Items where Subject is "Subjects > Physical Education and Sport"

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2022

Article Subjects > Physical Education and Sport Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Español Antecedentes: Los socorristas son fundamentales en la reanimación del ahogado en parada cardiorrespiratoria. En las víctimas ahogadas es prioritario administrar oxigenación. Distintas técnicas de administración de ventilaciones se han investigado y hay controversia sobre la más efectiva. Objetivos: comparar el efecto de la ventilación boca a boca (VBB), ventilación con bolsa y mascarilla (VBM) y ventilación con pocket-mask (VPM) sobre la calidad de RCP entre socorristas recién certificados y socorristas profesionales en activo. Conclusiones: Los socorristas inexpertos recién certificados realizan mejor RCP, incluyendo la ventilación, que los que no han recibido una formación reciente. Es clave la actualización del SVB frecuente en socorristas. metadata Aranda García, Silvia and Carballo Fazanes, Aida and Otero Agra, Martín and Fernández Méndez, María and Barcala Furelos, Martín and Barcala Furelos, Roberto mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, martin.barcala@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED (2022) Comparación de la calidad en la ventilación de socorristas nóveles y veteranos. Un estudio piloto de simulación. Revista de Investigación en Actividades Acuáticas, 6 (11). pp. 37-43. ISSN 2530-805X

Other Subjects > Physical Education and Sport Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Projects I+D+I Cerrado Español Hoy en día, se considera que el “running” o carrera es una de las actividades más populares en todo el mundo, especialmente después del contexto del confinamiento global que se ha vivido en los últimos años como consecuencia de la pandemia, que ha llevado a las personas a practicar con más frecuencia deporte al aire libre. Uno de los principales motivos que aducen los practicantes es mantener o mejorar su estado de forma, mejorar la salud, divertirse, mejorar su estética o mejorar su rendimiento en alguna carrera popular (presencial u online) (We are testers y runnea, 2017). Sin embargo, esta modalidad deportiva presenta una gran incidencia de lesiones, que oscila entre el 18.2% y el 92.4% (Van Gent et al., 2007). Lieberman et al. (2010) señaló que el calzado ha sido destacado recientemente como un posible factor relacionado con la incidencia de lesiones. Así, en los últimos años, han surgido nuevas tendencias en el diseño de las zapatillas deportivas, con mayor o menor acolchado, mayor o menor control de movimiento, etc., pero sin que ninguna de estas propuestas haya aportado evidencia de que la tasa de lesiones haya disminuido (Richards, Magin, y Callister, 2009).  En consecuencia, una de las propuestas de mejora a este gran problema ha sido la inclusión de la práctica de carrera descalzo o barefoot running. Los autores que apoyan esta propuesta la justifican en las bases de la existencia humana y la tradición histórica de desplazarse descalzo a lo largo de nuestra evolución (Altman AR y Davis IS, 2012; Trinkaus, 2005). Al respecto de este paradigma, se presentan algunos datos. Por ejemplo, en un estudio que se lleva a cabo un programa de entrenamiento de carrera descalza, encontraron que tras la intervención el grupo experimental logra un tiempo de fase de aterrizaje menor que el grupo control. Igualmente, el grupo control aumenta el tiempo de contacto y disminuye el tiempo de vuelo. En cambio, el grupo experimental disminuye el tiempo de la fase de aterrizaje. (Muñoz Jiménez, García-Pinillos, Soto-Hermoso, y Latorre-Román, 2018). Independientemente de la experiencia de correr descalzo, se encuentran diferencias espacio-temporales entre correr calzado y descalzo dentro de una misma sesión de carrera. Sin embargo, todavía existen muchas dudas sobre la influencia de la velocidad de carrera en la evolución de los parámetros espacio-temporales, tanto en carrera descalzo como con calzado confortable, tanto en corredores recreacionales como avanzados. En este contexto, el objetivo de la investigación que se plantea en este proyecto reside en comparar el rendimiento en las diferentes variables cinemáticas entre barefoot y shod running a dos velocidades de carrera distintas (velocidad confort y velocidad competitiva). metadata CITICAN-Universidad Europea del Atlántico, mail UNSPECIFIED (2022) Comparación del rendimiento de variables cinemáticas entre barefoot y shod running a dos velocidades de carrera distintas. Repositorio de la Universidad. (Unpublished)

Article Subjects > Physical Education and Sport Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés The aim of the study was to compare the quality of CPR (Q-CPR), as well as the perceived fatigue and hand pain in a prolonged infant cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) performed by lifeguards using three different techniques. A randomized crossover simulation study was used to compare three infant CPR techniques: the two-finger technique (TF); the two-thumb encircling technique (TTE) and the two-thumb-fist technique (TTF). 58 professional lifeguards performed three tests in pairs during a 20-min period of CPR. The rescuers performed compressions and ventilations in 15:2 cycles and changed their roles every 2 min. The variables of analysis were CPR quality components, rate of perceived exertion (RPE) and hand pain with numeric rating scale (NRS). All three techniques showed high Q-CPR results (TF: 86 ± 9%/TTE: 88 ± 9%/TTF: 86 ± 16%), and the TTE showed higher values than the TF (p = 0.03). In the RPE analysis, fatigue was not excessive with any of the three techniques (values 20 min between 3.2 for TF, 2.4 in TTE and 2.5 in TTF on a 10-point scale). TF reached a higher value in RPE than TTF in all the intervals analyzed (p < 0.05). In relation to NRS, TF showed significantly higher values than TTE and TTF (NRS minute 20 = TF 4.7 vs. TTE 2.5 & TTF 2.2; p < 0.001). In conclusion, all techniques have been shown to be effective in high-quality infant CPR in a prolonged resuscitation carried out by lifeguards. However, the two-finger technique is less efficient in relation to fatigue and hand pain compared with two-thumb technique (TF vs. TTF, p = 0.01). metadata Barcala-Furelos, Roberto and Barcala Furelos, Martín and Cano-Noguera, Francisco and Otero-Agra, Martín and Alonso-Calvete, Alejandra and Martínez-Isasi, Santiago and Aranda-García, Silvia and López-García, Sergio and Rodríguez-Núñez, Antonio mail UNSPECIFIED, martin.barcala@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED (2022) A Comparison between Three Different Techniques Considering Quality Skills, Fatigue and Hand Pain during a Prolonged Infant Resuscitation: A Cross-Over Study with Lifeguards. Children, 9 (6). p. 910. ISSN 2227-9067

Article Subjects > Physical Education and Sport Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Español El objetivo de este trabajo fue cuantificar la especificidad de las sesiones de entrenamiento y competiciones sobre la línea metodológica del microciclo estructurado en un equipo de futbol profesional del torneo Apertura 2020 de la Liga de Expansión MX. Se recogieron los datos de entrenamiento y competición de un equipo del Torneo Apertura 2020 de la Liga de Expansión MX a lo largo de más de 3 meses del período competitivo. Dentro de dicho período, se registraron los valores de percepción subjetiva del esfuerzo, distancia con carga metabólica elevada, nivel de especificidad y duración de tareas y unidad de carga global, carga específica y unidad de carga específica. Una vez recogidos los datos, se realizó un análisis descriptivo de los datos así como se calculó la correlación de Pearson entre las principales variables analizadas. Los resultados mostraron correlaciones casi perfectas (r>0.9; p<0.001) entre las diferentes variables, a excepción de la relación entre carga específica y RPE, que fue categorizada como muy elevada (r=0.873, p<0.001). En conclusión, cuantificar la especificidad permitiría prescribirla y dosificarla, donde podría optimizar la planificación para el futbol formativo y profesional, ya que el entrenamiento específico produce altas adaptaciones al rendimiento. metadata Martínez-Ruiz, Enrique Agustín and Lago-Fuentes, Carlos and Barcala Furelos, Martín mail enrique.martinez@master.uneatlantico.es, carlos.lago@uneatlantico.es, martin.barcala@uneatlantico.es (2022) Cuantificación de especificidad en un microciclo estructurado en fútbol profesional. RICYDE. Revista internacional de ciencias del deporte, 18 (69). pp. 180-190. ISSN 18853137

Article Subjects > Physical Education and Sport Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Universidad Internacional do Cuanza > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Abierto Inglés Abstract: Sports injuries can affect the performance of athletes. For this reason, functional tests are used for injury assessment and prevention, analyzing physical or physiological imbalances and detecting asymmetries. The main aim of this study was to detect the asymmetries in the upper limbs (right and left arms) in athletes, using the OctoBalance Test (OB), depending on the stage of the season. Two hundred and fifty-two participants (age: 23.33 ± 8.96 years old; height: 178.63 ± 11.12 cm; body mass: 80.28 ± 17.61 kg; body mass index: 24.88 ± 4.58; sports experience: 12.52 ± 6.28 years), practicing different sports (rugby, athletics, football, swimming, handball, triathlon, basketball, hockey, badminton and volleyball), assessed with the OB in medial, superolateral, and inferolateral directions in both arms, in four moments of the season (May 2017, September 2017, February 2018 and May 2018). ANOVA test was used with repeated measures with a p ≤ 0.05, for the analysis of the different studied variances. Significant differences were found (p = 0.021) in the medial direction of the left arm, between the first (May 2017) and fourth stages (May 2018), with values of 71.02 ± 7.15 cm and 65.03 ± 7.66 cm. From the detection of asymmetries, using the OB to measure, in the medial, superolateral and inferolateral directions, mobility and balance can be assessed. In addition, it is possible to observe functional imbalances, as a risk factor for injury, in each of the stages into which the season is divided, which will help in the prevention of injuries and in the individualization of training. metadata Velarde-Sotres, Álvaro and Bores-Cerezal, Antonio and Mecías-Calvo, Marcos and Barcala Furelos, Martín and Aparicio Obregón, Silvia and Calleja-González, Julio mail alvaro.velarde@uneatlantico.es, antonio.bores@uneatlantico.es, marcos.mecias@uneatlantico.es, martin.barcala@uneatlantico.es, silvia.aparicio@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED (2022) Detection of Upper Limb Asymmetries in Athletes According to the Stage of the Season—A Longitudinal Study. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 19 (2). p. 849. ISSN 1660-4601

Thesis Subjects > Physical Education and Sport Europe University of Atlantic > Teaching > Final Degree Projects Cerrado Español Este estudio está destinado a analizar las diferentes metodologías de entrenamiento existentes en la actualidad, determinar cual es más eficaz y que grado de incidencia tiene la elección de una u otra en base a sus pros y contras. Se utilizó un cuestionario para estudiar una muestra de 225 participantes, todos voluntarios. Los resultados mostraron que el 52,4% de los atletas únicamente se habían dedicado a un solo deporte en su infancia y adolescencia, mientras que el 47,6% se dedicaron a varios deportes federados simultáneamente. Además, el 51,6% de los participantes llegaron a la élite siendo menores de edad, en edades comprendidas entre 12 y 17 años. Después de todo, el estudio determina que la elección prioritaria de una metodología corresponde a 3 factores: modalidad deportiva, ya que los deportes individuales y ciertas modalidades específicas (gimnasia rítmica o tenis de mesa) responden favorablemente ante la dedicación de un solo deporte, situación cultural, debido a que la estructura deportiva del país influye en gran medida en la decisión de la metodología (Estados Unidos o China) y el sexo, ya que las mujeres tienden a especializarse más y antes (23,5%) que los hombres (15,2%). metadata Pérez de Andrés, Víctor mail victor.perez2@alumnos.uneatlantico.es (2022) Diferencia entre la garantía de éxito de deportistas con trabajo multideportivo o específico. Diploma thesis, UNSPECIFIED.

Article Subjects > Physical Education and Sport Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Abierto Español Introducción: Las caídas se consideran como uno de los síndromes geriátricos más importantes por su alta incidencia en los adultos mayores de 65 años. Las caídas pueden generar diversas e importantes consecuencias físicas y/o psicológicas, deterioro funcional, dependencia e incluso la muerte. Objetivo: Determinar la efectividad del entrenamiento propioceptivo para prevenir el riesgo de caídas en el adulto mayor de 65 años residente en un hogar de reposo en el km 1 vía a Dapa, Valle del Cauca. Metodología: Se realizó una investigación cuasiexperimental de corte transversal, con muestra no probabilística constituida por 12 mujeres y 3 hombres adultos mayores de 65 años residentes en un hogar de reposo, participando de manera voluntaria en un entrenamiento propioceptivo de 6 semanas, dos veces a la semana durante los meses de marzo y abril de 2021. La factibilidad de la propuesta de ejercicios propioceptivos se validó a partir de la técnica de investigación grupo nominal. Los resultados incluyeron las pruebas Short Physical Performance Battery (SPPB) y Timed up and go (TUG) evaluadas pre y post intervención. Resultados: Hubo diferencias significativas en el nivel de funcionalidad pre- post intervención, (p<0,05), las dos variables (nivel de riesgo de caída y nivel de funcionalidad) se correlacionan en sentido inverso (p<0,05). Conclusiones: El entrenamiento propioceptivo es efectivo para mejorar el equilibrio estático/dinámico, la velocidad de la marcha y fuerza de extremidades inferiores en los adultos mayores de 65 años que residen en un hogar de reposo. metadata Vélez Alape, Natalia and Hernández Cruz, Leonardo de Jesús and Velarde-Sotres, Álvaro mail UNSPECIFIED, eonardo.hernandez@unib.org, alvaro.velarde@uneatlantico.es (2022) Efecto de un entrenamiento propioceptivo para prevenir el riesgo de caída en adultos mayores. MLS Sport Research, 2 (2).

Article Subjects > Physical Education and Sport Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés, Español El fútbol es el deporte universalmente más popular y el más extendido, lo que implica, además, ser uno de los deportes de equipo con mayor IL. Las lesiones afectan de manera negativa al rendimiento del deportista y del equipo. El objetivo de este estudio fue conocer las lesiones producidas a lo largo de la temporada 2016/2017 de la primera y segunda división española en función del tipo de lesión, posición del jugador, minuto en que se produce la lesión y la edad del jugador. Se trata de un estudio descriptivo, en el cual la muestra fue conformada por los jugadores de los 42 equipos de la Liga Santander y la Liga 123 del fútbol español. Las lesiones más comunes han sido las lesiones musculares (>50%), aumentando en la Liga 123 hasta el 75% de la incidencia. Los deportistas que más lesiones sufrieron fueron los defensas (>40%) mientras que los porteros registraron el menor IL (<4%). Este hecho se puede deber a la menor distancia recorrida tanto a una intensidad normal como a la distancia recorrida a alta intensidad. Los deportistas comprendidos entre los 21 y los 29 años padecieron un mayor número de lesiones (>35%) y, además, ocurrieron en gran parte durante la segunda mitad del partido metadata Mecías-Calvo, Marcos and Magni Cruz, Alejandro and Gómez Cárdaba, Álvaro mail marcos.mecias@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED (2022) Incidencia lesional en el fútbol. MLS Sport Research, 2 (1). ISSN 2792-7156

Article Subjects > Physical Education and Sport Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Cerrado Inglés The aim of this study was to compare pacing and packing behaviours between sex and performance level at elite Berlin marathon races. Official electronic split and finishing times from 279 (149 male and 130 female) marathon performances, including 5 male world records, were obtained from 11 Berlin marathon races held from 2008 to 2018, and from two previous world records and the second world all-time fastest performance also achieved at that same Berlin course. Male performances displaying an even pacing behaviour were significantly faster than those adopting a positive behaviour (p < 0.001; d = 0.75). Male world records were characterized by even profiles with fast endspurts, being especially remarkable at world all-time two fastest performances which were assisted by the use of a new shoe technology. Female marathon runners decreased their speed less than men during the second half marathon and especially from the 35th km onwards (p < 0.001; 0.51 ≤ d ≤ 0.55). The latest race stages were usually run individually in both sexes. Significant pace differences between performance groups at every race segment were found in women (p < 0.01; 1.0 ≤ d ≤ 2.0), who also covered an important part of the race alone. Prior to participation in meet marathon races such as Berlin marathon, elite runners should select the group that they will join during the race according to their current performance level as a preassigned pace set by a pacemaker will be adopted. Therefore, they could follow an even rather than positive pacing behaviour which will allow them to achieve a more optimal performance. metadata Muñoz-Pérez, Iker and Lago-Fuentes, Carlos and Mecías-Calvo, Marcos and Casado, Arturo mail UNSPECIFIED, carlos.lago@uneatlantico.es, marcos.mecias@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED (2022) Pacing and packing behaviour in elite and world record performances at Berlin marathon. European Journal of Sport Science. pp. 1-8. ISSN 1746-1391

Thesis Subjects > Physical Education and Sport
Subjects > Teaching
Europe University of Atlantic > Teaching > Final Degree Projects Cerrado Español Objetivo general: -Elaborar una unidad didáctica gamificada en base a los deportes alternativos en 1º de la ESO. Objetivos específicos: -Diseñar sesiones teórico-prácticas de carácter innovador utilizando la gamificación y las ventajas que está aporta. -Introducir los deportes alternativos como herramienta para fomentar la práctica de actividad física. -Desarrollar la unidad didáctica en base al floorball y al tchoukball. - Vincular la unidad didáctica al currículo de 1o de la Educación Secundaria Obligatoria de la Comunidad Autónoma de Cantabria -Investigar y analizar diversas fuentes de información sobre los deportes alternativos y la gamificación en el área de Educación Física. metadata Sagarna González, Saúl mail saul.sagarna@alumnos.uneatlantico.es (2022) Propuesta de unidad didáctica gamificada de deportes alternativos en 1º de la ESO. Diploma thesis, Universidad Europea del Atlántico.

Article Subjects > Physical Education and Sport Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Español Este estudio tenía el objetivo de relacionar la dismetría de los miembros inferiores y el pedaleo. Participaron 23 sujetos no profesionales del ciclismo. Se ha realizado un test de asimetría mediante el método directo, medido desde la espina ilíaca anterosuperior hasta el maléolo tibial y se comparaba los resultados con la otra pierna, antes de realizar esta prueba se procedía a la maniobra Weber Barstow, se comenzaba en posición decúbito supino en la camilla con las piernas en paralelo y flexionadas, se realizaba una extensión de cadera, el sujeto volvía a la posición inicial y el examinador le estiraba las piernas, por último se realizaba un test de efectividad de pedaleo sobre la Wattbike de 10 minutos, a una intensidad de 5 sobre 10 del rango de esfuerzo percibido. Para conseguir una posición correcta de los participantes se usó un goniómetro para medir el ángulo de rodilla y se siguieron las pautas de protocolos preestablecidos. El análisis estadístico fue realizado con JASP, en la que se realizó un estudio descriptivo y posteriormente un test de correlación acorde a su normalidad. El índice de asimetría fue del 4,086 %, con una ligera mayor dominancia de la pierna derecha sobre la izquierda 50.56 % - 49.44 %. Hubo una tendencia positiva en la relación entre mayor magnitud de dismetría y la efectividad de pedaleo, pero sin tener datos significativos metadata Osmani, Florent mail UNSPECIFIED (2022) Relación entre la dismetría de los miembros inferiores y la distribución de fuerzas en el pedaleo en ciclistas no profesionales. MLS Sport Research, 2 (1). ISSN 2792-7156

Article Subjects > Physical Education and Sport Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés The aim of this study was to analyze the effects of percussive massage therapy (PMT) on lifeguards’ recovery after a water rescue, in comparison with passive recovery. Methods: A quasi-experimental crossover design was conducted to compare passive recovery (PR) and a PMT protocol. A total of 14 volunteer lifeguards performed a simulated 100 m water rescue and perceived fatigue and blood lactate were measured as recovery variables after the rescue and after the 8-min recovery process. Results: There were no differences between PMT and PR in lactate clearance (p > 0.05), finding in both modalities a small but not significant decrease in blood lactate. In perceived fatigue, both methods decreased this variable significantly (p < 0.001), with no significant differences between them (p > 0.05). Conclusions: PMT does not enhance recovery after a water rescue, in comparison with staying passive. Despite PMT appearing to be adequate for recovery in other efforts, it is not recommended for lifeguards’ recovery after a water rescue. metadata Alonso-Calvete, Alejandra and Lorenzo-Martínez, Miguel and Pérez-Ferreirós, Alexandra and Couso-Bruno, Antonio and Carracedo-Rodríguez, Eloy and Barcala Furelos, Martín and Barcala-Furelos, Roberto and Padrón-Cabo, Alexis mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, martin.barcala@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED (2022) Why Percussive Massage Therapy Does Not Improve Recovery after a Water Rescue? A Preliminary Study with Lifeguards. Healthcare, 10 (4). p. 693. ISSN 2227-9032

2021

Thesis Subjects > Physical Education and Sport Europe University of Atlantic > Teaching > Final Degree Projects Cerrado Español El abandono de actividad físico-deportiva en los alumnos de Colegio San Vicente de Paúl de Limpias es bastante alto, más de la mitad de los alumnos sufren abandono. Encontramos diferencias entre sexos, donde las chicas sufren aún más abandono que los chicos. Por otro lado, entre los principales motivos de abandono que se dan en el centro escolar destacan los siguientes: prefiero hacer otras actividades en mi tiempo libre, no tengo tiempo por los estudios y finalmente por pereza. Respecto al abandono por cursos no se encuentran diferencias entre ellos, siendo el porcentaje de abandono similar entre los cuatro cursos de secundaria; cabe destacar que los alumnos de 1º E.S.O. son los que mayor tasa de abandono presentan. metadata Cendoya Ochoa, Lorenzo mail lorenzo.cendoya@alumnos.uneatlantico.es (2021) Abandono de actividad físico-deportiva entre sexos en los alumnos de secundaria del Colegio San Vicente de Paúl de Limpias. Diploma thesis, Universidad Europea del Atlántico.

Thesis Subjects > Physical Education and Sport Europe University of Atlantic > Teaching > Final Degree Projects Cerrado Español El objetivo de este estudio fue analizar la percepción de la práctica de Zumba en 4o E.S.O. en la clase de Educación Física en función del género antes y después de llevar a cabo una sesión. 74 alumnos de la etapa escolar de Educación Secundaria Obligatoria (38 chicos y 36 chicas) fueron partícipes de la práctica de una sesión de Zumba. Se encontraron diferencias significativas en función de la agrupación de géneros, sobre todo en el género masculino. En los ítems obtenidos hacen apreciar diferencias en el género masculino respecto a querer realizar más sesiones (0,003**), en la percepción del cansancio (0**), en el esfuerzo o diversión (0**) y en la valoración de la sesión (0**). Por otra parte el género femenino nos hace apreciar menos diferencias de opinión como realizar más sesiones (0,01**), en la percepción del cansancio (0**) y en esfuerzo y diversión (0**). A pesar de los resultados, las limitaciones del estudio fueron la falta de tiempo al realizar las sesiones y la escasez de estudios sobre la zumba en Educación Física. metadata García Mena, Ingrid Johana mail ingrid.garcia@alumnos.uneatlantico.es (2021) Aceptación de la Zumba en la clase de Educación Física. Diploma thesis, Universidad Europea del Atlántico.

