Search results for Maurizio Battino

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41. Article Subjects > Nutrition Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Cerrado Inglés Dietary polyphenols have been recently proposed as activators of the AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) signaling pathway and this fact might explain the relationship between the consumption of polyphenol-rich foods and the slowdown of the progression of aging. In the present work, the effects of strawberry consumption were evaluated on biomarkers of oxidative damage and on aging-associated reductions in mitochondrial function and biogenesis for 8weeks in old rats. Strawberry supplementation increased antioxidant enzyme activities, mitochondrial biomass and functionality, and decreased intracellular ROS levels and biomarkers of protein, lipid and DNA damage (P<0.05). Furthermore, a significant (P<0.05) increase in the expression of the AMPK cascade genes, involved in mitochondrial biogenesis and antioxidant defences, was also detected after strawberry intake. These in vivo results were then verified in vitro on HepG2 cells, confirming the involvement of AMPK in the beneficial effects exerted by strawberry against aging progression. metadata Giampieri, Francesca and Alvarez-Suarez, Josè M. and Cordero, Mario D. and Gasparrini, Massimiliano and Forbes-Hernandez, Tamara Y. and Afrin, Sadia and Santos-Buelga, Celestino and González-Paramás, Ana M. and Astolfi, Paola and Rubini, Corrado and Zizzi, Antonio and Tulipani, Sara and Quiles, Josè L. and Mezzetti, Bruno and Battino, Maurizio mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, tamara.forbes@unini.edu.mx, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, maurizio.battino@uneatlantico.es (2017) Strawberry consumption improves aging-associated impairments, mitochondrial biogenesis and functionality through the AMP-activated protein kinase signaling cascade. Food Chemistry, 234. pp. 464-471. ISSN 03088146 Item not available from this repository.
42. Article Subjects > Nutrition Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Cerrado Inglés The aim of the present work was to evaluate the in vitro effect of Manuka honey and its combination with 5-Fu, the most common drug used in the treatment of colon cancer, on the morphological and physical parameters of colonspheres enriched with cancer stem-like cells deriving from HCT-116 colon adenocarcinoma cell line and on the apoptosis rate. Manuka honey, alone and more in combination with 5-Fu, reduced the weight, the diameter and mass density of the spheroids and induced apoptosis through the downregulation of many apoptosis inhibitors, including IAPs (Livin, Survivin, XIAP), IGFs (IGF-I, IGF-II and IGF-IR) and HSPs (HSP-27, HSP-60 and HSP-70). These results led to a reduction in the survival ability of cancer stem-like cells, as well as to a chemosensitizing effect of honey towards 5-Fu, considering that apoptosis resistance is one of the main causes of cancer stem-like cells chemoresistance. metadata Cianciosi, Danila and Forbes-Hernández, Tamara Y. and Regolo, Lucia and Alvarez-Suarez, José M. and Quinzi, Denise and Sargenti, Azzurra and Bai, Weibin and Tian, Lingmin and Giampieri, Francesca and Battino, Maurizio mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, francesca.giampieri@uneatlantico.es, maurizio.battino@uneatlantico.es (2022) Manuka honey in combination with 5-Fluorouracil decreases physical parameters of colonspheres enriched with cancer stem-like cells and reduces their resistance to apoptosis. Food Chemistry, 374. p. 131753. ISSN 03088146 Item not available from this repository.
43. Article Subjects > Biomedicine Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Cerrado Inglés Alzheimer’s disease (AD) is a progressive neurodegenerative pathology affecting milions of people worldwide associated with deposition of senile plaques. While the genetic and environmental risk factors associated with the onset and consolidation of late onset AD are heterogeneous and sporadic, growing evidence also suggests a potential link between some infectious diseases caused by oral microbiota and AD. Oral microbiota dysbiosis is purported to contribute either directly to amyloid protein production, or indirectly to neuroinflammation, occurring as a consequence of bacterial invasion. Over the last decade, the development of Human Oral Microbiome database (HOMD) has deepened our understanding of oral microbes and their different roles during the human lifetime. Oral pathogens mostly cause caries, periodontal disease, and edentulism in aged population, and, in particular, alterations of the oral microbiota causing chronic periodontal disease have been associated with the risk of AD. Here we describe how different alterations of the oral microbiota may be linked to AD, highlighting the importance of a good oral hygiene for the prevention of oral microbiota dysbiosis. metadata Sureda, Antoni and Daglia, Maria and Argüelles Castilla, Sandro and Sanadgol, Nima and Fazel Nabavi, Seyed and Khan, Haroon and Belwal, Tarun and Jeandet, Philippe and Marchese, Anna and Pistollato, Francesca and Forbes-Hernandez, Tamara and Battino, Maurizio and Berindan-Neagoe, Ioana and D’Onofrio, Grazia and Nabavi, Seyed Mohammad mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, francesca.pistollato@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, maurizio.battino@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED (2020) Oral microbiota and Alzheimer’s disease: Do all roads lead to Rome? Pharmacological Research, 151. p. 104582. ISSN 10436618 Item not available from this repository.
