el contrario, en los Sujetos Entrenados (SE), el efecto del FRD produjo un aumento del Tc, ocasionando una relajación del RF. Las variaciones se vuelven notables dependiendo de la práctica deportiva y probablemente del tono muscular. Por ello, hay que tener muy en cuenta la forma física del usuario y su experiencia con el Foam Roller, ya que esto va a influir directamente en el efecto que le producirá su uso. metadata Secades Rodríguez, Miguel and Torre Saro, Benjamín and Velarde-Sotres, Álvaro and Mecías-Calvo, Marcos mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, alvaro.velarde@uneatlantico.es, marcos.mecias@uneatlantico.es (2021) Comparación de los tipos de Foam Roller evaluando su efecto agudo en el músculo recto femoral mediante tensiomiografía. MLS Sport Research, 1 (1). pp. 7-18.

Article Subjects > Social Sciences Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés This study compares the information coverage of the vaccine against the information of the COVID-19 pandemic in eight newspapers (two per country) from the United Kingdom, France, Spain and the United States. The newspapers analyzed are The Times and The Guardian (United Kingdom), Le Monde and Le Figaro (France), El País and El Mundo (Spain), and The New York Times and The Washington Post (United States). On a methodological level, the work uses a descriptive approach of hemerographic analysis. As a result, it is observed—in the case of coverage of the pandemic—that the presence of affected persons and health personnel in the front-page information was negligible, with a predominance of news journalistic genres (brief and newsworthy, especially), evidencing a leading role of political figures and the high degree of politicization of the crisis. In addition, the visual frames in the analyzed newspapers tended to promote humanization through emotional representation. On the other hand, the results of the news coverage of the vaccine showed a predominance of news journalistic genres, wherein supranational entities and pharmaceutical companies starred in the front pages to a greater extent. The study denotes the importance of media literacy among citizens, especially in the face of this type of informational events of global significance metadata Tejedor, Santiago and Cervi, Laura and Tusa, Fernanda and Gracia Villar, Mónica mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, monica.gracia@uneatlantico.es (2022) Comparative Study of the Information about the COVID-19 Pandemic and COVID-19 Vaccines on the Covers of United Kingdom, France, Spain and United States’ Main Newspapers. Social Sciences, 11 (9). p. 412. ISSN 2076-0760

Article Subjects > Engineering Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Fundación Universitaria Internacional de Colombia > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Universidad Internacional do Cuanza > Research > Scientific Production
Abierto Inglés UNSPECIFIED metadata Ali, Omer and Abbas, Qamar and Mahmood, Khalid and Bautista Thompson, Ernesto and Arambarri, Jon and Ashraf, Imran mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, ernesto.bautista@unini.edu.mx, jon.arambarri@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED (2023) Competitive Coevolution-Based Improved Phasor Particle Swarm Optimization Algorithm for Solving Continuous Problems. Mathematics, 11 (21). p. 4406. ISSN 2227-7390

Article Subjects > Psychology Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
UNSPECIFIED UNSPECIFIED Este artículo parte de la reflexión acerca de la vulneración de derechos de las personas con discapacidad, al desconocer que la sexualidad y afectividad también son fundamentales en sus vidas y configuran el ejercicio de los derechos sexuales y reproductivos; sin embargo, se han logrado importantes avances para su reconocimiento como sujetos titulares de derechos y generado múltiples normas que reivindican su titularidad y garantía; no obstante, estudios adelantados en Colombia y en el mundo, evidencian la persistencia de barreras fundamentadas en el desconocimiento, discriminación y falsas creencias sobre dichos aspectos de las personas con discapacidad. El interés del estudio fue indagar mediante una encuesta, los conocimientos, actitudes y prácticas de padres, madres y cuidadores de adolescentes con discapacidad cognitiva de una institución educativa especializada de Bogotá, para que los resultados contribuyan a fortalecer capacidades de las familias y de instituciones con acciones pedagógicas que fomenten la garantía de derechos y el mejoramiento de la calidad de vida de esta población. metadata Polanco Valenzuela, Mauricio and Martín Ayala, Juan Luis mail UNSPECIFIED (2017) Conocimientos, actitudes y prácticas de familias de adolescentes con discapacidad cognitiva en sexualidad y afectividad. Diversitas, 13 (2). pp. 187-199. ISSN 1794-9998

Article Subjects > Biomedicine
Subjects > Engineering
Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Universidad Internacional do Cuanza > Research > Scientific Production
Abierto Inglés Asthma is a deadly disease that affects the lungs and air supply of the human body. Coronavirus and its variants also affect the airways of the lungs. Asthma patients approach hospitals mostly in a critical condition and require emergency treatment, which creates a burden on health institutions during pandemics. The similar symptoms of asthma and coronavirus create confusion for health workers during patient handling and treatment of disease. The unavailability of patient history to physicians causes complications in proper diagnostics and treatments. Many asthma patient deaths have been reported especially during pandemics, which necessitates an efficient framework for asthma patients. In this article, we have proposed a blockchain consortium healthcare framework for asthma patients. The proposed framework helps in managing asthma healthcare units, coronavirus patient records and vaccination centers, insurance companies, and government agencies, which are connected through the secure blockchain network. The proposed framework increases data security and scalability as it stores encrypted patient data on the Interplanetary File System (IPFS) and keeps data hash values on the blockchain. The patient data are traceable and accessible to physicians and stakeholders, which helps in accurate diagnostics, timely treatment, and the management of patients. The smart contract ensures the execution of all business rules. The patient profile generation mechanism is also discussed. The experiment results revealed that the proposed framework has better transaction throughput, query delay, and security than existing solutions metadata Farooq, Muhammad Shoaib and Suhail, Maryam and Qureshi, Junaid Nasir and Rustam, Furqan and de la Torre Díez, Isabel and Vidal Mazón, Juan Luis and Rodríguez Velasco, Carmen Lilí and Ashraf, Imran mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, juanluis.vidal@uneatlantico.es, carmen.rodriguez@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED (2022) Consortium Framework Using Blockchain for Asthma Healthcare in Pandemics. Sensors, 22 (21). p. 8582. ISSN 1424-8220

Article Subjects > Engineering Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Fundación Universitaria Internacional de Colombia > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Universidad Internacional do Cuanza > Research > Scientific Production
Abierto Inglés In the field of natural language processing, machine translation is a colossally developing research area that helps humans communicate more effectively by bridging the linguistic gap. In machine translation, normalization and morphological analyses are the first and perhaps the most important modules for information retrieval (IR). To build a morphological analyzer, or to complete the normalization process, it is important to extract the correct root out of different words. Stemming and lemmatization are techniques commonly used to find the correct root words in a language. However, a few studies on IR systems for the Urdu language have shown that lemmatization is more effective than stemming due to infixes found in Urdu words. This paper presents a lemmatization algorithm based on recurrent neural network models for the Urdu language. However, lemmatization techniques for resource-scarce languages such as Urdu are not very common. The proposed model is trained and tested on two datasets, namely, the Urdu Monolingual Corpus (UMC) and the Universal Dependencies Corpus of Urdu (UDU). The datasets are lemmatized with the help of recurrent neural network models. The Word2Vec model and edit trees are used to generate semantic and syntactic embedding. Bidirectional long short-term memory (BiLSTM), bidirectional gated recurrent unit (BiGRU), bidirectional gated recurrent neural network (BiGRNN), and attention-free encoder–decoder (AFED) models are trained under defined hyperparameters. Experimental results show that the attention-free encoder-decoder model achieves an accuracy, precision, recall, and F-score of 0.96, 0.95, 0.95, and 0.95, respectively, and outperforms existing models metadata Hafeez, Rabab and Anwar, Muhammad Waqas and Jamal, Muhammad Hasan and Fatima, Tayyaba and Martínez Espinosa, Julio César and Dzul López, Luis Alonso and Bautista Thompson, Ernesto and Ashraf, Imran mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, ulio.martinez@unini.edu.mx, luis.dzul@uneatlantico.es, ernesto.bautista@unini.edu.mx, UNSPECIFIED (2023) Contextual Urdu Lemmatization Using Recurrent Neural Network Models. Mathematics, 11 (2). p. 435. ISSN 2227-7390

Article Subjects > Biomedicine Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Abierto Inglés The authors have requested to update the original publication of this article. Duplicate text in the second and third paragraphs of page 5 should be deleted. Acknowledgments section should be removed. The original article has been corrected. metadata Montano, Isabel Herrera and Lafuente, Elena Presencio and Breñosa, Jose and Ortega-Mansilla, Arturo and Díez, Isabel de la Torre and Río-Solá, María Lourdes Del mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, josemanuel.brenosa@uneatlantico.es, arturo.ortega@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED (2022) Correction to: Systematic Review of Telemedicine and eHealth Systems Applied to Vascular Surgery. Journal of Medical Systems, 47 (1). ISSN 1573-689X

Article Subjects > Psychology Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés Several randomised controlled trials (RCT) have demonstrated the superiority of transdiagnostic group cognitive-behavioural therapy (TD-CBT) to treatment as usual (TAU) for emotional disorders in primary care. To date, however, no RCTs have been conducted to compare TD-CBT to another active intervention in this setting. Our aim is to conduct a single-blind RCT to compare group TD-CBT plus TAU to progressive muscle relaxation (PMR) plus TAU in adults (age 18 to 65 years) with a suspected emotional disorder. We expect that TD-CBT + TAU will be more cost-effective than TAU + PMR, and that these gains will be maintained at the 12-month follow-up. Seven therapy sessions (1.5 hours each) will be offered over a 24-week period. The study will be carried out at four primary care centres in Cantabria, Spain. The study will take a societal perspective. Psychological assessments will be made at three time points: baseline, post-treatment, and at 12-months. The following variables will be evaluated: clinical symptoms (anxiety, depression, and/or somatic); functioning; quality of life (QoL); cognitive-emotional factors (rumination, worry, attentional and interpretative biases, emotion regulation and meta-cognitive beliefs); and satisfaction with treatment. Data on health service use, medications, and sick days will be obtained from electronic medical records. Primary outcome measures will include: incremental cost-effectiveness ratios (ICER) and incremental cost-utility ratios (ICURs). Secondary outcome measures will include: clinical symptoms, QoL, functioning, and treatment satisfaction. Bootstrap sampling will be used to assess uncertainty of the results. Secondary moderation and mediation analyses will be conducted. Two questionnaires will be administered at sessions 1, 4, and 7 to assess therapeutic alliance and group satisfaction. If this trial is successful, widespread application of this cost-effective treatment could greatly improve access to psychological treatment for emotional disorders in the context of increasing demand for mental healthcare in primary care. metadata Moreno-Peral, Patricia and González-Blanch, César and Barrio-Martínez, Sara and Priede, Amador and Martínez-Gómez, Sandra and Pérez-García-Abad, Saioa and Miras-Aguilar, María and Ruiz-Gutiérrez, José and Muñoz-Navarro, Roger and Ruiz-Rodríguez, Paloma and Medrano, Leonardo A. and Prieto-Vila, Maider and Carpallo-González, María and Aguilera-Martín, Ángel and Gálvez-Lara, Mario and Cuadrado, Fátima and Moreno, Eliana and García-Torres, Francisco and Venceslá, José F. and Corpas, Jorge and Jurado-González, Francisco J. and Moriana, Juan A. and Cano-Vindel, Antonio mail UNSPECIFIED, cesar.gonzalezblanch@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED (2023) Cost-effectiveness of transdiagnostic group cognitive behavioural therapy versus group relaxation therapy for emotional disorders in primary care (PsicAP-Costs2): Protocol for a multicentre randomised controlled trial. PLOS ONE, 18 (3). e0283104. ISSN 1932-6203

Article Subjects > Biomedicine Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Cerrado Inglés Background: Celiac disease (CD) is a multifactorial, immune-mediated enteropathic disorder that may occur at any age with heterogeneous clinical presentation. In the last years, unusual manifestations have become very frequent, and currently, it is not so uncommon to diagnose CD in subjects with overweight or obesity, especially in adults; however, little is known in the pediatric population. This systematic review aims to evaluate the literature regarding the association between CD and overweight/obesity in school-age children. Methods: The Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses guidelines were followed. An electronic database search of articles published in the last 20 years in English was carried out in Web of Sciences, PubMed, and Medline. The quality of the included studies was assessed by using the STrengthening the Reporting of OBservational studies in Epidemiology statement. Results: Of the 1396 articles identified, 9 articles, investigating overweight/obesity in children/adolescents affected by CD or screening CD in children/adolescents with overweight/obesity, met the inclusion criteria. Overall, the results showed that the prevalence of overweight or obesity in school-age children (6–17 years) affected by CD ranged between 3.5% and 20%, highlighting that the coexistence of CD with overweight/obesity in children is not uncommon as previously thought. Conclusion: Although CD has been historically correlated with being underweight due to malabsorption, it should be evaluated also in children with overweight and obesity, especially those who have a familiar predisposition to other autoimmune diseases and/or manifest unusual symptoms of CD. metadata De Giuseppe, Rachele and Bergomas, Francesca and Loperfido, Federica and Giampieri, Francesca and Preatoni, Giorgia and Calcaterra, Valeria and Cena, Hellas mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, francesca.giampieri@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED (2024) Could Celiac Disease and Overweight/Obesity Coexist in School-Aged Children and Adolescents? A Systematic Review. Childhood Obesity, 20 (1). pp. 48-67. ISSN 2153-2168

Article Subjects > Biomedicine Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Cerrado Inglés Conventional cardiovascular risk factors (CVRFs) are accepted to identify asymptomatic individuals with high risk of acute myocardial infarction (AMI). However, AMI affects many patients previously classified at low risk. New biomarkers are needed to improve risk prediction. We propose to evaluate the NLRP3-inflammasome complex as a potential conventional cardiovascular risk (CVR) indicator in healthy males and post-AMI patients and compare both groups by known CVRFs. We included 109 men with no history of cardiovascular disease (controls) and 150 AMI patients attending a cardiac rehabilitation program. AMI patients had higher mean of body mass index (BMI) and waist circumference than the controls. However, high percentages of the controls had a high BMI and a waist circumference >95 cm. The controls also had higher systolic blood pressure (p > 0.001), total and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, dietary nutrient, and calorific intake. Fuster BEWAT score (FBS) correlated more closely than Framingham risk score (FRS) with most CVRF, groups. However, only the FBS showed a correlation with inflammasome cytokine interleukin 1β (IL-1β). Several CVRFs were significantly better in AMI patients; however, this group also had higher mRNA expression of the inflammasome gene NLRP3 and lower expression of the autophagy gene MAP-LC3. The controls had high levels of CVRF, probably reflecting unhealthy lifestyle. FBS reflects the efficiency of strategies to induce lifestyle changes such as cardiac rehabilitation programs, and could provide a sensitive evaluation CVR. These results lead to the hypothesis that NLRP3-inflammasome and associated IL-1β release have potential as CVR biomarkers, particularly in post-AMI patients with otherwise low risk scores. Antioxid. Redox Signal. 27, 269-275. metadata Bullón, Pedro and Cano-García, Francisco J. and Alcocer-Gómez, Elísabet and Varela-López, Alfonso and Roman-Malo, Lourdes and Ruiz-Salmerón, Rafael J. and Quiles, José L. and Navarro-Pando, José M. and Battino, Maurizio and Ruiz-Cabello, Jesús and Jiménez-Borreguero, Luis J. and Cordero, Mario D. mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, maurizio.battino@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED (2017) Could NLRP3–Inflammasome Be a Cardiovascular Risk Biomarker in Acute Myocardial Infarction Patients? Antioxidants & Redox Signaling, 27 (5). pp. 269-275. ISSN 1523-0864

Article Subjects > Psychology Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Abierto Inglés, Español Este artículo se deriva de la investigación de Tesis Doctoral sobre resiliencia, discapacidad y educación superior. El diseño del estudio es mixto, de tipo explicativo secuencial con una estrategia de investigación que integra el enfoque investigativo cuantitativo y cualitativo. El propósito de la investigación es caracterizar la resiliencia del estudiantado con discapacidad que le permite enfrentar las barreras en la educación superior con el fin de establecer los factores de enclave para el diseño de una ruta de acompañamiento resiliente. Se emplearon distintas técnicas de indagación tales como la escala de resiliencia SV-RES60, un cuestionario y una entrevista. Se contó con la participación de 110 estudiantes (55 regulares y 55 egresados) que cursan o han cursado una carrera en la UNA del año 2000 al 2020. Se realiza un análisis descriptivo y comparativo mediante herramientas básicas de estadística y con apoyo del programa SPSS permitió cuantificar y caracterizar la información recabada; asimismo establecer patrones de relación por grupos de estudio complementando con argumentación, testimonios y teoría indagada. Se concluye que el estudiantado con discapacidad presenta un estado resiliente durante su formación universitaria ante la presencia de las barreras estructurales que obstaculiza su desarrollo personal, académico y social. A partir de los resultados se justifica la actualización del personal docente y los servicios de apoyo sobre los modelos de promoción de la resiliencia y la implementación de una ruta de acompañamiento resiliente que se deriva de este estudio. metadata Fontana Hernández, Angélica del Socorro and Martín Ayala, Juan Luis mail angelica.fontana@doctorado.unini.educ.mx, juan.martin@uneatlantico.es (2021) Creciendo en la adversidad: la resiliencia del estudiantado con discapacidad en la Universidad Nacional, Costa Rica. MLS Psychology Research, 4 (1). pp. 39-58. ISSN 26055295

Article Subjects > Biomedicine
Subjects > Nutrition
Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Español Ever since coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), caused by SARS-CoV-2, was declared a pandemic on March 11, 2020, by the WHO, a concerted effort has been made to find compounds capable of acting on the virus and preventing its replication. In this context, researchers have refocused part of their attention on certain natural compounds that have shown promising effects on the virus. Considering the importance of this topic in the current context, this study aimed to present a critical review and analysis of the main reports of plant-derived compounds as possible inhibitors of the two SARS-CoV-2 proteases: main protease (Mpro) and Papain-like protease (PLpro). From the search in the PubMed database, a total of 165 published articles were found that met the search patterns. A total of 590 unique molecules were identified from a total of 122 articles as potential protease inhibitors. At the same time, 114 molecules reported as natural products and with annotation of theoretical support and antiviral effects were extracted from the COVID-19 Help database. After combining the molecules extracted from articles and those obtained from the database, we identified 648 unique molecules predicted as potential inhibitors of Mpro and/or PLpro. According to our results, several of the predicted compounds with higher theoretical confidence are present in many plants used in traditional medicine and even food, such as flavonoids, carboxylic acids, phenolic acids, triterpenes, terpenes phytosterols, and triterpenoids. These are potential inhibitors of Mpro and PLpro. Although the predictions of several molecules against SARS-CoV-2 are promising, little experimental information was found regarding certain families of compounds. Only 45 out of the 648 unique molecules have experimental data validating them as inhibitors of Mpro or PLpro, with the most frequent scaffold present in these 45 compounds being the flavone. The novelty of this work lies in the analysis of the structural diversity of the chemical space among the molecules predicted as inhibitors of SARS-CoV-2 Mpro and PLpro proteases and the comparison to those molecules experimentally validated. This work emphasizes the need for experimental validation of certain families of compounds, preferentially combining classical enzymatic assays with interaction-based methods. Furthermore, we recommend checking the presence of Pan-Assay Interference Compounds (PAINS) and the presence of molecules previously reported as inhibitors of Mpro or PLpro to optimize resources and time in the discovery of new SARS-CoV-2 antivirals from plant-derived molecules. metadata Guerra, Yasel and Celi, Diana and Cueva, Paul and Perez-Castillo, Yunierkis and Giampieri, Francesca and Alvarez-Suarez, José Miguel and Tejera, Eduardo mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, francesca.giampieri@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED (2022) Critical Review of Plant-Derived Compounds as Possible Inhibitors of SARS-CoV-2 Proteases: A Comparison with Experimentally Validated Molecules. ACS Omega. ISSN 2470-1343

Article Subjects > Nutrition Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés, Español Las alteraciones metabólicas suponen hoy en día una de las afecciones más padecidas en todo el mundo. Es por ello, que la indagación en el estudio sobre la influencia de la hora de la ingesta en el metabolismo de un nutriente, es de gran importancia para el desarrollo y aplicación de nuevos tratamientos en lo que a estas enfermedades respecta. Mediante esta revisión bibliográfica, a través de la búsqueda bibliográfica profunda en diferentes bases de datos, se han obtenido diversos archivos, documentos, artículos y estudios que han servido para el análisis, desarrollo y ejecución del vigente artículo. La molécula de la glucosa presenta niveles más acentuados en la tarde versus la mañana, debido a la disminución de la actividad de la insulina con el avance del día. La mayoría de los lípidos presentan sus niveles más altos en la mañana, a excepción de los triglicéridos mostrándolos en la tarde. En cuanto a las proteínas se necesita más estudio para su conocimiento en este aspecto. Se requiere de más investigación para poder obtener una conclusión más exacta. Aun así, se puede concluir en que la hora de la ingesta es un factor que afecta en la ritmicidad de los procesos metabólicos, interfiriendo y alterando la actividad y respuesta de los nutrientes. metadata Conde González, Sandra mail UNSPECIFIED (2023) Crononutrición: efecto de la hora de la ingesta en el metabolismo de los nutrientes. MLS Health & Nutrition Research, 1 (2).

Article Subjects > Physical Education and Sport Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Español El objetivo de este trabajo fue cuantificar la especificidad de las sesiones de entrenamiento y competiciones sobre la línea metodológica del microciclo estructurado en un equipo de futbol profesional del torneo Apertura 2020 de la Liga de Expansión MX. Se recogieron los datos de entrenamiento y competición de un equipo del Torneo Apertura 2020 de la Liga de Expansión MX a lo largo de más de 3 meses del período competitivo. Dentro de dicho período, se registraron los valores de percepción subjetiva del esfuerzo, distancia con carga metabólica elevada, nivel de especificidad y duración de tareas y unidad de carga global, carga específica y unidad de carga específica. Una vez recogidos los datos, se realizó un análisis descriptivo de los datos así como se calculó la correlación de Pearson entre las principales variables analizadas. Los resultados mostraron correlaciones casi perfectas (r>0.9; p<0.001) entre las diferentes variables, a excepción de la relación entre carga específica y RPE, que fue categorizada como muy elevada (r=0.873, p<0.001). En conclusión, cuantificar la especificidad permitiría prescribirla y dosificarla, donde podría optimizar la planificación para el futbol formativo y profesional, ya que el entrenamiento específico produce altas adaptaciones al rendimiento. metadata Martínez-Ruiz, Enrique Agustín and Lago-Fuentes, Carlos and Barcala Furelos, Martín mail enrique.martinez@master.uneatlantico.es, carlos.lago@uneatlantico.es, martin.barcala@uneatlantico.es (2022) Cuantificación de especificidad en un microciclo estructurado en fútbol profesional. RICYDE. Revista internacional de ciencias del deporte, 18 (69). pp. 180-190. ISSN 18853137

Article Subjects > Social Sciences Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés Culture and culturally specific beliefs or practices may influence perceptions and decisions, potentially contributing to childhood obesity. The objective of this study is to identify the cultural factors (expressed through decisions, behaviors, individual experiences, perceptions, attitudes, or views) related to childhood and adolescent obesity in Mexico. Ten databases and one search engine were searched from 1995 onwards for qualitative studies. The Sunrise Enabler Model, described within the Cultural Care Theory, guided this review. Sample, the phenomenon of interest, study design, and evaluation data were extracted, and the Critical Appraisals Skills Programme tool was used to assess the quality of the included studies. Twenty-four studies were included. Of these, 12 studies included children or adolescents, 12 included parents, eight included schoolteachers, four included school staff (other than teachers), four included food vendors, and one included policymakers. Cultural values, beliefs, lifeways (especially food and food costumes), kinship, and social factors (particularly immediate and extended family) strongly influenced childhood and adolescent obesity-related lifestyles in Mexico. Most cultural factors related to childhood obesity in Mexico identified in this review may be modifiable and amenable to practical interventions. metadata Aceves‐Martins, Magaly and López-Cruz, Lizet and García‐Botello, Marcela and Godina‐Flores, Naara L. and Gutierrez‐Gómez, Yareni Yunuen and Moreno‐García, Carlos Francisco mail UNSPECIFIED (2022) Cultural factors related to childhood and adolescent obesity in Mexico: A systematic review of qualitative studies. Obesity Reviews. ISSN 1467-7881

Article Subjects > Engineering Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Abierto Inglés This paper presents a current- and voltage-driven protection scheme for transmission lines based on a hybrid mix of Stockwell transform (ST) and Hilbert transform (HT). Use of both current and voltage waveforms to detect and categorize faults, improves the reliability of this protection scheme and avoids false tripping. Current and voltage waveforms captured during a period of fault are analyzed using ST to compute a median intermediate fault index (MIFI), a maximum value intermediate fault index (MVFI), and a summation intermediate fault index (SIFI). Current and voltage signals are analyzed via applying HT to compute a Hilbert fault index (HFI). The proposed hybrid current and voltage fault index (HCVFI) is obtained from the MIFI, MVFI, SIFI, and HFI. A threshold magnitude for this hybrid current and voltage fault index (HCVFITH) is set to 500 to identify the faulty phase. The HCVFIT is selected after testing the method for various conditions of different fault locations, different fault impedances, different fault occurrence angles, and reverse flows of power. Fault classification is performed using the number of faulty phases and an index for ground detection (IGD). The ground involved in a fault is detected by comparison of peak IGD magnitude with a threshold for ground detection (THGD). THGD is considered equal to 1000 in this study. The study is carried out using a two-terminal transmission line modeled in MATLAB software. The performance of the proposed technique is better compared to a discrete wavelet transform (DWT)-based technique, a time–frequency approach, and an alienation method. Our algorithm effectively detected an AG fault, observed on a practical transmission line. metadata Tang, Ligang and Mahela, Om Prakash and Khan, Baseem and Miró Vera, Yini Airet mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, yini.miro@uneatlantico.es (2023) Current- and Voltage-Actuated Transmission Line Protection Scheme Using a Hybrid Combination of Signal Processing Techniques. Sustainability, 15 (7). p. 5715. ISSN 2071-1050

Article Subjects > Biomedicine
Subjects > Nutrition
Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Abierto Inglés The genus Aeromonas has received constant attention in different areas, from aquaculture and veterinary medicine to food safety, where more and more frequent isolates are occurring with increased resistance to antibiotics. The present paper studied the interaction of Aeromonas strains isolated from fresh produce and water with different eukaryotic cell types with the aim of better understanding the cytotoxic capacity of these strains. To study host-cell pathogen interactions in Aeromonas, we used HT-29, Vero, J774A.1, and primary mouse embryonic fibroblasts. These interactions were analyzed by confocal microscopy to determine the cytotoxicity of the strains. We also used Galleria mellonella larvae to test their pathogenicity in this experimental model. Our results demonstrated that two strains showed high cytotoxicity in epithelial cells, fibroblasts, and macrophages. Furthermore, these strains showed high virulence using the G. mellonella model. All strains used in this paper generally showed low levels of resistance to the different families of the antibiotics being tested. These results indicated that some strains of Aeromonas present in vegetables and water pose a potential health hazard, displaying very high in vitro and in vivo virulence. This pathogenic potential, and some recent concerning findings on antimicrobial resistance in Aeromonas, encourage further efforts in examining the precise significance of Aeromonas strains isolated from foods for human consumption. metadata Pintor-Cora, Alberto and Tapia Martínez, Olga and Elexpuru Zabaleta, Maria and Ruiz de Alegría, Carlos and Rodríguez-Calleja, Jose M. and Santos, Jesús A. and Ramos Vivas, Jose mail UNSPECIFIED, olga.tapia@uneatlantico.es, maria.elexpuru@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, jose.ramos@uneatlantico.es (2023) Cytotoxicity and Antimicrobial Resistance of Aeromonas Strains Isolated from Fresh Produce and Irrigation Water. Antibiotics, 12 (3). p. 511. ISSN 2079-6382

Article Subjects > Nutrition Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Español Para combatir la mala nutrición en todas sus formas es necesario integrar acciones desde la sociedad en su conjunto. El interés superior de los actores involucrados en generar estas acciones debe ser la salud. No obstante, existen actores con conflictos de interés que interfieren en el diseño, planeación, implementación y monitoreo de las políticas derivadas de dichas acciones. A fin de mitigar el efecto adverso que generan estos conflictos desde la etapa de generación de evidencia hasta el diseño e implementación de las políticas, se propone este código. Se invita a la comunidad de nutrición y salud a adoptarlo, promoverlo y sumarse al mismo, para favorecer el avance de las acciones y políticas necesarias sin interferencia de la industria y resolver el problema de la mala nutrición. metadata Barquera, Simón and Balderas, Nydia and Rodríguez, Estefanía and Kaufer-Horwitz, Martha and Perichart, Otilia and Rivera-Dommarco, Juan A mail UNSPECIFIED (2020) Código Nutricia: nutrición y conflicto de interés en la academia. Salud Pública de México, 62 (3, may). p. 313. ISSN 0036-3634

D

Other Subjects > Social Sciences
Subjects > Engineering
Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Cerrado Inglés Este proyecto se centra en contribuir a desarrollar las habilidades sociales emprendedoras y empresariales, con el propósito de mejorar las perspectivas de empleabilidad de adultos desempleados o empleados que quieren emprender sus propios negocios o mejorar su rendimiento en el trabajo. Se busca aprovechar el potencial empresarial de las personas con una sólida experiencia laboral, desarrollando su confianza y sus habilidades para lograr sus ambiciones, en el contexto del trabajo por cuenta propia y la creación de nuevas empresas en toda Europa. La herramienta digital se basa en el reconocido sistema psicométrico de prueba de comportamiento en el trabajo (DISC), validada por la Universidad de Cambridge metadata UNSPECIFIED mail UNSPECIFIED (2013) DAISS2: Diagnostics for enterprise soft skills. Repositorio de la Universidad.

Article Subjects > Nutrition Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production UNSPECIFIED UNSPECIFIED Here, we present new original data on the effects of strawberry consumption on body weight and liver status of aged rats. Wistar rats aged 19–21 months were fed a strawberry enriched diet prepared by substituting 15% of the total calories with freeze-dried strawberry powder for two months. Body weight, plasma biomarkers of liver injury (alanine transferase, aspartate aminotransferase and alkaline phosphatase) and liver histological analysis were assessed. These data indicate that strawberry supplementation did not interfere with normal animal maintenance and with liver structure and functionality. For further details and experimental findings please refer to the article “Strawberry consumption improves aging-associated impairments, mitochondrial biogenesis and functionality through the AMP-Activated Protein Kinase signaling cascade” in FOOD CHEMISTRY metadata Giampieri, Francesca and Alvarez-Suarez, Josè M. and Gasparrini, Massimiliano and Forbes-Hernandez, Tamara Y. and Afrin, Sadia and Rubini, Corrado and Zizzi, Antonio and Quiles, Josè L. and Mezzetti, Bruno and Battino, Maurizio mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, maurizio.battino@uneatlantico.es (2017) Data on body weight and liver functionality in aged rats fed an enriched strawberry diet. Data in Brief, 13. pp. 432-436. ISSN 2352-3409

Article Subjects > Engineering Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Fundación Universitaria Internacional de Colombia > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Universidad Internacional do Cuanza > Research > Scientific Production
Abierto Inglés Automated dental imaging interpretation is one of the most prolific areas of research using artificial intelligence. X-ray imaging systems have enabled dental clinicians to identify dental diseases. However, the manual process of dental disease assessment is tedious and error-prone when diagnosed by inexperienced dentists. Thus, researchers have employed different advanced computer vision techniques, as well as machine and deep learning models for dental disease diagnoses using X-ray imagery. In this regard, a lightweight Mask-RCNN model is proposed for periapical disease detection. The proposed model is constructed in two parts: a lightweight modified MobileNet-v2 backbone and region-based network (RPN) are proposed for periapical disease localization on a small dataset. To measure the effectiveness of the proposed model, the lightweight Mask-RCNN is evaluated on a custom annotated dataset comprising images of five different types of periapical lesions. The results reveal that the model can detect and localize periapical lesions with an overall accuracy of 94%, a mean average precision of 85%, and a mean insection over a union of 71.0%. The proposed model improves the detection, classification, and localization accuracy significantly using a smaller number of images compared to existing methods and outperforms state-of-the-art approaches metadata Fatima, Anum and Shafi, Imran and Afzal, Hammad and Mahmood, Khawar and Díez, Isabel de la Torre and Lipari, Vivian and Brito Ballester, Julién and Ashraf, Imran mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, vivian.lipari@uneatlantico.es, julien.brito@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED (2023) Deep Learning-Based Multiclass Instance Segmentation for Dental Lesion Detection. Healthcare, 11 (3). p. 347. ISSN 2227-9032

Article Subjects > Engineering Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Fundación Universitaria Internacional de Colombia > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Universidad Internacional do Cuanza > Research > Scientific Production
Abierto Inglés Monitoring tool conditions and sub-assemblies before final integration is essential to reducing processing failures and improving production quality for manufacturing setups. This research study proposes a real-time deep learning-based framework for identifying faulty components due to malfunctioning at different manufacturing stages in the aerospace industry. It uses a convolutional neural network (CNN) to recognize and classify intermediate abnormal states in a single manufacturing process. The manufacturing process for aircraft factory products comprises different phases; analyzing the components after the integration is labor-intensive and time-consuming, which often puts the company’s stake at high risk. To overcome these challenges, the proposed AI-based system can perform inspection and defect detection and alleviate the probability of components’ needing to be re-manufacturing after being assembled. In addition, it analyses the impact value, i.e., rework delays and costs, of manufacturing processes using a statistical process control tool on real-time data for various manufactured components. Defects are detected and classified using the CNN and teachable machine in the single manufacturing process during the initial stage prior to assembling the components. The results show the significance of the proposed approach in improving operational cost management and reducing rework-induced delays. Ground tests are conducted to calculate the impact value followed by the air tests of the final assembled aircraft. The statistical results indicate a 52.88% and 34.32% reduction in time delays and total cost, respectively. metadata Shafi, Imran and Mazhar, Muhammad Fawad and Fatima, Anum and Álvarez, Roberto Marcelo and Miró Vera, Yini Airet and Martínez Espinosa, Julio César and Ashraf, Imran mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, roberto.alvarez@uneatlantico.es, yini.miro@uneatlantico.es, ulio.martinez@unini.edu.mx, UNSPECIFIED (2023) Deep Learning-Based Real Time Defect Detection for Optimization of Aircraft Manufacturing and Control Performance. Drones, 7 (1). p. 31. ISSN 2504-446X

Article Subjects > Engineering Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Fundación Universitaria Internacional de Colombia > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Cerrado Inglés Given that it provides nourishment for more than half of humanity, rice is regarded as one of the most significant plants in the world in agriculture. The quantity and quality of the product may be impacted by diseases that can damage rice plants which can occasionally cause crop losses ranging from 30 to 60%. This manuscript proposed a Convolutional Neural Network (CNN) and Visual Geometry Group (VGG)19 i.e. CNN-VGG19 model with a transfer learning-based method for the precise identification and classification of rice leaf diseases. This scheme employs a transfer learning technique based on the VGG19 which can identify the brown spot class. The accuracy is 93.0% in the deployment of the dataset of rice leaf disease. The other parameters are sensitivity, specificity, precision and F1-score with 89.9%, 94.7%, 92.4% and 90.5% respectively. The developed technique obtained better results as compared to the existing baseline models. metadata Dogra, Roopali and Rani, Shalli and Singh, Aman and Albahar, Marwan Ali and Pascual Barrera, Alina Eugenia and Alkhayyat, Ahmed mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, aman.singh@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, alina.pascual@unini.edu.mx, UNSPECIFIED (2023) Deep learning model for detection of brown spot rice leaf disease with smart agriculture. Computers and Electrical Engineering, 109. p. 108659. ISSN 00457906

Article Subjects > Physical Education and Sport Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés Objetivo. Comparar las demandas cinemáticas de jugadoras internacionales de hockey sobre hierba durante partidos de competición oficial. Material y métodos. Dieciséis jugadoras (edad: 24.7±2.8 años; peso: 57.9±5.9 kg; altura: 165.2±4.9 cm) pertenecientes a la selección absoluta española fueron monitorizadas mediante sistemas de posicionamiento global (GPS) durante 5 partidos del Campeonato de Europa. Los análisis fueron llevados a cabo en función de la demarcación de las jugadoras (defensas, medias y delanteras), de los cuartos de juego (C1, C2, C3, C4), y en base a los minutos jugados. Los datos analizados incluyeron distancias, aceleraciones y desaceleraciones en diferentes rangos de intensidad. Resultados. Las defensas presentaron menor actividad a alta intensidad (velocidades, aceleraciones y desaceleraciones) que medias y delanteras (9.4±2.4%; TE: 0.78 con las medias y 33.1±7.2%; TE: 2.1, con las defensas). El análisis por cuartos mostró que en el C4 la actividad fue mayor para todas las demarcaciones. En cuanto a minutos jugados, el análisis clúster agrupó a las jugadoras en 3 grupos en función de los minutos jugados (<32, 32-45 y >45 minutos). Las deportistas que jugaron <32 cubrieron mayor distancia a esprint (>21 km/h) y distancia a alta intensidad (>15 km/h) por minuto de juego en comparación con el grupo de >45 min jugados. Conclusiones. Los resultados de este estudio muestran que las demandas físicas en jugadoras de élite de hockey dependen de la demarcación en el campo, con mayor actividad en el último cuarto y con menor actividad cinemática de alta intensidad relativa en las jugadoras que acumulan más minutos durante el partido. metadata Morencos, Esther and Casamichana Gomez, David and Torres, Lorena and Haro, Xavier and Rodas, Gil and Romerlo Moraleda, Blanca mail UNSPECIFIED, david.casamichana@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED (2019) Demandas cinemáticas de competición internacional en el hockey sobre hierba femenino. Apunts Educación Física y Deportes (137). pp. 56-70. ISSN 15774015

Article Subjects > Psychology Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés, Español El objetivo de esta investigación era ver si existe una relación directa entre los niveles de depresión en hombres y la presencia de una ideología masculina tradicional. Las exigencias del rol masculino tradicional en la sociedad actual siguen suprimiendo lo relacionado con la expresión emocional y recalcando la importancia de ser fuerte y no necesitar ayuda. Es por eso por lo que enfermedades mentales como la depresión se vean afectadas por una masculinidad tradicional y una alta rigidez cognitiva expresada en creencias sobre los roles de género. También se ha analizado la presencia de alexitimia y su relación con la ideología masculina tradicional y la depresión. Para ello, se administraron la Escala de Normas de Rol Masculino (ENRM), el Inventario de Depresión de Beck (BDI-II) y la Escala de Alexitimia de Toronto (TAS-20) a 50 hombres mayores de 25 dentro de la población general. Se trata de un estudio correlacional en el que la hipótesis de partida era que los niveles de depresión y la puntuación en el TAS-20 correlacionarían de forma directa con las puntuaciones obtenidas en la ENRM. Los resultados muestran que existe una relación entre un factor de la ideología masculina tradicional y la depresión, mediada por la alexitimia. metadata López Cruz, María Belén and Presmanes-Roqueñí, Laura mail UNSPECIFIED (2018) Depresión en hombres y su relación con la ideología masculina tradicional y la alexitimia. MLS Psychology Research, 1 (1). pp. 95-110. ISSN 26055295

Article Subjects > Teaching Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Abierto Portugués Este trabalho apresenta o desafio e perspectivas da educação durante a Pandemia. O uso de tecnologias no ambiente escolar é essencial na contemporaneidade, devido ao cenário atual com a Pandemia de Coronavírus. Tratam-se de métodos praticamente indispensáveis para o dia a dia do ser humano nos dias atuais. As tecnologias adentraram o âmbito escolar, objetivando uma melhor qualidade no ensino, além de mais praticidade para o docente e para os alunos. Diante do exposto, esta pesquisa visa apresentar a defasagem na alfabetização. Para tal, foram realizadas pesquisas bibliográficas de cunho qualitativo e caráter descritivo, realizadas em artigos científicos, livros e acervos online. metadata Alves Guimarães, Ueudison and Aparecida dos Santos, Leidiane and Rodrigues Dantas de Brito, Junea Graciele mail UNSPECIFIED (2022) Desafios e perspectivas de educação: una visão dos professores durante a pandemia. RECIMA21 - Revista Científica Multidisciplinar - ISSN 2675-6218, 3 (8). e381745. ISSN 2675-6218

Article Subjects > Nutrition Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés, Español En España se generan 1.726.000 toneladas anuales de lactosuero. En particular, en Cantabria se habla de una generación de lactosuero de 15.600 toneladas al año. El lactosuero se considera un residuo altamente contaminante si se vierte directamente al medioambiente dado su contenido elevado en materia orgánica. Con este proyecto se buscaba desarrollar nuevos métodos para el tratamiento y aprovechamiento de este residuo. La separación de la fracción sólida del lactosuero fermentado se puede conseguir de forma sostenible y efectiva con bentonita. Por su parte, en la composición de la fracción líquida acidificada, clarificada y esterilizada (LCE), no se observaron presencia de compuestos de interés económico para la industria láctea. En cambio, sí se detectaron oportunidades para convertirlo en subproductos de valor añadido para el sector agrícola y conservero. En el caso de la agricultura, se trabajó en la obtención de un nuevo bioestimulante capaz de aportar minerales, proteínas, regulación del pH, etc. Por otro lado, también se considera que el mercado de la industria alimentaria de conservas vegetales puede suponer un mercado objetivo que integre este subproducto como líquido de cobertura (conservador) pudiendo sustituir al vinagre metadata Rosas Staff, Jesús Emilio and Acebo Garfias, María José mail UNSPECIFIED (2022) Desarrollo de tecnologías para la reutilización sostenible del lactosuero. Environmental Sciences and Practices, 1 (1).