Thesis Subjects > Physical Education and Sport Europe University of Atlantic > Teaching > Final Degree Projects Cerrado Español Los isquiotibiales representan una de las regiones anatómicas más lesionadas en las disciplinas que involucran sprints, con una incidencia de entorno al 23% de las lesiones que se producen en las pruebas de velocidad y una alta tasa de recidiva de entre el 12% y el 30%. Teniendo en cuenta la alta tasa de recidiva que presenta esta lesión los objetivos de esta revisión fueron determinar la posible existencia de alteraciones en el ratio de desarrollo de fuerza (RFD) y en la actividad electromiográfica (EMG) como posibles factores de riesgo para una recidiva. Se revisaron artículos en la bases de datos de PubMed, Researchgate, Journal of Sport Science, MedLine y PEDro, se seleccionaron solo aquellos en inglés y castellano con fecha de publicación posterior al año 2000. Dentro de los artículos incluidos en todos ellos la población realizaba deportes que implican el sprint. Los resultados obtenidos mostraron como en sujetos con un historial lesivo previo en la musculatura isquiotibial se daban alteraciones en el RFD así como en la EMG. metadata Salmón Cabadilla, Marcos mail marcos.salmon@alumnos.uneatlantico.es (2021) Alteraciones neuromusculares como factor de riesgo de recidiva en la lesión Isquiosural durante el sprint. revisión bibliográfica. Diploma thesis, Universidad Europea del Atlántico.

Thesis Subjects > Physical Education and Sport Europe University of Atlantic > Teaching > Final Degree Projects Cerrado Español Los beneficios de la actividad física en el desarrollo del cuerpo humano han sido evidenciados en la literatura científica desde hace años, en la actualidad existe una gran variedad de beneficios derivados de la misma en diversos niveles tanto físico, como neurofisiológico y hormonal. Esta revisión se focalizará en conocer cuales son los efectos de la actividad física en el cuerpo humano de los sujetos en edad formativa, focalizándose en los niveles cognitivo y neurológico. Lo cual permitirá deducir si existe una correlación directa entre la práctica de actividad física en edades de desarrollo madurativo y una mayor facilidad en el aprendizaje y en los resultados académicos. metadata Mínguez Torre, Marcos mail marcos.minguez@alumnos.uneatlantico.es (2021) Análisis de la influencia de la actividad física en el desarrollo cognitivo del alumnado. Diploma thesis, Universidad Europea del Atlántico.

Thesis Subjects > Physical Education and Sport Europe University of Atlantic > Teaching > Final Degree Projects Cerrado Español El 60% de las lesiones en el fútbol femenino se dan en el tren inferior, uno de los factores más determinantes es el control neuromuscular, para la mejora de este factor se han implementado algunos planes preventivos, en este estudio se quiso realizar un plan preventivo de 10 semanas de duración en el calentamiento de distintos equipos de la categoría regional de fútbol femenino cántabro, con el objetivo de conocer el efecto del mismo en el control neuromuscular de las jugadoras mediante un PRE y POST del test de saltos repetidos Tuck Jump Test (TJT). Se obtuvo una mejoría de las jugadoras mediante el test, pero también se observó que datos como el valgo dinámico de rodilla lo tenían más del 98% de las jugadoras evaluadas. A su vez se consiguió reducir el número de lesiones de alta severidad en el mismo periodo de la temporada anterior en un 75% de lesiones en estos 8 equipos. metadata Blanco Méndez, Gonzalo Guzmán mail gonzalo.blanco@alumnos.uneatlantico.es (2021) Análisis del efecto de un plan de prevención de lesiones sobre el control neuromuscular en jugadoras de fútbol de la categoría regional en Cantabria. Diploma thesis, Universidad Europea del Atlántico.

Thesis Subjects > Physical Education and Sport Europe University of Atlantic > Teaching > Final Degree Projects Cerrado Español Se realizó un análisis descriptivo de la potencia del tren inferior, que es una capacidad determinante en balonmano y baloncesto. Por medio de la herramienta optogait, se valoró la altura de salto y la potencia del tren inferior mediante el test CMJ, a un total de 49 sujetos. El objetivo principal fue describir la realidad de estos deportes en el contexto cántabro según el género. Como objetivo secundario se identificó la posición con mayor potencia y altura de salto de manera intradeporte. Los resultados reflejan que para el género masculino la posición de balonmano con mayor altura de salto, es el extremo, 50.26 cm y para el baloncesto, son los aleros, 47.65 cm. En el caso de la potencia, los porteros de balonmano, aplicaron 2708.51 w obteniendo los mayores resultados y los aleros en baloncesto, 2518.70 w. Por otro lado, en el género femenino, las extremos obtuvieron un resultado de 31,2 cm y las aleros de baloncesto 30.1 cm. Sin embargo, se encontraron diferencias en la posición con mayor potencia entre géneros. El puesto que obtuvo la mayor diferencia en la potencia, fueron las pivotes de balonmano con 1836,78 w y para baloncesto, las pívots con 1631.46 w. Como conclusión, destacar que según el género no existe diferencia significativa entre los deportes en el contexto cántabro. Los resultados no se ajustan a la realidad científica, esto puede ser debido a la diferencia de categoría existente entre los equipos de la muestra obtenida. metadata Cagigas Santisteban, Rodrigo mail rodrigo.cagigas@alumnos.uneatlantico.es (2021) Análisis descriptivo de la potencia del tren inferior en balonmano y baloncesto, mediante el CMJ en jugadores semiprofesionales cántabros. Diploma thesis, Universidad Europea del Atlántico.

Article Subjects > Physical Education and Sport Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés, Español Las investigaciones basadas en la motivación y la autocompasión han demostrado que son características personales que influyen en el desarrollo de cada individuo. El objetivo de este estudio fue analizar la evolución de la motivación y de la autocompasión a lo largo de una temporada deportiva completa, con el fin de valorar si existen diferencias entre los distintos periodos de la misma teniendo en cuenta cada deporte. En la investigación participaron 48 deportistas (42 hombres y 6 mujeres) de edades comprendidas entre los 15 y 53 años (media= 23,5) que practicaban fútbol (29,2%), atletismo (31,3%) o rugby (39,6%) en un equipo de la Comunidad Autónoma de Cantabria. Respondieron a dos pruebas: un cuestionario de motivación (BRSQ) y una escala de autocompasión. Los resultados obtenidos mostraron que ambas variables se mantienen estables a lo largo de la temporada deportiva si se realiza el análisis de manera globalizada. En cambio, si se comparan los deportes entre sí, se encontraron diferencias estadísticamente significativas en la mayoría de las variables de la motivación lo que implica que esta está influenciada por el deporte que se practique. En el caso de la autocompasión, únicamente la variable Mindfulness contaba con significancia, por lo que está sujeta también a la influencia de las diferentes características de cada deporte. metadata Siri Schuchner, Ariadna and Mecías-Calvo, Marcos and Corrales Pardo, Andrea and Martí González, Mariacarla and Muñoz-Pérez, Iker mail ariadna.siri@alumnos.uneatlantico.es, marcos.mecias@uneatlantico.es, andrea.corrales@uneatlantico.es, mariacarla.marti@uneatlantico.es, iker.munoz@uneatlantico.es (2021) Atletismo, rugby y fútbol: valoración de la motivación y autocompasión a lo largo de la temporada. MLS Sport Research, 1 (1). pp. 19-34.

Thesis Subjects > Physical Education and Sport Europe University of Atlantic > Teaching > Final Degree Projects Cerrado Inglés Most teenagers have stopped performing activities such as playing in the street with their friends or spending more time outdoors. These activities have been replaced, by others that are totally contrary, related to the use of technological devices, which are readily available to them and every time at an earlier age.In addiction, there is an abandoned of physical activity in secondary school students related to overweight and other diseases compared to previous years and the ability of these students to perform sports activities. Moreover, the communicative difficulties and the scarce personal relationships between classmates outside school hours.New government regulations want to invest more in technology for the classes, but want to reduce physical education hours. The subject of the study goes beyond knowing the causes of why today's teenagers do not play in the street or spend time in outdoor activities. Future teachers or educators need to observe the behaviors of the students, comparing them with other kind of behaviors to achieve their phycological and academic goal. metadata Calderón Fernández, Carlos mail carlos.calderon@alumnos.uneatlantico.es (2021) Behavioral changes in adolescences nowadays. Diploma thesis, Universidad Europea del Atlántico.

Thesis Subjects > Physical Education and Sport Europe University of Atlantic > Teaching > Final Degree Projects Cerrado Español Objetivos: identificar los beneficios de la AF sobre los efectos secundarios y generar una propuesta de intervención. Material y métodos: revisión sistemática de ensayos clínicos controlados aleatorizados desde 2015 hasta Abril de 2021. Pacientes con cáncer de mama tratados con quimioterapia sin excluir a los tratados con radioterapia. Intervenciones de actividad física sin incluir estudios piloto ni aquellos que no alcanzaran el nivel de confianza. Resultados: 11 estudios (3 de HIIT, 3 de aeróbico, 2 que combinaban fuerza y aeróbico, 1 de fuerza y 2 de Yoga). De estos artículos solo el 9,09% (1 artículo) no presentó beneficios significativos en las variables analizadas. Mientras que el resto de intervenciones (90,9%) sí que lo hicieron. Conclusiones: En los grupos de intervención se observa una disminución de los efectos secundarios de la quimioterapia, así como el trabajo de carácter no supervisado o pertenecer al grupo de control que no realiza entrenamientos, no presentan mejoras en ninguna variable. La propuesta de intervención tiene el objetivo de mejorar las aptitudes físicas, la disminución de los efectos secundario. Su duración es de 14 semanas y está programada para ser realizada en cualquier centro con personal cualificado. metadata Torres Martí, Elisenda mail elisenda.torres@alumnos.uneatlantico.es (2021) Beneficios del ejercicio físico en personas con cáncer de mama durante la quimioterapia. Revisión sistemática y propuesta de intervención. Diploma thesis, Universidad Europea del Atlántico.

Article Subjects > Physical Education and Sport Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés, Español La utilización del rodillo de espuma o Foam Roller (FR) es una técnica de liberación miofascial relativamente nueva que está experimentando un aumento considerable en el entorno del deporte y de la salud. El objetivo de este estudio fue comparar los diversos tipos de FR evaluando su efecto agudo en el músculo Recto Femoral (RF) mediante Tensiomiografía (TMG), teniendo en cuenta las variables Deformación máxima (Dm) y Tiempo de Contracción (Tc). Diez participantes de Ciencias de la Actividad Física y el Deporte (CAFYD) realizaron el estudio con un tipo de FR cada sesión, repartidos en tres jornadas. Cada sujeto llevó a cabo 3 series de 90 segundos con 30 segundos de descanso, sólo en la pierna dominante. Las mediciones en TMG fueron dos, antes y después del uso del FR. Al analizar los efectos producidos por todos los FR en el total de los participantes no se encontraron diferencias significativas en ninguna de las variables. Aunque hemos advertido que, al separar la muestra por nivel de actividad deportiva, el FR Duro (FRD) y el FR Relieve (FRR) causaron una disminución significativa del Tc, provocando una activación en los Sujetos No Entrenados (SNE). Por el contrario, en los Sujetos Entrenados (SE), el efecto del FRD produjo un aumento del Tc, ocasionando una relajación del RF. Las variaciones se vuelven notables dependiendo de la práctica deportiva y probablemente del tono muscular. Por ello, hay que tener muy en cuenta la forma física del usuario y su experiencia con el Foam Roller, ya que esto va a influir directamente en el efecto que le producirá su uso. metadata Secades Rodríguez, Miguel and Torre Saro, Benjamín and Velarde-Sotres, Álvaro and Mecías-Calvo, Marcos mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, alvaro.velarde@uneatlantico.es, marcos.mecias@uneatlantico.es (2021) Comparación de los tipos de Foam Roller evaluando su efecto agudo en el músculo recto femoral mediante tensiomiografía. MLS Sport Research, 1 (1). pp. 7-18.

Thesis Subjects > Physical Education and Sport Europe University of Atlantic > Teaching > Final Degree Projects Cerrado Español El boxeo, es un deporte de combate cuyo fin es impactar un mayor número de puñetazos en cualquier parte de la cara anterior de la parte superior del tronco y cabeza mientras el contrincante se encuentra en pie. Los numerosos cambios de reglamento desde la intervención de la World Medicine Asociation en el año 1983 para minimizar las muertes y lesiones cerebrales abrieron un nuevo campo de estudio en el mundo deportivo. Por tanto, el objetivo de esta revisión fue observar el daño y las lesiones cerebrales en la actualidad, y analizar las herramientas que fueron implementadas para minimizar sus efectos. Para ello, se aplicó la metodología PRISMA en la base de datos PubMed, empleando buscadores booleanos y criterios de inclusión, como artículos sobre la afectación de este deporte en el desempeño motor/cognitivo, el efecto que tienen los traumatismos pugilísticos en el cerebro a nivel fisiológico y medidas de seguridad para minimizar sus efectos. Como criterios de exclusión fueron descartados aquellos cuya fecha de publicación fuese previa al año 2000, que no incluyesen boxeadores en su muestra, que comparasen la conmoción humana con los animales o que utilizasen una muestra demasiado pequeña. En base a los resultados obtenidos se llegó a la conclusión de que el daño cerebral aún persiste en el deporte amateur y que se produjo una disminución de las lesiones cerebrales tras la prohibición del casco en la categoría élite masculina de la rama olímpica del deporte. metadata Fernández Sánchez, Marcos mail marcos.fernandez@alumnos.uneatlantico.es (2021) Daño cerebral en boxeo: una revisión bibliográfica. Diploma thesis, Universidad Europea del Atlántico.

Article Subjects > Physical Education and Sport Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés The aim of this study was to evaluate the differences on motor competence between boys and girls aged 4 years old and investigate the existence of Relative Age Effect on their motor competence. In total, 132 preschool children were evaluated, of whom 60 (45.50%) were girls and 72 (54.5%) were boys. The distribution of the participants was from quarter 1 [n = 28 (21.2%)], quarter 2 [n = 52 (39.4%)], quarter 3 [n = 24 (18.2%)], and quarter 4 [(n = 28 (21.2%)], respectively. The Movement Assessment Battery for Children-2 (MABC-2) was used to collect the data. The data show the main effects on quarter of birth factor in manual dexterity (MD; p < 0.001), in aiming and catching (A&C; p < 0.001), in balance (Bal; p < 0.001) and in total test score (TTS; p < 0.001). There are also statistical differences on gender factor in MD (p < 0.001) and in TTS (p = 0.031). A significant effect was also found in the interaction between two factors (gender and quarter of birth) in MD (p < 0.001), A&C (p < 0.001), and Bal (p < 0.001). There are differences in all the variables studied according to the quarter of birth and only in manual dexterity and in the total score if compared according to gender (the scores are higher in girls). metadata Navarro-Patón, Rubén and Arufe-Giráldez, Víctor and Sanmiguel-Rodríguez, Alberto and Mecías-Calvo, Marcos mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, marcos.mecias@uneatlantico.es (2021) Differences on Motor Competence in 4-Year-Old Boys and Girls Regarding the Quarter of Birth: Is There a Relative Age Effect? Children, 8 (2). p. 141. ISSN 2227-9067

Article Subjects > Physical Education and Sport Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés This study aimed to determine the influence of arch stiffness on running spatiotemporal parameters at a common speed for a wide range of endurance runners (i.e., 12 km·h−1). In total, 97 runners, 52 men and 45 women, completed a treadmill running protocol at 12 km·h−1. Spatiotemporal parameters were measured using the OptoGait system, and foot structure was assessed by determining arch stiffness. Since between-sex differences were found in anthropometric and foot structure variables, data analysis was conducted separately for men and women, and body mass and height were considered as covariates. For both sexes, a k-means cluster analysis grouped participants according to arch stiffness, by obtaining a group of low-arch stiffness (LAS group) and a group of high-arch stiffness (HAS group), with significant differences in arch stiffness (p < 0.001, for both men and women). No significant differences between LAS and HAS groups were found in running spatiotemporal parameters, regardless of sex (p ≥ 0.05). For both sexes, the partial correlation analysis reported no significant correlations (p ≥ 0.05) between foot structure variables and running spatiotemporal parameters. The results obtained show no differences in spatiotemporal gait characteristics during running at submaximal velocity between runners with low-arch stiffness and those with high-arch stiffness, regardless of sex. These findings may have important implications for clinicians and coaches by adding more evidence to the debate about the use of static foot classification measures when characterizing the foot and its biomechanics during running. metadata García-Pinillos, Felipe and Jaén-Carrillo, Diego and Latorre-Román, Pedro Ángel and Escalona-Marfil, Carles and Soto-Hermoso, Víctor M. and Lago-Fuentes, Carlos and Pueyo Villa, Silvia and Dominguez Azpíroz, Irma and Roche Seruendo, Luis Enrique mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, carlos.lago@uneatlantico.es, silvia.pueyo@uneatlantico.es, irma.dominguez@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED (2021) Does Arch Stiffness Influence Running Spatiotemporal Parameters? An Analysis of the Relationship between Influencing Factors on Running Performance. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 18 (5). p. 2437. ISSN 1660-4601

Thesis Subjects > Physical Education and Sport Europe University of Atlantic > Teaching > Final Degree Projects Cerrado Inglés As a sportswomen who has lived and raised in Guatemala for more than 15 years, knows the struggles that women have every day, from sexism to sports exclusion. On several occasions I represented my country in soccer and it was a clear example of inequality that exists economically, socially, stereotypes, sexism, and others. Knowing many points of view of sportswomen and girls who have abandoned physical activity and sports for different reasons. Carrying out an investigation, which entails a study on the abandonment of physical activity and sports in women at an early age, focusing on the population of Guatemala. Being the main objective to identify the motives for women to abandon physical activity and sport. Obtaining top five variables such as; time, studies, family and society, injuries, and motivation. Adding secondary variables as opportunities, faculties and teams, making girls lose interest in physical activity and sports. Usually girls are dropping out of physical activity and sports between 16 and 25 years old, when they are finishing school studies and/or starting college.Getting significant results on the 21st century that there’s still sexism, discrimination, arrogance, prioritizing boys and selfishness in Guatemala toward women. Meaning that the girls have to go through a lot of bad situations to be a woman in sports, but that didn ?t stop them from fighting for their rights as women and playing the game they love.Gathering information for solutions as Guatemalan citizens to promote and motivate women insports, as having a country with more equality and respect towards the girls in every situation,informing and promoting the stories of women in sports and the importance of physical activity to every kid. Teaching their families and society to support their daughters. Creating programs and academies for girls in every sport, broadcasting games, and more social media to give visibility to women.Concluding, that there are still so many dropouts at young age in women in Guatemala and for sure in other countries in Latin America, where we must do something before it ?s too late. Because every young girl must have an opportunity to be active physically and enjoy every sport as a Guatemalan women athlete. Giving more visibility and showing everyone that women are great and can do so much more with sports. metadata Portabella Villela, Sofía mail sofia.portabella@alumnos.uneatlantico.es (2021) Dropout of Physical Activity and Sports at an Early Age in Guatemalan Women. Diploma thesis, Universidad Europea del Atlántico.

Thesis Subjects > Physical Education and Sport Europe University of Atlantic > Teaching > Final Degree Projects Cerrado Español Con la aparición del virus SARS-CoV-2 y las medidas para tratar de evitar la propagación del mismo, el uso de mascarillas en el deporte se ha tornado obligatorio en la mayoría de comunidades autónomas. El objetivo del presente estudio fue evaluar cómo afecta el uso de mascarillas FFP2 durante un programa de entrenamiento interválico de alta intensidad (HIIT) individualizado de 5 semanas sobre el índice de fuerza reactiva (RSI) y el VO2max. El estudio se llevó a cabo con una muestra de 14 futbolistas de categoría primera regional amateur con una edad media de 22,5 ± 3,5 años , un peso medio de 74,02 ± 13,28 Kg y con un valor medio estimado de VO2max de 47,15 ± 3,85 mL/kg.m-1. La muestra fue dividida en dos subgrupos, el grupo control (GC) y el grupo experimental (GE) realizando ambos el mismo entrenamiento HIIT con la única diferencia de que el GE lo llevó a cabo utilizando una mascarilla FFP2 durante la totalidad de la intervención. Para conocer el VO2max de los deportistas se realizó un test 30-15 al inicio y al final del programa de entrenamiento y 14 días después del cese del mismo, a su vez, se evaluó el drop jump (DJ) de cada uno de los participantes antes y después de cada una de las sesiones para obtener el RSI. Los resultados no demuestran diferencias significativas entre el GC y el GE en cuanto a la mejora del VO2max ni variaciones en el RSI pre y post sesión, y, si bien, el HIIT es una estrategia eficaz para la mejora del VO2max, el uso de mascarilla no influye sobre los índices de fuerza reactiva ni provoca diferencias en la mejora del VO2max. metadata Palazuelos San Miguel, Javier and Pascual Martínez, Alberto mail javier.palazuelos@alumnos.uneatlantico.es, alberto.pascual@alumnos.uneatlantico.es (2021) Efectos de la utilización de mascarillas FFP2 sobre fuerza y resistencia en un programa de entrenamiento interválico de alta intensidad. Diploma thesis, Universidad Europea del Atlántico.

Thesis Subjects > Biomedicine
Subjects > Physical Education and Sport
Europe University of Atlantic > Teaching > Final Degree Projects Cerrado Español La enfermedad del Parkinson (EP) es un trastorno neurodegenerativo crónico que afecta al sistema nervioso central, lo que conduce a la aparición de síntomas motores y no motores. Se produce un deterioro del movimiento debido a que las extremidades se vuelven rígidas y, además, hay problemas en la coordinación y el equilibrio, lo que aumenta el riesgo de caídas. Todo esto perjudica el día a día de los pacientes. Los objetivos principales de esta revisión sistemática son analizar y evaluar si el ejercicio terapéutico es beneficioso y seguro para tratar la EP, así como comparar los diferentes programas para definir cuáles son los métodos de entrenamiento más eficaces para esta población. Los estudios que se revisaron proceden de las bases de datos PubMed y Google Scholar. Se seleccionaron artículos redactados en español e inglés, publicados en los últimos 10 años y correspondientes a ensayos clínicos aleatorizados. Los estudios mostraron que el ejercicio físico es una alternativa beneficiosa como tratamiento coadyuvante de la EP. Las mejoras más significativas se consiguieron en el equilibrio, la marcha y la funcionalidad de los pacientes. Gracias a estas mejoras, se redujo la gravedad de los síntomas, dando lugar a una mayor calidad de vida. En conclusión, el ejercicio terapéutico realizado de forma supervisada es un método eficaz y seguro para conseguir efectos positivos en la vida diaria de esta población. Con el trabajo combinado de cada una de las capacidades se obtienen beneficios en diversos síntomas de la enfermedad, siendo los ejercicios de equilibrio los que mayor efectividad tienen sobre la sintomatología motora y se mejora de forma significativa la calidad de vida de los pacientes. metadata Gutiérrez Gutiérrez, Sandra mail sandra.gutierrez@alumnos.uneatlantico.es (2021) Efectos de un programa de ejercicio físico en pacientes con parkinson en fase temprana. Revisión sistemática. Diploma thesis, Universidad Europea del Atlántico.

Article Subjects > Physical Education and Sport Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés, Español El objetivo de esta revisión fue conocer los efectos de distintos programas de baile en la mejora de los síntomas y calidad de vida de pacientes con enfermedad de párkinson (EP). Se llevó a cabo una revisión sistemática de diferentes programas de baile en tres bases de datos (Google académico, Pubmed y Dialnet). Se incluyeron 14 ensayos con un total de 469 participantes y se evaluaron distintas modalidades de baile, los cuales mostraron resultados favorables en la función motora, cognitiva y calidad de vida de las personas con EP. La modalidad del tango, seguida de la samba parece ser la más idónea para este tipo de enfermedad, produciendo mayores mejoras en el equilibrio, velocidad de movimiento y patrón de marcha, debido a su variedad de movimientos y característico ritmo marcado. Sin embargo, los dos bailes más desafiantes fueron el vals y el cha-cha-cha, debido al cruce de los pies, cambios de dirección y menor sujeción. A pesar de existir la necesidad de una continua investigación y programas de mayor duración, el análisis de resultados sugiere que el baile puede ser un tratamiento efectivo en pacientes con EP, ya que se aprecia una disminución de los síntomas y por lo tanto una mejora de la calidad de vida. metadata López Campo, Noelia and Picabea Arburu, Jon Mikel mail UNSPECIFIED, jon.picabea@uneatlantico.es (2021) Efectos del baile en pacientes con Párkinson: revisión sistemática. MLS Sport Research, 1 (1). pp. 35-50.