44. Article Subjects > Biomedicine Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Cerrado Inglés Conventional cardiovascular risk factors (CVRFs) are accepted to identify asymptomatic individuals with high risk of acute myocardial infarction (AMI). However, AMI affects many patients previously classified at low risk. New biomarkers are needed to improve risk prediction. We propose to evaluate the NLRP3-inflammasome complex as a potential conventional cardiovascular risk (CVR) indicator in healthy males and post-AMI patients and compare both groups by known CVRFs. We included 109 men with no history of cardiovascular disease (controls) and 150 AMI patients attending a cardiac rehabilitation program. AMI patients had higher mean of body mass index (BMI) and waist circumference than the controls. However, high percentages of the controls had a high BMI and a waist circumference >95 cm. The controls also had higher systolic blood pressure (p > 0.001), total and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, dietary nutrient, and calorific intake. Fuster BEWAT score (FBS) correlated more closely than Framingham risk score (FRS) with most CVRF, groups. However, only the FBS showed a correlation with inflammasome cytokine interleukin 1β (IL-1β). Several CVRFs were significantly better in AMI patients; however, this group also had higher mRNA expression of the inflammasome gene NLRP3 and lower expression of the autophagy gene MAP-LC3. The controls had high levels of CVRF, probably reflecting unhealthy lifestyle. FBS reflects the efficiency of strategies to induce lifestyle changes such as cardiac rehabilitation programs, and could provide a sensitive evaluation CVR. These results lead to the hypothesis that NLRP3-inflammasome and associated IL-1β release have potential as CVR biomarkers, particularly in post-AMI patients with otherwise low risk scores. Antioxid. Redox Signal. 27, 269-275. metadata Bullón, Pedro and Cano-García, Francisco J. and Alcocer-Gómez, Elísabet and Varela-López, Alfonso and Roman-Malo, Lourdes and Ruiz-Salmerón, Rafael J. and Quiles, José L. and Navarro-Pando, José M. and Battino, Maurizio and Ruiz-Cabello, Jesús and Jiménez-Borreguero, Luis J. and Cordero, Mario D. mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, maurizio.battino@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED (2017) Could NLRP3–Inflammasome Be a Cardiovascular Risk Biomarker in Acute Myocardial Infarction Patients? Antioxidants & Redox Signaling, 27 (5). pp. 269-275. ISSN 1523-0864 Item not available from this repository.
45. Article Subjects > Nutrition Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Cerrado Inglés Plant-based diets are known to preserve body tissues from oxidative stress and inflammation, both hallmarks of chronic-degenerative diseases. In particular, plant-derived foods, such as legumes, represent a natural source of bioactive nutrients known to contribute to the prevention and amelioration of insulin resistance, dyslipidemia, hypertension and impaired glucose metabolism, all factors implicated in metabolic syndrome (MetS), but also osteoporosis, neurodegeneration and some types of cancers. Here we revise recent literature on the role of plant-based diets, plant-foods and specific plant-nutrients in the prevention and regression of MetS and neurodegenerative diseases. We describe some of the molecular mechanisms underlying these protective effects, highlighting the role of diet in the control of hyper-homocysteinemia and insulin resistance, often implicated in the etiology of both metabolic and neurodegenerative syndromes. metadata Pistollato, Francesca and Battino, Maurizio mail UNSPECIFIED, maurizio.battino@uneatlantico.es (2014) Role of plant-based diets in the prevention and regression of metabolic syndrome and neurodegenerative diseases. Trends in Food Science & Technology, 40 (1). pp. 62-81. ISSN 09242244 Item not available from this repository.
46. Article Subjects > Biomedicine
Subjects > Nutrition
Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Cerrado Inglés Ocimum basilicum and Ocimum tenuiflorum are two basil species widely used medicinally as an anti-inflammatory, antimicrobial and cardioprotective agent. This study focuses on the chemical characterization of the majoritarian compounds of both species and their anti-inflammatory potential. Up to 22 compounds such as various types of salvianolic acids, derivatives of rosmaniric acid and flavones were identified in both plants. The identified compounds were very similar between both plants and are consistent with previous finding in other studies in Portugal and Italy. Based on the identified molecules a consensus target prediction was carried out. Among the main predicted target proteins, we found a high representation of the carbonic anhydrase family (CA2, CA7 and CA12) and several key proteins from the arachidonic pathway (LOX5, PLA2, COX1 and COX2). Both pathways are well related to inflammation. The interaction between the compounds and these targets were explored through molecular docking and molecular dynamics simulation. Our results suggest that some molecules present in both plants can induce an anti-inflammatory response through a non-steroidal mechanism of action connected to the carbon dioxide metabolism. metadata Beltrán-Noboa, Andrea and Proaño-Ojeda, John and Guevara, Mabel and Gallo, Blanca and Berrueta, Luis A. and Giampieri, Francesca and Perez-Castillo, Yunierkis and Battino, Maurizio and Álvarez-Suarez, José M. and Tejera, Eduardo mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, francesca.giampieri@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, maurizio.battino@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED (2022) Metabolomic profile and computational analysis for the identification of the potential anti-inflammatory mechanisms of action of the traditional medicinal plants Ocimum basilicum and Ocimum tenuiflorum. Food and Chemical Toxicology, 164. p. 113039. ISSN 02786915 Item not available from this repository.
47. Article Subjects > Nutrition Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Cerrado Inglés As the number of older people has grown in recent decades, the search for new approaches to manage or delay aging is also growing. Among the modifiable factors, diet plays a crucial role in healthy aging and in the prevention of age-related diseases. Thus, the interest in the use of foods, which are rich in bioactive compounds such as functional foods with anti-aging effects is a growing market. This review summarizes the current knowledge about the molecular mechanisms of action of foods considered as functional foods in aging, namely berries, curcumin, and virgin olive oil. Moreover, honey is also analyzed as a food with well-known healthy benefits, but which has not been deeply evaluated from the point of view of aging. The effects of these foods on aging are analyzed from the point of view of molecular mechanisms including oxidative stress, mitochondrial dysfunction, inflammation, genomic stability, telomere attrition, cellular senescence, and deregulated