Article Subjects > Engineering
Subjects > Nutrition
Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés, Español El proyecto persigue el aprovechamiento de los residuos del sector alimentario cántabro (residuos cereales de la industria de bebidas espirituosas y el suero de leche), con el objeto de fabricar un sustrato plástico comestible, biodegradable y compostable, como alternativa a la producción de plásticos actual, aportando una solución a favor de la valorización de residuos industriales. Para el desarrollo del sustrato plástico comestible, se partió de los compuestos arabinoxilanos y kefirán, provenientes de residuos cereales y del suero lácteo respectivamente. Se desarrollaron varias formulaciones para crear un prototipo pre-industrial del biocompuesto para el sustrato plástico comestible, asimismo, se realizó una búsqueda sobre el uso del lactosuero para la obtención de biofilm. Se elaboró un plan de explotación que evidenció la necesidad de vender 1900 kg de pellets de bioplástico al mes para asegurar la viabilidad económica del proceso. Esta producción tendría un coste unitario de 15 €/kg, inferior al precio de venta estimado de 20€/kg. Aunque se estima que el margen de beneficio empresarial no sería muy alto, los impactos ambientales positivos son suficientemente buenos como para considerar la implantación de la solución desarrollada. metadata Balsa Núñez, María and Martínez de la Fuente, Jorge mail UNSPECIFIED (2022) Desarrollo de un bioplástico comestible y compostable a partir de residuos de la industria alimentaria. Environmental Sciences and Practices, 1 (1).

Article Subjects > Engineering Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Universidad Internacional do Cuanza > Research > Scientific Production
Abierto Inglés To address the current pandemic, multiple studies have focused on the development of new mHealth apps to help in curbing the number of infections, these applications aim to accelerate the identification and self-isolation of people exposed to SARS-CoV-2, the coronavirus known to cause COVID-19, by being in close contact with infected individuals. The main objectives of this paper are: (1) Analyze the current status of COVID-19 apps available on the main virtual stores: Google Play Store and App Store for Spain, and (2) Propose a novel mobile application that allows interaction and doctor-patient follow-up without the need for real-time consultations (face-to-face or telephone). In this research, a search for eHealth and telemedicine apps related to Covid-19 was performed in the main online stores: Google Play Store and App Store, until May 2021. Keywords were entered into the search engines of the online stores and relevant apps were selected for study using a PRISMA methodology. For the design and implementation of the proposed app named COVINFO, the main weaknesses of the apps studied were taken into account in order to propose a novel and useful app for healthcare systems. The search yielded a total of 50 apps, of which 24 were relevant to this study, of which 23 are free and 54% are available for Android and iOS operating systems (OS). The proposed app has been developed for mobile devices with Android OS being compatible with Android 4.4 and higher. This app enables doctor-patient interaction and constant monitoring of the patient's progress without the need for calls, chats or face-to-face consultation in real time. This work addresses design and development of an application for the transmission of the user's symptoms to his regular doctor, based on the fact that only 16.6% of existing applications have this functionality. The COVINFO app offers a novel service: asynchronous doctor-patient communication, as well as constant monitoring of the patient’s condition and evolution. This app makes it possible to better manage the time of healthcare personnel and avoid overcrowding in hospitals, with the aim of preventing the collapse of healthcare systems and the spread of the coronavirus. metadata Herrera Montano, Isabel and Pérez Pacho, Javier and Gracia Villar, Santos and Aparicio Obregón, Silvia and Breñosa, Jose and de la Torre Díez, Isabel mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, santos.gracia@uneatlantico.es, silvia.aparicio@uneatlantico.es, josemanuel.brenosa@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED (2022) Descriptive Analysis of Mobile Apps for Management of COVID-19 in Spain and Development of an Innovate App in that field. Scientific Reports, 12 (1). ISSN 2045-2322

Article Subjects > Biomedicine
Subjects > Engineering
Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Fundación Universitaria Internacional de Colombia > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Universidad Internacional do Cuanza > Research > Scientific Production
Abierto Español Patient care and convenience remain the concern of medical professionals and caregivers alike. An unconscious patient confined to a bed may develop fluid accumulation and pressure sores due to inactivity and deficiency of oxygen flow. Moreover, weight monitoring is crucial for an effective treatment plan, which is difficult to measure for bedridden patients. This paper presents the design and development of a smart and cost-effective independent system for lateral rotation, movement, weight measurement, and transporting immobile patients. Optimal dimensions and practical design specifications are determined by a survey across various hospitals. Subsequently, the proposed hoist-based weighing and turning mechanism is CAD-modeled and simulated. Later, the structural analysis is carried out to select suitable metallurgy for various sub-assemblies to ensure design reliability. After fabrication, optimization, integration, and testing procedures, the base frame is designed to mount a hydraulic motor for the actuator, a DC power source for self-sustenance, and lockable wheels for portability. The installation of a weighing scale and a hydraulic actuator is ensured to lift the patient for weight measuring up to 600 pounds or lateral turning of 80 degrees both ways. The developed system offers simple operating characteristics, allows for keeping patient weight records, and assists nurses in changing patients’ lateral positions both ways, comfortably massage patients’ backs, and transport them from one bed to another. Additionally, being lightweight offers reduced contact with the patient to increase the healthcare staff’s safety in pandemics; it is also height adjustable and portable, allowing for use with multiple-sized beds and easy transportation across the medical facility. The feedback from paramedics is encouraging regarding reducing labor-intensive nursing tasks, alleviating the discomfort of long-term bed-ridden patients, and allowing medical practitioners to suggest better treatment plans metadata Shafi, Imran and Farooq, Muhammad Siddique and De La Torre Díez, Isabel and Breñosa, Jose and Martínez Espinosa, Julio César and Ashraf, Imran mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, josemanuel.brenosa@uneatlantico.es, ulio.martinez@unini.edu.mx, UNSPECIFIED (2022) Design and Development of Smart Weight Measurement, Lateral Turning and Transfer Bedding for Unconscious Patients in Pandemics. Healthcare, 10 (11). p. 2174. ISSN 2227-9032

Article Subjects > Physical Education and Sport Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Universidad Internacional do Cuanza > Research > Scientific Production
Abierto Inglés Abstract: Sports injuries can affect the performance of athletes. For this reason, functional tests are used for injury assessment and prevention, analyzing physical or physiological imbalances and detecting asymmetries. The main aim of this study was to detect the asymmetries in the upper limbs (right and left arms) in athletes, using the OctoBalance Test (OB), depending on the stage of the season. Two hundred and fifty-two participants (age: 23.33 ± 8.96 years old; height: 178.63 ± 11.12 cm; body mass: 80.28 ± 17.61 kg; body mass index: 24.88 ± 4.58; sports experience: 12.52 ± 6.28 years), practicing different sports (rugby, athletics, football, swimming, handball, triathlon, basketball, hockey, badminton and volleyball), assessed with the OB in medial, superolateral, and inferolateral directions in both arms, in four moments of the season (May 2017, September 2017, February 2018 and May 2018). ANOVA test was used with repeated measures with a p ≤ 0.05, for the analysis of the different studied variances. Significant differences were found (p = 0.021) in the medial direction of the left arm, between the first (May 2017) and fourth stages (May 2018), with values of 71.02 ± 7.15 cm and 65.03 ± 7.66 cm. From the detection of asymmetries, using the OB to measure, in the medial, superolateral and inferolateral directions, mobility and balance can be assessed. In addition, it is possible to observe functional imbalances, as a risk factor for injury, in each of the stages into which the season is divided, which will help in the prevention of injuries and in the individualization of training. metadata Velarde-Sotres, Álvaro and Bores-Cerezal, Antonio and Mecías-Calvo, Marcos and Barcala Furelos, Martín and Aparicio Obregón, Silvia and Calleja-González, Julio mail alvaro.velarde@uneatlantico.es, antonio.bores@uneatlantico.es, marcos.mecias@uneatlantico.es, martin.barcala@uneatlantico.es, silvia.aparicio@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED (2022) Detection of Upper Limb Asymmetries in Athletes According to the Stage of the Season—A Longitudinal Study. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 19 (2). p. 849. ISSN 1660-4601

Article Subjects > Social Sciences Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Fundación Universitaria Internacional de Colombia > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Universidad Internacional do Cuanza > Research > Scientific Production
Abierto Inglés This article proposes a discussion on the form of coexistence of local Development Agencies in Uruguay, with local governments in the face of the new scenarios marked by the decentralization process, initiated in the country with the Constitutional Reform of 1996 and culminating in February 2009, with the Law of Political Decentralization and Citizen Participation. The discussion applies in particular to the local development agency of the city of Rivera (ADR), located in the northeast of the country. A descriptive, mixed, bibliographic, documentary investigation was carried out with primary data collection to internal and external references to ADR. The results show that the coexistence of both institutions has been difficult, without defining clear roles. Promoting dialogue to define the role of each seems to be the great challenge facing the sustainability of the agency metadata Garat de Marin, Mirtha Silvana and Soriano Flores, Emmanuel and Rodríguez Velasco, Carmen Lilí and Silva Alvarado, Eduardo and Calderón Iglesias, Rubén and Álvarez, Roberto Marcelo and Gracia Villar, Santos mail silvana.marin@uneatlantico.es, emmanuel.soriano@uneatlantico.es, carmen.rodriguez@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, ruben.calderon@uneatlantico.es, roberto.alvarez@uneatlantico.es, santos.gracia@uneatlantico.es (2022) Development Agencies and Local Governments—Coexistence within the Same Territory. Social Sciences, 11 (9). p. 398. ISSN 2076-0760

Article Subjects > Psychology Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Cerrado Inglés Displaced aggression is defined as the aggression conducted against someone or something that is not considered to be the trigger of the emotional state of the aggressor. Whereas it has been deeply studied in a general context, to date, very few studies have analysed it in the specific context of driving. Considering the inexistence of instruments to assess it, the aim of the current research was to develop and validate a self-report in order to assess displaced aggression in the driving context. A sample of 467 participants (66.8% female, Mage = 34.74) filled in a set of questionnaires including the 29 items that were designed to assess traffic displaced aggression, as well as other instruments measuring different ways of expressing both general and driving aggression. The results of both Parallel Analysis (PA, sub-sample 1) and Confirmatory Factor Analysis (CFA, sub-sample 2) showed a good fit of the two-factor model, retaining 20 out of the initial 29 items. The first factor was labelled as Displaced aggression due to the anger generated outside the vehicle (6 items, α = 0.83), whereas the second factor was labelled as Displaced aggression due to the anger generated inside the vehicle (14 items, α = 0.91). Both factors, as well as the total score, showed good results regarding convergent and divergent validity. Practical implications of the results, future research lines and limitations of the current study are discussed. metadata Herrero-Fernández, David and Bogdan-Ganea, Smaranda R. mail david.herrero@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED (2022) Development and validation of the traffic displaced aggression questionnaire. Transportation Research Part F: Traffic Psychology and Behaviour, 85. pp. 13-23. ISSN 13698478

Article Subjects > Nutrition Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés Background: To develop and validate a questionnaire for the screening of Vitamin D in Italian adults (Evaluation Vitamin D dEficieNCy Questionnaire, EVIDENCe-Q). Methods: 150 participants, attending the 11Clinical Nutrition and Dietetics Operative Unit, Internal Medicine and Endocrinology, Istituti Clinici Scientifici Maugeri IRCCS, of Pavia were enrolled. Demographic variables and serum levels of vitamin D were recorded. The EVIDENCe-Q included information regarding factors affecting the production, intake, absorption and metabolism of Vitamin D. The EVIDENCe-Q score ranged from 0 (the best status) to 36 (the worst status). Results: Participants showed an inadequate status of Vitamin D, according to the current Italian reference values. A significant difference (p < 0.0001) in the EVIDENCe-Q score was found among the three classes of vitamin D status (severe deficiency, deficiency and adequate), being the mean score higher in severe deficiency and lower in the adequate one. A threshold value for EVIDENCe-Q score of 23 for severe deficiency, a threshold value of 21 for deficiency and a threshold value of 20 for insufficiency were identified. According to these thresholds, the prevalence of severe deficiency, deficiency and insufficiency was 22%, 35.3% and 43.3% of the study population, respectively. Finally, participants with EVIDENCe-Q scores <20 had adequate levels of vitamin D. Conclusions: EVIDENCe-Q can be a useful and easy screening tool for clinicians in their daily practice at a reasonable cost, to identify subjects potentially at risk of vitamin D deficiency and to avoid unwarranted supplementation and/or costly blood testing. metadata De Giuseppe, Rachele and Tomasinelli, Chiara Elena and Cena, Hellas and Braschi, Valentina and Giampieri, Francesca and Preatoni, Giorgia and Centofanti, Domenico and Princis, Maria Pilar and Bartoletti, Emanuele and Biino, Ginevra mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, francesca.giampieri@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED (2022) Development of a Short Questionnaire for the Screening for Vitamin D Deficiency in Italian Adults: The EVIDENCe-Q Project. Nutrients, 14 (9). p. 1772. ISSN 2072-6643

Article Subjects > Psychology Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Cerrado Inglés Anger has been closely related to risky behavior, and this last has been related to road accidents. The current research aimed to develop and validate a self-report questionnaire to measure anger in pedestrians (n = 550, 40.73% male) of a wide age rage (14-65 years, M = 27.91, SD = 13.21). The Parallel Analysis showed that the 15 items of the Pedestrian Anger Scale fitted satisfactorily in a four-factor solution: Anger because of obstructions or slowdowns caused by other pedestrians (α = .79), Anger because of hostility from drivers (α = .64), Anger because of bad conditions of the infrastructure (α = .62), and Anger because of dangerous situations caused by vehicles (α = .71). The global scale had also a good internal consistency (α = .83). Further analyses suggested convergent, divergent and incremental validity by correlating the global score of the questionnaire with both risk and anger measures. Middle-aged people (19-30 years) scored higher in anger as pedestrians than eldest (> 45 years), η2 = .02, but no significant effect were obtained by gender. Practical implications from both clinical and road safety viewpoints are discussed, and both future research proposals and limitations of the current study are also commented. metadata Herrero-Fernández, David and Oliva-Macías, Mireia and Parada, Pamela mail david.herrero@uneatlantico.es, mireia.oliva@uneatlantico.es, pamela.parada@uneatlantico.es (2019) Development of the Pedestrian Anger Scale. A Pilot Study. The Spanish Journal of Psychology, 22. ISSN 1988-2904

Article Subjects > Biomedicine Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés Diabetes and periodontitis are two of the most prevalent diseases worldwide that negatively impact the quality of life of the individual suffering from them. They are part of the chronic inflammatory disease group or, as recently mentioned, non-communicable diseases, with inflammation being the meeting point among them. Inflammation hitherto includes vascular and tissue changes, but new technologies provide data at the intracellular level that could explain how the cells respond to the aggression more clearly. This review aims to emphasize the molecular pathophysiological mechanisms in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus and periodontitis, which are marked by different impaired central regulators including mitochondrial dysfunction, impaired immune system and autophagy pathways, oxidative stress, and the crosstalk between adenosine monophosphate-activated protein kinase (AMPK) and the renin-angiotensin system (RAS). All of them are the shared background behind both diseases that could explain its relationship. These should be taken in consideration if we would like to improve the treatment outcomes. Currently, the main treatment strategies in diabetes try to reduce glycemia index as the most important aspect, and in periodontitis try to reduce the presence of oral bacteria. We propose to add to the therapeutic guidelines the handling of all the intracellular disorders to try to obtain better treatment success. metadata Portes, Juliana and Bullón, Beatriz and Quiles, José L. and Battino, Maurizio and Bullón, Pedro mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, jose.quiles@uneatlantico.es, maurizio.battino@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED (2021) Diabetes Mellitus and Periodontitis Share Intracellular Disorders as the Main Meeting Point. Cells, 10 (9). p. 2411. ISSN 2073-4409

Article Subjects > Social Sciences Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Fundación Universitaria Internacional de Colombia > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Abierto Inglés This research aims to gather opinions from experts in the European tourism sector regarding training needs to address severe crises, such as Covid, in Small and Medium-Sized Enterprises (SMEs) across five countries: Spain, Iceland, Ireland, Scotland, and Germany. This study was conducted within the scope of the European TC-NAV project, which is funded by the European Union. The ultimate goal of this project is to develop training solutions for European SMEs Most existing literature on tourism crises primarily examines the impact on destinations as a whole rather than on individual tourism enterprises. Thus, this research is both relevant and timely The methodology employed was qualitative, and data being collected using a 9-question interview guide. This guide underwent validation by experts, achieving a Cronbach's Alpha value of 0.7. In total, 30 individuals were interviewed: 5 civil servants, 9 company directors, 5 university professors, 6 researchers, and 5 entrepreneurs. Some notable findings include the importance of innovation for change, promoting sustainable tourism, fostering informal partnerships among regional companies, the essential role of government support, the benefits of flexible planning and service digitisation, and the ongoing need for training and upskilling. metadata Soriano Flores, Emmanuel and Prola, Thomas and Halldórsdóttir, Íris Hrund Halldórsdóttir and Taylor, Steve mail emmanuel.soriano@uneatlantico.es, thomas.prola@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED (2023) Diagnosing Training Needs in European Tourism SMEs: The TC-NAV Project for Managing and Overcoming Virulent Crises. Kurdish Studies, 11 (2). pp. 2011-2022. ISSN 2051-4883

Article Subjects > Biomedicine Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés Background: Aging society faces significant health challenges, among which cognitive-related disorders are emerging. Diet quality has been recognized among the major contributors to the rising prevalence of cognitive disorders, with increasing evidence of the putative role of plant-based foods and their bioactive components, including polyphenols. Dietary polyphenols, including phytoestrogens, have been hypothesized to exert beneficial effects toward brain health through various molecular mechanisms. However, the evidence on the association between dietary phytoestrogen intake and cognitive function is limited. The aim of this study was to investigate the association between phytoestrogen intake and cognitive status in a cohort of older adults living in Sicily, Southern Italy. Methods: Dietary information from 883 individuals aged 50 years or older was collected through a validated food frequency questionnaire. Cognitive status was assessed through the Short Portable Mental Status Questionnaire. Results: The highest total isoflavone (including daidzein and genistein) intake was inversely associated with cognitive impairment compared to the lowest (odds ratio (OR) = 0.43, 95% confidence interval (CI): 0.20–0.92). Higher intake of total lignans and, consistently, all individual compounds (with the exception of secoisolariciresinol) were inversely associated with cognitive impairment only in the unadjusted model. Conclusions: A higher intake of phytoestrogens, especially isoflavones, was associated with a better cognitive status in a cohort of older Italian individuals living in Sicily. Taking into account the very low intake of isoflavones in Italian diets, it is noteworthy to further investigate selected populations with habitual consumption of such compounds to test whether these results may be generalized to the Italian population. metadata Giampieri, Francesca and Godos, Justyna and Caruso, Giuseppe and Owczarek, Marcin and Jurek, Joanna and Castellano, Sabrina and Ferri, Raffaele and Caraci, Filippo and Grosso, Giuseppe mail francesca.giampieri@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED (2022) Dietary Phytoestrogen Intake and Cognitive Status in Southern Italian Older Adults. Biomolecules, 12 (6). p. 760. ISSN 2218-273X

Article Subjects > Biomedicine
Subjects > Nutrition
Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés The rise of life expectancy in current societies is not accompanied, to date, by a similar increase in healthspan, which represents a great socio-economic problem. It has been suggested that aging can be manipulated and then, the onset of all age-associated chronic disorders can be delayed because these pathologies share age as primary underlying risk factor. One of the most extended ideas is that aging is consequence of the accumulation of molecular damage. According to the oxidative damage theory, antioxidants should slow down aging, extending lifespan and healthspan. The present review analyzes studies evaluating the effect of dietary antioxidants on lifespan of different aging models and discusses the evidence on favor of their antioxidant activity as anti-aging mechanisms. Moreover, possible causes for differences between the reported results are evaluated. metadata Varela-López, Alfonso and Romero-Márquez, José M. and Navarro-Hortal, María D. and Ramirez-Tortosa, César L. and Battino, Maurizio and Forbes-Hernández, Tamara Y. and Quiles, José L. mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, maurizio.battino@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, jose.quiles@uneatlantico.es (2023) Dietary antioxidants and lifespan: Relevance of environmental conditions, diet, and genotype of experimental models. Experimental Gerontology, 178. p. 112221. ISSN 05315565

Article Subjects > Physical Education and Sport Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Español El objetivo del presente estudio es comparar el perfil de los estados de ánimo (EA) en jóvenes escolares que practican diferentes deportes extraescolares de manera federada respecto a escolares de Educación Primaria y Secundaria que no están federados. Seleccionándose un total de 329 sujetos (141 deportistas y 188 escolares no practicantes). Los EA se evaluaron mediante el cuestionario Profile of Moods States (POMS). La comparación se realizó en base al deporte practicado y en función de si eran deportistas federados o no federados. Los resultados muestran valores más elevados en la escala del vigor, así como diferencias significativas en las escalas depresión y fatiga entre los deportistas. Además, se observan diferencias entre no federados escolares para la depresión, hostilidad y tensión. Se concluye que los deportistas muestran valores que se asocian con el denominado perfil iceberg. metadata Fernández García, Javier and Cañada, Fernando Calahorro and Luque, Gema Torres mail javier.fernandez@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED (2023) Diferencia del perfil de los estados de ánimo en jóvenes escolares que practican deporte extraescolar federado vs no federados (Difference in the profile of moods in young schoolchildren who practice federated extracurricular sports vs. schoolchildren). Retos, 47. pp. 738-743. ISSN 1579-1726

Article Subjects > Physical Education and Sport Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés The aim of this study was to evaluate the differences on motor competence between boys and girls aged 4 years old and investigate the existence of Relative Age Effect on their motor competence. In total, 132 preschool children were evaluated, of whom 60 (45.50%) were girls and 72 (54.5%) were boys. The distribution of the participants was from quarter 1 [n = 28 (21.2%)], quarter 2 [n = 52 (39.4%)], quarter 3 [n = 24 (18.2%)], and quarter 4 [(n = 28 (21.2%)], respectively. The Movement Assessment Battery for Children-2 (MABC-2) was used to collect the data. The data show the main effects on quarter of birth factor in manual dexterity (MD; p < 0.001), in aiming and catching (A&C; p < 0.001), in balance (Bal; p < 0.001) and in total test score (TTS; p < 0.001). There are also statistical differences on gender factor in MD (p < 0.001) and in TTS (p = 0.031). A significant effect was also found in the interaction between two factors (gender and quarter of birth) in MD (p < 0.001), A&C (p < 0.001), and Bal (p < 0.001). There are differences in all the variables studied according to the quarter of birth and only in manual dexterity and in the total score if compared according to gender (the scores are higher in girls). metadata Navarro-Patón, Rubén and Arufe-Giráldez, Víctor and Sanmiguel-Rodríguez, Alberto and Mecías-Calvo, Marcos mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, marcos.mecias@uneatlantico.es (2021) Differences on Motor Competence in 4-Year-Old Boys and Girls Regarding the Quarter of Birth: Is There a Relative Age Effect? Children, 8 (2). p. 141. ISSN 2227-9067

Article Subjects > Nutrition Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés The present study was designed to examine if dietary fat sources that have shown differences in lifespan and if some aging-related aspects can modulate the range of histopathologic changes in central nervous and endocrine systems that occur during the lifespan of Wistar rats. Moreover, it was attempted to gain insight into the relationship between longevity and the development of the different pathological changes, as well as possible interaction with diet. In order to achieve this, male Wistar rats were randomly assigned to three experimental groups fed semisynthetic and isoenergetic diets from weaning until death with different dietary fat sources, namely virgin olive, sunflower, or fish oil. An individual follow-up until death of each animal was performed. Incidence, severity, and burden of specific or group (i.e., neoplastic or non-neoplastic proliferative and non-proliferative) of lesions was calculated along with individual's disease and individual organ lesion burden. Most of the histopathological lesions found have been described in previous studies. Neoplasms, and in particular pituitary adenomas followed by brain tumors, were the most prevalent lesions found in the rats and the main cause of death involving both systems. Incidence of brain lesions was associated with age-at-death. Assayed dietary fats did not present differential effects on pathological changes occurring in endocrine and central nervous systems throughout rat lifespan. metadata Varela-López, Alfonso and Ramírez-Tortosa, César L. and Ramos-Pleguezuelos, Francisco M. and Márquez-Lobo, Bélgica and Battino, Maurizio and Quiles, José L. mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, maurizio.battino@uneatlantico.es, jose.quiles@uneatlantico.es (2022) Differences reported in the lifespan and aging of male Wistar rats maintained on diets containing fat with different fatty acid profiles (virgin olive, sunflower or fish oils) are not reflected by histopathological lesions found at death in central nervous and endocrine systems. Food and Chemical Toxicology, 168. p. 113357. ISSN 02786915

Article Subjects > Physical Education and Sport Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés The purposes of this study were 1) to analyse the different pacing behaviours based on athlete's performance and 2) to determine whether significant differences in each race split and the runner's performance implied different race profiles. A total of 2295 runners, which took part in Berlin’s marathon (2017), met the inclusion criteria. 4 different groups were created based on sex and performance. Men: Elite (<02:19:00 h), Top 1 (<02:30:00 h), Top 2 (<02:45:00 h) and Top 3 (<03:00:00 h); women: Elite (02:45:00 h), Top 1 (<03:00:00 h), Top 2 (<03:15:00 h), Top 3 (<03:30:00 h). With the aim of comparing the pacing between sex and performance the average speed was normalized. In men, no statistically significant changes were found between performance group and splits. A large number of significant differences between splits and groups were found amongst women: 5–10 km Top 2 vs Top 3 (P = 0.0178), 10–15 km Top1 vs Top 2 (P = 0.0211), 15–20 km Top1 vs Top 2 (P = 0.0382), 20–21.1 km Elite vs Top 2 (P = 0.0129); Elite vs Top 3 (P = 0.0020); Top1 vs Top 2 (P = 0.0233); Top 1 vs Top 3 (P = 0.0007), 25–30 km Elite vs Top 2 (P = 0.0273); Elite vs Top 3 (P = 0.0156), 30–35 km Elite vs Top 2 (P = 0.0096); Top 1 vs Top 2 (P = 0.0198); Top2 vs Top3 (P = 0.0069). In men there were little significant differences based on athletes’ performance which implied a similar pacing behaviour. Women presented numerous differences based on their performance which suggested different pacing behaviours. metadata Boullosa, Daniel and Muñoz, Iker and Mecías-Calvo, Marcos and Crespo-Álvarez, Jorge and Sámano-Celorio, María Luisa and Agudo-Toyos, Pablo and Lago-Fuentes, Carlos mail UNSPECIFIED, iker.munoz@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, jorge.crespo@uneatlantico.es, marialuisa.samano@uneatlantico.es, pablo.agudo@uenatlantico.es, carlos.lago@uneatlantico.es (2020) Different race pacing strategies among runners covering the 2017 Berlin Marathon under 3 hours and 30 minutes. PLOS ONE, 15 (7). e0236658. ISSN 1932-6203

Article Subjects > Teaching Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Universidad Internacional do Cuanza > Research > Scientific Production
Abierto Inglés The United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) highlights the relevance of using information and communications technology (ICT) in education for improving the quality of education. To achieve this goal, it is necessary to extend research on digital competences in education. To advance the development of digital competencies it is necessary to take account of how teachers perceive these. In addition, systematic reviews of the literature on ICT and education show an imbalance regarding the amount of research from Africa compared to other regions of the world. In this sense, the objective of this study carried out between March 2019 and April 2020 was to analyse the perceptions of primary school teachers from 8 African countries about their digital competences. The teachers were master’s students in teacher training on virtual platforms. A mixed methodological perspective (quantitative-qualitative) was adopted and a questionnaire with closed and open-ended questions was applied. The quantitative and qualitative analyses show that the teachers recognised their digital competence at all 3 levels. The needs highlighted by teachers were in developing their knowledge of how to create content with the support of technology. However, the available resources, which differed in the participants’ work contexts and did not enable the equal use of ICT in all African countries, was an important issue highlighted by the participants. It is recommended that teacher training in digital competence is prepared using instructional design that promotes innovation and contact with real teaching-learning situations. metadata Sartor-Harada, Andresa and Azevedo-Gomes, Juliana and Ulloa-Guerra, Oscar and Ruiz Salces, Roberto and Calderón Iglesias, Rubén mail andresa.sartor@uneatlantico.es, juliana.azevedo@uneatlantico.es, oscar.ulloa@uneatlantico.es, roberto.ruiz@uneatlantico.es, ruben.calderon@uneatlantico.es (2022) Digital competencies: perceptions of primary school teachers pursuing master’s degrees from eight African countries. SA Journal of Education, 42 (3). ISSN 2076-3433

Book Section Subjects > Social Sciences Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Cerrado Inglés UNSPECIFIED metadata Alexeeva-Alexeev, Inna and Mazas Pérez-Oleaga, Cristina mail inna.alexeeva@uneatlantico.es, cristina.mazas@uneatlantico.es (2022) Digitalization through ICT Innovation: Analysis of the Impact of Factors on R&D Investment Decisions of Technological Companies. In: Digitalization in Business: On the Road to a Sustainable World. Nova Science Publisher, pp. 55-94. ISBN 979-8-88697-275-7

Book Section Subjects > Teaching Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés UNSPECIFIED metadata Bazaco Gómez, Carmelo and Quijano-Peña, Paula mail carmelo.bazaco@uneatlantico.es, paula.quijano@uneatlantico.es (2023) Discourse creation: translation technique or spanish film pattern. A case study. In: Nuevas teorías y aproximaciones a estudios sobre lengua, lingüística y traducción. Dykinson, Madrid, pp. 936-947. ISBN 9788411228305

Article Subjects > Engineering Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Abierto Español Las metodologías para el diseño y gestión de proyectos son cada vez más necesarias y aplicadas con mayor frecuencia en el sector público en Latinoamérica. Continuamente hay actualizaciones y nuevos enfoques en la gestión de proyectos de inversión, por lo que el estudio en las metodologías es relevante a nivel investigativo. El diseño de instrumentos de investigación confiables que sirvan para promover el uso de estas metodologías es importante para asegurar la calidad en el proceso. Por lo que el objetivo de este estudio es diseñar y validar un instrumento que permita recolectar y gestionar sistemáticamente información de proyectos para obtener las variables que permitan definir la metodología apropiada para cada organización, en este estudio se ha tomado como referencia en el sector público la Subsecretaría de Recursos Pesqueros (SRP) en Ecuador. El instrumento, toma como referencia la Norma International Organization for Standardization (ISO) 10006, la Guía de Fundamentos de Gestión de Proyectos, por su nombre en inglés Project Management Body of Knowledge (PMBOK), las Metodologías de Diseño de Proyectos de la Universidad Politécnica de Cataluña (MDP-UPC) y de la Secretaría Nacional de Planificación y Desarrollo (SENPLADES) del Ecuador. Como resultado, se desarrolló una encuesta, a cuyo instrumento se realizó la validación interna y externa en función de parámetros de confiabilidad, contenido y constructo. Se realizó análisis factorial para determinar variables utilizando sistema estadístico SPSS. Finalmente, se cuenta con la validación del instrumento diseñado asegurando que es confiable y cumple con los parámetros necesarios para obtener variables que definan la metodología para elaboración de proyectos en el sector público de Ecuador. metadata Bazurto Roldán, José Antonio and Álvarez, Roberto Marcelo and Miró Vera, Yini Airet and Brie, Santiago mail jose.bazurto@unini.org, roberto.alvarez@uneatlantico.es, yini.miro@uneatlantico.es, santiago.brie@uneatlantico.es (2023) Diseño y validación de un instrumento de investigación para proponer metodología de gestión de proyectos. Revista de Iniciación Científica, 9 (1). ISSN 2412-0464

Article Subjects > Psychology Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Cerrado Inglés Trait driving anger has been widely studied in recent years. However, whereas its proximal (personality) correlates have been well established, possible distal variables have not yet been explored. The aim of the current research study was to analyse the association of attachment styles with trait driving anger, by testing the hypothesis that both trait general anger and self-esteem would mediate this relationship. The results revealed positive and significant relationships between preoccupation, self-sufficiency, value of parental authority and parental interference, and trait driving anger. Furthermore, a SEM-based multiple mediation analysis showed that both trait general anger and self-esteem significantly mediated the relationship between preoccupation and trait driving anger, and self-sufficiency and trait driving anger, with a medium effect size (f2 = 0.16). Finally, some aspects of the research in this new area are addressed, and both the clinical implications of these results and the limitations of the study are discussed. metadata Herrero-Fernández, David and Redondo, Iratxe and Parada-Fernández, Pamela and Oliva-Macías, Mireia and Rohwer, Heidi mail david.herrero@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, pamela.parada@uneatlantico.es, mireia.oliva@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED (2020) Distal predictors of trait driving anger. The influence of attachment styles through the mediation effect of general anger and self-esteem. Transportation Research Part F: Traffic Psychology and Behaviour, 73. pp. 382-390. ISSN 13698478

Article Subjects > Engineering Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Abierto Inglés Internet security is a major concern these days due to the increasing demand for information technology (IT)-based platforms and cloud computing. With its expansion, the Internet has been facing various types of attacks. Viruses, denial of service (DoS) attacks, distributed DoS (DDoS) attacks, code injection attacks, and spoofing are the most common types of attacks in the modern era. Due to the expansion of IT, the volume and severity of network attacks have been increasing lately. DoS and DDoS are the most frequently reported network traffic attacks. Traditional solutions such as intrusion detection systems and firewalls cannot detect complex DDoS and DoS attacks. With the integration of artificial intelligence-based machine learning and deep learning methods, several novel approaches have been presented for DoS and DDoS detection. In particular, deep learning models have played a crucial role in detecting DDoS attacks due to their exceptional performance. This study adopts deep learning models including recurrent neural network (RNN), long short-term memory (LSTM), and gradient recurrent unit (GRU) to detect DDoS attacks on the most recent dataset, CICDDoS2019, and a comparative analysis is conducted with the CICIDS2017 dataset. The comparative analysis contributes to the development of a competent and accurate method for detecting DDoS attacks with reduced execution time and complexity. The experimental results demonstrate that models perform equally well on the CICDDoS2019 dataset with an accuracy score of 0.99, but there is a difference in execution time, with GRU showing less execution time than those of RNN and LSTM. metadata Ramzan, Mahrukh and Shoaib, Muhammad and Altaf, Ayesha and Arshad, Shazia and Iqbal, Faiza and Kuc Castilla, Ángel Gabriel and Ashraf, Imran mail UNSPECIFIED (2023) Distributed Denial of Service Attack Detection in Network Traffic Using Deep Learning Algorithm. Sensors, 23 (20). p. 8642. ISSN 1424-8220

Article Subjects > Social Sciences Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Cerrado Inglés Technological firms invest in R&D looking for innovative solutions but assuming high costs and great (technological) uncertainty regarding final results and returns. Additionally, they face other problems related to R&D management. This empirical study tries to determine which of the factors favour or constrain the decision of these firms to engage in R&D. The analysis uses financial data of 14,619 ICT listed companies of 22 countries from 2003 to 2018. Additionally, macroeconomic data specific for the countries and the sector were used. For the analysis of dynamic panel data, a System-GMM method is used. Among the findings, we highlight that cash flow, contrary to the known theoretical models and empirical evidences, negatively impacts on R&D investment. Debt is neither the right source for R&D funding, as the effect is also negative. This suggests that ICT companies are forced to manage their R&D activities differently, relying more on other funding sources, taking advantage of growth opportunities and benefiting from a favourable macroeconomic environment in terms of growth and increased business sector spending on R&D. These results are similar in both sub-sectors and in all countries, both bank- and market based. The exception is firms with few growth opportunities and little debt. metadata Alexeeva-Alexeev, Inna and Mazas Pérez-Oleag, Cristina mail inna.alexeeva@uneatlantico.es, cristina.mazas@uneatlantico.es (2024) Do ICT firms manage R&D differently? Firm-level and macroeconomic effects on corporate R&D investment: Empirical evidence from a multi-countries context. Technological Forecasting and Social Change, 198. p. 122970. ISSN 00401625

