Adesão à Imunização entre Caminhoneiros no Município de Itapoá, na Região Nordeste Santa Catarina.

Thesis Subjects > Biomedicine Europe University of Atlantic > Teaching > Final Master Projects Cerrado Portugués Introdução: A vacinação é uma importante e indispensável ferramenta para a imunização das populações, oportunizando a diminuição do risco de contágio para uma série de doenças. Objetivo: Analisar a adesão à vacinação dos caminhoneiros. Metodologia: Foi realizada uma pesquisa descritiva. O grupo analisado foi formado estritamente por caminhoneiros situados nas mais variadas faixas etárias, todos eles residentes no município de Itapoá, situado no estado de Santa Catarina, região Nordeste do estado. Foi aplicado um questionário composto por 12 perguntas com o intuito de trazer informações importantes sobre a adesão à vacinação e suas características, especificamente neste grupo de profissionais. Resultados: Foi possível observar que 65% dos motoristas não estavam cumprindo o calendário de vacinação prescrito, enquanto 35% estavam cumprindo com rigor o protocolo pré-determinado. Para a maioria dos entrevistados (95%) a vacinação é muito importante para a sua profissão. Indagados acerca do risco associado à não vacinação, observou-se que a totalidade da amostra, ou seja, 100% estão cientes dos riscos que correm diante da não vacinação, corroborado pelas respostas obtidas nos demais questionamentos. Na visão dos motoristas, as campanhas de vacinação são fundamentais para a divulgação dos protocolos de vacinação. Cerca 60% consideram existir falha na divulgação das campanhas havendo a necessidade de maior divulgação destas, especialmente nos locais de maior circulação de caminhoneiros, como postos de combustível, praças de pedágio, entre outros. Conclusões: Concluiu-se que há um consenso geral entre os motoristas de caminhão acerca da importância da vacinação na prevenção de doenças comuns que acometem não somente estes profissionais, mas todas as populações. Observou-se também, que as campanhas de vacinação devem ser realizadas em locais mais acessíveis para estes profissionais, dadas as condições e características da atividade que exercem. No global, os profissionais são conhecedores da importância da imunização na prevenção de doenças, para si próprios e para os seus familiares, buscando cumprir os protocolos e recomendações dos órgãos de saúde. metadata da Rocha de Souza, Cacilda mail kacy_cacinha@hotmail.com (2022) Adesão à Imunização entre Caminhoneiros no Município de Itapoá, na Região Nordeste Santa Catarina. Masters thesis, UNSPECIFIED.

Full text not available from this repository.

Abstract

Introdução: A vacinação é uma importante e indispensável ferramenta para a imunização das populações, oportunizando a diminuição do risco de contágio para uma série de doenças. Objetivo: Analisar a adesão à vacinação dos caminhoneiros. Metodologia: Foi realizada uma pesquisa descritiva. O grupo analisado foi formado estritamente por caminhoneiros situados nas mais variadas faixas etárias, todos eles residentes no município de Itapoá, situado no estado de Santa Catarina, região Nordeste do estado. Foi aplicado um questionário composto por 12 perguntas com o intuito de trazer informações importantes sobre a adesão à vacinação e suas características, especificamente neste grupo de profissionais. Resultados: Foi possível observar que 65% dos motoristas não estavam cumprindo o calendário de vacinação prescrito, enquanto 35% estavam cumprindo com rigor o protocolo pré-determinado. Para a maioria dos entrevistados (95%) a vacinação é muito importante para a sua profissão. Indagados acerca do risco associado à não vacinação, observou-se que a totalidade da amostra, ou seja, 100% estão cientes dos riscos que correm diante da não vacinação, corroborado pelas respostas obtidas nos demais questionamentos. Na visão dos motoristas, as campanhas de vacinação são fundamentais para a divulgação dos protocolos de vacinação. Cerca 60% consideram existir falha na divulgação das campanhas havendo a necessidade de maior divulgação destas, especialmente nos locais de maior circulação de caminhoneiros, como postos de combustível, praças de pedágio, entre outros. Conclusões: Concluiu-se que há um consenso geral entre os motoristas de caminhão acerca da importância da vacinação na prevenção de doenças comuns que acometem não somente estes profissionais, mas todas as populações. Observou-se também, que as campanhas de vacinação devem ser realizadas em locais mais acessíveis para estes profissionais, dadas as condições e características da atividade que exercem. No global, os profissionais são conhecedores da importância da imunização na prevenção de doenças, para si próprios e para os seus familiares, buscando cumprir os protocolos e recomendações dos órgãos de saúde.

Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Imunização, Saúde Publica, Caminhoneiros, Vacina; Campanha
Subjects: Subjects > Biomedicine
Divisions: Europe University of Atlantic > Teaching > Final Master Projects
Date Deposited: 03 Nov 2023 23:30
Last Modified: 03 Nov 2023 23:30
URI: https://repositorio.uneatlantico.es/id/eprint/1858

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item

<a href="/10290/1/Influence%20of%20E-learning%20training%20on%20the%20acquisition%20of%20competences%20in%20basketball%20coaches%20in%20Cantabria.pdf" class="ep_document_link"><img class="ep_doc_icon" alt="[img]" src="/10290/1.hassmallThumbnailVersion/Influence%20of%20E-learning%20training%20on%20the%20acquisition%20of%20competences%20in%20basketball%20coaches%20in%20Cantabria.pdf" border="0"/></a>

en

open

Influence of E-learning training on the acquisition of competences in basketball coaches in Cantabria

The main aim of this study was to analyse the influence of e-learning training on the acquisition of competences in basketball coaches in Cantabria. The current landscape of basketball coach training shows an increasing demand for innovative training models and emerging pedagogies, including e-learning-based methodologies. The study sample consisted of fifty students from these courses, all above 16 years of age (36 males, 14 females). Among them, 16% resided outside the autonomous community of Cantabria, 10% resided more than 50 km from the city of Santander, 36% between 10 and 50 km, 14% less than 10 km, and 24% resided within Santander city. Data were collected through a Google Forms survey distributed by the Cantabrian Basketball Federation to training course students. Participation was voluntary and anonymous. The survey, consisting of 56 questions, was validated by two sports and health doctors and two senior basketball coaches. The collected data were processed and analysed using Microsoft® Excel version 16.74, and the results were expressed in percentages. The analysis revealed that 24.60% of the students trained through the e-learning methodology considered themselves fully qualified as basketball coaches, contrasting with 10.98% of those trained via traditional face-to-face methodology. The results of the study provide insights into important characteristics that can be adjusted and improved within the investigated educational process. Moreover, the study concludes that e-learning training effectively qualifies basketball coaches in Cantabria.

Producción Científica

Josep Alemany Iturriaga mail josep.alemany@uneatlantico.es, Álvaro Velarde-Sotres mail alvaro.velarde@uneatlantico.es, Javier Jorge mail , Kamil Giglio mail ,

Alemany Iturriaga

en

close

Do ICT firms manage R&D differently? Firm-level and macroeconomic effects on corporate R&D investment: Empirical evidence from a multi-countries context

Technological firms invest in R&D looking for innovative solutions but assuming high costs and great (technological) uncertainty regarding final results and returns. Additionally, they face other problems related to R&D management. This empirical study tries to determine which of the factors favour or constrain the decision of these firms to engage in R&D. The analysis uses financial data of 14,619 ICT listed companies of 22 countries from 2003 to 2018. Additionally, macroeconomic data specific for the countries and the sector were used. For the analysis of dynamic panel data, a System-GMM method is used. Among the findings, we highlight that cash flow, contrary to the known theoretical models and empirical evidences, negatively impacts on R&D investment. Debt is neither the right source for R&D funding, as the effect is also negative. This suggests that ICT companies are forced to manage their R&D activities differently, relying more on other funding sources, taking advantage of growth opportunities and benefiting from a favourable macroeconomic environment in terms of growth and increased business sector spending on R&D. These results are similar in both sub-sectors and in all countries, both bank- and market based. The exception is firms with few growth opportunities and little debt.

Producción Científica

Inna Alexeeva-Alexeev mail inna.alexeeva@uneatlantico.es, Cristina Mazas Pérez-Oleag mail cristina.mazas@uneatlantico.es,

Alexeeva-Alexeev

<a href="/10845/1/pharmaceuticals-17-00236.pdf" class="ep_document_link"><img class="ep_doc_icon" alt="[img]" src="/10845/1.hassmallThumbnailVersion/pharmaceuticals-17-00236.pdf" border="0"/></a>

en

open

Isoflavones Effects on Vascular and Endothelial Outcomes: How Is the Gut Microbiota Involved?

Isoflavones are a group of (poly)phenols, also defined as phytoestrogens, with chemical structures comparable with estrogen, that exert weak estrogenic effects. These phytochemical compounds have been targeted for their proven antioxidant and protective effects. Recognizing the increasing prevalence of cardiovascular diseases (CVD), there is a growing interest in understanding the potential cardiovascular benefits associated with these phytochemical compounds. Gut microbiota may play a key role in mediating the effects of isoflavones on vascular and endothelial functions, as it is directly implicated in isoflavones metabolism. The findings from randomized clinical trials indicate that isoflavone supplementation may exert putative effects on vascular biomarkers among healthy individuals, but not among patients affected by cardiometabolic disorders. These results might be explained by the enzymatic transformation to which isoflavones are subjected by the gut microbiota, suggesting that a diverse composition of the microbiota may determine the diverse bioavailability of these compounds. Specifically, the conversion of isoflavones in equol—a microbiota-derived metabolite—seems to differ between individuals. Further studies are needed to clarify the intricate molecular mechanisms behind these contrasting results.