Article Subjects > Physical Education and Sport Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés, Español Los principales objetivos de esta investigación fueron analizar los efectos de las diferentes fases del ciclo menstrual (CM) sobre dos elementos de la condición física, la fuerza- potencia y el equilibrio dinámico, y sobre el estado psicológico de una mujer moderadamente activa. En este estudio participó una mujer de 28 años, la cual consumía anticonceptivos orales. En total se registraron 6 sesiones que correspondieron a 2 ciclos menstruales completos y a cada una de sus fases (menstrual, folicular y lútea). En cada sesión se realizaron tres pruebas para evaluar las variables de la condición física (Leg extensión en Kineo, Press Banca en Multipower e Y Balance Test) y un test para las variables psicológicas (Test de POMS). Los resultados obtenidos mostraron que durante la fase lútea (FL) la participante consiguió los valores más bajos en las 3 pruebas físicas de potencia y equilibrio dinámico, siendo la fase folicular (FF) donde mejor desempeño obtuvo. En la prueba psicológica, se destaca la fase menstrual (FM) por tener los valores más altos en la dimensión de fatiga-inercia, en contraposición con la FF donde se observaron valores más altos para la dimensión de vigor-activación. El cuestionario personal sobre el CM reveló la presencia de síntomas menstruales y premenstruales en los dos ciclos estudiados. Se sugiere que los cambios producidos en las variables físicas y psicológicas de la sujeto, se deban a la presencia de síntomas premenstruales, sin poder confirmar la influencia hormonal al no haberse realizado análisis de sangre u orina. metadata Castanedo Escalante, Jessica and Corrales Pardo, Andrea mail UNSPECIFIED, andrea.corrales@uneatlantico.es (2021) Efectos del ciclo menstrual en el estado físico y psicológico de una mujer activa. MLS Sport Research, 1 (1). pp. 69-82.

Article Subjects > Physical Education and Sport Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés Irisin seems to play an important role in several chronic diseases, however, the interactions between chronic training and irisin are still unclear. The purpose of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to examine the effect of chronic resistance training on circulating irisin in adults. Literature search was conducted in PubMed, Web of Science and EBSCOhost (Academic Search Complete) until December 2020. Randomized controlled trials researching irisin levels after a resistance training program for at least 8 weeks among an adult population were eligible. Other inclusion criteria comprised recruiting a control group and reporting circulating irisin through ELISA kits. Cohen’s d effect size and subgroup analyses (95% confidence level) were calculated using a random effects analysis model. Data of the seven included studies comprising 282 individuals showed an increasing and non-significant tendency after a resistance training program (d = 0.58, 95% CI: −0.25 to 1.40, p = 0.17). Subgroup analyses showed significant increases for the older adults group (p < 0.001) and when training is demanding and progressive in terms of intensity (p = 0.03). Data suggest that resistance training programs seem to increase circulating irisin, especially in older adults and in demanding and progressive training programs. However, more studies should be conducted using robust measurement methods, such as mass spectrometry, to better understand the interaction between chronic resistance exercise and irisin. metadata Cosio, Pedro L. and Crespo-Posadas, Manuel and Velarde-Sotres, Álvaro and Pelaez, Mireia mail pedro.cosio@alumnos.uneatlantico.es, manuel.crespo@uneatlantico.es, alvaro.velarde@uneatlantico.es, mireia.pelaez@uneatlantico.es (2021) Effect of Chronic Resistance Training on Circulating Irisin: Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Randomized Controlled Trials. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 18 (5). p. 2476. ISSN 1660-4601

Article Subjects > Physical Education and Sport Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés The aim of this study was to examine the effects of the menstrual cycle on vertical jumping, sprint performance and force-velocity profiling in resistance-trained women. A group of resistance-trained eumenorrheic women (n = 9) were tested in three phases over the menstrual cycle: bleeding phase, follicular phase, and luteal phase (i.e., days 1–3, 7–10, and 19–21 of the cycle, respectively). Each testing phase consisted of a battery of jumping tests (i.e., squat jump [SJ], countermovement jump [CMJ], drop jump from a 30 cm box [DJ30], and the reactive strength index) and 30 m sprint running test. Two different applications for smartphone (My Jump 2 and My Sprint) were used to record the jumping and sprinting trials, respectively, at high speed (240 fps). The repeated measures ANOVA reported no significant differences (p ≥ 0.05, ES < 0.25) in CMJ, DJ30, reactive strength index and sprint times between the different phases of the menstrual cycle. A greater SJ height performance was observed during the follicular phase compared to the bleeding phase (p = 0.033, ES = −0.22). No differences (p ≥ 0.05, ES < 0.45) were found in the CMJ and sprint force-velocity profile over the different phases of the menstrual cycle. Vertical jump, sprint performance and the force-velocity profiling remain constant in trained women, regardless of the phase of the menstrual cycle. metadata García-Pinillos, Felipe and Bujalance-Moreno, Pascual and Lago-Fuentes, Carlos and Ruiz-Alias, Santiago A. and Domínguez-Azpíroz, Irma and Mecías-Calvo, Marcos and Ramirez-Campillo, Rodrigo mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, carlos.lago@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, marcos.mecias@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED (2021) Effects of the Menstrual Cycle on Jumping, Sprinting and Force-Velocity Profiling in Resistance-Trained Women: A Preliminary Study. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 18 (9). p. 4830. ISSN 1660-4601

Thesis Subjects > Physical Education and Sport Europe University of Atlantic > Teaching > Final Degree Projects Cerrado Español Objetivos: determinar qué planificación es la más indicada para la realización del entrenamiento concurrente y extrapolarla a la preparación física de oposiciones. Metodología: estudio cuasi-experimental realizado sobre 15 personas (20,76±1,96 años). Se seleccionó a los participantes mediante un muestreo intencional y se realizó un experimento con pretest-postest y grupo control. La intervención duró 8 semanas desde el día que se realizó el primer test hasta la última prueba. Se utilizó la prueba Tde Student para variables independientes y relacionadas. Se observó la mejora porcentual y también se utilizó la d de Cohen. Resultados: no hubo diferencias significativas entre el grupo de control y de intervención. No hubo diferencias significativas entre la medida pretest y postest en el grupo de control (p-valor menor que 0,05). Sí que las hubo en el grupo de intervención (p-valor menor que 0,05). Se observó un mayor nivel de mejora en el grupo de intervención. El TE reflejó una mejora trivial en velocidad (0,088) y una mejora baja en natación (0,2933), resistencia (0,4474) y fuerza (0,464). Conclusiones: el grupo de intervención consiguió mejores valores que el de control, pero no se pueden sacar claras conclusiones respecto a la idoneidad de usar cargas concentradas durante la aplicación del entrenamiento concurrente. metadata de la Cueva Delgado, Juan Carlos mail juan.delacueva@alumnos.uneatlantico.es (2021) El entrenamiento concurrente para la preparación física de las oposiciones. Diploma thesis, Universidad Europea del Atlántico.

Thesis Subjects > Physical Education and Sport Europe University of Atlantic > Teaching > Final Degree Projects Cerrado Español El fútbol está considerado como un deporte de alto riesgo debido a la enorme incidencia lesiva que tiene. Ocurren aproximadamente 25 lesiones por cada 1.000 horas de competición y es en la extremidad inferior donde más se dan dichas lesiones. Es por ello, que los principales objetivos de esta revisión fueron analizar la relevancia que tiene el entrenamiento de fuerza y sus diferentes manifestaciones en la prevención de lesiones en el fútbol, analizar diferentes tipos de entrenamiento aptos para la prevención de lesiones y comparar los resultados entre diferentes tipos de entrenamientos de fuerza. Para realizar este trabajo, se usaron artículos extraídos de las bases de datos PubMed, Researchgate y Google Scholar, que no fuesen de antes de 2014 y que estuviesen escritos en castellano e inglés. Los estudios revelaron resultados positivos en la mejora de niveles fuerza, aplicación de fuerza, potencia, velocidad y rango de movimiento, siendo así resultados favorables en la reducción de la incidencia lesiva y severidad de estas en los programas de entrenamiento pliométrico, entrenamiento con sobrecarga excéntrica y programas de entrenamiento combinado, aunque, si se tiene en cuenta las acciones que se dan en este deporte, los programas preventivos combinados son los que mejor engloban todo tipo de acciones, movimientos y contracciones musculares que más se dan en la competición, y que por ende, mejor van a preparar a los deportistas para la práctica deportiva. metadata Basurto Murugarren, Iker mail iker.basurto@alumnos.uneatlantico.es (2021) El entrenamiento de fuerza en sus diferentes manifestaciones para prevenir lesiones en el fútbol. Revisión bibliográfica. Diploma thesis, Universidad Europea del Atlántico.

Thesis Subjects > Physical Education and Sport Europe University of Atlantic > Teaching > Final Degree Projects Cerrado Español La propiocepción es definida como la habilidad o capacidad que tiene un sujeto para, a través de diferentes mecanorreceptores, determinar la posición del cuerpo y los movimientos del mismo en el espacio, factores claves en la estabilidad corporal. Para entrenar dicha habilidad se utiliza el entrenamiento propioceptivo, que se compone de diferentes ejercicios y acciones para trabajar la misma. La inestabilidad crónica de tobillo suele causar déficits propioceptivos, por lo que es muy común que para paliar esos efectos se prescriba entrenamiento propioceptivo. En esta revisión sistemática, el objetivo principal que se tuvo era el de analizar y clarificar las diferentes estrategias propioceptivas que existen, y que estas puedan ayudar en la readaptación y return to play en personas con inestabilidad crónica de tobillo que fuesen físicamente activas. Para ello se utilizaron 3 bases de datos: PubMed, PEDro, y Dialnet. Escogiendo únicamente estudios de ensayos clínicos y ensayos clínicos aleatorizados que estuviesen escritos en castellano o inglés y que no tuviesen más de 10 años de antigüedad, obteniéndose finalmente 11 estudios que cumplían con las características de esta revisión. Los resultados más relevantes que se obtuvieron fueron que un 63,63% de los estudios reflejaban una mejora en la disminución de inestabilidad y una mejora en el equilibrio, siendo la mejora en el estático un 45,45% y en el dinámico un 36,36%. Finalmente, se concluyó en que el entrenamiento propioceptivo es una gran herramienta para la mejora de los déficits propioceptivos en sujetos con inestabilidad crónica de tobillo; sin embargo, se sigue poniendo demasiado el foco en la rehabilitación con estrategias de mecanismo feedback y no tanto en la readaptación con mecanismos de feedforward, fase clave para el return to play o vuelta a la actividad física o deportiva y para la completa recuperación de la patología. metadata Mazón Arce, Manuel mail manuel.mazon@alumnos.uneatlantico.es (2021) El entrenamiento propioceptivo: efectos en deportistas con CAI. Revisión Sistemática. Diploma thesis, Universidad Europea del Atlántico.

Thesis Subjects > Physical Education and Sport Europe University of Atlantic > Teaching > Final Degree Projects Cerrado Español En este trabajo se propone una Unidad Didáctica para el primer ciclo de Secundaria, con el objetivo de incluir la enseñanza de la disciplina del pádel en las clases de Educación Física dentro del currículo oficial de Cantabria y la legislación vigente. Se elabora una Programación Didáctica para primero de la ESO en el Colegio San Agustín de Santander, teniendo en cuenta las características del alumnado, el contexto educativo y los recursos materiales del centro. A lo largo de nueve sesiones se desarrollan las actividades, los contenidos, las competencias clave que se trabajan, los criterios y herramientas de evaluación, así como la adaptación curricular para el alumnado con necesidades especiales. metadata Cos García, Adrián mail adrian.cosgarcia@alumnos.uneatlantico.es (2021) Enseñanza del pádel en alumnos de primero de la ESO. Diploma thesis, Universidad Europea del Atlántico.

Thesis Subjects > Physical Education and Sport Europe University of Atlantic > Teaching > Final Degree Projects Cerrado Español Objetivos: Conocer la región y la localización corporal con mayor incidencia lesional en los jugadores y jugadoras federados en el pádel cántabro, determinar las lesiones principales de los jugadores y jugadoras federados en el pádel cántabro y comparar la incidencia lesional entre sexos, edades y posición de juego de los jugadores y jugadoras federados en el pádel cántabro. Método: Se realizó un formulario de elaboración propia para conocer la incidencia lesional de los jugadores y jugadoras de pádel cántabro. Participaron 120 sujetos (92 hombres y 28 mujeres, 49 de 25 años o menores, 17 de entre 26 y 35 años, 24 de entre 36 y 45 años y 30 de 46 años o mayores, 53 jugadores de derecha, 36 de revés y 31 de ambas posiciones). Posteriormente, se realizó un análisis descriptivo de los datos. Resultados: Se registraron 257 lesiones y el 80% de jugadores y jugadoras habían sufrido al menos una lesión. El tren inferior fue la región anatómica con mayor incidencia lesional y el hombro la localización con más lesiones. El tipo de lesión más común fue la epicondilitis. Conclusiones: En hombres predominaron las lesiones de hombro y en mujeres las de codo y tobillo con el mismo valor. En jugadores jóvenes lideraron las lesiones de tobillo y en jugadores más longevos las lesiones de pierna. En jugadores de derecha prevalecieron las lesiones de codo y tobillo, en jugadores de revés las lesiones de rodilla y hombro y en los jugadores que juegan en ambas posiciones las lesiones de hombro. Por último, las regiones anatómicas con mayor incidencia lesional siguieron el mismo orden en tenis, bádminton y pádel. Las localizaciones anatómicas con más lesiones eran diferentes en estos deportes, en el tenis era el muslo, en el bádminton la pierna y en el pádel el hombro. metadata San Emeterio Revuelta, Íñigo mail inigo.sanemeterio@alumnos.uneatlantico.es (2021) Epidemiología lesional de los jugadores y jugadoras federados en el pádel cántabro. Diploma thesis, Universidad Europea del Atlántico.

Thesis Subjects > Physical Education and Sport Europe University of Atlantic > Teaching > Final Degree Projects Cerrado Español El síndrome compartimetal es una lesión muy característica del motociclismo donde se produce un aumento de la presión de los músculos del antebrazo debido a un cumulo de sangre. Es principalmente causada por las continuas aceleraciones y frenadas que realiza el piloto y donde los antebrazos se ven obligados a soportar los kilos que pesa la moto. El objetivo principal de esta revisión bibliográfica fue determinar las principales estrategias de prevención del síndrome compartimetal para pilotos de motociclismo. La búsqueda se realizó en las bases de datos Pubmed y ScienceDirect. Se encontraron un total de 75 artículos en una búsqueda inicial, de los cuales, se fueron descartando los que estuviesen duplicados, no cumplieran con los criterios de inclusión, o su texto fuera incompleto. Se seleccionaron finalmente 8. En conclusión, las estrategias de prevención del síndrome compartimental son el entrenamiento excéntrico de alta intensidad y con movimientos lentos combinado de terapia de masaje. metadata Guillén Martín, Jorge Francisco mail jorge.guillen@alumnos.uneatlantico.es (2021) Estrategias de prevención del Síndrome Compartimental en pilotos de motociclismo. revisión bibliográfica. Diploma thesis, Universidad Europea del Atlántico.

Article Subjects > Physical Education and Sport
Subjects > Psychology
Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Español El bienestar psicológico que experimenta un individuo puede verse afectado por diversas variables, como, por ejemplo, la ansiedad. En el caso concreto de los deportistas, la ansiedad derivada de la práctica deportiva es algo frecuente, pudiendo derivar en niveles bajos de bienestar. Sin embargo, podrían existir factores protectores que amortiguasen esta relación. En este sentido, el objetivo del presente estudio es analizar el posible efecto protector tanto de las estrategias de afrontamiento (evaluadas mediante el Cuestionario de Estrategias de Afrontamiento en Competición Deportiva), como de la cohesión de grupo (evaluada mediante el Cuestionario de Entorno de Grupo) sobre el bienestar psicológico (evaluado mediante la Escala de Bienestar Psicológico de Ryff), a pesar de experimentar ansiedad en la competición deportiva (evaluada mediante el Cuestionario de Causas, Manifestaciones y Estrategias de Afrontamiento de la Ansiedad en la Competición Deportiva). Para ello se contó con una muestra de 99 futbolistas amateurs. Los resultados mostraron relaciones bivariadas negativas entre ansiedad y bienestar (r = -.03 / -.37). Sin embargo, al analizar el efecto moderador tanto de la cohesión grupal (β = .82, p < .001) como de las estrategias de afrontamiento (β = .87, p < .001), se observó que ambas variables amortiguaban el efecto negativo de la ansiedad sobre el bienestar. Estos resultados pueden tener importantes implicaciones prácticas en el desarrollo de intervenciones con deportistas para mejorar el nivel de bienestar psicológico a través de la mejora tanto de la cohesión grupal como de las estrategias de afrontamiento. metadata Aguinaga, Íñigo and Herrero-Fernández, David and Santamaría, Txemi mail UNSPECIFIED, david.herrero@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED (2021) Factor protector de las estrategias de afrontamiento y la cohesión de grupo sobre el bienestar psicológico ante situaciones de ansiedad competitiva en futbolistas. Cuadernos de Psicología del Deporte, 21 (1). pp. 86-101. ISSN 1989-5879

Article Subjects > Physical Education and Sport Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Cerrado Inglés Objective: To describe the injury incidence according to each phase of menstrual cycle (MC) in professional futsal players along two consecutive season and, secondly, to compare the injury incidence and frequency between different phases of the MC. Conclusions: This study suggests the relevance to track the MC, but reduces its possible relationship or influence on the injury distribution during each phase of the MC. The knowledge of injury incidence, burden and etiology is a key factor to design injury prevention programs with the focus on the most common injuries, where MC could be included as a complementary factor. metadata Lago-Fuentes, Carlos and Padrón-Cabo, Alexis and Fernández-Villarino, Marián and Mecías-Calvo, Marcos and Muñoz-Pérez, Iker and García-Pinillos, Felipe and Rey, Ezequiel mail carlos.lago@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, marcos.mecias@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED (2021) Follicular phase of menstrual cycle is related to higher tendency to suffer from severe injuries among elite female futsal players. Physical Therapy in Sport, 52. pp. 90-96. ISSN 1466853X

Article Subjects > Physical Education and Sport Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés The aim of this study was to evaluate the differences on motor competence between 5-year-old boys and girls and to investigate the existence of Relative Age Effect (RAE) on their motor competence. A total of 232 preschool children were evaluated of whom 134 (57.8%) were boys and 98 (42.2%) were girls. The Movement Assessment Battery for Children-2 (MABC-2) was used to collect data. The data show a main effect on gender factor; there was a main effect in total score of manual dexterity (MD; p = 0.010), in total score of balance (Bal; p < 0.001), in total test score (TTS; p < 0.001), and in total percentile score (TPS, p < 0.001). In the semester of birth factor, there were differences in aiming and catching (A&C, p < 0.001), in Bal (p = 0.029) and in total percentile score (TPS, p = 0.010). Girls perform better in MD, Bal, TTS, and TPS than boys. Preschool children born in the first semester obtain, in general, a higher percentage and a higher percentile than their peers born in the second one. RAE is present in A&C, Bal, and TPS, with higher scores obtained by preschool children born in the first semester compared to those born in the second one metadata Navarro-Patón, Rubén and Lago-Ballesteros, Joaquín and Arufe-Giráldez, Víctor and Sanmiguel-Rodríguez, Alberto and Lago-Fuentes, Carlos and Mecías-Calvo, Marcos mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, carlos.lago@uneatlantico.es, marcos.mecias@uneatlantico.es (2021) Gender Differences on Motor Competence in 5-Year-Old Preschool Children Regarding Relative Age. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 18 (6). p. 3143. ISSN 1660-4601

Article Subjects > Physical Education and Sport Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés, Español Se ha observado como la autocompasión mejora el afrontamiento adaptativo, bienestar y reduce la ansiedad en situaciones de estrés. El presente estudio trató de ver si existían diferencias significativas en el nivel de autocompasión en deportistas de alto rendimiento con o sin lesión en momentos diferentes de la temporada. Con una muestra compuesta de 79 deportistas de diferentes disciplinas, se llevo a cabo a través de la Escala de Autocompasión SCS en español resumida de 12 items (Garcia-Campayo, Navarro, Andrés, Mortero, López, & Piva, 2014),. Los resultados recogidos en esta investigación no fueron concluyentes ni significativos, por lo que se recomendaría efectuar estudios futuros similares con una mayor muestra, en contextos de lesión deportiva y con una intervención psicológica de por medio. metadata Rubio-González, Miriam mail UNSPECIFIED (2021) Grado de autocompasión en deportistas de alto rendimiento lesionados. MLS Sport Research, 1 (2). pp. 7-18.

Thesis Subjects > Physical Education and Sport Europe University of Atlantic > Teaching > Final Degree Projects Cerrado Español La finalidad de esta revisión ha sido conocer la influencia que tiene el entrenamiento de fuerza en la población infantojuvenil, además de buscar los posibles riesgos o beneficios que pueda ocasionar el entrenamiento de esta aptitud física. Se ha llevado a cabo una revisión sistemática de estudios de intervención sobre el impacto que produce el entrenamiento de la fuerza en sujetos con una edad comprendida entre 6 y 18 años. Los estudios utilizados en esta revisión se identificaron a través de la base de datos PubMed, seleccionando aquellos escritos en inglés o castellano, desde el 2010 hasta la actualidad. La revisión se efectuó entre los meses de Noviembre de 2020 hasta Mayo de 2021. Se identificaron un total de 328 artículos en la búsqueda inicial, de los cuales 20 artículos fueron elegidos para esta revisión sistemática. Dentro de las principales evidencias encontradas, los beneficios derivados del entrenamiento de fuerza se imponen notablemente a los riesgos, siempre y cuando el programa de entrenamiento sea supervisado y pautado por personal cualificado, individualizando la carga a las necesidades de cada sujeto. Asimismo, el entrenamiento de fuerza en esta población contribuye a mejorar el rendimiento de distintas habilidades motoras y actividades deportivas, resultando además una estrategia eficaz ante patologías como la obesidad. metadata Maza Somarriba, Marcos mail marcos.maza@alumnos.uneatlantico.es (2021) Incidencia del entrenamiento de fuerza en la población infantojuvenil. Diploma thesis, Universidad Europea del Atlántico.