Article Subjects > Teaching Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés This paper studies undergraduate student attitudes towards team-based projects, connecting those attitudes to challenges and overall perception of this work. This study was conducted with 220 students in the context of three subjects taught at a Spanish University, that included collaborative projects as mandatory assignments to be developed over the course of the subject. The instrument was a Likert scale-based questionnaire. As a methodology, the Rasch model was used, making it possible to apply indirect measuring of students’ development level of various skills. The findings point to the difficulty in solving specific communication needs and managing students’ involvement and commitment to the project. The results obtained through Differential Item Functioning analysis (DIF) show that gender, year of study, students’ age, academic degrees, and the context of curricular subjects influence significantly the acquisition of skills related to collaborative work, facilitating or hindering their development among university students. These results have practical implications for the design of collaborative projects within higher education academic programs. They also suggest that the way collaborative work is usually planned is not very effective and should be reconsidered. metadata Alexeeva-Alexeev, Inna and Vidal Mazón, Juan Luis and Brito Ballester, Julién and Ruiz Salces, Roberto and Gracia Villar, Mónica and Mazas Pérez-Oleaga, Cristina mail inna.alexeeva@uneatlantico.es, juanluis.vidal@uneatlantico.es, julien.brito@uneatlantico.es, roberto.ruiz@uneatlantico.es, monica.gracia@uneatlantico.es, cristina.mazas@uneatlantico.es (2022) Do Young People Really Know How to Collaborate for Common Success? Study on Undergraduate Students’ Perception of Collaborative Work in a Spanish University. Teaching and Learning Inquiry, 10. ISSN 2167-4779

Article Subjects > Psychology Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Cerrado Inglés Aggressive behaviour is a common response in different contexts all around the world. General aggression theories, such as the frustration-aggression theory, try to explain this behaviour in any context. However, situational specificity could play a relevant role in this issue, so proneness to behave aggressively may depend more on the context than on a general root or personality trait. With the aim of shedding light in this field, the current research aimed to analyse the relationship between aggressive behaviour on the road and intimate relationships. A sample composed of 275 participants who had a driving license and lived with an intimate partner completed a set of self-reports regarding aggressive behaviour in both contexts. The results suggested a convergence in the way of expressing anger, except in the case of adaptive aggression. A SEM-based approach indicated that the measured aggressive variables fitted better in two highly correlated factors rather than a single one, suggesting the relevance of the situational specificity in the prediction of aggressive behaviour in both contexts. Practical implications regarding evaluation and intervention for aggression reduction are discussed, as well as the limitations of the current research. metadata Herrero-Fernández, David and Parada-Fernández, Pamela and Rodríguez-Arcos, Irene and Martín Ayala, Juan Luis and Castaño Castaño, Sergio mail david.herrero@uneatlantico.es, pamela.parada@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, juan.martin@uneatlantico.es, sergio.castano@uneatlantico.es (2023) Do people drive as they live together? Associations between aggressive behaviour on the road and intimate relationships. Transportation Research Part F: Traffic Psychology and Behaviour, 95. pp. 251-260. ISSN 13698478

Article Subjects > Psychology Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Cerrado Inglés The question of whether “people drive as they live” or whether “they are transformed behind the wheel” has been addressed in previous research but it mainly focused on anger and aggressive behaviors. Current research tries to go further and compares driving styles with their analogous living styles to analyze both convergence and divergence in both safe and unsafe driving styles. Then, dissociative driving style was linked with general dissociation experiences, risky driving style with general sensation seeking, angry driving style with a general anger trait, anxious driving style with an anxiety trait, distress-reduction driving style with control of aggression, and careful driving style with conscientiousness. A sample of 228 participants taken from the general population of Spanish drivers completed a set of questionnaires regarding both driving styles and living styles. The hierarchical linear regression models showed both convergence and divergence in the case of unsafe driving styles, whereas safe driving styles were not so strongly related to their respective general behaviors (especially in the case of the distress-reduction driving style). A final structural equation model (SEM) simultaneously analyzed the relationship between driving styles and living styles. Both clinical and road-safety implications of the current study are discussed, as well as its limitations. metadata Herrero-Fernández, David mail david.herrero@uneatlantico.es (2021) Do people drive as they live, or are they transformed when they drive? A comparison of driving styles and living styles. Accident Analysis & Prevention, 161. p. 106342. ISSN 00014575

Article Subjects > Physical Education and Sport Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés This study aimed to determine the influence of arch stiffness on running spatiotemporal parameters at a common speed for a wide range of endurance runners (i.e., 12 km·h−1). In total, 97 runners, 52 men and 45 women, completed a treadmill running protocol at 12 km·h−1. Spatiotemporal parameters were measured using the OptoGait system, and foot structure was assessed by determining arch stiffness. Since between-sex differences were found in anthropometric and foot structure variables, data analysis was conducted separately for men and women, and body mass and height were considered as covariates. For both sexes, a k-means cluster analysis grouped participants according to arch stiffness, by obtaining a group of low-arch stiffness (LAS group) and a group of high-arch stiffness (HAS group), with significant differences in arch stiffness (p < 0.001, for both men and women). No significant differences between LAS and HAS groups were found in running spatiotemporal parameters, regardless of sex (p ≥ 0.05). For both sexes, the partial correlation analysis reported no significant correlations (p ≥ 0.05) between foot structure variables and running spatiotemporal parameters. The results obtained show no differences in spatiotemporal gait characteristics during running at submaximal velocity between runners with low-arch stiffness and those with high-arch stiffness, regardless of sex. These findings may have important implications for clinicians and coaches by adding more evidence to the debate about the use of static foot classification measures when characterizing the foot and its biomechanics during running. metadata García-Pinillos, Felipe and Jaén-Carrillo, Diego and Latorre-Román, Pedro Ángel and Escalona-Marfil, Carles and Soto-Hermoso, Víctor M. and Lago-Fuentes, Carlos and Pueyo Villa, Silvia and Dominguez Azpíroz, Irma and Roche Seruendo, Luis Enrique mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, carlos.lago@uneatlantico.es, silvia.pueyo@uneatlantico.es, irma.dominguez@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED (2021) Does Arch Stiffness Influence Running Spatiotemporal Parameters? An Analysis of the Relationship between Influencing Factors on Running Performance. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 18 (5). p. 2437. ISSN 1660-4601

Article Subjects > Physical Education and Sport Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Cerrado Inglés Morenas-Aguilar, MD, Ruiz-Alias, SA, Blanco, AM, Lago-Fuentes, C, García-Pinillos, F, and Pérez-Castilla, A. Does the menstrual cycle impact the maximal neuromuscular capacities of women? An analysis before and after a graded treadmill test to exhaustion. J Strength Cond Res 37(11): 2185–2191, 2023. This study explored the effect of the menstrual cycle (MC) on the maximal neuromuscular capacities of the lower-body muscles obtained before and after a graded exercise test conducted on a treadmill to exhaustion. Sixteen physically active women were tested at −11 ± 3, −5 ± 3, and 5 ± 3 days from the luteinizing peak for the early follicular, late follicular, and midluteal phases. In each session, the individualized load-velocity (L-V) relationship variables (load-axis intercept [L0], velocity-axis intercept [v0], and area under the L-V relationship line [Aline]) were obtained before and after a graded exercise test conducted on a treadmill to exhaustion using the 2-point method (3 countermovement jumps with a 0.5-kg barbell and 2 back squats against a load linked to a mean velocity of 0.55 m·second−1). At the beginning of each session, no significant differences were reported for L0 (p = 0.726; ES ≤ 0.18), v0 (p = 0.202; ES ≤ 0.37), and Aline (p = 0.429; ES ≤ 0.30) between the phases. The MC phase × time interaction did not reach statistical significance for any L-V relationship variable (p ≥ 0.073). A significant main effect of “time” was observed for L0 (p < 0.001; ES = −0.77) and Aline (p = 0.002; ES = −0.59) but not for v0 (p = 0.487; ES = 0.12). These data suggest that the lower-body maximal neuromuscular capacities obtained before and after a graded treadmill test are not significantly affected by MC, although there is a high variability in the individual response. metadata Morenas-Aguilar, María Dolores and Ruiz-Alias, Santiago A. and Blanco, Aitor Marcos and Lago-Fuentes, Carlos and García-Pinillos, Felipe and Pérez-Castilla, Alejandro mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, carlos.lago@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED (2023) Does the Menstrual Cycle Impact the Maximal Neuromuscular Capacities of Women? An Analysis Before and After a Graded Treadmill Test to Exhaustion. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 37 (11). pp. 2185-2191. ISSN 1064-8011

Article Subjects > Psychology Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Cerrado Inglés This study explores the associations between different disability domains and the most prevalent symptoms of mental disorders in primary care patients (i.e. depression, anxiety, and somatization). A total of 1241 participants from 28 primary care centres completed self-report measures of depression, anxiety, and somatization. This same sample also completed the Sheehan Disability Scale (SDS) to assess functional impairment in work, social life, and family life domains. Associations between the symptoms and each disability domain were examined using hierarchical regression analyses. Depression emerged as the strongest predictor of all three disability domains. Somatization was associated only with the work domain, and anxiety was associated only with the family life domain. Clinical symptoms explained a greater proportion of the variance than sociodemographic variables. In primary care patients, depression, anxiety and somatizations were associated with distinct domains of disability. Early provision of effective treatments in the primary care setting may be crucial to reduce the societal burden of common mental disorders. metadata González-Blanch, César and Hernández-de-Hita, Fernando and Muñoz-Navarro, Roger and Ruíz-Rodríguez, Paloma and Medrano, Leonardo Adrián and Moriana, Juan Antonio and Cano-Vindel, Antonio mail cesar.gonzalezblanch@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED (2018) Domain-specific associations between disability and depression, anxiety, and somatization in primary care patients. Psychiatry Research, 269. pp. 596-601. ISSN 01651781

Article Subjects > Nutrition Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés Downy mildew caused by Plasmopara viticola is one of the most devastating diseases of grapevine, attacking all green parts of the plant. The damage is severe when the infection at flowering stage is left uncontrolled. P. viticola management consumes a significant amount of classical pesticides applied in vineyards, requiring efficient and environmentally safe disease management options. Spray-induced gene silencing (SIGS), through the application of exogenous double-stranded RNA (dsRNA), has shown promising results for the management of diseases in crops. Here, we developed and tested the potential of dsRNA targeting P. viticola Dicer-like (DCL) genes for SIGS-based crop protection strategy. The exogenous application of PvDCL1/2 dsRNA, a chimera of PvDCL1 and PvDCL2, highly affected the virulence of P. viticola. The reduced expression level of PvDCL1 and PvDCL2 transcripts in infected leaves, treated with PvDCL1/2 dsRNA, was an indication of an active RNA interference mechanism inside the pathogen to compromise its virulence. Besides the protective property, the PvDCL1/2 dsRNA also exhibited a curative role by reducing the disease progress rate of already established infection. Our data provide a promising future for PvDCL1/2 dsRNA as a new generation of RNA-based resistant plants or RNA-based agrochemical for the management of downy mildew disease in grapevine. metadata Haile, Zeraye Mehari and Gebremichael, Daniel Endale and Capriotti, Luca and Molesini, Barbara and Negrini, Francesca and Collina, Marina and Sabbadini, Silvia and Mezzetti, Bruno and Baraldi, Elena mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, bruno.mezzetti@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED (2021) Double-Stranded RNA Targeting Dicer-Like Genes Compromises the Pathogenicity of Plasmopara viticola on Grapevine. Frontiers in Plant Science, 12. ISSN 1664-462X

Article Subjects > Psychology Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés, Español Introducción. La regulación emocional se ha relacionado con gran cantidad de trastornos mentales. Su definición ha tenido cierta controversia y distinciones según el autor. Se aportan dos modelos explicativos de la regulación emocional: el Modelo procesual de regulación emocional y el Modelo de regulación emocional basado en el procesamiento emocional. Asimismo, se explica la relación de esta habilidad con la población consumidora, y el estado actual de consumo en España. Objetivo. Estudiar la información científica más reciente, evaluar la utilidad de la regulación emocional tanto para la prevención como para la intervención en personas drogodependientes, y de manera más específica, identificar y analizar la relación existente, las técnicas evaluativas, y la muestra empleada. Método. La selección de artículos se ha realizado desde el año 2016 hasta 2020, estando estos relacionados con la regulación emocional y la población drogodependiente. Fueron ejecutadas búsquedas en Scopus y Psycinfo, utilizando los siguientes términos: “emotional regulation” AND “drug addiction”. Resultados. Del total de artículos potenciales, se seleccionaron 20 que se ajustaban a los criterios de inclusión y exclusión establecidos. Se destacan numerosas relaciones beneficiosas entre la regulación emocional y las personas drogodependientes, centrándose las investigaciones encontradas en poblaciones adultas. Asimismo, se distinguen y describen una serie de instrumentos empleados para la evaluación de la R.E. Conclusión. En esta revisión se concluye que la regulación emocional tiene una gran influencia en la población drogodependiente, obteniéndose de su desarrollo numerosos beneficios, los cuales se dan a un nivel tanto de prevención como de intervención. metadata Sánchez Alonso, Javier mail javier.sanchez1@alumnos.uneatlantico.es (2021) Drogodependencia y desregulación emocional: una revisión sistemática. MLS Psychology Research, 4 (1). pp. 59-78. ISSN 26055295

Article Subjects > Engineering Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Fundación Universitaria Internacional de Colombia > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Universidad Internacional do Cuanza > Research > Scientific Production
Abierto Inglés Traffic accidents present significant risks to human life, leading to a high number of fatalities and injuries. According to the World Health Organization’s 2022 worldwide status report on road safety, there were 27,582 deaths linked to traffic-related events, including 4448 fatalities at the collision scenes. Drunk driving is one of the leading causes contributing to the rising count of deadly accidents. Current methods to assess driver alcohol consumption are vulnerable to network risks, such as data corruption, identity theft, and man-in-the-middle attacks. In addition, these systems are subject to security restrictions that have been largely overlooked in earlier research focused on driver information. This study intends to develop a platform that combines the Internet of Things (IoT) with blockchain technology in order to address these concerns and improve the security of user data. In this work, we present a device- and blockchain-based dashboard solution for a centralized police monitoring account. The equipment is responsible for determining the driver’s impairment level by monitoring the driver’s blood alcohol concentration (BAC) and the stability of the vehicle. At predetermined times, integrated blockchain transactions are executed, transmitting data straight to the central police account. This eliminates the need for a central server, ensuring the immutability of data and the existence of blockchain transactions that are independent of any central authority. Our system delivers scalability, compatibility, and faster execution times by adopting this approach. Through comparative research, we have identified a significant increase in the need for security measures in relevant scenarios, highlighting the importance of our suggested model. metadata Farooq, Hamza and Altaf, Ayesha and Iqbal, Faiza and Castanedo Galán, Juan and Gavilanes Aray, Daniel and Ashraf, Imran mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, juan.castanedo@uneatlantico.es, daniel.gavilanes@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED (2023) DrunkChain: Blockchain-Based IoT System for Preventing Drunk Driving-Related Traffic Accidents. Sensors, 23 (12). p. 5388. ISSN 1424-8220

Article Subjects > Engineering Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Cerrado Inglés The Internet of Things (IoT) is a revolutionary technique of sharing data for smart devices that generates huge amounts of data from smart healthcare systems. Therefore, healthcare systems utilize the convergence power and traffic analysis of sensors that cannot be satisfactorily handled by the IoT. In this article, a novel mutation operator is devised and incorporated with the differential evolution (DE) algorithm. Two tests have been conducted in the validation process. Firstly, the newly dual adaption-based operators incorporated with the differential evolution algorithm are being proposed. The proposed approach provides sufficient diversity and enhances the search speed of nature’s local and global search environments in the problem. The proposed method incorporates the application of IoT-based smart healthcare. Second, an application-based test has been conducted, in which the proposed approach is applied to the application in the smart healthcare system. Therefore, IoT sensor deployment is an optimization problem to minimize service time, delay, and energy loss by considering the communication constraint between sensors(objects). The proposed algorithm is applied in this article to solve this optimization problem. Further, in the experimentation and comparative study, the proposed method is superior to the standard evolutionary algorithms in IoT applications concerning the minimum number of function evaluations and minimization of traffic services. The proposed approach also achieves efficiency in the minimum loss of energy in each service and reduces load and delay metadata Singh, Shailendra Pratap and Viriyasitavat, Wattana and Juneja, Sapna and Alshahrani, Hani and Shaikh, Asadullah and Dhiman, Gaurav and Singh, Aman and Kaur, Amandeep mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, aman.singh@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED (2022) Dual adaption based evolutionary algorithm for optimized the smart healthcare communication service of the Internet of Things in smart city. Physical Communication, 55. p. 101893. ISSN 18744907

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Article Subjects > Engineering Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Abierto Inglés Online learning systems have expanded significantly over the last couple of years. Massive Open Online Courses (MOOCs) have become a major trend on the internet. During the COVID-19 pandemic, the count of learner enrolment has increased in various MOOC platforms like Coursera, Udemy, Swayam, Udacity, FutureLearn, NPTEL, Khan Academy, EdX, SWAYAM, etc. These platforms offer multiple courses, and it is difficult for online learners to choose a suitable course as per their requirements. In order to improve this e-learning education environment and to reduce the drop-out ratio, online learners will need a system in which all the platform’s offered courses are compared and recommended, according to the needs of the learner. So, there is a need to create a learner’s profile to analyze so many platforms in order to fulfill the educational needs of the learners. To develop a profile of a learner or user, three input parameters are considered: personal details, educational details, and knowledge level. Along with these parameters, learners can also create their user profiles by uploading their CVs or LinkedIn. In this paper, the major innovation is to implement a user interface-based intelligent profiling system for enhancing user adaptation in which feedback will be received from a user and courses will be recommended according to user/learners’ preferences. metadata Kaur, Ramneet and Gupta, Deepali and Madhukar, Mani and Singh, Aman and Abdelhaq, Maha and Alsaqour, Raed and Breñosa, Jose and Goyal, Nitin mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, aman.singh@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, josemanuel.brenosa@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED (2022) E-Learning Environment Based Intelligent Profiling System for Enhancing User Adaptation. Electronics, 11 (20). p. 3354. ISSN 2079-9292

Article Subjects > Engineering Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés Tomato is one of the most essential and consumable crops in the world. Tomatoes differ in quantity depending on how they are fertilized. Leaf disease is the primary factor impacting the amount and quality of crop yield. As a result, it is critical to diagnose and classify these disorders appropriately. Different kinds of diseases influence the production of tomatoes. Earlier identification of these diseases would reduce the disease’s effect on tomato plants and enhance good crop yield. Different innovative ways of identifying and classifying certain diseases have been used extensively. The motive of work is to support farmers in identifying early-stage diseases accurately and informing them about these diseases. The Convolutional Neural Network (CNN) is used to effectively define and classify tomato diseases. Google Colab is used to conduct the complete experiment with a dataset containing 3000 images of tomato leaves affected by nine different diseases and a healthy leaf. The complete process is described: Firstly, the input images are preprocessed, and the targeted area of images are segmented from the original images. Secondly, the images are further processed with varying hyper-parameters of the CNN model. Finally, CNN extracts other characteristics from pictures like colors, texture, and edges, etc. The findings demonstrate that the proposed model predictions are 98.49% accurate. metadata Trivedi, Naresh K. and Gautam, Vinay and Anand, Abhineet and Aljahdali, Hani Moaiteq and Gracia Villar, Santos and Anand, Divya and Goyal, Nitin and Kadry, Seifedine mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, santos.gracia@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED (2021) Early Detection and Classification of Tomato Leaf Disease Using High-Performance Deep Neural Network. Sensors, 21 (23). p. 7987. ISSN 1424-8220

Article Subjects > Nutrition Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés Changes in eating behavior and eating disorders are especially common in young people, especially teenage and college women. The first year of college is a critical period, as students acquire freedoms that can lead to poor eating habits. During this first year, students usually gain weight. The aims of this project are to analyze the risk of developing eating disorders, the composition and dietary intake and the changes in the body composition of two groups of college students (independent from the family nucleus or still living within the family) in the first year of college. (2) Material and Methods: Multicentric prospective observational study protocol in which first-year students at the Universidad Europea del Atlántico and Universitat de Vic-Universitat Central de Catalunya voluntarily took part in the study. The students will be divided into two groups, independent and those residing in the family home, and the evolution of both groups will be compared at the beginning and at the end of the school year by performing anthropometric measurements, tests on lifestyle and eating habits (Test of Adherence to the Mediterranean Diet, MEDAS-14; Emotional Eater Questionnaire, EEQ), validated questionnaires on eating disorders (Eating Attitude Test, EAT26; Teen Figure Drawing Scales; SCOFF, Eating Behavior Test; Bulimia Investigatory Test Edinburgh, BITE) and their intake will be evaluated through 72 h dietary records. (3) Discussion: Determining the risk of suffering eating disorders of alimentary behavior, knowing eating consumption, perception of the corporal image and body composition through the first year of college will be decisive in establishing alimentary education strategies to prevent possible eating disorders in young students. metadata Vila-Martí, Anna and Elío Pascual, Iñaki and Sumalla Cano, Sandra mail UNSPECIFIED, inaki.elio@uneatlantico.es, sandra.sumalla@uneatlantico.es (2021) Eating Behavior during First-Year College Students, including Eating Disorders—RUVIC-RUNEAT-TCA Project. Protocol of an Observational Multicentric Study. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 18 (18). p. 9457. ISSN 1660-4601

Article Subjects > Nutrition Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés University students frequently develop unhealthy eating habits. However, it is unknown if students enrolled in academic programs related to nutrition and culinary arts have healthier eating habits. We evaluated the relationship of eating habits and nutritional status of students in academic programs with knowledge on nutrition, as well as cooking methods and techniques. A descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted in spring of 2019, while we completed a survey measuring eating habits and knowledge on nutrition, as well as cooking methods and techniques. Anthropometric measurements were collected for nutritional status estimation. The non-probabilistic convenience sample comprised 93 students pursuing degrees at Universidad Ana G. Mendez, Puerto Rico. Inadequate body mass index (BMI) was observed in 59% of the students. Eating habits, knowledge on nutrition, and knowledge on cooking methods and techniques were inadequate in 86%, 68%, and 41% of the population, respectively. Eating habits were associated with knowledge on nutrition and academic program, but not with knowledge on cooking methods and techniques. Most students reported having inadequate eating habits and BMI. Nutrition and dietetics students had the best knowledge on nutrition compared to culinary management students, a majority of whom had inadequate knowledge. We can conclude that there are other factors inherent to students’ life that may have a stronger influence on eating habits metadata Rivera Medina, Christian and Briones Urbano, Mercedes and de Jesús Espinosa, Aixa and Toledo López, Ángel mail UNSPECIFIED, mercedes.briones@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED (2020) Eating Habits Associated with Nutrition-Related Knowledge among University Students Enrolled in Academic Programs Related to Nutrition and Culinary Arts in Puerto Rico. Nutrients, 12 (5). p. 1408. ISSN 2072-6643

Article Subjects > Biomedicine Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Cerrado Inglés The consumption of edible flowers has increased in recent years because of their wide use in gastronomy as a decorative element or as an ingredient in dishes. In addition to influencing texture, taste or appearance, flowers are rich in bioactive compounds. Scope and approach This review focuses on the composition and nutritional features of edible flowers and their extracts, and their health benefits related to cardiovascular diseases, cancer, neurological diseases, diabetes, obesity, in addition to their hepatoprotective and microbicidal effects. The mechanisms though which some of them exert their effects and the specific compounds associated with these effects have also been addressed. Key findings and conclusions Edible flowers have a high content in phenolic compounds and a high antioxidant capacity, property that confers positive effects on oxidative stress-related diseases. Some extracts based on edible flowers exert hepato-, neuro- or cardioprotective actions. Anticancer properties, improvements in metabolic disorders and microbiocidal effects even in multidrug-resistant bacteria have also been attributed to some edible flowers or their extracts. Most of the studies have been performed in vitro, so further assays in in vivo models are needed. Additionally, it would be important to elucidate the mechanisms by which these observed effects are performed. In conclusion, edible flowers could be used as a new approach for the development of nutraceutical products or functional foods. metadata Rivas-García, Lorenzo and Navarro-Hortal, María D. and Romero-Márquez, José M. and Forbes-Hernández, Tamara Y. and Varela-López, Alfonso and Llopis, Juan and Sánchez-González, Cristina and Quiles, José L. mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, jose.quiles@uneatlantico.es (2020) Edible flowers as a health promoter: An evidence-based review. Trends in Food Science & Technology. ISSN 0924-2244

Article Subjects > Nutrition Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés In a world where 1 billion people suffer from hunger, lands and seas are overexploited and production systems are unsustainable, and there is an urgent need to find alternative foods. In this context, insects represent a good source of macro- and micronutrients and even bioactive compounds that could contribute to reducing nutritional deficiency and preventing some human diseases. However, some aspects related to their consumption, including health risks, need to be clarified. This communication aims to summarize the nutritional/phytochemical profile of common edible insects and the main safety concerns, highlighting the possible strategies to promote entomophagy in a more conscious way. metadata Giampieri, Francesca and Alvarez‐Suarez, José M. and Machì, Michele and Cianciosi, Danila and Navarro‐Hortal, Maria D. and Battino, Maurizio mail francesca.giampieri@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, maurizio.battino@uneatlantico.es (2022) Edible insects: A novel nutritious, functional, and safe food alternative. Food Frontiers. ISSN 2643-8429

Article Subjects > Teaching Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Abierto Portugués O objetivo foi discutir sobre a educação em contexto: experiências e práticas docentes. O conhecimento empírico vem da história de vida pessoal de cada professor e é um conhecimento gerado pelos professores em sua prática diária. A partir dessa questão, buscamos possíveis fontes de conhecimento empírico e sua possível relação com a formação docente, a prática docente e sua atuação nas escolas, buscando encontrar caminhos para qualificar a prática docente. O método de revisão de literatura permite a inclusão de pesquisas experimentais e não experimentais, a combinação da obtenção de dados empíricos e teóricos, pode levar à definição de conceitos, identificação de lacunas no campo da pesquisa, revisão teórica e análise de métodos de pesquisa sobre um determinado tema. O desenvolvimento desse método requer recursos, conhecimentos e habilidades metadata Rodrigues Dantas de Brito, Junea Graciele and Alves Guimarães, Ueudison mail UNSPECIFIED (2022) Educação em contexto: experiências e práticas. RECIMA21 - Revista Científica Multidisciplinar - ISSN 2675-6218, 3 (4). e341396. ISSN 2675-6218

Article Subjects > Physical Education and Sport Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Abierto Español Introducción: Las caídas se consideran como uno de los síndromes geriátricos más importantes por su alta incidencia en los adultos mayores de 65 años. Las caídas pueden generar diversas e importantes consecuencias físicas y/o psicológicas, deterioro funcional, dependencia e incluso la muerte. Objetivo: Determinar la efectividad del entrenamiento propioceptivo para prevenir el riesgo de caídas en el adulto mayor de 65 años residente en un hogar de reposo en el km 1 vía a Dapa, Valle del Cauca. Metodología: Se realizó una investigación cuasiexperimental de corte transversal, con muestra no probabilística constituida por 12 mujeres y 3 hombres adultos mayores de 65 años residentes en un hogar de reposo, participando de manera voluntaria en un entrenamiento propioceptivo de 6 semanas, dos veces a la semana durante los meses de marzo y abril de 2021. La factibilidad de la propuesta de ejercicios propioceptivos se validó a partir de la técnica de investigación grupo nominal. Los resultados incluyeron las pruebas Short Physical Performance Battery (SPPB) y Timed up and go (TUG) evaluadas pre y post intervención. Resultados: Hubo diferencias significativas en el nivel de funcionalidad pre- post intervención, (p<0,05), las dos variables (nivel de riesgo de caída y nivel de funcionalidad) se correlacionan en sentido inverso (p<0,05). Conclusiones: El entrenamiento propioceptivo es efectivo para mejorar el equilibrio estático/dinámico, la velocidad de la marcha y fuerza de extremidades inferiores en los adultos mayores de 65 años que residen en un hogar de reposo. metadata Vélez Alape, Natalia and Hernández Cruz, Leonardo de Jesús and Velarde-Sotres, Álvaro mail UNSPECIFIED, leonardo.hernandez@unib.org, alvaro.velarde@uneatlantico.es (2022) Efecto de un entrenamiento propioceptivo para prevenir el riesgo de caída en adultos mayores. MLS Sport Research, 2 (2).

Article Subjects > Nutrition Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Español La resistencia a la insulina es una complicación presente en sujetos con obesidad y se ha identificado como un factor clave en la aparición y progresión de la diabetes mellitus. Numerosos estudios resaltan los beneficios de una dieta con alto contenido de proteínas tanto para el tratamiento de la obesidad como para la resistencia a la insulina. No obstante, a pesar de dichos beneficios, una dieta hiperproteica se ha relacionado con una peor disfunción metabólica, e incluso empeorando la resistencia a la insulina. Gracias a estudios en metabolómica se ha postulado que los aminoácidos de cadena ramificada pueden estar mediando estos efectos contradictorios de una alta ingesta de proteínas y su relación con la resistencia a la insulina. En la presente revisión narrativa se recopila la evidencia emergente en cuanto al efecto paradójico que pueden desempeñar los aminoácidos de cadena ramificada en la homeostasis del organismo. Diferentes contextos como la presencia de obesidad, patrones dietéticos, origen de proteínas que contengan aminoácidos de cadena ramificada, ejercicio físico, microbiota intestinal, sexo, así como la carga genética, son variables a tener en cuenta para evaluar el rol de estos aminoácidos. metadata Pérez Lagos, Fernando Josué mail fernando.perez@alumnos.uneatlantico.es (2022) Efecto dual de los aminoácidos de cadena ramificada y su relación con la resistencia a la insulina. MLS Health & Nutrition Research, 1 (1).

Article Subjects > Physical Education and Sport Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Español El objetivo del estudio ha sido analizar los efectos de un programa de entrenamiento específico de 8 semanas, que incluye ejercicios de fuerza excéntrica con dispositivos isoinerciales y con autocargas, sobre la condición física de jugadores de fútbol-sala semi-profesionales. Los 10 jugadores de fútbol-sala (23.73±5.5 años de edad;69.91±8.47 kg de peso; 172.27±6.62 cm de altura) fueron divididos al azar en dos grupos: Grupo Autocarga (GAUT; n=5) y Grupo Máquinas (GMAQ; n=5). Ambos grupos realizaron una sesión de entrenamiento con carga excéntrica a la semana, durante 8 microciclos de competición. El futbolista fue evaluado antes (pre-test), nada más finaliar (post-test) y 2 semanas después (re-test) de acabar el programa de intervención. Los test empleados fueron: test de flexibilidad sit-and-reach; test salto “squatjump” (SJ) y “countermovementjump” (CMJ); test de velocidad lineal 30-m; test de velocidad con cambio de dirección. El análisis a través de la prueba estadística Wilcoxon, reflejó mejoras significativas en el CMJ en el GAUT (p≤0.05), la velocidad lineal y en la prueba con cambio de dirección en el GAUT (p≤0.05) y GMAQ (p≤0.01), pero no se han encontrado diferencias intergrupo en ninguna de las variables estudiadas. Los resultados indican que los ejercicios de carga excéntrica pueden ser un complemento eficaz en los programas de entrenamiento específicos de jugadores de fútbol-sala, debido a su incidencia positiva sobre variables de rendimiento importantes como la velocidad no lineal. metadata Sánchez-Sánchez, Javier and Guillen Rodríguez, Javier and Martín García, David and Romo Martín, Daniel and Barrueco García, Javier and Bores Cerezal, Antonio mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, antonio.bores@uneatlantico.es (2017) Efectos de un entrenamiento con cargas excéntricas sobre el rendimiento en jugadores de fútbol sala. SPORT TK-Revista EuroAmericana de Ciencias del Deporte, 6 (1). pp. 57-66. ISSN 2340-8812

Article Subjects > Physical Education and Sport Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés, Español El objetivo de esta revisión fue conocer los efectos de distintos programas de baile en la mejora de los síntomas y calidad de vida de pacientes con enfermedad de párkinson (EP). Se llevó a cabo una revisión sistemática de diferentes programas de baile en tres bases de datos (Google académico, Pubmed y Dialnet). Se incluyeron 14 ensayos con un total de 469 participantes y se evaluaron distintas modalidades de baile, los cuales mostraron resultados favorables en la función motora, cognitiva y calidad de vida de las personas con EP. La modalidad del tango, seguida de la samba parece ser la más idónea para este tipo de enfermedad, produciendo mayores mejoras en el equilibrio, velocidad de movimiento y patrón de marcha, debido a su variedad de movimientos y característico ritmo marcado. Sin embargo, los dos bailes más desafiantes fueron el vals y el cha-cha-cha, debido al cruce de los pies, cambios de dirección y menor sujeción. A pesar de existir la necesidad de una continua investigación y programas de mayor duración, el análisis de resultados sugiere que el baile puede ser un tratamiento efectivo en pacientes con EP, ya que se aprecia una disminución de los síntomas y por lo tanto una mejora de la calidad de vida. metadata López Campo, Noelia and Picabea Arburu, Jon Mikel mail UNSPECIFIED, jon.picabea@uneatlantico.es (2021) Efectos del baile en pacientes con Párkinson: revisión sistemática. MLS Sport Research, 1 (1). pp. 35-50.

Article Subjects > Physical Education and Sport Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés, Español Los principales objetivos de esta investigación fueron analizar los efectos de las diferentes fases del ciclo menstrual (CM) sobre dos elementos de la condición física, la fuerza- potencia y el equilibrio dinámico, y sobre el estado psicológico de una mujer moderadamente activa. En este estudio participó una mujer de 28 años, la cual consumía anticonceptivos orales. En total se registraron 6 sesiones que correspondieron a 2 ciclos menstruales completos y a cada una de sus fases (menstrual, folicular y lútea). En cada sesión se realizaron tres pruebas para evaluar las variables de la condición física (Leg extensión en Kineo, Press Banca en Multipower e Y Balance Test) y un test para las variables psicológicas (Test de POMS). Los resultados obtenidos mostraron que durante la fase lútea (FL) la participante consiguió los valores más bajos en las 3 pruebas físicas de potencia y equilibrio dinámico, siendo la fase folicular (FF) donde mejor desempeño obtuvo. En la prueba psicológica, se destaca la fase menstrual (FM) por tener los valores más altos en la dimensión de fatiga-inercia, en contraposición con la FF donde se observaron valores más altos para la dimensión de vigor-activación. El cuestionario personal sobre el CM reveló la presencia de síntomas menstruales y premenstruales en los dos ciclos estudiados. Se sugiere que los cambios producidos en las variables físicas y psicológicas de la sujeto, se deban a la presencia de síntomas premenstruales, sin poder confirmar la influencia hormonal al no haberse realizado análisis de sangre u orina. metadata Castanedo Escalante, Jessica and Corrales Pardo, Andrea mail UNSPECIFIED, andrea.corrales@uneatlantico.es (2021) Efectos del ciclo menstrual en el estado físico y psicológico de una mujer activa. MLS Sport Research, 1 (1). pp. 69-82.

Article Subjects > Physical Education and Sport Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés, Español La dismenorrea primaria (DP) es el trastorno menstrual más común y se define como menstruación dolorosa. Este problema de salud reduce la calidad de vida de más del 70% de las mujeres que lo padecen, por lo que los principales objetivos de esta revisión fueron evaluar si realizar ejercicio físico era seguro para estas mujeres y, conociendo sus efectos en la DP, comparar los distintos ejercicios o métodos de entrenamiento analizando cuáles son los más eficaces. En este trabajo se revisaron artículos procedentes de la base de datos PubMed, seleccionando aquellos escritos en castellano e inglés, que no tuviesen más de 5 años y escogiendo estudios de intervención para realizar el análisis. Además, se completó la información con la página web del Colegio Americano de Obstetras y Ginecólogos. Las intervenciones señalaron al ejercicio físico como un tratamiento positivo para la DP. Las mejoras más significativas se obtuvieron en el dolor e intensidad de la menstruación. También hubo reducciones en la angustia menstrual, la duración del dolor y en los analgésicos consumidos, así como mejoras en la calidad de vida. Se concluye que el ejercicio físico realizado de una forma regular es un método seguro y eficaz para reducir los síntomas producidos por la DP. La práctica prolongada en el tiempo también tendrá efectos beneficiosos a la larga, reduciendo aún más estos síntomas y mejorando la salud en general de la persona. Además, cabe destacar que este tratamiento no genera efectos secundarios en el organismo. El ejercicio aeróbico parece ser el método de entrenamiento más efectivo para los síntomas dismenorreicos, seguido de algunos ejercicios de estiramiento o el yoga. metadata Millares Samperio, María and Corrales Pardo, Andrea mail UNSPECIFIED, andrea.corrales@uneatlantico.es (2021) Efectos del ejercicio físico en la dismenorrea primaria. Revisión sistemática. Revisión sistemática. MLSSR Internet, 1 (1). pp. 51-68.