Producción Científica

Samuele Laudani mail , Justyna Godos mail , Giovanni Luca Romano mail , Lucia Gozzo mail , Federica Martina Di Domenico mail , Irma Dominguez Azpíroz mail irma.dominguez@unini.edu.mx, Raquel Martínez Díaz mail raquel.martinez@uneatlantico.es, Francesca Giampieri mail francesca.giampieri@uneatlantico.es, José L. Quiles mail jose.quiles@uneatlantico.es, Maurizio Battino mail maurizio.battino@uneatlantico.es, Filippo Drago mail , Fabio Galvano mail , Giuseppe Grosso mail ,

Laudani

en

close

Could Celiac Disease and Overweight/Obesity Coexist in School-Aged Children and Adolescents? A Systematic Review

Background: Celiac disease (CD) is a multifactorial, immune-mediated enteropathic disorder that may occur at any age with heterogeneous clinical presentation. In the last years, unusual manifestations have become very frequent, and currently, it is not so uncommon to diagnose CD in subjects with overweight or obesity, especially in adults; however, little is known in the pediatric population. This systematic review aims to evaluate the literature regarding the association between CD and overweight/obesity in school-age children. Methods: The Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses guidelines were followed. An electronic database search of articles published in the last 20 years in English was carried out in Web of Sciences, PubMed, and Medline. The quality of the included studies was assessed by using the STrengthening the Reporting of OBservational studies in Epidemiology statement. Results: Of the 1396 articles identified, 9 articles, investigating overweight/obesity in children/adolescents affected by CD or screening CD in children/adolescents with overweight/obesity, met the inclusion criteria. Overall, the results showed that the prevalence of overweight or obesity in school-age children (6–17 years) affected by CD ranged between 3.5% and 20%, highlighting that the coexistence of CD with overweight/obesity in children is not uncommon as previously thought. Conclusion: Although CD has been historically correlated with being underweight due to malabsorption, it should be evaluated also in children with overweight and obesity, especially those who have a familiar predisposition to other autoimmune diseases and/or manifest unusual symptoms of CD.

Producción Científica

Rachele De Giuseppe mail , Francesca Bergomas mail , Federica Loperfido mail , Francesca Giampieri mail francesca.giampieri@uneatlantico.es, Giorgia Preatoni mail , Valeria Calcaterra mail , Hellas Cena mail ,

De Giuseppe

en

close

Effects of enzymatic treatment on the in vitro digestion and fermentation patterns of mulberry fruit juice: A focus on carbohydrates

The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of enzymatic treatments (pectinase, pectin lyase, and cellulase) on the in vitro digestion and fermentation characteristics of whole mulberry fruit juice. The analysis focused on changes in carbohydrate properties within the black mulberry fruit matrix during simulated digestion and fermentation. Human fecal microbiota were collected and introduced to the fruit matrix to monitor the fate of both soluble and insoluble polysaccharides during fermentation. The results revealed that enzymatic treatments enhanced the solubilization of carbohydrates from mulberry fruits, with pectinase showing the most significant effect. Throughout the process of in vitro digestion, there was a gradual increase in the percentage of solubilized carbohydrates from the mulberry juice substrate. The digested suspensions underwent dialysis to remove degradation fragments, and a lower quantity of carbohydrate in the enzyme-treated groups compared to the control. Polysaccharide populations with varying molecular weights (Mw) were obtained from the soluble fractions of mulberry residues for subsequent fermentation. An increase in Mw of soluble polysaccharides was detected by HPSEC during fermentation in certain cases. The gut microbiota demonstrated the ability to convert specific insoluble fractions into soluble components, which were subsequently subjected to microbial utilization. Enzymatic treatments during mulberry juice preparation can potentially positively impact health by influencing gut microbiota and short-chain fatty acid (SCFA) modulations. Enzymes could serve as valuable tools for producing functional fruit and vegetable juices, with the need to specify processing conditions for specific raw materials remaining a subject of further investigation.

Producción Científica

Peihuan Luo mail , Jian Ai mail , Yuxin Wang mail , Songen Wang mail , Henk A. Schols mail , Hauke Smidt mail , Maurizio Battino mail maurizio.battino@uneatlantico.es, Weibin Bai mail , Lingmin Tian mail ,

Luo