nutrient-sensing. A comprehensive study of the scientific literature shows that the aforementioned foods have demonstrated positive effects on certain aspects of aging, which might justify their use as functional foods in elderly. However, more research is needed, especially in humans, designed to understand in depth the mechanisms of action through which they act. metadata Navarro-Hortal, María D. and Romero-Márquez, Jose M. and Jiménez-Trigo, Victoria and Xiao, Jianbo and Giampieri, Francesca and Forbes-Hernández, Tamara Y. and Grosso, Giuseppe and Battino, Maurizio and Sánchez-González, Cristina and Quiles, José L. mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, francesca.giampieri@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, maurizio.battino@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, jose.quiles@uneatlantico.es (2022) Molecular bases for the use of functional foods in the management of healthy aging: Berries, curcumin, virgin olive oil and honey; three realities and a promise. Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition. pp. 1-20. ISSN 1040-8398 Item not available from this repository.
48. Article Subjects > Nutrition Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Cerrado Inglés Functional foods have emerged as an attractive option for many consumers, given their wide-ranging and long-term benefits. The functional food market size was valued at USD 177,770 Million in 2019 and is estimated to reach USD 267,924.4 Million by 2027, registering a CAGR of 6.7% from 2021 to 2027. Various natural products/compounds exert significant functional activity, and could also added value to food products alone or in combination, provided functional activity. The use of natural compounds in preparation of functional foods is important due to its higher safety, superior organoleptic properties, and functional attributes, resulted in wider consumer acceptance. Also, the use of advanced technologies in formulation of functional foods provides a better means of utilizing natural compounds for organoleptic and functional attributes. metadata Battino, Maurizio and Belwal, Tarun and Prieto, Miguel A. mail maurizio.battino@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED (2023) Valorization of food products using natural functional compounds for improving organoleptic and functional chemistry. Food Chemistry, 403. p. 134181. ISSN 03088146 Item not available from this repository.
49. Article Subjects > Nutrition Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Fundación Universitaria Internacional de Colombia > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Cerrado Inglés Diets enriched in plant-based foods are associated with the maintenance of a good well-being and with the prevention of many non-communicable diseases. The health effects of fruits and vegetables consumption are mainly due to the presence of micronutrients, including vitamins and minerals, and polyphenols, plant secondary metabolites. One of the most important classes of phenolic compounds are anthocyanins, that confer the typical purple-red color to many foods, such as berries, peaches, plums, red onions, purple corn, eggplants, as well as purple carrots, sweet potatoes and red cabbages, among others. This commentary aims to briefly highlight the progress made by science in the last years, focusing on some unexpected aspects related with anthocyanins, such as their bioavailability, their health effects and their relationship with gut microbiota metadata Giampieri, Francesca and Cianciosi, Danila and Alvarez-Suarez, José M. and Quiles, José L. and Forbes-Hernández, Tamara Y. and Navarro-Hortal, María D. and Machì, Michele and Pali-Casanova, Ramón and Martínez Espinosa, Julio César and Chen, Xiumin and Zhang, Di and Bai, Weibin and Lingmin, Tian and Mezzetti, Bruno and Battino, Maurizio and Diaz, Yasmany Armas mail francesca.giampieri@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, jose.quiles@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, ramon.pali@unini.edu.mx, ulio.martinez@unini.edu.mx, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, maurizio.battino@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED (2023) Anthocyanins: what do we know until now? Journal of Berry Research. pp. 1-6. ISSN 18785093 Item not available from this repository.
50. Article Subjects > Nutrition Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Universidad Internacional do Cuanza > Research > Scientific Production
Cerrado Inglés Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) patients are at substantially higher risk of colorectal cancer (CRC) and IBD-associated CRC accounts for roughly 10-15% of the annual mortality in IBD patients. IBD-related CRC also affects younger patients if compared with sporadic CRC, with a 5-year survival rate of 50%. Regardless of medical therapies, the persistent inflammation state characterizing IBD raises the risk for precancerous changes and CRC, with additional input from several elements including genetic and environmental risk factors, IBD-associated comorbidities, intestinal barrier disfunction, and gut microbiota modifications. It is well known that nutritional habits and dietary bioactive compounds can influence IBD-associated inflammation, microbiome abundance and composition, oxidative stress balance, and gut permeability. In addition, in the last years, results from broad epidemiological and experimental studies have associated certain foods or nutritional patterns with the risk of colorectal neoplasia. Here we review the possible role of nutrition in the prevention of IBD-related CRC, focusing specifically on human studies. In conclusion it emerges that nutritional interventions based on healthy, nutrient-dense dietary patterns characterized by a high intake of fiber, vegetables, fruit, Omega-3 PUFAs, and low amount of animal proteins, processed foods and alcohol, combined with probiotic supplementation have the potential of reducing IBD-activity and preventing the risk of IBD-related CRC through different mechanisms, suggesting that targeted nutritional interventions may represent a novel promising approach for the prevention and management of IBD-associated CRC. metadata Cassotta, Manuela and Cianciosi, Danila and De Giuseppe, Rachele and Navarro-Hortal, Maria Dolores and Diaz, Yasmany Armas and Forbes-Hernández, Tamara Yuliett and Tutusaus, Kilian and Pascual Barrera, Alina Eugenia and Grosso, Giuseppe and Xiao, Jianbo and Battino, Maurizio and Giampieri, Francesca mail manucassotta@gmail.com, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, kilian.tutusaus@uneatlantico.es, alina.pascual@unini.edu.mx, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, maurizio.battino@uneatlantico.es, francesca.giampieri@uneatlantico.es (2023) Possible role of nutrition in the prevention of Inflammatory Bowel Disease-related colorectal cancer: a focus on human studies. Nutrition. p. 111980. ISSN 08999007 Item not available from this repository.