Article Subjects > Nutrition Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés Tree nuts, including Brazil nuts, have been hypothesized to impact cardiovascular health through the modulation of oxidative stress and inflammation. Nonetheless, a quantitative analysis of these effects has not been performed. Therefore, the aim of this study was to systematically revise and quantify the effect of Brazil nut intervention on selenium status, blood lipids, and biomarkers of oxidative stress and inflammation using a meta-analytical approach. To meet the goals of this study, a systematic search of PubMed, EMBASE, and Web of Science databases of published randomised clinical trials reporting on dietary interventions with Brazil nuts and their effects on selenium status, blood lipids, and markers of oxidative stress and inflammation was performed. Eight articles were included for systematic review and meta-analysis. Based on the conducted analysis, a significant positive effect of Brazil nuts on selenium blood concentration (SMD = 6.93, 95% CI: 3.99; 9.87) was found. Additionally, a positive effect of Brazil nut intervention on glutathione peroxidase activity (SMD = 0.53, 95% CI: 0.07; 0.99) was observed. However, no significant results were found when considering blood lipid levels, including results for total cholesterol (SMD = −0.22, 95% CI: −0.57; 0.14), HDL cholesterol (SMD = −0.04, 95% CI: −0.28; 0.19) and LDL cholesterol (SMD = −0.15; 95% CI: −0.43; 0.13). In conclusion, the findings from this study suggest that Brazil nut consumption improves selenium status and exerts antioxidant effects, which could be considered a potential pathway for the prevention of metabolic disorders related to altered blood lipid profiles. However, further studies are needed to elucidate the effect of Brazil nuts toward blood lipid profile, also preferably controlling for other biomarkers. metadata Godos, Justyna and Giampieri, Francesca and Micek, Agnieszka and Battino, Maurizio and Forbes-Hernández, Tamara Y. and Quiles, José L. and Paladino, Nadia and Falzone, Luca and Grosso, Giuseppe mail UNSPECIFIED, francesca.giampieri@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, maurizio.battino@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, jose.quiles@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED (2022) Effect of Brazil Nuts on Selenium Status, Blood Lipids, and Biomarkers of Oxidative Stress and Inflammation: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Randomized Clinical Trials. Antioxidants, 11 (2). p. 403. ISSN 2076-3921

Article Subjects > Physical Education and Sport Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés Irisin seems to play an important role in several chronic diseases, however, the interactions between chronic training and irisin are still unclear. The purpose of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to examine the effect of chronic resistance training on circulating irisin in adults. Literature search was conducted in PubMed, Web of Science and EBSCOhost (Academic Search Complete) until December 2020. Randomized controlled trials researching irisin levels after a resistance training program for at least 8 weeks among an adult population were eligible. Other inclusion criteria comprised recruiting a control group and reporting circulating irisin through ELISA kits. Cohen’s d effect size and subgroup analyses (95% confidence level) were calculated using a random effects analysis model. Data of the seven included studies comprising 282 individuals showed an increasing and non-significant tendency after a resistance training program (d = 0.58, 95% CI: −0.25 to 1.40, p = 0.17). Subgroup analyses showed significant increases for the older adults group (p < 0.001) and when training is demanding and progressive in terms of intensity (p = 0.03). Data suggest that resistance training programs seem to increase circulating irisin, especially in older adults and in demanding and progressive training programs. However, more studies should be conducted using robust measurement methods, such as mass spectrometry, to better understand the interaction between chronic resistance exercise and irisin. metadata Cosio, Pedro L. and Crespo-Posadas, Manuel and Velarde-Sotres, Álvaro and Pelaez, Mireia mail pedro.cosio@alumnos.uneatlantico.es, manuel.crespo@uneatlantico.es, alvaro.velarde@uneatlantico.es, mireia.pelaez@uneatlantico.es (2021) Effect of Chronic Resistance Training on Circulating Irisin: Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Randomized Controlled Trials. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 18 (5). p. 2476. ISSN 1660-4601

Article Subjects > Engineering Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Abierto Inglés Seven aromatic polyamides and copolyamides were synthesized from two different aromatic diamines: 4,4′-(Hexafluoroisopropylidene)bis(p-phenyleneoxy)dianiline (HFDA) and 2,4-Aminobenzenesulfonic acid (DABS). The synthesis was carried out by polycondensation using isophthaloyl dichloride (1SO). The effect of an increasing molar concentration of the sulfonated groups, from DABS, in the copolymer properties was evaluated. Inherent viscosity tests were carried out to estimate molecular weights. Mechanical tests were carried out under tension, maximum strength ( σ max), Young’s modulus (E), and elongation at break (εmax) to determine their mechanical properties. Tests for water sorption and ion exchange capacity (IEC) were carried out. Proton conductivity was measured using electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS). The results indicate that as the degree of sulfonation increase, the greater the proton conductivity. The results obtained showed conductivity values lower than the commercial membrane Nafion 115 of 0.0065 S cm−1. The membrane from copolyamide HFDA/DABS/1S0-70/30 with 30 mol DABS obtained the best IEC, with a value of 0.747 mmol g−1 that resulted in a conductivity of 2.7018 × 10−4 S cm−1, lower than the data reported for the commercial membrane Nafion 115. According to the results obtained, we can suggest that further developments increasing IEC will render membranes based on aromatic polyamides that are suitable for their use in PEM fuel cells. metadata Pali-Casanova, Ramón and Yam Cervantes, Marcial Alfredo and Zavala-Loría, José and Loría-Bastarrachea, María and Aguilar-Vega, Manuel and Dzul Lopez, Luis Alonso and Sámano Celorio, María Luisa and Crespo-Álvarez, Jorge and García Villena, Eduardo and Agudo-Toyos, Pablo and Méndez-Martínez, Francisco mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, luis.dzul@unini.edu.mx, marialuisa.samano@uneatlantico.es, jorge.crespo@uneatlantico.es, eduardo.garcia@uneatlantico.es, pablo.agudo@uenatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED (2019) Effect of Sulfonic Groups Concentration on IEC Properties in New Fluorinated Copolyamides. Polymers, 11 (7). p. 1169. ISSN 2073-4360

Article Subjects > Teaching Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés The objective of this research was to analyze the impact of an intervention program performed by a specialist in physical education (PE) to contribute to the development of motor competence (MC) in pre-school children with motor development problems. The sample consisted of 28 children (12 from the intervention group and 16 from the control group) aged between 4.1 and 5.9 years (mean = 4.71 ± 0.54) who were in the fifth and sixth grades of pre-school education in two schools from Lugo, Spain. The Movement Assessment Battery for Children-2 (MABC-2) was used for data collection. The data revealed that, in the pre- and post-test intervention groups, there are statistically significant differences in manual dexterity (p < 0.001; d = 2.63), aiming and catching (p < 0.002; d = 1.13), balance (p < 0.001; d = 1.68), total test score (p < 0.001; d = 3.30) and total percentile score (p < 0.001; d = 1.88). Between the control and intervention post-test groups, significant differences were found in manual dexterity (p = 0.015; η2 = 0.22), aiming and catching (p = 0.003; η2 = 0.32), balance (p = 0.050; η2 = 0.15), total test score (p < 0.001; η2 = 0.47) and total percentile score (p < 0.001; η2 = 0.48). Based on the results obtained, a specific MC program implemented by a PE specialist contributed to the improvement of manual dexterity, aiming and catching and balance, as well as a better percentile in the general MC of pre-school children diagnosed with motor skill problems. metadata Navarro-Patón, Rubén and Martín-Ayala, Juan Luis and Martí González, Mariacarla and Hernández, Alba and Mecías-Calvo, Marcos mail UNSPECIFIED, juan.martin@uneatlantico.es, mariacarla.marti@uneatlantico.es, alba.hernandez@uneatlantico.es, marcos.mecias@uneatlantico.es (2021) Effect of a 6-Week Physical Education Intervention on Motor Competence in Pre-School Children with Developmental Coordination Disorder. Journal of Clinical Medicine, 10 (9). p. 1936. ISSN 2077-0383

Article Subjects > Nutrition Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Cerrado Inglés Antimony is a toxic element whose concentration in soil and water has been rising due to anthropogenic activities. This study focuses on its accumulation in leaves of Dittrichia viscosa growing in soils of an abandoned Sb mine, and the effect on oxidant/antioxidant systems and photosynthetic efficiency. The results showed leaves to have a high Sb accumulation capacity. The amount of total chlorophyll decreased depending on Sb concentration and of carotenoids increased slightly, with a consequent increase in carotenoid/chlorophyll ratio. Photosynthetic efficiency was unaffected. The amount of O .−2 rose, although there was no increase in cell membrane damage, with lipid peroxidation levels being similar to normal. This response may be due to considerable increases that were observed in total phenolics, PPO activity, and enzymatic antioxidant system. SOD, POX, and DHAR activities increased in response to increased Sb amounts in leaves. The ascorbate/glutathione cycle was also affected, with strong increases observed in all of its components, and consequent increases in total contents of the ascorbate and glutathione pools. However, the ratio between reduced and oxidized forms declined, reflecting an imbalance between the two, especially that between GSH and GSSG. Efficient detoxification of Sb may take place either through increases in phenolics, carotenoids, and components of the glutathione–ascorbate cycle or through the enzymatic antioxidant system. Since Dittrichia viscosa accumulates large amounts of Sb without suffering oxidative damage, it could be used for phytoremediation. metadata Garrido, Ignacio and Ortega, A. and Hernández Suárez, Marcos and Fernández-Pozo, L. and Cabezas, J. and Espinosa, F. mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, marcos.hernandez@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED (2021) Effect of antimony in soils of an Sb mine on the photosynthetic pigments and antioxidant system of Dittrichia viscosa leaves. Environmental Geochemistry and Health, 43 (4). pp. 1367-1383. ISSN 0269-4042

Article Subjects > Nutrition Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Cerrado Inglés In this study, the phytochemical profile of fifty olive leaves (OL) extracts from Spain, Italy, Greece, Portugal, and Morocco was characterized and their anti-cholinergic, anti-inflammatory, and antioxidant activities were evaluated. Luteolin-7-O-glucoside, isoharmnentin, and apigenin were involved in the acetylcholinesterase (AChE) inhibitory activity, while oleuropein and hydroxytyrosol showed noteworthy potential. Secoiridoids contributed to the cyclooxygenase-2 inhibitory activity and antioxidant capacity. Compounds such as oleuropein, ligstroside and luteolin-7-O-glucoside, may exert an important role in the ferric reducing antioxidant capacity. It should be also highlighted the role of hydroxytyrosol, hydroxycoumarins, and verbascoside concerning the antioxidant activity. This research provides valuable insights and confirms that specific compounds within OL extracts contribute to distinct anti-cholinergic, anti-inflammatory, and anti-oxidative effects. metadata Romero-Márquez, Jose M. and Navarro-Hortal, María D. and Forbes-Hernández, Tamara Y. and Varela-López, Alfonso and Puentes, Juan G. and Sánchez-González, Cristina and Sumalla Cano, Sandra and Battino, Maurizio and García-Ruiz, Roberto and Sánchez, Sebastián and Quiles, José L. mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, sandra.sumalla@uneatlantico.es, maurizio.battino@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, jose.quiles@uneatlantico.es (2024) Effect of olive leaf phytochemicals on the anti-acetylcholinesterase, anti-cyclooxygenase-2 and ferric reducing antioxidant capacity. Food Chemistry, 444. p. 138516. ISSN 03088146

Article Subjects > Psychology Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Cerrado Inglés Despite the high economic costs associated with emotional disorders, relatively few studies have examined the variation in costs according to whether or not the patient has achieved a reliable recovery or not. The aim of this study was to explore differences in health care costs and productivity losses between primary care patients from a previous RCT—PsicAP— with emotional symptoms who achieved a reliable recovery versus and those who did not after transdiagnostic cognitive-behavioural therapy (TD-CBT) plus treatment as usual (TAU) or TAU alone. Sociodemographic and cost data were obtained for 134 participants treated at five primary care centres in Madrid for the 12-month post-treatment period. Reliable recovery rates were higher in the patients who received TD-CBT+TAU versus TAU alone (66% versus 34%; chi-square= 13.78; df=1; p< .001). Patients who did not achieve reliable recovery incurred in more costs, especially associated with GP consultations (t=3.01; df=132; p=.003), use of emergency departments (t= 2.20; df= 132; p=.030), total health care costs (t=2.01; df=132; p=.040), and sick leaves (t=1.97; df=132; p=.048). These findings underscore the societal importance of achieving a reliable recovery in patients with emotional disorders, and further support the value of adding TD-CBT to TAU in the primary care setting. metadata Barrio-Martínez, Sara and Ruiz-Rodríguez, Paloma and Adrián Medrano, Leonardo and Priede, Amador and Muñoz-Navarro, Roger and Antonio Moriana, Juan and Carpallo-González, María and Prieto-Vila, Maider and Cano-Vindel, Antonio and González-Blanch, César mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, cesar.gonzalezblanch@uneatlantico.es (2023) Effect of reliable recovery on health care costs and productivity losses in emotional disorders. Behavior Therapy. ISSN 00057894

Article Subjects > Physical Education and Sport Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Cerrado Inglés This study aimed to examine the effect of the ovulatory menstrual cycle (MC) when estimating the 1 repetition maximum (1RM) from the individual load-velocity relationship during the bench press (BP) exercise. Nine resistance-trained eumenorrheic women (age: 28.7 ± 3.6 years) were tested in 3 different phases across the MC: menstrual or early follicular phase (i.e., testing between days 1–3), follicular or late follicular phase (i.e., testing between days 7–10), and luteal or mid-luteal phase (i.e., testing between days 19–21). Each testing trial consisted of an incremental loading protocol against 4 loading conditions (≈50-70-80-90% 1RM) in the concentric-only BP exercise. A smartphone application (MyLift) was used to collect the mean velocity (MV) of all repetitions. The 1RM was estimated from the individual load-velocity relationship by applying a linear regression model as the load associated with an MV of 0.17 m·s−1. In addition, the MV obtained at each %1RM (i.e., from 20% 1RM to 80% 1RM in 20% increments), the load-velocity slope (i.e., the decrease in MV per each 1% of increment in the %1RM), and the y-intercept (i.e., the estimate of MV at 0% 1RM) were computed from the individual load-velocity relationships. No significant differences were observed between the 3 phases of the MC for any of the measured load-velocity relationship parameters (corrected p-value ≥0.495; effect size ≤0.24). The results suggest that the estimation of the BP 1RM from the load-velocity relationship seems not to vary over the 3 different phases of the MC (i.e., menstrual, follicular, and luteal phases). metadata García-Pinillos, Felipe and Lago-Fuentes, Carlos and Bujalance-Moreno, Pascual and Pérez-Castilla, Alejandro mail UNSPECIFIED, carlos.lago@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED (2022) Effect of the Menstrual Cycle When Estimating 1 Repetition Maximum From the Load-Velocity Relationship During the Bench Press Exercise. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, Publis. ISSN 1064-8011

Article Subjects > Physical Education and Sport Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés The aim of this study was to assess the effect of core strength training performed on a stable surface (CTS) compared with core strength training performed on an unstable surface (CTU) on physical fitness (jump performance, sprint, and repeated sprint ability (RSA)) and quality of movement (Fundamental Movement Screen) in professional female futsal players. Fourteen professional female futsal players (mean age: 23.7 ± 5.1 years, age range: 18-28 years) were randomly assigned to a CTS (n = 7) or a CTU (n = 7) group. The intervention program was carried out 3 times a week over 6 weeks. Players of both groups performed the same four core-strengthening exercises. The only difference between the two interventions was that the CTU group performed all exercises (i.e., shoulder bridge, side bridge, prone plank, and crunch) on an unstable surface (Togu® Dyn-Air). Within-group analysis showed significant improvements (p < 0.001) in 10 m sprint performance from the pre- to post-test in the CTS (+4.37%) and CTU (+5.00%) groups. Players in both the CTS (+10.39%) and CTU (+11.10%) group also showed significant enhancement in the Functional Movement Screen total score, from the pre-test to post-test. In addition, a significant time effect was also observed for the CTU group in the relative score of the RSA test decreasing from the pre- to post-test (-30.85%). In the between-groups analysis, there were no significant differences between the core strength training groups (CTS vs CTU) in any variable. To conclude, sprint and Functional Movement Screen performance improved following CTS and CTU when conducted in combination with regular futsal training. In addition, CTU had limited benefit in RSA compared to CTS. metadata Lago-Fuentes, Carlos and Rey, Ezequiel and Padrón-Cabo, Alexis and Sal de Rellán-Guerra, Alejandro and Fragueiro-Rodríguez, Ana and García-Núñez, Javier mail carlos.lago@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED (2018) Effects of Core Strength Training Using Stable and Unstable Surfaces on Physical Fitness and Functional Performance in Professional Female Futsal Players. Journal of Human Kinetics, 65 (1). pp. 213-224. ISSN 1899-7562

Article Subjects > Engineering
Subjects > Nutrition
Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés The present study assessed the responses, in terms of vegetative, productive, qualitative, and nutritional features, of plants and berries of three remontant strawberry cultivars cultivated in soil and irrigated using three irrigation regimes: standard irrigation regime (W100), 20% (W80) less irrigation than the standard irrigation, and 40% (W60) less irrigation than the standard irrigation. The tested plants were “Albion”, “San Andreas”, and “Monterey”, which were cultivated in the east coast area of Marche, Italy. Specifically, the study examined the response of the genotype to irrigation deficit, highlighting the performance of the “Monterey” cultivar, which showed improvement in terms of fruit firmness, folate content, and antioxidant capacity at the W80 irrigation regime without a significant yield reduction. In all the cultivars, when irrigation was reduced by up to 20% of the standard irrigation regime (W100), there were no significant losses of yield or reduction in the fruits’ sensorial quality or antioxidant activity. The results showed that the standard irrigation regime (W100) commonly adopted by the farmers in the Marche area uses more water than necessary. With more accurate water management, it will be possible to save almost 226 m3 of water per hectare per cultivation cycle. metadata Marcellini, Micol and Raffaelli, Davide and Mazzoni, Luca and Pergolotti, Valeria and Balducci, Francesca and Armas Diaz, Yasmany and Mezzetti, Bruno and Capocasa, Franco mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, bruno.mezzetti@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED (2023) Effects of Different Irrigation Rates on Remontant Strawberry Cultivars Grown in Soil. Horticulturae, 9 (9). p. 1026. ISSN 2311-7524

Article Subjects > Psychology Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Universidad Internacional do Cuanza > Research > Scientific Production
Cerrado Inglés Many earlier studies conducted on sports betting and addiction have examined sports betting in the context of gambling and have not taken into account the specific motivations of sports betting. Therefore, the effects of motivational elements of sports betting on sports betting addiction risk are unknown. The aim of the present study was to examine the effects of motivation factors specific to sports betting on sports betting addiction. Accordingly, three linked studies were conducted. Firstly, to determine sports betting motivations “Sports Betting Motivation Scale (SBMS)” developed and validated. Secondly, to determine the risks of sports betting addiction “Problem Sports Betting Severity Index (PSBSI)” was adapted from Problem Gambling Severity Index (PGSI). Finally, the third study examined effects of the sports betting motivations on sports betting addiction risk. Study one (n=281), study two comprised (n=230), and the final study comprised (n=643) sports fans who bet on sports regularly for 12 months with different motivations. The findings demonstrate that the SBMS appears to be a reliable and valid instrument for assessing sports betting motivations. Also, the findings provided PSBSI validity for the use of the Turkish and sports betting adapted version of PGSI. As a result of the main research, “make money,” “socialization,” and “being in the game” motivations were found to be positive predictors of sports betting addiction risk, while “fun” motivation was a negative predictor. The motivations “recreation/escape,” “knowledge of the game,” and “interest in sport” were found not to be significant predictors of the risk of sports betting addiction. metadata Gökce Yüce, Sevda and Yüce, Arif and Katırcı, Hakan and Nogueira-López, Abel and González-Hernández, Juan mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, abel.nogueira@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED (2021) Effects of Sports Betting Motivations on Sports Betting Addiction in a Turkish Sample. International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction. ISSN 1557-1874

Article Subjects > Physical Education and Sport Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Cerrado Inglés BACKGROUND: The high injury rate in football has highlighted the need to research strategies that allow the modification of the dynamic risk factors. Most of the preventive proposals have focused on standardized protocols. However, the aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of a multifactorial injuries prevention program (MC-7) in Spanish football players. METHODS: A total of 219 Spanish football male players aged 16-23 were enrolled. The study was conducted over two consecutive seasons (2012-2013, 2013-2014). The first season was the control season (SC) and the second one was the experimental season (ES). Injuries were recorded prospectively during the two seasons in accordance with the criteria established by the consensus statement. During CS the injuries were just observed, while during ES, the players participated in the MC-7: training methodology, specific warm-up protocol (FIFA 11+), basic injury recovery strategies, continuous training of coaches, conferences for parents/family and education sessions for players. RESULTS: The frequency of injuries was significantly reduced by 63.8% in the ES. Muscle-tendon and joint injuries were reduced by 65% and 56.7% respectively, with a significant decrease in the lower-limbs injuries. The incidence of injuries was reduced by 71.4%, with significant differences in the typology, location and severity of injuries. CONCLUSIONS: The rate of injury in football is reduced when multifactorial strategies are applied. Reducing the frequency and severity of injuries allowed players to greatly increase their available for sports practice metadata Chena, Marcos and Rodríguez, María Luisa and Bores Cerezal, Antonio and Ramos-Campo, Domingo J. mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, antonio.bores@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED (2019) Effects of a multifactorial injuries prevention program in young Spanish football players. The Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness, 59 (8). ISSN 00224707

Article Subjects > Biomedicine Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Universidad Internacional do Cuanza > Research > Scientific Production
Cerrado Inglés Fasting, caloric restriction and foods or compounds mimicking the biological effects of caloric restriction, known as caloric restriction mimetics, have been associated with a lower risk of age-related diseases, including cardiovascular diseases, cancer and cognitive decline, and a longer lifespan. Reduced calorie intake has been shown to stimulate cancer immunosurveillance, reducing the migration of immunosuppressive regulatory T cells towards the tumor bulk. Autophagy stimulation via reduction of lysine acetylation, increased sensitivity to chemo- and immunotherapy, along with a reduction of insulin-like growth factor 1 and reactive oxygen species have been described as some of the major effects triggered by caloric restriction. Fasting and caloric restriction have also been shown to beneficially influence gut microbiota composition, modify host metabolism, reduce total cholesterol and triglyceride levels, lower diastolic blood pressure and elevate morning cortisol level, with beneficial modulatory effects on cardiopulmonary fitness, body fat and weight, fatigue and weakness, and general quality of life. Moreover, caloric restriction may reduce the carcinogenic and metastatic potential of cancer stem cells, which are generally considered responsible of tumor formation and relapse. Here, we reviewed in vitro and in vivo studies describing the effects of fasting, caloric restriction and some caloric restriction mimetics on immunosurveillance, gut microbiota, metabolism, and cancer stem cell growth, highlighting the molecular and cellular mechanisms underlying these effects. Additionally, studies on caloric restriction interventions in cancer patients or cancer risk subjects are discussed. Considering the promising effects associated with caloric restriction and caloric restriction mimetics, we think that controlled-randomized large clinical trials are warranted to evaluate the inclusion of these non-pharmacological approaches in clinical practice. metadata Pistollato, Francesca and Forbes-Hernández, Tamara Y. and Calderón Iglesias, Rubén and Ruiz Salces, Roberto and Elexpuru Zabaleta, Maria and Dominguez Azpíroz, Irma and Cianciosi, Danila and Quiles, José L. and Giampieri, Francesca and Battino, Maurizio mail francesca.pistollato@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, ruben.calderon@uneatlantico.es, roberto.ruiz@uneatlantico.es, maria.elexpuru@uneatlantico.es, irma.dominguez@unini.edu.mx, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED (2021) Effects of caloric restriction on immunosurveillance, microbiota and cancer cell phenotype: Possible implications for cancer treatment. Seminars in Cancer Biology. pp. 45-57. ISSN 1044-579X

Article Subjects > Nutrition Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Cerrado Inglés The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of enzymatic treatments (pectinase, pectin lyase, and cellulase) on the in vitro digestion and fermentation characteristics of whole mulberry fruit juice. The analysis focused on changes in carbohydrate properties within the black mulberry fruit matrix during simulated digestion and fermentation. Human fecal microbiota were collected and introduced to the fruit matrix to monitor the fate of both soluble and insoluble polysaccharides during fermentation. The results revealed that enzymatic treatments enhanced the solubilization of carbohydrates from mulberry fruits, with pectinase showing the most significant effect. Throughout the process of in vitro digestion, there was a gradual increase in the percentage of solubilized carbohydrates from the mulberry juice substrate. The digested suspensions underwent dialysis to remove degradation fragments, and a lower quantity of carbohydrate in the enzyme-treated groups compared to the control. Polysaccharide populations with varying molecular weights (Mw) were obtained from the soluble fractions of mulberry residues for subsequent fermentation. An increase in Mw of soluble polysaccharides was detected by HPSEC during fermentation in certain cases. The gut microbiota demonstrated the ability to convert specific insoluble fractions into soluble components, which were subsequently subjected to microbial utilization. Enzymatic treatments during mulberry juice preparation can potentially positively impact health by influencing gut microbiota and short-chain fatty acid (SCFA) modulations. Enzymes could serve as valuable tools for producing functional fruit and vegetable juices, with the need to specify processing conditions for specific raw materials remaining a subject of further investigation. metadata Luo, Peihuan and Ai, Jian and Wang, Yuxin and Wang, Songen and Schols, Henk A. and Smidt, Hauke and Battino, Maurizio and Bai, Weibin and Tian, Lingmin mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, maurizio.battino@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED (2024) Effects of enzymatic treatment on the in vitro digestion and fermentation patterns of mulberry fruit juice: A focus on carbohydrates. Food Hydrocolloids, 146. p. 109223. ISSN 0268005X

Article Subjects > Nutrition Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés In order to improve the recovery process in combat sports disciplines, ergo-nutritional strategies could be an effective option in training and competition. Some of these ergo-nutritional aids could improve performance but literature references are scarce, with controversial results regarding actual recovery effects. This systematic review aimed to examine which ergo-nutritional methods are most effective for assisting in the recovery process in combat sports, and to determine the appropriate training stimuli. This systematic review was carried out following the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Review (PRISMA) guidelines. A computerized search was performed in PubMed, Web of Science, the Cochrane Collaboration Database, Evidence Database, Evidence Based Medicine Search review, National Guidelines, EM-BASE, Scopus and Google Scholar system (from 1995 to April 30, 2021). The PICOS model was used to define inclusion and exclusion criteria. Out of 123 studies initially found, 18 met the eligibility criteria and were included in the review. Data from 367 athletes from different disciplines were examined. The evidence was grouped in 4 areas: oxidative stress, muscle and energy recovery, muscle repair, and metabolic acidosis. Evidence showed that vitamins, minerals, and some natural ergo-nutritional products are effective as antioxidants. Carbohydrates and protein determine the recovery effect. Sodium bicarbonate has a role as primary acidosis metabolic delayer. Accordingly, ergo-nutritional aids can help in the recovery process. Considering the effects outlined in the literature, more studies are needed to provide firm evidence. metadata López Laval, Isaac and Marqués Giménez, Diego and Velarde-Sotres, Álvaro and Sitko, Sebastian and Calleja Gonzalez, Julio mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, alvaro.velarde@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED (2022) Effects of ergo-nutritional strategies on recovery in combat sports disciplines. Nutrición Hospitalaria. ISSN 0212-1611

Article Subjects > Biomedicine Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés Extremely low-frequency electromagnetic fields (ELF-MF) can modify the cell viability and regulatory processes of some cell types, including breast cancer cells. Breast cancer is a multifactorial disease where a role for ELF-MF cannot be excluded. ELF-MF may influence the biological properties of breast cells through molecular mechanisms and signaling pathways that are still unclear. This study analyzed the changes in the cell viability, cellular morphology, oxidative stress response and alteration of proteomic profile in breast cancer cells (MDA-MB-231) exposed to ELF-MF (50 Hz, 1 mT for 4 h). Non-tumorigenic human breast cells (MCF-10A) were used as control cells. Exposed MDA-MB-231 breast cancer cells increased their viability and live cell number and showed a higher density and length of filopodia compared with the unexposed cells. In addition, ELF-MF induced an increase of the mitochondrial ROS levels and an alteration of mitochondrial morphology. Proteomic data analysis showed that ELF-MF altered the expression of 328 proteins in MDA-MB-231 cells and of 242 proteins in MCF-10A cells. Gene Ontology term enrichment analysis demonstrated that in both cell lines ELF-MF exposure up-regulated the genes enriched in “focal adhesion” and “mitochondrion”. The ELF-MF exposure decreased the adhesive properties of MDA-MB-231 cells and increased the migration and invasion cell abilities. At the same time, proteomic analysis, confirmed by Real Time PCR, revealed that transcription factors associated with cellular reprogramming were upregulated in MDA-MB-231 cells and downregulated in MCF-10A cells after ELF-MF exposure. MDA-MB-231 breast cancer cells exposed to 1 mT 50 Hz ELF-MF showed modifications in proteomic profile together with changes in cell viability, cellular morphology, oxidative stress response, adhesion, migration and invasion cell abilities. The main signaling pathways involved were relative to focal adhesion, mitochondrion and cellular reprogramming. metadata Lazzarini, Raffaella and Elexpuru Zabaleta, Maria and Piva, Francesco and Giulietti, Matteo and Fulgenzi, Gianluca and Tartaglione, Maria Fiorella and Zingaretti, Laura and Tagliabracci, Adriano and Valentino, Matteo and Santarelli, Lory and Bracci, Massimo mail UNSPECIFIED, maria.elexpuru@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED (2023) Effects of extremely low-frequency magnetic fields on human MDA-MB-231 breast cancer cells: proteomic characterization. Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety, 253. p. 114650. ISSN 01476513

Article Subjects > Biomedicine Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Cerrado Inglés About 1 of 10 women, particularly those older than 60 years of age, shows some degree of thyroid hormone deficiency. Thyroid diseases are generally characterized by perturbations of thyroid signaling homeostasis. The most common examples of thyroid diseases include hypothyroidism, hyperthyroidism, and several types of thyroid cancers. Phytochemicals have been shown to have either beneficial or detrimental effects on thyroid function. Some flavonoids have been reported to affect the expression and the activity of several thyroid-related enzymes and proteins, and for this reason some concerns have been raised about the possible thyroid-disruptive properties of foods enriched in these substances. On the other hand, the beneficial effects of some plant-derived compounds, such as myricetin, quercetin, apigenin, rutin, genistein, and curcumin, and their possible role as adjuvants for the treatment of thyroid cancers have been described. Here, the role of phytochemicals in thyroid signaling modulation and their possible beneficial or detrimental effects on thyroid disease risk are discussed. metadata Pistollato, Francesca and Masías Vergara, Manuel and Agudo-Toyos, Pablo and Giampieri, Francesca and Battino, Maurizio mail francesca.pistollato@uneatlantico.es, manuel.masias@uneatlantico.es, pablo.agudo@uenatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED (2019) Effects of phytochemicals on thyroid function and their possible role in thyroid disease. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, 1443 (1). pp. 3-19. ISSN 0077-8923

Article Subjects > Physical Education and Sport Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés The aim of this study was to examine the effects of the menstrual cycle on vertical jumping, sprint performance and force-velocity profiling in resistance-trained women. A group of resistance-trained eumenorrheic women (n = 9) were tested in three phases over the menstrual cycle: bleeding phase, follicular phase, and luteal phase (i.e., days 1–3, 7–10, and 19–21 of the cycle, respectively). Each testing phase consisted of a battery of jumping tests (i.e., squat jump [SJ], countermovement jump [CMJ], drop jump from a 30 cm box [DJ30], and the reactive strength index) and 30 m sprint running test. Two different applications for smartphone (My Jump 2 and My Sprint) were used to record the jumping and sprinting trials, respectively, at high speed (240 fps). The repeated measures ANOVA reported no significant differences (p ≥ 0.05, ES < 0.25) in CMJ, DJ30, reactive strength index and sprint times between the different phases of the menstrual cycle. A greater SJ height performance was observed during the follicular phase compared to the bleeding phase (p = 0.033, ES = −0.22). No differences (p ≥ 0.05, ES < 0.45) were found in the CMJ and sprint force-velocity profile over the different phases of the menstrual cycle. Vertical jump, sprint performance and the force-velocity profiling remain constant in trained women, regardless of the phase of the menstrual cycle. metadata García-Pinillos, Felipe and Bujalance-Moreno, Pascual and Lago-Fuentes, Carlos and Ruiz-Alias, Santiago A. and Domínguez-Azpíroz, Irma and Mecías-Calvo, Marcos and Ramirez-Campillo, Rodrigo mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, carlos.lago@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, marcos.mecias@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED (2021) Effects of the Menstrual Cycle on Jumping, Sprinting and Force-Velocity Profiling in Resistance-Trained Women: A Preliminary Study. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 18 (9). p. 4830. ISSN 1660-4601

Article Subjects > Psychology Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés, Español El Trastorno Límite de la Personalidad (TLP) se considera un grave problema de salud mental, siendo una de las intervenciones para su tratamiento más eficaces la Terapia Dialéctico Conductual (DBT). El objetivo de este estudio es comprobar la eficacia de un programa de gestión emocional basado en la DBT para pacientes que tienen un diagnóstico de TLP, compuesto por cuatro bloques: mindfulness, eficacia interpersonal, regulación emocional y tolerancia al estrés. Se reclutó a 4 residentes del Centro Hospitalario Padre Menni de Santander, y se aplicó una evaluación pretratamiento y postratamiento, en formato individual, para medir las variables: ansiedad, depresión, funcionamiento global, regulación emocional, ideación suicida e impulsividad. Una vez realizada la valoración, se procedió con la intervención, compuesta por 14 sesiones con una frecuencia de 2 veces por semana, y duración de 45 minutos. Tras la aplicación se llevó a cabo el análisis de los resultados a través del estadístico ANOVA de medidas repetidas, aportando cambios estadísticamente significativos en la variable “regulación emocional” en la subescala supresión expresiva. Sin embargo, en base a los resultados obtenidos en la evaluación pre y postratamiento, si se ha producido un cambio clínicamente significativo, cumpliendo así de manera parcial los objetivos específicos. No obstante, se discutieron los resultados de la investigación planteando líneas a futuro en base a las limitaciones e implicaciones prácticas, contando con una muestra más significativa y adaptando el formato de la intervención. metadata Camus Bueno, Adrián and García Saiz, Andrea Del Carmen mail UNSPECIFIED (2021) Eficacia de un programa de intervención basado en la terapia dialéctico-conductual en pacientes con trastorno límite de la personalidad. MLS Psychology Research, 4 (2). pp. 71-92. ISSN 2605-5295

Article Subjects > Engineering Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés, Español El objetivo general fue determinar la eficacia de la implementación de un Sistema de Información para el Seguimiento de Indicadores de Gestión en el incremento de sentencias o autos finales de los juzgados civiles de la Corte Superior de Justicia de Tacna – 2019. El tipo de investigación según su función es cuantitativo, desde un diseño preexperimental con subcategoría cuasiexperimental y un corte de investigación longitudinal. Se tomaron la totalidad de expedientes judiciales en los juzgados civiles durante el período 2018 y 2019 para poder llevar a cabo la evaluación de la eficacia del Sistema de Información. Para la construcción de la propuesta de solución se utilizó una metodología simplificada del proceso de extracción, transformación y carga de datos y para la elaboración del Sistema de Información se aplicó la metodología del Proceso Unificado Ágil. La conclusión principal fue que la implementación de un Sistema de Información para el Seguimiento de Indicadores de Gestión como una medida de e-Gobierno, sirvió para resolver la necesidad de incremento en la emisión de Sentencias y Autos Finales, teniendo al final de la experimentación una reducción de 3% en el tiempo de calificación de los expedientes, y a pesar de que se incrementó el tiempo en trámite de los expedientes judiciales en un 4%, se demostró que la cantidad de sentencias y autos finales tuvieron un incremento de 165 en los Juzgados Civiles de la Corte Superior de Justicia de Tacna para el período 2019 en comparación con el período 2018. metadata Domingo Soriano, Saúl and Arambarri, Jon and Flor Rodríguez, Alberto Johnatan mail saul_domingo@funiber.org, jon.arambarri@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED (2022) Egobierno: sistema de información para el seguimiento de indicadores y su incidencia en la producción judicial - caso Perú. Project Design and Management, 4 (1). pp. 20-35. ISSN 2683-1597

Book Section Subjects > Social Sciences Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Español El objetivo principal del estudio de diagnóstico es comprobar la intención emprendedora que existe entre el alumnado universitario femenino de una universidad española metadata Alexeeva-Alexeev, Inna mail inna.alexeeva@uneatlantico.es El diagnóstico del comportamiento emprendedor en la población universitaria femenina y la solución práctica mediante la Incubadora Universitaria. In: Algoritmos, teletrabajo y otros grandes temas del feminismo digital. Dykinson, pp. 1094-1122. ISBN 978-84-1122-494-9

Article Subjects > Teaching Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Español Este artículo de investigación analiza las percepciones respecto al desarrollo del aprendizaje reflexivo a través del empleo de la herramienta de portafolio por parte de los alumnos de un programa de maestría en educación a distancia. Los análisis estadísticos y descriptivos permitieron concluir que tanto la modalidad online como el manejo del portafolio cooperan para el desarrollo de pensamiento reflexivo. Además, se ha destacado el factor interculturalidad promovida por el entorno virtual como motivador de la competencia reflexiva en los contextos de formación online. metadata Sartor-Harada, Andresa mail andresa.sartor@uneatlantico.es (2018) El portafolio como herramienta de desarrollo del aprendizaje reflexivo en los entornos virtuales. Santiago. pp. 253-268. ISSN 2227-6513

Article Subjects > Social Sciences Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Cerrado Español El proyecto de Xbaatun es resultado de una colaboración entre arqueólogos españoles y mexicanos planeada para desarrollarse a lo largo de cinco años, con la participación de trabajadores mayas de Tekal de Venegas (Yucatán) que está claramente orientada a conocer mejor este sitio arqueológico, que se encontraba dentro de la órbita Izamal, y promover de forma respetuosa la difusión de un entorno natural fascinante como es el Parque de Oxwatz. metadata García Targa, Juan and Varela Torrecilla, Carmen and Muñoz Cosme, Alfonso and Martín Medina, Geiser Gerardo and Hernández González, Cristian mail UNSPECIFIED, carmen.varela@uneatlantico, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED (2021) El proyecto de Xbaatun: un modelo de colaboración. Arqueología mexicana, XXVIII (170). pp. 68-71. ISSN 0188-8218

Article Subjects > Comunication Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés La configuración de la opinión pública es un proceso en el que los medios de comunicación han tenido un papel fundamental. Sin embargo, desde la llegada de Internet, el rol de los medios de comunicación no nativos digitales (legacy media) se ha visto cuestionado debido a la aparición de nuevos actores que han generado el establecimiento de un sistema híbrido de medios, compartiendo este nuevo espacio mediático con los medios tradicionales. En este contexto, el objetivo de este artículo es construir una herramienta metodológica basada en el análisis de contenido que profundice en los cambios que se están desarrollando en los cibermedios para contribuir a explicar cómo el proceso de producción periodística se está transformando. En una segunda fase los resultados obtenidos se complementarán con entrevistas en profundidad para obtener una visión completa de los procesos, paliando las plausibles deficiencias de la técnica seleccionada, centrada en el producto final. La propuesta se centra en el estudio de la desigualdad económica, con el fin de profundizar en la construcción, evolución e importancia del concepto en la agenda cibermediática a través de una herramienta de carácter longitudinal (2009-2018) y aplicable en un contexto internacional. metadata Pérez Arozamena, Rosa and Odriozola Chéné, Javier mail rosa.perez@uneatlantico.es, javier.odriozola@uneatlantico.es (2020) El tratamiento de la desigualdad económica en cibermedios internacionales: análisis de contenido desde la perspectiva del nuevo sistema híbrido. Hipertext.net (20). pp. 13-30. ISSN 1695-5498

Article Subjects > Teaching Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Español En este artículo se reflexiona sobre la relevancia de la comunicación y competencias orales mediante unas prácticas de aula llevadas a cabo en una clase de español como lengua extranjera en un contexto universitario entre un centro educativo de París y otro de Santander. Mediante la aplicación de estas actividades con el uso de videograbaciones y videollamadas se observaron conductas positivas entre el alumnado, quien puso en práctica una serie de competencias asociadas a la lengua oral. Las actividades únicamente se pusieron en práctica en una única ocasión, aunque una aplicación continuada podría suponer una mejora significativa de competencias orales. metadata Sánchez-Bejerano, Lucía mail lucia.sanchez@uneatlantico.es (2023) El uso de la videograbación y la videollamada para la enseñanza de español como lengua extranjera. Doblele. Revista de lengua y literatura, 9. pp. 174-184. ISSN 2462-3733

Article Subjects > Social Sciences Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Español El presente estudio muestra una investigación realizada en la Universidad Europea del Atlántico, Santander, en la que se perseguía realizar una propuesta de mejora para el trabajo de la comprensión lectora en la asignatura de Inglés Instrumental II. Esta propuesta tenía que recoger estrategias de lectura y el uso de organizadores visuales textuales. Para ello se analizaron 11 lecturas del libro de texto Macmillan Hub B1+/B2- y se complementaron las actividades con un entrenamiento en estrategias de lectura y el uso de un organizador textual específico según la necesidad del texto. Para la aplicación se valoró por un lado el desempeño previo y posterior en comprensión lectora y el desempeño de 5 actividades de evaluación continua en comprensión de textos. La muestra del estudio, n=57, fueron estudiantes de segundo curso del Grado en Ciencias de la Actividad Física y el Deporte y el Grado en Psicología, divididos en Grupo Experimental, GE, (n=31) y Grupo de Control, GC, (n=26). Los resultados mostraron diferencias significativas de hasta 2.8 puntos sobre 10 en el caso del GE respecto al de control. Por tanto, se considera que el uso de estrategias de lectura combinadas con el entrenamiento en el uso de organizadores visuales del texto contribuye a una mejora en la comprensión lectora. metadata Sánchez-Bejerano, Lucía and Pérez Fernández, Lucila María and Griffin, Kim Lori mail lucia.sanchez@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED (2023) El uso de organizadores textuales para comprensión lectora en lengua meta, una experiencia durante la pandemia por la Covid-19. Educatio Siglo XXI, 41 (1). pp. 55-84.

