Developing and Implementing Effective Classroom Techniques through Communicative Language Teaching (CLT) for Acquiring Oral Proficiency among Adult ESL Learners Coursing a Hybrid Program

Thesis Subjects > Teaching Europe University of Atlantic > Teaching > Final Master Projects
Ibero-american International University > Teaching > Final Master Projects
Cerrado Inglés Developing and Implementing Effective Classroom Techniques through Communicative Language Teaching (CLT) for Acquiring Oral Proficiency among Adult ESL Learners Coursing a Hybrid ProgramAdult ESL learners are continuously coming to language schools in order to learn the new language. Their interests in learning to speak English include a variety of reasons. In short, to adjust to a new culture and to acquire the skills to survive and thrive in that new culture. It is well known that many approaches to teaching have arisen from researchers’ studies to ensure to development of oral competence. Communicative Language Teaching is an approach to teaching that focuses on developing speaking skills among learners. Both educators and adult learners admit that developing speaking skills in English is not an easy task. Adult learners usually struggle to maintain a conversation in English. Many cognitive, social, and personal factors are involved in adult language teaching. The topic aims to analyze those factors that interfere with the development of oral proficiency among adult ESL learners who take classes partially online under Communicative Language teaching methodology at a language school in Newark, New Jersey. It also aims to design classroom techniques that ensure the development of this competency. It collects data regarding students’ thoughts on the CLT methodology, the social barriers they face while learning a new language, and the learning strategies they use to develop oral competence. Also, the work seeks to shed some light on teachers’ techniques to help students overcome the obstacles that prevent them from developing oral competence. A quantitative, descriptive research approach was carried out for the completion of this project. We describe the situation and the nature of its existence at the time of the study. We give details regarding the type of students at the institution, and we explain in full detail the way classes are carried out. We did in-depth interviews with students and teachers as well, to find out the cause of the problem. A qualitative approach was also taken into consideration. We used qualitative research tools such as surveys and readily data from the institution. Results show that students are overall satisfied with the efficiency of the CLT methodology for promoting oral competence. On the other hand, one of the main red flag aspects shown in the results is that students are not practicing English outside of the classroom context. They lack the real-life context to practice or they are too shy to use the language that they have already acquired. Also, the learning strategies they use to learn and practice English are not effective enough. They mainly rely on translation to their mother tongue when it comes to learning vocabulary or grammar. The techniques used by teachers at the center are efficient in developing speaking skills, however, the institution provides the teaching methodology for teachers and requires them to stick to it when instructing students. This leaves teachers with a narrow frame to use and implement their teaching style and to broadly reach students’ oral competence needs. Keywords: CLT Methodology, Learning Cognitive Factors, Oral Proficiency, Teaching Techniques, Blended Learning. metadata Uceta De Rodríguez, Gidelca Mabel mail cutemabe@hotmail.es (2022) Developing and Implementing Effective Classroom Techniques through Communicative Language Teaching (CLT) for Acquiring Oral Proficiency among Adult ESL Learners Coursing a Hybrid Program. Masters thesis, UNSPECIFIED.

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Abstract

Developing and Implementing Effective Classroom Techniques through Communicative Language Teaching (CLT) for Acquiring Oral Proficiency among Adult ESL Learners Coursing a Hybrid ProgramAdult ESL learners are continuously coming to language schools in order to learn the new language. Their interests in learning to speak English include a variety of reasons. In short, to adjust to a new culture and to acquire the skills to survive and thrive in that new culture. It is well known that many approaches to teaching have arisen from researchers’ studies to ensure to development of oral competence. Communicative Language Teaching is an approach to teaching that focuses on developing speaking skills among learners. Both educators and adult learners admit that developing speaking skills in English is not an easy task. Adult learners usually struggle to maintain a conversation in English. Many cognitive, social, and personal factors are involved in adult language teaching. The topic aims to analyze those factors that interfere with the development of oral proficiency among adult ESL learners who take classes partially online under Communicative Language teaching methodology at a language school in Newark, New Jersey. It also aims to design classroom techniques that ensure the development of this competency. It collects data regarding students’ thoughts on the CLT methodology, the social barriers they face while learning a new language, and the learning strategies they use to develop oral competence. Also, the work seeks to shed some light on teachers’ techniques to help students overcome the obstacles that prevent them from developing oral competence. A quantitative, descriptive research approach was carried out for the completion of this project. We describe the situation and the nature of its existence at the time of the study. We give details regarding the type of students at the institution, and we explain in full detail the way classes are carried out. We did in-depth interviews with students and teachers as well, to find out the cause of the problem. A qualitative approach was also taken into consideration. We used qualitative research tools such as surveys and readily data from the institution. Results show that students are overall satisfied with the efficiency of the CLT methodology for promoting oral competence. On the other hand, one of the main red flag aspects shown in the results is that students are not practicing English outside of the classroom context. They lack the real-life context to practice or they are too shy to use the language that they have already acquired. Also, the learning strategies they use to learn and practice English are not effective enough. They mainly rely on translation to their mother tongue when it comes to learning vocabulary or grammar. The techniques used by teachers at the center are efficient in developing speaking skills, however, the institution provides the teaching methodology for teachers and requires them to stick to it when instructing students. This leaves teachers with a narrow frame to use and implement their teaching style and to broadly reach students’ oral competence needs. Keywords: CLT Methodology, Learning Cognitive Factors, Oral Proficiency, Teaching Techniques, Blended Learning.

Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
Uncontrolled Keywords: CLT Methodology, Learning Cognitive Factors, Oral Proficiency, Teaching Techniques, Blended Learning.
Subjects: Subjects > Teaching
Divisions: Europe University of Atlantic > Teaching > Final Master Projects
Ibero-american International University > Teaching > Final Master Projects
Date Deposited: 24 Oct 2023 23:30
Last Modified: 24 Oct 2023 23:30
URI: https://repositorio.uneatlantico.es/id/eprint/1216

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<a href="/10290/1/Influence%20of%20E-learning%20training%20on%20the%20acquisition%20of%20competences%20in%20basketball%20coaches%20in%20Cantabria.pdf" class="ep_document_link"><img class="ep_doc_icon" alt="[img]" src="/10290/1.hassmallThumbnailVersion/Influence%20of%20E-learning%20training%20on%20the%20acquisition%20of%20competences%20in%20basketball%20coaches%20in%20Cantabria.pdf" border="0"/></a>

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Influence of E-learning training on the acquisition of competences in basketball coaches in Cantabria

The main aim of this study was to analyse the influence of e-learning training on the acquisition of competences in basketball coaches in Cantabria. The current landscape of basketball coach training shows an increasing demand for innovative training models and emerging pedagogies, including e-learning-based methodologies. The study sample consisted of fifty students from these courses, all above 16 years of age (36 males, 14 females). Among them, 16% resided outside the autonomous community of Cantabria, 10% resided more than 50 km from the city of Santander, 36% between 10 and 50 km, 14% less than 10 km, and 24% resided within Santander city. Data were collected through a Google Forms survey distributed by the Cantabrian Basketball Federation to training course students. Participation was voluntary and anonymous. The survey, consisting of 56 questions, was validated by two sports and health doctors and two senior basketball coaches. The collected data were processed and analysed using Microsoft® Excel version 16.74, and the results were expressed in percentages. The analysis revealed that 24.60% of the students trained through the e-learning methodology considered themselves fully qualified as basketball coaches, contrasting with 10.98% of those trained via traditional face-to-face methodology. The results of the study provide insights into important characteristics that can be adjusted and improved within the investigated educational process. Moreover, the study concludes that e-learning training effectively qualifies basketball coaches in Cantabria.

Producción Científica

Josep Alemany Iturriaga mail josep.alemany@uneatlantico.es, Álvaro Velarde-Sotres mail alvaro.velarde@uneatlantico.es, Javier Jorge mail , Kamil Giglio mail ,

Alemany Iturriaga

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Do ICT firms manage R&D differently? Firm-level and macroeconomic effects on corporate R&D investment: Empirical evidence from a multi-countries context

Technological firms invest in R&D looking for innovative solutions but assuming high costs and great (technological) uncertainty regarding final results and returns. Additionally, they face other problems related to R&D management. This empirical study tries to determine which of the factors favour or constrain the decision of these firms to engage in R&D. The analysis uses financial data of 14,619 ICT listed companies of 22 countries from 2003 to 2018. Additionally, macroeconomic data specific for the countries and the sector were used. For the analysis of dynamic panel data, a System-GMM method is used. Among the findings, we highlight that cash flow, contrary to the known theoretical models and empirical evidences, negatively impacts on R&D investment. Debt is neither the right source for R&D funding, as the effect is also negative. This suggests that ICT companies are forced to manage their R&D activities differently, relying more on other funding sources, taking advantage of growth opportunities and benefiting from a favourable macroeconomic environment in terms of growth and increased business sector spending on R&D. These results are similar in both sub-sectors and in all countries, both bank- and market based. The exception is firms with few growth opportunities and little debt.

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Inna Alexeeva-Alexeev mail inna.alexeeva@uneatlantico.es, Cristina Mazas Pérez-Oleag mail cristina.mazas@uneatlantico.es,

Alexeeva-Alexeev

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Isoflavones Effects on Vascular and Endothelial Outcomes: How Is the Gut Microbiota Involved?