51. Article Subjects > Nutrition Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Cerrado Inglés Wine is a highly complex mixture of components with different chemical natures. These components largely define wine’s appearance, aroma, taste, and mouthfeel properties. Among them, aroma is among the most important indicators of wine’s sensory characteristics. The essence of winemaking ecosystem is the process of metabolic activities of diverse microbes including yeasts, lactic acid bacteria, and molds, which result in wines with complicated and diversified aromas. A better understanding of how these microbes affect wine’s aroma is a crucial step to producing premium quality wine. This study illustrates existing knowledge on the diversity and classification of wine aroma compounds and their microbial origin. Their contributions to wine characteristics are discussed, as well. Furthermore, we review the relationship between these microbes and wine aroma characteristics. This review broadens the discussion of wine aroma compounds to include more modern microbiological concepts, and it provides relevant background and suggests new directions for future research. metadata Liu, Shuxun and Lou, Ying and Li, Yixian and Zhao, Yan and Laaksonen, Oskar and Li, Ping and Zhang, Jiaojiao and Battino, Maurizio and Yang, Baoru and Gu, Qing mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, maurizio.battino@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED (2023) Aroma characteristics of volatile compounds brought by variations in microbes in winemaking. Food Chemistry, 420. p. 136075. ISSN 03088146 Item not available from this repository.
52. Article Subjects > Biomedicine
Subjects > Physical Education and Sport
Subjects > Nutrition
Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Cerrado Inglés Background Structural, metabolic and functional signs of skeletal muscle damage have been identified in subjects affected by type 1 diabetes (T1D), but, to date, no guidelines for the diagnosis and treatment of muscle impairment exist and studies on T1D and muscle health are still limited. The aim of this cross-sectional study was to evaluate the prevalence of sarcopenia in a long-term T1D population and to assess the impact of some clinical parameters on muscle mass and function. Methods 39 patients affected by T1D were enrolled, and Body Mass Index (BMI), body composition (Appendicular Lean Mass Index-ALMI and Fat Mass-FM) and muscle strength were measured. Additionally, the relationship between Mediterranean Diet (MD) adherence and sarcopenia was assessed. Results In our sample (mean age 49.32±13.49 years, 41.1% women, mean duration of diabetes 30.13±12.28 years), the prevalence of sarcopenia was 7.7% (12.5 % in women and 4.35% in men), while the prevalence of low ALMI was 23.1% (25% in women and 21.74% in men). We found significant inverse correlations between ALMI and duration of diabetes and ALMI vs. FM; and significant positive correlations between ALMI and BMI, physical activity level and muscle strength. At the same time, significant inverse correlations were observed between muscle strength and duration of diabetes and muscle strength vs. FM. Conclusions We observed a high prevalence of low muscle mass, similar to those found in the older age groups of the general population (25 years in advance) and our findings suggest a possible pathogenetic role of T1D duration on muscle trophism and function. metadata Pollakova, Daniela and Tubili, Claudio and Folco, Ugo Di and De Giuseppe, Rachele and Battino, Maurizio and Giampieri, Francesca mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, maurizio.battino@uneatlantico.es, francesca.giampieri@uneatlantico.es (2023) Muscular involvement in long term type 1 diabetes: does it represent an underestimated complication? Nutrition. p. 112060. ISSN 08999007 Item not available from this repository.
53. Article Subjects > Nutrition Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Cerrado Inglés Saponins, consisting of sapogenins as their aglycones and carbohydrate chains, are widely found in plants and some marine organisms. Due to the complexity of the structure of saponins, involving different types of sapogenins and sugar moieties, investigation of their absorption and metabolism is limited, which further hinders the explanation of their bioactivities. Large molecular weight and complex structures limit the direct absorption of saponins rendering their low bioavailability. As such, their major modes of action may be due to interaction with the gastrointestinal environment, such as enzymes and nutrients, and interaction with the gut microbiota. Many studies have reported the interaction between saponins and gut microbiota, that is, the effects of saponins on changing the composition of gut microbiota, and gut microbiota playing an indispensable role in the biotransformation of saponins into sapogenins. However, the metabolic routes of saponins by gut microbiota and their mutual interactions are still sparse. Thus, this review summarizes the chemistry, absorption, and metabolic pathways of saponins, as well as their interactions with gut microbiota and impacts on gut health, to better understand how saponins exert their health-promoting functions. metadata Zhang, Yu and Hao, Ruojie and Chen, Junda and Li, Sen and Huang, Kai and Cao, Hongwei and Farag, Mohamed A. and Battino, Maurizio and Daglia, Maria and Capanoglu, Esra and Zhang, Fan and Sun, Qiqi and Xiao, Jianbo and Sun, Zhenliang and Guan, Xiao mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, maurizio.battino@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED (2023) Health benefits of saponins and its mechanisms: perspectives from absorption, metabolism, and interaction with gut. Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition. pp. 1-22. ISSN 1040-8398 Item not available from this repository.