Article Subjects > Social Sciences
Subjects > Engineering
Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Abierto Portugués A física relaciona-se com as necessidades humanas básicas, saúde, moradia, alimentação, transporte e muito mais. No entanto, a física tem demonstrado ter uma das maiores taxas de reprovação nas escolas há algum tempo. Muitos alunos veem isso como: muito difícil, abstrato e irrelevante para a vida cotidiana. No entanto, alguns pesquisadores atribuem essa percepção aos métodos tradicionais de ensino utilizados nas escolas, que dão mais ênfase à memorização de fórmulas, fatos, teorias, símbolos e modelos ao invés de proporcionar aos alunos a contextualização do conteúdo ao invés de se preocupar em explorar o contexto em que leis e teorias são apresentados, resultando na dogmatização do conhecimento científico. Portanto, o objetivo deste estudo foi compreender o processo de desenvolvimento desde o início da eletricidade até sua aplicação prática em escala comercial. Para tanto, foram realizadas revisões bibliográficas de literaturas científicas. O processo da geração à distribuição de energia elétrica, enfatizando o contexto histórico e social, promove o debate, a investigação e vincula o conhecimento físico à vida cotidiana, promovendo a compreensão do que se estuda metadata Alves Guimarães, Ueudison and Rodrigues Dantas de Brito, Junea Graciele and Olímpio dos Santos, José mail UNSPECIFIED (2022) Eletricidade estática: o processo da geração à distribuição de energia elétrica, enfatizando o contexto histórico e social. RECIMA21 - Revista Científica Multidisciplinar - ISSN 2675-6218, 3 (9). e391942. ISSN 2675-6218

Article Subjects > Engineering Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Fundación Universitaria Internacional de Colombia > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Universidad Internacional do Cuanza > Research > Scientific Production
Abierto Inglés Facial emotion recognition (FER) is an important and developing topic of research in the field of pattern recognition. The effective application of facial emotion analysis is gaining popularity in surveillance footage, expression analysis, activity recognition, home automation, computer games, stress treatment, patient observation, depression, psychoanalysis, and robotics. Robot interfaces, emotion-aware smart agent systems, and efficient human–computer interaction all benefit greatly from facial expression recognition. This has garnered attention as a key prospect in recent years. However, due to shortcomings in the presence of occlusions, fluctuations in lighting, and changes in physical appearance, research on emotion recognition has to be improved. This paper proposes a new architecture design of a convolutional neural network (CNN) for the FER system and contains five convolution layers, one fully connected layer with rectified linear unit activation function, and a SoftMax layer. Additionally, the feature map enhancement is applied to accomplish a higher detection rate and higher precision. Lastly, an application is developed that mitigates the effects of the aforementioned problems and can identify the basic expressions of human emotions, such as joy, grief, surprise, fear, contempt, anger, etc. Results indicate that the proposed CNN achieves 92.66% accuracy with mixed datasets, while the accuracy for the cross dataset is 94.94%. metadata Qazi, Awais Salman and Farooq, Muhammad Shoaib and Rustam, Furqan and Gracia Villar, Mónica and Rodríguez Velasco, Carmen Lilí and Ashraf, Imran mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, monica.gracia@uneatlantico.es, carmen.rodriguez@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED (2022) Emotion Detection Using Facial Expression Involving Occlusions and Tilt. Applied Sciences, 12 (22). p. 11797. ISSN 2076-3417

Article Subjects > Psychology Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Cerrado Inglés The aim of this study was to examine the potential moderating effect of baseline emotion regulation skills—cognitive reappraisal and expressive suppression—on the relationship between treatment allocation and treatment outcomes in primary care patients with emotional symptoms. A total of 631 participants completed scales to evaluate emotion regulation, anxiety, depression, functioning, and quality of life (QoL). The moderation analysis was carried out using the SPSS PROCESS macro, version 3.5. Expressive suppression was a significant moderator in the relationship between treatment allocation and treatment outcomes in terms of symptoms of anxiety (b= -0.530, p=.026), depression (b= -0.812, p= .004) and QoL (b= 0.156, p= .048). Cognitive reappraisal only acted as a moderator in terms of QoL (b= 0.217, p= .028). The findings of this study show that participants with higher scores of expressive suppression benefitted more from the addition of TD-CBT to TAU in terms of anxiety and depressive symptoms and QoL. Individuals with higher levels of cognitive reappraisal obtained a greater benefit in terms of QoL from the addition of psychological treatment to TAU. These results underscore the relevant role that emotion regulation skills play in the outcomes of psychological therapy for emotional symptoms. metadata Barrio-Martínez, Sara and González-Blanch, César and Priede, Amador and Muñoz-Navarro, Roger and Adrián Medrano, Leonardo and Antonio Moriana, Juan and Carpallo-González, María and Ventura, Ludovica and Ruíz-Rodríguez, Paloma and Cano-Vindel, Antonio mail UNSPECIFIED, cesar.gonzalezblanch@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED (2022) Emotion Regulation as a Moderator of Outcomes of Transdiagnostic Group Cognitive-Behavioural Therapy for Emotional Disorders. Behavior Therapy. ISSN 00057894

Article Subjects > Teaching
Subjects > Comunication
Subjects > Psychology
Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Fundación Universitaria Internacional de Colombia > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Universidad Internacional do Cuanza > Research > Scientific Production
Abierto Inglés Communication professionals are experiencing a growing level of exposure to traumatic events as a result of their involvement in the coverage of various tragedies, including accidents, climatic disasters, rights violations, and acts of terrorism. However, it is worth noting that journalism and communication university courses often lack comprehensive instruction on effectively managing emotional challenges, anxiety, trauma, self-care, and the prevention of vicarious trauma. The objective of this study is to assess the inclusion of emotional management within the curricula of Journalism and Communication programmes offered by two universities in Catalonia, namely the University of Barcelona and the Autonomous University of Barcelona. In order to accomplish this objective, a series of semi-structured interviews were carried out with a total of twelve (12) professors who specialise in the fields of Journalism and Communication. Additionally, a thorough analysis was conducted on a set of 97 study plan guides. The results indicate that none of the participants in the interviews possess knowledge regarding any existing training programmes focused on emotional management. Furthermore, they unanimously agree on the importance of implementing such courses. The study plans did not include any subjects that were specifically dedicated to the topic of emotional management. This study presents a set of strategies aimed at creating a cross-disciplinary teaching-learning model that offers a comprehensive educational experience for students. This entails integrating precise subject matter on the previously mentioned topics, fostering critical contemplation and discourse regarding emotions within the educational setting, and advocating for ethical and sound professional behaviours. metadata Escudero, Carolina and Prola, Thomas and Fraga, Leticia and Soriano Flores, Emmanuel mail UNSPECIFIED, thomas.prola@uneatlantico.es, leticia.fraga@uneatlantico.es, emmanuel.soriano@uneatlantico.es (2023) Emotional Management in Journalism and Communication Studies. Social Space, 23 (2). pp. 507-534.

Article Subjects > Biomedicine
Subjects > Engineering
Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Universidad Internacional do Cuanza > Research > Scientific Production
Abierto Inglés A novel approach is presented in this study for the classification of lower limb disorders, with a specific emphasis on the knee, hip, and ankle. The research employs gait analysis and the extraction of PoseNet features from video data in order to effectively identify and categorize these disorders. The PoseNet algorithm facilitates the extraction of key body joint movements and positions from videos in a non-invasive and user-friendly manner, thereby offering a comprehensive representation of lower limb movements. The features that are extracted are subsequently standardized and employed as inputs for a range of machine learning algorithms, such as Random Forest, Extra Tree Classifier, Multilayer Perceptron, Artificial Neural Networks, and Convolutional Neural Networks. The models undergo training and testing processes using a dataset consisting of 174 real patients and normal individuals collected at the Tehsil Headquarter Hospital Sadiq Abad. The evaluation of their performance is conducted through the utilization of K-fold cross-validation. The findings exhibit a notable level of accuracy and precision in the classification of various lower limb disorders. Notably, the Artificial Neural Networks model achieves the highest accuracy rate of 98.84%. The proposed methodology exhibits potential in enhancing the diagnosis and treatment planning of lower limb disorders. It presents a non-invasive and efficient method of analyzing gait patterns and identifying particular conditions. metadata Siddiqui, Hafeez Ur Rehman and Saleem, Adil Ali and Raza, Muhammad Amjad and Gracia Villar, Santos and Dzul Lopez, Luis and Diez, Isabel de la Torre and Rustam, Furqan and Dudley, Sandra mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, santos.gracia@uneatlantico.es, luis.dzul@unini.edu.mx, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED (2023) Empowering Lower Limb Disorder Identification through PoseNet and Artificial Intelligence. Diagnostics, 13 (18). p. 2881. ISSN 2075-4418

Book Section Subjects > Teaching Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Español UNSPECIFIED metadata Alexeeva-Alexeev, Inna and Mazas Pérez-Oleaga, Cristina and Sámano Celorio, María Luisa mail inna.alexeeva@uneatlantico.es, cristina.mazas@uneatlantico.es, marialuisa.samano@uneatlantico.es Emprendimiento basado en el liderazgo: diagnóstico de las habilidades de liderazgo entre los estudiantes universitarios. In: Nuevas tendencias en gestión e innovación empresarial. Adaptación a los nuevos escenarios globales y domésticos. Conocimiento Contemporáneo . Dykinson, Madrid, pp. 193-218. ISBN 9788411229241

Article Subjects > Engineering Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Abierto Inglés The demand for digitization has inspired organizations to move towards cloud computing, which has increased the challenge for cloud service providers to provide quality service. One of the challenges is energy consumption, which can shoot up the cost of using computing resources and has raised the carbon footprint in the atmosphere; therefore, it is an issue that it is imperative to address. Virtualization, bin-packing, and live VM migration techniques are the key resolvers that have been found to be efficacious in presenting sound solutions. Thus, in this paper, a new live VM migration algorithm, live migration with efficient ballooning (LMEB), is proposed; LMEB focuses on decreasing the size of the data that need to be shifted from the source to the destination server so that the total energy consumption of migration can be reduced. A simulation was performed with a specific configuration of virtual machines and servers, and the results proved that the proposed algorithm could trim down energy usage by 18%, migration time by 20%, and downtime by 20% in comparison with the existing approach of live migration with ballooning (LMB) metadata Gupta, Neha and Gupta, Kamali and Qahtani, Abdulrahman M. and Gupta, Deepali and Alharithi, Fahd S. and Singh, Aman and Goyal, Nitin mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, aman.singh@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED (2022) Energy-Aware Live VM Migration Using Ballooning in Cloud Data Center. Electronics, 11 (23). p. 3932. ISSN 2079-9292

Article Subjects > Engineering Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Fundación Universitaria Internacional de Colombia > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Universidad Internacional do Cuanza > Research > Scientific Production
Abierto Inglés Cricket has a massive global following and is ranked as the second most popular sport globally, with an estimated 2.5 billion fans. Batting requires quick decisions based on ball speed, trajectory, fielder positions, etc. Recently, computer vision and machine learning techniques have gained attention as potential tools to predict cricket strokes played by batters. This study presents a cutting-edge approach to predicting batsman strokes using computer vision and machine learning. The study analyzes eight strokes: pull, cut, cover drive, straight drive, backfoot punch, on drive, flick, and sweep. The study uses the MediaPipe library to extract features from videos and several machine learning and deep learning algorithms, including random forest (RF), support vector machine, k-nearest neighbors, decision tree, linear regression, and long short-term memory to predict the strokes. The study achieves an outstanding accuracy of 99.77% using the RF algorithm, outperforming the other algorithms used in the study. The k-fold validation of the RF model is 95.0% with a standard deviation of 0.07, highlighting the potential of computer vision and machine learning techniques for predicting batsman strokes in cricket. The study’s results could help improve coaching techniques and enhance batsmen’s performance in cricket, ultimately improving the game’s overall quality. metadata Siddiqui, Hafeez Ur Rehman and Younas, Faizan and Rustam, Furqan and Soriano Flores, Emmanuel and Brito Ballester, Julién and Diez, Isabel de la Torre and Dudley, Sandra and Ashraf, Imran mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, emmanuel.soriano@uneatlantico.es, julien.brito@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED (2023) Enhancing Cricket Performance Analysis with Human Pose Estimation and Machine Learning. Sensors, 23 (15). p. 6839. ISSN 1424-8220

Article Subjects > Engineering Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Fundación Universitaria Internacional de Colombia > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Universidad Internacional do Cuanza > Research > Scientific Production
Abierto Inglés Classification is a commonly used technique in data mining and is applied in various fields such as sentiment analysis, fraud detection, and fault diagnosis. Multiclass classification, which involves more than two classes, is more complex than binary classification. There are mainly two ways to approach multiclass classification, one is to expand the binary classifier into a multiclass classifier through various strategies and the other is to divide the multiclass classification problem into multiple binary problems (binarization). Two popular approaches for binarization are One vs One (OvO) and One vs All (OvA). It is simpler to aggregate the outputs of all binary classifiers as the number of classifiers decreases. However, it causes an imbalance of positive and negative sample numbers, which affects the classification effect of each binary classifier. In this article, we contribute to the field of ensemble learning and multi-class classification by proposing a new method called Ensemble Partition Sampling (EPS). This article presents a new approach to multiclass classification using an "Ensemble Partition Sampling" method within the "one-vs-all" (OvA) framework. The primary goal of this method is to tackle the problem of data imbalance by incorporating ensemble learning and preprocessing techniques into each binary dataset. The study found that Ensemble Partition Sampling (EPS) is the most effective method for imbalanced and multiclass imbalanced classification, outperforming other methods including OvA, SMOTE, k-means-SMOTE, Bagging-RB, DES-MI, OvO-EASY, and OvO-SMB. The study used CART, Random Forest, and SVM as classifiers, and the results consistently showed that EPS outperformed all other algorithms. The findings suggest that EPS is a highly effective method for improving classification performance in imbalanced and multiclass imbalanced datasets. metadata Jabir, Brahim and Díez, Isabel De la Torre and Bautista Thompson, Ernesto and Ramírez-Vargas, Debora L. and Kuc Castilla, Ángel Gabriel mail UNSPECIFIED (2023) Ensemble Partition Sampling (EPS) for Improved Multi-Class Classification. IEEE Access. p. 1. ISSN 2169-3536

Article Subjects > Physical Education and Sport Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Cerrado Inglés njuries are one of the worst case scenarios for an athlete and a team. The aim of this study was to analyze the injury incidence, characteristics and burden among a cohort of elite female futsal players. A prospective cohort study was designed over a season. Eighty-nine players from seven elite female futsal teams were monitored during the whole season. Eight different variables were recorded when an injury happened, as well as exposure time. A total of 90 injuries were recorded so that 54 out of 89 players (60.6%) sustained an injury. The overall injury incidence was 5 injuries per 1000 h of futsal play exposure. Moderate injuries were the most frequent (1.7 injuries per 1000 h of futsal play exposure). The quadriceps and ankle were the regions where most injuries occurred. Contact injuries were more common during matches than training, and usually happened at the end of the season. Elite female futsal players are exposed to a substantial injury risk, especially on ankle and quadriceps with moderate severity, occurring at the end of the sessions, especially during matches. These results highlight the need of new preventive strategies to reduce the high injury incidence in female futsal players. metadata Lago-Fuentes, Carlos and Jiménez-Loaisa, Alejandro and Padrón-Cabo, Alexis and Mecías-Calvo, Marcos and García-Pinillos, Felipe and Rey, Ezequiel mail carlos.lago@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, marcos.mecias@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED (2020) Epidemiology of Injuries in Elite Female Futsal Players: A Prospective Cohort Study. International Journal of Sports Medicine, 41 (12). pp. 885-890. ISSN 0172-4622

Article Subjects > Physical Education and Sport Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Español La tendinopatía aquílea (TA) es una de las lesiones más comunes entre los atletas, produciendo dolor y deterioro de las capacidades del tendón, así como inflamación del cuerpo tendinoso. Esta presenta una incidencia acumulada muy alta, sobre todo en atletas de élite, y tiene como principal mecanismo lesional el exceso de carga sobre el tendón acompañado de un escaso periodo de recuperación entre cargas. Los factores de riesgo que más influencia tienen en esta patología son los externos, teniendo también relevancia los factores internos. Así, el principal objetivo de esta revisión fue establecer las estrategias óptimas para la recuperación de una tendinopatía aquílea desde el ámbito de la actividad física y el deporte. En este trabajo, se revisaron artículos extraídos de la base de datos PubMed, seleccionando todos aquellos artículos redactados en inglés, llevados a cabo sobre sujetos lesionados con TA y que se encontrasen en periodo de readaptación. Se excluyeron todos los artículos previos a 2010. Todas las intervenciones realizadas en los diferentes estudios señalaron el ejercicio físico como una herramienta muy positiva en el tratamiento de la TA, siendo las mejoras más significativas la reducción del dolor del tendón, la mejora en las capacidades funcionales y un aumento del nivel de satisfacción post intervención. A la vista de los resultados, todas las estrategias analizadas han probado ser beneficiosas para la recuperación de una TA, reduciendo la sintomatología, el dolor y la disfunción en una persona lesionada. Sin embargo, la resistencia lenta pesada (HSR) pareció ser aquella que mejores resultados proporcionó sobre la población de estudio, por encima del entrenamiento excéntrico e isométrico metadata Quintana Ruiz, David and Bores Arce, Ainhoa and Crespo-Posadas, Manuel mail UNSPECIFIED, ainhoa.bores@uneatlantico.es, manuel.crespo@uneatlantico.es (2022) Estrategias para la mejora de la sintomatología en tendinopatía aquílea en atletas. MLS Sport Research, 2 (2).

Article Subjects > Psychology Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés, Español En 2019 se inició una pandemia debido al Coronavirus o Covid-19. Las consecuencias de las limitaciones sociales impuestas en los ancianos con la ausencia total o parcial del contacto físico han provocado una disminución de la salud mental debido al aumento del estrés percibido llegando a desembocar en un aumento de la sintomatología depresiva o ansiosa. Esta investigación consta de 22 personas entre 70 y 90 años con deterioro cognitivo leve o moderado distribuidos al azar en G.E. y G. C. Se llevan a cabo 15 sesiones de relajación con la herramienta de un robot social en G.E. y solamente relajación en el G.C. La evaluación se realiza con una medición a través del Cuestionario de Estrés Percibido antes y después del proceso, además de una medición de la frecuencia cardiaca antes y después de la última sesión. Los resultados muestran una disminución significativa en el estrés percibido en el G.E. mientras que no es significativa en el G.C. En ambos grupos disminuye significativamente la frecuencia cardiaca. Por lo tanto, el robot social como herramienta terapéutica puede tener un papel relevante en el tratamiento de la salud mental de las personas mayores. metadata Corral Barrio, Verónica mail UNSPECIFIED (2021) Estrés percibido en adultos mayores mediante el uso de robots sociales durante Covid 19. MLS Psychology Research, 4 (1). pp. 7-22. ISSN 26055295

Article Subjects > Psychology Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés, Español El objetivo principal del estudio fue analizar la relación de las variables evitación experiencial, estilo de respuesta rumiativo e insomnio en función del sexo, edad y nivel académico. Se trata de un estudio observacional correlacional transversal, con una muestra no clínica en población adolescente, seleccionados mediante muestreo no probabilístico. Los instrumentos utilizados han sido el AAQ-II, el RRS y el ISI, que miden evitación experiencial, estilo de respuesta rumiativo e insomnio, respectivamente. Los resultados muestran una correlación lineal positiva entre los cuestionarios administrados (AAQ-II, RRS e ISI), siendo la más alta entre AAQ-II y RRS (0,648). Además, se han encontrado diferencias significativas en función del sexo para la evitación experiencial (sig. 0,001, asumiendo varianzas diferentes) y para la rumiación (sig. 0.090, se asumen varianzas iguales). Podría existir una asociación entre estas tres variables, además de una alimentación recíproca en adolescentes. metadata Ortega Alcaraz, Virginia mail UNSPECIFIED (2021) Estudio Correlacional: Evitación experiencial, insomnio y rumiación en adolescentes. MLS Psychology Research, 4 (1). pp. 99-115. ISSN 26055295

Article Subjects > Physical Education and Sport Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Español El objetivo principal de esta revisión fue evaluar la eficacia de un programa de ejercicio físico (EF) en pacientes con cáncer de mama (CM) y sus efectos sobre la calidad de vida, la fatiga percibida, la depresión y la condición física. Se realizó una búsqueda sistemática, basada en las directrices PRISMA, utilizando tres bases de datos diferentes: Medline, Pubmed y Google Académico. Los criterios de inclusión fueron; adultos (>18 años), pacientes con CM durante la terapia adyuvante, intervenciones de EF con el efecto de influir en la calidad de vida, la fatiga y la condición física. Así mismo, los criterios de exclusión fueron; realizar la intervención de EF después de la enfermedad, artículos publicados antes del 2010 o en idiomas que no fueran inglés, castellano y/o francés. Los resultados incluyeron cinco artículos para la revisión y todos los estudios mostraron mejoras en la calidad de vida, la condición física y/o en la composición corporal, además de en la percepción de fatiga percibida y de la depresión. Se puede llegar a la conclusión de que las incorporaciones complementarias de programas de EF sistematizado durante la terapia adyuvante a mujeres con CM ofrece tanto mejoras en la calidad de vida, como en la condición física y una disminución de la fatiga y la depresión, sea cual sea el tipo de programa de entrenamiento (resistencia, fuerza o combinación de ambas). metadata Santiago García, Marta Victoria and Charda Colina, Andrea and Pulgar, Susana mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, susana.pulgar@uneatlantico.es (2023) Evaluación de los efectos del ejercicio físico en pacientes con cáncer de mama: una revisión sistemática. MLS Sport Research, 3 (1). ISSN 2792-7156

Article Subjects > Psychology Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés, Español La lateralidad es uno de los procesos neuropsicológicos más complejos a los que está sometido el ser humano a lo largo de su ciclo evolutivo. Este proceso se llega a desarrollar correctamente en la mayoría de los casos, pero no en todos. El 30% de la población mundial muestra problemas relacionados con la lateralidad no definida o lateralidad cruzada, presentando problemas en el aprendizaje de la lectura y escritura, dificultades con el esquema corporal y espacio-tiempo, así como en dificultades para el cálculo mental. Por tanto, el objetivo de este estudio de caso único es analizar cuáles son los componentes que forman parte de la lateralidad infantil, identificar cuáles son las variables que la modulan y conocer en profundidad las consecuencias personales, familiares, sociales y educativas que repercuten en la vida del sujeto desde un punto de vista clínico. metadata Medina Amate, Isabel María mail UNSPECIFIED (2020) Evaluación e intervención ante un caso de lateralidad cruzada. Caso único. MLS Psychology Research, 3 (1). pp. 99-138. ISSN 26055295

Article Subjects > Engineering Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés Genotype, environment, and cultivation system strongly influence strawberry yield and quality. Specifically, the growth of strawberry plants is dependent on the water supply. Nevertheless, the abuse of water in agriculture is necessitating the choice of the lowest water-consumptive plants. The following study showed the performance of ‘Romina’, ‘Sibilla’, and ‘Cristina’ cultivars, grown in open-field conditions, and treated with three doses of water (W): 100% local standard regime, and 20% (W80) and 40% (W60) reductions. The average amount of water administered for W100, W80, and W60 was 1120 m3 ha−1, 891 m3 ha−1, and 666 m3 ha−1, respectively. The water treatment at W60 negatively affected the plant growth and yield, resulting in reduced plant height, leaf number, leaf length and width, and a minor yield. Instead, fruit quality showed higher values of total soluble solids and titratable acidity. Conversely, plants watered with W80 showed results similar to the control (W100) in terms of development and yield. In conclusion, it is possible to assume that a reduction of water is desirable, guaranteeing economic and environmental gains for farmers. metadata Marcellini, Micol and Mazzoni, Luca and Raffaelli, Davide and Pergolotti, Valeria and Balducci, Francesca and Capocasa, Franco and Mezzetti, Bruno mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, bruno.mezzetti@uneatlantico.es (2022) Evaluation of Single-Cropping under Reduced Water Supply in Strawberry Cultivation. Agronomy, 12 (6). p. 1396. ISSN 2073-4395

Article Subjects > Engineering Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Fundación Universitaria Internacional de Colombia > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Universidad Internacional do Cuanza > Research > Scientific Production
Abierto Inglés The purpose of this article is to help to bridge the gap between sustainability and its application to project management by developing a methodology based on artificial intelligence to diagnose, classify, and forecast the level of sustainability of a sample of 186 projects aimed at local communities in Latin American and Caribbean countries. First, the compliance evaluation with the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) within the framework of the 2030 Agenda served to diagnose and determine, through fuzzy sets, a global sustainability index for the sample, resulting in a value of 0.638, in accordance with the overall average for the region. Probabilistic predictions were then made on the sustainability of the projects using a series of supervised learning classifiers (SVM, Random Forest, AdaBoost, KNN, etc.), with the SMOTE resampling technique, which provided a significant improvement toward the results of the different metrics of the base models. In this context, the Support Vector Machine (SVM) + SMOTE was the best classification algorithm, with accuracy of 0.92. Lastly, the extrapolation of this methodology is to be expected toward other realities and local circumstances, contributing to the fulfillment of the SDGs and the development of individual and collective capacities through the management and direction of projects. metadata García Villena, Eduardo and Pascual Barrera, Alina Eugenia and Álvarez, Roberto Marcelo and Dzul López, Luis Alonso and Tutusaus, Kilian and Vidal Mazón, Juan Luis and Miró Vera, Yini Airet and Brie, Santiago and López Flores, Miguel A. mail eduardo.garcia@uneatlantico.es, alina.pascual@unini.edu.mx, roberto.alvarez@uneatlantico.es, luis.dzul@uneatlantico.es, kilian.tutusaus@uneatlantico.es, juanluis.vidal@uneatlantico.es, yini.miro@uneatlantico.es, santiago.brie@uneatlantico.es, miguelangel.lopez@uneatlantico.es (2022) Evaluation of the Sustainable Development Goals in the Diagnosis and Prediction of the Sustainability of Projects Aimed at Local Communities in Latin America and the Caribbean. Applied Sciences, 12 (21). p. 11188. ISSN 2076-3417

Article Subjects > Nutrition Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés Biofilms are associated with infections that are resistant to conventional therapies, contributing to the antimicrobial resistance crisis. The need for alternative approaches against biofilms is well-known. Although natural products like stingless bee honeys (tribe: Meliponini) constitute an alternative treatment, much is still unknown. Our main goal was to evaluate the antibiofilm activity of stingless bee honey samples against multidrug-resistant (MDR) pathogens through biomass assays, fluorescence (cell count and viability), and scanning electron (structural composition) microscopy. We analyzed thirty-five honey samples at 15% (v/v) produced by ten different stingless bee species (Cephalotrigona sp., Melipona sp., M. cramptoni, M. fuscopilosa, M. grandis, M. indecisa, M. mimetica, M. nigrifacies, Scaptotrigona problanca, and Tetragonisca angustula) from five provinces of Ecuador (Tungurahua, Pastaza, El Oro, Los Ríos, and Loja) against 24-h biofilms of Staphylococcus aureus, Klebsiella pneumoniae, Candida albicans, and Candida tropicalis. The present honey set belonged to our previous study, where the samples were collected in 2018–2019 and their physicochemical parameters, chemical composition, mineral elements, and minimal inhibitory concentration (MIC) were screened. However, the polyphenolic profile and their antibiofilm activity on susceptible and multidrug-resistant pathogens were still unknown. According to polyphenolic profile of the honey samples, significant differences were observed according to their geographical origin in terms of the qualitative profiles. The five best honey samples (OR24.1, LR34, LO40, LO48, and LO53) belonging to S. problanca, Melipona sp., and M. indecisa were selected for further analysis due to their high biomass reduction values, identification of the stingless bee specimens, and previously reported physicochemical parameters. This subset of honey samples showed a range of 63–80% biofilm inhibition through biomass assays. Fluorescence microscopy (FM) analysis evidenced statistical log reduction in the cell count of honey-treated samples in all pathogens (P <0.05), except for S. aureus ATCC 25923. Concerning cell viability, C. tropicalis, K. pneumoniae ATCC 33495, and K. pneumoniae KPC significantly decreased (P <0.01) by 21.67, 25.69, and 45.62%, respectively. Finally, scanning electron microscopy (SEM) analysis demonstrated structural biofilm disruption through cell morphological parameters (such as area, size, and form). In relation to their polyphenolic profile, medioresinol was only found in the honey of Loja, while scopoletin, kaempferol, and quercetin were only identified in honey of Los Rios, and dihydrocaffeic and dihydroxyphenylacetic acids were only detected in honey of El Oro. All the five honey samples showed dihydrocoumaroylhexose, luteolin, and kaempferol rutinoside. To the authors’ best knowledge, this is the first study to analyze stingless bees honey-treated biofilms of susceptible and/or MDR strains of S. aureus, K. pneumoniae, and Candida species. metadata Cabezas-Mera, Fausto Sebastián and Atiencia-Carrera, María Belén and Villacrés-Granda, Irina and Proaño, Adrian Alexander and Debut, Alexis and Vizuete, Karla and Herrero-Bayo, Lorena and Gonzalez-Paramás, Ana M. and Giampieri, Francesca and Abreu-Naranjo, Reinier and Tejera, Eduardo and Álvarez-Suarez, José M. and Machado, António mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, francesca.giampieri@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED (2023) Evaluation of the polyphenolic profile of native Ecuadorian stingless bee honeys (Tribe: Meliponini) and their antibiofilm activity on susceptible and multidrug-resistant pathogens: An exploratory analysis. Current Research in Food Science, 7. p. 100543. ISSN 26659271

Article Subjects > Psychology Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés, Español El objetivo principal de este estudio es correlacionar la evitación experiencial y ansiedad precompetitiva (ansiedad somática, ansiedad cognitiva y autoconfianza) para conocer sí es pertinente proponer futuras intervenciones con la Terapia de Aceptación y Compromiso (ACT) en el ámbito deportivo. Se utilizó un diseño observacional correlacional transversal en una muestra no clínica de 93 deportistas de alto rendimiento de ambos sexos de edades comprendidas entre 15 y 46 años, mediante el AAQ-II y el CSAI-2R. Se realizaron análisis descriptivos y correlacionales en las variables de interés. Los resultados informaron de una relación lineal positiva significativa entre la evitación experiencial con la ansiedad somática y ansiedad cognitiva, es decir; a más de una variable más de otra y una relación lineal negativa o inversa con la autoconfianza, con lo cual; a más de una variable, menos de la otra. Los resultados presentados se alinean con investigaciones anteriores y con lo que se pretende demostrar, como la evitación experiencial la ansiedad precompetitiva influye en el rendimiento deportivo. metadata Calle Abarca, Cristina María mail UNSPECIFIED (2021) Evitación experiencial y ansiedad en deportistas de alto rendimiento. MLS Psychology Research, 4 (2). ISSN 2605-5295

Article Subjects > Psychology Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Universidad Internacional do Cuanza > Research > Scientific Production
Cerrado Inglés In recent decades, perfectionism has generated growing interest from the scientific community in understanding exercise addiction, due to the explicative contributions offered its characteristics that can make individuals more susceptible to unhealthy and compulsive exercise. There have been limited studies of such constructions in sports contexts. With the purpose of identifying the most relevant evidence on the constructs in sports contexts, the main links between perfectionism and exercise addiction in athletes were described. Taking into account the principles established by the PRISMA and AMSTAR statements for the qualitative and quantitative description of findings in systematic reviews, a compendium of original articles in English, French and Spanish published on the Web of Science electronic platforms and databases is presented, Scopus, ProQuest, MEDLINE and EBSCO-HOST, and included major resources such as PSY Articles, PsycINFO, LWW, ERIC, SportDISCUS, PubMed, ERIC, Dialnet, PubMed, ISOC, the Cochrane Library and Google Scholar. Of the 754 articles identified, only 22 met the established inclusion criteria. Finally, the relationship between exercise addiction and perfectionism, and the risk function of certain personality traits, such as narcissism, in this association is confirmed. metadata González-Hernández, J. and Nogueira-López, Abel and Zangeneh, M. and López-Mora, C. mail UNSPECIFIED, abel.nogueira@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED (2021) Exercise Addiction and Perfectionism, Joint in the Same Path? A Systematic Review. International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction. ISSN 1557-1874

Conference or Workshop Item Subjects > Teaching Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Español La educación financiera es una de las grandes necesidades de Europa. Las formaciones disponibles actualmente sobre financiamiento en el contexto del emprendimiento se caracterizan por ser demasiado cortas, muy teóricas y/o caras, y por lo general, los estudiantes de negocios son los únicos que tienen un adecuado acceso a la educación financiera empresarial. El e-learning abre posibilidades de superar estas barreras y democratizar el conocimiento financiero, especialmente, entre los estudiantes de educación superior como futuros emprendedores y evita que la educación práctica en esta materia cierre en nuevos períodos de pandemia. El objetivo de esta comunicación es la presentación del análisis de la experiencia de una herramienta de e-learning para la educación financiera de estudiantes universitarios como potenciales emprendedores, en la Universidad de Valladolid. Se trata de una formación piloto de financiamiento al emprendimiento, en la que participan 15 estudiantes de pregrado. Para ello se ha empleado el e-learning, como herramienta docente, específicamente el simulador digital de FINANCEn_LAB, que permite aprender haciendo: los estudiantes simulan emprendimientos financiados mediante Crowdfunding, Business Angels, Bootstrapping, Venture Capital, Pre-seed, Incubators, Initial Public Offering y EU Funds en la plataforma, con la tutoría de un profesor. Esto les permite experimentar cientos de experiencias de emprendimiento de manera práctica y con apoyo especializado desde cualquier lugar metadata Trujillo Rodríguez, Maydelis and Tejerina Gaite, Fernando Adolfo and Herrera Montano, Isabel and Alexeeva-Alexeev, Inna and Prola, Thomas and de la Torre Díez, Isabel mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, inna.alexeeva@uneatlantico.es, thomas.prola@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED (2022) Experiencia con una herramienta digital para la educación en finanzas de estudiantes de la Universidad de Valladolid dentro del marco del Proyecto Erasmus+ “FINANCEn-LAB”. In: Actas del Congreso Internacional Virtual USATIC 2022, Ubicuo y Social: Aprendizaje con TIC.