Isoflavones are a group of (poly)phenols, also defined as phytoestrogens, with chemical structures comparable with estrogen, that exert weak estrogenic effects. These phytochemical compounds have been targeted for their proven antioxidant and protective effects. Recognizing the increasing prevalence of cardiovascular diseases (CVD), there is a growing interest in understanding the potential cardiovascular benefits associated with these phytochemical compounds. Gut microbiota may play a key role in mediating the effects of isoflavones on vascular and endothelial functions, as it is directly implicated in isoflavones metabolism. The findings from randomized clinical trials indicate that isoflavone supplementation may exert putative effects on vascular biomarkers among healthy individuals, but not among patients affected by cardiometabolic disorders. These results might be explained by the enzymatic transformation to which isoflavones are subjected by the gut microbiota, suggesting that a diverse composition of the microbiota may determine the diverse bioavailability of these compounds. Specifically, the conversion of isoflavones in equol—a microbiota-derived metabolite—seems to differ between individuals. Further studies are needed to clarify the intricate molecular mechanisms behind these contrasting results.

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Samuele Laudani mail , Justyna Godos mail , Giovanni Luca Romano mail , Lucia Gozzo mail , Federica Martina Di Domenico mail , Irma Dominguez Azpíroz mail irma.dominguez@unini.edu.mx, Raquel Martínez Díaz mail raquel.martinez@uneatlantico.es, Francesca Giampieri mail francesca.giampieri@uneatlantico.es, José L. Quiles mail jose.quiles@uneatlantico.es, Maurizio Battino mail maurizio.battino@uneatlantico.es, Filippo Drago mail , Fabio Galvano mail , Giuseppe Grosso mail ,

Laudani

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Could Celiac Disease and Overweight/Obesity Coexist in School-Aged Children and Adolescents? A Systematic Review

Background: Celiac disease (CD) is a multifactorial, immune-mediated enteropathic disorder that may occur at any age with heterogeneous clinical presentation. In the last years, unusual manifestations have become very frequent, and currently, it is not so uncommon to diagnose CD in subjects with overweight or obesity, especially in adults; however, little is known in the pediatric population. This systematic review aims to evaluate the literature regarding the association between CD and overweight/obesity in school-age children. Methods: The Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses guidelines were followed. An electronic database search of articles published in the last 20 years in English was carried out in Web of Sciences, PubMed, and Medline. The quality of the included studies was assessed by using the STrengthening the Reporting of OBservational studies in Epidemiology statement. Results: Of the 1396 articles identified, 9 articles, investigating overweight/obesity in children/adolescents affected by CD or screening CD in children/adolescents with overweight/obesity, met the inclusion criteria. Overall, the results showed that the prevalence of overweight or obesity in school-age children (6–17 years) affected by CD ranged between 3.5% and 20%, highlighting that the coexistence of CD with overweight/obesity in children is not uncommon as previously thought. Conclusion: Although CD has been historically correlated with being underweight due to malabsorption, it should be evaluated also in children with overweight and obesity, especially those who have a familiar predisposition to other autoimmune diseases and/or manifest unusual symptoms of CD.

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Rachele De Giuseppe mail , Francesca Bergomas mail , Federica Loperfido mail , Francesca Giampieri mail francesca.giampieri@uneatlantico.es, Giorgia Preatoni mail , Valeria Calcaterra mail , Hellas Cena mail ,

De Giuseppe

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Effects of enzymatic treatment on the in vitro digestion and fermentation patterns of mulberry fruit juice: A focus on carbohydrates

The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of enzymatic treatments (pectinase, pectin lyase, and cellulase) on the in vitro digestion and fermentation characteristics of whole mulberry fruit juice. The analysis focused on changes in carbohydrate properties within the black mulberry fruit matrix during simulated digestion and fermentation. Human fecal microbiota were collected and introduced to the fruit matrix to monitor the fate of both soluble and insoluble polysaccharides during fermentation. The results revealed that enzymatic treatments enhanced the solubilization of carbohydrates from mulberry fruits, with pectinase showing the most significant effect. Throughout the process of in vitro digestion, there was a gradual increase in the percentage of solubilized carbohydrates from the mulberry juice substrate. The digested suspensions underwent dialysis to remove degradation fragments, and a lower quantity of carbohydrate in the enzyme-treated groups compared to the control. Polysaccharide populations with varying molecular weights (Mw) were obtained from the soluble fractions of mulberry residues for subsequent fermentation. An increase in Mw of soluble polysaccharides was detected by HPSEC during fermentation in certain cases. The gut microbiota demonstrated the ability to convert specific insoluble fractions into soluble components, which were subsequently subjected to microbial utilization. Enzymatic treatments during mulberry juice preparation can potentially positively impact health by influencing gut microbiota and short-chain fatty acid (SCFA) modulations. Enzymes could serve as valuable tools for producing functional fruit and vegetable juices, with the need to specify processing conditions for specific raw materials remaining a subject of further investigation.

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Peihuan Luo mail , Jian Ai mail , Yuxin Wang mail , Songen Wang mail , Henk A. Schols mail , Hauke Smidt mail , Maurizio Battino mail maurizio.battino@uneatlantico.es, Weibin Bai mail , Lingmin Tian mail ,

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