Article Subjects > Physical Education and Sport Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Español El objetivo de esta revisión fue conocer la influencia que tiene el entrenamiento de fuerza en la población infantojuvenil, además de buscar los posibles riesgos o beneficios que pueda ocasionar el entrenamiento de esta aptitud física. Se ha llevado a cabo una revisión sistemática de estudios de intervención sobre el impacto que produce el entrenamiento de la fuerza en sujetos con una edad comprendida entre 6 y 18 años. Los estudios utilizados en esta revisión se identificaron a través de la base de datos PubMed, seleccionando aquellos escritos en inglés o castellano, desde el 2010 hasta la actualidad. La revisión se efectuó entre los meses de Noviembre de 2020 hasta Mayo de 2021. Se identificaron un total de 328 artículos en la búsqueda inicial, de los cuales 20 artículos fueron elegidos para esta revisión sistemática. Dentro de las principales evidencias encontradas, los beneficios derivados del entrenamiento de fuerza se imponen notablemente a los riesgos, siempre y cuando el programa de entrenamiento sea supervisado y pautado por personal cualificado, individualizando la carga a las necesidades de cada sujeto. Asimismo, el entrenamiento de fuerza en esta población contribuye a mejorar el rendimiento de distintas habilidades motoras y actividades deportivas, resultando además una estrategia eficaz ante patologías como la obesidad. metadata Picabea Arburu, Jon Mikel and Maza Somarriba, Marcos and Mantilla Fernández, Diego mail jon.picabea@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED (2021) Incidencia del entrenamiento de fuerza en la población infantojuvenil: revisión sistemática. MLS Sport Research, 1 (2). ISSN 2792-7156

Thesis Subjects > Physical Education and Sport Europe University of Atlantic > Teaching > Final Degree Projects Cerrado Español Las nuevas tecnologías están cada vez más presentes y ganando una mayor fuerza en todos los ámbitos de la sociedad, sobre todo en el ámbito de la educación con la fuerte introducción de diferentes aplicaciones como son el Edmodo o el Edpuzzle. Los recursos tecnológicos, se presentan como una gran iniciativa en las clases de Educación Física con el objetivo de que el alumnado realice más horas de Actividad Física semanales, tanto dentro como fuera del aula. Se ha demostrado que el tiempo empleado es insuficiente en la mayoría de los jóvenes, ya que no cumplen con los requisitos establecidos por la Organización Mundial de la Salud. El objetivo de la presente revisión sistemática fue conocer la influencia que tienen la utilización de las nuevas tecnologías en las clases de EF tanto para generar una mayor motivación por la asignatura, como una adherencia a la realización de actividad física. En este trabajo se revisaron artículos procedentes las bases de datos de Google Scholar y Dialnet, seleccionados aquellos escritos en castellano e inglés, y que fueran desde el 2010 hasta la actualidad. Los resultados mostraron que en los alumnos de Educación Secundaria Obligatoria y de Bachillerato se ha logrado una mejora en la motivación por la realización de actividad física y un aumento de la adherencia, sin embargo no se pudo demostrar que el objetivo del estudio perdurase más allá del periodo de investigación en el alumnado. metadata Martínez Terán, Óscar mail oscar.martinez@alumnos.uneatlantico.es (2021) Influencia de las nuevas tecnologías en las clases de Educación Física. Una Revisión Sistemática. Diploma thesis, Universidad Europea del Atlántico.

Article Subjects > Physical Education and Sport
Subjects > Psychology
Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés The scientific evidence supports that physical inactivity in childhood is a reality throughout the world which generates important consequences in the global development of children. Young people with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD), due to the characteristics of the disorder they suffer, constitute a group at risk. Therefore, assessing the levels of physical activity (PA) in this group is fundamental for subsequent decision making and implementation of PA promotion programmes. Consequently, the aim of this systematic review was to identify, summarise and analyse the main instruments used to assess the levels of PA (in terms of time and/or intensity) in primary school children diagnosed with ASD. Scientific articles in English and Spanish published in five databases were reviewed: PsycINFO, WOS, SPORTDiscus, Scopus and PubMed, following the guidelines of the PRISMA statement. Out of the 605 articles identified, 12 met the previously established inclusion criteria. The instruments used by the studies analysed were divided into two main groups: accelerometers and questionnaires. Both showed different strengths and limitations but agreed on the low levels registered of PA in children with ASD. For this reason, it is considered necessary that further research be carried out in this field, as well as the development and implementation of sports programmes adjusted and adapted to the needs and characteristics of the ASD group. metadata López-Valverde, Paula and Rico-Díaz, Javier and Barcala Furelos, Martín and Martí González, Mariacarla and Martín Ayala, Juan Luis and López-García, Sergio mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, martin.barcala@uneatlantico.es, mariacarla.marti@uneatlantico.es, juan.martin@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED (2021) Instruments to Assess Physical Activity in Primary Education Students with Autism Spectrum Disorder: A Systematic Review. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 18 (9). p. 4913. ISSN 1660-4601

Article Subjects > Physical Education and Sport Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés The purpose of the study was to find out whether a short 6-week intervention on motor competence can reduce the Relative Age Effect (RAE) of preschool children born in the first quarter, compared to those born in the fourth quarter of the same year. Seventy-six preschool children (5.20 ± 0.54 years) from Lugo (Spain) participated. A quasi-experimental pre-post-test design was used with an intervention group (n = 32) and a control group (n = 44). The Movement Assessment Battery for Children-2 (MABC-2) was used to collect data before and after the intervention. The data show that, before the intervention, there are significant differences between the control and the intervention group in favor of the former (born in the first quarter of the year) in manual dexterity (p = 0.011), balance (p = 0.002), total test score (p = 0.008), and total percentile score (p = 0.010). After the application of the specific intervention, statistically significant differences were found in aiming and catching (p < 0.001), balance (p = 0.022), total test score (p = 0.001), and total percentile score (p < 0.001) in favor of the intervention group (born in the last quarter of the year). The results obtained suggest that the application of a specific intervention on MC could positively influence the improvement of MC in preschool children (boys and girls) and reduce the differences produced by the RAE. metadata Mecías-Calvo, Marcos and Arufe-Giráldez, Víctor and Cons-Ferreiro, Miguel and Navarro-Patón, Rubén mail marcos.mecias@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED (2021) Is It Possible to Reduce the Relative Age Effect through an Intervention on Motor Competence in Preschool Children? Children, 8 (5). p. 386. ISSN 2227-9067

Article Subjects > Physical Education and Sport Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés, Español Introducción: La rotura de Ligamento Cruzado Anterior (LCA) es una de las lesiones más problemáticas dentro del mundo del fútbol, no solo por el periodo que mantendrá inactivo al sujeto, sino también por las secuelas que puede producir en el deportista. Objetivos: Conocer algunos de los factores de riesgo y mecanismos de lesión de LCA en futbolistas cántabros de las temporadas 2016 a 2019. Material y métodos: Se recogieron datos sobre diferentes factores de riesgo de todos los jugadores/as del fútbol cántabro lesionados de LCA en las últimas 3 temporadas (2016 al 2019). Estos datos se registraron mediante una entrevista realizada por la Federación Cántabra de Fútbol. La muestra inicial fue de 93 personas, siendo 84 hombres (H) y 9 mujeres (M). Resultados: La competición resultó ser más lesiva que el entrenamiento (H: 88,5%; M: 77,8%), siendo la primera parte del partido donde más lesiones hubo (H: 47,8%; M: 66,7%). Los defensas en los hombres (50,7%) y los mediocentros en mujeres (55,6%) fueron las posiciones más afectadas. Con un 87% en hombres y 100% en mujeres, las lesiones se produjeron sobre hierba artificial con el uso de tacos Artificial Grass (AG) (H: 46,4%; M: 77,8%) y durante el mes de abril (H: 4,5%; M: 33,3%) . Además, las lesiones se produjeron sin contacto (H: 73,9%; M:77,8%) y el 66,7% en ambos grupos no realizaba trabajo preventivo. Conclusiones: La lesión de LCA se produce principalmente sin contacto, con el uso de tacos AG sobre césped artificial, durante la primera parte del partido y en abril. Los defensas en hombres y los mediocentros en mujeres fueron las posiciones más afectadas. metadata Peredo López, Felipe and Marín Bárcena, Raúl and Mecías-Calvo, Marcos mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, marcos.mecias@uneatlantico.es (2021) Lesión de ligamento cruzado anterior (LCA) en futbolistas cántabros. Análisis descriptivo de los factores de riesgo. MLS Sport Research, 1 (1). pp. 86-95.

Revista Subjects > Physical Education and Sport Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Magazines
Fundación Universitaria Internacional de Colombia > Research > Scientific Magazines
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Magazines
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Magazines
Universidad Internacional do Cuanza > Research > Scientific Magazines
Abierto Inglés MLS Sport Research es una revista científica que tiene como objetivo publicar artículos originales de investigación y de revisión tanto en áreas básicas como aplicadas y metodológicas que supongan una contribución al progreso en el ámbito de las Ciencias de la Actividad Física y del Deporte. Los estudios publicados deben cumplir con las diferentes fases de la investigación con rigor metodológico. MLS Sport Research atenderá a diferentes ámbitos dentro de la actividad física y el deporte: salud, educación física, prevención y readaptación de lesiones, socorrismo, nuevas tecnologías, fisiología, nutrición, psicología, dirección y gestión, entrenamiento y rendimiento deportivo. metadata Multi-Lingual Scientific Journals, (MLS) mail mls@devnull.funiber.org (2021) MLS Sport Research. [Revista]

Article Subjects > Physical Education and Sport Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés The objective of this research was to analyze the motives for using or not using protections by recreational ski and snowboard athletes, specifically regarding gender and age in the winter resorts of Sierra Nevada and Alto Campoo (Spain). A total of 520 users participated in Sierra Nevada (n = 306 (58,8%)) and Alto Campoo (n = 214 (42.2%)); 257 of them were men (49.4%) and 263 (50.6%) were women; from 6 to 50 years old; classified by 4 stages of development (Childhood (n = 106 (20.4%); Teenagers (n = 110 (21.2%); Young adults (n = 101 (19.4%); Adults (n = 203 (39.0%)). For the data collection an ad hoc questionnaire was used (socio-demographic data, use/no use of protection, motives for the use). The data revealed that 76.5% used protections equipment, with the women being more likely to use protective equipment than men. Regarding age, young adults and adults were the ones using less protection. In relation to the motives of using protective equipment, security was the main motive for using it, while the reason to avoid using it was, most of the time, discomfort. Additionally, the childhood and teenager groups were the ones who reported, as motivation, family obligation, showing the importance of the influence of the parents. metadata Mecías-Calvo, Marcos and Lago-Fuentes, Carlos and Muñoz-Pérez, Iker and Picabea-Arburu, Jon Mikel and Velarde-Sotres, Álvaro and Aparicio-Obregón, Silvia and Navarro-Patón, Rubén mail marcos.mecias@uneatlantico.es, carlos.lago@uneatlantico.es, iker.munoz@uneatlantico.es, jon.picabea@uneatlantico.es, alvaro.velarde@uneatlantico.es, silvia.aparicio@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED (2021) Motives for the Use or Not of Protective Equipment for the Recreational Practice of Skiing and Snowboarding in Spanish Winter Stations. Healthcare, 9 (12). p. 1767. ISSN 2227-9032

Thesis Subjects > Physical Education and Sport Europe University of Atlantic > Teaching > Final Degree Projects Cerrado Español En 2019, la OMS concluyó que más del 80% de los jóvenes no llegan al mínimo de actividad física (AF) diaria (OMS, 2019). Además, el rendimiento académico es mayor en los alumnos con altos niveles de actividad (Yañez et al. 2016).Por otro lado, la obesidad y el sobrepeso han alcanzado características de epidemia mundial (OMS, 2017). Se busca fomentar la AF mediante descansos activos entre horas de clase, lo cual supone un aumento de la salud, mayor rendimiento escolar y control de la obesidad. metadata González Carrera, Raúl mail raul.gonzalez@alumnos.uneatlantico.es (2021) ¡Muévete entre horas! Diploma thesis, Universidad Europea del Atlántico.

Article Subjects > Physical Education and Sport Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Cerrado Inglés Pregnancy exercise can prevent excessive gestational weight gain (EGWG), gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) and hypertension (GH), but inter-individual variability has not been explored. We aimed to analyze the prevalence--and potential sociodemographic and medical predictors of--non-responsiveness to gestational exercise, and the association of non-responsiveness with adverse pregnancy outcomes. Among 688 women who completed a supervised light-to-moderate intensity exercise program (three ~1-h sessions/week including aerobic, resistance, and pelvic floor muscle training) until near-term, those who showed EGWG, GDM or GH were considered 'non-responders'. A low prevalence of non-responders was observed for GDM (3.6%) and GH (3.4%), but not for EGWG (24.2%). Pre-pregnancy obesity was the strongest predictor of non-responsiveness for GH (odds ratio 8.40 [95% confidence interval 3.10-22.78] and EGWG (5.37 [2.78-10.39]), whereas having a highest education level attenuated the risk of being non-responder for GDM (0.10 [0.02-0.49]). Non-responsiveness for EGWG was associated with a higher risk of prolonged labor length, instrumental/cesarean delivery, and macrosomia, and of lower Apgar scores. No association with negative delivery outcomes was found for GDM/GH. In summary, women with pre-pregnancy obesity might require from additional interventions beyond light-to-moderate intensity gestational exercise (e.g., diet and/or higher exercise loads) to ensure cardiometabolic benefits. metadata Perales, María and Valenzuela, Pedro L. and Barakat, Rubén and Alejo, Lidia B. and Cordero, Yaiza and Pelaez, Mireia and Lucia, Alejandro mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, mireia.pelaez@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED (2021) Obesity can offset the cardiometabolic benefits of gestational exercise. International Journal of Obesity, 45 (2). pp. 342-347. ISSN 0307-0565

Thesis Subjects > Physical Education and Sport Europe University of Atlantic > Teaching > Final Degree Projects Cerrado Español Este trabajo de Fin de Grado muestra estudios que discuten la prevalencia de lesiones y los riesgos que conllevan la práctica de este tipo de entrenamiento. La revisión que se ha llevado a cabo se centró principalmente en la búsqueda de las zonas anatómicas con mayor porcentaje de lesión y el porqué de estas lesiones. Además, se trató de buscar como un factor de riesgo interesante las altas concentraciones de lactato en sangre durante un entrenamiento de Crossfit. La búsqueda se realizó mediante las bases de datos Pubmed, Researchgate y Dialnet, estableciendo como criterios de inclusión artículos de los últimos 10 años y crossfit como modelo de entrenamiento y además artículos tanto en español como en inglés. Respecto a los criterios de exclusión, artículos que no hablasen directamente del Crossfit. La mayoría de las intervenciones recogen que el hombro es la articulación con mayor probabilidad de lesionarse. También hay que resaltar que los hombres muestran un índice de lesión superior a las mujeres en este tipo de entrenamientos. Para concluir, los atletas con una experiencia menor a 12 meses muestran tasas de lesiones más elevadas que aquellos atletas con mayor experiencia. metadata García Navalón, Alfonso mail alfonso.garcia@alumnos.uneatlantico.es (2021) Prevalencia de lesiones en programas de entrenamiento basados en Crossfit. Diploma thesis, Universidad Europea del Atlántico.

Article Subjects > Physical Education and Sport Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés The objective of this research was to evaluate the protections taken by ski and snowboard recreational athletes of the winter stations Sierra Nevada and Alto Campoo (Spain), regarding gender, age, and practiced sport. A total of 520 users participated, Sierra Nevada (n = 306 (58.8%)); Alto Campoo (n = 214 (42.2%)), 257 of them were men (49.4%) and 263 (50.6%) were women, from 6 to 64 years old, classified by 4 stages of development (Childhood (n = 106 (20.4%)); Teenagers (n = 110 (21.2%)); Youth (n = 101 (19.4%)); Adults (n = 203 (39.0%))). For the data collection, an Ad Hoc questionnaire was used (Socio-demographic data, use/no use of protection). The data revealed that 23.5% of the participants did not use any protection. Regarding the development stage, 1% of the children did not use any protection, neither did 3.1% of the teenagers, 6.7% of the youth, or 12.7% of the adults (p < 0.001). Regarding gender, a total of 17.1% of men did not use protection, and regarding women, 6.3% of them did not use it (p < 0.001). In relation to the practiced sport, 15.8% of the skiers did not use it against 7.7% of the snowboarders (p = 0.006). The use of protection for the practice in winter sports is not enough to reduce the injury risk in these sports and, in the worst cases, fatal accidents. metadata Mecías-Calvo, Marcos and Lago-Fuentes, Carlos and Muñoz-Pérez, Iker and Picabea-Arburu, Jon Mikel and Navarro-Patón, Rubén mail marcos.mecias@uneatlantico.es, carlos.lago@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED (2021) Protections in the Recreational Practice of Ski and Snowboard—An Age and Gender Discussion? A Case Study in Spain. Journal of Functional Morphology and Kinesiology, 6 (4). p. 84. ISSN 2411-5142

Article Subjects > Physical Education and Sport Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés The purpose of this study was to evaluate whether a Relative Age Effect (RAE) exists in motor competence of preschool children. The hypothesis was that motor competence, assessed by the Movement Assessment Battery for Children-2 (MABC-2), would be higher in preschool children born in the first quarter of the year compared to those who were born in the last quarter of the same year. A total of 360 preschool children were evaluated of whom 208 (57.8%) were boys and 152 (42.8%) were girls, with a mean age of 4.52 years old (± 0.50). The distribution of the participants was 172 children aged 4 years old and 188 aged 5 years old. The data showed a main effect on the age factor in the total score of aiming and catching (p < 0.001) and in the total test score (p < 0.001), in the quarter of birth factor in all the dimensions studied (i.e., total score of manual dexterity (p < 0.001); total score of aiming and catching (p = 0.001); total score of balance (p < 0.001); total test score (p < 0.001)) and in the interaction between both factors (i.e., total score of manual dexterity (p = 0.005); total score of aiming and catching (p = 0.002); total score of balance (p < 0.001); total test score (p < 0.001)). Age and quarter of birth produce a RAE in 4 and 5-year-old preschool children’s motor competence. metadata Navarro-Patón, Rubén and Mecías-Calvo, Marcos and Rodríguez Fernández, José Eugenio and Arufe-Giráldez, Víctor mail UNSPECIFIED, marcos.mecias@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED (2021) Relative Age Effect on Motor Competence in Children Aged 4–5 Years. Children, 8. p. 115. ISSN 2227-9067

Thesis Subjects > Physical Education and Sport Europe University of Atlantic > Teaching > Final Degree Projects Cerrado Español En la siguiente revisión sistemática se ha tratado de establecer los numerosos beneficios que tiene la Actividad Física (AF) en relación a las personas que padecen una trisomía o Síndrome de Down (SD). Esta trisomía afecta a más de 34.000 personas en España, por lo que uno de los principales objetivos de esta revisión es conocer cómo afecta la AF a este tipo de personas. En este trabajo se revisaron artículos procedentes de la base de datos de Dialnet, Google Scholar y ScienceDirect, seleccionando aquellos escritos en castellano y en inglés a partir del año 2012, además de utilizar intervenciones para realizar el posterior análisis. Las intervenciones han señalado que los programas de AF adaptados a estas personas, con una aplicación planificada de cada una de las intervenciones y con profesores preparados para ello, presentan numerosos beneficios para este colectivo. Se ha podido observar que las capacidades físicas, motoras, coordinativas, funciones cardiorrespiratorias, o diversos valores como el respeto, la cooperación, la autonomía y el fomento de la inclusión representan los resultados más relevantes de la aplicación de programas de AF. Siempre y cuando el programa de ejercicio físico esté adaptado y adecuado a las personas con este síndrome, éstas obtendrán diversos beneficios. metadata Mesones Oceja, Rubén and Laso Gutiérrez, Esther mail ruben.mesones@alumnos.uneatlantico.es, esther.laso@alumnos.uneatlantico.es (2021) Revisión sistemática sobre la influencia de la actividad física en personas con Síndrome de Down. Diploma thesis, Universidad Europea del Atlántico.

Thesis Subjects > Physical Education and Sport Europe University of Atlantic > Teaching > Final Degree Projects Cerrado Español La literatura ha demostrado a lo largo de los últimos años las diferencias existentes entre hombres y mujeres en cuanto al rendimiento deportivo se refiere. Numerosos factores justifican este hecho: factores anatómicos, hormonales, fisiológicos, neuromusculares y biomecánicos. En la revisión que se llevó a cabo se puso el foco en los factores relacionados con el ciclo menstrual y su influencia en el riesgo de lesión, con el objetivo de conocer en qué fase del ciclo menstrual son más propensas a lesionarse las mujeres. Además, se trató de encontrar la influencia del consumo de pastillas anticonceptivas en el rendimiento deportivo. La búsqueda se realizó mediante las bases de datos Pubmed, Science Direct y Dialnet, estableciendo como criterios de inclusión artículos escritos en los últimos 10 años y que sean ensayos clínicos o ensayos clínicos aleatorizados. Con respecto a los criterios de exclusión, se descartaron artículos escritos en una lengua diferente al castellano o al inglés y todos aquellos trabajos en los que no haya mujeres o no se hable del factor hormonal. Las intervenciones analizadas señalan, como fases más sensibles, a la menstruación (fase folicular temprana) por las pérdidas de hierro junto a una mayor flexibilidad de los ligamentos, y el periodo ovulatorio por la elevada concentración de estrógenos dando lugar a una mayor laxitud articular. Por último, con relación al consumo de pastillas anticonceptivas, la evidencia encontrada en nuestros artículos no parece hallar una influencia clara y/o significativa. metadata González Acevedo, Cristian Mateo mail cristian.gonzalez@alumnos.uneatlantico.es (2021) Riesgo de lesión en mujeres futbolistas: factor hormonal. Diploma thesis, Universidad Europea del Atlántico.