Article Subjects > Nutrition Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés The leaves of the olive tree (Olea europaea L.) are one of the major solid wastes from the olive industry. Globally, the European Union is the largest producer of olive by-products, with Spain, Italy, Greece, and Portugal accounting for almost the entire production. Many questions remain to be solved concerning olive leaves (OL), including those related to possible differences in composition and/or biological activities depending on their geographical origin. In the present work, OL from Spain, Italy, Greece, and Portugal have been characterized according to their phytochemical profile, antioxidant capacity, neuroprotective activity, and anti-inflammatory effects. The Spanish and Italian OL samples presented the highest antioxidant and neuroprotective activities, while the Greek OL showed the lowest. These results were strongly associated with the content of oleoside methyl ester and p-hydroxybenzoic acid for the Spanish and Italian samples, respectively, whereas the content of decarboxymethyl elenolic acid dialdehyde form (hydrated) was negatively associated with the mentioned biological activities of the Greek samples. No country-related effect was observed in the anti-inflammatory activity of OL. Comprehensively, this work could provide a useful tool for manufacturers and R&D departments in making environmentally friendly decisions on how OL can be used to generate nutraceutical products based on the composition and origin of this by-product. metadata Romero-Márquez, Jose M. and Navarro-Hortal, María D. and Forbes-Hernández, Tamara Y. and Varela-López, Alfonso and Puentes, Juan G. and Pino-García, Raquel Del and Sánchez-González, Cristina and Elío Pascual, Iñaki and Battino, Maurizio and García, Roberto and Sánchez, Sebastián and Quiles, José L. mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, inaki.elio@uneatlantico.es, maurizio.battino@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, jose.quiles@uneatlantico.es (2023) Exploring the Antioxidant, Neuroprotective, and Anti-Inflammatory Potential of Olive Leaf Extracts from Spain, Portugal, Greece, and Italy. Antioxidants, 12 (8). p. 1538. ISSN 2076-3921

Article Subjects > Nutrition Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés Ocimum is considered the largest genus in the Lamiacea family. The genus includes basil, a group of aromatic plants with a wide range of culinary uses that nowadays draws attention for its medicinal and pharmaceutical potential. This systematic review intends to explore the chemical composition of nonessential oils and their variation across different Ocimum species. Moreover, we aimed to identify the state of knowledge regarding the molecular space in this genus as well as the different methods of extraction/identification and geographical location. Seventy-nine eligible articles were selected for the final analysis, from which we extracted more than 300 molecules. We found that the countries with the highest number of studies into Ocimum species are India, Nigeria, Brazil, and Egypt. However, from all known species of Ocimum, only 12 were found to have an extensive chemical characterization, particularly Ocimum basilicum and Ocimum tenuiflorum. Our study focused especially on alcoholic, hydroalcoholic, and water extracts, in which the main techniques for compound identifications are GC-MS, LC-MS, and LC-UV. Across the compiled molecules, we found a wide variety of compounds, especially flavonoids, phenolic acids, and terpenoids, suggesting that this genus could be a very useful source of possible bioactive compounds. The information collected in this review also emphasizes the huge gap between the vast number of Ocimum species discovered and the number of studies in each of them that determined the chemical characterization. metadata Beltrán-Noboa, Andrea and Jordan-Álvarez, Alejandro and Guevara-Terán, Mabel and Gallo, Blanca and Berrueta, Luis A. and Giampieri, Francesca and Battino, Maurizio and Álvarez-Suarez, José M. and Tejera, Eduardo mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, francesca.giampieri@uneatlantico.es, maurizio.battino@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED (2023) Exploring the Chemistry of Ocimum Species under Specific Extractions and Chromatographic Methods: A Systematic Review. ACS Omega. ISSN 2470-1343

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Article Subjects > Engineering Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Fundación Universitaria Internacional de Colombia > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Universidad Internacional do Cuanza > Research > Scientific Production
Abierto Inglés A new artificial intelligence-based approach is proposed by developing a deep learning (DL) model for identifying the people who violate the face mask protocol in public places. To achieve this goal, a private dataset was created, including different face images with and without masks. The proposed model was trained to detect face masks from real-time surveillance videos. The proposed face mask detection (FMDNet) model achieved a promising detection of 99.0% in terms of accuracy for identifying violations (no face mask) in public places. The model presented a better detection capability compared to other recent DL models such as FSA-Net, MobileNet V2, and ResNet by 24.03%, 5.0%, and 24.10%, respectively. Meanwhile, the model is lightweight and had a confidence score of 99.0% in a resource-constrained environment. The model can perform the detection task in real-time environments at 41.72 frames per second (FPS). Thus, the developed model can be applicable and useful for governments to maintain the rules of the SOP protocol. metadata Benifa, J. V. Bibal and Chola, Channabasava and Muaad, Abdullah Y. and Hayat, Mohd Ammar Bin and Bin Heyat, Md Belal and Mehrotra, Rajat and Akhtar, Faijan and Hussein, Hany S. and Ramírez-Vargas, Debora L. and Kuc Castilla, Ángel Gabriel and Díez, Isabel de la Torre and Khan, Salabat mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, debora.ramirez@unini.edu.mx, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED (2023) FMDNet: An Efficient System for Face Mask Detection Based on Lightweight Model during COVID-19 Pandemic in Public Areas. Sensors, 23 (13). p. 6090. ISSN 1424-8220

Article Subjects > Physical Education and Sport
Subjects > Psychology
Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Español El bienestar psicológico que experimenta un individuo puede verse afectado por diversas variables, como, por ejemplo, la ansiedad. En el caso concreto de los deportistas, la ansiedad derivada de la práctica deportiva es algo frecuente, pudiendo derivar en niveles bajos de bienestar. Sin embargo, podrían existir factores protectores que amortiguasen esta relación. En este sentido, el objetivo del presente estudio es analizar el posible efecto protector tanto de las estrategias de afrontamiento (evaluadas mediante el Cuestionario de Estrategias de Afrontamiento en Competición Deportiva), como de la cohesión de grupo (evaluada mediante el Cuestionario de Entorno de Grupo) sobre el bienestar psicológico (evaluado mediante la Escala de Bienestar Psicológico de Ryff), a pesar de experimentar ansiedad en la competición deportiva (evaluada mediante el Cuestionario de Causas, Manifestaciones y Estrategias de Afrontamiento de la Ansiedad en la Competición Deportiva). Para ello se contó con una muestra de 99 futbolistas amateurs. Los resultados mostraron relaciones bivariadas negativas entre ansiedad y bienestar (r = -.03 / -.37). Sin embargo, al analizar el efecto moderador tanto de la cohesión grupal (β = .82, p < .001) como de las estrategias de afrontamiento (β = .87, p < .001), se observó que ambas variables amortiguaban el efecto negativo de la ansiedad sobre el bienestar. Estos resultados pueden tener importantes implicaciones prácticas en el desarrollo de intervenciones con deportistas para mejorar el nivel de bienestar psicológico a través de la mejora tanto de la cohesión grupal como de las estrategias de afrontamiento. metadata Aguinaga, Íñigo and Herrero-Fernández, David and Santamaría, Txemi mail UNSPECIFIED, david.herrero@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED (2021) Factor protector de las estrategias de afrontamiento y la cohesión de grupo sobre el bienestar psicológico ante situaciones de ansiedad competitiva en futbolistas. Cuadernos de Psicología del Deporte, 21 (1). pp. 86-101. ISSN 1989-5879

Article Subjects > Psychology Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés, Español La presente investigación examinó las posibles relaciones existentes entre los rasgos de personalidad y el perfil motivacional laboral; teniendo en cuenta la incidencia de los riesgos psicosociales en la relación entre ambas variables. Se trata de un diseño ex post facto, transversal de tipo descriptivo y correlacional, observacional de tipo analítico y no experimental. Este estudio se compuso de una muestra de 50 personas trabajadoras, pertenecientes a la generación millennial, en edades comprendidas entre los 22 y los 37 años; y estuvo conformada por 29 mujeres y 21 hombres. Se observó que existe una correlación significativa y positiva entre los rasgos de personalidad; Apertura y Responsabilidad con los rasgos de motivación; Logro, Exploración y Contribución. Así mismo, se encontró una relación significativa y negativa entre los rasgos de personalidad; Apertura y Responsabilidad y los rasgos de motivación; Hedonismo, Seguridad y Conservación. Por otro lado, se comprobó que en esta relación mediaban ciertos factores de riesgos psicosociales como son la Inseguridad, el Liderazgo, el Desarrollo y la Estima, los cuales mediaban la relación entre los rasgos de personalidad Apertura y Responsabilidad y los rasgos de motivación, Hedonismo, Exploración, Seguridad y Contribución. metadata Sainz Álvarez, Enya mail UNSPECIFIED (2018) Factores que influyen en el perfil motivacional laboral de los millennials. MLS Psychology Research, 1 (1). pp. 41-60. ISSN 26055295

Article Subjects > Psychology Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Cerrado Inglés The aim of this study was to examine the sociodemographic and clinical differences between people with a probable diagnosis of panic disorder (PD) and those with PD and a probable comorbid diagnosis major depressive disorder (PD + MDD). We also sought to explore the potential contribution of cognitive variables to help differentiate between PD and PD + MDD. This was a subgroup analysis of 331 patients with PD symptoms who were included in the PsicAP clinical trial. All participants completed scales to evaluate panic, depression, somatization, cognitive and performance variables. A univariate analysis showed significant differences (p < .01) between the groups (PD vs PD + MDD) in clinical variables. Somatization was the best predictor of comorbid PD + MDD (β = .346; p < .01). Cognitive variables do not appear to play an essential role in predicting the presence of depressive symptoms in people with a screen positive for PD. These findings appear to support a transdiagnostic treatment approach for PD, which may be useful regardless of whether comorbid depression is present or not. metadata Barrio‐Martínez, Sara and Cano‐Vindel, Antonio and Muñoz‐Navarro, Roger and Moriana, Juan Antonio and Ruíz‐Rodríguez, Paloma and Medrano, Leonardo Adrián and Ventura, Ludovica and González‐Blanch, César mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, cesar.gonzalezblanch@uneatlantico.es (2021) Factors differentiating panic disorder with and without comorbid symptoms of depression. Psychology and Psychotherapy: Theory, Research and Practice, 94 (3). pp. 523-540. ISSN 1476-0835

Article Subjects > Engineering Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Cerrado Inglés Recently, the Internet of Medical Things (IoMT) could offload healthcare services to 5 G edge computing for low latency. However, some existing works assumed altruistic patients will sacrifice Quality of Service (QoS) for the global optimum. For priority-aware and deadline-sensitive healthcare, this sufficient and simplified assumption will undermine the engagement enthusiasm, i.e., unfairness. To address this issue, we propose a long-term proportional fairness-driven 5 G edge healthcare, i.e., FairHealth. First, we establish a long-term Nash bargaining game to model the service offloading, considering the stochastic demand and dynamic environment. We then design a Lyapunov-based proportional-fairness resource scheduling algorithm, which decouples the long-term fairness problem into single-slot sub-problems, realizing a trade-off between service stability and fairness. Moreover, we propose a block-coordinate descent method to iteratively solve non-convex fair sub-problems. Simulation results show that our scheme can improve 74.44% of the fairness index (i.e., Nash product), compared with the classic global time-optimal scheme. metadata Lin, Xi and Wu, Jun and Bashir, Ali Kashif and Yang, Wu and Singh, Aman and AlZubi, Ahmad Ali mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, aman.singh@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED (2022) FairHealth: Long-Term Proportional Fairness-Driven 5G Edge Healthcare in Internet of Medical Things. IEEE Transactions on Industrial Informatics. pp. 1-10. ISSN 1551-3203

Article Subjects > Biomedicine Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés The connective tissue or fascia plays key roles in maintaining bodily function and health. The fascia is made up of solid and fluid portions, which interpenetrate and interact with each other, forming a polymorphic three-dimensional network. In the vast panorama of literature there is no univocal thought on the nomenclature and terminology that best represents the concept of fascia. The Foundation of Osteopathic Research and Clinical Endorsement (FORCE) organization brings together various scientific figures in a multidisciplinary perspective. FORCE tries to find a common nomenclature that can be shared, starting from the scientific notions currently available. Knowledge of the fascial continuum should always be at the service of the clinician and never become an exclusive for the presence of copyright, or commodified for the gain of a few. FORCE is a non-profit organization serving all professionals who deal with patient health. The article reviews the concepts of fascia, including some science subjects rarely considered, to gain an understanding of the broader fascial topic, and proposing new concepts, such as the holographic fascia. metadata Bordoni, Bruno and Escher, Allan R and Tobbi, Filippo and Pianese, Luigi and Ciardo, Antonio and Yamahata, Jay and Hernandez, Saul and Sanchez, Oscar mail UNSPECIFIED (2022) Fascial Nomenclature: Update 2022. Cureus, 14 (6). ISSN 2168-8184

Article Subjects > Engineering Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Abierto Inglés The rapid expansion of Internet of Things (IoT) devices deploys various sensors in different applications like homes, cities and offices. IoT applications depend upon the accuracy of sensor data. So, it is necessary to predict faults in the sensor and isolate their cause. A novel primitive technique named fall curve is presented in this paper which characterizes sensor faults. This technique identifies the faulty sensor and determines the correct working of the sensor. Different sources of sensor faults are explained in detail whereas various faults that occurred in sensor nodes available in IoT devices are also presented in tabular form. Fault prediction in digital and analog sensors along with methods of sensor fault prediction are described. There are several advantages and disadvantages of sensor fault prediction methods and the fall curve technique. So, some solutions are provided to overcome the limitations of the fall curve technique. In this paper, a bibliometric analysis is carried out to visually analyze 63 papers fetched from the Scopus database for the past five years. Its novelty is to predict a fault before its occurrence by looking at the fall curve. The sensing of current flow in devices is important to prevent a major loss. So, the fall curves of ACS712 current sensors configured on different devices are drawn for predicting faulty or non-faulty devices. The analysis result proved that if any of the current sensors gets faulty, then the fall curve will differ and the value will immediately drop to zero. Various evaluation metrics for fault prediction are also described in this paper. At last, this paper also addresses some possible open research issues which are important to deal with false IoT sensor data. metadata Uppal, Mudita and Gupta, Deepali and Anand, Divya and S. Alharithi, Fahd and Almotiri, Jasem and Ortega-Mansilla, Arturo and Singh, Dinesh and Goyal, Nitin mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, arturo.ortega@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED (2022) Fault Pattern Diagnosis and Classification in Sensor Nodes Using Fall Curve. Computers, Materials & Continua, 72 (1). pp. 1799-1814. ISSN 1546-2226

Article Subjects > Psychology Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés Background Although health public services recommend prevention strategies for COVID-19 some of these recommendations have not been taken seriously by young people. Understanding why some people comply with these recommendations and others do not seem to be crucial in helping public health services to predict behavior and compliance with rules, especially for young people. Previous studies suggest that knowledge, attitudes, and practices (KAP) are useful to assess compliance with the preventive measures and public health policies. Being afraid has also been found to correlate with more engagement with preventive measures. This study aims to assess the KAP and fear of COVID-19 of Spanish university students and to understand the relation between diagnosis, KAP and the level of fear. Method Participants of this cross-sectional study were 598 college students (69.4% women) from different Spanish Universities. Data were collected for a month using an online questionnaire through Sphinx iQ2. Results Levels of KAP among Spanish students were satisfactory and results suggest the presence of fear among them. More importantly, fear of COVID-19 mediated the impact of the diagnosis on the KAP. Conclusions Feeling fear seems to be the mechanism underlying the relationship between diagnosis and KAP. Diagnosis is associated with KAP when the diagnosis it is accompanied by measures of fear. KAP, diagnosis, or perceived fear of COVID must be taken together in consideration for health interventions and public health campaigns design. metadata Cancela, Ana and González-Noriega, Mar and Visiers, Ana mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, ana.visiers@uneatlantico.es (2023) Fear of COVID-19: the mediation role between the COVID-19 diagnosis and KAP in Spanish university students. BMC Public Health, 23 (1). ISSN 1471-2458

Article Subjects > Psychology Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés Objectives The COVID-19 pandemic constitutes a global mental health challenge that has disrupted the lives of millions of people, with a considerable effect on university students. The aim of this study was to assess the feasibility of a brief online Mindfulness and Compassion-based Intervention to promote mental health among first year university students during COVID-19 home confinement. Methods Participants (n=66) were first-year psychology students from a university in Spain with no prior meditation experience. Intervention lasted for 16 days and was designed ad-hoc. Using a pre–post within-subjects design, feasibility was assessed in five domains (acceptability, satisfaction, implementation, practicality, and limited efficacy testing). Participants completed both baseline and post-intervention assessments of perceived stress, anxiety, and self-compassion. Results The intervention showed to be feasible in all domains evaluated. It was implemented as planned with constrained resources, and limited efficacy testing showed promising results. After the intervention, stress and anxiety levels decreased significantly (p<0.001, Hedges’s g=0.5146; p<0.001, Hedges’s g=0.6068, respectively) whereas self-compassion levels were augmented significantly (p<0.001, Hedges’s g=0.6968). Conclusions Our findings suggest that a brief online mindfulness and compassion intervention may be a feasible way of promoting mental health among university students during COVID-19 lockdown. Further studies are required to address the limitations of the present study. We conclude that online interventions may constitute a promising pathway to buffer the mental health burden derived from the COVID-19 pandemic. metadata González-García, Marian and Crespo-Álvarez, Jorge and Zubeldia Pérez, Elena and Fernandez-Carriba, Samuel and González López, Javier mail marian.gonzalez@uneatlantico.es, jorge.crespo@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED (2021) Feasibility of a Brief Online Mindfulness and Compassion-Based Intervention to Promote Mental Health Among University Students During the COVID-19 Pandemic. Mindfulness, 12 (7). pp. 1685-1695. ISSN 1868-8527

Article Subjects > Biomedicine Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés When you are part of a community, especially a scientific one, you are required to contribute significantly to its welfare, because the community as a whole represents each individual within it and, in turn, determines the wellbeing of the participants themselves. metadata Battino, Maurizio mail maurizio.battino@uneatlantico.es (2022) Feature Paper Special Issue for Editorial Board Members (EBMs) of Diseases. Diseases, 10 (2). p. 18. ISSN 2079-9721

Article Subjects > Engineering
Subjects > Psychology
Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés Background and Hypothesis The existing developmental bond between fingerprint generation and growth of the central nervous system points to a potential use of fingerprints as risk markers in schizophrenia. However, the high complexity of fingerprints geometrical patterns may require flexible algorithms capable of characterizing such complexity. Study Design Based on an initial sample of scanned fingerprints from 612 patients with a diagnosis of non-affective psychosis and 844 healthy subjects, we have built deep learning classification algorithms based on convolutional neural networks. Previously, the general architecture of the network was chosen from exploratory fittings carried out with an independent fingerprint dataset from the National Institute of Standards and Technology. The network architecture was then applied for building classification algorithms (patients vs controls) based on single fingers and multi-input models. Unbiased estimates of classification accuracy were obtained by applying a 5-fold cross-validation scheme. Study Results The highest level of accuracy from networks based on single fingers was achieved by the right thumb network (weighted validation accuracy = 68%), while the highest accuracy from the multi-input models was attained by the model that simultaneously used images from the left thumb, index and middle fingers (weighted validation accuracy = 70%). Conclusion Although fitted models were based on data from patients with a well established diagnosis, since fingerprints remain lifelong stable after birth, our results imply that fingerprints may be applied as early predictors of psychosis. Specially, if they are used in high prevalence subpopulations such as those of individuals at high risk for psychosis. metadata Salvador, Raymond and García-León, María Ángeles and Feria-Raposo, Isabel and Botillo-Martín, Carlota and Martín-Lorenzo, Carlos and Corte-Souto, Carmen and Aguilar-Valero, Tania and Gil Sanz, David and Porta-Pelayo, David and Martín-Carrasco, Manuel and del Olmo-Romero, Francisco and Maria Santiago-Bautista, Jose and Herrero-Muñecas, Pilar and Castillo-Oramas, Eglee and Larrubia-Romero, Jesús and Rios-Alvarado, Zoila and Antonio Larraz-Romeo, José and Guardiola-Ripoll, Maria and Almodóvar-Payá, Carmen and Fatjó-Vilas Mestre, Mar and Sarró, Salvador and McKenna, Peter J and González-Pablos, Emilio and Negro-González, Emilio and María Castells Bescos, Eva and Felipe Martínez, Elena and Muñoz Hermoso, Paula and Camaño Serna, Cora and Rebolleda Gil, Carlos and Feliz Muñoz, Carmen and Sevillano De La Fuente, Paula and Sánchez Perez, Manuel and Arrece Iriondo, Izascun and Vicente Jauregui Berecibar, José and Domínguez Panchón, Ana and Felices de la Fuente, Alfredo and Bosque Gabarre, Clara and Pomarol-Clotet, Edith mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, david.gil@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED (2022) Fingerprints as Predictors of Schizophrenia: A Deep Learning Study. Schizophrenia Bulletin. ISSN 0586-7614

Article Subjects > Nutrition Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés Epidemiological studies have shown that eating fish significantly reduces cardiovascular disease (CVD) incidence and mortality. However, more focused meta-analyses based on the most recent results from prospective cohort studies are needed. This systematic review and meta-analysis aims to update the association between fish intake and cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk using recent prospective studies. A systematic review and meta-analysis following the PRISMA guideline was conducted based on a random effects synthesis of multivariable-adjusted relative risks (RRs) of high vs. low categories of fish intake in relation to CVD incidence and mortality. Non-linear meta-regression was applied to investigate the shape of the association between fish intake and CVD risk. Sensitivity analysis and stratifications by type of CVD outcome, type of fish intake and type of cooking were performed. Based on 18 papers reporting 17 independent estimates of CVD risk (1,442,407 participants and 78,805 fatal and non-fatal CVD events), high vs. low intake of fish corresponded to about 8% reduced CVD risk (RR = 0.93 [0.88–0.98]). According to a non-linear dose–response meta-regression, 50 g of fish intake per day corresponded to a statistically significant 9% reduced fatal and non-fatal CVD risk (RR = 0.92 [0.90–0.95]). Similarly, fish intake in the range of a weekly intake of two to three portions of fish with a size of 150 g resulted in 8% fatal and non-fatal CVD risk reduction (RR = 0.93 [0.91–0.96]). The recommended two portions of fish a week reduces the risk of CVD outcomes by approximately 10%. A full portion of fish a day reduces CVD risk by up to 30%. metadata Ricci, Hannah and Gaeta, Maddalena and Franchi, Carlotta and Poli, Andrea and Battino, Maurizio and Dolci, Alberto and Schmid, Daniela and Ricci, Cristian mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, maurizio.battino@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED (2023) Fish Intake in Relation to Fatal and Non-Fatal Cardiovascular Risk: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Cohort Studies. Nutrients, 15 (21). p. 4539. ISSN 2072-6643

Article Subjects > Physical Education and Sport Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Cerrado Inglés Objective: To describe the injury incidence according to each phase of menstrual cycle (MC) in professional futsal players along two consecutive season and, secondly, to compare the injury incidence and frequency between different phases of the MC. Conclusions: This study suggests the relevance to track the MC, but reduces its possible relationship or influence on the injury distribution during each phase of the MC. The knowledge of injury incidence, burden and etiology is a key factor to design injury prevention programs with the focus on the most common injuries, where MC could be included as a complementary factor. metadata Lago-Fuentes, Carlos and Padrón-Cabo, Alexis and Fernández-Villarino, Marián and Mecías-Calvo, Marcos and Muñoz-Pérez, Iker and García-Pinillos, Felipe and Rey, Ezequiel mail carlos.lago@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, marcos.mecias@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED (2021) Follicular phase of menstrual cycle is related to higher tendency to suffer from severe injuries among elite female futsal players. Physical Therapy in Sport, 52. pp. 90-96. ISSN 1466853X

Article Subjects > Nutrition Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés Food knowledge (FK) is one of the factors that contribute to malnutrition conditions in developing countries, together with food safety, food security and food access. FK is defined as ‘the competence to understand healthy nutrition concepts’; it impacts individuals’ life due to its relationship with food behaviour and eating habits. Therefore, acting on FK can represent a starting point for improving the health status of vulnerable populations. The authors present a total score of an FK questionnaire (FKQ) and its relation to the socio-demographic characteristics of a specific target population: Tanzanian women of childbearing age. The results of the manuscript complement evidence of construct validity of the FKQ by providing an algorithm to compute a total score as a measure of FK. The strength of this tool, and its score, lies in the fact that the questionnaire has been validated and is easy to administer. metadata Conti, Maria Vittoria and Gnesi, Marco and Mshanga, Naelijwa and De Giuseppe, Rachele and Giampieri, Francesca and Cena, Hellas mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, francesca.giampieri@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED (2023) Food knowledge level among Tanzanian women of childbearing age: developing a score for the food knowledge questionnaire. Journal of Nutritional Science, 12. ISSN 2048-6790

Article Subjects > Engineering
Subjects > Teaching
Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Universidad Internacional do Cuanza > Research > Scientific Production
Abierto Inglés The purpose of this research article was to contrast the benefits of the optimal probability threshold adjustment technique with other imbalanced data processing techniques, in its application to the prediction of post-graduate students’ late dropout from distance learning courses in two universities in the Ibero-American space. In this context, the optimization of the Logistic Regression, Random Forest, and Neural Network classifiers, together with different techniques, attributes, and algorithms (Hyperparameters, SMOTE, SMOTE_SVM, and ADASYN) resulted in a set of metrics for decision-making, prioritizing the reduction of false negatives. The best model was the Neural Network model in combination with SMOTE_SVM, obtaining a recall index of 0.75 and an f1-Score of 0.60. Likewise, the robustness of the Random Forest classifier for imbalanced data was demonstrated by achieving, with an optimal threshold of 0.427, very similar metrics to those obtained by the consensus of the three best models found. This demonstrates that, for Random Forest, the optimal prediction probability threshold is an excellent alternative to resampling techniques with different optimal thresholds. Finally, it is hoped that this research paper will contribute to boost the application of this simple but powerful technique, which is highly underrated with respect to data resampling techniques for imbalanced data. metadata Rodríguez Velasco, Carmen Lilí and García Villena, Eduardo and Brito Ballester, Julién and Durántez Prados, Frigdiano Álvaro and Silva Alvarado, Eduardo René and Crespo Álvarez, Jorge mail carmen.rodriguez@uneatlantico.es, eduardo.garcia@uneatlantico.es, julien.brito@uneatlantico.es, durantez@uneatlantico.es, eduardo.silva@funiber.org, jorge.crespo@uneatlantico.es (2023) Forecasting of Post-Graduate Students’ Late Dropout Based on the Optimal Probability Threshold Adjustment Technique for Imbalanced Data. International Journal of Emerging Technologies in Learning (iJET), 18 (04). pp. 120-155. ISSN 1863-0383

Article Subjects > Engineering Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Fundación Universitaria Internacional de Colombia > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Universidad Internacional do Cuanza > Research > Scientific Production
Abierto Inglés In the Internet of things (IoT), data packets are accumulated and disseminated across IoT devices without human intervention, therefore the privacy and security of sensitive data during transmission are crucial. For this purpose, multiple routing techniques exist to ensure security and privacy in IoT Systems. One such technique is the routing protocol for low power and lossy networks (RPL) which is an IPv6 protocol commonly used for routing in IoT systems. Formal modeling of an IoT system can validate the reliability, accuracy, and consistency of the system. This paper presents the formal modeling of RPL protocol and the analysis of its security schemes using colored Petri nets that applies formal validation and verification for both the secure and non-secure modes of RPL protocol. The proposed approach can also be useful for formal modeling-based verification of the security of the other communication protocols. metadata Balfaqih, Mohammed and Ahmad, Farooq and Chaudhry, Muhammad Tayyab and Jamal, Muhammad Hasan and Sohail, Muhammad Amar and Gavilanes Aray, Daniel and Masías Vergara, Manuel and Ashraf, Imran mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, daniel.gavilanes@uneatlantico.es, manuel.masias@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED (2023) Formal modeling and analysis of security schemes of RPL protocol using colored Petri nets. PLOS ONE, 18 (8). e0285700. ISSN 1932-6203

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Article Subjects > Physical Education and Sport Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés The aim of this study was to evaluate the differences on motor competence between 5-year-old boys and girls and to investigate the existence of Relative Age Effect (RAE) on their motor competence. A total of 232 preschool children were evaluated of whom 134 (57.8%) were boys and 98 (42.2%) were girls. The Movement Assessment Battery for Children-2 (MABC-2) was used to collect data. The data show a main effect on gender factor; there was a main effect in total score of manual dexterity (MD; p = 0.010), in total score of balance (Bal; p < 0.001), in total test score (TTS; p < 0.001), and in total percentile score (TPS, p < 0.001). In the semester of birth factor, there were differences in aiming and catching (A&C, p < 0.001), in Bal (p = 0.029) and in total percentile score (TPS, p = 0.010). Girls perform better in MD, Bal, TTS, and TPS than boys. Preschool children born in the first semester obtain, in general, a higher percentage and a higher percentile than their peers born in the second one. RAE is present in A&C, Bal, and TPS, with higher scores obtained by preschool children born in the first semester compared to those born in the second one metadata Navarro-Patón, Rubén and Lago-Ballesteros, Joaquín and Arufe-Giráldez, Víctor and Sanmiguel-Rodríguez, Alberto and Lago-Fuentes, Carlos and Mecías-Calvo, Marcos mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, carlos.lago@uneatlantico.es, marcos.mecias@uneatlantico.es (2021) Gender Differences on Motor Competence in 5-Year-Old Preschool Children Regarding Relative Age. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 18 (6). p. 3143. ISSN 1660-4601

Article Subjects > Biomedicine Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Abierto Inglés Antimicrobial-resistant pathogenic bacteria are an increasing problem in public health, especially in the healthcare environment, where nosocomial infection microorganisms find their niche. Among these bacteria, the genus Acinetobacter which belongs to the ESKAPE pathogenic group harbors different multi-drug resistant (MDR) species that cause human nosocomial infections. Although A. baumannii has always attracted more interest, the close-related species A. pittii is the object of more study due to the increase in its isolation and MDR strains. In this work, we present the genomic analysis of five clinically isolated A. pittii strains from a Spanish hospital, with special attention to their genetic resistance determinants and plasmid structures. All the strains harbored different genes related to β-lactam resistance, as well as different MDR efflux pumps. We also found and described, for the first time in this species, point mutations that seem linked with colistin resistance, which highlights the relevance of this comparative analysis among the pathogenic species isolates. metadata Chapartegui-González, Itziar and Lázaro-Díez, María and Ramos Vivas, Jose mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, jose.ramos@uneatlantico.es (2022) Genetic Resistance Determinants in Clinical Acinetobacter pittii Genomes. Antibiotics, 11 (5). p. 676. ISSN 2079-6382

Article Subjects > Engineering Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés In the studies on Prehistoric Graphic Expression, there are recurrent discussions about the tracings generated by different observers of the same motif. Methodological issues concerning the role of archaeological imaging are often implied within those debates. Do the tracings belong to the observational data exposition chapter, or are they part of the interpretative conclusions? How can the current technological scenario help solve these problems? In 2017, we conducted new documentation of the Peña Tu rock shelter, a well-known site with an intriguing post-palaeolithic graphic collection documented on several occasions throughout the twentieth century. Our objective was to provide quantifiable and, if possible, objective documentation of the painted and engraved remnants on the shelter’s surface. To achieve this, we employed two data capture strategies. One strategy focused on analysing the vestiges of paintings using a hyperspectral sensor, while the other centred on the geometric definition of engravings and the rock support, utilising photogrammetric techniques and laser scanning. These approaches presented various parallax challenges. Despite these challenges, our results were highly satisfactory. We resolved uncertainties regarding the formal features of specific designs that had been subject to debate for a long time. Additionally, we discovered previously unpublished areas with traces of paintings. Lastly, we developed a map highlighting recent alterations and deteriorations, providing a valuable tool for assessing the site’s preservation status. In conclusion, by employing advanced technology and comprehensive documentation methods, we significantly contributed to understanding and preserving the prehistoric graphic expressions at the Peña Tu rock shelter. metadata Teira, Luis and Bayarri Cayón, Vicente and Ontañón, Roberto and Castillo, Elena and Arias, Pablo mail UNSPECIFIED, vicente.bayarri@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED (2024) Geometric and radiometric recording of prehistoric graphic expression: the case of Peña Tu (Asturias, Spain). Archaeological and Anthropological Sciences, 16 (2). ISSN 1866-9557

Article Subjects > Physical Education and Sport Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés We studied the influence of pregnancy exercise on maternal/offspring cardiometabolic health until delivery and at follow-up. We pooled data from two randomized controlled trials from our group that were performed following the same methodology (one unpublished). We also collected follow-up data de novo from the participants of both trials and their offspring. In total, 1348 women with uncomplicated, singleton gestations were assigned to an intervention (n = 688, performing a supervised, moderate-intensity exercise program (three sessions/week)) or control group (n = 660). Maternal outcomes were excessive gestational weight gain (EGWG), gestational hypertension/diabetes and, at follow-up, return to pre-pregnancy weight within six months, hypertension, overweight/obesity, and other cardiometabolic conditions. Offspring outcomes were macrosomia and low-birthweight and, at follow-up, overweight/obesity, low-weight, and cardiometabolic conditions. Adherence to the intervention, which proved safe, was > 95%. Pregnancy exercise reduced the risk of EGWG, gestational hypertension, and diabetes (adjusted odds ratio (OR) and 95% confidence interval: 0.60 (0.46–0.79), 0.39 (0.23–0.67), and 0.48 (0.28–0.84)), and it was associated with a greater likelihood of returning to pre-pregnancy weight (2.37 (1.26–4.54)) and a lower risk of maternal cardiometabolic conditions (0.27 (0.08–0.95)) at the end of follow-up (median 6.1 years (interquartile range 1.8)). Pregnancy exercise also reduced the risk of macrosomia (0.36 (0.20–0.63)) and of childhood overweight/obesity during the first year (0.20 (0.06–0.63)). Our findings suggest that pregnancy exercise might protect maternal/offspring health. metadata Perales, María and Valenzuela, Pedro L. and Barakat, Ruben and Cordero, Yaiza and Peláez, Mireia and López, Carmen and Ruilope, Luis M. and Santos-Lozano, Alejandro and Lucia, Alejandro mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, mireia.pelaez@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED (2020) Gestational Exercise and Maternal and Child Health: Effects until Delivery and at Post-Natal Follow-up. Journal of Clinical Medicine, 9 (2). p. 379. ISSN 2077-0383

Article Subjects > Teaching Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Abierto Portugués Este artigo apresenta as relações estabelecidas entre os profissionais de educação e o gestor no século XXI, além de promover reflexões com finalidade de reavaliar sua prática numa perspectiva democrática para uma melhor educação. A pesquisa trata-se de revisão bibliográfica com caráter exploratório e metodologia qualitativa. Ao investigar as competências e funções desenvolvidas pelo gestor, foram destacados os preceitos pedagógicos que a instituição deve seguir, que são: analisar, avaliar e acompanhar os planos do ensino; sugerir recursos e livros; acompanhar as metodologias dos professores, analisando aspectos que possam vir a atrapalhar as atividades da escola; além de organizar reuniões de professores para concedê-los assistência metodológica e pedagógica; e estimular e sugerir atividades que possam tornar a experiência da educação eficiente para todos. Este trabalho visa demonstrar que a escola é o ambiente onde acontecem a aprendizagem e o desenvolvimento humano. Por isso, uma das funções do Gestor escolar é gerar novas formas de participação e incentivar o trabalho em grupo com membros da comunidade escolar, permeando assim, um ambiente que preze por um modelo de excelência e instigue uma convivência mútua entre todos os inseridos no processo. metadata Alves Guimarães, Ueudison and Moraes da Cruz Gomez, Eliane and Rodrigues Moniz, Sibele Selvina de Oliveira mail UNSPECIFIED (2022) Gestão da diversidade no campo educacional: o papel da gestão escolar nesse processo. RECIMA21 - Revista Científica Multidisciplinar - ISSN 2675-6218, 3 (8). e381808. ISSN 2675-6218

Article Subjects > Teaching Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Abierto Portugués O presente Artigo tem por objectivo compreender como a gestão escolar Democrática desenvolve e exerce as suas funções, visando identificar conceitos e reconhecer habilidades, perspectivando o futuro e os grandes desafios das escolas no que tange a gestão democrática, como elementos necessários para gerir. O problema de pesquisa é: como a gestão escolar democrática e participativa desenvolve e exerce as suas funções no ambiente escolar no Município da Caála? O tema da pesquisa A Gestão escolar Democrática e Participativa: Um olhar para as habilidades, perspectivas e desafios dos directores escolares do Município da Caála, surgiu a partir de reflexões realizadas nas aulas da Disciplina de Organização e Gestão Escolar no Curso de Licenciatura em Psicologia do Instituto Superior Politécnico Caála – Polo Universitário do Bailundo. Para a elaboração do presente artigo, utilizou-se a pesquisa quanti-qualitativa e exploratória, e as informações foram colectadas por meio de entrevistas e questionáris Adoc com quatro directores das escolas Públicas do Município da Caála – Província do Huambo, um Coordenador do Polo Universitário do ISPC, quinze estudantes do 4º Ano de Licenciatura em Ensino Primário e Psicologia, ambos profesores e directores de algumas escolas públicas. A importância da gestão democrática é por o Director ser o indivíduo quem deve incentivar e auxiliar a sua equipe, desempenhando o papel de um bom líder. Para que isso aconteça é importante que ele compreenda que o líder sabe dividir as suas responsabilidades e isso faz com que todos sintam-se parte da escola e trabalhem em prol de um processo de ensino e aprendizagem de qualidade. Palavras-Chave: Gestão escolar Democrática. Participativa. Liderança. Humildade metadata Graça da Costa, Mario and Enoque, Francisco Zacarias and da Costa Graça, Henriques mail mario.graca@doctorado.unini.edu.mx, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED (2022) Gestão escolar democrática e participativa: um olhar para as habilidades, competências, perspectivas e desafios dos directores escolares do município da Caála. Revista Ibero-Americana de Humanidades, Ciências e Educação, 8 (1). pp. 66-95. ISSN 2675-3375

Article Subjects > Physical Education and Sport Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés, Español Se ha observado como la autocompasión mejora el afrontamiento adaptativo, bienestar y reduce la ansiedad en situaciones de estrés. El presente estudio trató de ver si existían diferencias significativas en el nivel de autocompasión en deportistas de alto rendimiento con o sin lesión en momentos diferentes de la temporada. Con una muestra compuesta de 79 deportistas de diferentes disciplinas, se llevo a cabo a través de la Escala de Autocompasión SCS en español resumida de 12 items (Garcia-Campayo, Navarro, Andrés, Mortero, López, & Piva, 2014),. Los resultados recogidos en esta investigación no fueron concluyentes ni significativos, por lo que se recomendaría efectuar estudios futuros similares con una mayor muestra, en contextos de lesión deportiva y con una intervención psicológica de por medio. metadata Rubio-González, Miriam mail UNSPECIFIED (2021) Grado de autocompasión en deportistas de alto rendimiento lesionados. MLS Sport Research, 1 (2). pp. 7-18.