54. Article Subjects > Nutrition Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Fundación Universitaria Internacional de Colombia > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Cerrado Inglés Manuka honey, which is rich in pinocembrin, quercetin, naringenin, salicylic, p-coumaric, ferulic, syringic and 3,4-dihydroxybenzoic acids, has been shown to have pleiotropic effects against colon cancer cells. In this study, potential chemosensitizing effects of Manuka honey against 5-Fluorouracil were investigated in colonspheres enriched with cancer stem cells (CSCs), which are responsible for chemoresistance. Results showed that 5-Fluorouracil increased when it was combined with Manuka honey by downregulating the gene expression of both ATP-binding cassette sub-family G member 2, an efflux pump and thymidylate synthase, the main target of 5-Fluorouracil which regulates the ex novo DNA synthesis. Manuka honey was associated with decreased self-renewal ability by CSCs, regulating expression of several genes in Wnt/β-catenin, Hedgehog and Notch pathways. This preliminary study opens new areas of research into the effects of natural compounds in combination with pharmaceuticals and, potentially, increase efficacy or reduce adverse effects. metadata Cianciosi, Danila and Armas Diaz, Yasmany and Alvarez-Suarez, José M. and Chen, Xiumin and Zhang, Di and Martínez López, Nohora Milena and Briones Urbano, Mercedes and Quiles, José L. and Amici, Adolfo and Battino, Maurizio and Giampieri, Francesca mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, nohora.martinez@uneatlantico.es, mercedes.briones@uneatlantico.es, jose.quiles@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, maurizio.battino@uneatlantico.es, francesca.giampieri@uneatlantico.es (2023) Can the phenolic compounds of Manuka honey chemosensitize colon cancer stem cells? A deep insight into the effect on chemoresistance and self-renewal. Food Chemistry, 427. p. 136684. ISSN 03088146 Item not available from this repository.
55. Article Subjects > Nutrition Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Cerrado Inglés Asparagus species is recognized as a perennial herb with several valuable functional ingredients, and has been widely used as medicine and food since ancient times. Among its main chemical constituents, saponins play a vital role in the health benefits and biological activities including anti-cancer, antioxidant, immunomodulatory, anti-microbial, anti-inflammatory, and hypoglycemic. This review summarizes the preparation methods, structure and classification, biological functions, as well as the food and non-food applications of asparagus saponins, with a special emphasis on its anti-cancer effects in vitro and in vivo. Further, the main challenges and limitations of the current research trends in asparagus saponins are highlighted after a detailed analysis of the recent research information. This review bridges the gap between bioactive components and human health and aids current research on functional and health-promoting foods and medicinal application of Asparagus saponins. metadata Zhang, Fan and Chen, Shengxiong and Zhang, Jianguo and Thakur, Kiran and Battino, Maurizio and Cao, Hui and Farag, Mohamed A. and Xiao, Jianbo and Wei, Zhaojun mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, maurizio.battino@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED (2023) Asparagus saponins: effective natural beneficial ingredient in functional foods, from preparation to applications. Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition. pp. 1-19. ISSN 1040-8398 Item not available from this repository.
56. Article Subjects > Nutrition Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Cerrado Inglés The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of enzymatic treatments (pectinase, pectin lyase, and cellulase) on the in vitro digestion and fermentation characteristics of whole mulberry fruit juice. The analysis focused on changes in carbohydrate properties within the black mulberry fruit matrix during simulated digestion and fermentation. Human fecal microbiota were collected and introduced to the fruit matrix to monitor the fate of both soluble and insoluble polysaccharides during fermentation. The results revealed that enzymatic treatments enhanced the solubilization of carbohydrates from mulberry fruits, with pectinase showing the most significant effect. Throughout the process of in vitro digestion, there was a gradual increase in the percentage of solubilized carbohydrates from the mulberry juice substrate. The digested suspensions underwent dialysis to remove degradation fragments, and a lower quantity of carbohydrate in the enzyme-treated groups compared to the control. Polysaccharide populations with varying molecular weights (Mw) were obtained from the soluble fractions of mulberry residues for subsequent fermentation. An increase in Mw of soluble polysaccharides was detected by HPSEC during fermentation in certain cases. The gut microbiota demonstrated the ability to convert specific insoluble fractions into soluble components, which were subsequently subjected to microbial utilization. Enzymatic treatments during mulberry juice preparation can potentially positively impact health by influencing gut microbiota and short-chain fatty acid (SCFA) modulations. Enzymes could serve as valuable tools for producing functional fruit and vegetable juices, with the need to specify processing conditions for specific raw materials remaining a subject of further investigation. metadata Luo, Peihuan and Ai, Jian and Wang, Yuxin and Wang, Songen and Schols, Henk A. and Smidt, Hauke and Battino, Maurizio and Bai, Weibin and Tian, Lingmin mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, maurizio.battino@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED (2024) Effects of enzymatic treatment on the in vitro digestion and fermentation patterns of mulberry fruit juice: A focus on carbohydrates. Food Hydrocolloids, 146. p. 109223. ISSN 0268005X Item not available from this repository.
57. Article Subjects > Biomedicine
Subjects > Nutrition
Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Cerrado Inglés Malvidin is an O-methylated anthocyanidin, the 3′,5′-methoxy derivative of delphinidin responsible for the blue-red color found in flowers and fruits. Its distribution covers a wide group of sources, such as flowers (edible and nonedible), medicinal plants, and fruits. It is the main substance responsible for the color of red grapes and red wine, being Vitis vinifera one of its main sources. Its consumption is important as it has been associated with important biological effects, such as anti-inflammatory activity, powerful antioxidant activity, and anticancer activity. Against this background, this chapter presents a general overview of malvidin’s main sources, biosynthesis pathway and biotransformation properties, physicochemical properties and stability, and aspects of its absorption, metabolism, and excretion. Additionally, we summarize recent studies using in vitro and in vivo models related to its various biological properties. In conclusion, this chapter aims to provide as detailed a picture as possible of the potential of malvidin in human health, as well as its main sources, chemical characteristics, and biotransformation. metadata Alvarez-Suarez, José M. and Giampieri, Francesca and Tejera, Eduardo and Battino, Maurizio mail UNSPECIFIED, francesca.giampieri@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, maurizio.battino@uneatlantico.es (2023) Malvidin: Advances in the Resources, Biosynthesis Pathway, Bioavailability, Bioactivity, and Pharmacology. Handbook of Dietary Flavonoids. pp. 1-35. Item not available from this repository.
58. Article Subjects > Nutrition Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Cerrado Inglés Diabetes is a metabolic disease due to impaired or defective insulin secretion and is considered one of the most serious chronic diseases worldwide. Gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) is a naturally occurring non-protein amino acid commonly present in a wide range of foods. A number of studies documented that GABA has good anti-diabetic potential. This review summarized the available dietary sources of GABA as well as animal and human studies on the anti-diabetic properties of GABA, while also discussing the underlying mechanisms. GABA may modulate diabetes through various pathways such as inhibiting the activities of α-amylase and α-glucosidase, promoting β-cell proliferation, stimulating insulin secretion from β-cells, inhibiting glucagon secretion from α-cells, improving insulin resistance and glucose tolerance, and increasing antioxidant and anti-inflammatory activities. However, further mechanistic studies on animals and human are needed to confirm the therapeutic effects of GABA against diabetes. metadata Sun, Yu and Mehmood, Arshad and Giampieri, Francesca and Battino, Maurizio and Chen, Xiumin mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, francesca.giampieri@uneatlantico.es, maurizio.battino@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED (2023) Insights into the cellular, molecular, and epigenetic targets of gamma-aminobutyric acid against diabetes: a comprehensive review on its mechanisms. Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition. pp. 1-18. ISSN 1040-8398 Item not available from this repository.
59. Article Subjects > Nutrition Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Cerrado Inglés Background The house cricket (A. domesticus) is one of the edible insects that are gaining attention as a new source of protein and nutrients with potential use in the food industry as a safe and environmentally sustainable option with high biological value. Scope and approach Here, we review the published literature on studies of chemical composition, nutritional value, and potential risks that the consumption of house crickets entails. We discuss the benefits of consuming A. domesticus from a nutritional point of view, as well as information concerning the properties of its components for use in the food industry. metadata Pilco-Romero, Gabriela and Chisaguano-Tonato, Aida M. and Herrera-Fontana, María E. and Chimbo-Gándara, Luis F. and Sharifi-Rad, Majid and Giampieri, Francesca and Battino, Maurizio and Vernaza, María Gabriela and Álvarez-Suárez, José M. mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, francesca.giampieri@uneatlantico.es, maurizio.battino@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED (2023) House cricket (Acheta domesticus): A review based on its nutritional composition, quality, and potential uses in the food industry. Trends in Food Science & Technology, 142. p. 104226. ISSN 09242244 Item not available from this repository.
60. Article Subjects > Biomedicine
Subjects > Nutrition
Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés Metabolic syndrome, obesity and diabetes mellitus are the most common metabolic disorders (MDs) in the world, characterized by abnormalities in body's metabolic processes. The typical diagnosis of MDs is usually executed by monitoring the levels of specific biochemical markers, but diagnostic imaging may provide valuable complementary information in MDs, offering advantages in diagnosis, target organ monitoring, follow-up, and development of new therapeutic approaches. The aim of this review is to summarize and discuss the studies published in the literature about the connection between images deriving from the diagnostic techniques and the key biochemical markers in the main MDs, in order to gain a comprehensive view of the different disorders. metadata Cianciosi, Danila and Diaz, Yasmany Armas and Grosso, Giuseppe and Quiles, José L. and Giampieri, Francesca and Battino, Maurizio mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, jose.quiles@uneatlantico.es, francesca.giampieri@uneatlantico.es, maurizio.battino@uneatlantico.es (2023) Association between diagnostic imaging and biochemical markers: a possible tool for monitoring metabolic disorders. Current Opinion in Food Science. p. 101109. ISSN 22147993 Item not available from this repository.
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<a href="/10290/1/Influence%20of%20E-learning%20training%20on%20the%20acquisition%20of%20competences%20in%20basketball%20coaches%20in%20Cantabria.pdf" class="ep_document_link"><img class="ep_doc_icon" alt="[img]" src="/10290/1.hassmallThumbnailVersion/Influence%20of%20E-learning%20training%20on%20the%20acquisition%20of%20competences%20in%20basketball%20coaches%20in%20Cantabria.pdf" border="0"/></a>