Article Subjects > Physical Education and Sport Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés The objectives of this study were (1) to investigate the presence of preschool children with severe motor difficulties (SMDs) and (2) to evaluate the existence of differences in the motor competence (MC) of preschool children from public and private schools based on gender. A total of 581 preschool children (4.66 ± 0.52 years) from Galicia (Spain) were assessed. The Movement Assessment Battery for Children-2 (MABC-2) was used to collect the data. Preschool children from public schools presented a greater number of SMDs (OR = 20.65; CI = 9.99–85.53; p < 0.001). Preschool children from private schools have higher scores on the variables studied (for example, manual dexterity (p < 0.001), aiming and catching (p < 0.001), balance (p < 0.001), total test score (p < 0.001), and total percentage score (p < 0.001)). Regarding the gender factor, differences were found in manual dexterity (p < 0.001), aiming and catching (p = 0.014), balance (p < 0.001), total test score (p < 0.001), total percentage score (p < 0.001), and in the interaction of both factors in balance (p < 0.001), total global score (p = 0.004), and total percentage score (p < 0.001). Preschool children from private schools are less likely to have severe movement problems and score higher on all dimensions of the MABC-2 than preschool children from public schools analyzed in this study. Likewise, girls score higher than boys in all dimensions, except in aiming and catching. metadata Mecías-Calvo, Marcos and Lago-Fuentes, Carlos and Arufe-Giráldez, Víctor and Navarro-Patón, Rubén mail marcos.mecias@uneatlantico.es, carlos.lago@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED (2021) Study of Motor Competence in 4–5-Year-Old Preschool Children: Are There Differences among Public and Private Schools? Children, 8 (5). p. 340. ISSN 2227-9067

Article Subjects > Physical Education and Sport Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés The purpose of this study was to examine the training habits of eumenorrheic active women during their menstrual cycle (MC), and its perceived influence on physical performance regarding their athletic level. A group of 1250 sportswomen filled in a questionnaire referring to demographic information, athletic performance and MC-related training habits. Of the participants, 81% reported having a stable duration of MC, with most of them (57%) lasting 26–30 days. Concerning MC-related training habits, 79% indicated that their MC affects athletic performance, although 71% did not consider their MC in their training program, with no differences or modifications in training volume or in training intensity for low-level athletes (LLA) and high-level athletes (HLA) with hormonal contraceptive (HC) use. However, LLA with a normal MC adapted their training habits more, compared with HLA, also stopping their training (47.1% vs. 16.1%, respectively). Thus, different training strategies should be designed for HLA and LLA with a normal MC, but this is not so necessary for HLA and LLA who use HC. To sum up, training adaptations should be individually designed according to the training level and use or non-use of HC, always taking into account the pain suffered during the menstrual phase in most of the athletes. metadata García-Pinillos, Felipe and Bujalance-Moreno, Pascual and Jérez-Mayorga, Daniel and Velarde Sotres, Álvaro and Anaya, Vanessa and Pueyo Villa, Silvia and Lago-Fuentes, Carlos mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, alvaro.velarde@uneatlantico.es, vanessa.anaya@uneatlantico.es, silvia.pueyo@uneatlantico.es, carlos.lago@uneatlantico.es (2021) Training Habits of Eumenorrheic Active Women during the Different Phases of Their Menstrual Cycle: A Descriptive Study. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 18 (7). p. 3662. ISSN 1660-4601

Article Subjects > Physical Education and Sport Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Cerrado Inglés The purpose of this study was to analyze the validity and the reliability of the intensity ranges, number of actions and changes of direction measured by a commercial inertial measurement unit. Eleven elite youth futsal players performed a circuit with different type of displacements as sprinting, running at low-medium intensity, standing up and changes of direction. Data recorded by the Overtraq system were compared with video-analyzer during the six trials of each player. Standard error mean, Intraclass Correlation Coeficient and Coefficient of variation, were calculated to analyze the reliability of the device, as well as the Root Mean Square Error and Confidence Interval with correlation of Pearson for its validity. The results reported good validity for three intensity ranges (R2>0.7) with high reliability (Intraclass Correlation Coeficient: 0.8–0.9), especially for high intensity actions (Intraclass Correlation Coeficient: 0.95, Coefficient of Variation: 3.06%). Furthermore, the validity for the number of different actions was almost perfect (96.3–100%), with only small differences regarding changes of activity (mean error: 2.0%). The Overtraq system can be considered as a valid and reliable technology for measuring and monitoring actions at different intensities and changes of direction in futsal, likewise common actions for other indoor sports. metadata Lago-Fuentes, Carlos and Aiello, Paolo and Testa, Mauro and Muñoz, Iker and Macías Calvo, Marcos mail carlos.lago@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, iker.munoz@uneatlantico.es, marcos.macías@uneatlantico.es (2021) Validity and Reliability of a New Device to Measure Type of Actions in Indoor Sports. International Journal of Sports Medicine, 42 (03). pp. 253-258. ISSN 0172-4622

Article Subjects > Physical Education and Sport Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés The articular evaluation of range of motion (ROM) is currently used to observe imbalance or limitations as possible risk factors or predispositions to suffer future injures. The main aim of this study is to verify the concurrent validity, reliability and reproducibility of the OctoBalance Test (OB) as a valid and reliable tool to measure articular ROM of the upper limb compared to the modified-Upper Quarter Y-Balance Test (mUQYBT). The twenty-five participants were male athletes. All of them were assessed with OB and mUQYBT in medial, superolateral, and inferolateral directions in both right and left arms with a three-minute break during these attempts. The process was repeated a second time with a week gap between measurements. Pearson correlation and linear logarithmic regression were used to examine the relationship between scores obtained with OB and mUQYBT. In order to verify the reliability, the intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC) was used (3.1). Concordance and reproducibility were assessed using Bland-Altman's graph. A perfect correlation and an almost linear logarithmic regression (R 2 = 0.97) were observed between both measurement systems, with values of 73.531 ± 21.226 cm in mUQYBT and 69.541 ± 16.330 cm in OB. The differences were minimal between week one and week two. The assessment with Bland's graph showed the concordance and reproducibility of scores, showing the dispersion and the upper and lower limits. OB is shown as valid in comparison to the other test as a reliable and reproducible tool for the assessment of the articular ROM in the upper limb, and it could be used for the evaluation of injuries. metadata Velarde-Sotres, Álvaro and Bores-Cerezal, Antonio and Mecías-Calvo, Marcos and Carvajal-Altamiranda, Stefanía and Calleja-González, Julio mail alvaro.velarde@uneatlantico.es, antonio.bores@uneatlantico.es, marcos.mecias@uneatlantico.es, stefania.carvajal@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED (2021) Validity, Reliability and Reproducibility of OctoBalance Test as Tool to Measure the Upper Limb Compared to Modified-Upper Quarter Y-Balance Test. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 18 (10). p. 5057. ISSN 1660-4601

Thesis Subjects > Physical Education and Sport Europe University of Atlantic > Teaching > Final Degree Projects Cerrado Español Objetivos: tras realizar una reconstrucción de ligamento cruzado anterior se generan asimetrías entre ambas extremidades. El objeto de este estudio es hacer una revisión sistemática de las asimetrías existentes, determinar cuáles pueden generar una lesión posterior en la rodilla no operada y comparar los resultados en función del tipo de injerto empleado. Métodos: se buscaron a través de PubMed, Dialnet y MEDES artículos científicos publicados entre los años 2011 y 2021 relativos al objeto del estudio. Resultados: se obtuvieron 231 artículos de los que se seleccionaron finalmente 12, reflejando fundamentalmente asimetrías en torques máximos de rodilla y caderas, así como en arcos de movilidad en los tres planos en esas articulaciones. Conclusiones: el uso del injerto de tendón rotuliano afecta más a la fuerza de cuádriceps, mientras que el de semitendinoso y recto interno provoca menos fuerza en isquiotibiales. La sobrecarga del miembro contralateral condiciona un mayor riesgo de lesión en el mismo. metadata Sánchez Reina, Sergio mail sergio.sanchez@alumnos.uneatlantico.es (2021) Valoración de asimetrías y déficits funcionales tras reconstrucción del ligamento cruzado anterior. Comparación entre autoinjertos de tendón rotuliano y de semitendinoso con recto interno. Revisión sistemática. Diploma thesis, Universidad Europea del Atlántico.

2020

Article Subjects > Physical Education and Sport Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés This study aimed to investigate the variation in players’ physical demands profile during a major national men fieldhockey tournament which consisted of 3 matches on consecutive days. Ten Spanish National League hockey players participated in the study (age: 24.2 ± 2.6 years; body mass: 74.2 ± 5.7 kg; height 176.8 ± 5.1 cm). Participants´ physical demands were monitored using global positioning system devices (SPI Elite, GPSports). Activity was categorized into total distance (m), relative total distance (m·min-1), low speed running (LSR; <15.0 km·h-1 m·min-1); moderate speed running (MSR; 15.1-18.9 km·h-1 m·min-1), high speed running (HSR; >19 km·h-1 m·min-1), sprinting relative to minute played (SR; >23.0 km·h-1 m·min-1) and number of sprints (SN; >23.0 km·h-1/ n/min). The number of acceleration and deceleration efforts were analyzed using intensity thresholds (low: 1-1.9 m·s-2 n·min-1; moderate: 2-2.9 m·s-2 n·min-1; high: >3 m·s-2 n·min-1). The data were analyzed using one-way repeated measures ANOVA coupled with magnitude-based inferences. Players reduced distance covered at moderate- and high-speed running, sprints relative minute played and the number of moderate accelerations, and moderate and high decelerations per minute played in the third match compared to the first match. The results of this investigation show that intensity activity were the most affected variables with congestion schedule. metadata Romero-Moraleda, Blanca and Morencos-Martínez, Esther and Torres-Ronda, Lorena and Casamichana Gomez, David mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, david.casamichana@uneatlantico.es (2020) Analysis of congested schedule on competition external load in field hockey. [Análisis de la carga externa de competición en un periodo de congestión en hockey hierba]. RICYDE. Revista internacional de ciencias del deporte, 60 (16). pp. 143-152. ISSN 1885-3137

Article Subjects > Physical Education and Sport Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés Anthropometrical profile is one of the indicators associated to optimal performance of futsal players. However, no studies have analyzed these factors in both sexes neither created an anthropometrical profile of each sex. For these reasons, the goals of this study were: to describe and compare the anthropometric and conditional profiles of sub-elite futsal players, and to analyze possible correlations between anthropometric and conditional parameters. 11 female and 8 male sub-elite futsal players participated in the study. Several tests were performed: an anthropometric and body composition analysis, leg power with squat jump (SJ) and countermovement jump (CMJ) tests, and psoas and major gluteus flexibility test. Male futsal players reported a better performance in SJ and CMJ (p<0.001, big ES), as well as a lower fat percentage (10.2%) and a greater muscular percentage (50.8%) than female futsal players (20.1% and 44.9%, respectively). No significant differences were found regarding flexibility between sexes (p>0.05). Fat percentage presents a reversal correlation (r=-0.84; ES very large), as well as muscular performance, a direct correlation (r=0.73; ES very large) with explosive performance. There are significant differences between sexes regarding anthropometric and leg power parameters, not in flexibility values. Finally, the training methods and conditional goals along the season should be adapted to anthropometric and conditional profile of each competitive level, with special focus in neuromuscular performance. metadata Lago-Fuentes, Carlos and Pérez-Celada, Sergio and Prieto-Troncoso, Javier and Rey, Ezequiel and Mecías-Calvo, Marcos mail carlos.lago@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, marcos.mecias@uneatlantico.es (2020) Anthropometric and conditional profile in semiprofessional futsal players: differences between sexes. A case study. [Perfil antropométrico y condicional en jugadores semiprofesionales de futbol sala: diferencias entre sexos. Un estudio de caso]. RICYDE. Revista internacional de ciencias del deporte, 16 (61). pp. 330-341. ISSN 1885-3137

Article Subjects > Physical Education and Sport Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Cerrado Inglés Vazquez-Guerrero, J, Reche, X, Cos, F, Casamichana, D, and Sampaio, J. Changes in external load when modifying rules of 5-on- 5 scrimmage situations in elite basketball. J Strength Cond Res 34(11): 3217–3224, 2020—Constraining tasks are very frequent during the team sports training process; however, most of the effects of these coaching decisions are unknown, which leads to less controlled performing environments, with less chances to promote improvements. The aim of this study was to determine the effects of modifying rules of 5-a-side scrimmage on the physical performance of professional basketball players. Data were collected from 12 elite male players (age, 29.6 ± 4.5 years; height, 1.99 ± 9.6 cm; body mass, 92.1 ± 11.9 kg) from the Spanish first Division of Basketball during thirty-three 5-on-5 scrimmage situations over a 18-week period. Physical demands were assessed using WIMU PRO Local Positioning System (Realtrack Systems, Almeria, Spain) and included total and speed-ranged distance covered, player load, peak speed, number of high-intensity actions, number of total and high-intensity accelerations and decelerations, and peak acceleration. A repeated-measures analysis of variance was used to test the differences in all variables, considering playing in half-court (HALF), half-court and transition (HTRAN), and full-court (FULL) conditions for the 5-on-5 scrimmage drill. Results showed that during the HALF condition, there was less distance covered (effect size [ES] = 3.55), lower peak speeds (ES = 3.00), less player load (ES = 2.79), lesser number of high-intensity actions (ES = 1.45), and lesser number of high-intensity accelerations (ES = 1.44) and decelerations (ES = 1.31) than in FULL. In HTRAN, players covered more distance (ES = 2.42), presented higher player load (ES = 1.88), higher intensity actions (ES = 1.02), and peak speed (ES = 4.22) than in HALF. In conclusion, physical demands can be modulated changing the rules and court size using 5-on-5 scrimmage situations, and this factor should be taken into account when designing training drills and when fine-tuning periodization. metadata Vazquez-Guerrero, Jairo and Reche Royo, Xavi and Cos, Francesc and Casamichana Gomez, David and Sampaio, Jaime mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, david.casamichana@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED (2020) Changes in External Load When Modifying Rules of 5-on-5 Scrimmage Situations in Elite Basketball. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 34 (11). pp. 3217-3224. ISSN 1064-8011

Article Subjects > Physical Education and Sport Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés The purposes of this study were 1) to analyse the different pacing behaviours based on athlete's performance and 2) to determine whether significant differences in each race split and the runner's performance implied different race profiles. A total of 2295 runners, which took part in Berlin’s marathon (2017), met the inclusion criteria. 4 different groups were created based on sex and performance. Men: Elite (<02:19:00 h), Top 1 (<02:30:00 h), Top 2 (<02:45:00 h) and Top 3 (<03:00:00 h); women: Elite (02:45:00 h), Top 1 (<03:00:00 h), Top 2 (<03:15:00 h), Top 3 (<03:30:00 h). With the aim of comparing the pacing between sex and performance the average speed was normalized. In men, no statistically significant changes were found between performance group and splits. A large number of significant differences between splits and groups were found amongst women: 5–10 km Top 2 vs Top 3 (P = 0.0178), 10–15 km Top1 vs Top 2 (P = 0.0211), 15–20 km Top1 vs Top 2 (P = 0.0382), 20–21.1 km Elite vs Top 2 (P = 0.0129); Elite vs Top 3 (P = 0.0020); Top1 vs Top 2 (P = 0.0233); Top 1 vs Top 3 (P = 0.0007), 25–30 km Elite vs Top 2 (P = 0.0273); Elite vs Top 3 (P = 0.0156), 30–35 km Elite vs Top 2 (P = 0.0096); Top 1 vs Top 2 (P = 0.0198); Top2 vs Top3 (P = 0.0069). In men there were little significant differences based on athletes’ performance which implied a similar pacing behaviour. Women presented numerous differences based on their performance which suggested different pacing behaviours. metadata Boullosa, Daniel and Muñoz, Iker and Mecías-Calvo, Marcos and Crespo-Álvarez, Jorge and Sámano-Celorio, María Luisa and Agudo-Toyos, Pablo and Lago-Fuentes, Carlos mail UNSPECIFIED, iker.munoz@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, jorge.crespo@uneatlantico.es, marialuisa.samano@uneatlantico.es, pablo.agudo@uenatlantico.es, carlos.lago@uneatlantico.es (2020) Different race pacing strategies among runners covering the 2017 Berlin Marathon under 3 hours and 30 minutes. PLOS ONE, 15 (7). e0236658. ISSN 1932-6203

Article Subjects > Physical Education and Sport Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Cerrado Inglés This study aimed to examine the effect of the ovulatory menstrual cycle (MC) when estimating the 1 repetition maximum (1RM) from the individual load-velocity relationship during the bench press (BP) exercise. Nine resistance-trained eumenorrheic women (age: 28.7 ± 3.6 years) were tested in 3 different phases across the MC: menstrual or early follicular phase (i.e., testing between days 1–3), follicular or late follicular phase (i.e., testing between days 7–10), and luteal or mid-luteal phase (i.e., testing between days 19–21). Each testing trial consisted of an incremental loading protocol against 4 loading conditions (≈50-70-80-90% 1RM) in the concentric-only BP exercise. A smartphone application (MyLift) was used to collect the mean velocity (MV) of all repetitions. The 1RM was estimated from the individual load-velocity relationship by applying a linear regression model as the load associated with an MV of 0.17 m·s−1. In addition, the MV obtained at each %1RM (i.e., from 20% 1RM to 80% 1RM in 20% increments), the load-velocity slope (i.e., the decrease in MV per each 1% of increment in the %1RM), and the y-intercept (i.e., the estimate of MV at 0% 1RM) were computed from the individual load-velocity relationships. No significant differences were observed between the 3 phases of the MC for any of the measured load-velocity relationship parameters (corrected p-value ≥0.495; effect size ≤0.24). The results suggest that the estimation of the BP 1RM from the load-velocity relationship seems not to vary over the 3 different phases of the MC (i.e., menstrual, follicular, and luteal phases). metadata García-Pinillos, Felipe and Lago-Fuentes, Carlos and Bujalance-Moreno, Pascual and Pérez-Castilla, Alejandro mail UNSPECIFIED, carlos.lago@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED (2020) Effect of the Menstrual Cycle When Estimating 1 Repetition Maximum From the Load-Velocity Relationship During the Bench Press Exercise. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, Publis. ISSN 1064-8011

Article Subjects > Physical Education and Sport Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Cerrado Inglés njuries are one of the worst case scenarios for an athlete and a team. The aim of this study was to analyze the injury incidence, characteristics and burden among a cohort of elite female futsal players. A prospective cohort study was designed over a season. Eighty-nine players from seven elite female futsal teams were monitored during the whole season. Eight different variables were recorded when an injury happened, as well as exposure time. A total of 90 injuries were recorded so that 54 out of 89 players (60.6%) sustained an injury. The overall injury incidence was 5 injuries per 1000 h of futsal play exposure. Moderate injuries were the most frequent (1.7 injuries per 1000 h of futsal play exposure). The quadriceps and ankle were the regions where most injuries occurred. Contact injuries were more common during matches than training, and usually happened at the end of the season. Elite female futsal players are exposed to a substantial injury risk, especially on ankle and quadriceps with moderate severity, occurring at the end of the sessions, especially during matches. These results highlight the need of new preventive strategies to reduce the high injury incidence in female futsal players. metadata Lago-Fuentes, Carlos and Jiménez-Loaisa, Alejandro and Padrón-Cabo, Alexis and Mecías-Calvo, Marcos and García-Pinillos, Felipe and Rey, Ezequiel mail carlos.lago@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, marcos.mecias@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED (2020) Epidemiology of Injuries in Elite Female Futsal Players: A Prospective Cohort Study. International Journal of Sports Medicine, 41 (12). pp. 885-890. ISSN 0172-4622

Article Subjects > Physical Education and Sport Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés We studied the influence of pregnancy exercise on maternal/offspring cardiometabolic health until delivery and at follow-up. We pooled data from two randomized controlled trials from our group that were performed following the same methodology (one unpublished). We also collected follow-up data de novo from the participants of both trials and their offspring. In total, 1348 women with uncomplicated, singleton gestations were assigned to an intervention (n = 688, performing a supervised, moderate-intensity exercise program (three sessions/week)) or control group (n = 660). Maternal outcomes were excessive gestational weight gain (EGWG), gestational hypertension/diabetes and, at follow-up, return to pre-pregnancy weight within six months, hypertension, overweight/obesity, and other cardiometabolic conditions. Offspring outcomes were macrosomia and low-birthweight and, at follow-up, overweight/obesity, low-weight, and cardiometabolic conditions. Adherence to the intervention, which proved safe, was > 95%. Pregnancy exercise reduced the risk of EGWG, gestational hypertension, and diabetes (adjusted odds ratio (OR) and 95% confidence interval: 0.60 (0.46–0.79), 0.39 (0.23–0.67), and 0.48 (0.28–0.84)), and it was associated with a greater likelihood of returning to pre-pregnancy weight (2.37 (1.26–4.54)) and a lower risk of maternal cardiometabolic conditions (0.27 (0.08–0.95)) at the end of follow-up (median 6.1 years (interquartile range 1.8)). Pregnancy exercise also reduced the risk of macrosomia (0.36 (0.20–0.63)) and of childhood overweight/obesity during the first year (0.20 (0.06–0.63)). Our findings suggest that pregnancy exercise might protect maternal/offspring health. metadata Perales, María and Valenzuela, Pedro L. and Barakat, Ruben and Cordero, Yaiza and Peláez, Mireia and López, Carmen and Ruilope, Luis M. and Santos-Lozano, Alejandro and Lucia, Alejandro mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, mireia.pelaez@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED (2020) Gestational Exercise and Maternal and Child Health: Effects until Delivery and at Post-Natal Follow-up. Journal of Clinical Medicine, 9 (2). p. 379. ISSN 2077-0383

Article Subjects > Physical Education and Sport Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés The objective of this research was to describe kinematic characteristics during international men’s field hockey matches. Sixteen players (age: 25.12±3.66 years; height: 177.12±4.96 cm; weight: 72.45±5.01 kg; caps: 79.12 ±78.96) belonging to the Spanish national team were monitored by means of Global Positioning Systems (GPS) and accelerometry in the course of five matches in the 2017 European Championships. The analyses were performed by game quarter (Q1, Q2, Q3 and Q4), positions (defenders, midfielders and forwards) and minutes played (per match). The data analysed included distances, accelerations and decelerations in different ranges of intensity. Defenders presented less high-intensity kinematic activity (speeds, number of sprints, metres/ min) as opposed to midfielders and forwards. The by-quarter analysis showed that Q1 featured the highest kinematic activity for all positions. With regard to minutes played, the cluster analysis placed the players in three groups (<37, 37-48 and >48 minutes). The players who played <37 minutes travelled the largest amount of metres sprinting (>21 kph) and m/min as compared to other groups, whereas those who played between 37-48 minutes travelled the greatest distance at high-intensity (>16 kph) and performed the greatest number of sprints. The study results show that the physical demands on elite field hockey players depend on their position on the field and playing time, with greater activity in Q1 and with less relative high-intensity kinematic activity in players who play most minutes during the match. metadata Haro, Xavier and Torres, Lorena and Casamichana Gomez, David and Romero, Blanca and Morencos, Esther and Rodas, Gil mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, david.casamichana@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED (2020) International Competition Kinematic Demands in Male Field Hockey. Apunts Educación Física y Deportes (143). pp. 90-99. ISSN 1577-4015

Article Subjects > Physical Education and Sport Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Cerrado Inglés Context: Plyometric training promotes a highly effective neuromuscular stimulus to improve running performance. Jumping rope (JR) involves mainly foot muscles and joints, due to the quick rebounds, and it might be considered a type of plyometric training for improving power and stiffness, some of the key factors for endurance-running performance. Purpose: To determine the effectiveness of JR during the warm-up routine of amateur endurance runners on jumping performance, reactivity, arch stiffness, and 3-km time-trial performance. Methods: Athletes were randomly assigned to an experimental (n = 51) or control (n = 45) group. Those from the control group were asked to maintain their training routines, while athletes from the experimental group had to modify their warm-up routines, including JR (2–4 sessions/wk, with a total time of 10–20 min/wk) for 10 weeks. Physical tests were performed before (pretest) and after (posttest) the intervention period and included jumping performance (countermovement-jump, squat-jump, and drop-jump tests), foot-arch stiffness, and 3-km time-trial performance. Reactive strength index (RSI) was calculated from a 30-cm drop jump. Results: The 2 × 2 analysis of variance showed significant pre–post differences in all dependent variables (P < .001) for the experimental group. No significant changes were reported in the control group (all P ≥ .05). Pearson correlation analysis revealed a significant relationship between Δ3-km time trial and ΔRSI (r = −.481; P < .001) and ΔStiffness (r = −.336; P < .01). The linear-regression analysis showed that Δ3-km time trial was associated with ΔRSI and ΔStiffness (R2 = .394; P < .001). Conclusions: Compared with a control warm-up routine prior to endurance-running training, 10 weeks (2–4 times/wk) of JR training, in place of 5 minutes of regular warm-up activities, was effective in improving 3-km time-trial performance, jumping ability, RSI, and arch stiffness in amateur endurance runners. Improvements in RSI and arch stiffness were associated with improvements in 3-km time-trial performance. metadata García-Pinillos, Felipe and Lago-Fuentes, Carlos and Latorre-Román, Pedro A. and Pantoja-Vallejo, Antonio and Ramirez-Campillo, Rodrigo mail UNSPECIFIED, carlos.lago@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED (2020) Jump-Rope Training: Improved 3-km Time-Trial Performance in Endurance Runners via Enhanced Lower-Limb Reactivity and Foot-Arch Stiffness. International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance, 15 (7). pp. 927-933. ISSN 1555-0265