Article Subjects > Engineering
Subjects > Nutrition
Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés Nitrogen plays a vital role in plants’ biochemical and physiological functions, and it contributes significantly to increasing plant yield and fruit quality. Plants that efficiently absorb and utilize nitrogen enhance the efficiency of fertilizers, reducing their input costs and preventing ecosystem damage. Thus, an adequate nitrogen supply can significantly improve plant growth, fruit quality, and nutritional value. This research focused on evaluating the plant vegetative and productive performance and fruit quality of three short-day strawberry genotypes (“Cristina”, “Romina”, and “Sibilla”) that were fertilized with different amounts of nitrogen, in a crop that was protected under a plastic tunnel. The trial was conducted during two cultivation cycles. The nitrogen rates were 113, 90, and 68 kg/ha for the first year, and 118, 97, and 76 kg/ha for the second. Reduced nitrogen inputs did not significantly affect plant height, indicating that decreased nutritional intake does not harm plant development. The fruit sugar content value remained stable across all nitrogen supplies, as did the fruit titratable acidity. The cultivars maintained a medium fruit firmness at a 60% nitrogen supply, and the Chroma index was not affected. This study found that reducing nitrogen inputs did not have a significant negative impact on the three tested cultivars, making them suitable for cultivation with reduced nitrogen inputs to reduce the environmental impact and save growers’ inputs. metadata Marcellini, Micol and Raffaelli, Davide and Pergolotti, Valeria and Balducci, Francesca and Marcellini, Mirco and Capocasa, Franco and Mezzetti, Bruno and Mazzoni, Luca mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, bruno.mezzetti@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED (2023) Growth and Yield of Strawberry Cultivars under Low Nitrogen Supply in Italy. Horticulturae, 9 (11). p. 1165. ISSN 2311-7524

Article Subjects > Nutrition Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production UNSPECIFIED UNSPECIFIED We analyzed guava fruits (Psidium guajava L. cv. Red Suprema) from Cuba to determine their chemical composition, total antioxidant capacity, as well as their protective effect against oxidative damage using an in vitro model of human dermal fibroblasts. The guava fruit is a natural source of bioactive compounds, such as polyphenols, vitamin C, folates and beta carotenes with proven health benefits. Human dermal fibroblasts were pre-incubated with different concentrations of guava crude extract and then subjected to oxidative stress using the AAPH stressor. The number of apoptotic and dead cells, as well as the markers of oxidative damage such as lipid and protein oxidation significantly decreased when cells were pre-incubated with guava crude extract and then exposed to the stressor. The activity of antioxidant enzymes also improved when cells were pre-incubated with guava crude extract in comparison to cells subjected to stress without prior pre-incubation with the guava extract. The results obtained in this study highlight the health benefits of guava regarding oxidative stress, proving it to be an important source of bioactive compounds associated with important biological properties. metadata Alvarez-Suarez, José M. and Giampieri, Francesca and Gasparrini, Massimiliano and Mazzoni, Luca and Forbes-Hernández, Tamara Y. and Afrin, Sadia and Battino, Maurizio mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, tamara.forbes@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, maurizio.battino@uneatlantico.es (2018) Guava (Psidium guajava L. cv. Red Suprema) Crude Extract Protect Human Dermal Fibroblasts against Cytotoxic Damage Mediated by Oxidative Stress. Plant Foods for Human Nutrition, 73 (1). pp. 18-24. ISSN 0921-9668

Article Subjects > Engineering Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés, Español La migración a la Televisión Digital Terrestre o Televisión Digital Abierta, con el estándar ISDB-Tb, es una transición que supone cambios severos y grandes inversiones en la transmisión y elaboración de contenidos por parte de las empresas televisivas y también significa un cambio para la audiencia, ya que también deben adecuar sus televisores para tener acceso a la nueva señal con más calidad de audio y video. Por ello, se hace necesaria una guía metodológica para estudiar la normativa, apuntar los requisitos esenciales para las distintas fases de implementación, en trabajar mancomunadamente con empresas y profesionales especializados, con buenas prácticas en dirección de proyectos reconocidas a nivel internacional. En Bolivia, la ley de Telecomunicaciones 164 se modificó el 31 de agosto de 2017 para disponer un conglomerado de resoluciones y decretos que promueven la migración digital de los distintos canales de televisión analógicos y posteriormente se estableció una serie de disposiciones para la habilitación de licencias de funcionamiento por 15 años más de forma gratuita para los actuales operadores. Los canales tienen un nuevo plazo de apagón digital para las 3 ciudades principales hasta noviembre de 2021 y otros de menor cobertura hasta noviembre de 2025. La guía resultante de este trabajo, se ha aplicado ya y se espera sea aporte para todos los demás 600 canales que aún no han migrado. metadata Mejia Noe, Alex Fernando Mejia and Arambarri, Jon mail UNSPECIFIED, jon.arambarri@uneatlantico.es (2019) Guía metodológica para la implementación de televisión digital en Bolivia. Project Design and Management, 1 (2). pp. 89-110. ISSN 2683-1597

H

Article Subjects > Engineering Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Abierto Inglés The objectives this study were to examine the integrated use of oil–coagulant for the direct extraction of coagulant from Moringa oleifera (MO) with 5% and 10% (NH4)2SO4 extractor solution to harvest Scenedesmus obliquus cultivated in urban wastewater and to analyze the oil extracted from MO and S. obliquus. An average content of 0.47 g of coagulant and 0.5 g of oil per gram of MO was obtained. Highly efficient algal harvest, 80.33% and 72.13%, was achieved at a dose of 0.38 g L−1 and pH 8–9 for 5% and 10% extractor solutions, respectively. For values above pH 9, the harvest efficiency decreases, producing a whitish water with 10% (NH4)2SO4 solution. The oil profile (MO and S. obliquus) showed contents of SFA of 36.24–36.54%, monounsaturated fatty acids of 32.78–36.13%, and polyunsaturated fatty acids of 27.63–30.67%. The biodiesel obtained by S. obliquus and MO has poor cold flow properties, indicating possible applications limited to warm climates. For both biodiesels, good fuel ignition was observed according to the high cetane number and positive correlation with SFA and negative correlation with the degree of saturation. This supports the use of MO as a potentially harmless bioflocculant for microalgal harvest in wastewater, contributing to its treatment, and a possible source of low-cost biodiesel. metadata Ruiz-Marin, Alejandro and Canedo-Lopez, Yunuen and Narvaez-Garcia, Asteria and Zavala Loría, José del Carmen and Dzul Lopez, Luis Alonso and Sámano Celorio, María Luisa and Crespo-Álvarez, Jorge and García Villena, Eduardo and Agudo-Toyos, Pablo mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, jose.zavala@unini.edu.mx, luis.dzul@unini.edu.mx, marialuisa.samano@uneatlantico.es, jorge.crespo@uneatlantico.es, eduardo.garcia@uneatlantico.es, pablo.agudo@uenatlantico.es (2019) Harvesting Scenedesmus obliquus via Flocculation of Moringa oleifera Seed Extract from Urban Wastewater: Proposal for the Integrated Use of Oil and Flocculant. Energies, 12 (20). p. 3996. ISSN 1996-1073

Article Subjects > Nutrition Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Cerrado Inglés Saponins, consisting of sapogenins as their aglycones and carbohydrate chains, are widely found in plants and some marine organisms. Due to the complexity of the structure of saponins, involving different types of sapogenins and sugar moieties, investigation of their absorption and metabolism is limited, which further hinders the explanation of their bioactivities. Large molecular weight and complex structures limit the direct absorption of saponins rendering their low bioavailability. As such, their major modes of action may be due to interaction with the gastrointestinal environment, such as enzymes and nutrients, and interaction with the gut microbiota. Many studies have reported the interaction between saponins and gut microbiota, that is, the effects of saponins on changing the composition of gut microbiota, and gut microbiota playing an indispensable role in the biotransformation of saponins into sapogenins. However, the metabolic routes of saponins by gut microbiota and their mutual interactions are still sparse. Thus, this review summarizes the chemistry, absorption, and metabolic pathways of saponins, as well as their interactions with gut microbiota and impacts on gut health, to better understand how saponins exert their health-promoting functions. metadata Zhang, Yu and Hao, Ruojie and Chen, Junda and Li, Sen and Huang, Kai and Cao, Hongwei and Farag, Mohamed A. and Battino, Maurizio and Daglia, Maria and Capanoglu, Esra and Zhang, Fan and Sun, Qiqi and Xiao, Jianbo and Sun, Zhenliang and Guan, Xiao mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, maurizio.battino@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED (2023) Health benefits of saponins and its mechanisms: perspectives from absorption, metabolism, and interaction with gut. Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition. pp. 1-22. ISSN 1040-8398

Article Subjects > Physical Education and Sport Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés The aim of this study was to compare heart rate (HR), rating of perceived exertion (RPE), and technical-tactical actions during small-sided games (SSGs) played without (CTR), with internal (IW), and with IW and external (IEW) wildcard players. A total of 22 young male soccer players (age 17.2 ± 0.9 years) randomly completed six 4vs4 SSG situations. The control conditions occurred with goals scored without goalkeeper (4vs4-NO) and with goalkeeper (4vs4-GK). During the experimental conditions, the situations incorporated 2 IW (4vs4+2IW-NO, 4vs4+2IW-GK) and 2 IEW (4vs4+2IW+2IEW-NO, 4vs4+2IW+2IEW-GK). Processed results did not include data from goalkeepers, IW, and IEW players. The HR was divided in intensity-zones (Z1, Z2, and Z3, for <80%, 80–90%, and >90% of maximal HR, respectively) and the analyzed technical-tactical actions were the pass, dribbling, collective success, and pause. The effects of IW and IEW were analyzed through repeated measures analysis of variance. During 4vs4+2IW+2IEW-NO, greater time was recorded in Z1 (p ≤ 0.05) compared with 4vs4-NO and 4s4+2IW-NO. During 4vs4+2IW+2IEW-GK, greater time was recorded in Z1 and less in Z3 (p ≤ 0.05) compared with 4vs4-GK. Greater RPE was reported in 4vs4-NO (p < 0.01) and 4vs4+2IW-NO (p < 0.01) compared with 4vs4+2IW+2IEW-NO, and during 4vs4-GK (p < 0.01) than 4vs4+2IW+2IEW-GK. Greater number of dribbling situations were recorded during 4vs4-NO (p ≤ 0.05) compared with 4vs4+2IW+2IEW-NO. In conclusion, compared with the control condition of 4vs4, the incorporation of IEW reduced HR, RPE, and dribbling actions. metadata Sanchez-Sanchez, Javier and Hernández, Daniel and Casamichana Gomez, David and Martínez-Salazar, Cristian and Ramirez-Campillo, Rodrigo and Sampaio, Jaime mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, david.casamichana@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED (2017) Heart Rate, Technical Performance, and Session-RPE in Elite Youth Soccer Small-Sided Games Played With Wildcard Players. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 31 (10). pp. 2678-2685. ISSN 1064-8011

Article Subjects > Nutrition Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production UNSPECIFIED UNSPECIFIED Raspberry seed is a massive byproduct of raspberry juice and wine but usually discarded. The present study employed a microwave-assisted method for extraction of raspberry seed oil (RSO). The results revealed that omega-6 fatty acids (linoleic acid and γ-linolenic acid) were the major constituents in RSO. Cellular antioxidant enzyme activity such as superoxide dismutase (SOD), glutathione peroxidase (GPx), and catalase (CAT) were investigated in HepG2 cells treated with RSO. Induction of the synthesis of several antioxidants in H2O2-exposed HepG2 cells was found. RSO increased the enzyme activity of SOD, CAT, and GPx in H2O2-exposed HepG2. Furthermore, RSO inhibited the phosphorylation of upstream mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPK) such as c-Jun N-terminal kinase (c-JNK) and extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK). Taken together, the possible mechanisms to increase antioxidant enzyme activities in HepG2 may through the suppression of ERK and JNK phosphorylation. Raspberry seed oil exhibited good effects on the activities of the intracellular antioxidant enzymes and seems to protect the liver from oxidative stress through the inhibition of MAPKs. metadata Teng, Hui and Lin, Qiyang and Li, Kang and Yuan, Benyao and Song, Hongbo and Peng, Hongquan and Yi, Lunzhao and Wei, Ming-Chi and Yang, Yu-Chiao and Battino, Maurizio and Cespedes Acuña, Carlos L. and Chen, Lei and Xiao, Jianbo mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, maurizio.battino@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED (2017) Hepatoprotective effects of raspberry (Rubus coreanus Miq.) seed oil and its major constituents. Food and Chemical Toxicology, 110. pp. 418-424. ISSN 0278-6915

Article Subjects > Teaching Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés There is growing interest in analyzing the evolution of inclusive education in universities, highlighting the training of teachers as the main barrier to this evolution. The purpose of this study was to analyze, through a mediation model, to what extent the accessibility and inclusion of university campuses affect, both directly and indirectly, the continuous training of teachers in attention to diversity and training demands by teachers in this same area. Participants were 580 teachers from the Faculty of Education of eight Andalusian universities (Spain). The results revealed that the continuous training of teachers in attention to diversity mediates the negative effect that accessibility and inclusion of university campuses have on the training demanded by teachers; this means that the more accessible and inclusive the universities are, the more continuous training teachers have and therefore the more interest they have in continuing training. There is no empirical evidence in the literature that this mediation model is used in the field of educational inclusion as a methodological technique, so it is a very innovative contribution. metadata González Castellano, Nuria and Cordón Pozo, Eulogio and Pueyo Villa, Silvia and Colmenero-Ruiz, María-Jesús mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, silvia.pueyo@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED (2021) Higher Education Teachers’ Training in Attention to SEN Students: Testing a Mediation Model. Sustainability, 13 (9). p. 4908. ISSN 2071-1050

Article Subjects > Physical Education and Sport
Subjects > Teaching
Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Abierto Portugués Hoje a sociedade passa por uma década que favorece a juventude ao sedentarismo e consequentemente ao desenvolvimento de diversas doenças como pressão alta, colesterol, diabetes, entre outras relacionadas não apenas a má alimentação como o mau hábito de vida e a não prática atividades físicas. A realização de atividades físicas na escola é tida como crucial para a qualidade de vida e inclusão das crianças. Pensando nisso, o presente trabalho tem como proposta a reflexão de alguns problemas enfrentados pelos professores com relação a prática de atividades físicas na disciplina de Educação Física e a promoção do desenvolvimento da saúde física e mental que ela proporcionaria. Portanto, este estudo se trata de uma pesquisa bibliográfica de cunho qualitativo e caráter descritivo com objetivo de apresentar a importância da Educação Física escolar na formação do indivíduo. Conclui-se pela necessidade e importância de a Educação Física estreitar as relações entre teoria e prática e inovar pedagogicamente, a fim de seguir contribuindo para a formação integral do alunado e para a apropriação crítica da cultura corporal de movimento. metadata Alves Guimarães, Ueudison and Olímpio dos Santos, José and Rodrigues Moniz, Sibele Selvina de Oliveira mail UNSPECIFIED (2022) História da Educação Física no ensino infantil. RECIMA21 - Revista Científica Multidisciplinar - ISSN 2675-6218, 3 (10). e3101943. ISSN 2675-6218

Article Subjects > Biomedicine Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés There is a huge interest in developing novel hollow fiber (HF) membranes able to modulate neural differentiation to produce in vitro blood–brain barrier (BBB) models for biomedical and pharmaceutical research, due to the low cell-inductive properties of the polymer HFs used in current BBB models. In this work, poly(ε-caprolactone) (PCL) and composite PCL/graphene (PCL/G) HF membranes were prepared by phase inversion and were characterized in terms of mechanical, electrical, morphological, chemical, and mass transport properties. The presence of graphene in PCL/G membranes enlarged the pore size and the water flux and presented significantly higher electrical conductivity than PCL HFs. A biocompatibility assay showed that PCL/G HFs significantly increased C6 cells adhesion and differentiation towards astrocytes, which may be attributed to their higher electrical conductivity in comparison to PCL HFs. On the other hand, PCL/G membranes produced a cytotoxic effect on the endothelial cell line HUVEC presumably related with a higher production of intracellular reactive oxygen species induced by the nanomaterial in this particular cell line. These results prove the potential of PCL HF membranes to grow endothelial cells and PCL/G HF membranes to differentiate astrocytes, the two characteristic cell types that could develop in vitro BBB models in future 3D co-culture systems. metadata Mantecón-Oria, Marián and Diban, Nazely and Berciano, Maria T. and Rivero, Maria J. and David, Oana and Lafarga, Miguel and Tapia Martínez, Olga and Urtiaga, Ane mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, olga.tapia@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED (2020) Hollow Fiber Membranes of PCL and PCL/Graphene as Scaffolds with Potential to Develop In Vitro Blood—Brain Barrier Models. Membranes, 10 (8). p. 161. ISSN 2077-0375

Article Subjects > Nutrition Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Cerrado Inglés Background The house cricket (A. domesticus) is one of the edible insects that are gaining attention as a new source of protein and nutrients with potential use in the food industry as a safe and environmentally sustainable option with high biological value. Scope and approach Here, we review the published literature on studies of chemical composition, nutritional value, and potential risks that the consumption of house crickets entails. We discuss the benefits of consuming A. domesticus from a nutritional point of view, as well as information concerning the properties of its components for use in the food industry. metadata Pilco-Romero, Gabriela and Chisaguano-Tonato, Aida M. and Herrera-Fontana, María E. and Chimbo-Gándara, Luis F. and Sharifi-Rad, Majid and Giampieri, Francesca and Battino, Maurizio and Vernaza, María Gabriela and Álvarez-Suárez, José M. mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, francesca.giampieri@uneatlantico.es, maurizio.battino@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED (2023) House cricket (Acheta domesticus): A review based on its nutritional composition, quality, and potential uses in the food industry. Trends in Food Science & Technology, 142. p. 104226. ISSN 09242244

Article Subjects > Engineering Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Abierto Inglés Forecasting of sediment load (SL) is essential for reservoir operations, design of water resource structures, risk management, water resource planning and for preventing natural disasters in the river basin systems. Direct measurement of SL is difficult, labour intensive, and expensive. The development of an accurate and reliable model for forecasting the SL is required. Sediment transport is highly non-linear and is influenced by a variety of factors. Forecasting of the SL using various conventional methods is not highly accurate because of the association of various complex phenomena. In this study, major key factors such as rock type (RT), relief (R), rainfall (RF), water discharge (WD), temperature (T), catchment area (CA), and SL are recognized in developing the one-step-ahead SL forecasting model in the Mahanadi River (MR), which is among India’s largest rivers. Artificial neural networks (ANN) in conjunction with multi-objective genetic algorithm (ANN-MOGA)-based forecasting models were developed for forecasting the SL in the MR. The ANN-MOGA model was employed to optimize the two competing objective functions (bias and error variance) with simultaneous optimization of all associated ANN parameters. The performances of the proposed novel model were finally compared to other existing methods to verify the forecasting capability of the model. The ANN-MOGA model improved the performance by 12.81% and 10.19% compared to traditional AR and MAR regression models, respectively. The results suggested that hybrid ANN-MOGA models outperform traditional autoregressive and multivariate autoregressive forecasting models. Overall, hybrid ANN-MOGA intelligent techniques are recommended for the forecasting of SL in rivers metadata Yadav, Arvind and Ali Albahar, Marwan and Chithaluru, Premkumar and Singh, Aman and Alammari, Abdullah and Kumar, Gogulamudi Vijay and Miró Vera, Yini Airet mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, aman.singh@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, yini.miro@uneatlantico.es (2023) Hybridizing Artificial Intelligence Algorithms for Forecasting of Sediment Load with Multi-Objective Optimization. Water, 15 (3). p. 522. ISSN 2073-4441

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Article Subjects > Engineering Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Universidad Internacional do Cuanza > Research > Scientific Production
Cerrado Inglés The Information Centric Networking (ICN) is a future internet architecture to support efficient content distribution in a vehicular environment. In-network caching in ICN provides a realistic solution for vehicular communication due to storage of content replicas inside network vehicles. However, the challenge still exists while caching content replicas in resource constraint vehicles ( such as limited power and cache capacity) to minimize the communication latency. To address the above mentioned challenge, this paper proposes EPC - an ICN based Energy efficient Placement of Content chunk that fits well in a vehicular environment. The proposed resource management strategy mainly aims to reduce the content fetching delay by caching content replicas towards the network edge router. The EPC strategy decides on placement of content chunks on each vehicle by jointly considering residual power of current vehicle, local popularity of content, and caching gain. The EPC supports efficient utilization of network available resources by allowing only vehicles with their residual power greater than threshold to perform chunk caching and hence, further offers reduced content duplication in the whole network. The effectiveness of the proposed scheme is evaluated in Icarus- an ICN simulator for analyzing the performance of ICN caching and routing strategies. The EPC outperforms various state of the art caching strategies approximately by 30% when gets evaluated in terms of offered cache hit ratio, content retrieval delay, and the average number of hops utilized for fetching the requested content. metadata Gupta, Divya and Rani, Shalli and Singh, Aman and Rodrigues, Joel J. P. C. mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, aman.singh@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED (2022) ICN Based Efficient Content Caching Scheme for Vehicular Networks. IEEE Transactions on Intelligent Transportation Systems. pp. 1-9. ISSN 1524-9050

Article Subjects > Engineering Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Fundación Universitaria Internacional de Colombia > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Universidad Internacional do Cuanza > Research > Scientific Production
Abierto Inglés With the advancement in information technology, digital data stealing and duplication have become easier. Over a trillion bytes of data are generated and shared on social media through the internet in a single day, and the authenticity of digital data is currently a major problem. Cryptography and image watermarking are domains that provide multiple security services, such as authenticity, integrity, and privacy. In this paper, a digital image watermarking technique is proposed that employs the least significant bit (LSB) and canny edge detection method. The proposed method provides better security services and it is computationally less expensive, which is the demand of today’s world. The major contribution of this method is to find suitable places for watermarking embedding and provides additional watermark security by scrambling the watermark image. A digital image is divided into non-overlapping blocks, and the gradient is calculated for each block. Then convolution masks are applied to find the gradient direction and magnitude, and non-maximum suppression is applied. Finally, LSB is used to embed the watermark in the hysteresis step. Furthermore, additional security is provided by scrambling the watermark signal using our chaotic substitution box. The proposed technique is more secure because of LSB’s high payload and watermark embedding feature after a canny edge detection filter. The canny edge gradient direction and magnitude find how many bits will be embedded. To test the performance of the proposed technique, several image processing, and geometrical attacks are performed. The proposed method shows high robustness to image processing and geometrical attacks metadata Faheem, Zaid Bin and Ishaq, Abid and Rustam, Furqan and de la Torre Díez, Isabel and Gavilanes, Daniel and Masías Vergara, Manuel and Ashraf, Imran mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, daniel.gavilanes@uneatlantico.es, manuel.masias@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED (2023) Image Watermarking Using Least Significant Bit and Canny Edge Detection. Sensors, 23 (3). p. 1210. ISSN 1424-8220

Article Subjects > Biomedicine
Subjects > Nutrition
Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Cerrado Inglés Inflammation is a key mechanism of the immune system that can be elicited by several factors, among them several chemical, physical and biological agents. Once stimulated, the inflammatory response activates a series of signaling pathways and a number of immune cells which promote, in a very coordinated manner, the neutralization of the infectious agent. However, if uncontrolled, the inflammatory status may become chronic leading, potentially, to tissue damage and disease onset. Several risk factors are associated with the development of chronic inflammation and, among these factors, diet plays an essential role. In this chapter the effects of some dietary bioactive compounds, including micronutrients, omega-3 fatty acids, nucleotides and polyphenols, on the immunoinflammatory responses in different cellular, animal and human studies have been summarized. metadata Giampieri, Francesca and Cianciosi, Danila and Ansary, Johura and Elexpuru Zabaleta, Maria and Forbes-Hernandez, Tamara Y. and Battino, Maurizio mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, maria.elexpuru@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED (2021) Immunoinflammatory effects of dietary bioactive compounds. Advances in Food and Nutrition Research, 95. pp. 295-336. ISSN 10434526

Article Subjects > Engineering Universidad Internacional do Cuanza > Research > Scientific Production
Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Fundación Universitaria Internacional de Colombia > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Abierto Inglés This research paper aims to examine the impact of innovative HRM practices, including employee participation, performance appraisal, reward and compensation, recruitment and selection, and redeployment–retraining on firm performance. For this purpose, four different models are utilized to examine the impact of innovative HRM department practices on the performance of small and medium enterprises (SMEs) in a country. The dependent variable, firm performance, is proxified by different variables such as labor productivity, product innovation, process innovation, and marketing innovation. For empirical analysis, primary data are collected using a questionnaire. Estimation is conducted using ordinary least squares (OLS) and logit regression techniques. The estimated results indicate that most innovative HRM practices have a statistically significant impact on firm performance in terms of labor productivity, product, process, and marketing innovations. These results imply that SMEs in a country may observe the benefits of devoting greater attention to innovative HRM practices to achieve their future growth potential. metadata Aslam, Mahvish and Shafi, Imran and Ahmed, Jamil and Garat de Marin, Mirtha Silvana and Soriano Flores, Emmanuel and Rojo Gutiérrez, Marco Antonio and Ashraf, Imran mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, silvana.marin@uneatlantico.es, emmanuel.soriano@uneatlantico.es, marco.rojo@unini.edu.mx, UNSPECIFIED (2023) Impact of Innovation-Oriented Human Resource on Small and Medium Enterprises’ Performance. Sustainability, 15 (7). p. 6273. ISSN 2071-1050

Article Subjects > Teaching
Subjects > Psychology
Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés The COVID-19 pandemic, and the containment measures adopted by the different governments, led to a boom in online education as a necessary response to the crisis posed against the education system worldwide. This study compares the academic performance of students between face-to-face and online modalities in relation to the exceptional situation between the months of March and June 2020. The academic performance in both modalities of a series of subjects taught in the Psychology Degree at the European University of the Atlantic (Santander, Spain) was taken into account. The results show that student performance during the final exam in the online modality is significantly lower than in the face-to-face modality. However, grades from the continuous evaluation activities are significantly higher online, which somehow compensates the overall grade of the course, with no significant difference in the online mode with respect to the face-to-face mode, even though overall performance is higher in the latter. The conditioning factors and explanatory arguments for these results are also discussed. metadata Martín Ayala, Juan Luis and Castaño Castaño, Sergio and Hernández Santana, Alba and Martí González, Mariacarla and Brito Ballester, Julién mail juan.martin@uneatlantico.es, sergio.castano@uneatlantico.es, alba.hernandez@uneatlantico.es, mariacarla.marti@uneatlantico.es, julien.brito@uneatlantico.es (2021) Impact of Learning in the COVID-19 Era on Academic Outcomes of Undergraduate Psychology Students. Sustainability, 13 (16). p. 8735. ISSN 2071-1050

Article Subjects > Nutrition Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés, Español Niveles circulantes elevados de aminoácidos de cadena ramificada (BCAA) han sido descritos como un fuerte factor predictor de la diabetes mellitus tipo 2 (DM2) por su implicación en la resistencia a la insulina (RI). El principal objetivo es evaluar si una dieta rica en estos aminoácidos supone un riesgo para el desarrollo de DM2. Material y métodos: Esta revisión bibliográfica se ha sustentado en artículos científicos seleccionados de diferentes bases de datos, entre las que destaca PubMed. Un total de 23 artículos fueron estudiados en profundidad. Resultados y discusión: Una mayor ingesta de BCAA ha presentado una asociación positiva en el desarrollo de la DM2, principalmente si esta proviene de alimentos de origen animal. Asimismo, su restricción selectiva produce cierta mejora en la fisiopatología de la DM2 sin verse comprometida la ingesta de otros nutrientes esenciales. Por el contrario, no se ha observado que los protocolos de suplementación con BCAA presenten repercusiones negativas para la salud. La ingesta de BCAA si parece estar asociada a un mayor riesgo de padecer DM2; pero esta asociación no puede estudiarse de forma aislada, sino que debe considerarse parte de una interacción compleja de componentes dietéticos, en la cual, la calidad nutricional de los alimentos adquiere un importante papel. metadata Tejido Ruiz-Ogarrio, Carlota mail UNSPECIFIED (2022) Impacto del consumo de aminoácidos de cadena ramificada (BCAA) en la Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2. MLS Health & Nutrition Research, 1 (2).

Article Subjects > Engineering Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Universidad Internacional do Cuanza > Research > Scientific Production
Abierto Inglés Food and agriculture are significant aspects that can meet the food demand estimated by the Food Agriculture Organization (FAO) by 2050. In addition to this, the United Nations sustainable development goals recommended implementing sustainable practices to meet food demand to achieve sustainability. Currently, aquaponics is one of the sustainable practices that require less land and water and has a low environmental impact. Aquaponics is a closed-loop and soil-less method of farming, where it requires intensive monitoring, control, and management. The advancement of wireless sensors and communication protocols empowered to implementation of an Internet of Things- (IoT-) based system for real-time monitoring, control, and management in aquaponics. This study presents a review of the wireless technology implementation and progress in aquaponics. Based on the review, the study discusses the significant water and environmental parameters of aquaponics. Followed by this, the study presents the implementation of remote, IoT, and ML-based monitoring of aquaponics. Finally, the review presents the recommendations such as edge and fog-based vision nodes, machine learning models for prediction, LoRa-based sensor nodes, and gateway-based architecture that are beneficial for the enhancement of wireless aquaponics and also for real-time prediction in the future. metadata Gayam, Kiran Kumari and Jain, Anuj and Gehlot, Anita and Singh, Rajesh and Akram, Shaik Vaseem and Singh, Aman and Anand, Divya and Delgado Noya, Irene and Ahmad, Shafiq mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, aman.singh@unic.co.ao, divya.anand@uneatlantico.es, irene.delgado@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED (2022) Imperative Role of Automation and Wireless Technologies in Aquaponics Farming. Wireless Communications and Mobile Computing, 2022. pp. 1-13. ISSN 1530-8669

Article Subjects > Social Sciences
Subjects > Engineering
Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Universidad Internacional do Cuanza > Research > Scientific Production
Abierto Inglés Financial management is a critical aspect of firms, and entails the strategic planning, direction, and control of financial endeavors. Risk assessment, fraud detection, wealth management, online transactions, customized bond scheme, customer retention, virtual assistant and so on, are a few of the critical areas where Industry 4.0 technologies intervention are highly required for managing firms' finance. It has been identified from the previous studies that they are limited studies that have addressed the significance and application of integrating of Industry 4.0 technologies such as Internet of Things (IoT), cloud computing, big data, robotic process automation (RPA), artificial intelligence (AI), Blockchain, Digital twin, and Metaverse. With the motivation from the above aspects, this study aims to discuss the role of these technologies in the area of financial management of a firm. Based up on the analysis, it has been concluded that these technologies assist to credit risk management based on real-time data; financial data analytics of risk assessment, digital finance, digital auditing, fraud detection, and AI- and IoT- based virtual assistants. This study recommended that digital technologies be deeply integrated into the financial sector to improve service quality and accessibility, as well as the creation of innovative rules that allow for healthy competition among market participants. metadata Bisht, Deepa and Singh, Rajesh and Gehlot, Anita and Akram, Shaik Vaseem and Singh, Aman and Caro Montero, Elisabeth and Priyadarshi, Neeraj and Twala, Bhekisipho mail UNSPECIFIED (2022) Imperative Role of Integrating Digitalization in the Firms Finance: A Technological Perspective. Electronics, 11 (19). p. 3252. ISSN 2079-9292

Article Subjects > Psychology Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Español El autoconcepto se considera un elemento favorecedor del sentido de la propia identidad, constituyendo un marco de referencia desde el que interpretar la realidad externa y las experiencias que influyen en las expectativas de la persona, su rendimiento, así como salud y equilibrio psicológico. La autoestima es la suma de juicios que la persona genera de sí misma, incluyendo las dimensiones afectiva y evaluativa de la autoimagen que se basan en datos objetivos, y que constituyen aquello que una persona piensa sobre sí misma. Diferentes investigaciones recientes han revisado cuán importante es la autoestima y/o el autoconcepto en el bienestar psicológico. Hasta donde se sabe, esta es la primera contribución que se ha llevado a cabo para una revisión sistemática, donde se incluyen bases de datos clínicas y datos sobre el nivel de autoestima y/o autoconcepto comparándolo con el bienestar psicológico de los adolescentes. Se seleccionó 33 artículos de una amplia bibliografía potencialmente relevante dentro de los criterios a seguir y seleccionados para su análisis. Los estudios examinados sugieren que un bajo rendimiento escolar, la inactividad tanto física como psíquica y los estilos parentales negligentes correlacionan positivamente con una baja autoestima. Además, se aprecian diferencias en cuanto al género. Es por ello que, como estudios futuros, sería necesario incluir en los centros de estudios aspectos curriculares para contribuir a un buen desarrollo personal y así desembocar en un bienestar psicológico. metadata Martín Ayala, Juan Luis and Gutiérrez Salmo, Paula mail juan.martin@uneatlantico.es, paugutie93@gmail.com (2021) Implicaciones de la autoestima y el autoconcepto en el bienestar psicológico de los adolescentes españoles. MLS Psychology Research, 4 (2). ISSN 2605-5295

Article Subjects > Engineering Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Abierto Inglés, Español, Portugués La importancia de la seguridad de la información en las empresas corporativas de tecnología de la información tiene el objetivo principal de proponer medidas de seguridad para proteger la información en las empresas corporativas de tecnología de la información. En este sentido, la investigación es una investigación cualitativa, exploratoria y descriptiva, ya que se basa en la búsqueda de material bibliográfico que permita sugerir medidas de seguridad para la protección de la información. Los datos secundarios se recopilaron sistemáticamente, buscando la palabra clave: medidas de seguridad y sus sinónimos. La búsqueda se realizó en bases de datos computarizadas, como Google Acadêmico® y el Portal de Periódicos Capes. Se ha identificado un conjunto de sugerencias para medidas de seguridad que permiten a las empresas corporativas en el campo de la tecnología de la información aprovechar. Se destaca como conclusión que las medidas preventivas, de detección y correctivas propuestas deben estar involucradas en un plan de seguridad y contingencia difundido en toda la organización.. metadata Cassinda Quissanga, Fernando and Fernandes, Roberto Fabiano mail UNSPECIFIED, roberto.fabiano@funiber.org (2020) Importancia de la seguridad de la información en las empresas de tecnología de información corporativa. Project, Design and Management, 2 (1). pp. 87-102. ISSN 26831597

Article Subjects > Engineering Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Abierto Inglés In Smart Cities’ applications, Multi-node cooperative spectrum sensing (CSS) can boost spectrum sensing efficiency in cognitive wireless networks (CWN), although there is a non-linear interaction among number of nodes and sensing efficiency. Cooperative sensing by nodes with low computational cost is not favorable to improving sensing reliability and diminishes spectrum sensing energy efficiency, which poses obstacles to the regular operation of CWN. To enhance the evaluation and interpretation of nodes and resolves the difficulty of sensor selection in cognitive sensor networks for energy-efficient spectrum sensing. We examined reducing energy usage in smart cities while substantially boosting spectrum detecting accuracy. In optimizing energy effectiveness in spectrum sensing while minimizing complexity, we use the energy detection for spectrum sensing and describe the challenge of sensor selection. This article proposed the algorithm for choosing the sensing nodes while reducing the energy utilization and improving the sensing efficiency. All the information regarding nodes is saved in the fusion center (FC) through which blockchain encrypts the information of nodes ensuring that a node’s trust value conforms to its own without any ambiguity, CWN-FC pick high-performance nodes to engage in CSS. The performance evaluation and computation results shows the comparison between various algorithms with the proposed approach which achieves 10% sensing efficiency in finding the solution for identification and triggering possibilities with the value of α=1.5 and γ=2.5 with the varying number of nodes. metadata Rani, Shalli and Babbar, Himanshi and Shah, Syed Hassan Ahmed and Singh, Aman mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, aman.singh@uneatlantico.es (2022) Improvement of energy conservation using blockchain-enabled cognitive wireless networks for smart cities. Scientific Reports, 12 (1). ISSN 2045-2322

Article Subjects > Nutrition Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Universidad Internacional do Cuanza > Research > Scientific Production
Abierto Inglés There is growing evidence that Alzheimer’s disease (AD) can be prevented by reducing risk factors involved in its pathophysiology. Food-derived bioactive molecules can help in the prevention and reduction of the progression of AD. Honey, a good source of antioxidants and bioactive molecules, has been tied to many health benefits, including those from neurological origin. Monofloral avocado honey (AH) has recently been characterized but its biomedical properties are still unknown. The aim of this study is to further its characterization, focusing on the phenolic profile. Moreover, its antioxidant capacity was assayed both in vitro and in vivo. Finally, a deep analysis on the pathophysiological features of AD such as oxidative stress, amyloid-β aggregation, and protein-tau-induced neurotoxicity were evaluated by using the experimental model C. elegans. AH exerted a high antioxidant capacity in vitro and in vivo. No toxicity was found in C. elegans at the dosages used. AH prevented ROS accumulation under AAPH-induced oxidative stress. Additionally, AH exerted a great anti-amyloidogenic capacity, which is relevant from the point of view of AD prevention. AH exacerbated the locomotive impairment in a C. elegans model of tauopathy, although the real contribution of AH remains unclear. The mechanisms under the observed effects might be attributed to an upregulation of daf-16 as well as to a strong ROS scavenging activity. These results increase the interest to study the biomedical applications of AH; however, more research is needed to deepen the mechanisms under the observed effects metadata Romero-Márquez, Jose M. and Navarro-Hortal, María D. and Orantes, Francisco J. and Esteban-Muñoz, Adelaida and Mazas Pérez-Oleaga, Cristina and Battino, Maurizio and Sánchez-González, Cristina and Rivas-García, Lorenzo and Giampieri, Francesca and Quiles, José L. and Forbes-Hernandez, Tamara Y. mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, cristina.mazas@uneatlantico.es, maurizio.battino@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, francesca.giampieri@uneatlantico.es, jose.quiles@uneatlantico.es, tamara.forbes@unini.edu.mx (2023) In Vivo Anti-Alzheimer and Antioxidant Properties of Avocado (Persea americana Mill.) Honey from Southern Spain. Antioxidants, 12 (2). p. 404. ISSN 2076-3921

Article Subjects > Physical Education and Sport Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Español El objetivo de esta revisión fue conocer la influencia que tiene el entrenamiento de fuerza en la población infantojuvenil, además de buscar los posibles riesgos o beneficios que pueda ocasionar el entrenamiento de esta aptitud física. Se ha llevado a cabo una revisión sistemática de estudios de intervención sobre el impacto que produce el entrenamiento de la fuerza en sujetos con una edad comprendida entre 6 y 18 años. Los estudios utilizados en esta revisión se identificaron a través de la base de datos PubMed, seleccionando aquellos escritos en inglés o castellano, desde el 2010 hasta la actualidad. La revisión se efectuó entre los meses de Noviembre de 2020 hasta Mayo de 2021. Se identificaron un total de 328 artículos en la búsqueda inicial, de los cuales 20 artículos fueron elegidos para esta revisión sistemática. Dentro de las principales evidencias encontradas, los beneficios derivados del entrenamiento de fuerza se imponen notablemente a los riesgos, siempre y cuando el programa de entrenamiento sea supervisado y pautado por personal cualificado, individualizando la carga a las necesidades de cada sujeto. Asimismo, el entrenamiento de fuerza en esta población contribuye a mejorar el rendimiento de distintas habilidades motoras y actividades deportivas, resultando además una estrategia eficaz ante patologías como la obesidad. metadata Picabea Arburu, Jon Mikel and Maza Somarriba, Marcos and Mantilla Fernández, Diego mail jon.picabea@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED (2021) Incidencia del entrenamiento de fuerza en la población infantojuvenil: revisión sistemática. MLS Sport Research, 1 (2). ISSN 2792-7156