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Influence of E-learning training on the acquisition of competences in basketball coaches in Cantabria

The main aim of this study was to analyse the influence of e-learning training on the acquisition of competences in basketball coaches in Cantabria. The current landscape of basketball coach training shows an increasing demand for innovative training models and emerging pedagogies, including e-learning-based methodologies. The study sample consisted of fifty students from these courses, all above 16 years of age (36 males, 14 females). Among them, 16% resided outside the autonomous community of Cantabria, 10% resided more than 50 km from the city of Santander, 36% between 10 and 50 km, 14% less than 10 km, and 24% resided within Santander city. Data were collected through a Google Forms survey distributed by the Cantabrian Basketball Federation to training course students. Participation was voluntary and anonymous. The survey, consisting of 56 questions, was validated by two sports and health doctors and two senior basketball coaches. The collected data were processed and analysed using Microsoft® Excel version 16.74, and the results were expressed in percentages. The analysis revealed that 24.60% of the students trained through the e-learning methodology considered themselves fully qualified as basketball coaches, contrasting with 10.98% of those trained via traditional face-to-face methodology. The results of the study provide insights into important characteristics that can be adjusted and improved within the investigated educational process. Moreover, the study concludes that e-learning training effectively qualifies basketball coaches in Cantabria.

Producción Científica

Josep Alemany Iturriaga mail josep.alemany@uneatlantico.es, Álvaro Velarde-Sotres mail alvaro.velarde@uneatlantico.es, Javier Jorge mail , Kamil Giglio mail ,

Alemany Iturriaga

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Do ICT firms manage R&D differently? Firm-level and macroeconomic effects on corporate R&D investment: Empirical evidence from a multi-countries context

Technological firms invest in R&D looking for innovative solutions but assuming high costs and great (technological) uncertainty regarding final results and returns. Additionally, they face other problems related to R&D management. This empirical study tries to determine which of the factors favour or constrain the decision of these firms to engage in R&D. The analysis uses financial data of 14,619 ICT listed companies of 22 countries from 2003 to 2018. Additionally, macroeconomic data specific for the countries and the sector were used. For the analysis of dynamic panel data, a System-GMM method is used. Among the findings, we highlight that cash flow, contrary to the known theoretical models and empirical evidences, negatively impacts on R&D investment. Debt is neither the right source for R&D funding, as the effect is also negative. This suggests that ICT companies are forced to manage their R&D activities differently, relying more on other funding sources, taking advantage of growth opportunities and benefiting from a favourable macroeconomic environment in terms of growth and increased business sector spending on R&D. These results are similar in both sub-sectors and in all countries, both bank- and market based. The exception is firms with few growth opportunities and little debt.

Producción Científica

Inna Alexeeva-Alexeev mail inna.alexeeva@uneatlantico.es, Cristina Mazas Pérez-Oleag mail cristina.mazas@uneatlantico.es,

Alexeeva-Alexeev

<a href="/10845/1/pharmaceuticals-17-00236.pdf" class="ep_document_link"><img class="ep_doc_icon" alt="[img]" src="/10845/1.hassmallThumbnailVersion/pharmaceuticals-17-00236.pdf" border="0"/></a>

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Isoflavones Effects on Vascular and Endothelial Outcomes: How Is the Gut Microbiota Involved?