Article Subjects > Physical Education and Sport Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés The aims of this study were to describe the external and internal workloads in a professional female futsal team during a whole season and to compare workloads during different periods of the season. Ten professional female futsal players (age 22.8 ± 4.3 years; 5.1 ± 2.4 years of experience; weight 61.9 ± 7.1 kg; height 1.66 ± 0.06 m) participated voluntarily in this study during the whole season. The internal workload was measured by the session-Rate of perceived exertion (session-RPE) method, while the external workload was indirectly measured by considering the training and match volume and the type of contents of each session over 43 weeks. Mean sRPE throughout the season was 319.9 ± 127.1 arbitrary units (AU). Higher internal loads (total weekly training load and strain) were reported during the pre-season compared with the in-season mesocycles (p < 0.05); meanwhile, the fifth to eighth mesocycles of the in-season showed an oscillatory pattern. Finally, Monday was the most-demanding session during the in-season period over the Thursday (p < 0.05; effect size: 1.33) followed by match day, meanwhile no statistical differences were reported during different sessions of the pre-season microcycle (p > 0.05). This study suggests that microcycles of pre-season present a stable load pattern, meanwhile workloads during the in-season period report a tapering strategy in a professional female futsal team. metadata Lago-Fuentes, Carlos and Jiménez-Loaisa, Alejandro and Padrón-Cabo, Alexis and Fernández-Villarino, Marián and Mecías-Calvo, Marcos and Travassos, Bruno and Rey, Ezequiel mail carlos.lago@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, marcos.mecias@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED (2020) Monitoring Workloads of a Professional Female Futsal Team over a Season: A Case Study. Sports, 8 (5). p. 69. ISSN 2075-4663

Article Subjects > Physical Education and Sport Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés The objective of this study was to determine whether there is a decrease in the physical performance of the players in the most demanding passages (MDP) during periods of competition congestion. The study involved 15 under-19 players, belonging to a club in Spain's first division (age: 18.1 ± 0.8 years, weight: 70.2 ± 4.9 kg and height: 1.78 ± 0.06 m), who were monitored during 23 national and international official matches in the 2018/19 season. The Youth League matches were played between two matches in the national championship in six different weeks. The league matches corresponded to the first 17 matches of the league championship, the period in which the 6 matches in the Youth League were played. The two physical variables analysed were total distance (TD) and distance at > 21 km·h-1 (TD21). Using the rolling average, four time windows were taken (1, 3, 5 and 10 min), and the values were relativized to the minute (m·min-1). The main results were that: there were more MDP in the first halves than in the second halves of all the time windows; 2) the central match in the week (Youth League) was the most demanding one; and 3) the players maintained the TD and TD21 in the MDP in the third match compared to the first. The results of this study could provide trainers with information on the need to design training tasks that simulate the demands of competition in relation to the TD and the TD21 according to different time windows. metadata Castellano, Julen and Martin-Garcia, Andres and Casamichana Gomez, David mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, david.casamichana@uneatlantico.es (2020) Most running demand passages of match play in youth soccer congestion period. Biology of Sport, 37 (4). pp. 367-373. ISSN 0860-021X

Article Subjects > Physical Education and Sport Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés Futsal is a sport with increasing popularity and level of performance, both in male and female categories. Also, there are several injuries along a season, so it is needed to know how to reduce this burden. The purpose of this study was to describe the perceptions of technical staff on injury risk factors, risk testing and preventive measures, and the strategies used by them within professional male and female futsal teams. A cross-sectional study was designed during the 2017–2018 season. A total of 32 futsal teams involved in male and female Spanish national futsal leagues completed, through an online survey platform, a questionnaire about injury risk factors, risk testing and preventive measures. Findings showed that: (a) most teams reported enough human resources, but insufficient material and time resources, (b) the main risk factors detected were previous injuries, strength deficits and dehydration, (c) functional movement patterns, flexibility tests and self-report questionnaires were the most applied tests for detecting injury risks in their players and (d) most of the main preventive measures used by technical staff matched with the best valued by them. Technical staff defined properly the main risk factors in futsal performance, as well as they applied preventive strategies with scientific support. The information provided in this research could be of interest for sport scientists and technical staff when designing more accurate and efficient injury prevention programs in futsal. metadata Lago-Fuentes, Carlos and Jiménez-Loaisa, Alejandro and Padrón-Cabo, Alexis and Mecías-Calvo, Marcos and Rey, Ezequiel mail carlos.lago@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, marcos.mecias@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED (2020) Perceptions of the technical staff of professional teams regarding injury prevention in Spanish national futsal leagues: a cross-sectional study. PeerJ, 8. e8817. ISSN 2167-8359

Article Subjects > Physical Education and Sport Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés The objective of this study was to verify the occurrence and effect size of relative age effect in professional futsal players, by observing how its presence and impact change according to the season, team level and player position. The sample was composed of 1873 professional futsal players who played in the First Division of the Spanish National Futsal League between seasons 2006-2007 and 2014-2015. The players’ birthdates were divided into quarters (Q1, Q2, Q3 and Q4). A relative age effect reversal was observed in the professional futsal players for the nine analyzed seasons. A relative age reversal effect was observed in high and medium level teams. Finally, a relative age effect reversal was also found for the goalkeeper and pivot positions. The results could suggest that players that initially experienced maturity disadvantages in major sports, can have a second chance to emerge in professional minor sports (i.e. futsal vs. soccer). However, the underlying mechanisms why a reversal occurs are still unclear, and more studies focusing on the mediators of the effect are needed. metadata Lago-Fuentes, Carlos and Rey, Ezequiel and Padrón-Cabo, Alexis and Prieto-Troncoso, Javier and Garcia-Núñez, Javier mail carlos.lago@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED (2020) The Relative Age Effect in Professional Futsal Players. Journal of Human Kinetics, 72 (1). pp. 173-183. ISSN 1899-7562

Article Subjects > Physical Education and Sport Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés This study determined the strength training (ST) habits of amateur endurance runners in Spain regarding athletic level. A sixteen-item online questionnaire comprised of (i) demographic information, (ii) performance, and (iii) training contents was completed by 1179 athletes. Five group levels were determined according to the personal best times of the athletes in a 10-km trial (LG1: level group 1, 50–55 min; LG2: level group 2, 45–50 min; LG3: level group 3, 40–45 min; LG4: level group 4, 35–40 min; LG5: level group 5, 30–35 min). Most athletes (n = 735, 62.3%) perceived ST as being a key component in their training program. Resistance training (RT) was reported as a ST type used by 63.4% of the athletes, 66.9% reported using bodyweight exercises, 46.8% reported using plyometric training, 65.6% reported using uphill runs, and 17.8% reported using resisted runs. The prevalence of runners who excluded ST from their training programs decreased as the athletic performance level increased (18.2% in lower-level athletes vs. 3.0% in higher-level), while the inclusion of RT, bodyweight exercises, plyometric training, and uphill and resisted runs was more frequent within higher-level groups. Most athletes included ST using low-to-moderate loads and high a number of repetitions/sets comprised of RT, plyometric training, resisted runs, and core, respiratory, and foot muscles training. metadata García-Pinillos, Felipe and Lago-Fuentes, Carlos and Jaén-Carrillo, Diego and Bujalance-Moreno, Pascual and Latorre-Román, Pedro Á. and Roche-Seruendo, Luis Enrique and Ramirez-Campillo, Rodrigo mail UNSPECIFIED, carlos.lago@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED (2020) Strength Training Habits in Amateur Endurance Runners in Spain: Influence of Athletic Level. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 17 (21). p. 8184. ISSN 1660-4601

Article Subjects > Physical Education and Sport Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés Objective To determine the psychometric properties of the Person-Centered Therapeutic Relationship in Physiotherapy Scale (PCTR-PT) in order to find the most appropriate fit for the tool. Methods Patients who had received treatment at the physiotherapy service of nine hospitals in Spain were invited to complete the 31 items of the PCTR-PT scale. To select the most appropriate items of the PCTR-PT, an exploratory factorial analysis (EFA) was performed using the maximum likelihood and oblique rotation (promin) methods. Factor validity, goodness-of-fit and psychometric properties were analyzed by confirmatory factor analysis (CFA). Convergent (CFA) and discriminant validity were calculated. Internal consistency was verified using the Cronbach's alpha coefficient. The intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC) was used to examine temporal stability. Results 366 patients over 18 years old who had received, at least, 15 physiotherapy treatment sessions completed the questionnaire. The results of the exploratory factor analysis revealed a tool with 15 items in four factors [Relational Bond (N items = 4); Individualized Partnership (N items = 4); Professional Empowerment (N items = 3) and Therapeutic Communication (N items = 4)], explaining 78.4% of the variance of the total variables of this tool. The confirmatory factor analysis further confirmed the four-structure model. Reliability of the tool was approved by Cronbach's alpha in all four dimensions, as all were above .70, ranging from .84 (Individualized Partnership) to .91 (Professional Empowerment). = 0.94. Test-retest was performed with two-week intervals, indicating an appropriate stability for the scale (ICC = 0.900). Conclusion The Person-Centered Therapeutic Relationship in Physiotherapy Scale (PCTR-PT) is a useful, valid and applicable instrument to evaluate the person-centered therapeutic relationship during physiotherapy interventions. It would be interesting to investigate the predictive capacity (sensitivity and specificity) of the PCTR-PT scale. metadata Leal-Costa, César and Rodríguez-Nogueira, Óscar and Morera Balaguer, Jaume and Nogueira López, Abel and Roldán Merino, Juan and Botella-Rico, José-Martín and Del Río-Medina, Sonia and Moreno Poyato, Antonio R. mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, abel.nogueira@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED (2020) The psychometric properties of the person-centered therapeutic relationship in physiotherapy scale. PLOS ONE, 15 (11). e0241010. ISSN 1932-6203

2019

Article Subjects > Physical Education and Sport Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés Aim: The aim of this study was to assess the external load of amateur male players during 4 consecutive training microcycles (M) at the beginning of the in-season according to the training session in absolute external load demands and in relation to the competition demands. Methods: Regional-level players (n = 10; age, 20.8 ± 1.7 years; height, 175.5 ± 3.8 cm; body mass, 69.7 ± 2.9 kg; soccer experience, 13.2 ± 2.5 years) were monitored using GPS devices during training sessions and matches. The external load variables measured were: duration (min); total distance covered (TD); distance covered at high-speed (HID, 14.4-19.8 km/h); distance covered at sprinting (SPD; >19.8 km/h); and distance covered in high intensity acceleration (ACD; >2.5 m/s2) and deceleration (DECD; <-2.5 m/s2). Results: The results indicated that the external load variables (time, HID, SPD, ACD, and DECD) were similar between the four microcycles. Greater (p<0.01) time, TD, HID and SPD were observed in match day (MD)-2 compared to MD+1, MD-3, and MD-1. Aside from training duration, all external loads variables (TD, HID, SPD, ACD, and DECD) were lower during training sessions compared to official matches (p<0.05). Conclusion: Amateur soccer players present relative stable external training loads across competitive microcycles, with the peak load observed two days before the official match. Besides this, the match constitutes the highest load during a typical competitive microcycle in this cohort of players. metadata Sanchez-Sanchez, Javier and Hernández, Daniel and Martin, Victor and Sanchez, Mario and Casamichana Gomez, David and Rodriguez-Fernandez, Alejandro and Ramirez-Campillo, Rodrigo and Nakamura, Fabio Yuzo mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, david.casamichana@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED (2019) Assessment of the external load of amateur soccer players during four consecutive training microcycles in relation to the external load during the official match. Motriz: Revista de Educação Física, 25 (1). ISSN 1980-6574

Article Subjects > Physical Education and Sport Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés Objetivo. Comparar las demandas cinemáticas de jugadoras internacionales de hockey sobre hierba durante partidos de competición oficial. Material y métodos. Dieciséis jugadoras (edad: 24.7±2.8 años; peso: 57.9±5.9 kg; altura: 165.2±4.9 cm) pertenecientes a la selección absoluta española fueron monitorizadas mediante sistemas de posicionamiento global (GPS) durante 5 partidos del Campeonato de Europa. Los análisis fueron llevados a cabo en función de la demarcación de las jugadoras (defensas, medias y delanteras), de los cuartos de juego (C1, C2, C3, C4), y en base a los minutos jugados. Los datos analizados incluyeron distancias, aceleraciones y desaceleraciones en diferentes rangos de intensidad. Resultados. Las defensas presentaron menor actividad a alta intensidad (velocidades, aceleraciones y desaceleraciones) que medias y delanteras (9.4±2.4%; TE: 0.78 con las medias y 33.1±7.2%; TE: 2.1, con las defensas). El análisis por cuartos mostró que en el C4 la actividad fue mayor para todas las demarcaciones. En cuanto a minutos jugados, el análisis clúster agrupó a las jugadoras en 3 grupos en función de los minutos jugados (<32, 32-45 y >45 minutos). Las deportistas que jugaron <32 cubrieron mayor distancia a esprint (>21 km/h) y distancia a alta intensidad (>15 km/h) por minuto de juego en comparación con el grupo de >45 min jugados. Conclusiones. Los resultados de este estudio muestran que las demandas físicas en jugadoras de élite de hockey dependen de la demarcación en el campo, con mayor actividad en el último cuarto y con menor actividad cinemática de alta intensidad relativa en las jugadoras que acumulan más minutos durante el partido. metadata Morencos, Esther and Casamichana Gomez, David and Torres, Lorena and Haro, Xavier and Rodas, Gil and Romerlo Moraleda, Blanca mail UNSPECIFIED, david.casamichana@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED (2019) Demandas cinemáticas de competición internacional en el hockey sobre hierba femenino. Apunts Educación Física y Deportes (137). pp. 56-70. ISSN 15774015

Article Subjects > Physical Education and Sport Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Cerrado Inglés BACKGROUND: The high injury rate in football has highlighted the need to research strategies that allow the modification of the dynamic risk factors. Most of the preventive proposals have focused on standardized protocols. However, the aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of a multifactorial injuries prevention program (MC-7) in Spanish football players. METHODS: A total of 219 Spanish football male players aged 16-23 were enrolled. The study was conducted over two consecutive seasons (2012-2013, 2013-2014). The first season was the control season (SC) and the second one was the experimental season (ES). Injuries were recorded prospectively during the two seasons in accordance with the criteria established by the consensus statement. During CS the injuries were just observed, while during ES, the players participated in the MC-7: training methodology, specific warm-up protocol (FIFA 11+), basic injury recovery strategies, continuous training of coaches, conferences for parents/family and education sessions for players. RESULTS: The frequency of injuries was significantly reduced by 63.8% in the ES. Muscle-tendon and joint injuries were reduced by 65% and 56.7% respectively, with a significant decrease in the lower-limbs injuries. The incidence of injuries was reduced by 71.4%, with significant differences in the typology, location and severity of injuries. CONCLUSIONS: The rate of injury in football is reduced when multifactorial strategies are applied. Reducing the frequency and severity of injuries allowed players to greatly increase their available for sports practice metadata Chena, Marcos and Rodríguez, María Luisa and Bores Cerezal, Antonio and Ramos-Campo, Domingo J. mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, antonio.bores@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED (2019) Effects of a multifactorial injuries prevention program in young Spanish football players. The Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness, 59 (8). ISSN 00224707

Article Subjects > Physical Education and Sport Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés This study aims to determine if regular maternal physical exercise leads to measurable adaptations of the fetal autonomic nervous system (fANS) tested by fetal heart rate recovery time. A randomized controlled trial enrolled 131 pregnant women into two study groups, Exercise Group (EG) and Control Group (CG). All participants signed an informed consent, study was approved by the local Clinical Research Ethics Committee. Data was analyzed on 81 participants. EG participants (n = 43) received a supervised physical exercise program (PEP) three times a week from 10–12 to 36–40 weeks gestation. CG participants (n = 38) did not receive any supervised PEP. All women were tested between 34–36 weeks gestation using two walking tests of three minutes each at 40% and 60% maternal heart rate reserve. Resting fetal heart rate (FHR), FHR post-maternal exercise, and fetal recovery time (FRT) in minutes/seconds (m/s) were recorded. Resting FHR was similar between groups 140.88 ± 9 EG vs 141.95 ± 7.35 CG (p > .05). Difference in resting to post-maternal exercise FHR was statistically significant in fetuses from the CG (p < .05), however was not statistically significant in fetuses from the EG (p > .05). FRT was different between groups after both tests: 40% test: 2m15s ± 3m19s EG vs 7m6s ± 5m28s CG (p < .001); 60% test: 3m ± 4m3s EG vs 9m25s ± 7m33s CG (p < .001). There were no significant differences in maternal variables (p > .05), except for maternal recovery time after 40% test (p < .05). Influence of maternal exercise in FHR response still remains unclear. Further research is needed to elicit a former conclusion on the effects of maternal exercise on fANS. Overall, exercise during pregnancy is safe and not harmful for the cardiovascular system of the fetus. metadata Roldan-Reoyo, Olga and Pelaez, Mireia and May, Linda and Barakat, Rubén mail UNSPECIFIED, mireia.pelaez@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED (2019) Influence of maternal physical exercise on fetal and maternal heart rate responses. German Journal of Exercise and Sport Research, 49 (4). pp. 446-453. ISSN 2509-3142

Article Subjects > Physical Education and Sport Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Cerrado Inglés The main aim of this study was to identify which combination of external intensity training load (iTL) metrics capture similar or unique information for different training game (TG) formats and official matches (OMs) in football using principal component (PC) analysis. Ten metrics of iTL were collected from 24 professional male football players using global positioning technology. A total of 348, 383, 120, 127, 148, and 207 individual files for small-sided possession games, medium-sided possession games, small-sided games, medium-sided games, large-sided games, and OMs, respectively, were studied. Principal component analysis was conducted on each game format. Extraction criteria were set at an eigenvalue of greater than one. Varimax rotation mode was used to extract more than one PC. Intensity training load metrics with PC “loadings” above 0.7 were deemed to possess well-defined relationships with the extracted PC. In each TG and OM, 3 PCs were identified. For the first PC, eigenvalues for each game format ranged from 3.89 to 4.45, which explained 39–44% of the information (i.e., variance) provided by the 10 iTL metrics. For the second PC, eigenvalues ranged from 2.17 to 2.47, explaining 22–26% of iTL information. For the third PC, eigenvalues ranged from 1.41 to 1.98, explaining 14–20% of iTL information. This would suggest that TG and OM have multidimensional demands; so, the use of only a single iTL could potentially lead to an underestimation of the physical demands. Consequently, a combination of 3 iTL metrics is required during professional football game formats. metadata Casamichana Gomez, David and Castellano, Julen and Gómez Díaz, Antonio and Martín-García, Andrés mail david.casamichana@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED (2019) Looking for Complementary Intensity Variables in Different Training Games in Football. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, Publis. ISSN 1064-8011

Article Subjects > Physical Education and Sport Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés The aim of this study was to compare the activity profile (external loads) during soccer-7 competition versus 6 vs 6 small-sided games ( SSGs) in U12 players. Peak velocity (Vmax), total distance completed (DT), total distance relative to match duration, the percentage of DT in acceleration (%DAC) and in deceleration (%DEA), and the percentage of DT at different speeds were recorded. Six types of SSGs were randomly implemented: without pitch orientation-delimitation and with a limit of three ball-contacts per player (3TOU), with no limit of ball-contacts (MAN), with a greater number of players as internal-offensive wildcard players (2WI) or external-offensive wildcard players (4WE); and with pitch orientation-delimitation and crossing the rival goal-line while dribbling the ball without goalkeepers (INV) or using official goalkeepers (GKP). The physical demands of SSGs were compared with the average of two soccer-7 match plays. During soccer-7 match plays a lower %DAC and %DEA (p < 0.05) were observed compared to 2WI, 4WE, INV and GKP, and to INV and GKP, respectively. The Vmax and %HI were greater (p < 0.05) in soccer-7 match plays compared to all SSGs. In conclusion, the demands imposed on U12 players during different formats of SSGs differ from the soccer-7 match play demands, presenting a low stimulation of the actions performed at high-speed and an adequate simulation of acceleration-deceleration actions metadata Sanchez-Sanchez, Javier and Sanchez, Mario and Hernández, Daniel and Gonzalo-Skok, Oliver and Casamichana Gomez, David and Ramirez-Campillo, Rodrigo and Nakamura, Fabio Y. mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, david.casamichana@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED (2019) Physical Performance During Soccer-7 Competition and Small-Sided Games in U12 Players. Journal of Human Kinetics, 67 (1). pp. 281-290. ISSN 1899-7562

Article Subjects > Physical Education and Sport Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés The main aim was to determine the differences between four training games and competitive matches (CM) according to position and compared to the most demanding passages (MDP) of competitive match play. Global Positioning System data were obtained from 21 football players belonging to the reserve squad of a Spanish La Liga club during the 2015/16 season. The training games were small-sided games (SSGs) with 5 and 6 and large-sided games with 9 and 10 outfield players per team. The players were categorized based on positional groups: full back (FB), central defender (CD), midfielder (MF), offensive midfielder (OMF), and forward (FW). The variables recorded were the distance covered (DIS), DIS at high speed (HSR; >19.8 km•h-1), DIS at sprint (SPR; >25.2 km•h-1), high metabolic load distance (HMLD; >25.5 W•kg-1) all in m•min-1, average metabolic power (AMP; W•kg-1) and number of high-intensity accelerations (ACC; >3 m•s-2) and decelerations (DEC; <-3 m•s-2), both in n•min-1. The MDP was analysed using a rolling average method for AMP as a criterion variable, where maximal values were calculated for time windows of 5 and 10 minutes of CM and after that compared with the training game formats. As the SSG format increases, all the rest of the variables increase and the number of cases with significant interposition differences also increases (effect size [ES]: DIS: 0.7-2.2; HSR: 0.7-2.1; SPR: 0.8-1.4; HMLD: 0.9-2.0; AMP: 0.8-1.9; ACC: 0.8-1.7; DEC: 0.5-1.7). The large-sided game 10v10 + 2 goalkeepers over-stimulates sprint values relative to MDP (all: 121.0% of MDP, ES=0.5-1.8). This study provides useful information for coaching staff on the heightened impact of different training game formats on physical load, considering positional differences in relation to the MDP of competitive match play metadata Martin-Garcia, Andres and Castellano, Julen and Gomez Diaz, Antonio and Cos, Francesc and Casamichana Gomez, David mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, david.casamichana@uneatlantico.es (2019) Positional demands for various-sided games with goalkeepers according to the most demanding passages of match play in football. Biology of Sport, 36 (2). pp. 171-180. ISSN 0860-021X

Article Subjects > Physical Education and Sport Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Cerrado Inglés Objective: To investigate the effect of supervised moderate to vigorous exercise on gestational weight gain, its related risks (gestational diabetes [GD]), macrosomia, and type of delivery), and the preventive effects on women who exceed the weight gain recommendations. Patients and methods: We conducted a single-center, 2-armed, randomized controlled trial between October 1, 2009, and June 30, 2011, in which 678 women were assessed and 345 were randomized by a central computer system to an intervention group (N=115) or a standard care group (N=230). The intervention exercise program consisted of 70 to 78 sessions (24 weeks, 3 times per week, 60-65 minutes per session, moderate to vigorous intensity). The standard care group received usual care. Excessive gestational weight (EGW) gain was calculated on the basis of the 2009 Institute of Medicine (IOM) recommendations. Results: Of the 345 women randomized for treatment, 44 were lost to follow-up, leaving 301 women for analysis (intervention, 100; standard care, 201). Fewer women in the intervention group exceeded IOM recommendations (22 [22.0%] vs 69 [34.3%]; P=.03), including overweight and obese women (15 of 35 [42.9%] vs 40 of 50 [80.0%]; P=.001). Analysis of women exceeding weight recommendations revealed that the 3 main related risks were directly related to EGW gain in the standard care group (GD, P=.003; macrosomia, P<.001; type of delivery, P<.001) but not in the intervention group (GD, P>.99; macrosomia, 0%; type of delivery, P=.46). Conclusion: Supervised moderate to vigorous exercise performed throughout gestation was effective in the prevention of EGW gain even for women with a pregestational body mass index greater than 25 kg/m2. It also prevented its related risks (GD, macrosomia, and type of delivery) including for women exceeding the IOM recommendations, so we suggest that being active outweighs the effect of possible weight gain. metadata Pelaez, Mireia and Gonzalez-Cerron, Silvia and Montejo, Rocío and Barakat, Rubén mail mireia.pelaez@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED (2019) Protective Effect of Exercise in Pregnant Women Including Those Who Exceed Weight Gain Recommendations: A Randomized Controlled Trial. Mayo Clinic Proceedings, 94 (10). pp. 1951-1959. ISSN 0025-6196