Article Subjects > Physical Education and Sport Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés, Español El fútbol es el deporte universalmente más popular y el más extendido, lo que implica, además, ser uno de los deportes de equipo con mayor IL. Las lesiones afectan de manera negativa al rendimiento del deportista y del equipo. El objetivo de este estudio fue conocer las lesiones producidas a lo largo de la temporada 2016/2017 de la primera y segunda división española en función del tipo de lesión, posición del jugador, minuto en que se produce la lesión y la edad del jugador. Se trata de un estudio descriptivo, en el cual la muestra fue conformada por los jugadores de los 42 equipos de la Liga Santander y la Liga 123 del fútbol español. Las lesiones más comunes han sido las lesiones musculares (>50%), aumentando en la Liga 123 hasta el 75% de la incidencia. Los deportistas que más lesiones sufrieron fueron los defensas (>40%) mientras que los porteros registraron el menor IL (<4%). Este hecho se puede deber a la menor distancia recorrida tanto a una intensidad normal como a la distancia recorrida a alta intensidad. Los deportistas comprendidos entre los 21 y los 29 años padecieron un mayor número de lesiones (>35%) y, además, ocurrieron en gran parte durante la segunda mitad del partido metadata Mecías-Calvo, Marcos and Magni Cruz, Alejandro and Gómez Cárdaba, Álvaro mail marcos.mecias@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED (2022) Incidencia lesional en el fútbol. MLS Sport Research, 2 (1). ISSN 2792-7156

Article Subjects > Social Sciences Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Fundación Universitaria Internacional de Colombia > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Universidad Internacional do Cuanza > Research > Scientific Production
Abierto Inglés Angola, as with many countries on the African continent, has great inequalities or asymmetries between its provinces. At the economic, financial, and technological level, there is a great disparity between them, where it is observed that the province of Luanda is the largest financial business center to the detriment of others, such as Moxico, Zaire, and Cabinda. In the latter, despite the advantages of high oil production, from a regional point of view, they remain almost stagnant in time, in a social dysfunction where the population lives on extractivism and artisanal fishing. This article analyzes the most important events in contemporary regional history, the Portuguese occupation that was the Portuguese colonial rule over Angola (1890–1930) and the civil war that was a struggle between Angolans for control of the country (1975–2002), in the consolidation of the asymmetries between provinces. For this work, a theoretical-reflective study was conducted based on the reading of books, articles, and previous investigations on the phenomenon studied. Considering the interpretation and analysis of the theoretical content obtained through the bibliographic research conducted, this theoretical construction approaches the qualitative approach. We conclude that the deep inequalities between regions and within them, between the provinces studied, originated historically in the form of exploitation of the regions and from the consequences of the war. The asymmetries, observed through the variables studied show that the provinces historically explored and considered object regions present a lower growth compared to those that were considered subject regions in which the applied geopolitical strategy, as they are centers of primary production flows, was different. We also observe that, due to the conflicts of the civil war in the less developed regions, the inequalities have deepened, contributing seriously to a higher level of poverty and a lower development of the provinces where these conflicts took place. metadata Catoto Capitango, João Adolfo and Garat de Marin, Mirtha Silvana and Soriano Flores, Emmanuel and Rojo Gutiérrez, Marco Antonio and Gracia Villar, Mónica and Durántez Prados, Frigdiano Álvaro mail UNSPECIFIED, silvana.marin@uneatlantico.es, emmanuel.soriano@uneatlantico.es, marco.rojo@unini.edu.mx, monica.gracia@uneatlantico.es, durantez@uneatlantico.es (2022) Inequalities and Asymmetries in the Development of Angola’s Provinces: The Impact of Colonialism and Civil War. Social Sciences, 11 (8). p. 334. ISSN 2076-0760

Article Subjects > Comunication Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés n December 2019, Chinese authorities informed the World Health Organization about a new coronavirus disease that would come to be called Covid-19. The world media began reporting on this new virus and its consequences. However, reports about Covid-19 would not appear in the European and American media until their societies became aware of both the health and economic consequences of Covid-19 in March 2020. This article analyzes the online media coverage of economic inequality. The goal is to understand the formation of the public agenda, based on the impact of the disease on social classes as the main factor generating greater inequality levels, in particular inequality of opportunities as the most remarkable topic during the first stage of the pandemic. According to the first results of this content analysis, the social class divide will be deepened by the pandemic. For this study, a tool was designed to analyze both the manifest and latent content of the items. Using content analysis, an analysis of news published by 33 digital media in both Europe and Latin America from March 14 to April 14, 2020 was conducted. The results of this study show that income inequality appears as the core variable of the problem, although social classes remain important. The imbalanced access to health and education public services also receives continuous coverage in the media. However, poverty as a consequence of this situation remains an uncomfortable issue and tends to be presented in an undramatized way. metadata Odriozola-Chéné, Javier and Díaz-Noci, Javier and Serrano-Tellería, Ana and Pérez-Arozamena, Rosa and Pérez-Altable, Laura and Linares-Lanzman, Juan and García-Carretero, Lucía and Calvo-Rubio, Luis Mauricio and Torres-Mendoza, Manuel and Antón-Bravo, Adolfo mail javier.odriozola@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, rosa.perez@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED (2020) Inequality in times of pandemics: How online media are starting to treat the economic consequences of the coronavirus crisis. El Profesional de la Información, 29 (4). e290403. ISSN 1699-2407

Article Subjects > Biomedicine Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés UNSPECIFIED metadata Cordero, Mario D. and Ruiz-Cabello, Jesús mail mario.cordero@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED (2020) Inflamm-ageing or inflammasom-ageing as independent events. Aging, 12 (18). pp. 17759-17760. ISSN 1945-4589

Article Subjects > Biomedicine
Subjects > Nutrition
Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés The chemical composition and biological capacities of berries depend on environmental parameters, maturity, and location. The Andean blueberry (Vaccinium floribundum Kunth), also known as mortiño, presents a unique combination of several phytochemicals, which play a synergistic role in its characterization as a functional food. We aimed to expose the possible variations that exist in the profile of the phenolic compounds as well as the antioxidant and antimicrobial capacity of the wild Andean blueberry with respect to three ripeness stages and two different altitudes. We found that polyphenols are the predominant compounds in the berry during the early ripeness stage and are the main bioactive compounds that give rise to the antioxidant capacity and inhibition effect on the growth of gram-positive and gram-negative bacteria. Moreover, the accumulation of ascorbic acid, free amino acids, and anthocyanins increases as the ripening process progresses, and they were the main bioactive compounds in the ripe berry. The latter compounds influence the production of the typical bluish or reddish coloration of ripe blueberries. In addition, it was determined that environmental conditions at high altitudes could have a positive influence in all cases. Overall, our data provide evidence regarding the high functional value of the wild Andean blueberry. metadata Guevara-Terán, Mabel and Padilla-Arias, Katherine and Beltrán-Novoa, Andrea and González-Paramás, Ana M. and Giampieri, Francesca and Battino, Maurizio and Vásquez-Castillo, Wilson and Fernandez-Soto, Paulina and Tejera, Eduardo and Alvarez-Suarez, José M. mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, francesca.giampieri@uneatlantico.es, maurizio.battino@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED (2022) Influence of Altitudes and Development Stages on the Chemical Composition, Antioxidant, and Antimicrobial Capacity of the Wild Andean Blueberry (Vaccinium floribundum Kunth). Molecules, 27 (21). p. 7525. ISSN 1420-3049

Article Subjects > Teaching Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Universidad Internacional do Cuanza > Research > Scientific Production
Abierto Inglés The main aim of this study was to analyse the influence of e-learning training on the acquisition of competences in basketball coaches in Cantabria. The current landscape of basketball coach training shows an increasing demand for innovative training models and emerging pedagogies, including e-learning-based methodologies. The study sample consisted of fifty students from these courses, all above 16 years of age (36 males, 14 females). Among them, 16% resided outside the autonomous community of Cantabria, 10% resided more than 50 km from the city of Santander, 36% between 10 and 50 km, 14% less than 10 km, and 24% resided within Santander city. Data were collected through a Google Forms survey distributed by the Cantabrian Basketball Federation to training course students. Participation was voluntary and anonymous. The survey, consisting of 56 questions, was validated by two sports and health doctors and two senior basketball coaches. The collected data were processed and analysed using Microsoft® Excel version 16.74, and the results were expressed in percentages. The analysis revealed that 24.60% of the students trained through the e-learning methodology considered themselves fully qualified as basketball coaches, contrasting with 10.98% of those trained via traditional face-to-face methodology. The results of the study provide insights into important characteristics that can be adjusted and improved within the investigated educational process. Moreover, the study concludes that e-learning training effectively qualifies basketball coaches in Cantabria. metadata Alemany Iturriaga, Josep and Velarde-Sotres, Álvaro and Jorge, Javier and Giglio, Kamil mail josep.alemany@uneatlantico.es, alvaro.velarde@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED (2024) Influence of E-learning training on the acquisition of competences in basketball coaches in Cantabria. Cogent Education, 11 (1). ISSN 2331-186X

Article Subjects > Biomedicine Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés Plasma biomarkers for Alzheimer’s disease (AD) are a promising tool that may help in early diagnosis. However, their levels may be influenced by physiological parameters and comorbidities that should be considered before they can be used at the population level. For this purpose, we assessed the influences of different comorbidities on AD plasma markers in 208 cognitively unimpaired subjects. We analyzed both plasma and cerebrospinal fluid levels of Aβ40, Aβ42, and p-tau181 using the fully automated Lumipulse platform. The relationships between the different plasma markers and physiological variables were studied using linear regression models. The mean differences in plasma markers according to comorbidity groups were also studied. The glomerular filtration rate showed an influence on plasma Aβ40 and Aβ42 levels but not on the Aβ42/Aβ40 ratio. The amyloid ratio was significantly lower in diabetic and hypertensive subjects, and the mean p-tau181 levels were higher in hypertensive subjects. The glomerular filtration rate may have an inverse relationship on plasma Aβ40 and Aβ42 levels but not on the amyloid ratio, suggesting that the latter is a more stable marker to use in the general population. Cardiovascular risk factors might have a long-term effect on the amyloid ratio and plasma levels of p-tau181. metadata Martínez-Dubarbie, Francisco and Guerra-Ruiz, Armando and López-García, Sara and Irure-Ventura, Juan and Lage, Carmen and Fernández-Matarrubia, Marta and Pozueta-Cantudo, Ana and García-Martínez, María and Corrales Pardo, Andrea and Bravo, María and Martín-Arroyo, Juan and Infante, Jon and López-Hoyos, Marcos and García-Unzueta, María Teresa and Sánchez-Juan, Pascual and Rodríguez-Rodríguez, Eloy mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, andrea.corrales@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED (2024) Influence of Physiological Variables and Comorbidities on Plasma Aβ40, Aβ42, and p-tau181 Levels in Cognitively Unimpaired Individuals. International Journal of Molecular Sciences, 25 (3). p. 1481. ISSN 1422-0067

Article Subjects > Engineering Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés Several climatic trends are generally associated with altitude, that may influence the nutritional and phytochemical composition of plants. Strawberry is considered a functional food due to biological activities and health benefits. This systematic review and meta-analysis intend to expose possible variations on physicochemical composition and antioxidant capacity of strawberries in regard to altitude. Thirty eligible studies were included for the final meta-analysis. Two altitude ranges were established: 0 – 1000 and 1000—2000 m above sea level. A random-effects model was used to obtain the results. It was discovered that total soluble solids significantly decreased with altitude. Total titratable acidity increased with altitude. Vitamin C and total anthocyanins showed a significant difference between the groups before we discarded some studies. The analysis of altitude for phenolics and antioxidant capacity evaluated for the DPPH radical scavenging method did not identify any significant differences between the studies. The findings suggest that altitude does not affect the physicochemical composition and antioxidant capacity of strawberries; nonetheless, a more exhaustive study is recommended. metadata Guevara-Terán, Mabel and Gonzalez-Paramás, Ana M. and Beltrán-Noboa, Andrea and Giampieri, Francesca and Battino, Maurizio and Tejera, Eduardo and Alvarez-Suarez, José M. mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, francesca.giampieri@uneatlantico.es, maurizio.battino@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED (2022) Influence of altitude on the physicochemical composition and antioxidant capacity of strawberry: a preliminary systematic review and meta-analysis. Phytochemistry Reviews. ISSN 1568-7767

Article Subjects > Nutrition Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés The phenolic composition and content of olive fruit are some of the attributes that determine oil quality. This composition depends on the olive variety, the cultivation system, and the fruit's ripeness. This study considered two olive varieties (Manzanilla and Morisca), under two water regimes (irrigated and rainfed), harvested at three stages of maturation (S1, S2, and S3), over three consecutive campaigns (2011, 2012, and 2013). The accumulation of phenols in the fruit was found to depend only on the stage of ripeness, while the flavonoid and phenylpropanoid contents depended also on the variety and the water regime. Superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity was linked to O2- production, which in turn depended on water regime, variety, and stage of maturation (this last being a process involving ROS). The peroxidase (POX) activity seemed only to depend on ripeness, while polyphenol oxidase (PPO) activity varied from year to year as well as presenting a strong ripeness dependence that was in clear coherence with the levels of phenolic compounds that the olives accumulate. All these relationships between the variables and the factors conform a dataset with the structure of a multidimensional array that is difficult to interpret using conventional techniques of statistical analysis. This work takes a novel approach (MultiDimensional Scaling associated with a Partial Triadic Analysis, MDS-PTA) to the analysis of this type of data structure which allows its correct interpretation. The analysis showed that the state of maturation of the olives is the most clearly discriminating factor, far more so than the cultivar, water regime, or year. Thus, the phenols and the total antioxidant activity (FRAP) showed strong clustering, being closely related in all three years studied. The oxidant and antioxidant activities showed a certain tendency to cluster, although in these cases the year also had an influence as a factor, indicating that these parameters depend more on external factors and less on ripeness metadata Šiler, Branislav T. and Sáinz, Juan Antonio and Garrido, Inmaculada and Hernández Suárez, Marcos and Montaño, Alfonso and Llerena, José Luis and Espinosa, Francisco mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, marcos.hernandez@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED (2019) Influence of cultivar, irrigation, ripening stage, and annual variability on the oxidant/antioxidant systems of olives as determined by MDS-PTA. PLOS ONE, 14 (4). e0215540. ISSN 1932-6203

Article Subjects > Physical Education and Sport Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés This study aims to determine if regular maternal physical exercise leads to measurable adaptations of the fetal autonomic nervous system (fANS) tested by fetal heart rate recovery time. A randomized controlled trial enrolled 131 pregnant women into two study groups, Exercise Group (EG) and Control Group (CG). All participants signed an informed consent, study was approved by the local Clinical Research Ethics Committee. Data was analyzed on 81 participants. EG participants (n = 43) received a supervised physical exercise program (PEP) three times a week from 10–12 to 36–40 weeks gestation. CG participants (n = 38) did not receive any supervised PEP. All women were tested between 34–36 weeks gestation using two walking tests of three minutes each at 40% and 60% maternal heart rate reserve. Resting fetal heart rate (FHR), FHR post-maternal exercise, and fetal recovery time (FRT) in minutes/seconds (m/s) were recorded. Resting FHR was similar between groups 140.88 ± 9 EG vs 141.95 ± 7.35 CG (p > .05). Difference in resting to post-maternal exercise FHR was statistically significant in fetuses from the CG (p < .05), however was not statistically significant in fetuses from the EG (p > .05). FRT was different between groups after both tests: 40% test: 2m15s ± 3m19s EG vs 7m6s ± 5m28s CG (p < .001); 60% test: 3m ± 4m3s EG vs 9m25s ± 7m33s CG (p < .001). There were no significant differences in maternal variables (p > .05), except for maternal recovery time after 40% test (p < .05). Influence of maternal exercise in FHR response still remains unclear. Further research is needed to elicit a former conclusion on the effects of maternal exercise on fANS. Overall, exercise during pregnancy is safe and not harmful for the cardiovascular system of the fetus. metadata Roldan-Reoyo, Olga and Pelaez, Mireia and May, Linda and Barakat, Rubén mail UNSPECIFIED, mireia.pelaez@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED (2019) Influence of maternal physical exercise on fetal and maternal heart rate responses. German Journal of Exercise and Sport Research, 49 (4). pp. 446-453. ISSN 2509-3142

Article Subjects > Nutrition Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés Agro-foodindustries generate colossal amounts of non-edible waste and by-products, easily accessible as raw materials for up-cycling active phytochemicals. Phenolic compounds are particularly relevant in this field given their abundance in plant residues and the market interest of their functionalities (e.g. natural antioxidant activity) as part of nutraceutical, cosmetological and biomedical formulations. In “bench-to-bedside” achievements, sample extraction is essential because valorization benefits from matrix desorption and solubilization of targeted phytocompounds. Specifically, the composition and polarity of the extractant, the optimal sample particle size and sample:solvent ratio, as well as pH, pressure and temperature are strategic for the release and stability of mobilized species. On the other hand, current green chemistry environmental rules require extraction approaches that eliminate polluting consumables and reduce energy needs. Thus, the following pages provide an update on advanced technologies for the sustainable and efficient recovery of phenolics from plant matrices. metadata Gil-Martín, Emilio and Forbes-Hernández, Tamara and Romero, Alejandro and Cianciosi, Danila and Giampieri, Francesca and Battino, Maurizio mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, francesca.giampieri@uneatlantico.es, maurizio.battino@uneatlantico.es (2022) Influence of the extraction method on the recovery of bioactive phenolic compounds from food industry by-products. Food Chemistry, 378. p. 131918. ISSN 03088146

Article Subjects > Biomedicine Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés Composites of polymer and graphene-based nanomaterials (GBNs) combine easy processing onto porous 3D membrane geometries due to the polymer and cellular differentiation stimuli due to GBNs fillers. Aiming to step forward to the clinical application of polymer/GBNs composites, this study performs a systematic and detailed comparative analysis of the influence of the properties of four different GBNs: (i) graphene oxide obtained from graphite chemically processes (GO); (ii) reduced graphene oxide (rGO); (iii) multilayered graphene produced by mechanical exfoliation method (Gmec); and (iv) low-oxidized graphene via anodic exfoliation (Ganodic); dispersed in polycaprolactone (PCL) porous membranes to induce astrocytic differentiation. PCL/GBN flat membranes were fabricated by phase inversion technique and broadly characterized in morphology and topography, chemical structure, hydrophilicity, protein adsorption, and electrical properties. Cellular assays with rat C6 glioma cells, as model for cell-specific astrocytes, were performed. Remarkably, low GBN loading (0.67 wt%) caused an important difference in the response of the C6 differentiation among PCL/GBN membranes. PCL/rGO and PCL/GO membranes presented the highest biomolecule markers for astrocyte differentiation. Our results pointed to the chemical structural defects in rGO and GO nanomaterials and the protein adsorption mechanisms as the most plausible cause conferring distinctive properties to PCL/GBN membranes for the promotion of astrocytic differentiation. Overall, our systematic comparative study provides generalizable conclusions and new evidences to discern the role of GBNs features for future research on 3D PCL/graphene composite hollow fiber membranes for in vitro neural models. metadata Mantecón-Oria, Marián and Tapia Martínez, Olga and Lafarga, Miguel and Berciano, María T. and Munuera, Jose M. and Villar-Rodil, Silvia and Paredes, Juan I. and Rivero, María J. and Diban, Nazely and Urtiaga, Ane mail UNSPECIFIED, olga.tapia@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED (2022) Influence of the properties of different graphene-based nanomaterials dispersed in polycaprolactone membranes on astrocytic differentiation. Scientific Reports, 12 (1). ISSN 2045-2322

Article Subjects > Physical Education and Sport Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Español Introducción: la detección de jóvenes talentos en fútbol tiene un carácter multifactorial. Entre estos factores, la composición corporal y el salto vertical han mostrado su utilidad tanto en la detección de talentos como en el control del rendimiento y la recuperación de lesiones. Por ello, el objetivo de este estudio fue describir el perfil antropométrico y el rendimiento de salto en futbolistas de todas las categorías de formación en base a su demarcación en el terreno de juego. Métodos: participaron en el estudio cuatrocientos treinta y cuatro jóvenes futbolistas españoles de 7 a 25 años de edad (13,4 ± 3,45 años; 156 ± 17 cm; 47,9 ± 15,4 kg), con un mínimo de tres sesiones semanales de 1,5 horas por sesión. Todos ellos fueron clasificados en función de la edad o la categoría (U9, U11, U13, U15, U17 y U25) y la demarcación en el terreno de juego (porteros, defensas, centrocampistas y delanteros). Se evaluó la composición corporal por medio del método antropométrico y se registró la altura del salto del Squat Jump (SJ), del Counter Movement Jump (CMJ) y del Abalakov Jump (CMJA). Resultados: se encontraron diferencias significativas en las variables antropométrica y de salto vertical en base a la demarcación para las categorías U13, U15 y U25. Los porteros de la categoría U13 mostraron una mayor masa magra, tejido apendicular, área muscular del muslo y del brazo que el resto de las demarcaciones (P < 0,05). Mientras que en la categoría U25 los defensas mostraron un mejor rendimiento de salto que el resto de demarcaciones para el CMJA, que los centrocampistas y delanteros para el CMJ y que los centrocampistas para el SJ (P < 0,05). Conclusión: la utilización del salto vertical y el perfil antropométrico como factores en la detección de jóvenes talentos en fútbol debería tener en cuenta no solo la edad biológica y el desarrollo muscular de los sujetos, sino también la demarcación en el terreno de juego. metadata Chena Sinovas, Marcos and Pérez-López, Alberto and Álvarez Valverde, Irene and Bores Cerezal, Antonio and Ramos-Campo, Domingo and Rubio-Arias, Jacobo and Valadés Cerrato, David mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, antonio.bores@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED (2015) Influencia de la composición corporal sobre el rendimiento en salto vertical dependiendo de la categoría de la formación y la demarcación en futbolistas. Nutrición Hospitalaria, 32 (1). pp. 299-307. ISSN 1699-5198

Article Subjects > Physical Education and Sport Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Español El propósito de este trabajo fue conocer la repercusión sobre los aspectos fisiológicos y técnicos de tres situaciones diferentes de juegos en espacios reducidos (JR) en jóvenes jugadores de fútbol. Las diferentes situaciones estudiadas fueron 3 vs 3, 4 vs 4 y 5 vs 5 en un espacio de 30x30, donde participaron 10 jugadores jóvenes de fútbol varones (edad 9.3 ± 0.7 años; altura 138.5 ± 10.5 cm y peso de 41.9 ± 6 kg y una experiencia de 2.2 ± 1.4 años). Las acciones técnicas se cuantificaron a partir de las grabaciones en vídeo y la respuesta fisiológica fue medida a través de la frecuencia cardíaca (%Fcmed y %Fcmáx) y de la percepción subjetiva del esfuerzo (PSE). Los resultados del análisis de varianza (ANOVA) reflejan diferencias significativas en las siguientes variables: pases buenos, pases malos, %Fcmed, %Fcmáx, tiempo entre 70-79 % y > 90 %Fcmáx y PSE. Los resultados encontrados ponen de relieve que la manipulación de la densidad en las tareas tiene efectos a diferentes niveles y por tanto debe ser tenido en cuenta por parte de los técnicos deportivos que trabajan con jugadores jóvenes a la hora de diseñar tareas de entrenamiento. La conclusión principal es que la utilización del formato 3 vs 3 parece ser más demandante tanto a nivel técnico como cardíaco. metadata Febré, Ricardo and Chirosa Ríos, Luis Javier and Casamichana Gomez, David and Chirosa, Ignacio Jesús and Martín-Tamayo, Ignacio and Pablos Abella, Carlos mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, david.casamichana@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED (2015) Influencia de la densidad de jugadores sobre la frecuencia cardíaca y respuestas técnicas en jóvenes jugadores de fútbol. [Influence of the density of players on their heart rate and its technical implications on young football players]. RICYDE. Revista internacional de ciencias del deporte, 40 (11). pp. 116-128. ISSN 18853137

Article Subjects > Physical Education and Sport Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Español El objetivo del presente estudio ha sido analizar la influencia de las variables situacionales tamaño del campo y horario del partido sobre ladistancia total recorrida por partido y los metros completados en diferentes rangos de velocidad de equipos de la Liga de Fútbol Profesional Española.Los 22 equipos de la 2ª División ‘A’ tomaron parte del estudio durante la temporada 2013/2014, dando como resultado 634 registros. Se estudió elcomportamiento físico de los equipos por medio del registro de la distancia total recorrida y la completada en cinco rangos de velocidad: distanciarecorrida a velocidad parado (DPa) < 2 km/h; distancia recorrida a velocidad caminando (DCa) 2-7.3 km/h; distancia recorrida a velocidad trotando(DTr) 7.3-14 km/h; distancia recorrida a velocidad corriendo (DCo) 14-21 km/h; distancia recorrida a velocidad esprintando (DEs) ≥ 21 km/h. Paraello se utilizó el sistema de seguimiento multicámara computarizado TRACAB (Chyronhego®, Estados Unidos). Los resultados mostraron que losequipos recorrieron más distancia (p<0,05) en un campo grande (CG) que en uno pequeño (CP) (11.905 ± 463 m vs. 11.722 ± 631 m, respectivamente).En el CG se realizaron más metros (p<0,01) en DPa y DCo, pero menos (p<0,05) en DCa que en el CP. El horario del partido sólo mostró diferenciasen DCo, siendo mayor (p<0,05) en horario de tarde y noche, respecto al de mañana. Conocer la influencia de variables situacionales en la demanda físicapodría ser clave para planificar los ciclos de entrenamiento, establecer el plan estratégico pre-partido o afinar los protocolos de recuperación.Palabras Clave: Fútbol, variables situacionales, distancia total, rendimiento físico. metadata Sánchez-Sanchez, Javier and Casamichana Gomez, David and Castellano, Julen and Gutierrez, Jaime mail UNSPECIFIED, david.casamichana@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED (2017) Influencia del tamaño del campo y horario del partido en la respuesta física de equipos de la Segunda División Española de Fútbol (Effect of pitch size and time of the match in the physical performance of teams the Spanish Second Division). Retos, 33. pp. 213-216. ISSN 1579-1726

Article Subjects > Engineering Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Cerrado Inglés In today’s modern world, information and communication technologies are playing an active role in increasing the standards and quality of life for the betterment of human beings. Due to these technologies, people are now learning and experiencing new things very effectively and efficiently. With the implementation of information technology (IT)-based smart technologies in music education, learners can learn and create quality music. There is a need for the employment of information technology in music classrooms. Governments and institutions need to provide adequate resources to achieve its implementation. The traditional methods of learning are not capable of providing enough quality education to students. The present study focuses on the crucial role of information technology in the enhancement of music education. The advancements in modern technologies are expanding music education very rapidly and productively. To help learners with the use of an accurate technological method for learning purposes, various features have been identified from the existing literature. Based on these identified features, different IT-based procedures are ranked by the employment of analytic hierarchy process (AHP) and TOPSIS. The outcomes of the study demonstrated the efficacy of the approachesCorr. metadata Fu, Yi and Zhang, Mengjia and Nawaz, Muhammad and Ali, Muhammad and Singh, Aman mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, aman.singh@uneatlantico.es (2022) Information technology-based revolution in music education using AHP and TOPSIS. Soft Computing. ISSN 1432-7643

Article Subjects > Biomedicine Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés Inflammation is a hallmark of aging and accelerated aging syndromes such as Hutchinson–Gilford progeria syndrome (HGPS). In this study, we present evidence of increased expression of the components of the NLRP3 inflammasome pathway in HGPS skin fibroblasts, an outcome that was associated with morphological changes of the nuclei of the cells. Lymphoblasts from HGPS patients also showed increased basal levels of NLRP3 and caspase 1. Consistent with these results, the expression of caspase 1 and Nlrp3, but not of the other inflammasome receptors was higher in the heart and liver of Zmpste24−/− mice, which phenocopy the human disease. These data were further corroborated in LmnaG609G/G609G mice, another HGPS animal model. We also showed that pharmacological inhibition of the NLRP3 inflammasome by its selective inhibitor, MCC950, improved cellular phenotype, significantly extended the lifespan of progeroid animals, and reduced inflammasome-dependent inflammation. These findings suggest that inhibition of the NLRP3 inflammasome is a potential therapeutic approach for the treatment of HGPS. metadata González‐Dominguez, Alvaro and Montañez, Raúl and Castejón‐Vega, Beatriz and Nuñez‐Vasco, Jéssica and Lendines‐Cordero, Débora and Wang, Chun and Mbalaviele, Gabriel and Navarro-Pando, José Manuel and Alcocer‐Gómez, Elísabet and Cordero, Mario D mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, jose.navarro@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED (2021) Inhibition of the NLRP3 inflammasome improves lifespan in animal murine model of Hutchinson–Gilford Progeria. EMBO Molecular Medicine, 13 (10). ISSN 1757-4676

Article Subjects > Biomedicine Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés Inflammation is a hallmark of aging and is negatively affecting female fertility. In this study, we evaluate the role of the NLRP3 inflammasome in ovarian aging and female fertility. Age-dependent increased expression of NLRP3 in the ovary was observed in WT mice during reproductive aging. High expression of NLRP3, caspase-1, and IL-1β was also observed in granulosa cells from patients with ovarian insufficiency. Ablation of NLRP3 improved the survival and pregnancy rates and increased anti-Müllerian hormone levels and autophagy rates in ovaries. Deficiency of NLRP3 also reduced serum FSH and estradiol levels. Consistent with these results, pharmacological inhibition of NLRP3 using a direct NLRP3 inhibitor, MCC950, improved fertility in female mice to levels comparable to those of Nlrp3−/− mice. These results suggest that the NLRP3 inflammasome is implicated in the age-dependent loss of female fertility and position this inflammasome as a potential new therapeutic target for the treatment of infertility. metadata Navarro-Pando, José Manuel and Alcocer-Gómez, Elísabet and Castejón-Vega, Beatriz and Navarro-Villarán, Elena and Condés-Hervás, Mónica and Mundi-Roldan, María and Muntané, Jordi and Pérez-Pulido, Antonio J. and Bullon, Pedro and Wang, Chun and Hoffman, Hal M. and Sanz, Alberto and Mbalaviele, Gabriel and Ryffel, Bernhard and Cordero, Mario D. mail jose.navarro@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, monica.condes@uneatlantico.es, maria.mundi@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, mario.cordero@uneatlantico.es (2021) Inhibition of the NLRP3 inflammasome prevents ovarian aging. Science Advances, 7 (1). eabc7409. ISSN 2375-2548

Article Subjects > Nutrition Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Cerrado Inglés Diabetes is a metabolic disease due to impaired or defective insulin secretion and is considered one of the most serious chronic diseases worldwide. Gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) is a naturally occurring non-protein amino acid commonly present in a wide range of foods. A number of studies documented that GABA has good anti-diabetic potential. This review summarized the available dietary sources of GABA as well as animal and human studies on the anti-diabetic properties of GABA, while also discussing the underlying mechanisms. GABA may modulate diabetes through various pathways such as inhibiting the activities of α-amylase and α-glucosidase, promoting β-cell proliferation, stimulating insulin secretion from β-cells, inhibiting glucagon secretion from α-cells, improving insulin resistance and glucose tolerance, and increasing antioxidant and anti-inflammatory activities. However, further mechanistic studies on animals and human are needed to confirm the therapeutic effects of GABA against diabetes. metadata Sun, Yu and Mehmood, Arshad and Giampieri, Francesca and Battino, Maurizio and Chen, Xiumin mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, francesca.giampieri@uneatlantico.es, maurizio.battino@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED (2023) Insights into the cellular, molecular, and epigenetic targets of gamma-aminobutyric acid against diabetes: a comprehensive review on its mechanisms. Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition. pp. 1-18. ISSN 1040-8398

Article Subjects > Teaching Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Universidad Internacional do Cuanza > Research > Scientific Production
Abierto Inglés The purpose of this article was to evaluate the level of satisfaction of a sample of graduates in relation to different online postgraduate programs in the environmental area, as part of the process of continuous improvement in which the educational institution was immersed for the renewal of its accreditation before the corresponding official bodies. Based on the bibliographic review of a series of models and tools, a Likert scale measurement instrument was developed. This instrument, once applied and validated, showed a good level of reliability, with more than three quarters of the participants having a positive evaluation of satisfaction. Likewise, to facilitate the relational study, and after confirming the suitability of performing a factor analysis, four variable grouping factors were determined, which explained a good part of the variability of the instrument’s items. As a result of the analysis, it was found that there were significant values of low satisfaction in graduates from the Eurasian area, mainly in terms of organizational issues and academic expectations. On the other hand, it was observed that the methodological aspects of the “Auditing” and “Biodiversity” programs showed higher levels of dissatisfaction than the rest, with no statistically significant relationships between gender, entry profile or age groups. The methodology followed and the rigor in determining the validity and reliability of the instrument, as well as the subsequent analysis of the results, endorsed by the review of the documented information, suggest that the instrument can be applied to other multidisciplinary programs for decision making with guarantees in the educational field metadata García Villena, Eduardo and Pueyo Villa, Silvia and Delgado Noya, Irene and Tutusaus, Kilian and Ruiz Salces, Roberto and Pascual Barrera, Alina Eugenia mail eduardo.garcia@uneatlantico.es, silvia.pueyo@uneatlantico.es, irene.delgado@uneatlantico.es, kilian.tutusaus@uneatlantico.es, roberto.ruiz@uneatlantico.es, alina.pascual@unini.edu.mx (2021) Instrumentalization of a Model for the Evaluation of the Level of Satisfaction of Graduates under an E-Learning Methodology: A Case Analysis Oriented to Postgraduate Studies in the Environmental Field. Sustainability, 13 (9). p. 5112. ISSN 2071-1050

Article Subjects > Physical Education and Sport
Subjects > Psychology
Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés The scientific evidence supports that physical inactivity in childhood is a reality throughout the world which generates important consequences in the global development of children. Young people with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD), due to the characteristics of the disorder they suffer, constitute a group at risk. Therefore, assessing the levels of physical activity (PA) in this group is fundamental for subsequent decision making and implementation of PA promotion programmes. Consequently, the aim of this systematic review was to identify, summarise and analyse the main instruments used to assess the levels of PA (in terms of time and/or intensity) in primary school children diagnosed with ASD. Scientific articles in English and Spanish published in five databases were reviewed: PsycINFO, WOS, SPORTDiscus, Scopus and PubMed, following the guidelines of the PRISMA statement. Out of the 605 articles identified, 12 met the previously established inclusion criteria. The instruments used by the studies analysed were divided into two main groups: accelerometers and questionnaires. Both showed different strengths and limitations but agreed on the low levels registered of PA in children with ASD. For this reason, it is considered necessary that further research be carried out in this field, as well as the development and implementation of sports programmes adjusted and adapted to the needs and characteristics of the ASD group. metadata López-Valverde, Paula and Rico-Díaz, Javier and Barcala Furelos, Martín and Martí González, Mariacarla and Martín Ayala, Juan Luis and López-García, Sergio mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, martin.barcala@uneatlantico.es, mariacarla.marti@uneatlantico.es, juan.martin@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED (2021) Instruments to Assess Physical Activity in Primary Education Students with Autism Spectrum Disorder: A Systematic Review. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 18 (9). p. 4913. ISSN 1660-4601

Article Subjects > Engineering Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés Rock art offers traces of our most remote past and was made with mineral and organic substances in shelters, walls, or the ceilings of caves. As it is notably fragile, it is fortunate that some instances remain intact—but a variety of natural and anthropogenic factors can lead to its disappearance. Therefore, as a valuable cultural heritage, rock art requires special conservation and protection measures. Geomatic remote-sensing technologies such as 3D terrestrial laser scanning (3DTLS), drone flight, and ground-penetrating radar (GPR) allow us to generate exhaustive documentation of caves and their environment in 2D, 2.5D, and 3D. However, only its combined use with 3D geographic information systems (GIS) lets us generate new cave maps with details such as overlying layer thickness, sinkholes, fractures, joints, and detachments that also more precisely reveal interior–exterior interconnections and gaseous exchange; i.e., the state of senescence of the karst that houses the cave. Information of this kind is of great value for the research, management, conservation, monitoring, and dissemination of cave art. metadata Bayarri Cayón, Vicente and Prada, Alfredo and García, Francisco and Díaz-González, Lucía M. and De Las Heras, Carmen and Castillo, Elena and Fatás, Pilar mail vicente.bayarri@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED (2023) Integration of Remote-Sensing Techniques for the Preventive Conservation of Paleolithic Cave Art in the Karst of the Altamira Cave. Remote Sensing, 15 (4). p. 1087. ISSN 2072-4292

Article Subjects > Teaching Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Fundación Universitaria Internacional de Colombia > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Universidad Internacional do Cuanza > Research > Scientific Production
Abierto Inglés Regulatory dispersion and a utilitarian use of sustainability deepen the gap within the teaching–learning process and limit the introduction of sustainable criteria in organizations through projects. The objective of this research consisted in developing a sustainable and holistic educational proposal for an online postgraduate program belonging to the Universidad Europea del Atlántico (UNEATLANTICO) within the field of projects. The proposal was based on the instrumentalization of a model comprised of national and international bibliographic references, resulting in a sustainability guide with significant improvements in relation to the reference standard par excellence: ISO 26000:2010. This guide formed the basis of a sustainability management plan, which was key in the project methodology and during the development of sustainable objectives and descriptors for each of the subjects. Lastly, the entities, attributes, and cardinal relationships were established for the development of a physical model used to facilitate the management of all this information within a SQL database. The rigor when determining the educational program, as well as the subsequent analysis of results as supported by the literature review, presupposes the application of this methodology toward other multidisciplinary programs contributing to the adoption of good sustainability practices within the educational field metadata Gracia Villar, Mónica and Álvarez, Roberto Marcelo and Brie, Santiago and Miró Vera, Yini Airet and García Villena, Eduardo mail monica.gracia@uneatlantico.es, roberto.alvarez@uneatlantico.es, santiago.brie@uneatlantico.es, yini.miro@uneatlantico.es, eduardo.garcia@uneatlantico.es (2023) Integration of Sustainable Criteria in the Development of a Proposal for an Online Postgraduate Program in the Projects Area. Education Sciences, 13 (1). p. 97. ISSN 2227-7102

Article Subjects > Engineering Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Universidad Internacional do Cuanza > Research > Scientific Production
Abierto Inglés In December 2019, a group of people in Wuhan city of Hubei province of China were found to be affected by an infection called dark etiology pneumonia. The outbreak of this pneumonia infection was declared a deadly disease by the China Center for Disease Control and Prevention on January 9, 2020, named Novel Coronavirus 2019 (nCoV-2019). This nCoV-2019 is now known as COVID-19. There is a big list of infections of this coronavirus which is present in the form of a big family. This virus can cause several diseases that usually develop with a serious problem. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), 2019-nCoV has been placed as the modern generation of Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS) and Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS) coronaviruses, so COVID-19 can repeatedly change its internal genome structure to extend its existence. Understanding and accurately predicting the mutational properties of the genome structure of COVID-19 can form a good leadership role in preventing and fighting against coronavirus. In this research paper, an analytical approach has been presented which is based on the k-means cluster technique of machine learning to find the clusters over the mutational properties of the COVID-19 viruses’ comp