Isoflavones are a group of (poly)phenols, also defined as phytoestrogens, with chemical structures comparable with estrogen, that exert weak estrogenic effects. These phytochemical compounds have been targeted for their proven antioxidant and protective effects. Recognizing the increasing prevalence of cardiovascular diseases (CVD), there is a growing interest in understanding the potential cardiovascular benefits associated with these phytochemical compounds. Gut microbiota may play a key role in mediating the effects of isoflavones on vascular and endothelial functions, as it is directly implicated in isoflavones metabolism. The findings from randomized clinical trials indicate that isoflavone supplementation may exert putative effects on vascular biomarkers among healthy individuals, but not among patients affected by cardiometabolic disorders. These results might be explained by the enzymatic transformation to which isoflavones are subjected by the gut microbiota, suggesting that a diverse composition of the microbiota may determine the diverse bioavailability of these compounds. Specifically, the conversion of isoflavones in equol—a microbiota-derived metabolite—seems to differ between individuals. Further studies are needed to clarify the intricate molecular mechanisms behind these contrasting results.

Producción Científica

Samuele Laudani mail , Justyna Godos mail , Giovanni Luca Romano mail , Lucia Gozzo mail , Federica Martina Di Domenico mail , Irma Dominguez Azpíroz mail irma.dominguez@unini.edu.mx, Raquel Martínez Díaz mail raquel.martinez@uneatlantico.es, Francesca Giampieri mail francesca.giampieri@uneatlantico.es, José L. Quiles mail jose.quiles@uneatlantico.es, Maurizio Battino mail maurizio.battino@uneatlantico.es, Filippo Drago mail , Fabio Galvano mail , Giuseppe Grosso mail ,

Laudani

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Could Celiac Disease and Overweight/Obesity Coexist in School-Aged Children and Adolescents? A Systematic Review

Background: Celiac disease (CD) is a multifactorial, immune-mediated enteropathic disorder that may occur at any age with heterogeneous clinical presentation. In the last years, unusual manifestations have become very frequent, and currently, it is not so uncommon to diagnose CD in subjects with overweight or obesity, especially in adults; however, little is known in the pediatric population. This systematic review aims to evaluate the literature regarding the association between CD and overweight/obesity in school-age children. Methods: The Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses guidelines were followed. An electronic database search of articles published in the last 20 years in English was carried out in Web of Sciences, PubMed, and Medline. The quality of the included studies was assessed by using the STrengthening the Reporting of OBservational studies in Epidemiology statement. Results: Of the 1396 articles identified, 9 articles, investigating overweight/obesity in children/adolescents affected by CD or screening CD in children/adolescents with overweight/obesity, met the inclusion criteria. Overall, the results showed that the prevalence of overweight or obesity in school-age children (6–17 years) affected by CD ranged between 3.5% and 20%, highlighting that the coexistence of CD with overweight/obesity in children is not uncommon as previously thought. Conclusion: Although CD has been historically correlated with being underweight due to malabsorption, it should be evaluated also in children with overweight and obesity, especially those who have a familiar predisposition to other autoimmune diseases and/or manifest unusual symptoms of CD.

Producción Científica

Rachele De Giuseppe mail , Francesca Bergomas mail , Federica Loperfido mail , Francesca Giampieri mail francesca.giampieri@uneatlantico.es, Giorgia Preatoni mail , Valeria Calcaterra mail , Hellas Cena mail ,

De Giuseppe

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Effects of enzymatic treatment on the in vitro digestion and fermentation patterns of mulberry fruit juice: A focus on carbohydrates

The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of enzymatic treatments (pectinase, pectin lyase, and cellulase) on the in vitro digestion and fermentation characteristics of whole mulberry fruit juice. The analysis focused on changes in carbohydrate properties within the black mulberry fruit matrix during simulated digestion and fermentation. Human fecal microbiota were collected and introduced to the fruit matrix to monitor the fate of both soluble and insoluble polysaccharides during fermentation. The results revealed that enzymatic treatments enhanced the solubilization of carbohydrates from mulberry fruits, with pectinase showing the most significant effect. Throughout the process of in vitro digestion, there was a gradual increase in the percentage of solubilized carbohydrates from the mulberry juice substrate. The digested suspensions underwent dialysis to remove degradation fragments, and a lower quantity of carbohydrate in the enzyme-treated groups compared to the control. Polysaccharide populations with varying molecular weights (Mw) were obtained from the soluble fractions of mulberry residues for subsequent fermentation. An increase in Mw of soluble polysaccharides was detected by HPSEC during fermentation in certain cases. The gut microbiota demonstrated the ability to convert specific insoluble fractions into soluble components, which were subsequently subjected to microbial utilization. Enzymatic treatments during mulberry juice preparation can potentially positively impact health by influencing gut microbiota and short-chain fatty acid (SCFA) modulations. Enzymes could serve as valuable tools for producing functional fruit and vegetable juices, with the need to specify processing conditions for specific raw materials remaining a subject of further investigation.

Producción Científica

Peihuan Luo mail , Jian Ai mail , Yuxin Wang mail , Songen Wang mail , Henk A. Schols mail , Hauke Smidt mail , Maurizio Battino mail maurizio.battino@uneatlantico.es, Weibin Bai mail , Lingmin Tian mail ,

Luo