Article Subjects > Physical Education and Sport Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés The purpose of this investigation was to determine the differences between halves in the most demanding passages of play in football players according to playing position and duration-specific activity.Global positioning system data were collected from twenty-three football players from a reserve squad of the Spanish La Liga. A total of 265 individual match half data were analysed across the competitive season. Players were categorised based on positional groups: full-back (FB), central defender (CD), midfielder (MF), offensive midfielder (OMF) and forwards (FW). The most demanding passage of match play was analysed using a rolling average method, where maximal values were calculated for five different time durations (1, 3, 5, 10 min and half completed) using distance (m·min-1), high metabolic load distance (HMLD; m·min-1) and average metabolic power (AMP; W·kg-1) as variables of interest. The differences between the first and second half increased as the rolling duration increased, reaching the greatest difference between halves in the complete half (45 min) in all the variables studied (ES = 0.54 ± 0.15, 0.75 ± 0.15 and 0.76 ± 0.15 in distance, HMLD and AMP). The CDs were the players that presented the greatest differences, and it was in the AMP variable where the greatest differences between the first and second half were found. Large decreases in AMP were found for CD (ES = -1.30 ± 0.36) and moderate decreases were found in AMP for FB (ES = -0.84 ± 0.30) and OMF (ES = -0.78 ± 0.37). These results provide insight into the most demanding passages of play to inform training practices for specific football playing positions. metadata Casamichana Gomez, David and Castellano, Julen and Gomez Diaz, Antonio and Gabbett, Tim J. and Martin-Garcia, Andres mail david.casamichana@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED (2019) The most demanding passages of play in football competition: a comparison between halves. Biology of Sport, 36 (3). pp. 233-240. ISSN 0860-021X

2018

Article Subjects > Physical Education and Sport Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés Objective To analyse the acute muscular fatigue (AMF) in triceps brachii and rectus abdominis during compression-only and standard cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) performed by certified basic life support providers. Methods Twenty-six subjects were initially recruited and randomly allocated to two study groups according to the muscles analysed; eighteen finally met the inclusion criteria (nine in each group). Both groups carried out two CPR tests (compression-only and standard CPR) of 10 min divided into five 2-min intermittent periods. The ventilation method was freely chosen by each participant (mouth-to-mouth, pocket-mask or bag-valve-mask). CPR feedback was provided all the time. AMF was measured by tensiomyography at baseline and after each 2-min period of the CPR test, in triceps brachii or rectus abdominis according to the study group. Results Rectus abdominis’ contraction time increased significantly during the fifth CPR period (p = 0.020). Triceps brachii’s radial muscle belly displacement (p = 0.047) and contraction velocity (p = 0.018) were lower during compression-only CPR than during standard CPR. Participants who had trained previously with feedback devices achieved better CPR quality results in both protocols. Half of participants chose bag-valve-mask to perform ventilations but attained lower significant ventilation quality than the other subjects. Conclusions Compression-only CPR induces higher AMF than standard CPR. Significantly higher fatigue levels were found during the fifth CPR test period, regardless of the method. Adequate rescuer’s strength seems to be a requisite to take advantage of CPR quality feedback devices. Training should put more emphasis on the quality of ventilation during CPR. metadata Rey, Ezequiel and Abelairas-Gómez, Cristian and González-Salvado, Violeta and Mecías-Calvo, Marcos and Rodríguez-Ruiz, Emilio and Rodríguez-Núñez, Antonio mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, marcos,mecias@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED (2018) Acute muscle fatigue and CPR quality assisted by visual feedback devices: A randomized-crossover simulation trial. PLOS ONE, 13 (9). e0203576. ISSN 1932-6203

Article Subjects > Physical Education and Sport Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés The aim of this study was to assess the effect of core strength training performed on a stable surface (CTS) compared with core strength training performed on an unstable surface (CTU) on physical fitness (jump performance, sprint, and repeated sprint ability (RSA)) and quality of movement (Fundamental Movement Screen) in professional female futsal players. Fourteen professional female futsal players (mean age: 23.7 ± 5.1 years, age range: 18-28 years) were randomly assigned to a CTS (n = 7) or a CTU (n = 7) group. The intervention program was carried out 3 times a week over 6 weeks. Players of both groups performed the same four core-strengthening exercises. The only difference between the two interventions was that the CTU group performed all exercises (i.e., shoulder bridge, side bridge, prone plank, and crunch) on an unstable surface (Togu® Dyn-Air). Within-group analysis showed significant improvements (p < 0.001) in 10 m sprint performance from the pre- to post-test in the CTS (+4.37%) and CTU (+5.00%) groups. Players in both the CTS (+10.39%) and CTU (+11.10%) group also showed significant enhancement in the Functional Movement Screen total score, from the pre-test to post-test. In addition, a significant time effect was also observed for the CTU group in the relative score of the RSA test decreasing from the pre- to post-test (-30.85%). In the between-groups analysis, there were no significant differences between the core strength training groups (CTS vs CTU) in any variable. To conclude, sprint and Functional Movement Screen performance improved following CTS and CTU when conducted in combination with regular futsal training. In addition, CTU had limited benefit in RSA compared to CTS. metadata Lago-Fuentes, Carlos and Rey, Ezequiel and Padrón-Cabo, Alexis and Sal de Rellán-Guerra, Alejandro and Fragueiro-Rodríguez, Ana and García-Núñez, Javier mail carlos.lago@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED (2018) Effects of Core Strength Training Using Stable and Unstable Surfaces on Physical Fitness and Functional Performance in Professional Female Futsal Players. Journal of Human Kinetics, 65 (1). pp. 213-224. ISSN 1899-7562

Article Subjects > Physical Education and Sport Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés El objetivo de este trabajo fue estudiar las demandas cinemáticas impuestas a los jugadores comodines y regulares, además de comparar la demanda impuesta a los comodines en diferentes juegos de posición (JP; 4v4+3, 5v5+3, 7v7+3 y 8v8+3). La demanda cinemática fue monitorizada a través de dispositivos GPS de 10 Hz. En el estudio participaron 25 jugadores de fútbol (20.5 ± 1.8 años, 178.4 ± 6.6 cm, 69.7 ± 6.1 kg) pertenecientes al equipo filial de un club de 1ª división española durante la temporada 2015-2016. Las variables analizadas fueron: distancia recorrida por minuto (m · min–1), distancia recorrida a alta velocidad (>19.8 km · h–1, m · min–1), distancia recorrida en esprint (>25.2 km · h–1, m · min–1), el número de aceleraciones de alta intensidad (>3 m · s2, n · min–1), el número de deceleraciones de alta intensidad (<–3 m · s2, n · min–1), la potencia metabólica media (PM, W · kg–1) y la distancia recorrida a alta potencia metabólica (DAPM, >25.5 W · kg–1; m · min–1). Los jugadores comodines durante los JP estudiados experimentaron unas demandas con diferencias desde posibles hasta casi ciertas respecto a los jugadores regulares en todos los JP estudiados (d: –0.18 ± 0.27 a –2.49 ± 0.37). Los resultados de este estudio indican que la selección de jugadores para el rol de comodín debe realizarse de forma rigurosa, ya que se reducen las demandas respecto al jugador regular, y se modifican en función del JP realizado. metadata Casamichana Gómez, David and Gómez Díaz, Antonio José and Cos Morera, Francesc and Martín García, Andrés mail david.casamichana@uneatlatico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED (2018) Jugadores comodines durante diferentes juegos de posición. Apunts Educación Física y Deportes (133). pp. 85-97. ISSN 1577-4015

Article Subjects > Physical Education and Sport Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Cerrado Inglés Purpose: To examine the influence of the match period on the movement patterns of hockey players according to their playing positions under the introduction of quarters (QTRs). Methods: Sixteen subelite-level Spanish National League male hockey players participated in the study (age: 25.5 [2.9] y; body mass: 74.6 [5.5] kg). Global positioning system devices were used to monitor players’ running performance during 17 competitive matches (113 match-play profiles). Only players who played for at least 85% of the game were analyzed. Players were placed into 3 position categories: backs, midfielders, and forwards. Results: Moderate to large differences in relative total distance were found between midfielders and both backs and forwards in all QTRs (effect size [ES]: 0.4–1.2). ES for total distance was moderate for midfielders when compared with backs during the first QTR (moderate ES: 0.7). Midfielders and forwards covered more distance (m and m·min−1) in high-velocity zones than backs (ES: 0.6). Acceleration activities (n·min−1) at moderate and high intensities decreased in all groups across QTRs with moderate to very large ES (ES: 0.4–1.4). Relative sprinting distance decreased in backs (ES: 0.8). Backs had fewer repeated-sprint bouts (n and n·min−1) as the game progressed (ES: 1.0). Conclusions: During competitive match play, a degree of positional variation can be observed across QTRs. The relative distance and the number of accelerations and decelerations at moderate and high intensity decreased across QTRs. No between-QTRs differences in high-speed activity were reported. metadata Morencos, Esther and Romero-Moraleda, Blanca and Castagna, Carlo and Casamichana Gomez, David mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, david.casamichana@uneatlantico.es (2018) Positional Comparisons in the Impact of Fatigue on Movement Patterns in Hockey. International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance, 13 (9). pp. 1149-1157. ISSN 1555-0265

Article Subjects > Physical Education and Sport Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Cerrado Inglés As a result of training and competition load in soccer, the majority of the body's physiological systems are stressed. To accelerate the recovery process and enhance performance in soccer, different postexercise recovery modes have been suggested and are broadly classified into 2 categories: active recovery or passive recovery. despite the popularity, there is a lack of scientific evidence for the validity of these recovery interventions: This review summarizes the evidence base for using active recovery, cold water immersion, whole-body vibration, neuromuscular electrical stimulation, and compression garments, as exercise recovery aids in soccer, and where possible, provides practical recommendations regarding usage. metadata Rey, Ezequiel and Padrón-Cabo, Alexis and Barcala-Furelos, Roberto and Casamichana Gomez, David and Romo-Pérez, Vicente mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, david.casamichana@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED (2018) Practical Active and Passive Recovery Strategies for Soccer Players. Strength & Conditioning Journal, 40 (3). pp. 45-57. ISSN 1524-1602

Article Subjects > Physical Education and Sport Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés The aims of this study were to (a) determine the external load of a football team across playing position and relative to competition for a structured microcycle and (b) examine the loading and variation the day after competition for players with or without game time. Training and match data were obtained from 24 professional football players who belonging to the reserve squad of a Spanish La Liga club during the 2015/16 season using global positioning technology (n = 37 matches and n = 42 training weeks). Training load data were analyzed with respect to the number of days before or after a match (match day [MD] minus or plus). Training load metrics declined as competition approached (MD-4 > MD-3 > MD-2 > MD-1; p < 0.05; effect sizes [ES]: 0.4–3.1). On the day after competition, players without game time demonstrated greater load in a compensatory session (MD + 1C) that replicated competition compared with a recovery session (MD + 1R) completed by players with game time (MD + 1C > MD + 1R; p < 0.05; ES: 1.4–1.6). Acceleration and deceleration metrics during training exceeded 50% of that performed in competition for MD + 1C (80–86%), MD-4 (71–72%), MD-3 (62–69%), and MD-2 (56–61%). Full backs performed more high-speed running and sprint distance than other positions at MD-3 and MD-4 (p < 0.05; ES: 0.8–1.7). The coefficient of variation for weekly training sessions ranged from ∼40% for MD-3 and MD-4 to ∼80% for MD + 1R. The data demonstrate that the external load of a structured microcycle varied substantially based on the players training day and position. This information could be useful for applied sports scientists when trying to systematically manage load, particularly compensatory conditioning for players without game time metadata Martín-García, Andrés and Gómez Díaz, Antonio and Bradley, Paul S. and Morera, Francesc and Casamichana Gomez, David mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, david.casamichana@uneatlantico.es (2018) Quantification of a Professional Football Team's External Load Using a Microcycle Structure. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 32 (12). pp. 3511-3518. ISSN 1064-8011

Article Subjects > Physical Education and Sport Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés The polarized training intensity distribution model (PTM) has demonstrated to achieve larger improvements than lactate threshold model (LTM) in elite and well-trained endurance athletes. However, there is a lack of knowledge about the effectivity of PTM with novice recreational runners. This research aimed to compare the impact of LTM vs PTM on a novice recreational runner’s performance. The athlete (age 32 y, body mass 73 kg, height 179 cm, basal HR 43 bpm, Σ6 skinfolds 51.6 mm) trained two consecutive seasons following a LTM and a PTM (~63%/32%/5% vs ~83%/14%/3% for zones 1, 2 and 3, respectively). In the 6th week of each season, a maximal test was performed to determine the physiologic thresholds and the maximum aerobic speed (MAS). During the intervention, training intensity was daily controlled based on HR. A half marathon race was performed at the end of each season to evaluate running performance. Training load was quantified based on TRIMPs model and the rate of perceived exertion (RPE) was recorded after each training session. Half marathon performance improved after the PTM season. Weekly TRIMPs were significantly higher during the 1st season. Training time and % of training time in zones 1 and 2 were significantly different between seasons. No differences were found between seasons for the weekly training time, nor for the RPE. PTM leads to a greater performance in a novice recreational runner. Nevertheless, a minimum training background and training time availability could be necessary to successfully apply this model in novice endurance athletes metadata MUÑOZ, IKER and VARELA-SANZ, ADRIÁN mail iker.munoz@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED (2018) Training intensity distribution and performance of a recreational male endurance runner. A case report. Journal of Physical Education and Sport, 18 (04). pp. 2257-2263. ISSN 2247-8051

2017

Article Subjects > Physical Education and Sport Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Cerrado Inglés To determine the effect of circadian rhythm on neuromuscular responses and kinematics related to physical tennis performance, after a standardised warm-up, 13 highly competitive male tennis players were tested twice for serve velocity/accuracy (SVA), countermovement vertical jump (CMJ), isometric handgrip strength (IS), agility T-test (AGIL) and a 10-m sprint (10-m RUN). In a randomised, counter-balance order, tennis players underwent the test battery twice, either in the morning (i.e., AM; 9:00 h) and in the afternoon (i.e., PM; 16:30 h). Paired t-tests were used to analyse differences due to time-of-day in performance variables. Comparison of morning versus afternoon testing revealed that SVA (168.5 ± 6.5 vs. 175.2 ± 6.1 km · h−1; P = 0.003; effect size [ES] = 1.07), CMJ (32.2 ± 0.9 vs. 33.7 ± 1.1 cm; P = 0.018; ES = 1.46), AGIL (10.14 ± 0.1 vs. 9.91 ± 0.2 s; P = 0.007; ES = 1.23) and 10-m RUN time (1.74 ± 0.1 vs. 1.69 ± 0.1 s; P = 0.021; ES = 0.67) were significantly blunted during the morning testing. However, IS was not affected by time-of-day (P = 0.891). Thus, tennis performance may be reduced when competing in the morning in comparison to early evening. Therefore, coaches and tennis players should focus on schedule the SVA, power, speed and agility training sessions in the afternoon. metadata López-Samane, Álvaro and Moreno-Pérez, Diego and Maté-Muñoz, José L. and Domínguez, Raúl and Pallarés, Jesús G. and Mora-Rodriguez, Ricardo and Ortega, Juan F. mail UNSPECIFIED (2017) Circadian rhythm effect on physical tennis performance in trained male players. Journal of Sports Sciences, 35 (21). pp. 2121-2128. ISSN 0264-0414

Article Subjects > Physical Education and Sport Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Español El objetivo del estudio ha sido analizar los efectos de un programa de entrenamiento específico de 8 semanas, que incluye ejercicios de fuerza excéntrica con dispositivos isoinerciales y con autocargas, sobre la condición física de jugadores de fútbol-sala semi-profesionales. Los 10 jugadores de fútbol-sala (23.73±5.5 años de edad;69.91±8.47 kg de peso; 172.27±6.62 cm de altura) fueron divididos al azar en dos grupos: Grupo Autocarga (GAUT; n=5) y Grupo Máquinas (GMAQ; n=5). Ambos grupos realizaron una sesión de entrenamiento con carga excéntrica a la semana, durante 8 microciclos de competición. El futbolista fue evaluado antes (pre-test), nada más finaliar (post-test) y 2 semanas después (re-test) de acabar el programa de intervención. Los test empleados fueron: test de flexibilidad sit-and-reach; test salto “squatjump” (SJ) y “countermovementjump” (CMJ); test de velocidad lineal 30-m; test de velocidad con cambio de dirección. El análisis a través de la prueba estadística Wilcoxon, reflejó mejoras significativas en el CMJ en el GAUT (p≤0.05), la velocidad lineal y en la prueba con cambio de dirección en el GAUT (p≤0.05) y GMAQ (p≤0.01), pero no se han encontrado diferencias intergrupo en ninguna de las variables estudiadas. Los resultados indican que los ejercicios de carga excéntrica pueden ser un complemento eficaz en los programas de entrenamiento específicos de jugadores de fútbol-sala, debido a su incidencia positiva sobre variables de rendimiento importantes como la velocidad no lineal. metadata Sánchez-Sánchez, Javier and Guillen Rodríguez, Javier and Martín García, David and Romo Martín, Daniel and Barrueco García, Javier and Bores Cerezal, Antonio mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, antonio.bores@uneatlantico.es (2017) Efectos de un entrenamiento con cargas excéntricas sobre el rendimiento en jugadores de fútbol sala. SPORT TK-Revista EuroAmericana de Ciencias del Deporte, 6 (1). pp. 57-66. ISSN 2340-8812

Article Subjects > Physical Education and Sport Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés The aim of this study was to compare heart rate (HR), rating of perceived exertion (RPE), and technical-tactical actions during small-sided games (SSGs) played without (CTR), with internal (IW), and with IW and external (IEW) wildcard players. A total of 22 young male soccer players (age 17.2 ± 0.9 years) randomly completed six 4vs4 SSG situations. The control conditions occurred with goals scored without goalkeeper (4vs4-NO) and with goalkeeper (4vs4-GK). During the experimental conditions, the situations incorporated 2 IW (4vs4+2IW-NO, 4vs4+2IW-GK) and 2 IEW (4vs4+2IW+2IEW-NO, 4vs4+2IW+2IEW-GK). Processed results did not include data from goalkeepers, IW, and IEW players. The HR was divided in intensity-zones (Z1, Z2, and Z3, for <80%, 80–90%, and >90% of maximal HR, respectively) and the analyzed technical-tactical actions were the pass, dribbling, collective success, and pause. The effects of IW and IEW were analyzed through repeated measures analysis of variance. During 4vs4+2IW+2IEW-NO, greater time was recorded in Z1 (p ≤ 0.05) compared with 4vs4-NO and 4s4+2IW-NO. During 4vs4+2IW+2IEW-GK, greater time was recorded in Z1 and less in Z3 (p ≤ 0.05) compared with 4vs4-GK. Greater RPE was reported in 4vs4-NO (p < 0.01) and 4vs4+2IW-NO (p < 0.01) compared with 4vs4+2IW+2IEW-NO, and during 4vs4-GK (p < 0.01) than 4vs4+2IW+2IEW-GK. Greater number of dribbling situations were recorded during 4vs4-NO (p ≤ 0.05) compared with 4vs4+2IW+2IEW-NO. In conclusion, compared with the control condition of 4vs4, the incorporation of IEW reduced HR, RPE, and dribbling actions. metadata Sanchez-Sanchez, Javier and Hernández, Daniel and Casamichana Gomez, David and Martínez-Salazar, Cristian and Ramirez-Campillo, Rodrigo and Sampaio, Jaime mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, david.casamichana@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED (2017) Heart Rate, Technical Performance, and Session-RPE in Elite Youth Soccer Small-Sided Games Played With Wildcard Players. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 31 (10). pp. 2678-2685. ISSN 1064-8011

Article Subjects > Physical Education and Sport Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Español El objetivo del presente estudio ha sido analizar la influencia de las variables situacionales tamaño del campo y horario del partido sobre ladistancia total recorrida por partido y los metros completados en diferentes rangos de velocidad de equipos de la Liga de Fútbol Profesional Española.Los 22 equipos de la 2ª División ‘A’ tomaron parte del estudio durante la temporada 2013/2014, dando como resultado 634 registros. Se estudió elcomportamiento físico de los equipos por medio del registro de la distancia total recorrida y la completada en cinco rangos de velocidad: distanciarecorrida a velocidad parado (DPa) < 2 km/h; distancia recorrida a velocidad caminando (DCa) 2-7.3 km/h; distancia recorrida a velocidad trotando(DTr) 7.3-14 km/h; distancia recorrida a velocidad corriendo (DCo) 14-21 km/h; distancia recorrida a velocidad esprintando (DEs) ≥ 21 km/h. Paraello se utilizó el sistema de seguimiento multicámara computarizado TRACAB (Chyronhego®, Estados Unidos). Los resultados mostraron que losequipos recorrieron más distancia (p<0,05) en un campo grande (CG) que en uno pequeño (CP) (11.905 ± 463 m vs. 11.722 ± 631 m, respectivamente).En el CG se realizaron más metros (p<0,01) en DPa y DCo, pero menos (p<0,05) en DCa que en el CP. El horario del partido sólo mostró diferenciasen DCo, siendo mayor (p<0,05) en horario de tarde y noche, respecto al de mañana. Conocer la influencia de variables situacionales en la demanda físicapodría ser clave para planificar los ciclos de entrenamiento, establecer el plan estratégico pre-partido o afinar los protocolos de recuperación.Palabras Clave: Fútbol, variables situacionales, distancia total, rendimiento físico. metadata Sánchez-Sanchez, Javier and Casamichana Gomez, David and Castellano, Julen and Gutierrez, Jaime mail UNSPECIFIED, david.casamichana@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED (2017) Influencia del tamaño del campo y horario del partido en la respuesta física de equipos de la Segunda División Española de Fútbol (Effect of pitch size and time of the match in the physical performance of teams the Spanish Second Division). Retos, 33. pp. 213-216. ISSN 1579-1726

Article Subjects > Physical Education and Sport Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés Purpose: To compare the absolute and relative training load of the Marathon (42k) and the Ironman (IM) training in recreational trained athletes. Methods: Fifteen Marathoners and Fifteen Triathletes participated in the study. Their performance level was the same relative to the sex's absolute winner at the race. No differences were presented neither in age, nor in body weight, height, BMI, running VO2max max, or endurance training experience (p > 0.05). They all trained systematically for their respective event (IM or 42k). Daily training load was recorded in a training log, and the last 16 weeks were compared. Before this, gas exchange and lactate metabolic tests were conducted in order to set individual training zones. The Objective Load Scale (ECOs) training load quantification method was applied. Differences between IM and 42k athletes' outcomes were assessed using Student's test and significance level was set at p < 0.05. Results: As expected, Competition Time was significantly different (IM 11 h 45 min ± 1 h 54 min vs. 42k 3 h 6 min ± 28 min, p < 0.001). Similarly, Training Weekly Avg Time (IM 12.9 h ± 2.6 vs. 42k 5.2 ± 0.9), and Average Weekly ECOs (IM 834 ± 171 vs. 42k 526 ± 118) were significantly higher in IM (p < 0.001). However, the Ratio between Training Load and Training Time was superior for 42k runners when comparing ECOs (IM 65.8 ± 11.8 vs. 42k 99.3 ± 6.8) (p < 0.001). Finally, all ratios between training time or load vs. Competition Time were superior for 42k (p < 0.001) (Training Time/Race Time: IM 1.1 ± 0.3 vs. 42k 1.7 ± 0.5), (ECOs Training Load/Race Time: IM 1.2 ± 0.3 vs. 42k 2.9 ± 1.0). Conclusions: In spite of IM athletes' superior training time and total or weekly training load, when comparing the ratios between training load and training time, and training time or training load vs. competition time, the preparation of a 42k showed to be harder. metadata Esteve-Lanao, Jonathan and Moreno-Pérez, Diego and Cardona, Claudia A. and Larumbe-Zabala, Eneko and Muñoz, Iker and Sellés, Sergio and Cejuela, Roberto mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, iker.munoz.@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED (2017) Is Marathon Training Harder than the Ironman Training? An ECO-method Comparison. Frontiers in Physiology, 8. ISSN 1664-042X

Article Subjects > Physical Education and Sport Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés Objective To analyze the influence of fins and rescue tube use in a water rescue, assessed by time and distance to salvage position, physiological parameters, and cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR). Methods Twenty professional lifeguards (10 men, 10 women) conducted 3 tests: a baseline test of 5 minutes of CPR and 2 water rescues, 1 without rescue equipment (NRE), and the other with fins and rescue tube (FRT). They also had to perform 5 minutes of CPR after each rescue. Time and distance of the rescues, physiological parameters (blood lactate concentration and heart rate), and quality of CPR were analyzed. Results CPR quality worsened by 26 to 28% (P < .001) after rescue. However, there were no differences using FRT. The use of rescue equipment reduced the time (FRT: 216±57 seconds; NRE: 319±127 seconds; P < .001) and distance covered (FRT: 265±52 m; NRE: 326±41 m; P < .001). No differences were found in lactate levels between FRT and NRE just after the rescues, but there were some after 5 minutes of subsequent CPR (FRT: 10.7±2.2 mmol/L; NRE: 12.6±1.8 mmol/L; P < .001). Comparing women with men, we found significant differences in lactate concentrations only in FRT (women: 9.6±1.4 mmol/L; men: 8.1±1.2 mmol/L; P = .031). Conclusions The use of fins and rescue tube provides a comprehensive benefit in an aquatic emergency. However, FRT did not have any effect on the quality of the postrescue CPR. metadata Abelairas-Gómez, Cristian and Barcala-Furelos, Roberto and Mecías-Calvo, Marcos and Rey-Eiras, Ezequiel and López-García, Sergio and Costas-Veiga, Javier and Bores-Cerezal, Antonio and Palacios-Aguilar, Jose mail cristian.abelairas@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, marcos.mecias@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, javier.costas@uneatlantico.es, antonio.bores@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED (2017) Prehospital Emergency Medicine at the Beach: What Is the Effect of Fins and Rescue Tubes in Lifesaving and Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation After Rescue? Wilderness & Environmental Medicine, 28 (3). pp. 176-184. ISSN 1080-6032

Article Subjects > Physical Education and Sport Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés The purpose of this study was to determine the reliability and usefulness of the 30-15 Intermittent Fitness Test (30-15IFT) in professional male and female futsal players. Thirteen male (24.4 ± 5.6 years; 174.5 ± 10.3 cm; 70.3 ± 9.9 kg) and fourteen female (23.3 ± 4.5 years; 165.8 ± 6.2 cm; 61.7 ± 5.5 kg) professional futsal players performed the 30-15IFT on two occasions, separated by 5 days. Maximal intermittent running velocity (VIFT) and heart rate at exhaustion (HRpeak) data were collected for both tests. Reliability was assessed by the intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC), typical error (TE) expressed as a coefficient of variation (CV), and smallest worthwhile change (SWC). VIFT demonstrated very good reliability between sessions, both for male (ICC = 0.92) and female (ICC = 0.96) players. As the TE for VIFT and HRpeak was similar to the calculated SWC for both male and female players, the usefulness of the test was rated as “medium”. A change in performance of at least 2 stages in male players, or a change of more than 1 stage in female players could be interpreted as a meaningful change in aerobic futsal fitness. The results of this study demonstrate that the 30-15IFT is both a reliable and useful test for male and female professional futsal players. metadata Valladares-Rodríguez, Santiago and Rey, Ezequiel and Mecías-Calvo, Marcos and Barcala-Furelos, Roberto and Bores-Cerezal, Antonio mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, marcos.mecias@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, antonio.bores@uneatlantico.es (2017) Reliability and Usefulness of the 30-15 Intermittent Fitness Test in Male and Female Professional Futsal Players. Journal of Human Kinetics, 60 (1). pp. 191-198. ISSN 1899-7562

2016

Article Subjects > Physical Education and Sport Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Cerrado Inglés Purpose The whole drowning process usually occurs within seconds to a few minutes. An early rescue may stop and/or prevent most medical complications. Fins, rescue tube, and rescue board (RB) are the equipment most frequently used by lifeguards. Our objective was to compare, in a water rescue quasiexperimental trial, these different pieces of rescue equipment to define the safest and with the lower rescue time as well as to assess their effects on the lifeguards' physiological state and cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) performance. Method A controlled trial was conducted to study the time effect of 4 different rescue techniques and assess CPR quality, along with the physiological effects of each rescue technique (blood lactate and subjective Borg's scale effort perception) on 35 lifeguards. Results Among the final sample subjects (n = 23), a total of 92 rescues were completed. Total water rescue time was longer without equipment (NE). The total rescue time was significantly lower using RB (P < .001). Similar good quality of CPR before and after water rescue was observed in all trials (P > .05), although correct ventilations represented less than 50% of total in all trials. Blood lactate increased after all rescues. The subjective effort Borg's scale showed significantly less effort using RB vs without equipment, fins, and fins and rescue tube. Conclusion The use of propelling and/or floating equipment saves precious time with repercussions in the reduction of drowning mortality and morbidity. The RB offers a significant advantage. Lifeguards need more CPR training, especially considering the importance of efficient ventilations for drowning victims. metadata Barcala-Furelos, Roberto and Szpilman, David and Palacios-Aguilar, Jose and Costas-Veiga, Javier and Abelairas-Gomez, Cristian and Bores-Cerezal, Antonio and López-García, Sergio and Rodríguez-Nuñez, Antonio mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, javier.costas@uneatlantico.es, cristian.abelairas@uneatlantico.es, antonio.bores@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED (2016) Assessing the efficacy of rescue equipment in lifeguard resuscitation efforts for drowning. The American Journal of Emergency Medicine, 34 (3). pp. 480-485. ISSN 0735-6757

2015

Article Subjects > Physical Education and Sport Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production UNSPECIFIED UNSPECIFIED Background: The cardiac parasympathetic reactivation is currently used in soccer with a daily or weekly monitoring. However, previous studies have not investigated how this cardiac parasympathetic reactivation is in elite soccer players along different types of traditional high-intensity training exercise and specific tests. In this context, the present study aim to analyse it and to determine the interests and limits of this type of physiological information. Objectives: The present study aims to examine how different traditional training exercise modes affect the cardiac parasympathetic reactivation function in elite soccer players. Materials and Methods: Twenty-two international soccer players participating in UEFA Champion’s League took part in this study (age: 24.3 ± 4.2 years; height: 178.1 ± 6.2 cm; body mass: 80.3 ± 5.7 kg). Players performed different training methods including: short-duration intermittent exercises (INT) in-line and with changes of direction (COD) (10 - 10 seconds, 15 - 15 seconds, 30 - 30 seconds, e.g. an alternance of 10 - 10 seconds is 10 seconds of running according to the maximal aerobic speed (MAS) and 10-sec of recovery), INT including agility and technical skills (8 - 24-seconds), small-sided-games (SSGs) with and without goalkeepers (2 vs. 2, 3 vs. 3, 4 vs. 4), and repeated sprint ability (RSA) efforts (10 × 20 m, 10 × 30 m, 15 × 20 m). Heart rate (HR) decline was recorded 3 minutes after each exercise. Results: HR declines were greater after the RSA compared to SSGs (P < 0.001) and INT (P < 0.01), especially at 1 min post-exercise. In addition, when the analysis focused on each type of exercise, greater HR declines were observed in on-field players at 1 minute when there was: inclusion of goalkeepers in SSGs (for 2 vs. 2 and 3 vs. 3, P < 0.01); increase of sprint distances or number of sprint repetitions in RSA (P < 0.01); increase of intensity (% of maximal aerobic speed), and the use of COD or inclusion of technical skills during INT, especially for the 30 - 30-seconds. Conclusions: This study revealed that cardiac parasympathetic reactivation function varied after INT, RSA and SSG, but also according to the rules manipulation. Therefore, this study provides interesting information for the training monitoring and players’ recovery profile, with the aim of facilitating a more efficient planning and manipulation of training recovery strategies according to their fitness markers. metadata Dellal, Alexandre and Casamichana Gomez, David and Castellano, Julen and Haddad, Monoem and Moalla, Wassim and Chamari, Karim mail UNSPECIFIED, david.casamichana@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED (2015) Cardiac Parasympathetic Reactivation in Elite Soccer Players During Different Types of Traditional High-Intensity Training Exercise Modes and Specific Tests: Interests and Limits. Asian Journal of Sports Medicine, 6 (4). ISSN 2008-000X

Article Subjects > Physical Education and Sport Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Español Introducción: la detección de jóvenes talentos en fútbol tiene un carácter multifactorial. Entre estos factores, la composición corporal y el salto vertical han mostrado su utilidad tanto en la detección de talentos como en el control del rendimiento y la recuperación de lesiones. Por ello, el objetivo de este estudio fue describir el perfil antropométrico y el rendimiento de salto en futbolistas de todas las categorías de formación en base a su demarcación en el terreno de juego. Métodos: participaron en el estudio cuatrocientos treinta y cuatro jóvenes futbolistas españoles de 7 a 25 años de edad (13,4 ± 3,45 años; 156 ± 17 cm; 47,9 ± 15,4 kg), con un mínimo de tres sesiones semanales de 1,5 horas por sesión. Todos ellos fueron clasificados en función de la edad o la categoría (U9, U11, U13, U15, U17 y U25) y la demarcación en el terreno de juego (porteros, defensas, centrocampistas y delanteros). Se evaluó la composición corporal por medio del método antropométrico y se registró la altura del salto del Squat Jump (SJ), del Counter Movement Jump (CMJ) y del Abalakov Jump (CMJA). Resultados: se encontraron diferencias significativas en las variables antropométrica y de salto vertical en base a la demarcación para las categorías U13, U15 y U25. Los porteros de la categoría U13 mostraron una mayor masa magra, tejido apendicular, área muscular del muslo y del brazo que el resto de las demarcaciones (P < 0,05). Mientras que en la categoría U25 los defensas mostraron un mejor rendimiento de salto que el resto de demarcaciones para el CMJA, que los centrocampistas y delanteros para el CMJ y que los centrocampistas para el SJ (P < 0,05). Conclusión: la utilización del salto vertical y el perfil antropométrico como factores en la detección de jóvenes talentos en fútbol debería tener en cuenta no solo la edad biológica y el desarrollo muscular de los sujetos, sino también la demarcación en el terreno de juego. metadata Chena Sinovas, Marcos and Pérez-López, Alberto and Álvarez Valverde, Irene and Bores Cerezal, Antonio and Ramos-Campo, Domingo and Rubio-Arias, Jacobo and Valadés Cerrato, David mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, antonio.bores@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED (2015) Influencia de la composición corporal sobre el rendimiento en salto vertical dependiendo de la categoría de la formación y la demarcación en futbolistas. Nutrición Hospitalaria, 32 (1). pp. 299-307. ISSN 1699-5198

Article Subjects > Physical Education and Sport Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production UNSPECIFIED UNSPECIFIED El propósito de este trabajo fue conocer la repercusión sobre los aspectos fisiológicos y técnicos de tres situaciones diferentes de juegos en espacios reducidos (JR) en jóvenes jugadores de fútbol. Las diferentes situaciones estudiadas fueron 3 vs 3, 4 vs 4 y 5 vs 5 en un espacio de 30x30, donde participaron 10 jugadores jóvenes de fútbol varones (edad 9.3 ± 0.7 años; altura 138.5 ± 10.5 cm y peso de 41.9 ± 6 kg y una experiencia de 2.2 ± 1.4 años). Las acciones técnicas se cuantificaron a partir de las grabaciones en vídeo y la respuesta fisiológica fue medida a través de la frecuencia cardíaca (%Fcmed y %Fcmáx) y de la percepción subjetiva del esfuerzo (PSE). Los resultados del análisis de varianza (ANOVA) reflejan diferencias significativas en las siguientes variables: pases buenos, pases malos, %Fcmed, %Fcmáx, tiempo entre 70-79 % y > 90 %Fcmáx y PSE. Los resultados encontrados ponen de relieve que la manipulación de la densidad en las tareas tiene efectos a diferentes niveles y por tanto debe ser tenido en cuenta por parte de los técnicos deportivos que trabajan con jugadores jóvenes a la hora de diseñar tareas de entrenamiento. La conclusión principal es que la utilización del formato 3 vs 3 parece ser más demandante tanto a nivel técnico como cardíaco. metadata Febré, Ricardo and Chirosa Ríos, Luis Javier and Casamichana Gomez, David and Chirosa, Ignacio Jesús and Martín-Tamayo, Ignacio and Pablos Abella, Carlos mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, david.csamichana@auneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED (2015) Influencia de la densidad de jugadores sobre la frecuencia cardíaca y respuestas técnicas en jóvenes jugadores de fútbol. [Influence of the density of players on their heart rate and its technical implications on young football players]. RICYDE. Revista internacional de ciencias del deporte, 40 (11). pp. 116-128. ISSN 18853137

Article Subjects > Physical Education and Sport Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production UNSPECIFIED UNSPECIFIED The aim of the present study was to examine the relationship between different kinds of intensity indicators in small-sided soccer games. This descriptive correlational study included 14 semi-professional male soccer players (21.3 ± 2.3 years, 174 ± 4.0 cm, 73.4 ± 5.1 kg) from the same team. The players were monitored by means of heart rate monitors and GPS devices during 27 small-sided games of nine different formats, yielding a total of 217 recordings. After each game the Borg scale was used to give a rate of perceived exertion (RPE). The internal load indicators were the mean heart rate relative to the individual maximum (%HRmean) and the RPE, while those for the external load were the player load, total distance covered, distance covered in two intensity ranges (>18 km·h-1 and >21 km·h-1), and frequency of effort (in the same two intensity ranges). There was a significant moderate correlation (r=0.506) between the two internal load measurements (%HRmean and RPE). Although there were significant correlations of different degrees between various external load measurements, only the player load was significantly correlated with the internal load indicators (r=0.331 with %HRmean and r=0.218 with RPE). During training programes of this kind, it is necessary to consider a range of intensity indicators so as to obtain complementary information. This will enable coaches to more accurately assess the load imposed on players and therefore optimize the training process. metadata Casamichana Gomez, David and Castellano, Julen mail david.casamichana@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED (2015) The Relationship Between Intensity Indicators in Small-Sided Soccer Games. Journal of Human Kinetics, 46 (1). pp. 119-128. ISSN 1899-7562

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Valorization of food products using natural functional compounds for improving organoleptic and functional chemistry

Producción Científica

Maurizio Battino mail maurizio.battino@uneatlantico.es, Tarun Belwal mail , Miguel A. Prieto mail ,

Battino

<a class="ep_document_link" href="/489/1/ijerph-19-00849.pdf"><img class="ep_doc_icon" alt="[img]" src="/489/1.hassmallThumbnailVersion/ijerph-19-00849.pdf" border="0"/></a><a href="/489/1/ijerph-19-00849.pdf" class="ep_document_link"><img class="ep_doc_icon" alt="[img]" src="/489/1.hassmallThumbnailVersion/ijerph-19-00849.pdf" border="0"/></a>

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Detection of Upper Limb Asymmetries in Athletes According to the Stage of the Season—A Longitudinal Study

Abstract: Sports injuries can affect the performance of athletes. For this reason, functional tests are used for injury assessment and prevention, analyzing physical or physiological imbalances and detecting asymmetries. The main aim of this study was to detect the asymmetries in the upper limbs (right and left arms) in athletes, using the OctoBalance Test (OB), depending on the stage of the season. Two hundred and fifty-two participants (age: 23.33 ± 8.96 years old; height: 178.63 ± 11.12 cm; body mass: 80.28 ± 17.61 kg; body mass index: 24.88 ± 4.58; sports experience: 12.52 ± 6.28 years), practicing different sports (rugby, athletics, football, swimming, handball, triathlon, basketball, hockey, badminton and volleyball), assessed with the OB in medial, superolateral, and inferolateral directions in both arms, in four moments of the season (May 2017, September 2017, February 2018 and May 2018). ANOVA test was used with repeated measures with a p ≤ 0.05, for the analysis of the different studied variances. Significant differences were found (p = 0.021) in the medial direction of the left arm, between the first (May 2017) and fourth stages (May 2018), with values of 71.02 ± 7.15 cm and 65.03 ± 7.66 cm. From the detection of asymmetries, using the OB to measure, in the medial, superolateral and inferolateral directions, mobility and balance can be assessed. In addition, it is possible to observe functional imbalances, as a risk factor for injury, in each of the stages into which the season is divided, which will help in the prevention of injuries and in the individualization of training.

Producción Científica

Álvaro Velarde-Sotres mail alvaro.velarde@uneatlantico.es, Antonio Bores-Cerezal mail antonio.bores@uneatlantico.es, Marcos Mecías-Calvo mail marcos.mecias@uneatlantico.es, Martín Barcala Furelos mail martin.barcala@uneatlantico.es, Silvia Aparicio Obregón mail silvia.aparicio@uneatlantico.es, Julio Calleja-González mail ,

Velarde-Sotres

<a class="ep_document_link" href="/490/1/sustainability-14-00913-v2.pdf"><img class="ep_doc_icon" alt="[img]" src="/490/1.hassmallThumbnailVersion/sustainability-14-00913-v2.pdf" border="0"/></a>

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Blockchain Interoperability: Towards a Sustainable Payment System

The highly fragmented blockchain and cryptocurrency ecosystem necessitates interoperability mechanisms as a requirement for blockchain-technology acceptance. The immediate implication of interchain interoperability is automatic swapping between cryptocurrencies. We performed a systematic review of the existing literature on Blockchain interoperability and atomic cross-chain transactions. We investigated different blockchain interoperability approaches, including industrial solutions, categorized them and identified the key mechanisms used, and list several example projects for each category. We focused on the atomic transactions between blockchain, a process also known as atomic swap. Furthermore, we studied recent implementations along with architectural approaches for atomic swap and deduced research issues and challenges in cross-chain interoperability and atomic swap. Atomic swap can instantly transfer tokens and significantly reduce the associated costs without using any centralized authority, and thus facilitates the development of a sustainable payment system for wider financial inclusion.

Producción Científica

Debasis Mohanty mail , Divya Anand mail , Hani Moaiteq Aljahdali mail , Santos Gracia Villar mail santos.gracia@uneatlantico.es,

Mohanty

<a class="ep_document_link" href="/495/1/ijerph-19-01256.pdf"><img class="ep_doc_icon" alt="[img]" src="/495/1.hassmallThumbnailVersion/ijerph-19-01256.pdf" border="0"/></a>

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The Regular Consumption of Nuts Is Associated with a Lower Prevalence of Abdominal Obesity and Metabolic Syndrome in Older People from the North of Spain

Background: The aim of this study was to relate the adherence to nut consumption (30 g) three or more days per week to the prevalence of abdominal obesity and metabolic syndrome (MetS) in an elderly population from the north of Spain. Methods: The study consists of an observational, descriptive, cross-sectional, and correlational study conducted in 556 non-institutionalised individuals between 65 and 79 years of age. To define the consumption recommendation of nuts the indication of the questionnaire MEDAS-14 was followed. The diagnosis of MetS was conducted using the International Diabetes Federation (IDF) criteria. Results: In 264 subjects aged 71.9 (SD: ±4.2) years old, 39% of whom were men, the adherence to nut consumption recommendations was 40.2%. Of these individuals, 79.5% had abdominal obesity. The prevalence of MetS was 40.2%, being 47.6% in men and 35.4% in women (p < 0.05). A nut consumption lower than recommended was associated with a 19% higher prevalence of abdominal obesity (Prevalence Ratio: 1.19; 95% CI: 1.03−1.37; p < 0.05) and a 61% higher prevalence of MetS (Prevalence Ratio: 1.61; 95% CI: 1.16−2.25; p = 0.005) compared to a consumption of ≥3 servings per week. Conclusion: An inverse relationship was established between nut consumption and the prevalence of abdominal obesity and metabolic syndrome.

Producción Científica

Gloria Cubas-Basterrechea mail , Iñaki Elío Pascual mail inaki.elio@uneatlantico.es, Sandra Sumalla Cano mail sandra.sumalla@uneatlantico.es, Silvia Aparicio Obregón mail silvia.aparicio@uneatlantico.es, Carolina Teresa González-Antón mail , Pedro Muñoz-Cacho mail ,

Cubas-Basterrechea

<a class="ep_document_link" href="/496/1/CO-WM-03886-02.pdf"><img class="ep_doc_icon" alt="[img]" src="/496/1.hassmallThumbnailVersion/CO-WM-03886-02.pdf" border="0"/></a><a class="ep_document_link" href="/496/1/CO-WM-03886-02.pdf"><img class="ep_doc_icon" alt="[img]" src="/496/1.hassmallThumbnailVersion/CO-WM-03886-02.pdf" border="0"/></a>

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Effects of ergo-nutritional strategies on recovery in combat sports disciplines

In order to improve the recovery process in combat sports disciplines, ergo-nutritional strategies could be an effective option in training and competition. Some of these ergo-nutritional aids could improve performance but literature references are scarce, with controversial results regarding actual recovery effects. This systematic review aimed to examine which ergo-nutritional methods are most effective for assisting in the recovery process in combat sports, and to determine the appropriate training stimuli. This systematic review was carried out following the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Review (PRISMA) guidelines. A computerized search was performed in PubMed, Web of Science, the Cochrane Collaboration Database, Evidence Database, Evidence Based Medicine Search review, National Guidelines, EM-BASE, Scopus and Google Scholar system (from 1995 to April 30, 2021). The PICOS model was used to define inclusion and exclusion criteria. Out of 123 studies initially found, 18 met the eligibility criteria and were included in the review. Data from 367 athletes from different disciplines were examined. The evidence was grouped in 4 areas: oxidative stress, muscle and energy recovery, muscle repair, and metabolic acidosis. Evidence showed that vitamins, minerals, and some natural ergo-nutritional products are effective as antioxidants. Carbohydrates and protein determine the recovery effect. Sodium bicarbonate has a role as primary acidosis metabolic delayer. Accordingly, ergo-nutritional aids can help in the recovery process. Considering the effects outlined in the literature, more studies are needed to provide firm evidence.

Producción Científica

Isaac López Laval mail , Diego Marqués Giménez mail , Álvaro Velarde-Sotres mail alvaro.velarde@uneatlantico.es, Sebastian Sitko mail , Julio Calleja Gonzalez mail ,

López Laval